Genomes and Genes
Summary: Botanically, a type of single-seeded fruit in which the pericarp enclosing the seed is a hard woody shell. In common usage the term is used loosely for any hard, oil-rich kernel. Of those commonly eaten, only hazel, filbert, and chestnut are strictly nuts. Walnuts, pecans, almonds, and coconuts are really drupes. Brazil nuts, pistachios, macadamias, and cashews are really seeds with a hard shell derived from the testa rather than the pericarp.
Publications308 found, 100 shown here
- Effects of a Mediterranean-style diet on cardiovascular risk factors: a randomized trialRamon Estruch
Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi Sunyer, Municipal Institut for Medical Research, University of Barcelona, and Catalan Institute of Health, Barcelona, Spain
Ann Intern Med 145:1-11. 2006..The Mediterranean diet has been shown to have beneficial effects on cardiovascular risk factors...
- Effect of a Mediterranean diet supplemented with nuts on metabolic syndrome status: one-year results of the PREDIMED randomized trialJordi Salas-Salvado
Human Nutrition Unit, School of Medicine, University of Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain
Arch Intern Med 168:2449-58. 2008..We compared the 1-year effect of 2 behavioral interventions to implement the MedDiet vs advice on a low-fat diet on MetS status...
- Flavonoid content of U.S. fruits, vegetables, and nutsJames M Harnly
Food Composition Laboratory and Nutrient Data Laboratory, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland 20705, USA
J Agric Food Chem 54:9966-77. 2006..data are reported for 20 flavonoids (as aglycones) determined for more than 60 fresh fruits, vegetables, and nuts collected from four regions across the United States at two times of the year...
- Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease with a Mediterranean dietRamon Estruch
Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
N Engl J Med 368:1279-90. 2013..We conducted a randomized trial of this diet pattern for the primary prevention of cardiovascular events...
- Nuts, nut cracking, and pitted stones at Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, IsraelNaama Goren-Inbar
Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mt Scopus, Jerusalem 91905, Israel
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:2455-60. 2002The Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov (Israel) has revealed a unique association of edible nuts with pitted hammers and anvils...
- Consumption and portion sizes of tree nuts, peanuts and seeds in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohorts from 10 European countriesMazda Jenab
Nutrition and Hormones Group, IARC WHO, Lyon, France
Br J Nutr 96:S12-23. 2006Tree nuts, peanuts and seeds are nutrient dense foods whose intake has been shown to be associated with reduced risk of some chronic diseases...
- Nuts and their bioactive constituents: effects on serum lipids and other factors that affect disease riskP M Kris-Etherton
Graduate Program in Nutrition and the Department of Dairy and Animal Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 70:504S-511S. 1999Because nuts have favorable fatty acid and nutrient profiles, there is growing interest in evaluating their role in a heart-healthy diet. Nuts are low in saturated fatty acids and high in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids...
- Nuts, inflammation and insulin resistancePatricia Casas-Agustench
Human Nutrition Unit, Hospital Universitari Sant Joan de Reus, IISPV, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Sant Llorenc 21, 43201 Reus, Spain
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 19:124-30. 2010..These protective effects are mainly attributed to the role of nuts in the metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins...
- Nut consumption, weight gain and obesity: Epidemiological evidenceM A Martinez-Gonzalez
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, Spain
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 21:S40-5. 2011Short-term trials support that adding tree nuts or peanuts to usual diets does not induce weight gain. We reviewed the available epidemiological evidence on long-term nut consumption and body weight changes...
- Including walnuts in a low-fat/modified-fat diet improves HDL cholesterol-to-total cholesterol ratios in patients with type 2 diabetesLinda C Tapsell
National Centre of Excellence in Functional Foods, Northfields Avenue, University of Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
Diabetes Care 27:2777-83. 2004..The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a moderate-fat diet inclusive of walnuts on blood lipid profiles in patients with type 2 diabetes...
- Nut consumption and blood lipid levels: a pooled analysis of 25 intervention trialsJoan Sabate
Department of Nutrition, Loma Linda University, Nichol Hall Room 1102, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
Arch Intern Med 170:821-7. 2010..The objectives of this study were to estimate the effects of nut consumption on blood lipid levels and to examine whether different factors modify the effects...
- Nuts and novel biomarkers of cardiovascular diseaseEmilio Ros
Lipid Clinic, Endocrinology and Nutrition Service, Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi Sunyer, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona and Ciber Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición, Barcelona, Spain
Am J Clin Nutr 89:1649S-56S. 2009b>Nuts are energy-dense foods, rich in total fat and unsaturated fatty acids...
- Fatty acid profile, tocopherol, squalene and phytosterol content of walnuts, almonds, peanuts, hazelnuts and the macadamia nutL S Maguire
Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, Ireland
Int J Food Sci Nutr 55:171-8. 2004b>Nuts are high in fat but have a fatty acid profile that may be beneficial in relation to risk of coronary heart disease. Nuts also contain other potentially cardioprotective constituents including phytosterols, tocopherols and squalene...
- Nuts and health outcomes: new epidemiologic evidenceJoan Sabate
Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 89:1643S-1648S. 2009..It focuses on studies in which nut consumption is directly assessed or when nuts are included in a dietary score or pattern...
- Effects of walnut consumption on plasma fatty acids and lipoproteins in combined hyperlipidemiaR U Almario
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 74:72-9. 2001..This may be an additional mechanism underlying the antiatherogenic properties of nut intake...
- Ontogeny of manipulative behavior and nut-cracking in young tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella): a perception-action perspectiveBriseida Dogo de Resende
Institute of Psychology, Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
Dev Sci 11:828-40. 2008How do capuchin monkeys learn to use stones to crack open nuts? Perception-action theory posits that individuals explore producing varying spatial and force relations among objects and surfaces, thereby learning about affordances of such ..
- Dietary fibre, nuts and cardiovascular diseasesJordi Salas-Salvado
Unitat de Nutricio Humana, Facultat de Medicina i Ciencies de la Salut de Reus, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain
Br J Nutr 96:S46-51. 2006..The likely reason is that whole grains, like nuts, legumes and other edible seeds, contain many bioactive phytochemicals and various antioxidants...
- The role of tree nuts and peanuts in the prevention of coronary heart disease: multiple potential mechanismsPenny M Kris-Etherton
Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
J Nutr 138:1746S-1751S. 2008..Clinical studies have evaluated the effects of many different nuts and peanuts on lipids, lipoproteins, and various CHD risk factors, including oxidation, inflammation, and vascular ..
- Characteristics of hammer stones and anvils used by wild bearded capuchin monkeys (Cebus libidinosus) to crack open palm nutsE Visalberghi
Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologie della Cognizione, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, 00197 Rome, Italy
Am J Phys Anthropol 132:426-44. 2007Capuchins living in Boa Vista (Piauì, Brazil) crack open hard palm nuts on hard, level surfaces (anvils) using stones (hammers) as percussive tools...
- Total antioxidant capacity of spices, dried fruits, nuts, pulses, cereals and sweets consumed in Italy assessed by three different in vitro assaysNicoletta Pellegrini
Antioxidant Research Laboratory at the Unit of Human Nutrition, National Institute for Food and Nutrition Research, Rome, Italy
Mol Nutr Food Res 50:1030-8. 2006..capacity (TAC) database, the TAC values of 11 spices, 5 dried fruits, 7 sweets, 18 cereal products, 5 pulses, and 6 nuts were determined using three different assays and considering the contribution of bound antioxidant compounds in ..
- Dose response of almonds on coronary heart disease risk factors: blood lipids, oxidized low-density lipoproteins, lipoprotein(a), homocysteine, and pulmonary nitric oxide: a randomized, controlled, crossover trialDavid J A Jenkins
Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Circulation 106:1327-32. 2002Although recent studies have indicated that nut consumption may improve levels of blood lipids, nuts are not generally recommended as snacks for hyperlipidemic subjects because of their high fat content...
- Serum lipid effects of a high-monounsaturated fat diet based on macadamia nutsJ D Curb
Department of Medicine, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu 96817, USA
Arch Intern Med 160:1154-8. 2000Recent studies have identified potential beneficial effects of eating nuts, most of which have substantial amounts of monounsaturated fats. Macadamia nuts are 75% fat by weight, 80% of which is monounsaturated.
- Aspergillus on tree nuts: incidence and associationsPaul Bayman
USDA ARS Western Regional Research Center, 800 Buchanan St, Albany, CA 94710, U S A
Mycopathologia 155:161-9. 2002California exports tree nuts to countries where they face stringent standards for aflatoxin contamination. Trade concerns have stimulated efforts to eliminate aflatoxins and Aspergillus flavus from almonds, pistachios and walnuts...
- Nuts, hypertension and endothelial functionP Casas-Agustench
Human Nutrition Unit, Hospital Universitari Sant Joan de Reus, Departament de Bioquimica i Biotecnologia, IISPV, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 21:S21-33. 2011..In this paper we review the role of nutrients, foods, particularly nuts, and dietary patterns on BP control.
- Effects of diets high in walnuts and flax oil on hemodynamic responses to stress and vascular endothelial functionSheila G West
Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
J Am Coll Nutr 29:595-603. 2010..In a previous article, we showed significant reductions in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and several markers of inflammation with increasing intake of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) from walnuts and flax...
- Nut consumption is associated with decreased health risk factors for cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome in U.S. adults: NHANES 1999-2004Carol E O'Neil
Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, USA
J Am Coll Nutr 30:502-10. 2011Few recent epidemiologic studies have assessed the effect that nut consumption (including tree nuts and peanuts) has on health risks, including metabolic syndrome (MetS).
- Pistachio nuts reduce triglycerides and body weight by comparison to refined carbohydrate snack in obese subjects on a 12-week weight loss programZhaoping Li
Center for Human Nutrition, Warren Hall, Room 12 217, 900 Veteran Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
J Am Coll Nutr 29:198-203. 2010There is a widely held view that, due to high fat content, snacking on nuts will lead to weight gain, ultimately causing unhealthy changes in lipid profiles...
- Plant-based foods and prevention of cardiovascular disease: an overviewFrank B Hu
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 78:544S-551S. 2003..prospective cohort studies indicates that a high consumption of plant-based foods such as fruit and vegetables, nuts, and whole grains is associated with a significantly lower risk of coronary artery disease and stroke...
- The total antioxidant content of more than 3100 foods, beverages, spices, herbs and supplements used worldwideMonica H Carlsen
Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Nutr J 9:3. 2010..This database is intended for use in a wide range of nutritional research, from in vitro and cell and animal studies, to clinical trials and nutritional epidemiological studies...
- Impact of peanuts and tree nuts on body weight and healthy weight loss in adultsRichard D Mattes
Department of Foods and Nutrition, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2059, USA
J Nutr 138:1741S-1745S. 2008b>Nuts (ground and tree) are rich sources of multiple nutrients and their consumption is associated with health benefits, including reduced cardiovascular disease risk. This has prompted recommendations to increase their consumption...
- Areca-nut chewing habit is a significant risk factor for metabolic syndrome: a systematic reviewF Javed
Eng A B Research Chair for Growth Factors and Bone Regeneration, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, P O Box 60169, Riyadh 11545, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
J Nutr Health Aging 16:445-8. 2012....
- Phytochemical composition of nutsC Y Oliver Chen
Antioxidants Research Lab, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA 02111, USA
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 17:329-32. 2008..In addition to being rich in several vitamins and minerals, unsaturated fatty acids, and fiber, tree nuts and peanuts contain numerous phytochemicals that may contribute to promoting health and reducing the risk of ..
- Prospective study of nut consumption, long-term weight change, and obesity risk in womenMaira Bes-Rastrollo
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 89:1913-9. 2009..Data concerning the long-term association between nut consumption and weight change in a free-living population are sparse...
- The fruit of the date palm: its possible use as the best food for the future?Walid Al-Shahib
London Metropolitan University, Department of Health and Human Sciences, London, UK
Int J Food Sci Nutr 54:247-59. 2003..The total world export of dates increased by 1.71% over 40 years. In many ways, dates may be considered as an almost ideal food, providing a wide range of essential nutrients and potential health benefits...
- Identification and characterization of anthocyanins by high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry in common foods in the United States: vegetables, nuts, and grainsXianli Wu
Arkansas Children s Nutrition Center, Agriculture Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 1120 Marshall Street, Little Rock, Arkansas 72202, USA
J Agric Food Chem 53:3101-13. 2005..Of all of the 40+ vegetables, nuts, and grains screened, seven vegetables, one nut, and one grain were found to contain anthocyanins; the number of ..
- Health benefits of nut consumptionEmilio Ros
Lipid Clinic, Endocrinology and Nutrition Service, Institutd Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pii Sunyer, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona and Ciber Fisiopatología de la Obesidady Nutrición CIBERobn, Instituto de Salud Carlos III ISCIII, Spain
Nutrients 2:652-82. 2010b>Nuts (tree nuts and peanuts) are nutrient dense foods with complex matrices rich in unsaturated fatty and other bioactive compounds: high-quality vegetable protein, fiber, minerals, tocopherols, phytosterols, and phenolic compounds...
- Nut consumption, body weight and insulin resistanceP GarcIa-Lorda
Human Nutrition Unit, Facultat de Medicina i Ciencies de la Salut, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Spain
Eur J Clin Nutr 57:S8-11. 2003The beneficial effects of nuts on cardiovascular health are well known. However, since nuts provide a high caloric and fat content, some concern exists regarding a potential detrimental effect on body weight and insulin resistance...
- Immunological analysis of allergenic cross-reactivity between peanut and tree nutsM P De Leon
Department of Allergy, The Alfred Hospital, Australia
Clin Exp Allergy 33:1273-80. 2003..Peanut allergy is more common than tree nut allergy, but many subjects develop hypersensitivity to both peanuts and tree nuts. Whether this is due to the presence of cross-reactive allergens remains unknown.
- Fatty acid composition of nuts--implications for cardiovascular healthEmilio Ros
Unitat de Lípids, Sevei d Endocrinologia i Nutrició, Institut d Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi Sunyer, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
Br J Nutr 96:S29-35. 2006..These effects appear to be shared in part by vegetable n-3 PUFA. Nuts are natural foods rich in unsaturated fatty acids; most nuts contain substantial amounts of MUFA, while walnuts are ..
- Long-term effects of increased dietary polyunsaturated fat from walnuts on metabolic parameters in type II diabetesL C Tapsell
Smart Foods Centre, School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia
Eur J Clin Nutr 63:1008-15. 2009..This study assessed the effect of sustained high polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) intake through walnut consumption on metabolic outcomes in type II diabetes...
- Distribution of potential suitable hammers and transport of hammer tools and nuts by wild capuchin monkeysElisabetta Visalberghi
Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologie della Cognizione, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via Aldrovandi 16B, 00161 Rome, Italy
Primates 50:95-104. 2009..Wild chimpanzees also transport selected hammer tools and nuts to anvil sites...
- Potential analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of hydroalcoholic extract of Areca catechu L. nutAmol M Bhandare
All India Shri Shivaji Memorial Society s College of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacology, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Food Chem Toxicol 48:3412-7. 2010..14 μg/ml and TPC 120.56±21.09 mg QE/g. Altogether, these results suggest that the hydroalcoholic extract of Areca catechu could be considered as a potential analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant agent...
- Nut consumption and decreased risk of sudden cardiac death in the Physicians' Health StudyChristine M Albert
Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, 900 Commonwealth Ave E, Boston, MA 02215 1204, USA
Arch Intern Med 162:1382-7. 2002..Since components of nuts may have antiarrhythmic properties, part of the benefit may be due to a reduction in sudden cardiac death.
- Nuts as a replacement for carbohydrates in the diabetic dietDavid J A Jenkins
St Michael s Hospital Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Diabetes Care 34:1706-11. 2011..Therefore, we assessed the effect of mixed nut consumption as a source of vegetable fat on serum lipids and HbA(1c) in type 2 diabetes...
- Nuts, especially walnuts, have both antioxidant quantity and efficacy and exhibit significant potential health benefitsJoe A Vinson
Department of Chemistry, University of Scranton, Scranton, PA 18510, USA
Food Funct 3:134-40. 2012Free and total (after basic hydrolysis) polyphenols in nine types of raw and roasted nuts and two types of peanut butter (54 commercial samples) were analyzed after methanol extraction by a single step Folin-Ciocalteu reagent using ..
- Mycoflora and mycotoxins in Brazilian black pepper, white pepper and Brazil nutsF C Freire
Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Agroindustria Tropical, C P 60 511 110, Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil
Mycopathologia 149:13-9. 2000..Aflatoxin G2, chaetoglobosin C, and spinulosin were identified from poor quality brazil nuts. Aflatoxin B1 and B2 were also only detected in poor quality brazil nuts at concentrations of 27...
- Nuts and healthy body weight maintenance mechanismsRichard D Mattes
Purdue University, Department of Foods and Nutrition, 700 W State St, W Lafayette, IN 47907 2059, USA
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 19:137-41. 2010b>Nuts are rich sources of multiple nutrients and phytochemicals associated with health benefits, including reduced cardiovascular disease risk. This has prompted recommendations to increase their consumption...
- Acute selenium poisoning by paradise nuts (Lecythis ollaria)Dieter Muller
GIZ Nord Poisons Centre, Universitatsmedizin Gottingen, Georg August Universitat, Gottingen, Germany
Hum Exp Toxicol 29:431-4. 2010..In retrospect, a relation to the ingestion of paradise nuts could be established.
- Frequent nut intake and risk of death from coronary heart disease and all causes in postmenopausal women: the Iowa Women's Health StudyJ L Ellsworth
Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454-1015, USA
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 11:372-7. 2001..Recent epidemiological studies suggest that there is an inverse association between the frequent consumption of nuts and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), and clinical investigations suggest that diets high in nuts may ..
- Nuts and berries for heart healthEmilio Ros
Lipid Clinic, Endocrinology and Nutrition Service, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer, Hospital Clinic, 08036, Barcelona, Spain
Curr Atheroscler Rep 12:397-406. 2010b>Nuts are nutrient-dense foods with complex matrices rich in unsaturated fatty acids and other bioactive compounds, such as L-arginine, fiber, minerals, tocopherols, phytosterols, and polyphenols...
- The energetics of nut consumptionRichard D Mattes
Purdue University, Department of Foods and Nutrition, 700 W State St W Lafayette, IN 47907 2059, USA
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 17:337-9. 2008b>Nuts are a nutrient-rich food group. Depending on the type, they may provide substantive concentrations of Vitamin E, magnesium, folate, essential fatty acids, fiber and protein to the diet...
- Effects of one serving of mixed nuts on serum lipids, insulin resistance and inflammatory markers in patients with the metabolic syndromeP Casas-Agustench
Human Nutrition Unit, Hospital Universitari Sant Joan de Reus, IISPV, Rovira i Virgili University, Reus, Spain
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 21:126-35. 2011..Knowledge of the effect of nut consumption on metabolic syndrome (MetS) components is limited. We assessed the effects of nut intake on adiposity, serum lipids, insulin resistance, and inflammatory biomarkers in patients with MetS...
- Walnuts and fatty fish influence different serum lipid fractions in normal to mildly hyperlipidemic individuals: a randomized controlled studySujatha Rajaram
Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 89:1657S-1663S. 2009..Increased consumption of n-3 (omega-3) fatty acids decreases the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD)...
- Other relevant components of nuts: phytosterols, folate and mineralsRamon Segura
Department of Physiological Sciences II, Faculty of Medicine, IDIBELL, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Br J Nutr 96:S36-44. 2006b>Nuts contain significant amounts of essential micronutrients that are associated with an improved health status when consumed at doses beyond those necessary to prevent deficiency states...
- Frequent nut consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in women: prospective cohort studyF B Hu
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
BMJ 317:1341-5. 1998..To examine the relation between nut consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in a cohort of women from the Nurses' Health Study...
- Nuts, body weight and insulin resistanceSujatha Rajaram
Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
Br J Nutr 96:S79-86. 2006Traditionally, nuts have been considered a staple food, but because of their high energy and fat content are not considered good for body weight control or insulin sensitivity...
- Diet in relation to endometrial cancer risk: a case-control study in GreeceEleni Petridou
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Nutr Cancer 44:16-22. 2002..Consumption of pulses, nuts, and seeds was significantly inversely related to the risk for endometrial cancer...
- A walnut diet improves endothelial function in hypercholesterolemic subjects: a randomized crossover trialEmilio Ros
Lipid Clinic at the Endocrinology and Nutrition Service, Institut d Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
Circulation 109:1609-14. 2004Epidemiological studies suggest that nut intake decreases coronary artery disease (CAD) risk. Nuts have a cholesterol-lowering effect that partly explains this benefit...
- Nuts and coronary heart disease: an epidemiological perspectiveJohn H Kelly
Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
Br J Nutr 96:S61-7. 2006..Other studies of nuts and coronary heart disease risk are addressed...
- Serum lipid response to the graduated enrichment of a Step I diet with almonds: a randomized feeding trialJoan Sabate
Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, CA 92350, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 77:1379-84. 2003Frequent consumption of nuts may lower the risk of cardiovascular disease by favorably altering serum lipid and lipoprotein concentrations.
- Kinematics and energetics of nut-cracking in wild capuchin monkeys (Cebus libidinosus) in Piauí, BrazilQ Liu
Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
Am J Phys Anthropol 138:210-20. 2009Wild bearded capuchins (Cebus libidinosus, quadrupedal, medium-sized monkeys) crack nuts using large stones. We examined the kinematics and energetics of the nut-cracking action of two adult males and two adult females...
- Nuts and oxidation: a systematic reviewPatricia López-Uriarte
Human Nutrition Unit, Hospital Universitari Sant Joan de Reus, IISPV, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain
Nutr Rev 67:497-508. 2009In recent years, nuts have received special attention because of their potential role in preventing cardiovascular disease...
- Tree nuts and peanuts as components of a healthy dietJanet C King
Children s Hospital, Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, CA 94690, USA
J Nutr 138:1736S-1740S. 2008b>Nuts have been part of the diet for thousands of years. In 2003, a Qualified Health Claim was approved, stating that eating 1.5 oz (42 g) of nuts per day may reduce the risk of heart disease...
- Nut consumption and weight gain in a Mediterranean cohort: The SUN studyMaira Bes-Rastrollo
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, C Irunlarrea, 1, 31008 Pamplona, Navarra, Spain
Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:107-16. 2007..To assess the association, in a Mediterranean population, between nut consumption and risk of weight gain (at least 5 kg) or the risk of becoming overweight/obese...
- Nut and seed consumption and inflammatory markers in the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosisRui Jiang
Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
Am J Epidemiol 163:222-31. 2006b>Nuts and seeds are rich in unsaturated fat and other nutrients that may reduce inflammation. Frequent nut consumption is associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes...
- Olive oil and walnut breakfasts reduce the postprandial inflammatory response in mononuclear cells compared with a butter breakfast in healthy menYolanda Jimenez-Gomez
The Lipids and Arteriosclerosis Unit, Reina Sofia University Hospital, University of Cordoba, CIBER de Fisiopatologia de la Obesidad y Nutricion CIBEROBN, Avenida Menendez Pidal s n, 14004 Cordoba, Spain
Atherosclerosis 204:e70-6. 2009..Inflammation is crucial in all stages of atherosclerosis, and few studies have investigated the effect of dietary fat on markers of inflammation related to this disease during the postprandial period...
- Nut consumption and body weightJoan Sabate
Departments of Nutrition and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 78:647S-650S. 2003..Also, nut-rich diets improve the serum lipid profile of participants in dietary intervention trials. However, nuts are fatty foods, and in theory their regular consumption may lead to body weight gain...
- Quantification of a broad spectrum of lignans in cereals, oilseeds, and nutsAnnika I Smeds
Department of Biochemistry and Pharmacy, Abo Akademi University, BioCity, Artillerigatan 6A, FI 20520, Turku, Finland
J Agric Food Chem 55:1337-46. 2007..Syringaresinol was the other dominant cereal lignan. Wheat and rye bran had the highest lignan content of all cereals; however, linseeds and sesame seeds were by far the most lignan-rich of the studied species...
- Nuts, metabolic syndrome and diabetesCyril W C Kendall
Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 3E2
Br J Nutr 104:465-73. 2010The ability of nuts to improve the blood lipid profile and reduce the risk of CHD is now well established...
- Mycotoxins in edible tree nutsRussell J Molyneux
Western Regional Research Center, ARS USDA, 800 Buchanan Street, Albany, CA 94710, USA
Int J Food Microbiol 119:72-8. 2007Tree nuts (almonds, pistachios, and walnuts) are an exceptionally valuable crop, especially in California, with an aggregate value approaching $3.5 billion...
- Anti-inflammatory effects of the Mediterranean diet: the experience of the PREDIMED studyRamon Estruch
Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Spain
Proc Nutr Soc 69:333-40. 2010..the short-term effects of two Med-Diet interventions, one supplemented with virgin olive oil and another with nuts, on vascular risk factors in 772 subjects at high risk for CVD, and in a second study we evaluated the effects of ..
- Association of nut and seed intake with colorectal cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and NutritionMazda Jenab
Nutrition and Hormones Group, IARC WHO, 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 13:1595-603. 2004..However, the effects of higher intake of dietary sources of these nutrients, such as the nuts and seeds food group, are less clear...
- The Mediterranean diet improves the systemic lipid and DNA oxidative damage in metabolic syndrome individuals. A randomized, controlled, trialMaria Teresa Mitjavila
Department of Physiology, INSA, University of Barcelona, Spain
Clin Nutr 32:172-8. 2013..However, the effect of the MedDiet on biomarkers for oxidative damage has not been assessed in MetS individuals. We have investigated the effect of the MedDiet on systemic oxidative biomarkers in MetS individuals...
- The effect of nuts on inflammationJordi Salas-Salvado
Human Nutrition Unit, Department of Biochemistry and Biotech nology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, C Sant Llorenc, 21, 43201 Reus, Spain
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 17:333-6. 2008..of cardiovascular mortality and type 2 diabetes in some prospective studies could be explained by the fact that nuts are rich in all of these modulator nutrients...
- Associations between glutathione peroxidase-1 Pro198Leu polymorphism, selenium status, and DNA damage levels in obese women after consumption of Brazil nutsCristiane Cominetti
Department of Food and Experimental Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Nutrition 27:891-6. 2011..The response of Se status, GPx activity, and levels of DNA damage to a Se supplementation trial between the genotypes related to that polymorphism was investigated...
- Virgin olive oil and nuts as key foods of the Mediterranean diet effects on inflammatory biomakers related to atherosclerosisMireia Urpi-Sarda
Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Clinic, Institut d Investigacio Biomedica August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, C Villarroel, 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
Pharmacol Res 65:577-83. 2012..analyzed the effects at 3 months of two Med-Diet interventions supplemented with either virgin olive oil (VOO) or nuts compared with a control low-fat diet (LFD)...
- Phenolic lipid ingredients from cashew nutsMaorong Suo
Venture Business Laboratory, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan
J Nat Med 66:133-9. 2012..8), and three known compounds, cardols (1), anacardic acid (2) and cardanols (4), were isolated from the nuts of the cashew, Anacardium occidentale L...
- Components of the Mediterranean-type food pattern and serum inflammatory markers among patients at high risk for cardiovascular diseaseJ Salas-Salvado
Human Nutrition Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain
Eur J Clin Nutr 62:651-9. 2008..To evaluate associations between components of the Mediterranean diet and circulating markers of inflammation in a large cohort of asymptomatic subjects at high risk for cardiovascular disease...
- Vitamin K content of nuts and fruits in the US dietMacKenzie L Dismore
Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 103:1650-2. 2003..The phylloquinone (vitamin K(1)) concentrations of nuts (n=76) and fruits (n=215) were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography...
- Measured energy value of pistachios in the human dietDavid J Baer
US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
Br J Nutr 107:120-5. 2012Previous studies have suggested that lipid from nuts is more poorly absorbed than that from other food sources...
- Effect of roasting on phenolic content and antioxidant activities of whole cashew nuts, kernels, and testaNeel Chandrasekara
Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada
J Agric Food Chem 59:5006-14. 2011The effect of roasting on the content of phenolic compounds and antioxidant properties of cashew nuts and testa was studied...
- Cross-sectional association of nut intake with adiposity in a Mediterranean populationP Casas-Agustench
Human Nutrition Unit, Hospital Universitari Sant Joan de Reus, IISPV, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Rovira i Virgili University, Reus, Spain
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 21:518-25. 2011..Nut intake has been inversely related to body mass index (BMI) in prospective studies. We examined dietary determinants of adiposity in an elderly Mediterranean population with customarily high nut consumption...
- Stone tool use by adult wild bearded capuchin monkeys (Cebus libidinosus). Frequency, efficiency and tool selectivityNoemi Spagnoletti
Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologie della Cognizione, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via Aldrovandi 16B, 00161 Rome, Italy
J Hum Evol 61:97-107. 2011..We found that most of the individuals habitually use stones and anvils to crack nuts and other encased food items...
- Effects of pistachios on body weight in Chinese subjects with metabolic syndromeXin Wang
Department of Endocrinology, Sino Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China
Nutr J 11:20. 2012..However, there is also a widely perceived view that eating nuts can lead to body weight gain due to their high fat content.
- Nut and peanut butter consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in womenRui Jiang
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
JAMA 288:2554-60. 2002b>Nuts are high in unsaturated (polyunsaturated and monounsaturated) fat and other nutrients that may improve glucose and insulin homeostasis.
- Urolithins are the main urinary microbial-derived phenolic metabolites discriminating a moderate consumption of nuts in free-living subjects with diagnosed metabolic syndromeSara Tulipani
Biomarkers and Nutritional and Food Metabolomics Research Group, Department of Nutrition and Food Science, XaRTA, INSA, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
J Agric Food Chem 60:8930-40. 2012....
- Consumption of polyunsaturated fatty acids, fish, and nuts and risk of inflammatory disease mortalityBamini Gopinath
Centre for Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology and Westmead Millennium Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
Am J Clin Nutr 93:1073-9. 2011n-3 (omega-3) Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), fish, and nuts can regulate inflammatory processes and responses.
- Lifestyle counseling and supplementation with flaxseed or walnuts influence the management of metabolic syndromeHongyu Wu
Key Laboratory of Nutrition and Metabolism, Institute for Nutritional Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China
J Nutr 140:1937-42. 2010A healthy lifestyle may ameliorate metabolic syndrome (MetS); however, it remains unclear if incorporating nuts or seeds into lifestyle counseling (LC) has additional benefit...
- Application of pressurized liquid extraction in the analysis of aflatoxins B(1), B(2), G(1) and G(2) in nutsLuca Campone
Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Universita degli Studi di Salerno, Fisciano SA, Italy
J Sep Sci 32:3837-44. 2009Aflatoxins (AFs) B(1), B(2), G(1) and G(2) were extracted from nuts by using pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) and the PLE extracts were analyzed using HPLC with fluorescence detection using photochemical post-column derivatization ..
- Phytosterol composition of nuts and seeds commonly consumed in the United StatesKatherine M Phillips
Departments of Biochemistry and Chemistry, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, USA
J Agric Food Chem 53:9436-45. 2005Phytosterols were quantified in nuts and seeds commonly consumed in the United States...
- Nuts: anti-atherogenic food?Kleopatra Alexiadou
First Department of Propaedeutic Medicine, Athens University Medical School, Laiko General Hospital, 17 Agiou Thoma Street, 11527 Athens, Greece
Eur J Intern Med 22:141-6. 2011..Therefore, drastic dietary interventions are considered necessary in order to reduce cardiovascular risk. Nuts, as a nutritional component have drawn particular attention, due to their beneficial cardiovascular properties ..
- Acyl-ACP thioesterases from macadamia (Macadamia tetraphylla) nuts: cloning, characterization and their impact on oil compositionAntonio J Moreno-Pérez
Instituto de la Grasa CSIC, Av Padre Garcia Tejero 4, E 41012 Sevilla, Spain
Plant Physiol Biochem 49:82-7. 2011The mechanisms by which macadamia nuts accumulate the unusual palmitoleic and asclepic acyl moieties, which constitute up to 20% of the fatty acids in some varieties, are still unknown. Acyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) thioesterases (EC 3...
- Characteristics of in-shell Brazil nuts and their relationship to aflatoxin contamination: criteria for sortingFernanda Robert De Mello
Food Science and Technology Department, Center of Agricultural Sciences, Federal University of Santa Catarina, P O Box 476, Florianopolis SC, CEP 88034 001, Brazil
J Agric Food Chem 55:9305-10. 2007External characteristics of in-shell Brazil nuts were evaluated for dimensions (length and face width), weight, chromaticity, and shell thickness...
- Identification of the botanical origin of pine nuts found in food products by gas-liquid chromatography analysis of fatty acid profileFrederic Destaillats
Nestle Research Center, Vers chez les Blanc, CH 1000 Lausanne 26, Switzerland
J Agric Food Chem 58:2082-7. 2010Pine nuts are traditionally used in various part of the world for the preparation of desserts or sauces or in salads...
- A global analysis of the comparability of winter chill models for fruit and nut treesEike Luedeling
Department of Plant Sciences, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Int J Biometeorol 55:411-21. 2011..This would greatly facilitate the transfer of such information across growing regions, and help prepare growers for the impact of climate change...
- The phytochemical composition and antioxidant actions of tree nutsBradley W Bolling
Antioxidants Research Laboratory, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA 02111 USA
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 19:117-23. 2010..rich source of several essential vitamins and minerals, mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids, and fiber, most tree nuts provide an array of phytochemicals that may contribute to the health benefits attributed to this whole food...
- Modulation of baroreflex sensitivity by walnuts versus cashew nuts in subjects with metabolic syndromeAletta E Schutte
School for Physiology, Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, North West University Potchefstroom Campus, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa
Am J Hypertens 19:629-36. 2006..aimed to determine whether diets known to improve the lipid profile, namely a diet high in polyunsaturated fatty acids (walnuts) or monounsaturated fatty acids (cashew nuts), would improve BRS in subjects with metabolic syndrome (MS).
- Nut consumption and risk of type II diabetes in the Physicians' Health StudyJ Kochar
Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA
Eur J Clin Nutr 64:75-9. 2010..We sought to examine the association between nut consumption and the risk of DM...
- Semecarpus anacardium L, nuts inhibit lipopolysaccharide induced NO production in rat macrophages along with its hypolipidemic propertyY B Tripathi
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, India
Indian J Exp Biol 42:432-6. 2004..The drug in the above doses was completely safe and non-toxic, (no change in the enzymes), to liver and kidney functions...
- Human cancer cell antiproliferative and antioxidant activities of Juglans regia LMárcia Carvalho
CEBIMED, Faculty of Health Sciences, University Fernando Pessoa, Porto, Portugal
Food Chem Toxicol 48:441-7. 2010Several studies suggest that regular consumption of nuts, mostly walnuts, may have beneficial effects against oxidative stress mediated diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer...
- Tree nuts and the lipid profile: a review of clinical studiesAmy E Griel
Pennsylvania State University, S 126 Henderson Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Br J Nutr 96:S68-78. 2006Tree nuts have a fatty acid profile that favourably affects blood lipids and lipoproteins. They are low in saturated fat and high in unsaturated fatty acids and are rich sources of other nutrients...
- ClC-3 Chloride Ion Channels in Vascular Smooth MuscleFred Lamb; Fiscal Year: 2009..Understanding the "nuts and bolts" of endosomal ROS production will generate new hypotheses and new therapeutic targets for the treatment ..
- Field Validation of New XRF Analyzers: Assessing Personal Exposure to MetalsPATRICK JEREMY PARSONS; Fiscal Year: 2012..as well as samples of food or ingestible material (spices, nuts, dietary supplements, pills, etc.) that can be easily crushed, powdered, or homogenized...
- Immunologic Basis of Cow's Milk-Induced HypersensitivitiesHugh Sampson; Fiscal Year: 2013..g. egg, soy, wheat], and the "persistent," more severe form, similar to peanut, nuts and seafood allergies...
- Integrated Genomic and Functional Studies of Tolerance Therapy for Peanut AllergSTEPHEN JOSEPH GALLI; Fiscal Year: 2013..S. emergency departments each year;sadly, about 200 of these events prove fatal. Either peanuts or tree nuts cause the majority of these deaths, and a recent survey in the U.S. found that 1...
- Multiplexed Bead-based In Vitro Pediatric Allergy TestMark Lim; Fiscal Year: 2013..a panel of 21 major proteins from the 8 most common pediatric food allergens, milk, soy, wheat, egg, peanuts, tree nuts, fish and shellfish, which account for >90% of all food allergies...
- Role of VeA-Dependent Genes and Proteins in Mycotoxin Production and DevelopmentAna M Calvo; Fiscal Year: 2012DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Aspergillus spp. mycotoxins infect corn, cotton, sorghum and nuts. Controlling mycotoxin biosynthesis or fungal development would decrease its devastating health and economic impact...
- Comparative-Effectiveness of Population Strategies to Improve Diet and Reduce CVDDariush Mozaffarian; Fiscal Year: 2013..High intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and processed meats and inadequate intake of nuts and whole grains also contribute to CVD risk...
- Immunological response to Chinese herbal medicine in food allergyJulie Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013..4-6) While the majority of children outgrow their allergy to milk, egg, wheat, and soy, allergies to peanut, tree nuts, fish and shellfish are often life-long...
- Prevention and Treatment of Cashew Allergy via Pepsinized AllergensMICHAEL DAVID KULIS; Fiscal Year: 2010..because of the life-threatening anaphylactic reactions often associated with allergies to foods such as tree nuts and peanuts...
- Mediterranean diet, Metabolites, and cardiovascular DiseaseFrank B Hu; Fiscal Year: 2013..at baseline) demonstrated that a Mediterranean dietary pattern, supplemented with either virgin olive oil or tree nuts, significantly reduced the risk of major clinical CVD events by ~30%, compared to a control diet, after a median ..
- Identification Of Proteins Responsible For Peanut AllergenicityFred Finkelman; Fiscal Year: 2009DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Allergy to peanuts and tree nuts is the most common food-related cause of severe anaphylaxis and death and, unlike other food allergies, typically persists into adulthood...
- Walnuts vs. Walnut-Oil, Glucose Homeostasis, PCOSSidika Kasim Karakas; Fiscal Year: 2007..fats improves insulin sensitivity, these women are advised to increase polyunsaturated fat (PUFA) intake from nuts, seeds and fish-oil. This advice is not evidence based...
- Remediation Process for Aflatoxin Contaminated FoodsADRIAN DENVIR; Fiscal Year: 2002..The research in the Phase I will seek to determine the feasibility and economics of extracting aflatoxins in nuts and nut products using a cheap and environmentally benign solvent, which removes the toxin without producing or ..
- BREAST CANCER RISK--VEGETABLES AND SERUM PHYTOSTEROLSPaola Muti; Fiscal Year: 2000..Phytosterols are abundant in fat soluble fractions of plants: seeds, nuts, cereals, beans, and legumes are rich sources of phytosterols...
- GENE EXPRESSION OF SALIVARY GLAND SPECIFIC GENESDavid Ann; Fiscal Year: 1993..The populations that consume high-tannin foods or chew betel nuts have a high incidence of oral and esophageal cancer...
- Prostate Cancer Chemoprevention by Inositol Hexaphosphate Efficacy and MechanismRajesh Agarwal; Fiscal Year: 2010..Inositol hexaphosphate (IP6) is a nutrient constituting 6.4% (w/w) or even higher levels in most cereals, legumes, nuts, oil seeds and soybean, and also taken orally as an over-the-counter dietary/nutrient supplement for its several ..
- TISSUE-SPECIFIC GENE REGULATION IN PAROTID GLANDSDON CARLSON; Fiscal Year: 1991..Tannins are known carcinogens and populations that consume high-tannin foods or chew betel nuts have a high incidence of oral and esophogeal cancer...
- Resveratrol and Human MelanomaRichard Niles; Fiscal Year: 2004..We have found that the plant polyphenol, resveratrol, present in grape skins, certain nuts and especially red wine, is a potent inducer of apoptosis in two human melanoma cell lines...
- Conference on Molecular Regulation of Stem CellsMargaret Goodell; Fiscal Year: 2005..Coupled with more classical single gene or pathway approaches to stem cell biology, by 2005, some of the nuts-and-bolts of stem cell function should begin to be revealed...
- Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry systemAdrian Franke; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- IMMUNOBIOLOGY OF WALNUT FOOD ALLERGYSuzanne Teuber; Fiscal Year: 2002..The above data will significantly advance our knowledge of the immunobiology of plant seed allergy. ..
- HEDONICS AND DIETARY INTAKE OF FATRichard Mattes; Fiscal Year: 2008..This will be explored through stable isotope tracer studies for Aim 3. The proposed work will hold important public health, clinical, commercial and basic biological implications. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Food Rheology and Feeding in Lean and Obese HumansRichard Mattes; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- DIET GLYCEMIC LOAD & METABOLISM IN OBESE PREGNANT WOMENJanet King; Fiscal Year: 2009..In addition, new information on how the source of maternal carbohydrate intake affects carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in pregnancy will be generated. ..
- Inflammatory Markers in a 2-Year Soy Intervention among Premenopausal WomenGertraud Maskarinec; Fiscal Year: 2008..The intervention group consumed two daily servings of soy foods, predominantly tofu, soy milk, and soy nuts, while the control women maintained their regular diet...
- Effects of Soy on Estrogens in Breast Fluid and UrineGertraud Maskarinec; Fiscal Year: 2010..The NAF approach is the only way to learn more about the beneficial and adverse effects of soy directly in the female breast without applying invasive procedures to women without breast disease or surgery. ..
- Nutritional Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes in the Multiethnic CohortGertraud Maskarinec; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- NESTED CASE CONTROL STUDY OF MAMMOGRAPHIC DENSITYGertraud Maskarinec; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Cysteine, Related Gene Variants and Breast Cancer RiskWalter C Willett; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Soy Consumption and Breast Tissue ProliferationGertraud Maskarinec; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- ApoB and ApoA-I Kinetics in the ApoB-67 MutationFrancine Welty; Fiscal Year: 2006..The apoB-67 mutation may provide insights into mechanisms of low LDL-C and high HDL-C levels and new and better therapies to lower cholesterol. ..
- TEACHING NUTRITION TO PREVENT CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASESFrancine Welty; Fiscal Year: 2004..This career award will establish Dr. Walker as a leader in medical education in nutrition, his long-term career goal. ..
- Breast Density, IGF-I, & Prolactin, in Four PopulationsGertraud Maskarinec; Fiscal Year: 2004..The statistical analysis will include mixed models to explore the relation between hormone levels and breast density while controlling for confounders and for clustering by study location. ..
- IRON SUPPLEMENTS AND ZINC IN PREGNANCY AND LACTATIONJanet King; Fiscal Year: 2001..Results from this comprehensive, longitudinal study will provide new data on the effects of iron supplementation on zinc utilization during pregnancy and lactation. ..
- International Trace Elements ConferenceJanet King; Fiscal Year: 2002..The purpose of this proposal is to seek funding for the travel of selected speakers, young investigator awards, and publication of the proceedings. ..
- Dietary Patterns and Breast Density in Minnesota WomenMarilyn Tseng; Fiscal Year: 2006..Findings will have implications for dietary change as a means of reducing breast cancer risk in women at average and at high risk for the disease. ..
- Epidemiology of asthma: risk and prognosis in a cohort from birth to adolescenceSyed Hasan Arshad; Fiscal Year: 2010..Our work brings together a multidisciplinary research team with a proven record of collaboration and expertise in respiratory medicine, allergy and immunology, epidemiology, genetics, and biostatistics. ..
- Pharmacotherapy for Minor DepressionRobert Howland; Fiscal Year: 2004..The results of this study will have profound public health implications by improving our understanding of the efficacy of SJW and standard antidepressants for the treatment of MinorD. ..
- Glucuronidation in Humans--Genotypes and PhenotypesJohanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2004..The randomized cross-over design will allow us to test efficiently for diet effects within individuals, as well as for gene-by-diet and sex-by-diet interactions. ..
- IMMUNOMODULATION OF FOOD ALLERGY BY DNA BASED IMMUNITYHugh Sampson; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Human Gut Microflora Profiling for Population StudiesJohanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- REGULATION OF IL4 PRODUCTION IN VIVOFred Finkelman; Fiscal Year: 2002..The results of these experiments will provide a better understanding of how IL-4 responses are regulated in vivo; this understanding will enhance the ability to control disorders that are regulated by IL-4. ..
- Institute for Translational Research, Education & Experimental TherapeuticsHugh Sampson; Fiscal Year: 2006..This Institute will provide access to breakthrough technologies and supportive resources and personnel to expedite translational research. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- HOST GENES AND COLONIC BACTERIA--PROBING FOR INHERITANCEJohanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2002..If we can establish that the equol-producer phenotype is an inherited trait, we can then work to identify the associated genotype and determine more effectively whether this is a biomarker of breast cancer risk. ..
- CYTOKINE REGULATION OF A MOUSE MODEL OF ASTHMAFred Finkelman; Fiscal Year: 2003..By clarifying the mechanisms by which cytokines induce pulmonary inflammation and airway responsiveness, the proposed studies will provide information important for rational therapy for asthma. ..
- CYCLOOXYGENASE AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY DRUGS IN ADGiulio Pasinetti; Fiscal Year: 2001..The outcome of the proposed studies will be immediately relevant to the design of human trials. ..
- DIET SALT, CALCIUM KIDNEY STONES, BONE IN STONE FORMERSLinda Massey; Fiscal Year: 2001..Reduction of dietary NaC1 from typical intakes of 200 mmol/day to an intake of 50 mmol/day may decrease the risk of recurrence of calcium-containing kidney stones and slow rates of bone loss, thus reducing risk of osteoporosis as well. ..
- Hormone Status Postmenopause: Colonic Bacterial EffectsJohanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2003..The results of this study will provide novel data regarding the relationship of the equol-producer phenotype, a marker of colonic nticrofloral environment, to lifetime estrogen exposure. ..
- Serum IGFs--Effects of a Soy Intervention in HumansJohanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2002..It provides an ideal design to evaluate the effects of isoflavones on the IGF system and to explore relationships between IGFs and colonic epithelial cell proliferation in humans. ..
- COMPLEMENT AND NEUROPROTECTION: ALZHEIMER'S DISEASEGiulio Pasinetti; Fiscal Year: 2002..Further characterization of the complex role of complement proteins in neurodegeneration is essential especially in view of the possibility that the complement system represents a target for therapeutic interventions in AD. ..
- Chemopreventive Actions of Equol EnantiomersKenneth Setchell; Fiscal Year: 2007..These studies are relevant to humans given the ammended health claim for soy and cancer risk-reduction currently being reviewed by the FDA. ..
- Chromium Effects in Imparied Glucose ToleranceDavid Katz; Fiscal Year: 2006..By contributing to knowledge related to potential diabetes prevention strategies, this study addresses one of the more pressing public health issues in the US today. ..
- Vesicle targeting in Plasmodium falciparumJulian Rayner; Fiscal Year: 2008..By focusing on elements of P. falciparum secretion that are unique to this organism, we aim to identify targets for the future development of novel prevention and control measures. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- GLUTATHIONE TRANSFERASES IN HUMANS: DIETARY INFLUENCESJohanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Culture, Gender, and Health Care Stigma in ParkinsonismLinda Tickle Degnen; Fiscal Year: 2006..It is also anticipated that negative outcomes of masking will be greater for female than male and American than Taiwanese patients because of different norms associated with movement expression in these groups. ..
- IVMT for Fibromyalgia Syndrome: A Pilot StudyDavid Katz; Fiscal Year: 2004..The identification of an effective, safe, inexpensive therapy for fibromyalgia would represent a great advance, and a major contribution to the public health. ..
- UGT Polymorphisms and Hormonally-Mediated Biomarkers in Premenopausal WomenJohanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Soy Isoflavone Metabolite Equol--Formation and FateKenneth Setchell; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Immunologic Basis of Cow Milk Induced HypersensitvitiesHugh Sampson; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- P. falciparum vaccine: Evaluating candidacy of PfMSP3/PfMSP6 in an endemic settinJulian Rayner; Fiscal Year: 2008..This data will directly impact vaccine design by allowing us to rule specific sub-domains in or out of the ongoing malaria vaccine development process. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Breast and Bone Density: Impact of Colonic EnvironmentJohanna Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2006..If equol-producer phenotype can predict differences in cumulative estrogen exposure / metabolism, it may serve as an early marker of breast cancer risk. ..
- GROWTH CONTROL IN AGING FIBROBLASTSEugenia Wang; Fiscal Year: 2003..Answers to this ques- tion will add to our knowledge of cell cycle control, a fundamental mechanism pivotal to the wellbeing of significant processes such as terminal differentiation and cellular aging. ..