poultry

Summary

Top Publications

  1. pmc Recent human-to-poultry host jump, adaptation, and pandemic spread of Staphylococcus aureus
    Bethan V Lowder
    The Roslin Institute and Centre for Infectious Diseases, Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, Queens Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9YL, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:19545-50. 2009
  2. ncbi Human infections with the emerging avian influenza A H7N9 virus from wet market poultry: clinical analysis and characterisation of viral genome
    Yu Chen
    State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
    Lancet 381:1916-25. 2013
  3. ncbi Global patterns of influenza a virus in wild birds
    Bjorn Olsen
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Umea University, SE 90187 Umea, Sweden
    Science 312:384-8. 2006
  4. pmc Development of a real-time reverse transcriptase PCR assay for type A influenza virus and the avian H5 and H7 hemagglutinin subtypes
    Erica Spackman
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 40:3256-60. 2002
  5. ncbi Transmission of H7N7 avian influenza A virus to human beings during a large outbreak in commercial poultry farms in the Netherlands
    Marion Koopmans
    Diagnostic Laboratory for Infectious Diseases and Perinatal Screening, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, Netherlands
    Lancet 363:587-93. 2004
  6. ncbi An overview of the epidemiology of avian influenza
    Dennis J Alexander
    Virology Department, VLA Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey, UK
    Vaccine 25:5637-44. 2007
  7. ncbi Dutch patients, retail chicken meat and poultry share the same ESBL genes, plasmids and strains
    M A Leverstein-Van Hall
    Department of Medical Microbiology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Clin Microbiol Infect 17:873-80. 2011
  8. pmc Carcinogen metabolism genes, red meat and poultry intake, and colorectal cancer risk
    Jun Wang
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California, CA, USA
    Int J Cancer 130:1898-907. 2012
  9. pmc Risk factor modelling of the spatio-temporal patterns of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAIV) H5N1: a review
    Marius Gilbert
    Biological Control and Spatial Ecology, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Av FD Roosevelt 50, B 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol 3:173-83. 2012
  10. ncbi Spa type distribution in Staphylococcus aureus originating from pigs, cattle and poultry
    H Hasman
    Technical University of Denmark, National Food Institute, Bulowsvej 27, 1790 Copenhagen V, Denmark
    Vet Microbiol 141:326-31. 2010

Detail Information

Publications369 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Recent human-to-poultry host jump, adaptation, and pandemic spread of Staphylococcus aureus
    Bethan V Lowder
    The Roslin Institute and Centre for Infectious Diseases, Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, Queens Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9YL, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:19545-50. 2009
    ..In addition, S. aureus is a major cause of animal diseases including skeletal infections of poultry, which are a large economic burden on the global broiler chicken industry...
  2. ncbi Human infections with the emerging avian influenza A H7N9 virus from wet market poultry: clinical analysis and characterisation of viral genome
    Yu Chen
    State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
    Lancet 381:1916-25. 2013
    ..avian influenza A H7N9 virus emerged in eastern China in February, 2013, and has been associated with exposure to poultry. We report the clinical and microbiological features of patients infected with influenza A H7N9 virus and compare ..
  3. ncbi Global patterns of influenza a virus in wild birds
    Bjorn Olsen
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Umea University, SE 90187 Umea, Sweden
    Science 312:384-8. 2006
    ....
  4. pmc Development of a real-time reverse transcriptase PCR assay for type A influenza virus and the avian H5 and H7 hemagglutinin subtypes
    Erica Spackman
    Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 40:3256-60. 2002
    ..The remaining samples were positive with only one detection method. Overall the sensitivity and specificity of the H7- and H5-specific RRT-PCR were similar to those of VI and HI...
  5. ncbi Transmission of H7N7 avian influenza A virus to human beings during a large outbreak in commercial poultry farms in the Netherlands
    Marion Koopmans
    Diagnostic Laboratory for Infectious Diseases and Perinatal Screening, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, Netherlands
    Lancet 363:587-93. 2004
    ..of highly pathogenic avian influenza A virus subtype H7N7 started at the end of February, 2003, in commercial poultry farms in the Netherlands...
  6. ncbi An overview of the epidemiology of avian influenza
    Dennis J Alexander
    Virology Department, VLA Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey, UK
    Vaccine 25:5637-44. 2007
    ..Influenza A viruses infecting poultry can be divided into two groups...
  7. ncbi Dutch patients, retail chicken meat and poultry share the same ESBL genes, plasmids and strains
    M A Leverstein-Van Hall
    Department of Medical Microbiology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Clin Microbiol Infect 17:873-80. 2011
    ..Therefore, distribution of ESBL genes, plasmids and strain genotypes in Escherichia coli obtained from poultry and retail chicken meat in the Netherlands was determined and defined as 'poultry-associated' (PA)...
  8. pmc Carcinogen metabolism genes, red meat and poultry intake, and colorectal cancer risk
    Jun Wang
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California, CA, USA
    Int J Cancer 130:1898-907. 2012
    ..48-0.86; p = 0.003). We also found that GSTP1 Ile105Val might modify the association between intake of poultry cooked with high temperature methods and CRC risk (p = 0...
  9. pmc Risk factor modelling of the spatio-temporal patterns of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAIV) H5N1: a review
    Marius Gilbert
    Biological Control and Spatial Ecology, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Av FD Roosevelt 50, B 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol 3:173-83. 2012
    ..influenza virus (HPAIV) H5N1 continues to impact on smallholder livelihoods, to constrain development of the poultry production sector, and to cause occasional human fatalities...
  10. ncbi Spa type distribution in Staphylococcus aureus originating from pigs, cattle and poultry
    H Hasman
    Technical University of Denmark, National Food Institute, Bulowsvej 27, 1790 Copenhagen V, Denmark
    Vet Microbiol 141:326-31. 2010
    ..MRSA) of clonal complex 398 (CC398) is emerging globally among production animals such as cattle, pigs and poultry as well as among humans. However, little is known about the prevalence of CC398 among methicillin sensitive S...
  11. ncbi Avian influenza A (H5N1) infection in humans
    John H Beigel
    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    N Engl J Med 353:1374-85. 2005
  12. pmc Effect of closure of live poultry markets on poultry-to-person transmission of avian influenza A H7N9 virus: an ecological study
    Hongjie Yu
    Division of Infectious Disease, Key Laboratory of Surveillance and Early warning on Infectious Disease, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    Lancet 383:541-8. 2014
    Transmission of the novel avian influenza A H7N9 virus seems to be predominantly between poultry and people...
  13. pmc A novel genotype H9N2 influenza virus possessing human H5N1 internal genomes has been circulating in poultry in eastern China since 1998
    Pinghu Zhang
    Animal Infectious Disease Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou University, 48 East Wenhui Road, Yangzhou, Jiangsu 225009, China
    J Virol 83:8428-38. 2009
    ..However, the genesis and evolution of H9N2 viruses in poultry in eastern China have not been investigated systematically...
  14. ncbi Assigning the source of human campylobacteriosis in New Zealand: a comparative genetic and epidemiological approach
    Petra Mullner
    Molecular Epidemiology and Veterinary Public Health Laboratory, Hopkirk Research Institute, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Infect Genet Evol 9:1311-9. 2009
    ..Our studies provided evidence that poultry was the leading cause of human campylobacteriosis in New Zealand, causing an estimated 58-76% of cases with ..
  15. ncbi Probable limited person-to-person transmission of highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N1) virus in China
    Hua Wang
    Jiangsu Provincial Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing, China
    Lancet 371:1427-34. 2008
    ..Field and laboratory investigations were implemented immediately by public-health authorities...
  16. ncbi Campylobacter control in poultry by current intervention measures ineffective: urgent need for intensified fundamental research
    David Hermans
    Department of Pathology, Bacteriology and Avian Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    Vet Microbiol 152:219-28. 2011
    Campylobacter-contaminated poultry meat is an important source of foodborne gastroenteritis and poses a serious health burden in industrialized countries...
  17. ncbi Live poultry exposure, Guangzhou, China, 2006
    Qiuyan Liao
    Health and Health Care Behaviour Research Group, School of Public Health, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Epidemics 1:207-12. 2009
    Live poultry in wet markets and backyard husbandry comprise potentially major exposure sources for human cases of H5N1 avian influenza. In China the magnitude of risk from this exposure is unknown...
  18. pmc Comparative analysis of avian influenza virus diversity in poultry and humans during a highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H7N7) virus outbreak
    Marcel Jonges
    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Centre for Infectious Disease Control, P O Box 1, Bilthoven, Netherlands
    J Virol 85:10598-604. 2011
    ..the molecular changes of these viruses during a large highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAI) outbreak in poultry along with avian-to-human transmission have never been documented...
  19. pmc Swine and poultry pathogens: the complete genome sequences of two strains of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and a strain of Mycoplasma synoviae
    Ana Tereza R Vasconcelos
    Centro de Biotecnologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Avenida Bento Goncalves 9500, Prédio 43421, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
    J Bacteriol 187:5568-77. 2005
    ..Horizontal gene transfer was consistently observed between M. synoviae and Mycoplasma gallisepticum. Our analyses indicated a likely transfer event of hemagglutinin-coding DNA sequences from M. gallisepticum to M. synoviae...
  20. ncbi Environmental fate of roxarsone in poultry litter. I. Degradation of roxarsone during composting
    J R Garbarino
    National Water Quality Laboratory, U S Geological Survey, P O Box 25046 MS407, Denver Federal Center, Denver, Colorado 80225 0046, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 37:1509-14. 2003
    ..3-nitro-4-hydroxyphenylarsonic acid, is an organoarsenic compound that is used extensively in the feed of broiler poultry to control coccidial intestinal parasites, improve feed efficiency, and promote rapid growth...
  21. pmc Novel approaches for Campylobacter control in poultry
    Jun Lin
    Department of Animal Science, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 4574, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 6:755-65. 2009
    ..b>Poultry, particularly chickens, is considered a major source of human campylobacteriosis...
  22. ncbi Carry-over of thermophilic Campylobacter spp. between sequential and adjacent poultry flocks
    Thomas Alter
    Institute of Food Hygiene, Free University Berlin, Koenigsweg 69, 14163 Berlin, Germany
    Vet Microbiol 147:90-5. 2011
    Nineteen flocks of four poultry species were monitored at a veterinary field station to investigate the distribution and spread of Campylobacter genotypes between sequential and adjacent flocks...
  23. pmc Antigenic drift in H5N1 avian influenza virus in poultry is driven by mutations in major antigenic sites of the hemagglutinin molecule analogous to those for human influenza virus
    Giovanni Cattoli
    OIE FAO Reference Laboratory for avian influenza and Newcastle disease, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, 35020 Legnaro PD, Italy
    J Virol 85:8718-24. 2011
    H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus has been endemic in poultry in Egypt since 2008, notwithstanding the implementation of mass vaccination and culling of infected birds...
  24. ncbi Occurrence of fastidious Campylobacter spp. in fresh meat and poultry using an adapted cultural protocol
    Orla A Lynch
    Teagasc Food Research Centre, Ashtown, Dublin 15, Ireland
    Int J Food Microbiol 150:171-7. 2011
    ..The results of this study confirm that the diversity of Campylobacter species on fresh meats is greater than previously reported and highlights the bias of cultural methods towards the recovery of C. jejuni...
  25. pmc Indications that live poultry markets are a major source of human H5N1 influenza virus infection in China
    Xiu Feng Wan
    State Key Laboratory for Molecular Virology and Genetic Engineering, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 155 Changbai Road, Beijing 102206, China
    J Virol 85:13432-8. 2011
    ..H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus have continued to occur in China without corresponding outbreaks in poultry, and there is little conclusive evidence of the source of these infections...
  26. ncbi Chlamydophila psittaci infections in humans during an outbreak of psittacosis from poultry in Germany
    W Gaede
    Department for Veterinary Medicine, State Institute for Consumer Protection of Saxony Anhalt, Haferbreiter Weg 132 135, 39576 Stendal, Germany
    Zoonoses Public Health 55:184-8. 2008
    In 2005, an outbreak of severe respiratory disease in a mixed poultry flock that was infected with Chlamydophila (C.) psittaci led to dissemination of the infection to at least 100 small poultry farms in 11 districts of Central Germany...
  27. pmc Characterization of influenza virus sialic acid receptors in minor poultry species
    Brian Kimble
    Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maryland College Park, and Virginia Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, 8075 Greenmead Drive, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Virol J 7:365. 2010
    ..Here, we describe the SA patterns and distributions in 6 common minor domestic poultry species: Peking duck, Toulouse geese, Chinese ring-neck pheasant, white midget turkey, bobwhite quail, and pearl ..
  28. ncbi Molecular and spatial epidemiology of human campylobacteriosis: source association and genotype-related risk factors
    P Mullner
    Molecular Epidemiology and Veterinary Public Health Laboratory, Hopkirk Research Institute, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
    Epidemiol Infect 138:1372-83. 2010
    ..b>Poultry-associated cases were more likely to be found in urban areas compared to rural areas...
  29. pmc Multidrug-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in US Meat and Poultry
    Andrew E Waters
    Division of Pathogen Genomics, Translational Genomics Research Institute, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 52:1227-30. 2011
    ..the prevalence, antibiotic susceptibility profiles, and genotypes of Staphylococcus aureus among US meat and poultry samples (n = 136). S...
  30. ncbi Avian influenza: recent developments
    Ilaria Capua
    OIE and National Reference Laboratory for Avian Influenza, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Viale dell Universita 10, 35020 Legnaro, Padova, Italy
    Avian Pathol 33:393-404. 2004
    This paper reviews the worldwide situation regarding avian influenza infections in poultry from 1997 to March 2004...
  31. pmc A case-control study of risk factors for sporadic campylobacter infections in Denmark
    J Neimann
    Danish Zoonosis Centre, Danish Veterinary Institute, Bulowsvej 27, DK 1790 Copenhagen V, Denmark
    Epidemiol Infect 130:353-66. 2003
    ..Consumption of undercooked poultry (OR 4.5; 8.2), consumption of red meat at a barbecue (OR 2.3; 4.1), consumption of grapes (OR 1.6; 2...
  32. ncbi A molecular epidemiological study of avian paramyxovirus type 1 (Newcastle disease virus) isolates by phylogenetic analysis of a partial nucleotide sequence of the fusion protein gene
    E W Aldous
    Virology Department Veterinary Laboratories Agency Weybridge New Haw, Addlestone KT15 3NB Surrey, UK
    Avian Pathol 32:239-56. 2003
    ..It is concluded that by using this dataset it will be possible to type future virus isolates rapidly on the basis of their nucleotide sequence and make inferences about their origins...
  33. pmc The genesis and evolution of H9N2 influenza viruses in poultry from southern China, 2000 to 2005
    K M Xu
    International Institute of Infection and Immunity, Shantou University, Guangdong, China, and Department of Infectious Diseases, St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA
    J Virol 81:10389-401. 2007
    H9N2 influenza viruses have become established in terrestrial poultry in different Asian countries over the last 2 decades...
  34. pmc Risk maps for the spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza in poultry
    Gert Jan Boender
    Animal Sciences Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Lelystad, The Netherlands
    PLoS Comput Biol 3:e71. 2007
    ..For avian influenza, the analyses show that there are two poultry-dense areas in The Netherlands where epidemic spread is possible, and in which local control measures are ..
  35. ncbi Poultry as a host for the zoonotic pathogen Campylobacter jejuni
    David Hermans
    Department of Pathology, Bacteriology and Avian Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, Merelbeke, Belgium
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 12:89-98. 2012
    ..number one risk factor for disease in humans, no effective strategy exists to reduce Campylobachter prevalence in poultry flocks, which can in part be explained by the incomplete understanding of the epidemiology of C...
  36. ncbi beta-Lactamases among extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-resistant Salmonella from poultry, poultry products and human patients in The Netherlands
    Henrik Hasman
    Danish Institute for Food and Veterinary Research, Copenhagen
    J Antimicrob Chemother 56:115-21. 2005
    The purpose of this work was to study the genetic determinants responsible for extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) resistance of Salmonella isolated from Dutch poultry, poultry meat and hospitalized humans.
  37. pmc Antimicrobial resistance of old and recent Staphylococcus aureus isolates from poultry: first detection of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant strain ST398
    Mostafa Nemati
    Department of Pathology, Bacteriology and Poultry Diseases, Ghent University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Salisburylaan 133, B 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 52:3817-9. 2008
    ..of 12 antimicrobial agents for two collections of Staphylococcus aureus, isolated in the 1970s and in 2006 from poultry, were determined...
  38. ncbi Poultry coccidiosis: recent advancements in control measures and vaccine development
    Rami A Dalloul
    Animal and Natural Resources Institute, BARC East, Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, USDA ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 5:143-63. 2006
    Coccidiosis is recognized as the major parasitic disease of poultry and is caused by the apicomplexan protozoan Eimeria. Coccidiosis seriously impairs the growth and feed utilization of infected animals resulting in loss of productivity...
  39. ncbi History of the use of antibiotic as growth promoters in European poultry feeds
    J I R Castanon
    Department of Animal Science, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35413 Spain
    Poult Sci 86:2466-71. 2007
    ..This report analyzes the history of European legislation regarding the use of antibiotics in poultry feeds, since the first harmonization by Directive 70/524 until Regulation 1831/2003 deleted these substances from ..
  40. pmc Prevalence of antibodies against avian influenza A (H5N1) virus among Cullers and poultry workers in Ho Chi Minh City, 2005
    Constance Schultsz
    Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    PLoS ONE 4:e7948. 2009
    Between 2003 and 2005, highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N1) viruses caused large scale outbreaks in poultry in the Ho Chi Minh City area in Vietnam...
  41. ncbi Ecologic risk factor investigation of clusters of avian influenza A (H5N1) virus infection in Thailand
    Thanawat Tiensin
    Department of Farm Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Infect Dis 199:1735-43. 2009
    ..Highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N1) was diagnosed in 1890 poultry flocks located in 953 subdistricts during 2004-2007...
  42. ncbi Antimicrobial resistance in selected bacteria from poultry
    Carlton L Gyles
    Department of Pathobiology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada
    Anim Health Res Rev 9:149-58. 2008
    ..High levels of resistance to ciprofloxacin have been reported from China. Commensal E. coli from poultry have similar patterns of resistance but at lower frequencies...
  43. ncbi Assessment of national strategies for control of high-pathogenicity avian influenza and low-pathogenicity notifiable avian influenza in poultry, with emphasis on vaccines and vaccination
    D E Swayne
    World Organisation for Animal Health OIE, 12 rue de Prony, Paris 75017, France
    Rev Sci Tech 30:839-70. 2011
    ..The H5N1 HPAI panzootic affecting Asia, Africa and Eastern Europe has been the largest among these, affecting poultry and/or wild birds in 63 countries...
  44. pmc Human infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N1) in northern Vietnam, 2004-2005
    Nguyen Duc Hien
    National Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:19-23. 2009
    ..39), respectively. After exact logistic regression analysis was adjusted for variation in severity, no significant effectiveness for survival was observed among patients treated with oseltamivir or methylprednisolone...
  45. pmc Red meat and poultry, cooking practices, genetic susceptibility and risk of prostate cancer: results from a multiethnic case-control study
    Amit D Joshi
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Carcinogenesis 33:2108-18. 2012
    ..We investigated the association between red meat and poultry intake and localized and advanced PCA taking into account cooking practices and polymorphisms in enzymes that ..
  46. pmc Novel reassortant highly pathogenic H5N2 avian influenza viruses in poultry in China
    Guo Zhao
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e46183. 2012
    There has been multiple evidence that domestic poultry may act as a vessel for the generation of novel influenza A viruses...
  47. ncbi Keratinophilic fungi of poultry farm and feather dumping soil in Tamil Nadu, India
    Periasamy Anbu
    Centre for Advanced Studies in Botany, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, 600 025, Chennai, India
    Mycopathologia 158:303-9. 2004
    Soils of 10 poultry farms from Namakkal and 12 feather dumping sites from Chennai were studied for the presence of keratinophilic fungi. A total of 34 species belonging to 19 genera and one non-sporulating fungus were recovered...
  48. ncbi Haemagglutinin mutations responsible for the binding of H5N1 influenza A viruses to human-type receptors
    Shinya Yamada
    Division of Virology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 108 8639, Japan
    Nature 444:378-82. 2006
    ..A viruses have spread to numerous countries in Asia, Europe and Africa, infecting not only large numbers of poultry, but also an increasing number of humans, often with lethal effects...
  49. ncbi Increased raw poultry meat colonization by extended spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli in the south of Spain
    Pilar Egea
    Microbiology Department, School of Medicine, University of Sevilla, Avda Sánchez Pizjuán s n 41009, Sevilla, Spain
    Int J Food Microbiol 159:69-73. 2012
    ..The prevalence of retail poultry meat colonized by ESBLEC increased from 62.5% in 2007 to 93.3% in 2010 (p=0.005)...
  50. ncbi Salmonella Enteritidis bacteriophage candidates for phage therapy of poultry
    S Sillankorva
    Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Centre of Biological Engineering, Universidade do Minho, Campus de Gualtar, Braga, Portugal
    J Appl Microbiol 108:1175-86. 2010
    ..recent years, the use of bacteriophages has been suggested as a possible tool to combat this zoonotic pathogen in poultry farms...
  51. pmc Improving risk models for avian influenza: the role of intensive poultry farming and flooded land during the 2004 Thailand epidemic
    Thomas P Van Boeckel
    Biological Control and Spatial Ecology, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
    PLoS ONE 7:e49528. 2012
    ..However little attention has been paid to the link between the level of intensification of poultry production and the risk of outbreak...
  52. ncbi Modeling habitat suitability for occurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 in domestic poultry in Asia: a spatial multicriteria decision analysis approach
    Kim B Stevens
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, North Mymms, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, UK
    Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol 4:1-14. 2013
    ..areas in Asia suitable for the occurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) H5N1 in domestic poultry. Areas most suitable for H5N1 occurrence included Bangladesh, the southern tip and eastern coast of Vietnam, ..
  53. ncbi Relationship between domestic and wild birds in live poultry market and a novel human H7N9 virus in China
    Chengmin Wang
    National Research Center For Wildlife Born Diseases, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
    J Infect Dis 209:34-7. 2014
    To trace the source of the avian H7N9 viruses, we collected 99 samples from 4 live poultry markets and the family farms of 3 patients in Hangzhou city of Zhejiang province, China...
  54. ncbi Factors associated with case fatality of human H5N1 virus infections in Indonesia: a case series
    I Nyoman Kandun
    Directorate General of Disease Control and Environmental Health, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia
    Lancet 372:744-9. 2008
    ..Indonesia has had the most human cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N1) and one of the highest case-fatality rates worldwide. We described the factors associated with H5N1 case-fatality in Indonesia...
  55. ncbi Antibiotic resistance, phylogenetic grouping and virulence potential of Escherichia coli isolated from the faeces of intensively farmed and free range poultry
    Akua Serwaah Obeng
    School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
    Vet Microbiol 154:305-15. 2012
    Antibiotic use in poultry production is a risk factor for promoting the emergence of resistant Escherichia coli...
  56. pmc Bacteriophages carrying antibiotic resistance genes in fecal waste from cattle, pigs, and poultry
    Marta Colomer-Lluch
    Department of Microbiology, University of Barcelona, Diagonal 645, Annex, Floor 0, E 08028 Barcelona, Spain
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 55:4908-11. 2011
    ..bla(CTX-M) (clusters 1 and 9), and mecA were quantified by quantitative PCR in 71 phage DNA samples from pigs, poultry, and cattle fecal wastes...
  57. ncbi A critical review of fear tests used on cattle, pigs, sheep, poultry and horses
    B Forkman
    Department of Large Animal Sciences, Roy Vet Agricult Univ, 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark
    Physiol Behav 92:340-74. 2007
    ..to establish the level of repeatability and validity found for fear tests used on cattle, pigs, sheep and goats, poultry and horses...
  58. pmc Biosecurity-based interventions and strategies to reduce Campylobacter spp. on poultry farms
    D G Newell
    Foodborne Zoonoses Consultancy, Silver Birches, Wherwell, Andover SP11 7AW, United Kingdom
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:8605-14. 2011
    The prevention and control of Campylobacter colonization of poultry flocks are important public health strategies for the control of human campylobacteriosis...
  59. ncbi Continent-wide association of H5N1 outbreaks in wild and domestic birds in Europe
    Richard A J Williams
    Biodiversity Institute, University of Kansas, 1345 Jayhawk Blvd, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
    Geospat Health 5:247-53. 2011
    ..strain H5N1 was first detected in Europe in 2005, and has since been documented continent-wide in wild birds and poultry. However, the relative roles of each host group in transmission remain contentious...
  60. ncbi Measurement of antibodies to avian influenza virus A(H7N7) in humans by hemagglutination inhibition test
    Adam Meijer
    Section Virology, Diagnostic Laboratory for Infectious Diseases and Screening, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, PO Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    J Virol Methods 132:113-20. 2006
    ..Using this cut-off value, A(H7) specific antibodies were detected in 49% of 508 persons exposed to poultry and in 64% of 63 persons exposed to A(H7) infected persons...
  61. pmc Generating social network data using partially described networks: an example informing avian influenza control in the British poultry industry
    Sema Nickbakhsh
    Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, Institute for Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, University of Glasgow, Bearsden Road, Scotland, G61 1QH, UK
    BMC Vet Res 7:66. 2011
    ..Avian influenza (AI) control planning in Great Britain (GB) provides one example where network data for the poultry industry (the Poultry Network Database or PND), targeted large premises and is consequently demographically ..
  62. pmc Comparison of Campylobacter populations in wild geese with those in starlings and free-range poultry on the same farm
    F M Colles
    Peter Medawar Building for Pathogen Research, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3SY, United Kingdom
    Appl Environ Microbiol 74:3583-90. 2008
    ....
  63. ncbi Blackhead disease (histomoniasis) in poultry: a critical review
    L R McDougald
    Department of Poultry Science, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Avian Dis 49:462-76. 2005
    ..gallinarum as the source of infection. The lack of suitable treatment drugs or vaccines emphasizes the importance of prevention by worm control and management...
  64. pmc Application of Bayesian techniques to model the burden of human salmonellosis attributable to U.S. food commodities at the point of processing: adaptation of a Danish model
    Chuanfa Guo
    Food Safety and Inspection Service, Washington, District of Columbia, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 8:509-16. 2011
    ..of domestically acquired sporadic human Salmonella infections resulting from contamination of raw meat, poultry, and egg products processed in the United States from 1998 through 2003...
  65. pmc Temperature drops and the onset of severe avian influenza A H5N1 virus outbreaks
    Chung Ming Liu
    Global Change Research Center, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
    PLoS ONE 2:e191. 2007
    ..Weather monitoring could play an important role in the early warning of outbreaks of this potentially dangerous virus...
  66. pmc Poultry and livestock exposure and cancer risk among farmers in the agricultural health study
    Laura E Beane Freeman
    Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 23:663-70. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study is to evaluate cancer risk associated with raising animals as commodities, which is associated with a variety of exposures, such as infectious agents and endotoxins...
  67. ncbi A recipe for disaster: outbreaks of campylobacteriosis associated with poultry liver pâté in England and Wales
    C L Little
    Department of Gastrointestinal, Emerging and Zoonotic Infections, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, London, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 138:1691-4. 2010
    ..b>Poultry meat (38%, 43/114) was the most commonly reported vehicle of infection, of which poultry liver pâté, and ..
  68. ncbi Non-commercial poultry industries: surveys of backyard and gamefowl breeder flocks in the United States
    L Garber
    United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, Centers for Epidemiology and Animal Health, Fort Collins, CO 80526, USA
    Prev Vet Med 80:120-8. 2007
    The National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS) Poultry '04 study was conducted to better describe non-commercial United States poultry populations, in particular, backyard and gamefowl breeder flocks...
  69. pmc Highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) outbreaks in wild birds and poultry, South Korea
    Hye Ryoung Kim
    Animal Disease Diagnosis ivision, Animal, Plant and Fisheries Quarantine and Inspection Agency, Anyang, South Korea
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:480-3. 2012
    Highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) among wild birds emerged simultaneously with outbreaks in domestic poultry in South Korea during November 2010-May 2011. Phylogenetic analysis showed that these viruses belonged to clade 2.3...
  70. ncbi Evidence for differing evolutionary dynamics of A/H5N1 viruses among countries applying or not applying avian influenza vaccination in poultry
    Giovanni Cattoli
    Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Research and Development Department, OIE FAO and National Reference Laboratory for Newcastle Disease and Avian Influenza, OIE Collaborating Centre for Diseases at the Human Animal Interface, Viale dell Università 10, 35020, Legnaro, Padova, Italy
    Vaccine 29:9368-75. 2011
    ..2) was introduced into Egypt in early 2006. Despite the control measures taken, including mass vaccination of poultry, the virus rapidly spread among commercial and backyard flocks...
  71. ncbi Relative contribution of target gene mutation and efflux to fluoroquinolone and erythromycin resistance, in French poultry and pig isolates of Campylobacter coli
    Sophie Payot
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, UR086 BioAgresseurs, santé, Environnement, 37380 Nouzilly, France
    Int J Antimicrob Agents 23:468-72. 2004
    ..This suggests the involvement of efflux in intrinsic and in acquired low-level of resistance to erythromycin in C. coli...
  72. ncbi Molecular epidemiological surveys of H5 subtype highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in poultry in China during 2007-2009
    Wen Ming Jiang
    China Animal Health and Epidemiology Center, Qingdao 266032, PR China
    J Gen Virol 91:2491-6. 2010
    ..the prevalence and evolution of the H5 subtype highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses circulating in poultry in China during 2007-2009, five molecular epidemiological surveys were carried out...
  73. pmc Continuing threat of influenza (H5N1) virus circulation in Egypt
    Ghazi Kayali
    St Jude Children s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:2306-8. 2011
    ..Through active surveillance, we detected highly pathogenic influenza subtype H5 viruses in all poultry sectors; incidence was 5%. No other subtypes were found...
  74. ncbi Avian influenza H5N1 virus infections in vaccinated commercial and backyard poultry in Egypt
    M H Hafez
    Institute of Poultry Diseases, Free Berlin University, 14163 Berlin, Germany
    Poult Sci 89:1609-13. 2010
    ..H5N1 avian influenza virus (AIV) surveillance program in previously H5-vaccinated commercial and family-backyard poultry flocks that was conducted from 2007 to 2008 by the Egyptian National Laboratory for Veterinary Quality Control on ..
  75. ncbi In vivo efficiency evaluation of a phage cocktail in controlling severe colibacillosis in confined conditions and experimental poultry houses
    Ana Oliveira
    Department of Research and Development Controlvet, Seguranca Alimentar, S A Zona Industrial de Tondela, ZIM II, L6 Tondela, Portugal
    Vet Microbiol 146:303-8. 2010
    Infections caused by avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) cause important economic losses to poultry industry...
  76. pmc Anthropogenic factors and the risk of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1: prospects from a spatial-based model
    Mathilde Paul
    INRA, UR 346, F 63122 Saint Genes Champanelle, France Unité AGIRs, CIRAD, France
    Vet Res 41:28. 2010
    ..To limit the spread of future outbreaks, efforts to control the movement of poultry products must be sustained.
  77. pmc Within-host variation of avian influenza viruses
    Munir Iqbal
    Institute for Animal Health, Compton Laboratory, Compton, Newbury, Berkshire RG20 7NN, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2739-47. 2009
    ..We developed 'deep amplicon' sequence analysis for this work, and the methods and results provide a background framework for application to disease outbreaks in the field...
  78. pmc Red meat and poultry intake, polymorphisms in the nucleotide excision repair and mismatch repair pathways and colorectal cancer risk
    Amit D Joshi
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California, CA 90089, USA
    Carcinogenesis 30:472-9. 2009
    ..and mismatch repair (MLH1 Ile219Val and MSH2 Gly322Asp) pathways modified the association with red meat and poultry intake...
  79. ncbi Poultry movement networks in Cambodia: implications for surveillance and control of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI/H5N1)
    Maria D Van Kerkhove
    Epidemiology Unit, Pasteur Institute of Cambodia, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Vaccine 27:6345-52. 2009
    Movement of poultry through markets is potentially important in the circulation and spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza. However little is understood about poultry market chains in Cambodia...
  80. pmc Multiplex strategy for multilocus sequence typing, fla typing, and genetic determination of antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli isolates collected in Switzerland
    Bozena M Korczak
    Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    J Clin Microbiol 47:1996-2007. 2009
    ..Data networking facilitates the exchange of information between collaborating centers. The described approach simplifies and improves the genotyping of Campylobacter, allowing cost- and time-efficient routine monitoring...
  81. pmc The animal-human interface and infectious disease in industrial food animal production: rethinking biosecurity and biocontainment
    Jay P Graham
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Division of Environmental Health Engineering, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Public Health Rep 123:282-99. 2008
    ..Food animal production has been transformed since the 1918 influenza pandemic. Poultry and swine production have changed from small-scale methods to industrial-scale operations...
  82. pmc Novel genotypes of H9N2 influenza A viruses isolated from poultry in Pakistan containing NS genes similar to highly pathogenic H7N3 and H5N1 viruses
    Munir Iqbal
    Division of Microbiology, Institute for Animal Health, Compton Laboratory, Compton, Newbury, Berkshire, UK
    PLoS ONE 4:e5788. 2009
    ..The novel genotypes of H9N2 viruses may play a role in the increased problems observed by H9N2 to poultry and reinforce the continued need to monitor H9N2 infections for their zoonotic potential.
  83. pmc Environmental sampling for avian influenza virus A (H5N1) in live-bird markets, Indonesia
    Risa Indriani
    Indonesian Research Center for Veterinary Science, Bogor, Indonesia
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:1889-95. 2010
    ..At each market, samples were collected from up to 27 poultry-related sites to assess the extent of contamination...
  84. pmc Transmission of avian influenza virus (H3N2) to dogs
    DaeSub Song
    Green Cross Veterinary Products Company, Ltd, Yong In, South Korea
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:741-6. 2008
    ..epithelial cells, which suggests potential for direct transmission of avian influenza virus (H3N2) from poultry to dogs...
  85. ncbi Development of H5-RT-LAMP (loop-mediated isothermal amplification) system for rapid diagnosis of H5 avian influenza virus infection
    Masaki Imai
    Laboratory of Influenza Viruses, Department of Virology 3, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Gakuen 4 7 1, Musashi Murayama, Tokyo 208 0011, Japan
    Vaccine 24:6679-82. 2006
    ..These results suggested that our newly developed RT-LAMP system specific for H5 virus would be a beneficial diagnostic tool for surveillance of recent outbreaks caused by H5N1-HPAI viruses...
  86. ncbi Host species barriers to influenza virus infections
    Thijs Kuiken
    Department of Virology, Erasmus Medical Center, 3015 GE Rotterdam, Netherlands
    Science 312:394-7. 2006
    ....
  87. ncbi Recent advances in immunomodulation and vaccination strategies against coccidiosis
    Rami A Dalloul
    Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Animal and Natural Resources Institute, USDA ARS, BARC East, Building 1040, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    Avian Dis 49:1-8. 2005
    Coccidiosis is a ubiquitous intestinal protozoan infection of poultry seriously impairing the growth and feed utilization of infected animals...
  88. pmc The persistence of fluoroquinolone-resistant Campylobacter in poultry production
    Lance B Price
    The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21224 2780, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:1035-9. 2007
    ..In 2005, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) banned fluoroquinolone use in U.S. poultry production in order to reduce the prevalence of fluoroquinolone-resistant Campylobacter...
  89. ncbi Antagonistic activity against Salmonella infection in vitro and in vivo for two Lactobacillus strains from swine and poultry
    Cheng Chih Tsai
    Department of Food Science, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, R O C
    Int J Food Microbiol 102:185-94. 2005
    In this study, we isolated two lactobacillus strains, i.e., strain LAP5 and LF33, from swine and poultry, respectively, and showed that both strains were acid as well as bile tolerant and were able to adhere to the cultured human ..
  90. ncbi Determination of arsenic speciation in poultry wastes by IC-ICP-MS
    B P Jackson
    Advanced Analytical Center for Environmental Sciences, Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, University of Georgia, Aiken, South Carolina 29802, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 35:4868-73. 2001
    ..acid (Roxarsone, ROX) or 4-aminoben-zenearsenic acid (p-arsanilic acid, p-ASA) are used as feed additives in the poultry industry for disease control and enhanced feed efficiency...
  91. ncbi Development of a new protocol for the isolation and quantification of Arcobacter species from poultry products
    K Houf
    Department of Veterinary Food Inspection, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
    Int J Food Microbiol 71:189-96. 2001
    ..cryaerophilus and A. skirrowii and at the same time fully suppresses the accompanying flora present in poultry and poultry products...
  92. ncbi Escherichia coli of poultry food origin as reservoir of sulphonamide resistance genes and integrons
    Leila Soufi
    Institute of Veterinary Research of Tunisia, Tunis 1006, Tunisia
    Int J Food Microbiol 144:497-502. 2011
    ..of sulphonamide resistance genes and the integrons were analyzed in 166 Escherichia coli isolates recovered from poultry meat in Tunisia...
  93. ncbi Virulence for chickens of Clostridium perfringens isolated from poultry and other sources
    Kerry K Cooper
    Department of Veterinary Science and Microbiology, University of Arizona, 1117 E Lowell St, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Anaerobe 16:289-92. 2010
    Clostridium perfringens type A is the most common cause of poultry necrotic enteritis (NE). Of the four "major" toxins, type A strains produce only alpha toxin (CPA), which has long been considered a major factor in pathogenesis of NE...
  94. ncbi Risk-based surveillance for avian influenza control along poultry market chains in South China: The value of social network analysis
    Vincent Martin
    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Beijing, PR China
    Prev Vet Med 102:196-205. 2011
    Over the past two decades, the poultry sector in China went through a phase of tremendous growth as well as rapid intensification and concentration...
  95. ncbi Comparison of Campylobacter isolated from humans and food-producing animals in Japan
    K Ishihara
    National Veterinary Assay Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan
    J Appl Microbiol 100:153-60. 2006
    ..To compare the antimicrobial resistance, serotypes and flagellin gene types of Campylobacter isolated from humans and food-producing animals and thereby facilitate elucidation of the origin of Campylobacter causing human infection in Japan...
  96. ncbi Extracellular modifications to muscle collagen: implications for meat quality
    R J McCormick
    Department of Animal Science, University of Wyoming, Laramie 82071 3684, USA
    Poult Sci 78:785-91. 1999
    ..Recent studies, however, suggest a potential role for the proteoglycan decorin in regulating collagen fibrillogenesis, ordering the spatial arrangement of collagen molecules and, thus, influencing crosslinking patterns...
  97. pmc Phylogeography and evolutionary history of reassortant H9N2 viruses with potential human health implications
    Alice Fusaro
    Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Research and Development Department, OIE FAO and National Reference Laboratory for Newcastle Disease and Avian Influenza, OIE Collaborating Center for Diseases at the Human Animal Interface, Viale dell Universita 10, 35020 Legnaro, Padua, Italy
    J Virol 85:8413-21. 2011
    Avian influenza viruses of the H9N2 subtype have seriously affected the poultry industry of the Far and Middle East since the mid-1990s and are considered one of the most likely candidates to cause a new influenza pandemic in humans...
  98. pmc Potential pathogenicity and host range of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli isolates from healthy poultry
    Valeria Bortolaia
    Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:5830-3. 2011
    ..unrelated extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli isolates from healthy poultry lacked the virulence genes commonly associated with human-pathogenic strains...
  99. pmc Expression patterns of influenza virus receptors in the respiratory tracts of four species of poultry
    Ji Eun Yu
    Laboratory of Veterinary Anatomy, College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul 143 701, Korea
    J Vet Sci 12:7-13. 2011
    ..These results indicate that pheasants and quails may play important roles as intermediate hosts for the generation of influenza viruses with pandemic potential...
  100. ncbi DIVA--a vaccination strategy enabling the detection of field exposure to avian influenza
    I Capua
    OIE and National Reference Laboratory for Newcastle Disease and Avian Influenza, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Legnaro PD, Italy
    Dev Biol (Basel) 119:229-33. 2004
    ..on the development, validation and field application of a control strategy for avian influenza infections in poultry. The "DIVA" (Differentiating Infected from Vaccinated Animals) strategy is based on the use of an inactivated oil ..
  101. ncbi Investigation of human infections with Salmonella enterica serovar Java in Scotland and possible association with imported poultry
    D J Brown
    Euro Surveill 8:35-40. 2003
    PFGE analysis of S. Java strains (29 from humans, 30 from poultry meat) showed two major clusters. All isolates from poultry imported from the Netherlands belonged to Cluster A, which also comprised 10 human isolates...

Research Grants66

  1. EID - Effects of avian migration & anthropogenic change on the distribution & tra
    Thomas Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Yet, species of terrestrial birds may share the same habitat as poultry, which may make them more effective transmitters of disease to humans than aquatic species such as waterfowl...
  2. THE AGRICULTURAL HEALTH STUDY - FIELD STATIONS
    Charles Lynch; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..manuscripts with analysis of respiratory wheeze have been published indicating that diesel tractor use, work in poultry operations and exposure to several pesticides are risk factors for respiratory wheeze...
  3. NIEHS SUPPORT OF THE AHS COHORT STUDY AT NCI
    Charles Knott; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..manuscripts with analysis of respiratory wheeze have been published indicating that diesel tractor use, work in poultry operations and exposure to several pesticides are risk factors for respiratory wheeze...
  4. Investigation of Occupational Exposure to and Infection by MRSA in Rural Iowa
    Tara Smith; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..from Europe and Canada have reported another potential MRSA risk group: individuals in contact with livestock and poultry. As pilot studies by our group have documented the presence of MRSA in US swine, we seek to expand upon this ..
  5. Case-Cohort Study of Cancers in Excess in Poultry Workers
    Eric S Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Human exposure to these agents is virtually universal, and occurs through: 1) contact with live poultry;2) contact with their blood and raw meat and egg products;3) through ingestion of raw or inadequately cooked ..
  6. Development of Cross Protective H5 Hemagglutinin Antigens
    Susan C Bock; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Highly pathogenic avian H5N1 influenza viruses circulating endemically in poultry of southeast Asia have recently been disseminated across the globe by wild migratory birds...
  7. A novel Salmonella vaccine to protect against extra intestinal pathogenic E. coli
    Melha Mellata; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..ExPEC strains also infect chickens causing economic losses for the poultry industry, a significant economic sector in the US and globally, due to costs of containment, mortality, and ..
  8. 9th International Symposium on Bordetella
    Nicholas H Carbonetti; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..an important cause of respiratory infections in birds and is responsible for tremendous economic losses for the poultry industry. In addition, several new species within the genus, such as B. hinzii, B. holmesii, B. trematum and B...
  9. Impact of corn grind diameter and housing environment on performance and presence
    Kenneth Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Piedmont Research Station, North Carolina Department of Agriculture and the Department of Poultry Science, North Carolina State University will provide experimental animals (White Leghorn Hens), experimental ..
  10. XIIth International Nidovirus Symposium Support Proposal
    Udeni Balasuriya; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Toroviruses and Roniviruses) cause significant disease in humans, simians, a large number of livestock species, poultry, shrimp, insects and whales...
  11. Live attenuated vaccines for epidemic and pandemic flu
    Adolfo Garcia Sastre; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, H5N1-based vaccines will be tested for their ability to protect poultry, in order to assess their utility on poultry farms...
  12. Saturated Fat and Protein Effects on Atherogenic Dyslipidemia
    Ronald M Krauss; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..B, induced by SF are greater when the major food source of protein is red meat rather than either white meat (poultry) or non-meat foods, and that this is due to increased levels of small and medium sized LDL particles...
  13. Transmission dynamics and spillover of avian influenza under changing agricultura
    Xiangming Xiao; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..H5N1 persists in a number of countries in Asia and Africa, and continues to evolve in wild birds, domestic poultry and humans...
  14. Bordetella pathogenesis: an undergraduate research tool
    Louise M Temple; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to learn more about disease causation by Bordetella avium, a pathogen of birds that causes economic loss in the poultry industry. The work has potential for vaccines effectively eradicating the disease...
  15. Antimicrobial peptide resistance in Campylobacter jejuni
    Jun Lin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Contaminated poultry meats are considered a significant source for human Campylobacter infections. Increasing resistance of C...
  16. In-ovo vaccination/avian influenza/bird/human
    DE CHU CHRISTOPHER TANG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..provided by applicant): The aim of this proposal is to develop an effective and rapid method for disrupting the poultry-to-human transmission of avian influenza by in ovo injection of adenovirus-vectored avian influenza vaccines that ..
  17. Influenza and Other Emerging Infectious Diseases in Vietnam (U01)
    HIEN TRAN NGUYEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..since 2003 caused a huge public health and economic burden on Vietnam, resulting in the loss of over 50 million poultry and 108 human cases and 52 case deaths...
  18. Fimbrial expression in Salmonella: regulation and coordination
    Steven Clegg; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..One of the major vehicles of infection for humans is contaminated poultry because the bacteria easily infect these animals...
  19. Studies at the Animal-Human Interface of Influenza and other Zoonotic Diseases in
    Nam Van Hoang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..3) and for a six-moth longitudinal study of avian influenza at pig raising households that also have different poultry species (4);An assessment of the co-evolution, genetic diversity and lineage of influenza viruses isolated from ..
  20. A Prospective Study of Serum Taurine and Stroke Risk in Women
    Yu Chen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..more than minor quantities of taurine, it is mostly obtained from diet, mainly seafood and the dark meat of poultry. Animal and experimental studies have suggested that taurine may protect against stroke because of its ..
  21. Community/Worker Exposures to Pathogens from Industrial Food Animal Production
    Ellen K Silbergeld; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..is related to community sources and it is also increasingly clear that contact with animals, including swine and poultry, is an important and largely overlooked source of CA-MRSA...
  22. In-field Detection Instrument for Rapid Screening of Avian Influenza Viruses
    Xiaoli Su; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..H5 and H7 strains can mutate from low pathogenicity to high pathogenicity during replication and circulation in poultry and thus are very dangerous...
  23. Therapeutic Monoclonal Antibodies to H5N1 Influenza
    Richard Webby; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Millions of poultry have been slaughtered in unsuccessful attempts to contain this virus...
  24. Role of Pattern Recognition Receptors in Protection Against Influenza Virus
    Balaji Manicassamy; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Influenza A virus can also infect a variety of other species including poultry, aquatic birds, horses, pigs and seals...
  25. Vaccines as drivers of disease emergence: transmission ecology and virulence evol
    Andrew F Read; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..indeed make possible the onward transmission of hyperpathogenic strains of Marek's disease virus (MDV) in poultry. We seek to now to dissect the effects of immunization on the ecology of transmission in this farm animal system, ..
  26. Comparative Spillover Dynamics of Avian Influenza in Endemic Countries
    Peter Daszak; Fiscal Year: 2012
    Avian influenza A/H5N1 was first identified in the late 1990s. To date, it has caused outbreaks in poultry or wild birds in 58 countries resulting In at least 571 human cases, and 335 human deaths, and more than $10 billion in economic ..
  27. Microenterprise to empower and improve health of HIV+ women in Uganda
    Alexander C Tsai; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in Mbarara, Uganda to accomplish my scientific objective: to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of a poultry microenterprise intervention to improve HIV+ women's health-related behaviors and health outcomes...
  28. Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries in the Southeast: Immigrant Worker Health
    Thomas A Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A growing number of hired immigrant workers are involved in the production of poultry and hogs in the Southeast due to the increasing demand for labor by confined animal feeding operations (CAFOs)...
  29. Southwest Center for Agricultural Health, Injury Prevention, and Education
    Jeffrey L Levin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..educational approaches to improve safety practices among OK farmers and ranchers, increase respirator use among poultry house workers, and demonstrate the effectiveness of social marketing to promote adoption of work practices among ..
  30. Antigenic Relationships of SARS and Animal Coronaviruses
    Linda Saif; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..and boosted with inactivated SARS CoV to assess in vivo crossreactivity; b) Test serum from domestic livestock, poultry and wildlife (wild ruminants and carnivores)...
  31. Ecology-Based Risk Assessment and Early Warning for HPAI in Asia
    Xiangming Xiao; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..comprehensive understanding of the ecology of avian influenza, particularly in relation to agricultural systems, poultry, wild birds, biophysical and biochemical environments, and (ii) the facts that geospatial datasets used for risk ..
  32. Genetic adaptation in Campylobacter: mechanisms and impacts on human health
    John E Linz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..6 and 6.2 billion dollars. Poultry is the major reservoir for human disease caused by CJ...
  33. Role of Pattern Recognition Receptors in Protection Against Influenza Virus
    Balaji Manicassamy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Influenza A virus can also infect a variety of other species including poultry, aquatic birds, horses, pigs and seals...
  34. Evaluation of fecal salmonella in symptomatic and asymptomatic dogs and cats
    KRISTIN CLOTHIER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..research has been conducted on techniques to enhance the sensitivity for Salmonella 8 recovery in livestock and poultry fecal and environmental samples...
  35. PEPTIDE BASED SALMONELLA VACCINE DELIVERY SYSTEM
    Lee Riley; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..to test the feasibility of using this expression system to develop a new oral vaccine that may be used in poultry farms to reduce infection of eggs which are the major source of human S. enteritidis infections...
  36. Using MVRDL to increase the FDA Vet-LRN sample analysis capacity during animal fo
    MICHAEL JOHN MAUEL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The normal work force for these two laboratories includes 10 faculty members (pathologists, poultry veterinarians, microbiologists, virologists, and molecular biologists) and approximately 30 staff positions...
  37. SEVENTEENTH INTERNATIONAL HERPESVIRUS WORKSHOP
    S Hayward; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Animal herpesvirus have significant economic importance to the poultry (Marek's Disease virus), swine (pseudo-rabies virus), dairy (bovine rhinotracheitis virus) and equine (equine ..
  38. Maintaining and enhancing accreditation at the Florida Bureau of Food Laboratorie
    Maria Ishida; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The Division is charged with administration and enforcement of the food and poultry and egg laws, and also provides support in the enforcement of other food safety laws...
  39. 3rd ASM Conference on Salmonella
    Ferric Fang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..has not shown any signs of decreasing in the last despite major efforts to limit the bacterial burden in farmed poultry and other animals...
  40. Resistant E.coli in Humans and Poultry
    James Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Background: Poultry products are the highest-risk foods for containing antibiotic-resistant and extraintestinal-pathogenic E. coli...
  41. Prospective Studies of Avian Influenza Transmission in Asia
    GREGORY CHARLES GRAY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..a controlled, three-year, prospective study of H5N1 transmission among 900 adults occupationally exposed to poultry (poultry farmers, poultry industry workers, meat processing workers, open poultry market workers), and 300 age-..
  42. 26th Intl Herpesvirus Workshop, Regensburg, Germany
    Jay Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Animal herpes significant economic importance to the poultry (Marek's and others), swine (pseudorabies virus), cattle (several bovine herpesviruses) and horses (several ..
  43. 25TH INTERNATIONAL HERPESVIRUS WORKSHOP
    Jay Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Animal herpes significant economic importance to the poultry (Marek s and others), swine (pseudorabies virus), cattle (several bovine herpesviruses) and horses (several ..
  44. International Herpesvirus Workshop, Cairns, Australia
    Jay Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Animal herpes significant economic importance to the poultry (Marek's and others), swine (pseudorabies virus), cattle (several bovine herpesviruses) and horses (several ..
  45. EIGHTEENTH INTERNATIONAL HERPES VIRUS MEETING
    Joseph Glorioso; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Animal herpesviruses have significant economical importance to the poultry (Marek's Disease Virus), swine (pseudorabies virus), dairy (bovine rhinotracheitis virus) and equine herpesvirus) ..
  46. A Preventative Adenoviral-Based H5N1 Influenza Vaccine
    Andrea Gambotto; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..influenza A viruses, are the source of viruses which cause sporadic outbreaks of highly fatal disease in domestic poultry. Since 1997, highly pathogenic (HP) avian influenza A H5N1 viruses have caused a series of outbreaks in Hong Kong,..
  47. Campylobacter jejuni proteins induced at 37C
    Stuart Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..jejuni antigens. Poultry flocks are ubiquitously and asymptomatically colonized with C...
  48. 24TH INTERNATIONAL HERPESVIRUS WORKSHOP
    Frederick Wang; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Animal herpes significant economic importance to the poultry (Marek's and others), swine (pseudorabies virus), cattle (several bovine herpesviruses) and horses (several ..
  49. Rapid Response Teams for Food Protection
    MARY GLASSBURNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..regulatory program, the State Milk Board, and the Missouri Department of Agriculture's Meat and Poultry Inspection Program. In addition, the U.S...
  50. NEW METHODS FOR EVAL OF ORGANIC DUST AEROSOLS
    Stephen Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..that can be used to help establish occupational exposure guidelines for complex organic dusts in swine, poultry, and dairy environments, and to evaluate and develop correction factors for direct-reading aerosol instruments ..
  51. PRODUCTION OF URSODIOL FROM TURKEY BILE
    Tibor Sipos; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..this project is to commercially produce ursodeoxycholic acid (ursodiol) from waste products (turkey bile) of the poultry industry by either a one-step microbial transformation process or by a chemical epimerization of chendiol to ..
  52. Understanding the Role of Aerosol Spread in Influenza Virus Transmission
    Samira Mubareka; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This has been reflected in a recent NIOSH-issued alert addressing the risk for avian influenza in poultry workers (NIOSH Publication No. 2008-113), advising employers about pre- pandemic and pandemic measures...
  53. A High-Performance Food Pathogen Detection Instrument
    Xiaoli Su; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella Typhimurium in ready-to-eat (RTE) foods, such as processed meat and poultry products and fresh fruits and vegetables...
  54. MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF NDV MEMBRANE PROTEINS
    RONALD IORIO; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..It also remains an avian pathogen which produces frequent devastating epizootics in poultry flocks throughout the world...
  55. 15TH INTERNATIONAL HERPESVIRUS WORKSHOP
    LEONARD ROSENTHAL; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Animal herpesviruses have significant economic importance to the poultry (Marek's Disease virus), swine (Pseudorabies virus), and dairy (bovine rhinotracheitis virus) industries and the ..
  56. Microbiological Characterization and Mitigation of Bioaerosols in CAFOs
    Norman Pace; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..CAFO workers, particularly those working with swine and poultry, are at the forefront of risk for emerging zoonotic diseases of intense public health concern, including avian ..
  57. BIOLOGICAL CONTAINMENT OF LIVE BACTERIAL VACCINES
    Roy Curtiss; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Vaccines are also being constructed and evaluated (i) to immunize farm animals, especially poultry to prevent infection and colonization by human enteropathogens that are transmitted through the food chain to ..
  58. DIETARY ETHER-LINKED LIPIDS AND N-3 FATTY ACIDS
    FRED SNYDER; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..quantitative analysis of the amount, type, and acyl composition of ether-linked glycerolipids in fish, meat, and poultry products consumed in the American diet...
  59. LIMITATION OF SALMONELLA COLONIZATION WITH PHAGE THERAPY
    John Morris; Fiscal Year: 2000
    We propose to explore the utility of bacteriophages in reducing Salmonella contamination in poultry. Salmonellosis remains a substantive public health concern in the United States; poultry serve as the primary reservoir for human ..
  60. High Speed Automated Influenza Vaccine Harvester
    PATRICIA PHELPS; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This proposal discloses adapting automated egg handling technology developed for use in the poultry industry to improve egg handling technology and automation in human influenza vaccine production processes...
  61. Informatics for empirically supported influenza pandemic control strategies
    John Brownstein; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..concern over a recurrence; and the alarming spread of the H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus among poultry in Southeast Asia only heightens this concern...
  62. ENDOTOXIN INDUCED MUCOUS CELL METAPLASIA
    Yohannes Tesfaigzi; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..implicated in transient and chronic lung function impairment after exposure to organic dusts in cotton mills, poultry houses, swine confinement buildings, and saw mills...
  63. WET VACUUM UNITS FOR SAMPLING FOOD BORNE BACTERIA
    Bruce Bradley; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..coli off meat and poultry carcasses and other food-prep surfaces...
  64. Lethality of H5N1 Influenza Virus is Linked to TGF-beta
    Stacey Schultz Cherry; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Human infections may continue to increase given the uncontrolled outbreak in poultry throughout Asia...
  65. Avian transgenesis via site-directed integration
    ALEX HARVEY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    This SBIR project describes a novel method to create transgenic poultry that will produce biopharmaceutical proteins in their eggs...
  66. 8th International Symposium - Saga of the Genus Bordetella, 1906-2006
    Erik Hewlett; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..respiratory infections in birds and is responsible for tremendous[unreadable] economic losses for the poultry industry. In addition, several new species[unreadable] within the genus, such as B. hinzii, B. holmesii, B...