infant food

Summary

Summary: Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.

Top Publications

  1. doi Systematic review of the efficacy and effectiveness of complementary feeding interventions in developing countries
    Kathryn G Dewey
    Program in International and Community Nutrition, University of California, Davis, California 95616 8669, USA
    Matern Child Nutr 4:24-85. 2008
  2. ncbi Timing of initial cereal exposure in infancy and risk of islet autoimmunity
    Jill M Norris
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262, USA
    JAMA 290:1713-20. 2003
  3. ncbi Complementary feeding: a commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milano, Milano, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 46:99-110. 2008
  4. ncbi The effect of age of introduction to lumpy solids on foods eaten and reported feeding difficulties at 6 and 15 months
    K Northstone
    J Hum Nutr Diet 14:43-54. 2001
  5. ncbi Nutrition counseling increases weight gain among Brazilian children
    I Santos
    Departamento de Medicina Social, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    J Nutr 131:2866-73. 2001
  6. ncbi Determinants of inappropriate complementary feeding practices in young children in Nepal: secondary data analysis of Demographic and Health Survey 2006
    Nira Joshi
    NewERA Development Research and Training for Change, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Matern Child Nutr 8:45-59. 2012
  7. pmc Appropriate infant feeding practices result in better growth of infants and young children in rural Bangladesh
    Kuntal K Saha
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases and Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1852-9. 2008
  8. ncbi Endocrine disrupting nonyl- and octylphenol in infant food in Germany: considerable daily intake of nonylphenol for babies
    Torsten Raecker
    Institute of Chemistry and Dynamics of the Geosphere, ICG 3 Phytosphere, Research Centre Juelich, D 52425 Juelich, Germany
    Chemosphere 82:1533-40. 2011
  9. ncbi Development and factor structure of the Baby Eating Behaviour Questionnaire in the Gemini birth cohort
    Clare H Llewellyn
    Cancer Research UK Health Behavior Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    Appetite 57:388-96. 2011
  10. ncbi Randomized controlled trial of 4 compared with 6 mo of exclusive breastfeeding in Iceland: differences in breast-milk intake by stable-isotope probe
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 96:73-9. 2012

Detail Information

Publications257 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi Systematic review of the efficacy and effectiveness of complementary feeding interventions in developing countries
    Kathryn G Dewey
    Program in International and Community Nutrition, University of California, Davis, California 95616 8669, USA
    Matern Child Nutr 4:24-85. 2008
  2. ncbi Timing of initial cereal exposure in infancy and risk of islet autoimmunity
    Jill M Norris
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262, USA
    JAMA 290:1713-20. 2003
    ..Dietary exposures in infancy have been implicated, albeit inconsistently, in the etiology of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM)...
  3. ncbi Complementary feeding: a commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition
    Carlo Agostoni
    Department of Pediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milano, Milano, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 46:99-110. 2008
    ..Infants and young children receiving a vegetarian diet should receive a sufficient amount ( approximately 500 mL) of breast milk or formula and dairy products. Infants and young children should not be fed a vegan diet...
  4. ncbi The effect of age of introduction to lumpy solids on foods eaten and reported feeding difficulties at 6 and 15 months
    K Northstone
    J Hum Nutr Diet 14:43-54. 2001
    ..The study aimed to document the dietary patterns of infants and determine the development of feeding difficulties as perceived by the mother according to the age at which lumpy solids were introduced into the diet...
  5. ncbi Nutrition counseling increases weight gain among Brazilian children
    I Santos
    Departamento de Medicina Social, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil
    J Nutr 131:2866-73. 2001
    ..The randomized design with blind outcome evaluation strongly supports a causal link. These results should be replicated in other settings...
  6. ncbi Determinants of inappropriate complementary feeding practices in young children in Nepal: secondary data analysis of Demographic and Health Survey 2006
    Nira Joshi
    NewERA Development Research and Training for Change, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Matern Child Nutr 8:45-59. 2012
    ..Planning and promotion activities to improve appropriate complementary feeding practices should focus on illiterate mothers, those living in poor households, and those not exposed to media...
  7. pmc Appropriate infant feeding practices result in better growth of infants and young children in rural Bangladesh
    Kuntal K Saha
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases and Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1852-9. 2008
    ..The World Health Organization and the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund recommend a global strategy for feeding infants and young children for proper nutrition and health...
  8. ncbi Endocrine disrupting nonyl- and octylphenol in infant food in Germany: considerable daily intake of nonylphenol for babies
    Torsten Raecker
    Institute of Chemistry and Dynamics of the Geosphere, ICG 3 Phytosphere, Research Centre Juelich, D 52425 Juelich, Germany
    Chemosphere 82:1533-40. 2011
    ..23-0.65 μg kg⁻¹ bw d⁻¹) were relatively high. This could lead to a higher risk especially for babies...
  9. ncbi Development and factor structure of the Baby Eating Behaviour Questionnaire in the Gemini birth cohort
    Clare H Llewellyn
    Cancer Research UK Health Behavior Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    Appetite 57:388-96. 2011
    ..The BEBQ is the first standardised measure of infant appetite designed to characterise appetitive traits that might confer susceptibility to excess weight gain...
  10. ncbi Randomized controlled trial of 4 compared with 6 mo of exclusive breastfeeding in Iceland: differences in breast-milk intake by stable-isotope probe
    Jonathan C K Wells
    Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 96:73-9. 2012
    ..Most studies that investigated this issue were observational and potentially confounded by variability in social circumstances or infant growth...
  11. ncbi Factors associated with weaning practices in term infants: a prospective observational study in Ireland
    Roslyn C Tarrant
    School of Biological Sciences, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin Street, Dublin 8, Republic of Ireland
    Br J Nutr 104:1544-54. 2010
    ..Provision of professional advice and exploring antenatal maternal misperceptions are potential areas for targeted interventions to improve compliance with the recommended weaning practices...
  12. ncbi A review of phytate, iron, zinc, and calcium concentrations in plant-based complementary foods used in low-income countries and implications for bioavailability
    Rosalind S Gibson
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Union Street, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9015, New Zealand
    Food Nutr Bull 31:S134-46. 2010
    ....
  13. ncbi Infant feeding and the risk of type 1 diabetes
    Mikael Knip
    Hospital for Children and Adolescents and Folkhälsan Research Center, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:1506S-1513S. 2010
    ..Additional work, which includes the application of modern approaches such as metabolomics and epigenomics, is needed to discern the contribution of dietary factors in infancy to the diabetic disease process...
  14. ncbi Introduction of complementary feeding in 5 European countries
    Sonia Schiess
    Division of Metabolic Diseases and Nutritional Medicine, Dr von Hauner Children s Hospital, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munchen, Germany
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 50:92-8. 2010
    ..Little is known about the practice of introducing complementary feeding across Europe. We aim at describing times of solid introduction in healthy infants in 5 European countries...
  15. ncbi Breastfeeding, introduction of complementary foods, and adiposity at 5 y of age
    Hillary L Burdette
    Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:550-8. 2006
    ..Although dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is considered the most accurate measure of adiposity in children, it has rarely been used to examine the relation between infant feeding and adiposity during childhood...
  16. ncbi Breast-feeding and feeding practices of infants in a developing country: a national survey in Lebanon
    Malek Batal
    Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, PO Box 11 0236, Beirut, Lebanon
    Public Health Nutr 9:313-9. 2006
    ....
  17. ncbi Age at first introduction of cow milk products and other food products in relation to infant atopic manifestations in the first 2 years of life: the KOALA Birth Cohort Study
    Bianca E P Snijders
    Department of Epidemiology, Care and Public Health Research Institute, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands
    Pediatrics 122:e115-22. 2008
    ..We aimed to evaluate any associations between the introduction of cow milk products/other solid food products and infant atopic manifestations in the second year of life, taking into account reverse causation...
  18. pmc Predictors of the early introduction of solid foods in infants: results of a cohort study
    Jane A Scott
    School of Public Health, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia
    BMC Pediatr 9:60. 2009
    ....
  19. ncbi [Study on feeding status of infants and young children under 2-years-old in China]
    Aidong Liu
    Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, China
    Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 38:555-7. 2009
    ..To analyze the feeding situation and change trend of the infants and young children under the age of 2 years in China...
  20. pmc Infants perceived as "fussy" are more likely to receive complementary foods before 4 months
    Heather Wasser
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27516, USA
    Pediatrics 127:229-37. 2011
    ..Our purpose was to assess early infant-feeding patterns in a cohort of low-income black mothers and to examine associations between maternal perception of infant temperament and complementary feeding (CF) before 4 months...
  21. ncbi Infant feeding and later obesity risk
    Berthold Koletzko
    Dr von Hauner Children s Hospital, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Germany
    Adv Exp Med Biol 646:15-29. 2009
    ..These results demonstrate that modification of infant feeding practice has an important potential for long-term health promotion and should prompt a review of the recommendations and policies for infant formula composition...
  22. pmc Late introduction of complementary feeding, rather than duration of breastfeeding, may protect against adult overweight
    Lene Schack-Nielsen
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:619-27. 2010
    ..Early nutrition may affect the risk of overweight in later life...
  23. ncbi Infant and young child feeding indicators and determinants of poor feeding practices in India: secondary data analysis of National Family Health Survey 2005-06
    Archana Patel
    Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur, India
    Food Nutr Bull 31:314-33. 2010
    ..In India, poor feeding practices in early childhood contribute to the burden of malnutrition and infant and child mortality...
  24. ncbi Potential of selected infant food formulas for production of Bacillus cereus emetic toxin, cereulide
    Ranad Shaheen
    Department of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology, University of Helsinki, P O Box 56 Biocenter 1, Viikinkaari 9, FIN 00014, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Food Microbiol 107:287-94. 2006
    ..The cereulide production in infant food formulas was investigated...
  25. ncbi World Health Organization (WHO) infant and young child feeding indicators: associations with growth measures in 14 low-income countries
    Bernadette P Marriott
    Abt Associates, Inc, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Matern Child Nutr 8:354-70. 2012
    ..001). These results identify FI associated with growth and reinforce maternal education as a variable to reduce risk of underweight and stunting in poor countries...
  26. ncbi Food-related sensory experience from birth through weaning: contrasted patterns in two nearby European regions
    Andrea Maier
    Nestle Research Center, CH 1000, Lausanne 26, Switzerland
    Appetite 49:429-40. 2007
    ..Thus, while Aalen infants were likely to be exposed for a longer period to different sensory experiences via breast milk, Dijon infants tended to be exposed to a greater flavour variety during the first weeks of weaning...
  27. ncbi The concept of "critical nutrient density" in complementary feeding: the demands on the "family foods" for the nutrient adequacy of young Guatemalan children with continued breastfeeding
    Marieke Vossenaar
    Center for Studies of Sensory Impairment, Aging and Metabolism, Guatemala City, Guatemala
    Am J Clin Nutr 95:859-66. 2012
    ..Suggested strategies to support continued breastfeeding often postulate optimal use of customary "family foods" and adequate amounts of indigenous foodstuffs and local foods...
  28. ncbi Comparisons of complementary feeding indicators and associated factors in children aged 6-23 months across five South Asian countries
    Upul Senarath
    Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka
    Matern Child Nutr 8:89-106. 2012
    ..More intensive interventions are necessary targeting the groups with sup-optimal practices, while programmes that cover entire populations are being continued...
  29. ncbi Determinants of inappropriate complementary feeding practices in young children in Sri Lanka: secondary data analysis of Demographic and Health Survey 2006-2007
    Upul Senarath
    Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka
    Matern Child Nutr 8:60-77. 2012
    ..In conclusion, complementary feeding indicators were adequate except in the 6-11 months age group. Subgroups with inappropriate feeding practices should be the focus of IYCF promotion programs...
  30. ncbi Breastfeeding and experience with variety early in weaning increase infants' acceptance of new foods for up to two months
    Andrea S Maier
    Nestle Research Center, CH 1000 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Clin Nutr 27:849-57. 2008
    ..Here we measure, in two European regions, effects of breast or formula feeding and experience with different levels of vegetable variety early in weaning on new food acceptance during two months following the start of weaning...
  31. ncbi The influence of dietary palmitic acid triacylglyceride position on the fatty acid, calcium and magnesium contents of at term newborn faeces
    A Lopez-Lopez
    Departmento Nutrició i Bromatologia, Centre de Referència en Tecnologia dels Aliments, Facultat de Farmacia, Universitat de Barcelona, Avda Joan XXIII s n, 08028, Barcelona, Spain
    Early Hum Dev 65:S83-94. 2001
    ..We conclude that palmitic acid in beta-position is, therefore, beneficial for term infants...
  32. ncbi Do early infant feeding practices vary by maternal ethnic group?
    Lucy J Griffiths
    MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Public Health Nutr 10:957-64. 2007
    ..To examine UK country and ethnic variations in infant feeding practices...
  33. ncbi Parents' dietary patterns are significantly correlated: findings from the Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial Program
    Sandrine Lioret
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research C PAN, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia
    Br J Nutr 108:518-26. 2012
    ..Exploring how these various patterns correlate within households provides important insights to guide the development and implementation of family-based interventions...
  34. ncbi Feeding practices of infants through the first year of life in Italy
    M Giovannini
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
    Acta Paediatr 93:492-7. 2004
    ..To investigate infant feeding practices through the first year of life in Italy, and to identify factors associated with the duration of breastfeeding and early introduction of solid foods...
  35. pmc The NOURISH randomised control trial: positive feeding practices and food preferences in early childhood - a primary prevention program for childhood obesity
    Lynne A Daniels
    School of Public Health, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    BMC Public Health 9:387. 2009
    ....
  36. ncbi Introduction of solid foods: do mothers follow recommendations?
    Brenda L Coleman
    Elgin St Thomas Health Unit, St Thomas, ON, Canada
    Can J Diet Pract Res 70:135-40. 2009
    ..Infant age at introduction of solid foods was examined, as were maternal characteristics associated with adherence to recommendations...
  37. ncbi Feeding infants and toddlers study: Improvements needed in meeting infant feeding recommendations
    Ronette R Briefel
    Mathematica Policy Research, Inc, Washington, DC 20024, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 104:s31-7. 2004
    ..To assess adherence to infant feeding recommendations among a sample of infants and toddlers four to 24 months of age in the United States...
  38. ncbi The importance of early complementary feeding in the development of oral tolerance: concerns and controversies
    Susan L Prescott
    School of Paediatrics and Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia
    Pediatr Allergy Immunol 19:375-80. 2008
    ..It will also examine the growing case for introducing complementary foods from around 4 months of age and maintaining breastfeeding during this early feeding period, for at least 6 months if possible...
  39. ncbi Effectiveness of an educational intervention on complementary feeding practices and growth in rural China: a cluster randomised controlled trial
    Ling Shi
    College of Nursing and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA 02125, USA
    Public Health Nutr 13:556-65. 2010
    ..We developed an educational intervention, delivered by local health-care providers, aimed at improving complementary feeding practices and child nutrition...
  40. ncbi Exclusive breast-feeding is rarely practised in rural and urban Morogoro, Tanzania
    R Shirima
    1Tanzania Food and Nutrition Centre, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Public Health Nutr 4:147-54. 2001
    ..In both the rural and urban areas more efforts are needed to encourage exclusive breast-feeding, to avoid premature complementation and, in the case of the urban areas, to protect extended breast-feeding...
  41. ncbi A descriptive study investigating the use and nature of baby-led weaning in a UK sample of mothers
    Amy Brown
    Department of Psychology, School of Human Sciences, Swansea University, Swansea, UK
    Matern Child Nutr 7:34-47. 2011
    ..Levels of anxiety about weaning and feeding were lower in mothers who adopted a BLW approach. These findings provide an insight into BLW practices and the characteristics of a small population of users...
  42. ncbi Effects of infant feeding practice on weight gain from birth to 3 years
    L J Griffiths
    MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Arch Dis Child 94:577-82. 2009
    ..This study examined the effect of breastfeeding initiation, breastfeeding duration and age at introduction of solid foods on weight gain from birth to 3 years...
  43. ncbi An infant and child feeding index is associated with the nutritional status of 6- to 23-month-old children in rural Burkina Faso
    Prosper S Sawadogo
    Unite de Formation et de Recherche, Sciences de la Vie et de la Terre, Laboratoire de Biochimie Microbiologie, Universite de Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
    J Nutr 136:656-63. 2006
    ..A suitable ICFI and/or some of its components could be used to identify vulnerable age groups and to monitor interventions in similar rural areas of Africa...
  44. ncbi Treatment of anemia with microencapsulated ferrous fumarate plus ascorbic acid supplied as sprinkles to complementary (weaning) foods
    S Zlotkin
    Departments of Paediatrics and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Toronto, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 74:791-5. 2001
    ..Standard therapy for anemia in infants is ferrous sulfate drops administered 3 times/d. Adherence to treatment, however, is often poor. One likely reason for poor adherence is the unpleasant side effects associated with drops...
  45. ncbi Patterns of milk and food intake in infants from birth to age 36 months: the Euro-growth study
    V Freeman
    Department of Clinical Medicine, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 31:S76-85. 2000
    ..Current practice is compared with international feeding recommendations...
  46. pmc Index for measuring the quality of complementary feeding practices in rural India
    Aashima Garg
    Department of Food and Nutrition, Lady Irwin College, University of Delhi, Sikandra Road, New Delhi 110 001, India
    J Health Popul Nutr 27:763-71. 2009
    ..This index can be used as an easy tool by programme planners for identifying, targeting, and monitoring the deficient CF practices and also advocating the importance of the CF at policy level...
  47. ncbi Early infant feeding and risk of developing type 1 diabetes-associated autoantibodies
    Anette G Ziegler
    Diabetes Research Institute and Hospital München Schwabing, Munich, Germany
    JAMA 290:1721-8. 2003
    ..Dietary factors modifying type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) risk have been proposed, but little is known if they trigger the islet autoimmunity that precedes clinical disease...
  48. pmc Misperceptions and misuse of Bear Brand coffee creamer as infant food: national cross sectional survey of consumers and paediatricians in Laos
    Hubert Barennes
    Institut de la Francophonie pour la Médecine Tropicale, BP 9519, Vientiane, Lao Popular Democratic Republic
    BMJ 337:a1379. 2008
    ..To investigate the use of Bear Brand coffee creamer as a food for infants and the impact on consumers of the logo of a cartoon baby bear held by its mother in the breastfeeding position...
  49. pmc Isolation of Cronobacter spp. (formerly Enterobacter sakazakii) from infant food, herbs and environmental samples and the subsequent identification and confirmation of the isolates using biochemical, chromogenic assays, PCR and 16S rRNA sequencing
    Ziad W Jaradat
    Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
    BMC Microbiol 9:225. 2009
    ..The pathogens are linked to infant formula; however, they have also been isolated from a wide range of foods and environmental samples...
  50. ncbi Differences in weaning practice, food and nutrient intake between breast- and formula-fed 4-month-old infants in England
    S Noble
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    J Hum Nutr Diet 19:303-13. 2006
    ..Breastfed infants may grow more slowly in the second half of infancy than formula-fed infants, differences in weaning practice may contribute...
  51. ncbi Occurrence of Enterobacter sakazakii in food production environments and households
    M Chantal Kandhai
    Wageningen University, Laboratory of Food Microbiology, PO Box 8129, 6700 EV, Wageningen, Netherlands
    Lancet 363:39-40. 2004
    ..Environmental samples from eight of nine food factories and from five of 16 households contained E sakazakii. The widespread nature of this micro-organism needs to be taken into account when designing preventive control measures...
  52. ncbi Oligosaccharides: application in infant food
    M Rivero-Urgell
    Scientific Division, Laboratorios Ordesa, Ctra del Prat, 9 11, 08830 Sant Boi de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
    Early Hum Dev 65:S43-52. 2001
    ....
  53. ncbi Determining the content of lead and cadmium in infant food from the Polish market
    Anna Winiarska-Mieczan
    Department of Bromatology and Food Physiology, University of Life Sciences, Lublin, Poland
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 63:708-12. 2012
    ..It may be assumed that fruit and vegetable products available on the Polish market are safe for infants. However, in some products, the levels of cadmium and lead were high...
  54. ncbi Perceptions of infant cereals and dietary intakes of children aged 4-24 months in a rural South African community
    M Faber
    Nutritional Intervention Research Unit, Medical Research Council, South Africa
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 52:359-65. 2001
    ..The availability of culturally acceptable fortified products which are affordable for people in the lower socioeconomic sector is needed...
  55. ncbi Factors affecting the introduction of complementary foods in the preterm infant
    F J Norris
    School of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 56:448-54. 2002
    ..The aim of the study was to identify current infant feeding practices among carers of preterm infants...
  56. ncbi Effect of a fortified maize-meal porridge on anemia, micronutrient status, and motor development of infants
    Mieke Faber
    Nutritional Intervention Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:1032-9. 2005
    ..A low-cost, finely milled, maize-meal porridge was fortified with beta-carotene, iron, and zinc (100% of recommended dietary allowance), as well as ascorbic acid, copper, selenium, riboflavin, vitamin B-6, vitamin B-12, and vitamin E...
  57. ncbi Energy requirements derived from total energy expenditure and energy deposition during the first 2 y of life
    N F Butte
    US Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, Children s Nutrition Research Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 72:1558-69. 2000
    ....
  58. ncbi Nutritional status and linear growth of Indonesian infants in west java are determined more by prenatal environment than by postnatal factors
    Marjanka K Schmidt
    Division of Human Nutrition and Epidemiology, Wageningen University, The Netherlands
    J Nutr 132:2202-7. 2002
    ..136-0.194). In conclusion, in this rural population in West Java, neonatal weight and especially length, reflecting the prenatal environment, are the most important predictors of infant nutritional status...
  59. ncbi Premastication: the second arm of infant and young child feeding for health and survival?
    Gretel H Pelto
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Matern Child Nutr 6:4-18. 2010
    ..We conclude with the argument for a concerted research effort to determine whether premastication can solve not only the 'weanling dilemma' in poor countries but also some of the health problems among the better-off...
  60. ncbi Mycoestrogen pollution of Italian infant food
    Valentina Meucci
    Department of Veterinary Clinics, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
    J Pediatr 159:278-83.e1. 2011
    ....
  61. ncbi Analysis and migration of phthalates in infant food packed in recycled paperboard
    Sonja Gärtner
    BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Richard Willstaetter Strasse 11, D 12489 Berlin, Germany
    J Agric Food Chem 57:10675-81. 2009
    The contamination of infant food with substances from its packaging due to migration processes is still a problem...
  62. ncbi Maternal prepregnant body mass index, duration of breastfeeding, and timing of complementary food introduction are associated with infant weight gain
    Jennifer L Baker
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1579-88. 2004
    ..These shorter durations may place infants of overweight and obese women at risk of not receiving the benefits of breastfeeding, which may include a reduced risk of overweight later in life...
  63. ncbi Contribution of inappropriate complementary foods to the salt intake of 8-month-old infants
    V L Cribb
    School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 66:104-10. 2012
    ..Sodium intakes were examined to establish, if inappropriate complementary feeding practices were contributing to high intakes...
  64. ncbi Characterisation of infant food modifications in the European Union
    Berthold Koletzko
    Division of Metabolic Disease and Nutritional Medicine, Dr von Hauner Children s Hospital, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Germany
    Ann Nutr Metab 46:231-42. 2002
    ..Hepatology and Nutrition to discuss issues arising in this area among participants representing academia, infant food industry, consumer organisations, the European Commission, and food regulatory bodies of some European Union ..
  65. ncbi Delayed introduction of lumpy foods to children during the complementary feeding period affects child's food acceptance and feeding at 7 years of age
    Helen Coulthard
    School of Psychology, Birmingham University, Birmingham, UK
    Matern Child Nutr 5:75-85. 2009
    ..Health professionals must encourage the progression from purees and exposure to important food groups...
  66. ncbi Timing of solid food introduction in relation to eczema, asthma, allergic rhinitis, and food and inhalant sensitization at the age of 6 years: results from the prospective birth cohort study LISA
    Anne Zutavern
    GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Epidemiology, 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
    Pediatrics 121:e44-52. 2008
    ..This study investigates whether a delayed introduction of solids (past 4 or 6 months) is protective against the development of eczema, asthma, allergic rhinitis, and food or inhalant sensitization at the age of 6 years...
  67. pmc Introduction of solid food to young infants
    Alice A Kuo
    Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, UCLA Center for Healthier Children, Families and Communities, 10990 Wilshire Blvd, Suite 900, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Matern Child Health J 15:1185-94. 2011
    ..More effective discussion of solid food introduction linked to counseling and support of breastfeeding by the primary health care provider may reduce early introduction of solids...
  68. ncbi Breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices in rural Malawi
    M Vaahtera
    Medical School, University of Tampere, Finland
    Acta Paediatr 90:328-32. 2001
    ..5 and 6.3 mo, i.e. much earlier than recommended. Better adherence to recommendations was associated with smaller number of children in the family, increased maternal education and some other socio-economic or environmental variables...
  69. ncbi [Cross-sectional study on the current situation of breast feeding in western China rural areas]
    Jian li Ye
    National Center for Women and Children s Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100013, China
    Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 41:183-5. 2007
    ..To know the situation of breastfeeding of infants in western China rural areas...
  70. ncbi Impact of a strategy to prevent the introduction of non-breast milk and complementary foods during the first 6 months of life: a randomized clinical trial with adolescent mothers and grandmothers
    Luciana Dias de Oliveira
    Departamento de Medicina Social, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    Early Hum Dev 88:357-61. 2012
    ..Although the disadvantages of introducing non-breast milk and the early introduction of complementary foods are known, such practices are common worldwide...
  71. ncbi Factors associated with exclusive breast-feeding and breast-feeding in Norway
    Anne Lene Kristiansen
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, PO Box 1046, Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway
    Public Health Nutr 13:2087-96. 2010
    ..To identify factors associated with exclusive breast-feeding and breast-feeding during the first year of life among Norwegian infants...
  72. ncbi Total arsenic determination and speciation in infant food products by ion chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry
    Nohora P Vela
    US Food and Drug Administration, Forensic Chemistry Center, 6751 Steger Dr, Cincinnati, OH 45237, USA
    J AOAC Int 87:244-52. 2004
    ..Processed infant food products such as rice-based cereals, mixed rice/formula cereals, milk-based infant formula, applesauce and ..
  73. ncbi Relationship between child feeding practices and malnutrition in 7 remote and poor counties, P R China
    Hong Zhou
    Department of Child, adolescent and woman s health, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, China
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 21:234-40. 2012
    ..Therefore, we suggest that more programs to increase caregivers' feeding knowledge and practices be conducted, to improve the health of children in remote and poor areas in China...
  74. ncbi Psychosocial determinants of the early introduction of complementary foods
    Fabiola Tatone-Tokuda
    University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Health Educ Behav 36:302-20. 2009
    ..05). Future research must carefully consider the psychosocial aspects involved in adhering to infant feeding guidelines...
  75. ncbi [Fluoride concentrations in typical Brazilian foods and in infant foods]
    Renato C V Casarin
    Departamento de Ciencias Fisiologicas, Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Piracicaba, SP, Brasil
    Rev Saude Publica 41:549-56. 2007
    ..To determine fluoride concentrations in the typical Brazilian meal (rice with beans) and in processed infant foods, and to estimate their contribution towards dental fluorosis...
  76. ncbi Sources of feeding advice in the first year of life: who do parents value?
    Aideen Gildea
    Institute of Child Care Research, Queen s University Belfast
    Community Pract 82:27-31. 2009
    ..This study highlights the importance placed by mothers on health visitors, which may have implications for the service in the midst of the reorganisation of the health visitor's role...
  77. ncbi [Investigation on the feeding status of infants and young children in poor counties of Gansu Province]
    Lijuan Wang
    Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety, China CDC, Beijing
    Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 40:327-30. 2011
    ..To understand the feeding status and the current situation of complementary food supplement of infants and young children aged 6-23 months in Yongjing County and Yuzhong County, two of poorer counties in Gansu Province...
  78. ncbi Nutrition influences bone development from infancy through toddler years
    Bonny Specker
    Ethel Austin Martin Program in Human Nutrition, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007, USA
    J Nutr 134:691S-695S. 2004
    ..There is evidence of calcium intake-by-gene and calcium intake-by-physical activity interactions among toddlers and young children. The long-term effects of these early nutritional influences on later bone health are unknown...
  79. ncbi Nutritional value of locally produced foods and potential for developing age-appropriate complementary foods for children under 2 years of age in Mali
    Mohamed Ag Ayoya
    UNICEF Country Office, New Delhi, India
    Food Nutr Bull 31:391-9. 2010
    ..Promotion of dietary diversity using locally available nutritious foods is an effective approach in low-income areas to improve the quality of young children's diet and, hence, their growth and development...
  80. ncbi Infant feeding in the 20th century: formula and beikost
    S Fomon
    Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Nutr 131:409S-20S. 2001
    ..By the end of the century, formula feeding of older infants had largely replaced feeding of fresh cow's milk and the prevalence of iron deficiency had greatly decreased...
  81. pmc Parental influence on eating behavior: conception to adolescence
    Jennifer S Savage
    Center for Childhood Obesity Research, Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 35:22-34. 2007
    ..To meet the challenge of promoting healthy weight in children in the current eating environment, parents need guidance regarding alternatives to traditional feeding practices...
  82. ncbi Does maternal control during feeding moderate early infant weight gain?
    Claire Farrow
    School of Psychology, Dorothy Hodgkin Building, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 118:e293-8. 2006
    ..Our objective with this study was to examine whether observed maternal control during feeding at 6 months of age moderates the development of early infant weight gain during the first year of life...
  83. ncbi Systematic review of the relationship between early introduction of solid foods to infants and the development of allergic disease
    Beth A Tarini
    Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle 98195 7183, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 160:502-7. 2006
    ..To assess the evidence that early solid feeding (before age 4 months) increases the risk of allergic disease...
  84. ncbi Breastfeeding and lowering the risk of childhood obesity
    Julie Armstrong
    Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK
    Lancet 359:2003-4. 2002
    ..The adjusted odds ratio for obesity (BMI > or = 98th percentile) was 0.70 (95% CI 0.61-0.80). Our results suggest that breastfeeding is associated with a reduction in childhood obesity risk...
  85. ncbi Development of autoimmunity to transglutaminase C in children of patients with type 1 diabetes: relationship to islet autoantibodies and infant feeding
    S Hummel
    Diabetes Research Institute, Munich, Germany
    Diabetologia 50:390-4. 2007
    ..We investigated the development of transglutaminase antibodies and analysed potential risk factors for coeliac disease autoimmunity in first-degree relatives of patients with type 1 diabetes...
  86. ncbi Bisphenol a in baby food products in glass jars with metal lids from Canadian markets
    Xu Liang Cao
    Food Research Division, Bureau of Chemical Safety, Food Directorate, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Agric Food Chem 57:5345-51. 2009
    ..2 ng/g, was found in two products from brand E as well. The average BPA level in the fruit products from all brands (0.60 ng/g) is lower than those in the mixed-dish products (1.1 ng/g) and the vegetable products (1.2 ng/g)...
  87. ncbi Bacteriological quality of weaning food and drinking water given to children of market women in Nigeria: implications for control of diarrhoea
    C U Iroegbu
    Department of Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria
    J Health Popul Nutr 18:157-62. 2000
    ..This can be used not only for efficient and quick management of diarrhoea in the market but also for reinforcing hygiene education...
  88. ncbi Mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 infection during exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months of life: an intervention cohort study
    Hoosen M Coovadia
    Centre for HIV AIDS Networking, University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
    Lancet 369:1107-16. 2007
    ..We assessed the HIV-1 transmission risks and survival associated with exclusive breastfeeding and other types of infant feeding...
  89. ncbi Selected complementary feeding practices and their association with maternal education
    Sara B Fein
    Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, 5100 Paint Branch Pkwy, HFS 020, College Park, MD 20740, USA
    Pediatrics 122:S91-7. 2008
    ..Our objective is to describe these factors for US infants...
  90. ncbi Infant feeding and feeding transitions during the first year of life
    Laurence M Grummer-Strawn
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, 4770 Buford Hwy, MS K25, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Pediatrics 122:S36-42. 2008
    ..This article documents transitions in infant feeding patterns across the first year of life and determinants of key aspects of infant feeding...
  91. ncbi Effects of energy density and feeding frequency of complementary foods on total daily energy intakes and consumption of breast milk by healthy breastfed Bangladeshi children
    M Munirul Islam
    Program in International and Community Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:84-94. 2008
    ..Information is needed on the minimum energy density and feeding frequency of complementary foods that can provide adequate energy intakes (EIs) for healthy breastfed children...
  92. ncbi Effect of early infant feeding practices on infection-specific neonatal mortality: an investigation of the causal links with observational data from rural Ghana
    Karen M Edmond
    Kintampo Health Research Centre, Ghana Health Service, Kintampo, Brong Ahafo Region, Ghana
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:1126-31. 2007
    ..Investigation into the biological plausibility of this relation and potential causal pathways is needed...
  93. ncbi Age at the introduction of solid foods during the first year and allergic sensitization at age 5 years
    Bright I Nwaru
    Tampere School of Public Health, University of Tampere, Finland
    Pediatrics 125:50-9. 2010
    ..The goal was to examine the relationship between age at the introduction of solid foods during the first year of life and allergic sensitization in 5-year-old children...
  94. ncbi Assessment of child feeding practices using a summary index: stability over time and association with child growth in urban Madagascar
    Mourad M Moursi
    Research Unit 106 Nutrition, Food, Societies, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Montpellier, France
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1472-9. 2008
    ....
  95. pmc Comparison of media for the isolation of Enterobacter sakazakii
    Carol Iversen
    School of Biomedical and Natural Sciences, Nottingham Trent University, Clifton Lane, Nottingham NG11 8NS, United Kingdom
    Appl Environ Microbiol 73:48-52. 2007
    ..Current media designed for the isolation and presumptive identification of E. sakazakii do not support the growth of all currently known E. sakazakii phenotypes; therefore, improvements in the proposed methods are desirable...
  96. pmc Genotypic and phenotypic analysis of Enterobacter sakazakii strains from an outbreak resulting in fatalities in a neonatal intensive care unit in France
    J Caubilla-Barron
    School of Biomedical and Natural Sciences, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK
    J Clin Microbiol 45:3979-85. 2007
    ..It is possible that E. sakazakii strains differ in their pathogenicities, as shown by the range of symptoms associated with each pulsotype...
  97. pmc Low adherence to exclusive breastfeeding in Eastern Uganda: a community-based cross-sectional study comparing dietary recall since birth with 24-hour recall
    Ingunn Marie S Engebretsen
    Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Norway
    BMC Pediatr 7:10. 2007
    ..It also seems to lower HIV-1 transmission compared to mixed feeding. We studied infant feeding practices comparing dietary recall since birth with 24-hour dietary recall...
  98. ncbi Dry stress and survival time of Enterobacter sakazakii and other Enterobacteriaceae in dehydrated powdered infant formula
    Juncal Caubilla Barron
    School of Biomedical and Natural Sciences, Nottingham Trent University, Clifton Lane, Nottingham NG11 8NS, United Kingdom
    J Food Prot 70:2111-7. 2007
    ..pneumoniae, and E. coli could not be recovered after 15 months. Pantoea spp., K. oxytoca, and E. vulneris persisted over 2 years, and some capsulated strains of E. sakazakii were still recoverable after 2.5 years...
  99. ncbi A longitudinal study of breastfeeding and weaning practices during the first year of life in Dunedin, New Zealand
    Anne Louise M Heath
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Am Diet Assoc 102:937-43. 2002
    ..To investigate infant feeding practices during the first year of life in a group of white infants in Dunedin, New Zealand...
  100. ncbi Relative validity of a dietary interview for assessing infant diet and compliance in a dietary intervention trial
    Liisa Vähätalo
    Nutrition Unit, Department of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention, National Public Health Institute, Mannerhemintie 166, FI 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Matern Child Nutr 2:181-7. 2006
    ..As a conclusion, the interview was found to be a useful tool for assessing diet and compliance in a dietary intervention for infants...
  101. ncbi A cohort study of term infants from Vilnius, Lithuania: feeding patterns
    J Vingraite
    Vilnius Antakalnio Outpatient Clinic, Vilnius, Lithuania
    Acta Paediatr 93:1349-55. 2004
    ..To present infant feeding patterns and to relate these to selected biological and social factors...

Research Grants63

  1. WHO MULTICENTER GROWTH REFERENCE STUDY: U.S. SITE
    Kathryn Dewey; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The data will be pooled by WHO to create a new growth reference, applicable to all infants and children internationally. ..
  2. ALCOHOL EFFECT ON HUMAN LACTATION AND INFANT BEHAVIOR
    JULIE MENNELLA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..AIM 3: To explore the role of early experiences with ethanol in mothers' milk and the emotional context of such experiences, on the recognition of, and preference for, the sensory properties of ethanol ..
  3. Mammalian Lactoferrin Receptors: Structure and Function
    Bo Lonnerdal; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Overall, our understanding of the physiological significance of Lf and its receptor will be increased. ..
  4. Development and Maintenance of Binocular Vision (EY005236)
    EILEEN ELIZABETH BIRCH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  5. OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS IN NORMAL VISUAL DEVELOPMENT
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..By relating long-term outcomes to visual cortical function during infancy, we will directly evaluate the predictive of early visual tests for long-term cognitive outcomes. ..
  6. DIETARY OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS, GENE EXPRESSION AND GROWTH
    William Heird; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Longitudinal Study of Fluoride, Diet, Caries & Fluorosis
    Steven Levy; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..As studies involving recruitment and successful retention of a cohort from birth are extremely rare, the Iowa Fluoride Study offers a unique opportunity to study these relationships in unprecedented detail. ..
  8. FUNCTIONAL SIGNIFICANCE OF EARLY IRON DEFICIENCY
    Betsy Lozoff; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Maximizing Protein Growth in the Early Neonatal Period
    Patti Thureen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  10. Clinical Relevance of Transient Nevirapine Resistance
    Louise Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Maximal Substrate Utilization Rates In Preterm Neonates
    Patti Thureen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  12. RESEARCH TRAINING IN MATERNAL, INFANT & CHILD NUTRITION
    William Heird; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. HIV Protective Immunity and Perinatal Exposure
    Louise Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. Patient Oriented Research in Pediatric Nutrition
    Nancy Krebs; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. The Feasibility of Replacement Feeding as an HIV Prevention Method in Malawi
    Margaret Bentley; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  16. Impact of Development on Protein Utilization and Growth
    William Heird; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Overall, the findings of this project are expected to contribute to further improvements in nutritional management and, hence, outcome of LBW infants. ..
  17. CONVENTIONAL VS HIGH PROTEIN INTAKE RATE TO ELBW NEONATE
    Patti Thureen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  18. Infant Care, Feeding, and Risk of Obesity
    Margaret Bentley; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..For type specifications, see instructions on page 6.) j RESEARCH GRANT ! TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Numbers Face Page .' 1 Description, ..
  19. INTEGRATION OF CLINICAL NUTRITION INTO MEDICAL TRAINING
    Nancy Krebs; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..An evaluation will examine process and impact on learner knowledge, attitudes, and confidence regarding nutrition assessment and counseling. ..
  20. Intestinal Endogenous Zinc: Role for Metallothionein?
    Nancy Krebs; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. Pathogenesis of Essential Tremor: Cerebellar Metabolism
    Elan Louis; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. Assessment and Promotin of Feeding in Premature Infants
    Peter Bingham; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The approaches outlined here will contribute to successful feeding by newborns with other illnesses. ..
  23. GLUTAMINE SYNTHETASE AND INTESTINAL EPITHELIUM
    Josef Neu; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Considering the technical limitations in administering glutamine (degradation in aqueous solutions), these studies will suggest alternatives providing the same benefits in a safer and more practical manner. ..
  24. Intestinal Barrier Function and Type 1 Diabetes
    Josef Neu; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..It will also provide evidence for the efficacy of promising nutritional strategies that can be translated to future trials in human infants at risk for Type 1 diabetes. ..
  25. Gastric Tube Placement in Young Children
    Marsha Ellett; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Results from this study will increase the safety of using gastric tubes in young children. ..
  26. Glucose & Lipid Metabolism in Obese Adolescents
    Agneta Sunehag; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This information is likely to lead to identifying factors and potentially new strategies to prevent and/or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes in adolescents. ..
  27. FETAL NEUROBEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT & POSTNATAL CONTINUITY
    JANET DI PIETRO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. International Caries Detection and Assessement System
    Amid Ismail; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Finding of the workshop will be used in a second workshop, to be organized by Dr. George Stookey, which will focus on the design of caries clinical trials and new diagnostic technology. ..
  29. Regulation of Glucose Metabolism in Extremely Low Birth Weight (ELBW) Infants
    AGNETA LISBETH SUNEHAG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A clear understanding of the mechanisms that control glucose homeostasis in the extremely low birth weight infant will permit us to develop evidence based strategies to maintain euglycemia while providing appropriate energy intake. ..
  30. Zn & Maternal-Infant Brain Function in S. Ethiopia: Randomized Controlled Trials
    K Hambidge; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  31. LENTIVIRAL VARIATION AND AIDS
    Julie Overbaugh; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Collectively these studies will define the interplay between the properties of the infecting virus, the immune response and replication fitness in SIV/HIV pathogenesis. ..
  32. Autonomic Reactivity During Sleep Position Thermal Stress
    Rakesh Sahni; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Our long term goal is to develop screening tests for infants at risk for SIDS. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. A Tailored Asthma Education Program for Urban Teens II
    Christine Joseph; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The result of this proposal will be a powerful tool for changing negative behaviors related to asthma management in a traditionally hard-to-reach population that experiences high asthma morbidity and mortality. ..
  34. Alcohol: Direct and Indirect Effects in Drug Metabolism
    THOMAS BADGER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. GENETICS OF ADIPOSITY AND GLUCOSE HOMEOSTASIS
    Jill Norris; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  36. GENE ENVIRONMENT STUDY OF TYPE 2 DIABETES IN FAMILIES
    Jill Norris; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  37. Dietary Fatty Acids and Photoreceptor Function
    Martha Neuringer; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..They also will contribute to understanding the changes in retinal function found in human infants fed diets lacking DHA or its precursors. ..
  38. Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry system
    Adrian Franke; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. Michigan Oral Cancer Prevention Network
    Amid Ismail; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..By the end of the 3rd year, or earlier, the MOPCN would be ready to plan and implement community-based intervention studies...
  40. PREVENTION OF HIV SHEDDING IN WOMEN--TRIAL OF VITAMIN A
    Julie Overbaugh; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If this preliminary result is confirmed in a full-scale clinical trial, vitamin A supplementation may offer a simple inexpensive intervention to decrease heterosexual and vertical transmission of HIV-1 in the developing world. ..
  41. REGULATION OF FELV REPLICATION AND PATHOGENESIS
    Julie Overbaugh; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In this regard, it is striking that in both FeLV and HIV infection, there is selection for T-cell tropic, cytopathic variants in the host, despite the many differences between these viruses. ..
  42. Epo as a Rescue Agent for Perinatal Hypoxia-Ischemia
    Sandra Juul; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  43. Nonhematopoietic Developmental Functions of EPO
    Sandra Juul; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We feel these experiments will provide important specific insights into the regulation of neonatal intestinal growth and injury. ..
  44. CLINICAL RESEARCH CURRICULUM
    BRIAN STROM; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..I. and co-PI s in the three distinct aspects of Clinical Research targeted by this program represent particular features of this proposal. ..
  45. Development of Genetic Tools for Clostridium botulinum
    Eric Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  46. The Genetic Epidemiology of Asthma in Costa Rica
    JUAN CELEDON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition, it will create a bank of phenotypic and genotypic information that will facilitate further hypothesis testing in a unique patient cohort. ..
  47. GERIATRIC CLINICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY TRAINING GRANT
    STEVEN HALBERT; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., clinical trials, case control, cohort research, etc.), and the faculties' commitment to collaborative research. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Blood lead levels and development of asthma
    Christine Joseph; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  49. Pregnancy Related Weight Gain: A Link to Obesity
    Anna Maria Siega Riz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These data, both the quantitative and qualitative, will be used to identify modifiable behaviors for pregnant women that are associated with gaining weight above the recommended ranges and postpartum weight retention. ..
  50. Plains Indians Traditional Diets and Diabetes Control
    Kendra Kattelmann; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Measurements of potential confounders of weight, height, usual dietary intake, activity levels, medication use, and incidence of infection will be taken at the beginning and end of the study period. ..
  51. Calcium Absorption and Bone Formation During Puberty
    Steven Abrams; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  52. Bone Density And Later Bone Loss In Rural Populations
    Bonny Specker; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..S. population. ..
  53. DIARRHEAL DISEASE STUDY
    Roger Shapiro; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The study will be carried out in three towns in southeast Botswana as a collaborative effort between the Harvard AIDS Institute and the AIDS/STD Unit of Botswana at Gaborone (AIDSBG). ..
  54. Child Temperament and Diet: Predictors of Weight Gain
    John Worobey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  55. Prevention of Vitamin D Deficiency in Breastfed Infants
    Ekhard Ziegler; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study has considerable public health importance because of the importance of preventing vitamin D deficiency not only in its severe form, rickets, but also in its milder forms. ..
  56. Prediction of Energy Expenditure/Physical Activity in Children and Adolescents
    Nancy Butte; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..A new method based on direct ambulatory monitoring of HR and PA will be developed to accurately predict EE, and hence 24-h TEE and AEE in children and adolescents. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in Hispanic obese youth
    Nancy Butte; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Newly proposed tests include chromogenic assays to measure lipid peroxidation end products and endotoxins, and ELISA and RIA to measure cytokine and markers of systemic inflammation. ..
  58. Iron and the Breast-fed Infant
    Ekhard Ziegler; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We expect to find that infants re-excrete iron into the feces when their iron stores are full, but retain most of the absorbed iron when iron stores are low. ..
  59. The Effectiveness of Treatment for Adult Periodontitis
    Philippe Hujoel; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This information can help determine in what area of periodontal research definitive clinical trials may offer the greatest contribution. ..
  60. Identification of Biomarkers of Autoimmunity in T1D by Novel Tools
    Mikael Knip; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. Society for Pediatric & Perinatal Epidemiologic Research
    Anna Maria Siega Riz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  62. In vivo Substrate Utilization in the Newborn Rat Brain
    Raghavendra Rao; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....