nuts

Summary

Summary: Botanically, a type of single-seeded fruit in which the pericarp enclosing the seed is a hard woody shell. In common usage the term is used loosely for any hard, oil-rich kernel. Of those commonly eaten, only hazel, filbert, and chestnut are strictly nuts. Walnuts, pecans, almonds, and coconuts are really drupes. Brazil nuts, pistachios, macadamias, and cashews are really seeds with a hard shell derived from the testa rather than the pericarp.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Effects of a Mediterranean-style diet on cardiovascular risk factors: a randomized trial
    Ramon Estruch
    Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi Sunyer, Municipal Institut for Medical Research, University of Barcelona, and Catalan Institute of Health, Barcelona, Spain
    Ann Intern Med 145:1-11. 2006
  2. ncbi Effect of a Mediterranean diet supplemented with nuts on metabolic syndrome status: one-year results of the PREDIMED randomized trial
    Jordi Salas-Salvado
    Human Nutrition Unit, School of Medicine, University of Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain
    Arch Intern Med 168:2449-58. 2008
  3. ncbi Flavonoid content of U.S. fruits, vegetables, and nuts
    James M Harnly
    Food Composition Laboratory and Nutrient Data Laboratory, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland 20705, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 54:9966-77. 2006
  4. ncbi Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease with a Mediterranean diet
    Ramon Estruch
    Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
    N Engl J Med 368:1279-90. 2013
  5. pmc Nuts, nut cracking, and pitted stones at Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel
    Naama Goren-Inbar
    Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mt Scopus, Jerusalem 91905, Israel
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:2455-60. 2002
  6. ncbi Consumption and portion sizes of tree nuts, peanuts and seeds in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohorts from 10 European countries
    Mazda Jenab
    Nutrition and Hormones Group, IARC WHO, Lyon, France
    Br J Nutr 96:S12-23. 2006
  7. ncbi Nuts and their bioactive constituents: effects on serum lipids and other factors that affect disease risk
    P M Kris-Etherton
    Graduate Program in Nutrition and the Department of Dairy and Animal Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:504S-511S. 1999
  8. ncbi Nuts, inflammation and insulin resistance
    Patricia Casas-Agustench
    Human Nutrition Unit, Hospital Universitari Sant Joan de Reus, IISPV, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Sant Llorenc 21, 43201 Reus, Spain
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 19:124-30. 2010
  9. ncbi Nut consumption, weight gain and obesity: Epidemiological evidence
    M A Martinez-Gonzalez
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, Spain
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 21:S40-5. 2011
  10. ncbi Including walnuts in a low-fat/modified-fat diet improves HDL cholesterol-to-total cholesterol ratios in patients with type 2 diabetes
    Linda C Tapsell
    National Centre of Excellence in Functional Foods, Northfields Avenue, University of Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
    Diabetes Care 27:2777-83. 2004

Detail Information

Publications308 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Effects of a Mediterranean-style diet on cardiovascular risk factors: a randomized trial
    Ramon Estruch
    Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi Sunyer, Municipal Institut for Medical Research, University of Barcelona, and Catalan Institute of Health, Barcelona, Spain
    Ann Intern Med 145:1-11. 2006
    ..The Mediterranean diet has been shown to have beneficial effects on cardiovascular risk factors...
  2. ncbi Effect of a Mediterranean diet supplemented with nuts on metabolic syndrome status: one-year results of the PREDIMED randomized trial
    Jordi Salas-Salvado
    Human Nutrition Unit, School of Medicine, University of Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain
    Arch Intern Med 168:2449-58. 2008
    ..We compared the 1-year effect of 2 behavioral interventions to implement the MedDiet vs advice on a low-fat diet on MetS status...
  3. ncbi Flavonoid content of U.S. fruits, vegetables, and nuts
    James M Harnly
    Food Composition Laboratory and Nutrient Data Laboratory, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland 20705, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 54:9966-77. 2006
    ..data are reported for 20 flavonoids (as aglycones) determined for more than 60 fresh fruits, vegetables, and nuts collected from four regions across the United States at two times of the year...
  4. ncbi Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease with a Mediterranean diet
    Ramon Estruch
    Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
    N Engl J Med 368:1279-90. 2013
    ..We conducted a randomized trial of this diet pattern for the primary prevention of cardiovascular events...
  5. pmc Nuts, nut cracking, and pitted stones at Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel
    Naama Goren-Inbar
    Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mt Scopus, Jerusalem 91905, Israel
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:2455-60. 2002
    The Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov (Israel) has revealed a unique association of edible nuts with pitted hammers and anvils...
  6. ncbi Consumption and portion sizes of tree nuts, peanuts and seeds in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohorts from 10 European countries
    Mazda Jenab
    Nutrition and Hormones Group, IARC WHO, Lyon, France
    Br J Nutr 96:S12-23. 2006
    Tree nuts, peanuts and seeds are nutrient dense foods whose intake has been shown to be associated with reduced risk of some chronic diseases...
  7. ncbi Nuts and their bioactive constituents: effects on serum lipids and other factors that affect disease risk
    P M Kris-Etherton
    Graduate Program in Nutrition and the Department of Dairy and Animal Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 70:504S-511S. 1999
    Because nuts have favorable fatty acid and nutrient profiles, there is growing interest in evaluating their role in a heart-healthy diet. Nuts are low in saturated fatty acids and high in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids...
  8. ncbi Nuts, inflammation and insulin resistance
    Patricia Casas-Agustench
    Human Nutrition Unit, Hospital Universitari Sant Joan de Reus, IISPV, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Sant Llorenc 21, 43201 Reus, Spain
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 19:124-30. 2010
    ..These protective effects are mainly attributed to the role of nuts in the metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins...
  9. ncbi Nut consumption, weight gain and obesity: Epidemiological evidence
    M A Martinez-Gonzalez
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, Spain
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 21:S40-5. 2011
    Short-term trials support that adding tree nuts or peanuts to usual diets does not induce weight gain. We reviewed the available epidemiological evidence on long-term nut consumption and body weight changes...
  10. ncbi Including walnuts in a low-fat/modified-fat diet improves HDL cholesterol-to-total cholesterol ratios in patients with type 2 diabetes
    Linda C Tapsell
    National Centre of Excellence in Functional Foods, Northfields Avenue, University of Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
    Diabetes Care 27:2777-83. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a moderate-fat diet inclusive of walnuts on blood lipid profiles in patients with type 2 diabetes...
  11. ncbi Nut consumption and blood lipid levels: a pooled analysis of 25 intervention trials
    Joan Sabate
    Department of Nutrition, Loma Linda University, Nichol Hall Room 1102, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Arch Intern Med 170:821-7. 2010
    ..The objectives of this study were to estimate the effects of nut consumption on blood lipid levels and to examine whether different factors modify the effects...
  12. ncbi Nuts and novel biomarkers of cardiovascular disease
    Emilio Ros
    Lipid Clinic, Endocrinology and Nutrition Service, Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi Sunyer, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona and Ciber Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1649S-56S. 2009
    b>Nuts are energy-dense foods, rich in total fat and unsaturated fatty acids...
  13. ncbi Fatty acid profile, tocopherol, squalene and phytosterol content of walnuts, almonds, peanuts, hazelnuts and the macadamia nut
    L S Maguire
    Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, Ireland
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 55:171-8. 2004
    b>Nuts are high in fat but have a fatty acid profile that may be beneficial in relation to risk of coronary heart disease. Nuts also contain other potentially cardioprotective constituents including phytosterols, tocopherols and squalene...
  14. ncbi Nuts and health outcomes: new epidemiologic evidence
    Joan Sabate
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1643S-1648S. 2009
    ..It focuses on studies in which nut consumption is directly assessed or when nuts are included in a dietary score or pattern...
  15. ncbi Effects of walnut consumption on plasma fatty acids and lipoproteins in combined hyperlipidemia
    R U Almario
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 74:72-9. 2001
    ..This may be an additional mechanism underlying the antiatherogenic properties of nut intake...
  16. ncbi Ontogeny of manipulative behavior and nut-cracking in young tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella): a perception-action perspective
    Briseida Dogo de Resende
    Institute of Psychology, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Dev Sci 11:828-40. 2008
    How do capuchin monkeys learn to use stones to crack open nuts? Perception-action theory posits that individuals explore producing varying spatial and force relations among objects and surfaces, thereby learning about affordances of such ..
  17. ncbi Dietary fibre, nuts and cardiovascular diseases
    Jordi Salas-Salvado
    Unitat de Nutricio Humana, Facultat de Medicina i Ciencies de la Salut de Reus, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain
    Br J Nutr 96:S46-51. 2006
    ..The likely reason is that whole grains, like nuts, legumes and other edible seeds, contain many bioactive phytochemicals and various antioxidants...
  18. ncbi The role of tree nuts and peanuts in the prevention of coronary heart disease: multiple potential mechanisms
    Penny M Kris-Etherton
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    J Nutr 138:1746S-1751S. 2008
    ..Clinical studies have evaluated the effects of many different nuts and peanuts on lipids, lipoproteins, and various CHD risk factors, including oxidation, inflammation, and vascular ..
  19. ncbi Characteristics of hammer stones and anvils used by wild bearded capuchin monkeys (Cebus libidinosus) to crack open palm nuts
    E Visalberghi
    Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologie della Cognizione, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, 00197 Rome, Italy
    Am J Phys Anthropol 132:426-44. 2007
    Capuchins living in Boa Vista (Piauì, Brazil) crack open hard palm nuts on hard, level surfaces (anvils) using stones (hammers) as percussive tools...
  20. ncbi Total antioxidant capacity of spices, dried fruits, nuts, pulses, cereals and sweets consumed in Italy assessed by three different in vitro assays
    Nicoletta Pellegrini
    Antioxidant Research Laboratory at the Unit of Human Nutrition, National Institute for Food and Nutrition Research, Rome, Italy
    Mol Nutr Food Res 50:1030-8. 2006
    ..capacity (TAC) database, the TAC values of 11 spices, 5 dried fruits, 7 sweets, 18 cereal products, 5 pulses, and 6 nuts were determined using three different assays and considering the contribution of bound antioxidant compounds in ..
  21. ncbi Dose response of almonds on coronary heart disease risk factors: blood lipids, oxidized low-density lipoproteins, lipoprotein(a), homocysteine, and pulmonary nitric oxide: a randomized, controlled, crossover trial
    David J A Jenkins
    Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Circulation 106:1327-32. 2002
    Although recent studies have indicated that nut consumption may improve levels of blood lipids, nuts are not generally recommended as snacks for hyperlipidemic subjects because of their high fat content...
  22. ncbi Serum lipid effects of a high-monounsaturated fat diet based on macadamia nuts
    J D Curb
    Department of Medicine, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu 96817, USA
    Arch Intern Med 160:1154-8. 2000
    Recent studies have identified potential beneficial effects of eating nuts, most of which have substantial amounts of monounsaturated fats. Macadamia nuts are 75% fat by weight, 80% of which is monounsaturated.
  23. ncbi Aspergillus on tree nuts: incidence and associations
    Paul Bayman
    USDA ARS Western Regional Research Center, 800 Buchanan St, Albany, CA 94710, U S A
    Mycopathologia 155:161-9. 2002
    California exports tree nuts to countries where they face stringent standards for aflatoxin contamination. Trade concerns have stimulated efforts to eliminate aflatoxins and Aspergillus flavus from almonds, pistachios and walnuts...
  24. ncbi Nuts, hypertension and endothelial function
    P Casas-Agustench
    Human Nutrition Unit, Hospital Universitari Sant Joan de Reus, Departament de Bioquimica i Biotecnologia, IISPV, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 21:S21-33. 2011
    ..In this paper we review the role of nutrients, foods, particularly nuts, and dietary patterns on BP control.
  25. pmc Effects of diets high in walnuts and flax oil on hemodynamic responses to stress and vascular endothelial function
    Sheila G West
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 29:595-603. 2010
    ..In a previous article, we showed significant reductions in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and several markers of inflammation with increasing intake of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) from walnuts and flax...
  26. ncbi Nut consumption is associated with decreased health risk factors for cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome in U.S. adults: NHANES 1999-2004
    Carol E O'Neil
    Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 30:502-10. 2011
    Few recent epidemiologic studies have assessed the effect that nut consumption (including tree nuts and peanuts) has on health risks, including metabolic syndrome (MetS).
  27. ncbi Pistachio nuts reduce triglycerides and body weight by comparison to refined carbohydrate snack in obese subjects on a 12-week weight loss program
    Zhaoping Li
    Center for Human Nutrition, Warren Hall, Room 12 217, 900 Veteran Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 29:198-203. 2010
    There is a widely held view that, due to high fat content, snacking on nuts will lead to weight gain, ultimately causing unhealthy changes in lipid profiles...
  28. ncbi Plant-based foods and prevention of cardiovascular disease: an overview
    Frank B Hu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:544S-551S. 2003
    ..prospective cohort studies indicates that a high consumption of plant-based foods such as fruit and vegetables, nuts, and whole grains is associated with a significantly lower risk of coronary artery disease and stroke...
  29. pmc The total antioxidant content of more than 3100 foods, beverages, spices, herbs and supplements used worldwide
    Monica H Carlsen
    Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    Nutr J 9:3. 2010
    ..This database is intended for use in a wide range of nutritional research, from in vitro and cell and animal studies, to clinical trials and nutritional epidemiological studies...
  30. ncbi Impact of peanuts and tree nuts on body weight and healthy weight loss in adults
    Richard D Mattes
    Department of Foods and Nutrition, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2059, USA
    J Nutr 138:1741S-1745S. 2008
    b>Nuts (ground and tree) are rich sources of multiple nutrients and their consumption is associated with health benefits, including reduced cardiovascular disease risk. This has prompted recommendations to increase their consumption...
  31. ncbi Areca-nut chewing habit is a significant risk factor for metabolic syndrome: a systematic review
    F Javed
    Eng A B Research Chair for Growth Factors and Bone Regeneration, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, P O Box 60169, Riyadh 11545, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    J Nutr Health Aging 16:445-8. 2012
    ....
  32. ncbi Phytochemical composition of nuts
    C Y Oliver Chen
    Antioxidants Research Lab, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 17:329-32. 2008
    ..In addition to being rich in several vitamins and minerals, unsaturated fatty acids, and fiber, tree nuts and peanuts contain numerous phytochemicals that may contribute to promoting health and reducing the risk of ..
  33. pmc Prospective study of nut consumption, long-term weight change, and obesity risk in women
    Maira Bes-Rastrollo
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1913-9. 2009
    ..Data concerning the long-term association between nut consumption and weight change in a free-living population are sparse...
  34. ncbi The fruit of the date palm: its possible use as the best food for the future?
    Walid Al-Shahib
    London Metropolitan University, Department of Health and Human Sciences, London, UK
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 54:247-59. 2003
    ..The total world export of dates increased by 1.71% over 40 years. In many ways, dates may be considered as an almost ideal food, providing a wide range of essential nutrients and potential health benefits...
  35. ncbi Identification and characterization of anthocyanins by high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry in common foods in the United States: vegetables, nuts, and grains
    Xianli Wu
    Arkansas Children s Nutrition Center, Agriculture Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 1120 Marshall Street, Little Rock, Arkansas 72202, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 53:3101-13. 2005
    ..Of all of the 40+ vegetables, nuts, and grains screened, seven vegetables, one nut, and one grain were found to contain anthocyanins; the number of ..
  36. pmc Health benefits of nut consumption
    Emilio Ros
    Lipid Clinic, Endocrinology and Nutrition Service, Institutd Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pii Sunyer, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona and Ciber Fisiopatología de la Obesidady Nutrición CIBERobn, Instituto de Salud Carlos III ISCIII, Spain
    Nutrients 2:652-82. 2010
    b>Nuts (tree nuts and peanuts) are nutrient dense foods with complex matrices rich in unsaturated fatty and other bioactive compounds: high-quality vegetable protein, fiber, minerals, tocopherols, phytosterols, and phenolic compounds...
  37. ncbi Nut consumption, body weight and insulin resistance
    P GarcIa-Lorda
    Human Nutrition Unit, Facultat de Medicina i Ciencies de la Salut, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Spain
    Eur J Clin Nutr 57:S8-11. 2003
    The beneficial effects of nuts on cardiovascular health are well known. However, since nuts provide a high caloric and fat content, some concern exists regarding a potential detrimental effect on body weight and insulin resistance...
  38. ncbi Immunological analysis of allergenic cross-reactivity between peanut and tree nuts
    M P De Leon
    Department of Allergy, The Alfred Hospital, Australia
    Clin Exp Allergy 33:1273-80. 2003
    ..Peanut allergy is more common than tree nut allergy, but many subjects develop hypersensitivity to both peanuts and tree nuts. Whether this is due to the presence of cross-reactive allergens remains unknown.
  39. ncbi Fatty acid composition of nuts--implications for cardiovascular health
    Emilio Ros
    Unitat de Lípids, Sevei d Endocrinologia i Nutrició, Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi Sunyer, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
    Br J Nutr 96:S29-35. 2006
    ..These effects appear to be shared in part by vegetable n-3 PUFA. Nuts are natural foods rich in unsaturated fatty acids; most nuts contain substantial amounts of MUFA, while walnuts are ..
  40. ncbi Long-term effects of increased dietary polyunsaturated fat from walnuts on metabolic parameters in type II diabetes
    L C Tapsell
    Smart Foods Centre, School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia
    Eur J Clin Nutr 63:1008-15. 2009
    ..This study assessed the effect of sustained high polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) intake through walnut consumption on metabolic outcomes in type II diabetes...
  41. ncbi Distribution of potential suitable hammers and transport of hammer tools and nuts by wild capuchin monkeys
    Elisabetta Visalberghi
    Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologie della Cognizione, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via Aldrovandi 16B, 00161 Rome, Italy
    Primates 50:95-104. 2009
    ..Wild chimpanzees also transport selected hammer tools and nuts to anvil sites...
  42. ncbi Potential analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of hydroalcoholic extract of Areca catechu L. nut
    Amol M Bhandare
    All India Shri Shivaji Memorial Society s College of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacology, Pune, Maharashtra, India
    Food Chem Toxicol 48:3412-7. 2010
    ..14 μg/ml and TPC 120.56±21.09 mg QE/g. Altogether, these results suggest that the hydroalcoholic extract of Areca catechu could be considered as a potential analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant agent...
  43. ncbi Nut consumption and decreased risk of sudden cardiac death in the Physicians' Health Study
    Christine M Albert
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, 900 Commonwealth Ave E, Boston, MA 02215 1204, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:1382-7. 2002
    ..Since components of nuts may have antiarrhythmic properties, part of the benefit may be due to a reduction in sudden cardiac death.
  44. pmc Nuts as a replacement for carbohydrates in the diabetic diet
    David J A Jenkins
    St Michael s Hospital Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Diabetes Care 34:1706-11. 2011
    ..Therefore, we assessed the effect of mixed nut consumption as a source of vegetable fat on serum lipids and HbA(1c) in type 2 diabetes...
  45. ncbi Nuts, especially walnuts, have both antioxidant quantity and efficacy and exhibit significant potential health benefits
    Joe A Vinson
    Department of Chemistry, University of Scranton, Scranton, PA 18510, USA
    Food Funct 3:134-40. 2012
    Free and total (after basic hydrolysis) polyphenols in nine types of raw and roasted nuts and two types of peanut butter (54 commercial samples) were analyzed after methanol extraction by a single step Folin-Ciocalteu reagent using ..
  46. ncbi Mycoflora and mycotoxins in Brazilian black pepper, white pepper and Brazil nuts
    F C Freire
    Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Agroindustria Tropical, C P 60 511 110, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil
    Mycopathologia 149:13-9. 2000
    ..Aflatoxin G2, chaetoglobosin C, and spinulosin were identified from poor quality brazil nuts. Aflatoxin B1 and B2 were also only detected in poor quality brazil nuts at concentrations of 27...
  47. ncbi Nuts and healthy body weight maintenance mechanisms
    Richard D Mattes
    Purdue University, Department of Foods and Nutrition, 700 W State St, W Lafayette, IN 47907 2059, USA
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 19:137-41. 2010
    b>Nuts are rich sources of multiple nutrients and phytochemicals associated with health benefits, including reduced cardiovascular disease risk. This has prompted recommendations to increase their consumption...
  48. ncbi Acute selenium poisoning by paradise nuts (Lecythis ollaria)
    Dieter Muller
    GIZ Nord Poisons Centre, Universitatsmedizin Gottingen, Georg August Universitat, Gottingen, Germany
    Hum Exp Toxicol 29:431-4. 2010
    ..In retrospect, a relation to the ingestion of paradise nuts could be established.
  49. ncbi Frequent nut intake and risk of death from coronary heart disease and all causes in postmenopausal women: the Iowa Women's Health Study
    J L Ellsworth
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454-1015, USA
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 11:372-7. 2001
    ..Recent epidemiological studies suggest that there is an inverse association between the frequent consumption of nuts and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), and clinical investigations suggest that diets high in nuts may ..
  50. ncbi Nuts and berries for heart health
    Emilio Ros
    Lipid Clinic, Endocrinology and Nutrition Service, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer, Hospital Clinic, 08036, Barcelona, Spain
    Curr Atheroscler Rep 12:397-406. 2010
    b>Nuts are nutrient-dense foods with complex matrices rich in unsaturated fatty acids and other bioactive compounds, such as L-arginine, fiber, minerals, tocopherols, phytosterols, and polyphenols...
  51. ncbi The energetics of nut consumption
    Richard D Mattes
    Purdue University, Department of Foods and Nutrition, 700 W State St W Lafayette, IN 47907 2059, USA
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 17:337-9. 2008
    b>Nuts are a nutrient-rich food group. Depending on the type, they may provide substantive concentrations of Vitamin E, magnesium, folate, essential fatty acids, fiber and protein to the diet...
  52. ncbi Effects of one serving of mixed nuts on serum lipids, insulin resistance and inflammatory markers in patients with the metabolic syndrome
    P Casas-Agustench
    Human Nutrition Unit, Hospital Universitari Sant Joan de Reus, IISPV, Rovira i Virgili University, Reus, Spain
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 21:126-35. 2011
    ..Knowledge of the effect of nut consumption on metabolic syndrome (MetS) components is limited. We assessed the effects of nut intake on adiposity, serum lipids, insulin resistance, and inflammatory biomarkers in patients with MetS...
  53. ncbi Walnuts and fatty fish influence different serum lipid fractions in normal to mildly hyperlipidemic individuals: a randomized controlled study
    Sujatha Rajaram
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1657S-1663S. 2009
    ..Increased consumption of n-3 (omega-3) fatty acids decreases the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD)...
  54. ncbi Other relevant components of nuts: phytosterols, folate and minerals
    Ramon Segura
    Department of Physiological Sciences II, Faculty of Medicine, IDIBELL, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Br J Nutr 96:S36-44. 2006
    b>Nuts contain significant amounts of essential micronutrients that are associated with an improved health status when consumed at doses beyond those necessary to prevent deficiency states...
  55. pmc Frequent nut consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in women: prospective cohort study
    F B Hu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    BMJ 317:1341-5. 1998
    ..To examine the relation between nut consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in a cohort of women from the Nurses' Health Study...
  56. ncbi Nuts, body weight and insulin resistance
    Sujatha Rajaram
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Br J Nutr 96:S79-86. 2006
    Traditionally, nuts have been considered a staple food, but because of their high energy and fat content are not considered good for body weight control or insulin sensitivity...
  57. ncbi Diet in relation to endometrial cancer risk: a case-control study in Greece
    Eleni Petridou
    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Nutr Cancer 44:16-22. 2002
    ..Consumption of pulses, nuts, and seeds was significantly inversely related to the risk for endometrial cancer...
  58. ncbi A walnut diet improves endothelial function in hypercholesterolemic subjects: a randomized crossover trial
    Emilio Ros
    Lipid Clinic at the Endocrinology and Nutrition Service, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
    Circulation 109:1609-14. 2004
    Epidemiological studies suggest that nut intake decreases coronary artery disease (CAD) risk. Nuts have a cholesterol-lowering effect that partly explains this benefit...
  59. ncbi Nuts and coronary heart disease: an epidemiological perspective
    John H Kelly
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Br J Nutr 96:S61-7. 2006
    ..Other studies of nuts and coronary heart disease risk are addressed...
  60. ncbi Serum lipid response to the graduated enrichment of a Step I diet with almonds: a randomized feeding trial
    Joan Sabate
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, CA 92350, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:1379-84. 2003
    Frequent consumption of nuts may lower the risk of cardiovascular disease by favorably altering serum lipid and lipoprotein concentrations.
  61. ncbi Kinematics and energetics of nut-cracking in wild capuchin monkeys (Cebus libidinosus) in Piauí, Brazil
    Q Liu
    Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 138:210-20. 2009
    Wild bearded capuchins (Cebus libidinosus, quadrupedal, medium-sized monkeys) crack nuts using large stones. We examined the kinematics and energetics of the nut-cracking action of two adult males and two adult females...
  62. ncbi Nuts and oxidation: a systematic review
    Patricia López-Uriarte
    Human Nutrition Unit, Hospital Universitari Sant Joan de Reus, IISPV, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain
    Nutr Rev 67:497-508. 2009
    In recent years, nuts have received special attention because of their potential role in preventing cardiovascular disease...
  63. ncbi Tree nuts and peanuts as components of a healthy diet
    Janet C King
    Children s Hospital, Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, CA 94690, USA
    J Nutr 138:1736S-1740S. 2008
    b>Nuts have been part of the diet for thousands of years. In 2003, a Qualified Health Claim was approved, stating that eating 1.5 oz (42 g) of nuts per day may reduce the risk of heart disease...
  64. ncbi Nut consumption and weight gain in a Mediterranean cohort: The SUN study
    Maira Bes-Rastrollo
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, C Irunlarrea, 1, 31008 Pamplona, Navarra, Spain
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:107-16. 2007
    ..To assess the association, in a Mediterranean population, between nut consumption and risk of weight gain (at least 5 kg) or the risk of becoming overweight/obese...
  65. ncbi Nut and seed consumption and inflammatory markers in the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis
    Rui Jiang
    Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 163:222-31. 2006
    b>Nuts and seeds are rich in unsaturated fat and other nutrients that may reduce inflammation. Frequent nut consumption is associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes...
  66. ncbi Olive oil and walnut breakfasts reduce the postprandial inflammatory response in mononuclear cells compared with a butter breakfast in healthy men
    Yolanda Jimenez-Gomez
    The Lipids and Arteriosclerosis Unit, Reina Sofia University Hospital, University of Cordoba, CIBER de Fisiopatologia de la Obesidad y Nutricion CIBEROBN, Avenida Menendez Pidal s n, 14004 Cordoba, Spain
    Atherosclerosis 204:e70-6. 2009
    ..Inflammation is crucial in all stages of atherosclerosis, and few studies have investigated the effect of dietary fat on markers of inflammation related to this disease during the postprandial period...
  67. ncbi Nut consumption and body weight
    Joan Sabate
    Departments of Nutrition and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:647S-650S. 2003
    ..Also, nut-rich diets improve the serum lipid profile of participants in dietary intervention trials. However, nuts are fatty foods, and in theory their regular consumption may lead to body weight gain...
  68. ncbi Quantification of a broad spectrum of lignans in cereals, oilseeds, and nuts
    Annika I Smeds
    Department of Biochemistry and Pharmacy, Abo Akademi University, BioCity, Artillerigatan 6A, FI 20520, Turku, Finland
    J Agric Food Chem 55:1337-46. 2007
    ..Syringaresinol was the other dominant cereal lignan. Wheat and rye bran had the highest lignan content of all cereals; however, linseeds and sesame seeds were by far the most lignan-rich of the studied species...
  69. ncbi Nuts, metabolic syndrome and diabetes
    Cyril W C Kendall
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 3E2
    Br J Nutr 104:465-73. 2010
    The ability of nuts to improve the blood lipid profile and reduce the risk of CHD is now well established...
  70. ncbi Mycotoxins in edible tree nuts
    Russell J Molyneux
    Western Regional Research Center, ARS USDA, 800 Buchanan Street, Albany, CA 94710, USA
    Int J Food Microbiol 119:72-8. 2007
    Tree nuts (almonds, pistachios, and walnuts) are an exceptionally valuable crop, especially in California, with an aggregate value approaching $3.5 billion...
  71. ncbi Anti-inflammatory effects of the Mediterranean diet: the experience of the PREDIMED study
    Ramon Estruch
    Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Spain
    Proc Nutr Soc 69:333-40. 2010
    ..the short-term effects of two Med-Diet interventions, one supplemented with virgin olive oil and another with nuts, on vascular risk factors in 772 subjects at high risk for CVD, and in a second study we evaluated the effects of ..
  72. ncbi Association of nut and seed intake with colorectal cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Mazda Jenab
    Nutrition and Hormones Group, IARC WHO, 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 13:1595-603. 2004
    ..However, the effects of higher intake of dietary sources of these nutrients, such as the nuts and seeds food group, are less clear...
  73. ncbi The Mediterranean diet improves the systemic lipid and DNA oxidative damage in metabolic syndrome individuals. A randomized, controlled, trial
    Maria Teresa Mitjavila
    Department of Physiology, INSA, University of Barcelona, Spain
    Clin Nutr 32:172-8. 2013
    ..However, the effect of the MedDiet on biomarkers for oxidative damage has not been assessed in MetS individuals. We have investigated the effect of the MedDiet on systemic oxidative biomarkers in MetS individuals...
  74. ncbi The effect of nuts on inflammation
    Jordi Salas-Salvado
    Human Nutrition Unit, Department of Biochemistry and Biotech nology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, C Sant Llorenc, 21, 43201 Reus, Spain
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 17:333-6. 2008
    ..of cardiovascular mortality and type 2 diabetes in some prospective studies could be explained by the fact that nuts are rich in all of these modulator nutrients...
  75. ncbi Associations between glutathione peroxidase-1 Pro198Leu polymorphism, selenium status, and DNA damage levels in obese women after consumption of Brazil nuts
    Cristiane Cominetti
    Department of Food and Experimental Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Nutrition 27:891-6. 2011
    ..The response of Se status, GPx activity, and levels of DNA damage to a Se supplementation trial between the genotypes related to that polymorphism was investigated...
  76. ncbi Virgin olive oil and nuts as key foods of the Mediterranean diet effects on inflammatory biomakers related to atherosclerosis
    Mireia Urpi-Sarda
    Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Clinic, Institut d Investigacio Biomedica August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, C Villarroel, 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
    Pharmacol Res 65:577-83. 2012
    ..analyzed the effects at 3 months of two Med-Diet interventions supplemented with either virgin olive oil (VOO) or nuts compared with a control low-fat diet (LFD)...
  77. ncbi Phenolic lipid ingredients from cashew nuts
    Maorong Suo
    Venture Business Laboratory, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan
    J Nat Med 66:133-9. 2012
    ..8), and three known compounds, cardols (1), anacardic acid (2) and cardanols (4), were isolated from the nuts of the cashew, Anacardium occidentale L...
  78. ncbi Components of the Mediterranean-type food pattern and serum inflammatory markers among patients at high risk for cardiovascular disease
    J Salas-Salvado
    Human Nutrition Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain
    Eur J Clin Nutr 62:651-9. 2008
    ..To evaluate associations between components of the Mediterranean diet and circulating markers of inflammation in a large cohort of asymptomatic subjects at high risk for cardiovascular disease...
  79. ncbi Vitamin K content of nuts and fruits in the US diet
    MacKenzie L Dismore
    Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 103:1650-2. 2003
    ..The phylloquinone (vitamin K(1)) concentrations of nuts (n=76) and fruits (n=215) were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography...
  80. ncbi Measured energy value of pistachios in the human diet
    David J Baer
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    Br J Nutr 107:120-5. 2012
    Previous studies have suggested that lipid from nuts is more poorly absorbed than that from other food sources...
  81. ncbi Effect of roasting on phenolic content and antioxidant activities of whole cashew nuts, kernels, and testa
    Neel Chandrasekara
    Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada
    J Agric Food Chem 59:5006-14. 2011
    The effect of roasting on the content of phenolic compounds and antioxidant properties of cashew nuts and testa was studied...
  82. ncbi Cross-sectional association of nut intake with adiposity in a Mediterranean population
    P Casas-Agustench
    Human Nutrition Unit, Hospital Universitari Sant Joan de Reus, IISPV, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Rovira i Virgili University, Reus, Spain
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 21:518-25. 2011
    ..Nut intake has been inversely related to body mass index (BMI) in prospective studies. We examined dietary determinants of adiposity in an elderly Mediterranean population with customarily high nut consumption...
  83. ncbi Stone tool use by adult wild bearded capuchin monkeys (Cebus libidinosus). Frequency, efficiency and tool selectivity
    Noemi Spagnoletti
    Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologie della Cognizione, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via Aldrovandi 16B, 00161 Rome, Italy
    J Hum Evol 61:97-107. 2011
    ..We found that most of the individuals habitually use stones and anvils to crack nuts and other encased food items...
  84. pmc Effects of pistachios on body weight in Chinese subjects with metabolic syndrome
    Xin Wang
    Department of Endocrinology, Sino Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China
    Nutr J 11:20. 2012
    ..However, there is also a widely perceived view that eating nuts can lead to body weight gain due to their high fat content.
  85. ncbi Nut and peanut butter consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in women
    Rui Jiang
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 288:2554-60. 2002
    b>Nuts are high in unsaturated (polyunsaturated and monounsaturated) fat and other nutrients that may improve glucose and insulin homeostasis.
  86. ncbi Urolithins are the main urinary microbial-derived phenolic metabolites discriminating a moderate consumption of nuts in free-living subjects with diagnosed metabolic syndrome
    Sara Tulipani
    Biomarkers and Nutritional and Food Metabolomics Research Group, Department of Nutrition and Food Science, XaRTA, INSA, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    J Agric Food Chem 60:8930-40. 2012
    ....
  87. ncbi Consumption of polyunsaturated fatty acids, fish, and nuts and risk of inflammatory disease mortality
    Bamini Gopinath
    Centre for Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology and Westmead Millennium Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 93:1073-9. 2011
    n-3 (omega-3) Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), fish, and nuts can regulate inflammatory processes and responses.
  88. pmc Lifestyle counseling and supplementation with flaxseed or walnuts influence the management of metabolic syndrome
    Hongyu Wu
    Key Laboratory of Nutrition and Metabolism, Institute for Nutritional Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China
    J Nutr 140:1937-42. 2010
    A healthy lifestyle may ameliorate metabolic syndrome (MetS); however, it remains unclear if incorporating nuts or seeds into lifestyle counseling (LC) has additional benefit...
  89. ncbi Application of pressurized liquid extraction in the analysis of aflatoxins B(1), B(2), G(1) and G(2) in nuts
    Luca Campone
    Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Universita degli Studi di Salerno, Fisciano SA, Italy
    J Sep Sci 32:3837-44. 2009
    Aflatoxins (AFs) B(1), B(2), G(1) and G(2) were extracted from nuts by using pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) and the PLE extracts were analyzed using HPLC with fluorescence detection using photochemical post-column derivatization ..
  90. ncbi Phytosterol composition of nuts and seeds commonly consumed in the United States
    Katherine M Phillips
    Departments of Biochemistry and Chemistry, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 53:9436-45. 2005
    Phytosterols were quantified in nuts and seeds commonly consumed in the United States...
  91. ncbi Nuts: anti-atherogenic food?
    Kleopatra Alexiadou
    First Department of Propaedeutic Medicine, Athens University Medical School, Laiko General Hospital, 17 Agiou Thoma Street, 11527 Athens, Greece
    Eur J Intern Med 22:141-6. 2011
    ..Therefore, drastic dietary interventions are considered necessary in order to reduce cardiovascular risk. Nuts, as a nutritional component have drawn particular attention, due to their beneficial cardiovascular properties ..
  92. ncbi Acyl-ACP thioesterases from macadamia (Macadamia tetraphylla) nuts: cloning, characterization and their impact on oil composition
    Antonio J Moreno-Pérez
    Instituto de la Grasa CSIC, Av Padre Garcia Tejero 4, E 41012 Sevilla, Spain
    Plant Physiol Biochem 49:82-7. 2011
    The mechanisms by which macadamia nuts accumulate the unusual palmitoleic and asclepic acyl moieties, which constitute up to 20% of the fatty acids in some varieties, are still unknown. Acyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) thioesterases (EC 3...
  93. ncbi Characteristics of in-shell Brazil nuts and their relationship to aflatoxin contamination: criteria for sorting
    Fernanda Robert De Mello
    Food Science and Technology Department, Center of Agricultural Sciences, Federal University of Santa Catarina, P O Box 476, Florianopolis SC, CEP 88034 001, Brazil
    J Agric Food Chem 55:9305-10. 2007
    External characteristics of in-shell Brazil nuts were evaluated for dimensions (length and face width), weight, chromaticity, and shell thickness...
  94. ncbi Identification of the botanical origin of pine nuts found in food products by gas-liquid chromatography analysis of fatty acid profile
    Frederic Destaillats
    Nestle Research Center, Vers chez les Blanc, CH 1000 Lausanne 26, Switzerland
    J Agric Food Chem 58:2082-7. 2010
    Pine nuts are traditionally used in various part of the world for the preparation of desserts or sauces or in salads...
  95. pmc A global analysis of the comparability of winter chill models for fruit and nut trees
    Eike Luedeling
    Department of Plant Sciences, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Int J Biometeorol 55:411-21. 2011
    ..This would greatly facilitate the transfer of such information across growing regions, and help prepare growers for the impact of climate change...
  96. ncbi The phytochemical composition and antioxidant actions of tree nuts
    Bradley W Bolling
    Antioxidants Research Laboratory, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA 02111 USA
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 19:117-23. 2010
    ..rich source of several essential vitamins and minerals, mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids, and fiber, most tree nuts provide an array of phytochemicals that may contribute to the health benefits attributed to this whole food...
  97. ncbi Modulation of baroreflex sensitivity by walnuts versus cashew nuts in subjects with metabolic syndrome
    Aletta E Schutte
    School for Physiology, Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, North West University Potchefstroom Campus, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa
    Am J Hypertens 19:629-36. 2006
    ..aimed to determine whether diets known to improve the lipid profile, namely a diet high in polyunsaturated fatty acids (walnuts) or monounsaturated fatty acids (cashew nuts), would improve BRS in subjects with metabolic syndrome (MS).
  98. pmc Nut consumption and risk of type II diabetes in the Physicians' Health Study
    J Kochar
    Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 64:75-9. 2010
    ..We sought to examine the association between nut consumption and the risk of DM...
  99. ncbi Semecarpus anacardium L, nuts inhibit lipopolysaccharide induced NO production in rat macrophages along with its hypolipidemic property
    Y B Tripathi
    Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, India
    Indian J Exp Biol 42:432-6. 2004
    ..The drug in the above doses was completely safe and non-toxic, (no change in the enzymes), to liver and kidney functions...
  100. ncbi Human cancer cell antiproliferative and antioxidant activities of Juglans regia L
    Márcia Carvalho
    CEBIMED, Faculty of Health Sciences, University Fernando Pessoa, Porto, Portugal
    Food Chem Toxicol 48:441-7. 2010
    Several studies suggest that regular consumption of nuts, mostly walnuts, may have beneficial effects against oxidative stress mediated diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer...
  101. ncbi Tree nuts and the lipid profile: a review of clinical studies
    Amy E Griel
    Pennsylvania State University, S 126 Henderson Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Br J Nutr 96:S68-78. 2006
    Tree nuts have a fatty acid profile that favourably affects blood lipids and lipoproteins. They are low in saturated fat and high in unsaturated fatty acids and are rich sources of other nutrients...

Research Grants62

  1. ClC-3 Chloride Ion Channels in Vascular Smooth Muscle
    Fred Lamb; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Understanding the "nuts and bolts" of endosomal ROS production will generate new hypotheses and new therapeutic targets for the treatment ..
  2. Field Validation of New XRF Analyzers: Assessing Personal Exposure to Metals
    PATRICK JEREMY PARSONS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..as well as samples of food or ingestible material (spices, nuts, dietary supplements, pills, etc.) that can be easily crushed, powdered, or homogenized...
  3. Immunologic Basis of Cow's Milk-Induced Hypersensitivities
    Hugh Sampson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. egg, soy, wheat], and the "persistent," more severe form, similar to peanut, nuts and seafood allergies...
  4. Integrated Genomic and Functional Studies of Tolerance Therapy for Peanut Allerg
    STEPHEN JOSEPH GALLI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. emergency departments each year;sadly, about 200 of these events prove fatal. Either peanuts or tree nuts cause the majority of these deaths, and a recent survey in the U.S. found that 1...
  5. Multiplexed Bead-based In Vitro Pediatric Allergy Test
    Mark Lim; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a panel of 21 major proteins from the 8 most common pediatric food allergens, milk, soy, wheat, egg, peanuts, tree nuts, fish and shellfish, which account for >90% of all food allergies...
  6. Role of VeA-Dependent Genes and Proteins in Mycotoxin Production and Development
    Ana M Calvo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Aspergillus spp. mycotoxins infect corn, cotton, sorghum and nuts. Controlling mycotoxin biosynthesis or fungal development would decrease its devastating health and economic impact...
  7. Comparative-Effectiveness of Population Strategies to Improve Diet and Reduce CVD
    Dariush Mozaffarian; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..High intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and processed meats and inadequate intake of nuts and whole grains also contribute to CVD risk...
  8. Immunological response to Chinese herbal medicine in food allergy
    Julie Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..4-6) While the majority of children outgrow their allergy to milk, egg, wheat, and soy, allergies to peanut, tree nuts, fish and shellfish are often life-long...
  9. Prevention and Treatment of Cashew Allergy via Pepsinized Allergens
    MICHAEL DAVID KULIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..because of the life-threatening anaphylactic reactions often associated with allergies to foods such as tree nuts and peanuts...
  10. Mediterranean diet, Metabolites, and cardiovascular Disease
    Frank B Hu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..at baseline) demonstrated that a Mediterranean dietary pattern, supplemented with either virgin olive oil or tree nuts, significantly reduced the risk of major clinical CVD events by ~30%, compared to a control diet, after a median ..
  11. Identification Of Proteins Responsible For Peanut Allergenicity
    Fred Finkelman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Allergy to peanuts and tree nuts is the most common food-related cause of severe anaphylaxis and death and, unlike other food allergies, typically persists into adulthood...
  12. Walnuts vs. Walnut-Oil, Glucose Homeostasis, PCOS
    Sidika Kasim Karakas; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..fats improves insulin sensitivity, these women are advised to increase polyunsaturated fat (PUFA) intake from nuts, seeds and fish-oil. This advice is not evidence based...
  13. Remediation Process for Aflatoxin Contaminated Foods
    ADRIAN DENVIR; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The research in the Phase I will seek to determine the feasibility and economics of extracting aflatoxins in nuts and nut products using a cheap and environmentally benign solvent, which removes the toxin without producing or ..
  14. BREAST CANCER RISK--VEGETABLES AND SERUM PHYTOSTEROLS
    Paola Muti; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Phytosterols are abundant in fat soluble fractions of plants: seeds, nuts, cereals, beans, and legumes are rich sources of phytosterols...
  15. GENE EXPRESSION OF SALIVARY GLAND SPECIFIC GENES
    David Ann; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The populations that consume high-tannin foods or chew betel nuts have a high incidence of oral and esophageal cancer...
  16. Prostate Cancer Chemoprevention by Inositol Hexaphosphate Efficacy and Mechanism
    Rajesh Agarwal; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Inositol hexaphosphate (IP6) is a nutrient constituting 6.4% (w/w) or even higher levels in most cereals, legumes, nuts, oil seeds and soybean, and also taken orally as an over-the-counter dietary/nutrient supplement for its several ..
  17. TISSUE-SPECIFIC GENE REGULATION IN PAROTID GLANDS
    DON CARLSON; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Tannins are known carcinogens and populations that consume high-tannin foods or chew betel nuts have a high incidence of oral and esophogeal cancer...
  18. Resveratrol and Human Melanoma
    Richard Niles; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We have found that the plant polyphenol, resveratrol, present in grape skins, certain nuts and especially red wine, is a potent inducer of apoptosis in two human melanoma cell lines...
  19. Conference on Molecular Regulation of Stem Cells
    Margaret Goodell; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Coupled with more classical single gene or pathway approaches to stem cell biology, by 2005, some of the nuts-and-bolts of stem cell function should begin to be revealed...
  20. Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry system
    Adrian Franke; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. IMMUNOBIOLOGY OF WALNUT FOOD ALLERGY
    Suzanne Teuber; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The above data will significantly advance our knowledge of the immunobiology of plant seed allergy. ..
  22. HEDONICS AND DIETARY INTAKE OF FAT
    Richard Mattes; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This will be explored through stable isotope tracer studies for Aim 3. The proposed work will hold important public health, clinical, commercial and basic biological implications. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Food Rheology and Feeding in Lean and Obese Humans
    Richard Mattes; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. DIET GLYCEMIC LOAD & METABOLISM IN OBESE PREGNANT WOMEN
    Janet King; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In addition, new information on how the source of maternal carbohydrate intake affects carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in pregnancy will be generated. ..
  25. Inflammatory Markers in a 2-Year Soy Intervention among Premenopausal Women
    Gertraud Maskarinec; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The intervention group consumed two daily servings of soy foods, predominantly tofu, soy milk, and soy nuts, while the control women maintained their regular diet...
  26. Effects of Soy on Estrogens in Breast Fluid and Urine
    Gertraud Maskarinec; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The NAF approach is the only way to learn more about the beneficial and adverse effects of soy directly in the female breast without applying invasive procedures to women without breast disease or surgery. ..
  27. Nutritional Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes in the Multiethnic Cohort
    Gertraud Maskarinec; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. NESTED CASE CONTROL STUDY OF MAMMOGRAPHIC DENSITY
    Gertraud Maskarinec; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  29. Cysteine, Related Gene Variants and Breast Cancer Risk
    Walter C Willett; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  30. Soy Consumption and Breast Tissue Proliferation
    Gertraud Maskarinec; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  31. ApoB and ApoA-I Kinetics in the ApoB-67 Mutation
    Francine Welty; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The apoB-67 mutation may provide insights into mechanisms of low LDL-C and high HDL-C levels and new and better therapies to lower cholesterol. ..
  32. TEACHING NUTRITION TO PREVENT CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
    Francine Welty; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This career award will establish Dr. Walker as a leader in medical education in nutrition, his long-term career goal. ..
  33. Breast Density, IGF-I, & Prolactin, in Four Populations
    Gertraud Maskarinec; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The statistical analysis will include mixed models to explore the relation between hormone levels and breast density while controlling for confounders and for clustering by study location. ..
  34. IRON SUPPLEMENTS AND ZINC IN PREGNANCY AND LACTATION
    Janet King; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Results from this comprehensive, longitudinal study will provide new data on the effects of iron supplementation on zinc utilization during pregnancy and lactation. ..
  35. International Trace Elements Conference
    Janet King; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The purpose of this proposal is to seek funding for the travel of selected speakers, young investigator awards, and publication of the proceedings. ..
  36. Dietary Patterns and Breast Density in Minnesota Women
    Marilyn Tseng; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Findings will have implications for dietary change as a means of reducing breast cancer risk in women at average and at high risk for the disease. ..
  37. Epidemiology of asthma: risk and prognosis in a cohort from birth to adolescence
    Syed Hasan Arshad; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our work brings together a multidisciplinary research team with a proven record of collaboration and expertise in respiratory medicine, allergy and immunology, epidemiology, genetics, and biostatistics. ..
  38. Pharmacotherapy for Minor Depression
    Robert Howland; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results of this study will have profound public health implications by improving our understanding of the efficacy of SJW and standard antidepressants for the treatment of MinorD. ..
  39. Glucuronidation in Humans--Genotypes and Phenotypes
    Johanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The randomized cross-over design will allow us to test efficiently for diet effects within individuals, as well as for gene-by-diet and sex-by-diet interactions. ..
  40. IMMUNOMODULATION OF FOOD ALLERGY BY DNA BASED IMMUNITY
    Hugh Sampson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  41. Human Gut Microflora Profiling for Population Studies
    Johanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  42. REGULATION OF IL4 PRODUCTION IN VIVO
    Fred Finkelman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The results of these experiments will provide a better understanding of how IL-4 responses are regulated in vivo; this understanding will enhance the ability to control disorders that are regulated by IL-4. ..
  43. Institute for Translational Research, Education & Experimental Therapeutics
    Hugh Sampson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This Institute will provide access to breakthrough technologies and supportive resources and personnel to expedite translational research. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. HOST GENES AND COLONIC BACTERIA--PROBING FOR INHERITANCE
    Johanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..If we can establish that the equol-producer phenotype is an inherited trait, we can then work to identify the associated genotype and determine more effectively whether this is a biomarker of breast cancer risk. ..
  45. CYTOKINE REGULATION OF A MOUSE MODEL OF ASTHMA
    Fred Finkelman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..By clarifying the mechanisms by which cytokines induce pulmonary inflammation and airway responsiveness, the proposed studies will provide information important for rational therapy for asthma. ..
  46. CYCLOOXYGENASE AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY DRUGS IN AD
    Giulio Pasinetti; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The outcome of the proposed studies will be immediately relevant to the design of human trials. ..
  47. DIET SALT, CALCIUM KIDNEY STONES, BONE IN STONE FORMERS
    Linda Massey; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Reduction of dietary NaC1 from typical intakes of 200 mmol/day to an intake of 50 mmol/day may decrease the risk of recurrence of calcium-containing kidney stones and slow rates of bone loss, thus reducing risk of osteoporosis as well. ..
  48. Hormone Status Postmenopause: Colonic Bacterial Effects
    Johanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results of this study will provide novel data regarding the relationship of the equol-producer phenotype, a marker of colonic nticrofloral environment, to lifetime estrogen exposure. ..
  49. Serum IGFs--Effects of a Soy Intervention in Humans
    Johanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..It provides an ideal design to evaluate the effects of isoflavones on the IGF system and to explore relationships between IGFs and colonic epithelial cell proliferation in humans. ..
  50. COMPLEMENT AND NEUROPROTECTION: ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE
    Giulio Pasinetti; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Further characterization of the complex role of complement proteins in neurodegeneration is essential especially in view of the possibility that the complement system represents a target for therapeutic interventions in AD. ..
  51. Chemopreventive Actions of Equol Enantiomers
    Kenneth Setchell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies are relevant to humans given the ammended health claim for soy and cancer risk-reduction currently being reviewed by the FDA. ..
  52. Chromium Effects in Imparied Glucose Tolerance
    David Katz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By contributing to knowledge related to potential diabetes prevention strategies, this study addresses one of the more pressing public health issues in the US today. ..
  53. Vesicle targeting in Plasmodium falciparum
    Julian Rayner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..By focusing on elements of P. falciparum secretion that are unique to this organism, we aim to identify targets for the future development of novel prevention and control measures. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  54. GLUTATHIONE TRANSFERASES IN HUMANS: DIETARY INFLUENCES
    Johanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Culture, Gender, and Health Care Stigma in Parkinsonism
    Linda Tickle Degnen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It is also anticipated that negative outcomes of masking will be greater for female than male and American than Taiwanese patients because of different norms associated with movement expression in these groups. ..
  56. IVMT for Fibromyalgia Syndrome: A Pilot Study
    David Katz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The identification of an effective, safe, inexpensive therapy for fibromyalgia would represent a great advance, and a major contribution to the public health. ..
  57. UGT Polymorphisms and Hormonally-Mediated Biomarkers in Premenopausal Women
    Johanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. Soy Isoflavone Metabolite Equol--Formation and Fate
    Kenneth Setchell; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. Immunologic Basis of Cow Milk Induced Hypersensitvities
    Hugh Sampson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. P. falciparum vaccine: Evaluating candidacy of PfMSP3/PfMSP6 in an endemic settin
    Julian Rayner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This data will directly impact vaccine design by allowing us to rule specific sub-domains in or out of the ongoing malaria vaccine development process. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. Breast and Bone Density: Impact of Colonic Environment
    Johanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..If equol-producer phenotype can predict differences in cumulative estrogen exposure / metabolism, it may serve as an early marker of breast cancer risk. ..
  62. GROWTH CONTROL IN AGING FIBROBLASTS
    Eugenia Wang; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Answers to this ques- tion will add to our knowledge of cell cycle control, a fundamental mechanism pivotal to the wellbeing of significant processes such as terminal differentiation and cellular aging. ..