Genomes and Genes
Summary: Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.
Publications291 found, 100 shown here
- The effect of ship scrapping industry and its associated wastes on the biomass production and biodiversity of biota in in situ condition at AlangA Tewari
Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Gijubhai Badheka Marg, Bhavnagar 364 002, India
Mar Pollut Bull 42:462-9. 2001..Phytoplankton counts at the nearshore station and 10 km away from Alang were only slightly raised. In contrast to phytoplankton, the zooplankton showed considerable reduction of growth (-10 to -66%) at Alang...
- Mortality risk factors for pandemic influenza on New Zealand troop ship, 1918Jennifer A Summers
Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand
Emerg Infect Dis 16:1931-7. 2010..Results suggest that the virulent nature of the 1918 influenza strain, a crowded environment, and inadequate isolation measures contributed to the high influenza mortality rate onboard this ship...
- Iron and phosphorus co-limit nitrogen fixation in the eastern tropical North AtlanticMatthew M Mills
Marine Biogeochemistry, IFM GEOMAR Leibniz Institut für Meereswissenschaften, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, D 24105 Kiel, Germany
Nature 429:292-4. 2004..Our results support the hypothesis that aeolian mineral dust deposition promotes nitrogen fixation in the eastern tropical North Atlantic...
- Decline in relative abundance of bottlenose dolphins exposed to long-term disturbanceLars Bejder
Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4J1, Canada
Conserv Biol 20:1791-8. 2006..The substantial effect of tour vessels on dolphin abundance in a region of low-level tourism calls into question the presumption that dolphin-watching tourism is benign...
- Assessing the risk of ships striking large whales in marine spatial planningJ V Redfern
Protected Resources Division, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 8901 La Jolla Shores Drive, La Jolla, CA 92037, U S A
Conserv Biol 27:292-302. 2013..We assessed the risk of ships striking humpback (Megaptera novaeangliae), blue (Balaenoptera musculus), and fin (Balaenoptera physalus) whales ..
- Ecology. North Atlantic right whales in crisisScott D Kraus
Edgerton Research Laboratory, New England Aquarium, Boston, MA 02110 3399, USA
Science 309:561-2. 2005
- Increases in deep ocean ambient noise in the Northeast Pacific west of San Nicolas Island, CaliforniaMark A McDonald
WhaleAcoustics, 11430 Rist Canyon Road, Bellvue, Colorado 80512, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 120:711-8. 2006..Increases in commercial shipping are believed to account for the observed low-frequency ambient noise increase...
- Effects of ambient and boat noise on hearing and communication in three fish species living in a marine protected area (Miramare, Italy)Antonio Codarin
University of Trieste, Department of Biology, v Giorgieri 7, 34127 Trieste, Italy
Mar Pollut Bull 58:1880-7. 2009..This masking effect was most pronounced in the frequency range where acoustic communication takes place. Boat noise potentially affects acoustic communication in fishes inhabiting the reserve...
- Radiated noise from commercial ships in the Gulf of Maine: implications for whale/vessel collisionsJ Kaitlyn Allen
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maine, 219 Boardman Hall, Orono, Maine 04469, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 132:EL229-35. 2012To understand mysticete acoustic-based detection of ships, radiated noise from high-speed craft, cruise ships, catamarans and fishing vessels was recorded June-September 2009...
- Passenger behaviors during norovirus outbreaks on cruise shipsAntonio J Neri
National Center for Environmental Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
J Travel Med 15:172-6. 2008Norovirus causes a majority of outbreaks of gastrointestinal (GI) illness on cruise ships calling on the United States. Control measures include patient isolation, hand washing, and facility closure...
- Multiplex PCR allows simultaneous detection of pathogens in ships' ballast waterL J Aridgides
Center for Pediatric Research, Eastern Virginia Medical School, 855 West Brambleton Avenue, Norfolk, Virginia 23510, USA
Mar Pollut Bull 48:1096-101. 2004There is enormous potential for global transfer of microorganisms, including pathogens, in ships' ballast water...
- Geographic variation in marine invasions among large estuaries: effects of ships and timeGregory M Ruiz
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, P O Box 28, Edgewater, Maryland 21037, USA
Ecol Appl 23:311-20. 2013..large bays in the United States, we estimated (1) geographic variation in nonnative species richness attributed to ships, controlling for effects of salinity and other vectors, (2) changes through time in geographic variation of these ..
- Organotin contamination in sediments from the Western Mediterranean enclosures following 10 years of TBT regulationS Diez
Environmental Chemistry Department, IIQAB CSIC, Jordi Girona, Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain
Water Res 36:905-18. 2002....
- Estimating shipping emissions in the region of the Sea of Marmara, TurkeyCengiz Deniz
Department of Marine Engineering, Maritime Faculty, Istanbul Technical University, 34940 Tuzla, Istanbul, Turkey
Sci Total Environ 390:255-61. 2008..Since the region of the Marmara is highly urbanized, emissions from ships affect human health and the overall environment...
- Coronary risks among seafarers aboard German-flagged shipsMarcus Oldenburg
Institute of Occupational and Maritime Medicine ZfAM, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
Int Arch Occup Environ Health 81:735-41. 2008..The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of coronary risk factors in seamen on vessels sailing under the German flag and to assess the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) dependent on job-related factors...
- Hospitalisations among seafarers on merchant shipsH L Hansen
Medical Office of Health, Vejle County, Denmark
Occup Environ Med 62:145-50. 2005..To study morbidity among active seafarers in the merchant navy in order to clarify possible work related morbidity and the morbidity related to work and lifestyle where possible preventive measures may be initiated...
- Modeling energy use and emissions from North American shipping: application of the ship traffic, energy, and environment modelChengfeng Wang
College of Marine and Earth Studies, University of Delaware, Robinson Hall, Newark, Delaware 19716, USA
Environ Sci Technol 41:3226-32. 2007..of nearly complete data describing historical ship movements, attributes, and operating profiles of individual ships, (ii) solving distances on an empirical waterway network for each pair of ports considering ship draft and width ..
- An emission inventory of marine vessels in Shanghai in 2003Dong qing Yang
Shanghai Environmental Monitoring Center, Shanghai 200030, PR China
Environ Sci Technol 41:5183-90. 2007..Emissions are allocated to 1 km x 1 km grid cells for the 129 km x 102 km Shanghai Port study domain...
- Health effects due to fumigated freight containers and goods: how to detect, how to actAlexandra M Preisser
Institute for Occupational Medicine and Maritime Medicine, University Medical Centre Hamburg Eppendorf, Germany
Int Marit Health 63:133-9. 2012..In this article we explain how to identify the guiding symptoms and describe the appropriate diagnostic steps and the prevention of such events on cargo vessels as well as in the logistics and the handling of imported goods...
- The occurrence of pathogenic bacteria in some ships' ballast water incoming from various marine regions to the Sea of Marmara, TurkeyGulsen Altug
Istanbul University, Department of Marine Biology, Istanbul, Turkey
Mar Environ Res 81:35-42. 2012..of heterotrophic aerobic bacteria (HPC) and possible in-situ use of chromogenic agar were investigated in the ships' ballast water coming from different regions of the world to the Sea of Marmara, Turkey for the first time...
- A review of organotin regulatory strategies, pending actions, related costs and benefitsM A Champ
Advanced Technology Research Project ATRP Corporation, Falls Church, VA 22042 3934, USA
Sci Total Environ 258:21-71. 2000..of environmental impacts in marinas, ports and harbors; and (5) realization of the 'real' time period required by ships for antifoulant protection (is 5-7 years necessary or desirable?)...
- Risk of African swine fever introduction into the European Union through transport-associated routes: returning trucks and waste from international ships and planesLina Mur
VISAVET Center and Animal Health Department, Veterinary School, Complutense University of Madrid, Avenida Puerta de Hierro s n, 28040, Madrid, Spain
BMC Vet Res 8:149. 2012..ASFV introduction into the EU through three types of transport routes: returning trucks, waste from international ships and waste from international planes, which will be referred here as transport-associated routes (TAR)...
- Disturbed sleep while being on-call: an EEG study of ships' engineersL Torsvall
Department of Stress Research, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Sleep 11:35-8. 1988In order to investigate the effects of on-call duty on sleep and wakefulness, five male ships' engineers were studied using electroencephalogram (EEG) and electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings and subjective ratings...
- Environmental impact of TBT: the French experienceC Alzieu
IFREMER BP 171, Sete, France
Sci Total Environ 258:99-102. 2000..The harmful effects on non-target organisms were first evidenced in the bay of Arcachon (France) where the most acute disturbances were recorded following tributyltin (TBT) contamination...
- Surveillance of maritime deaths on board Danish merchant ships, 1986-2009Daniel F Borch
Centre of Maritime Health and Safety, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark
Int Marit Health 63:7-16. 2012A previous study demonstrated a high death rate among seafarers signed on Danish ships during the years 1986-1993. This study aimed to examine and analyse the subsequent development until 2009.
- A sensor system for detection of hull surface defectsPedro Navarro
DSIE, Technical University of Cartagena, Campus Muralla del Mar s n, Cartagena, E 30202 Spain
Sensors (Basel) 10:7067-81. 2010..The sensor system was tested under real conditions at a Spanish shipyard, with excellent results...
- Organotin compounds in surface sediments from seaports on the Gulf of Gdańsk (southern Baltic coast)Anna Filipkowska
Marine Pollution Laboratory, Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul Powstancow Warszawy 55, 81 712 Sopot, Poland
Environ Monit Assess 182:455-66. 2011..this was done in 2008, just after the total ban on using harmful organotins in antifouling paints on ships came into force...
- Estimating the risk of communicable diseases aboard cargo shipsClara C Schlaich
Hamburg Port Health Center, Institute for Occupational and Maritime Medicine, Hamburg, Germany
J Travel Med 16:402-6. 2009..No international surveillance system for infectious diseases on ships exists. Outbreak reports and systematic studies mainly focus on disease activity on cruise ships...
- High frequency of fumigants and other toxic gases in imported freight containers--an underestimated occupational and community health riskXaver Baur
ZfAM Institute for Occupational and Maritime Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg Eppendorf, ZfAM, Seewartenstrasse 10, Hamburg 20459, Germany
Occup Environ Med 67:207-12. 2010..Our findings indicate a health risk for dockworkers, container unloaders and even end-consumers, especially as many of the cancerogenic or toxic gases elude subjective detection...
- The impact of fluctuations in boat velocity during the rowing cycle on race timeH Hill
Department of Psychology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universitat Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany
Scand J Med Sci Sports 19:585-94. 2009..The possibilities to reduce velocity fluctuations and therefore race time are limited. For elite rowers, race time may be slightly reduced by a moderate reduction in SR that is compensated by an increased force output for each stroke...
- Might telesonography be a new useful diagnostic tool aboard merchant ships? A pilot studyNebojsa Nikolic
Faculty of Maritime Studies, Rijeka, Croatia
Int Marit Health 57:198-207; discussion 208-12. 2006..It is our belief that ship officers can be trained to use diagnostic ultrasound systems with the aim to generate ultrasound images of sufficient quality to be interpreted by medical professionals qualified to read sonograms...
- North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) ignore ships but respond to alerting stimuliDouglas P Nowacek
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA 02543, USA
Proc Biol Sci 271:227-31. 2004..in ship strikes, we used a multi-sensor acoustic recording tag to measure the responses of whales to passing ships and experimentally tested their responses to controlled sound exposures, which included recordings of ship noise, ..
- Rowing skill affects power loss on a modified rowing ergometerMathijs J Hofmijster
Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Research Institute MOVE, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:1101-10. 2008..Relationships between evelocity and movement execution were determined...
- Effect of stroke rate on the distribution of net mechanical power in rowingMathijs J Hofmijster
Institute for Fundamental and Clinical Human Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Sports Sci 25:403-11. 2007..The increase in e(net) results because the increase in e(propelling) is higher than the decrease in e(velocity). Our results show that the power equation is an adequate conceptual model with which to analyse rowing performance...
- Estimating the risk of exposure of British livestock to foot-and-mouth disease associated with the importation of ship and aircraft wasteA Adkin
Centre for Epidemiology and Risk Analysis, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey
Vet Rec 163:235-40. 2008A quantitative risk assessment model was developed to estimate the frequency with which meat waste from ships or aircraft might expose British livestock to infection with foot-and-mouth disease (fmd), and investigate the factors that ..
- The RowPerfect ergometer: a training aid for on-water single scull rowingBruce Elliott
Department of Human Movement and Exercise Science, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia
Sports Biomech 1:123-34. 2002..Results indicate that technique used on the RowPerfect ergometer was similar to that for on-water sculling, thus validating its use in off-water training...
- Long-time trends in ship traffic noise for four sites off the North American West CoastRex K Andrew
Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98105, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 129:642-51. 2011..These results confirm the prediction by Ross that the rate of increase in traffic noise would be far less at the end of the 20th century compared to that observed in the 1950s and 1960s...
- The challenge of "sperm ships": the need for the global regulation of medical technologyD Hunter
School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulster, Cromore Road, Coleraine, Co Londonderry BT521SA, UK
J Med Ethics 34:552-6. 2008..This is because in international waters ships are governed by the laws of their home nation not those they are nearby...
- Speaking up: Killer whales (Orcinus orca) increase their call amplitude in response to vessel noiseMarla M Holt
Marine Mammal Program, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, Washington 98112, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 125:EL27-32. 2009..Results show that whales increased their call amplitude by 1 dB for every 1 dB increase in background noise levels. Furthermore, nearby vessel counts were positively correlated with these observed background noise levels...
- Recreational boating traffic: a chronic source of anthropogenic noise in the Wilmington, North Carolina Intracoastal WaterwayGenevieve Haviland-Howell
University of North Carolina Wilmington, Wilmington, North Carolina 28401, USA
J Acoust Soc Am 122:151-60. 2007..As a daily part of resident bottlenose dolphins' acoustic environment, recreational boating traffic may represent a chronic source of acoustic harassment...
- Potential microbial bioinvasions via ships' ballast water, sediment, and biofilmLisa A Drake
Department of Science, US Coast Guard Academy, 27 Mohegan Avenue, New London, CT 06320, USA
Mar Pollut Bull 55:333-41. 2007..vector of aquatic invasive species to coastal regions is the discharge of water, sediments, and biofilm from ships' ballast-water tanks...
- Musculoskeletal disorders in shipyard industry: prevalence, health care use, and absenteeismEvangelos C Alexopoulos
Occupational Health Department, Hellenic Shipyards SA, Athens, Greece
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 7:88. 2006..It is unclear whether the well-known risk factors for the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) also play an important role in the determining consequences of MSD in terms of sickness absence and health care use...
- Environment: whale-call response to masking boat noiseAndrew D Foote
School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, University of Durham, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
Nature 428:910. 2004..This result indicates that these whales adjust their behaviour to compensate for anthropogenic noise once it reaches a threshold level...
- Predicting invasion risk using measures of introduction effort and environmental niche modelsLeif Matthias Herborg
Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, N9B 3P4, Canada
Ecol Appl 17:663-74. 2007..This study illustrates that the combination of environmental niche- and vector-based models can provide managers with more precise estimates of invasion risk than can either of these approaches alone...
- Prevalence study of Legionella spp. contamination in ferries and cruise shipsAntonio Azara
Hygiene and Preventive Medicine Institute, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy
BMC Public Health 6:100. 2006..contamination in ferries and cruise ships; to compare the levels of contamination with those indicated by the Italian ministerial guidelines for control and ..
- Silent research vessels are not quietEgil Ona
Institute of Marine Research, Nordnes, Bergen, Norway
J Acoust Soc Am 121:EL145-50. 2007..In conclusion, the candidate stimuli for vessel avoidance remain obscure. Noise reduction might be necessary but is insufficient to obtain stealth vessel assets during surveys...
- Risk factors for sickness absence due to low back pain and prognostic factors for return to work in a cohort of shipyard workersEvangelos C Alexopoulos
Department of Public Health, Medical School, University of Patras, Rio, 26500 Patras, Greece
Eur Spine J 17:1185-92. 2008..An increased awareness of those frequently on sick leave and additional management after return to work may have a beneficial effect on the sickness absence pattern...
- Legionella species colonization of water distribution systems, pools and air conditioning systems in cruise ships and ferriesGeorgia Goutziana
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece
BMC Public Health 8:390. 2008Legionnaires' disease continues to be a public health concern in passenger ships. This study was scheduled in order to investigate Legionella spp...
- Detection of Norwalk-like virus infection aboard two U.S. Navy shipsScott Thornton
Navy Environmental and Preventive Medicine Unit No 5, San Diego, CA 92136, USA
Mil Med 167:826-30. 2002Two U.S. Navy ships experienced outbreaks of gastroenteritis following port visits to Southeast Asia during August to September 1999...
- Ewing sarcoma of the rib in a rower: a case reportTomislav Smoljanovic
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, andClinical Hospital Center Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Clin J Sport Med 17:510-2. 2007
- Fouling and ships' hulls: how changing circumstances and spawning events may result in the spread of exotic speciesDan Minchin
Marine Organism Investigations, Ballina, Killaloe, Ireland
Biofouling 19:111-22. 2003Organisms fouling ships' hulls are continually in transit worldwide...
- Viral gastroenteritis aboard a cruise shipM S Ho
Viral Gastroenteritis Unit, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, Georgia
Lancet 2:961-5. 1989..New strategies for prevention of viral gastroenteritis should include protection against environmental contamination by viruses in airborne droplets or vomitus...
- Bound for Sydney town: health surveillance on international cruise vessels visiting the Port of SydneyMark J Ferson
South Eastern Sydney Public Health Unit, South Eastern Sydney and Illawarra Area Health Service, Locked Bag 88, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia
Med J Aust 182:391-4. 2005A program for routine health surveillance on international cruise ships visiting the Port of Sydney has been developed since 1998...
- A large outbreak of influenza A and B on a cruise ship causing widespread morbidityJ M L Brotherton
Communicable Diseases Branch, NSW Department of Health, North Sydney 2059, NSW, Australia
Epidemiol Infect 130:263-71. 2003..Surveillance systems and early intervention measures, such as antiviral therapies, should be considered to detect and control such outbreaks...
- Surveillance study of vector species on board passenger ships, risk factors related to infestationsVarvara A Mouchtouri
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Medical School, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece
BMC Public Health 8:100. 2008Passenger ships provide conditions suitable for the survival and growth of pest populations...
- The agony and the ecstasyMark Flemmer
Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
Am J Gastroenterol 98:2098-9. 2003..CDC), summarize the recent outbreaks of acute gastroenteritis (AGE), which occurred on five different cruise ships. Attack rates among passengers ranged from 4% to 13% and among crew members from 0.2% to 3.3%...
- Occupational accidents aboard merchant shipsH L Hansen
Medical Office of Health, Vejle and Ribe, Denmark
Occup Environ Med 59:85-91. 2002To investigate the frequency, circumstances, and causes of occupational accidents aboard merchant ships in international trade, and to identify risk factors for the occurrence of occupational accidents as well as dangerous working ..
- A review of outbreaks of waterborne disease associated with ships: evidence for risk managementRoisin M Rooney
Water, Sanitation and Health Programme, Department of Protection of the Human Environment, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Public Health Rep 119:435-42. 2004The organization of water supply to and on ships differs considerably from that of water supply on land. Risks of contamination can arise from source water at the port or during loading, storage, or distribution on the ship...
- A review of outbreaks of foodborne disease associated with passenger ships: evidence for risk managementRoisin M Rooney
Water, Sanitation and Health Programme, Department of Protection of the Human Environment, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Public Health Rep 119:427-34. 2004Foodborne disease outbreaks on ships are of concern because of their potentially serious health consequences for passengers and crew and high costs to the industry...
- Cardiological monitoring of sailors via offshore Internet connectionT J Luger
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
J Sports Med Phys Fitness 41:486-90. 2001..Additionally, the practicability of transferring electronic data via the Internet while sailing offshore was also studied...
- Outbreaks of acute gastroenteritis on cruise ships and on land: identification of a predominant circulating strain of norovirus--United States, 2002Marc Alain Widdowson
Atlanta Research and Education Foundation and National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
J Infect Dis 190:27-36. 2004In 2002, a sharp increase in outbreaks of norovirus-associated illness, both on cruise ships and on land, encouraged us to examine the molecular epidemiology of detected noroviruses, to identify a common strain or source...
- Environmental swabs as a tool in norovirus outbreak investigation, including outbreaks on cruise shipsIngeborg L A Boxman
Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority, P O Box 202, 7200 AE, Zutphen, The Netherlands
J Food Prot 72:111-9. 2009..Subsequently, environmental swabs were taken at 23 Dutch restaurants and four cruise ships involved in outbreaks of gastroenteritis...
- Severe Legionella pneumophila pneumonia associated with the public bath on a cruise ship in JapanAtsuko Kobayashi
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Saiseikai Suita Hospital, 564 0013, Japan
J Anesth 18:129-31. 2004
- Infectious diseases. Gastrointestinal virus strikes European cruise shipsMartin Enserink
Science 313:747. 2006
- Global traffic and disease vector dispersalAndrew J Tatem
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:6242-7. 2006..In contrast, An. gambiae has rarely spread from Africa, which we suggest is partly due to the low volume of sea traffic from the continent and, until very recently, a European destination for most flights...
- Psychosocial hazards and seafarer health: priorities for research and practiceStavroula Leka
Institute of Work, Health and Organisations, University of Nottingham, 8 William Lee Buildings, Science and Technology Park, Nottingham NG7 2RQ, UK
Int Marit Health 55:137-53. 2004..Finally, specific recommendations are made for future directions for research and practice in relation to these issues...
- Shipshape: sanitation inspections on cruise ships, 1990-2005, Vessel Sanitation Program, Centers for Disease Control and PreventionElaine H Cramer
National Center for Environmental Health, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
J Environ Health 70:15-21. 2008....
- Cockroach infestation on seagoing shipsMarcus Oldenburg
Institute of Occupational and Maritime Medicine and the Hamburg State Department for Social Affairs, Family, Health and Consumer Protection, University of Hamburg, Germany
Arch Environ Occup Health 63:41-6. 2008Cockroaches are detected ashore worldwide. At present, little is known about cockroach infestation on ships. The authors' objective in this study was to assess the current prevalence of cockroach infestation on seagoing vessels...
- Norovirus transmission on cruise shipElmira T Isakbaeva
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
Emerg Infect Dis 11:154-8. 2005..We documented transmission by food and person-to-person contact; persistence of virus despite sanitization onboard, including introductions of new strains; and seeding of an outbreak on land...
- Emergence of new norovirus variants on spring cruise ships and prediction of winter epidemicsLinda Verhoef
Center for Infectious Disease Control, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Emerg Infect Dis 14:238-43. 2008In June 2006, reported outbreaks of norovirus on cruise ships suddenly increased; 43 outbreaks occurred on 13 vessels. All outbreaks investigated manifested person-to-person transmission...
- Epidemiology of gastroenteritis on cruise ships, 2001-2004Elaine H Cramer
Vessel Sanitation Program, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Am J Prev Med 30:252-7. 2006..Control and Prevention reported 29 outbreaks (3% or more passengers ill) of acute gastroenteritis on cruise ships, an increase from 3 the previous year...
- The microbiological quality of potable water on board ships docking in the UK and the Channel Islands: an association of Port Health Authorities and Health Protection Agency StudyP Grenfell
Gastrointestinal Infections Department, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, London, UK
J Water Health 6:215-24. 2008..Between May and October 2005, 950 potable water samples were collected from 342 ships docking at ports...
- Outbreak of Legionnaires' disease on a cruise ship linked to spa-bath filter stones contaminated with Legionella pneumophila serogroup 5F Kura
Department of Bacteriology, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan
Epidemiol Infect 134:385-91. 2006..pneumophila, a phenomenon which has not been reported except in Japan. This is the first documented evidence of L. pneumophila sg 5 infection on a ship and of porous stones as a source of Legionella infection...
- European investigation into recent norovirus outbreaks on cruise ships: updateM Koopmans
National Institute of Public Health RIVM, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Euro Surveill 11:E060706.5. 2006
- Acoustic interaction of humpback whales and whale-watching boatsW W Au
Marine Mammal Research Program, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, PO Box 1106, Kailua, HI 96734, USA
Mar Environ Res 49:469-81. 2000..We concluded that it is unlikely that the levels of sounds produced by the boats in our study would have any grave effects on the auditory system of humpback whales...
- Insect vectors and rodents arriving in China aboard international transportMingchang Song
Department of Health, China Inspection and Quarantine, Beijing 100020, China
J Travel Med 10:241-4. 2003
- Outbreak of Legionnaires' disease on a cruise ship: lessons for international surveillance and controlC M Regan
Liverpool Health Authority
Commun Dis Public Health 6:152-6. 2003..Lessons for the international surveillance and control of Legionnaires' disease on cruise ships are discussed.
- Low frequency deep ocean ambient noise trend in the Northeast Pacific OceanN Ross Chapman
School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia V8P 5C2, Canada
J Acoust Soc Am 129:EL161-5. 2011..The data presented here provide evidence that the trend derived from 1960s data extended to around 1980, but has since continued at a lower rate...
- Molecular diversity of noroviruses associated with outbreaks on cruise ships: comparison with strains circulating within the UKC I Gallimore
Enteric, Respiratory and Neurological Virus Laboratory, Specialist and Reference Microbiology Division, Health Protection Agency, 61 Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5HT
Commun Dis Public Health 6:285-93. 2003..The outbreaks occurred on 14 cruise ships from seven cruise lines, during the period from 1998 to 2002...
- Acute gastroenteritis outbreaks on cruise ships linked to Norwalk-like virusesLeslie Lang
Gastroenterology 124:284-5. 2003
- Recent norovirus outbreaks on river and seagoing cruise ships in EuropeJ Takkinen
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden
Euro Surveill 11:E060615.2. 2006
- Dealing with gastrointestinal illness on a cruise ship--Part 1: Description of sanitation measures. Part 2: An isolation studyEilif Dahl
Professor Dahls Gate 50A, 0260 Oslo, Norway
Int Marit Health 55:19-29. 2004Recent outbreaks of gastrointestinal illness (GI) on passenger ships have caused cruise companies to expand their sanitation programs.
- Diarrheal disease on cruise ships, 1990-2000: the impact of environmental health programsElaine H Cramer
National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Chamblee, Georgia, USA
Am J Prev Med 24:227-33. 2003..the Vessel Sanitation Program (VSP) to minimize the risk for diarrheal disease among passengers and crew aboard ships by assisting the cruise ship industry in developing and implementing comprehensive environmental health programs.
- Viral gastroenteritis: the USS THEODORE ROOSEVELT experienceDavid R Whittaker
Medical Department, USS THEODORE ROOSEVELT, FPO AE 09599 2871, USA
Mil Med 169:747-50. 2004Although the spread of disease on board Navy ships is not a novel concept, the medical department of the USS THEODORE ROOSEVELT recently experienced a significant outbreak of viral gastroenteritis while at sea...
- Ports in a stormDinesh C Sharma
Environ Health Perspect 114:A222-31. 2006..What is perhaps most greatly needed is expedited creation of better regulations at all levels, from the International Maritime Organization to port city authorities...
- Oil persistence on beaches in Prince William Sound - a review of SCAT surveys conducted from 1989 to 2002Elliott Taylor
Polaris Applied Sciences, Inc, 755 Winslow Way East 302, Bainbridge Island, WA 98110, USA
Mar Pollut Bull 56:458-74. 2008....
- Butyltins in sediments and three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculleatus) from the marinas of the Gulf of Gdansk, Baltic SeaJ Falandysz
Department of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, University of Gdansk, Poland
J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 37:353-63. 2002..Evidently at the Polish coast of the Baltic Sea TBT was continuously used in 1997 in marine paints for boats less then 25 m long...
- Improvement of pollutant drift forecast system applied to the Prestige oil spills in Galicia Coast (NW of Spain): development of an operational systemP Carracedo
MeteoGalicia, CMA, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Mar Pollut Bull 53:350-60. 2006..In addition, the present work evaluates the effects of introducing climatologic large scale currents in the METEOMOHID system...
- Monitoring the Prestige oil spill impacts on some key species of the Northern Iberian shelfF Sanchez
Instituto Español de Oceanografía, P O Box 240, 39080 Santander, Spain
Mar Pollut Bull 53:332-49. 2006..Feeding patterns of the four species analysed did not present apparent modifications that can be related to the POS...
- Spatial and temporal changes in benthic communities of the Galician continental shelf after the Prestige oil spillAlberto Serrano
Instituto Español de Oceanografía, P O Box 240, 39080 Santander, Spain
Mar Pollut Bull 53:315-31. 2006..Non-macroscopic toxicity and some oceanographic agents are suggested as possible causes of these shifts...
- The use of a bioassay based approach to the hazard/risk assessment of cargo derived toxicity during shipping accidents: a case study--the MSC NapoliM F Kirby
CEFAS Burnham Laboratory, Remembrance Avenue, Burnham on Crouch, Essex, United Kingdom
Mar Pollut Bull 56:781-6. 2008
- Chemical contamination of a coral reef by the grounding of a cruise ship in BermudaRoss J Jones
Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences BIOS, 17 Biological Lane, Ferry Reach, St George s GE01, Bermuda
Mar Pollut Bull 54:905-11. 2007..Whilst the ecotoxicological effects of AF paint particles interspersed with sediment is unknown, and in need of further study, it is argued that the significance of AF paint contamination of grounding sites has been overlooked...
- Distribution of aliphatic compounds in bivalve mollusks from Galicia after the Prestige oil spill: spatial and temporal trendsN Carro
Centro de Control do Medio Mariño, Conselleria de Pesca e Asuntos Maritimos, Xunta de Galicia, Peirao de Vilaxoán s n, 36611 Vilagarcía de Arousa, Spain
Environ Res 100:339-48. 2006..According to the data analysis, the main source of hydrocarbon contamination of investigated samples seems to be more related to the intense traffic of vessels in these estuarine bays than to the Prestige oil spill...
- Butyltins in the sediments of Kochi and Mumbai harbours, west coast of IndiaNarayan B Bhosle
Marine Corrosion and Material Research Division, National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula 403004, Goa, India
Environ Int 32:252-8. 2006..The observed levels of butyltin compounds are much higher than those required to induce toxic effects on marine organisms, suggesting that these sediments were contaminated with butyltin compounds...
- Monitoring of the impact of Prestige oil spill on Mytilus galloprovincialis from Galician coastBlanca Laffon
Toxicology Unit, University of A Coruna, Edificio de Servicios Centrales de Investigación, Campus Elviña s n, 15071 A Coruna, Spain
Environ Int 32:342-8. 2006....
- The Sea Empress oil spill (Wales, UK): effects on Common Scoter Melanitta nigra in Carmarthen Bay and status ten years laterA N Banks
British Trust for Ornithology, The Nunnery, Thetford, Norfolk IP24 2PU, UK
Mar Pollut Bull 56:895-902. 2008..The importance of prolonged, standardised monitoring of bird numbers and distribution as indicators of ecological recovery from environmental damage is emphasised...
- Mussels document loss of bioavailable polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and the return to baseline conditions for oiled shorelines in Prince William Sound, AlaskaDavid S Page
Department of Chemistry, Bowdoin College, 6600 College Station, Brunswick, ME 04011, USA
Mar Environ Res 60:422-36. 2005..These results show that PAH from EVOS residues that remain buried in shoreline sediments after the early 1990s are in a form and at locations that have a low accessibility to mussels living in the intertidal zone...
- Determination of microbial carbon sources in petroleum contaminated sediments using molecular 14C analysisGregory F Slater
School of Geography and Geology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Environ Sci Technol 39:2552-8. 2005..Future efforts directed at determining indices of microbial degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons should consider competition with natural organic matter...
- Visualization of spatial patterns and temporal trends for aerial surveillance of illegal oil discharges in western Canadian marine watersNorma Serra-Sogas
Department of Geography, University of Victoria, PO Box 3050 STN CSC, Victoria, BC, Canada V8W 3P5
Mar Pollut Bull 56:825-33. 2008....
- Persistence of 10-year old Exxon Valdez oil on Gulf of Alaska beaches: the importance of boulder-armoringGail V Irvine
United States Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center, 1011 East Tudor Road, Anchorage, AK 99503, USA
Mar Pollut Bull 52:1011-22. 2006..Surface armoring, combined with stranding of oil mousse, results in the unexpectedly lengthy persistence of only lightly to moderately weathered oil within otherwise high-energy wave environments...
- Health of people working/living in the vicinity of an oil-polluted beach near Karachi, PakistanR Khurshid
Department of Biochemistry, Fatima Jinnah Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan
East Mediterr Health J 14:179-82. 2008..About 11 people had raised serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase, but this was not significant. Such steps are vital to ensure that there are no long-term hazardous effects of oil on human health...
- Breakthroughs to advance the in vitro propagation of human norovirusesQiuhong Wang; Fiscal Year: 2010..number leading to increased morbidity in susceptible populations including travelers, those on cruise and military ships, military troops, hospital and nursing home patients, children in schools and day care centers and other settings ..
- New genes and pathomechanisms of congenital abnormalities of the kidney (CAKUT)Friedhelm Hildebrandt; Fiscal Year: 2013..data by total genome homozygosity mapping that demonstrate the presence of recessive single-gene loci in sib ships and single cases with non-syndromic CAKUT...
- PHYSIOLOGY OF FLUOROCARBON OXYGEN TRANSPORTLELAND CLARK; Fiscal Year: 1992..The present proposal is to perform experiments to understand these relation- ships in terms of key physiological parameters...
- Mental Health and Service Utilization Among Reserve and National Guard ForcesSandro Galea; Fiscal Year: 2012..response to Hurricane Katrina, the military deployed 72,000 forces including 50,000 National Guard as well as Navy ships and helicopters...
- WTC Dust Size and Alkalinity as Factors in First Responder Chronic Lung AilmentsMitchell D Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2012..Data obtained here will provide valuable information about relation- ships between the physicochemical properties of building collapse-/demolition-associated dusts and toxicologic effects ..
- NATIONAL RESOURCE FOR APLYSIAMichael C Schmale; Fiscal Year: 2013..The National Resource for Aplysia raises and ships 25,000 to 30,00 of these animals per year to labs in the US and around the world for conducting basic research in ..
- Clinical and genetic studies of hereditary neurological disorders in MaliGuida Landoure; Fiscal Year: 2013..Family-based genetic studies can be limited in developed countries due to small sib ships. The average fertility rate in Mali is over 6 births per woman, offering a unique opportunity to find new disease ..
- Outbreak detection:combinatorial tests for small samplesSCOTT D FERSON; Fiscal Year: 2010In delimited populations, such as nursing homes, day care centers, prisons, hospitals, and cruise ships, serious outbreaks of illness generally produce small absolute numbers of disease incidence...
- Hazardous Material Worker Health and Safety Training (U45), Cooperative AgreementKELLEY LYNNE DAVIS; Fiscal Year: 2013..This includes the possibility of ships and ports becoming targets for terrorism...
- Parental Reflective Functioning and Child OutcomesMonica Roosa Ordway; Fiscal Year: 2010..Multiple studies have shown relation- ships between early parenting and child behavior...
- Bioengineering Cardiovascular Training GrantMichael Regnier; Fiscal Year: 2013..The program involves research in the laboratory of a chosen mentor, didactic components and clinical preceptor ships unique to our program, and additional opportunities to explore translational research and training...
- Interleukin and the Magnocellular Neuroendocrine SystemJoan Summy Long; Fiscal Year: 2005..immunoaffinity capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection, the quantitative relation-ships among IL-1beta, OT and VP in plasma and their content in the supraoptic nucleus (SON) and neural lobe will be ..
- IDENTIFICATION OF GENES PREDISPOSING TO PELVIC FLOOR DISORDERSLISA CANNON ALBRIGHT; Fiscal Year: 2013..Initial collaborative analysis of data obtained by Dr. Norton's NIH funded study of affected PFD sib-ships has already provided significant evidence for a predisposition gene localization on chromosome arm 9q, and ..
- Novel Nitrogen Enriched Air for Fire SuppressionDONALD STOOKEY; Fiscal Year: 2009..Halon systems used to protect electrical equipment, aircraft, ships, and restaurants are being replaced due to their adverse environmental impact...
- Outcome Dependent Sampling Studies of Longitudinal Data: Design and AnalysisJONATHAN SCOTT SCHILDCROUT; Fiscal Year: 2012..Longitudindal studies address important scientific questions involving relation- ships that occur over time, and outcome dependent sampling designs target subjects who will be most informative towards ..
- INVASION GENE AND VIRULENCE OF LEGIONELLAJeffrey Cirillo; Fiscal Year: 2001..There have recently been a large number of infections that have arisen aboard cruise ships as well. Approximately 15% of all domestic water supplies are thought to contain Legionella...
- Homeless Drug Abusers: Testing a Spatial Use of ServicesDavid Pollio; Fiscal Year: 2003Research on homeless populations with substance abuse and/or mental illness demonstrated the inter-relation ships among interpersonal-, organizational-, and societal-level variables in predicting service use and housing outcomes (..
- Health Research Enhancement at Morgan State UniversityDorothy Browne; Fiscal Year: 2005..research projects in selected health services areas; (3) to strengthen and expand on-going research assistant ships and internships for students and to increase the small pool of African American researchers trained in health ..
- Islet culture, shipping, and infusion deviceJohn Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2005..This grant is focuses upon creating a gas permeable device that cultures, ships, and infuses islets at high viability in a manner compatible with regulatory control...
- Statistical Methods for Gene Mapping-a New ParadigmShili Lin; Fiscal Year: 2006..single-marker and multiple-marker approaches will be developed for a wide variety of data types (including sib-ships of arbitrary size and general pedigrees) and statistics. 3...
- Hangover, Congeners, Sleep and Occupational PerformanceJonathan Howland; Fiscal Year: 2004..Our occupational model will be merchant ship navigation by maritime academy cadets. Performance will be measured using computer-based interactive ship training simulators. ..
- Research Grants to Prevent Unintentional InjuriesJonathan Howland; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] Outcome Measures: Acute and residual driving impairment will be assessed using a driving simulator and[unreadable] an objective measure of sustained attention/reaction time, the Psychomotor Vioilance Test (PVT).[unreadable]..
- INCREASING ALCOHOLICS MOTIVATION TO QUIT SMOKINGDamaris Rohsenow; Fiscal Year: 2001..The effects of the intervention will be examined on number of smoking quit attempts, reductions in nicotine dose delivery, smoking treatment attended, alcohol and drug use, etc., during the next 12 months. ..
- Organic Solvent Mixtures & Neuropsychological OutcomesEllen Kirrane; Fiscal Year: 2002..The exposure assessment piece proposed in this project is an ideal addition to the cohort study and will provide valuable information for evaluating the risks from continuous and intermittent exposure to commonly used organic solvents. ..
- MOTIVATING SUBSTANCE ABUSERS TO QUIT SMOKINGDamaris Rohsenow; Fiscal Year: 2005..The study will provide significant information about methods of reducing smoking among substance abusers. ..
- Targeted Therapy of Lyn in Myelodysplastic SyndromeSETH JOEL COREY; Fiscal Year: 2010..These studies will provide rationale for a phase II study using Src inhibitors for subsets of MDS patients. ..
- Logical Analysis of Data and Cardiac Surgery RiskEugene Blackstone; Fiscal Year: 2006..Hence, the applicability of this work goes beyond determination of risk of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. ..
- TISSUE STRESS VARIABILITY AND STRENGTH IN VERTEBRAL BONEYener Yeni; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Cognitive and neural mechanisms of quantifier interpretationEdith Kaan; Fiscal Year: 2007..In addition, results of this project may be used to test language disorders, and to track cognitive and neural reorganization in response to language rehabilitation therapies. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Low dose digital X-rays for mammographic screeningChristopher Vaughan; Fiscal Year: 2006..During the last 6 months of the project in phase 2, we will conduct a limited clinical trial of 20 patients, focusing on comfort, breast coverage and diagnostic equivalence. ..
- Postural instability & visually-induced motion sicknessTHOMAS STOFFREGEN; Fiscal Year: 2006..The experimental' hypotheses focus on the combinations of frequency and amplitude that may produce postural instability and motion sickness, and on particular types of instability that may be expected. ..
- EXERCISE EFFECTS ON QUALITY OF LIFE IN CANCER PATIENTSKerry Courneya; Fiscal Year: 2001..Fitness will be re-assessed immediately after the intervention period. ..
- Ondansetron and Naltrexone:Cue Reactivity and DrinkingDamaris Rohsenow; Fiscal Year: 2007..Evidence will also be provided about subpopulations more likely to benefit from each medications. ..