ships

Summary

Summary: Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The effect of ship scrapping industry and its associated wastes on the biomass production and biodiversity of biota in in situ condition at Alang
    A Tewari
    Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Gijubhai Badheka Marg, Bhavnagar 364 002, India
    Mar Pollut Bull 42:462-9. 2001
  2. pmc Mortality risk factors for pandemic influenza on New Zealand troop ship, 1918
    Jennifer A Summers
    Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:1931-7. 2010
  3. ncbi Iron and phosphorus co-limit nitrogen fixation in the eastern tropical North Atlantic
    Matthew M Mills
    Marine Biogeochemistry, IFM GEOMAR Leibniz Institut für Meereswissenschaften, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, D 24105 Kiel, Germany
    Nature 429:292-4. 2004
  4. ncbi Decline in relative abundance of bottlenose dolphins exposed to long-term disturbance
    Lars Bejder
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4J1, Canada
    Conserv Biol 20:1791-8. 2006
  5. ncbi Assessing the risk of ships striking large whales in marine spatial planning
    J V Redfern
    Protected Resources Division, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 8901 La Jolla Shores Drive, La Jolla, CA 92037, U S A
    Conserv Biol 27:292-302. 2013
  6. ncbi Ecology. North Atlantic right whales in crisis
    Scott D Kraus
    Edgerton Research Laboratory, New England Aquarium, Boston, MA 02110 3399, USA
    Science 309:561-2. 2005
  7. ncbi Increases in deep ocean ambient noise in the Northeast Pacific west of San Nicolas Island, California
    Mark A McDonald
    WhaleAcoustics, 11430 Rist Canyon Road, Bellvue, Colorado 80512, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 120:711-8. 2006
  8. ncbi Effects of ambient and boat noise on hearing and communication in three fish species living in a marine protected area (Miramare, Italy)
    Antonio Codarin
    University of Trieste, Department of Biology, v Giorgieri 7, 34127 Trieste, Italy
    Mar Pollut Bull 58:1880-7. 2009
  9. ncbi Radiated noise from commercial ships in the Gulf of Maine: implications for whale/vessel collisions
    J Kaitlyn Allen
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maine, 219 Boardman Hall, Orono, Maine 04469, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 132:EL229-35. 2012
  10. ncbi Passenger behaviors during norovirus outbreaks on cruise ships
    Antonio J Neri
    National Center for Environmental Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Travel Med 15:172-6. 2008

Detail Information

Publications291 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The effect of ship scrapping industry and its associated wastes on the biomass production and biodiversity of biota in in situ condition at Alang
    A Tewari
    Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Gijubhai Badheka Marg, Bhavnagar 364 002, India
    Mar Pollut Bull 42:462-9. 2001
    ..Phytoplankton counts at the nearshore station and 10 km away from Alang were only slightly raised. In contrast to phytoplankton, the zooplankton showed considerable reduction of growth (-10 to -66%) at Alang...
  2. pmc Mortality risk factors for pandemic influenza on New Zealand troop ship, 1918
    Jennifer A Summers
    Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:1931-7. 2010
    ..Results suggest that the virulent nature of the 1918 influenza strain, a crowded environment, and inadequate isolation measures contributed to the high influenza mortality rate onboard this ship...
  3. ncbi Iron and phosphorus co-limit nitrogen fixation in the eastern tropical North Atlantic
    Matthew M Mills
    Marine Biogeochemistry, IFM GEOMAR Leibniz Institut für Meereswissenschaften, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, D 24105 Kiel, Germany
    Nature 429:292-4. 2004
    ..Our results support the hypothesis that aeolian mineral dust deposition promotes nitrogen fixation in the eastern tropical North Atlantic...
  4. ncbi Decline in relative abundance of bottlenose dolphins exposed to long-term disturbance
    Lars Bejder
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4J1, Canada
    Conserv Biol 20:1791-8. 2006
    ..The substantial effect of tour vessels on dolphin abundance in a region of low-level tourism calls into question the presumption that dolphin-watching tourism is benign...
  5. ncbi Assessing the risk of ships striking large whales in marine spatial planning
    J V Redfern
    Protected Resources Division, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 8901 La Jolla Shores Drive, La Jolla, CA 92037, U S A
    Conserv Biol 27:292-302. 2013
    ..We assessed the risk of ships striking humpback (Megaptera novaeangliae), blue (Balaenoptera musculus), and fin (Balaenoptera physalus) whales ..
  6. ncbi Ecology. North Atlantic right whales in crisis
    Scott D Kraus
    Edgerton Research Laboratory, New England Aquarium, Boston, MA 02110 3399, USA
    Science 309:561-2. 2005
  7. ncbi Increases in deep ocean ambient noise in the Northeast Pacific west of San Nicolas Island, California
    Mark A McDonald
    WhaleAcoustics, 11430 Rist Canyon Road, Bellvue, Colorado 80512, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 120:711-8. 2006
    ..Increases in commercial shipping are believed to account for the observed low-frequency ambient noise increase...
  8. ncbi Effects of ambient and boat noise on hearing and communication in three fish species living in a marine protected area (Miramare, Italy)
    Antonio Codarin
    University of Trieste, Department of Biology, v Giorgieri 7, 34127 Trieste, Italy
    Mar Pollut Bull 58:1880-7. 2009
    ..This masking effect was most pronounced in the frequency range where acoustic communication takes place. Boat noise potentially affects acoustic communication in fishes inhabiting the reserve...
  9. ncbi Radiated noise from commercial ships in the Gulf of Maine: implications for whale/vessel collisions
    J Kaitlyn Allen
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maine, 219 Boardman Hall, Orono, Maine 04469, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 132:EL229-35. 2012
    To understand mysticete acoustic-based detection of ships, radiated noise from high-speed craft, cruise ships, catamarans and fishing vessels was recorded June-September 2009...
  10. ncbi Passenger behaviors during norovirus outbreaks on cruise ships
    Antonio J Neri
    National Center for Environmental Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Travel Med 15:172-6. 2008
    Norovirus causes a majority of outbreaks of gastrointestinal (GI) illness on cruise ships calling on the United States. Control measures include patient isolation, hand washing, and facility closure...
  11. ncbi Multiplex PCR allows simultaneous detection of pathogens in ships' ballast water
    L J Aridgides
    Center for Pediatric Research, Eastern Virginia Medical School, 855 West Brambleton Avenue, Norfolk, Virginia 23510, USA
    Mar Pollut Bull 48:1096-101. 2004
    There is enormous potential for global transfer of microorganisms, including pathogens, in ships' ballast water...
  12. ncbi Geographic variation in marine invasions among large estuaries: effects of ships and time
    Gregory M Ruiz
    Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, P O Box 28, Edgewater, Maryland 21037, USA
    Ecol Appl 23:311-20. 2013
    ..large bays in the United States, we estimated (1) geographic variation in nonnative species richness attributed to ships, controlling for effects of salinity and other vectors, (2) changes through time in geographic variation of these ..
  13. ncbi Organotin contamination in sediments from the Western Mediterranean enclosures following 10 years of TBT regulation
    S Diez
    Environmental Chemistry Department, IIQAB CSIC, Jordi Girona, Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain
    Water Res 36:905-18. 2002
    ....
  14. ncbi Estimating shipping emissions in the region of the Sea of Marmara, Turkey
    Cengiz Deniz
    Department of Marine Engineering, Maritime Faculty, Istanbul Technical University, 34940 Tuzla, Istanbul, Turkey
    Sci Total Environ 390:255-61. 2008
    ..Since the region of the Marmara is highly urbanized, emissions from ships affect human health and the overall environment...
  15. ncbi Coronary risks among seafarers aboard German-flagged ships
    Marcus Oldenburg
    Institute of Occupational and Maritime Medicine ZfAM, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 81:735-41. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of coronary risk factors in seamen on vessels sailing under the German flag and to assess the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) dependent on job-related factors...
  16. pmc Hospitalisations among seafarers on merchant ships
    H L Hansen
    Medical Office of Health, Vejle County, Denmark
    Occup Environ Med 62:145-50. 2005
    ..To study morbidity among active seafarers in the merchant navy in order to clarify possible work related morbidity and the morbidity related to work and lifestyle where possible preventive measures may be initiated...
  17. ncbi Modeling energy use and emissions from North American shipping: application of the ship traffic, energy, and environment model
    Chengfeng Wang
    College of Marine and Earth Studies, University of Delaware, Robinson Hall, Newark, Delaware 19716, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 41:3226-32. 2007
    ..of nearly complete data describing historical ship movements, attributes, and operating profiles of individual ships, (ii) solving distances on an empirical waterway network for each pair of ports considering ship draft and width ..
  18. ncbi An emission inventory of marine vessels in Shanghai in 2003
    Dong qing Yang
    Shanghai Environmental Monitoring Center, Shanghai 200030, PR China
    Environ Sci Technol 41:5183-90. 2007
    ..Emissions are allocated to 1 km x 1 km grid cells for the 129 km x 102 km Shanghai Port study domain...
  19. ncbi Health effects due to fumigated freight containers and goods: how to detect, how to act
    Alexandra M Preisser
    Institute for Occupational Medicine and Maritime Medicine, University Medical Centre Hamburg Eppendorf, Germany
    Int Marit Health 63:133-9. 2012
    ..In this article we explain how to identify the guiding symptoms and describe the appropriate diagnostic steps and the prevention of such events on cargo vessels as well as in the logistics and the handling of imported goods...
  20. ncbi The occurrence of pathogenic bacteria in some ships' ballast water incoming from various marine regions to the Sea of Marmara, Turkey
    Gulsen Altug
    Istanbul University, Department of Marine Biology, Istanbul, Turkey
    Mar Environ Res 81:35-42. 2012
    ..of heterotrophic aerobic bacteria (HPC) and possible in-situ use of chromogenic agar were investigated in the ships' ballast water coming from different regions of the world to the Sea of Marmara, Turkey for the first time...
  21. ncbi A review of organotin regulatory strategies, pending actions, related costs and benefits
    M A Champ
    Advanced Technology Research Project ATRP Corporation, Falls Church, VA 22042 3934, USA
    Sci Total Environ 258:21-71. 2000
    ..of environmental impacts in marinas, ports and harbors; and (5) realization of the 'real' time period required by ships for antifoulant protection (is 5-7 years necessary or desirable?)...
  22. pmc Risk of African swine fever introduction into the European Union through transport-associated routes: returning trucks and waste from international ships and planes
    Lina Mur
    VISAVET Center and Animal Health Department, Veterinary School, Complutense University of Madrid, Avenida Puerta de Hierro s n, 28040, Madrid, Spain
    BMC Vet Res 8:149. 2012
    ..ASFV introduction into the EU through three types of transport routes: returning trucks, waste from international ships and waste from international planes, which will be referred here as transport-associated routes (TAR)...
  23. ncbi Disturbed sleep while being on-call: an EEG study of ships' engineers
    L Torsvall
    Department of Stress Research, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Sleep 11:35-8. 1988
    In order to investigate the effects of on-call duty on sleep and wakefulness, five male ships' engineers were studied using electroencephalogram (EEG) and electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings and subjective ratings...
  24. ncbi Environmental impact of TBT: the French experience
    C Alzieu
    IFREMER BP 171, Sete, France
    Sci Total Environ 258:99-102. 2000
    ..The harmful effects on non-target organisms were first evidenced in the bay of Arcachon (France) where the most acute disturbances were recorded following tributyltin (TBT) contamination...
  25. ncbi Surveillance of maritime deaths on board Danish merchant ships, 1986-2009
    Daniel F Borch
    Centre of Maritime Health and Safety, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark
    Int Marit Health 63:7-16. 2012
    A previous study demonstrated a high death rate among seafarers signed on Danish ships during the years 1986-1993. This study aimed to examine and analyse the subsequent development until 2009.
  26. pmc A sensor system for detection of hull surface defects
    Pedro Navarro
    DSIE, Technical University of Cartagena, Campus Muralla del Mar s n, Cartagena, E 30202 Spain
    Sensors (Basel) 10:7067-81. 2010
    ..The sensor system was tested under real conditions at a Spanish shipyard, with excellent results...
  27. ncbi Organotin compounds in surface sediments from seaports on the Gulf of Gdańsk (southern Baltic coast)
    Anna Filipkowska
    Marine Pollution Laboratory, Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul Powstancow Warszawy 55, 81 712 Sopot, Poland
    Environ Monit Assess 182:455-66. 2011
    ..this was done in 2008, just after the total ban on using harmful organotins in antifouling paints on ships came into force...
  28. ncbi Estimating the risk of communicable diseases aboard cargo ships
    Clara C Schlaich
    Hamburg Port Health Center, Institute for Occupational and Maritime Medicine, Hamburg, Germany
    J Travel Med 16:402-6. 2009
    ..No international surveillance system for infectious diseases on ships exists. Outbreak reports and systematic studies mainly focus on disease activity on cruise ships...
  29. ncbi High frequency of fumigants and other toxic gases in imported freight containers--an underestimated occupational and community health risk
    Xaver Baur
    ZfAM Institute for Occupational and Maritime Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg Eppendorf, ZfAM, Seewartenstrasse 10, Hamburg 20459, Germany
    Occup Environ Med 67:207-12. 2010
    ..Our findings indicate a health risk for dockworkers, container unloaders and even end-consumers, especially as many of the cancerogenic or toxic gases elude subjective detection...
  30. ncbi The impact of fluctuations in boat velocity during the rowing cycle on race time
    H Hill
    Department of Psychology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universitat Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 19:585-94. 2009
    ..The possibilities to reduce velocity fluctuations and therefore race time are limited. For elite rowers, race time may be slightly reduced by a moderate reduction in SR that is compensated by an increased force output for each stroke...
  31. ncbi Might telesonography be a new useful diagnostic tool aboard merchant ships? A pilot study
    Nebojsa Nikolic
    Faculty of Maritime Studies, Rijeka, Croatia
    Int Marit Health 57:198-207; discussion 208-12. 2006
    ..It is our belief that ship officers can be trained to use diagnostic ultrasound systems with the aim to generate ultrasound images of sufficient quality to be interpreted by medical professionals qualified to read sonograms...
  32. pmc North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) ignore ships but respond to alerting stimuli
    Douglas P Nowacek
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA 02543, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 271:227-31. 2004
    ..in ship strikes, we used a multi-sensor acoustic recording tag to measure the responses of whales to passing ships and experimentally tested their responses to controlled sound exposures, which included recordings of ship noise, ..
  33. ncbi Rowing skill affects power loss on a modified rowing ergometer
    Mathijs J Hofmijster
    Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, Research Institute MOVE, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:1101-10. 2008
    ..Relationships between evelocity and movement execution were determined...
  34. ncbi Effect of stroke rate on the distribution of net mechanical power in rowing
    Mathijs J Hofmijster
    Institute for Fundamental and Clinical Human Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Sports Sci 25:403-11. 2007
    ..The increase in e(net) results because the increase in e(propelling) is higher than the decrease in e(velocity). Our results show that the power equation is an adequate conceptual model with which to analyse rowing performance...
  35. ncbi Estimating the risk of exposure of British livestock to foot-and-mouth disease associated with the importation of ship and aircraft waste
    A Adkin
    Centre for Epidemiology and Risk Analysis, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey
    Vet Rec 163:235-40. 2008
    A quantitative risk assessment model was developed to estimate the frequency with which meat waste from ships or aircraft might expose British livestock to infection with foot-and-mouth disease (fmd), and investigate the factors that ..
  36. ncbi The RowPerfect ergometer: a training aid for on-water single scull rowing
    Bruce Elliott
    Department of Human Movement and Exercise Science, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia
    Sports Biomech 1:123-34. 2002
    ..Results indicate that technique used on the RowPerfect ergometer was similar to that for on-water sculling, thus validating its use in off-water training...
  37. ncbi Long-time trends in ship traffic noise for four sites off the North American West Coast
    Rex K Andrew
    Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98105, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 129:642-51. 2011
    ..These results confirm the prediction by Ross that the rate of increase in traffic noise would be far less at the end of the 20th century compared to that observed in the 1950s and 1960s...
  38. ncbi The challenge of "sperm ships": the need for the global regulation of medical technology
    D Hunter
    School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulster, Cromore Road, Coleraine, Co Londonderry BT521SA, UK
    J Med Ethics 34:552-6. 2008
    ..This is because in international waters ships are governed by the laws of their home nation not those they are nearby...
  39. ncbi Speaking up: Killer whales (Orcinus orca) increase their call amplitude in response to vessel noise
    Marla M Holt
    Marine Mammal Program, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, Washington 98112, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 125:EL27-32. 2009
    ..Results show that whales increased their call amplitude by 1 dB for every 1 dB increase in background noise levels. Furthermore, nearby vessel counts were positively correlated with these observed background noise levels...
  40. ncbi Recreational boating traffic: a chronic source of anthropogenic noise in the Wilmington, North Carolina Intracoastal Waterway
    Genevieve Haviland-Howell
    University of North Carolina Wilmington, Wilmington, North Carolina 28401, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 122:151-60. 2007
    ..As a daily part of resident bottlenose dolphins' acoustic environment, recreational boating traffic may represent a chronic source of acoustic harassment...
  41. ncbi Potential microbial bioinvasions via ships' ballast water, sediment, and biofilm
    Lisa A Drake
    Department of Science, US Coast Guard Academy, 27 Mohegan Avenue, New London, CT 06320, USA
    Mar Pollut Bull 55:333-41. 2007
    ..vector of aquatic invasive species to coastal regions is the discharge of water, sediments, and biofilm from ships' ballast-water tanks...
  42. pmc Musculoskeletal disorders in shipyard industry: prevalence, health care use, and absenteeism
    Evangelos C Alexopoulos
    Occupational Health Department, Hellenic Shipyards SA, Athens, Greece
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 7:88. 2006
    ..It is unclear whether the well-known risk factors for the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) also play an important role in the determining consequences of MSD in terms of sickness absence and health care use...
  43. ncbi Environment: whale-call response to masking boat noise
    Andrew D Foote
    School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, University of Durham, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
    Nature 428:910. 2004
    ..This result indicates that these whales adjust their behaviour to compensate for anthropogenic noise once it reaches a threshold level...
  44. ncbi Predicting invasion risk using measures of introduction effort and environmental niche models
    Leif Matthias Herborg
    Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, N9B 3P4, Canada
    Ecol Appl 17:663-74. 2007
    ..This study illustrates that the combination of environmental niche- and vector-based models can provide managers with more precise estimates of invasion risk than can either of these approaches alone...
  45. pmc Prevalence study of Legionella spp. contamination in ferries and cruise ships
    Antonio Azara
    Hygiene and Preventive Medicine Institute, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy
    BMC Public Health 6:100. 2006
    ..contamination in ferries and cruise ships; to compare the levels of contamination with those indicated by the Italian ministerial guidelines for control and ..
  46. ncbi Silent research vessels are not quiet
    Egil Ona
    Institute of Marine Research, Nordnes, Bergen, Norway
    J Acoust Soc Am 121:EL145-50. 2007
    ..In conclusion, the candidate stimuli for vessel avoidance remain obscure. Noise reduction might be necessary but is insufficient to obtain stealth vessel assets during surveys...
  47. pmc Risk factors for sickness absence due to low back pain and prognostic factors for return to work in a cohort of shipyard workers
    Evangelos C Alexopoulos
    Department of Public Health, Medical School, University of Patras, Rio, 26500 Patras, Greece
    Eur Spine J 17:1185-92. 2008
    ..An increased awareness of those frequently on sick leave and additional management after return to work may have a beneficial effect on the sickness absence pattern...
  48. pmc Legionella species colonization of water distribution systems, pools and air conditioning systems in cruise ships and ferries
    Georgia Goutziana
    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece
    BMC Public Health 8:390. 2008
    Legionnaires' disease continues to be a public health concern in passenger ships. This study was scheduled in order to investigate Legionella spp...
  49. ncbi Detection of Norwalk-like virus infection aboard two U.S. Navy ships
    Scott Thornton
    Navy Environmental and Preventive Medicine Unit No 5, San Diego, CA 92136, USA
    Mil Med 167:826-30. 2002
    Two U.S. Navy ships experienced outbreaks of gastroenteritis following port visits to Southeast Asia during August to September 1999...
  50. ncbi Ewing sarcoma of the rib in a rower: a case report
    Tomislav Smoljanovic
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, andClinical Hospital Center Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
    Clin J Sport Med 17:510-2. 2007
  51. ncbi Fouling and ships' hulls: how changing circumstances and spawning events may result in the spread of exotic species
    Dan Minchin
    Marine Organism Investigations, Ballina, Killaloe, Ireland
    Biofouling 19:111-22. 2003
    Organisms fouling ships' hulls are continually in transit worldwide...
  52. ncbi Viral gastroenteritis aboard a cruise ship
    M S Ho
    Viral Gastroenteritis Unit, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, Georgia
    Lancet 2:961-5. 1989
    ..New strategies for prevention of viral gastroenteritis should include protection against environmental contamination by viruses in airborne droplets or vomitus...
  53. ncbi Bound for Sydney town: health surveillance on international cruise vessels visiting the Port of Sydney
    Mark J Ferson
    South Eastern Sydney Public Health Unit, South Eastern Sydney and Illawarra Area Health Service, Locked Bag 88, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia
    Med J Aust 182:391-4. 2005
    A program for routine health surveillance on international cruise ships visiting the Port of Sydney has been developed since 1998...
  54. pmc A large outbreak of influenza A and B on a cruise ship causing widespread morbidity
    J M L Brotherton
    Communicable Diseases Branch, NSW Department of Health, North Sydney 2059, NSW, Australia
    Epidemiol Infect 130:263-71. 2003
    ..Surveillance systems and early intervention measures, such as antiviral therapies, should be considered to detect and control such outbreaks...
  55. pmc Surveillance study of vector species on board passenger ships, risk factors related to infestations
    Varvara A Mouchtouri
    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Medical School, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece
    BMC Public Health 8:100. 2008
    Passenger ships provide conditions suitable for the survival and growth of pest populations...
  56. ncbi The agony and the ecstasy
    Mark Flemmer
    Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
    Am J Gastroenterol 98:2098-9. 2003
    ..CDC), summarize the recent outbreaks of acute gastroenteritis (AGE), which occurred on five different cruise ships. Attack rates among passengers ranged from 4% to 13% and among crew members from 0.2% to 3.3%...
  57. pmc Occupational accidents aboard merchant ships
    H L Hansen
    Medical Office of Health, Vejle and Ribe, Denmark
    Occup Environ Med 59:85-91. 2002
    To investigate the frequency, circumstances, and causes of occupational accidents aboard merchant ships in international trade, and to identify risk factors for the occurrence of occupational accidents as well as dangerous working ..
  58. pmc A review of outbreaks of waterborne disease associated with ships: evidence for risk management
    Roisin M Rooney
    Water, Sanitation and Health Programme, Department of Protection of the Human Environment, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Public Health Rep 119:435-42. 2004
    The organization of water supply to and on ships differs considerably from that of water supply on land. Risks of contamination can arise from source water at the port or during loading, storage, or distribution on the ship...
  59. pmc A review of outbreaks of foodborne disease associated with passenger ships: evidence for risk management
    Roisin M Rooney
    Water, Sanitation and Health Programme, Department of Protection of the Human Environment, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Public Health Rep 119:427-34. 2004
    Foodborne disease outbreaks on ships are of concern because of their potentially serious health consequences for passengers and crew and high costs to the industry...
  60. ncbi Cardiological monitoring of sailors via offshore Internet connection
    T J Luger
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
    J Sports Med Phys Fitness 41:486-90. 2001
    ..Additionally, the practicability of transferring electronic data via the Internet while sailing offshore was also studied...
  61. ncbi Outbreaks of acute gastroenteritis on cruise ships and on land: identification of a predominant circulating strain of norovirus--United States, 2002
    Marc Alain Widdowson
    Atlanta Research and Education Foundation and National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 190:27-36. 2004
    In 2002, a sharp increase in outbreaks of norovirus-associated illness, both on cruise ships and on land, encouraged us to examine the molecular epidemiology of detected noroviruses, to identify a common strain or source...
  62. ncbi Environmental swabs as a tool in norovirus outbreak investigation, including outbreaks on cruise ships
    Ingeborg L A Boxman
    Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority, P O Box 202, 7200 AE, Zutphen, The Netherlands
    J Food Prot 72:111-9. 2009
    ..Subsequently, environmental swabs were taken at 23 Dutch restaurants and four cruise ships involved in outbreaks of gastroenteritis...
  63. ncbi Severe Legionella pneumophila pneumonia associated with the public bath on a cruise ship in Japan
    Atsuko Kobayashi
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Saiseikai Suita Hospital, 564 0013, Japan
    J Anesth 18:129-31. 2004
  64. ncbi Infectious diseases. Gastrointestinal virus strikes European cruise ships
    Martin Enserink
    Science 313:747. 2006
  65. pmc Global traffic and disease vector dispersal
    Andrew J Tatem
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:6242-7. 2006
    ..In contrast, An. gambiae has rarely spread from Africa, which we suggest is partly due to the low volume of sea traffic from the continent and, until very recently, a European destination for most flights...
  66. ncbi Psychosocial hazards and seafarer health: priorities for research and practice
    Stavroula Leka
    Institute of Work, Health and Organisations, University of Nottingham, 8 William Lee Buildings, Science and Technology Park, Nottingham NG7 2RQ, UK
    Int Marit Health 55:137-53. 2004
    ..Finally, specific recommendations are made for future directions for research and practice in relation to these issues...
  67. ncbi Shipshape: sanitation inspections on cruise ships, 1990-2005, Vessel Sanitation Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    Elaine H Cramer
    National Center for Environmental Health, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Environ Health 70:15-21. 2008
    ....
  68. ncbi Cockroach infestation on seagoing ships
    Marcus Oldenburg
    Institute of Occupational and Maritime Medicine and the Hamburg State Department for Social Affairs, Family, Health and Consumer Protection, University of Hamburg, Germany
    Arch Environ Occup Health 63:41-6. 2008
    Cockroaches are detected ashore worldwide. At present, little is known about cockroach infestation on ships. The authors' objective in this study was to assess the current prevalence of cockroach infestation on seagoing vessels...
  69. pmc Norovirus transmission on cruise ship
    Elmira T Isakbaeva
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:154-8. 2005
    ..We documented transmission by food and person-to-person contact; persistence of virus despite sanitization onboard, including introductions of new strains; and seeding of an outbreak on land...
  70. pmc Emergence of new norovirus variants on spring cruise ships and prediction of winter epidemics
    Linda Verhoef
    Center for Infectious Disease Control, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:238-43. 2008
    In June 2006, reported outbreaks of norovirus on cruise ships suddenly increased; 43 outbreaks occurred on 13 vessels. All outbreaks investigated manifested person-to-person transmission...
  71. ncbi Epidemiology of gastroenteritis on cruise ships, 2001-2004
    Elaine H Cramer
    Vessel Sanitation Program, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Prev Med 30:252-7. 2006
    ..Control and Prevention reported 29 outbreaks (3% or more passengers ill) of acute gastroenteritis on cruise ships, an increase from 3 the previous year...
  72. ncbi The microbiological quality of potable water on board ships docking in the UK and the Channel Islands: an association of Port Health Authorities and Health Protection Agency Study
    P Grenfell
    Gastrointestinal Infections Department, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, London, UK
    J Water Health 6:215-24. 2008
    ..Between May and October 2005, 950 potable water samples were collected from 342 ships docking at ports...
  73. pmc Outbreak of Legionnaires' disease on a cruise ship linked to spa-bath filter stones contaminated with Legionella pneumophila serogroup 5
    F Kura
    Department of Bacteriology, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan
    Epidemiol Infect 134:385-91. 2006
    ..pneumophila, a phenomenon which has not been reported except in Japan. This is the first documented evidence of L. pneumophila sg 5 infection on a ship and of porous stones as a source of Legionella infection...
  74. ncbi European investigation into recent norovirus outbreaks on cruise ships: update
    M Koopmans
    National Institute of Public Health RIVM, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Euro Surveill 11:E060706.5. 2006
  75. ncbi Acoustic interaction of humpback whales and whale-watching boats
    W W Au
    Marine Mammal Research Program, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, PO Box 1106, Kailua, HI 96734, USA
    Mar Environ Res 49:469-81. 2000
    ..We concluded that it is unlikely that the levels of sounds produced by the boats in our study would have any grave effects on the auditory system of humpback whales...
  76. ncbi Insect vectors and rodents arriving in China aboard international transport
    Mingchang Song
    Department of Health, China Inspection and Quarantine, Beijing 100020, China
    J Travel Med 10:241-4. 2003
  77. ncbi Outbreak of Legionnaires' disease on a cruise ship: lessons for international surveillance and control
    C M Regan
    Liverpool Health Authority
    Commun Dis Public Health 6:152-6. 2003
    ..Lessons for the international surveillance and control of Legionnaires' disease on cruise ships are discussed.
  78. ncbi Low frequency deep ocean ambient noise trend in the Northeast Pacific Ocean
    N Ross Chapman
    School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia V8P 5C2, Canada
    J Acoust Soc Am 129:EL161-5. 2011
    ..The data presented here provide evidence that the trend derived from 1960s data extended to around 1980, but has since continued at a lower rate...
  79. ncbi Molecular diversity of noroviruses associated with outbreaks on cruise ships: comparison with strains circulating within the UK
    C I Gallimore
    Enteric, Respiratory and Neurological Virus Laboratory, Specialist and Reference Microbiology Division, Health Protection Agency, 61 Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5HT
    Commun Dis Public Health 6:285-93. 2003
    ..The outbreaks occurred on 14 cruise ships from seven cruise lines, during the period from 1998 to 2002...
  80. ncbi Acute gastroenteritis outbreaks on cruise ships linked to Norwalk-like viruses
    Leslie Lang
    Gastroenterology 124:284-5. 2003
  81. ncbi Recent norovirus outbreaks on river and seagoing cruise ships in Europe
    J Takkinen
    European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden
    Euro Surveill 11:E060615.2. 2006
  82. ncbi Dealing with gastrointestinal illness on a cruise ship--Part 1: Description of sanitation measures. Part 2: An isolation study
    Eilif Dahl
    Professor Dahls Gate 50A, 0260 Oslo, Norway
    Int Marit Health 55:19-29. 2004
    Recent outbreaks of gastrointestinal illness (GI) on passenger ships have caused cruise companies to expand their sanitation programs.
  83. ncbi Diarrheal disease on cruise ships, 1990-2000: the impact of environmental health programs
    Elaine H Cramer
    National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Chamblee, Georgia, USA
    Am J Prev Med 24:227-33. 2003
    ..the Vessel Sanitation Program (VSP) to minimize the risk for diarrheal disease among passengers and crew aboard ships by assisting the cruise ship industry in developing and implementing comprehensive environmental health programs.
  84. ncbi Viral gastroenteritis: the USS THEODORE ROOSEVELT experience
    David R Whittaker
    Medical Department, USS THEODORE ROOSEVELT, FPO AE 09599 2871, USA
    Mil Med 169:747-50. 2004
    Although the spread of disease on board Navy ships is not a novel concept, the medical department of the USS THEODORE ROOSEVELT recently experienced a significant outbreak of viral gastroenteritis while at sea...
  85. pmc Ports in a storm
    Dinesh C Sharma
    Environ Health Perspect 114:A222-31. 2006
    ..What is perhaps most greatly needed is expedited creation of better regulations at all levels, from the International Maritime Organization to port city authorities...
  86. ncbi Oil persistence on beaches in Prince William Sound - a review of SCAT surveys conducted from 1989 to 2002
    Elliott Taylor
    Polaris Applied Sciences, Inc, 755 Winslow Way East 302, Bainbridge Island, WA 98110, USA
    Mar Pollut Bull 56:458-74. 2008
    ....
  87. ncbi Butyltins in sediments and three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculleatus) from the marinas of the Gulf of Gdansk, Baltic Sea
    J Falandysz
    Department of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, University of Gdansk, Poland
    J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 37:353-63. 2002
    ..Evidently at the Polish coast of the Baltic Sea TBT was continuously used in 1997 in marine paints for boats less then 25 m long...
  88. ncbi Improvement of pollutant drift forecast system applied to the Prestige oil spills in Galicia Coast (NW of Spain): development of an operational system
    P Carracedo
    MeteoGalicia, CMA, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Mar Pollut Bull 53:350-60. 2006
    ..In addition, the present work evaluates the effects of introducing climatologic large scale currents in the METEOMOHID system...
  89. ncbi Monitoring the Prestige oil spill impacts on some key species of the Northern Iberian shelf
    F Sanchez
    Instituto Español de Oceanografía, P O Box 240, 39080 Santander, Spain
    Mar Pollut Bull 53:332-49. 2006
    ..Feeding patterns of the four species analysed did not present apparent modifications that can be related to the POS...
  90. ncbi Spatial and temporal changes in benthic communities of the Galician continental shelf after the Prestige oil spill
    Alberto Serrano
    Instituto Español de Oceanografía, P O Box 240, 39080 Santander, Spain
    Mar Pollut Bull 53:315-31. 2006
    ..Non-macroscopic toxicity and some oceanographic agents are suggested as possible causes of these shifts...
  91. doi The use of a bioassay based approach to the hazard/risk assessment of cargo derived toxicity during shipping accidents: a case study--the MSC Napoli
    M F Kirby
    CEFAS Burnham Laboratory, Remembrance Avenue, Burnham on Crouch, Essex, United Kingdom
    Mar Pollut Bull 56:781-6. 2008
  92. ncbi Chemical contamination of a coral reef by the grounding of a cruise ship in Bermuda
    Ross J Jones
    Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences BIOS, 17 Biological Lane, Ferry Reach, St George s GE01, Bermuda
    Mar Pollut Bull 54:905-11. 2007
    ..Whilst the ecotoxicological effects of AF paint particles interspersed with sediment is unknown, and in need of further study, it is argued that the significance of AF paint contamination of grounding sites has been overlooked...
  93. ncbi Distribution of aliphatic compounds in bivalve mollusks from Galicia after the Prestige oil spill: spatial and temporal trends
    N Carro
    Centro de Control do Medio Mariño, Conselleria de Pesca e Asuntos Maritimos, Xunta de Galicia, Peirao de Vilaxoán s n, 36611 Vilagarcía de Arousa, Spain
    Environ Res 100:339-48. 2006
    ..According to the data analysis, the main source of hydrocarbon contamination of investigated samples seems to be more related to the intense traffic of vessels in these estuarine bays than to the Prestige oil spill...
  94. ncbi Butyltins in the sediments of Kochi and Mumbai harbours, west coast of India
    Narayan B Bhosle
    Marine Corrosion and Material Research Division, National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula 403004, Goa, India
    Environ Int 32:252-8. 2006
    ..The observed levels of butyltin compounds are much higher than those required to induce toxic effects on marine organisms, suggesting that these sediments were contaminated with butyltin compounds...
  95. ncbi Monitoring of the impact of Prestige oil spill on Mytilus galloprovincialis from Galician coast
    Blanca Laffon
    Toxicology Unit, University of A Coruna, Edificio de Servicios Centrales de Investigación, Campus Elviña s n, 15071 A Coruna, Spain
    Environ Int 32:342-8. 2006
    ....
  96. ncbi The Sea Empress oil spill (Wales, UK): effects on Common Scoter Melanitta nigra in Carmarthen Bay and status ten years later
    A N Banks
    British Trust for Ornithology, The Nunnery, Thetford, Norfolk IP24 2PU, UK
    Mar Pollut Bull 56:895-902. 2008
    ..The importance of prolonged, standardised monitoring of bird numbers and distribution as indicators of ecological recovery from environmental damage is emphasised...
  97. ncbi Mussels document loss of bioavailable polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and the return to baseline conditions for oiled shorelines in Prince William Sound, Alaska
    David S Page
    Department of Chemistry, Bowdoin College, 6600 College Station, Brunswick, ME 04011, USA
    Mar Environ Res 60:422-36. 2005
    ..These results show that PAH from EVOS residues that remain buried in shoreline sediments after the early 1990s are in a form and at locations that have a low accessibility to mussels living in the intertidal zone...
  98. ncbi Determination of microbial carbon sources in petroleum contaminated sediments using molecular 14C analysis
    Gregory F Slater
    School of Geography and Geology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 39:2552-8. 2005
    ..Future efforts directed at determining indices of microbial degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons should consider competition with natural organic matter...
  99. ncbi Visualization of spatial patterns and temporal trends for aerial surveillance of illegal oil discharges in western Canadian marine waters
    Norma Serra-Sogas
    Department of Geography, University of Victoria, PO Box 3050 STN CSC, Victoria, BC, Canada V8W 3P5
    Mar Pollut Bull 56:825-33. 2008
    ....
  100. ncbi Persistence of 10-year old Exxon Valdez oil on Gulf of Alaska beaches: the importance of boulder-armoring
    Gail V Irvine
    United States Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center, 1011 East Tudor Road, Anchorage, AK 99503, USA
    Mar Pollut Bull 52:1011-22. 2006
    ..Surface armoring, combined with stranding of oil mousse, results in the unexpectedly lengthy persistence of only lightly to moderately weathered oil within otherwise high-energy wave environments...
  101. ncbi Health of people working/living in the vicinity of an oil-polluted beach near Karachi, Pakistan
    R Khurshid
    Department of Biochemistry, Fatima Jinnah Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan
    East Mediterr Health J 14:179-82. 2008
    ..About 11 people had raised serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase, but this was not significant. Such steps are vital to ensure that there are no long-term hazardous effects of oil on human health...

Research Grants34

  1. Breakthroughs to advance the in vitro propagation of human noroviruses
    Qiuhong Wang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..number leading to increased morbidity in susceptible populations including travelers, those on cruise and military ships, military troops, hospital and nursing home patients, children in schools and day care centers and other settings ..
  2. New genes and pathomechanisms of congenital abnormalities of the kidney (CAKUT)
    Friedhelm Hildebrandt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..data by total genome homozygosity mapping that demonstrate the presence of recessive single-gene loci in sib ships and single cases with non-syndromic CAKUT...
  3. PHYSIOLOGY OF FLUOROCARBON OXYGEN TRANSPORT
    LELAND CLARK; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The present proposal is to perform experiments to understand these relation- ships in terms of key physiological parameters...
  4. Mental Health and Service Utilization Among Reserve and National Guard Forces
    Sandro Galea; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..response to Hurricane Katrina, the military deployed 72,000 forces including 50,000 National Guard as well as Navy ships and helicopters...
  5. WTC Dust Size and Alkalinity as Factors in First Responder Chronic Lung Ailments
    Mitchell D Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Data obtained here will provide valuable information about relation- ships between the physicochemical properties of building collapse-/demolition-associated dusts and toxicologic effects ..
  6. NATIONAL RESOURCE FOR APLYSIA
    Michael C Schmale; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The National Resource for Aplysia raises and ships 25,000 to 30,00 of these animals per year to labs in the US and around the world for conducting basic research in ..
  7. Clinical and genetic studies of hereditary neurological disorders in Mali
    Guida Landoure; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Family-based genetic studies can be limited in developed countries due to small sib ships. The average fertility rate in Mali is over 6 births per woman, offering a unique opportunity to find new disease ..
  8. Outbreak detection:combinatorial tests for small samples
    SCOTT D FERSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    In delimited populations, such as nursing homes, day care centers, prisons, hospitals, and cruise ships, serious outbreaks of illness generally produce small absolute numbers of disease incidence...
  9. Hazardous Material Worker Health and Safety Training (U45), Cooperative Agreement
    KELLEY LYNNE DAVIS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This includes the possibility of ships and ports becoming targets for terrorism...
  10. Parental Reflective Functioning and Child Outcomes
    Monica Roosa Ordway; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Multiple studies have shown relation- ships between early parenting and child behavior...
  11. Bioengineering Cardiovascular Training Grant
    Michael Regnier; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The program involves research in the laboratory of a chosen mentor, didactic components and clinical preceptor ships unique to our program, and additional opportunities to explore translational research and training...
  12. Interleukin and the Magnocellular Neuroendocrine System
    Joan Summy Long; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..immunoaffinity capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection, the quantitative relation-ships among IL-1beta, OT and VP in plasma and their content in the supraoptic nucleus (SON) and neural lobe will be ..
  13. IDENTIFICATION OF GENES PREDISPOSING TO PELVIC FLOOR DISORDERS
    LISA CANNON ALBRIGHT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Initial collaborative analysis of data obtained by Dr. Norton's NIH funded study of affected PFD sib-ships has already provided significant evidence for a predisposition gene localization on chromosome arm 9q, and ..
  14. Novel Nitrogen Enriched Air for Fire Suppression
    DONALD STOOKEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Halon systems used to protect electrical equipment, aircraft, ships, and restaurants are being replaced due to their adverse environmental impact...
  15. Outcome Dependent Sampling Studies of Longitudinal Data: Design and Analysis
    JONATHAN SCOTT SCHILDCROUT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Longitudindal studies address important scientific questions involving relation- ships that occur over time, and outcome dependent sampling designs target subjects who will be most informative towards ..
  16. INVASION GENE AND VIRULENCE OF LEGIONELLA
    Jeffrey Cirillo; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..There have recently been a large number of infections that have arisen aboard cruise ships as well. Approximately 15% of all domestic water supplies are thought to contain Legionella...
  17. Homeless Drug Abusers: Testing a Spatial Use of Services
    David Pollio; Fiscal Year: 2003
    Research on homeless populations with substance abuse and/or mental illness demonstrated the inter-relation ships among interpersonal-, organizational-, and societal-level variables in predicting service use and housing outcomes (..
  18. Health Research Enhancement at Morgan State University
    Dorothy Browne; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..research projects in selected health services areas; (3) to strengthen and expand on-going research assistant ships and internships for students and to increase the small pool of African American researchers trained in health ..
  19. Islet culture, shipping, and infusion device
    John Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This grant is focuses upon creating a gas permeable device that cultures, ships, and infuses islets at high viability in a manner compatible with regulatory control...
  20. Statistical Methods for Gene Mapping-a New Paradigm
    Shili Lin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..single-marker and multiple-marker approaches will be developed for a wide variety of data types (including sib-ships of arbitrary size and general pedigrees) and statistics. 3...
  21. Hangover, Congeners, Sleep and Occupational Performance
    Jonathan Howland; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Our occupational model will be merchant ship navigation by maritime academy cadets. Performance will be measured using computer-based interactive ship training simulators. ..
  22. Research Grants to Prevent Unintentional Injuries
    Jonathan Howland; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] Outcome Measures: Acute and residual driving impairment will be assessed using a driving simulator and[unreadable] an objective measure of sustained attention/reaction time, the Psychomotor Vioilance Test (PVT).[unreadable]..
  23. INCREASING ALCOHOLICS MOTIVATION TO QUIT SMOKING
    Damaris Rohsenow; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The effects of the intervention will be examined on number of smoking quit attempts, reductions in nicotine dose delivery, smoking treatment attended, alcohol and drug use, etc., during the next 12 months. ..
  24. Organic Solvent Mixtures & Neuropsychological Outcomes
    Ellen Kirrane; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The exposure assessment piece proposed in this project is an ideal addition to the cohort study and will provide valuable information for evaluating the risks from continuous and intermittent exposure to commonly used organic solvents. ..
  25. MOTIVATING SUBSTANCE ABUSERS TO QUIT SMOKING
    Damaris Rohsenow; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The study will provide significant information about methods of reducing smoking among substance abusers. ..
  26. Targeted Therapy of Lyn in Myelodysplastic Syndrome
    SETH JOEL COREY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These studies will provide rationale for a phase II study using Src inhibitors for subsets of MDS patients. ..
  27. Logical Analysis of Data and Cardiac Surgery Risk
    Eugene Blackstone; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Hence, the applicability of this work goes beyond determination of risk of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. ..
  28. TISSUE STRESS VARIABILITY AND STRENGTH IN VERTEBRAL BONE
    Yener Yeni; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. Cognitive and neural mechanisms of quantifier interpretation
    Edith Kaan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In addition, results of this project may be used to test language disorders, and to track cognitive and neural reorganization in response to language rehabilitation therapies. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Low dose digital X-rays for mammographic screening
    Christopher Vaughan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..During the last 6 months of the project in phase 2, we will conduct a limited clinical trial of 20 patients, focusing on comfort, breast coverage and diagnostic equivalence. ..
  31. Postural instability & visually-induced motion sickness
    THOMAS STOFFREGEN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The experimental' hypotheses focus on the combinations of frequency and amplitude that may produce postural instability and motion sickness, and on particular types of instability that may be expected. ..
  32. EXERCISE EFFECTS ON QUALITY OF LIFE IN CANCER PATIENTS
    Kerry Courneya; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Fitness will be re-assessed immediately after the intervention period. ..
  33. Ondansetron and Naltrexone:Cue Reactivity and Drinking
    Damaris Rohsenow; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Evidence will also be provided about subpopulations more likely to benefit from each medications. ..