eggs

Summary

Summary: Animal reproductive bodies, or the contents thereof, used as food. The concept is differentiated from OVUM, the anatomic or physiologic entity.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Plants and insect eggs: how do they affect each other?
    Monika Hilker
    Freie Universitat Berlin, Institute of Biology, Applied Zoology Animal Ecology, Haderslebener Str 9, D 12163 Berlin, Germany
    Phytochemistry 72:1612-23. 2011
  2. ncbi Dietary cholesterol from eggs increases the ratio of total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in humans: a meta-analysis
    R M Weggemans
    Division of Human Nutrition and Epidemiology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 73:885-91. 2001
  3. pmc Risk factors for Salmonella Enteritidis and Typhimurium (DT104 and non-DT104) infections in The Netherlands: predominant roles for raw eggs in Enteritidis and sandboxes in Typhimurium infections
    Y Doorduyn
    Centre for Infectious Diseases Epidemiology, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Epidemiol Infect 134:617-26. 2006
  4. pmc Dietary protein sources and the risk of stroke in men and women
    Adam M Bernstein
    Wellness Institute of the Cleveland Clinic, 1950 Richmond Road TR2 203, Lyndhurst, OH 44124, USA
    Stroke 43:637-44. 2012
  5. pmc Application of Bayesian techniques to model the burden of human salmonellosis attributable to U.S. food commodities at the point of processing: adaptation of a Danish model
    Chuanfa Guo
    Food Safety and Inspection Service, Washington, District of Columbia, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 8:509-16. 2011
  6. ncbi Avian egg size: variation within species and inflexibility within individuals
    Julian K Christians
    Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 77:1-26. 2002
  7. ncbi Intake of animal products and stroke mortality in the Hiroshima/Nagasaki Life Span Study
    Catherine Sauvaget
    Department of Epidemiology, Radiation Effects Research Foundation, Hiroshima, Japan
    Int J Epidemiol 32:536-43. 2003
  8. ncbi Eggs distinctly modulate plasma carotenoid and lipoprotein subclasses in adult men following a carbohydrate-restricted diet
    Gisella Mutungi
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Nutr Biochem 21:261-7. 2010
  9. ncbi Reduced egg investment can conceal helper effects in cooperatively breeding birds
    A F Russell
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Science 317:941-4. 2007
  10. ncbi Identification of quantitative trait loci associated with egg quality, egg production, and body weight in an F2 resource population of chickens
    M A Schreiweis
    Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
    Anim Genet 37:106-12. 2006

Detail Information

Publications358 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Plants and insect eggs: how do they affect each other?
    Monika Hilker
    Freie Universitat Berlin, Institute of Biology, Applied Zoology Animal Ecology, Haderslebener Str 9, D 12163 Berlin, Germany
    Phytochemistry 72:1612-23. 2011
    ..between plants and the actively feeding stages, but also by the close relationships between plants and insect eggs. Here, we review both effects of plants on insect eggs and, vice versa, effects of eggs on plants...
  2. ncbi Dietary cholesterol from eggs increases the ratio of total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in humans: a meta-analysis
    R M Weggemans
    Division of Human Nutrition and Epidemiology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 73:885-91. 2001
    ..It is possible that the adverse effect of eggs on LDL-cholesterol is offset by their favorable effect on HDL cholesterol...
  3. pmc Risk factors for Salmonella Enteritidis and Typhimurium (DT104 and non-DT104) infections in The Netherlands: predominant roles for raw eggs in Enteritidis and sandboxes in Typhimurium infections
    Y Doorduyn
    Centre for Infectious Diseases Epidemiology, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Epidemiol Infect 134:617-26. 2006
    ..4, 95% CI 1.6-12.2] and proton pump inhibitors (OR 4.2, 95% CI 2.2-7.9), consumption of raw eggs (OR 3.1, 95% CI 1.3-7.4) and products containing raw eggs (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.1-3.0) were associated with endemic S...
  4. pmc Dietary protein sources and the risk of stroke in men and women
    Adam M Bernstein
    Wellness Institute of the Cleveland Clinic, 1950 Richmond Road TR2 203, Lyndhurst, OH 44124, USA
    Stroke 43:637-44. 2012
    ..Few dietary protein sources have been studied prospectively in relation to stroke. We examined the relation between foods that are major protein sources and risk of stroke...
  5. pmc Application of Bayesian techniques to model the burden of human salmonellosis attributable to U.S. food commodities at the point of processing: adaptation of a Danish model
    Chuanfa Guo
    Food Safety and Inspection Service, Washington, District of Columbia, USA
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 8:509-16. 2011
    ....
  6. ncbi Avian egg size: variation within species and inflexibility within individuals
    Julian K Christians
    Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 77:1-26. 2002
    ..Further research into the physiological basis of egg-size variation is needed to shed light on both the proximate and ultimate causes of intraspecific variation in this trait in birds...
  7. ncbi Intake of animal products and stroke mortality in the Hiroshima/Nagasaki Life Span Study
    Catherine Sauvaget
    Department of Epidemiology, Radiation Effects Research Foundation, Hiroshima, Japan
    Int J Epidemiol 32:536-43. 2003
    ..To determine whether intake of animal products was associated with a reduced risk of stroke mortality in a large-scale population-based cohort in Japan...
  8. ncbi Eggs distinctly modulate plasma carotenoid and lipoprotein subclasses in adult men following a carbohydrate-restricted diet
    Gisella Mutungi
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Nutr Biochem 21:261-7. 2010
    ..001). However, those subjects with a higher intake of cholesterol provided by eggs (640 mg additional cholesterol, EGG group) had higher concentrations of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (..
  9. ncbi Reduced egg investment can conceal helper effects in cooperatively breeding birds
    A F Russell
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Science 317:941-4. 2007
    ..In superb fairy-wrens (Malurus cyaneus), mothers breeding in the presence of helpers lay smaller eggs of lower nutritional content that produce lighter chicks, as compared with those laying eggs in the absence of ..
  10. ncbi Identification of quantitative trait loci associated with egg quality, egg production, and body weight in an F2 resource population of chickens
    M A Schreiweis
    Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
    Anim Genet 37:106-12. 2006
    ..An additional 64 QTL tests surpassed the 5% chromosome-wise significance threshold...
  11. ncbi The prevalence of food hypersensitivity in an unselected population of children and adults
    M Osterballe
    Allergy Center, Department of Dermatology, Odense University Hospital, Denmark
    Pediatr Allergy Immunol 16:567-73. 2005
    ..This study demonstrates the prevalence of FHS confirmed by oral challenge to the most common allergenic foods in an unselected population of children and adults...
  12. ncbi The natural history of egg allergy
    Jessica H Savage
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Allergy and Immunology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 120:1413-7. 2007
    ..Egg allergy is very common, affecting 1% to 2% of children. It is generally thought that the majority of children with egg allergy develop tolerance in early childhood; however, this has not been examined in a large cohort with egg allergy...
  13. ncbi Mapping of quantitative trait loci affecting quality and production traits in egg layers
    M Tuiskula-Haavisto
    Animal Production Research, Animal Breeding, MTT Agrifood Research Finland, Jokioinen
    Poult Sci 81:919-27. 2002
    ..The most significant QTL explains 25.8% of the phenotypic variance in F2 of body weight. An area affecting the age at first egg, egg weight, and the number of eggs was located on chromosome Z.
  14. ncbi Rapid detection of Newcastle disease virus replication in embryonated chicken eggs using quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction
    V P Gopinath
    Department of Animal Biotechnology, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai, India
    J Virol Methods 171:98-101. 2011
    ..RT-PCR techniques were compared for the detection of NDV genome replication in 9-11-day-old embryonated chicken eggs (ECE) using the nucleoprotein (NP) gene of the virus as a target...
  15. ncbi The effect of heavy metal exposure on egg size, eggshell thickness and the number of spermatozoa in blue tit Parus caeruleus eggs
    T Dauwe
    Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, B 2610 Wilrijk, Belgium
    Environ Pollut 129:125-9. 2004
    ..the egg size, the eggshell thickness and the number of spermatozoa trapped on the perivitelline layer of the eggs in three blue tit (Parus caeruleus) populations across a heavy metal pollution gradient...
  16. ncbi Eggs-only diet: its implications for the toxin profile changes and ecology of the marbled sea snake (Aipysurus eydouxii)
    Min Li
    Department of Biological Science, Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119260
    J Mol Evol 60:81-9. 2005
    ..This is a secondary result of the adaptation of A. eydouxii to a new dietary habit--feeding exclusively on fish eggs and, thus, the snake no longer using its venom for prey capture...
  17. ncbi Determination of close genetic relatedness of the major Salmonella enteritidis phage types by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and DNA sequence analysis of several Salmonella virulence genes
    C R Hudson
    Department of Avian Medicine, The University of Georgia, Athens 30602, USA
    Avian Dis 45:875-86. 2001
    ..Any chance for discerning genetic differences among isolates will need to rely on molecular techniques other than PFGE...
  18. ncbi Consumption of one egg per day increases serum lutein and zeaxanthin concentrations in older adults without altering serum lipid and lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations
    Elizabeth F Goodrow
    Center for Health and Disease Research, Department of Clinical Laboratory and Nutritional Sciences, University of Massachusetts Lowell, MA 01854, USA
    J Nutr 136:2519-24. 2006
    ..A rich source of lutein and zeaxanthin in the American diet is the yolk of chicken eggs. Thus, the objective of the study was to investigate the effect of consuming 1 egg/d for 5 wk on the serum ..
  19. pmc Dietary fat and cholesterol and risk of cardiovascular disease in older adults: the Health ABC Study
    D K Houston
    Sticht Center on Aging, Department of Internal Medicine, Section on Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 21:430-7. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the association between dietary fats, cholesterol, and eggs and CVD risk among community-dwelling adults aged 70-79 in the Health, Aging and Body Composition Study.
  20. pmc Infection of the reproductive tract and eggs with Salmonella enterica serovar pullorum in the chicken is associated with suppression of cellular immunity at sexual maturity
    Paul Wigley
    Department of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Leahurst, Neston CH64 7TE, United Kingdom
    Infect Immun 73:2986-90. 2005
    ..numbers of bacteria increase and spread to the reproductive tract, which may result in vertical transmission to eggs or chicks...
  21. pmc The need and potential of biosensors to detect dioxins and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls along the milk, eggs and meat food chain
    Jeerasak Chobtang
    Animal Production Systems Group, Wageningen University, P O Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Sensors (Basel) 11:11692-716. 2011
    ..Therefore, simple and efficient extraction and clean-up procedures are required which may enable biosensors to detect dioxins and DL-PCBs contamination along the food chain...
  22. pmc Egg breakfast enhances weight loss
    J S Vander Wal
    Department of Psychology, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, MO, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:1545-51. 2008
    ..To test the hypotheses that an egg breakfast, in contrast to a bagel breakfast matched for energy density and total energy, would enhance weight loss in overweight and obese participants while on a reduced-calorie weight loss diet...
  23. pmc Retaliatory mafia behavior by a parasitic cowbird favors host acceptance of parasitic eggs
    Jeffrey P Hoover
    Division of Ecology and Conservation Science, Illinois Natural History Survey, 1816 South Oak Street, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:4479-83. 2007
    Why do many hosts accept costly avian brood parasitism even when parasitic eggs and nestlings differ dramatically in appearance from their own? Scientists argue that evolutionary lag or equilibrium can explain this evolutionary enigma...
  24. ncbi Highly resistant Salmonella Newport-MDRAmpC transmitted through the domestic US food supply: a FoodNet case-control study of sporadic Salmonella Newport infections, 2002-2003
    Jay K Varma
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 194:222-30. 2006
    ..We sought to identify the medical, behavioral, and dietary risk factors for laboratory-confirmed Salmonella Newport infection, including that with Newport-MDRAmpC...
  25. pmc Exploring the factors that affect blood cholesterol and heart disease risk: is dietary cholesterol as bad for you as history leads us to believe?
    Mitchell M Kanter
    Egg Nutrition Center, Park Ridge, IL, USA
    Adv Nutr 3:711-7. 2012
    ..Because eggs are a healthful food, it is particularly important that sensible strategies be recommended for inclusions of eggs ..
  26. ncbi Efficient and sensitive screening and confirmation of residues of selected polyether ionophore antibiotics in liver and eggs by liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry
    J Rosen
    National Food Administration, Uppsala, Sweden
    Analyst 126:1990-5. 2001
    ..with electrospray (ES) for the determination of traces of narasin, monensin and salinomycin in chicken liver and eggs was developed, validated and used for routine surveillance...
  27. ncbi A 17-year review of foodborne outbreaks: describing the continuing decline in England and Wales (1992-2008)
    F J Gormley
    Department of Gastrointestinal, Emerging and Zoonotic Infections, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, London, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 139:688-99. 2011
    ..Over the surveillance period, the proportion of outbreaks linked to eggs and S...
  28. ncbi Effect of macroalgae enriched with microelements on egg quality parameters and mineral content of eggs, eggshell, blood, feathers and droppings
    I Michalak
    Institute of Inorganic Technology and Mineral Fertilizers, Wrocław University of Technology, Smoluchowskiego 25, 50 372 Wrocław, Poland
    J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 95:374-87. 2011
    ..During feeding experiment, weight of laying hens, weight of eggs, eggshell thickness and mineral content of blood, feathers, droppings, eggs content (separately yolk and egg white) ..
  29. ncbi Egg consumption and CHD and stroke mortality: a prospective study of US adults
    Carolyn G Scrafford
    Health Sciences Practice, Exponent Inc, 1150 Connecticut Avenue, NW suite 1100, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    Public Health Nutr 14:261-70. 2011
    ..To evaluate the relationship between egg consumption and CHD and stroke mortality using the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1988-1994 (NHANES III) and follow-up survey...
  30. ncbi Using outbreak data for source attribution of human salmonellosis and campylobacteriosis in Europe
    Sara Monteiro Pires
    National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Søborg, Denmark
    Foodborne Pathog Dis 7:1351-61. 2010
    ..We estimated that the most important food sources for salmonellosis cases were eggs (32%) and meat and poultry-meat (15%), and that the majority of the cases of campylobacteriosis were attributed to ..
  31. ncbi Effects of eggs on plasma lipoproteins in healthy populations
    Maria Luz Fernandez
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The University of Connecticut, 3624 Horsebarn Road Extension, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    Food Funct 1:156-60. 2010
    ..This lack of connection can be explained by two major reasons: First, eggs are a good source of numerous nutrients including lutein and zeaxanthin, potent antioxidants, which may exert a ..
  32. ncbi Egg forensics: an appraisal of DNA sequencing to assist in species identification of illegally smuggled eggs
    Megan L Coghlan
    Australian Wildlife Forensic Services and Ancient DNA Laboratory, School of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Murdoch University, South St, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia
    Forensic Sci Int Genet 6:268-73. 2012
    ..To reduce the logistical difficulties associated with trafficking live birds, smugglers often transport eggs. This creates a problem for authorities in elucidating accurate species identification without the laborious task ..
  33. ncbi Effect of an acidifying diet combined with zeolite and slight protein reduction on air emissions from laying hens of different ages
    W Wu-Haan
    Iowa State University, Ames 50011, USA
    Poult Sci 86:182-90. 2007
    ..01) on NO emissions was observed. No diet or age effects (P > 0.05) were observed for NO(2) or non-CH(4) total hydrocarbons. Results demonstrated that diet and layer age influence air emissions from poultry operations...
  34. ncbi Egg consumption, serum total cholesterol concentrations and coronary heart disease incidence: Japan Public Health Center-based prospective study
    Yasuyuki Nakamura
    Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Faculty of Home Economics, Kyoto Women s University, 35 Imakumano Kitahiyoshi cho, Higashiyama ku, Kyoto, 605 8501, Japan
    Br J Nutr 96:921-8. 2006
    ..lt;1800 mg/l was 2.17 (95 % CI 1.22, 3.85; trend P=0.0018). In conclusion, eating eggs more frequently, up to almost daily, was not associated with an increase in CHD incidence for middle-aged Japanese ..
  35. ncbi Dietary cholesterol from eggs increases plasma HDL cholesterol in overweight men consuming a carbohydrate-restricted diet
    Gisella Mutungi
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
    J Nutr 138:272-6. 2008
    ..Increasing intake of dietary cholesterol from eggs in the context of a low-fat diet maintains the LDL cholesterol (LDL-C)/HDL-C for both hyper- and hypo-responders to ..
  36. ncbi Salmonella enteritidis surveillance by egg immunology: impact of the sampling scheme on the release of contaminated table eggs
    Don Klinkenberg
    Department of Farm Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
    Risk Anal 31:1260-70. 2011
    ..Thus, a threshold number of positive eggs was defined to declare a flock infected, and, for small sample sizes, eggs from previous samplings had to be ..
  37. ncbi Jasmonate in lepidopteran eggs and neonates
    John F Tooker
    Department of Entomology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    J Chem Ecol 31:2753-9. 2005
    ..We report the presence of JA in eggs and neonates of all nine lepidopteran species that we screened, representing four superfamilies and five families ..
  38. pmc Intakes of meat, fish, poultry, and eggs and risk of prostate cancer progression
    Erin L Richman
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:712-21. 2010
    ..Processed meat and fish have been shown to be associated with the risk of advanced prostate cancer, but few studies have examined diet after prostate cancer diagnosis and risk of its progression...
  39. ncbi Eggs, embryos and the evolution of imprinting: insights from the platypus genome
    Marilyn B Renfree
    ARC Centre of Excellence for Kangaroo Genomics, Australia
    Reprod Fertil Dev 21:935-42. 2009
    ..Comparative platypus genome analyses of orthologous imprinted regions have provided strong support for the host defence hypothesis to explain the origin of imprinting...
  40. ncbi Yolk testosterone and corticosterone in hierarchical follicles and laid eggs of Japanese quail exposed to long-term restraint stress
    Monika Okuliarová
    Department of Animal Physiology and Ethology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 165:91-6. 2010
    ..For yolk hormone analysis, four largest follicles of ovarian hierarchy (F1-F4), eggs present in the oviduct and eggs laid on the day before were collected...
  41. pmc Competitive exclusion of Salmonella enteritidis by Salmonella gallinarum in poultry
    W Rabsch
    Robert Koch Institute, Wernigerode, Germany
    Emerg Infect Dis 6:443-8. 2000
    ..Gallinarum in poultry. Mathematical models combining epidemiology with population biology suggest that S. Gallinarum competitively excluded S. Enteritidis from poultry flocks early in the 20th century...
  42. ncbi Current-use flame retardants in the eggs of herring gulls (Larus argentatus) from the Laurentian Great Lakes
    Lewis T Gauthier
    Science and Technology Branch, National Wildlife Research Centre, Environment Canada, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON K1A 0H3, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 41:4561-7. 2007
    ..1-0.21 ng/g ww) at two colonies. sigma-DP (syn- and anti-isomers) concentrations in eggs from all sites ranged from 1.5 to 4.5 ng/g ww...
  43. ncbi Gestagens and glucocorticoids in chicken eggs
    S Rettenbacher
    Department of Biomedical Sciences, Biochemistry, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinarplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria
    Gen Comp Endocrinol 164:125-9. 2009
    Avian eggs contain a variety of steroid hormones, which have been attributed as a tool for maternal phenotypic engineering...
  44. ncbi Genetic parameters for body weights, egg traits and antibody response against Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) vaccine among two Tanzania chicken ecotypes
    J Lwelamira
    Institute of Rural Development Planning, P O Box 138, Dodoma, Tanzania
    Trop Anim Health Prod 41:51-9. 2009
    ..The magnitudes of heritability estimates obtained in this study indicate good prospects of improving these traits in both ecotypes through selection...
  45. ncbi Multiple pathways of maternal effects in black-headed gull eggs: constraint and adaptive compensatory adjustment
    T G G Groothuis
    Zoological Laboratory, Research Group Behavioural Biology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
    J Evol Biol 19:1304-13. 2006
    ..This suggests that female black-headed gulls are constrained in the deposition of antioxidants in last-laid eggs and compensate for this by enhanced testosterone deposition...
  46. ncbi Regular egg consumption does not increase the risk of stroke and cardiovascular diseases
    Adnan I Qureshi
    Epidemiological and Outcomes Research Division, Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Research Center, Department of Neurology and Neurosciences, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, NJ, USA
    Med Sci Monit 13:CR1-8. 2007
    ..We performed this study to examine the association between egg consumption and risk of cardiovascular diseases and mortality in a nationally representative cohort of 9734 adults aged 25 to 74 years...
  47. ncbi The chicken, the egg and Salmonella enteritidis
    J Guard-Petter
    US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, 934 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Environ Microbiol 3:421-30. 2001
    ..cause of the food-borne salmonellosis pandemic in humans, in part because it has the unique ability to contaminate eggs without causing discernible illness in the birds infected...
  48. pmc Disease risks from foods, England and Wales, 1996-2000
    Goutam K Adak
    Environmental and Enteric Diseases Department, Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, London NW9 5EQ, UK
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:365-72. 2005
    ..Reducing the impact of indigenous foodborne disease is mainly dependent on controlling the contamination of chicken...
  49. pmc Egg consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in men and women
    Luc Djousse
    Division of Aging, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:295-300. 2009
    ..This project sought to examine the relation between egg intake and the risk of type 2 diabetes in two large prospective cohorts...
  50. ncbi Relationship between microsatellite marker alleles on chromosomes 1-5 originating from the Rhode Island Red and Green-legged Partrigenous breeds and egg production and quality traits in F(2) mapping population
    Barbara Wardecka
    Institute of Genetics and Animal Breeding, Polish Academy of Sciences, Jastrzebiec, 05552 Wólka Kosowska, Poland
    J Appl Genet 43:319-29. 2002
    ..The loci examined and the experimental population constitutes a valuable material for QTL mapping (linkage analysis)...
  51. ncbi Fishy taint in chicken eggs is associated with a substitution within a conserved motif of the FMO3 gene
    M Honkatukia
    Animal Production Research, MTT Agrifood Research Finland, FIN 31600 Jokioinen, Finland
    Genomics 86:225-32. 2005
    ..We report the mapping of a similar disorder (fishy taint of eggs) and the chicken FMO3 gene to chicken chromosome 8...
  52. ncbi The role of food allergy in atopic dermatitis
    Matthew Greenhawt
    University of Michigan Food Allergy Center, The University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, 48106, USA
    Allergy Asthma Proc 31:392-7. 2010
    ..Food allergy is an important provoking cause of AD, but it is only relevant in ∼35% of affected individuals...
  53. ncbi Meat, eggs, dairy products, and risk of breast cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort
    Valeria Pala
    Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:602-12. 2009
    ..A Western diet is associated with breast cancer risk...
  54. ncbi Detection and survival of Campylobacter in chicken eggs
    O Sahin
    Food Animal Health Research Program, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, and Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, The Ohio State University, Wooster, OH 50011, USA
    J Appl Microbiol 95:1070-9. 2003
    ..The objective of this study was to determine if vertical transmission of C. jejuni occurs via eggs.
  55. ncbi The changing face of functional foods
    C M Hasler
    Functional Foods for Health Program, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 19:499S-506S. 2000
    ..An excellent example is the American egg-Nature's original functional food. Eggs have not traditionally been regarded as a functional food, primarily due to concerns about their adverse effects on ..
  56. ncbi Utility of food-specific IgE concentrations in predicting symptomatic food allergy
    H A Sampson
    Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 107:891-6. 2001
    ....
  57. pmc Salmonella control programs in Denmark
    Henrik C Wegener
    Danish Veterinary Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Emerg Infect Dis 9:774-80. 2003
    ..S.$0.075/kg of pork and U.S.$0.02/kg of broiler or egg). These costs are paid almost exclusively by the industry. The control principles described are applicable to most industrialized countries with modern intensive farming systems...
  58. pmc Egg consumption and risk of heart failure in the Physicians' Health Study
    Luc Djousse
    Division of Aging, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 1620 Tremont St, Third Floor, Boston MA 02120, USA
    Circulation 117:512-6. 2008
    Reduction in dietary cholesterol is widely recommended for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Although eggs are important sources of dietary cholesterol and other nutrients, little is known about the association between egg ..
  59. ncbi A study of association between genetic markers in candidate genes and reproductive traits in one generation of a commercial broiler breeder hen population
    I C Dunn
    Roslin Institute, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9PS, Scotland, UK
    Heredity (Edinb) 92:128-34. 2004
    ..and neuropeptide Y (NPY) were assessed for the association with the total egg production, number of double-yolked eggs and age at first egg in a single generation of a broiler breeder (Gallus gallus) pedigree dam line...
  60. ncbi A molecular genetic analysis of the communal nesting of the ostrich (Struthio camelus)
    C N Kimwele
    School of Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9TS, UK
    Mol Ecol 12:229-36. 2003
    ..More eggs are laid in the nest than can be incubated and the major female ejects surplus eggs from the incubated central ..
  61. ncbi Avian influenza virus isolation and propagation in chicken eggs
    Peter R Woolcock
    California Animal Health and Food Safety, University of California, Davis, Fresno, CA, USA
    Methods Mol Biol 436:35-46. 2008
    ..inoculating either swab or tissue samples from infected birds into the chorioallantoic sac of embryonating chicken eggs. This is the accepted method, but occasionally an isolation may only be successful when inoculated either into the ..
  62. ncbi The ABCG5 polymorphism contributes to individual responses to dietary cholesterol and carotenoids in eggs
    Kristin L Herron
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
    J Nutr 136:1161-5. 2006
    ..contribution of the ABCG5 polymorphism on the plasma response to consumption of cholesterol and carotenoids from eggs. For this purpose, genotyping was conducted for 40 men and 51 premenopausal women who were randomly assigned to ..
  63. ncbi Escalation of a coevolutionary arms race through host rejection of brood parasitic young
    Naomi E Langmore
    School of Botany and Zoology, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200, Australia
    Nature 422:157-60. 2003
    ..Puzzlingly, they do not extend beyond the egg stage. Thus, hosts adept at recognizing foreign eggs remain vulnerable to exploitation by cuckoo nestlings...
  64. ncbi Tetrodotoxin poisoning following ingestion of the toxic eggs of the horseshoe crab Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda, a case series from 1994 through 2006
    Jirasak Kanchanapongkul
    Department of Medicine, Chon Buri Hospital, Chon Buri, Thailand
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 39:303-6. 2008
    ..1994 and 2006, a total of 280 cases of varying degrees of tetrodotoxin poisoning following ingestion of the toxic eggs of the horseshoe crab, Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda, were admitted to the medical service of Chon Buri Hospital...
  65. ncbi Fish liver and seagull eggs, vitamin D-rich foods with a shadow: results from the Norwegian Fish and Game Study
    Bryndis E Birgisdottir
    Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
    Mol Nutr Food Res 56:388-98. 2012
    Fish liver, fish liver oil, oily fish and seagull eggs have been major sources of vitamin D for the coastal population of Norway...
  66. ncbi Effects of dietary vitamin E on the quality of table eggs enriched with n-3 long-chain fatty acids
    A Meluzzi
    Faculty of Agriculture, Institute of Zootechnics, University of Bologna, Italy
    Poult Sci 79:539-45. 2000
    ..benefits of n-3 fatty acids and vitamin E, a trial was carried out to investigate the possibility of enriching eggs with n-3 fatty acid and vitamin E added to the hen's diet...
  67. pmc Frozen chicken nuggets and strips and eggs are leading risk factors for Salmonella Heidelberg infections in Canada
    A Currie
    Foodborne, Waterborne and Zoonotic Infections Division, Public Health Agency of Canada formerly Health Canada, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    Epidemiol Infect 133:809-16. 2005
    ..0, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.4-13.8], and undercooked eggs (mOR 7.5, 95% CI 1.5-75.5) increased the risk of illness. Exposure to a farm setting lowered the risk (mOR 0...
  68. pmc Estimate of illnesses from Salmonella enteritidis in eggs, United States, 2000
    Carl M Schroeder
    Food Safety and Inspection Service, Office of Public Health Science, U S Department of Agriculture, 333 Aerospace Center, 1400 Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20250 3700, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:113-5. 2005
    Results from our model suggest that eating Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis-contaminated shell eggs caused 182,060 illnesses in the United States during 2000...
  69. ncbi Salmonella penetration through eggshell associated with freshness of laid eggs and refrigeration
    T Miyamoto
    Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture, Osaka Prefecture University, Japan
    J Food Prot 61:350-3. 1998
    ..b>Eggs 0.25 to 3 h, 3...
  70. ncbi Storage effects on dielectric properties of eggs from 10 to 1800 MHz
    W Guo
    College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Northwest Agriculture and Forestry Univ, Yangling, China
    J Food Sci 72:E335-40. 2007
    ..The dielectric constants of albumen and yolk at 10 MHz were lower than those of fresh albumen and yolk when eggs were stored at 15 degrees C for 1 wk...
  71. ncbi Effect of In Ovo exposure to an organochlorine mixture extracted from double crested cormorant eggs (Phalacrocorax auritus) and PCB 126 on immune function of juvenile chickens
    E T Lavoie
    Department of Animal and Avian Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
    Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 53:655-61. 2007
    ..of juvenile chickens after in ovo exposure to PCB 126 or an environmentally relevant OC mixture extracted from eggs of double crested cormorants (Phalacrocorax auritus) from Green Bay, Lake Michigan, USA...
  72. ncbi The influence of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids feeding on composition of fatty acids in fatty tissues and eggs of laying hens
    A Trebunová
    University of Veterinary Medicine, Kosice, Slovak Republic
    Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr 114:275-9. 2007
    ..content of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and occurrence of fatty acids (FA) in fatty tissues and eggs of laying hens after the respective supplementation...
  73. ncbi PCB and organochlorine pesticides in home-produced eggs in Belgium
    I Windal
    Scientific Institute of Public Health, rue J Wytsman, B 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Sci Total Environ 407:4430-7. 2009
    The level of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and persistent organochlorinated pesticides (OC) in home-produced eggs was investigated in Belgium...
  74. ncbi Comparison of biochemical and molecular methods for the identification of bacterial isolates associated with failed loggerhead sea turtle eggs
    J Awong-Taylor
    Department of Biology, Armstrong Atlantic State University, Savannah, GA, USA
    J Appl Microbiol 104:1244-51. 2008
    Comparison of biochemical vs molecular methods for identification of microbial populations associated with failed loggerhead turtle eggs.
  75. ncbi Maternal transfer of contaminants: case study of the excretion of three polychlorinated biphenyl congeners and technical-grade endosulfan into eggs by white Leghorn chickens (Gallus domesticus)
    T A Bargar
    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Center for Coastal Environmental Health and Biomolecular Research, 219 Fort Johnson Rd, Charleston, South Carolina 29412 9110, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 20:61-7. 2001
    ..biphenyl (PCB 156), 2,3,3',4,4',5,5'-heptachlorinated biphenyl (PCB 189), and technical-grade endosulfan into eggs by white leghorn chickens (Gallus domesticus)...
  76. ncbi Egg consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease in the SUN Project
    I Zazpe
    Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Physiology and Toxicology, University of Navarra, Spain
    Eur J Clin Nutr 65:676-82. 2011
    ..Our aim was to examine the association between egg consumption and incidence of CVD in a prospective dynamic Mediterranean cohort of 14,185 university graduates...
  77. ncbi Determination of non-halogenated, chlorinated and brominated organophosphate flame retardants in herring gull eggs based on liquid chromatography-tandem quadrupole mass spectrometry
    Da Chen
    Ecotoxicology and Wildlife Health Division, Science and Technology Branch, Environment Canada, National Wildlife Research Centre, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON K1A 0H3, Canada
    J Chromatogr A 1220:169-74. 2012
    ..three chlorinated and two brominated OPFRs of known or possible environmental relevance in herring gull eggs. This method is based on a simple two-step sample extraction followed by liquid chromatography-electrospray ..
  78. pmc Burst feeding of Pelagia noctiluca ephyrae on Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) eggs
    Ana Gordoa
    Department of Marine Ecology, Centro de Estudios Avanzados de Blanes, Spanish National Research Council CSIC, Blanes, Gerona, Spain
    PLoS ONE 8:e74721. 2013
    This study investigates the predation of P. noctiluca ephyrae on Atlantic Bluefin tuna (ABFT) eggs under different experimental conditions...
  79. ncbi Antimicrobial drug resistance in Escherichia coli isolated from commercial chicken eggs in Grenada, West Indies
    D S Arathy
    Pathobiology Academic Programme, School of Veterinary Medicine, St George s University, PO Box 7, St George s, Grenada, West Indies
    West Indian Med J 60:53-6. 2011
    To determine the antimicrobial resistance profile of Escherichia coli (E coli) isolated from the shell membrane and yolk of commercial chicken eggs in Grenada.
  80. ncbi Multi-mycotoxin analysis in eggs using a QuEChERS-based extraction procedure and ultra-high-pressure liquid chromatography coupled to triple quadrupole mass spectrometry
    Antonia Garrido Frenich
    Department of Analytical Chemistry, Almeria University, Almeria, Spain
    J Chromatogr A 1218:4349-56. 2011
    ..of 10 mycotoxins (beauvericin, enniatin A, A1, B1, citrinin, aflatoxin B1, B2, G1, G2 and ochratoxin A) in eggs at trace levels...
  81. ncbi Lonicera Implexa leaves bearing naturally laid eggs of the specialist herbivore Euphydryas Aurinia have dramatically greater concentrations of iridoid glycosides than other leaves
    Josep Penuelas
    Unitat d Ecofisiologia CSIC CEAB CREAF, CREAF Centre de Recerca Ecologica i Aplicacions Forestals, Edifici C, CSIC CREAF, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
    J Chem Ecol 32:1925-33. 2006
    ..field the hypothesis that the specialist butterfly Euphydryas aurinia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae, Melitaeinae) lays eggs on leaves of Lonicera implexa (Caprifoliaceae) plants with greater iridoid concentrations...
  82. ncbi Isolation of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 from table eggs after vaccinal break in commercial layer flock
    W H Kilany
    National Laboratory for Veterinary Quality Control on Poultry Production, Animal Health Research Institute, Nadi El Seid St Dokki, P O Box 264, Giza 12618, Egypt
    Avian Dis 54:1115-9. 2010
    ..The role of contaminated eggs as a source of infection and as a vehicle for spread of the virus should be considered in area with avian influenza ..
  83. pmc Detection of Salmonella enterica in naturally contaminated liquid eggs by loop-mediated isothermal amplification, and characterization of Salmonella isolates
    Kayoko Ohtsuka
    Saitama Institute of Public Health, Japan
    Appl Environ Microbiol 71:6730-5. 2005
    ..assay was found to be much more rapid than the culture method and as sensitive in detecting Salmonella from liquid eggs. In all of the egg-breaking plants studied, Salmonella was isolated on most tested days...
  84. ncbi Advances in the value of eggs and egg components for human health
    Jennifer Kovacs-Nolan
    Department of Food Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
    J Agric Food Chem 53:8421-31. 2005
    ..Moreover, eggs are now understood to contain substances with biological functions beyond basic nutrition, and extensive research ..
  85. ncbi Effect of age on the susceptibility of zebrafish eggs to industrial wastewater
    G Gellert
    Staatliches Umweltamt Köln, Germany
    Water Res 35:3754-7. 2001
    ..of 40% (v/v) and 60% (v/v) concentrations of wastewater from the industrial sector of chemical production on eggs of the zebrafish (Danio rerio) were investigated...
  86. ncbi Patterns of organic contaminants in eggs of an insectivorous, an omnivorous, and a piscivorous bird nesting on the Hudson River, New York, USA
    Christine M Custer
    U S Geological Survey, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, La Crosse, Wisconsin 54603, USA
    Environ Toxicol Chem 29:2286-96. 2010
    Belted kingfisher (Ceryle alcyon), spotted sandpiper (Actitus macularia), and tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) eggs were collected in 2004 from the upper Hudson River, New York, USA...
  87. pmc Quantitative evaluation of viability- and apoptosis-related genes in Ascaris suum eggs under different culture-temperature conditions
    Yong Man Yu
    Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea
    Korean J Parasitol 50:243-7. 2012
    Ascaris suum eggs are inactivated by composting conditions; however, it is difficult to find functional changes in heat-treated A. suum eggs. Here, unembryonated A...
  88. ncbi Recovery of Salmonella and Escherichia coli from commercial egg shells and effect of translucency on bacterial penetration in eggs
    K K Chousalkar
    School of Animal and Veterinary Science, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia
    Int J Food Microbiol 142:207-13. 2010
    ..coli). from the surface of egg shells, egg shell membranes or pores, and internal contents from unwashed eggs collected from commercial caged layer farms in Australia...
  89. ncbi Inactivation of Salmonella enteritidis during boiling of eggs
    Koen Grijspeerdt
    Center of Agricultural Research, Department of Animal Product Quality, Ministry of Small Enterprises, Traders and Agriculture, Brusselsesteenweg 370, 9090 Melle, Belgium
    Int J Food Microbiol 82:13-24. 2003
    A series of inactivation curves for Salmonella enteritidis were determined for boiling eggs using different conditions of time and temperature. No significant influence of egg weight could be found on the temperature evolution in the yolk...
  90. ncbi Functional effects of eggs, naturally enriched with conjugated linoleic acid, on the blood lipid profile, development of atherosclerosis and composition of atherosclerotic plaque in apolipoprotein E and low-density lipoprotein receptor double-knockout mic
    Magdalena Franczyk-Zarów
    Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Food Technology, Agricultural University of Krakow, ul Balicka 122, 30 149 Krakow, Poland
    Br J Nutr 99:49-58. 2008
    The objective of this study was to evaluate potential anti-atherogenic properties of hen eggs enriched naturally with conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers (cis-9, trans-11 and trans-10, cis-12)...
  91. ncbi Efficacy of electrolyzed oxidizing water for the microbial safety and quality of eggs
    K L Bialka
    Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Poult Sci 83:2071-8. 2004
    During commercial processing, eggs are washed in an alkaline detergent and then rinsed with chlorine to reduce dirt, debris, and microorganism levels...
  92. ncbi Effect of short-term UVB exposure on vitamin D concentration of eggs and vitamin D status of laying hens
    Julika Lietzow
    Institute of Agricultural and Nutritional Sciences, Martin Luther University Halle Wittenberg, D 06108 Halle, Germany
    J Agric Food Chem 60:799-804. 2012
    ..The present study shows that a short-term exposure of laying hens to UVB light is not an appropriate way to improve the vitamin D content of egg yolk...
  93. ncbi Revival of an old problem: an increase in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium definitive phage type 8 infections in 2010 in England and Northern Ireland linked to duck eggs
    D J Noble
    Department of Gastrointestinal, Emerging and Zoonotic Infections, Health Protection Services Colindale, Health Protection Agency, 61 Colindale Ave, London, UK
    Epidemiol Infect 140:146-9. 2012
    ..Descriptive epidemiological investigation found a strong association with infection and consumption of duck eggs. Duck eggs contaminated with S...
  94. ncbi Effect of lighted incubation on embryonic growth and hatchability performance of two strains of layer breeder eggs
    T M Shafey
    Department of Animal Production, College of Agriculture, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Br Poult Sci 45:223-9. 2004
    1. Eggs from two layer-type breeder flocks (ISA-W vs Leghorn) between 30 and 45 weeks of age were used in 4 trials to study the effects of lighted incubation on embryonic growth from 5 to 18 d of age and hatchability per cent (HP)...
  95. ncbi Bacteriological detection of Salmonella enteritidis in eggs: a review
    J J Carrique-Mas
    Department of Food and Environmental Safety, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, United Kingdom
    Rev Sci Tech 27:657-64. 2008
    The detection of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (SE) in eggs is hampered by a typically low prevalence of contaminated eggs, the low number of SE organisms in such eggs, and the presence of inhibitory substances in the egg ..
  96. pmc Prevalence of Salmonella enterica in poultry and eggs in Uruguay during an epidemic due to Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis
    L Betancor
    Bacteriology and Virology Department, Instituto de Higiene, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay
    J Clin Microbiol 48:2413-23. 2010
    ..we conducted a nationwide survey over 2 years that included the analysis of sera from 5,751 birds and 12,400 eggs. Serological evidence of infection with Salmonella group O:9 was found in 24.4% of the birds...
  97. ncbi Development and validation of a multiclass method for the analysis of antibiotic residues in eggs by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
    V Jimenez
    Departament de Quimica Analitica, Facultat de Quimica, Universitat de Barcelona UB, Marti i Franques 1 11, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
    J Chromatogr A 1218:1443-51. 2011
    ..CCα values were in the range 0.5-3.8 μg kg⁻¹ for the non-authorized compounds. The proposed method would enable an experienced analyst to process about 25 samples per day...
  98. ncbi Concentrations of 17 elements, including mercury, and their relationship to fitness measures in arctic shorebirds and their eggs
    Anna L Hargreaves
    Calgary Zoo, Centre for Conservation Research, 1300 Zoo Rd NE, Calgary AB, Canada T2E 7V6
    Sci Total Environ 408:3153-61. 2010
    ..Blood, feathers and eggs were analyzed for As, Be, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Sb, Se, Tl, V, and Zn...
  99. pmc Role of specific IgE and skin-prick testing in predicting food challenge results to baked egg
    Catherine F Cortot
    Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Allergy Asthma Proc 33:275-81. 2012
    ..8 years versus 7.0 years; p = 0.721). Based on our sample, SPT, egg white-specific IgE and age are not good predictors of passing a baked egg challenge. However, there was a trend for more predictability with SPT wheal size...
  100. ncbi Rapid time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay for the screening of narasin and salinomycin residues in poultry and eggs
    Pekka Peippo
    Department of Biotechnology, University of Turku, BioCity 6A, FIN 20520 Turku, Finland
    J Agric Food Chem 52:1824-8. 2004
    ..a rapid and simple method for the screening of residues of these two coccidiostatic compounds in poultry and eggs. The method is based on time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay...
  101. ncbi The residue levels of narasin in eggs of laying hens fed with unmedicated and medicated feed
    Mervi Rokka
    National Veterinary and Food Research Institute, EELA, Department of Chemistry, Helsinki, Finland
    Mol Nutr Food Res 49:38-42. 2005
    ..5 mg/kg for 21 days followed by a 7 day withdrawal period, hens in the control group were fed unmedicated feed. Eggs were collected during trial days 0, 3, 7, 14, 21 and after the withdrawal period of 7 days...

Research Grants79

  1. SCHISTOSOME EGG INDUCED TH2 RESPONSES
    Edward J Pearce; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Th2 bias is critical, since in the absence of IL-4, a major product of Th2 cells, infected mice die rapidly after eggs begin to be produced by the parasites, due to an immunopathologic response in which NO and TNF[unreadable] (..
  2. Chromosomal Control of Segregation of C. Elegans
    Abby F Dernburg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This special cell division process gives rise to haploid gametes such as sperm, eggs, and pollen, which contain one complete set of chromosomes...
  3. Novel High Affinity and Long-Acting Bovine FSH Analogs for Veterinary Superovulat
    BRUCE DALE WEINTRAUB; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Production of many eggs and embryos by hormone stimulation in female cows, termed superovulation, is the current state-of-the-art method to ..
  4. Monogonont Rotifers as a Model to Investigate the Biology of Aging
    Terry W Snell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and simplifying crosses in the absence of complex marker chromosomes;5) production of highly stable diapausing eggs;5) many closely related strains and species that differ in life history traits;and 6) A well developed tool box of ..
  5. CELL CYCLE CONTROL IN EARLY DROSOPHILA DEVELOPMENT
    Terry L Orr-Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The prerequisites for this are the completion of meiosis, the modified cell cycle used to produce haploid eggs and sperm, and the activation of DNA replication and mitosis in the zygote that results from fusion of sperm and ..
  6. Case-Cohort Study of Cancers in Excess in Poultry Workers
    Eric S Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with their blood and raw meat and egg products;3) through ingestion of raw or inadequately cooked poultry meat and eggs;4) inoculation with vaccines manufactured by growing the vaccine virus in chicken embryos such as measles, mumps, ..
  7. The evolutionary and molecular mechanisms underlying sperm performance in an emer
    Heidi S Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..over a breeding season, there is intense competition between ejaculates of different males for fertilization of her eggs. Accordingly, there is strong selective pressure on male reproductive traits that improve fertilization success in ..
  8. Phosphorylation Events During Sperm Capacitation
    PABLO EDUARDO VISCONTI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Mammalian sperm are not able to fertilize eggs immediately after ejaculation. They acquire fertilization capacity in the female tract in a process known as capacitation...
  9. HA Surface Presented Yeast Flu Vaccine and Its Enhancement by CD154 Codisplay
    Kaiming Ye; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In addition, these vaccines do not require the passage of virus through eggs, offering a possibility for vaccine seed strain development that more closely matches the original "wild" virus and ..
  10. Evo-epidemiology of Scistosoma mansoni in children in Kenya
    ERIC SAMUEL LOKER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of allelic richness) increases with subject age (aged 6 to 14) and infection intensity (ranging from 1 to >400 eggs/gram of feces), and whether worm populations exhibit signs of clonality as a result of restricted opportunities for ..
  11. ROLES AND REGULATION OF P53
    Carol Prives; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Levine will also study the roles of SNPs in p63 or p73 that influence DNA repair systems in female eggs and copy number variation that affect cancer in offspring Scott Lowe will continue to study the genetic and ..
  12. Mitochondrial Gene Therapy
    Shoukhrat M Mitalipov; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Mitochondrial replacement in eggs prior to fertilization offers a potentially efficient and ethically acceptable strategy to avoid transmission of ..
  13. The Synapsis Checkpoint in C. elegans Meiosis
    Needhi Bhalla; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Meiosis generates haploid gametes, such as sperm and eggs, from a diploid cell such that a diploid genome is restored upon fertilization...
  14. Regulation and Function of Germline RNP Granules
    JENNIFER SCHISA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..accumulate into stress granules to regulate translation in response to stress, and similar RNP granules assemble in eggs (oocytes) when they must wait a prolonged period to be fertilized or undergo an environmental stress...
  15. Modeling the KIF5B-RET Fusion Gene of Lung Cancer in Vivo
    Jie Wu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a tetO-KIF5B-RET cassette flanked by heterospecific L2/L3 loxP sites and Cre will be co-injected into fertilized eggs (zygotes) derived from different lines of existing Cre-RMCE-capable transgenic mice to replace the original floxed ..
  16. Recruitment of CX3CR1-GFP+ monocytes during Schistosoma mansoni infection.
    PNG LOKE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..mansoni infected mice from acute immunopathology in response to the eggs. We have also recently shown that sterile tissue injury can induce recruitment of AAMF in the absence of infection, ..
  17. Targeted screening for Taenia solium tapeworms
    SETH E O'NEAL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..It occurs when someone ingests Taenia solium eggs passed in the feces of a pork tapeworm carrier...
  18. Microinjection Station for Utah Transgenic and Gene Targeting Mouse Core
    SUSAN JENIFER TAMOWSKI; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..include injection of mouse embryonic stem cells into blastocysts, injection of DNA into the pronuclei of fertilized eggs, 8-cell stage injections of embryonic stem (ES) cells, assisted in vitro fertilization (AIVF), and intracytoplasmic ..
  19. Germline Silencing of Unpaired Chromatin
    Eleanor M Maine; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The project will investigate processes that are required for formation of functional sperm and eggs, and which may also help to reduce the susceptibility of offspring to particular diseases.
  20. Somatic stem cells in the Drosophila ovary
    DANIEL D KALDERON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The Drosophila ovary, in which germline and somatic stem cell progeny collaborate to produce eggs, provides an exception that also affords the critical attribute of extensive and rapid investigation using ..
  21. The epigenetic basis of cytoplasmic incompatibility
    KRISTIN KALIE JERNIGAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The eggs of an infected female must also be able to "rescue" the Wolbachia-sperm modification...
  22. Evolution of Sexually Dimorphic Germ Cells in Volvox carteri
    James Umen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Dimorphic sexes (eggs and sperm) are a fundamental strategy for reproductive success in multicellular organisms, yet almost nothing is ..
  23. Kinase signaling analysis of iPS cell reprogramming and differentiation
    ELI ZUNDER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..reprogramming) is more straightforward technically, and can be performed without the controversial use of donated eggs or embryos...
  24. Cyclic AMP Action During Sperm Function
    George L Gerton; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..However, these sperm are not able to fertilize eggs in vitro, indicating that the sperm are still defective...
  25. Synaptonemal complex assembly and function in meiosis
    MONICA P COLAIACOVO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e.: eggs and sperm) and is therefore essential for sexual reproduction and generating genetic diversity...
  26. ISU Vet-LIRN Collaborative Validation of Testing Methods on Animal Diagnostic Spe
    WILSON KIIZA RUMBEIHA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..excellent reputation in the area of diagnosis of animal feed contaminants and toxicants in animal tissues, milk and eggs. The laboratory is not only the first line of defense in the area of food safety to food animal producers across ..
  27. A Novel Function of the Oocyte in Estrogen-Regulated FSH Action
    Shunichi Shimasaki; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The basis for this age-related change is the failure of dominant follicles to release eggs that can undergo normal embryonic development...
  28. Characterization of the Synapis Checkpoint in C. elegans Meiosis
    Needhi Bhalla; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Meiosis produces gametes, such as eggs and sperm. Checkpoints monitor meiotic events to ensure that gametes have the correct number of chromosomes...
  29. Age and molecular mechanisms contributing to aneuploidy in oocytes
    Richard M Schultz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..cause for the marked decline in human female fertility commencing 35 years-of-age;the incidence of aneuploidy in eggs from women increases to 35% around 40 years-of-age, and is likely to be even higher because aneuploidy leading to a ..
  30. Oocyte polarity and mRNA localization in Zebrafish
    FLORENCE LOUISE MARLOW; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to be particularly relevant to abnormalities arising in very early pregnancy since buc mutant females produce eggs that are fertilized, but fail to specify the embryonic germ layers or axes...
  31. Impact of corn grind diameter and housing environment on performance and presence
    Kenneth Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..b>Eggs collected from production hens will be stored at 4[unreadable][unreadable]C for a maximum of 24 hours and ..
  32. Studying Mitosis using Xenopus Egg Extracts
    Rebecca W Heald; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To study mechanisms of mitosis we use assays based on cytoplasmic extracts prepared from eggs of the frog Xenopus laevis that can recapitulate mitotic spindle assembly and chromosome condensation and ..
  33. Genetic basis of sperm competition in Peromyscus
    Heidi S Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..over a breeding season, there is intense competition between ejaculates of different males for fertilization of her eggs. Accordingly, there is strong selective pressure on male reproductive traits that improve fertilization success ..
  34. Role of CDC14B in mouse oocyte maturation
    KAREN A SCHINDLER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC RELEVANCE: Meiosis is the process that generates eggs and sperm required for sexual reproduction...
  35. Drying, Storing and Reanimating Egg Germinal Vesicles to Preserve Fertility
    Pierre Comizzoli; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The ability to preserve spermatozoa and eggs for a long period of time is critical for retaining fertility, addressing infertility and lengthening the reproductive life span of individuals...
  36. Development of an autodissemination station for control of mosquito vectors
    Yi Wang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..As they seek small containers in which to lay their eggs, gravid female mosquitoes will visit the stations and pick up a powdered material containing an insect growth ..
  37. 2012 Meiosis Gordon Research Conference and Gordon Research Seminar
    Nancy M Hollingsworth; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Meiosis is an evolutionarily conserved, specialized cell division that creates gametes (eggs or sperm) used for sexual reproduction...
  38. Mechanisms of Vitamin E Function Studied in Zebrafish
    Maret G Traber; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..we have chosen to use the premier vertebrate model for studying development, the zebrafish, because they lay eggs;thus, implantation is not necessary...
  39. Effects of Long-Term Low Level Hydrogen Sulfide Exposure
    Michael N Bates; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..However, small exposed population sizes, fears caused by the "rotten eggs" odor of H2S, potential reporting biases from litigation and compensation issues, and potential confounding by ..
  40. Molecular Mechanisms of Endocrine Disruption in Bass
    Nancy D Denslow; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..We will check these pattern changes against reproductive endpoints including the ability of eggs to mature (germinal vesicle breakdown) and sperm function (sperm motility)...
  41. Induced immunity as a source of maternal effects on offspring phenotype
    Charles Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..birds are similar to those of mammals, (ii) bird embryos are readily amenable to experimental manipulation within eggs, and (iii) wild birds are easily captured and manipulated in their natural environment, allowing inferences about ..
  42. A PROGRAM OF RESEARCH IN POPULATION CYTOGENETICS
    Terry J Hassold; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Meiosis is a specialized cell division that gives rise to eggs and sperm. Errors in the meiotic process can give rise to infertility or to offspring with developmental defects...
  43. Cytoskeleton polymerization dynamics in the cell cycle
    Timothy J Mitchison; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..how nucleation of new actin filaments in the cytoplasm is controlled during cell division, using extracts from frog eggs. We hypothesize that nucleation is globally stimulated in mitosis, and inhibited during cleavage...
  44. Connecticut Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory
    GUILLERMO ROBERTO RISATTI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..including those in environmental samples (animal housing and transport vehicles) and food products (primarily eggs and milk)...
  45. Genetic analysis of male gonadal development
    Mary C Mullins; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..provided by applicant): Germ cells populate somatic gonadal tissue, which mediates their differentiation into eggs and sperm to propagate most animal species...
  46. Meiotic Interactions of the RecA Homologue Dmc1
    Douglas K Bishop; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Meiosis forms eggs and sperm. Understanding recombination may prevent birth defects caused by errors in meiosis...
  47. Exploring the Venom Repertoire of Parasitoids
    JOHN HAYNES WERREN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by applicant): Parasitoid wasps are abundant free-living insects that inject venom into and then lay their eggs on other insects...
  48. Genetic and Molecular Approach to Identify Ooplasm Reprogramming Factors
    Keith E Latham; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We have shown that clones made with C57BL/6 (B6) eggs progress beyond the 2-cell stage much more efficiently than those made with D2 eggs;F1 hybrid eggs support a higher ..
  49. Membrane Potential and cAMP Crosstalk in Sperm Capacitation
    PABLO EDUARDO VISCONTI; Fiscal Year: 2011
    Mammalian sperm are not able to fertilize eggs immediately after ejaculation. They acquire fertilization capacity after residing in the female tract for a finite period of time in a process known as capacitation [24, 25]...
  50. Environmental filters and medically important container mosquitoes
    Donald A Yee; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..that will allow populations of target species to experience single environmental factors across all life stages (eggs, larvae, adults)...
  51. Roles of chromosomal factors in chromosome segregation
    Hironori Funabiki; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Since Vespera is exclusively expressed in pluripotent cells (including eggs), it is possible that its presence is linked to the requirement for the CPC in spindle assembly in these cell types...
  52. Regulation of Chromosome Cohesion during Cell Cycle Progression
    Susannah Rankin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Failures in cohesion are thought to underlie the maternal age-related increase in aneuploid eggs, a major cause of birth defects and spontaneous abortion...
  53. Gamete Interactions in Caenorhabditis elegans
    Andrew W Singson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..elegans is our ability to isolate and maintain mutants that affect sperm or eggs and no other cells...
  54. Development of live attenuated influenza virus vaccine
    Debi P Nayak; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..vaccine and test the effect of these mutations in mice virulence, growth in cell cultures and embryonated chicken eggs and protection efficiency against WT lethal virus challenge...
  55. Genomic Mechanisms of Chromosomal Rearrangements in Drosophila Pseudoobscura
    Stephen W Schaeffer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..have lower fertility because genetic exchange between inverted chromosomes can lead to the formation of sperm or eggs with less or more genetic information...
  56. Recombination pathway and partner choice during C. elegans meiosis
    DIANA ELIZABETH LIBUDA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the specialized cell division program by which diploid organisms generate haploid gametes such as sperm and eggs. Perturbations in recombination events can compromise these basic cellular functions, ultimately leading to cancer, ..
  57. Aebp2 as an epigenetic regulator for neural crest cell
    Joomyeong Kim; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..previously has been identifie as a regulator controlling the migration process of the border cell in Drosophila eggs, and also as a zinc finger protein co-purified with the mammalian Polycomb Repression Complex 2 (PRC2)...
  58. Development of Genetic Tools for a Short-lived Fish Model in Aging Research
    Cunming Duan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..from a single mating, low cost of maintenance, amenability to forward genetic screens, and the ability of their eggs to be stored dry at low temperatures for as long as a year. Despite these advantages, the N...
  59. Identification of bacteria-associated cues that regulate hatching of Aedes aegypt
    Loganathan Ponnusamy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Aedes aegypti is a peri-domestic species that lays desiccation- resistant eggs in water-filled human-made containers...
  60. TLR Mediated Trophoblast Injury and Poor Pregnancy Outcomes in S. japonica
    Emily A McDonald; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..does not immediately decrease, thus completion of Specific Aim 2 will identify effects of remaining schistosome eggs as well as PZQ treatment on the STB...
  61. Genetic regulation of ovariole development in Drosophila
    Cassandra G Extavour; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..animals depends on the development and function of the gonads, which are responsible for producing and delivering eggs and sperm. Among humans, ovarian integrity and output are key determinants of health, fertility and fecundity...
  62. Role of schistosome ABC transporters in modulation of host immune responses
    Robert M Greenberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Though schistosomes do not replicate within the host, they produce hundreds or thousands of eggs each day...
  63. CRYOPRESERVATION OF DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER EMBRYOS
    PETER STEPONKUS; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..4 +/- 8.8% survival (based on hatching of eggs) following recovery from liquid nitrogen. In preliminary studies, 3% of the larvae developed into adults...
  64. PEPTIDE BASED SALMONELLA VACCINE DELIVERY SYSTEM
    Lee Riley; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..in chickens, in order to interrupt transmission of this very important human pathogen to the human population by eggs and egg products...
  65. BASIC AND APPLIED RESEARCH ON SPERM CRYOPRESERVATION
    James Overstreet; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..project is to improve cryopreservation (CP) procedures for human sperm, so that more sperm competent to fertilize eggs will survive frozen storage, and the success rate of artificial insemination will be increased...
  66. Biochemistry of Chorion Hardening in Mosquitoes
    Jianyong Li; Fiscal Year: 2005
    DESCRIPTION: Floodwater mosquitoes, such as Aedes aegypti, oviposit on substrates at the edge of water, and the eggs hatch only after being flooded following adequate rainfall...
  67. Reversal of Infertility in Ovarian Failure
    Ayman Al Hendy; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..If pregnancy is desired, the only option available is in vitro fertilization with donor eggs. These processes, besides being ethically unacceptable to many couples, are expensive, have a modest success rate, ..
  68. FLUORESCENCE-BASED STUDIES OF SPHINGOMYELIN AND CERAMIDE
    EDWARD SCHUCHMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..determine whether pre-implantation stage embryos are affected with these diseases and/or to select normal sperm or eggs from carrier individuals for subsequent in vitro fertilization and prevention of the birth of affected children...
  69. EPIDEMIOLOGIC AND BIOLOGIC PREDICTORS OF IVF SUCCESS
    Daniel Cramer; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Only 8 percent of women over the age of 39 years became pregnant other first ART cycle and the number of eggs retrieved during ART decline more rapidly after the age of 33 years...
  70. ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM IN SEA URCHIN EGG
    BENJAMIN KAMINER; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Having isolated a pure preparation of vesicles from the SER of sea urchin eggs and characterized its calcium transport properties, we have now purified a protein from this organelle...
  71. Genetic and Biochemical Analyses of Germline Development in Drosophila
    Alexey Arkov; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Eventually the primordial germ cells give rise to sperm and eggs and, therefore, are responsible for producing an entire organism in the next generation...
  72. Clade-specific changes in transcription of olfactory genes in fruit flies
    EREZYILMAZ DENIZ; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..simulans and D. sechellia. While D. melanogaster and D. simulans are generalists, D. sechellia only lays eggs on the morinda fruit. A key component of this ecological specialization involves evolution of the olfactory system...
  73. CYROBIOLOGICAL PRESERVATION OF ANOPHELES EMBRYOS
    Peter Mazur; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Young Anopheles eggs are poorly permeable to water and are impermeable to cryoprotectants like ethylene glycol...
  74. STUDIES ON SPERM FERTILIZING ABILITY
    Barry Bavister; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..will be capacitated in vitro, then incubated for 60 or 90 min with living or salt-stored follicular or ovulated eggs. These eggs and/or sperm will be treated with impure or (later) purified heat labile and/or heat stable factors and ..
  75. Induction of Pathogenic Innate and Adaptive Immune Responses by Schistosome Helmi
    MARA SHAINHEIT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..basic pathology in schistosomiasis is a CD4 T cell-mediated granulomatous inflammatory reaction against parasite eggs, which in the case of infection with Schistosoma mansoni, primarily takes place in the liver and intestines...
  76. Microcarrier / CEF / Media SYSTEM to make Viral Vaccines
    WILLIAM HILLEGAS; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..industrial processes in which (1) primary CEF cells are utilized in roller bottles, (2) embryonated, fertile eggs function as tiny bioreactors, such as in the manufacturing of human influenza vaccine or (3) whole cell vaccines ..
  77. ZYGOTIC DNA REPAIR OF ENVIRONMENT INDUCED SPERM LESIONS
    ANDREW WYROBEK; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..we present new data that several gene products involved in DSB repair and other types of DNA repair are present in eggs at fertilization...
  78. PROTEIN COMPONENTS OF THE MITOTIC SPINDLE
    Richard Vallee; Fiscal Year: 1991
    Microtubule associated proteins (MAPs) from sea urchin eggs will be characterized. Preliminary studies have yielded a new procedure for isolating microtubules from this source which involves the use of taxol to promote assembly...
  79. GENETICS OF THE PATERNAL SEX RATIO CHROMOSOME
    John Werren; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Normally males are derived from unfertilized (haploid) eggs while females are derived from fertilized (diploid) eggs in this wasp...