Genomes and Genes
Summary: Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.
Publications257 found, 100 shown here
- Systematic review of the efficacy and effectiveness of complementary feeding interventions in developing countriesKathryn G Dewey
Program in International and Community Nutrition, University of California, Davis, California 95616 8669, USA
Matern Child Nutr 4:24-85. 2008
- Timing of initial cereal exposure in infancy and risk of islet autoimmunityJill M Norris
Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262, USA
JAMA 290:1713-20. 2003..Dietary exposures in infancy have been implicated, albeit inconsistently, in the etiology of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM)...
- Complementary feeding: a commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on NutritionCarlo Agostoni
Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milano, Milano, Italy
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 46:99-110. 2008..Infants and young children receiving a vegetarian diet should receive a sufficient amount ( approximately 500 mL) of breast milk or formula and dairy products. Infants and young children should not be fed a vegan diet...
- The effect of age of introduction to lumpy solids on foods eaten and reported feeding difficulties at 6 and 15 monthsK Northstone
J Hum Nutr Diet 14:43-54. 2001..The study aimed to document the dietary patterns of infants and determine the development of feeding difficulties as perceived by the mother according to the age at which lumpy solids were introduced into the diet...
- Nutrition counseling increases weight gain among Brazilian childrenI Santos
Departamento de Medicina Social, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
J Nutr 131:2866-73. 2001..The randomized design with blind outcome evaluation strongly supports a causal link. These results should be replicated in other settings...
- Determinants of inappropriate complementary feeding practices in young children in Nepal: secondary data analysis of Demographic and Health Survey 2006Nira Joshi
NewERA Development Research and Training for Change, Kathmandu, Nepal
Matern Child Nutr 8:45-59. 2012..Planning and promotion activities to improve appropriate complementary feeding practices should focus on illiterate mothers, those living in poor households, and those not exposed to media...
- Appropriate infant feeding practices result in better growth of infants and young children in rural BangladeshKuntal K Saha
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases and Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Am J Clin Nutr 87:1852-9. 2008..The World Health Organization and the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund recommend a global strategy for feeding infants and young children for proper nutrition and health...
- Endocrine disrupting nonyl- and octylphenol in infant food in Germany: considerable daily intake of nonylphenol for babiesTorsten Raecker
Institute of Chemistry and Dynamics of the Geosphere, ICG 3 Phytosphere, Research Centre Juelich, D 52425 Juelich, Germany
Chemosphere 82:1533-40. 2011..23-0.65 μg kg⁻¹ bw d⁻¹) were relatively high. This could lead to a higher risk especially for babies...
- Development and factor structure of the Baby Eating Behaviour Questionnaire in the Gemini birth cohortClare H Llewellyn
Cancer Research UK Health Behavior Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
Appetite 57:388-96. 2011..The BEBQ is the first standardised measure of infant appetite designed to characterise appetitive traits that might confer susceptibility to excess weight gain...
- Randomized controlled trial of 4 compared with 6 mo of exclusive breastfeeding in Iceland: differences in breast-milk intake by stable-isotope probeJonathan C K Wells
Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 96:73-9. 2012..Most studies that investigated this issue were observational and potentially confounded by variability in social circumstances or infant growth...
- Factors associated with weaning practices in term infants: a prospective observational study in IrelandRoslyn C Tarrant
School of Biological Sciences, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin Street, Dublin 8, Republic of Ireland
Br J Nutr 104:1544-54. 2010..Provision of professional advice and exploring antenatal maternal misperceptions are potential areas for targeted interventions to improve compliance with the recommended weaning practices...
- A review of phytate, iron, zinc, and calcium concentrations in plant-based complementary foods used in low-income countries and implications for bioavailabilityRosalind S Gibson
Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Union Street, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9015, New Zealand
Food Nutr Bull 31:S134-46. 2010....
- Infant feeding and the risk of type 1 diabetesMikael Knip
Hospital for Children and Adolescents and Folkhälsan Research Center, University of Helsinki, Finland
Am J Clin Nutr 91:1506S-1513S. 2010..Additional work, which includes the application of modern approaches such as metabolomics and epigenomics, is needed to discern the contribution of dietary factors in infancy to the diabetic disease process...
- Introduction of complementary feeding in 5 European countriesSonia Schiess
Division of Metabolic Diseases and Nutritional Medicine, Dr von Hauner Children s Hospital, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munchen, Germany
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 50:92-8. 2010..Little is known about the practice of introducing complementary feeding across Europe. We aim at describing times of solid introduction in healthy infants in 5 European countries...
- Breastfeeding, introduction of complementary foods, and adiposity at 5 y of ageHillary L Burdette
Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 83:550-8. 2006..Although dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is considered the most accurate measure of adiposity in children, it has rarely been used to examine the relation between infant feeding and adiposity during childhood...
- Breast-feeding and feeding practices of infants in a developing country: a national survey in LebanonMalek Batal
Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, PO Box 11 0236, Beirut, Lebanon
Public Health Nutr 9:313-9. 2006....
- Age at first introduction of cow milk products and other food products in relation to infant atopic manifestations in the first 2 years of life: the KOALA Birth Cohort StudyBianca E P Snijders
Department of Epidemiology, Care and Public Health Research Institute, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands
Pediatrics 122:e115-22. 2008..We aimed to evaluate any associations between the introduction of cow milk products/other solid food products and infant atopic manifestations in the second year of life, taking into account reverse causation...
- Predictors of the early introduction of solid foods in infants: results of a cohort studyJane A Scott
School of Public Health, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia
BMC Pediatr 9:60. 2009....
- [Study on feeding status of infants and young children under 2-years-old in China]Aidong Liu
Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, China
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 38:555-7. 2009..To analyze the feeding situation and change trend of the infants and young children under the age of 2 years in China...
- Infants perceived as "fussy" are more likely to receive complementary foods before 4 monthsHeather Wasser
Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27516, USA
Pediatrics 127:229-37. 2011..Our purpose was to assess early infant-feeding patterns in a cohort of low-income black mothers and to examine associations between maternal perception of infant temperament and complementary feeding (CF) before 4 months...
- Infant feeding and later obesity riskBerthold Koletzko
Dr von Hauner Children s Hospital, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Germany
Adv Exp Med Biol 646:15-29. 2009..These results demonstrate that modification of infant feeding practice has an important potential for long-term health promotion and should prompt a review of the recommendations and policies for infant formula composition...
- Late introduction of complementary feeding, rather than duration of breastfeeding, may protect against adult overweightLene Schack-Nielsen
Department of Human Nutrition, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Am J Clin Nutr 91:619-27. 2010..Early nutrition may affect the risk of overweight in later life...
- Infant and young child feeding indicators and determinants of poor feeding practices in India: secondary data analysis of National Family Health Survey 2005-06Archana Patel
Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur, India
Food Nutr Bull 31:314-33. 2010..In India, poor feeding practices in early childhood contribute to the burden of malnutrition and infant and child mortality...
- Potential of selected infant food formulas for production of Bacillus cereus emetic toxin, cereulideRanad Shaheen
Department of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology, University of Helsinki, P O Box 56 Biocenter 1, Viikinkaari 9, FIN 00014, Helsinki, Finland
Int J Food Microbiol 107:287-94. 2006..The cereulide production in infant food formulas was investigated...
- World Health Organization (WHO) infant and young child feeding indicators: associations with growth measures in 14 low-income countriesBernadette P Marriott
Abt Associates, Inc, Durham, North Carolina, USA
Matern Child Nutr 8:354-70. 2012..001). These results identify FI associated with growth and reinforce maternal education as a variable to reduce risk of underweight and stunting in poor countries...
- Food-related sensory experience from birth through weaning: contrasted patterns in two nearby European regionsAndrea Maier
Nestle Research Center, CH 1000, Lausanne 26, Switzerland
Appetite 49:429-40. 2007..Thus, while Aalen infants were likely to be exposed for a longer period to different sensory experiences via breast milk, Dijon infants tended to be exposed to a greater flavour variety during the first weeks of weaning...
- The concept of "critical nutrient density" in complementary feeding: the demands on the "family foods" for the nutrient adequacy of young Guatemalan children with continued breastfeedingMarieke Vossenaar
Center for Studies of Sensory Impairment, Aging and Metabolism, Guatemala City, Guatemala
Am J Clin Nutr 95:859-66. 2012..Suggested strategies to support continued breastfeeding often postulate optimal use of customary "family foods" and adequate amounts of indigenous foodstuffs and local foods...
- Comparisons of complementary feeding indicators and associated factors in children aged 6-23 months across five South Asian countriesUpul Senarath
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Matern Child Nutr 8:89-106. 2012..More intensive interventions are necessary targeting the groups with sup-optimal practices, while programmes that cover entire populations are being continued...
- Determinants of inappropriate complementary feeding practices in young children in Sri Lanka: secondary data analysis of Demographic and Health Survey 2006-2007Upul Senarath
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Matern Child Nutr 8:60-77. 2012..In conclusion, complementary feeding indicators were adequate except in the 6-11 months age group. Subgroups with inappropriate feeding practices should be the focus of IYCF promotion programs...
- Breastfeeding and experience with variety early in weaning increase infants' acceptance of new foods for up to two monthsAndrea S Maier
Nestle Research Center, CH 1000 Lausanne, Switzerland
Clin Nutr 27:849-57. 2008..Here we measure, in two European regions, effects of breast or formula feeding and experience with different levels of vegetable variety early in weaning on new food acceptance during two months following the start of weaning...
- The influence of dietary palmitic acid triacylglyceride position on the fatty acid, calcium and magnesium contents of at term newborn faecesA Lopez-Lopez
Departmento Nutrició i Bromatologia, Centre de Referència en Tecnologia dels Aliments, Facultat de Farmacia, Universitat de Barcelona, Avda Joan XXIII s n, 08028, Barcelona, Spain
Early Hum Dev 65:S83-94. 2001..We conclude that palmitic acid in beta-position is, therefore, beneficial for term infants...
- Do early infant feeding practices vary by maternal ethnic group?Lucy J Griffiths
MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
Public Health Nutr 10:957-64. 2007..To examine UK country and ethnic variations in infant feeding practices...
- Parents' dietary patterns are significantly correlated: findings from the Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial ProgramSandrine Lioret
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research C PAN, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia
Br J Nutr 108:518-26. 2012..Exploring how these various patterns correlate within households provides important insights to guide the development and implementation of family-based interventions...
- Feeding practices of infants through the first year of life in ItalyM Giovannini
Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
Acta Paediatr 93:492-7. 2004..To investigate infant feeding practices through the first year of life in Italy, and to identify factors associated with the duration of breastfeeding and early introduction of solid foods...
- The NOURISH randomised control trial: positive feeding practices and food preferences in early childhood - a primary prevention program for childhood obesityLynne A Daniels
School of Public Health, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
BMC Public Health 9:387. 2009....
- Introduction of solid foods: do mothers follow recommendations?Brenda L Coleman
Elgin St Thomas Health Unit, St Thomas, ON, Canada
Can J Diet Pract Res 70:135-40. 2009..Infant age at introduction of solid foods was examined, as were maternal characteristics associated with adherence to recommendations...
- Feeding infants and toddlers study: Improvements needed in meeting infant feeding recommendationsRonette R Briefel
Mathematica Policy Research, Inc, Washington, DC 20024, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 104:s31-7. 2004..To assess adherence to infant feeding recommendations among a sample of infants and toddlers four to 24 months of age in the United States...
- The importance of early complementary feeding in the development of oral tolerance: concerns and controversiesSusan L Prescott
School of Paediatrics and Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia
Pediatr Allergy Immunol 19:375-80. 2008..It will also examine the growing case for introducing complementary foods from around 4 months of age and maintaining breastfeeding during this early feeding period, for at least 6 months if possible...
- Effectiveness of an educational intervention on complementary feeding practices and growth in rural China: a cluster randomised controlled trialLing Shi
College of Nursing and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA 02125, USA
Public Health Nutr 13:556-65. 2010..We developed an educational intervention, delivered by local health-care providers, aimed at improving complementary feeding practices and child nutrition...
- Exclusive breast-feeding is rarely practised in rural and urban Morogoro, TanzaniaR Shirima
1Tanzania Food and Nutrition Centre, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Public Health Nutr 4:147-54. 2001..In both the rural and urban areas more efforts are needed to encourage exclusive breast-feeding, to avoid premature complementation and, in the case of the urban areas, to protect extended breast-feeding...
- A descriptive study investigating the use and nature of baby-led weaning in a UK sample of mothersAmy Brown
Department of Psychology, School of Human Sciences, Swansea University, Swansea, UK
Matern Child Nutr 7:34-47. 2011..Levels of anxiety about weaning and feeding were lower in mothers who adopted a BLW approach. These findings provide an insight into BLW practices and the characteristics of a small population of users...
- Effects of infant feeding practice on weight gain from birth to 3 yearsL J Griffiths
MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK
Arch Dis Child 94:577-82. 2009..This study examined the effect of breastfeeding initiation, breastfeeding duration and age at introduction of solid foods on weight gain from birth to 3 years...
- An infant and child feeding index is associated with the nutritional status of 6- to 23-month-old children in rural Burkina FasoProsper S Sawadogo
Unite de Formation et de Recherche, Sciences de la Vie et de la Terre, Laboratoire de Biochimie Microbiologie, Universite de Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
J Nutr 136:656-63. 2006..A suitable ICFI and/or some of its components could be used to identify vulnerable age groups and to monitor interventions in similar rural areas of Africa...
- Treatment of anemia with microencapsulated ferrous fumarate plus ascorbic acid supplied as sprinkles to complementary (weaning) foodsS Zlotkin
Departments of Paediatrics and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Toronto, Canada
Am J Clin Nutr 74:791-5. 2001..Standard therapy for anemia in infants is ferrous sulfate drops administered 3 times/d. Adherence to treatment, however, is often poor. One likely reason for poor adherence is the unpleasant side effects associated with drops...
- Patterns of milk and food intake in infants from birth to age 36 months: the Euro-growth studyV Freeman
Department of Clinical Medicine, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 31:S76-85. 2000..Current practice is compared with international feeding recommendations...
- Index for measuring the quality of complementary feeding practices in rural IndiaAashima Garg
Department of Food and Nutrition, Lady Irwin College, University of Delhi, Sikandra Road, New Delhi 110 001, India
J Health Popul Nutr 27:763-71. 2009..This index can be used as an easy tool by programme planners for identifying, targeting, and monitoring the deficient CF practices and also advocating the importance of the CF at policy level...
- Early infant feeding and risk of developing type 1 diabetes-associated autoantibodiesAnette G Ziegler
Diabetes Research Institute and Hospital München Schwabing, Munich, Germany
JAMA 290:1721-8. 2003..Dietary factors modifying type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) risk have been proposed, but little is known if they trigger the islet autoimmunity that precedes clinical disease...
- Misperceptions and misuse of Bear Brand coffee creamer as infant food: national cross sectional survey of consumers and paediatricians in LaosHubert Barennes
Institut de la Francophonie pour la Médecine Tropicale, BP 9519, Vientiane, Lao Popular Democratic Republic
BMJ 337:a1379. 2008..To investigate the use of Bear Brand coffee creamer as a food for infants and the impact on consumers of the logo of a cartoon baby bear held by its mother in the breastfeeding position...
- Isolation of Cronobacter spp. (formerly Enterobacter sakazakii) from infant food, herbs and environmental samples and the subsequent identification and confirmation of the isolates using biochemical, chromogenic assays, PCR and 16S rRNA sequencingZiad W Jaradat
Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
BMC Microbiol 9:225. 2009..The pathogens are linked to infant formula; however, they have also been isolated from a wide range of foods and environmental samples...
- Differences in weaning practice, food and nutrient intake between breast- and formula-fed 4-month-old infants in EnglandS Noble
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
J Hum Nutr Diet 19:303-13. 2006..Breastfed infants may grow more slowly in the second half of infancy than formula-fed infants, differences in weaning practice may contribute...
- Occurrence of Enterobacter sakazakii in food production environments and householdsM Chantal Kandhai
Wageningen University, Laboratory of Food Microbiology, PO Box 8129, 6700 EV, Wageningen, Netherlands
Lancet 363:39-40. 2004..Environmental samples from eight of nine food factories and from five of 16 households contained E sakazakii. The widespread nature of this micro-organism needs to be taken into account when designing preventive control measures...
- Oligosaccharides: application in infant foodM Rivero-Urgell
Scientific Division, Laboratorios Ordesa, Ctra del Prat, 9 11, 08830 Sant Boi de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
Early Hum Dev 65:S43-52. 2001....
- Determining the content of lead and cadmium in infant food from the Polish marketAnna Winiarska-Mieczan
Department of Bromatology and Food Physiology, University of Life Sciences, Lublin, Poland
Int J Food Sci Nutr 63:708-12. 2012..It may be assumed that fruit and vegetable products available on the Polish market are safe for infants. However, in some products, the levels of cadmium and lead were high...
- Perceptions of infant cereals and dietary intakes of children aged 4-24 months in a rural South African communityM Faber
Nutritional Intervention Research Unit, Medical Research Council, South Africa
Int J Food Sci Nutr 52:359-65. 2001..The availability of culturally acceptable fortified products which are affordable for people in the lower socioeconomic sector is needed...
- Factors affecting the introduction of complementary foods in the preterm infantF J Norris
School of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, UK
Eur J Clin Nutr 56:448-54. 2002..The aim of the study was to identify current infant feeding practices among carers of preterm infants...
- Effect of a fortified maize-meal porridge on anemia, micronutrient status, and motor development of infantsMieke Faber
Nutritional Intervention Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa
Am J Clin Nutr 82:1032-9. 2005..A low-cost, finely milled, maize-meal porridge was fortified with beta-carotene, iron, and zinc (100% of recommended dietary allowance), as well as ascorbic acid, copper, selenium, riboflavin, vitamin B-6, vitamin B-12, and vitamin E...
- Energy requirements derived from total energy expenditure and energy deposition during the first 2 y of lifeN F Butte
US Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, Children s Nutrition Research Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 72:1558-69. 2000....
- Nutritional status and linear growth of Indonesian infants in west java are determined more by prenatal environment than by postnatal factorsMarjanka K Schmidt
Division of Human Nutrition and Epidemiology, Wageningen University, The Netherlands
J Nutr 132:2202-7. 2002..136-0.194). In conclusion, in this rural population in West Java, neonatal weight and especially length, reflecting the prenatal environment, are the most important predictors of infant nutritional status...
- Premastication: the second arm of infant and young child feeding for health and survival?Gretel H Pelto
Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Matern Child Nutr 6:4-18. 2010..We conclude with the argument for a concerted research effort to determine whether premastication can solve not only the 'weanling dilemma' in poor countries but also some of the health problems among the better-off...
- Mycoestrogen pollution of Italian infant foodValentina Meucci
Department of Veterinary Clinics, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
J Pediatr 159:278-83.e1. 2011....
- Analysis and migration of phthalates in infant food packed in recycled paperboardSonja Gärtner
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Richard Willstaetter Strasse 11, D 12489 Berlin, Germany
J Agric Food Chem 57:10675-81. 2009The contamination of infant food with substances from its packaging due to migration processes is still a problem...
- Maternal prepregnant body mass index, duration of breastfeeding, and timing of complementary food introduction are associated with infant weight gainJennifer L Baker
Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 80:1579-88. 2004..These shorter durations may place infants of overweight and obese women at risk of not receiving the benefits of breastfeeding, which may include a reduced risk of overweight later in life...
- Contribution of inappropriate complementary foods to the salt intake of 8-month-old infantsV L Cribb
School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Eur J Clin Nutr 66:104-10. 2012..Sodium intakes were examined to establish, if inappropriate complementary feeding practices were contributing to high intakes...
- Characterisation of infant food modifications in the European UnionBerthold Koletzko
Division of Metabolic Disease and Nutritional Medicine, Dr von Hauner Children s Hospital, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Germany
Ann Nutr Metab 46:231-42. 2002..Hepatology and Nutrition to discuss issues arising in this area among participants representing academia, infant food industry, consumer organisations, the European Commission, and food regulatory bodies of some European Union ..
- Delayed introduction of lumpy foods to children during the complementary feeding period affects child's food acceptance and feeding at 7 years of ageHelen Coulthard
School of Psychology, Birmingham University, Birmingham, UK
Matern Child Nutr 5:75-85. 2009..Health professionals must encourage the progression from purees and exposure to important food groups...
- Timing of solid food introduction in relation to eczema, asthma, allergic rhinitis, and food and inhalant sensitization at the age of 6 years: results from the prospective birth cohort study LISAAnne Zutavern
GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Epidemiology, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
Pediatrics 121:e44-52. 2008..This study investigates whether a delayed introduction of solids (past 4 or 6 months) is protective against the development of eczema, asthma, allergic rhinitis, and food or inhalant sensitization at the age of 6 years...
- Introduction of solid food to young infantsAlice A Kuo
Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, UCLA Center for Healthier Children, Families and Communities, 10990 Wilshire Blvd, Suite 900, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Matern Child Health J 15:1185-94. 2011..More effective discussion of solid food introduction linked to counseling and support of breastfeeding by the primary health care provider may reduce early introduction of solids...
- Breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices in rural MalawiM Vaahtera
Medical School, University of Tampere, Finland
Acta Paediatr 90:328-32. 2001..5 and 6.3 mo, i.e. much earlier than recommended. Better adherence to recommendations was associated with smaller number of children in the family, increased maternal education and some other socio-economic or environmental variables...
- [Cross-sectional study on the current situation of breast feeding in western China rural areas]Jian li Ye
National Center for Women and Children s Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100013, China
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 41:183-5. 2007..To know the situation of breastfeeding of infants in western China rural areas...
- Impact of a strategy to prevent the introduction of non-breast milk and complementary foods during the first 6 months of life: a randomized clinical trial with adolescent mothers and grandmothersLuciana Dias de Oliveira
Departamento de Medicina Social, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
Early Hum Dev 88:357-61. 2012..Although the disadvantages of introducing non-breast milk and the early introduction of complementary foods are known, such practices are common worldwide...
- Factors associated with exclusive breast-feeding and breast-feeding in NorwayAnne Lene Kristiansen
Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, PO Box 1046, Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway
Public Health Nutr 13:2087-96. 2010..To identify factors associated with exclusive breast-feeding and breast-feeding during the first year of life among Norwegian infants...
- Total arsenic determination and speciation in infant food products by ion chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometryNohora P Vela
US Food and Drug Administration, Forensic Chemistry Center, 6751 Steger Dr, Cincinnati, OH 45237, USA
J AOAC Int 87:244-52. 2004..Processed infant food products such as rice-based cereals, mixed rice/formula cereals, milk-based infant formula, applesauce and ..
- Relationship between child feeding practices and malnutrition in 7 remote and poor counties, P R ChinaHong Zhou
Department of Child, adolescent and woman s health, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, China
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 21:234-40. 2012..Therefore, we suggest that more programs to increase caregivers' feeding knowledge and practices be conducted, to improve the health of children in remote and poor areas in China...
- Psychosocial determinants of the early introduction of complementary foodsFabiola Tatone-Tokuda
University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Health Educ Behav 36:302-20. 2009..05). Future research must carefully consider the psychosocial aspects involved in adhering to infant feeding guidelines...
- [Fluoride concentrations in typical Brazilian foods and in infant foods]Renato C V Casarin
Departamento de Ciencias Fisiologicas, Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Piracicaba, SP, Brasil
Rev Saude Publica 41:549-56. 2007..To determine fluoride concentrations in the typical Brazilian meal (rice with beans) and in processed infant foods, and to estimate their contribution towards dental fluorosis...
- Sources of feeding advice in the first year of life: who do parents value?Aideen Gildea
Institute of Child Care Research, Queen s University Belfast
Community Pract 82:27-31. 2009..This study highlights the importance placed by mothers on health visitors, which may have implications for the service in the midst of the reorganisation of the health visitor's role...
- [Investigation on the feeding status of infants and young children in poor counties of Gansu Province]Lijuan Wang
Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety, China CDC, Beijing
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 40:327-30. 2011..To understand the feeding status and the current situation of complementary food supplement of infants and young children aged 6-23 months in Yongjing County and Yuzhong County, two of poorer counties in Gansu Province...
- Nutrition influences bone development from infancy through toddler yearsBonny Specker
Ethel Austin Martin Program in Human Nutrition, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007, USA
J Nutr 134:691S-695S. 2004..There is evidence of calcium intake-by-gene and calcium intake-by-physical activity interactions among toddlers and young children. The long-term effects of these early nutritional influences on later bone health are unknown...
- Nutritional value of locally produced foods and potential for developing age-appropriate complementary foods for children under 2 years of age in MaliMohamed Ag Ayoya
UNICEF Country Office, New Delhi, India
Food Nutr Bull 31:391-9. 2010..Promotion of dietary diversity using locally available nutritious foods is an effective approach in low-income areas to improve the quality of young children's diet and, hence, their growth and development...
- Infant feeding in the 20th century: formula and beikostS Fomon
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
J Nutr 131:409S-20S. 2001..By the end of the century, formula feeding of older infants had largely replaced feeding of fresh cow's milk and the prevalence of iron deficiency had greatly decreased...
- Parental influence on eating behavior: conception to adolescenceJennifer S Savage
Center for Childhood Obesity Research, Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA
J Law Med Ethics 35:22-34. 2007..To meet the challenge of promoting healthy weight in children in the current eating environment, parents need guidance regarding alternatives to traditional feeding practices...
- Does maternal control during feeding moderate early infant weight gain?Claire Farrow
School of Psychology, Dorothy Hodgkin Building, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, United Kingdom
Pediatrics 118:e293-8. 2006..Our objective with this study was to examine whether observed maternal control during feeding at 6 months of age moderates the development of early infant weight gain during the first year of life...
- Systematic review of the relationship between early introduction of solid foods to infants and the development of allergic diseaseBeth A Tarini
Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle 98195 7183, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:502-7. 2006..To assess the evidence that early solid feeding (before age 4 months) increases the risk of allergic disease...
- Breastfeeding and lowering the risk of childhood obesityJulie Armstrong
Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK
Lancet 359:2003-4. 2002..The adjusted odds ratio for obesity (BMI > or = 98th percentile) was 0.70 (95% CI 0.61-0.80). Our results suggest that breastfeeding is associated with a reduction in childhood obesity risk...
- Development of autoimmunity to transglutaminase C in children of patients with type 1 diabetes: relationship to islet autoantibodies and infant feedingS Hummel
Diabetes Research Institute, Munich, Germany
Diabetologia 50:390-4. 2007..We investigated the development of transglutaminase antibodies and analysed potential risk factors for coeliac disease autoimmunity in first-degree relatives of patients with type 1 diabetes...
- Bisphenol a in baby food products in glass jars with metal lids from Canadian marketsXu Liang Cao
Food Research Division, Bureau of Chemical Safety, Food Directorate, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
J Agric Food Chem 57:5345-51. 2009..2 ng/g, was found in two products from brand E as well. The average BPA level in the fruit products from all brands (0.60 ng/g) is lower than those in the mixed-dish products (1.1 ng/g) and the vegetable products (1.2 ng/g)...
- Bacteriological quality of weaning food and drinking water given to children of market women in Nigeria: implications for control of diarrhoeaC U Iroegbu
Department of Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria
J Health Popul Nutr 18:157-62. 2000..This can be used not only for efficient and quick management of diarrhoea in the market but also for reinforcing hygiene education...
- Mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 infection during exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months of life: an intervention cohort studyHoosen M Coovadia
Centre for HIV AIDS Networking, University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
Lancet 369:1107-16. 2007..We assessed the HIV-1 transmission risks and survival associated with exclusive breastfeeding and other types of infant feeding...
- Selected complementary feeding practices and their association with maternal educationSara B Fein
Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, 5100 Paint Branch Pkwy, HFS 020, College Park, MD 20740, USA
Pediatrics 122:S91-7. 2008..Our objective is to describe these factors for US infants...
- Infant feeding and feeding transitions during the first year of lifeLaurence M Grummer-Strawn
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, 4770 Buford Hwy, MS K25, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
Pediatrics 122:S36-42. 2008..This article documents transitions in infant feeding patterns across the first year of life and determinants of key aspects of infant feeding...
- Effects of energy density and feeding frequency of complementary foods on total daily energy intakes and consumption of breast milk by healthy breastfed Bangladeshi childrenM Munirul Islam
Program in International and Community Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 88:84-94. 2008..Information is needed on the minimum energy density and feeding frequency of complementary foods that can provide adequate energy intakes (EIs) for healthy breastfed children...
- Effect of early infant feeding practices on infection-specific neonatal mortality: an investigation of the causal links with observational data from rural GhanaKaren M Edmond
Kintampo Health Research Centre, Ghana Health Service, Kintampo, Brong Ahafo Region, Ghana
Am J Clin Nutr 86:1126-31. 2007..Investigation into the biological plausibility of this relation and potential causal pathways is needed...
- Age at the introduction of solid foods during the first year and allergic sensitization at age 5 yearsBright I Nwaru
Tampere School of Public Health, University of Tampere, Finland
Pediatrics 125:50-9. 2010..The goal was to examine the relationship between age at the introduction of solid foods during the first year of life and allergic sensitization in 5-year-old children...
- Assessment of child feeding practices using a summary index: stability over time and association with child growth in urban MadagascarMourad M Moursi
Research Unit 106 Nutrition, Food, Societies, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Montpellier, France
Am J Clin Nutr 87:1472-9. 2008....
- Comparison of media for the isolation of Enterobacter sakazakiiCarol Iversen
School of Biomedical and Natural Sciences, Nottingham Trent University, Clifton Lane, Nottingham NG11 8NS, United Kingdom
Appl Environ Microbiol 73:48-52. 2007..Current media designed for the isolation and presumptive identification of E. sakazakii do not support the growth of all currently known E. sakazakii phenotypes; therefore, improvements in the proposed methods are desirable...
- Genotypic and phenotypic analysis of Enterobacter sakazakii strains from an outbreak resulting in fatalities in a neonatal intensive care unit in FranceJ Caubilla-Barron
School of Biomedical and Natural Sciences, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK
J Clin Microbiol 45:3979-85. 2007..It is possible that E. sakazakii strains differ in their pathogenicities, as shown by the range of symptoms associated with each pulsotype...
- Low adherence to exclusive breastfeeding in Eastern Uganda: a community-based cross-sectional study comparing dietary recall since birth with 24-hour recallIngunn Marie S Engebretsen
Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Norway
BMC Pediatr 7:10. 2007..It also seems to lower HIV-1 transmission compared to mixed feeding. We studied infant feeding practices comparing dietary recall since birth with 24-hour dietary recall...
- Dry stress and survival time of Enterobacter sakazakii and other Enterobacteriaceae in dehydrated powdered infant formulaJuncal Caubilla Barron
School of Biomedical and Natural Sciences, Nottingham Trent University, Clifton Lane, Nottingham NG11 8NS, United Kingdom
J Food Prot 70:2111-7. 2007..pneumoniae, and E. coli could not be recovered after 15 months. Pantoea spp., K. oxytoca, and E. vulneris persisted over 2 years, and some capsulated strains of E. sakazakii were still recoverable after 2.5 years...
- A longitudinal study of breastfeeding and weaning practices during the first year of life in Dunedin, New ZealandAnne Louise M Heath
Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
J Am Diet Assoc 102:937-43. 2002..To investigate infant feeding practices during the first year of life in a group of white infants in Dunedin, New Zealand...
- Relative validity of a dietary interview for assessing infant diet and compliance in a dietary intervention trialLiisa Vähätalo
Nutrition Unit, Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Public Health Institute, Mannerhemintie 166, FI 00300 Helsinki, Finland
Matern Child Nutr 2:181-7. 2006..As a conclusion, the interview was found to be a useful tool for assessing diet and compliance in a dietary intervention for infants...
- A cohort study of term infants from Vilnius, Lithuania: feeding patternsJ Vingraite
Vilnius Antakalnio Outpatient Clinic, Vilnius, Lithuania
Acta Paediatr 93:1349-55. 2004..To present infant feeding patterns and to relate these to selected biological and social factors...
- WHO MULTICENTER GROWTH REFERENCE STUDY: U.S. SITEKathryn Dewey; Fiscal Year: 2002..The data will be pooled by WHO to create a new growth reference, applicable to all infants and children internationally. ..
- ALCOHOL EFFECT ON HUMAN LACTATION AND INFANT BEHAVIORJULIE MENNELLA; Fiscal Year: 2007..AIM 3: To explore the role of early experiences with ethanol in mothers' milk and the emotional context of such experiences, on the recognition of, and preference for, the sensory properties of ethanol ..
- Mammalian Lactoferrin Receptors: Structure and FunctionBo Lonnerdal; Fiscal Year: 2007..Overall, our understanding of the physiological significance of Lf and its receptor will be increased. ..
- Development and Maintenance of Binocular Vision (EY005236)EILEEN ELIZABETH BIRCH; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS IN NORMAL VISUAL DEVELOPMENTEileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2003..By relating long-term outcomes to visual cortical function during infancy, we will directly evaluate the predictive of early visual tests for long-term cognitive outcomes. ..
- DIETARY OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS, GENE EXPRESSION AND GROWTHWilliam Heird; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- Longitudinal Study of Fluoride, Diet, Caries & FluorosisSteven Levy; Fiscal Year: 2008..As studies involving recruitment and successful retention of a cohort from birth are extremely rare, the Iowa Fluoride Study offers a unique opportunity to study these relationships in unprecedented detail. ..
- FUNCTIONAL SIGNIFICANCE OF EARLY IRON DEFICIENCYBetsy Lozoff; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Maximizing Protein Growth in the Early Neonatal PeriodPatti Thureen; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Clinical Relevance of Transient Nevirapine ResistanceLouise Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Maximal Substrate Utilization Rates In Preterm NeonatesPatti Thureen; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- RESEARCH TRAINING IN MATERNAL, INFANT & CHILD NUTRITIONWilliam Heird; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- HIV Protective Immunity and Perinatal ExposureLouise Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Patient Oriented Research in Pediatric NutritionNancy Krebs; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- The Feasibility of Replacement Feeding as an HIV Prevention Method in MalawiMargaret Bentley; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Impact of Development on Protein Utilization and GrowthWilliam Heird; Fiscal Year: 2007..Overall, the findings of this project are expected to contribute to further improvements in nutritional management and, hence, outcome of LBW infants. ..
- CONVENTIONAL VS HIGH PROTEIN INTAKE RATE TO ELBW NEONATEPatti Thureen; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Infant Care, Feeding, and Risk of ObesityMargaret Bentley; Fiscal Year: 2008..For type specifications, see instructions on page 6.) j RESEARCH GRANT ! TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Numbers Face Page .' 1 Description, ..
- INTEGRATION OF CLINICAL NUTRITION INTO MEDICAL TRAININGNancy Krebs; Fiscal Year: 2004..An evaluation will examine process and impact on learner knowledge, attitudes, and confidence regarding nutrition assessment and counseling. ..
- Intestinal Endogenous Zinc: Role for Metallothionein?Nancy Krebs; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Pathogenesis of Essential Tremor: Cerebellar MetabolismElan Louis; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Assessment and Promotin of Feeding in Premature InfantsPeter Bingham; Fiscal Year: 2009..The approaches outlined here will contribute to successful feeding by newborns with other illnesses. ..
- GLUTAMINE SYNTHETASE AND INTESTINAL EPITHELIUMJosef Neu; Fiscal Year: 2003..Considering the technical limitations in administering glutamine (degradation in aqueous solutions), these studies will suggest alternatives providing the same benefits in a safer and more practical manner. ..
- Intestinal Barrier Function and Type 1 DiabetesJosef Neu; Fiscal Year: 2005..It will also provide evidence for the efficacy of promising nutritional strategies that can be translated to future trials in human infants at risk for Type 1 diabetes. ..
- Gastric Tube Placement in Young ChildrenMarsha Ellett; Fiscal Year: 2008..Results from this study will increase the safety of using gastric tubes in young children. ..
- Glucose & Lipid Metabolism in Obese AdolescentsAgneta Sunehag; Fiscal Year: 2009..This information is likely to lead to identifying factors and potentially new strategies to prevent and/or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes in adolescents. ..
- FETAL NEUROBEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT & POSTNATAL CONTINUITYJANET DI PIETRO; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- International Caries Detection and Assessement SystemAmid Ismail; Fiscal Year: 2005..Finding of the workshop will be used in a second workshop, to be organized by Dr. George Stookey, which will focus on the design of caries clinical trials and new diagnostic technology. ..
- Regulation of Glucose Metabolism in Extremely Low Birth Weight (ELBW) InfantsAGNETA LISBETH SUNEHAG; Fiscal Year: 2010..A clear understanding of the mechanisms that control glucose homeostasis in the extremely low birth weight infant will permit us to develop evidence based strategies to maintain euglycemia while providing appropriate energy intake. ..
- Zn & Maternal-Infant Brain Function in S. Ethiopia: Randomized Controlled TrialsK Hambidge; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- LENTIVIRAL VARIATION AND AIDSJulie Overbaugh; Fiscal Year: 2008..Collectively these studies will define the interplay between the properties of the infecting virus, the immune response and replication fitness in SIV/HIV pathogenesis. ..
- Autonomic Reactivity During Sleep Position Thermal StressRakesh Sahni; Fiscal Year: 2008..Our long term goal is to develop screening tests for infants at risk for SIDS. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A Tailored Asthma Education Program for Urban Teens IIChristine Joseph; Fiscal Year: 2009..The result of this proposal will be a powerful tool for changing negative behaviors related to asthma management in a traditionally hard-to-reach population that experiences high asthma morbidity and mortality. ..
- Alcohol: Direct and Indirect Effects in Drug MetabolismTHOMAS BADGER; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- GENETICS OF ADIPOSITY AND GLUCOSE HOMEOSTASISJill Norris; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- GENE ENVIRONMENT STUDY OF TYPE 2 DIABETES IN FAMILIESJill Norris; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Dietary Fatty Acids and Photoreceptor FunctionMartha Neuringer; Fiscal Year: 2003..They also will contribute to understanding the changes in retinal function found in human infants fed diets lacking DHA or its precursors. ..
- Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry systemAdrian Franke; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Michigan Oral Cancer Prevention NetworkAmid Ismail; Fiscal Year: 2003..By the end of the 3rd year, or earlier, the MOPCN would be ready to plan and implement community-based intervention studies...
- PREVENTION OF HIV SHEDDING IN WOMEN--TRIAL OF VITAMIN AJulie Overbaugh; Fiscal Year: 2003..If this preliminary result is confirmed in a full-scale clinical trial, vitamin A supplementation may offer a simple inexpensive intervention to decrease heterosexual and vertical transmission of HIV-1 in the developing world. ..
- REGULATION OF FELV REPLICATION AND PATHOGENESISJulie Overbaugh; Fiscal Year: 2004..In this regard, it is striking that in both FeLV and HIV infection, there is selection for T-cell tropic, cytopathic variants in the host, despite the many differences between these viruses. ..
- Epo as a Rescue Agent for Perinatal Hypoxia-IschemiaSandra Juul; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Nonhematopoietic Developmental Functions of EPOSandra Juul; Fiscal Year: 2004..We feel these experiments will provide important specific insights into the regulation of neonatal intestinal growth and injury. ..
- CLINICAL RESEARCH CURRICULUMBRIAN STROM; Fiscal Year: 2004..I. and co-PI s in the three distinct aspects of Clinical Research targeted by this program represent particular features of this proposal. ..
- Development of Genetic Tools for Clostridium botulinumEric Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- The Genetic Epidemiology of Asthma in Costa RicaJUAN CELEDON; Fiscal Year: 2005..In addition, it will create a bank of phenotypic and genotypic information that will facilitate further hypothesis testing in a unique patient cohort. ..
- GERIATRIC CLINICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY TRAINING GRANTSTEVEN HALBERT; Fiscal Year: 2007..g., clinical trials, case control, cohort research, etc.), and the faculties' commitment to collaborative research. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Blood lead levels and development of asthmaChristine Joseph; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Pregnancy Related Weight Gain: A Link to ObesityAnna Maria Siega Riz; Fiscal Year: 2006..These data, both the quantitative and qualitative, will be used to identify modifiable behaviors for pregnant women that are associated with gaining weight above the recommended ranges and postpartum weight retention. ..
- Plains Indians Traditional Diets and Diabetes ControlKendra Kattelmann; Fiscal Year: 2003..Measurements of potential confounders of weight, height, usual dietary intake, activity levels, medication use, and incidence of infection will be taken at the beginning and end of the study period. ..
- Calcium Absorption and Bone Formation During PubertySteven Abrams; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Bone Density And Later Bone Loss In Rural PopulationsBonny Specker; Fiscal Year: 2005..S. population. ..
- DIARRHEAL DISEASE STUDYRoger Shapiro; Fiscal Year: 2004..The study will be carried out in three towns in southeast Botswana as a collaborative effort between the Harvard AIDS Institute and the AIDS/STD Unit of Botswana at Gaborone (AIDSBG). ..
- Child Temperament and Diet: Predictors of Weight GainJohn Worobey; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Prevention of Vitamin D Deficiency in Breastfed InfantsEkhard Ziegler; Fiscal Year: 2009..The study has considerable public health importance because of the importance of preventing vitamin D deficiency not only in its severe form, rickets, but also in its milder forms. ..
- Prediction of Energy Expenditure/Physical Activity in Children and AdolescentsNancy Butte; Fiscal Year: 2008..A new method based on direct ambulatory monitoring of HR and PA will be developed to accurately predict EE, and hence 24-h TEE and AEE in children and adolescents. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in Hispanic obese youthNancy Butte; Fiscal Year: 2005..Newly proposed tests include chromogenic assays to measure lipid peroxidation end products and endotoxins, and ELISA and RIA to measure cytokine and markers of systemic inflammation. ..
- Iron and the Breast-fed InfantEkhard Ziegler; Fiscal Year: 2005..We expect to find that infants re-excrete iron into the feces when their iron stores are full, but retain most of the absorbed iron when iron stores are low. ..
- The Effectiveness of Treatment for Adult PeriodontitisPhilippe Hujoel; Fiscal Year: 2006..This information can help determine in what area of periodontal research definitive clinical trials may offer the greatest contribution. ..
- Identification of Biomarkers of Autoimmunity in T1D by Novel ToolsMikael Knip; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Society for Pediatric & Perinatal Epidemiologic ResearchAnna Maria Siega Riz; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- In vivo Substrate Utilization in the Newborn Rat BrainRaghavendra Rao; Fiscal Year: 2006....