food

Summary

Summary: Anything which, when taken into the body, serves to nourish or build up the tissues or to supply body heat. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Allowing normal food at will after major upper gastrointestinal surgery does not increase morbidity: a randomized multicenter trial
    Kristoffer Lassen
    Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, University Hospital Northern Norway, Tromsø, Norway
    Ann Surg 247:721-9. 2008
  2. ncbi Differential activation of the dorsal striatum by high-calorie visual food stimuli in obese individuals
    Yvonne Rothemund
    Center for Internal Medicine and Dermatology, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Charite University Medicine, Charite Platz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany
    Neuroimage 37:410-21. 2007
  3. ncbi Standardization of food challenges in patients with immediate reactions to foods--position paper from the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology
    C Bindslev-Jensen
    Allergy Center, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark
    Allergy 59:690-7. 2004
  4. ncbi Food security: the challenge of feeding 9 billion people
    H Charles J Godfray
    Department of Zoology and Institute of Biodiversity at the James Martin 21st Century School, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 327:812-8. 2010
  5. ncbi Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security
    R Lal
    Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Science 304:1623-7. 2004
  6. ncbi American Cancer Society Guidelines on nutrition and physical activity for cancer prevention: reducing the risk of cancer with healthy food choices and physical activity
    Lawrence H Kushi
    Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA, USA
    CA Cancer J Clin 62:30-67. 2012
  7. ncbi Effects of prenatal micronutrient and early food supplementation on maternal hemoglobin, birth weight, and infant mortality among children in Bangladesh: the MINIMat randomized trial
    Lars Ake Persson
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, International Maternal and Child Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    JAMA 307:2050-9. 2012
  8. pmc Food pricing strategies, population diets, and non-communicable disease: a systematic review of simulation studies
    Helen Eyles
    National Institute for Health Innovation, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    PLoS Med 9:e1001353. 2012
  9. ncbi The first taste is always with the eyes: a meta-analysis on the neural correlates of processing visual food cues
    L N van der Laan
    Image Sciences Institute, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 55:296-303. 2011
  10. ncbi Poverty and obesity: the role of energy density and energy costs
    Adam Drewnowski
    Center for Public Health Nutrition, Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:6-16. 2004

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications269 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Allowing normal food at will after major upper gastrointestinal surgery does not increase morbidity: a randomized multicenter trial
    Kristoffer Lassen
    Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, University Hospital Northern Norway, Tromsø, Norway
    Ann Surg 247:721-9. 2008
    The aim of this trial was to investigate whether a routine of allowing normal food at will increases morbidity after major upper gastrointestinal (GI) surgery.
  2. ncbi Differential activation of the dorsal striatum by high-calorie visual food stimuli in obese individuals
    Yvonne Rothemund
    Center for Internal Medicine and Dermatology, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Charite University Medicine, Charite Platz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany
    Neuroimage 37:410-21. 2007
    The neural systems regulating food intake in obese individuals remain poorly understood...
  3. ncbi Standardization of food challenges in patients with immediate reactions to foods--position paper from the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology
    C Bindslev-Jensen
    Allergy Center, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark
    Allergy 59:690-7. 2004
  4. ncbi Food security: the challenge of feeding 9 billion people
    H Charles J Godfray
    Department of Zoology and Institute of Biodiversity at the James Martin 21st Century School, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Science 327:812-8. 2010
    Continuing population and consumption growth will mean that the global demand for food will increase for at least another 40 years...
  5. ncbi Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security
    R Lal
    Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Science 304:1623-7. 2004
    ..5 to 1 kg/ha for cowpeas. As well as enhancing food security, carbon sequestration has the potential to offset fossil fuel emissions by 0.4 to 1...
  6. ncbi American Cancer Society Guidelines on nutrition and physical activity for cancer prevention: reducing the risk of cancer with healthy food choices and physical activity
    Lawrence H Kushi
    Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA, USA
    CA Cancer J Clin 62:30-67. 2012
    ....
  7. ncbi Effects of prenatal micronutrient and early food supplementation on maternal hemoglobin, birth weight, and infant mortality among children in Bangladesh: the MINIMat randomized trial
    Lars Ake Persson
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, International Maternal and Child Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    JAMA 307:2050-9. 2012
    ..Nutritional insult in fetal life and small size at birth are common in low-income countries and are associated with serious health consequences...
  8. pmc Food pricing strategies, population diets, and non-communicable disease: a systematic review of simulation studies
    Helen Eyles
    National Institute for Health Innovation, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    PLoS Med 9:e1001353. 2012
    b>Food pricing strategies have been proposed to encourage healthy eating habits, which may in turn help stem global increases in non-communicable diseases...
  9. ncbi The first taste is always with the eyes: a meta-analysis on the neural correlates of processing visual food cues
    L N van der Laan
    Image Sciences Institute, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Neuroimage 55:296-303. 2011
    b>Food selection is primarily guided by the visual system. Multiple functional neuro-imaging studies have examined the brain responses to visual food stimuli...
  10. ncbi Poverty and obesity: the role of energy density and energy costs
    Adam Drewnowski
    Center for Public Health Nutrition, Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:6-16. 2004
    ..Fourth, poverty and food insecurity are associated with lower food expenditures, low fruit and vegetable consumption, and lower-quality ..
  11. ncbi Supermarkets, other food stores, and obesity: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Kimberly Morland
    Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    Am J Prev Med 30:333-9. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine whether characteristics of the local food environment are associated with the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors.
  12. pmc Assessing the potential effectiveness of food and beverage taxes and subsidies for improving public health: a systematic review of prices, demand and body weight outcomes
    L M Powell
    Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Obes Rev 14:110-28. 2013
    ..are increasingly being considered as potential policy instruments to incentivize consumers to improve their food and beverage consumption patterns and related health outcomes. This study provided a systematic review of recent U...
  13. pmc The impact of food prices on consumption: a systematic review of research on the price elasticity of demand for food
    Tatiana Andreyeva
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, 309 Edwards St, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:216-22. 2010
    In light of proposals to improve diets by shifting food prices, it is important to understand how price changes affect demand for various foods...
  14. ncbi Food store types, availability, and cost of foods in a rural environment
    Angela D Liese
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:1916-23. 2007
    To characterize the built nutritional environment in terms of types and number of food stores, availability, and cost of selected food items in a rural area.
  15. pmc School and residential neighborhood food environment and diet among California youth
    Ruopeng An
    RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California, USA
    Am J Prev Med 42:129-35. 2012
    Various hypotheses link neighborhood food environments and diet...
  16. ncbi Fatty acids and inflammation: the cutting edge between food and pharma
    Philip C Calder
    Institute of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Institute of Developmental Sciences Building, MP887 Southampton General Hospital, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, United Kingdom
    Eur J Pharmacol 668:S50-8. 2011
    ..The anti-inflammatory effects of marine n-3 fatty acids may contribute to their protective actions towards atherosclerosis, plaque rupture and cardiovascular mortality. The therapeutic dose of n-3 fatty acids is not clear...
  17. pmc Ghrelin mediates stress-induced food-reward behavior in mice
    Jen Chieh Chuang
    Division of Hypothalamic Research, Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390 9077, USA
    J Clin Invest 121:2684-92. 2011
    ..Here, we describe a system in which food-reward behavior, assessed using a conditioned place preference (CPP) task, is monitored in mice after exposure to ..
  18. ncbi Comparison of relative validity of food group intakes estimated by comprehensive and brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaires against 16 d dietary records in Japanese adults
    Satomi Kobayashi
    Department of Social and Preventive Epidemiology, School of Public Health, The University of Tokyo, 7 3 1 Hongo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 0033, Japan
    Public Health Nutr 14:1200-11. 2011
    To compare the relative validity of food group intakes derived from a comprehensive self-administered diet history questionnaire (DHQ) and a brief-type DHQ (BDHQ) developed for the assessment of Japanese diets during the previous month ..
  19. ncbi Neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and minority composition are associated with better potential spatial access to the ground-truthed food environment in a large rural area
    Joseph R Sharkey
    Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843 1266, USA
    J Nutr 138:620-7. 2008
    Little is known about spatial inequalities and potential access to the food environment in rural areas...
  20. pmc Relation between obesity and blunted striatal response to food is moderated by TaqIA A1 allele
    E Stice
    Oregon Research Institute, 1715 Franklin Boulevard, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Science 322:449-52. 2008
    The dorsal striatum plays a role in consummatory food reward, and striatal dopamine receptors are reduced in obese individuals, relative to lean individuals, which suggests that the striatum and dopaminergic signaling in the striatum may ..
  21. ncbi Food and drug cues activate similar brain regions: a meta-analysis of functional MRI studies
    D W Tang
    Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal Neurological Institute, Montreal, QC, Canada
    Physiol Behav 106:317-24. 2012
    In healthy individuals, food cues can trigger hunger and feeding behavior. Likewise, smoking cues can trigger craving and relapse in smokers...
  22. ncbi Vitamin B12 transport from food to the body's cells--a sophisticated, multistep pathway
    Marianne J Nielsen
    Department of Biomedicine, Aarhus University, Ole Worms Allé 3, Building 1170, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark
    Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 9:345-54. 2012
    ..pathway--now known to involve more than 15 gene products--delineating a coherent pathway for B(12) trafficking from food to the body's cells...
  23. ncbi The Power of Food Scale. A new measure of the psychological influence of the food environment
    Michael R Lowe
    Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA
    Appetite 53:114-8. 2009
    This paper describes the psychometric evaluation of a new measure called the Power of Food Scale (PFS). The PFS assesses the psychological impact of living in food-abundant environments...
  24. ncbi Work Group report: oral food challenge testing
    Anna Nowak-Wegrzyn
    Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 123:S365-83. 2009
    Oral food challenges are procedures conducted by allergists/immunologists to make an accurate diagnosis of immediate, and occasionally delayed, adverse reactions to foods...
  25. pmc Maternal obesity induced by diet in rats permanently influences central processes regulating food intake in offspring
    Shona L Kirk
    Division of Reproduction and Endocrinology, King s College London, London, UK
    PLoS ONE 4:e5870. 2009
    ..Such effects may underlie the developmental programming of hyperphagia and obesity in these rats...
  26. ncbi Widespread reward-system activation in obese women in response to pictures of high-calorie foods
    Luke E Stoeckel
    Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 1170, USA
    Neuroimage 41:636-47. 2008
    Behavioral studies have suggested that exaggerated reactivity to food cues, especially those associated with high-calorie foods, may be a factor underlying obesity...
  27. ncbi Patterns and trends in food portion sizes, 1977-1998
    Samara Joy Nielsen
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA
    JAMA 289:450-3. 2003
    While general consensus holds that food portion sizes are increasing, no empirical data have documented actual increases.
  28. ncbi Neighborhood characteristics and availability of healthy foods in Baltimore
    Manuel Franco
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2217, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:561-7. 2008
    ..The availability of healthy foods has rarely been directly measured in a systematic fashion. This study examines the associations among the availability of healthy foods and racial and income neighborhood composition...
  29. pmc Television food advertising to children: a global perspective
    Bridget Kelly
    Cancer Council New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    Am J Public Health 100:1730-6. 2010
    We compared television food advertising to children in several countries.
  30. pmc Food allergy
    Julie Wang
    Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, New York, USA
    J Clin Invest 121:827-35. 2011
    b>Food allergies affect up to 6% of young children and 3%-4% of adults...
  31. ncbi Honeybees perform optimal scale-free searching flights when attempting to locate a food source
    Andrew M Reynolds
    Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, UK
    J Exp Biol 210:3763-70. 2007
    ..We hypothesise that when a food source at a known location ceases to be available, flying insects will exhibit search patterns that optimise the ..
  32. ncbi Measuring the food environment using geographical information systems: a methodological review
    Hélène Charreire
    UMR INSERM U 557 INRA U 1125 CNAM, University Paris 13, CRNH IdF, Bobigny, France
    Public Health Nutr 13:1773-85. 2010
    Through a literature review, we investigated the geographic information systems (GIS) methods used to define the food environment and the types of spatial measurements they generate.
  33. pmc Individual differences in nucleus accumbens activity to food and sexual images predict weight gain and sexual behavior
    Kathryn E Demos
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA
    J Neurosci 32:5549-52. 2012
    ..is heightened sensitivity to cues related to those behaviors; people may overeat because of hyperresponsiveness to food cues, addicts may relapse following exposure to their drug of choice, and some people might engage in impulsive ..
  34. ncbi Sociodemographic factors and attitudes toward food affordability and health are associated with fruit and vegetable consumption in a low-income French population
    Hélène Bihan
    UMR U557 INSERM, Bobigny, France
    J Nutr 140:823-30. 2010
    ..Socioeconomic characteristics, food insufficiency, affordability, and motivation for eating fruits and vegetables were assessed...
  35. pmc Experimental research on the relation between food price changes and food-purchasing patterns: a targeted review
    Leonard H Epstein
    University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 95:789-809. 2012
    One way in which to modify food purchases is to change prices through tax policy, subsidy policy, or both...
  36. pmc The effects of exercise on the neuronal response to food cues
    Marc Andre Cornier
    Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Physiol Behav 105:1028-34. 2012
    ..The impact of physical activity on the central regulation of food intake may be an important mechanism of this effect...
  37. ncbi An olfactory receptor for food-derived odours promotes male courtship in Drosophila
    Yael Grosjean
    Center for Integrative Genomics, Faculty of Biology and Medicine, University of Lausanne, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Nature 478:236-40. 2011
    ..phenylacetic acid and phenylacetaldehyde, which are widely found in fruit and other plant tissues that serve as food sources and oviposition sites for drosophilid flies...
  38. ncbi Reconciling food production and biodiversity conservation: land sharing and land sparing compared
    Ben Phalan
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
    Science 333:1289-91. 2011
    The question of how to meet rising food demand at the least cost to biodiversity requires the evaluation of two contrasting alternatives: land sharing, which integrates both objectives on the same land; and land sparing, in which high-..
  39. ncbi International table of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2002
    Kaye Foster-Powell
    Human Nutrition Unit, School of Molecular and Microbial Biosciences, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:5-56. 2002
    ..The revised table also lists the glycemic load associated with the consumption of specified serving sizes of different foods...
  40. pmc Gastrointestinal microflora, food components and colon cancer prevention
    Cindy D Davis
    Nutritional Science Research Group, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD 20892 7328, USA
    J Nutr Biochem 20:743-52. 2009
    ..Dietary modifiers, including the consumption of live bacteria (probiotics) and indigestible or limited digestible food constituents such as oligosaccharides (prebiotics) and polyphenols or both (synbiotics), are recognized modifiers ..
  41. ncbi Hunger and satiety in anorexia nervosa: fMRI during cognitive processing of food pictures
    Stephanie Santel
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Magdeburg, Germany
    Brain Res 1114:138-48. 2006
    Neuroimaging studies of visually presented food stimuli in patients with anorexia nervosa have demonstrated decreased activations in inferior parietal and visual occipital areas, and increased frontal activations relative to healthy ..
  42. ncbi Globalization, food and health in Pacific Island countries
    Robert G Hughes
    Nutrition Unit, Division of International Health, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 14:298-306. 2005
    ..This paper presents a synthesis of the findings from two research papers that were prepared for a 2003 food safety and quality meeting in Nadi, Fiji...
  43. pmc Measuring the food environment: state of the science
    Leslie A Lytle
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454 1054, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:S134-44. 2009
    ..In particular, public health practitioners and researchers alike are eager to know how the food environments of neighborhoods, schools, and worksites affect food choices and, ultimately, population risk for ..
  44. pmc Evolution of a behavioral shift mediated by superficial neuromasts helps cavefish find food in darkness
    Masato Yoshizawa
    Department of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, 20742, USA
    Curr Biol 20:1631-6. 2010
    ..We conclude that VAB and SN enhancement coevolved to compensate for loss of vision and to help blind cavefish find food in darkness.
  45. ncbi Medial prefrontal cortex activity associated with symptom provocation in eating disorders
    Rudolf Uher
    Institute of Psychiatry PO59, Eating Disorders Unit, King s College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Am J Psychiatry 161:1238-46. 2004
    ..The authors sought to identify neural correlates of eating disorders in order to contribute to the debate on the genesis and classification of eating disorders and provide endophenotypes for genetic research...
  46. pmc Dietary supplement use is associated with higher intakes of minerals from food sources
    Regan L Bailey
    Office of Dietary Supplements, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 7517, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:1376-81. 2011
    ..Some reports suggested that supplement users had higher nutrient intakes from the diet than did nonusers, but to our knowledge this finding has not been examined in nationally representative survey data...
  47. ncbi Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome, from practice to theory
    Stefano Miceli Sopo
    Department of Paediatrics, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, L go Gemelli 8, Rome 00168, Italy
    Expert Rev Clin Immunol 9:707-15. 2013
    b>Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is an allergic disease, probably non-IgE-mediated, with expression predominantly in the GI tract. The most characteristic symptom is repeated, debilitating vomiting...
  48. pmc Priming effects of television food advertising on eating behavior
    Jennifer L Harris
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Health Psychol 28:404-13. 2009
    ..This research tests the hypothesis that exposure to food advertising during TV viewing may also contribute to obesity by triggering automatic snacking of available food.
  49. ncbi Measures of the food environment: a compilation of the literature, 1990-2007
    Robin A McKinnon
    National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:S124-33. 2009
    Valid and reliable measures are required to assess any effect of the food environment on individual dietary behavior, and form the foundation of research that may inform obesity-related policy...
  50. pmc An fMRI study of obesity, food reward, and perceived caloric density. Does a low-fat label make food less appealing?
    Janet Ng
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Appetite 57:65-72. 2011
    ..Results suggest that hyper-responsivity of somatosensory, gustatory, and reward valuation regions may be related to overeating and that top-down processing influence reward encoding, which could further contribute to weight gain...
  51. pmc Parental employment and work-family stress: associations with family food environments
    Katherine W Bauer
    Department of Public Health, College of Health Professions and Social Work, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 75:496-504. 2012
    ..number of studies have observed associations between mothers' full-time employment and less healthful family food environments...
  52. pmc Food reinforcement, energy intake, and macronutrient choice
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:12-8. 2011
    b>Food is a powerful reinforcer that motivates people to eat. The relative reinforcing value of food (RRV(food)) is associated with obesity and energy intake and interacts with impulsivity to predict energy intake.
  53. pmc Attentional bias to food images associated with elevated weight and future weight gain: an fMRI study
    Sonja Yokum
    Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, Oregon, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 19:1775-83. 2011
    Behavioral studies reveal that obese vs. lean individuals show attentional bias to food stimuli...
  54. ncbi Individual differences in reward drive predict neural responses to images of food
    John D Beaver
    Brain Sciences Unit, Medical Research Council Cognition, Cambridge CB2 2EF, United Kingdom
    J Neurosci 26:5160-6. 2006
    ..orbitofrontal, ventral striatal, amygdala, and midbrain areas, has been widely implicated in a number of aspects of food reward. However, in humans, sensitivity to reward can vary significantly from one person to the next...
  55. ncbi Portion size of food affects energy intake in normal-weight and overweight men and women
    Barbara J Rolls
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 6501, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:1207-13. 2002
    Large portions of food may contribute to excess energy intake and greater obesity. However, data on the effects of portion size on food intake in adults are limited.
  56. ncbi Accuracy in the estimation of food servings against the portions in food photographs
    M L Ovaskainen
    Department of Health Promotion and Prevention of Chronic Diseases, Nutrition Unit, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Clin Nutr 62:674-81. 2008
    In diet surveys, quantitative underestimation of food consumption may be due to intentional misreporting or false portion-size reporting. Perception of food photographs used as aids for assessing the actual amounts may have an effect...
  57. pmc Food price and diet and health outcomes: 20 years of the CARDIA Study
    Kiyah J Duffey
    Department of Nutrition, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27516 3997, USA
    Arch Intern Med 170:420-6. 2010
    Despite surging interest in taxation as a policy to address poor food choice, US research directly examining the association of food prices with individual intake is scarce.
  58. pmc Larval food quantity affects development time, survival and adult biological traits that influence the vectorial capacity of Anopheles darlingi under laboratory conditions
    Maisa da Silva Araújo
    Laboratory of Entomology, Tropical Pathology Research Institute Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Porto Velho, Rondonia, Brazil
    Malar J 11:261. 2012
    ..The aim of the present study is to assess the effects of larval food quantity on the vectorial capacity of An. darling under laboratory conditions.
  59. ncbi Measuring potential access to food stores and food-service places in rural areas in the U.S
    Joseph R Sharkey
    Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, Texas 77843 1266, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:S151-5. 2009
    Geographic access to healthy food resources remains a major focus of research that examines the contribution of the built environment to healthful eating...
  60. pmc The perils of ignoring history: Big Tobacco played dirty and millions died. How similar is Big Food?
    Kelly D Brownell
    Rudd Center for Food Policy andObesity, Yale University, 309 Edwards Street, New Haven, CT06520 8369, USA
    Milbank Q 87:259-94. 2009
    ..What followed were decades of deceit and actions that cost millions of lives. In the hope that the food history will be written differently, this article both highlights important lessons that can be learned from the ..
  61. pmc Reproducibility and relative validity of a food frequency questionnaire developed for female adolescents in Suihua, North China
    Wei Xia
    Department of Children Health and Hygiene, School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China
    PLoS ONE 6:e19656. 2011
    This study aims to evaluate the reproducibility and validity of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) developed for female adolescents in the Suihua area of North China...
  62. pmc Role of ghrelin in food reward: impact of ghrelin on sucrose self-administration and mesolimbic dopamine and acetylcholine receptor gene expression
    Karolina P Skibicka
    Department of Physiology, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden
    Addict Biol 17:95-107. 2012
    The decision to eat is strongly influenced by non-homeostatic factors such as food palatability. Indeed, the rewarding and motivational value of food can override homeostatic signals, leading to increased consumption and hence, obesity...
  63. pmc Food prices and obesity: evidence and policy implications for taxes and subsidies
    Lisa M Powell
    Institute for Health Research and Policy and Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 West Roosevelt, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
    Milbank Q 87:229-57. 2009
    ..compared with healthy, less-dense foods through the use of fiscal pricing (tax or subsidy) policy instruments would, in fact, change food consumption patterns and overall diet enough to significantly reduce individuals' weight outcomes.
  64. pmc Reward circuitry responsivity to food predicts future increases in body mass: moderating effects of DRD2 and DRD4
    Eric Stice
    Oregon Research Institute, 1715 Franklin Blvd, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Neuroimage 50:1618-25. 2010
    To determine whether responsivity of reward circuitry to food predicts future increases in body mass and whether polymorphisms in DRD2 and DRD4 moderate these relations.
  65. pmc fMRI reactivity to high-calorie food pictures predicts short- and long-term outcome in a weight-loss program
    Donna L Murdaugh
    Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 1170, USA
    Neuroimage 59:2709-21. 2012
    Behavioral studies have suggested that food cues have stronger motivating effects in obese than in normal-weight individuals, which may be a risk factor underlying obesity...
  66. ncbi The glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) analogue, exendin-4, decreases the rewarding value of food: a new role for mesolimbic GLP-1 receptors
    Suzanne L Dickson
    Department of Physiology, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, SE 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
    J Neurosci 32:4812-20. 2012
    ..In addition to regulating glucose homeostasis, GLP-1 also reduces food intake...
  67. ncbi Ghrelin directly targets the ventral tegmental area to increase food motivation
    K P Skibicka
    Department of Physiology, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Medicinaregatan 11, PO Box 434, SE 40530 Gothenburg, Sweden
    Neuroscience 180:129-37. 2011
    ..orexigenic stomach-derived hormone, has recently been implicated in extra-homeostatic feeding, increasing food reward and food-motivated behavior...
  68. ncbi Food, not nutrients, is the fundamental unit in nutrition
    David R Jacobs
    School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 S 2nd Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Nutr Rev 65:439-50. 2007
    ..This review argues for shifting the focus towards food in order to better understand the nutrition-health interface...
  69. pmc From barnyard to food table: the omnipresence of hepatitis E virus and risk for zoonotic infection and food safety
    Xiang Jin Meng
    Center for Molecular Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061 0913, USA
    Virus Res 161:23-30. 2011
    ..Therefore, the animal strains of HEV pose not only a zoonotic risk but also food and environmental safety concerns.
  70. ncbi Regulation of aversion to noxious food by Drosophila neuropeptide Y- and insulin-like systems
    Qi Wu
    Department of Cellular Biology and Biomedical and Health Sciences Institute, University of Georgia, 724 Biological Sciences Building, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
    Nat Neurosci 8:1350-5. 2005
    ..Here we describe a method for assessing risk-sensitive food acquisition in Drosophila melanogaster...
  71. ncbi Making inferences about the location of hidden food: social dog, causal ape
    Juliane Bräuer
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
    J Comp Psychol 120:38-47. 2006
    ..In each task, the location of hidden food was indicated for subjects by some kind of communicative, behavioral, or physical cue...
  72. ncbi Neighbourhood socioeconomic inequalities in food access and affordability
    Kylie Ball
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood VIC 3125, Australia
    Health Place 15:578-85. 2009
    ..Data on food store locations, and food variety and price within stores were obtained through objective audits of 45 ..
  73. ncbi Pictures of appetizing foods activate gustatory cortices for taste and reward
    W Kyle Simmons
    Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Cereb Cortex 15:1602-8. 2005
    ..Compared to location pictures, food pictures activated the right insula/operculum and the left orbitofrontal cortex, both gustatory processing areas...
  74. ncbi Effects of price discounts and tailored nutrition education on supermarket purchases: a randomized controlled trial
    Cliona Ni Mhurchu
    School of Population Health, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:736-47. 2010
    ..Traditional methods to improve population diets have largely relied on individual responsibility, but there is growing interest in structural interventions such as pricing policies...
  75. ncbi Food availability outweighs ocean acidification effects in juvenile Mytilus edulis: laboratory and field experiments
    Jorn Thomsen
    GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research, Kiel, Germany
    Glob Chang Biol 19:1017-27. 2013
    ..study we examined the annual pCO2 variability in this habitat and the combined effects of elevated pCO2 and food availability on juvenile M. edulis growth and calcification...
  76. ncbi Corticostriatal-hypothalamic circuitry and food motivation: integration of energy, action and reward
    Ann E Kelley
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin Madison Medical School, 6001 Research Park Blvd, Madison, WI 53719, USA
    Physiol Behav 86:773-95. 2005
    ..effects of manipulating Acb amino acid, opioid, acetylcholine, and dopamine systems on tests of free-feeding and food-reinforced operant responding...
  77. ncbi The role of the central ghrelin system in reward from food and chemical drugs
    Suzanne L Dickson
    Department of Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg Sweden
    Mol Cell Endocrinol 340:80-7. 2011
    ..that identify a role for the central ghrelin signalling system in reward from both natural rewards (such as food) and artificial rewards (that include alcohol and drugs of abuse)...
  78. ncbi Bacterial metabolic 'toxins': a new mechanism for lactose and food intolerance, and irritable bowel syndrome
    A K Campbell
    Welsh School of Pharmacy, Cardiff University, King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff CF103NB, UK
    Toxicology 278:268-76. 2010
    Lactose and food intolerance cause a wide range of gut and systemic symptoms, including gas, gut pain, diarrhoea or constipation, severe headaches, severe fatigue, loss of cognitive functions such as concentration, memory and reasoning, ..
  79. ncbi Tracking of food quantity by coyotes (Canis latrans)
    Joseph M Baker
    Utah State University, Department of Psychology, USA
    Behav Processes 88:72-5. 2011
    ..Here, we tested coyotes' (Canis latrans) ability to discriminate between various quantities of food and investigated whether this ability conforms to predictions of Weber's Law...
  80. ncbi Children are aware of food insecurity and take responsibility for managing food resources
    Maryah Stella Fram
    College of Social Work, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    J Nutr 141:1114-9. 2011
    Child food insecurity is measured using parental reports of children's experiences based on an adult-generated conceptualization. Research on other child experiences (e.g...
  81. pmc Youth at risk for obesity show greater activation of striatal and somatosensory regions to food
    Eric Stice
    Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, Oregon 97403, USA
    J Neurosci 31:4360-6. 2011
    Obese humans, compared with normal-weight humans, have less striatal D2 receptors and striatal response to food intake; weaker striatal response to food predicts weight gain for individuals at genetic risk for reduced dopamine (DA) ..
  82. ncbi Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation reduces cue-induced food craving in bulimic disorders
    Frederique van den Eynde
    Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London, United Kingdom
    Biol Psychiatry 67:793-5. 2010
    ..Dysfunction of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) is associated with craving. We investigated whether stimulation of the DLPFC reduces food craving in people with a bulimic-type eating disorder.
  83. pmc A 2-phase labeling and choice architecture intervention to improve healthy food and beverage choices
    Anne N Thorndike
    General Medicine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Am J Public Health 102:527-33. 2012
    We assessed whether a 2-phase labeling and choice architecture intervention would increase sales of healthy food and beverages in a large hospital cafeteria.
  84. ncbi Modulation of Nrf2/ARE pathway by food polyphenols: a nutritional neuroprotective strategy for cognitive and neurodegenerative disorders
    Giovanni Scapagnini
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Molise, Campobasso, Italy
    Mol Neurobiol 44:192-201. 2011
    ..These studies identify a novel class of compounds that could be used for therapeutic purposes as preventive agents against cognitive decline...
  85. ncbi Dietary intake and food sources of fatty acids in Australian adolescents
    Therese A O'Sullivan
    Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, West Perth, Western Australia, Australia
    Nutrition 27:153-9. 2011
    ..and other chronic diseases in adulthood; however, there is a lack of information on specific fatty acid intakes and food sources in these populations...
  86. pmc Interaction between hypothalamic dorsomedial nucleus and the suprachiasmatic nucleus determines intensity of food anticipatory behavior
    Guadalupe Acosta-Galvan
    Departamento de Biologia Celular y Fisiologia, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomedicas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City DF 04510, Mexico
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:5813-8. 2011
    b>Food anticipatory behavior (FAA) is induced by limiting access to food for a few hours daily. Animals anticipate this scheduled meal event even without the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the biological clock...
  87. ncbi Processing of food pictures: influence of hunger, gender and calorie content
    Sabine Frank
    MEG Center, University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany
    Brain Res 1350:159-66. 2010
    ..of eating behavior, it is necessary to determine how it is modulated by factors such as the calorie content of food, satiety and gender...
  88. pmc Modulation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway by bioactive food components
    Rohinton S Tarapore
    Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Medical Sciences Center, B 25, 1300 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Carcinogenesis 33:483-91. 2012
    ..Promise of these agents for treating and preventing human cancer is then discussed...
  89. pmc Role of brain dopamine in food reward and reinforcement
    Roy A Wise
    Intramural Research Program, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 361:1149-58. 2006
    The ability of food to establish and maintain response habits and conditioned preferences depends largely on the function of brain dopamine systems...
  90. ncbi Validity and reproducibility of a food frequency Questionnaire among Chinese women in Guangdong province
    Cai Xia Zhang
    Department of Community and Family Medicine, 4th Floor, School of Public Health, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin NT, Hong Kong SAR
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 18:240-50. 2009
    To evaluate the validity and reproducibility of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) developed for assessing the association between dietary factors and breast cancer risk among Chinese women in Guangdong.
  91. ncbi Irritable bowel syndrome: role of food in pathogenesis and management
    Ashraf Morcos
    Department of Gastroenterology and Internal Medicine, Midwestern Regional Hospital, Limerick, Ireland
    J Dig Dis 10:237-46. 2009
    Patients with the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) commonly report the precipitation of symptoms on food ingestion...
  92. pmc Contribution of pollinator-mediated crops to nutrients in the human food supply
    Elisabeth J Eilers
    Department of Applied Zoology Animal Ecology, Freie Universitat Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    PLoS ONE 6:e21363. 2011
    ..Ongoing pollinator decline may thus exacerbate current difficulties of providing a nutritionally adequate diet for the global human population...
  93. ncbi Nature or nurture: let food be your epigenetic medicine in chronic inflammatory disorders
    Katarzyna Szarc vel Szic
    Laboratory of Eukaryotic Gene Expression and Signal Transduction LEGEST, Department of Physiology, Ghent University, K L Ledeganckstraat 35, Gent, Belgium
    Biochem Pharmacol 80:1816-32. 2010
    ..This has recently launched re-exploration of anti-inflammatory bioactive food components for characterization of their effects on epigenome modifying enzymatic activities (acetylation, ..
  94. ncbi Effects of food form on appetite and energy intake in lean and obese young adults
    D M Mourao
    Department of Foods and Nutrition, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2059, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 31:1688-95. 2007
    To investigate the independent effect of food form on appetite and energy intake in lean and obese adults using high carbohydrate, fat or protein food stimuli.
  95. pmc Childhood obesity: a framework for policy approaches and ethical considerations
    Rogan Kersh
    New York University Wagner School, New York, New York, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 8:A93. 2011
    ..We present these frameworks in the context of other papers in this collection and make recommendations for public health practice...
  96. ncbi Peripheral oscillators: the driving force for food-anticipatory activity
    Carolina Escobar
    Departamento de Anatomia, Facultad de Medicina UNAM, Mexico, Mexico
    Eur J Neurosci 30:1665-75. 2009
    b>Food-anticipatory activity (FAA) and especially the food-entrained oscillator (FEO) have driven many scientists to seek their mechanisms and locations...
  97. pmc The geography of Fast Food outlets: a review
    Lorna K Fraser
    School of Geography, University of Leeds, UK
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 7:2290-308. 2010
    The availability of food high in fat, salt and sugar through Fast Food (FF) or takeaway outlets, is implicated in the causal pathway for the obesity epidemic...
  98. ncbi Body mass predicts orbitofrontal activity during visual presentations of high-calorie foods
    William D S Killgore
    Cognitive Neuroimaging Laboratory, McLean Hospital Harvard Medical School, Belmont, MA 02478, USA
    Neuroreport 16:859-63. 2005
    ..activity was reduced in brain regions important for evaluating and modifying learned stimulus-reward associations, suggesting a relationship between weight status and responsiveness of the orbitofrontal cortex to rewarding food images.
  99. pmc Clustering of fast-food restaurants around schools: a novel application of spatial statistics to the study of food environments
    S Bryn Austin
    Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Children s Hospital, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1575-81. 2005
    We examined the concentration of fast food restaurants in areas proximal to schools to characterize school neighborhood food environments.
  100. ncbi The fruit of the date palm: its possible use as the best food for the future?
    Walid Al-Shahib
    London Metropolitan University, Department of Health and Human Sciences, London, UK
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 54:247-59. 2003
    ..The total world export of dates increased by 1.71% over 40 years. In many ways, dates may be considered as an almost ideal food, providing a wide range of essential nutrients and potential health benefits.
  101. pmc Leptin reverses weight loss-induced changes in regional neural activity responses to visual food stimuli
    Michael Rosenbaum
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Molecular Genetics, Naomi Berrie Diabetes Center, Columbia University Medical Center New York Presbyterian Medical Center, New York, New York, USA
    J Clin Invest 118:2583-91. 2008
    Increased hunger and food intake during attempts to maintain weight loss are a critical problem in clinical management of obesity...

Research Grants76

  1. An Exploratory Center for Obesity Research (RMI)
    Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..By promoting interagency collaborations, these efforts will help the NIH develop a roadmap on how to effectively translate research findings into national, state, and local health policy. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  2. Economic Contextual Influences on Population Diet and Obesity
    Lisa Powell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed research will investigate the relationship between food (candy, baked goods, and chips), beverage (soda) and restaurant state sales taxes and food consumption patterns, ..
  3. ETIOLOGY OF BULIMIC PATHOLOGY--MULTIMETHOD INVESTIGATION
    Eric Stice; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Agras' and Taylor's labs, (2) learn state-of- the-art treatments for eating pathology and other adolescent psychopathology, (3) take courses in quantitative techniques, methodology, and ethics, and (4) receive training in grant writing. ..
  4. EFFECTS OF CHANGING SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR IN OBESE CHILDREN
    Leonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Developing a better understanding of why obese youth increase physical activity or decrease energy intake when sedentary behaviors are reduced is important for the treatment of pediatric obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. Habituation to food in children
    Leonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Eating involves repeated presentation of food cues, and a consistent body of research in humans, non-human primates and rodents has shown habituation to food ..
  6. Novel Delta Opioids: Analgesic Effects & Abuse Liability
    SIDNEY NEGUS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  7. A BEHAVIORAL ECONOMIC APPROACH TO CHILDHOOD OBESITY
    Leonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    DESCRIPTION: (adapted from Investigator's abstract) Food is a powerful primary and secondary reinforcer, and obese persons find food more reinforcing than nonobese persons...
  8. Modifying the home T.V. watching environment
    Leonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. POST-PRANDIAL NUTRIENT PARTITIONING IN HUMANS
    Marc Andre Cornier; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These studies will provide insight into the biology that predisposes to weight gain and regain and will lay the groundwork for future studies of the abnormalities in nutrient metabolism that exist in obese and preobese individuals. ..
  10. Depression Prevention Program for High-Risk Adolescents
    Eric Stice; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Thus, the proposed project should provide a rigorous evaluation of this promising brief prevention program and should advance knowledge regarding the prevention of this pernicious psychiatric problem. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Food reinforcement-genotype interactions and eating
    Leonard H Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Food is a powerful reinforcer and the reinforcing value of food may be a determinant of food intake...
  12. TEST OF A DISSONANCE EATING DISORDER PREVENTION PROGRAM
    Eric Stice; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Thus, the proposed study should be the definitive test of this new promising eating disorder prevention program and should significantly advance our knowledge regarding the prevention of this pervasive psychiatric problem. ..
  13. Childhood obesity treatment targeting specific behaviors
    Hollie Raynor; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Moreover, by comparing the effects of targeting the traditional or substitute behaviors, data will be obtained for a power analysis for a full-scale trial of the effects of these two approaches on long-term weight loss. ..
  14. Risk and Maintenance Factors for Bulimic Pathology
    Eric Stice; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. Eating Disorder Prevention Program Effectiveness Trial
    Eric Stice; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g. will use random assignment, an attention control condition, blinded diagnostic interviews, multiple-reporter data, and a long-term follow-up). ..
  16. Team COOL Pilot Study
    Martha Kubik; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..to promote physical activity, healthy eating and limited television viewing, 2) environmental modifications of food and beverage offerings and physical activity opportunities at school and 3) a teacher-guided, youth-directed health ..
  17. Adolescence: A Sensitive Period for Nicotine Addiction
    Edward Levin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. Age, ethanol, and strain effects on the behavioral pharmacology of cannabinoids
    BRETT GINSBURG; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This project will help us understand how aging, exposure to ethanol, and perhaps genetic disposition change the behavioral response to these drugs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  19. Models for examining selective effects of pharmacotherapy on reinforced behaviors
    BRETT GINSBURG; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..By testing the acute effects of each drug on ethanol and food maintained behaviors under several different schedules of reinforcement, the generality of selective effects on ..
  20. Nicotinic-Antipsychotic Drug Interactions and Cognition
    Edward Levin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. Behavioral Genetics and Toxic Response
    Edward Levin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  22. Marine Toxin Impacts on Neurobehavioral Function
    Edward Levin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The forum will provide an opportunity for methodological and theoretical issues to be integrated in the context of each talk as well as in a discussion session at the end of the symposium. ..
  23. Child Weight Status, Physical Activity, and Nutrition
    Brian Saelens; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF EXOGENOUS CHOLINE
    Richard Wurtman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. Exploring strategies to increase school breakfast consumption in middle schools
    Karen Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): School food environments are coming under increased scrutiny because of the obesity epidemic. However, school breakfast (SB) is often overlooked...
  26. Increasing CRC Screening in Health Plan Members
    Karen Glanz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. Peer Influence on Eating Behavior in Overweight and Normal Weight Youths
    Sarah Jeanne Salvy; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed experiment assesses the effects of peers on food intake and food choices in overweight and normal weight youths...
  28. Diffusion of an Effective Skin Cancer Prevention Program
    Karen Glanz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The findings will make a significant contribution to our understanding of skin cancer prevention behaviors of individuals and aquatics organizations. ..
  29. Impact of feeding on brain response to food stimuli in lean and obese subjects
    Marie Pierre St Onge; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..by applicant): The study of appetite in humans has previously been confined to the use of visual analog scales and food intake measurements...
  30. Away From Home and Out of School
    Deborah A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..GPS will be combined with accelerometry and self-reports of food purchases and consumption so that we will be able to determine the context in which physical activity and eating ..
  31. Cognitive and affective influences on taste processing
    Dana M Small; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This research will provide fundamental information about human gustation and it will provide important baseline data for future studies of gustatory processing in the obese and individuals with an eating, drug or alcohol disorder. ..
  32. Hepcidin and the pathogenesis of anemia in older adults.
    Richard D Semba; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study should provide new insight into the epidemiology and biological mechanisms of anemia among older adults and help identify strategies aimed at the prevention and treatment of anemia. ..
  33. The Role of Peer Relations on Youth Eating and Choices of Activities
    Sarah Jeanne Salvy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed research is designed to assess whether peer relations and friendship can promote changes in food intake and choice of activities...
  34. Effort-related Functions of Nucleus Accumbens Adenosine A2A Receptors
    John D Salamone; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The effects of accumbens DA depletions on food-seeking behavior depend greatly upon the work requirements of the task, and interference with accumbens DA ..
  35. Center for Nutrient-Gene Interaction in Cancer Preventi*
    Stephen Barnes; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In addition to the main projects, the Center will organize a competitive Pilot Project/Developmental program for the evaluation of new ideas and methods pertinent to the overall development of the Center. ..
  36. Middle School Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes
    Tom Baranowski; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..a cafeteria-based dietary intervention will promote water fruit, 100% fruit juice, vegetable and lower fat food consumption. 2...
  37. PROP SENSITIVITY AND OBESITY AMONG ETHNIC CHILDREN
    Tom Baranowski; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Understanding how PROP sensitivity relates to obesity and food intake could provide an easily determined stratifying variable to which dietary interventions could be tailored...
  38. Oxidative Stress and the Pathogenesis of Sarcopenia and Disability in Older Women
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..AGEs are a potentially modifiable risk factor, as circulating AGEs can be lowered by dietary modification and by pharmacological intervention. ..
  39. Telephone E-Health Communication for Improving Glaucoma Treatment Compliance
    Karen Glanz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The findings from this study can inform future public health interventions for improving treatment compliance in vision health and other chronic conditions that require compliance with medication and other treatments. ..
  40. Interactions Between Nicotine Addiction and Food Reward
    DANA SMALL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Just as exposure to smoking cues can induce smoking, exposure to food cues can induce feeding, even in sated animals(9)...
  41. BEHAVIORAL EFFECTS OF NIGRAL D1 ANTAGONISM
    John Salamone; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  42. VITAMIN A SUPPLEMENTATION FOR HIV INFECTED CHILDREN
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  43. INCREASING SCHOOL SNACK BAR FRUIT AND VEGETABLE INTAKE
    Karen Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Focus groups discussions will be conducted with middle school students, teachers, and school food service staff to design and evaluate the availability and marketing program...
  44. ADJUNCT VITAMIN A THERAPY FOR TUBERCULOSIS AND HIV/AIDS
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  45. ALCOHOL OUTLETS, BROKEN WINDOWS, GONORRHEA AND HIV RISK
    Deborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The findings will inform future HIV prevention interventions and provide guidance to CBOs as to whether control of alcohol outlets and neighborhood development may enhance the prevention of HIV transmission. ..
  46. Feeding influence on infant intake regulation/overweight
    Jennifer Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..a program of research which investigates the influence of early infant feeding interactions on the regulation of food intake and weight status during the first year of life. The candidate, Dr...
  47. Familys' Web: Cancer Prevention for Daughters
    Karen Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This feasibility or pilot study will provide the foundation for a full scale intervention focused on dietary change. ..
  48. A sensitive triple quadrupole mass spectrometer
    Stephen Barnes; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It is anticipated that a commercial nanospray interface for use in nanoLC-MS analysis will be available by the fall of 2003. ..
  49. CNS Stress Pathways and the Development of Acute HAAF
    Dianne Lattemann; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. NEURAL AND ENDOCRINE REGULATION OF BRAIN AND BEHAVIOR
    Richard Wurtman; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  51. Iron Deficiency and Anemia in HIV and HCV-Infected Women
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..S. and elsewhere. ..
  52. Home Fruit,Juice and Vegetable Availability
    Tom Baranowski; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Three studies are proposed. A food store intercept survey in stores balanced on SES and ethnic group of neighborhood will be conducted with 640 ..
  53. 9.4 Tesla Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometer
    Stephen Barnes; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Overall, the FT-MS instrument will sustain the high quality of biomedical research that is a hallmark of UAB. ..
  54. Dopamine D2 and Adenosine A2A roles:Tremulous Movements
    John Salamone; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Neural substrates of taste, smell and flavor in humans
    DANA SMALL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., Alzheimer's disease) or patients who may respond abnormally to food stimuli (e.g., bulimia)...
  56. Gut Dendritic Cells and Allergic Sensitization
    M Berin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Food allergy affects up to 8% of the pediatric population, and approximately 2% of the adult population suffers from food allergy...
  57. ANTIDEPRESSANT THERAPY AND HYPOGLYCEMIA
    Dianne Lattemann; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..non-diabetic rats. The results of these studies will provide new knowledge that ultimately may assist primary physicians in determining the most advantageous treatment for their diabetic patients with depression. ..
  58. MICRONUTRIENTS AND MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION OF HIV
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The relationship between mastitis and breastmilk HIV load and the epidemiology and microbiology of mastitis will be examined in a new cohort of HIV-infected lactating women. ..
  59. OBESITY PREV AMONG PREPUBERTAL AFRICAN AMERICAN GIRLS
    Tom Baranowski; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..a 2-year intervention consisting of a four-week summer day camp and a 23 month child-parent weekly interactive Fun, Food and Fitness web site to learn about healthy eating and physical activity...
  60. GIS, ALCOHOL MARKETING, AND ALCOHOL-RELATED OUTCOMES
    Deborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Because alcohol marketing is already regulated, if certain marketing techniques are disproportionately associated with alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality, the findings can be used to inform public policy. ..
  61. AMINO ACID CONJUGATION OF BILE ACIDS
    Stephen Barnes; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  62. MOTOR EFFECTS OF ATYPICAL ANTIPSYCHOTICS
    John Salamone; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Taken together, the results of these experiments will help to identify the pharmacological characteristics and brain circuits that underlie the motor effects of clozapine. ..
  63. Omega-6/Omega-3 Fatty Acid Ratio and Tumorigenesis
    Jing Kang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Information derived from these studies will increase our understanding of the importance of n-3 fatty acids as well as n-6/n-3 fatty acid ratio in cancer prevention and help guide dietary advice. ..
  64. An Interdisciplinary Strategy for Obesity (RMI)
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We will apply the knowledge gained from our interdisciplinary research to achieve our long-term goal of developing novel treatment and prevention interventions for obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  65. Inflammation in obesity: Modulation by Weight Loss
    Paresh Dandona; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  66. Diet, Activity, Obesity & The Built Environment Dynamics
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., food shopping and eating options) and activity-related (e.g...
  67. Postprandial glycemic response to 4-week low and high glycemic load diets
    Marian Neuhouser; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In the parent study, participants are free-living but receive all food and beverages from a human nutrition laboratory for two four-week periods...
  68. Weight loss maintenance in primary care
    Michael Lowe; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  69. USE OF ANTIOXIDANT SUPPLEMENTS AND OXIDATIVE DNA DAMAGE
    Marian Neuhouser; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..antioxidant exposure information: dietary supplement use measured from a home visit inventory; usual diet from a food frequency questionnaire; and biomarker based measures of serum vitamin E (a and y tocopherol), vitamin C and ..
  70. Nitric Oxide Transport Mechanisms: Model and Experiments
    Dov Jaron; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Understanding NO transport mechanisms is important clinically since altered NO regulation has been implicated in pathophysiological conditions ..
  71. Omega-3 Fatty Acids in the Treatment of Depression
    David Mischoulon; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..It is hoped that this project will provide the critical fund of basic knowledge and practical experience necessary to aid the candidate in becoming an independent investigator. ..
  72. Role of Exercise in the Endocrine Control of Feeding
    Katarina Borer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..as changes in the levels of hunger and desire to eat, or compensated for through changes in the quantities of food consumed, in contrast to the appropriate psychophysical and physiological adjustments when calories are withheld ..
  73. Circadian organization in the aged rodent
    Alec Davidson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  74. ALCOHOL EFFECT ON HUMAN LACTATION AND INFANT BEHAVIOR
    JULIE MENNELLA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..AIM 3: To explore the role of early experiences with ethanol in mothers' milk and the emotional context of such experiences, on the recognition of, and preference for, the sensory properties of ethanol ..
  75. FFA METABOLISM IN DIFFERENT TYPES OF HUMAN OBESITY
    Michael Jensen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  76. Adaptation of a CBT Intervention for Eating Disorders
    Michael Lowe; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..