Genomes and Genes
Summary: The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.
Publications371 found, 100 shown here
- Dietary fibre in food and protection against colorectal cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC): an observational studySheila A Bingham
MRC Dunn Human Nutrition Unit, Cambridge, UK
Lancet 361:1496-501. 2003..Dietary fibre is thought to protect against colorectal cancer but this view has been challenged by recent prospective and intervention studies that showed no protective effect...
- Effect of a low-glycemic index or a high-cereal fiber diet on type 2 diabetes: a randomized trialDavid J A Jenkins
Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
JAMA 300:2742-53. 2008..Low-glycemic index diets may improve both glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors for patients with type 2 diabetes but debate over their effectiveness continues due to trial limitations...
- Dietary fiber and colorectal cancer risk: a nested case-control study using food diariesChristina C Dahm
Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB1 8RN, UK
J Natl Cancer Inst 102:614-26. 2010Results of epidemiological studies of dietary fiber and colorectal cancer risk have not been consistent, possibly because of attenuation of associations due to measurement error in dietary exposure ascertainment.
- Short-chain fatty acids and human colonic function: roles of resistant starch and nonstarch polysaccharidesD L Topping
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Health Sciences and Nutrition, Adelaide, Australia
Physiol Rev 81:1031-64. 2001..Human colonic bacteria ferment RS and nonstarch polysaccharides (NSP; major components of dietary fiber) to short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), mainly acetate, propionate, and butyrate...
- Colonic health: fermentation and short chain fatty acidsJulia M W Wong
Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ont, Canada
J Clin Gastroenterol 40:235-43. 2006..Dietary carbohydrates, specifically resistant starches and dietary fiber, are substrates for fermentation that produce SCFAs, primarily acetate, propionate, and butyrate, as end ..
- Health benefits of dietary fiberJames W Anderson
Department of Internal Medicine and Nutritional Sciences Program, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40502, USA
Nutr Rev 67:188-205. 2009b>Dietary fiber intake provides many health benefits. However, average fiber intakes for US children and adults are less than half of the recommended levels...
- Whole grain, bran, and germ intake and risk of type 2 diabetes: a prospective cohort study and systematic reviewJeroen S L de Munter
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
PLoS Med 4:e261. 2007..We evaluated intakes of whole grain, bran, and germ in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes in prospective cohort studies...
- Review article: the role of butyrate on colonic functionH M Hamer
TI Food and Nutrition, Wageningen, The Netherlands
Aliment Pharmacol Ther 27:104-19. 2008..Butyrate is an important energy source for intestinal epithelial cells and plays a role in the maintenance of colonic homeostasis...
- New hypotheses for the health-protective mechanisms of whole-grain cereals: what is beyond fibre?Anthony Fardet
INRA, UMR 1019 Nutrition Humaine, F 63122 Saint Genes Champanelle, France
Nutr Res Rev 23:65-134. 2010..Finally, benefits of nutrigenomics to study complex physiological effects of the 'whole-grain package', and the most promising ways for improving the nutritional quality of cereal products are discussed...
- Fiber and magnesium intake and incidence of type 2 diabetes: a prospective study and meta-analysisMatthias B Schulze
Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam Rehbruecke, Nuthetal, Germany
Arch Intern Med 167:956-65. 2007..We examined associations between fiber and magnesium intake and risk of type 2 diabetes and summarized existing prospective studies by meta-analysis...
- Dietary fiber and breast cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studiesD Aune
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Imperial College, London, UK
Ann Oncol 23:1394-402. 2012Evidence from case-control studies suggest that dietary fiber may be inversely related to breast cancer risk, but it is unclear if this is supported by prospective data...
- The health benefits of dietary fiber: beyond the usual suspects of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and colon cancerMelissa M Kaczmarczyk
Division of Nutritional Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Metabolism 61:1058-66. 2012b>Dietary fiber (DF) is deemed to be a key component in healthy eating...
- Effects of dietary fiber and its components on metabolic healthJames M Lattimer
Department of Human Nutrition, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
Nutrients 2:1266-89. 2010b>Dietary fiber and whole grains contain a unique blend of bioactive components including resistant starches, vitamins, minerals, phytochemicals and antioxidants...
- Gut microbiota fermentation of prebiotics increases satietogenic and incretin gut peptide production with consequences for appetite sensation and glucose response after a mealPatrice D Cani
Louvain Drug Research Institute, Metabolism and Nutrition Research Group, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
Am J Clin Nutr 90:1236-43. 2009..In rodents, these effects are associated with an increase in plasma gut peptide concentrations, which are involved in appetite regulation and glucose homeostasis...
- Resistant starch improves insulin sensitivity in metabolic syndromeK L Johnston
Diabetes and Endocrinology, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
Diabet Med 27:391-7. 2010..This study was undertaken to assess whether chronic consumption of this type of fibre in individuals with the metabolic syndrome would improve insulin sensitivity via changes in ectopic fat storage...
- Dietary fiber and saturated fat intake associations with cardiovascular disease differ by sex in the Malmö Diet and Cancer Cohort: a prospective studyPeter Wallström
Nutrition Epidemiology Research Group, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
PLoS ONE 7:e31637. 2012The aim of the study was to examine associations between intake of macronutrients and dietary fiber and incident ischemic cardiovascular disease (iCVD) in men and women.
- Relation between changes in intakes of dietary fiber and grain products and changes in weight and development of obesity among middle-aged womenSimin Liu
Division of Preventive Medicine and the Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 78:920-7. 2003Although increased consumption of dietary fiber and grain products is widely recommended to maintain healthy body weight, little is known about the relation of whole grains to body weight and long-term weight changes.
- Dietary fibre intake and risks of cancers of the colon and rectum in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition (EPIC)Neil Murphy
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 7:e39361. 2012..We explored whether the association remained after longer follow-up with a near threefold increase in colorectal cancer cases, and if the association varied by gender and tumour location...
- Dietary fiber for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysisRobert E Post
Department of Family Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, USA
J Am Board Fam Med 25:16-23. 2012..The purpose of this study was to determine if an increase in dietary fiber affects glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and fasting blood glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
- Effects of dietary fiber on the feline gastrointestinal metagenomeKathleen A Barry
Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, United States
J Proteome Res 11:5924-33. 2012..While the cat is an obligate carnivore, its gut microbiome is similar regarding microbial phylogeny and gene content to omnivores...
- Position of the American Dietetic Association: health implications of dietary fiberJoanne L Slavin
American Dietetic Association, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 108:1716-31. 2008It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that the public should consume adequate amounts of dietary fiber from a variety of plant foods. Populations that consume more dietary fiber have less chronic disease...
- Adaptation of colonic fermentation and glucagon-like peptide-1 secretion with increased wheat fibre intake for 1 year in hyperinsulinaemic human subjectsKristin R Freeland
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Br J Nutr 103:82-90. 2010..Since GLP-1 may increase insulin sensitivity and secretion, these results may provide a mechanism for the epidemiological association between high cereal fibre intake and reduced risk for diabetes...
- Putting the whole grain puzzle together: health benefits associated with whole grains--summary of American Society for Nutrition 2010 Satellite SymposiumSatya S Jonnalagadda
General Mills Bell Institute of Health and Nutrition, Golden Valley, MN 55427, USA
J Nutr 141:1011S-22S. 2011..The symposium also highlighted the need for further research to examine the role of whole grain foods in disease prevention and management to gain a better understanding of their mechanisms of action...
- Evidence-based nutritional approaches to the treatment and prevention of diabetes mellitusJ I Mann
Edgar National Centre for Diabetes Research, Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 14:373-94. 2004
- Dietary fiber and weight regulationN C Howarth
Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
Nutr Rev 59:129-39. 2001The influence of dietary fiber on energy regulation remains controversial. This review summarizes published studies on the effects of dietary fiber on hunger, satiety, energy intake, and body composition in healthy individuals...
- Dietary fiber and body weightJoanne L Slavin
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota, USA
Nutrition 21:411-8. 2005This review provides an update of recent studies of dietary fiber and weight and includes a discussion of potential mechanisms of how dietary fiber can aid weight loss and weight maintenance.
- Dietary fiber and risk of coronary heart disease: a pooled analysis of cohort studiesMark A Pereira
Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN55454, USA
Arch Intern Med 164:370-6. 2004Few epidemiologic studies of dietary fiber intake and risk of coronary heart disease have compared fiber types (cereal, fruit, and vegetable) or included sex-specific results...
- Functional metagenomics to mine the human gut microbiome for dietary fiber catabolic enzymesLena Tasse
Universite de Toulouse, INSA, UPS, INP, LISBP, F 31077 Toulouse, France
Genome Res 20:1605-12. 2010..the in-depth pyrosequencing of specific regions of the human gut metagenome encoding the CAZymes involved in dietary fiber breakdown. High-throughput functional screens were first applied to a library covering 5...
- The effects of a whole grain-enriched hypocaloric diet on cardiovascular disease risk factors in men and women with metabolic syndromeHeather I Katcher
The Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences, Department of Nutritional Sciences, Core Endocrine Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 87:79-90. 2008..However, few clinical trials have tested whether incorporating whole grains into a hypocaloric diet increases weight loss and improves CVD risk factors...
- Dietary intake of whole and refined grain breakfast cereals and weight gain in menLydia A Bazzano
Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Obes Res 13:1952-60. 2005..The aim of this study was to prospectively assess the association between whole and refined grain breakfast cereal intakes and risk of overweight (BMI >or= 25 kg/m(2)) and weight gain...
- Glycemic index, glycemic load, and cereal fiber intake and risk of type 2 diabetes in US black womenSupriya Krishnan
Slone Epidemiology Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Arch Intern Med 167:2304-9. 2007..Previous studies of carbohydrate quality and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus have yielded inconsistent findings. Because diet is in part culturally determined, a study of dietary factors in US black women is of interest...
- Whole-grain, cereal fiber, bran, and germ intake and the risks of all-cause and cardiovascular disease-specific mortality among women with type 2 diabetes mellitusMeian He
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Circulation 121:2162-8. 2010..This study investigated whole grain and its components cereal fiber, bran, and germ in relation to all-cause and CVD-specific mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
- Dietary fiber type reflects physiological functionality: comparison of grain fiber, inulin, and polydextroseKaisa Raninen
Food and Health Research Centre, Department of Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
Nutr Rev 69:9-21. 2011b>Dietary fiber is a nutritional concept based not on physiological functions but on defined chemical and physical properties...
- Dietary fiber, carbohydrate quality and quantity, and mortality risk of individuals with diabetes mellitusKoert N J Burger
University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands
PLoS ONE 7:e43127. 2012b>Dietary fiber, carbohydrate quality and quantity are associated with mortality risk in the general population. Whether this is also the case among diabetes patients is unknown.
- Fiber intake and total and cause-specific mortality in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohortShu Chun Chuang
School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Am J Clin Nutr 96:164-74. 2012Previous studies have shown that high fiber intake is associated with lower mortality. However, little is known about the association of dietary fiber with specific causes of death other than cardiovascular disease (CVD).
- Whole-grain ready-to-eat oat cereal, as part of a dietary program for weight loss, reduces low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in adults with overweight and obesity more than a dietary program including low-fiber control foodsKevin C Maki
Provident Clinical Research, Glen Ellyn, IL 60137, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 110:205-14. 2010....
- Trends in dietary fiber intake in the United States, 1999-2008Dana E King
Department of Family Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, 295 Calhoun St, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
J Acad Nutr Diet 112:642-8. 2012Intake of dietary fiber has been recommended for many years as part of the guidelines from the American Heart Association, the Institute of Medicine, and other groups...
- Plausible mechanisms for the protectiveness of whole grainsJ L Slavin
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 70:459S-463S. 1999..Components in whole grains that may be protective include compounds that affect the gut environment, such as dietary fiber, resistant starch, and oligosaccharides...
- Intake of whole grains, refined grains, and cereal fiber measured with 7-d diet records and associations with risk factors for chronic diseaseP K Newby
Department of Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA 02118, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 86:1745-53. 2007..Single-nutrient studies are also needed to explore the mechanisms by which foods may be protective...
- The fermentable fibre inulin increases postprandial serum short-chain fatty acids and reduces free-fatty acids and ghrelin in healthy subjectsJoshua Tarini
Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3E2, Canada
Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 35:9-16. 2010....
- Concentrated oat beta-glucan, a fermentable fiber, lowers serum cholesterol in hypercholesterolemic adults in a randomized controlled trialKatie M Queenan
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN, USA
Nutr J 6:6. 2007..We also compared the fermentability of concentrated oat beta-glucan with inulin and guar gum in a model intestinal fermentation system...
- Dietary fiber, magnesium, and glycemic load alter risk of type 2 diabetes in a multiethnic cohort in HawaiiBeth N Hopping
Department of Epidemiology, Cancer Research Center of Hawaii, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA
J Nutr 140:68-74. 2010The influence of dietary fiber, magnesium (Mg), and glycemic load (GL) on diabetes was examined in the Hawaii component of the Multiethnic Cohort...
- EPIC-Oxford: lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes in a cohort of 33 883 meat-eaters and 31 546 non meat-eaters in the UKGwyneth K Davey
Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK
Public Health Nutr 6:259-69. 2003..To describe the lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes of the Oxford cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)...
- A prospective study of dietary glycemic load, carbohydrate intake, and risk of coronary heart disease in US womenS Liu
Departments of Epidemiology and Nutrition, The Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 71:1455-61. 2000..Little is known about the effects of the amount and type of carbohydrates on risk of coronary heart disease (CHD)...
- Cereal fiber improves whole-body insulin sensitivity in overweight and obese womenMartin O Weickert
Department of Clinical Nutrition, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam Rehbruecke, Nuthetal 14558, Germany
Diabetes Care 29:775-80. 2006..The pathogenic background of this phenomenon is unknown. Based on recent findings, we hypothesized that intake of purified insoluble oat fiber may improve whole-body insulin sensitivity...
- Whole-grain intake and insulin sensitivity: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis StudyAngela D Liese
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, 29208, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 78:965-71. 2003..Increased intake of whole-grain foods has been related to a reduced risk of developing diabetes and heart disease. One underlying pathway for this relation may be increased insulin sensitivity...
- Glycemic index and dietary fiber and the risk of type 2 diabetesAllison M Hodge
Cancer Epidemiology Centre, The Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
Diabetes Care 27:2701-6. 2004..To examine associations between type 2 diabetes and fiber, glycemic load (GL), dietary glycemic index (GI), and fiber-rich foods...
- Dietary fiber intake is associated with reduced risk of mortality from cardiovascular disease among Japanese men and womenEhab S Eshak
Public Health, Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita Shi, Osaka, Japan
J Nutr 140:1445-53. 2010b>Dietary fiber protects against coronary heart disease (CHD), but evidence in Asia is limited...
- Effects of dietary fibre on subjective appetite, energy intake and body weight: a systematic review of randomized controlled trialsA J Wanders
Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, The Netherlands
Obes Rev 12:724-39. 2011..Short- and long-term effects of dietary fibres appear to differ and multiple mechanisms relating to their different physicochemical properties seem to interplay. This warrants further exploration...
- Dietary fiber and subsequent changes in body weight and waist circumference in European men and womenHuaidong Du
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment RIVM, Bilthoven, Netherlands
Am J Clin Nutr 91:329-36. 2010b>Dietary fiber may play a role in obesity prevention. Until now, the role that fiber from different sources plays in weight change had rarely been studied.
- Dietary fiber supplements: effects in obesity and metabolic syndrome and relationship to gastrointestinal functionsAthanasios Papathanasopoulos
Clinical Enteric Neuroscience Translational and Epidemiological Research, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
Gastroenterology 138:65-72.e1-2. 2010b>Dietary fiber is a term that reflects a heterogeneous group of natural food sources, processed grains, and commercial supplements...
- Cholesterol-lowering effect of beta-glucan from oat bran in mildly hypercholesterolemic subjects may decrease when beta-glucan is incorporated into bread and cookiesDaniëlle A J M Kerckhoffs
Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Am J Clin Nutr 78:221-7. 2003..Findings about the effects of beta-glucan on serum lipoproteins are conflicting...
- Why whole grains are protective: biological mechanismsJoanne Slavin
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, 1334 Eckles Avenue, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
Proc Nutr Soc 62:129-34. 2003..The few whole-grain feeding studies that are available show improvements in biomarkers with whole-grain consumption, such as weight loss, blood lipid improvement and antioxidant protection...
- A diet rich in dietary fiber from cocoa improves lipid profile and reduces malondialdehyde in hypercholesterolemic ratsElena Lecumberri
Department of Metabolism and Nutrition, Instituto del Frio CSIC, Madrid, Spain
Nutrition 23:332-41. 2007The potential hypolipidemic effect of a new cocoa product rich in dietary fiber (DF) naturally containing antioxidant polyphenols (cocoa fiber [CF]) was studied in a rat model of dietary-induced hypercholesterolemia.
- Dietary fiber intake and mortality in the NIH-AARP diet and health studyYikyung Park
Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
Arch Intern Med 171:1061-8. 2011b>Dietary fiber has been hypothesized to lower the risk of coronary heart disease, diabetes, and some cancers. However, little is known of the effect of dietary fiber intake on total death and cause-specific deaths.
- Effects of resistant starch, a non-digestible fermentable fiber, on reducing body fatMichael J Keenan
Human Nutrition and Food Division, School of Human Ecology, Louisiana State University Agriculture Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:1523-34. 2006....
- Whole-grain and fiber intake and the incidence of type 2 diabetesJukka Montonen
National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
Am J Clin Nutr 77:622-9. 2003..Epidemiologic evidence of a preventive effect of whole grain against type 2 diabetes is mainly based on data from women. Information specific to men and women is needed...
- Carbohydrate intake, glycemic index, glycemic load, and dietary fiber in relation to risk of stroke in womenKyungwon Oh
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Epidemiol 161:161-9. 2005..In addition, high consumption of cereal fiber was associated with lower risk of total and hemorrhagic stroke...
- Intake of refined carbohydrates and whole grain foods in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and coronary heart diseaseSimin Liu
Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
J Am Coll Nutr 21:298-306. 2002..It seems prudent, therefore, to distinguish whole-grain rather than refined-grain cereal products for the prevention of chronic diseases...
- Dietary fiber and blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trialsMartinette T Streppel
Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
Arch Intern Med 165:150-6. 2005b>Dietary fiber is part of a healthy diet and may exert a protective effect in the cardiovascular system. The effect of fiber intake on blood pressure (BP) has not yet been established.
- Relationship between number of metabolic syndrome components and dietary factors in middle-aged and elderly Japanese subjectsRei Otsuka
Department of Epidemiology, National Institute for Longevity Sciences, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Aichi, Japan
Hypertens Res 33:548-54. 2010..for age, energy intake, alcohol intake, smoking status and physical activity, a lower intake of vitamin B6 and dietary fiber in men, and lower intake of calcium, milk and dairy products and higher intake of cereal in women were related ..
- Absorption of hydroxycinnamates in humans after high-bran cereal consumptionSandra M Kern
Institute of Food Research, Nutrition Division, Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich NR4 7UA, UK
J Agric Food Chem 51:6050-5. 2003..The data show that ferulic and sinapic acids are taken up in humans from dietary high bran wheat but that absorption is limited and may originate only from the free and soluble portions present in the cereal...
- Dietary fiber intake and risk of breast cancer: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studiesJia Yi Dong
Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Radiation Medicine and Public Health, Soochow University, Suzhou, China
Am J Clin Nutr 94:900-5. 2011Observational and preclinical studies suggest that dietary fiber intake may reduce the risk of breast cancer, but the results are inconclusive.
- Decreased dietary fiber intake and structural alteration of gut microbiota in patients with advanced colorectal adenomaHui Min Chen
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai Institution of Digestive Disease, Shanghai, China
Am J Clin Nutr 97:1044-52. 2013..Accumulating evidence indicates that diet is one of the most important environmental factors involved in the progression from advanced colorectal adenoma (A-CRA) to colorectal cancer...
- Digestibility of dietary fiber in distillers coproducts fed to growing pigsP E Urriola
Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
J Anim Sci 88:2373-81. 2010..was to measure the apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of dietary fiber in different sources of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) and to calculate hindgut fermentation of ..
- Phylogenetic characterization of fecal microbial communities of dogs fed diets with or without supplemental dietary fiber using 454 pyrosequencingIngmar S Middelbos
Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America
PLoS ONE 5:e9768. 2010..This work aimed to use 16S rDNA tag pyrosequencing to phylogenetically characterize hindgut microbiome in dogs and determine how consumption of dietary fiber affects community structure.
- Gut microbiota metabolism of dietary fiber influences allergic airway disease and hematopoiesisAurelien Trompette
Faculty of Biology and Medicine, University of Lausanne, Service de Pneumologie, BH19 206 Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois CHUV, Lausanne, Switzerland
Nat Med 20:159-66. 2014..Our results show that dietary fermentable fiber and SCFAs can shape the immunological environment in the lung and influence the severity of allergic inflammation. ..
- A randomized controlled trial of dietary fiber intake on serum lipidsJ Chen
Department of Medicine, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA
Eur J Clin Nutr 60:62-8. 2006..We examined the effect of dietary fiber intake on serum lipids among persons without hypercholesterolemia.
- Prebiotic fiber increases hepatic acetyl CoA carboxylase phosphorylation and suppresses glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide secretion more effectively when used with metformin in obese ratsKim A Pyra
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
J Nutr 142:213-20. 2012..In conclusion, the combined actions of OFS and MET were associated with important interaction effects that have the potential to improve metabolic outcomes associated with obesity...
- Increased prevalence of constipation in pre-school children is attributable to under-consumption of plant foods: A community-based studyWarren T K Lee
Division of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, UK
J Paediatr Child Health 44:170-5. 2008..To evaluate consumption of foods rich in dietary fibre and its relation to the prevalence of constipation in pre-school children...
- Assessment of dietary adequacy in a remote Inuvialuit populationE Erber
Nutrition Research Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Kannapolis, NC, USA
J Hum Nutr Diet 23:35-42. 2010..The present study aimed to characterise energy, nutrient and food intakes amongst adult Inuvialuit...
- Lupin kernel fiber consumption modifies fecal microbiota in healthy men as determined by rRNA gene fluorescent in situ hybridizationStuart C Smith
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood, Vic, Australia
Eur J Nutr 45:335-41. 2006..However, the capacity of lupin kernel fiber (LKFibre), a novel legume-derived food ingredient, to act as a prebiotic and modulate the colonic microbiota in humans needed investigation...
- Increased consumption of refined carbohydrates and the epidemic of type 2 diabetes in the United States: an ecologic assessmentLee S Gross
Inter Medic Medical Group, 2630 Bobcat Village Center Road, North Port, FL 34288, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 79:774-9. 2004....
- Dietary fiber intake and risk of cardiovascular disease in the Japanese population: the Japan Public Health Center-based study cohortY Kokubo
Department of Preventive Cardiology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan
Eur J Clin Nutr 65:1233-41. 2011..We investigated the association between dietary fiber and the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which we defined as stroke or CHD, in a Japanese population.
- Guar gum consumption increases hepatic nuclear SREBP2 and LDL receptor expression in pigs fed an atherogenic dietTodd C Rideout
Centre for Nutrition Modelling, Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1
J Nutr 137:568-72. 2007..We conclude that the hypocholesterolemic effects of GG consumption are related to a reduction in hepatic free cholesterol concentration and associated increases in nuclear active SREBP2 expression and hepatic LDLr abundance...
- A diet high in fatty fish, bilberries and wholegrain products improves markers of endothelial function and inflammation in individuals with impaired glucose metabolism in a randomised controlled trial: the Sysdimet studyV D F de Mello
Department of Clinical Nutrition Food and Health Research Centre, Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio Campus, P O Box 1627, FIN 70211 Kuopio, Finland
Diabetologia 54:2755-67. 2011..We evaluated whether a diet high in fatty fish, bilberries and wholegrain products (Healthy Diet) improves biomarkers reflecting inflammation and endothelial dysfunction in individuals with impaired glucose metabolism...
- Effect of legumes as part of a low glycemic index diet on glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus: a randomized controlled trialDavid J A Jenkins
Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Arch Intern Med 172:1653-60. 2012..Yet, to our knowledge, they have never been used specifically to lower the GI of the diet. We have therefore undertaken a study of low-GI foods in type 2 DM with a focus on legumes in the intervention...
- Effect of dietary fiber intake on breast cancer risk according to estrogen and progesterone receptor statusC X Zhang
Centre of Research and Promotion of Women s Health, School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People s Republic of China
Eur J Clin Nutr 65:929-36. 2011There is few data on the association between dietary fiber intake and estrogen receptor (ER)/progesterone receptor (PR)-defined breast cancer risk...
- TCF7L2, dietary carbohydrate, and risk of type 2 diabetes in US womenMarilyn C Cornelis
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 89:1256-62. 2009..Dietary factors that increase the insulin demand might enhance the risk of T2D associated with TCF7L2 variants...
- The effect of a fibre supplement compared to a healthy diet on body composition, lipids, glucose, insulin and other metabolic syndrome risk factors in overweight and obese individualsSebely Pal
School of Public Health, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, ATN Centre for Metabolic Fitness, Curtin University of Technology, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA, Australia 6485
Br J Nutr 105:90-100. 2011..However, a high-fibre diet consisting of a psyllium supplement plus fibre from a healthy diet provided the greatest improvements in metabolic syndrome risk factors...
- Nutritional overview on the management of type 2 diabetes and the prevention of its complicationsKyriaki Pegklidou
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
Curr Diabetes Rev 6:400-9. 2010....
- Phytochemical and dietary fiber components in barley varieties in the HEALTHGRAIN Diversity ScreenAnnica A M Andersson
Department of Food Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P O Box 7051, SE 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
J Agric Food Chem 56:9767-76. 2008..studied for their content of tocols, folate, plant sterols, alkylresorcinols, and phenolic acids, as well as dietary fiber components (arabinoxylan and beta-glucan)...
- Lignans are involved in the antitumor activity of wheat bran in colon cancer SW480 cellsHongyan Qu
Department of Human Nutrition, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
J Nutr 135:598-602. 2005..Inhibition of cancer cell growth by lignan metabolites seems to be mediated by cytostatic and apoptotic mechanisms...
- Viscous dietary fiber reduces adiposity and plasma leptin and increases muscle expression of fat oxidation genes in ratsAjmila Islam
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota, USA
Obesity (Silver Spring) 20:349-55. 2012..To examine this, rats were fed a viscous nonfermentable dietary fiber, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), for 6 weeks...
- Whole grains and CVD riskChris J Seal
School of Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Proc Nutr Soc 65:24-34. 2006..Well-controlled intervention studies are needed to provide more detailed mechanistic evidence to support the health claims and findings which can be used to develop effective public health strategies to promote whole-grain consumption...
- Effects of long-term soluble vs. insoluble dietary fiber intake on high-fat diet-induced obesity in C57BL/6J miceFrank Isken
Department of Clinical Nutrition, German Institute of Human Nutrition, Potsdam Rehbruecke, Nuthetal 14558, Germany
J Nutr Biochem 21:278-84. 2010..The present results show that soluble vs insoluble dietary fiber added to a high-fat, Western-style diet differently affected body weight and estimates of insulin sensitivity ..
- Intakes of whole grains, bran, and germ and the risk of coronary heart disease in menMajken K Jensen
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 80:1492-9. 2004..However, methods for the assessment of whole-grain intake differ. Furthermore, any additional effects of added bran and germ, which are components of whole grains, have not been reported...
- Dietary fibre, glycaemic response, and diabetesCharles S Brennan
Institute of Food Nutrition and Health, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
Mol Nutr Food Res 49:560-70. 2005..The current paper explores the potential use of dietary fibres in the treatment of obesity and diabetes...
- A cereal-based evening meal rich in indigestible carbohydrates increases plasma butyrate the next morningAnne C Nilsson
Division of Applied Nutrition and Food Chemistry, Department of Food Technology, Engineering and Nutrition, Lund University, SE 22100 Lund, Sweden
J Nutr 140:1932-6. 2010..This mechanism may be one explanation by which whole grain is protective against type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease...
- Oat beta-glucan increases postprandial cholecystokinin levels, decreases insulin response and extends subjective satiety in overweight subjectsEleanor J Beck
School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia
Mol Nutr Food Res 53:1343-51. 2009..beta-Glucan improves satiety and release of cholecystokinin is likely to be part of the mechanism. Products with different sources of beta-glucan provide similar benefits but each product requires individual testing...
- The status of vitamins B6, B12, folate, and of homocysteine in geriatric home residents receiving laxatives or dietary fiberB Sturtzel
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, A 1090 Vienna, Austsria
J Nutr Health Aging 14:219-23. 2010..Vitamin B12 deficiency as a digestive disorder and constipation as a gastro motility disorder are common in the elderly. Laxative treatment is often chosen without regard for gut health...
- Lipids significantly reduced by diets containing barley in moderately hypercholesterolemic menKay M Behall
Diet and Human Performance Laboratory, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
J Am Coll Nutr 23:55-62. 2004..Soluble fiber from oats has been recognized as beneficial in decreasing blood cholesterol levels. Although barley contains high amounts of soluble fiber, it is not consumed as extensively as oats...
- Influence of whole grain barley, whole grain wheat, and refined rice-based foods on short-term satiety and energy intakeNatalia Schroeder
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108 1038, USA
Appetite 53:363-9. 2009....
- Effect of cereal test breakfasts differing in glycemic index and content of indigestible carbohydrates on daylong glucose tolerance in healthy subjectsAnne C Nilsson
Division of Applied Nutrition and Food Chemistry, Department of Food Technology, Engineering and Nutrition, Lund University, Sweden
Am J Clin Nutr 87:645-54. 2008..Frequent hyperglycemic episodes are increasingly being associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease...
- Preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy - a controlled trial in primary health careT I Kinnunen
UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Tampere, Finland
Eur J Clin Nutr 61:884-91. 2007..To investigate whether individual counselling on diet and physical activity during pregnancy can have positive effects on diet and leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and prevent excessive gestational weight gain...
- Greater satiety response with resistant starch and corn bran in human subjectsHolly J Willis
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, MN 55108, USA
Nutr Res 29:100-5. 2009..However, we hypothesized that certain types of dietary fiber may enhance satiety more than others...
- Acute ingestion of resistant starch reduces food intake in healthy adultsCaroline L Bodinham
Diabetes and Endocrinology, Postgraduate Medical School, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7WG, UK
Br J Nutr 103:917-22. 2010..059). These results suggest that consumption of 48 g RS, over a 24-h period, may be useful in the management of the metabolic syndrome and appetite. Further studies are required to determine the exact mechanisms...
- Resistant starch: metabolic effects and potential health benefitsJanine A Higgins
University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Center for Human Nutrition, Box C225, 4200 E Ninth Ave, Denver, CO 80222, USA
J AOAC Int 87:761-8. 2004..The effects of RS in the large bowel per se are the topic of other reviews and are not addressed in this paper...
- Effect of dietary fiber intake on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized, controlled clinical trialsSeamus P Whelton
Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
J Hypertens 23:475-81. 2005We conducted a meta-analysis of 25 randomized controlled trials published in English-language journals before February 2004, to assess the effect of dietary fiber intake on blood pressure (BP).
- Whole-grain, bran, and cereal fiber intakes and markers of systemic inflammation in diabetic womenLu Qi
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Diabetes Care 29:207-11. 2006..To evaluate the dietary predictors for the markers of systemic inflammation and endothelial dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes...
- High-fiber rye bread and insulin secretion and sensitivity in healthy postmenopausal womenKatri S Juntunen
Department of Clinical Nutrition, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland
Am J Clin Nutr 77:385-91. 2003..Fiber and whole-cereal intakes may protect against hyperinsulinemia and the risk of type 2 diabetes...
- Investigation on Oligosaccharides as Antimicrobial and PrebioticsPeng George Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013..Thus, HMOs are considered as the ''dietary fiber''of human milk...
- A simple dietary message to improve dietary quality for metabolic syndromeYunsheng Ma; Fiscal Year: 2012..Results from three recent review articles agreed that adding dietary fiber can aid weight loss and weight loss maintenance;dietary fiber also exerts clinical benefits on several ..
- Therapeutic Efficacy of Flaxseed in the Treatment of Ovarian CancerDale B Hales; Fiscal Year: 2013..Flaxseed is an excellent source of dietary fiber, the OM-3FA alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), and phytoestrogen lignans, which are potent anti-estrogens that have ..
- Role of Butyrate in the Gut-Liver Interaction of Ethanol Induced Liver InjuryGAIL ANN CRESCI; Fiscal Year: 2013..acetate, propionate, and butyrate) are produced in the distal gut through the fermentation of undigested dietary fiber and starch by the commensal gut microbiota...
- Impact of Diet on Intestinal Microbiota-Host DynamicsJustin Sonnenburg; Fiscal Year: 2013..e., dietary fiber)...
- Colon Cell Differentiation: NAB and MUC2 Gene ExpressionAnna Velcich; Fiscal Year: 2009..acid butyrate (NaB), present in high concentrations in the colonic lumen principally from the fermentation of dietary fiber, plays a physiological role in colonic homeostasis...
- Critical Role of Mybl2 in Spontaneous and Short-Chain Fatty Acid-Induced IntestinMICHAEL JOSEPH PAPETTI; Fiscal Year: 2011..in an immature state in culture yet can be induced by the short chain fatty acid (SCFA) butyrate (a product of dietary fiber fermentation in the human colon), or contact inhibition of growth to differentiate into absorptive (Caco-2), ..
- Intestinal Anion Transporters: Function and RegulationPradeep K Dudeja; Fiscal Year: 2013..by applicant): Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are produced in the colonic lumen by bacterial fermentation of dietary fiber. SCFAs serve a key role as the metabolic fuel for the colonocytes and are important for the integrity of ..
- Gut Microbiota and colonic gene expression: A ligran trial in humansJohanna W Lampe; Fiscal Year: 2013..Microbial fermentation of dietary fiber and plant lignans in high-fiber foods produces bioactive endproducts, such as butyrate and enterolignans...
- Signaling inputs that maintain the heterogeneity of colorectal cancer cellsDarina Lazarova; Fiscal Year: 2010..inputs that maintain the heterogeneity of colorectal cancer cells Abstract Butyrate, a fermentation product of dietary fiber in the colon, inhibits the activity of histone deacetylases and induces cell growth arrest, differentiation, ..
- Improving health benefits of wheat by increasing resistant starchANN JOAN SLADE; Fiscal Year: 2012..Resistant starch is also correlated with levels of total dietary fiber because it is slowly digested;so increased amylose increases fiber content as well...
- The Proyecto Bienestar Laredo: Translating Knowledge and Experience Into PracticeROBERTO P TREVINO; Fiscal Year: 2010..program wjth 5 key foci: 1) eat less dietary saturated fat, 2) consume less dietary sugar, 3) eat more dietary fiber, 4) be more physically active and 5) view less T.V...
- USC Center for Transdisciplinary Research on Energetics*MICHAEL ISAAC GORAN; Fiscal Year: 2010..Project 2 builds on prior USC C-TREC findings and examines the effects of dietary fiber and energy restriction on metabolic and inflammatory profile associated with obesity and obesity-related ..
- Mobile e-Health dietary fiber calculator for self-management of IBSLisa A Russell; Fiscal Year: 2012..array of pharmacological and non-pharmacological remedies, including an emphasis on assessing and adjusting dietary fiber intake to regulate bowel function and reduce pain...
- Changing behavior by shifting Th1/Th2 balance in the brainGregory G Freund; Fiscal Year: 2010..The most important question that will be answered by our proposed experiments is: Can soluble dietary fiber be used to block activation of the neuroimmune system and mitigate the biobehavioral consequences of brain-..
- Clinical Research and Mentoring in Oral EpidemiologyKaumudi Joshipura; Fiscal Year: 2009..disease-dental status association is mediated by inflammatory and hemostatic mediators, and by intake of dietary fiber and antioxidants...
- Fiber Intake, Gut Bacteria Metabolites and Risk of Colorectal CancerJiyoung Ahn; Fiscal Year: 2013..2 million new cases annually. Dietary fiber has long been thought to play a protective role in CRC;yet the mechanisms by which fiber protects against CRC ..
- Dietary Support for Healthy Digestion in Crohn's DiseaseCAROL S BROTHERTON; Fiscal Year: 2011..Healthy People 2010, "To promote health and reduce chronic disease associated with diet and weight" with specific mention of dietary fiber's critical role in disease prevention and the need to control sugar intake to stay healthy.
- LA Sprouts: A garden/nutrition intervention to improve health for high-risk youthDONNA D SPRUIJT-METZ; Fiscal Year: 2013..12-week after-school gardening/nutrition intervention ("LA Sprouts") in 4th - 5th grade students improved dietary fiber and vegetable intake, increased preference for fruit and vegetable intake, improved cooking and gardening ..
- PHYSIOCHEMICAL EFFECTS OF DIETARY FIBER IN HUMANSJUDITH MARLETT; Fiscal Year: 1991..compare the physical properties, chemical compositions and biological effects of three different sources of dietary fiber. Constant daily diets will be used to control for most dietary variables that have made it difficult to ..
- Nutrition Program-Caribbean Hispanic elders & diabetesODILIA BERMUDEZ; Fiscal Year: 2003..specific nutrition self-management program designed to improve dietary intake of fruit and vegetables and dietary fiber, which, once incorporated into the diabetes self-management plan of Hispanic elders with diabetes will result ..
- BREAST CANCER IN WOMEN OF POLISH ANCESTRYDorothy Pathak; Fiscal Year: 1999..g. glucobrassicins, carotenoids, flavonoids, and antioxidants), and dietary fiber; and 3) increase in intake of meat, meat products and dietary fat; and 4) interaction among the dietary ..
- BREAST CANCER IN WOMEN OF POLISH ANCESTRYDorothy Pathak; Fiscal Year: 2001..g. glucobrassicins, carotenoids, flavonoids, and antioxidants), and dietary fiber; and 3) increase in intake of meat, meat products and dietary fat; and 4) interaction among the dietary ..
- GENE-DIET INTERACTIONS AND HEART DISEASEHANNAI CAMPOS; Fiscal Year: 2003..In secondary analyses, we will test the hypotheses that the GDAS variant alleles influence the effect of dietary fiber, cholesterol, physical activity, and smoking on CHD...
- RCT of the Naturopathic Anti-inflammatory DietPatricia Elmer; Fiscal Year: 2007..effects of the anti-inflammatory diet on inflammatory markers and fasting glucose and insulin, independent of dietary fiber content or weight loss; this latter outcome will be important to control initially since weight loss per se ..
- Colon Cancer Prevention Program Project GrantM Lance; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- Impact of Fiber Fermentation on Fecal IncontinenceDonna Bliss; Fiscal Year: 2007..The long-range objectives of this research are 1) to develop evidenced-based recommendations for using soluble dietary fiber to effectively manage FI and 2) to determine the mechanisms by which soluble dietary fiber improves stool ..
- Molecular profiles of colorectal adenomas by array CGHGalen Hostetter; Fiscal Year: 2009..Sample size: 50 matched pairs, baseline and recurrent;validation studies, tissue microarrays, FISH and RT-PCR. Bioinformatics/Biostatistics: Nonsupervised data analysis, classifier algorithms, including strong features. ..
- NUTRITIONAL INFLUENCES ON COLON CANCER IN THE TAMARINLynne Ausman; Fiscal Year: 1991..Epidemiologic studies have shown that diets high in fat, cholesterol, and/or meat and low in dietary fiber increase susceptibility to colitis and colon cancer...
- NONINVASIVE MEASURES OF STRESS & REPRODUCTIVE STERIODSSamuel Wasser; Fiscal Year: 1991..steroid excretion rate, particularly those associated with GI tract transit time; 4) test the influence of dietary fiber on fecal steroid excretion rate and the potential of eliminating any existing effects using nonspecific ..
- Targeted delivery of butyrate to the colon in miceSHARON FLEMING; Fiscal Year: 2006Butyrate is normally produced in the colonic lumen via microbial fermentation of dietary fiber and undigested starch...
- SOLUBLE AND INSOLUBLE FIBER DIETS IN HYPERLIPIDEMIADavid Jenkins; Fiscal Year: 1991..Complete diets metabolically defined will be provided for each dietary fiber period...
- Flax: Safety & Efficacy in Reducing Cardiovascular RiskPhilippe Szapary; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- ENHANCING CHEMOPREVENTIVE AGENTS IN BEANSUchenna Chukwu; Fiscal Year: 2004..and diabetes - are associated with diets high in calories, fat, saturated fat, cholesterol or too low in dietary fiber. Diet-related health conditions costs society at last $250 billion a year in medical costs and lost ..
- CHILDREN'S MULTIMEDIA NUTRITION SIMULATION SOFTWAREMichael Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2000..food label, and the cancer and heart disease risks associated with total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, and dietary fiber; 2) application of Nutrition Facts food labels to behavioral choices, including eating fresh fruits and ..
- Plant Foods and Endometrial Cancer EpidemiologyPAMELA HORN ROSS; Fiscal Year: 2005..a) cruciferous vegetables isothiocyanates, (b) various measures of dietary antioxidants, (c) whole grains / dietary fiber, (d) refined grains / glycemic load, and (e) dietary patterns...
- CANCER RISK FACTOR PREVENTION FOR HIGH RISK YOUTHJoel Killen; Fiscal Year: 2000..include reducing intake of dietary fat; increasing consumption of low fat foods, fruits, vegetables and dietary fiber; and increasing levels of moderate to vigorous physical activity...
- INNER HYGIENE IN MODERN HEALTH CULTUREJAMES WHORTON; Fiscal Year: 1990..rise of the concept of diseases of civilization from the late eighteenth century to current theories relating dietary fiber to "Western diseases...
- MARYLAND WIC HEALTHY EATING FOR A LIFETIME PROGRAMStephen Havas; Fiscal Year: 2000..nutrition-related risks for cancer by adding two new components: 1) decreasing dietary fat and 2) increasing dietary fiber. The study will extend the highly effective collaboration over the past four years among researchers at the ..
- BREATH MARKERS OF COLONIC FERMENTATIONLoic Le Marchand; Fiscal Year: 1991Although there is substantial evidence that dietary fat is positively and dietary fiber negatively associated with colon cancer, some "anomalies" in the epidemiology of this disease have been observed...
- Diet and DNA methylation in colon mucosa and adenomasJean Pierre Issa; Fiscal Year: 2007..These studies should provide definitive information on interactions between diet and DNA methylation in human colorectal mucosa and cancer. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- NUTRITIONAL EFFECTS OF PLANT FIBER ON DIGESTIONBarbara Schneeman; Fiscal Year: 1992..The objective is to investigate some of the basic mechanisms explaining the nutritional and metabolic effects of dietary fiber. Epidemiological evidence has linked a lack of fiber in the diet with several chronic diseases such as ..
- Regulation of p21 induction by butyrate in colonic cellsSHARON FLEMING; Fiscal Year: 2003Butyrate is normally produced in the colonic lumen via microbial fermentation of dietary fiber and undigested starch...
- COMPANEROS EN LA SALUD--CANCER CONTROL AMONG HISPANICSFelipe Castro; Fiscal Year: 1993..those in the control group as indicated by (1) a lower consumption of dietary fat, (2) a higher consumption of dietary fiber, (3) a greater frequency of breast self-examination, and (4) a greater proportion of women (a) seeking ..
- INSTITUTIONALIZING DIETARY CHANGES FOR CANCER PREVENTIONDennis Frate; Fiscal Year: 1992..application include total caloric reduction (weight loss), a decrease in dietary fat, and an increase in dietary fiber. Our research model centers on implementing dietary change self-help groups within Black churches...
- PREVENTION OF OVERWEIGHT IN PRESCHOOL MINORITY CHILDRENMarian Fitzgibbon; Fiscal Year: 2002..measure, percent ideal body weight for height (%IBWH), as well as dietary fat intake; and an increase in dietary fiber and fruit and vegetable intake...
- INNOVATIVE NUTRITION COMMUNICATION FOR LATINOSJohn Elder; Fiscal Year: 2002..The primary outcome variables for this study are percent calories from dietary fat and number of grams of dietary fiber. Measures will be collected by trained bilingual/bicultural measurement technicians at baseline, immediately ..
- EFFECTS OF DIETARY BRAN ON COLON CANCER IN MICENEAL CLAPP; Fiscal Year: 1980..However, any consistent negative correlation of dietary fiber with colon cancer incidences remains to be identified...
- MULTIETHNIC/MINORITY COHORT STUDY OF DIET AND CANCERLaurence Kolonel; Fiscal Year: 2002..lycopene; breast cancer with the ratio of monounsaturated to saturated/ polyunsaturated fat, components of dietary fiber; colorectal cancer with fat, energy, folate; lung cancer with specific fats, carotenoids) and with foods (e.g...
- CANCER PREVENTION PROGRAM IN RURAL CHURCHESRichard Winett; Fiscal Year: 2003..Major outcome measures include percent calories from fat, dietary fiber, servings of fruits and vegetables, caloric expenditure in activity, V02Max, and body composition...
- Dietary Fiber and Cardiovascular Inflammatory MarkersDana King; Fiscal Year: 2006The purpose of this research is to investigate the relationship between dietary fiber and cardiovascular inflammatory markers...
- Dietary Glycemic Load, Body Weight, and Blood LipidsYunsheng Ma; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Serum 25(OH)D, Vitamin D Intake, and Breast Cancer Recurrence in the WHEL StudyElizabeth T Jacobs; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Fiber and Colorectal Adenomas: A Pooling ProjectElizabeth Jacobs; Fiscal Year: 2005..who had consumed higher quantities of fiber prior to entry into the intervention trials, that the source of dietary fiber is an important consideration, and that there may be differential effects of fiber depending on gender and ..