Genomes and Genes
Summary: Units that convert some form of energy into electrical energy, such as hydroelectric or steam-generating stations, diesel-electric engines in locomotives, or nuclear power plants.
Publications211 found, 100 shown here
- Shade trees reduce building energy use and CO2 emissions from power plantsH Akbari
Heat Island Group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Environ Pollut 116:S119-26. 2002..house (each with a top view cross section of 50 m2) would lead to an annual reduction in carbon emissions from power plants of 16,000, 41,000, and 9000 t, respectively (the per-tree reduction in carbon emissions is about 10-11 kg per ..
- Response to noise from modern wind farms in The NetherlandsEja Pedersen
Halmstad University and University of Gothenburg, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden
J Acoust Soc Am 126:634-43. 2009..Response to wind turbine noise was similar to that found in Sweden so the dose-response relationship should be generalizable...
- The risk of radiation-induced cerebrovascular disease in Chernobyl emergency workersV K Ivanov
Medical Radiological Research Center of Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Obninsk, Russia
Health Phys 90:199-207. 2006..002, with 95% CI = (-0.004; -0.001). The radiation risks in this large-scale cohort study were not adjusted for recognized risk factors such as excessive weight, hypercholesterolemia, smoking, alcohol consumption, and others...
- Does proximity to coal-fired power plants influence fish tissue mercury?Dana K Sackett
Department of Biology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 7617, USA
Ecotoxicology 19:1601-11. 2010Much of the mercury contamination in aquatic biota originates from coal-fired power plants, point sources that release mercury into the atmosphere...
- Responses of the ear to low frequency sounds, infrasound and wind turbinesAlec N Salt
Department of Otolaryngology, Washington University School of Medicine, Box 8115, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Hear Res 268:12-21. 2010..This raises the possibility that exposure to the infrasound component of wind turbine noise could influence the physiology of the ear...
- Cancer after nuclear fallout: lessons from the Chernobyl accidentDillwyn Williams
Thyroid Carcinogenesis Research Group, Strangeways Research Laboratory, Wort s Causeway, Cambridge, CB1 8RN, UK
Nat Rev Cancer 2:543-9. 2002
- Perception and annoyance due to wind turbine noise--a dose-response relationshipEja Pedersen
Department of Environmental Medicine, Goteborg University, P O Box 414, SE 405 30 Goteborg, Sweden
J Acoust Soc Am 116:3460-70. 2004..The respondents' attitude to the visual impact of wind turbines on the landscape scenery was found to influence noise annoyance...
- Risk of cancer after low doses of ionising radiation: retrospective cohort study in 15 countriesE Cardis
International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyons, France
BMJ 331:77. 2005..To provide direct estimates of risk of cancer after protracted low doses of ionising radiation and to strengthen the scientific basis of radiation protection standards for environmental, occupational, and medical diagnostic exposures...
- Exposure to PM2.5 and PAHs from the Tong Liang, China epidemiological studyJudith C Chow
Division of Atmospheric Sciences, Desert Research Institute, 2215 Raggio Parkway, Reno, NV, 89512, USA and Aerosol and Environmental Division, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Science, Xian, China corrected
J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 41:517-42. 2006..5 to 3.5 times during the coal-fired power plant operational period. However, further investigation is needed to determine the relative contribution from residential and utility coal combustion and vehicular activities...
- Leaching characteristics of solid wastes from thermal power plants of western Turkey and comparison of toxicity methodologiesAlper Baba
Department of Geological Engineering, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, 17020 Canakkale, Turkey
J Environ Manage 73:199-207. 2004..In this study, fly and bottom ash samples obtained from thermal power plants, namely Yenikoy, Kemerkoy and Yatagan, located at the southwestern coast of Turkey, were subjected to toxicity ..
- Flue gas desulfurization: the state of the artR K Srivastava
Office of Research and Development, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Air Pollution Prevention and Control Division, U S Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA
J Air Waste Manag Assoc 51:1676-88. 2001..e., coals with a sulfur content of 2% or lower) may use LSD; and (2) plants larger than 250 MWe and firing medium- to high-sulfur coals (i.e., coals with a sulfur content of 2% or higher) may use either LSFO or MEL...
- Effects of simulated downwind coal combustion emissions on pre-existing allergic airway responses in miceEdward G Barrett
Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, NM 87108, USA
Inhal Toxicol 23:792-804. 2011..Coal-fired power plant emissions can contribute a significant portion of the ambient air pollution in many parts of the world...
- Somatic symptoms in women 11 years after the Chornobyl accident: prevalence and risk factorsEvelyn J Bromet
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794 8790, USA
Environ Health Perspect 110:625-9. 2002....
- Toxicological evaluation of realistic emission source aerosols (TERESA): summary and conclusionsJohn J Godleski
Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Inhal Toxicol 23:95-103. 2011..This series of papers reports the findings of experiments using coal-fired power plants as the source of emissions and this paper summarizes the findings and knowledge acquired from these studies...
- Differential partitioning and speciation of Hg in wet FGD facilities of two Spanish PCC power plantsR Ochoa-González
Instituto Nacional del Carbón INCAR CSIC, Francisco Pintado Fe, 26, 33011 Oviedo, Spain
Chemosphere 85:565-70. 2011This paper evaluates the speciation and partitioning of mercury in two Spanish pulverised coal combustion power plants (PP1 and PP2), equipped with wet limestone-based flue gas desulphurisation facilities (FGD) operating with forced ..
- Fine particles and meteorological conditions are associated with lung function in children with asthma living near two power plantsR Peled
Epidemiology Research Institute, Barzilai Medical Center, 78306 Ashkelon, Israel
Public Health 119:418-25. 2005..clinical and sociodemographic measurements, in a panel of schoolchildren with asthma living near two power plants in Israel...
- Survey for the presence of specific free-living amoebae in cooling waters from Belgian power plantsJonas Behets
Laboratory of Aquatic Ecology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Charles De Beriotstraat 32, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
Parasitol Res 100:1249-56. 2007..Naegleria fowleri was the most frequently encountered thermotolerant species, and concentrations of thermotolerant FLA were correlated with higher temperatures...
- Malaria and the Narmada-river development in India: a case study of the Bargi damN Singh
Malaria Research Centre Field Station, Jabalpur, India
Ann Trop Med Parasitol 93:477-88. 1999..In fact, indoor-resting densities of anophelines and of the most established vector, Anopheles culicifacies, have fallen since the dam was built, but densities of another vector, An. fluviatilis, have increased...
- Chernobyl-related ionising radiation exposure and cancer risk: an epidemiological reviewKirsten B Moysich
Department of Cancer Prevention, Epidemiology, and Biostatistics, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY 14226, USA
Lancet Oncol 3:269-79. 2002..Among adult populations, there is no strong evidence to suggest that risk of thyroid cancer, leukaemia, or other malignant disease has increased as a result of the Chernobyl accident...
- The mortality and cancer morbidity experience of employees at the Chapelcross plant of British Nuclear Fuels plc, 1955-95D McGeoghegan
Westlakes Scientific Consulting Ltd, The Princess Royal Building, Westlakes Science and Technology Park, Moor Row, Cumbria, UK
J Radiol Prot 21:221-50. 2001..There is no evidence to date amongst the Chapelcross cohort of increased risk for cancers considered to be radiogenic based on studies of populations exposed to high levels of radiation...
- Increased risk of preterm delivery in women residing near thermal power plants in TaiwanShang Shyue Tsai
Department of Healthcare Administration, I Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Arch Environ Health 59:478-83. 2004In this article, the researchers studied the prevalence of preterm births for women living near thermal power plants. The prevalence of delivery of preterm birth infants was significantly higher among women living within 3 km of a thermal ..
- Childhood leukaemia incidence below the age of 5 years near French nuclear power plantsD Laurier
Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, IRSN DRPH SRBE, Fontenay aux Roses Cedex, France
J Radiol Prot 28:401-3. 2008..indicated an excess risk of leukaemia among children under the age of 5 years living in the vicinity of nuclear power plants in Germany...
- Heterogeneity in the distribution of RET/PTC rearrangements within individual post-Chernobyl papillary thyroid carcinomasKristian Unger
GSF Forschungszentrum für Umwelt und Gesundheit GmbH, Institute of Molecular Radiobiology, Ingolstadter Landstrasse 1, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:4272-9. 2004....
- The level of maternal methemoglobin during pregnancy in an air-polluted environmentLucijan Mohorovic
Obstetric and Gynecologic Primary Care, Labin, Croatia
Environ Health Perspect 111:1902-5. 2003..73, p 0.01). The increase of maternal methemoglobin could be a useful biomarker to determine when the health of pregnant women is threatened by toxic substances in the environment...
- Leukaemia in young children living in the vicinity of German nuclear power plantsPeter Kaatsch
Institute for Medical Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics, German Childhood Cancer Registry, Obere Zahlbacher Strasse 69, 55131 Mainz, Germany
Int J Cancer 122:721-6. 2008..99 (lower 95%-CL: -0.41). This indicates a negative trend for distance. Cases live closer to nuclear power plants than the randomly selected controls. A categorical analysis shows a statistically significant odds ratio of 2...
- Leukaemia in young children living in the vicinity of nuclear power plantsJulian Little
Int J Cancer 122:x-xi. 2008
- Case-control study on childhood cancer in the vicinity of nuclear power plants in Germany 1980-2003Claudia Spix
German Childhood Cancer Registry, Institute for Medical Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics, University Mainz, 55101 Mainz, Germany
Eur J Cancer 44:275-84. 2008The 1984 Windscale study raised concern about a possible association between living in the vicinity of nuclear power plants and childhood cancer. No such effect for all cancers was seen in ecological studies in Germany (1980-1995)...
- Thyroid carcinoma after Chernobyl latent period, morphology and aggressivenessE D Williams
Thyroid Carcinogenesis Research Unit, Strangeways Research Laboratory, Worts Causeway, Cambridge CB1 8RN, UK
Br J Cancer 90:2219-24. 2004....
- PAH-DNA adducts in cord blood and fetal and child development in a Chinese cohortDeliang Tang
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, and Columbia Center for Children s Environmental Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA, and Chongqing Children Hospital, China
Environ Health Perspect 114:1297-300. 2006..001), and 30 months of age (p<0.001). The findings suggest that exposure to elevated levels of PAHs, with the Tongliang power plant being a significant source, is associated with reduced fetal and child growth in this population...
- Estimation of primary and secondary particulate matter intake fractions for power plants in GeorgiaJonathan I Levy
Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Landmark Center Room 404K, P O Box 15677, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
Environ Sci Technol 37:5528-36. 2003..We apply CALPUFF, a regional-scale dispersion model common in health benefits assessments, to seven power plants in northern Georgia, considering both direct emissions of fine particulate matter (PM2...
- Health effects of the Chernobyl disaster: illness or illness behavior? A comparative general health survey in two former Soviet regionsJ Havenaar
Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Environ Health Perspect 105:1533-7. 1997..The results of this study suggest that the Chernobyl disaster had a significant long-term impact on psychological well-being, health-related quality of life, and illness behavior in the exposed population...
- Public health and economic consequences of methyl mercury toxicity to the developing brainLeonardo Trasande
Center for Children s Health and the Environment, Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA
Environ Health Perspect 113:590-6. 2005..Agency (EPA) made steady progress in reducing mercury emissions from anthropogenic sources, especially from power plants, which account for 41% of anthropogenic emissions. However, the U.S...
- Mental retardation and prenatal methylmercury toxicityLeonardo Trasande
Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Center for Children s Health and the Environment, Mt Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave K Levy Place, Box 1043, New York, NY 10029, USA
Am J Ind Med 49:153-8. 2006..S. birth cohort is estimated, and the portion of this burden attributable to mercury (Hg) emissions from coal-fired power plants is identified.
- Mortality from diseases other than cancer following low doses of ionizing radiation: results from the 15-Country Study of nuclear industry workersM Vrijheid
International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
Int J Epidemiol 36:1126-35. 2007..It is not known, however, whether such effects also occur following the lower doses and dose rates of public health concern...
- Mortality among the Chernobyl emergency workers: estimation of radiation risks (preliminary analysis)V K Ivanov
Medical Radiological Research Center of Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Obninsk
Health Phys 81:514-21. 2001..54 (0.18,0.91 95% CI) (for external control), 2.04 (0.45, 4.31 95% CI) and 0.79 (0.07, 1.64 95% CI) (for internal control), respectively. The risk of death from all noncancer causes is close to zero and not statistically significant...
- Mortality and cancer morbidity experience of female workers at the British Nuclear Fuels Sellafield plant, 1946-1998D McGeoghegan
Department of Occupational Health and Medical Statistics, The Princess Royal Building, Westlakes Scientific Consulting Ltd, Westlakes Science and Technology Park, Moor Row, Cumbria, United Kingdom
Am J Ind Med 44:653-63. 2003..Studies of nuclear workers have focused mainly on the experience of male workers. To date, little has been published specifically on the experience of female workers in the nuclear industry...
- The mortality and cancer morbidity experience of workers at the Capenhurst uranium enrichment facility 1946-95D McGeoghegan
Westlakes Scientific Consulting Ltd, Cumbria, UK
J Radiol Prot 20:381-401. 2000..An association between bladder cancer registrations and cumulative external radiation exposure was noted when the cumulative external dose was lagged by 20 years...
- Cancer mortality and morbidity among workers at the Sellafield plant of British Nuclear FuelsA J Douglas
Department of Epidemiology and Population Sciences, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Br J Cancer 70:1232-43. 1994..Overall, however, there was no excess of leukaemia among the workers compared with national rates...
- Leukemia in the proximity of a German boiling-water nuclear reactor: evidence of population exposure by chromosome studies and environmental radioactivityI Schmitz-Feuerhake
Department of Physics, University of Bremen, Germany
Environ Health Perspect 105:1499-504. 1997..Calculations of the corresponding source terms show that emissions must have been well above authorized annual limits. Bone marrow doses supposedly result primarily through incorporation of bone-seeking beta- and alpha-emitters...
- Research on potential radiation risks in areas with nuclear power plants in Japan: leukaemia and malignant lymphoma mortality between 1972 and 1997 in 100 selected municipalitiesYasuhiko Yoshimoto
Research Centre for Radiation Safety, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Anagawa 4 9 1, Inage ward, Chiba 263 8555, Japan
J Radiol Prot 24:343-68. 2004..Our findings do not support the hypothesis of a leukaemogenic impact of NPPs in Japan...
- Evaluation of the emission characteristics of trace metals from coal and fuel oil fired power plants and their fate during combustionM Srinivasa Reddy
Marine Algae and Marine Environment Division, Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Gijubhai Badheka Marg, Bhavnagar, Gujarat 364 002, India
J Hazard Mater 123:242-9. 2005..The above sampling method is moderately adequate method for trace element sampling in coal as well as oil fired power plants except for Hg...
- Estimation of mercury emission from different sources to atmosphere in Chongqing, ChinaDingyong Wang
State Key Lab of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, CA, Guiyang 550001, PR China
Sci Total Environ 366:722-8. 2006..The natural emissions represented approximately 17% of total emissions (1.78 t yr(-1)). The total mercury emission to atmosphere in Chongqing in 2001 was 10.63 t...
- Peripheral blood cells among community residents living near nuclear power plantsY T Lee
Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, ROC
Sci Total Environ 280:165-72. 2001..by a surrogate level, '1/D2(1i) + 1/D2(2i)', a transformed distance from each individual's residence to the two power plants D1 and D2...
- Predicting premature mortality from new power plant development in VirginiaRichard P Hermann
Chesterfield Health District, Richmond, Virginia, USA
Arch Environ Health 59:529-35. 2004..5 microm (PM2.5) that would result from making 29 proposed fossil fuel power plants in Virginia operational. We used a U.S...
- Leukemia, lymphomas, and myeloma mortality in the vicinity of nuclear power plants and nuclear fuel facilities in SpainG Lopez-Abente
Cancer Epidemiology Unit of the National Center for Epidemiology, Carlos III Institute of Health, Madrid, Spain
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 8:925-34. 1999Mortality due to hematological tumors in towns near Spain's seven nuclear power plants and five nuclear fuel facilities during the period 1975-1993 was ascertained...
- Uncertainty and variability in health-related damages from coal-fired power plants in the United StatesJonathan I Levy
Harvard School of Public Health, USA
Risk Anal 29:1000-14. 2009The health-related damages associated with emissions from coal-fired power plants can vary greatly across facilities as a function of plant, site, and population characteristics, but the degree of variability and the contributing factors ..
- A comparison of the monetized impact of IQ decrements from mercury emissionsCharles Griffiths
U S Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC 20004 2403, USA
Environ Health Perspect 115:841-7. 2007..S. power plants after implementing its Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) is $210 million per year. In contrast, Trasande et al...
- Occupational exposures during routine activities in coal-fueled power plantsMona J Bird
Department of Environmental Health Science, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 2102, USA
J Occup Environ Hyg 1:403-13. 2004..information is available on occupational exposures during routine, nonoutage work activities in coal-fueled power plants. This study evaluated occupational exposures to the principal contaminants in the facilities, including ..
- Children's well-being 11 years after the Chornobyl catastropheE J Bromet
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, State University of New York at Stony Brook, 11794 8790, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 57:563-71. 2000..This study assessed the aftermath of the 1986 Chornobyl disaster in children evacuated to Kyiv from the contaminated zone surrounding the nuclear power facility...
- Cancer risk around the nuclear power plants of Trillo and Zorita (Spain)A Silva-Mato
Department of Sanitary and Socio Medical Sciences, Area of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Biostatistics and Epidemiology Units, University of Alcala, Madrid, Spain
Occup Environ Med 60:521-7. 2003To investigate the association between cancer risk and proximity of place of residence to the Guadalajara nuclear power plants: Trillo and Zorita.
- Young infants' morbidity and exposure to fine particles in a region with two power plantsRonit Peled
Health Systems Management Department, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
Arch Environ Health 59:611-6. 2004..among young children (0-3 yr) residing in 4 communities in southern Israel, within an area 5-25 km from the 2 power plants, which operate within 25 km of each other...
- Evaluation of respiratory functions of residents around the Orhaneli thermal power plant in TurkeyKayihan Pala
1Uludag University Faculty of Medicine, Bursa, Turkey
Asia Pac J Public Health 24:48-57. 2012....
- Using factor analysis to attribute health impacts to particulate pollution sourcesThomas Grahame
U S Department of Energy, Washington, DC 20585, USA
Inhal Toxicol 16:143-52. 2004....
- The importance of population susceptibility for air pollution risk assessment: a case study of power plants near Washington, DCJonathan I Levy
Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Environ Health Perspect 110:1253-60. 2002..to estimate the magnitude and distribution of health benefits associated with emission controls at five older power plants in the Washington, DC, area...
- Transuranic isotopes and 90Sr in attic dust in the vicinity of two nuclear establishments in northern GermanyI Schmitz-Feuerhake
University of Bremen, Department of Physics, PO Box 330440, 28209 Bremen, Germany
Health Phys 84:599-607. 2003..The derived release of alpha emitters is assumed to have contributed to the induction of a leukemia cluster in children, which was observed in Elbmarsch between 1990 and 1996...
- The influence of geographic location on population exposure to emissions from power plants throughout ChinaYing Zhou
Harvard School of Public Health, Landmark Center, 401 Park Drive, Room 404, Boston, MA 02216, USA
Environ Int 32:365-73. 2006..To model the concentration increase due to emissions from selected power plants, we used a detailed long-range atmospheric dispersion model, CALPUFF...
- A cluster of childhood leukaemias near two neighbouring nuclear installations in Northern Germany: prevalence of chromosomal aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytesI Bruske-Hohlfeld
Institut fur Epidemiologie, GSF Forschungszentrum für Umwelt und Gesundheit, Oberschleissheim
Int J Radiat Biol 77:111-6. 2001....
- The Elbmarsch leukemia cluster: are there conceptual limitations in controlling immission from nuclear establishments in Germany?I Schmitz-Feuerhake
Department of Physics retired, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 49:589-600. 2005..The ongoing discussion highlights limitations in the immission-control concept, which is predominantly based on gamma-radiation monitoring...
- Solid-tumor mortality in the vicinity of uranium cycle facilities and nuclear power plants in SpainG Lopez-Abente
Cancer Epidemiology Unit, National Center for Epidemiology, Carlos III Institute of Health, Sinesio Delgado 6, 28029 Madrid, Spain
Environ Health Perspect 109:721-9. 2001To ascertain solid tumor mortality in towns near Spain's four nuclear power plants and four nuclear fuel facilities from 1975 to 1993, we conducted a mortality study based on 12,245 cancer deaths in 283 towns situated within a 30-km ..
- Deposition and distribution of Chernobyl fallout fission products and actinides in a Russian soil profileP Carbol
European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Elements, PO Box 2340, D 76125 Karlsruhe, Germany
J Environ Radioact 68:27-46. 2003..The results presented in this article are valid for this single soil profile and should not be generalised unless validated in a more rigorous study of a larger number of soil profiles...
- Doses to members of the general public and observed effects on biota: Chernobyl Forum updateLynn R Anspaugh
Division of Radiobiology, Department of Radiology, University of Utah, 729 Arapeen Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
J Environ Radioact 96:13-9. 2007..Effects on non-human biota were observed that ranged from minor to lethal; the current increase in the number and diversity of species in the most contaminated area is due to absence of human pressure...
- 90Sr migration to the geo-sphere from a waste burial in the Chernobyl exclusion zoneL Dewiere
Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety IRSN, BP17, 92262 Fontenay aux Roses Cedex, France
J Environ Radioact 74:139-50. 2004..The observed negative correlation between hydraulic conductivity and K(d) of aquifer sediments suggests that (90)Sr could be subjected to larger dispersion in the subsurface compared with (36)Cl...
- Investigation of food contamination since the Chernobyl fallout in AustriaM Schwaiger
Radiation Protection, Austrian Research Centers Seibersdorf, A 2444, Austria
Appl Radiat Isot 61:357-60. 2004..24 microSv (adult), or 0.88 microSv (5-year infant) respectively, which is less than 0.5% of the ingestion dose of the first year and amounts to 0.7% of the ingestion dose from natural radionuclides...
- Monitoring of radionuclides contamination of soils in Shatsk National Natural Park (Volyn region, Ukraine) during 1994-2001V Hrabovskyy
Department of Physics, Ivan Franko Lviv National University, 19 Dragomanov Str, 79005 Lviv, Ukraine
J Environ Radioact 72:25-33. 2004....
- The effective source area of 90Sr for a stream near Chernobyl, UkraineRina Freed
Department of Biological Sciences, CW 405, Biological Sciences Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AL, Canada T6G 2E9
J Contam Hydrol 71:1-26. 2004..2% while the 90Sr leaching rate considering the effective source area is an order of magnitude higher. Most of the 90Sr release in the watershed has originated from an effective source area of 0.62 km2, or 7% of the watershed area...
- Processes, dynamics and modelling of radiocaesium cycling in a chronosequence of Chernobyl-contaminated Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) plantationsFrancois Goor
Radiation Protection Research Unit, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre SCK CEN, Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol, Belgium
Sci Total Environ 325:163-80. 2004..In the perspective of other applications, there is a need of such data for other radionuclides as well as for heavy metals...
- Results of the European Commission MARINA II study: part I--general information and effects of discharges by the nuclear industryM Betti
European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Transuranium Elements, P O Box 2340, 76125 Karlsruhe, Germany
J Environ Radioact 74:243-54. 2004..The overall radiological impact from nuclear industry on the population of the European Union from the OSPAR area has decreased from 280 manSv y(-1) in 1978 to 14 manSv y(-1) in 2000...
- Ecological half-time and effective dose from chernobyl debris and from nuclear weapons fallout of 137Cs as measured in different Swedish populationsC L Rääf
Department of Radiation Physics, Lund University, Malmo University Hospital, SE 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
Health Phys 90:446-58. 2006....
- 137Cs contamination in tea and yerba mate in South AmericaD E Di Gregorio
Departamento de Ciencias Basicas, Universidad Nacional de Lujan, Rutas 5 y 7, Lujan, Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina
J Environ Radioact 76:273-81. 2004..The results suggest that the area was fertilized with a product that originated in a region affected by the fallout from the Chernobyl nuclear plant accident...
- Measurement of the whole-body 137Cs in residents around the Chernobyl nuclear power plantNaoko Morita
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 113:326-9. 2005..Long-term follow-up of WBC around the CNPP is useful and may contribute to radiation safety regulation together with a reduction of unnecessary radiophobia for the residents...
- Mapping of 137Cs deposition over eastern France 16 years after the Chernobyl accidentPhilippe Renaud
Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire Health Physics and Nuclear Safety Institute, CE Cadarache, Bat 153, 13108 Saint Paul lez Durance Cedex, France
Sci Total Environ 309:257-64. 2003..Hence, only the relationship between 137Cs deposition and the rainfall of the first week of May 1986 can be used to construct a map depicting the Chernobyl fallout over eastern France...
- Soil redistribution model for undisturbed and cultivated sites based on Chernobyl-derived cesium-137 falloutMarkus Hrachowitz
Univ of Natural Resources and Applied Life Science BOKU, Dep für Wald und Bodenwissenschaften, Institut für Bodenforschung, Peter Jordanstrasse 92, 1190 Vienna, Austria
J Environ Qual 34:1302-10. 2005..Additionally, the model allows to quantify soil redistribution in good correspondence with already existing models...
- Influence of radionuclides distributed in the whole body on the thyroid dose estimates obtained from direct thyroid measurements made in Belarus after the Chernobyl accidentA Ulanovsky
GSF National Research Centre, Institute for Radiation Protection, D 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
Radiat Prot Dosimetry 112:405-18. 2004..Using this information when processing the thyroid measurements made in May 1986 would improve the accuracy of the thyroid dose estimates, and may make it possible to use a larger proportion of the thyroid measurements made in June 1986...
- Vertical profile of 137Cs in soilD Krstic
University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Science, R Domanovica 12 Kragujevac 34000, Serbia and Montenegro
Appl Radiat Isot 61:1487-92. 2004..Although the curves obtained by these two functions are very close to each other, there are some differences in the values of parameters acquired by them...
- Levels and trends of radioactive contaminants in the Greenland environmentHenning Dahlgaard
Risø National Laboratory, Radiation Research Department, NUK 204, DK 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
Sci Total Environ 331:53-67. 2004..e. approximately 3 kg...
- Lake fish as the main contributor of internal dose to lakeshore residents in the Chernobyl contaminated areaI G Travnikova
Institute of Radiation Hygiene, Mira Street 8, 197101 St Petersburg, Russia
J Environ Radioact 77:63-75. 2004....
- Measurement of 129 I and 137 Cs in soils from Belarus and reconstruction of 131I deposition from the Chernobyl accidentT Straume
University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA
Health Phys 91:7-19. 2006..It was also noted that total iodine concentrations in topsoil from Belarus are low compared with other regions of the world where radiogenic thyroid cancer has been studied...
- Field observations of the effects of protracted low levels of ionizing radiation on natural aquatic population by using a cytogenetic toolH Florou
National Centre for Scientific Research Demokritos, Aghia Paraskevi 153 10, Athens, Greece
J Environ Radioact 75:267-83. 2004....
- [Development of a strategy for countermeasures application aimed at remediation of consequences of radioactive contamination of forest ecosystems]S I Spiridonov
Russian Institute of Agricultural Radiology and Agroecology, Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Obninsk, 249020 Russia
Radiats Biol Radioecol 44:104-12. 2004..The derived results have been formalized as indices of countermeasures effectiveness for different combinations of criteria...
- Weathering of radiocaesium contamination on urban streets, walls and roofsK G Andersson
Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark
J Environ Radioact 62:49-60. 2002..The derived time-functions are applied to estimate resultant long-term doses to inhabitants of an urban centre. The paper highlights the effect on caesium retention of surface material characteristics...
- Cesium-137 concentrations in marine macroalgae from different biotopes in the Aegean Sea (Greece)Thomas Sawidis
Department of Botany, Faculty of Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, P O Box 109, GR 54006 Thessaloniki, Greece
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 54:249-54. 2003..Levels decrease to the south and east, but increase again to the west of Crete where the Black Sea water mass can be periodically traced...
- 137Cs distribution among annual rings of different tree species contaminated after the Chernobyl accidentN V Soukhova
Laboratoire de Biologie et Ecophysiologie, Institut des Sciences et Techniques de l Environnement, Université de Franche Comté Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Place Leclerc, F 25030 Besancon Cedex, France
J Environ Radioact 65:19-28. 2003..The distribution of 137Cs in birch wood reveals much more pronounced dependence on site characteristics and/or the age of trees than pines. The data obtained can be used to assess 137Cs content in wood...
- Frequency distributions of 137Cs in fish and mammal populationsTaras K Oleksyk
Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, The University of Georgia s, Drawer E, Aiken, SC 29802, USA
J Environ Radioact 61:55-74. 2002..Fish and mammals probably use their environments in fundamentally different ways. The highest concentrations and thus greatest risks are therefore confined to relatively few individuals in each population...
- Chernobyl 137Cs deposition in Austria: analysis of the spatial correlation of the deposition levelsG Dubois
Department of Mineralogy and Petrography, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
J Environ Radioact 65:29-45. 2003..As a result, maps establishing the probabilities to be under or above a specific deposition threshold will have an uncertainty associated to the estimated values that is directly correlated to the different levels of radioactivity...
- Laboratory experiments to predict changes in radiocaesium root uptake after flooding eventsMarta Camps
Departament de Quimica Analitica, Universitat de Barcelona UB, Av Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
J Environ Radioact 67:247-59. 2003..Therefore, the changes in the root uptake would depend on the resulting situation from changes in RIP, K+ and NH(4)(+) values in the soil solution...
- Evaluation of radioactive exposure from 137Cs in contaminated areas of Northern UkraineJ Handl
Zentrum für Strahlenschutz und Radioökologie, Universitat Hannover, Herrenhaeuser Str 2, D 30419 Hannover, Germany
Health Phys 84:502-17. 2003..2 mSv y(-1) with a geometric standard deviation of 2.6. Excluding extreme habits, the geometric mean of the total exposure was 1.0 mSv y(-1) with a geometric standard deviation of 1.3...
- Geotrupine beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) as bio-monitors of man-made radioactivityJerzy W Mietelski
The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Krakow, Poland
J Environ Monit 5:296-301. 2003..An additional study of the concentration of radionuclides within the bodies of beetles showed a general pattern of distribution of radioisotopes in the insect body...
- Iodine-129 and caesium-137 in Chernobyl contaminated soil and their chemical fractionationX L Hou
Risø National Laboratory, NUK 202, DK 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
Sci Total Environ 308:97-109. 2003..Approximately 70% of (129)I is bound to oxides and organic matter, and 10-20% is in the readily available phase, while most of the 137Cs (73%) in Chernobyl soil remains in the extraction residue...
- Long-term flux of Chernobyl-derived 137Cs from soil to French rivers: a study on sediment and biological indicatorsF Vray
Nuclear Safety and Radioprotection Institute IRSN Continental and Mediterranean Radioecological Research Laboratory, Bat 153, BP 3, 13115 Saint Paul lez Durance Cedex, France
J Environ Radioact 68:93-114. 2003..and aquatic plants were collected annually since the early 1990s in the main French rivers, upstream of nuclear power plants. These time series were used in order to assess the parameters of a compartmental model describing the ..
- In situ gamma-ray spectrometry in forests: determination of kerma rate in air from 137CsF Gering
GSF National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute for Radiation Protection, Neuherberg, Germany
J Environ Radioact 61:75-89. 2002..whereas radiocesium stored in the forest biomass contributes only a few percent. The mean mass depth of radiocesium ranges from 2.6 to 6.4 g cm(-2) in the forest soils...
- Determination of irradiated reactor uranium in soil samples in Belarus using 236U as irradiated uranium tracerVladislav P Mironov
Institute of Radiobiology, 220141 Minsk, Belarus
J Environ Monit 4:997-1002. 2002....
- Testing of a foodchain model using Chernobyl 137Cs fallout data and considering the effect of countermeasuresZitouni Ould-Dada
Food Standards Agency, Radiological Protection and Research Management Division, Room 715B, Aviation House, 125 Kingsway, London WC2B 6NH, UK
Sci Total Environ 301:225-37. 2003..The lessons learned from this exercise will be valuable in making future dose assessments/reconstructions involving countermeasures with improved results...
- The potential of lichens as long-term biomonitors of natural and artificial radionuclidesG Kirchner
University of Bremen, Germany
Environ Pollut 120:145-50. 2002..7 (+/- 0.1) to 3.3 (+/- 0.7) years for lead. Consequences of our results for model identifiability and parameter estimation of a two-compartment model are discussed...
- The influence of the sorptive properties of organic soils on the migration rate of 137CsS Chibowski
Department of Radiochemistry and Colloid Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Maria Curie Sklodowska University, Lublin, Poland
J Environ Radioact 61:213-23. 2002..The experimental results indicate that there is a clear relationship between Kd values and OM. The investigation was widened by microcalorimetric measurements which confirmed that the adsorption of 137Cs on the organic soils is low...
- [Comparative analysis of the effectiveness of countermeasures in rural settlements in the long-term period after the accident at the Chernobyl AES]S V Fesenko
Russian Institute of Agricultural Radiology and Agroecology, Obninsk, 249020 Russia
Radiats Biol Radioecol 42:100-9. 2002..Costs of countermeasures in the rural settlements located in the affected zone are calculated for a long term after the Chernobyl NPP accident...
- Measuring the external exposure dose in the contaminated area near the Chernobyl nuclear power station using the thermoluminescence of quartz in bricksHitoshi Sato
Ibaraki Prefectural University of Health Sciences Department of Radiological Sciences, Inashiki Gun, Ibaragi, Japan
Health Phys 83:227-36. 2002....
- Aquatic mosses as a monitoring tool for 137Cs contamination in streams and rivers-a field study from central southern NorwayD Hongve
National Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
J Environ Radioact 60:139-47. 2002..Use of aquatic mosses also reduces the logistic problems of transporting large volumes of water, especially in areas inaccessible by road...
- Application of the Weibull distribution to describe the vertical distribution of cesium-137 on a slope under permanent pasture in LuxembourgH Dahm
University of Trier, Department of Soil Sciences, Germany
J Environ Radioact 63:207-19. 2002..Reliable estimates of the total 137Cs inventory can help to explain the lateral distribution. This equation was used to analyse the 137Cs-activities of Chernobyl fall-out measured on a slope under permanent pasture in Luxembourg...
- [Reconstruction of I-131 in milk and exposure doses to the thyroid gland of cattle after the Chernobyl AES]E V Spirin
Russian Institute of Agricultural Radiology and Agroecology, Obninsk, 249020 Russia
Radiats Biol Radioecol 42:564-8. 2002..8 and 0.2. The calculations showed, that the average absorbed doses to the thyroid varied between 10 and 40 Gy...
- Accumulation of 137Cs by fungal mycelium in forest ecosystems of UkraineMykhaylo M Vinichuk
Department of General Ecology, State Academy of Agriculture and Ecology of Ukraine, 10001 Zhitomir, Ukraine
J Environ Radioact 64:27-43. 2003..1 to 66 and a mean of 9.9. The percentage of the total inventory of 137Cs in the soil found in the fungal mycelium ranged from 0.1 to 50%, with a mean value of 15%...
- Assessment of spatial variation of cesium-137 in small catchmentsMarcel van der Perk
Utrecht Centre for Environment and Landscape Dynamics UCEL, Faculty of Geographical Sciences, Utrecht University, P O Box 80115, 2508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
J Environ Qual 31:1930-9. 2002..Besides erosion and deposition processes, the initial pattern of 137Cs deposition, floodplain sedimentation, and short-range spatial variation were identified as the major sources of spatial variation of the 137Cs inventory...
- Predictors of Spatial Patterns in Urban Air PollutionJonathan Levy; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CYCLIN D1 AS BIOMARKER OF BREAST CANCER RISKDeliang Tang; Fiscal Year: 2001..Once validated, this biomarker could be useful in the early detection, management and follow up of breast cancer. ..
- SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY SYSTEMJohn Godleski; Fiscal Year: 2001..Institutional support is demonstrated by past support of the facility, completed renovations, commitments for ongoing service contracts, and letters of commitment for future support. ..
- Cardiac vulnerability due to ambient particulateJohn Godleski; Fiscal Year: 2008..Thus, the present application will entail unique application of comprehensive techniques to improve understanding of the mechanisms whereby CAPs can exert its deleterious influences on the heart and circulation [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- NIGHT SHIFT WORKERS AND HORMONE LEVELS IN WOMENScott Davis; Fiscal Year: 2006..Urine samples will be assayed for the primary urinary metabolite of melatonin, 6-sulphatoxymelatonin, and levels of LH, FSH, and estradiol. ..
- Molecular Change and Thyroid Cancer Risk After ChernobylScott Davis; Fiscal Year: 2006..g. recurrence) and individual thyroid radiation dose, patient characteristics, and molecular markers of genetic change. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Air Pollution and Adverse Birth OutcomesBeate Ritz; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Registry Study of Parkinsons Disease in DenmarkBeate R Ritz; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed research cannot be performed in the US due to a lack of population PD registries that would provide access to such a large number of cases and valid methods for control recruitment from the general population. ..
- Ergonomic Interventions for Garment WorkBeate Ritz; Fiscal Year: 2004..This study will provide employers, employees and public agencies with evidence of the effectiveness of ergonomic interventions in order to guide health and safety policy. ..
- BIOMARKERS OF GENETIC DAMAGE AND ANTIOXIDANTFrederica Perera; Fiscal Year: 2001..Once validated in this model population, these biomarkers would also have applicability in evaluating interventions in occupational cohorts and other populations highly exposed to carcinogens. ..
- RE-AIM Evaluation of Tailored Smoking Harm ReductionRussell Glasgow; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- COMMUNITY HEALTH & ENVIRONMENTAL REAWAKENINGSteven Wing; Fiscal Year: 2007....
- Ondansetron and Naltrexone:Cue Reactivity and DrinkingDamaris Rohsenow; Fiscal Year: 2007..Evidence will also be provided about subpopulations more likely to benefit from each medications. ..
- Maternal Influence in the Development of AsthmaEdward Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2008..This application will provide new insight into the underlying mechanisms that contribute to the development of asthma and identify new targets for preventative therapies. ..
- Research Grants to Prevent Unintentional InjuriesJonathan Howland; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] Outcome Measures: Acute and residual driving impairment will be assessed using a driving simulator and[unreadable] an objective measure of sustained attention/reaction time, the Psychomotor Vioilance Test (PVT).[unreadable]..
- IOWA AND MISSOURI RADON LUNG CANCER STUDIESR Field; Fiscal Year: 2007..The pooling of data between two large-scale epidemiologic studies from a similar geographic area, Iowa and Missouri, will allow us to increase sample size and statistical power. ..
- Geographic Tools for Surveillance and Study of DiseaseDaniel Wartenberg; Fiscal Year: 2003..We will explore methods for imputing values and adjusting for edge effects using methods including Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulations. ..
- ISEA 2004 ConferenceJunfeng Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Community Health Effects of Industrial Hog OperationsSteven Wing; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Conference--ISEE 16th Annual MeetingDaniel Wartenberg; Fiscal Year: 2004..ISEE provides a variety of forums for discussion, critical reviews, collaborations and education issues for environmental exposures and their human health effects. ..
- VULNERABILITY OF THE FETUS/INFANT TO PAH, PM2.5 AND ETS.Frederica Perera; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- AGRICULTURAL DUST AND CHILDHOOD ASTHMA SYMPTOMSSteve Wing; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- INCREASING ALCOHOLICS MOTIVATION TO QUIT SMOKINGDamaris Rohsenow; Fiscal Year: 2001..The effects of the intervention will be examined on number of smoking quit attempts, reductions in nicotine dose delivery, smoking treatment attended, alcohol and drug use, etc., during the next 12 months. ..
- ISEE 19th Annual ConferenceDaniel Wartenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007..ISEE provides a variety of forums for discussion, critical reviews, collaborations and education issues for environmental exposures and their human health effects. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Maternal Phthalate Exposure and Infertility, Fetal LossRuss Hauser; Fiscal Year: 2007..Since occupational and environmental exposure to phthalates is widespread, detecting even small adverse effects will have large public health significance. ..
- MOTIVATING SUBSTANCE ABUSERS TO QUIT SMOKINGDamaris Rohsenow; Fiscal Year: 2005..The study will provide significant information about methods of reducing smoking among substance abusers. ..
- Obesity in Hispanic Children with LeukemiaJacques Baillargeon; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- ISEE 18th Annual Meeting in Conjunction with ISEADaniel Wartenberg; Fiscal Year: 2006..ISEE provides a variety of forums for discussion, critical reviews, collaborations and education issues for environmental exposures and their human health effects. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Hangover, Congeners, Sleep and Occupational PerformanceJonathan Howland; Fiscal Year: 2004..Our occupational model will be merchant ship navigation by maritime academy cadets. Performance will be measured using computer-based interactive ship training simulators. ..
- Reproductive Outcomes due to Past Exposure to DioxinsIrina Dardynskaia; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- RISK OF CHD IN WOMEN WITH POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROMEEvelyn Talbott; Fiscal Year: 2005..The investigators state that this study has the potential to identify the determinants of early SCA in this high-risk group of women and has important implications for primary as well as secondary prevention. ..
- Genetics of IR in PCOS: The PPAR PathwayEvelyn Talbott; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Analysis of High-Dimensional Environmental Health DataBrent Coull; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Maternal Pesticide Exposure and Pregnancy OutcomesRuss Hauser; Fiscal Year: 2009..Since the etiology of infertility and early pregnancy loss remains largely unexplained, the identification of potential environmental risk factors will have large public health significance. ..