transportation

Summary

Summary: The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Built environment correlates of walking: a review
    Brian E Saelens
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington and Children s Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:S550-66. 2008
  2. pmc In search of causality: a systematic review of the relationship between the built environment and physical activity among adults
    Gavin R McCormack
    Population Health Intervention Research Centre, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:125. 2011
  3. ncbi Active transport, physical activity, and body weight in adults: a systematic review
    Miriam Wanner
    Physical Activity and Health Unit, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Prev Med 42:493-502. 2012
  4. pmc Physical activity associated with public transport use--a review and modelling of potential benefits
    Chris Rissel
    Prevention Research Collaboration, The University of Sydney, 92 94 Parramatta Road, Camperdown, NSW 2050, Australia
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 9:2454-78. 2012
  5. ncbi Walking to public transit: steps to help meet physical activity recommendations
    Lilah M Besser
    Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Prev Med 29:273-80. 2005
  6. ncbi Active school transport, physical activity levels and body weight of children and youth: a systematic review
    Guy E J Faulkner
    Faculty of Physical Education and Health, University of Toronto, ON, Canada
    Prev Med 48:3-8. 2009
  7. ncbi The implications of megatrends in information and communication technology and transportation for changes in global physical activity
    Michael Pratt
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Lancet 380:282-93. 2012
  8. pmc Transportation costs impede sustained adherence and access to HAART in a clinic population in southwestern Uganda: a qualitative study
    David M Tuller
    School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:778-84. 2010
  9. ncbi Walking, cycling, and obesity rates in Europe, North America, and Australia
    David R Bassett
    University of Tennessee Obesity Research Center, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
    J Phys Act Health 5:795-814. 2008
  10. pmc Commuting and health in Cambridge: a study of a 'natural experiment' in the provision of new transport infrastructure
    David Ogilvie
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit and UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research CEDAR, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:703. 2010

Detail Information

Publications370 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Built environment correlates of walking: a review
    Brian E Saelens
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington and Children s Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:S550-66. 2008
    ..This article reviews evidence on the built environment correlates with walking...
  2. pmc In search of causality: a systematic review of the relationship between the built environment and physical activity among adults
    Gavin R McCormack
    Population Health Intervention Research Centre, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:125. 2011
    ....
  3. ncbi Active transport, physical activity, and body weight in adults: a systematic review
    Miriam Wanner
    Physical Activity and Health Unit, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Prev Med 42:493-502. 2012
    ..This review summarizes published evidence on associations of active transport, general physical activity, and body weight in adults...
  4. pmc Physical activity associated with public transport use--a review and modelling of potential benefits
    Chris Rissel
    Prevention Research Collaboration, The University of Sydney, 92 94 Parramatta Road, Camperdown, NSW 2050, Australia
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 9:2454-78. 2012
    ..More minutes walked per day, or a greater uptake of public transport by inactive adults would likely lead to significantly greater increases in the adult population considered sufficiently active...
  5. ncbi Walking to public transit: steps to help meet physical activity recommendations
    Lilah M Besser
    Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Prev Med 29:273-80. 2005
    ..This study estimates the total daily time spent walking to and from transit and the predictors of achieving 30 minutes of physical activity daily by doing so...
  6. ncbi Active school transport, physical activity levels and body weight of children and youth: a systematic review
    Guy E J Faulkner
    Faculty of Physical Education and Health, University of Toronto, ON, Canada
    Prev Med 48:3-8. 2009
    ..Before implementing such solutions, it is important to demonstrate that active school transport is associated with health-related outcomes...
  7. ncbi The implications of megatrends in information and communication technology and transportation for changes in global physical activity
    Michael Pratt
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Lancet 380:282-93. 2012
    ..interventions and a simulation model to examine how megatrends in information and communication technology and transportation directly and indirectly affect levels of physical activity across countries of low, middle, and high income...
  8. pmc Transportation costs impede sustained adherence and access to HAART in a clinic population in southwestern Uganda: a qualitative study
    David M Tuller
    School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:778-84. 2010
    The cost of transportation for monthly clinic visits has been identified as a potential barrier to antiretroviral (ARV) adherence in sub-Saharan Africa and elsewhere, although there is limited data on this issue...
  9. ncbi Walking, cycling, and obesity rates in Europe, North America, and Australia
    David R Bassett
    University of Tennessee Obesity Research Center, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
    J Phys Act Health 5:795-814. 2008
    This study was designed to examine the relationship between active transportation (defined as the percentage of trips taken by walking, bicycling, and public transit) and obesity rates (BMI > or = 30 kg . m-2) in different countries.
  10. pmc Commuting and health in Cambridge: a study of a 'natural experiment' in the provision of new transport infrastructure
    David Ogilvie
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit and UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research CEDAR, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:703. 2010
    ....
  11. ncbi Active transportation to school: trends among U.S. schoolchildren, 1969-2001
    Noreen C McDonald
    City and Regional Planning, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:509-16. 2007
    ..Despite this attention, there has been little documentation of trends in school travel over the past 30 years or analysis of what has caused the changes in mode choice for school trips...
  12. ncbi Measuring the food environment using geographical information systems: a methodological review
    Hélène Charreire
    UMR INSERM U 557 INRA U 1125 CNAM, University Paris 13, CRNH IdF, Bobigny, France
    Public Health Nutr 13:1773-85. 2010
    ..Through a literature review, we investigated the geographic information systems (GIS) methods used to define the food environment and the types of spatial measurements they generate...
  13. pmc Motivations for active commuting: a qualitative investigation of the period of home or work relocation
    Caroline H D Jones
    MRC Epidemiology Unit and UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research CEDAR, Box 296, Institute of Public Health, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge, CB2 OSR, UK
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 9:109. 2012
    ..This qualitative study aimed to explore experiences and motivations regarding travel behavior around the period of relocation, in an effort to understand how active commuting might be promoted more effectively...
  14. pmc Correlates of time spent walking and cycling to and from work: baseline results from the commuting and health in Cambridge study
    Jenna Panter
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Sciences, Cambridge, UK
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:124. 2011
    ..We assessed these associations using baseline data from a quasi-experimental cohort study of the effects of major transport infrastructural developments in Cambridge, UK...
  15. pmc Active commuting and cardiovascular disease risk: the CARDIA study
    Penny Gordon-Larsen
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Carolina Population Center, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:1216-23. 2009
    ..There is little research on the association of lifestyle exercise, such as active commuting (walking or biking to work), with obesity, fitness, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors...
  16. ncbi Developing a framework for assessment of the environmental determinants of walking and cycling
    Terri Pikora
    School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, WA 6009, Crawley, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 56:1693-703. 2003
    ..Identifying the environmental factors that influence walking and cycling will allow the inclusion of a public health perspective as well as those of urban planning and transport in the design of built environments...
  17. ncbi Perceived environmental correlates of physical activity for leisure and transportation in Curitiba, Brazil
    Diana C Parra
    Prevention Research Center in St Louis, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St Louis, 660 S Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Prev Med 52:234-8. 2011
    ..Physical activity (PA) has consistently been associated with perceived environmental characteristics...
  18. pmc GIS measured environmental correlates of active school transport: a systematic review of 14 studies
    Bonny Yee Man Wong
    Faculty of Physical Education and Health, University of Toronto
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:39. 2011
    Emerging frameworks to examine active school transportation (AST) commonly emphasize the built environment (BE) as having an influence on travel mode decisions...
  19. pmc An applied ecological framework for evaluating infrastructure to promote walking and cycling: the iConnect study
    David Ogilvie
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research CEDAR, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK
    Am J Public Health 101:473-81. 2011
    ..Our framework guides study design and analysis by specifying the most important data to be collected and relations to be tested to confirm or refute specific hypotheses and thereby refine the underlying theories...
  20. ncbi Environmental correlates of walking and cycling: findings from the transportation, urban design, and planning literatures
    Brian E Saelens
    University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, USA
    Ann Behav Med 25:80-91. 2003
    Research in transportation, urban design, and planning has examined associations between physical environment variables and individuals' walking and cycling for transport...
  21. pmc Associations between active commuting and physical activity in working adults: cross-sectional results from the Commuting and Health in Cambridge study
    Lin Yang
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Box 285, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, UK
    Prev Med 55:453-7. 2012
    ..To quantify the association between time spent in active commuting and in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in a sample of working adults living in both urban and rural locations...
  22. ncbi Commuting, leisure-time physical activity, and cardiovascular risk factors in China
    Gang Hu
    Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Finland
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:234-8. 2002
    ..The relationship between both commuting and leisure-time physical activity and selected cardiovascular risk factors was analyzed...
  23. ncbi Active transportation and cardiovascular disease risk factors in U.S. adults
    Gregg L Furie
    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Am J Prev Med 43:621-8. 2012
    Evidence of associations between active transportation (walking and bicycling for transportation) and health outcomes is limited...
  24. ncbi Influence of temperature during transportation on cell-free DNA analysis
    Mats Hidestrand
    Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisc, USA
    Fetal Diagn Ther 31:122-8. 2012
    ..To determine the effect of shipping blood in Streck blood collection tubes (BCT) prior to processing on cell-free DNA (cf-DNA) levels...
  25. ncbi Declining rates of physical activity in the United States: what are the contributors?
    Ross C Brownson
    Department of Community Health and Prevention Research Center, Saint Louis University School of Public Health, Missouri 63104, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 26:421-43. 2005
    ..or slightly increasing levels of leisure-time physical activity, declining work-related activity, declining transportation activity, declining activity in the home, and increasing sedentary activity...
  26. pmc The contribution of active travel to children's physical activity levels: cross-sectional results from the ALSPAC study
    Esther M F van Sluijs
    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Cambridge, UK
    Prev Med 48:519-24. 2009
    ..To assess the association between active travel to school and physical activity (PA) in a large population-based sample of 11-year old children...
  27. pmc Walking and cycling to health: a comparative analysis of city, state, and international data
    John Pucher
    Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1986-92. 2010
    ..We sought to determine the magnitude, direction, and statistical significance of the relationship between active travel and rates of physical activity, obesity, and diabetes...
  28. ncbi Is active commuting the answer to population health?
    Roy J Shephard
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Sports Med 38:751-8. 2008
    ..Active transportation is more frequent in some European countries with dedicated cycle and pedestrian paths, but in most developed ..
  29. ncbi Critical factors for active transportation to school among low-income and minority students. Evidence from the 2001 National Household Travel Survey
    Noreen C McDonald
    Department of City and Regional Planning, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 3140, USA
    Am J Prev Med 34:341-4. 2008
    ..g., Safe Routes to School and the CDC's KidsWalk programs). However, little research has looked at differences in behavior across racial/ethnic and income groups...
  30. ncbi The non-linearity of risk and the promotion of environmentally sustainable transport
    Rune Elvik
    Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalleen 21, Oslo NO 0349, Norway
    Accid Anal Prev 41:849-55. 2009
    ..This shows that the high injury rate for pedestrians and cyclists in the current transport system does not necessarily imply that encouraging walking or cycling rather than driving will lead to more accidents...
  31. ncbi Use of a new public bicycle share program in Montreal, Canada
    Daniel Fuller
    Research Center of the Université de Montréal Hospital Center, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Prev Med 41:80-3. 2011
    ..Public bicycle share programs (PBSPs) increase population access to bicycles by deploying bicycles at docking stations throughout a city. Minimal research has systematically examined the prevalence and correlates of PBSP use...
  32. ncbi School travel planning: mobilizing school and community resources to encourage active school transportation
    Ron Buliung
    Department of Geography, University of Toronto Mississauga, ON, Canada
    J Sch Health 81:704-12. 2011
    ..A "school travel plan" (STP) documents a school's transport characteristics and provides an action plan to address school and neighborhood barriers to AST...
  33. pmc Aesthetic amenities and safety hazards associated with walking and bicycling for transportation in New York City
    Gina S Lovasi
    Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY, USA
    Ann Behav Med 45:S76-85. 2013
    One strategy to address health problems related to insufficient physical activity is to examine modifiable neighborhood characteristics associated with active transportation.
  34. ncbi Longitudinal changes in active transportation to school in Canadian youth aged 6 through 16 years
    Roman Pabayo
    Faculte de Medecine, CRCHUM, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Universite de Montreal, Downtown Station, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Pediatrics 128:e404-13. 2011
    Concern has been raised regarding the increased prevalence of physical inactivity among children. Active transportation, such as walking and cycling to school, is an opportunity for children to be physically active.
  35. pmc Perceived neighborhood environment and walking for specific purposes among elderly Japanese
    Shigeru Inoue
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan
    J Epidemiol 21:481-90. 2011
    ..However, evidence among elderly adults is limited. This study examined the association between perceived neighborhood environment and walking for specific purposes among Japanese elderly adults...
  36. pmc Physical environmental factors related to walking and cycling in older adults: the Belgian aging studies
    Jelle Van Cauwenberg
    Department of Human Biometry and Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education and Physical Therapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    BMC Public Health 12:142. 2012
    ..relationship between area of residence (urban, semi-urban or rural) and older adults' walking and cycling for transportation and recreation...
  37. ncbi Validity and reliability of a school travel survey
    Kelly R Evenson
    Dept of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    J Phys Act Health 5:S1-15. 2008
    ..We evaluated the criterion validity and test-retest reliability of a questionnaire with a sample of young schoolchildren to assess travel to and from school, including mode, travel companion, and destination after school...
  38. pmc Environmental factors influencing older adults' walking for transportation: a study using walk-along interviews
    Jelle Van Cauwenberg
    Department of Human Biometry and Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education and Physical Therapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B 1050, Brussels, Belgium
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 9:85. 2012
    Current knowledge on the relationship between the physical environment and walking for transportation among older adults (≥ 65 years) is limited. Qualitative research can provide valuable information and inform further research...
  39. ncbi Seasonal and socio-demographic determinants of school commuting
    Line A B Børrestad
    Institute of Public Health, Sport and Nutrition, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway
    Prev Med 52:133-5. 2011
    ..To report prevalence of commuting to school in Norway with regard to season, gender, parental education level, ethnicity and distance to school...
  40. ncbi Active school transportation in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada: an exploration of trends in space and time (1986-2006)
    Ron N Buliung
    Department of Geography, University of Toronto at Mississauga, 3359 Mississauga Road N, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
    Prev Med 48:507-12. 2009
    This study describes temporal and spatial trends in active transportation for school trips in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada's largest city-region.
  41. pmc Annoyance from transportation noise: relationships with exposure metrics DNL and DENL and their confidence intervals
    H M Miedema
    TNO PG, Leiden, The Netherlands
    Environ Health Perspect 109:409-16. 2001
    ..Moreover, relationships using descriptors other than DNL and percentage highly annoyed, which are presented here, have not been established earlier on the basis of a large dataset...
  42. pmc Neighborhood, route, and school environments and children's active commuting
    Jenna R Panter
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
    Am J Prev Med 38:268-78. 2010
    ..These behaviors may be influenced by characteristics of the environment around homes and schools, yet few studies have quantified the potential associations between these two sets of factors...
  43. pmc Individual identity and movement networks for disease metapopulations
    Matt J Keeling
    Department of Biological Science and Mathematics Institute, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:8866-70. 2010
    ....
  44. ncbi Hunger, waiting time and transport costs: time to confront challenges to ART adherence in Africa
    A P Hardon
    University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam School for Social Science Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    AIDS Care 19:658-65. 2007
    ....
  45. ncbi Inverse associations between cycling to work, public transport, and overweight and obesity: findings from a population based study in Australia
    Li Ming Wen
    Health Promotion Service, Sydney South West Area Health Service, Level 9, King George V Building, Missenden Road, Camperdown, NSW 2050, Australia
    Prev Med 46:29-32. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between various modes of transport to work and overweight and obesity, in men and women...
  46. ncbi Systematic review of active commuting to school and childrens physical activity and weight
    Murray C Lee
    Habitat Health Impact Consulting Corp, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    J Phys Act Health 5:930-49. 2008
    ..Recent programs have promoted the positive effects of active commuting on physical activity (PA) and overweight. However, the evidence supporting such interventions among schoolchildren has not been previously evaluated...
  47. pmc Healthy travel and the socio-economic structure of car commuting in Cambridge, UK: a mixed-methods analysis
    Anna Goodman
    Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 74:1929-38. 2012
    ..This suggests the importance of combining individual-level 'healthy travel' interventions with measures aimed at creating travel environments in which all social groups can pursue healthy and satisfying lives...
  48. pmc The relationship between active travel to school and health-related fitness in children and adolescents: a systematic review
    David R Lubans
    School of Education, University of Newcastle, Callaghan Campus, Australia
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:5. 2011
    ..Active travel to school (ATS) has been identified as an important source of physical activity for youth. However, the relationship between ATS and health-related fitness (HRF) among youth remains unclear...
  49. ncbi Network analysis of cattle and pig movements in Sweden: measures relevant for disease control and risk based surveillance
    Maria Nöremark
    SVA, National Veterinary Institute, Department of Disease Control and Epidemiology, 751 89 Uppsala, Sweden
    Prev Vet Med 99:78-90. 2011
    ....
  50. pmc A systematic review of interventions for promoting active transportation to school
    Palma Chillon
    Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Granada, Spain
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:10. 2011
    Active transportation to school is an important contributor to the total physical activity of children and adolescents. However, active school travel has declined over time, and interventions are needed to reverse this trend...
  51. ncbi Occupational, commuting and leisure-time physical activity in relation to coronary heart disease among middle-aged Finnish men and women
    Gang Hu
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Atherosclerosis 194:490-7. 2007
    ..To examine the association of different levels of occupational, commuting, and leisure-time physical activity with the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) events...
  52. pmc Spatial and temporal investigations of reported movements, births and deaths of cattle and pigs in Sweden
    Maria Nöremark
    SVA, National Veterinary Institute, Department of Disease Control and Epidemiology, 75189 Uppsala, Sweden
    Acta Vet Scand 51:37. 2009
    ..The results can be used for contingency planning, modelling of disease spread and design of disease control programs...
  53. ncbi Effect of transportation and commingling on the acute-phase protein response, growth, and feed intake of newly weaned beef calves
    J D Arthington
    University of Florida IFAS, Range Cattle Research and Education Center, Ona, USA
    J Anim Sci 81:1120-5. 2003
    The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of transportation and commingling on measures of the acute-phase protein response in newly weaned beef calves. Thirty-two (Exp. 1; average BW = 266 +/- 20.8 kg) and thirty-six (Exp...
  54. pmc Cross sectional analysis of the association between mode of school transportation and physical fitness in children and adolescents
    Lars Ostergaard
    Center for Research in Childhood Health, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense 5230, Denmark
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 10:91. 2013
    ..To investigate the associations between body composition, cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness in relation to travel mode to school in children and adolescents...
  55. pmc Health cobenefits and transportation-related reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in the San Francisco Bay area
    Neil Maizlish
    California Department of Public Health, Richmond, CA 94804, USA
    Am J Public Health 103:703-9. 2013
    We quantified health benefits of transportation strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE).
  56. ncbi Neighbourhood walkability and its particular importance for adults with a preference for passive transport
    Delfien Van Dyck
    Fund for Scientific Research Flanders FWO, Belgium
    Health Place 15:496-504. 2009
    ..In a health promotion context, these results are very promising...
  57. ncbi Are perceptions of the physical and social environment associated with mothers' walking for leisure and for transport? A longitudinal study
    Verity J Cleland
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood 3125, Victoria, Australia
    Prev Med 47:188-93. 2008
    ..This study aimed to cross-sectionally and prospectively examine whether local physical and social environments were associated with mothers' walking for leisure and for transport...
  58. ncbi Perceived social and physical environmental correlates of physical activity in older adolescents and the moderating effect of self-efficacy
    B Deforche
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Department of Human Biometrics and Biomechanics, Brussel, Belgium
    Prev Med 50:S24-9. 2010
    ..To determine if perceptions of the social and physical environment are associated with active transport and leisure-time sports among Belgian youth and to investigate if this relationship is moderated by self-efficacy...
  59. ncbi A review of network analysis terminology and its application to foot-and-mouth disease modelling and policy development
    C Dube
    Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada
    Transbound Emerg Dis 56:73-85. 2009
    ..A review of the principles of network analysis and of the relevance of various complex network theories to infectious disease modelling and control is presented in this paper...
  60. pmc Exploring associations between physical activity and perceived and objective measures of the built environment
    Aileen P McGinn
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    J Urban Health 84:162-84. 2007
    The built environment may be responsible for making nonmotorized transportation inconvenient, resulting in declines in physical activity...
  61. pmc The effect of light rail transit on body mass index and physical activity
    John M Macdonald
    Department of Criminology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 19104 6286, USA
    Am J Prev Med 39:105-12. 2010
    ..Most studies of the health consequences of the built environment face problems of selection bias associated with confounding effects of residential choice and transportation decisions.
  62. pmc Urban sprawl and public health
    Howard Frumkin
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Public Health Rep 117:201-17. 2002
  63. ncbi Least-cost transportation networks predict spatial interaction of invasion vectors
    D Andrew R Drake
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, 25 Willcocks Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3B2, Canada
    Ecol Appl 20:2286-99. 2010
    ..the movement of humans as vectors of biotic transfer have not incorporated patterns of human movement through transportation networks...
  64. pmc Variability and seasonality of active transportation in USA: evidence from the 2001 NHTS
    Yong Yang
    Department of Epidemiology, Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:96. 2011
    Active transportation including walking and bicycling is an important source of physical activity. Promoting active transportation is a challenge for the fields of public health and transportation...
  65. ncbi Cycling for transport and public health: a systematic review of the effect of the environment on cycling
    Simon D S Fraser
    Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Eur J Public Health 21:738-43. 2011
    ..Cycling represents one virtually carbon-neutral form of transport that can help to address declining levels of exercise...
  66. pmc Getting out and about in older adults: the nature of daily trips and their association with objectively assessed physical activity
    Mark G Davis
    University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:116. 2011
    ..Daily trip frequency is independently associated with objectively assessed PA volumes (OAs). Little is known about correlates and these trips' transport mode, and how these elements relate to PA...
  67. ncbi Inequalities in usage of a public bicycle sharing scheme: socio-demographic predictors of uptake and usage of the London (UK) cycle hire scheme
    F Ogilvie
    Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK
    Prev Med 55:40-5. 2012
    ..Cycling confers individual and population-level health benefits, but uptake is not always equitable across socio-demographic groups. We sought to examine inequalities in uptake and usage of London's Barclays Cycle Hire (BCH) scheme...
  68. ncbi Price of anarchy in transportation networks: efficiency and optimality control
    Hyejin Youn
    Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305 701, Korea
    Phys Rev Lett 101:128701. 2008
    ..Counterintuitively, simply blocking certain streets can partially improve the traffic conditions. We analyze various complex networks and discuss the possibility of similar paradoxes in physics...
  69. pmc Estimation of the sexual transmission of HIV in Kenya and Uganda on the trans-Africa highway: the continuing role for prevention in high risk groups
    C N Morris
    University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada
    Sex Transm Infect 82:368-71. 2006
    ..To explore the effect of transactional sex on the trans-Africa highway from Mombasa-Kampala in contributing to the HIV epidemic and the impact that an effective prevention intervention could have...
  70. ncbi Dispersal and persistence of genetically modified oilseed rape around Japanese harbors
    Masaharu Kawata
    Faculty of Environment and Information Science, University of Yokkaichi, Kayao cho 1200, Yokkaichi, 512 8512, Japan
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 16:120-6. 2009
    ..To consider the way how to keep domestic Brassicaceae from GM contamination, we surveyed and analyzed the dispersal and persistence of GM OSR around Japanese harbors. We present the cause and abundance of GM OSR in Japan by this paper...
  71. ncbi Effectiveness of movement-prevention regulations to reduce the spread of foot-and-mouth disease in The Netherlands
    A G J Velthuis
    Business Economics, Wageningen University, Hollandseweg 1, 6706 KN Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Prev Vet Med 82:262-81. 2007
    ..In densely populated areas this decrease went from 135 infected farms to 103, while the duration reduced from 88 days to 81...
  72. ncbi Transgenic oilseed rape along transportation routes and port of Vancouver in western Canada
    Yasuyuki Yoshimura
    National Institute for Agro Environmental Sciences, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8604, Japan
    Environ Biosafety Res 5:67-75. 2006
    ..With current control measures, transgenic oilseed rape populations may persist and spread in these ruderal areas...
  73. pmc Towards a differentiated understanding of active travel behaviour: using social theory to explore everyday commuting
    C Guell
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit and UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research, Box 296, Institute of Public Health, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge, UK
    Soc Sci Med 75:233-9. 2012
    ..This study can help to explain the limitations of more quantitative and static models and frameworks in predicting travel behaviour and identify future research directions...
  74. ncbi Habitual active transport, TV viewing and weight gain: a four year follow-up study
    Ding Ding
    University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA
    Prev Med 54:201-4. 2012
    ..To examine the associations of TV viewing time and domain-specific physical activity with weight change; to determine whether domain-specific physical activity moderates the potential association of TV viewing time with weight change...
  75. ncbi Personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school
    Anna Timperio
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, and The Children s Hospital at Westmead, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 30:45-51. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school among children...
  76. ncbi Comparative approaches to measuring food access in urban areas: the case of Portland, Oregon
    Andrea L Sparks
    US Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, DC
    Urban Stud 48:1715-737. 2011
    ..These findings suggest that results from food access studies employing disparate methodologies can often be compared...
  77. ncbi Socio-demographic and lifestyle correlates of commuting activity in Poland
    M Kwaśniewska
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical University of Łódź, Ul Zeligowskiego 7 9, Łódź, Poland
    Prev Med 50:257-61. 2010
    The aim of this study is to analyse the epidemiology of active transportation and to investigate the relationship between commuting physical activity (PA) and socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics in Poland.
  78. ncbi Physical activity levels according to physical and social environmental factors in a sample of adults living in South Brazil
    Tales C Amorim
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil
    J Phys Act Health 7:S204-12. 2010
    ..To evaluate the association between the physical and social environment and physical activity (leisure-time and transport-related) in a population-based sample of adults...
  79. pmc Potential health impact of switching from car to public transportation when commuting to work
    Alfredo Morabia
    Center for the Biology of Natural Systems, Queens College, City University of New York, Flushing, NY 11365, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:2388-91. 2010
    ..Queens College, New York, New York, for 5 days, and then switched to commuting for the next 5 days via public transportation. The PM(2.5) differed little between car and public transportation commutes (1.41 μg/M(3)·min; P = .226)...
  80. ncbi A study of knowledge, sexual behaviour and practices regarding HIV/AIDS among long distance truck drivers
    K Sanjeev
    Community Medicine, L L R M Medical College, Meerut Corresponding
    Indian J Public Health 53:243-5. 2009
    ..The percentage of use of condom among those having multiple sexual partners was 64.3% while 35.7% had either never used a condom or had used it very irregularly...
  81. ncbi Impacts of roads and linear clearings on tropical forests
    William F Laurance
    School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland 4870, Australia
    Trends Ecol Evol 24:659-69. 2009
    ..We also highlight practical measures to reduce the negative impacts of roads and other linear infrastructure on tropical species...
  82. ncbi Physical fitness in relation to transport to school in adolescents: the Danish youth and sports study
    L B Andersen
    Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 19:406-11. 2009
    ..Mode of travel was not related to leisure-time sports participation. Our findings suggest that commuter bicycling may be a way to improve health in adolescents...
  83. ncbi Adult active transportation: adding habit strength to the theory of planned behavior
    Gert Jan de Bruijn
    Department of Communication Science, Amsterdam School of Communications Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Prev Med 36:189-94. 2009
    ..strength may add depth to current theoretical models on health behavior, the present study explored the issue of habit strength within the context of the theory of planned behavior regarding adult bicycle use as a means of transportation.
  84. ncbi Commuting by public transit and physical activity: where you live, where you work, and how you get there
    Ugo Lachapelle
    School of Community and Regional Planning, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    J Phys Act Health 8:S72-82. 2011
    ..Most public transit users walk to and from transit. We analyzed the relationship between transit commuting and objectively measured physical activity...
  85. ncbi Environmental correlates of physical activity in driving and non-driving rural Japanese women
    Masamitsu Kamada
    Physical Education and Medicine Research Center UNNAN, Shimane, Japan
    Prev Med 49:490-6. 2009
    ..This study examined the relationship between physical activity and the environment among rural Japanese women, and whether that relationship varied with driving status...
  86. pmc Disease dynamics over very different time-scales: foot-and-mouth disease and scrapie on the network of livestock movements in the UK
    Rowland R Kao
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    J R Soc Interface 4:907-16. 2007
    ..These contradictory indicators emphasize that appropriate observation time frames and good discrimination among types of potentially infectious contacts are vital in order for network analysis to be a valuable epidemiological tool...
  87. ncbi Walking and cycling to school: predictors of increases among children and adolescents
    Clare Hume
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 36:195-200. 2009
    ..This study examined predictors of increases in children's and adolescents' active commuting (walking or cycling) to/from school over a 2-year period...
  88. ncbi Exposure-response relationships for transportation noise
    H M Miedema
    TNO Prevention and Health, CE Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Acoust Soc Am 104:3432-45. 1998
    This article presents synthesis curves for the relationship between DNL and percentage highly annoyed for three transportation noise sources. The results are based on all 21 datasets examined by Schultz [J. Acoust. Soc. Am...
  89. ncbi Attitudes and the environment as determinants of active travel in adults: what do and don't we know?
    Jenna Rachel Panter
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
    J Phys Act Health 7:551-61. 2010
    ..This paper describes current knowledge of the psychological and environmental determinants of active travel in adults, and considers ways in which the 2 domains can be better integrated...
  90. pmc The influence of the physical environment and sociodemographic characteristics on children's mode of travel to and from school
    Kristian Larsen
    Department of Geography, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Public Health 99:520-6. 2009
    ..We examined whether certain characteristics of the social and physical environment influence a child's mode of travel between home and school...
  91. ncbi Social-ecological correlates of active commuting to school among high school students
    Jennifer E Robertson-Wilson
    Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    J Adolesc Health 42:486-95. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study is to explore the relationships between demographic, behavioral, social/psychological, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school among a sample of high school students...
  92. ncbi Aerobic fitness and mode of travel to school in English schoolchildren
    Christine Voss
    Centre for Sports and Exercise Science, School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Colchester, United Kingdom
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 42:281-7. 2010
    ..The aim of the present study was to determine whether a positive association exists between active travel and aerobic fitness in English schoolchildren, where cycling to school is rare...
  93. ncbi Pathways of disadvantage? Walking as a mode of transport among low-income mothers
    L Bostock
    Urban Frontiers Program, University of Western Sydney, Campbelltown, NSW 2560, Australia
    Health Soc Care Community 9:11-8. 2001
    ..The paper concludes that strategies to reduce social exclusion must recognise the contradictory health effects of walking and aim to regenerate the physical fabric of social housing estates as well as improve public transport options...
  94. ncbi Socio-economic and locational determinants of accessibility and utilization of primary health-care
    K S Field
    University College Northampton, Park Campus, Boughton Green Road, Northampton NN2 7AL, UK
    Health Soc Care Community 9:294-308. 2001
    ..Results confirmed that current service provision afforded a differential level of service to patients, which does not directly reflect their level of need...
  95. pmc The effects of geography and spatial behavior on health care utilization among the residents of a rural region
    Thomas A Arcury
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    Health Serv Res 40:135-55. 2005
    ..This analysis determines the importance of geography and spatial behavior as predisposing and enabling factors in rural health care utilization, controlling for demographic, social, cultural, and health status factors...
  96. ncbi Sexually transmitted diseases and sexual lifestyles of long-distance truck drivers: a clinico-epidemiologic study in south India
    J V Manjunath
    Department of Dermatology and STD, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry 605 006, India
    Int J STD AIDS 13:612-7. 2002
    ....
  97. ncbi Perceived and objective environmental measures and physical activity among urban adults
    Christine M Hoehner
    Prevention Research Center, Saint Louis University School of Public Health, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
    Am J Prev Med 28:105-16. 2005
    ..However, few studies have simultaneously assessed perceptions and objectively measured environmental factors and their relative association with transportation or recreational physical activity.
  98. ncbi Data quality of the Cattle Tracing System in Great Britain
    D M Green
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS
    Vet Rec 161:439-43. 2007
    ....
  99. ncbi Active commuting influences among adults
    Melissa Bopp
    Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Prev Med 54:237-41. 2012
    ..Active commuting (AC) is a behavior with many documented health benefits; however, influences on AC are not well understood. This paper examined a range of influences on self-reported AC behavior...
  100. ncbi Influence of the social environment on children's school travel
    Noreen C McDonald
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 317 New East Bldg, CB 3140, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 3140, USA
    Prev Med 50:S65-8. 2010
    ..To analyze the association between parental perceptions of the social environment and walking and biking to school among 10-14-year-olds...
  101. ncbi Effect of transportation stress on heat shock protein 70 concentration and mRNA expression in heart and kidney tissues and serum enzyme activities and hormone concentrations of pigs
    Hong Yu
    Key Laboratory of Animal Physiology and Biochemistry, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
    Am J Vet Res 68:1145-50. 2007
    ..To determine the enzymatic and hormonal responses, heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) production, and Hsp70 mRNA expression in heart and kidney tissues of transport-stressed pigs...

Research Grants81

  1. Understanding/ Treating Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Pediatric Physical Illness
    Eva Szigethy; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Novel DNA-Launched Attenuated Vaccine for VEE Virus
    PETER M PUSHKO; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..many advantages of DNA vaccines (genetic homogeneity and stability, low cost of manufacturing, storage, and transportation, no cold chain) and, more importantly, enhances immunogenicity...
  3. Adenosine and the Basal Forebrain in the Control of Behavioral State
    Robert E Strecker; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..sleep is also very important to active military personnel, doctors in residency training, and emergency &transportation workers, just to name a few...
  4. Present Homologous and Heterologous Antigen with Hepatitis E Virus
    R Holland Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..needs to be safe and effective in targeting specific cell, provide sufficient protection of DNA plasmid during transportation, as wel as low- responses to any existing self-immunity...
  5. Central Biochemistry Laboratory of the CKiD Consortium
    George J Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The CBL provides participating clinical sites with protocols, kits, reagents, supplies, and transportation required for performing iohexol-based glomerular filtration rate (GFR) studies and collecting blood and urine ..
  6. Functional Bowel Disorders in Chinese Medicine
    Brian Berman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..cause of IBS is the "stagnation of liver energy attacking the spleen and resulting in dysfunction of the transportation and transformation function of the spleen"...
  7. Mechanisms for Cardiovascular Effects of air pollutants: Effect of Age and Sex
    BRITT HOLMEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..as well as sustainability in terms of agricultural production and reduced environmental impact from the transportation sector, but as with petrodiesel, combustion of biodiesel produces particulate air pollution...
  8. A dataset for the study of the social determinants of health.
    Peter A Muennig; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..education and income have not only lower access to health insurance, but also less access to banking services, transportation, and modes of democratic engagement, as well as a host of other social systems...
  9. Chicago Endothelial Function Study
    Louise C Hawkley; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..ALTERATIONS AND RENOVATIONS (Itemize by category) OTHER EXPENSES (Itemize by category) Subject fees, food, transportation $16,920 Assays $38,160 Mailing &Paperwork $2,700 Service Contracts $4,000 Detecto Healthometer $250 Phones ..
  10. Myosin 15:Genetics, Pathology and Therapeutic Potential
    Sally A Camper; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..unique functions of each myosin gene, and suggested the possibility that MYO15 has other functions besides transportation of whirlin to the stereocilia tips...
  11. Pilot Study: Self Management Groups for Veterans with Dual Sensory Loss
    MITCHEL BRANT TURBIN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..the self management group curriculum and guidelines for critical logistical procedures for ensuring effective transportation and communication for participants with vision and hearing limitations...
  12. Clinical center for the study of neuroprotection from PD
    Joseph Jankovic; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The additional costs for supplies covers some transportation for the participant i their caregiver is unable to drive them to the visits, parking assistance, mailing, ..
  13. Mitochondrial Bioenergetic Dysfunction and Chlorine Toxicity
    Sadis Matalon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Exposure to Cl2, released into the atmosphere during transportation and industrial accidents, as well as acts of terrorism resulted in significant morbidity and mortality to both ..
  14. A Miniaturized GC with MEMS-Enabled Selective Preconcentration for Monitoring Exp
    Masoud Agah; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..system with selective adsorption capability to identify air hazardous pollutants (HAPs) found in transportation-related and other workplaces...
  15. Regulation of Migration of Autoreactive Germinal Centers and Precursor B Cells
    John D Mountz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..IFNa and IL-17 regulate the migration behavior of APChi B cells in lupus patients? We will analyze Ag capture, transportation and presentation by APChi B cells to CD4 T cells in vivo using confocal microscopy and FACS analysis...
  16. Discontinuing NSAIDs in Veterans with Knee Osteoarthritis
    Liana Fraenkel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..All study data will be collected over the telephone thus enabling Veterans who have difficulty arranging transportation to the VA to participate...
  17. Deciphering the Mechanism of Transporters by Design and Experiments
    HYUN JOONG CHO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..pursue basic biomedical quest on establishing a unified transport mechanism by investigating metal- and sugar-transportation as model systems, using methods of experimental, computational and struc- tural biophysics...
  18. Feasibility, benefits, and acceptability of lowering the BAC standard in the US
    David W Eby; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Association;national Alcoholic Beverage Control Association;National Restaurant Association;US Department of Transportation;National Association of Insurance Commissioners;US Health and Human Services;US Substance Abuse and Mental ..
  19. Using Community Based Participatory Research to Improve Health in Children
    LUISA contact SEIJO MALDONADO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..collective acceptance of (1) government policies favoring the use of private automobiles instead of multiple transportation options, which include walking or biking, (2) advertisements by multinational companies which create a ..
  20. Community Assessment of Freeway Pollution and Health
    Doug Brugge; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  21. Keratin biomaterial-based fluid for trauma resuscitation
    LUKE RUSSELL BURNETT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and oxygen delivery as well as practical items such as a low cost, low to no side effects, easy transportation, and storage...
  22. Improving substance abuse counseling adherence using web-based videoconferencing
    Van L King; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Secondary analyses will evaluate the collateral effects of the intervention on program satisfaction, time and transportation costs, rates of unscheduled appointments, and pre/post changes in the therapeutic relationship...
  23. Construction and evaluation of next-generation reporter mycobacteriophages
    Graham F Hatfull; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is maintained for at least two weeks following fixation, increasing biosafety and facilitating storage or transportation of samples...
  24. (PQA4) GPS exposure to environments &relations with biomarkers of cancer risk
    Jacqueline Kerr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. parks, walkable streets, fresh produce markets etc.) weighted by time, speed, transportation mode and features of the environment e.g. parcel size...
  25. A Virtually Supervised Web-Based Home Exercise Technology for Older Adults
    Bijan Najafi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..limited due to home-bound status because of functional or cognitive decline, care-giving responsibilities, or transportation difficulties. High costs for personal, and lack of group exercie facilities are likewise problematic...
  26. The Logics for HIV Risk among Street-Based Heroin Injectors
    Philippe Bourgois; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..messages, and social services;9) access to ecological and basic survival needs infrastructures including transportation systems, food, and shelter from inclement weather...
  27. Investigating Health Effects of Climate-Related Disasters in the United States
    Brooke Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and use both these models of infrastructure risk and data from utility companies and state departments of transportation to quantify how the health risk associated with a storm modifies its effects on all-cause, cardiovascular, and ..
  28. Impact of Hurricane Sandy on Morbidity and Mortality in NYC
    Tiffany Harris; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in place in high-rise residential buildings where power outages disabled elevators and running water;transportation shutdowns;emergency healthcare facility evacuations;residential evacuations;and disruptions to healthcare ..
  29. Development of a Tai Chi Program to Overcome Barriers to Cardiac Rehabilitation
    Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and is safe even in high-risk patients, it has been successfully offered in community centers thus overcoming transportation barriers and limiting costs...
  30. An RCT of CBT-Telephone for Late-Life GAD
    Gretchen A Brenes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Older adults in rural locations often face significant barriers to treatment, including stigma, transportation, lack of local appropriately trained service providers, and impaired mobility...
  31. Walkability's Impact on Senior Health
    Allen Glicksman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..health can walk to neighborhood amenities such as a grocery store, senior center, or park, and take public transportation. Second, we hypothesize that the relation between walkable neighborhoods and health outcomes will be stronger ..
  32. Characteristics of Prion Entry and Neuroinvasion Following Nasal Cavity Infection
    Anthony E Kincaid; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..following extranasal inoculation at different times after inoculation, and determining the pattern of prion transportation using immunohistochemistry...
  33. Can noise-induced TTS cause persistent impairment of speech understanding?
    Anthony Brammer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Programs in which hearing loss may occur (Agriculture, Forestry, Construction, Manufacturing, Mining, and Transportation)...
  34. Colon cancer disparity elimination: a faith-based participatory partnership
    John R Ureda; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..e. transportation, stigma, social support, etc.)...
  35. Patient Navigation for Depressed Mothers in Head Start - An Engagement Strategy
    Michael Silverstein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is a lay-delivered case management approach that focuses on overcoming logistical hurdles to care, such as transportation, language barriers or insurance complexities, during a defined episode...
  36. HuR Targeted Nanotherapy for Lung Cancer
    Rajagopal Ramesh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In addition to mRNA transportation, HuR plays a role in mRNA stabilization and protein translation...
  37. An Audio Music Self-management Program to Improve ART Adherence in Rural GA
    Marcia McDonnell Holstad; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..could transform the delivery of HIV adherence self-management education by overcoming barriers of isolation, transportation, confidentiality and stigma in this vulnerable group...
  38. Predicting Smoking Abstinence via Mobile Monitoring of Stress and Social Context
    Santosh Kumar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in posture and physical activity, and GPS measurements on the mobile phone are used to identify location and transportation modality. Seventy-two smokers who want to quit will be recruited...
  39. Environmental Changes and Health Outcomes across 25 Years: Four US Cities
    Penny Gordon-Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..each piece of the time-dependent, complex system, accounting for the process by which food, activity, and transportation facilities are established and expanded and the potential for individuals to selectively migrate to locate ..
  40. Tablet-Aided BehavioraL intervention EffecT on Self-management skills (TABLETS)
    Cheryl P Lynch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..cost intensive, but may not be more effective than alternative modes of delivery, especially where access and transportation are a significant problem...
  41. Biosensing Devices for Cytotoxic and Genotoxic Assessment of Nanomaterials
    Chenzhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of cells including genomic damage, cell attachment, motility, mortality and cytotoxicity, and BBB tissue transportation ability under various nanomaterial exposures with a simpler and less labor intensive operation and more ..
  42. Does a New Supermarket Improve Dietary Behaviors of Low-income African Americans?
    Tamara Dubowitz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., means of transportation and degree of spatial proximity to the grocery store) and socio-cultural factors (e.g...
  43. Online Training &Certification for Competency in Dementia Friendly Hospital Care
    Mary Sherman Mittelman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..setting, nursing assistants and other non-professional allied health workers (NA/AHWs) such as dietary aides, transportation employees, and medical technologists, generally interact with PWD without specialized dementia-care training...
  44. Telemedicine to Improve Depression and Adherence in HIV+ Women in the Rural South
    Mirjam Colette Kempf; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. transportation, access to mental health service providers) persistent in rural areas...
  45. Improving Access to and Quality of Eye Care in an At-Risk, Underserved Population
    Cynthia Owsley; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Persons with vision impairment are at increased risk for depression, transportation challenges, being unemployed, placement into long-term care, injury, and mortality...
  46. A Better High-level Disinfectant for Endoscopes and Other Medical Equipments/Devi
    Neera Satsangi; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..compared to the currently used HLD products, ensuring the safety of personnel involved in its warehousing, transportation and in clinics...
  47. GO-ing Forward
    Isabel C Scarinci; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and stakeholders from multiple systems and sectors-economic development, business, education, labor, housing, transportation, environment, agriculture, and healthcare-as well as academic investigators from disciplines such as clinical ..
  48. Nanoparticles as OCT Contrast Agents
    Gadi Wollstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..electron microscopy will be performed on excised eyes to determine the time sequence of the nanorods transportation. The biocompatibility of the nanoparticles will be evaluated by pattern electroretinogram for functional ..
  49. Comparative Effectiveness of Two Interventions for Teen Distracted Driving
    Beth E Ebel; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..as well as NCIPC Research Objectives 4 (research the cost and cost-effectiveness of policies to prevent transportation injuries to children) and 7 (research that can inform policy debates on the most effective way to reduce ..
  50. Speech-based biomarkers of CNS dysfunction associated with early Alzheimers disea
    James C Mundt; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..are needed, but visits to clinical offices are expensive and many older patient are restricted by mobility or transportation access...
  51. Disseminating evidence-based practice to the schools: CBT for child anxiety
    Philip C Kendall; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed study is a [three-phase] five-year project examining the transportation, implementation, and sustainability of a computer-assisted cognitive-behavioral treatment (CACBT) for youth ..
  52. Depressed Mothers in Rural Areas: Web-Facilitated Cognitive Behavioral Treatment
    Lisa B Sheeber; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..substantial, including lack of mental health coverage, difficulties arranging childcare, and the absence of transportation differentially effect women of low socioeconomic status...
  53. Validating the CalFit Smartphone Sensor in Two Epidemiological Investigations
    Edmund Seto; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..on physical activity and obesity in a Smart Growth community and five adjacent communities;and (2) in the Transportation, Air Pollution and physical ActivitieS (TAPAS) project in Barcelona, Spain, focused on determinants of active ..
  54. Promoting Self-Management in Stroke Survivors Using Health IT
    Kamakshi Lakshminarayan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Two-thirds of stroke survivors have residual disabilities and are frequently dependent on caregivers for transportation to clinic visits...
  55. Mechanisms of cytoskeletal and lysosomal protein regulation in osteoclasts
    Haibo Zhao; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..LIS1 interacts with dynein/dynactin, a motor complex that regulates microtubule dynamic and transportation. LIS1 also binds to the catalytic 1-subunit of PAF-AH (platelet-activating factor (PAF) acetylhydrolase) 1b ..
  56. Paragonix Heart Sherpa for Extended Preservation of Donor Hearts
    Lisa Maier; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The overall goal is to develop, validate and commercialize a heart preservation device for the extended preservation and transportation of donor hearts.
  57. The Elimination of Health Disparities through Translation Research
    Carol E Kaufman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Like other adolescents, AI/AN youth have increased biological vulnerability, face transportation limitations (especially in reservation or Village settings where distances are great), and are reluctant to ..
  58. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia and Nocturnal Hot Flashes in Menopause
    Sara Nowakowski; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..To maximize the public health impact, improve access, and reduce treatment barriers (stigma and transportation issues), we propose to evaluate the efficacy and effectiveness of the intervention delivered by nurses in ..
  59. Investigation of an Advanced Hand-Cycle Drive System for People with Disabilities
    THOMAS P O apos DONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Human powered vehicles provide fundamental and often the sole means of transportation for millions of people throughout the world...
  60. Entry of antigen-presenting B cells into the follicle directed by IFNa and IL-17
    Hui Chen Hsu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To answer the second question, in vivo Ag capture and transportation by MZP B cells will be determined by FACS and confocal imaging analyses...
  61. Disease Pluripotent Stem (iPS) Cells
    Su Chun Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will determine if the development (differentiation, neurite extension) and function (axonal transportation, interactions with muscles) of motor neurons derived from the SMA-iPS cells are defective...
  62. Evaluation of a Standard Acquisition Charge Model for Kidney Paired Donation
    Michael A Rees; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..model that will be analogous to the current payment strategy employed to pay for the evaluation, recovery and transportation of deceased donor kidneys in America...
  63. Air Pollution and Adverse Birth Outcomes
    Beate Ritz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  64. OPTIC NEUROPATHY FROM MITOCHONDRIAL DERANGEMENT
    Alfredo Sadun; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..common pathophysiological mechanism involving impaired mitochondria and the ATP expensive mitochondrial axonal transportation underlies genetic optic nerve diseases such as Leber s metabolic and nutritional diseases such as CEON, and a ..
  65. A Better & Stable Cold High-Level Disinfectant Formulation for Medical Equipments
    RAJIV SATSANGI; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..mild solution temperatures, (3) exhibit a wider spectrum of disinfection capabilities, (4) have no storage and transportation hazards and be quite stable on long term storage, (5) be suitable even for austere conditions, like in war and ..
  66. Allosteric DNAzyme sensors for practical detection of mycotoxins
    SCOTT SILVERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..by applicant): Mycotoxins are toxic compounds produced by fungi that contaminate crops during growth, transportation, or storage...
  67. Microwave remediation of hazardous medical wastes
    PRASANNA CHANDRASEKHAR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the predominant disposal method, with continued problems of environmental pollution, severe local opposition, transportation, high costs and the threat of recent (1997) laws shutting down incinerators...
  68. Health Effects of Lifetime Exposure to Food Contaminants
    Philippe Grandjean; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and from year to year, and dissemination of whale meat was difficult until about 1950, when more advanced transportation between the islands and refrigeration became available...
  69. Southern Community Cancer Survivorship Study
    Ann Marie Flores; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..barriers to health care utilization (no or limited health insurance, lack of regular medical examinations, transportation, regular place to receive health care services) have significantly higher prevalences of breast cancer ..
  70. IMPACT OF STANDARDIZATION AND PROCEDURE OPTIMIZATION ON*
    Ahmed Gaber; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Space Research Institute and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory to redesign the process of islet isolation and transportation. The proposed ICR has several key strengths including (1) the documented success of our islet isolation ..
  71. Reducing Risk in Cardiac Rehabilitation: Partners Together in Health (PaTH) Inter
    Bernice Yates; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..for the recovering cardiac patient and frequently attends cardiac rehabilitation with the patient to provide transportation, emotional support, or attend educational classes...
  72. SYRINGE ACCESS AND HIV RISK
    Merrill Singer; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..g., impact of police pressure, cost of syringes, and transportation on facilitating or diminishing access), and local injection and discard patterns ( e.g...
  73. Efficacy of The Ketogenic Diet
    John Freeman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..There were difficulties with recruitment due to our requirement that children must have insurance coverage and transportation to Hopkins prior to recruitment for the study...
  74. HOME CARE FOR FEVER AND NEUTROPENIA--A RANDOMIZED TRIAL
    James Talcott; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..added freedom, comfort, and familiarity in the home setting will balance or outweigh the increased burden of transportation, minor medical tasks and potential anxiety resulting from reduced medical surveillance among home-treated ..
  75. WayFinder: Cognitive Aid for Independent Transportation
    Daniel Davies; Fiscal Year: 2009
    WAYFINDER: A Cognitive Aid for Independent Transportation ABSTRACT Transportation and mobility have long been areas of great dependency for individuals with intellectual disabilities, such as mental retardation...
  76. Nanotechnology for One Step Concentration and Preservation of Labile Biomarkers i
    LANCE ALLEN LIOTTA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Moreover, biomarkers in the blood may be subjected to degradation during transportation and storage. Such degradation is a significant source of bias for cancer biomarker measurement and discovery...
  77. Effect of Urban Form on Exercise and BMI in Black Women
    Patricia Coogan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..An expert in transportation and urban planning will compile data about the pedestrian environment at the neighborhood scale for the 3 ..
  78. Work, Neighborhood, Commuting, and Occupational Health Disparities
    Jarvis Chen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In particular, we focus on interactions between individual and neighborhood socioeconomic position as modifiers of susceptibility to workplace physical and social hazards. ..
  79. R-axis IV++ Detector and Vari-Max Optics for X-ray Crystallographic Studies
    Mavis Agbandje McKenna; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..crystallographic studies of viral samples under government agency regulations (such as USDA) that make transportation very difficult...
  80. PET/CT Imaging System
    William J Jagust; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..camera for years, and has collaborated on issues related to funding, operations, data analysis, and subject transportation. However, the current camera is outdated, no longer supported by the manufacturer, and suffers from frequent ..
  81. Neighborhoods and physical activity among older men
    Yvonne Michael; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Research in the transportation and urban planning fields indicates that people walk more in accessible neighborhoods...