meat

Summary

Summary: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Effect of processed and red meat on endogenous nitrosation and DNA damage
    Annemiek M C P Joosen
    MRC Dunn Human Nutrition Unit, Wellcome Trust MRC Building, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0XY, UK
    Carcinogenesis 30:1402-7. 2009
  2. ncbi Expression profiling of muscle reveals transcripts differentially expressed in muscle that affect water-holding capacity of pork
    Siriluck Ponsuksili
    Research Institute for the Biology of Farm Animals FBN, Research Group Functional Genomics, Wilhelm Stahl Allee 2, 18196 Dummerstorf, Germany
    J Agric Food Chem 56:10311-7. 2008
  3. ncbi Red meat intake is associated with metabolic syndrome and the plasma C-reactive protein concentration in women
    Leila Azadbakht
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
    J Nutr 139:335-9. 2009
  4. ncbi Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in meat
    E de Boer
    Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority VWA, 7200 AE Zutphen, The Netherlands
    Int J Food Microbiol 134:52-6. 2009
  5. pmc Identification of expression QTL (eQTL) of genes expressed in porcine M. longissimus dorsi and associated with meat quality traits
    Siriluck Ponsuksili
    Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology, Research Unit Molecular Biology, Wilhelm Stahl Allee 2, 18196 Dummerstorf, Germany
    BMC Genomics 11:572. 2010
  6. pmc Intestinal microbiota metabolism of L-carnitine, a nutrient in red meat, promotes atherosclerosis
    Robert A Koeth
    Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Nat Med 19:576-85. 2013
  7. pmc Red and processed meat and colorectal cancer incidence: meta-analysis of prospective studies
    Doris S M Chan
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e20456. 2011
  8. pmc Red meat consumption and mortality: results from 2 prospective cohort studies
    An Pan
    Departments of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Arch Intern Med 172:555-63. 2012
  9. pmc Genome-wide association analysis of meat quality traits in a porcine Large White × Minzhu intercross population
    Weizhen Luo
    Key Laboratory of Farm Animal Genetic Resources and Germplasm Innovation of Ministry of Agriculture of China, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 100193 Beijing, China
    Int J Biol Sci 8:580-95. 2012
  10. pmc Extended-spectrum β-lactamase genes of Escherichia coli in chicken meat and humans, The Netherlands
    Ilse Overdevest
    St Elisabeth Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:1216-22. 2011

Detail Information

Publications408 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Effect of processed and red meat on endogenous nitrosation and DNA damage
    Annemiek M C P Joosen
    MRC Dunn Human Nutrition Unit, Wellcome Trust MRC Building, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0XY, UK
    Carcinogenesis 30:1402-7. 2009
    Haem in red meat (RM) stimulates the endogenous production of mutagenic nitroso compounds (NOC). Processed (nitrite-preserved red) meat additionally contains high concentrations of preformed NOC...
  2. ncbi Expression profiling of muscle reveals transcripts differentially expressed in muscle that affect water-holding capacity of pork
    Siriluck Ponsuksili
    Research Institute for the Biology of Farm Animals FBN, Research Group Functional Genomics, Wilhelm Stahl Allee 2, 18196 Dummerstorf, Germany
    J Agric Food Chem 56:10311-7. 2008
    ..identify biological processes as well as molecular markers for drip loss, a parameter for water holding capacity of meat, the M...
  3. ncbi Red meat intake is associated with metabolic syndrome and the plasma C-reactive protein concentration in women
    Leila Azadbakht
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
    J Nutr 139:335-9. 2009
    Although red meat consumption has been related to the prevalence of diabetes, few data are available showing the relation among red meat intake, inflammation, and metabolic syndrome...
  4. ncbi Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in meat
    E de Boer
    Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority VWA, 7200 AE Zutphen, The Netherlands
    Int J Food Microbiol 134:52-6. 2009
    ..During slaughtering of MRSA-positive animals, contamination of carcasses with MRSA may occur and consequently the meat of these animals may get contaminated...
  5. pmc Identification of expression QTL (eQTL) of genes expressed in porcine M. longissimus dorsi and associated with meat quality traits
    Siriluck Ponsuksili
    Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology, Research Unit Molecular Biology, Wilhelm Stahl Allee 2, 18196 Dummerstorf, Germany
    BMC Genomics 11:572. 2010
    ..transcriptional profiles is a promising approach for identifying and dissecting the genetics of complex traits like meat performance...
  6. pmc Intestinal microbiota metabolism of L-carnitine, a nutrient in red meat, promotes atherosclerosis
    Robert A Koeth
    Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Nat Med 19:576-85. 2013
    ..demonstrate here that metabolism by intestinal microbiota of dietary L-carnitine, a trimethylamine abundant in red meat, also produces TMAO and accelerates atherosclerosis in mice...
  7. pmc Red and processed meat and colorectal cancer incidence: meta-analysis of prospective studies
    Doris S M Chan
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e20456. 2011
    The evidence that red and processed meat influences colorectal carcinogenesis was judged convincing in the 2007 World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute of Cancer Research report...
  8. pmc Red meat consumption and mortality: results from 2 prospective cohort studies
    An Pan
    Departments of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Arch Intern Med 172:555-63. 2012
    Red meat consumption has been associated with an increased risk of chronic diseases. However, its relationship with mortality remains uncertain.
  9. pmc Genome-wide association analysis of meat quality traits in a porcine Large White × Minzhu intercross population
    Weizhen Luo
    Key Laboratory of Farm Animal Genetic Resources and Germplasm Innovation of Ministry of Agriculture of China, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 100193 Beijing, China
    Int J Biol Sci 8:580-95. 2012
    ..A total of 45 SNPs showed significant association with one or multiple meat quality traits. Of the 45 SNPs, 36 were located on SSC12...
  10. pmc Extended-spectrum β-lactamase genes of Escherichia coli in chicken meat and humans, The Netherlands
    Ilse Overdevest
    St Elisabeth Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:1216-22. 2011
    ..and characteristics of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) genes of Enterobacteriaceae in retail chicken meat and humans in the Netherlands...
  11. pmc Association, effects and validation of polymorphisms within the NCAPG - LCORL locus located on BTA6 with feed intake, gain, meat and carcass traits in beef cattle
    Amanda K Lindholm-Perry
    United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, U S Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center, NE 68933, USA
    BMC Genet 12:103. 2011
    ..The goal of the present study was to develop and examine additional markers in this region to optimize the ability to distinguish favorable alleles, with potential to identify functional variation...
  12. ncbi Accuracy of prediction of genomic breeding values for residual feed intake and carcass and meat quality traits in Bos taurus, Bos indicus, and composite beef cattle
    S Bolormaa
    Victorian Department of Primary Industries, Bundoora, VIC 3083, Australia
    J Anim Sci 91:3088-104. 2013
    ..was to assess the accuracy of genomic predictions for 19 traits including feed efficiency, growth, and carcass and meat quality traits in beef cattle...
  13. ncbi Extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli from retail chicken meat and humans: comparison of strains, plasmids, resistance genes, and virulence factors
    Jan A J W Kluytmans
    Laboratory for Medical Microbiology and Infection Control, Amphia Hospital, Breda, The Netherlands
    Clin Infect Dis 56:478-87. 2013
    ..A connection between ESBL-producing bacteria in food animals, retail meat, and humans has been suggested...
  14. pmc Major dietary protein sources and risk of coronary heart disease in women
    Adam M Bernstein
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Circulation 122:876-83. 2010
    ..Our objective was to examine the relation between foods that are major dietary protein sources and incident CHD...
  15. pmc Red and processed meat consumption and risk of incident coronary heart disease, stroke, and diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Renata Micha
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Circulation 121:2271-83. 2010
    b>Meat consumption is inconsistently associated with development of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, and diabetes mellitus, limiting quantitative recommendations for consumption levels...
  16. pmc Large scale genome-wide association and LDLA mapping study identifies QTLs for boar taint and related sex steroids
    Eli Grindflek
    NORSVIN The Norwegian Pig Breeders Association, 2304 Hamar, Norway
    BMC Genomics 12:362. 2011
    ..observed in a high proportion of uncastrated male pigs and is characterized by an unpleasant odor/flavor in cooked meat, primarily caused by elevated levels of androstenone and skatole...
  17. ncbi Control of the risk of human toxoplasmosis transmitted by meat
    Aize Kijlstra
    Animal Sciences Group, Wageningen UR, P O Box 65, 8200 AB Lelystad, The Netherlands
    Int J Parasitol 38:1359-70. 2008
    ..In this review we describe Toxoplasma as a hazard associated with the consumption of undercooked meat or meat products and provide an analysis of the various options to control the risk of human toxoplasmosis via this ..
  18. ncbi Dutch patients, retail chicken meat and poultry share the same ESBL genes, plasmids and strains
    M A Leverstein-Van Hall
    Department of Medical Microbiology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Clin Microbiol Infect 17:873-80. 2011
    ..extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) -producing bacteria in food-producing animals and contamination of retail meat may contribute to increased incidences of infections with ESBL-producing bacteria in humans...
  19. pmc Comparison of muscle transcriptome between pigs with divergent meat quality phenotypes identifies genes related to muscle metabolism and structure
    Marie Damon
    INRA, UMR1348 Physiologie, Environnement et Génétique pour l Animal et les Systèmes d Elevage PEGASE, Saint Gilles, France
    PLoS ONE 7:e33763. 2012
    b>Meat quality depends on physiological processes taking place in muscle tissue, which could involve a large pattern of genes associated with both muscle structural and metabolic features...
  20. pmc Red meat consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes: 3 cohorts of US adults and an updated meta-analysis
    An Pan
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:1088-96. 2011
    ..The relation between consumption of different types of red meats and risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) remains uncertain...
  21. pmc Carcinogen metabolism genes, red meat and poultry intake, and colorectal cancer risk
    Jun Wang
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California, CA, USA
    Int J Cancer 130:1898-907. 2012
    Diets high in red meat are established risk factors for colorectal cancer (CRC). Carcinogenic compounds generated during meat cooking have been implicated as causal agents...
  22. pmc Genome-wide association scan and phased haplotype construction for quantitative trait loci affecting boar taint in three pig breeds
    Vivi R Gregersen
    Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Aarhus University, P, O, Box 50, DK 8830 Tjele, Denmark
    BMC Genomics 13:22. 2012
    Boar taint is the undesirable smell and taste of pork meat derived from some entire male pigs. The main causes of boar taint are the two compounds androstenone and skatole (3-methyl-indole)...
  23. ncbi Design and serendipity in establishing a large cohort with wide dietary intake distributions : the National Institutes of Health-American Association of Retired Persons Diet and Health Study
    A Schatzkin
    National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7232, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 154:1119-25. 2001
    ..7 and 156.8 (men) and 10.5 and 97.0 (women) g per day of red meat. After 5 years of follow-up, the cohort is expected to yield nearly 4,000 breast cancers, more than 10,000 prostate ..
  24. pmc A large prospective study of meat consumption and colorectal cancer risk: an investigation of potential mechanisms underlying this association
    Amanda J Cross
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Biostatistics Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, Department of Health and Human Services, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    Cancer Res 70:2406-14. 2010
    Although the relation between red and processed meat intake and colorectal cancer has been reported in several epidemiologic studies, very few investigated the potential mechanisms...
  25. ncbi Dietary fat and meat intake in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes in men
    Rob M van Dam
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Diabetes Care 25:417-24. 2002
    To examine dietary fat and meat intake in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes.
  26. ncbi Global comparison of gene expression profiles between intramuscular and subcutaneous adipocytes of neonatal landrace pig using microarray
    Guixuan Zhou
    Laboratory of Animal Physiology and Biochemistry, College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University, Wushan Avenue, Tianhe District, Guangzhou 510642, PR China
    Meat Sci 86:440-50. 2010
    ....
  27. ncbi An innovative survey underlining the significant level of contamination by Toxoplasma gondii of ovine meat consumed in France
    Lénaïg Halos
    ENVA AFSSA INRA UMR BIPAR, National Reference Laboratory for Food Borne Parasites, 23 Avenue du Général de Gaulle, 94700 Maisons Alfort, France
    Int J Parasitol 40:193-200. 2010
    Consumption of sheep meat presents a risk of human contamination by Toxoplasma gondii. A nationwide study was conducted in France to evaluate the prevalence of Toxoplasma in fresh ovine meat...
  28. pmc Bioactive peptides from muscle sources: meat and fish
    Joseph Thomas Ryan
    Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co Cork, Ireland
    Nutrients 3:765-91. 2011
    ..The aim of this paper is to present an outline of the bioactive peptides identified in the muscle protein of meat to date, with a focus on muscle protein from domestic animals and fish...
  29. pmc Dietary intakes of zinc and heme iron from red meat, but not from other sources, are associated with greater risk of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease
    Marcia C de Oliveira Otto
    Division of Epidemiology, Human Genetics and EnvFemental Sciences, The University of Texas Health Sciences Center Houston, USA
    J Nutr 142:526-33. 2012
    ..97), P-trend = 0.01; CVD: HR = 0.69 (95% CI = 0.46, 1.03), P-trend = 0.04]. Intakes of heme iron and Zn from red meat, but not from other sources, were positively associated with risk of MetS [heme iron from red meat: HR = 1...
  30. pmc Trends in meat consumption in the USA
    Carrie R Daniel
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, Department of Health and Human Services, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, 6120 Executive Blvd, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Public Health Nutr 14:575-83. 2011
    To characterize the trends, distribution, potential determinants and public health implications of meat consumption within the USA.
  31. ncbi Vegetarian diets, low-meat diets and health: a review
    Claire T McEvoy
    Centre for Public Health, Queen s University Belfast, Institute of Clinical Science B, Belfast, UK
    Public Health Nutr 15:2287-94. 2012
    To review the epidemiological evidence for vegetarian diets, low-meat dietary patterns and their association with health status in adults.
  32. pmc Food reservoir for Escherichia coli causing urinary tract infections
    Caroline Vincent
    McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1A2, Canada
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:88-95. 2010
    ..coli isolates from women with urinary tract infection (UTI) (n = 353); retail meat (n = 417); and restaurant/ready-to-eat foods (n = 74). E...
  33. ncbi CYP1A2 164 A-->C polymorphism, cigarette smoking, consumption of well-done red meat and risk of developing colorectal adenomas and carcinomas
    Mona Saebø
    Telemark University College, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Bø i Telemark, Norway
    Anticancer Res 28:2289-95. 2008
    ..Genetic polymorphisms in metabolizing enzymes may modify the association of environmental exposure on colorectal cancer (CRC) and adenoma risk...
  34. ncbi Intake of purine-rich foods, protein, and dairy products and relationship to serum levels of uric acid: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Hyon K Choi
    Rheumatology Unit, Bulfinch 165, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 52:283-9. 2005
    ..Our objective was to evaluate the relationship between dietary factors and serum uric acid levels in a nationally representative sample of men and women in the US...
  35. pmc Prevalence and characterization of non-O157 shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli isolates from commercial ground beef in the United States
    Joseph M Bosilevac
    USDA, ARS, U S Meat Animal Research Center, P O Box 166, State Spur 18D, Clay Center, NE 68933 0166, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:2103-12. 2011
    ..Results of this characterization identified 10 STEC isolates (0.24% of the 4,133 total) that may be considered a significant food safety threat, defined by the presence of eae, subA, and nle genes...
  36. pmc Tracing the source of campylobacteriosis
    Daniel J Wilson
    Department of Maths and Statistics, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom
    PLoS Genet 4:e1000203. 2008
    ..C. jejuni is a widespread zoonotic pathogen that is carried by animals farmed for meat and poultry. A connection with contaminated food is recognized, but C...
  37. ncbi Combinations of cytochrome P450 gene polymorphisms enhancing the risk for sporadic colorectal cancer related to red meat consumption
    Sebastien Kury
    Laboratoire d Etude de l ADN, Faculté de Médecine de Nantes, 1 rue Gaston Veil, 44035 Nantes Cedex, France
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16:1460-7. 2007
    ..were found to be associated with a significant increase in CRC risk in interaction with an excessive red meat consumption, thereby exacerbating the intrinsic procarcinogenic effect of this dietary factor...
  38. ncbi A genome-wide association study of meat and carcass traits in Australian cattle
    S Bolormaa
    Cooperative Research Centre for Beef Genetic Technologies, Armidale, New South Wales 2351, Australia
    J Anim Sci 89:2297-309. 2011
    Chromosomal regions containing DNA variation affecting the traits intramuscular fat percentage (IMF), meat tenderness measured as peak force to shear the LM (LLPF), and rump fat measured at the sacro-iliac crest in the chiller (CHILLP8) ..
  39. ncbi Search for quantitative trait loci affecting growth and carcass traits in a cross population of beef and dairy cattle
    B Gutiérrez-Gil
    The Roslin Institute and Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, The University of Edinburgh, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9PS, United Kingdom
    J Anim Sci 87:24-36. 2009
    ..associations were detected on chromosomes 10 (estimated subcutaneous fat percentage), 11 (total saleable meat proportion), 16 (prehousing growth rate), and 22 (bone proportion at the leg joint)...
  40. ncbi Meat consumption and risk of colorectal cancer: a meta-analysis of prospective studies
    Susanna C Larsson
    Division of Nutritional Epidemiology, The National Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Int J Cancer 119:2657-64. 2006
    Accumulating epidemiologic evidence indicates that high consumption of red meat and of processed meat may increase the risk of colorectal cancer...
  41. ncbi Quantitative trait loci analysis for growth and carcass traits in a Meishan x Duroc F2 resource population
    S Sato
    National Livestock Breeding Center, Nishigo, Fukushima 961 8511, Japan
    J Anim Sci 81:2938-49. 2003
    ..We identified genomic regions related with growth and meat quality traits. Fine mapping will be required for their application in introgression programs and gene cloning.
  42. ncbi Associations of plant food, dairy product, and meat intakes with 15-y incidence of elevated blood pressure in young black and white adults: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study
    Lyn M Steffen
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:1169-77; quiz 1363-4. 2005
    Consumption of plant foods and dairy and meat products may moderate increases in blood pressure.
  43. ncbi Occurrence and resistance to antibiotics of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli in animals and meat in northeastern Italy
    G Pezzotti
    Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Via Romea 14 A, 35020 Legnaro PD, Italy
    Int J Food Microbiol 82:281-7. 2003
    ..the occurrence of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli in animals, cattle, pigs, and broilers, and raw meat, beef, pork, and chicken. Campylobacter spp. were detected in 53.9% of the cattle, 63.5% of the pigs, and 82...
  44. pmc Red and processed meat consumption and risk of pancreatic cancer: meta-analysis of prospective studies
    S C Larsson
    Division of Nutritional Epidemiology, National Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Box 210, SE 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Br J Cancer 106:603-7. 2012
    Whether red and processed meat consumption is a risk factor for pancreatic cancer remains unclear...
  45. ncbi Direct detection and genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii in meat samples using magnetic capture and PCR
    Marieke Opsteegh
    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Int J Food Microbiol 139:193-201. 2010
    Different transmission routes, including the ingestion of undercooked meat, can result in Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans...
  46. pmc Occurrence and characteristics of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing Enterobacteriaceae in food producing animals, minced meat and raw milk
    Nadine Geser
    Institute for Food Safety and Hygiene, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    BMC Vet Res 8:21. 2012
    ..Additionally, 100 raw milk samples, representing bulk tank milk of 100 different dairy farms, 104 minced meat (pork and beef) samples and 67 E. coli isolates from cattle E. coli mastitis were analyzed.
  47. pmc Characterization of a novel gyrovirus in human stool and chicken meat
    Daniel K W Chu
    Centre for Influenza Research and School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
    J Clin Virol 55:209-13. 2012
    ..Sequence-independent amplification of clinical specimens can lead to the identification of novel pathogens...
  48. pmc RNA-Seq approach for genetic improvement of meat quality in pig and evolutionary insight into the substrate specificity of animal carbonyl reductases
    Won Yong Jung
    Department of Animal Resources Technology, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology, Jinju, Korea
    PLoS ONE 7:e42198. 2012
    Changes in meat quality traits are strongly associated with alterations in postmortem metabolism which depend on genetic variations, especially nonsynonymous single nucleotide variations (nsSNVs) having critical effects on protein ..
  49. pmc Meat consumption and mortality--results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
    Sabine Rohrmann
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Zurich, 8001 Zurich, Switzerland
    BMC Med 11:63. 2013
    Recently, some US cohorts have shown a moderate association between red and processed meat consumption and mortality supporting the results of previous studies among vegetarians...
  50. pmc Evaluation of a commercial ELISA kit for detection of antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii in serum, plasma and meat juice from experimentally and naturally infected sheep
    Sabine B Glor
    Institute of Parasitology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 266a, Zurich CH 8057, Switzerland
    Parasit Vectors 6:85. 2013
    ..Among food animals, sheep along with goats and pigs possess the highest incidence of T. gondii cysts in meat, and play a major role as a source of human infection.
  51. ncbi Meat, fish, and esophageal cancer risk: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis
    Maryam Salehi
    Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
    Nutr Rev 71:257-67. 2013
    ..studies (1990-2011) on associations between esophageal cancer risk (EC) and consumption of various types of meat and fish. Random-effects models and dose-response meta-analyses were used to pool study results...
  52. ncbi Study of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Danish pigs at slaughter and in imported retail meat reveals a novel MRSA type in slaughter pigs
    Yvonne Agersø
    Research Group for Microbial Genomics and Antimicrobial Resistance, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet build 204, DK 2800 Lyngby, Denmark
    Vet Microbiol 157:246-50. 2012
    ..We investigated the occurrence of MRSA in pigs at slaughter and in retail meat. During 2009, nasal swabs (n=789) were taken from pigs at slaughter...
  53. ncbi Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) on retail meat in Iowa
    B M Hanson
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, IA, USA
    J Infect Public Health 4:169-74. 2011
    ..studies have indicated a high prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in retail-available meat. However, few studies have investigated MRSA in meat in the United States...
  54. pmc Prevalence and characteristics of methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci from livestock, chicken carcasses, bulk tank milk, minced meat, and contact persons
    Helen Huber
    Institute for Food Safety and Hygiene, Vetsuisse Faculty University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 272, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    BMC Vet Res 7:6. 2011
    ..In veterinary medicine and along the meat and milk production line, only limited data were so far available on MR-CNS characteristics...
  55. pmc Detection of a Cis [corrected] eQTL controlling BCMO1 gene expression leads to the identification of a QTG for chicken breast meat color
    Elisabeth Le Bihan-Duval
    INRA, UR83, Recherches Avicoles, Nouzilly, France
    PLoS ONE 6:e14825. 2011
    ..to identify the causal gene (or QTG) underlying a highly significant QTL controlling the variation of breast meat color in a F2 cross between divergent high-growth (HG) and low-growth (LG) chicken lines...
  56. ncbi Meat intake and the risk of hypertension in middle-aged and older women
    Lu Wang
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Hypertens 26:215-22. 2008
    Although previous studies have suggested that high intake of meat, particularly red meat, may contribute to the development of hypertension, data on the prospective associations between meat intake and risk of hypertension are still ..
  57. ncbi Occurrence of fastidious Campylobacter spp. in fresh meat and poultry using an adapted cultural protocol
    Orla A Lynch
    Teagasc Food Research Centre, Ashtown, Dublin 15, Ireland
    Int J Food Microbiol 150:171-7. 2011
    ..C. concisus and C. mucosalis, from chicken meat, and 10 species, including C. concisus, C. curvus, C. mucosalis, C. sputorum, and C. upsaliensis, from minced beef...
  58. pmc Polymorphisms in the xenobiotic transporter Multidrug Resistance 1 (MDR1) and interaction with meat intake in relation to risk of colorectal cancer in a Danish prospective case-cohort study
    Vibeke Andersen
    Medical Department, Viborg Regional Hospital, DK 8800 Viborg, Denmark
    BMC Cancer 9:407. 2009
    ..aim of this study was to investigate if polymorphisms in these genes were associated with risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), and to investigate possible interactions with lifestyle factors such as smoking, meat consumption, and NSAID use.
  59. ncbi Meat consumption and colorectal cancer risk: dose-response meta-analysis of epidemiological studies
    Teresa Norat
    Unit of Nutrition and Cancer, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
    Int J Cancer 98:241-56. 2002
    The hypothesis that consumption of red and processed meat increases colorectal cancer risk is reassessed in a meta-analysis of articles published during 1973-99. The mean relative risk (RR) for the highest quantile of intake vs...
  60. pmc Verotoxins in bovine and meat verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli isolates: type, number of variants, and relationship to cytotoxicity
    Alejandra Krüger
    Departamento de Sanidad Animal y Medicina Preventiva, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Tandil, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:73-9. 2011
    ..basal as well as induced conditions of verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) strains isolated from cattle and meat products. Most (87%) of the 186 isolates carried a vt(2) gene...
  61. ncbi Characteristics of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli from meat and milk products of different origins and association with food producing animals as main contamination sources
    Annett Martin
    Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Mathematical Modelling, Scientific Services, Unit 33, Federal Institute for Risk Assessment Bundesinstitut für Riskobewertung BfR, Diedersdorfer Weg 1, D 12277 Berlin, Germany
    Int J Food Microbiol 146:99-104. 2011
    ..Significant associations (p<0.001) were found for stx1 and for stx2 with bovine meat and milk products. The stx2e gene was significantly (p<0.001) associated with STEC from pork and wild boar meat...
  62. pmc Trait correlated expression combined with expression QTL analysis reveals biological pathways and candidate genes affecting water holding capacity of muscle
    Siriluck Ponsuksili
    Research Institute for the Biology of Farm Animals FBN, Research Group Functional Genomics, Wilhelm Stahl Allee 2, 18196 Dummerstorf, Germany
    BMC Genomics 9:367. 2008
    ..Also post mortem anoxia during conversion of muscle to meat is marked by loss of water and soluble components from the muscle cell...
  63. ncbi EPIC-Oxford: lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes in a cohort of 33 883 meat-eaters and 31 546 non meat-eaters in the UK
    Gwyneth K Davey
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
    Public Health Nutr 6:259-69. 2003
    ..To describe the lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes of the Oxford cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)...
  64. ncbi Long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in plasma in British meat-eating, vegetarian, and vegan men
    Magdalena S Rosell
    Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:327-34. 2005
    ..Plasma concentrations of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are lower in vegetarians and in vegans than in omnivores. No data are available on whether these concentrations differ between long- and short-term vegetarians and vegans...
  65. pmc Multidrug-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in US Meat and Poultry
    Andrew E Waters
    Division of Pathogen Genomics, Translational Genomics Research Institute, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 52:1227-30. 2011
    We characterized the prevalence, antibiotic susceptibility profiles, and genotypes of Staphylococcus aureus among US meat and poultry samples (n = 136). S...
  66. ncbi Meat consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies
    D Aune
    Department of Biostatistics, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, PO Box 1122, 0317 Oslo, Norway
    Diabetologia 52:2277-87. 2009
    ..Previous studies have found positive associations between meat consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes, but the results have been inconsistent...
  67. pmc Red meat and poultry intake, polymorphisms in the nucleotide excision repair and mismatch repair pathways and colorectal cancer risk
    Amit D Joshi
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California, CA 90089, USA
    Carcinogenesis 30:472-9. 2009
    Diets high in red meat have been consistently associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) risk and may result in exposure to carcinogens that cause DNA damage [i...
  68. ncbi Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in ground beef and lamb cuts: results of a one-year study
    Robert S Barlow
    Food Science Australia, PO Box 3312, Tingalpa DC, Queensland 4173, Australia
    Int J Food Microbiol 111:1-5. 2006
    ..The presence of STEC in retail red meats highlights the need for a clearer understanding of STEC in food and human illness to interpret the public health significance of these findings...
  69. pmc Nationwide outbreak of listeriosis due to contaminated meat
    P S Mead
    Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 134:744-51. 2006
    ..A case-control study implicated meat frankfurters as the likely source of infection (OR 17.3, 95% CI 2.4-160)...
  70. ncbi Identification of genetic markers associated with residual feed intake and meat quality traits in the pig
    B Fan
    Department of Animal Science, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Meat Sci 84:645-50. 2010
    ..In addition, the effects on meat quality caused by low RFI selection have yet to be clarified...
  71. ncbi Quantitative trait locus mapping in an F2 Duroc x Pietrain resource population: II. Carcass and meat quality traits
    D B Edwards
    Department of Animal Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
    J Anim Sci 86:254-66. 2008
    ..of a Duroc x Pietrain resource population were evaluated to discover QTL affecting carcass composition and meat quality traits...
  72. ncbi Dietary iron intake and Type 2 diabetes incidence in postmenopausal women: the Iowa Women's Health Study
    D H Lee
    Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55454, USA
    Diabetologia 47:185-94. 2004
    ..Recently, a clear biological link between iron metabolism and diabetes has emerged from epidemiological and experimental studies. We carried out a prospective study of dietary iron intake and incidence of Type 2 diabetes...
  73. pmc Persistence of avian influenza viruses in lake sediment, duck feces, and duck meat
    Jawad Nazir
    Institute of Environmental and Animal Hygiene, University of Hohenheim, Garbenstr 30, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:4981-5. 2011
    ..NDV) and enteric cytopathogenic bovine orphan (ECBO) virus was investigated in lake sediment, duck feces, and duck meat at 30, 20, 10, and 0°C using a germ carrier technique...
  74. pmc Dietary patterns and blood pressure among middle-aged and elderly Chinese men in Shanghai
    Sang Ah Lee
    Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center and Vanderbilt Ingram Cancer Center, 2525 West End Avenue, Suite 600, IMPH, Nashville TN 37203 1738, USA
    Br J Nutr 104:265-75. 2010
    ..Three dietary patterns, 'vegetable', 'fruit and milk' and 'meat', were derived using factor analysis...
  75. pmc Factors associated with whole carcass condemnation rates in provincially-inspected abattoirs in Ontario 2001-2007: implications for food animal syndromic surveillance
    Gillian D Alton
    Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
    BMC Vet Res 6:42. 2010
    ....
  76. pmc Genome analysis of the meat starter culture bacterium Staphylococcus carnosus TM300
    Ralf Rosenstein
    Mikrobielle Genetik, Eberhard Karls Universitat Tubingen, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:811-22. 2009
    ..Some open reading frames are truncated, which reflects the nutrient-rich environment of the meat starter culture, making some functions dispensable...
  77. pmc Iron homeostasis and distal colorectal adenoma risk in the prostate, lung, colorectal, and ovarian cancer screening trial
    Amanda J Cross
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 4:1465-75. 2011
    Red meat consumption has been positively associated with colorectal cancer; however, the biological mechanism underlying this relationship is not understood...
  78. ncbi The insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) gene intron3-g.3072G>A polymorphism is not the only Sus scrofa chromosome 2p mutation affecting meat production and carcass traits in pigs: evidence from the effects of a cathepsin D (CTSD) gene polymorphism
    L Fontanesi
    DIPROVAL, Sezione di Allevamenti Zootecnici, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bologna, Via F lli Rosselli 107, 42123 Reggio Emilia, Italy
    J Anim Sci 88:2235-45. 2010
    ..production traits in Italian Large White pigs, suggesting a possible independent role of this marker in fatness and meat deposition in pigs...
  79. ncbi Red meat and colon cancer: should we become vegetarians, or can we make meat safer?
    Denis E Corpet
    Universite de Toulouse, ENVT, INRA, UMR Toxalim, Capelles, France
    Meat Sci 89:310-6. 2011
    The effect of meat consumption on cancer risk is a controversial issue. However, recent meta-analyses show that high consumers of cured meats and red meat are at increased risk of colorectal cancer...
  80. ncbi Meat, meat cooking methods and preservation, and risk for colorectal adenoma
    Rashmi Sinha
    Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Cancer Res 65:8034-41. 2005
    Cooking meat at high temperatures produces heterocyclic amines (HCAs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Processed meats contain N-nitroso compounds...
  81. ncbi Comparative studies of skeletal muscle proteome and transcriptome profilings between pig breeds
    Nam Kuk Kim
    Department of Applied Biochemistry, College of Biomedical and Health Science, Konkuk University, 322 Danwol dong, Chungju, Republic of Korea
    Mamm Genome 21:307-19. 2010
    Two genetically different pig breeds, the Korean native pig (KNP) and the Western meat-producing Landrace, show breed-specific traits in stress responsiveness (stress hormone levels), growth performance (live weight), and meat quality (..
  82. pmc comK prophage junction fragments as markers for Listeria monocytogenes genotypes unique to individual meat and poultry processing plants and a model for rapid niche-specific adaptation, biofilm formation, and persistence
    Bindhu Verghese
    Department of Food Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:3279-92. 2011
    ..epidemic clones (ECs), which included ECII, ECIII, and ECV, were identified and shown to be specific to individual meat and poultry processing plants...
  83. pmc Vegetarian compared with meat dietary protein source and phosphorus homeostasis in chronic kidney disease
    Sharon M Moe
    Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, 1001 West 10th Street, OPW 526, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 6:257-64. 2011
    ..This provides the rationale for recommendations to restrict dietary phosphate intake to 800 mg/d. However, the protein source of the phosphate may also be important...
  84. ncbi Prevalence and pathogenicity of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in beef cattle and their products
    H S Hussein
    Department of Animal Biotechnology, University of Nevada, Reno 89557, USA
    J Anim Sci 85:E63-72. 2007
    ..The results indicated the prevalence of a large number of pathogenic STEC in beef and beef cattle at high rates and emphasized the critical need for control measures to assure beef safety...
  85. ncbi Biomarkers of meat intake and the application of nutrigenomics
    Lars O Dragsted
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Copenhagen, 30 Rolighedsvej, DK 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    Meat Sci 84:301-7. 2010
    Objective dietary intake markers for meat would be useful to assess meat intake in observational studies and as compliance markers in dietary intervention studies...
  86. ncbi A genome scan reveals QTL for growth, fatness, leanness and meat quality in a Duroc-Pietrain resource population
    G Liu
    Animal Breeding and Husbandry Group, Institute of Animal Science, University of Bonn, Endenicher Allee 15, 53115 Bonn, Germany
    Anim Genet 38:241-52. 2007
    ..Thirty-five phenotypic traits including body weight, growth, carcass composition and meat quality traits were analysed using least square regression interval mapping...
  87. ncbi Statistical evaluation of test accuracy studies for Toxoplasma gondii in food animal intermediate hosts
    I A Gardner
    Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Zoonoses Public Health 57:82-94. 2010
    ..We make recommendations for statistical analysis and reporting of test evaluation studies for T. gondii in food animals based on our own experiences and those of others...
  88. ncbi Detection by multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction assays and isolation of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli serogroups O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145 in ground beef
    Pina M Fratamico
    Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 8:601-7. 2011
    ..This work provides a method for detection and isolation in ground beef and potentially other foods of non-O157 STEC of major public health concern...
  89. ncbi Meat and meat-mutagen intake and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma: results from a NCI-SEER case-control study
    Amanda J Cross
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS, Rockville, MD 20892, USA
    Carcinogenesis 27:293-7. 2006
    ..b>Meat cooked well-done using high-temperature cooking techniques produces heterocyclic amines (HCAs) and polycyclic ..
  90. ncbi Influence of dietary vitamin E supplementation on meat quality traits and gene expression related to lipid metabolism in the Beijing-you chicken
    W J Li
    Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Institute of Animal Science, Beijing, China
    Br Poult Sci 50:188-98. 2009
    1. The effects of dietary vitamin E (DL-alpha-tocopheryl acetate) on carcase and meat quality, oxidative stability, fatty acid composition of muscle lipids, and gene expression related to lipid metabolism were studied in Beijing-you ..
  91. ncbi Genetic and environmental effects on meat quality
    R D Warner
    Department of Primary Industries, Werribee, Australia
    Meat Sci 86:171-83. 2010
    In order for livestock industries to consistently produce high quality meat, there must be an understanding of the factors that cause quality to vary, as well as the contribution of genetics...
  92. ncbi Physiology, affecting factors and strategies for control of pig meat intramuscular fat
    Shi Zheng Gao
    Yunnan Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming, 650201, China
    Recent Pat Food Nutr Agric 1:59-74. 2009
    ..Research has therefore focused on improving meat quality by optimizing IMF...
  93. ncbi Microarray-based detection of extended virulence and antimicrobial resistance gene profiles in phylogroup B2 Escherichia coli of human, meat and animal origin
    Lotte Jakobsen
    1Department for Microbiological Surveillance and Research, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark
    J Med Microbiol 60:1502-11. 2011
    ..It has been hypothesized that the external reservoir for these uropathogenic E. coli in the human intestine may be meat and food-production animals. To investigate such a connection, this study analysed an E...
  94. ncbi Polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 1A2 and N-acetyltransferase genes, meat consumption, and risk of colorectal cancer
    Chih Ching Yeh
    Department of Health Risk Management, College of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan
    Dis Colon Rectum 52:104-11. 2009
    ..A hospital-based study was designed to investigate the association between colorectal cancer and cytochrome P-450 1A2, N-acetyltransferase 1, and N-acetyltransferase 2, with the interaction of meat consumption.
  95. ncbi Contribution of dietary protein to sulfide production in the large intestine: an in vitro and a controlled feeding study in humans
    E A Magee
    Dunn Clinical Nutrition Centre, Hills Road, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 72:1488-94. 2000
    ..Sulfide generation in the colon is probably driven by dietary components such as sulfur-containing amino acids (SAAs) and inorganic sulfur (eg, sulfite)...
  96. pmc Biocontrol of Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli O157:H7 in meat by using phages immobilized on modified cellulose membranes
    H Anany
    Canadian Research Institute for Food Safety, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Appl Environ Microbiol 77:6379-87. 2011
    ..monocytogenes and E. coli O157:H7 in ready-to-eat and raw meat, respectively, under different storage temperatures and packaging conditions...
  97. ncbi Occupational exposure to meat and risk of lymphoma: a multicenter case-control study from Europe
    Tina Moore
    Department of Lifestyle, Environment and Cancer, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
    Int J Cancer 121:2761-6. 2007
    Several studies have suggested an increased risk of lymphoma among workers exposed to meat, without conclusive evidence...
  98. pmc Fish, meat, and risk of dementia: cohort study
    Pascale Barberger-Gateau
    INSERM U330, Universite Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, case n degrees 11, 146 rue Leo Saignat, 33076 Bordeaux Cedex, France
    BMJ 325:932-3. 2002
  99. ncbi Characterization of quantitative trait loci for growth and meat quality in a cross between commercial breeds of swine
    H Thomsen
    Department of Animal Science and the Center for Integrated Animal Genomics, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA
    J Anim Sci 82:2213-28. 2004
    ..two Berkshire grandsires with nine Yorkshire granddams to identify QTL affecting growth, body composition, and meat quality...
  100. ncbi Production systems and influence on eating quality of pork
    Michel Bonneau
    UMR 1079 INRA Agrocampus Ouest SENAH, Domaine de la Prise, INRA, F 35590 Saint Gilles, France
    Meat Sci 84:293-300. 2010
    ....
  101. ncbi A second look into fibre typing--relation to meat quality
    L Lefaucheur
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique INRA, Unité Mixte de Recherches 1079, Systèmes d Elevage, Nutrition Animale et Humaine, Domaine de la Prise, F 35590 Saint Gilles, France
    Meat Sci 84:257-70. 2010
    Despite intensive research, a large variation in meat quality is still observed in most meat producing species. It is widely accepted that myofibre type composition is an important source of variation in meat quality...

Research Grants72

  1. Health Effects of Lifetime Exposure to Food Contaminants
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..to methylmercury (MeHg) may be estimated, because the MeHg exposure primarily originated from ingestion of whale meat. Local catches of whale pods varied substantially between islands and from year to year, and dissemination of whale ..
  2. Diet Quality and CVD Risk Factors in a Family Based Weight Management Study
    Alice H Lichtenstein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and vegetable, and fish intake;substituting non-fat and low-fat for full-fat milk and dairy products;and reducing meat, fried food and savory snack intakes...
  3. Diet and Gastrointestinal Cancer Risk in African Americans and Rural Africans
    STEPHEN JD O'KEEFE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..by a wealth of experimental evidence, have suggested that the explanation may lie in the high dietary intake of red meat by AAs which increases microbiota populations of sulfur-reducing bacteria (SRBs), which produce cytotoxic and ..
  4. Novel High Affinity and Long-Acting Bovine FSH Analogs for Veterinary Superovulat
    BRUCE DALE WEINTRAUB; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..by a protein infectious agent which causes a 100% fatal brain disease in humans after eating such infected meat. The two investigators have invented a completely new and more active DNA - derived form of cow-like FSH which ..
  5. Nutrition and Physical Activity Assessment Study (NPAAS)
    Ross L Prentice; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..nitrogen (protein), fructose, sucrose (sugars), alkylresorcinols (whole grains) and 1- and 3- methylhistidine (meat);and blood-derived nutritional measures, including carotenoids (fruits &vegetables), 1- and 3 -tocopherols (..
  6. Diet, Biomarkers and Lung Function
    Rui Jiang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..higher lung function, higher lung density, and slower longitudinal decline in lung density in MESA;D) high cured meat intake is associated with greater longitudinal decline in lung function, and high dairy intake is associated with ..
  7. Case-Cohort Study of Cancers in Excess in Poultry Workers
    Eric S Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..agents is virtually universal, and occurs through: 1) contact with live poultry;2) contact with their blood and raw meat and egg products;3) through ingestion of raw or inadequately cooked poultry meat and eggs;4) inoculation with ..
  8. Advanced Glycation End-Products and Risk of Pancreatic Cancer
    Li Jiao; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Cigarette smoking, dietary high-fat and red meat intake, and excess body weight are modifiable risk factors for pancreatic cancer...
  9. Three-generation Human Study of Reproductive Effects of Marine Food Contaminants
    PHILIPPE ADAM GRANDJEAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..have an increased exposure to suspected endocrine disrupters from traditional marine food, which may include meat and blubber from the pilot whale...
  10. Plant-based diets and risk of cancer
    Gary E Fraser; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..About 45% are vegetarian, but another 25% on average consume 139 gm of meat per day. Thus a very important feature is a wide range of dietary habits...
  11. Synthesis, StructUre and Replication of Carcirogen-Modified Oligonucleotides
    Carmelo J Rizzo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Human exposure to HCAs is widespread and usually occurs over a lifetime;epidemiological studies have linked red meat consumption with increased risk of colorectal, breast, and prostate cancers...
  12. Dietary control of angiogenesis in retinopathy models
    Lois Smith; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..6 PUFA in diet (is eating ?3PUFA (fish) better than not eating ?6 PUFA (meat)?) ii) the positive and negative contributions of enzymatic pathway(s) that produce the major bioactive PUFA ..
  13. Risk reduction through polyamine inhibition among colorectal carcinoma patients
    JASON ZELL; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Subsequently we will determine how these genetic effects are influenced by dietary arginine/meat intake to influence survival...
  14. Intestinal Microbiota, Diet and Risk of Colorectal Adenomas
    Robert S Sandler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..without adenomas, 3) assess the association between adherent bacteria profiles and diet/lifestyle such as fiber, meat intake, obesity (body mass index (BMI), waist-hip-ratio), and NSAID use in relation to colorectal adenomas...
  15. Impact of Microparticles on Oral TSE Infections
    Joel A Pedersen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Microparticles are found in many other substances than soil. Meat and bone meal (MBM), a commonly used cattle food supplement thought responsible for BSE in Europe...
  16. DUST MITE, COCKROACH AND CAT ALLERGENS IN ASTHMA
    Thomas A Platts-Mills; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..southeastern United States and are associated with delayed anaphylaxis following 3-4 hours after consumption of red meat. In keeping with that, the experiments proposed here take advantage of the fact that there are two allergens (alpha-..
  17. Cortisol regulation of perinatal adipose tissue and sheep neonatal leptin peak
    Stephen P Ford; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..action on adipose tissue to 1) in women aid diagnosis, prevention and treatment of poor MO OFF outcomes in the current human MO epidemic;2) in sheep, provide the biological information essential to feed efficiency and meat quality.
  18. Bacterial effectors targeting the IKK/NF-kB pathway
    PHILIP ROSS HARDWIDGE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Despite costly attempts to reduce bacterial contamination of water, meat, and vegetables, Shiga toxin- producing E. coli (STEC) and related enteric pathogens (e.g...
  19. Epigenetic Modulation of PTPG by Zeranol in Beef Increases Breast Cancer Risk
    Young C Lin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..in primary cultured normal human breast epithelial cells, stromal cells, and tissues exposed to serum and meat extracts collected from Zimplanted beef heifers...
  20. Mechanisms for Benzo(a)pyrene-Induced Colon Cancer Exacerbation by Dietary Fat
    Aramandla Ramesh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to colorectal cancer (CRC) in USA and in a great majority of the cases surveyed;consumption of well-done red meat and other saturated fats, rich in B(a)P were implicated as a possible causative factor...
  21. Fungal Polyketide Synthases and Environmental Toxin Biosynthesis
    CRAIG ARTHUR TOWNSEND; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..That vigilance accounts for several $B/yr in losses to grain and nut crops and contaminated milk and meat destroyed. The aflatoxins are a paradigm among mycotoxins and occupy a central place in environmental toxicology...
  22. Bacterial effectors targeting the IKK/NF-kB pathway
    PHILIP ROSS HARDWIDGE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Despite costly attempts to reduce bacterial contamination of water, meat, and produce, Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) and related enteric pathogens (e.g...
  23. NOC in processed meat as a likely cause of colon cancer
    Sidney S Mirvish; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Nitrite-preserved ("processed") meat is a reported cause of colon cancer. This may occur because processed meat contains N-nitroso compounds (NOC), which induce the cancer...
  24. Oligosaccharies of Normal and Malignant Cells
    Ajit P Varki; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..for the human propensity to develop carcinomas, and also provide one explanation for the association of red meat consumption with cancer risk...
  25. Comparative Genomics of Peroxisomal Lipid Metabolism
    Joseph Hacia; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..One such interaction involves dramatic increases in meat consumption prior to migrations of modern humans out of Africa...
  26. Prospective Studies of Avian Influenza Transmission in Asia
    GREGORY CHARLES GRAY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of H5N1 transmission among 900 adults occupationally exposed to poultry (poultry farmers, poultry industry workers, meat processing workers, open poultry market workers), and 300 age-group and gender matched non-exposed controls living ..
  27. Saturated Fat and Protein Effects on Atherogenic Dyslipidemia
    Ronald M Krauss; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..There is growing epidemiological evidence that consumption of red meat is associated with greater incidence of CVD than either white meat or non-meat foods...
  28. Neu5Gc and anti-Neu5Gc antibodies for detection of cancer and cancer risk
    Ajit P Varki; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..synthesizing NeuSGc and can metabolically incorporate it into tumors from certain dietary sources (particularly red meat and milk)...
  29. Development of a Biochemical Diagnosis for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
    Claudio Soto; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..disease (sCJD), the most common form, and variant CJD (vCJD) which is associated to consumption of cattle meat infected by bovine spongiform encephalopathy...
  30. Identifying components of Toxoplasma oocysts that confer environmental resistance
    HEATHER MICHELLE FRITZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Human infections result from ingestion of the environmentally resistant oocysts, through ingestion of undercooked meat from an intermediate host (e.g...
  31. Increasing Animal Foods in Diets of HIV-Infected Kenyan Women and Their Children
    Judith A Ernst; Fiscal Year: 2011
    In the proposed project we will evaluate the effect of protein and micronutrients in meat on the health and nutritional well being of rural Kenyan women living with HIV and the health and development of their children, by means of a ..
  32. Novel Use of Confocal Microscopy on Cultured Porcine Corneas for Pre-Clinical Tes
    Michelle Piehl; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The PorFocal uses waste porcine corneas from the meat industry to assay individual corneal cell death with high sensitivity due to a confocal microscopy endpoint...
  33. Tuberculosis epidemiology and novel transmission routes in rural Tanzania
    Philip C Hopewell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are believed to result from close contact with cattle (aerosol transmission), ingestion of contaminated milk or meat, or exposure during slaughter...
  34. Epigenetic changes in a PhIP-induced prostate cancer model in hCYP1A mice
    CHEN XIAO CHEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Exposure to PhIP, a dietary carcinogen generated from high temperature cooking of meat and fish, has been associated with prostate cancer risk...
  35. Complementary feeding: a Global Network cluster randomized controlled trial
    K Michael Hambidge; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Of special importance are iron and zinc, requirements for which can only be attained from unfortified foods if meat/liver are provided on a regular basis from the age of 6 mo...
  36. Circulating fatty acids and breast cancer risk: a prospective study
    A Heather Eliassen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..First, we will assess the association of saturated and trans fatty acids that reflect intake of dairy fat and meat (15:0, 16:1n- 7t, 18:1n-7t) and trans fatty acids from partially hydrogenated oils (18:1 and 18:2) with breast ..
  37. Risk Factors for Breast Cancer in Younger Nurses
    Walter C Willett; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To assess potential underlying mechanisms for an association we observed with consumption of red meat, we will evaluate the relation of plasma ferritin to risk of breast cancer...
  38. Food Safety &BSE/Ruminant Feed Ban Support Project
    TRAVIS JAY KNIGHT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Because Iowa is second in overall agricultural exports, first in live animals and meat, and first in feed grains and products, this program is not only cost-efficient but has the potential to produce a ..
  39. Detection of Non-Human Sialic Acid in Biotherapeutic Applications
    Elaine Muchmore; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Furthermore, various human diseases associated with eating red meat and milk products (particularly heart attacks, strokes, several common cancers, and possibly autoimmune diseases) ..
  40. GASTRIC ACID SECRETION AND BUFFER CONTENT AFTER EATING
    Mark Feldman; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..isoproterenol or terbutaline) reduce gastric acid secretion in humans and animals; to compare soy protein with meat protein as stimulants for acid secretion; to study gastric and duodenal HCO3 secretion; to clarify the role of ..
  41. Targeting Host and Apicomplexan Isoprenoid Pathways
    Silvia N Moreno; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of human toxoplasmosis, a systemic infection acquired mostly through contaminated water and vegetables, or uncooked meat. Tissue cyst formation occurs soon after infection and is responsible for lifelong infection in immunocompetent ..
  42. IgE to carbohydrates causes delayed anaphylaxis
    SCOTT PALMER COMMINS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..controlled food challenges to further understand the delayed appearance of clinical symptoms after eating mammalian meat. Most patients who have IgE to alpha-gal tolerated mammalian meat for many years prior to the onset of symptoms...
  43. A Prospective Study of Serum Taurine and Stroke Risk in Women
    Yu Chen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..to synthesize more than minor quantities of taurine, it is mostly obtained from diet, mainly seafood and the dark meat of poultry...
  44. RNA Targeted Screens of the Prion 5'UTR
    Jack T Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..endogenous Cu/Zn metaloprotein from being a viable target for protein conversion by infectious PrP (PrPsc) from meat sources (i.e. Scapie from Sheep), and from beef (mad cow disease)...
  45. Genetic Study of the Yeast Prion-Interacting Proteins
    Yury O Chernoff; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and deer, represent a significant health threat due to a possibility of their transmission to humans with infected meat. Some amyloid diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, are widespread and age-dependent, so that their ..
  46. Predictors of Mammary Gland Development &Breast Fibroglandular Volume at puberty
    Karin B Michels; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..chemicals, specifically bisphenol A and phthalates;frequent consumption of high fat dairy products and red meat;blood levels of inflammatory markers, specifically interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor, and C-reactive protein;..
  47. Folic Acid and Creatine as Therapeutic Approaches for Lowering Blood Arenic
    MARY VELESCA GAMBLE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Urinary creatinine is influenced by dietary intake of creatine (derived from meat), which downregulates endogenous creatine biosynthesis...
  48. Whole Genome Scan for Modifier Genes in Colorectal Cancer
    Loic Le Marchand; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..for colon and rectal cancers) and their interactions with a well-defined set of lifestyle variables (folate, red meat, alcohol and calcium intakes, and BMI and pack-years)...
  49. Dietary Patterns / Dietary Quality and Risk of RA in Women
    Bing Lu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..fish, olive oil and cooked vegetables confer a protective effect against the development of RA, whereas red meat, fat, dairy and cereals may increase the risk of RA, although evidence for dietary etiology is inconclusive...
  50. Food Emergency Response Network Radiological Laboratories
    GRACE KUBIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Food and drug inspectors routinely collect samples of ground meat, ready to eat meat products, milk and dairy products, seafood products, and bay water...
  51. FOSTERING PATIENT ORIENTED RESEARCH IN PEDIATRIC NUTRITION
    Nancy F Krebs; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Three funded POR projects are described in the application: a cluster randomized trial providing meat as a complementary food to infants and toddlers in 4 developing countries;a metabolic study comparing 3 different ..
  52. ISO/IEC 17025:2005 Accreditation for Texas Food Testing Laboratory
    Elizabeth Delamater; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Food and drug inspectors routinely collect samples of ground meat, ready to eat meat products, milk and dairy products, seafood products, and bay water...
  53. Dietary Patterns and the Course of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
    James D Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Animal models and human data lead to a hypothesis that red and processed meat consumption may be associated with relapse of CD...
  54. Intervention strategies of hemorrhagic colitis and HUS
    Edgar Boedeker; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..coli, acquired by ingestion of inadequately cooked meat, or other contaminated foods, cause hemorrhagic colitis, and may induce fatal hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)...
  55. Faith, Farming, the Future: A church-based program addressing health disparities
    Alice S Ammerman; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..homegrown produce often leave their rural homes for urban jobs in fast food restaurants or low wage, high-risk meat processing plants...
  56. Multiple Risk Behavior Intervention in Health Care Settings
    Karen M Emmons; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The intervention targeted multiple risk factors (red meat, fruit &vegetables, multi-vitamins, physical activity)...
  57. Host determinants of Toxoplasma and Listeria invasion
    My Hang Huynh; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Listeria similarly poses a threat to immunodeficient individuals and pregnant women by foodborne ingestion of meat or dairy products contaminated during processing.
  58. El Valor de Nuestra Salud (The Value of Our Health)
    Guadalupe X Ayala; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to promote sales of ready-to-eat fruits and vegetables, and to work with them to modify selections available in the meat and ready-to-eat food departments...
  59. Validation of methods for detection of Campylobacter in veterinary patients
    Shuping Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Risk factors for Campylobacter infection in dogs and cats include consumption of raw meat diets and contaminated treats such as uncooked beef bones...
  60. Non-invasive Assessment of Skeletal Muscle Loss in Cancer Patients
    Morteza Janghorbani; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by showing: (i) isotope enrichment in spot urine samples is identical with the corresponding plasma samples, (ii) meat intake up to and including the time of dosing does not influence the slope of the terminal portion of the isotope ..
  61. Helping "Loncheras" Offer Healthier Meals
    Deborah A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..recommended nutrients, including at least 1 cup of vegetables, 1 cup of fruit, 1-3 oz whole grains, <5 oz of meat or meat equivalent, <500 mg sodium, <30% calories from fat, and <10% calories from saturated fat, AND it ..
  62. Risk Factors for Gout Among Women
    Hyon Choi; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..suspected risk factors and the risk of incident gout: 1) increased risk with adiposity, weight gain, intake of meat, seafood, and alcohol [beer and liquor, but not wine], hypertension, and diuretic use;2) decreased risk with weight ..
  63. Maintaining and enhancing accreditation at the Florida Bureau of Food Laboratorie
    Maria Ishida; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in support of the Division of Food Safety, and working for and with our Department's Bureau of Food and Meat Inspection, microbiological and chemical food analyses performed on behalf of the state's manufactured food ..
  64. Performance Standards for Away from Home Meals
    Deborah A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..for healthy breakfasts, lunches, and snacks for students in school, specifying the content of fruits, vegetables, meat, whole grains, dairy, salt, fat and calories...
  65. Biomedical Partnership for Research Education Pipeline in Alaska (Alaska BioPREP)
    Susan Hills; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..We use local materials, for example caribou meat, from which students extract DNA, amplify genetic loci, sequence, and evaluate the results...
  66. Physiological Significance of Conjugated Double Bonds in Membrane Lipids
    Papasani Subbaiah; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..occurring trans fatty acids, called conjugated linoleic acids (CLA), which are found in dairy products and meat, have been shown to have several health benefits...
  67. PrP-scrapie transport across intestinal & BBB
    Neena Singh; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) to humans from bovine-spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)-contaminated meat, and the transmission of BSE by intra-venous inoculation of peripheral blood to experimental animals raises two ..
  68. AMINO ACIDS IN URINE, DIET & BP: INT'L POPULATION STUDY
    Martha Daviglus; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..3- methylhistidine, histidine, lysine, anserine (1-methylhistidine- beta-alanine dipeptide) -- reflecting meat protein intake; arginine -- source in cells for nitric oxide (NO), implicated in vasodilation; other urinary amino ..
  69. BREAST CANCER IN WOMEN OF POLISH ANCESTRY
    Dorothy Pathak; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..g. glucobrassicins, carotenoids, flavonoids, and antioxidants), and dietary fiber; and 3) increase in intake of meat, meat products and dietary fat; and 4) interaction among the dietary constituents in 1-3 above...
  70. BREAST CANCER IN WOMEN OF POLISH ANCESTRY
    Dorothy Pathak; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..g. glucobrassicins, carotenoids, flavonoids, and antioxidants), and dietary fiber; and 3) increase in intake of meat, meat products and dietary fat; and 4) interaction among the dietary constituents in 1-3 above...
  71. NUTRITIONAL INFLUENCES ON COLON CANCER IN THE TAMARIN
    Lynne Ausman; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Epidemiologic studies have shown that diets high in fat, cholesterol, and/or meat and low in dietary fiber increase susceptibility to colitis and colon cancer...
  72. RCT of the Naturopathic Anti-inflammatory Diet
    Patricia Elmer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This diet excludes dairy products, wheat and gluten, citrus, nightshade vegetables, and meat. While the diet is included in naturopathic medicine texts and is taught in all naturopathic medical schools, and ..