infant formula

Summary

Summary: Liquid formulations for the nutrition of INFANTS, useful for those with special needs or MILK HYPERSENSITIVITY or those whose mothers are unable to breastfeed (BREAST FEEDING).

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Lower protein in infant formula is associated with lower weight up to age 2 y: a randomized clinical trial
    Berthold Koletzko
    Dr von Hauner Children s Hospital, University of Munich Medical Centre, Munich, Germany
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1836-45. 2009
  2. ncbi Breastfeeding plus infant zidovudine prophylaxis for 6 months vs formula feeding plus infant zidovudine for 1 month to reduce mother-to-child HIV transmission in Botswana: a randomized trial: the Mashi Study
    Ibou Thior
    Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    JAMA 296:794-805. 2006
  3. ncbi Supplementation of infant formula with probiotics and/or prebiotics: a systematic review and comment by the ESPGHAN committee on nutrition
    Christian Braegger
    University Children s Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 52:238-50. 2011
  4. ncbi Effect of a probiotic infant formula on infections in child care centers: comparison of two probiotic agents
    Zvi Weizman
    Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition Unit, Soroka Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Pediatrics 115:5-9. 2005
  5. ncbi Weight gain in the first week of life and overweight in adulthood: a cohort study of European American subjects fed infant formula
    Nicolas Stettler
    Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 36th St and Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4399, USA
    Circulation 111:1897-903. 2005
  6. ncbi Effects of prebiotic-containing infant formula on gastrointestinal tolerance and fecal microbiota in a randomized controlled trial
    Hannah D Holscher
    Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, 443 Bevier Hall, 905 South Goodwin Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 36:95S-105S. 2012
  7. ncbi Similar bifidogenic effects of prebiotic-supplemented partially hydrolyzed infant formula and breastfeeding on infant gut microbiota
    Minna M Rinne
    The University of Turku, 20014 Turku, Finland Department of Pediatrics, Turku University Central Hospital, 20520 Turku, Finland
    FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 43:59-65. 2005
  8. pmc Tolerance and safety evaluation in a large cohort of healthy infants fed an innovative prebiotic formula: a randomized controlled trial
    Pasqua Piemontese
    Department of Maternal and Pediatric Sciences, Fondazione IRCCS Ca Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, Milano, Italy
    PLoS ONE 6:e28010. 2011
  9. pmc Synbiotics, probiotics or prebiotics in infant formula for full term infants: a systematic review
    Mary N Mugambi
    Division of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, Western Cape, South Africa
    Nutr J 11:81. 2012
  10. pmc Oral microbial profile discriminates breast-fed from formula-fed infants
    Pernilla L Holgerson
    Department of Odontology, Cariology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 56:127-36. 2013

Detail Information

Publications317 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Lower protein in infant formula is associated with lower weight up to age 2 y: a randomized clinical trial
    Berthold Koletzko
    Dr von Hauner Children s Hospital, University of Munich Medical Centre, Munich, Germany
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:1836-45. 2009
    ..Protein intake during infancy was associated with rapid early weight gain and later obesity in observational studies...
  2. ncbi Breastfeeding plus infant zidovudine prophylaxis for 6 months vs formula feeding plus infant zidovudine for 1 month to reduce mother-to-child HIV transmission in Botswana: a randomized trial: the Mashi Study
    Ibou Thior
    Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    JAMA 296:794-805. 2006
    ..Postnatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV) via breastfeeding reverses gains achieved by perinatal antiretroviral interventions...
  3. ncbi Supplementation of infant formula with probiotics and/or prebiotics: a systematic review and comment by the ESPGHAN committee on nutrition
    Christian Braegger
    University Children s Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 52:238-50. 2011
    ..the manufacturing process, but thereafter, for example in capsules, the contents of which were supplemented to infant formula or feeds, were excluded...
  4. ncbi Effect of a probiotic infant formula on infections in child care centers: comparison of two probiotic agents
    Zvi Weizman
    Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition Unit, Soroka Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Pediatrics 115:5-9. 2005
    ..To investigate the effect of 2 different species of probiotics in preventing infections in infants attending child care centers...
  5. ncbi Weight gain in the first week of life and overweight in adulthood: a cohort study of European American subjects fed infant formula
    Nicolas Stettler
    Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 36th St and Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4399, USA
    Circulation 111:1897-903. 2005
    ..Rapid infancy weight gain is associated with childhood obesity, whereas low infancy weight is associated with coronary heart disease. Our aim was to identify during which periods in infancy weight gain is associated with adult obesity...
  6. ncbi Effects of prebiotic-containing infant formula on gastrointestinal tolerance and fecal microbiota in a randomized controlled trial
    Hannah D Holscher
    Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, 443 Bevier Hall, 905 South Goodwin Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 36:95S-105S. 2012
    Prebiotic-containing infant formula may beneficially affect gastrointestinal tolerance and commensal microbiota composition.
  7. ncbi Similar bifidogenic effects of prebiotic-supplemented partially hydrolyzed infant formula and breastfeeding on infant gut microbiota
    Minna M Rinne
    The University of Turku, 20014 Turku, Finland Department of Pediatrics, Turku University Central Hospital, 20520 Turku, Finland
    FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 43:59-65. 2005
    ..This would suggest that early gut Bifidobacterium microbiota can be modified by special diets up to the age of 6 months...
  8. pmc Tolerance and safety evaluation in a large cohort of healthy infants fed an innovative prebiotic formula: a randomized controlled trial
    Pasqua Piemontese
    Department of Maternal and Pediatric Sciences, Fondazione IRCCS Ca Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, Milano, Italy
    PLoS ONE 6:e28010. 2011
    the addition of oligosaccharides to infant formula has been shown to mimic some of the beneficial effects of human milk...
  9. pmc Synbiotics, probiotics or prebiotics in infant formula for full term infants: a systematic review
    Mary N Mugambi
    Division of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, Western Cape, South Africa
    Nutr J 11:81. 2012
    Synbiotics, probiotics or prebiotics are being added to infant formula to promote growth and development in infants...
  10. pmc Oral microbial profile discriminates breast-fed from formula-fed infants
    Pernilla L Holgerson
    Department of Odontology, Cariology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 56:127-36. 2013
    ..The aims of the present study were to compare the oral microbiota in breast-fed and formula-fed infants, and investigate growth inhibition of streptococci by infant-isolated lactobacilli...
  11. ncbi Mechanisms underlying the association between breastfeeding and obesity
    Cynthia J Bartok
    Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Int J Pediatr Obes 4:196-204. 2009
    ..These three protective effects may promote slower growth and lower body fat levels in breastfed infants, which reduce risk of overweight and obesity later in life...
  12. pmc Serum lutein concentrations in healthy term infants fed human milk or infant formula with lutein
    Jodi Bettler
    Wyeth, Collegeville, PA, USA
    Eur J Nutr 49:45-51. 2010
    ..Human milk typically contains higher concentrations of lutein than infant formula. Preliminary data suggest there are differences in serum lutein concentrations between breastfed and formula-..
  13. ncbi Safety and tolerance of the human milk probiotic strain Lactobacillus salivarius CECT5713 in 6-month-old children
    Jose Maldonado
    Department of Pediatrics, Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada, Spain
    Nutrition 26:1082-7. 2010
    ..Thus, there is an increasing interest in the addition of probiotics to infant formulas. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of a follow-on formula with Lactobacillus salivarius CECT5713 in 6-mo-old children...
  14. ncbi Risk of bottle-feeding for rapid weight gain during the first year of life
    Ruowei Li
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 166:431-6. 2012
    ..To better understand the mechanisms behind breastfeeding and childhood obesity, we assessed the association of weight gain with the mode of milk delivery aside from the type of milk given to infants...
  15. ncbi Melamine-contaminated milk products induced urinary tract calculi in children
    Li Zhang
    Department of Children s Health Care, The Children s Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine and Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Therapy of Neonatal Diseases, Hangzhou, 310003, China
    World J Pediatr 5:31-5. 2009
    ..This study aimed to investigate the prevalence, lesions, risk factors, clinical features, and management of children fed with the melamine-contaminated milk products...
  16. ncbi Growth and development of preterm infants fed infant formulas containing docosahexaenoic acid and arachidonic acid
    M Thomas Clandinin
    University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    J Pediatr 146:461-8. 2005
    ..To evaluate safety and benefits of feeding preterm infants formulas containing docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (ARA) until 92 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA), with follow-up to 118 weeks PMA...
  17. ncbi Adherence to vitamin D recommendations among US infants
    Cria G Perrine
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Workforce and Career Development, and Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Pediatrics 125:627-32. 2010
    ..We aimed to assess the prevalence of infants meeting the AAP recommended intake of vitamin D during their first year of life...
  18. ncbi Vitamin D supplementation of Canadian infants: practices of Montreal mothers
    Sina Gallo
    School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, Ste Anne de Bellevue, QC H9X 3V9, Canada
    Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 35:303-9. 2010
    ..day-1 of vitamin D. Therefore there may still be gaps in knowledge regarding vitamin D supplementation...
  19. ncbi Examination of faecal Bifidobacterium populations in breast- and formula-fed infants during the first 18 months of life
    Laure C Roger
    Microbial Ecology and Health Group, Food Microbial Sciences Unit, Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights Campus, PO Box 226, Reading RG6 6AP, UK
    Microbiology 156:3329-41. 2010
    ..Breast-fed infants generally harboured a more complex Bifidobacterium microbiota than formula-fed infants...
  20. ncbi Factors associated with defecation patterns in 0-24-month-old children
    Vildan Taylan Tunc
    Department of Family Practice, Ankara Numune Research and Education Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
    Eur J Pediatr 167:1357-62. 2008
    ..3% of these infants defecated less than once a day...
  21. ncbi The acquisition of tolerance toward cow's milk through probiotic supplementation: a randomized, controlled trial
    Jeroen Hol
    Department of Pediatric Respiratory Medicine, Erasmus University Medical Centre Sophia Children s Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 121:1448-54. 2008
    ..Interventions have been proposed to accelerate tolerance and reduce morbidity. Probiotic supplementation could be effective through modulation of the immune system...
  22. ncbi Growth and metabolism of infants born to women infected with human immunodeficiency virus and fed acidified whey-adapted starter formulas
    Sithembiso C Velaphi
    Department of Paediatrics, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Nutrition 24:203-11. 2008
    ..To compare the effects of a biologically and chemically acidified formula with or without probiotics with a standard formula on growth of infants negative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...
  23. pmc A metagenomic study of diet-dependent interaction between gut microbiota and host in infants reveals differences in immune response
    Scott Schwartz
    Training Program in Biostatistics, Bioinformatics, Nutrition and Cancer, Texas A and M University, 155 Ireland Street, College Station, TX 77843, USA
    Genome Biol 13:r32. 2012
    ..Here we report the results from a simultaneous study of the gut microbiome and host epithelial transcriptome of three-month-old exclusively breast- and formula-fed infants...
  24. ncbi Hospitalization and mortality among primarily nonbreastfed children during a large outbreak of diarrhea and malnutrition in Botswana, 2006
    Tracy L Creek
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Global AIDS Program, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop E 04, Atlanta, GA 30033, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 53:14-9. 2010
    ..Botswana has high HIV prevalence among pregnant women (33.4% in 2005), and an estimated 35% of all infants under the age of 6 months are not breastfed...
  25. ncbi Nutrition in infancy and long-term risk of obesity: evidence from 2 randomized controlled trials
    Atul Singhal
    Medical Research Council Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, University College London, Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:1133-44. 2010
    ..Growth acceleration as a consequence of relative overnutrition in infancy has been suggested to increase the risk of later obesity. However, few studies have investigated this association by using an experimental study design...
  26. ncbi Probiotic supplementation in the first 6 months of life in at risk Asian infants--effects on eczema and atopic sensitization at the age of 1 year
    S E Soh
    Department of Paediatrics, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and National University Hospital, Singapore
    Clin Exp Allergy 39:571-8. 2009
    ..The role of probiotics in allergy prevention remains uncertain but has been shown in some studies to have a possible protective effect on eczema...
  27. ncbi Fecal secretory immunoglobulin A is increased in healthy infants who receive a formula with short-chain galacto-oligosaccharides and long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides
    Petra A M J Scholtens
    Numico Research, Wageningen 6700 CA, The Netherlands
    J Nutr 138:1141-7. 2008
    ..were 0.0 and 3.27%, respectively (P = 0.006). In conclusion, an infant milk formula with 6 g/L scGOS/lcFOS results in higher concentrations of fecal sIgA, suggesting a positive effect on mucosal immunity...
  28. ncbi Melamine-contaminated powdered formula and urolithiasis in young children
    Na Guan
    Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China
    N Engl J Med 360:1067-74. 2009
    ..A recent epidemic of melamine contamination of baby formula in China has been associated with the development of urinary tract stones, though the clinical manifestations and predisposing factors are incompletely delineated...
  29. ncbi A specific mixture of short-chain galacto-oligosaccharides and long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides induces a beneficial immunoglobulin profile in infants at high risk for allergy
    E van Hoffen
    Department of Dermatology Allergology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Allergy 64:484-7. 2009
    ..A specific prebiotic mixture of short-chain galacto-oligosaccharides and long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (GOS/FOS) has been shown to reduce the incidence of atopic dermatitis (AD) at 6 months of age in infants at risk for allergy...
  30. ncbi Early origins of cardiovascular disease: is there a unifying hypothesis?
    Atul Singhal
    MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Lancet 363:1642-5. 2004
  31. doi Use of soy protein-based formulas in infant feeding
    Jatinder Bhatia
    Pediatrics 121:1062-8. 2008
    ..This report reviews the limited indications and contraindications of soy formulas. It will also review the potential harmful effects of soy protein-based formulas and the phytoestrogens contained in these formulas...
  32. pmc Rapid detection and simultaneous genotyping of Cronobacter spp. (formerly Enterobacter sakazakii) in powdered infant formula using real-time PCR and high resolution melting (HRM) analysis
    Xian Quan Cai
    State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu Province, People s Republic of China
    PLoS ONE 8:e67082. 2013
    ..formerly Enterobacter sakazakii) in powdered infant formula. Eleven Cronobacter field isolates and 25 reference strains were examined using one pair of primers, having ..
  33. ncbi Effect of high β-palmitate content in infant formula on the intestinal microbiota of term infants
    Sima Yaron
    Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Bnai Zion Medical Center affiliated with Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion, Haifa, Israel
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 56:376-81. 2013
    ..In these positions, PA is hydrolyzed and forms poorly absorbed calcium complexes. The present study assessed whether high β-palmitate in infant formulas affects the intestinal flora...
  34. ncbi Acidified milk formula supplemented with bifidobacterium lactis: impact on infant diarrhea in residential care settings
    Jean Pierre Chouraqui
    Department of Pediatrics, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Grenoble, Grenoble, France
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 38:288-92. 2004
    ..Bifidobacteria are particularly attractive as probiotics agent because they constitute the predominant colonic flora of breastfed infants and are thought to play a role in the decreased incidence of diarrhea in breastfed infants...
  35. ncbi The stereospecific triacylglycerol structures and Fatty Acid profiles of human milk and infant formulas
    Ellen Marie Straarup
    Centre of Advanced Food Studies, BioCentrum DTU, Biochemistry and Nutrition Group, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 42:293-9. 2006
    ..molecules in human milk differ from that of cow's milk and vegetable oils, which are the fat sources used in infant formula. In human milk, palmitic acid (16:0) is predominantly esterified in the sn2 position, whereas vegetable oils ..
  36. ncbi Specific probiotics in enhancing maturation of IgA responses in formula-fed infants
    Samuli Rautava
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Turku, Finland
    Pediatr Res 60:221-4. 2006
    ..The infants consumed infant formula supplemented with specific probiotics (Lactobacillus GG and Bifidobacterium lactis Bb-12) or placebo during ..
  37. ncbi Reduction of crying episodes owing to infantile colic: A randomized controlled study on the efficacy of a new infant formula
    F Savino
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
    Eur J Clin Nutr 60:1304-10. 2006
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy on crying episodes owing to infantile colic of a new infant formula containing partially hydrolysed whey proteins, prebiotic oligosaccharides (OS), with a high beta-palmitic acid content.
  38. ncbi The effect of a fructo-oligosaccharide supplemented formula on gut flora of preterm infants
    Angeliki Kapiki
    Department of Neonatal Medicine, Alexandra Regional General Hospital, Athens, Greece
    Early Hum Dev 83:335-9. 2007
    ..4 g/dL or the same formula with maltodextrin as a placebo...
  39. ncbi Safety and tolerance of a probiotic formula in early infancy comparing two probiotic agents: a pilot study
    Zvi Weizman
    Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition Unit, Soroka Medical Center, P O Box 151, Beer Sheva 84101, Israel
    J Am Coll Nutr 25:415-9. 2006
    ..To compare the safety and tolerance of two formulas, supplemented with different probiotic agents, in early infancy...
  40. ncbi Quantitative and qualitative study of gastric lipolysis in premature infants: do MCT-enriched infant formulas improve fat digestion?
    Céline Roman
    Service de Pédiatrie Multidisciplinaire, Hopital d Enfants de la Timone, 13385 Marseille Cedex 5, France
    Pediatr Res 61:83-8. 2007
    ..26% wt/wt) acid. Similar results were obtained with infants fed with human milk. MCT supplementation has no quantitative or qualitative effects on the intragastric lipolysis, which is not higher in premature infant than in adults...
  41. ncbi The impact of perinatal probiotic intervention on gut microbiota: double-blind placebo-controlled trials in Finland and Germany
    Łukasz Grześkowiak
    Functional Foods Forum, University of Turku, Itäinen Pitkäkatu 4 A 5, 20014 Turku, Finland
    Anaerobe 18:7-13. 2012
    ..Probiotic treatment had different impacts on gut microbiota composition in Finnish and German infants due to differences in mode of feeding and the basic commensal microbiota...
  42. ncbi Toxicity of acrylamide and evaluation of its exposure in baby foods
    Pinar Erkekoglu
    Department of Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
    Nutr Res Rev 23:323-33. 2010
    ....
  43. ncbi Genotypic and phenotypic characterisation of a collection of Cronobacter (Enterobacter sakazakii) isolates
    Rabeb Miled-Bennour
    Agence Francaise de Securite Sanitaire des Aliments, Afssa Laboratoire d Etudes et de Recherches sur la Qualité des Aliments et des Procédés agro alimentaires Afssa LERQAP, 23 Avenue du Général de Gaulle, 94706 Maisons Alfort cedex, France
    Int J Food Microbiol 139:116-25. 2010
    ..In many cases, powdered infant formula (PIF) has been identified as the source of infection. Recently, E...
  44. ncbi Lactobacillus fermentum CECT 5716 is safe and well tolerated in infants of 1-6 months of age: a randomized controlled trial
    Mercedes Gil-Campos
    Hospital Universitario Reina Sofia, Avenida Menendez Pidal s n, Cordoba, Spain
    Pharmacol Res 65:231-8. 2012
    The objective of the study was to evaluate the safety and tolerance of an infant formula supplemented with Lactobacillus fermentum CECT5716, a probiotic strain isolated from breast milk, in infants of 1-6 months of age...
  45. ncbi Phylogenetic analysis of Cronobacter isolates based on the rpoA and 16S rRNA genes
    Amy Strydom
    Department of Food Science, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa
    Curr Microbiol 64:251-8. 2012
    ..The objective of this study was to classify Cronobacter isolates from infant formula milk, the food processing environment and fresh produce in South Africa and to evaluate the phylogenetic ..
  46. ncbi Colon microflora in infants fed formula with galacto- and fructo-oligosaccharides: more like breast-fed infants
    Jan Knol
    Numico Research B V, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 40:36-42. 2005
    ..We aimed to investigate whether an infant formula supplemented with galacto-oligosaccharides and fructo-oligosaccharides (GOS/FOS) is able to establish a bifido-..
  47. ncbi Clinical evaluation of a new starter formula for infants containing live Bifidobacterium longum BL999 and prebiotics
    Giuseppe Puccio
    Neonatology, Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
    Nutrition 23:1-8. 2007
    ....
  48. ncbi PCR detection of Klebsiella pneumoniae in infant formula based on 16S-23S internal transcribed spacer
    Yin Liu
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin 300457, China
    Int J Food Microbiol 125:230-5. 2008
    ..pneumoniae from 1.5 CFU/100 g infant formula to about 10(5) CFU/ml in 900 ml of the media. Combination of the enrichment, with the PCR assay can detect 1...
  49. ncbi Specific probiotics in reducing the risk of acute infections in infancy--a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study
    Samuli Rautava
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
    Br J Nutr 101:1722-6. 2009
    ..Infants requiring formula before the age of 2 months were recruited from community well-baby clinics. Infant formula supplemented with the probiotics Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Bifidobacterium lactis Bb-12 or placebo was ..
  50. ncbi Soy protein infant formulae and follow-on formulae: a commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition
    Carlo Agostoni
    University of Milano, Milano, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 42:352-61. 2006
    ..There is no evidence supporting the use of soy protein formulae for the prevention or management of infantile colic, regurgitation, or prolonged crying...
  51. ncbi Safety of supplementing infant formula with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and Bifidobacterium lactis in term infants: a randomised controlled trial
    Robert A Gibson
    Women s and Children s Health Research Institute, Children, Youth and Women s Health Service, North Adelaide, Australia
    Br J Nutr 101:1706-13. 2009
    ..The aim of the present study is to evaluate the safety of an infant formula containing the LC-PUFA DHA and arachidonic acid (AA) and the probiotic Bifidobacterium lactis by comparing the ..
  52. ncbi Effect of a new synbiotic mixture on atopic dermatitis in infants: a randomized-controlled trial
    L B van der Aa
    Department of Pediatric Respiratory Medicine and Allergy, Emma Children s Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Clin Exp Allergy 40:795-804. 2010
    ..Clinical trials investigating the therapeutic effect of probiotics on atopic dermatitis (AD) show inconsistent results. Better results can possibly be achieved by combining probiotics with prebiotics, i.e. synbiotics...
  53. ncbi Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB-12 in reducing the risk of infections in infancy
    Teemu Taipale
    Korpilahti Muurame Health Care Center, 40950 Muurame, Finland
    Br J Nutr 105:409-16. 2011
    ..94%; risk ratio 0·69; 95% CI 0·53, 0·89; P = 0·014) than the control infants. Controlled administration of BB-12 in early childhood may reduce respiratory infections...
  54. ncbi The effect of neutral and acidic oligosaccharides on stool viscosity, stool frequency and stool pH in preterm infants
    E A M Westerbeek
    Department of Neonatology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Acta Paediatr 100:1426-31. 2011
    ....
  55. ncbi Effects of long-term consumption of a fermented infant formula (with Bifidobacterium breve c50 and Streptococcus thermophilus 065) on acute diarrhea in healthy infants
    H Thibault
    Hopital Necker Enfants Malades, 149 rue de Sevres, 75015 Paris, France
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 39:147-52. 2004
    To determine whether long-term consumption of a fermented infant formula could influence the incidence of acute diarrhea and its severity in healthy infants.
  56. ncbi Non-digestible oligosaccharides reduce immunoglobulin free light-chain concentrations in infants at risk for allergy
    Bastiaan Schouten
    Division of Pharmacology, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Pediatr Allergy Immunol 22:537-42. 2011
    ..This suggests a possible role for Ig-fLC in the pathophysiology of AD in infants at risk for allergy development...
  57. ncbi Effect of formula composition on the development of infant gut microbiota
    Jean Michel Hascoet
    Neonatology Department, Maternite Regionale Universitaire, Nancy, France
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 52:756-62. 2011
    ..This randomized double-blind controlled trial aimed to evaluate the bifidogenic effect of a mainly whey protein study formula low in phosphate and protein, allowing a composition closer to that of human milk...
  58. ncbi Prebiotics improve gastric motility and gastric electrical activity in preterm newborns
    Flavia Indrio
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 49:258-61. 2009
    ..Prebiotic oligosaccharides can modulate the electrical activity and the gastric emptying and may improve the intestinal tolerance of enteral feeding in preterm infants...
  59. ncbi Current evidence on the associations of breastfeeding, infant formula, and cow's milk introduction with type 1 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review
    Evridiki Patelarou
    University Hospital of Heraklion, Department of Social Medicine, University of Crete, Greece
    Nutr Rev 70:509-19. 2012
    ..The results of this systematic review indicate a short duration and/or a lack of breastfeeding may constitute a risk factor for the development of T1D later in life...
  60. ncbi Estrogens in the daily diet: in vitro analysis indicates that estrogenic activity is omnipresent in foodstuff and infant formula
    Maximilian Behr
    Department Aquatic Ecotoxicology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Food Chem Toxicol 49:2681-8. 2011
    ..While the dietary exposure to estrogenic activity is lower than previously estimated, our results demonstrate that many food types are a source of unidentified estrogen-like compounds still awaiting toxicological evaluation...
  61. ncbi Effects of a new mixture of prebiotics on faecal flora and stools in term infants
    G E Moro
    Center for Infant Nutrition, Macedonio Melloni Maternity Hospital, Postgraduate School of Paediatrics, Milan, Italy
    Acta Paediatr Suppl 91:77-9. 2003
    ..The GOS/FOS mixture showed a dose-dependent stimulatory effect on the intestinal growth of bifidobacteria. Also stool consistency and faecal pH were positively affected...
  62. ncbi Near-infrared reflectance analysis to evaluate the nitrogen and fat content of human milk in neonatal intensive care units
    L Corvaglia
    Istituto Clinico di Pediatria Preventiva e Neonatologia, Policlinico S Orsola Malpighi, Universita di Bologna, Via Massarenti 11 40138 Bologna, Italy
    Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 93:F372-5. 2008
    ..To validate near-infrared reflectance analysis (NIRA) as a fast, reliable and suitable method for routine evaluation of human milk's nitrogen and fat content...
  63. ncbi Probiotic bacteria in dietetic products for infants: a commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition
    Carlo Agostoni
    University of Milano, Milan, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 38:365-74. 2004
  64. ncbi Probiotics for prevention of necrotising enterocolitis in preterm neonates with very low birthweight: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials
    Girish Deshpande
    Department of Neonatal Paediatrics, King Edward Memorial Hospital for Women, Subiaco, WA, Australia
    Lancet 369:1614-20. 2007
    ....
  65. ncbi Urinary D-lactate excretion in infants receiving Lactobacillus johnsonii with formula
    Elisabeth Haschke-Becher
    Central Laboratory, University Hospital of Neurology, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria
    Ann Nutr Metab 53:240-4. 2008
    ..This study aimed to assess the risk of D-lactate accumulation and subsequent metabolic acidosis in infants fed on formula containing Lactobacillus johnsonii (La1)...
  66. ncbi Does initial breastfeeding lead to lower blood cholesterol in adult life? A quantitative review of the evidence
    Christopher G Owen
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:305-14. 2008
    ..Earlier studies have suggested that infant feeding may program long-term changes in cholesterol metabolism...
  67. ncbi Term infants fed formula supplemented with selected blends of prebiotics grow normally and have soft stools similar to those reported for breast-fed infants
    Ekhard Ziegler
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa Hospital and Clinic, Iowa City, IA, USA
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 44:359-64. 2007
    ....
  68. ncbi Progress in promoting breast-feeding, combating malnutrition, and composition and use of infant formula, 1981-2006
    William C Heird
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 2600, USA
    J Nutr 137:499S-502S. 2007
    ..Despite the progress that has been made in promoting breast-feeding and in the quality of infant formulas, further improvements in the duration of breast-feeding and in the composition of infant formulas are needed...
  69. ncbi Dietary nucleotides and early growth in formula-fed infants: a randomized controlled trial
    Atul Singhal
    Institute of Child Health, Medical Research Council Childhood Nutrition Research Center, 30 Guilford St, London WC1N 3EH, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 126:e946-53. 2010
    ..However, relatively few large-scale randomized trials have tested this hypothesis in healthy infants...
  70. pmc Flavor perception in human infants: development and functional significance
    Gary K Beauchamp
    Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Digestion 83:1-6. 2011
    ..The flavor of a food determines its acceptability and modulates intake. It is thus critical to understand the factors that influence flavor preferences in humans...
  71. ncbi Growth and tolerance of healthy term infants receiving hydrolyzed infant formulas supplemented with Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG: randomized, double-blind, controlled trial
    Deolinda M Scalabrin
    Department of Medical Affairs, Mead Johnson Nutrition, Evansville, Indiana 47721, USA
    Clin Pediatr (Phila) 48:734-44. 2009
    ..The extensively and partially hydrolyzed formulas supplemented with LGG support normal growth in healthy, term infants and are well tolerated and safe...
  72. ncbi Galacto-oligosaccharides are bifidogenic and safe at weaning: a double-blind randomized multicenter study
    Silvia Fanaro
    Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 48:82-8. 2009
    ..Secondary objectives were the effects on stool characteristics, growth, and general well-being...
  73. ncbi Low birth weight and early weight gain in the metabolic syndrome: consequences for infant nutrition
    Allan Vaag
    Steno Diabetes Center, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 104:S32-4. 2009
    ..However, growth limitation by restriction of nutrition in SGA infants below general recommendations should not be recommended...
  74. ncbi Isoflavones at concentrations present in soy infant formula inhibit rotavirus infection in vitro
    Aline Andres
    Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    J Nutr 137:2068-73. 2007
    ..Infants consuming soy-based infant formula (SBIF) are exposed to high levels of isoflavones that exhibit antiviral activity on numerous viruses in vitro ..
  75. pmc Calcium absorption in infants and small children: methods of determination and recent findings
    Steven A Abrams
    Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Children s Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children s Hospital, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    Nutrients 2:474-80. 2010
    ..In older children with a calcium intake typical of Western diets, calcium absorption is adequate to meet bone mineral accretion requirements...
  76. ncbi Infant feeding, solid foods and hospitalisation in the first 8 months after birth
    M A Quigley
    National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Headington, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
    Arch Dis Child 94:148-50. 2009
    ..39, 95% CI 0.75 to 2.59; for LRTI, adjusted odds ratio 1.14, 95% CI 0.76 to 1.70), and the risk did not vary significantly according to the age of starting solids...
  77. ncbi Bacterial contamination and over-dilution of commercial infant formula prepared by HIV-infected mothers in a Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) Programme, South Africa
    E Andresen
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    J Trop Pediatr 53:409-14. 2007
    ..Many mothers did not follow recommended practices in preparing and feeding the bottles...
  78. ncbi Thermal inactivation of ricin using infant formula as a food matrix
    Lauren S Jackson
    National Center for Food Safety and Technology, Food and Drug Administration, 6502 South Archer Road, Summit Argo, Illinois 60501, USA
    J Agric Food Chem 54:7300-4. 2006
    ..Reconstituted infant formula powders containing 100 mug of ricin/mL were heated at 60-90 degrees C for up to 5 h...
  79. ncbi Soy infant formula and phytoestrogens
    P G Tuohy
    Ministry of Health, Wellington, New Zealand
    J Paediatr Child Health 39:401-5. 2003
    Soy infant formula contains high levels of the isoflavones, genistein and daidzein, which are commonly referred to as phytoestrogens. These are non-steroidal chemicals with structural similarities to estrogen...
  80. ncbi Insulin-like growth factor I concentrations in infancy predict differential gains in body length and adiposity: the Cambridge Baby Growth Study
    Ken K Ong
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, UK
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:156-61. 2009
    ..Formula milk-fed infants show faster rates of growth and weight gain than do breastfed infants, and they have higher concentrations of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I)...
  81. pmc Development and application of a novel peptide nucleic acid probe for the specific detection of Cronobacter genomospecies (Enterobacter sakazakii) in powdered infant formula
    C Almeida
    Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Centre of Biological Engineering, Universidade do Minho, 4710 057 Braga, Portugal
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:2925-30. 2009
    ..a fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) method for rapid detection of Cronobacter strains in powdered infant formula (PIF) using a novel peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probe...
  82. ncbi Characteristics of breastfeeding practices among US mothers
    Katherine R Shealy
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Mail Stop K25, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Pediatrics 122:S50-5. 2008
    ..We describe the distributions and characteristics of practices related to common advice about breastfeeding during the infant's first year of life...
  83. pmc There is (still) too much aluminium in infant formulas
    Shelle Ann M Burrell
    The Birchall Centre, Lennard Jones Laboratories, Keele University, Staffordshire, UK
    BMC Pediatr 10:63. 2010
    ..We have measured the aluminium content of a number of widely used infant formulas to determine if their contamination by aluminium and consequent issues of child health persists...
  84. ncbi Faecal SIgA secretion in infants fed on pre- or probiotic infant formula
    A M Bakker-Zierikzee
    Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Pediatr Allergy Immunol 17:134-40. 2006
    ..Nineteen infants received standard infant formula; 19 received prebiotic formula containing a specific mixture of 0...
  85. ncbi A formula containing galacto- and fructo-oligosaccharides prevents intestinal and extra-intestinal infections: an observational study
    Eugenia Bruzzese
    Dipartimento di Pediatria, Universita di Napoli Federico II, Via S Pansini 5, 80131 Napoli, Italy
    Clin Nutr 28:156-61. 2009
    The addition of prebiotics to infant formula modifies the composition of intestinal microflora. Aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that prebiotics reduce the incidence of intestinal and respiratory infections in healthy infants.
  86. ncbi Infants' first feeds in Hangzhou, PR China
    Liqian Qiu
    School of Public Health, Curtin University of Technology, GPO Box U1987, Perth, Western Australia 6845, Australia
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 16:458-61. 2007
    ..115, 95% CI 0.055-0.238). While in hospital just over one quarter of infants received prelacteal feeds and these infants had a lower rate of breastfeeding on discharge...
  87. ncbi Prebiotic effect of fructo-oligosaccharide supplemented term infant formula at two concentrations compared with unsupplemented formula and human milk
    Arthur R Euler
    Wyeth Nutrition, Collegeville, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 40:157-64. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the prebiotic effect of infant formula supplemented with fructo-oligosaccharides.
  88. ncbi Effect of a milk formula containing probiotics on the fecal microbiota of asian infants at risk of atopic diseases
    Ka Weng Mah
    Department of Paediatrics, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119074
    Pediatr Res 62:674-9. 2007
    ..4 versus 7.4; p = 0.035). Our results indicate that supplemented strains could be detected but did not persist in the bowel once probiotic administration had ceased...
  89. ncbi The effect of a bifidobacter supplemented bovine milk on intestinal permeability of preterm infants
    Z Stratiki
    Department of Neonatal Medicine, Alexandra Regional General Hospital, Athens, Greece
    Early Hum Dev 83:575-9. 2007
    ..Preterm infants have increased intestinal permeability which can render them susceptible to infections from enterobacteriae...
  90. pmc Noninvasive stool-based detection of infant gastrointestinal development using gene expression profiles from exfoliated epithelial cells
    Robert S Chapkin
    Texas A and M Univ, College Station, TX 77843 2253, USA
    Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 298:G582-9. 2010
    ..As larger data sets become available, this methodology can be extended to validation and, ultimately, identification of the main nutritional components that modulate intestinal maturation and function...
  91. ncbi Effect of iron supplementation on haemoglobin response in children: systematic review of randomised controlled trials
    Tarun Gera
    S L Jain Hospital, New Delhi, India
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 44:468-86. 2007
    ..To evaluate the effect of iron supplementation on haemoglobin (Hb) in children through a systematic review of randomised controlled trials...
  92. pmc Quantitative real-time PCR analysis of fecal Lactobacillus species in infants receiving a prebiotic infant formula
    Monique Haarman
    Microbiology Section, Biomedical Research Department, Numico Research B V, P O Box 7005, 6700 CA Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:2359-65. 2006
    ..delbrueckii and less L. paracasei compared to breast-fed infants and OSF-fed infants. An infant milk formula containing a specific mixture of prebiotics is able to induce a microbiota that closely resembles the microbiota of BF infants...
  93. ncbi Effects of feeding an infant formula containing Lactobacillus GG on the colonization of the intestine: a dose-response study in healthy infants
    Bryon W Petschow
    Mead Johnson Nutritionals, Evansville, IN 47721, USA
    J Clin Gastroenterol 39:786-90. 2005
    ....
  94. pmc Intestinal permeability in preterm infants by feeding type: mother's milk versus formula
    Sarah N Taylor
    Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA
    Breastfeed Med 4:11-5. 2009
    ..This study identified the relationship between feeding type (human milk and formula) and intestinal permeability as measured by lactulose to mannitol ratio in preterm infants in the first postnatal month...
  95. ncbi The DIAMOND (DHA Intake And Measurement Of Neural Development) Study: a double-masked, randomized controlled clinical trial of the maturation of infant visual acuity as a function of the dietary level of docosahexaenoic acid
    Eileen E Birch
    Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas, TX 75231, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:848-59. 2010
    ..The range of human milk docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) concentrations worldwide is much broader than the range explored in randomized clinical trials to date...
  96. pmc Molecular ecological analysis of fecal bacterial populations from term infants fed formula supplemented with selected blends of prebiotics
    Noriko Nakamura
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 1207 W Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 75:1121-8. 2009
    ....
  97. ncbi The effect of breastfeeding on mean body mass index throughout life: a quantitative review of published and unpublished observational evidence
    Christopher G Owen
    Division of Community Health Sciences, St George s, University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:1298-307. 2005
    ..Evidence from observational studies has suggested that breastfeeding may reduce the prevalence of obesity in later life...
  98. ncbi Mothers' infant feeding experiences: constraints and supports for optimal feeding in an HIV-impacted urban community in South Africa
    Lindiwe Sibeko
    School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, 21, 111 Lakeshore Road, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, Canada, H9X 3V9
    Public Health Nutr 12:1983-90. 2009
    ..To better understand the enabling and challenging factors impacting on infant feeding practices in communities with a high HIV prevalence...
  99. pmc Acute and chronic effects of oral genistein administration in neonatal mice
    Melissa A Cimafranca
    Department of Veterinary Biosciences, Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, 2001 S Lincoln Ave, Urbana, IL 61802, USA
    Biol Reprod 83:114-21. 2010
    ..The immediate and long-term effects in this neonatal animal model raise concerns that high serum concentrations of genistein are estrogenic and could potentially impact the development of human infants fed soy formula...
  100. ncbi Tolerance and safety of Lactobacillus paracasei ssp. paracasei in combination with Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis in a prebiotic-containing infant formula: a randomised controlled trial
    Arine M Vlieger
    Department of Paediatrics, St Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
    Br J Nutr 102:869-75. 2009
    The addition of probiotics to infant formula has been shown to be an efficient way to increase the number of beneficial bacteria in the intestine in order to promote a gut flora resembling that of breast-fed infants...
  101. pmc Mothers' experiences of bottle-feeding: a systematic review of qualitative and quantitative studies
    R Lakshman
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK
    Arch Dis Child 94:596-601. 2009
    ..Variations in formula-feeding practices can have both short- and long-term health consequences. The literature on parents' experiences of bottle-feeding was systematically reviewed to understand how formula-feeding decisions are made...

Research Grants62

  1. MUCOSAL PROTECTIVE FACTORS IN HUMAN MILK
    Radhakrishna Rao; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Such a beneficial effect was not observed by feeding infant formula. We recently demonstrated that human milk contains protective factors that protect the intestinal epithelial ..
  2. Early Infant Feeding and Epigenetic Modification in Tumor Suppressor Genes
    Anne Merewood; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Levels of key dietary components known to affect methylation differ in human milk and infant formula, and accordingly, in infants fed human milk or formula...
  3. Interaction of BPA and soy isoflavones on sociosexual behavior
    Heather B Patisaul; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The latter is critical given the growing prevalence of soy infant formula. Thus, the experiments proposed herein will test the hypothesis that isoflavone consumption, even after BPA ..
  4. Expansion and Enhancement of the Arkansas FERN Chemistry Laboratory
    Jeffery H Moran; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Project Summary Large scale events like the Deepwater Horizon Oil Rig Explosion of 2010 and infant formula being purposely fortified with melamine in China cause great concern and heighten the level of awareness among Americans...
  5. Addressing Health Literacy and Numeracy to Prevent Childhood Obesity
    Hsiang Shonna Yin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..health literacy or numeracy is associated with poorer caregiver breastfeeding knowledge, incorrect mixing of infant formula, difficulty understanding food labels and portion sizes, and higher Body Mass Index (BMI) in adults and ..
  6. Community Partnership for Breastfeeding Promotion and Support
    ANN MARIE DOZIER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..recommendations and policies advising otherwise infants born to low income mothers (LIM) have higher rates of infant formula use and premature introduction of complementary food (CF), unsafe sleep conditions and second hand smoke (SHS) ..
  7. Impact of diet composition during infancy on energy balance, satiety and growth
    JILLIAN CHRISTINE TRABULSI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We recently discovered that one type of infant formula normalized weight gain of formula-fed infants relative to that of breastfed infants during the first year of ..
  8. Fusing Glycobiology and Nutritional Sciences to Prevent Necrotizing Enterocolitis
    Lars Bode; Fiscal Year: 2009
    Almost one third of all infants are not or cannot be breast-fed and receive infant formula. Formula-feeding significantly increases the risk to develop necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), the most frequent and most lethal disorder in ..
  9. Measuring radioactivity in food samples.
    Kenneth M Aldous; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..fruits, juices, grains and grain products, seafood and other fish products, milk and other dairy products, infant formula, baby foods, bottled water, condiments, and alcoholic beverages...
  10. Evaluate a Peer Counseling Program to Promote Breastfeeding in WIC Participants
    Theodore J Joyce; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Infants and Children (WIC) has been the promotion of breastfeeding coupled with the availability of free infant formula. Breastfeeding initiation and duration is substantially lower among WIC participants than their eligible non-..
  11. Mediating Factors in the Relationship between Obesity and Poor Lactation Outcomes
    LAURIE ANN NOMMSEN RIVERS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..obese) were greater maternal body mass index, older maternal age, greater infant birth weight, and use of infant formula. Three of these risk factors (greater maternal body mass index, older maternal age, greater infant birth ..
  12. Clinical Epidemiologic and Biologic Studies of Donor Human Milk and Breastfeeding
    TARAH TRINITY COLAIZY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..By determining the effects of donor milk on health and developmental outcomes when compared to preterm infant formula, we seek to optimize outcomes in this fragile population...
  13. TEST OF TAURINE AS AN ESSENTIAL NUTRIENT
    John Sturman; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..In studies now completed, rhesus infants fed a taurine-free soy protein-based human infant formula from birth had reduced plasma taurine levels similar to those in human infants fed the same formulas...
  14. Validation & Pilot testing of Methods for Assessing Infants' Dietary Pesticide Ex
    P Barry Ryan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the current gap in knowledge by validating methods for measuring current use pesticides in breast milk and infant formula. Although the breast milk method will be pilot tested on samples collected from a birth cohort in Thailand, it ..
  15. BIOTIN REQUIREMENTS OF INFANTS
    Donald Mock; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The specific aims are 1) to accurately measure the total content of biotin and biotin analogs in infant formula, urine, and feces, 2) to determine biotin balance in normal, formula-fed infants fed formula with biotin ..
  16. Formula with antimicrobials to decrease infant mortality
    Koteswara Chintalacharuvu; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. TRACE-ELEMENT EXPOSURE FROM HUMAN MILK AND FORMULA
    Steven Morris; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..and radiochemical neutron activation analysis - to determine selected element concentrations in cow's milk, infant formula, and human milk; and (2) to compare these element concentrations in pooled samples of cow's milk and infant ..
  18. Accurate Noninvasive Test of Steatorrhea in Infants
    Morteza Janghorbani; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Our proposed "Test Kit" is based on administering a feeding of infant formula containing a suitably labeled 13C-triglyceride (TG), a trace amount of the nonabsorbable marker dysprosium ..
  19. NEW SOURCE OF ARACHIDONIC ACID FOR INFANT FORMULA
    DAVID KYLE; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Recent studies using fish oil supplementation of pre-term infant formula to provide essential omega-3 PUFAs (specifically docosahexaenoic acid) for brain and retina development have ..
  20. FOLLOWUP OF ADULTS WITH A KNOWN INFANT FEEDING HISTORY
    EKHARD ZEIGLER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..This project is associated with a follow-up questionnaire study of babies who received different kinds of infant formula 20-40 years ago...
  21. ALCOHOL EFFECT ON HUMAN LACTATION AND INFANT BEHAVIOR
    JULIE MENNELLA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..AIM 3: To explore the role of early experiences with ethanol in mothers' milk and the emotional context of such experiences, on the recognition of, and preference for, the sensory properties of ethanol ..
  22. Mammalian Lactoferrin Receptors: Structure and Function
    Bo Lonnerdal; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Overall, our understanding of the physiological significance of Lf and its receptor will be increased. ..
  23. Development and Maintenance of Binocular Vision (EY005236)
    EILEEN ELIZABETH BIRCH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  24. DIETARY OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS, GENE EXPRESSION AND GROWTH
    William Heird; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  25. RESEARCH TRAINING IN MATERNAL, INFANT & CHILD NUTRITION
    William Heird; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  26. Impact of Development on Protein Utilization and Growth
    William Heird; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Overall, the findings of this project are expected to contribute to further improvements in nutritional management and, hence, outcome of LBW infants. ..
  27. OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS IN NORMAL VISUAL DEVELOPMENT
    Eileen Birch; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..While the focus of research on LCP supplementation of infant formula has been on the first 2-4 months of life, little is known about the critical period during which dietary LCPs ..
  28. Feasibility and Pilot Efficacy of Flash-heated Breastmilk to Reduce Pediatric HIV
    Caroline Chantry; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. Alcohol: Direct and Indirect Effects in Drug Metabolism
    THOMAS BADGER; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. Identification of Biomarkers of Autoimmunity in T1D by Novel Tools
    Mikael Knip; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. Diet treatment of Galactosemic Infants: A Pilot Study
    Can Ficicioglu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Evidence from this study may have a future impact on how newborn galactosemics are treated with a potential for moderating long-term complications. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. WHO MULTICENTER GROWTH REFERENCE STUDY: U.S. SITE
    Kathryn Dewey; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The data will be pooled by WHO to create a new growth reference, applicable to all infants and children internationally. ..
  33. Prevention of Vitamin D Deficiency in Breastfed Infants
    Ekhard Ziegler; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study has considerable public health importance because of the importance of preventing vitamin D deficiency not only in its severe form, rickets, but also in its milder forms. ..
  34. EFFECTS OF EARLY AGGRESSIVE NUTRITION ON VLBW INFANTS
    Sudha Kashyap; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  35. ETHANOL METABOLISM IN PREGNANCY--ROLE OF DIET
    Martin Ronis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  36. Iron and the Breast-fed Infant
    Ekhard Ziegler; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We expect to find that infants re-excrete iron into the feces when their iron stores are full, but retain most of the absorbed iron when iron stores are low. ..
  37. Bioactivity and Vitamins in Flash-heated Breastmilk
    Caroline Chantry; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Information from these analyses will be used in linear programming to predict how the described changes in nutrient content of milk due to heating would affect the overall dietary needs of the child and the associated costs. ..
  38. ETHANOL EFFECTS ON BONE FORMATION IN PREGNANCY
    Martin Ronis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The role of CYP2E1 and free radicals in the skeletal toxicity of ethanol during these periods will also be studied. ..
  39. Validation of Preschool and High School Diet Recall
    KARIN MICHELS; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Lastly we will determine whether the validity of recall depends on characteristics such as time between diet record and FFQ, number of children, gender of the subject, and nutritional status. ..
  40. A-1 Adenosine Receptor Action in Developing Heart
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We anticipate that these studies will identify Rho and ROCK as critical signaling molecules in heart development and reveal that cardiac GTPase activity transduces the effects of adenosine. ..
  41. SUPPRESSION OF T CELL ACTIVATION BY DIETARY FATTY ACIDS
    ROBERT CHAPKIN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..g., rheumatoid arthritis), without compromising host defenses. ..
  42. PRECISE ISOTOPE RATIO CHROMATOGRAPHY AND STABLE TRACERS
    JAMES BRENNA; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The successful accomplishment of these plans will yield new tools and experimental approaches for investigation of the impact of developmental factors and recent physiological history on development of chronic disease. ..
  43. DIARRHEAL DISEASE STUDY
    Roger Shapiro; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The study will be carried out in three towns in southeast Botswana as a collaborative effort between the Harvard AIDS Institute and the AIDS/STD Unit of Botswana at Gaborone (AIDSBG). ..
  44. The Role of Adenosine in Hypoglycemic Brain Injury
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We anticipate that these studies will yield new insights into the mechanisms of hypoglycemic brain injury and may lead to the development of practical strategies for reducing hypoglycemic brain injury. ..
  45. URINE LOSS AND PROLAPSE IN NUNS AND THEIR PAROUS SISTERS
    GUNHILDE BUCHSBAUM; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A matched pair logistic regression will be performed to obtain an adjusted estimate of the impact of familiality and vaginal delivery in UT and POP, taking into account other risk factors. ..
  46. HIV-1 Specific Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes in Breastmilk
    Grace John Stewart; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The resulting findings will be relevant to development of vaccines for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1. ..
  47. A1-ADENOSINE RECEPTOR ACTION IN HIPPOCAMPUS
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We anticipate these studies will lead to new insights into the mechanisms of A1AR action. We also anticipate that these studies will identify A1ARs as an important regulator of axon growth. ..
  48. DEVELOPING CIRCADIAN RHYTHMICITY
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These studies may also lead to the development of new care practices in Neonatal Intensive Care Units and extend the field of developmental chronobiology to the bedside. ..
  49. DIETARY ESSENTIAL FATTY ACID ACCUMULATION IN RETINA
    JAMES BRENNA; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Sub-normal development will be directly revealed via functional tests to assess the impact of low omega-3 fatty acid status on develop of vision acid status on development of vision and related health parameters. ..
  50. Mechanisms of Immune Modulation by Abscisic Acid
    Josep Bassaganya Riera; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The mechanistic understanding of the immune modulatory properties of botanicals such as ABA will aid in the development of more efficacious CAM approaches for modulating immune function and ameliorating infectious diseases. ..
  51. Pregnancy Related Weight Gain: A Link to Obesity
    Anna Maria Siega Riz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These data, both the quantitative and qualitative, will be used to identify modifiable behaviors for pregnant women that are associated with gaining weight above the recommended ranges and postpartum weight retention. ..
  52. Gas phase derivatization for lipidomic MS analysis
    JAMES BRENNA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  53. A new device for metabolic monitoring in infants
    Russell Rising; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  54. Fundamental Study of Welding Fume Inhalation
    Serap Erdal; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Bone Density And Later Bone Loss In Rural Populations
    Bonny Specker; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..S. population. ..
  56. Longitudinal Study of Fluoride, Diet, Caries & Fluorosis
    Steven Levy; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..As studies involving recruitment and successful retention of a cohort from birth are extremely rare, the Iowa Fluoride Study offers a unique opportunity to study these relationships in unprecedented detail. ..
  57. Glucosyltransferase as a Marker for Caries Activity
    William Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Our eventual goal (in a future application) is to determine caries risk well before the onset of lesions and to identify those who are caries active short of cavitation or even white spot formation. ..
  58. Development of Genetic Tools for Clostridium botulinum
    Eric Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  59. Oral Feeding in Infants
    Chantal Lau; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The secondary outcomes will be attainment of specific feeding milestones at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months corrected age. ..
  60. Anti-Adenosine Therapy of Neonatal Brain Injury
    Scott Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It is anticipated that these studies will lead to novel and practical strategies for directly preventing brain injury. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. FETAL GLUCOSE AND AMINO ACID DEPRIVATION
    William Hay; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  62. Radioactive Iodide Therapy of Pediatric Graves' Disease
    Scott A Rivkees; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....