Summary: Drinkable liquids combined with or impregnated with carbon dioxide.
Publications219 found, 100 shown here
- National trends in soft drink consumption among children and adolescents age 6 to 17 years: prevalence, amounts, and sources, 1977/1978 to 1994/1998Simone A French
University of Minnesota, Division of Epidemiology, Minneapolis MN 55454 1015, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 103:1326-31. 2003..Trends between 1977/1978 and 1994/1998 in the prevalence, amounts, and sources of soft drink consumption were examined among youth age 6 to 17 years...
- Effects of soft drink consumption on nutrition and health: a systematic review and meta-analysisLenny R Vartanian
Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Conn 06520 8205, USA
Am J Public Health 97:667-75. 2007..Finally, studies funded by the food industry reported significantly smaller effects than did non-industry-funded studies. Recommendations to reduce population soft drink consumption are strongly supported by the available science...
- Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain: a systematic reviewVasanti S Malik
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 84:274-88. 2006..Although more research is needed, sufficient evidence exists for public health strategies to discourage consumption of sugary drinks as part of a healthy lifestyle...
- Relation between consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks and childhood obesity: a prospective, observational analysisD S Ludwig
Department of Medicine, Children s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Lancet 357:505-8. 2001..The rising prevalence of obesity in children has been linked in part to the consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks. Our aim was to examine this relation...
- Increasing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among US adults: 1988-1994 to 1999-2004Sara N Bleich
Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 89:372-81. 2009..Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to obesity and type 2 diabetes...
- Sugar-sweetened soft drinks and obesity: a systematic review of the evidence from observational studies and interventionsSigrid Gibson
Sig Nurture Ltd, 11 Woodway, Guildford, Surrey GU1 2TF, UK
Nutr Res Rev 21:134-47. 2008..Of the six reviews, two concluded that the evidence was strong, one that an association was probable, while three described it as inconclusive, equivocal or near zero. Reasons for some discrepancies are presented...
- A new proposed guidance system for beverage consumption in the United StatesBarry M Popkin
Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 83:529-42. 2006..The Panel recommends that the consumption of beverages with no or few calories should take precedence over the consumption of beverages with more calories...
- Exposure to food advertising on television: associations with children's fast food and soft drink consumption and obesityTatiana Andreyeva
Yale University, Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, 309 Edwards Street, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, United States
Econ Hum Biol 9:221-33. 2011..Exposure to advertising for calorie-dense nutrient-poor foods may increase overall consumption of unhealthy food categories...
- Salt intake is related to soft drink consumption in children and adolescents: a link to obesity?Feng J He
Blood Pressure Unit, Cardiac and Vascular Sciences, St George s, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, SW17 0RE, United Kingdom
Hypertension 51:629-34. 2008..This would have a beneficial effect on preventing cardiovascular disease independent of and additive to the effect of salt reduction on blood pressure...
- Intake of artificially sweetened soft drinks and risk of preterm delivery: a prospective cohort study in 59,334 Danish pregnant womenThorhallur I Halldorsson
Centre for Fetal Programming, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark
Am J Clin Nutr 92:626-33. 2010..However, the safety of artificial sweeteners has been disputed, and consequences of high intakes of artificial sweeteners for pregnant women have been minimally addressed...
- Taxing soft drinks in the Pacific: implementation lessons for improving healthAnne Marie Thow
Menzies Centre for Health Policy, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Health Promot Int 26:55-64. 2011....
- Effects of sucrose drinks on macronutrient intake, body weight, and mood state in overweight women over 4 weeksMarie Reid
Psychology Department, Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK
Appetite 55:130-6. 2010..Alternative explanations for the correlation between sugary soft drink intake and weight gain are discussed...
- Consumption patterns of sugar-sweetened beverages in the United StatesEuna Han
College of Pharmacy and Gachon Institue of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Gachon University, Inchon, South Korea
J Acad Nutr Diet 113:43-53. 2013..Few previous studies have investigated consumption distributions of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) over time and individual-level associations despite recent interest in SSBs regarding obesity control...
- Sugar sweetened beverage consumption by Australian children: implications for public health strategyKatherine Hafekost
Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, PO Box 855, West Perth, WA 6872, Australia
BMC Public Health 11:950. 2011..We sought to address this using a contemporary Australian dataset to examine purchase source, consumption pattern, dietary factors, and demographic profile of SSB consumption in children...
- Gastric reflux is a significant causative factor of tooth erosionW P Holbrook
University of Iceland, Vatnsmyrarvegi 16, IS 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
J Dent Res 88:422-6. 2009..4%) was associated with erosion into dentin (P < 0.05). Significant associations were found between erosion and diagnosed reflux disease (OR 2.772; P < 0.005) and daily consumption of acidic drinks (OR 2.232; P < 0.005)...
- Energy-dense snack food intake in adolescence: longitudinal relationship to weight and fatnessSarah M Phillips
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA
Obes Res 12:461-72. 2004....
- Associations between state-level soda taxes and adolescent body mass indexLisa M Powell
Department of Economics and Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60608, USA
J Adolesc Health 45:S57-63. 2009..Soft drink consumption has been linked with higher energy intake, obesity, and poorer health. Fiscal pricing policies such as soda taxes may lower soda consumption and, in turn, reduce weight among U.S. adolescents...
- Dietary sources of energy, solid fats, and added sugars among children and adolescents in the United StatesJill Reedy
Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 110:1477-84. 2010..The objective of this research was to identify top dietary sources of energy, solid fats, and added sugars among 2- to 18-year-olds in the United States...
- Dietary and activity correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption among adolescentsNalini Ranjit
Michael and Susan Dell Center for Health Living, University of Texas School of Public Health, 1616 Guadalupe St, Suite 6 300, Austin, TX 78701, USA
Pediatrics 126:e754-61. 2010..To examine the dietary and activity correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption by children in middle and high school...
- Girls' early sweetened carbonated beverage intake predicts different patterns of beverage and nutrient intake across childhood and adolescenceLaura M Fiorito
The Center for Childhood Obesity Research, 129 Noll Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 110:543-50. 2010..Information is limited on persistence of early beverage patterns throughout childhood and adolescence and their influence on long-term dietary intake...
- Trace metal levels in fruit juices and carbonated beverages in NigeriaAkan B Williams
Department of Chemistry, Covenant University, P M B 1023, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
Environ Monit Assess 156:303-6. 2009Trace metal levels in selected fruit juices and carbonated beverages purchased in Lagos, Nigeria were determined using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (Unicam model 969) equipped with SOLAAR 32 windows software...
- Soft drinks and body weight development in childhood: is there a relationship?Lars Libuda
Research Institute of Child Nutrition FKE, Rheinische Friedrich Wilhelms University Bonn, Dortmund D 44225, Germany
Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 12:596-600. 2009..This review examines the evidence for a causal relationship between soft drink consumption and excess weight gain in childhood and identifies potential underlying mechanisms...
- Associations between parental report of the home food environment and adolescent intakes of fruits, vegetables and dairy foodsNicole I Hanson
Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South 2nd Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
Public Health Nutr 8:77-85. 2005..This study examines parental report of household food availability, parent dietary intake and associations with adolescent intakes of fruits, vegetables and dairy foods...
- The effect of pH on the erosion of dentine and enamel by dietary acids in vitroN X West
Division of Restorative Dentistry, Dental School, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
J Oral Rehabil 28:860-4. 2001..Phosphoric acid caused minimal erosion over pH 3 for enamel and pH 4 for dentine. These factors could be considered in order to reduce the erosivity of acidic soft drinks...
- Huge gastric diospyrobezoars successfully treated by oral intake and endoscopic injection of Coca-ColaY W Chung
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Guri, South Korea
Dig Liver Dis 38:515-7. 2006..At endoscopy the next day, the bezoars were partially dissolved and turned to be softened. We performed direct endoscopic injection of Coca-Cola into each bezoar. At repeated endoscopy the next day, the bezoars were completely dissolved...
- A descriptive study of beverage consumption among an ethnically diverse sample of public school students in TexasAlexandra E Evans
Michael and Susan Dell Center for Healthy Living, University of Texas School of Public Health, Austin Regional Campus, Austin, TX 78701, USA
J Am Coll Nutr 29:387-96. 2010..The purpose of this study was to examine prevalence rates of 5 types of beverage consumption by sociodemographic factors among 4th-, 8th-, and 11th-grade public school students in Texas...
- The release of zinc, copper, lead, and cadmium from the mineral tissue of teeth under the influence of soft drinks and sour-tasting foodRuzica Nikolic
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Nis, Serbia
Connect Tissue Res 53:229-35. 2012..These studies have shown that under the influence of an acidic medium significant erosion to the tooth enamel ensues and that the eroded surfaces had a radius of 1-5 μm...
- Diet and dental erosion in young people in south-east BrazilPaula J Waterhouse
The School of Dental Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Int J Paediatr Dent 18:353-60. 2008..Dentists are aware that an acidic diet can contribute to the development of erosion; however, there may be confusion within the profession concerning the general health message of eating five portions of fruits and vegetables each day...
- Prevention by means of fluoride of enamel erosion as caused by soft drinks and orange juiceM J Larsen
Royal Dental College, Aarhus, Denmark
Caries Res 35:229-34. 2001..In conclusion, the acidic soft drinks are capable of dissolving considerable amounts of calcium fluoride and the erosion-preventive effect of even high fluoride concentrations is limited...
- Iron supplementation reduces the erosive potential of a cola drink on enamel and dentin in situMelissa Thiemi Kato
Department of Biological Sciences, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Bauru, SP, Brazil
J Appl Oral Sci 20:318-22. 2012..Iron has been suggested to reduce the erosive potential of cola drinks in vitro...
- Effect of iron on the dissolution of bovine enamel powder in vitro by carbonated beveragesMelissa Thiemi Kato
Social Dentistry Department, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Bauru, SP, Al Octavio Pinheiro Brisolla, 9 75 Bauru SP 17012 901, Brazil
Arch Oral Biol 52:614-7. 2007The aim of this study was to evaluate, in vitro, the effect of iron on the dissolution of bovine enamel powder, when added to two carbonated beverages.
- Distribution of dental health behaviors in Nordic schoolchildrenJ Rise
Institute of Community Dentistry, University of Oslo, Norway
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 19:9-13. 1991..The levels of the studied dental health behaviors were different among the three countries. This may be related to country-specific preventive policies as well as social and cultural norms...
- Relationships of activity and sugar drink intake on fat mass development in youthsClark A Mundt
College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1245-54. 2006..To determine whether a significant relationship exists between fat mass (FM) development and physical activity (PA) and/or sugar-sweetened drink (SD) consumption in healthy boys and girls aged 8-19 yr...
- Non-targeted detection of chemical contamination in carbonated soft drinks using NMR spectroscopy, variable selection and chemometricsAdrian J Charlton
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Central Science Laboratory, Sand Hutton, York YO41 1LZ, United Kingdom
Anal Chim Acta 618:196-203. 2008..The ability to detect if a sample does not fit into the expected profile without recourse to multiple targeted analyses is a valuable tool for incident detection and forensic applications...
- Soda consumption and overweight status of 2-year-old mexican-american children in californiaMarcella L Warner
Center for Children s Environmental Health Research, School of Public Health, University of California, 2150 Shattuck Avenue, Suite 600, Berkeley, CA 94720 7380, USA
Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:1966-74. 2006..The objective of this study was to determine the association between current soda consumption and overweight in 2-year-old Mexican-American children...
- Application of multibounce attenuated total reflectance fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics for determination of aspartame in soft drinksHarpreet Kaur Khurana
Department of Human Nutrition, Food and Animal Science and Department of Molecular Biosciences and Bioengineering, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822, USA
J Agric Food Chem 56:778-83. 2008..The FTIR method developed can be suitably used for routine quality control analysis of aspartame in the beverage-manufacturing sector...
- Risk indicators for tooth wear in Sri Lankan adolescentsN Ratnayake
Ministry Of Health Care and Nutrition, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Caries Res 44:14-9. 2010..44; 95% CI: 1.04-2.00). As the father's occupation could be considered as a proxy measure of socioeconomic status, the findings suggest that tooth wear in Sri Lankan adolescents is a disorder of affluence...
- Carbonated beverages and gastrointestinal system: between myth and realityR Cuomo
Gastroenterology Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Naples Federico II, Via Sergio Pansini 5, 80131 Napoli, Italy
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 19:683-9. 2009A wealth of information has appeared on non-scientific publications, some suggesting a positive effect of carbonated beverages on gastrointestinal diseases or health, and others a negative one...
- Soft drinks and weight gain: how strong is the link?Emily Wolff
Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Medscape J Med 10:189. 2008..The purpose of this clinical review is to evaluate the extent to which current scientific evidence supports a causal link between sugar-sweetened soft drink consumption and weight gain...
- The sweetening of the world's dietBarry M Popkin
Carolina Population Center, and Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 8120 University Square, 123 W Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
Obes Res 11:1325-32. 2003..S. dietary data, we explored trends in caloric sweetener intake, the role of urbanization and income changes in explaining these trends, and the contribution of specific foods to these changes...
- Trends in energy intake in U.S. between 1977 and 1996: similar shifts seen across age groupsSamara Joy Nielsen
Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27516 3997, USA
Obes Res 10:370-8. 2002..To determine the trends in locations and food sources of Americans stratified by age group for both total energy and the meal and snack subcomponents...
- Food away from home, sugar-sweetened drink consumption and juvenile obesityLinda J Gillis
Children s Exercise and Nutrition Centre, Evel 4, Room 464A, Chedoke Division, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z5, Canada
J Am Coll Nutr 22:539-45. 2003..To identify if particular foods or food groups may be associated with obesity in children and adolescents and to determine if consuming food away from home (FAFH) has an effect on the nutritional quality of their diets...
- Preventive effect of an iron varnish on bovine enamel erosion in vitroMelissa Thiemi Kato
Department of Biological Sciences, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Al Octavio Pinheiro Brisolla, 9 75 Bauru SP 17012 901, Brazil
J Dent 37:233-6. 2009..The aim of this study was to evaluate, in vitro, the effect of an experimental varnish containing iron on the dissolution of bovine enamel by carbonated beverage...
- The protective effect of fluoride treatments against enamel erosion in vitroJ A Hughes
Department of Oral and Dental Science, Bristol Dental Hospital, Bristol, UK
J Oral Rehabil 31:357-63. 2004..Fluoride applied to enamel either in acidic solutions or as a pre-treatment, reduces enamel erosion; however, the actual clinical benefit appears low. More studies are required, including investigations in situ...
- Gastric phytobezoars may be treated by nasogastric Coca-Cola lavageSpiros D Ladas
Gastroenterology Unit, 2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School, Athens University, Evangelismos Hospital, 23 Sisini Street, 115 28 Athens, Greece
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 14:801-3. 2002..The dissolution of large gastric phytobezoars with cola nasogastric lavage is a safe, rapid and effective method. Patients may be treated in the medical ward, avoiding therapeutic endoscopy or surgery...
- Preventing childhood obesity by reducing consumption of carbonated drinks: cluster randomised controlled trialJanet James
Bournemouth Diabetes and Endocrine Centre, Royal Bournemouth Hospital, Dorset BH7 7DW
BMJ 328:1237. 2004..To determine if a school based educational programme aimed at reducing consumption of carbonated drinks can prevent excessive weight gain in children...
- Dental erosion and soft drink consumption in Swedish children and adolescents and the development of a simplified erosion partial recording systemAgneta Hasselkvist
Public Dental Health, Orebro County Council, Orebro, Sweden
Swed Dent J 34:187-95. 2010..The hypothesis that dental erosion would be higher in boys than girls and that it would show a correlation with soft drink intake was confirmed...
- Diet quality in young children is influenced by beverage consumptionTeresa A Marshall
Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, University of Iowa College of Dentistry, N335 Dental Science Building, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
J Am Coll Nutr 24:65-75. 2005..Replacement of milk with sugar-containing beverages could affect calcium intake and overall diet quality...
- Beverage intake of girls at age 5 y predicts adiposity and weight status in childhood and adolescenceLaura M Fiorito
Center for Childhood Obesity Research, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 90:935-42. 2009..Increased consumption of sweetened beverage has been linked to higher energy intake and adiposity in childhood...
- Effect of salivary stimulation on erosion of human and bovine enamel subjected or not to subsequent abrasion: an in situ/ex vivo studyD Rios
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Orthodontics and Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry of Bauru, University of Sao Paulo, Bauru, Brazil
Caries Res 40:218-23. 2006..The human enamel presented greater %SMH and less wear compared to bovine enamel. The data suggest that the salivary stimulation after an erosive or erosive/abrasive attack can reduce the dental wear and the %SMH...
- Fast food for family meals: relationships with parent and adolescent food intake, home food availability and weight statusKerri N Boutelle
Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Health, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, 200 Oak Street SE, Suite 160, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Public Health Nutr 10:16-23. 2007....
- Carbonated beverages and urinary calcium excretionR P Heaney
Creighton University Osteoporosis Research Center, Omaha, NE 68131, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 74:343-7. 2001Intake of carbonated beverages has been associated with increased fracture risk in observational studies. The usual explanation given is that one or more of the beverage constituents increase urinary calcium.
- Risk factors for dental erosion in a group of 12- and 16-year-old Brazilian schoolchildrenCarla Vecchione Gurgel
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Orthodontics and Public Health, Bauru School of Dentistry, USP University of Sao Paulo, Bauru, Brazil
Int J Paediatr Dent 21:50-7. 2011..Dental erosion is a multifactorial disease and is associated with dietary habits in infancy and adolescence...
- Colas, but not other carbonated beverages, are associated with low bone mineral density in older women: The Framingham Osteoporosis StudyKatherine L Tucker
Jean Mayer US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 84:936-42. 2006..In addition to displacing healthier beverages, colas contain caffeine and phosphoric acid (H3PO4), which may adversely affect bone...
- Beverage consumption patterns in elementary school aged children across a two-year periodJanet Whatley Blum
Human Performance Laboratory, University of Nebraska Kearney, Kearney, Nebraska, USA
J Am Coll Nutr 24:93-8. 2005..Existing data was reexamined to determine changes in beverage consumption and associations between beverages consumed and BMI Z-score in children (n = 164) across two years...
- Colorimetric sensor array for soft drink analysisChen Zhang
Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 600 South Mathews Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
J Agric Food Chem 55:237-42. 2007..This work demonstrates the potential of our colorimetric sensor array technology for quality assurance/control applications of sodas and perhaps other beverages as well...
- Current trends of sugar consumption in developing societiesA I Ismail
Faculty of Dentistry, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 25:438-43. 1997..Of particular concern is a rise in the consumption of sugar-containing carbonated beverages in a number of developing societies: China, India, Vietnam, Thailand, and other Southeast Asian countries ..
- Effect of iron on acid demineralisation of bovine enamel blocks by a soft drinkMelissa Thiemi Kato
Social Dentistry Department, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Bauru, Al Octavio Pinheiro Brisolla, 9 75 Bauru, SP 17012 901, Brazil
Arch Oral Biol 52:1109-11. 2007..The aim of this study was to evaluate, in vitro, the effect of iron on the acid demineralisation of bovine enamel blocks by a soft drink...
- Soft drink availability, contracts, and revenues in American secondary schoolsLloyd D Johnston
Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Am J Prev Med 33:S209-25. 2007..Differences between middle and high schools are also examined...
- Separation and simultaneous determination of four artificial sweeteners in food and beverages by ion chromatographyYan Zhu
Department of Chemistry, Xixi Campus, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310028, China
J Chromatogr A 1085:143-6. 2005..Rate of recovery were between 98.23 and 105.42%, 99.48 and 103.57%, 97.96 and 103.23%, 98.46 and 102.40%, respectively. The method has successfully applied to the determination of the four sweeteners in drinks and preserved fruits...
- Portion size labeling and intended soft drink consumption: the impact of labeling format and size portfolioWillemijn M Vermeer
Department of Health Sciences and the EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Nutr Educ Behav 42:422-6. 2010..To assess what portion size labeling format is most promising in helping consumers selecting appropriate soft drink sizes, and whether labeling impact depends on the size portfolio...
- The interplay of public health law and industry self-regulation: the case of sugar-sweetened beverage sales in schoolsMichelle M Mello
Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Public Health 98:595-604. 2008....
- Response of the lower esophageal sphincter to gastric distention by carbonated beveragesNahid Hamoui
Department of Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA
J Gastrointest Surg 10:870-7. 2006..To further clarify this, we studied the effect of carbonated beverages on the resting parameters of the lower esophageal sphincter...
- Soft drink consumption and excess weight gain in Australian school students: results from the Nepean studyC S Tam
Institute of Diabetes and Endocrinology, The Children s Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, NSW, Australia
Int J Obes (Lond) 30:1091-3. 2006..Intakes of soft drink/cordial in mid-childhood, but not fruit juice/fruit drink and milk, were associated with excess weight gain in early adolescence...
- School vending machine use and fast-food restaurant use are associated with sugar-sweetened beverage intake in youthJean L Wiecha
Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 106:1624-30. 2006..To examine associations between use of school vending machines and fast-food restaurants and youth intake of sugar-sweetened beverages...
- Size makes a differenceJeppe Matthiessen
Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Mørkhøj Bygade 19, DK 2860 Søborg, Denmark
Public Health Nutr 6:65-72. 2003..To elucidate status and trends in portion size of foods rich in fat and/or added sugars during the past decades, and to bring portion size into perspective in its role in obesity and dietary guidelines in Denmark...
- Sweetened carbonated drinks do not alter upper digestive tract physiology in healthy subjectsR Cuomo
Gastroenterology Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Naples, Naples, Italy
Neurogastroenterol Motil 20:780-9. 2008Sweetened carbonated beverages are widely consumed, which has fuelled several conflicting opinions about their effects on upper digestive tract functions...
- Comparison of in vitro erosion potentials between beverages available in the United Kingdom and the United StatesSarah Murrell
College of Dentistry, University of Iowa, Dental Science Building, Iowa City, IA 52242 1010, United States
J Dent 38:284-9. 2010..Our objective was to compare the physiochemical properties and erosion potentials between beverages available in the UK and the US...
- Systematic review: the effects of carbonated beverages on gastro-oesophageal reflux diseaseT Johnson
The Neuroenteric Clinical Research Group, Southern Arizona VA Health Care System, Tucson, AZ, USA
Aliment Pharmacol Ther 31:607-14. 2010b>Carbonated beverages have unique properties that may potentially exacerbate gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD), such as high acidity and carbonation...
- Sweets and sugar-sweetened soft drink intake in childhood in relation to adult BMI and overweight. The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns StudyKatja Nissinen
Nutrition Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare, PO Box 30, FIN 00271 Helsinki, Finland
Public Health Nutr 12:2018-26. 2009..To investigate the associations of BMI and overweight in adulthood with consumption of sweets and sugar-sweetened soft drinks in childhood and with the change in consumption between childhood and adulthood...
- Dental caries and beverage consumption in young childrenTeresa A Marshall
Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, College of Dentistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA
Pediatrics 112:e184-91. 2003..We describe associations among caries experience and intakes of dairy foods, sugared beverages, and nutrients and overall diet quality in young children...
- Beverage patterns, diet quality, and body mass index of US preschool and school-aged childrenTara L LaRowe
Department of Family Medicine, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI 53715, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 107:1124-33. 2007..To evaluate diet quality and body mass index (BMI) by beverage patterns in children aged 2 to 11 years...
- The effect of increased beverage portion size on energy intake at a mealJulie E Flood
Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 226 Henderson Building, University Park, PA 16802 6501, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 106:1984-90; discussion 1990-1. 2006..This study examined the impact of increasing beverage portion size on beverage and food intake...
- Carbonated soft drink consumption and bone mineral density in adolescence: the Northern Ireland Young Hearts projectC McGartland
Northern Ireland Centre for Diet and Health, University of Ulster, Coleraine, Northern Ireland
J Bone Miner Res 18:1563-9. 2003..Owing to the upward trend in CSD intake in adolescence, this finding may be of concern...
- Sugared soda consumption and dental caries in the United StatesK E Heller
University of Michigan, Department of Epidemiology, Program in Dental Public Health, Ann Arbor 48109 2029, USA
J Dent Res 80:1949-53. 2001..The absence of apparent effects of sugared soda consumption in younger people may also be related to the increased use of fluorides since the 1960s...
- The level of carbonation of a sugar-sweetened beverage preload affects satiety and short-term energy and food intakesS Anne Moorhead
Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulster, Coleraine, UK
Br J Nutr 99:1362-9. 2008..This short-term study suggests that the level of carbonation may need to be taken into account when assessing potential effects of beverages on satiety and intake...
- Comparison of high-calorie, low-nutrient-dense food consumption among obese and non-obese adolescentsL G Bandini
Clinical Research Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA
Obes Res 7:438-43. 1999..The purpose of this study was to determine whether obese adolescents eat more high-calorie low-nutrient-dense foods than non-obese adolescents...
- Beverage consumption in the US populationMaureen L Storey
Center for Food, Nutrition, and Agriculture Policy, University of Maryland, College Park, 1122 Patapsco, College Park, MD 20742, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 106:1992-2000. 2006..The purpose of this study was to examine beverage consumption across age, sex, and race/ethnicity categories using the most current data available, the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002...
- [Phytobezoar dissolution with Coca-Cola]F Martínez de Juan
Servicio de Aparato Digestivo, Fundación IVO Instituto Valenciano de Oncología, Valencia, Espana
Gastroenterol Hepatol 29:291-3. 2006..We present two cases of phytobezoar with successful outcome after Coca-Cola administration...
- [Two cases of phytobezoars treated by adminsitration of Coca-Cola by oral route]Hyun Jai Lee
Department of Internal Medicine, Good Samsun Hospital, Sasang gu, Busan, Korea
Korean J Gastroenterol 48:431-3. 2006..Our patients drank 700-800 mL of Coca-Cola daily, and after two months, complete dissolutions of bezoars were achieved. We report two cases of phytobezoars completely treated by drinking Coca-Cola...
- Carbonated beverages and chronic kidney diseaseTina M Saldana
Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences NIEHS, NIH, DHHS, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Epidemiology 18:501-6. 2007..Cola beverages, in particular, contain phosphoric acid and have been associated with urinary changes that promote kidney stones...
- Teenaged girls, carbonated beverage consumption, and bone fracturesG Wyshak
Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 154:610-3. 2000..To determine the possible association between carbonated beverage consumption and bone fractures among teenaged girls given the awareness of the concern about the impact of carbonated beverage consumption on children's health...
- Consumption of sugar and sugar-sweetened foods and the risk of pancreatic cancer in a prospective studySusanna C Larsson
Division of Nutritional Epidemiology, National Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Am J Clin Nutr 84:1171-6. 2006..Frequent consumption of sugar and high-sugar foods may increase the risk of pancreatic cancer by inducing frequent postprandial hyperglycemia, increasing insulin demand, and decreasing insulin sensitivity...
- The stability of soft drinks intake from adolescence to adult age and the association between long-term consumption of soft drinks and lifestyle factors and body weightElisabeth Kvaavik
Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, PO Box 1046 Blindern, N 0316 Oslo, Norway
Public Health Nutr 8:149-57. 2005..To investigate the tracking of sugar-sweetened, carbonated soft drinks intake from age 15 to 33 years and the association between this intake and lifestyle factors and body weight...
- Intake of soft drinks, fruit-flavored beverages, and fruits and vegetables by children in grades 4 through 6Karen Weber Cullen
Children s Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Tex 77030 USA
Am J Public Health 92:1475-8. 2002
- Soft drink intake is associated with diet quality even among young Japanese women with low soft drink intakeMai Yamada
Department of International Health, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
J Am Diet Assoc 108:1997-2004. 2008..The association is not yet fully examined in the population with relatively low intake level of soft drinks such as the current Japanese population...
- National survey beverage consumption data for children and adolescents indicate the need to encourage a shift toward more nutritive beveragesGail C Rampersaud
Nutrition Research and Education, Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 103:97-100. 2003..Increased consumption of nutrient-dense beverages (100% fruit juice, milk) and water as part of a varied diet should be encouraged...
- Soft drink and milk consumption, physical activity, bone mass, and upper limb fractures in children: a population-based case-control studyD Ma
Menzies Research Institute, Private Bag 23, 7000, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
Calcif Tissue Int 75:286-91. 2004b>Carbonated beverages have been reported to increase fracture risk in children but the mechanism is unclear...
- Total beverage consumption and beverage choices among children and adolescentsRichard A Forshee
Center for Food and Nutrition Policy, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Alexandria, VA 22314, USA
Int J Food Sci Nutr 54:297-307. 2003..2 g. Boys drink more of most beverages than girls do. Older teens tend to drink more carbonated beverages, fruit drinks/ades, and citrus juice, but less fluid milk and non-citrus juice...
- Added sugar and sugar-sweetened foods and beverages and the risk of pancreatic cancer in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health StudyYing Bao
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
Am J Clin Nutr 88:431-40. 2008..Although it has been hypothesized that hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, and insulin resistance are involved in the development of pancreatic cancer, results from epidemiologic studies of added sugar intake are inconclusive...
- Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged womenMatthias B Schulze
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass, USA
JAMA 292:927-34. 2004....
- Soft drink consumption and risk of developing cardiometabolic risk factors and the metabolic syndrome in middle-aged adults in the communityRavi Dhingra
Framingham Heart Study, 73 Mount Wayte Ave, Suite 2, Framingham, MA 01702 5803, USA
Circulation 116:480-8. 2007..Consumption of soft drinks has been linked to obesity in children and adolescents, but it is unclear whether it increases metabolic risk in middle-aged individuals...
- Determinants of adolescents' soft drink consumptionElling Bere
Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Public Health Nutr 11:49-56. 2008..To identify determinants of adolescents' consumption of carbonated soft drinks (regular and diet), both of total consumption and of consumption at school...
- Associations of adequate intake of calcium with diet, beverage consumption, and demographic characteristics among children and adolescentsMaureen L Storey
Center for Food and Nutrition Policy, Virginia Tech, Alexandria, Virginia 22314, USA
J Am Coll Nutr 23:18-33. 2004....
- Consumption of fruit, vegetables, sweets and soft drinks are associated with psychological dimensions of eating behaviour in parents and their 12-year-old childrenKristina Elfhag
Child and Adolescent Public Health Epidemiology Group, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Norrbacka, SE 171 76, Stockholm, Sweden
Public Health Nutr 11:914-23. 2008..The role of the parent's characteristics for their children's food intake was also explored...
- Beverage consumption patterns of children born at different risk of obesityTanja V E Kral
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:1802-8. 2008..Increased intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and fruit juice has been associated with overweight in children...
- Cariogenicity of soft drinks, milk and fruit juice in low-income african-american children: a longitudinal studySungwoo Lim
University of Michigan, School of Dentistry, Department of Cariology, Restorative Sciences and Endodontics, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
J Am Dent Assoc 139:959-67; quiz 995. 2008..The authors conducted a study to test the hypothesis that high consumption of soft drinks, relative to milk and 100 percent fruit juice, is a risk factor for dental caries in low-income African-American children in Detroit...
- Is there a relationship between asthma and dental erosion? A case control studyY H Al-Dlaigan
Unit of Paediatric Dentistry, Unit of Oral Biology, The University of Birmingham Dental School, St Chads, Queensway, Birmingham B4 6NN, UK
Int J Paediatr Dent 12:189-200. 2002..Thirdly, to measure and compare their salivary flow rates, pH and buffering capacity...
- Changes in consumption of sugars by English adolescents over 20 yearsA J Rugg-Gunn
Human Nutrition Research Centre, School of Clinical Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 4LP, UK
Public Health Nutr 10:354-63. 2007..This study reports dietary sugars consumption in 2000 and compares it with data collected in 1980 and 1990, using identical methods...
- Relative validity of the Iowa Fluoride Study targeted nutrient semi-quantitative questionnaire and the block kids' food questionnaire for estimating beverage, calcium, and vitamin D intakes by childrenTeresa A Marshall
Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, University of Iowa College of Dentistry, N335 Dental Science Bldg, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 108:465-72. 2008....
- Beverage consumption of mother-toddler dyads in families with limited incomesSharon L Hoerr
Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
J Pediatr Nurs 21:403-11. 2006..Health practitioners should do focused screening of mothers' and children's beverage intakes to quickly assess those at high risk for poor diets...
- Nutritional Epidemiology of Lower Urinary Tract SymptomsNancy Nairi Maserejian; Fiscal Year: 2010..types are also examined prospectively to verify anecdotal evidence regarding effects of caffeine, acidic or carbonated beverages. BACH obtained a complete validated dietary assessment that takes into account ethnic variation in food ..
- BEYOND RACE--EXPLAINING INEQUALITY MANIFESTED AS OBESITYBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2003..This work will provide important insights in the relative importance of genetic and environmental determinants of overweight and activity. ..
- An Interdisciplinary Strategy for Obesity (RMI)Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2006..We will apply the knowledge gained from our interdisciplinary research to achieve our long-term goal of developing novel treatment and prevention interventions for obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Physical Environment Dynamics, Inequality and ObesityBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2006..We will also consider issues related to sample selectivity, within race heterogeneity and acculturation. ..
- Young Adult Environmental and Physical Activity DynamicsBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2008..No study heretofore has had large-scale groupings and in-depth environmental measures over time to examine these issues in a dynamic manner. ..
- CHILD HEALTH EFFECTS OF RAPID SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGEBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2004..Finally, we will compare results across countries to determine whether there is a consistent pattern or structure of relationships across countries at different levels of development. ..
- Diet, Activity, Obesity & The Built Environment DynamicsBarry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2009..A central issue is determining modifiable environment factors that may reduce ethnic and socioeconomic differentials in health status. ..
- INCREASING SCHOOL SNACK BAR FRUIT AND VEGETABLE INTAKEKaren Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2001..Positive findings from this study should be applicable to middle schools where snack bars are available. ..
- Exploring strategies to increase school breakfast consumption in middle schoolsKaren Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2007..Improving SB participation may be an important public health environmental intervention with both significant health and academic outcomes. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Familys' Web: Cancer Prevention for DaughtersKaren Cullen; Fiscal Year: 2003..This feasibility or pilot study will provide the foundation for a full scale intervention focused on dietary change. ..
- Team COOL Pilot StudyMartha Kubik; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Effect of high dairy, high non-dairy and low calcium diet on weight and fat lossJANET WHATLEY BLUM; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- International Caries Detection and Assessement SystemAmid Ismail; Fiscal Year: 2005..Finding of the workshop will be used in a second workshop, to be organized by Dr. George Stookey, which will focus on the design of caries clinical trials and new diagnostic technology. ..
- Michigan Oral Cancer Prevention NetworkAmid Ismail; Fiscal Year: 2003..By the end of the 3rd year, or earlier, the MOPCN would be ready to plan and implement community-based intervention studies...
- Center for Research/Nutrition & Health among the ElderlyKatherine Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2007..Three cores will work with all projects, including administrative, statistical and laboratory cores. A pilot grants program during years 2-4 will encourage additional investigations relevant to the Center theme. ..
- Worksite Environmental Interventions for Weight ControlSimone French; Fiscal Year: 2007..The effect of the intervention on health claims costs, work absenteeism and worker's compensation claims will be evaluated as a secondary outcome. ..
- A Twin-Family Study of Drug Use, Abuse, and DependenceKenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- The Association between obesity, central adiposity and endocrine disruptorsELIZABETH HATCH; Fiscal Year: 2007..Nevertheless, it may provide important clues for future, epidemiologic studies of the effect of these environmental contaminants on the risk of obesity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Axis I & Axis II Psychiatric Disorders in Norwegian TwinKenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2007..This study has the capacity to address several key and largely unanswered empirical questions about PDs, the answers to which will be critical for proposed revisions in DSM-V. ..
- ALCOHOL EFFECT ON HUMAN LACTATION AND INFANT BEHAVIORJULIE MENNELLA; Fiscal Year: 2007..AIM 3: To explore the role of early experiences with ethanol in mothers' milk and the emotional context of such experiences, on the recognition of, and preference for, the sensory properties of ethanol ..
- Effects of aging on sleep architectureNaresh Punjabi; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Yale/NCI Cooperative Training Program in Cancer EpidemiologySusan Mayne; Fiscal Year: 2007..We anticipate that graduates of this program will be uniquely qualified to be future leaders in the field of cancer epidemiology and genetics. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Food Rheology and Feeding in Lean and Obese HumansRichard Mattes; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- A Pilot Study Of Internet Recruitment and follow-up among Reproductive Age WomenELIZABETH HATCH; Fiscal Year: 2007..If successful, we envision this study to be the first of more elaborate studies that employ the internet to enroll cohort members into long-term follow-up studies. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- DIETARY OBESITYGeorge Bray; Fiscal Year: 2007..We now propose these well founded, important and exciting studies which will provide critical new insights into anatomical, physiological and molecular mechanisms by which high levels of dietary fat induce obesity. ..
- Prostate Microenvironmental & Prostate Cancer ProgressionJune Chan; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Bone-Sparing by Ca Salts With & Without Extra PhosphorusRobert Heaney; Fiscal Year: 2008..1 Description, ..
- Aspartame Intake and the Risk of CancerEva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008..scientific and regulatory authorities worldwide, aspartame was found to be safe and approved for use in carbonated beverages in 1983, followed by approval for general purpose in 1996...
- Risk Factors for Decline in Renal FunctionGary Curhan; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Popular Diets, Metabolism, and CVD RiskDavid Ludwig; Fiscal Year: 2008..This study should have major public health implications to the millions of Americans currently following diets to decrease body weight and risk for CVD. ..
- Effects of Light at Night on Circadian System in NursesEva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Ethnic Dance & Screen Time Reduction to Prevent Weight Gain in Latina GirlsThomas N Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2010..However, effective prevention programs are lacking. We propose to develop and test a promising and potentially generalizable public health program for Latina girls...
- Understanding Disparities in Obesity and its Comorbidities in the USYoufa Wang; Fiscal Year: 2010..S. using an interdisciplinary approach. ..
- A Pilot Trial of Oral Melatonin Supplementation in Breast Cancer SurvivorsEva Schernhammer; Fiscal Year: 2007..This pilot data could lay the groundwork for a large scale trial to assess the chemopreventive potential of melatonin in women, both with and without a personal history of breast cancer. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Reducing Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption in Overweight AdolescentsDavid S Ludwig; Fiscal Year: 2010..These results should have immediat public health application, and aid in the design of future, comprehensive obesity prevention interventions. ..
- Glycemic Index, Obesity, Insulin Resistance and CVD RiskDavid Ludwig; Fiscal Year: 2005..The project's key personnel and consultants include individuals with a diversity of expertise and perspective, ensuring a rigorous and impartial evaluation of study hypotheses. ..
- BONY EFFECTS OF TRANSIENT NONSKELETAL ILLNESSRobert Heaney; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Obesity Prevention in African American SchoolchildrenYoufa Wang; Fiscal Year: 2004..If the intervention proves effective, a full-scale study will be developed. Findings from this study will provide insights into the prevention of obesity among Iow-SES and minority students. ..
- Feeding influence on infant intake regulation/overweightJennifer Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Effects of Pregnancy on Adolescent Growth and HealthPatricia Crawford; Fiscal Year: 2004..The findings will be examined specifically in relation to gestational gain and provide a scientific basis for pregnancy weight gain recommendations for adolescents. ..
- Paraxanthine and Reproductive Effects of CaffeineMichael Bracken; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- BEHAVIORAL STRATEGIES TO PREVENT OSTEOPOROSIS IN GIRLSSimone French; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- INCREASING AVAIL OF LOWFAT FOODS IN HIGH SCHOOLSSimone French; Fiscal Year: 2002..It is hypothesized that dietary fat intake will decrease and sales of low fat foods will increase in intervention schools relative to control schools. ..
- ANALGESIC USE AND THE RISK OF CHRONIC RENAL FAILUREGary Curhan; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- SALIVA/GLUCOSYLTRANSFERASE INTERACTIONS ON SURFACESWilliam Bowen; Fiscal Year: 2002..Such information may make it possible to design molecules which will compete with S. mutans and certain actinomyces for sites on glucan-coated pellicle. ..
- ABUSE LIABILITY OF BENZODIAZEPINES AND CAFFEINEROLAND GRIFFITHS; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- REDUCING TELEVISION VIEWING TO PREVENT CHILDHOOD OBESITYThomas Robinson; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Protecting Human Subjects in ResearchThomas Moore; Fiscal Year: 2003..All of these initiatives are designed so that the support from this RFA will have lasting value. The initiatives will also benefit both members of the consortium (Boston University and Boston Medical Center). ..
- The Epidemiology of Mood, Anxiety and Alcohol DisorderKenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Omega-3 Fatty Acids in the Treatment of DepressionDavid Mischoulon; Fiscal Year: 2005..It is hoped that this project will provide the critical fund of basic knowledge and practical experience necessary to aid the candidate in becoming an independent investigator. ..
- Obesity as a Risk Factor for Adolescent PsychopathologyKerri Boutelle; Fiscal Year: 2005..The overall purpose of these analyses is to evaluate the weight-related etiological risk factors for psychopathology, and to identify intervention opportunities to prevent the development of psychopathology in adolescents. ..
- Biomimetic Adhesive for Mineralized TissuesJohn Mitchell; Fiscal Year: 2005..Additionally we will characterize the changes in the interface between tooth and restoration. ..
- An Irish Affected Sib Pair Study of Alcohol DependenceKenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2005..To conduct this project we have assembled a team of experts in clinical assessment, statistical genetics and molecular genetics...
- Effect of hormonal contraception on bone mineral densityAbbey Berenson; Fiscal Year: 2005..Ultimately, this study will determine which women, if any, are placed at increased risk of osteopenia or osteoporosis as a result of using these hormonal contraceptives during their reproductive years. ..
- Novel, Noninvasive Biomarker of Fruit & Vegetable IntakeSusan Mayne; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Risk Factors for Recurrent NephrolithiasisGary Curhan; Fiscal Year: 2006..The study design and use of existing data provide an efficient means to increase the scientific value of these cohorts and to test several hypotheses of public health importance. ..
- Industry-Sponsored Research Contracts:..Phase IIMichelle Mello; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Predicting Energy Balance in Midlife WomenMarla Reicks; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Treatment of Major DepressionDavid Mischoulon; Fiscal Year: 2010..e. integrates biological findings with treatment in order to have a direct impact on the clinical practice of psychiatry. ..
- Industry-Sponsored Research Contracts:An Empirical StudyMichelle Mello; Fiscal Year: 2002..The data will be analyzed descriptively and with chi-squared tests and regression analysis. ..
- Glycemic Load and infant birth weight in pregnant/glucose intolerant womenDavid Ludwig; Fiscal Year: 2007..A successful outcome of this study will provide preliminary data upon which to design a multi- centered clinical trial. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- HEDONICS AND DIETARY INTAKE OF FATRichard Mattes; Fiscal Year: 2008..This will be explored through stable isotope tracer studies for Aim 3. The proposed work will hold important public health, clinical, commercial and basic biological implications. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Heavy Drinking & Coronary Disease: Acute/Chronic EffectsKenneth Mukamal; Fiscal Year: 2006..These results may prove to have important biological, clinical, and public health implications for the care of CHD. ..
- Soda Out of Schools (SOS): Impact on Adolescent ObesityPatricia Crawford; Fiscal Year: 2004..Effects of the intervention will be compared by gender, socioeconomic status, and race/ethnicity. Institutional barriers to intervention will be evaluated and guidelines for intervention replication will be developed. ..
- Sugar-sweetened Beverages and Weight Gain in ChildrenDavid Ludwig; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..