firearms

Summary

Summary: Small-arms weapons, including handguns, pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns, etc.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Violence related injuries, deaths and disabilities in the capital of Honduras
    Sophie Yacoub
    Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Royal Brompton Hospital, Chelsea, London, UK
    Injury 37:428-34. 2006
  2. ncbi Changes in suicide methods in Quebec between 1987 and 2000: the possible impact of bill C-17 requiring safe storage of firearms
    Jean Caron
    Division psychosociale, Centre de recherche de l Hôpital Douglas, Verdun QC Canada
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 38:195-208. 2008
  3. ncbi Controlling firearms use in Australia: has the 1996 gun law reform produced the decrease in rates of suicide with this method?
    Helen Klieve
    Australian Institute of Suicide Research and Prevention, Griffith University, Mt Gravatt Campus, Brisbane, QLD 4111, Australia
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 44:285-92. 2009
  4. ncbi Decrease in suicide rates after a change of policy reducing access to firearms in adolescents: a naturalistic epidemiological study
    Gad Lubin
    Division of Mental Health, Medical Corps, IDF, Ramat Gan, Israel
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 40:421-4. 2010
  5. pmc Australia's 1996 gun law reforms: faster falls in firearm deaths, firearm suicides, and a decade without mass shootings
    S Chapman
    School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Inj Prev 12:365-72. 2006
  6. ncbi Firearms regulation and declining rates of male suicide in Quebec
    Mathieu Gagné
    Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Sainte Foy, Quebec, Canada
    Inj Prev 16:247-53. 2010
  7. pmc Investigating the link between gun possession and gun assault
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Room 936 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Dr, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:2034-40. 2009
  8. ncbi Ammunition is the principal source of lead accumulated by California condors re-introduced to the wild
    Molly E Church
    Department of Environmental Toxicology, University of California, Santa Cruz 95064, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 40:6143-50. 2006
  9. pmc Lead bullet fragments in venison from rifle-killed deer: potential for human dietary exposure
    W Grainger Hunt
    The Peregrine Fund, Boise, Idaho, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e5330. 2009
  10. ncbi Efficiency of forensic mtDNA analysis. Case examples demonstrating the identification of traces
    R Szibor
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Otto von Guericke Universitat Magdeburg, Leipziger Strasse 44, D 39120, Magdeburg, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int 113:71-8. 2000

Detail Information

Publications198 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Violence related injuries, deaths and disabilities in the capital of Honduras
    Sophie Yacoub
    Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Royal Brompton Hospital, Chelsea, London, UK
    Injury 37:428-34. 2006
    ..This is compared with unintentional injuries, in the capital of Honduras for 2001, with a view to better-targeted prevention...
  2. ncbi Changes in suicide methods in Quebec between 1987 and 2000: the possible impact of bill C-17 requiring safe storage of firearms
    Jean Caron
    Division psychosociale, Centre de recherche de l Hôpital Douglas, Verdun QC Canada
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 38:195-208. 2008
    ..suicide rates for Québec (Canada) before and after Bill C-17, which was implemented to secure safe storage of firearms. It covers 20,009 suicide cases reported to the coroner's office...
  3. ncbi Controlling firearms use in Australia: has the 1996 gun law reform produced the decrease in rates of suicide with this method?
    Helen Klieve
    Australian Institute of Suicide Research and Prevention, Griffith University, Mt Gravatt Campus, Brisbane, QLD 4111, Australia
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 44:285-92. 2009
    Observed reductions in firearm suicides in Australia have been linked to the 1997 national firearms agreement (NFA) introduced following the 1996 Port Arthur massacre. The NFA placed strong access restrictions on firearms.
  4. ncbi Decrease in suicide rates after a change of policy reducing access to firearms in adolescents: a naturalistic epidemiological study
    Gad Lubin
    Division of Mental Health, Medical Corps, IDF, Ramat Gan, Israel
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 40:421-4. 2010
    The use of firearms is a common means of suicide. We examined the effect of a policy change in the Israeli Defense Forces reducing adolescents' access to firearms on rates of suicide...
  5. pmc Australia's 1996 gun law reforms: faster falls in firearm deaths, firearm suicides, and a decade without mass shootings
    S Chapman
    School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Inj Prev 12:365-72. 2006
    ..After a 1996 firearm massacre in Tasmania in which 35 people died, Australian governments united to remove semi-automatic and pump-action shotguns and rifles from civilian possession, as a key component of gun law reforms...
  6. ncbi Firearms regulation and declining rates of male suicide in Quebec
    Mathieu Gagné
    Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Sainte Foy, Quebec, Canada
    Inj Prev 16:247-53. 2010
    ..significant changes in method-specific male suicide rates occurred in the province of Quebec after stronger firearms regulations were introduced in Canada in 1991; to ascertain whether more stringent firearms regulations influence ..
  7. pmc Investigating the link between gun possession and gun assault
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Room 936 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Dr, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:2034-40. 2009
    ..We investigated the possible relationship between being shot in an assault and possession of a gun at the time...
  8. ncbi Ammunition is the principal source of lead accumulated by California condors re-introduced to the wild
    Molly E Church
    Department of Environmental Toxicology, University of California, Santa Cruz 95064, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 40:6143-50. 2006
    ..Together, these data indicate that incidental ingestion of ammunition in carcasses of animals killed by hunters is the principal source of elevated lead exposure that threatens the recovery in the wild of this endangered species...
  9. pmc Lead bullet fragments in venison from rifle-killed deer: potential for human dietary exposure
    W Grainger Hunt
    The Peregrine Fund, Boise, Idaho, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e5330. 2009
    ..At risk in the U.S. are some ten million hunters, their families, and low-income beneficiaries of venison donations...
  10. ncbi Efficiency of forensic mtDNA analysis. Case examples demonstrating the identification of traces
    R Szibor
    Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Otto von Guericke Universitat Magdeburg, Leipziger Strasse 44, D 39120, Magdeburg, Germany
    Forensic Sci Int 113:71-8. 2000
    ..The mtDNA of the users could be even detected on cartridges after firing. In one case, evidence of a suicide could be provided by means of mtDNA sequencing of the wiping traces on a suicide note...
  11. ncbi Gun control and suicide: the impact of state firearm regulations in the United States, 1995-2004
    Antonio Rodríguez Andrés
    School of Public Health, Department of Health Services Research, University of Aarhus, Denmark
    Health Policy 101:95-103. 2011
    ..To empirically assess the impact of firearm regulation on male suicides...
  12. pmc Potential hazard to human health from exposure to fragments of lead bullets and shot in the tissues of game animals
    Deborah J Pain
    Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust, Slimbridge, Gloucestershire, UK
    PLoS ONE 5:e10315. 2010
    ..Our paper asks whether lead gunshot pellets also fragment upon impact, and whether lead derived from spent gunshot and bullets in the tissues of game animals could pose a threat to human health...
  13. ncbi Australian firearms legislation and unintentional firearm deaths: a theoretical explanation for the absence of decline following the 1996 gun laws
    Samara McPhedran
    School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales 2006, Australia
    Public Health 122:297-9. 2008
  14. ncbi The impact of gun control (Bill C-51) on suicide in Canada
    Antoon A Leenaars
    Death Stud 27:103-24. 2003
    ..It appears that Bill C-51 may have had an impact on suicide rates, even after controls for social variables...
  15. ncbi Austrian firearms: data require cautious approach
    D De Leo
    Br J Psychiatry 191:562-3; author reply 563. 2007
  16. ncbi Subsequent criminal activity among violent misdemeanants who seek to purchase handguns: risk factors and effectiveness of denying handgun purchase
    G J Wintemute
    Violence Prevention Research Program, UC Davis Medical Center, 2315 Stockton Blvd, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    JAMA 285:1019-26. 2001
    ..Some states prohibit the purchase of handguns by persons convicted of selected misdemeanor crimes, but most do not. California has denied handgun purchases by violent misdemeanants since 1991; the effectiveness of these policies is unknown...
  17. ncbi Canadian firearms legislation and effects on homicide 1974 to 2008
    Caillin Langmann
    Division of Emergency Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    J Interpers Violence 27:2303-21. 2012
    Canada has implemented legislation covering all firearms since 1977 and presents a model to examine incremental firearms control...
  18. pmc Who are the owners of firearms used in adolescent suicides?
    Renee M Johnson
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 40:609-11. 2010
    In this brief report, the source of firearms used in adolescent suicides was examined using data from the National Violent Injury Statistics System, the pilot to the CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System, a uniform reporting ..
  19. ncbi Firearms, hanging, and drowning suicides in the Republic of ireland
    Kiran Sarma
    School of Psychology, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland
    Crisis 31:69-75. 2010
    The firearms climate in Ireland is rapidly changing, and there is currently no research on the risk profiles of those dying through firearms suicides.
  20. pmc Who uses firearms as a means of suicide? A population study exploring firearm accessibility and method choice
    Helen Klieve
    Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention, National Centre of Excellence in Suicide Prevention, WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Training in Suicide Prevention, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia
    BMC Med 7:52. 2009
    The 1996 Australian National Firearms Agreement introduced strict access limitations. However, reports on the effectiveness of the new legislation are conflicting...
  21. ncbi Do laws restricting access to firearms by domestic violence offenders prevent intimate partner homicide?
    Elizabeth Richardson Vigdor
    Terry Sanford Institute for Public Policy, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Eval Rev 30:313-46. 2006
    ..These laws restrict access to firearms by individuals who are subject to a restraining order or have been convicted of a domestic violence misdemeanor ..
  22. ncbi Homicide by firearms in two Scandinavian capitals
    H P Hougen
    Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 21:281-6. 2000
    In the Oslo and Copenhagen areas, 83 homicides by firearms were registered in the 10-year period 1985 to 1994, accounting for 19.3% of all homicides in that period...
  23. ncbi Firearm suicides and availability of firearms: the Swiss experience
    V Ajdacic-Gross
    Research Unit for Clinical and Social Psychiatry, Psychiatric University Hospital, Militarstrasse 8, Zurich, Switzerland
    Eur Psychiatry 25:432-4. 2010
    This study aimed to examine the association between the availability of firearms at home, and the proportion of firearm suicides in Switzerland in an ecological analysis...
  24. pmc Monitoring of umbilical cord blood lead levels and sources assessment among the Inuit
    B Levesque
    Unite de Recherche en Sante publique, Centre de Recherche du CHUL CHUQ, 945, avenue Wolfe, Sainte Foy, Quebec G1V 5B3, Canada
    Occup Environ Med 60:693-5. 2003
    ..Lead shot ammunition can be a major and preventable source of human exposure to lead...
  25. ncbi [Gunshot wounds, firearms and wound ballistics]
    E J M M Verleisdonk
    Universitair Medisch Centrum Utrecht, afd Heelkunde, Postbus 85 500, 3508 GA Utrecht
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 146:1271-5. 2002
    ..With these sorts of wounds the removal of debris as equally the bullet is not usually necessary. For firearms with a high firing velocity the wounds are more severe due to the greater quantity of kinetic energy transferred ..
  26. ncbi State firearm laws and rates of suicide in men and women
    Kenneth R Conner
    Department of Psychiatry, Center for the Study and Prevention of Suicide, University of Rochester Medical Center, 300 Crittenden Boulevard, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Am J Prev Med 25:320-4. 2003
    To evaluate the associations of state laws restricting firearms and incidence rates of suicide in men and women using a cross-sectional design.
  27. ncbi Reality-based practice under pressure improves handgun shooting performance of police officers
    R R D Oudejans
    Research Institute MOVE, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Ergonomics 51:261-73. 2008
    ..These results indicate that training exercises involving increased pressure can acclimatize shooting performance of ordinary police officers to those situations with elevated pressure that they may encounter during their police work...
  28. ncbi Homicide and suicide risks associated with firearms in the home: a national case-control study
    Douglas J Wiebe
    Violence Prevention Research Group, University of California Los Angeles School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 41:771-82. 2003
    ..I test the hypothesis that having a gun in the home is a risk factor for adults to be killed (homicide) or to commit suicide...
  29. ncbi Lethality of suicide methods
    A A Elnour
    Research Centre for Injury Studies, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA, Australia
    Inj Prev 14:39-45. 2008
    ..To (a) quantify the lethality of suicide methods used in Australia in the period 1 July 1993 to 30 June 2003, (b) examine method-specific case fatality by age and sex, and (c) identify changes in case fatality during the study period...
  30. ncbi The epidemiology of case fatality rates for suicide in the northeast
    Matthew Miller
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 43:723-30. 2004
    ..We examine how method-specific case fatality rates for suicide differ by age and sex...
  31. pmc Suicide in the farming community: methods used and contact with health services
    N Booth
    Department of Mental Health, University of Exeter, Wonford House Hospital, Dryden Road, Exeter EX2 5AF, UK
    Occup Environ Med 57:642-4. 2000
    ..Farmers were significantly more likely to use firearms to kill themselves (42% of farmers v 11% controls)...
  32. ncbi Effects of anxiety on handgun shooting behavior of police officers: a pilot study
    Arne Nieuwenhuys
    Research Institute MOVE, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Anxiety Stress Coping 23:225-33. 2010
    ..Findings provide support for attentional control theory, hereby also pointing to possible interventions to improve police officers' shooting performance under pressure...
  33. pmc Changes in suicide rates by hanging and/or suffocation and firearms among young persons aged 10-24 years in the United States: 1992-2006
    Jeffrey A Bridge
    The Research Institute at Nationwide Children s Hospital, Columbus, OH 43205, USA
    J Adolesc Health 46:503-5. 2010
    ..The overall suicide rate and the rate by firearms, poisoning, and other methods declined markedly, whereas the hanging/suffocation rate increased significantly ..
  34. ncbi Effect of a ban on carrying firearms on homicide rates in 2 Colombian cities
    A Villaveces
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, and the Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    JAMA 283:1205-9. 2000
    Homicide is a leading cause of death in Colombia, with much of the fatal interpersonal violence concentrated in the country's largest cities. Firearms are involved in as much as 80% of homicides in Colombia.
  35. pmc Changing times: a longitudinal analysis of international firearm suicide data
    Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross
    Research Unit for Clinical and Social Psychiatry, Psychiatric University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
    Am J Public Health 96:1752-5. 2006
    ..countries since the 1980s and the relation of these changes to the change in the proportion of households owning firearms. Several countries had an obvious decline in firearm suicides: Norway, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New ..
  36. ncbi On the annoyance caused by impulse sounds produced by small, medium-large, and large firearms
    J Vos
    TNO Human Factors, Soesterberg, The Netherlands
    J Acoust Soc Am 109:244-53. 2001
    ..was designed in which the annoyance was investigated for 14 different impulse sound types produced by various firearms ranging in caliber from 7.62 to 155 mm...
  37. pmc Assessing and quantifying high risk: comparing risky behaviors by youth in an urban, disadvantaged community with nationally representative youth
    Monica H Swahn
    Institute of Public Health, Partnership for Urban Health Research, Georgia State University, Atlanta 30302 3995, USA
    Public Health Rep 124:224-33. 2009
    ..This study examined whether youth who live in an urban, disadvantaged community are significantly more likely than youth representing the nation to engage in a range of health-compromising behaviors...
  38. ncbi Recent psychopathology, suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts in households with and without firearms: findings from the National Comorbidity Study Replication
    M Miller
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Inj Prev 15:183-7. 2009
    ..To assess the relationship between firearm ownership and possible psychiatric confounders of the firearm-suicide relationship...
  39. ncbi Household firearm ownership and rates of suicide across the 50 United States
    Matthew Miller
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Trauma 62:1029-34; discussion 1034-5. 2007
    ..We address these two criticisms by using recently available state-level survey-based estimates of household firearm ownership, serious mental illness, and alcohol/illicit substance use and dependence...
  40. pmc The US gun stock: results from the 2004 national firearms survey
    L Hepburn
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Inj Prev 13:15-9. 2007
    ..To examine the size and composition of the privately held firearm stock in the US; and to describe demographic patterns of firearm ownership and motivations for ownership. Design,..
  41. pmc Risk factors among handgun retailers for frequent and disproportionate sales of guns used in violent and firearm related crimes
    G J Wintemute
    Violence Prevention Research Program, University of California, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Inj Prev 11:357-63. 2005
    ..To determine the retailer and community level factors associated with frequent and disproportionate sales of handguns that are later used in violent and firearm related crimes (VFC handguns)...
  42. pmc People and guns involved in denied and completed handgun sales
    M A Wright
    University of California Davis, 2315 Stockton Boulevard, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Inj Prev 11:247-50. 2005
    ..The authors hypothesize that handguns involved in a denied purchase would more closely resemble those used in crime compared with handguns sold...
  43. pmc Effects of undercover police stings of gun dealers on the supply of new guns to criminals
    D W Webster
    Center for Gun Policy and Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 1996, USA
    Inj Prev 12:225-30. 2006
    To assess the effects of undercover police stings and lawsuits against gun dealers suspected of facilitating illegal gun sales in three US cities (Chicago, Detroit, Gary) on the flow of new firearms to criminals.
  44. pmc Land use planning and the control of alcohol, tobacco, firearms, and fast food restaurants
    Marice Ashe
    Technical Assistance Legal Center, Public Health Institute, 505 14th Street, Suite 810, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1404-8. 2003
    ..to understand how legal tools protect public health by regulating the location and density of alcohol, tobacco, firearms, and fast food retail outlets...
  45. ncbi Risk factors for male and female suicide decedents ages 15-64 in the United States. Results from the 1993 National Mortality Followback Survey
    Hsiang Ching Kung
    National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 3311 Toledo Road, Room 7318, Hyattsville, MD, 20782, USA
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 38:419-26. 2003
    ..This paper examined the associations of certain risk factors with suicide among males and females aged 15-64, and the variation in the associations by gender...
  46. pmc Buying a handgun for someone else: firearm dealer willingness to sell
    S B Sorenson
    UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Inj Prev 9:147-50. 2003
    ..To examine firearm dealer willingness to sell when a handgun is being purchased for another person. US law requires a background check of the purchaser but not the end user of a firearm...
  47. ncbi Incidence, case-fatality rate and clinical pattern of firearm injuries in two cities where arm owning is forbidden
    Jean Bahebeck
    University Hospital, Surgery and Specialities, BP 25095 Messa, Yaounde, Cameroun, Cameroon
    Injury 36:714-7. 2005
    ..To review firearm injuries in five hospitals of Douala and Yaounde, both towns of Cameroon, a Sub-Saharan African country where ownership of firearm is forbidden...
  48. pmc The association between changes in household firearm ownership and rates of suicide in the United States, 1981-2002
    M Miller
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Inj Prev 12:178-82. 2006
    ..To explore whether recent declines in household firearm prevalence in the United States were associated with changes in rates of suicide for men, women, and children...
  49. pmc The severity of injury in children resulting from acts against civilian populations
    Lisa D Amir
    Schneider Children s Medical Center of Israel, Unit of Emergency Medicine, Kaplan 14, Petach Tikva, Israel 49202
    Ann Surg 241:666-70. 2005
    ..To characterize the injuries to children by acts against civilian populations (AACP)...
  50. ncbi Firearms accidents in Northern India (1980-2000)
    B P Singh
    Central Forensic Science Laboratory, Directorate of Forensic Science, Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt of India, Chandigarh
    Med Sci Law 46:69-75. 2006
    This paper investigates firearms accidents from the last two decades (1980-2000), with information received from the three North Indian states, Chandigarh, Delhi and Himachal Pradesh and from the military and paramilitary organisations ..
  51. pmc Firearm related deaths: the impact of regulatory reform
    J Ozanne-Smith
    Monash University Accident Research Centre, Monash University, Victoria, Australia
    Inj Prev 10:280-6. 2004
    ..To examine trends in rates of firearm related deaths in Victoria, Australia, over 22 years in the context of legislative reform and describe and investigate impact measures to explain trends...
  52. pmc Effects of a gun dealer's change in sales practices on the supply of guns to criminals
    Daniel W Webster
    Center for Gun Policy and Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Urban Health 83:778-87. 2006
    ..Proposed anti-gun-trafficking efforts in other cities could benefit from targeting problem retail outlets...
  53. pmc Safer storage of firearms at home and risk of suicide: a study of protective factors in a nationally representative sample
    Edmond D Shenassa
    Department of Community Health and Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, Brown Medical School, One Hoppin Street, Suite 500, Providence, RI 02903, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:841-8. 2004
    To estimate the protective effect of storing firearms locked or unloaded, or both, on the risk of suicide by firearms among people with relatively low intention to die.
  54. ncbi Mechanisms of pediatric trauma deaths in Canada and the United States: the role of firearms
    David J Hackam
    Department of Surgery, Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Trauma 56:1286-90. 2004
    This study aimed to determine whether firearms are a more prevalent cause of pediatric death in the United States than in Canada.
  55. pmc Firearm homicide and firearm suicide: opposite but equal
    Charles C Branas
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Firearm Injury Center at Penn, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Public Health Rep 119:114-24. 2004
    Homicide and suicide are intentional acts of violence that disproportionately involve firearms. Much more effort has been devoted to the ecological study of homicide; methods that have been developed to better understand and subsequently ..
  56. ncbi Factors associated with state variations in homicide, suicide, and unintentional firearm deaths
    James H Price
    Mississippi State University, Department of HPERS, Mississippi State, MS, USA
    J Community Health 29:271-83. 2004
    ..correlation coefficients, found that state-level firearm homicide rates significantly varied by the prevalence of firearms and by percent of the population which was African American...
  57. pmc Are medical societies developing a standard for gun injury prevention?
    M M Longjohn
    Mary Ann and J Milburn Smith Child Health Research Program, The Children s Memorial Institute for Education and Research, Chicago, IL, USA
    Inj Prev 10:169-73. 2004
    ..Following heightened gun violence in the 1990s, many medical societies in the United States adopted policies on the topic...
  58. ncbi The life cycle of crime guns: a description based on guns recovered from young people in California
    Garen J Wintemute
    Violence Prevention Research Program, University of California Davis, Sacramento, CA, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 43:733-42. 2004
    ....
  59. ncbi Firearms laws and the reduction of violence: a systematic review
    Robert A Hahn
    Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Prev Med 28:40-71. 2005
  60. ncbi Firearms legislation and reductions in firearm-related suicide deaths in New Zealand
    A L Beautrais
    Canterbury Suicide Project, Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, New Zealand
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 40:253-9. 2006
    To examine the impact of introducing more restrictive firearms legislation (Amendment to the Arms Act, 1992) in New Zealand on suicides involving firearms.
  61. ncbi Transfer of lead from shot pellets to game meat during cooking
    R Mateo
    Instituto de Investigacion en Recursos Cinegeticos, IREC CSIC, UCLM, JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13005 Ciudad Real, Spain
    Sci Total Environ 372:480-5. 2007
    ..The consumption of only half a pickled quail per week with embedded shot may cause the provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI) of Pb by the Spanish consumer to be exceeded...
  62. pmc Studying "exposure" to firearms: household ownership v access
    R M Ikeda
    National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Inj Prev 9:53-7. 2003
    ..Firearm ownership has often been used to measure access to weapons. However, persons who own a firearm may not have access to it and conversely, persons who do not own a firearm may be able to access one quickly...
  63. pmc Association between handgun purchase and mortality from firearm injury
    K M Grassel
    Violence Prevention Research Program, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Inj Prev 9:48-52. 2003
    ..To determine the association between mortality from violent or firearm related injury and previous handgun purchase...
  64. ncbi The smoking gun: do clinicians follow guidelines on firearm safety counseling?
    S Barkin
    University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 152:749-56. 1998
    ....
  65. ncbi Access to firearms and risk for suicide in middle-aged and older adults
    Yeates Conwell
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester School of Medicine, NY 14642 8409, USA
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 10:407-16. 2002
    Elderly white men are at the highest risk for suicide. Firearms are the most common method of suicide used by both men and women in later life, and a greater proportion of older than younger suicide victims use a gun...
  66. ncbi Mental health and firearms in community-based surveys: implications for suicide prevention
    Susan B Sorenson
    Department of Social Policy, University of Pennsylvania, PA, USA
    Eval Rev 32:239-56. 2008
    ..Findings suggest that the high risk of suicide among those who own or live in a household with a gun is not related to poor mental health. Implications for prevention are discussed...
  67. ncbi Hanging, firearm, and non-domestic gas suicides among males: a comparative study
    Diego De Leo
    Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland, Australia
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 36:183-9. 2002
    To identify characteristics that could distinguish males who completed suicide by hanging from males who completed suicide by firearms and non-domestic gas, and to suggest suicide prevention strategies targeted at hanging.
  68. pmc The epidemiology of firearm suicide in the United States
    Michael P Romero
    Violence Prevention Research Program, University of California, Davis, USA
    J Urban Health 79:39-48. 2002
    Little attention has been given to the role of firearms in suicide...
  69. pmc Firearm availability and suicide, homicide, and unintentional firearm deaths among women
    Matthew Miller
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Urban Health 79:26-38. 2002
    ..In the United States, more than 45,000 women died from gun violence over the last decade...
  70. ncbi Lead shot contribution to blood lead of First Nations people: the use of lead isotopes to identify the source of exposure
    Leonard J S Tsuji
    Department of Environment and Resource Studies, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
    Sci Total Environ 405:180-5. 2008
    ..However, when we categorized the group further into a group that did not use firearms and did not eat any other traditional foods harvested with lead ammunition other than waterfowl, our predictions ..
  71. ncbi [Attempted suicide by firearms: a retrospective study of 161 cases]
    M Humeau
    SHUPPM, Centre Hospitalier Henri Laborit, 370, avenue Jacques Coeur, 86021 Poitiers Cedex, France
    Encephale 34:459-66. 2008
    ..To determine the specific clinical aspects of patients with suicidal behaviour by firearm and investigate the specificities of the suicide method...
  72. ncbi Suicide and firearm prevalence: are youth disproportionately affected?
    J Birckmayer
    Association for the Study and Development of Community, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 31:303-10. 2001
    ..The findings suggest that if the relationship is causal, a 10% fall in regional firearm ownership levels would lead to a 3.0% decrease in suicide rates...
  73. ncbi Firearms risk management in psychiatric care
    M E Sherman
    Twin Valley Psychiatric System, Columbus, OH 43223, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 52:1057-61. 2001
    OBJECTIVE: This study sought to assess the effectiveness of a firearms risk management program...
  74. ncbi Trends in firearm usage in homicides and suicides in Bexar County Texas from 1982 to 2004
    D Kimberley Molina
    Bexar County Medical Examiner s Office, San Antonio, TX, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 29:281-4. 2008
    ..38/.357 in the late 1990s. The use of small caliber handguns steadily decreased in both homicidal and suicidal shootings whereas the .380 and .45 caliber handguns steadily increased in both homicidal and suicidal shootings...
  75. pmc Effects of state-level firearm seller accountability policies on firearm trafficking
    Daniel W Webster
    Center for Gun Policy and Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Urban Health 86:525-37. 2009
    Criminals illegally obtaining firearms represent a great risk to many urban residents...
  76. ncbi Development of STR profiles from firearms and fired cartridge cases
    Katie M Horsman-Hall
    Virginia Department of Forensic Science, Richmond, VA 23219, United States
    Forensic Sci Int Genet 3:242-50. 2009
    ..DNA was obtained from the chamber of the barrel and was amplifiable using the MiniFiler kit, although mixtures were obtained with extensive drop-in and drop-out making this analysis unlikely to aid an investigation...
  77. ncbi Disproportionate sales of crime guns among licensed handgun retailers in the United States: a case-control study
    G J Wintemute
    Violence Prevention Research Program, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
    Inj Prev 15:291-9. 2009
    ..To determine risk factors among licensed firearm retailers for disproportionate sales of handguns that are later subjected to ownership tracing, generally after use in crime...
  78. ncbi Homicide and suicide rates associated with implementation of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act
    J Ludwig
    Georgetown Public Policy Institute, Georgetown University, 3600 N St NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20007, USA
    JAMA 284:585-91. 2000
    In February 1994, the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act established a nationwide requirement that licensed firearms dealers observe a waiting period and initiate a background check for handgun sales...
  79. pmc Factors affecting a recently purchased handgun's risk for use in crime under circumstances that suggest gun trafficking
    Mona A Wright
    UC Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA, USA
    J Urban Health 87:352-64. 2010
    ..recovery by a police agency, followed by a gun ownership trace, conducted by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, that determined (a) that the recovery had occurred within 3 years of the handgun's most recent ..
  80. ncbi Effects of Maryland's law banning "Saturday night special" handguns on homicides
    Daniel W Webster
    Center for Injury Research and Policy, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 N Broadway, Rm 593, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:406-12. 2002
    ..Excluding this outlier, the model estimated a 15% increase in firearm homicides associated with the Saturday night special ban. None of the models revealed significant law effects on nonfirearm homicides...
  81. pmc Lethality of firearms relative to other suicide methods: a population based study
    E D Shenassa
    Brown Medical School, Department of Community Health, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:120-4. 2003
    1) To quantify lethality of firearms relative to other suicide methods, (2) to quantify the extent to which suicide mortality may be reduced by limiting access to firearms.
  82. ncbi Accidental firearm fatalities. Forensic and preventive implications
    B Karger
    Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149 Munster, Germany
    Int J Legal Med 116:350-3. 2002
    ..It is recommended that a case should always be considered to be non-accidental in the beginning of an investigation...
  83. pmc Association of rates of household handgun ownership, lifetime major depression, and serious suicidal thoughts with rates of suicide across US census regions
    D Hemenway
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Inj Prev 8:313-6. 2002
    ..This study investigates whether the association can be explained by differences in levels of mental health...
  84. pmc Gun use in the United States: results from two national surveys
    D Hemenway
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Inj Prev 6:263-7. 2000
    ..To determine the relative incidence of gun victimization versus self defense gun use by civilians in the United States, and the circumstances and probable legality of the self defense uses...
  85. pmc Rates of household firearm ownership and homicide across US regions and states, 1988-1997
    Matthew Miller
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1988-93. 2002
    ..In this study we explored the association between rates of household firearm ownership and homicide across the United States, by age groups...
  86. ncbi Firearm legislation reform in the European Union: impact on firearm availability, firearm suicide and homicide rates in Austria
    Nestor D Kapusta
    Medical University of Vienna, Department of Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy, Waehringer Guertel 18 20, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Br J Psychiatry 191:253-7. 2007
    The availability of firearms in homes and at aggregate levels is a risk factor for suicide and homicide. One method of reducing access to suicidal means is the restriction of firearm availability through more stringent legislation.
  87. ncbi Psychiatrists' practices and perceptions regarding anticipatory guidance on firearms
    James H Price
    Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606, USA
    Am J Prev Med 33:370-3. 2007
    Most suicides (60%) and homicides (67%) are committed with firearms. Additionally, 90% of homicide offenders and 80% of individuals reporting suicide behaviors meet diagnostic criteria for mental illness...
  88. ncbi The identification of lead ammunition as a source of lead exposure in First Nations: the use of lead isotope ratios
    Leonard J S Tsuji
    Department of Environment and Resource Studies, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada
    Sci Total Environ 393:291-8. 2008
    ..Thus, lead-contaminated meat from game harvested with lead bullets may also be contributing to the lead body burden...
  89. ncbi Household firearm ownership and suicide rates in the United States
    Matthew Miller
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Epidemiology 13:517-24. 2002
    In the United States, more people kill themselves with firearms than with all other methods combined...
  90. ncbi Firearm violence in america: a growing health problem
    Stephanie Baroni
    Firearm and Injury Center at Penn, Division of Traumatology and Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3440 Market Street, First Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am 18:297-303. 2006
    ..We recognize that any focus on firearm injury is often contentious and political; however, nurses bring a ready-made credibility and focus on evidence-based practice to the prevention of this disease...
  91. ncbi Firearm use in intimate partner violence: a brief overview
    Susan B Sorenson
    School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Eval Rev 30:229-36. 2006
    Readers of this volume are likely to have specific interests in domestic violence or in firearms policy. It is not assumed, however, that the typical reader will know about the interface of the two fields...
  92. ncbi Analysis of homicidal deaths in Peshawar, Pakistan
    Murad Zafar Marri
    Department of Forensic Medicine, Khyber Medical College Peshawar
    J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 18:30-3. 2006
    ..This study was conducted at the department of Forensic Medicine Khyber Medical College, Peshawar, to know the patterns of homicide, taking it as the first step in the prevention of this crime...
  93. pmc Violence in Jamaica: an analysis of homicides 1998-2002
    G Lemard
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Inj Prev 12:15-8. 2006
    ..Homicides in Jamaica are not primarily gang or robbery related. Rather, they are mainly caused by arguments or reprisals. Homicide has become a common feature of dispute resolution in Jamaica...
  94. ncbi Gunshot residue testing in suicides: Part II: Analysis by inductive coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry
    D Kimberley Molina
    Bexar County Medical Examiner s Office, San Antonio, Texas 78229, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:191-4. 2007
    ....
  95. ncbi Deaths involving firearms
    Kathryn Wilkins
    Health Statistics Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario
    Health Rep 16:37-43. 2005
  96. ncbi Gunshot residue testing in suicides: Part I: Analysis by scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray
    D Kimberley Molina
    Bexar County Medical Examiner s Office, San Antonio, Texas 78229, USA
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:187-90. 2007
    ..The low sensitivity, along with the low percentage of cases with a discernible pattern, limits the usefulness of GSR test results by SEM-EDX in differentiating self-inflicted from non-self-inflicted wounds...
  97. ncbi Homicide-suicide (dyadic death), homicide, and firearms use in England and Wales
    Angela R Travis
    Department of Forensic Pathology, University of Sheffield, The Medico Legal Centre, Sheffield, UK
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:314-8. 2007
    ..Previous studies have shown a high rate of use of firearms. Over the last 2 decades firearms legislation has become more restrictive...
  98. ncbi Fatal firearm wounds: a retrospective study in Bari (Italy) between 1988 and 2003
    Biagio Solarino
    Sezione di Medicina Legale, Di M I M P, Universita degli Studi di Bari, Piazza G Cesare 12, Bari 70125, Italy
    Forensic Sci Int 168:95-101. 2007
    ..The homicide cases described were most often related to continual, ongoing fights among local criminal gangs (75%)...
  99. ncbi Firearm death rates and association with level of firearm purchase background check
    Steven A Sumner
    Injury Research Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226 0509, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:1-6. 2008
    ..The information potentially available to checking agencies at different levels of government varies; the consequence of this variation is not known...
  100. ncbi [Morphology of bullet wounds when using police ammunition, type QD-P.E.P]
    Kirsten Marion Stein
    Aus dem Institut für Rechts und Verkehrsmedizin der Universität Heidelberg
    Arch Kriminol 218:22-34. 2006
    ..Experimental shots at pig carcasses showed that in the case of shots at extremities, the residual energy of the exiting bullet may be sufficient to generate another penetrating bullet wound...
  101. ncbi Firearms
    Susan Guralnick
    Stony Brook University Medical Center Stony Brook, NY, USA
    Pediatr Rev 28:396-7; discussion 397. 2007

Research Grants54

  1. QUALITY OF MORTALITY DATA FOR INJURY CONTROL PROGRAMS
    Steven MacDonald; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..the purposes of this study, injury is defined by ICD-9 codes E800-E999, which include trauma from motor-vehicles, firearms, falls, drowning, fires, asphyxia, and poisoning...
  2. THE EFFECTS OF RETAINED LEAD BULLETS ON BODY LEAD BURDEN
    Stephen Rothenberg; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Medical history regarding prior firearms injuries and other retained projectiles is taken, along with a screening and risk factor questionnaire to ..
  3. STUDY OF COMPLETED AND ATTEMPTED SUICIDES IN ADOLESCENTS
    David Shaffer; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..stressful events which may constitute a specific hazard for suicide, information on family correlates, and information on the importance of social factors, such as the availability of firearms and exposure to provocative media material.
  4. Alcohol Availibility and Intimate Partner Homicide
    APRIL ZEOLI; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..are to better understand the roles of alcohol availability and laws prohibiting batterers from possessing firearms in intimate partner homicide (IPH) and to increase the safety of victims of intimate partner violence...
  5. Prescription Opioid Use and the Risk of Injury among Elderly Americans
    Matthew Miller; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Since many older Americans benefit from opioids, a null finding or a finding that risk is concentrated (e.g., in some but not other specific preparations) would also be clinically relevant. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Safety Skills Training for Parents of Preschool Children
    Lynne Swartz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..e., 2-3 and 4-5 years), (b) additional units covering the remaining six content areas (poisoning, firearms, bike and wheeled sport safety, street, water, and fire safety), (c) tips for determining safe childcare ..
  7. Short & Long Term Suicide Risk Factors
    Mark Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results of this epidemiologic study, will help us better understand proximal and distal suicide risk factors. ..
  8. Longitudinal Analysis of Health-Related Quality of Life in an Aging Population
    Mark Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. Case Control Study of Alcohol Outlets & Firearm Violence
    Charles Branas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..including suicide) are the end result of a "causative web" of contributing factors that includes alcohol, firearms, and risky neighborhoods...
  10. APPLIED REGIONALIZATION OF EMERGENCY CARE
    Charles Branas; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  11. Alcohol, firearms, and adolescent gunshot injury risk
    DOUGLAS WIEBE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..mapping the activities of adolescents thereby allowing very accurate estimation of their exposure to alcohol and firearms on a minute-to-minute basis...
  12. Major Depression Following Minor Injury
    Therese Richmond; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Further, this design, using comprehensive psychiatric evaluation, will allow a critical analysis of the influence of major depression and related psychiatric disorders on outcomes following minor injury. ..
  13. Assessing Child Report of Asthma Health Status
    Lynn Olson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..With these data we will examine the reliability and validity of reports from children across age groups. Relevant covariates, such as type of domain assessed, will also be examined. ..
  14. Parental Time, Income and Children's BMI
    Bisakha Sen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Finally, data from the Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) will be used to investigate the effects of parental time and income on the family's patterns of food purchases. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  15. Non-response to NTX next steps in managing alcoholism
    David Oslin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Development of a Highly Efficient Personal Sampler to collect Viable Bioaerosols
    Yung Sung Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The new device will not only be beneficial in occupational settings, but may also have future potential in high risk areas such as those following any possible biological attack. ..
  17. FAS Prevention: A Trial of the IOM Model
    Philip May; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Selective and universal prevention use: screening for alcohol abuse;targeted messages to change norms and KABB;policy advocacy;and community education and dialogue. ..
  18. Coordination of reaching in healthy adult and stroke
    John Scholz; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Religion and Suicidal Behavior Among Black Americans
    Sean Joe; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  20. Trial of FAS Prevention and Diagnosis Among Indians
    Philip May; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The proposed renewal will ensure sufficient time to test the IOM model of prevention while advancing science in several other ways. ..
  21. DYNAMIC TECHNIQUES FOR TREATMENT EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSES
    ANDREW LEON; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In summary, this interdisciplinary project will inform methodologists about the proposed data analytic strategy and inform clinicians about effectiveness of treatments for PD, BDD, and bipolar depression. ..
  22. SUBSTANCE USE AMONG CHILDREN OF ALCOHOLICS
    LAURIE A CHASSIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  23. Differential Response to Evidenced-Based Treatment
    Phillippe Cunningham; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Aim 4: Examine basic science questions regarding treatment related changes in youth emotional reactivity in the context of evidence-based treatment. ..
  24. Psychiatric Treatment and Violence Risk Management
    Jeffrey Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Through additional R01-fundable projects to be developed, this work will lead eventually to better-targeted interventions and policies for reducing violence risk and improving quality of life for persons with SMI. ..
  25. Mathematical Models of Programmed CTL Proliferation
    Dominik Wodarz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These are the role of effector molecules (such as perform and IFN-g) for CTL dynamics, and the role of CD4 T cell help. The modeling work will be complemented by experiments with VSV and LCMV infected mice. ..
  26. Detection of Elder Mistreatment in the Aging Services Network
    Yeates Conwell; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This project will create the tools necessary to identify older people who are victims of elder mistreatment and who present for care to the aging services network. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  27. Transdisciplinary Research on Urban Health Collaborative (RMI)
    Nicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This application will provide support for the institutionalization of these efforts at the University that educates more researchers and professionals involved in urban health than any university in the nation. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. The Antecedents and Implications of Intergroup Anxiety
    E Plant; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  29. SUBSTANCE USE AMONG CHILDREN OF ALCOHOLICS
    Laurie Chassin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. PROGESTERONE TREATMENT OF BLUNT TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY
    Arthur Kellermann; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..If these hypotheses are verified, this it will represent a major advance in the treatment of traumatic brain injury. ..
  31. TREATMENT OF LATE LIFE DEPRESSION COMPLICATED BY ALCOHOL
    David Oslin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Finally, proposed plans for this MCSDA are well coordinated with the research activities of the Section of Geriatric Psychiatry and the Center for Studies on Addiction. ..
  32. SUICIDE PREVENTION: RESEARCH & RESEARCH TRAINING
    Yeates Conwell; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. Modeling Automatic Behavioral Bias
    Joshua Correll; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The model suggests that bias will decrease when the association between African American and danger drops, when the stereotype is less relevant, or when ethnic categorization is relatively slow. ..
  34. Nat. Alcohol Screening Day: Academic E.M. Collaboration
    Arthur Kellermann; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..2. ED personnel who receive SBIRT training, and self-report as having positive experiences during the intervention period surrounding NSAD, will adopt or enhance their SBIRT of patients with ANAD in the ED setting. ..
  35. Interdisciplinary Training-Alcohol, Injury, & Violence
    Susan Baker; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The program aims to develop creative and independent investigators, well prepared to contribute to amelioration of alcohol-related injury. ..
  36. Transducer for indirect blood pressure& O2 saturation
    Leslie Geddes; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The neonatologist, the premature infant physician and the small-infant pediatrician have no single instrument that provides all of these vital signs. ..
  37. International Neuropsychological Study of FASD--U01
    Philip May; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. Faciliators/Barriers to Dual Diagnosis Treatment
    Mark Singer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Information generated from the pilots and other planned Program learning experiences will result in the preparation and submission of several ROI proposals. ..
  39. Impact/HIV Intervention/Adolescent Males Leaving Jail
    Nicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This sub-study will also be used to tailor the intervention tested in this proposal for adolescent females. ..
  40. High School Sports Injury Surveillance-Incidence/exposur
    R Comstock; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This directly addresses the CDC's mission to promote physical activity and prevent injuries and both directly and indirectly addresses several Healthy People 2010 injury prevention objectives. ..
  41. TRIAL OF FAS PREVENTION IN AMERICAN INDIAN COMMUNITIES
    Philip May; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Furthermore, prevention protocols, research techniques and methods, will test the recommendations of the IOM report and should also be applicable to non-Indian communities as well. ..
  42. Effectively Implementing Psychiatric Advance Directives
    Jeffrey Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed study will provide information about a state's experience with PADs so that policymakers may be guided in implementing PADs elsewhere. ..
  43. Child Psychopathology, Adversity & Developing Drug Abuse
    BETH MOLNAR; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. Endothelial Dysfunction, Oxidative Stress and Risk of Peripheral Arterial Disease
    Kenneth Jay Mukamal; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Finally, we will examine how a derived dietary antioxidant score, based upon measured oxidative potential of specific foods using the ferric-reducing/antioxidant power method, is related to PAD. ..
  45. Influence of Lactation on Postpartum Stress and Immunity
    MAUREEN EDITH GROER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The immunology and endocrinology of the postpartum provides a lens through which to study autoimmune disease, as the postpartum is a critical period for development or exacerbation of many autoimmune diseases. ..
  46. Tipping the energy balance for Latino Children
    Shari Barkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The results could be important from a preventive perspective and are especially needed in our state, which has the fastest-growing Latino population in the U.S. ..
  47. Preventing Suicide, HIV& Drug Abuse Among Black Youth
    Sean Joe; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  48. Heavy Drinking & Coronary Disease: Acute/Chronic Effects
    Kenneth Mukamal; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These results may prove to have important biological, clinical, and public health implications for the care of CHD. ..
  49. MINORITY PRE-DOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM
    Renee Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Little is known about the processes involved in couples' decision-making about household firearms; this has limited our ability to effectively promote safe firearm storage...
  50. Quality of Care for Adolescent Suicide Attempters
    Jeffrey Bridge; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Together, these projects will inform the design of a future R01 proposal aimed at studying quality of care factors and outcome for at-risk youth across a broader range of service providers and treatment settings. ..
  51. Inhalation Dosimetry/Exposure Index of Fiber Aerosol
    Yung Sung Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Sampling devices based on this size-selection definition can be developed in the future for improved assessment of worker exposure. ..
  52. RANDOMIZED, CONTROLLED TRIAL TO PREVENT CHILD VIOLENCE
    Shari Barkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..As yet, there are no data driving the guidelines issued by major medical organizations; this study will provide scientifically sound data to do so. ..