turkeys

Summary

Summary: Large woodland game BIRDS in the subfamily Meleagridinae, family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. Some sources consider turkeys equivalent to the family Melegridinae.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Expression and purification of truncated, non-glycosylated turkey beta-adrenergic receptors for crystallization
    Tony Warne
    MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QH, UK
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1610:133-40. 2003
  2. pmc Structure of a beta1-adrenergic G-protein-coupled receptor
    Tony Warne
    MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK
    Nature 454:486-91. 2008
  3. ncbi A review of avian influenza in different bird species
    D J Alexander
    Avian Virology, VLA Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey, UK
    Vet Microbiol 74:3-13. 2000
  4. pmc Species and age related differences in the type and distribution of influenza virus receptors in different tissues of chickens, ducks and turkeys
    Smitha P S Pillai
    Food Animal Health Research Program, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, The Ohio State University, Wooster, Ohio 44691, USA
    Virol J 7:5. 2010
  5. ncbi Recombinant herpesvirus of turkeys as a vector-based vaccine against highly pathogenic H7N1 avian influenza and Marek's disease
    Yongqing Li
    Institute for Animal Health, Compton Laboratory, Compton, Newbury, Berkshire RG20 7NN, UK
    Vaccine 29:8257-66. 2011
  6. pmc A wild goose metapneumovirus containing a large attachment glycoprotein is avirulent but immunoprotective in domestic turkeys
    Richard S Bennett
    Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, University of Minnesota, 1971 Commonwealth Avenue, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    J Virol 79:14834-42. 2005
  7. pmc Whole genome SNP discovery and analysis of genetic diversity in Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)
    Muhammad L Aslam
    Animal Breeding and Genomics Centre, Wageningen University, De Elst 1, 6708WD Wageningen, The Netherlands
    BMC Genomics 13:391. 2012
  8. pmc The pathogenesis of low pathogenicity H7 avian influenza viruses in chickens, ducks and turkeys
    Erica Spackman
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, USDA ARS, 934 College Station Rd, Athens, GA, 30605, USA
    Virol J 7:331. 2010
  9. ncbi Naturally occurring parvoviral infection in Hungarian broiler flocks
    Elena Alina Palade
    Department of Pathology and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent Istvan University, Budapest, Istvan utca 2, Hungary
    Avian Pathol 40:191-7. 2011
  10. pmc Metagenomic analysis of the turkey gut RNA virus community
    J Michael Day
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory Agricultural Research Service United States Department of Agriculture, 934 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Virol J 7:313. 2010

Research Grants

  1. The 6th International Bone Fluid Flow Workshop
    Yi Xian Qin; Fiscal Year: 2004
  2. Case-Cohort Study of Cancers in Excess in Poultry Workers
    Eric S Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
  3. Bordetella pathogenesis: an undergraduate research tool
    Louise M Temple; Fiscal Year: 2010
  4. CHARACTERIZATION OF BORDETELLA AVIUM ATTACHMENT FACTORS
    Louise Temple; Fiscal Year: 2000
  5. BLOOD COAGULATION AND HEMORRHAGIC DISEASE
    Jessica Lewis; Fiscal Year: 1980
  6. GENETIC ANALYSIS OF BORDETELLA AVIUM VIRULENCE
    Roy Curtiss; Fiscal Year: 1993
  7. A MICROCARRIER/CEF/MEDIA SYSTEM TO MAKE VIRAL VACCINES
    WILLIAM HILLEGAS; Fiscal Year: 2000
  8. MAREK'S DISEASE HERPES VIRUS ANTIGENS
    LELAND VELICER; Fiscal Year: 1980
  9. MINERAL-MATRIX RELATIONS IN CALCIFYING TISSUES
    WILLIAM LANDIS; Fiscal Year: 2006
  10. Host range restriction of human influenza viruses
    Christopher Olsen; Fiscal Year: 2009

Detail Information

Publications329 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Expression and purification of truncated, non-glycosylated turkey beta-adrenergic receptors for crystallization
    Tony Warne
    MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QH, UK
    Biochim Biophys Acta 1610:133-40. 2003
    ..This expression level is one of the highest reported for a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) and has enabled us to purify 10 mg betaAR for large-scale crystallization experiments...
  2. pmc Structure of a beta1-adrenergic G-protein-coupled receptor
    Tony Warne
    MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK
    Nature 454:486-91. 2008
    ....
  3. ncbi A review of avian influenza in different bird species
    D J Alexander
    Avian Virology, VLA Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey, UK
    Vet Microbiol 74:3-13. 2000
    ..Since 1959, primary outbreaks of HPAI in poultry have been reported 17 times (eight since 1990), five in turkeys and 12 in chickens...
  4. pmc Species and age related differences in the type and distribution of influenza virus receptors in different tissues of chickens, ducks and turkeys
    Smitha P S Pillai
    Food Animal Health Research Program, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, The Ohio State University, Wooster, Ohio 44691, USA
    Virol J 7:5. 2010
    ..gal) (avian type) and alpha2,6SA-gal (human type) receptors on different tissues of chickens, ducks and turkeys of varying age groups...
  5. ncbi Recombinant herpesvirus of turkeys as a vector-based vaccine against highly pathogenic H7N1 avian influenza and Marek's disease
    Yongqing Li
    Institute for Animal Health, Compton Laboratory, Compton, Newbury, Berkshire RG20 7NN, UK
    Vaccine 29:8257-66. 2011
    ..In this investigation, we examined herpesvirus of turkeys (HVT) as a vaccine vector for delivery of haemagglutinin (HA) antigen of highly pathogenic H7N1 avian influenza ..
  6. pmc A wild goose metapneumovirus containing a large attachment glycoprotein is avirulent but immunoprotective in domestic turkeys
    Richard S Bennett
    Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, University of Minnesota, 1971 Commonwealth Avenue, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    J Virol 79:14834-42. 2005
    ..goose 15a/01) in the United States, together with its replication, virulence, and immunogenicity in domestic turkeys, were investigated...
  7. pmc Whole genome SNP discovery and analysis of genetic diversity in Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)
    Muhammad L Aslam
    Animal Breeding and Genomics Centre, Wageningen University, De Elst 1, 6708WD Wageningen, The Netherlands
    BMC Genomics 13:391. 2012
    ..Genomic selection requires a large number of genetic markers such as e.g. single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) the most abundant source of genetic variation within the genome...
  8. pmc The pathogenesis of low pathogenicity H7 avian influenza viruses in chickens, ducks and turkeys
    Erica Spackman
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, USDA ARS, 934 College Station Rd, Athens, GA, 30605, USA
    Virol J 7:331. 2010
    ..In this study twelve H7 LPAI virus isolates from North America were each evaluated for their comparative pathogenesis in chickens, ducks, and turkeys.
  9. ncbi Naturally occurring parvoviral infection in Hungarian broiler flocks
    Elena Alina Palade
    Department of Pathology and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent Istvan University, Budapest, Istvan utca 2, Hungary
    Avian Pathol 40:191-7. 2011
    ..Indirect immunohistochemistry (IHC) suggested the intestinal epithelium of chickens and turkeys as a potential replication site of the virus, similarly to other parvoviruses, while in case of the turkey ..
  10. pmc Metagenomic analysis of the turkey gut RNA virus community
    J Michael Day
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory Agricultural Research Service United States Department of Agriculture, 934 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Virol J 7:313. 2010
    ..sequences homologous to viruses in the BLAST nr protein database, many of which have not been described in turkeys. Our analysis of this turkey gut RNA metagenome focuses in particular on the turkey-origin members of the ..
  11. pmc A SNP based linkage map of the turkey genome reveals multiple intrachromosomal rearrangements between the turkey and chicken genomes
    Muhammad L Aslam
    Animal Breeding and Genomics Centre, Wageningen University, 6709PG, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    BMC Genomics 11:647. 2010
    ..Comparative genomics with chicken provides insight into mechanisms of genome evolution and helps in identifying rare genomic events such as genomic rearrangements and duplications/deletions...
  12. ncbi Comparison of in vitro replication features of H7N3 influenza viruses from wild ducks and turkeys: potential implications for interspecies transmission
    Simone Giannecchini
    Virology Unit, Department of Public Health, University of Florence, Firenze, Italy
    J Gen Virol 87:171-5. 2006
    ....
  13. ncbi Experimental pathogenesis for chickens, turkeys, and pigeons of exotic Newcastle disease virus from an outbreak in California during 2002-2003
    N Wakamatsu
    Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, 501 D W Brooks Drive, Athens, GA 30602 7388, USA
    Vet Pathol 43:925-33. 2006
    ..inoculated into 4-week-old specific-pathogen-free (SPF) White Leghorn chickens, 3-week-old SPF Beltsville White turkeys, 6-week-old commercial Broad Breasted White turkeys, and 10- to 20-week-old racing pigeons, and the ..
  14. ncbi Contamination of retail foods, particularly turkey, from community markets (Minnesota, 1999-2000) with antimicrobial-resistant and extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli
    James R Johnson
    Mucosal and Vaccine Research Center, Minneapolis VA Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55417, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 2:38-49. 2005
    ....
  15. ncbi Changes in the haemagglutinin and the neuraminidase genes prior to the emergence of highly pathogenic H7N1 avian influenza viruses in Italy
    J Banks
    Avian Virology, VLA Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey, UK
    Arch Virol 146:963-73. 2001
    ..e. domestic poultry...
  16. ncbi Effects of litter quality (moisture, ammonia, uric acid) on development and severity of foot pad dermatitis in growing turkeys
    I M I Youssef
    Institute of Animal Nutrition, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover Foundation, Hannover, Germany
    Avian Dis 55:51-8. 2011
    ..This study was conducted on female turkeys over a period of 3 wk to test the effects of water alone, and also of these end products of protein metabolism, ..
  17. ncbi Potential of low pathogenicity avian influenza viruses of wild bird origin to establish experimental infections in turkeys and chickens
    B S Ladman
    Avian Biosciences Center, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 2150, USA
    Avian Dis 54:1091-4. 2010
    ..pathogenicity (LP) avian influenza virus (AIV) isolates of wild bird origin to establish infection in commercial turkeys and broiler chickens was studied...
  18. ncbi Dietary butylated hydroxytoluene protects against aflatoxicosis in Turkeys
    Patrick J Klein
    Department of Veterinary Scieces and Graduate Program in Toxicology, Utah State University, Lagan, Utah 84322 4620, USA
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 182:11-9. 2002
    b>Turkeys are among the most sensitive species to the toxic effects of the mycotoxin aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1))...
  19. ncbi Effects of feedborne fusarium mycotoxins on brain regional neurochemistry of turkeys
    C K Girish
    Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Poult Sci 87:1295-302. 2008
    ..the effects of feeding grains naturally contaminated with Fusarium mycotoxins on brain regional neurochemistry of turkeys. The possible preventative effect of a poly-meric glucomannan mycotoxin adsorbent (GMA) was also determined...
  20. ncbi Biochemical factors underlying the age-related sensitivity of turkeys to aflatoxin B(1)
    Patrick J Klein
    Department of Veterinary Sciences, and Graduate Program in Toxicology, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322 4620, USA
    Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 132:193-201. 2002
    ..susceptibility, various enzyme activities relevant to AFB(1) were measured in liver microsomes prepared from male turkeys 9, 41 and 65 days of age...
  21. ncbi The effects of behavior and environmental enrichment on disease resistance of turkeys
    G R Huff
    USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Poultry Production and Product Safety Research, Poultry Science Center, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
    Brain Behav Immun 17:339-49. 2003
    ....
  22. ncbi Detection and characterization of pCT-like plasmid vectors for blaCTX-M-14 in Escherichia coli isolates from humans, turkeys and cattle in England and Wales
    M O Stokes
    Department of Bacteriology, Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Addlestone, UK
    J Antimicrob Chemother 67:1639-44. 2012
    ..To detect and characterize Escherichia coli strains and pCT-like plasmids implicated in the dissemination of the CTX-M-14 gene in animals and humans, in England and Wales...
  23. pmc Antimicrobial susceptibility profiles and strain type diversity of Campylobacter jejuni isolates from turkeys in eastern North Carolina
    Weimin Gu
    North Carolina State University, Department of Food Science, Raleigh, NC 27695 7624, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:474-82. 2009
    ..jejuni is one of the most common bacterial causes of human gastroenteritis, and recent findings suggest that turkeys are an important reservoir for this organism. In this study, 80 C...
  24. ncbi Species-specific deletion of the viral attachment glycoprotein of avian metapneumovirus
    Byung Whi Kong
    Department of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
    Virus Res 132:114-21. 2008
    ..The lack of viral gene deletions suggests that avian cell propagated AMPV will provide a better alternative host for live recombinant vaccine development based on a reverse genetics system...
  25. ncbi Structure, genetic mapping, and function of the cytochrome P450 3A37 gene in the turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)
    S Rawal
    Graduate Toxicology Program and Department of Veterinary Sciences, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322, USA
    Cytogenet Genome Res 125:67-73. 2009
    ..Previous studies in our laboratory have shown that the extreme sensitivity of turkeys to AFB1 is in part explained by efficient hepatic P450-mediated epoxidation to the toxic and reactive metabolite ..
  26. ncbi Generation and biological assessment of recombinant avian metapneumovirus subgroup C (aMPV-C) viruses containing different length of the G gene
    Qingzhong Yu
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, 934 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Virus Res 147:182-8. 2010
    ..properties of these two recombinant G variants were assessed in Vero cells and in specific-pathogen-free (SPF) turkeys. In Vero cells, the short G variant displayed a similar level of growth dynamics and virus titers as the parental ..
  27. ncbi Phylogenetic position of the trichomonad parasite of turkeys, Histomonas meleagridis (Smith) Tyzzer, inferred from small subunit rRNA sequence
    D Gerbod
    Institut Pasteur de Lille, , France
    J Eukaryot Microbiol 48:498-504. 2001
    ..A global phylogeny of parabasalids revealed significant discrepancies with morphology-based classifications, such as the polyphyly of most of the parabasalid families and classes included in our study...
  28. ncbi Functional characterization of alpha-class glutathione s-transferases from the Turkey (meleagris gallopavo)
    Ji Eun Kim
    Graduate Toxicology Program, Department of Veterinary Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Utah State University, Logan, Utah, 84322 4620
    Toxicol Sci 124:45-53. 2011
    ..In most animals, GST dysfunction is a risk factor for susceptibility toward AFB₁, and we have shown that turkeys lack GSTs with affinity toward the carcinogenic intermediate exo-aflatoxin B(1)-8-9-epoxide (AFBO)...
  29. ncbi Gonadal development and growth of chickens and turkeys hatched from eggs injected with an aromatase inhibitor
    W H Burke
    Department of Poultry Science, The University of Georgia, Athens 30602 2772, USA
    Poult Sci 78:1019-33. 1999
    ..of these experiments to describe gonadal development and posthatching growth of genetic female chickens and turkeys following in ovo injection of the aromatase inhibitor Fadrazole (CGS 16949A) prior to incubation...
  30. ncbi Characterization of T-cell lymphomas associated with an outbreak of reticuloendotheliosis in turkeys
    Rocio Crespo
    California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, University of California Davis, Fresno Branch, 2789 South Orange Avenue, Fresno, CA 93725, USA
    Avian Pathol 31:355-61. 2002
    ..Furthermore, this is the first time that lymphomas have been characterized as T helper cells (CD3+ CD4+ and CD8-) in an outbreak of REV in turkeys.
  31. ncbi Evidence of avian pneumovirus spread beyond Minnesota among wild and domestic birds in central North America
    R S Bennett
    Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, University of Minnesota, 1971 Commonwealth Avenue, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Avian Dis 48:902-8. 2004
    To detect avian pneumovirus (APV) in central North America, nasal turbinates or choanal deft tissues from domestic turkeys and wild birds were examined for the presence of APV RNA by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-..
  32. pmc Purification and characterization of the first recombinant bird pancreatic lipase expressed in Pichia pastoris: the turkey
    Madiha Bou Ali
    Laboratoire de Biochimie et de Genie Enzymatique des Lipases, ENIS route de Soukra, BP1173, University of Sfax, 3038 Sfax, Tunisia
    Lipids Health Dis 10:24. 2011
    ..The aim of the present study was to express TPL in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris in order to get a large amount of this enzyme exhibiting interesting biochemical properties, to purify and characterize the recombinant enzyme...
  33. ncbi High litter moisture alone is sufficient to cause footpad dermatitis in growing turkeys
    R K Mayne
    Division of Genetics and Genomics, Midlothian, Scotland
    Br Poult Sci 48:538-45. 2007
    ..of litter moisture, excreta and alternative bedding materials on the development of footpad dermatitis in growing turkeys. 2...
  34. ncbi Defining the turkey MHC: sequence and genes of the B locus
    Lee D Chaves
    Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    J Immunol 183:6530-7. 2009
    ..The relative size and high level of similarity of the turkey MHC in relation to that of the chicken suggest that similar associations with disease susceptibility and resistance may also be found in turkey...
  35. ncbi Pathogenesis of avian pneumovirus infection in turkeys
    F F Jirjis
    Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St Paul 55108, USA
    Vet Pathol 39:300-10. 2002
    Avian pneumovirus (APV) is the cause of a respiratory disease of turkeys characterized by coughing, ocular and nasal discharge, and swelling of the infraorbital sinuses. Sixty turkey poults were reared in isolation conditions...
  36. pmc Chicken interferon alpha pretreatment reduces virus replication of pandemic H1N1 and H5N9 avian influenza viruses in lung cell cultures from different avian species
    Haijun Jiang
    Key Laboratory of Zoonosis of Ministry of Agriculture, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing, People s Republic of China
    Virol J 8:447. 2011
    ..However, the mechanisms by which interferon inhibit virus replication in avian species remains unknown as does the biological activity of chicken interferon in other avian species...
  37. ncbi Infection dynamics of highly pathogenic avian influenza and virulent avian paramyxovirus type 1 viruses in chickens, turkeys and ducks
    E W Aldous
    Virology Department, Surrey, UK
    Avian Pathol 39:265-73. 2010
    A range of virus doses were used to infect 3-week-old chickens, turkeys and ducks intranasally/intraocularly, and infection was confirmed by the detection of virus shedding from the buccal or cloacal route by analysis of swabs collected ..
  38. ncbi High-prevalence Borrelia miyamotoi infection among [corrected] wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) in Tennessee
    M C Scott
    Center for Wildlife Health, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
    J Med Entomol 47:1238-42. 2010
    During spring and fall 2009, 60 wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) harvested by Tennessee hunters were surveyed for Borrelia spp. by sampling their blood, tissue, and attached ticks...
  39. ncbi Lutein supplementation alters inflammatory cytokine production and antioxidant status in F-line turkeys
    R Shanmugasundaram
    Department of Animal Sciences, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Wooster, OH, USA
    Poult Sci 90:971-6. 2011
    ..At 50 d of dietary lutein supplementation, turkeys were injected or not injected with LPS...
  40. pmc Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in breeding turkeys, Valparaiso, Chile
    Christian Mathieu
    Servicio Agricola y Ganadero, Santiago, Chile
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:709-11. 2010
    Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus was detected in breeding turkeys on 2 farms in Valparaiso, Chile. Infection was associated with measurable declines in egg production and shell quality...
  41. pmc A quantitative collagen fibers orientation assessment using birefringence measurements: calibration and application to human osteons
    Ewa M Spiesz
    Institute of Lightweight Design and Structural Biomechanics, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
    J Struct Biol 176:302-6. 2011
    ..This approach may improve our understanding of the fibrillar structure of bone and its implications on mechanical properties...
  42. ncbi Identification and phylogenetic diversity of parvovirus circulating in commercial chicken and turkey flocks in Croatia
    M Bidin
    Department of Poultry Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Heinzelova 55, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
    Avian Dis 55:693-6. 2011
    ..Natural parvovirus infection was more frequently detected in chickens than in turkeys examined in this study...
  43. ncbi Molecular and antigenic characterization of triple-reassortant H3N2 swine influenza viruses isolated from pigs, turkey and quail in Canada
    C Nfon
    National Centers for Animal Disease, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
    Transbound Emerg Dis 58:394-401. 2011
    In 2005, triple-reassortant H3N2 (trH3N2) influenza A viruses were isolated from swine and turkeys in Canada. Subsequently, these viruses were isolated from humans and mink in 2006 and 2007, respectively...
  44. pmc Ancient mitochondrial DNA analysis reveals complexity of indigenous North American turkey domestication
    Camilla F Speller
    Ancient DNA Laboratory, Department of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:2807-12. 2010
    ..A strong genetic bottleneck within the Southwest turkeys also reflects intensive human selection and breeding...
  45. ncbi Localization of astrovirus in experimentally infected turkeys as determined by in situ hybridization
    E Behling-Kelly
    Vet Pathol 39:595-8. 2002
    Twenty-one 3-day-old turkey poults from British United Turkeys of America were orally inoculated with a recently characterized astrovirus, TAstV-2, isolated from turkeys with poult enteritis and mortality syndrome...
  46. ncbi Metabolism of aflatoxin B1 in turkey liver microsomes: the relative roles of cytochromes P450 1A5 and 3A37
    Sumit Rawal
    Graduate Toxicology Program, and Department of Veterinary Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322, USA
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 254:349-54. 2011
    The extreme sensitivity of turkeys to aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)) is associated with efficient epoxidation by hepatic cytochromes P450 (P450) 1A5 and 3A37 to exo-aflatoxin B(1)-8,9-epoxide (exo-AFBO)...
  47. ncbi Synchrotron diffraction study of deformation mechanisms in mineralized tendon
    H S Gupta
    Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Department of Biomaterials, 14424 Potsdam, Germany
    Phys Rev Lett 93:158101. 2004
    ..Scanning electron microscopy measurements lead us to conclude that the inhomogeneous mineralization in mineralized tendon is at the origin of the high fracture strain...
  48. ncbi Molecular analysis of the relatedness of five domesticated turkey strains
    Edward J Smith
    Comparative Genomics Lab, Department of Animal and Poultry Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 0306, USA
    Biochem Genet 43:35-47. 2005
    ..These data provide, for the first time, molecular evidence of the potential relationships among noncommercial domesticated turkey strains...
  49. pmc Transmission dynamics of low pathogenicity avian influenza infections in Turkey flocks
    Arianna Comin
    Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Legnaro, PD, Italy
    PLoS ONE 6:e26935. 2011
    ..We estimated the transmission dynamics of LPAI viruses in turkeys using serosurveillance data from past epidemics in Italy...
  50. pmc Structural insights into conformational stability of wild-type and mutant beta1-adrenergic receptor
    Gouthaman S Balaraman
    Division of Immunology, Beckman Research Institute of the City of Hope, Duarte, California, USA
    Biophys J 99:568-77. 2010
    ..Results from this work throw light into the mechanism behind stabilizing mutations. The computational scheme proposed in this work could be used to design stabilizing mutations for other G-protein coupled receptors...
  51. pmc Conventional inactivated bivalent H5/H7 vaccine prevents viral localization in muscles of turkeys infected experimentally with low pathogenic avian influenza and highly pathogenic avian influenza H7N1 isolates
    Anna Toffan
    OIE, FAO and National Reference Laboratory for Avian Influenza and Newcastle Disease, OIE Collaborating Centre for Epidemiology, Training and Control of Emerging Avian Diseases, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Legnaro, Padova, Italy
    Avian Pathol 37:407-12. 2008
    ..viruses to cause viraemia or on the presence of avian influenza viruses in general in the muscles of infected turkeys. The aim of the present study was to determine the ability of LPAI and HPAI H7N1 viruses to reach muscle tissues ..
  52. ncbi The high susceptibility of turkeys to influenza viruses of different origins implies their importance as potential intermediate hosts
    S P S Pillai
    Food Animal Health Research Program, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Wooster 44691, USA
    Avian Dis 54:522-6. 2010
    ..reports and our studies show that waterfowl-origin influenza viruses can be more easily transmitted to domestic turkeys than chickens...
  53. ncbi Prevalence of Escherichia coli carrying extended-spectrum β-lactamases (CTX-M and TEM-52) from broiler chickens and turkeys in Great Britain between 2006 and 2009
    L P Randall
    Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
    J Antimicrob Chemother 66:86-95. 2011
    ..to determine the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) in Escherichia coli from poultry in Great Britain (GB)...
  54. ncbi Low-pathogenicity H7N2 avian influenza outbreak in Virgnia during 2002
    B L Akey
    Office of Laboratory Services, Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Richmond, VA 23219, USA
    Avian Dis 47:1099-103. 2003
    ..The successful eradication of this outbreak was the result of the efforts of a highly effective task force of industry, state, and federal personnel...
  55. pmc Experimental avian paramyxovirus serotype-3 infection in chickens and turkeys
    Sachin Kumar
    Virginia Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Vet Res 41:72. 2010
    ..and Wisconsin, in (i) 9-day-old embryonated chicken eggs, (ii) 1-day-old specific pathogen free (SPF) chicks and turkeys, and (iii) 2-week-old SPF chickens and turkeys...
  56. ncbi Pale, soft, exudative turkey--The role of ryanodine receptor variation in meat quality
    G M Strasburg
    Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
    Poult Sci 88:1497-505. 2009
    ..made significant advances in growth rate, feed efficiency, and breast muscle yield through intensive breeding of turkeys. However, a meat quality problem known as pale, soft, exudative (PSE) meat presents the industry with a major ..
  57. pmc Pathogenesis of two strains of avian paramyxovirus serotype 2, Yucaipa and Bangor, in chickens and turkeys
    Madhuri Subbiah
    Virginia Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maryland, 8075 Greenmead Drive, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Avian Dis 54:1050-7. 2010
    ..9-day-old embryonated chicken eggs, 1-day-old specific-pathogen-free (SPF) chicks, and 4-wk-old SPF chickens and turkeys. The mean death time in 9-day-old embryonated chicken eggs was more than 168 hr for both strains, and their ..
  58. ncbi Development of antigen-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and RT-PCR for detection of turkey astroviruses
    Y Tang
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang, 330045, PR China
    Avian Dis 49:182-8. 2005
    ..4%, which was 25% higher than that of EM. Both RT-PCRs showed good specificity and wider detection spectrum compared with earlier published data...
  59. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of Turkey astroviruses reveals evidence of recombination
    Mary J Pantin-Jackwood
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Agriculture Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Virus Genes 32:187-92. 2006
    ..Based on differing topologies of the capsid and polymerase gene phylogenetic trees, TAstV appears to undergo recombination...
  60. ncbi Kin selection and cooperative courtship in wild turkeys
    Alan H Krakauer
    Department of Integrative Biology and Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 3160, USA
    Nature 434:69-72. 2005
    ..and reproductive success, that kin selection can explain the evolution of cooperative courtship in wild turkeys. Subordinate (helper) males do not themselves reproduce, but their indirect fitness as calculated by Hamilton's ..
  61. ncbi Biologic characterization of H4, H6, and H9 type low pathogenicity avian influenza viruses from wild birds in chickens and turkeys
    Antonio C Morales
    Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, 953 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Avian Dis 53:552-62. 2009
    The pathogenesis, virus shedding, and serologic response in specific-pathogen-free (SPF) chickens and commercial turkeys against H4, H6, and H9 type low pathogenic avian influenza viruses (LPAI) from wild birds was examined...
  62. ncbi Enteric viruses detected by molecular methods in commercial chicken and turkey flocks in the United States between 2005 and 2006
    Mary J Pantin-Jackwood
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Avian Dis 52:235-44. 2008
    ..Coronaviruses were detected in the intestinal contents of chickens, but not turkeys. Adenoviruses were not detected in any chicken or turkeys flocks...
  63. ncbi Haplotype variation, recombination, and gene conversion within the turkey MHC-B locus
    Lee D Chaves
    Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine, National Jewish Health, 1400 Jackson Street, Denver, CO 80206, USA
    Immunogenetics 62:465-77. 2010
    ..Results of this study demonstrate the MHC diversity available in commercial flocks and provide genomic resources for studying the effect of this diversity (alleles and/or haplotypes) on disease susceptibility and resistance...
  64. ncbi Development of a polymerase chain reaction procedure for detection of chicken and turkey parvoviruses
    Laszlo Zsak
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Avian Dis 53:83-8. 2009
    ..These findings suggest that the chicken and turkey parvoviruses might have diverged from a common ancestor and have subsequently undergone host-specific adaptation...
  65. pmc Prevalence of Campylobacter spp., Escherichia coli, and Salmonella serovars in retail chicken, turkey, pork, and beef from the Greater Washington, D.C., area
    C Zhao
    Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 67:5431-6. 2001
    ..Raw retail meats are potential vehicles for transmitting food-borne diseases, and our findings stress the need for increased implementation of hazard analysis of critical control point (HACCP) and consumer food safety education efforts...
  66. ncbi Avian astroviruses
    Matthew D Koci
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, USDA ARS, 934 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Avian Pathol 31:213-27. 2002
    ..A nomenclature for astroviruses is also proposed, based on: host species-astrovirus-type number/country(state)/reference number/year of isolation. For example, turkey astrovirus 2/North Carolina/034/1999...
  67. ncbi Molecular characterization of pandemic H1N1 influenza viruses isolated from turkeys and pathogenicity of a human pH1N1 isolate in turkeys
    Yohannes Berhane
    Canadian Food Inspection Agency, National Centre for Foreign Animal Disease, 1015 Arlington Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3E 3M4
    Avian Dis 54:1275-85. 2010
    ..pandemic H1N1 (pH1N1) virus has been reported in several animal species, including pigs, dogs, cats, ferrets, and turkeys. In this study we describe the genetic characterization of pH1N1 viruses isolated from breeder turkeys that was ..
  68. ncbi Identification and antimicrobial resistance of extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli from retail meats
    Xiaodong Xia
    Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
    J Food Prot 74:38-44. 2011
    ..coli recovered from retail meats, especially those from chicken and turkey products. These findings indicate a need to better understand the role of certain meat types as potential sources of human ExPEC infection...
  69. pmc Large scale single nucleotide polymorphism discovery in unsequenced genomes using second generation high throughput sequencing technology: applied to turkey
    Hindrik H D Kerstens
    Animal Breeding and Genomics Center, Wageningen University, Marijkeweg 40, Wageningen, 6709 PG, The Netherlands
    BMC Genomics 10:479. 2009
    ..To illustrate the potential of this technique, we present the results obtained with a randomly sheared, enzymatically generated, 2-3 kbp genome fraction of six pooled Meleagris gallopavo (turkey) individuals...
  70. ncbi A multiplex RT-PCR test for the differential identification of turkey astrovirus type 1, turkey astrovirus type 2, chicken astrovirus, avian nephritis virus, and avian rotavirus
    J Michael Day
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, USDA, ARS, 934 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Avian Dis 51:681-4. 2007
    ..The specificity was further shown by testing 109 chicken specimens and 32 turkey specimens from commercial flocks with the appropriate test and sequencing the RT-PCR amplicons to confirm amplification of the correct target...
  71. ncbi Partial genome sequence analysis of parvoviruses associated with enteric disease in poultry
    L Zsak
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, USDA ARS, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Avian Pathol 37:435-41. 2008
    Poult enteritis mortality syndrome (PEMS) of turkeys and runting-stunting syndrome (RSS) of chickens are significant viral enteric diseases of poultry...
  72. ncbi Cloning and molecular modelling of turkey pancreatic lipase: structural explanation of the increased interaction power with lipidic interface
    A Fendri
    Laboratoire de Biochimie et de Genie Enzymatique des Lipases, ENIS route de Soukra, BPW 3038 Sfax, Tunisia
    Biochimie 88:1401-7. 2006
    ..We concluded that an increase in the exposed hydrophobic residues on the surface of TPL would be responsible for an enhanced interaction with a lipidic interface...
  73. ncbi Emergence of a group 3 coronavirus through recombination
    Mark W Jackwood
    Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, 953 College Station Road, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Virology 398:98-108. 2010
    ..Following emergence in turkeys, TCoV diverged to different serotypes through the accumulation of mutations within spike...
  74. ncbi Back-calculation method shows that within-flock transmission of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H7N7) virus in the Netherlands is not influenced by housing risk factors
    Marian E H Bos
    Department of Farm Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 7, 3584 CL Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Prev Vet Med 88:278-85. 2009
    ..In contrast to general belief, none of the studied risk factors (housing system, flock size, species, age of the birds in weeks and date of depopulation) had significant influence on the estimated beta...
  75. ncbi Rapid growth problems: ascites and skeletal deformities in broilers
    R J Julian
    Department of Pathology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Canada
    Poult Sci 77:1773-80. 1998
    ..turkey cardiomyopathy (round heart), and cardiomyopathy causing sudden death produce high mortality in turkeys. Rapid growth induced by high nutrient intake alone can cause severe lameness, bone defects, and deformity, as ..
  76. pmc Clonal population structure and specific genotypes of multidrug-resistant Campylobacter coli from Turkeys
    C B D'Lima
    North Carolina State University, Department of Food Science, Campus Box 2764, Raleigh, NC 27695 2764
    Appl Environ Microbiol 73:2156-64. 2007
    ..However, the population structure of MDR C. coli from turkeys remains poorly characterized...
  77. ncbi Cortical bone composition and orientation as a function of animal and tissue age in mice by Raman spectroscopy
    Sonja Gamsjaeger
    Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Osteology at the Hanusch Hospital of WGKK and AUVA Trauma Centre Meidling, 4th Medical Department, Hanusch Hospital, Vienna, Austria
    Bone 47:392-9. 2010
    ....
  78. ncbi Within-flock transmission of H7N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in turkeys during the Italian epidemic in 1999-2000
    Marian E H Bos
    Department of Farm Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 7, 3584 CL, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Prev Vet Med 95:297-300. 2010
    ..The estimated beta for HPAI H7N1 virus transmission in turkeys was 1.43 (95% CI: 1.17-1.74)...
  79. pmc Susceptibility of turkeys to pandemic-H1N1 virus by reproductive tract insemination
    Mary Pantin-Jackwood
    Exotic and Emerging Avian Viral Diseases Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Athens, Georgia 30605 USA
    Virol J 7:27. 2010
    ..respiratory diseases in April 2009 in Mexico, in swine in Canada in June, 2009 with respiratory disease, and in turkeys in Chile in June 2009 with a severe drop in egg production...
  80. ncbi Pathobiological characterization of low-pathogenicity H5 avian influenza viruses of diverse origins in chickens, ducks and turkeys
    S P S Pillai
    Food Animal Health Research Program, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, The Ohio State University, 1680 Madison Avenue, Wooster, OH 44691, USA
    Arch Virol 155:1439-51. 2010
    ..and intraspecies transmission characteristics of low-pathogenicity avian influenza viruses in ducks, chickens and turkeys. Our results indicated that most of these isolates could replicate and be transmitted in poultry without inducing ..
  81. ncbi Vaccine-induced protection from egg production losses in commercial turkey breeder hens following experimental challenge with a triple-reassortant H3N2 avian influenza virus
    Darrell R Kapczynski
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, 934 College Station Road, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    Avian Dis 53:7-15. 2009
    ..This viral subtype was subsequently isolated from both turkeys and swine in Ohio in 2004, and in Minnesota in 2005, and was responsible for significant losses in turkey ..
  82. pmc H7N3 avian influenza virus found in a South American wild duck is related to the Chilean 2002 poultry outbreak, contains genes from equine and North American wild bird lineages, and is adapted to domestic turkeys
    Erica Spackman
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, US Department of Agriculture ARS, 934 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    J Virol 80:7760-4. 2006
    ..The HA protein cleavage site and the results of pathogenesis studies in chickens were consistent with a low-pathogenicity virus, and the infective dose was 10(5) times higher for chickens than turkeys.
  83. ncbi Molecular characterization and typing of chicken and turkey astroviruses circulating in the United States: implications for diagnostics
    Mary J Pantin-Jackwood
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 934 College Station Rd, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    Avian Dis 50:397-404. 2006
    ..reverse transcriptase and polymerase chain reaction in intestinal contents collected from commercial chickens and turkeys from throughout the United States from 2003 through 2005...
  84. ncbi Appearance of serum antibodies against the avian influenza nonstructural 1 protein in experimentally infected chickens and turkeys
    William G Dundon
    OIE, FAO and National Reference Laboratory for Newcastle Disease and Avian Influenza, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Italy
    Avian Dis 51:209-12. 2007
    ..Following experimental infection of turkeys, antibodies to a peptide spanning the c-terminal of the NS1 protein were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent ..
  85. ncbi Cross-species overgo hybridization and comparative physical mapping within avian genomes
    M N Romanov
    Genetics Division, Conservation and Research for Endangered Species, Zoological Society of San Diego, Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center for Conservation Research, 15600 San Pasqual Valley Road, Escondido, CA 92027 7000, USA
    Anim Genet 37:397-9. 2006
    ..These data contribute to the comparative alignment of avian genome maps using a 'one sequence, multiple genomes' strategy...
  86. ncbi Respiratory infection of turkeys with Listeria monocytogenes Scott A
    G R Huff
    USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Poultry Production and Product Safety Research, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701, USA
    Avian Dis 49:551-7. 2005
    ..These results suggest that L. monocytogenes Scott A colonization of turkey knee synovial tissue can initiate in day-of-age poults and that L. monocytogenes Scott A can be invasive through air sac infection...
  87. ncbi Sialic acid uptake is necessary for virulence of Pasteurella multocida in turkeys
    Fred M Tatum
    US Department of Agriculture, Respiratory Diseases of Livestock Unit, National Animal Disease Center, Agricultural Research Service, Ames, IA 50010, USA
    Microb Pathog 46:337-44. 2009
    ..were constructed, characterized, and an in-frame sialic acid uptake deletion mutant was assessed for virulence in turkeys. Inactivation of sialic acid uptake resulted in a high degree of attenuation when turkeys were challenged either ..
  88. ncbi Reproductive period affects lipid composition and quality of fresh and stored spermatozoa in Turkeys
    V Douard
    Station de Recherches Avicoles, INRA, F 37380 Nouzilly, France
    Theriogenology 59:753-64. 2003
    Semen of Turkeys between 31 and 52 weeks of age was analyzed to investigate the cause of reduction in Turkey fertility at the end of the reproductive period...
  89. pmc Quantifying transmission of highly pathogenic and low pathogenicity H7N1 avian influenza in turkeys
    Roberto A Saenz
    Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e45059. 2012
    ..This study investigates the transmission dynamics in turkeys of representative HPAI and LPAI H7N1 virus strains from this outbreak in an experimental setting, allowing direct ..
  90. ncbi Genetic variation at the MHC in a population of introduced wild turkeys
    Miranda M Bauer
    Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN, USA
    Anim Biotechnol 24:210-28. 2013
    ..This study was designed to examine MHC diversity in a group of Eastern wild turkeys ( Meleagris gallopavo silvestris ) collected during population expansion following reintroduction of the species ..
  91. ncbi Succession in the intestinal microbiota of preadolescent turkeys
    Alexandra J Scupham
    Pre Harvest Food Safety and Enteric Diseases Research Unit, National Animal Disease Center, US Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, Ames, IA 50010, USA
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol 60:136-47. 2007
    ..hybridizations of Clostridiaceae were used to identify trends in microbial colonization of the ceca of male turkeys. Two separate trials were performed with six and five birds, respectively...
  92. ncbi Pathogenic and immunosuppressive effects of avian pneumovirus in turkeys
    Parag Chary
    Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St Paul 55108, USA
    Avian Dis 46:153-61. 2002
    Avian pneumovirus (APV) causes a respiratory disease in turkeys. The virus has been associated with morbidity and mortality due to secondary infections...
  93. ncbi Influence of a dried Bacillus subtilis culture and antibiotics on performance and intestinal microflora in turkeys
    S Jiraphocakul
    Department of Animal Science, University of Nebraska, Lincoln 68583 0908
    Poult Sci 69:1966-73. 1990
    Two experiments, each involving a 3 x 2 factorial design, were conducted with Large White Nicholas turkeys. The first experiment involved three antibiotic treatments: an unmedicated control diet, the diet plus 44 ppm of penicillin-..
  94. pmc Characterization of an H3N2 triple reassortant influenza virus with a mutation at the receptor binding domain (D190A) that occurred upon virus transmission from turkeys to pigs
    Hadi M Yassine
    Food Animal Health Research Program, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, The Ohio State University, 1680 Madison Ave, Wooster, OH 44691, USA
    Virol J 7:258. 2010
    ..with a mutation at the receptor binding domain (Asp190Ala) that occurred upon virus transmission from turkeys to pigs in an experimental infection study...
  95. ncbi Mycoplasma iowae associated with chondrodystrophy in commercial turkeys
    David H Ley
    Department of Population Health and Pathobiology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, USA
    Avian Pathol 39:87-93. 2010
    ..with chondrodystrophy, characterized by leg and vertebral deformities, occurring at very low incidences in turkeys from two primary breeds and various multiplier breeder flocks...
  96. pmc Development of a nucleoprotein-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using a synthetic peptide antigen for detection of avian metapneumovirus antibodies in Turkey sera
    Rene Alvarez
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 11:245-9. 2004
    ..aMPV) cause an upper respiratory tract disease with low mortality but high morbidity, primarily in commercial turkeys, that can be exacerbated by secondary infections...
  97. ncbi Common occurrence of zoonotic pathogen Cryptosporidium meleagridis in broiler chickens and turkeys in Algeria
    Djamel Baroudi
    Ecole Nationale Supérieure Vétérinaire, BP 161, El Harrach, Algiers, Algeria
    Vet Parasitol 196:334-40. 2013
    ..of the small subunit (SSU) rRNA gene, we examined the ileum of 90 dead chickens from 23 farms and 57 dead turkeys from 16 farms in Algeria for Cryptosporidium spp. C...
  98. pmc The genetic parameters of feed efficiency and its component traits in the turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)
    Lindsay A Case
    Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada
    Genet Sel Evol 44:2. 2012
    ..investigate feed efficiency in the turkey, feed intake and weight gain were measured on male primary breeder line turkeys housed in individual feeding cages from 15 to 19 weeks of age...
  99. pmc Whole genome QTL mapping for growth, meat quality and breast meat yield traits in turkey
    Muhammad L Aslam
    Animal Breeding and Genomics Centre, Wageningen University, 6709PG, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    BMC Genet 12:61. 2011
    ..The use of these molecular markers for the identification of quantitative trait loci, and subsequently fine-mapping of quantitative trait loci regions, allows for pinpointing of genes that underlie such economically important traits...
  100. ncbi Analysis of influenza A viruses of subtype H1 from wild birds, turkeys and pigs in Germany reveals interspecies transmission events
    Elke Starick
    Friedrich Loeffler Institut, Greifswald Insel Riems, Germany
    Influenza Other Respir Viruses 5:276-84. 2011
    ..In particular, viruses of the subtypes H1 and H3 were transmitted between pigs and poultry, predominantly turkeys, in regions with a high population density of both species...
  101. ncbi Influence of mineralization and microporosity on tissue elasticity: experimental and numerical investigation on mineralized turkey leg tendons
    Ewa M Spiesz
    Institute of Lightweight Design and Structural Biomechanics, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
    Calcif Tissue Int 90:319-29. 2012
    ..Stiffness, measured by microindentation, was also different in the two zones. The mean field method of modeling of mineralized collagen fibers was employed to explain the differences...

Research Grants43

  1. The 6th International Bone Fluid Flow Workshop
    Yi Xian Qin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Cellular and Molecular Response to Fluid Flow Stimulation 4. The role of fluid flow in tissue engineering 5. Physiological mechanism and clinical implications of bone fluid flow. ..
  2. Case-Cohort Study of Cancers in Excess in Poultry Workers
    Eric S Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Eric, S Certain retroviruses and herpesvirus naturally and commonly infect and cause cancer in chickens and turkeys. These viruses include some of the most potent cancer-causing agents known in animals...
  3. Bordetella pathogenesis: an undergraduate research tool
    Louise M Temple; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In the proposed study, we will collect a number of new B. avium isolates from wild birds and commercial turkeys, as well as creating deletion mutants of specific genes predicted to be important in disease causation...
  4. CHARACTERIZATION OF BORDETELLA AVIUM ATTACHMENT FACTORS
    Louise Temple; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..model, Bordetella avium, causes a highly contagious respiratory disease in its avian hosts, primarily turkeys, with striking similarity to whooping cough in children, caused by B. pertussis...
  5. BLOOD COAGULATION AND HEMORRHAGIC DISEASE
    Jessica Lewis; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..include studies on opossum, elephants, porpoise, monkeys, bats, hedgehogs, goats, echidna, elasmobranchs and turkeys. Studies are completed and being prepared for publications on pigs, dogs, rats and cats...
  6. GENETIC ANALYSIS OF BORDETELLA AVIUM VIRULENCE
    Roy Curtiss; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..the mechanism by which Bordetella avium (previously classified as Alcaligenes faecalis) causes rhinotracheitis in turkeys and to establish the means by which genes encoding colonization and virulence antigens are regulated in vitro and ..
  7. A MICROCARRIER/CEF/MEDIA SYSTEM TO MAKE VIRAL VACCINES
    WILLIAM HILLEGAS; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..ProNectin F coated microcarriers and (2) trimethylamine core microcarriers for production of the herpesvirus of turkeys (Marek's disease) and compare (3) virus yields obtained with microcarrier-grown cells to yields obtained with ..
  8. MAREK'S DISEASE HERPES VIRUS ANTIGENS
    LELAND VELICER; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..and possible other antigens produced by cells infected either with MDHV or the vaccine virus, herpesvirus of turkeys (HVT), and to prepare high titered monospecific antisera against them...
  9. MINERAL-MATRIX RELATIONS IN CALCIFYING TISSUES
    WILLIAM LANDIS; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed study will focus on three model systems, the calcifying tendon from normal turkeys, long bone from exercised mice, and a tissue-engineered model of phalanges and small joints...
  10. Host range restriction of human influenza viruses
    Christopher Olsen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. COMBINATION CHEMOTHERAPY FOR PANDEMIC INFLUENZA
    Robert Webster; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  12. Colon and liver anticarcinogenicity by acetaminophen
    Gary Williams; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In addition, these experiments will provide support for the epidemiological observations of reduced cancer risk associated with the use of APAP. ..
  13. Augmentation of Peak Bone Mass
    TED GROSS; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. 3D Noninvasive Temperature Estimation with Ultrasound
    R Arthur; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  15. Noninvasive Temperature Estimation with Ultrasound
    R Arthur; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Because our approach exploits the inhomogeneities present in tissue, we believe that if it is successful in vitro; it holds promise for in vivo application. ..
  16. Bone Fluid Flow and its Regulatory Role in Adaptation
    Yi Xian Qin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. DISUSE INDUCED OSTEOCYTE HYPOXIA
    TED GROSS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Resistant E.coli in Humans and Poultry
    James Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Does the research address a current and compelling problem of antimicrobial resistance that is of high public health importance and for which research is needed? [yes]. ..
  19. DYNAMICS OF MUSCLE FORCE PRODUCTION DURING LOCOMOTION
    Thomas Roberts; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  20. P2T PURINERGIC RECEPTORS
    JOSE BOYER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This information should prove useful in the development of new biochemical and pharmacological tools with potential use in the treatment of coagulation-related diseases. ..
  21. Role of Musculo-Dynamics in Bone Fluid Flow, Circulation and Adaptation
    Yi Xian Qin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Ultrastructural osteoblastic features of cell and nuclei will be examined via histomorphometric analysis of cell area, nuclear area, cell number, cell and nuclei shapes, in which associated fluid components will be identified. ..
  22. Genome Mapping Resources for the Budgerigar
    Edward Smith; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. Evolution of BMP Genes 2 and 4 in Archosaurs
    CHRIS ORGAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Aim three is to elucidate the evolution of bmp2 and bmp4 coding regions. This project will be the first large scale examination of non-avian reptile genome structure and evolution. ..
  24. LYME DISEASE IN WESTERN USA: ECOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGY
    Robert Lane; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Development of this risk model, which culminates over 2 decades of intensive study, should contribute significantly to our knowledge of the landscape ecology and epidemiology of LD in this region. ..
  25. Genotypic and Phenotypic Analysis of West Nile virus, Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico
    Bradley Blitvich; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This information will help determine why there has not been an epidemic of WNV in the YP, and will identify risk factors associated with WNV disease. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Single Molecule Studies of Replication Origin in Metazoa
    Zhifeng Shao; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..When such methods are combined with other established techniques, we will be able to further unravel various molecular determinants and the fundamental principles of genomic replication that should also have practical implications. ..
  27. Cancer and Non-cancer Mortality in Meat Workers (1 RO1-OH 008687-01 A1 SOH)
    Eric Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Infectious disease is a NIOSH priority area. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. PROTEIN EXCHANGE TO STUDY MUSCLE FUNCTION AND DISEASE
    JOSEPH CHALOVICH; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Most importantly, the detailed mathematical analyses may allow us to predict specific interventions to limit the effects of these mutations in afflicted individuals. ..
  29. Low Temperature AFM/Freeze Fracture & Etch
    Zhifeng Shao; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These applications will provide the initial validation of the methodology, but at the same time, should also allow us to obtain critical information about these structures that have been difficult to study at the moment. ..
  30. Low Temperature AFM/Freeze Fracture & Etch
    Zhifeng Shao; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These applications will provide the initial validation of the methodology, but at the same time, should also allow us to obtain critical information about these structures that have been difficult to study at the moment. ..
  31. INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH PROGRAM FOR UNDERGRADUATES
    Clinton Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Indeed, it is hoped that the most successful of these students will enter our own graduate training programs in the biomedical sciences. ..
  32. Genomic Mapping of Replication Origins in Higher Eukaryotes by Okazaki Analysis
    Zhifeng Shao; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. Mechanisms of Adjuvant Stimulation
    TERRY CONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The toxins will be used as molecular tools to investigate the mechanisms that regulate adjuvant activity. We will engineer a new class of recombinant toxins to evaluate as potential mucosal vaccines. ..
  34. Acting Based Regulation of Smooth Muscle Contraction
    JOSEPH CHALOVICH; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Heavy emphasis will be placed on this activity and its reversal by Cacalmodulin. These studies will be conducted both in solution and in smooth muscle fiber systems. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  35. POSSIBLE OF ROLE OF AVIAN RETROVIRUSES IN HUMAN CANCER
    Eric Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The confirmed demonstration of ALSV pro-viral DNA in the genome of exposed tumor samples but not in that of control tumor samples, will provide definitive evidence incriminating ALSV in human carcinogenesis. ..
  36. Functional analysis of C. perfringens epsilon toxin
    J Songer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This information can be used to model the mode of action of ETX, and to define regions of the molecule that could be targeted for immunoprophylaxis and treatment. ..
  37. Symposium on Selenium in Biology and Medicine
    ROGER SUNDE; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The breath and depth of this meeting and its participants will help to better integrate this information, leading to additional advances and enhanced understanding of human health. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. Development of molecular biology-based assays for human selenium status
    ROGER SUNDE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. Population-based Surveillance for Zoonotic Influenza A
    Gregory Gray; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We are particularly well suited to conduct this work as we have extensive experience conducting both epidemiological and laboratory-based studies of respiratory pathogens. ..
  40. DIETARY OBESITY
    George Bray; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We now propose these well founded, important and exciting studies which will provide critical new insights into anatomical, physiological and molecular mechanisms by which high levels of dietary fat induce obesity. ..
  41. Human Metapneumovirus in High Risk Populations
    Gregory Gray; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These data will facilitate the development of more comprehensive epidemiological studies, and guide future intervention studies in reducing HMPV morbidity. ..