Genomes and Genes
Summary: Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the fortified food. The supplementation of cereals with iron and vitamins is an example of fortified food. Fortified food includes also enriched food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those essential nutrients removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Publications194 found, 100 shown here
- A safe strategy for addition of vitamins and minerals to foodsS E Rasmussen
Danish Institute for Food and Veterinary Research, 19 Mørkhøj Bygade, 2860, Søborg, Denmark
Eur J Nutr 45:123-35. 2006..We suggest that the MA should be expressed in weight units per energy unit in order to distribute it equally between potentially fortifiable food groups according to their usual contribution to total energy intakes...
- Conclusions of a WHO Technical Consultation on folate and vitamin B12 deficienciesBruno de Benoist
Department of Nutrition for Health and Development, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH 1211, Geneva 27, Switzerland
Food Nutr Bull 29:S238-44. 2008
- Vitamins and minerals: a model for safe addition to foodsAlbert Flynn
University College Cork, Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, Cork, Ireland
Eur J Nutr 42:118-30. 2003..However, concerns need to be addressed regarding the potential for unacceptably high intakes, particularly for those people consuming very large amounts of food...
- Iron-biofortified rice improves the iron stores of nonanemic Filipino womenJere D Haas
Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
J Nutr 135:2823-30. 2005..Consumption of biofortified rice, without any other changes in diet, is efficacious in improving iron stores of women with iron-poor diets in the developing world...
- Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of an iron-fortified food product in female soldiers during military training: relations between iron status, serum hepcidin, and inflammationJ Philip Karl
US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 92:93-100. 2010..Iron status degrades in female soldiers during military training. Inflammation-mediated up-regulation of hepcidin, a key mediator of iron homeostasis, may be a contributing factor...
- Micronutrient sprinkles to control childhood anaemiaStanley H Zlotkin
Division of GI Nutrition at the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
PLoS Med 2:e1. 2005
- Reduction of birth prevalence rates of neural tube defects after folic acid fortification in ChileJorge S Lopez-Camelo
Estudo Colaborativo Latino Americano de Malformações Congênitas, ECLAMC at IMBICE, Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biologia Celular, La Plata, Argentina
Am J Med Genet A 135:120-5. 2005..Within the methodological constraints of this study we conclude that the birth prevalence rates for both spina bifida and anencephaly decreased as a result of folic acid fortification, without interference of decreasing secular trends...
- Vitamin intakes from supplements and fortified food in German children and adolescents: results from the DONALD studyWolfgang Sichert-Hellert
Research Institute of Child Nutrition FKE, Dortmund and Rheinische Friedrich Wilhelms Universität, Bonn, Germany
J Nutr 136:1329-33. 2006..K, thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin B-6, vitamin B-12, niacin, biotin, and vitamin C), intake from usual and fortified food already reached or exceeded 80% of the recommended dietary allowances in all age groups...
- Growth and development in preterm infants fed long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids: a prospective, randomized controlled trialD L O'Connor
Ross Products Division, Abbott Labs, Columbus, Ohio, USA
Pediatrics 108:359-71. 2001....
- The effect of folate fortification of cereal-grain products on blood folate status, dietary folate intake, and dietary folate sources among adult non-supplement users in the United StatesMarion Dietrich
School of Public Health, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
J Am Coll Nutr 24:266-74. 2005..S. population following folic acid fortification of enriched cereal-grain products and to explore accompanying changes in food sources and dietary total folate intake...
- Iron fortification and iron supplementation are cost-effective interventions to reduce iron deficiency in four subregions of the worldRob Baltussen
WHO CHOICE, Institute for Medical Technology Assessment, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
J Nutr 134:2678-84. 2004..The results should be interpreted with caution, because evidence of intervention effectiveness predominantly relates to small-scale efficacy trials, which may not reflect the actual effect under expected conditions...
- How to ensure adequate iron absorption from iron-fortified foodRichard Hurrell
Laboratory of Human Nutrition, Institute of Food Science EHZ, Ruschlikon, Switzerland
Nutr Rev 60:S7-15; discussion S43. 2002
- The use of high-selenium yeast to raise selenium status: how does it measure up?Margaret P Rayman
Centre for Nutrition and Food Safety, School of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, University of Surrey, UK
Br J Nutr 92:557-73. 2004..It is concluded that Se-yeast from reputable manufacturers is adequately characterised, of reproducible quality, and that there is no evidence of toxicity even at levels far above the EC tolerable upper intake level of 300 microg/d...
- Home-fortification with iron and zinc sprinkles or iron sprinkles alone successfully treats anemia in infants and young childrenStanley Zlotkin
Departments of Paediatrics and Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Canada
J Nutr 133:1075-80. 2003....
- Impact of foods enriched with n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids on erythrocyte n-3 levels and cardiovascular risk factorsKaren J Murphy
Nutritional Physiology Research Centre, Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia and School of Molecular and Biomedical Science, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA
Br J Nutr 97:749-57. 2007..Sustainable increases in dietary intakes and erythrocyte levels of n-3 long-chain PUFA can be achieved through regular consumption of suitably enriched processed foods. Such increases may be associated with reduced CV risk...
- Ten-year trends in vitamin and mineral intake from fortified food in German children and adolescentsW Sichert-Hellert
Research Institute of Child Nutrition FKE, Dortmund, Germany
Eur J Clin Nutr 54:81-6. 2000..patterns, and energy and nutrient intakes (protein, fat, carbohydrates, added sugars, vitamins A, E, C, B1, B2 and B6, niacin, folate, calcium and iron) from fortified food in children and adolescents between 1987 and 1996 in Germany.
- Prevalence of severe congenital heart disease after folic acid fortification of grain products: time trend analysis in Quebec, CanadaRaluca Ionescu-Ittu
Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
BMJ 338:b1673. 2009..To investigate whether the 1998 government policy for mandatory fortification of flour and pasta products with folate was followed by a reduction in the prevalence of severe congenital heart defects...
- Effect of a fortified maize-meal porridge on anemia, micronutrient status, and motor development of infantsMieke Faber
Nutritional Intervention Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa
Am J Clin Nutr 82:1032-9. 2005..A low-cost, finely milled, maize-meal porridge was fortified with beta-carotene, iron, and zinc (100% of recommended dietary allowance), as well as ascorbic acid, copper, selenium, riboflavin, vitamin B-6, vitamin B-12, and vitamin E...
- Folate intakes and awareness of folate to prevent neural tube defects: a survey of women living in Vancouver, CanadaMelissa R French
Osteoporosis Research Program, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada
J Am Diet Assoc 103:181-5. 2003..To estimate folate intake and knowledge in women of childbearing age, in relation to risk of neural tube defects...
- The use of NaFeEDTA-fortified fish sauce is an effective tool for controlling iron deficiency in women of childbearing age in rural VietnamPham Van Thuy
The National Institute of Nutrition, Hanoi, Vietnam
J Nutr 135:2596-601. 2005..7 to 8.5% in Group F with no significant changes in Group C. NaFeEDTA fortification of fish sauce is an effective method for reducing the prevalence of iron deficiency in women in Vietnam...
- One-third of pregnant and lactating women may not be meeting their folate requirements from diet alone based on mandated levels of folic acid fortificationKelly L Sherwood
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
J Nutr 136:2820-6. 2006....
- Growth and change in blood haemoglobin concentration among underweight Malawian infants receiving fortified spreads for 12 weeks: a preliminary trialHeli Kuusipalo
Department of International Health, University of Tampere Medical School, Tampere, Finland
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 43:525-32. 2006..We examined acceptability, growth and change in blood haemoglobin (Hb) concentration among moderately underweight ambulatory infants given FS...
- Regular consumption of NaFeEDTA-fortified fish sauce improves iron status and reduces the prevalence of anemia in anemic Vietnamese womenPham Van Thuy
National Institute of Nutrition, Hanoi, Vietnam
Am J Clin Nutr 78:284-90. 2003..Fish sauce is consumed daily by a large proportion of the Vietnamese population and could therefore be a potentially useful food vehicle for iron-fortification programs...
- Complementary feeding with fortified spread and incidence of severe stunting in 6- to 18-month-old rural MalawiansJohn C Phuka
College of Medicine, University of Malawi, PO Box 431, Mangochi, Malawi
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:619-26. 2008..To compare growth and incidence of malnutrition in infants receiving long-term dietary supplementation with ready-to-use fortified spread (FS) or micronutrient-fortified maize-soy flour (likuni phala [LP])...
- Traditional foods vs. manufactured baby foodsElaine L Ferguson
Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Nestle Nutr Workshop Ser Pediatr Program 60:43-61; discussion 61-3. 2007..In all environments, the promotion of breastfeeding, active feeding and high levels of hygiene is essential to ensure optimal nutritional status...
- Reduction in neural-tube defects after folic acid fortification in CanadaPhilippe De Wals
Laval University, Quebec, Canada
N Engl J Med 357:135-42. 2007..We assessed changes in the prevalence of neural-tube defects in Canada before and after food fortification with folic acid was implemented...
- Effect of iron-, iodine-, and beta-carotene-fortified biscuits on the micronutrient status of primary school children: a randomized controlled trialM E Van Stuijvenberg
National Research Programme for Nutritional Intervention, Medical Research Council, Parow, South Africa
Am J Clin Nutr 69:497-503. 1999..Deficiencies of iron, iodine, and vitamin A are prevalent worldwide and can affect the mental development and learning ability of schoolchildren...
- A temporal association between folic acid fortification and an increase in colorectal cancer rates may be illuminating important biological principles: a hypothesisJoel B Mason
Jean Mayer U S Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:1325-9. 2007..Further work is needed to definitively establish the nature of this relationship. In the meantime, deliberations about the institution or enhancement of fortification programs should be undertaken with these considerations in mind...
- Proposed nutrient composition for fortified complementary foodsChessa K Lutter
Nutrition Unit, Pan American Health Organization, Washington DC 20037, USA
J Nutr 133:3011S-20S. 2003..To prevent micronutrient losses, it is recommended that the FPCF be precooked. The knowledge base to develop an FPCF is quite limited, and much additional research is needed before an optimal formulation can be recommended...
- Comparison of the effects of zinc delivered in a fortified food or a liquid supplement on the growth, morbidity, and plasma zinc concentrations of young Peruvian childrenKenneth H Brown
Department of Nutrition and Program in International and Community Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 85:538-47. 2007..Zinc supplementation decreases morbidity from infections and increases growth of stunted children, but there is little information on functional responses to zinc delivered in fortified foods...
- Association of neural tube defects and folic acid food fortification in CanadaJoel G Ray
Department of Medicine, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Center, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Lancet 360:2047-8. 2002..58 per 1000 pregnancies thereafter (prevalence ratio 0.52, 95% CI 0.40-0.67, p<0.0001). At a population level, folic acid food fortification is associated with a pronounced reduction in open neural tube defects...
- Changes in time-trends of nutrient intake from fortified and non-fortified food in German children and adolescents--15 year results of the DONALD study. Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed StudyW Sichert-Hellert
Forschungsinstitut für Kinderernährung Dortmund FKE, Germany
Eur J Nutr 40:49-55. 2001Although fortified products have played an increasing role in food marketing since the 1980s in Germany, data as to the consumption of fortified food is sparse.
- Increased food intake after the addition of amylase-rich flour to supplementary food for malnourished children in rural communities of BangladeshM Iqbal Hossain
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Centre for Health and Population Research, Mohakhali, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Food Nutr Bull 26:323-9. 2005..In Bangladesh, as in other developing countries, protein-energy malnutrition is mostprevalent among children during weaning. After weaning, children are often fed cereal-based diluted low-calorie porridge, resulting in growth-faltering...
- Effect of a multiple-micronutrient-fortified fruit powder beverage on the nutrition status, physical fitness, and cognitive performance of schoolchildren in the PhilippinesFlorentino S Solon
Nutrition Center of the Philippines, Western Bicutan, Taguig, Metro Manila
Food Nutr Bull 24:S129-40. 2003..The results from the clinical study showed that a multiple-micronutrient-fortified beverage could play an important role in preventing and controlling micronutrient deficiencies...
- Folic acid food fortification in CanadaJoel G Ray
Department of Medicine, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Nutr Rev 62:S35-9. 2004..The current report outlines some of the changes to the health status of Canadians in relation to its folic acid food fortification initiative...
- Absorption of calcium from milks enriched with fructo-oligosaccharides, caseinophosphopeptides, tricalcium phosphate, and milk solidsEduardo Lopez-Huertas
Institute of Food Research, Norwich, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 83:310-6. 2006..Adequate intakes of calcium are required for optimal bone health and protection against chronic disease. Dairy products are an excellent source of calcium...
- Survival of infants with neural tube defects in the presence of folic acid fortificationKirk A Bol
Colorado Responds to Children With Special Needs, Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Denver, CO 80246, USA
Pediatrics 117:803-13. 2006....
- Breast milk intake is not reduced more by the introduction of energy dense complementary food than by typical infant porridgeLauren Galpin
Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
J Nutr 137:1828-33. 2007..69 for effect of type of food). The results suggest that complementary feeding of Malawian infants with FS has the same effect on their breast milk intake as complementary feeding with traditional CSB porridge...
- Biofortification of staple food cropsPenelope Nestel
HarvestPlus, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, USA
J Nutr 136:1064-7. 2006..With the advent of good seed systems, the development of markets and products, and demand creation, this can be achieved...
- Folic acid - vitamin and panacea or genetic time bomb?Mark Lucock
School of Applied Sciences, University of Newcastle, Brush Rd, Ourimbah, NSW 2258, Australia
Nat Rev Genet 6:235-40. 2005..Are we affecting our genetics - is this a case of human evolution in progress by altering our diet?..
- Spread fortified with vitamins and minerals induces catch-up growth and eradicates severe anemia in stunted refugee children aged 3-6 yCristina Lopriore
Department of Human Nutrition, National Institute for Food and Nutrition Research, Rome, Italy
Am J Clin Nutr 80:973-81. 2004..No generally accepted recommendations for micronutrient intakes for recovery from stunting are available...
- Calcium absorption is not increased by caseinophosphopeptidesBirgit Teucher
Institute of Food Research, Norwich, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 84:162-6. 2006..This possibility is based on the assumption that they resist proteolysis in the upper gastrointestinal tract and maintain calcium in a soluble form at alkaline pH in the distal ileum...
- Neural tube defect rates before and after food fortification with folic acidJames L Mills
Division of Epidemiology, Statistics and Prevention Research, NICHD, NIH, HHS, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 70:844-5. 2004..However, accurate determination of NTD rates requires counting antenatally detected cases; the CDC study noted that the number of prenatally diagnosed cases was likely underestimated...
- Biochemical indicators of B vitamin status in the US population after folic acid fortification: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2000Christine M Pfeiffer
National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 82:442-50. 2005..Mandatory folic acid fortification of cereal-grain products was introduced in the United States in 1998 to decrease the risk that women will have children with neural tube defects...
- Effects of fortified milk on morbidity in young children in north India: community based, randomised, double masked placebo controlled trialSunil Sazawal
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
BMJ 334:140. 2007..To evaluate the efficacy of milk fortified with specific multiple micronutrients on morbidity in children compared with the same milk without fortification...
- Will mandatory folic acid fortification prevent or promote cancer?Young In Kim
Department of Medicine and Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Am J Clin Nutr 80:1123-8. 2004..The potential cancer-promoting effect of folic acid supplementation needs to be considered in carefully monitoring the long-term effect of folic acid fortification on the vast majority of the US population, who are not at risk of NTDs...
- Wheat flour fortification is unlikely to benefit the neediest in GuatemalaBeth Imhoff-Kunsch
Nutrition and Health Sciences Program, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
J Nutr 137:1017-22. 2007..The poorest, rural, indigenous populations who suffer the highest burden of nutritional deficiencies likely benefit least from wheat flour fortification...
- Enhancing the absorption of fortification iron. A SUSTAIN Task Force reportRichard F Hurrell
Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Ruschlikon, Switzerland
Int J Vitam Nutr Res 74:387-401. 2004..An approach to the calculation of cost using a conservative estimate of the enhancing effects of the innovative technologies discussed in the supplement is given in the final section...
- Should calcium and vitamin D be added to the current enrichment program for cereal-grain products?Harold L Newmark
Susan Lehman Cullman Laboratory for Cancer Research, Department of Chemical Biology, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 164 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854 8020, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 80:264-70. 2004..We suggest a full scientific review of cereal-grain enrichment with calcium and vitamin D...
- Trend in prevalence of neural tube defects in QuebecPhilippe De Wals
Departement de Medecine sociale et preventive, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada
Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 67:919-23. 2003..In 1998, fortification of flour with FA became mandatory. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of these measures on the prevalence of neural tube defects (NTDs) in the province of Quebec...
- Effect of food fortification on folic acid intake in the United StatesEoin P Quinlivan
Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 77:221-5. 2003....
- Feeding patterns of underweight children in rural Malawi given supplementary fortified spread at homeValerie L Flax
School of Public Health, Tampere University, Tampere, Finland
Matern Child Nutr 4:65-73. 2008..To limit wastage, caregivers should be advised to serve FS plain or to mix it with only a small quantity of porridge...
- Home fortification of complementary foods with micronutrient supplements is well accepted and has positive effects on infant iron status in GhanaSeth Adu-Afarwuah
Program in International and Community Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 8669, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 87:929-38. 2008..Micronutrient deficiencies are common during infancy, and optimal approaches for their prevention need to be identified...
- Randomized efficacy trial of a micronutrient-fortified beverage in primary school children in TanzaniaDeborah M Ash
Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 77:891-8. 2003..Dietary supplements providing physiologic amounts of several micronutrients simultaneously have not been thoroughly tested for combating micronutrient deficiencies...
- Impact of folic acid fortification of the US food supply on the occurrence of neural tube defectsM A Honein
National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Mailstop F 45, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
JAMA 285:2981-6. 2001..The US Food and Drug Administration authorized addition of folic acid to enriched grain products in March 1996, with compliance mandatory by January 1998...
- Sustainable universal salt iodization in low-income countries - time to re-think strategies?V D Assey
IDD Control Program, Tanzania Food and Nutrition Centre TFNC, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Eur J Clin Nutr 62:292-4. 2008..Sustained iodine deficiency control requires sustainable mechanisms for iodine supplementation. We aim to describe the status of salt iodation machines, salt producers' experiences and quality of salt produced in Tanzania...
- Zinc and iron nutrition in Chilean children fed fortified milk provided by the Complementary National Food ProgramClaudia S Torrejón
Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Chile, Macul 5540, Santiago, Chile
Nutrition 20:177-80. 2004..5 mg/L) to be provided to infants until age 18 mo and to pregnant women. We analyzed the nutrition status of zinc and iron at age 18 mo in infants who consumed the fortified cow's milk...
- Iron fortified follow on formula from 9 to 18 months improves iron status but not development or growth: a randomised trialR Morley
Menzies Centre for Population Health Research, Tasmania and Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, University of Melbourne Department of Paediatrics, Royal Children s Hospital, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia
Arch Dis Child 81:247-52. 1999..Iron deficiency anaemia is associated, in observational studies, with developmental disadvantage. This study tested the hypothesis that feeding iron supplemented formula from 9 to 18 months of age would improve developmental performance...
- Supplementary feeding of underweight, stunted Malawian children with a ready-to-use foodKenneth Maleta
College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 38:152-8. 2004..The authors compared the effect of maize and soy flour with that of RTUF in the home treatment of moderately malnourished children...
- Recent experience with fortification of foods and beverages with iron for the control of iron-deficiency anemia in Brazilian childrenMark Anthony Beinner
Department of Health Sciences, University of Brasilia, Brazil
Food Nutr Bull 24:268-74. 2003..A review of the available reports from experience in Brazil with iron fortification of foods and liquids is presented...
- Colon cancer in Chile before and after the start of the flour fortification program with folic acidSandra Hirsch
Aging and chronic diseases program, INTA, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 21:436-9. 2009..A temporal association between folic acid fortification of enriched cereal grains and an increase in the incidence of colorectal cancer in the USA and Canada has, however, been recently reported...
- Interactive effects of iron and zinc on biochemical and functional outcomes in supplementation trialsChrista Fischer Walker
Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 82:5-12. 2005..Further research is needed before health policies on joint supplementation programs can be established...
- Decline in the prevalence of spina bifida and anencephaly by race/ethnicity: 1995-2002Laura J Williams
National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Pediatrics 116:580-6. 2005..We sought to characterize the decline in the prevalence of spina bifida and anencephaly among specific racial/ethnic groups during the transition to mandatory folic acid fortification in the United States...
- Optimizing bone health and calcium intakes of infants, children, and adolescentsFrank R Greer
Pediatrics 117:578-85. 2006..Establishing these practices in childhood is important so that they will be followed throughout the life span...
- Prevalence of spina bifida and anencephaly during the transition to mandatory folic acid fortification in the United StatesLaura J Williams
National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
Teratology 66:33-9. 2002..We sought to determine the prevalences of spina bifida and anencephaly during the transition to mandatory folic acid fortification...
- The use of novel foods enriched with long-chain n-3 fatty acids to increase dietary intake: a comparison of methodologies assessing nutrient intakeCraig S Patch
National Centre of Excellence in Functional Foods, University of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia
J Am Diet Assoc 105:1918-26. 2005..To evaluate the effect of consuming a variety of foods enriched in long-chain n-3 fatty acids in low fish eaters...
- Supplemental feeding with ready-to-use therapeutic food in Malawian children at risk of malnutritionMonica P Patel
Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA
J Health Popul Nutr 23:351-7. 2005..The results of this preliminary work suggest that supplementary feeding with RUTF promotes better growth in children at risk of malnutrition than the standard fortified cereal/legume-blended food...
- The effects of eicosapentaenoic acid-fortified food on inflammatory markers in healthy subjects--A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind studyShuntaro Fujioka
Division of Clinical Application, Department of Clinical Sciences, Institute of Natural Medicine, University of Toyama, Toyama 930 0194, Japan
J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 52:261-5. 2006..68%). The inflammatory markers did not change in either group. It is likely that fish oil does not change hs-CRP or sTNF-Rs 1 or 2 in subjects without active inflammation...
- Comparison of home-based therapy with ready-to-use therapeutic food with standard therapy in the treatment of malnourished Malawian children: a controlled, clinical effectiveness trialMichael A Ciliberto
Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 81:864-70. 2005..Higher recovery rates have been seen in pilot studies of home-based therapy with ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF)...
- Effect of micronutrient supplement on health and nutritional status of schoolchildren: biochemical statusBattiprolu Sivakumar
Division of Biophysics, National Institute of Nutrition Indian Council of Medical Research, Hyderabad, India
Nutrition 22:S15-25. 2006..We assessed the effect of a daily intake of a micronutrient-fortified beverage for 14 mo on indicators of biochemical status of important micronutrients in schoolchildren...
- Fortified complementary foods with or without alpha-amylase treatment increase hemoglobin but do not reduce breast milk intake of 9-mo-old Zambian infantsVictor O Owino
Center for International Child Health, Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 86:1094-103. 2007..Malnutrition in late infancy in developing countries may result from poor-quality complementary foods that displace breast milk...
- Bioequivalence of Docosahexaenoic acid from different algal oils in capsules and in a DHA-fortified foodLinda M Arterburn
Martek Biosciences Corporation, 6480 Dobbin Road, Columbia, MD 21045, USA
Lipids 42:1011-24. 2007..of DHA oils in capsules from two different algal strains versus bioavailability from an algal-DHA-fortified food. Our 28-day randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel group study compared bioavailability of (a) two different ..
- Folate content in commercial white and whole wheat sandwich breadsKelley E Johnston
Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
J Agric Food Chem 52:6338-40. 2004..These percentages were markedly higher than those in 2001. Our data suggest that folic acid in breads containing enriched flour declined after 2001 and monitoring of fortification may be necessary...
- Prevalence of neural tube defects, folate status, and folate fortification of enriched cereal-grain products in the United StatesJeanne I Rader
Office of Nutritional Products, Labeling and Dietary Supplements, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, College Park, MD 20740, USA
Pediatrics 117:1394-9. 2006
- Sources of folate and serum folate levels in older adultsJessica E Mulligan
Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Univeristy of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 107:495-9. 2007..However, older adults may be at risk for excess folic acid intake if they consume both a supplement and fortified cereals...
- Efficacy of Canadian folic acid food fortificationJoel G Ray
Department of Medicine, St Michael s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Food Nutr Bull 29:S225-30. 2008..The current paper describes how this took place, and the epidemiological effects that occurred in the Canadian population, including higher blood folate levels and a decline in the prevalence of neural tube defects...
- Harmonization of nutrient intake valuesJanet C King
Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, 5700 Martin Luther King Jr Way, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
Food Nutr Bull 28:S3-12. 2007..Some examples include regulatory issues and trade, labeling, planning programs for alleviating public health nutrition problems, food fortification, and dietary guidance...
- Race-ethnicity differences in folic acid intake in women of childbearing age in the United States after folic acid fortification: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2002Quan He Yang
Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 85:1409-16. 2007..Neural tube defects are serious birth defects of the brain and spinal cord. Up to 70% of neural tube defects can be prevented by the consumption of folic acid by women before and early during pregnancy...
- Reduced folate status is common and increases disease risk. It can be corrected by daily ingestion of supplements or fortificationJohn M Scott
School of Biochemistry and Immunology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland
Novartis Found Symp 282:105-17; discussion 117-22, 212-8. 2007..The level for such fortification is suboptimal for NTD prevention, because of fear of overexposure in the elderly. Thus even fortified communities require advice to take supplements for optimum NTD prevention...
- The folate debateRobert L Brent
Department of Pediatrics, Radiology, and Pathology, Thomas Jefferson University, A I duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware, USA
Pediatrics 117:1418-9. 2006
- To B or not to B? Interview by Angela FosterGail Johnson
Nurs Stand 22:21. 2008..Increasing evidence of the important role of folic acid in pregnancy has led to further calls for the mandatory fortification of foods such as bread and flour. But not everyone is convinced...
- Barriers to optimizing vitamin D3 intake for the elderlyRobert P Heaney
Creighton University, Omaha, NE 68178, USA
J Nutr 136:1123-5. 2006..The age-related decline in cutaneous input, taken together with the UL, creates a substantial barrier to the deployment of public health strategies to optimize vitamin D status in the elderly...
- Overview of the proceedings from Experimental Biology 2005 symposium: Optimizing Vitamin D Intake for Populations with Special Needs: Barriers to Effective Food Fortification and SupplementationSusan J Whiting
College of Pharmacy and Nutrition, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5C9, Canada
J Nutr 136:1114-6. 2006
- Calcium supplementation in clinical practice: a review of forms, doses, and indicationsDeborah A Straub
Canyon Ranch, 10237 East Desert Flower Place, Tucson, AZ 85749, USA
Nutr Clin Pract 22:286-96. 2007..Renal calculi in most studies have not been associated with calcium supplementation. The risk of advanced and fatal prostate cancer has been associated with calcium intakes from food or supplements in amounts >1500 mg/d...
- Framework for intake simulation of functional ingredientsJanneke Kloosterman
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, PO Box 1, 3720, BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Public Health Nutr 11:279-87. 2008..To create a general framework for the simulation of intakes from mandatory or voluntary fortification, which will make outcomes of simulation studies more comparable and give insight on uncertainties...
- Public health significance of supplementation or fortification of grain products with folic acidJacob Selhub
Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
Food Nutr Bull 29:S173-6. 2008
- Folate and human reproductionTsunenobu Tamura
Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 83:993-1016. 2006....
- A high prevalence of biochemical evidence of vitamin B12 or folate deficiency does not translate into a comparable prevalence of anemiaJack Metz
Dorevitch Pathology, Australia
Food Nutr Bull 29:S74-85. 2008..There are numerous reports of the effect of folic acid fortification of food on tests of folate status, but only a single published report on the hematological response was found...
- Improved iron bioavailability in an oat-based beverage: the combined effect of citric acid addition, dephytinization and iron supplementationHuanmei Zhang
Biomedical Nutrition, P O Box 124, Centre for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lund University, 22100 Lund, Sweden
Eur J Nutr 46:95-102. 2007..Iron deficiency in children is a major worldwide nutritional problem. An oat beverage was developed for 1- to 3-year-old children and different treatments were used to improve the iron bioavailability...
- Will increasing folic acid in fortified grain products further reduce neural tube defects without causing harm?: consideration of the evidenceRichard B Johnston
Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine and National Jewish Medical and Research Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
Pediatr Res 63:2-8. 2008..The published data indicate that it is appropriate that the FDA conduct or commission a balanced analysis of the evidence by scientists who will act on that evidence to decide this important question...
- Malnutrition: supplements and food fortification in the older populationAnnette Dunne
Br J Community Nurs 12:494-9. 2007..Failure to acknowledge the risks of malnutrition can seriously impact on morbidity and mortality rates...
- Food fortification with folic acid: has the other shoe dropped?Noel W Solomons
Center for Studies of Sensory Impairment, Aging, and Metabolism, Guatemala City, Guatemala
Nutr Rev 65:512-5. 2007..However, a recent note of caution has been raised concerning a possible negative effect of mandatory FA fortification on the incidence of colorectal cancer...
- Folic acid fortification and supplementation--good for some but not so good for othersYoung In Kim
Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Nutr Rev 65:504-11. 2007....
- Calcium fortificants: overview and strategies for improving calcium nutriture of the U.S. populationK Rafferty
Creighton Univ, Osteoporosis Research Center, 601 N 30th St, Suite 4820, Omaha, NE 68131, USA
J Food Sci 72:R152-8. 2007..As a consequence, each product must be explicitly tested to establish the degree to which its calcium is available to consumers...
- Mandatory folic acid fortification in Newfoundland and LabradorBarbara V Roebothan
Deivision of Community Health, Memorial University, St John s, NL
Can J Diet Pract Res 68:143-5. 2007..The analyses were an attempt to estimate the amount of FA they would consume solely because of mandatory fortification of foods...
- Iron status in Swedish teenage girls: impact of low dietary iron bioavailabilityMichael Hoppe
Department of Clinical Nutrition, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
Nutrition 24:638-45. 2008..We investigated iron intake and iron absorption in the ordinary diet of free-living individuals in relation to iron status and assessed iron requirements...
- Fortifying food in the field to boost nutrition: case studies from Afghanistan, Angola, and ZambiaTina van den Briel
Food Nutr Bull 28:353-64. 2007....
- N-3 fatty acids: food or supplements?Penny M Kris-Etherton
Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 108:1125-30. 2008
- Folate intake and food-related behaviors in nonpregnant, low-income women of childbearing ageEmily R Cena
Department of Nutrition and Food Services, University of California, San Francisco Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94143 0212, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 108:1364-8. 2008..Nutrition education that includes information about folic acid may be one way to improve folate intake and other healthful food behaviors among low-income women of childbearing age...
- Community-level micronutrient fortification of a food supplement in India: a controlled trial in preschool children aged 36-66 moJessica L Varma
Tufts University Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Boston, MA, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 85:1127-33. 2007..Children participating in the Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) in India have high rates of iron and vitamin A deficiency...
- Are we ready for mandatory fortification with vitamin B-12?Helga Refsum
Am J Clin Nutr 88:253-4. 2008
- Effect of a sanitation &nutrition intervention on HIV-exposed infant healthJEAN HAWES HUMPHREY; Fiscal Year: 2012..testing PCR-positive at 6 months;improved feeding practices;and provision of Nutributter, a micronutrient fortified food)...
- Complementary feeding: a Global Network cluster randomized controlled trialK Michael Hambidge; Fiscal Year: 2012..The broad goal of this proposal is to determine the multicultural potential of a non-fortified food-based approach (with continued breastfeeding), to achieve a nutritionally complete diet between 6-18 mo of age,..
- B12 Nutrition in the AgedSally Stabler; Fiscal Year: 2007..high serum total homocysteine) remains a problem for seniors even in this era of highly folate-fortified food in the United States...
- Psychophysics of Divalent Salts and Metallic TasteHARRY LAWLESS; Fiscal Year: 2006..dietary calcium insufficiency is a growing concern and is being addressed by an increasing number of calcium fortified food products. Iron deficiency is a continuing problem in the third world, affecting billions of people worldwide...
- ISOFLAVONE-RICH PASTA--CLINICAL AND COMMERCIAL POTENTIALRICHARDUS ROSS; Fiscal Year: 2000..formulations and production operating parameters allowing the test manufacture of several soy isoflavone fortified food prototypes based on the ailmentary pasta format which will subsequently be chemically evaluated for isoflavone ..
- WHO MULTICENTER GROWTH REFERENCE STUDY: U.S. SITEKathryn Dewey; Fiscal Year: 2002..The data will be pooled by WHO to create a new growth reference, applicable to all infants and children internationally. ..
- Bone-Sparing by Ca Salts With & Without Extra PhosphorusRobert Heaney; Fiscal Year: 2008..1 Description, ..
- BONY EFFECTS OF TRANSIENT NONSKELETAL ILLNESSRobert Heaney; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Effects of Folate Fortification on Cancer Prevention an*Chandrika Piyathilake; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Prognostic Significance of DNA and Histone MethylationChandrika Piyathilake; Fiscal Year: 2007..Investigator talent, equipment, facilities and access to study subjects at UAB are ideal for conducting this study. ..
- HPV Clearance by Folic Acid SupplementationChandrika J Piyathilake; Fiscal Year: 2010..Because this study will be conducted among women positive for HPV 16, the most prevalent and powerful causative agent of CC, the public health significance of this study could be enormous and will complement HPV vaccine studies. ..
- Prognostic Significance of Altered DNA MethylationChandrika Piyathilake; Fiscal Year: 2002..A newly developed and tested immunohistochemical technique, which measures the degree of global methylation in intact and specific types of cells, will be used to evaluate global DNA methylation in the proposed study. ..
- Zn & Maternal-Infant Brain Function in S. Ethiopia: Randomized Controlled TrialsK Hambidge; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Renal Transplantation, Homocysteine Lowering & CognitionIrwin Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007..Demonstrating the cognitive benefits of lowering homocysteine may pave the way to nutritional modification of cognitive decline in RTRs and other high-risk groups and even in the general population. ..
- Micronutrients, stroke and cognition in agingIrwin Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- RESEARCH TRAINING IN MATERNAL, INFANT & CHILD NUTRITIONWilliam Heird; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Calcium Absorption and Bone Formation During PubertySteven Abrams; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Vitamin B12 and Folate in Relation to Cognition in the Framingham Offspring StudyJacob Selhub; Fiscal Year: 2010..5 About 3-5 percent of seniors have low circulating vitamin B12 levels;6 however, about 20 percent of seniors are found to be deficient when those with elevated methylmalonic acid levels are included. ..
- THE PHOTOBIOLOGY OF VITAMIN DMichael Holick; Fiscal Year: 2005..Results from this study should provide important new insights into the photoproduction of toxisterols and suprasterols in human skin and provide new information about their potential biologic functions in the skin. ..
- Impact of Development on Protein Utilization and GrowthWilliam Heird; Fiscal Year: 2007..Overall, the findings of this project are expected to contribute to further improvements in nutritional management and, hence, outcome of LBW infants. ..
- DIETARY OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS, GENE EXPRESSION AND GROWTHWilliam Heird; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- Measurement of folate in fortified cereal grain productsJacob Selhub; Fiscal Year: 2003..In order to assess the impact of folic acid fortification, it is necessary to have valid data on the actual synthetic folic acid content of fortified foods. ..
- FOOD FOLATE FORTIFICATION EFFECT ON FOLATE STATUSJacob Selhub; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- PTH (7-34) for Chemotherapy alopecia in Breast CancerMichael Holick; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- MEASURING & DOCUMENTING DISPARITIES IN ORAL HEALTH: A PRACTICAL APPROACHLuisa Borrell; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Exercise effects on oxidative damage among womenCornelia Ulrich; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- FATTY ACID MODULATION OF COLON CELL TRANSFORMATIONLeonard Augenlicht; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Coordination of Proliferation and ApoptosisLeonard Augenlicht; Fiscal Year: 2002..Understanding the mechanism by which mitochondrial function coordinates cell maturation pathways in the intestinal mucosa has profound implications for understanding tumorigenesis and for effecting chemoprevention. ..
- IRON SUPPLEMENTS AND ZINC IN PREGNANCY AND LACTATIONJanet King; Fiscal Year: 2001..Results from this comprehensive, longitudinal study will provide new data on the effects of iron supplementation on zinc utilization during pregnancy and lactation. ..
- Nutritional mechanisms and intestinal tumorigenesisLeonard Augenlicht; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- COLON CANCER--MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF CELL RESPONSE TO DIETLeonard Augenlicht; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Dairy Foods and Blood Pressure in Multi-Ethnic ChildrenDebra Sullivan; Fiscal Year: 2008..If successful, this trial will illustrate a simple, minimal interventions strategy that can be easily disseminated and will diminish health risk in children. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Hepcidin and the pathogenesis of anemia in older adults.Richard D Semba; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study should provide new insight into the epidemiology and biological mechanisms of anemia among older adults and help identify strategies aimed at the prevention and treatment of anemia. ..
- SIGNALING IN INTESTINAL CANCERLeonard H Augenlicht; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Homeostatic Regulation of Folate MetabolismPatrick J Stover; Fiscal Year: 2010..5. regulation of cSHMT by folate/choline preserves dTMP pools at the expense of AdoMet synthesis. The long-term goals of this project are: 1. to define homeostatic mechanisms used bv cells to regulate folate metabolism. ..
- NSAID and COX/PG Metabolism and Colorectal CancerCornelia Ulrich; Fiscal Year: 2009..Ultimately, such information on the metabolic variation will be useful in optimizing NSAIDs and NSAID regimens and will allow individual tailoring of chemoprevention. ..
- CURCUMIN--MECHANISMS OF CHEMOPREVENTIONLeonard Augenlicht; Fiscal Year: 2001..On the other hand, differences in mechanism could suggest a study design in which curcumin was combined with sulindac or to other NSAIDs in a prevention trial to test whether the two agents give additive, or synergistic, effects. ..
- DIET GLYCEMIC LOAD & METABOLISM IN OBESE PREGNANT WOMENJanet King; Fiscal Year: 2009..In addition, new information on how the source of maternal carbohydrate intake affects carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in pregnancy will be generated. ..
- NUTRITIONAL PROPERTIES OF PYRIDOXINE-BETA-GLUCOSIDEJESSE GREGORY; Fiscal Year: 2001..These studies will provide new insight into the regulation of PNG hydrolase that is the rate-limiting enzyme for the utilization of glycosylated B6 in human diets. ..
- Genetic Study of Prostaglandin Synthesis/EGFR and Risk of Colorectal NeoplasiaCornelia Ulrich; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Serum Total Homocysteine and C-Reactive Protein as PredAndrew Bostom; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- FOUR-CORNERS BREAST AND ENDOMETRIAL CANCER STUDYMaria Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2003..C-peptide, glycosylated hemoglobin, IGF-1, and IGFBP3 will be evaluated with respect to breast and endometrial cancer in a subset of women. ..
- ADJUNCT VITAMIN A THERAPY FOR TUBERCULOSIS AND HIV/AIDSRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- SITE SPECIFICITY OF GASTROINTESTINAL TUMORIGENESISLeonard Augenlicht; Fiscal Year: 2004..Lastly, using microarray analyses, the profiles of gene expression that characterize genetic and dietary modulation of risk will be defined. ..
- MOLECULAR CLASSIFICATION OF COLON TUMORSLeonard Augenlicht; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Role of 10-formyldihydrofolate in purine biosynthesisTsunenobu Tamura; Fiscal Year: 2004..If this pathway is proven, derivatives of 10-HCO-H2folate could be used to inhibit de novo purine biosynthesis for developing new anticancer drugs. ..
- DIETARY FAT, PLASMA LIPIDS AND OTHER CHD RISK FACTORS.Alice Lichtenstein; Fiscal Year: 2003..The investigators state that data derived from the proposed studies could contribute to the database on which to formulate more specific public health recommendations regarding the variables described. ..
- Getting a Head Start on Healthier Eating HabitsTheresa Nicklas; Fiscal Year: 2006..g., role modeling, encouragement, repeated exposure) that would be used to reinforce the impact of the FJV commercials on children's FJV preferences and consumption in an ensuing R01 grant. ..
- CANCER DIET KNOWLEDGE AND BELIEFS IN AFRICAN AMERICANSADELIA BOVELL BENJAMIN; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- POLYMORPHISMS IN PG/COX PATHWAY AND COLORECTAL POLYPSCornelia Ulrich; Fiscal Year: 2003..Finally, we plan to develop a model for integrating information on genetic variability at multiple points in this metabolic pathway. ..
- GENE INTERACTIONS IN COLON CANCERLeonard Augenlicht; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Cholesterol Homeostasis in Framingham Offspring StudyAlice Lichtenstein; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- NUTRITIONAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY OF CANCERSteven Zeisel; Fiscal Year: 2006..We are requesting two postdoctoral and six predoctoral trainee positions each year for this purpose. ..
- Predictors of Children's Serving Sizes & Mealtime IntakeTheresa Nicklas; Fiscal Year: 2007..Understanding what influences the portion sizes of energy dense foods and FV will provide insight on intervention strategies for decreasing excessive intake of energy dense foods and increasing FV intake early in childhood. ..
- Mammalian Lactoferrin Receptors: Structure and FunctionBo Lonnerdal; Fiscal Year: 2007..Overall, our understanding of the physiological significance of Lf and its receptor will be increased. ..
- FASEB Summer Conference: Folate, B12 and 1C MetabolismPATRICK STOVER; Fiscal Year: 2004..Similarly, the poster sessions also highlight the activities and needs of the younger participants. ..
- SUBTLE DISTURBANCES OF COBALAMIN STATUSRalph Carmel; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Iron and the Breast-fed InfantEkhard Ziegler; Fiscal Year: 2005..We expect to find that infants re-excrete iron into the feces when their iron stores are full, but retain most of the absorbed iron when iron stores are low. ..
- Diethanolamine, brain development and adult memorySteven Zeisel; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Vitamin B6, Vascular Dysfunction and Adhesion Molecules in Sickle Cell DiseaseRalph Green; Fiscal Year: 2010..The positive health impact of vitamin supplementation that could ameliorate the high morbidity and mortality associated with this disorder has the potential for high benefit with minimal cost and risk. ..
- VITAMIN A SUPPLEMENTATION FOR HIV INFECTED CHILDRENRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Oxidative Stress and the Pathogenesis of Sarcopenia and Disability in Older WomenRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2008..AGEs are a potentially modifiable risk factor, as circulating AGEs can be lowered by dietary modification and by pharmacological intervention. ..
- Effect of diet on insulin sensitivity and energy balanceNICHOLAS HAYS; Fiscal Year: 2005..S. population, completion of this project will more clearly define the specific dietary and exercise interventions that have the greatest potential positive impact on health in older individuals. ..