Summary: Small-arms weapons, including handguns, pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns, etc.
Publications198 found, 100 shown here
- Violence related injuries, deaths and disabilities in the capital of HondurasSophie Yacoub
Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Royal Brompton Hospital, Chelsea, London, UK
Injury 37:428-34. 2006..This is compared with unintentional injuries, in the capital of Honduras for 2001, with a view to better-targeted prevention...
- Changes in suicide methods in Quebec between 1987 and 2000: the possible impact of bill C-17 requiring safe storage of firearmsJean Caron
Division psychosociale, Centre de recherche de l Hôpital Douglas, Verdun QC Canada
Suicide Life Threat Behav 38:195-208. 2008..suicide rates for Québec (Canada) before and after Bill C-17, which was implemented to secure safe storage of firearms. It covers 20,009 suicide cases reported to the coroner's office...
- Controlling firearms use in Australia: has the 1996 gun law reform produced the decrease in rates of suicide with this method?Helen Klieve
Australian Institute of Suicide Research and Prevention, Griffith University, Mt Gravatt Campus, Brisbane, QLD 4111, Australia
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 44:285-92. 2009Observed reductions in firearm suicides in Australia have been linked to the 1997 national firearms agreement (NFA) introduced following the 1996 Port Arthur massacre. The NFA placed strong access restrictions on firearms.
- Decrease in suicide rates after a change of policy reducing access to firearms in adolescents: a naturalistic epidemiological studyGad Lubin
Division of Mental Health, Medical Corps, IDF, Ramat Gan, Israel
Suicide Life Threat Behav 40:421-4. 2010The use of firearms is a common means of suicide. We examined the effect of a policy change in the Israeli Defense Forces reducing adolescents' access to firearms on rates of suicide...
- Australia's 1996 gun law reforms: faster falls in firearm deaths, firearm suicides, and a decade without mass shootingsS Chapman
School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Inj Prev 12:365-72. 2006..After a 1996 firearm massacre in Tasmania in which 35 people died, Australian governments united to remove semi-automatic and pump-action shotguns and rifles from civilian possession, as a key component of gun law reforms...
- Firearms regulation and declining rates of male suicide in QuebecMathieu Gagné
Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Sainte Foy, Quebec, Canada
Inj Prev 16:247-53. 2010..significant changes in method-specific male suicide rates occurred in the province of Quebec after stronger firearms regulations were introduced in Canada in 1991; to ascertain whether more stringent firearms regulations influence ..
- Investigating the link between gun possession and gun assaultCharles C Branas
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Room 936 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Dr, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
Am J Public Health 99:2034-40. 2009..We investigated the possible relationship between being shot in an assault and possession of a gun at the time...
- Ammunition is the principal source of lead accumulated by California condors re-introduced to the wildMolly E Church
Department of Environmental Toxicology, University of California, Santa Cruz 95064, USA
Environ Sci Technol 40:6143-50. 2006..Together, these data indicate that incidental ingestion of ammunition in carcasses of animals killed by hunters is the principal source of elevated lead exposure that threatens the recovery in the wild of this endangered species...
- Lead bullet fragments in venison from rifle-killed deer: potential for human dietary exposureW Grainger Hunt
The Peregrine Fund, Boise, Idaho, United States of America
PLoS ONE 4:e5330. 2009..At risk in the U.S. are some ten million hunters, their families, and low-income beneficiaries of venison donations...
- Efficiency of forensic mtDNA analysis. Case examples demonstrating the identification of tracesR Szibor
Institut fur Rechtsmedizin, Otto von Guericke Universitat Magdeburg, Leipziger Strasse 44, D 39120, Magdeburg, Germany
Forensic Sci Int 113:71-8. 2000..The mtDNA of the users could be even detected on cartridges after firing. In one case, evidence of a suicide could be provided by means of mtDNA sequencing of the wiping traces on a suicide note...
- Gun control and suicide: the impact of state firearm regulations in the United States, 1995-2004Antonio Rodríguez Andrés
School of Public Health, Department of Health Services Research, University of Aarhus, Denmark
Health Policy 101:95-103. 2011..To empirically assess the impact of firearm regulation on male suicides...
- Potential hazard to human health from exposure to fragments of lead bullets and shot in the tissues of game animalsDeborah J Pain
Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust, Slimbridge, Gloucestershire, UK
PLoS ONE 5:e10315. 2010..Our paper asks whether lead gunshot pellets also fragment upon impact, and whether lead derived from spent gunshot and bullets in the tissues of game animals could pose a threat to human health...
- Australian firearms legislation and unintentional firearm deaths: a theoretical explanation for the absence of decline following the 1996 gun lawsSamara McPhedran
School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales 2006, Australia
Public Health 122:297-9. 2008
- The impact of gun control (Bill C-51) on suicide in CanadaAntoon A Leenaars
Death Stud 27:103-24. 2003..It appears that Bill C-51 may have had an impact on suicide rates, even after controls for social variables...
- Austrian firearms: data require cautious approachD De Leo
Br J Psychiatry 191:562-3; author reply 563. 2007
- Subsequent criminal activity among violent misdemeanants who seek to purchase handguns: risk factors and effectiveness of denying handgun purchaseG J Wintemute
Violence Prevention Research Program, UC Davis Medical Center, 2315 Stockton Blvd, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
JAMA 285:1019-26. 2001..Some states prohibit the purchase of handguns by persons convicted of selected misdemeanor crimes, but most do not. California has denied handgun purchases by violent misdemeanants since 1991; the effectiveness of these policies is unknown...
- Canadian firearms legislation and effects on homicide 1974 to 2008Caillin Langmann
Division of Emergency Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
J Interpers Violence 27:2303-21. 2012Canada has implemented legislation covering all firearms since 1977 and presents a model to examine incremental firearms control...
- Who are the owners of firearms used in adolescent suicides?Renee M Johnson
Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
Suicide Life Threat Behav 40:609-11. 2010In this brief report, the source of firearms used in adolescent suicides was examined using data from the National Violent Injury Statistics System, the pilot to the CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System, a uniform reporting ..
- Firearms, hanging, and drowning suicides in the Republic of irelandKiran Sarma
School of Psychology, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland
Crisis 31:69-75. 2010The firearms climate in Ireland is rapidly changing, and there is currently no research on the risk profiles of those dying through firearms suicides.
- Who uses firearms as a means of suicide? A population study exploring firearm accessibility and method choiceHelen Klieve
Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention, National Centre of Excellence in Suicide Prevention, WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Training in Suicide Prevention, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia
BMC Med 7:52. 2009The 1996 Australian National Firearms Agreement introduced strict access limitations. However, reports on the effectiveness of the new legislation are conflicting...
- Do laws restricting access to firearms by domestic violence offenders prevent intimate partner homicide?Elizabeth Richardson Vigdor
Terry Sanford Institute for Public Policy, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
Eval Rev 30:313-46. 2006..These laws restrict access to firearms by individuals who are subject to a restraining order or have been convicted of a domestic violence misdemeanor ..
- Homicide by firearms in two Scandinavian capitalsH P Hougen
Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 21:281-6. 2000In the Oslo and Copenhagen areas, 83 homicides by firearms were registered in the 10-year period 1985 to 1994, accounting for 19.3% of all homicides in that period...
- Firearm suicides and availability of firearms: the Swiss experienceV Ajdacic-Gross
Research Unit for Clinical and Social Psychiatry, Psychiatric University Hospital, Militarstrasse 8, Zurich, Switzerland
Eur Psychiatry 25:432-4. 2010This study aimed to examine the association between the availability of firearms at home, and the proportion of firearm suicides in Switzerland in an ecological analysis...
- Monitoring of umbilical cord blood lead levels and sources assessment among the InuitB Levesque
Unite de Recherche en Sante publique, Centre de Recherche du CHUL CHUQ, 945, avenue Wolfe, Sainte Foy, Quebec G1V 5B3, Canada
Occup Environ Med 60:693-5. 2003..Lead shot ammunition can be a major and preventable source of human exposure to lead...
- [Gunshot wounds, firearms and wound ballistics]E J M M Verleisdonk
Universitair Medisch Centrum Utrecht, afd Heelkunde, Postbus 85 500, 3508 GA Utrecht
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 146:1271-5. 2002..With these sorts of wounds the removal of debris as equally the bullet is not usually necessary. For firearms with a high firing velocity the wounds are more severe due to the greater quantity of kinetic energy transferred ..
- State firearm laws and rates of suicide in men and womenKenneth R Conner
Department of Psychiatry, Center for the Study and Prevention of Suicide, University of Rochester Medical Center, 300 Crittenden Boulevard, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
Am J Prev Med 25:320-4. 2003To evaluate the associations of state laws restricting firearms and incidence rates of suicide in men and women using a cross-sectional design.
- Reality-based practice under pressure improves handgun shooting performance of police officersR R D Oudejans
Research Institute MOVE, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Ergonomics 51:261-73. 2008..These results indicate that training exercises involving increased pressure can acclimatize shooting performance of ordinary police officers to those situations with elevated pressure that they may encounter during their police work...
- Homicide and suicide risks associated with firearms in the home: a national case-control studyDouglas J Wiebe
Violence Prevention Research Group, University of California Los Angeles School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Ann Emerg Med 41:771-82. 2003..I test the hypothesis that having a gun in the home is a risk factor for adults to be killed (homicide) or to commit suicide...
- Lethality of suicide methodsA A Elnour
Research Centre for Injury Studies, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA, Australia
Inj Prev 14:39-45. 2008..To (a) quantify the lethality of suicide methods used in Australia in the period 1 July 1993 to 30 June 2003, (b) examine method-specific case fatality by age and sex, and (c) identify changes in case fatality during the study period...
- The epidemiology of case fatality rates for suicide in the northeastMatthew Miller
Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Ann Emerg Med 43:723-30. 2004..We examine how method-specific case fatality rates for suicide differ by age and sex...
- Suicide in the farming community: methods used and contact with health servicesN Booth
Department of Mental Health, University of Exeter, Wonford House Hospital, Dryden Road, Exeter EX2 5AF, UK
Occup Environ Med 57:642-4. 2000..Farmers were significantly more likely to use firearms to kill themselves (42% of farmers v 11% controls)...
- Effects of anxiety on handgun shooting behavior of police officers: a pilot studyArne Nieuwenhuys
Research Institute MOVE, Faculty of Human Movement Sciences, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Anxiety Stress Coping 23:225-33. 2010..Findings provide support for attentional control theory, hereby also pointing to possible interventions to improve police officers' shooting performance under pressure...
- Changes in suicide rates by hanging and/or suffocation and firearms among young persons aged 10-24 years in the United States: 1992-2006Jeffrey A Bridge
The Research Institute at Nationwide Children s Hospital, Columbus, OH 43205, USA
J Adolesc Health 46:503-5. 2010..The overall suicide rate and the rate by firearms, poisoning, and other methods declined markedly, whereas the hanging/suffocation rate increased significantly ..
- Effect of a ban on carrying firearms on homicide rates in 2 Colombian citiesA Villaveces
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, and the Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
JAMA 283:1205-9. 2000Homicide is a leading cause of death in Colombia, with much of the fatal interpersonal violence concentrated in the country's largest cities. Firearms are involved in as much as 80% of homicides in Colombia.
- Changing times: a longitudinal analysis of international firearm suicide dataVladeta Ajdacic-Gross
Research Unit for Clinical and Social Psychiatry, Psychiatric University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland
Am J Public Health 96:1752-5. 2006..countries since the 1980s and the relation of these changes to the change in the proportion of households owning firearms. Several countries had an obvious decline in firearm suicides: Norway, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New ..
- On the annoyance caused by impulse sounds produced by small, medium-large, and large firearmsJ Vos
TNO Human Factors, Soesterberg, The Netherlands
J Acoust Soc Am 109:244-53. 2001..was designed in which the annoyance was investigated for 14 different impulse sound types produced by various firearms ranging in caliber from 7.62 to 155 mm...
- Assessing and quantifying high risk: comparing risky behaviors by youth in an urban, disadvantaged community with nationally representative youthMonica H Swahn
Institute of Public Health, Partnership for Urban Health Research, Georgia State University, Atlanta 30302 3995, USA
Public Health Rep 124:224-33. 2009..This study examined whether youth who live in an urban, disadvantaged community are significantly more likely than youth representing the nation to engage in a range of health-compromising behaviors...
- Recent psychopathology, suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts in households with and without firearms: findings from the National Comorbidity Study ReplicationM Miller
Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Inj Prev 15:183-7. 2009..To assess the relationship between firearm ownership and possible psychiatric confounders of the firearm-suicide relationship...
- Household firearm ownership and rates of suicide across the 50 United StatesMatthew Miller
Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Trauma 62:1029-34; discussion 1034-5. 2007..We address these two criticisms by using recently available state-level survey-based estimates of household firearm ownership, serious mental illness, and alcohol/illicit substance use and dependence...
- The US gun stock: results from the 2004 national firearms surveyL Hepburn
Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Inj Prev 13:15-9. 2007..To examine the size and composition of the privately held firearm stock in the US; and to describe demographic patterns of firearm ownership and motivations for ownership. Design,..
- Risk factors among handgun retailers for frequent and disproportionate sales of guns used in violent and firearm related crimesG J Wintemute
Violence Prevention Research Program, University of California, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
Inj Prev 11:357-63. 2005..To determine the retailer and community level factors associated with frequent and disproportionate sales of handguns that are later used in violent and firearm related crimes (VFC handguns)...
- People and guns involved in denied and completed handgun salesM A Wright
University of California Davis, 2315 Stockton Boulevard, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
Inj Prev 11:247-50. 2005..The authors hypothesize that handguns involved in a denied purchase would more closely resemble those used in crime compared with handguns sold...
- Effects of undercover police stings of gun dealers on the supply of new guns to criminalsD W Webster
Center for Gun Policy and Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 1996, USA
Inj Prev 12:225-30. 2006To assess the effects of undercover police stings and lawsuits against gun dealers suspected of facilitating illegal gun sales in three US cities (Chicago, Detroit, Gary) on the flow of new firearms to criminals.
- Land use planning and the control of alcohol, tobacco, firearms, and fast food restaurantsMarice Ashe
Technical Assistance Legal Center, Public Health Institute, 505 14th Street, Suite 810, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
Am J Public Health 93:1404-8. 2003..to understand how legal tools protect public health by regulating the location and density of alcohol, tobacco, firearms, and fast food retail outlets...
- Risk factors for male and female suicide decedents ages 15-64 in the United States. Results from the 1993 National Mortality Followback SurveyHsiang Ching Kung
National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 3311 Toledo Road, Room 7318, Hyattsville, MD, 20782, USA
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 38:419-26. 2003..This paper examined the associations of certain risk factors with suicide among males and females aged 15-64, and the variation in the associations by gender...
- Buying a handgun for someone else: firearm dealer willingness to sellS B Sorenson
UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles, California, USA
Inj Prev 9:147-50. 2003..To examine firearm dealer willingness to sell when a handgun is being purchased for another person. US law requires a background check of the purchaser but not the end user of a firearm...
- Incidence, case-fatality rate and clinical pattern of firearm injuries in two cities where arm owning is forbiddenJean Bahebeck
University Hospital, Surgery and Specialities, BP 25095 Messa, Yaounde, Cameroun, Cameroon
Injury 36:714-7. 2005..To review firearm injuries in five hospitals of Douala and Yaounde, both towns of Cameroon, a Sub-Saharan African country where ownership of firearm is forbidden...
- The association between changes in household firearm ownership and rates of suicide in the United States, 1981-2002M Miller
Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
Inj Prev 12:178-82. 2006..To explore whether recent declines in household firearm prevalence in the United States were associated with changes in rates of suicide for men, women, and children...
- The severity of injury in children resulting from acts against civilian populationsLisa D Amir
Schneider Children s Medical Center of Israel, Unit of Emergency Medicine, Kaplan 14, Petach Tikva, Israel 49202
Ann Surg 241:666-70. 2005..To characterize the injuries to children by acts against civilian populations (AACP)...
- Firearms accidents in Northern India (1980-2000)B P Singh
Central Forensic Science Laboratory, Directorate of Forensic Science, Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt of India, Chandigarh
Med Sci Law 46:69-75. 2006This paper investigates firearms accidents from the last two decades (1980-2000), with information received from the three North Indian states, Chandigarh, Delhi and Himachal Pradesh and from the military and paramilitary organisations ..
- Firearm related deaths: the impact of regulatory reformJ Ozanne-Smith
Monash University Accident Research Centre, Monash University, Victoria, Australia
Inj Prev 10:280-6. 2004..To examine trends in rates of firearm related deaths in Victoria, Australia, over 22 years in the context of legislative reform and describe and investigate impact measures to explain trends...
- Effects of a gun dealer's change in sales practices on the supply of guns to criminalsDaniel W Webster
Center for Gun Policy and Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
J Urban Health 83:778-87. 2006..Proposed anti-gun-trafficking efforts in other cities could benefit from targeting problem retail outlets...
- Safer storage of firearms at home and risk of suicide: a study of protective factors in a nationally representative sampleEdmond D Shenassa
Department of Community Health and Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, Brown Medical School, One Hoppin Street, Suite 500, Providence, RI 02903, USA
J Epidemiol Community Health 58:841-8. 2004To estimate the protective effect of storing firearms locked or unloaded, or both, on the risk of suicide by firearms among people with relatively low intention to die.
- Mechanisms of pediatric trauma deaths in Canada and the United States: the role of firearmsDavid J Hackam
Department of Surgery, Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
J Trauma 56:1286-90. 2004This study aimed to determine whether firearms are a more prevalent cause of pediatric death in the United States than in Canada.
- Firearm homicide and firearm suicide: opposite but equalCharles C Branas
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Firearm Injury Center at Penn, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Public Health Rep 119:114-24. 2004Homicide and suicide are intentional acts of violence that disproportionately involve firearms. Much more effort has been devoted to the ecological study of homicide; methods that have been developed to better understand and subsequently ..
- Factors associated with state variations in homicide, suicide, and unintentional firearm deathsJames H Price
Mississippi State University, Department of HPERS, Mississippi State, MS, USA
J Community Health 29:271-83. 2004..correlation coefficients, found that state-level firearm homicide rates significantly varied by the prevalence of firearms and by percent of the population which was African American...
- Are medical societies developing a standard for gun injury prevention?M M Longjohn
Mary Ann and J Milburn Smith Child Health Research Program, The Children s Memorial Institute for Education and Research, Chicago, IL, USA
Inj Prev 10:169-73. 2004..Following heightened gun violence in the 1990s, many medical societies in the United States adopted policies on the topic...
- The life cycle of crime guns: a description based on guns recovered from young people in CaliforniaGaren J Wintemute
Violence Prevention Research Program, University of California Davis, Sacramento, CA, USA
Ann Emerg Med 43:733-42. 2004....
- Firearms laws and the reduction of violence: a systematic reviewRobert A Hahn
Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Am J Prev Med 28:40-71. 2005
- Firearms legislation and reductions in firearm-related suicide deaths in New ZealandA L Beautrais
Canterbury Suicide Project, Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, New Zealand
Aust N Z J Psychiatry 40:253-9. 2006To examine the impact of introducing more restrictive firearms legislation (Amendment to the Arms Act, 1992) in New Zealand on suicides involving firearms.
- Transfer of lead from shot pellets to game meat during cookingR Mateo
Instituto de Investigacion en Recursos Cinegeticos, IREC CSIC, UCLM, JCCM, Ronda de Toledo s n, 13005 Ciudad Real, Spain
Sci Total Environ 372:480-5. 2007..The consumption of only half a pickled quail per week with embedded shot may cause the provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI) of Pb by the Spanish consumer to be exceeded...
- Studying "exposure" to firearms: household ownership v accessR M Ikeda
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
Inj Prev 9:53-7. 2003..Firearm ownership has often been used to measure access to weapons. However, persons who own a firearm may not have access to it and conversely, persons who do not own a firearm may be able to access one quickly...
- Association between handgun purchase and mortality from firearm injuryK M Grassel
Violence Prevention Research Program, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
Inj Prev 9:48-52. 2003..To determine the association between mortality from violent or firearm related injury and previous handgun purchase...
- The smoking gun: do clinicians follow guidelines on firearm safety counseling?S Barkin
University of California, Los Angeles, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 152:749-56. 1998....
- Access to firearms and risk for suicide in middle-aged and older adultsYeates Conwell
Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester School of Medicine, NY 14642 8409, USA
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 10:407-16. 2002Elderly white men are at the highest risk for suicide. Firearms are the most common method of suicide used by both men and women in later life, and a greater proportion of older than younger suicide victims use a gun...
- Mental health and firearms in community-based surveys: implications for suicide preventionSusan B Sorenson
Department of Social Policy, University of Pennsylvania, PA, USA
Eval Rev 32:239-56. 2008..Findings suggest that the high risk of suicide among those who own or live in a household with a gun is not related to poor mental health. Implications for prevention are discussed...
- Hanging, firearm, and non-domestic gas suicides among males: a comparative studyDiego De Leo
Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland, Australia
Aust N Z J Psychiatry 36:183-9. 2002To identify characteristics that could distinguish males who completed suicide by hanging from males who completed suicide by firearms and non-domestic gas, and to suggest suicide prevention strategies targeted at hanging.
- The epidemiology of firearm suicide in the United StatesMichael P Romero
Violence Prevention Research Program, University of California, Davis, USA
J Urban Health 79:39-48. 2002Little attention has been given to the role of firearms in suicide...
- Firearm availability and suicide, homicide, and unintentional firearm deaths among womenMatthew Miller
Department of Health Policy and Management, Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Urban Health 79:26-38. 2002..In the United States, more than 45,000 women died from gun violence over the last decade...
- Lead shot contribution to blood lead of First Nations people: the use of lead isotopes to identify the source of exposureLeonard J S Tsuji
Department of Environment and Resource Studies, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
Sci Total Environ 405:180-5. 2008..However, when we categorized the group further into a group that did not use firearms and did not eat any other traditional foods harvested with lead ammunition other than waterfowl, our predictions ..
- [Attempted suicide by firearms: a retrospective study of 161 cases]M Humeau
SHUPPM, Centre Hospitalier Henri Laborit, 370, avenue Jacques Coeur, 86021 Poitiers Cedex, France
Encephale 34:459-66. 2008..To determine the specific clinical aspects of patients with suicidal behaviour by firearm and investigate the specificities of the suicide method...
- Suicide and firearm prevalence: are youth disproportionately affected?J Birckmayer
Association for the Study and Development of Community, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
Suicide Life Threat Behav 31:303-10. 2001..The findings suggest that if the relationship is causal, a 10% fall in regional firearm ownership levels would lead to a 3.0% decrease in suicide rates...
- Firearms risk management in psychiatric careM E Sherman
Twin Valley Psychiatric System, Columbus, OH 43223, USA
Psychiatr Serv 52:1057-61. 2001OBJECTIVE: This study sought to assess the effectiveness of a firearms risk management program...
- Trends in firearm usage in homicides and suicides in Bexar County Texas from 1982 to 2004D Kimberley Molina
Bexar County Medical Examiner s Office, San Antonio, TX, USA
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 29:281-4. 2008..38/.357 in the late 1990s. The use of small caliber handguns steadily decreased in both homicidal and suicidal shootings whereas the .380 and .45 caliber handguns steadily increased in both homicidal and suicidal shootings...
- Effects of state-level firearm seller accountability policies on firearm traffickingDaniel W Webster
Center for Gun Policy and Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
J Urban Health 86:525-37. 2009Criminals illegally obtaining firearms represent a great risk to many urban residents...
- Development of STR profiles from firearms and fired cartridge casesKatie M Horsman-Hall
Virginia Department of Forensic Science, Richmond, VA 23219, United States
Forensic Sci Int Genet 3:242-50. 2009..DNA was obtained from the chamber of the barrel and was amplifiable using the MiniFiler kit, although mixtures were obtained with extensive drop-in and drop-out making this analysis unlikely to aid an investigation...
- Disproportionate sales of crime guns among licensed handgun retailers in the United States: a case-control studyG J Wintemute
Violence Prevention Research Program, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
Inj Prev 15:291-9. 2009..To determine risk factors among licensed firearm retailers for disproportionate sales of handguns that are later subjected to ownership tracing, generally after use in crime...
- Homicide and suicide rates associated with implementation of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention ActJ Ludwig
Georgetown Public Policy Institute, Georgetown University, 3600 N St NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20007, USA
JAMA 284:585-91. 2000In February 1994, the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act established a nationwide requirement that licensed firearms dealers observe a waiting period and initiate a background check for handgun sales...
- Factors affecting a recently purchased handgun's risk for use in crime under circumstances that suggest gun traffickingMona A Wright
UC Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA, USA
J Urban Health 87:352-64. 2010..recovery by a police agency, followed by a gun ownership trace, conducted by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, that determined (a) that the recovery had occurred within 3 years of the handgun's most recent ..
- Effects of Maryland's law banning "Saturday night special" handguns on homicidesDaniel W Webster
Center for Injury Research and Policy, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 N Broadway, Rm 593, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
Am J Epidemiol 155:406-12. 2002..Excluding this outlier, the model estimated a 15% increase in firearm homicides associated with the Saturday night special ban. None of the models revealed significant law effects on nonfirearm homicides...
- Lethality of firearms relative to other suicide methods: a population based studyE D Shenassa
Brown Medical School, Department of Community Health, USA
J Epidemiol Community Health 57:120-4. 20031) To quantify lethality of firearms relative to other suicide methods, (2) to quantify the extent to which suicide mortality may be reduced by limiting access to firearms.
- Accidental firearm fatalities. Forensic and preventive implicationsB Karger
Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Munster, Röntgenstrasse 23, 48149 Munster, Germany
Int J Legal Med 116:350-3. 2002..It is recommended that a case should always be considered to be non-accidental in the beginning of an investigation...
- Association of rates of household handgun ownership, lifetime major depression, and serious suicidal thoughts with rates of suicide across US census regionsD Hemenway
Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Inj Prev 8:313-6. 2002..This study investigates whether the association can be explained by differences in levels of mental health...
- Gun use in the United States: results from two national surveysD Hemenway
Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Inj Prev 6:263-7. 2000..To determine the relative incidence of gun victimization versus self defense gun use by civilians in the United States, and the circumstances and probable legality of the self defense uses...
- Rates of household firearm ownership and homicide across US regions and states, 1988-1997Matthew Miller
Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
Am J Public Health 92:1988-93. 2002..In this study we explored the association between rates of household firearm ownership and homicide across the United States, by age groups...
- Firearm legislation reform in the European Union: impact on firearm availability, firearm suicide and homicide rates in AustriaNestor D Kapusta
Medical University of Vienna, Department of Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy, Waehringer Guertel 18 20, A 1090 Vienna, Austria
Br J Psychiatry 191:253-7. 2007The availability of firearms in homes and at aggregate levels is a risk factor for suicide and homicide. One method of reducing access to suicidal means is the restriction of firearm availability through more stringent legislation.
- Psychiatrists' practices and perceptions regarding anticipatory guidance on firearmsJames H Price
Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606, USA
Am J Prev Med 33:370-3. 2007Most suicides (60%) and homicides (67%) are committed with firearms. Additionally, 90% of homicide offenders and 80% of individuals reporting suicide behaviors meet diagnostic criteria for mental illness...
- The identification of lead ammunition as a source of lead exposure in First Nations: the use of lead isotope ratiosLeonard J S Tsuji
Department of Environment and Resource Studies, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada
Sci Total Environ 393:291-8. 2008..Thus, lead-contaminated meat from game harvested with lead bullets may also be contributing to the lead body burden...
- Household firearm ownership and suicide rates in the United StatesMatthew Miller
Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Epidemiology 13:517-24. 2002In the United States, more people kill themselves with firearms than with all other methods combined...
- Firearm violence in america: a growing health problemStephanie Baroni
Firearm and Injury Center at Penn, Division of Traumatology and Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 3440 Market Street, First Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am 18:297-303. 2006..We recognize that any focus on firearm injury is often contentious and political; however, nurses bring a ready-made credibility and focus on evidence-based practice to the prevention of this disease...
- Firearm use in intimate partner violence: a brief overviewSusan B Sorenson
School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Eval Rev 30:229-36. 2006Readers of this volume are likely to have specific interests in domestic violence or in firearms policy. It is not assumed, however, that the typical reader will know about the interface of the two fields...
- Analysis of homicidal deaths in Peshawar, PakistanMurad Zafar Marri
Department of Forensic Medicine, Khyber Medical College Peshawar
J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 18:30-3. 2006..This study was conducted at the department of Forensic Medicine Khyber Medical College, Peshawar, to know the patterns of homicide, taking it as the first step in the prevention of this crime...
- Violence in Jamaica: an analysis of homicides 1998-2002G Lemard
Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Inj Prev 12:15-8. 2006..Homicides in Jamaica are not primarily gang or robbery related. Rather, they are mainly caused by arguments or reprisals. Homicide has become a common feature of dispute resolution in Jamaica...
- Gunshot residue testing in suicides: Part II: Analysis by inductive coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometryD Kimberley Molina
Bexar County Medical Examiner s Office, San Antonio, Texas 78229, USA
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:191-4. 2007....
- Deaths involving firearmsKathryn Wilkins
Health Statistics Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario
Health Rep 16:37-43. 2005
- Gunshot residue testing in suicides: Part I: Analysis by scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-rayD Kimberley Molina
Bexar County Medical Examiner s Office, San Antonio, Texas 78229, USA
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:187-90. 2007..The low sensitivity, along with the low percentage of cases with a discernible pattern, limits the usefulness of GSR test results by SEM-EDX in differentiating self-inflicted from non-self-inflicted wounds...
- Homicide-suicide (dyadic death), homicide, and firearms use in England and WalesAngela R Travis
Department of Forensic Pathology, University of Sheffield, The Medico Legal Centre, Sheffield, UK
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 28:314-8. 2007..Previous studies have shown a high rate of use of firearms. Over the last 2 decades firearms legislation has become more restrictive...
- Fatal firearm wounds: a retrospective study in Bari (Italy) between 1988 and 2003Biagio Solarino
Sezione di Medicina Legale, Di M I M P, Universita degli Studi di Bari, Piazza G Cesare 12, Bari 70125, Italy
Forensic Sci Int 168:95-101. 2007..The homicide cases described were most often related to continual, ongoing fights among local criminal gangs (75%)...
- Firearm death rates and association with level of firearm purchase background checkSteven A Sumner
Injury Research Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226 0509, USA
Am J Prev Med 35:1-6. 2008..The information potentially available to checking agencies at different levels of government varies; the consequence of this variation is not known...
- [Morphology of bullet wounds when using police ammunition, type QD-P.E.P]Kirsten Marion Stein
Aus dem Institut für Rechts und Verkehrsmedizin der Universität Heidelberg
Arch Kriminol 218:22-34. 2006..Experimental shots at pig carcasses showed that in the case of shots at extremities, the residual energy of the exiting bullet may be sufficient to generate another penetrating bullet wound...
- FirearmsSusan Guralnick
Stony Brook University Medical Center Stony Brook, NY, USA
Pediatr Rev 28:396-7; discussion 397. 2007
- QUALITY OF MORTALITY DATA FOR INJURY CONTROL PROGRAMSSteven MacDonald; Fiscal Year: 1991..the purposes of this study, injury is defined by ICD-9 codes E800-E999, which include trauma from motor-vehicles, firearms, falls, drowning, fires, asphyxia, and poisoning...
- THE EFFECTS OF RETAINED LEAD BULLETS ON BODY LEAD BURDENStephen Rothenberg; Fiscal Year: 2002..Medical history regarding prior firearms injuries and other retained projectiles is taken, along with a screening and risk factor questionnaire to ..
- STUDY OF COMPLETED AND ATTEMPTED SUICIDES IN ADOLESCENTSDavid Shaffer; Fiscal Year: 1990..stressful events which may constitute a specific hazard for suicide, information on family correlates, and information on the importance of social factors, such as the availability of firearms and exposure to provocative media material.
- Alcohol Availibility and Intimate Partner HomicideAPRIL ZEOLI; Fiscal Year: 2006..are to better understand the roles of alcohol availability and laws prohibiting batterers from possessing firearms in intimate partner homicide (IPH) and to increase the safety of victims of intimate partner violence...
- Prescription Opioid Use and the Risk of Injury among Elderly AmericansMatthew Miller; Fiscal Year: 2008..Since many older Americans benefit from opioids, a null finding or a finding that risk is concentrated (e.g., in some but not other specific preparations) would also be clinically relevant. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Safety Skills Training for Parents of Preschool ChildrenLynne Swartz; Fiscal Year: 2009..e., 2-3 and 4-5 years), (b) additional units covering the remaining six content areas (poisoning, firearms, bike and wheeled sport safety, street, water, and fire safety), (c) tips for determining safe childcare ..
- Short & Long Term Suicide Risk FactorsMark Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2005..The results of this epidemiologic study, will help us better understand proximal and distal suicide risk factors. ..
- Longitudinal Analysis of Health-Related Quality of Life in an Aging PopulationMark Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Case Control Study of Alcohol Outlets & Firearm ViolenceCharles Branas; Fiscal Year: 2005..including suicide) are the end result of a "causative web" of contributing factors that includes alcohol, firearms, and risky neighborhoods...
- APPLIED REGIONALIZATION OF EMERGENCY CARECharles Branas; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Alcohol, firearms, and adolescent gunshot injury riskDOUGLAS WIEBE; Fiscal Year: 2008..mapping the activities of adolescents thereby allowing very accurate estimation of their exposure to alcohol and firearms on a minute-to-minute basis...
- Major Depression Following Minor InjuryTherese Richmond; Fiscal Year: 2006..Further, this design, using comprehensive psychiatric evaluation, will allow a critical analysis of the influence of major depression and related psychiatric disorders on outcomes following minor injury. ..
- Assessing Child Report of Asthma Health StatusLynn Olson; Fiscal Year: 2003..With these data we will examine the reliability and validity of reports from children across age groups. Relevant covariates, such as type of domain assessed, will also be examined. ..
- Parental Time, Income and Children's BMIBisakha Sen; Fiscal Year: 2007..Finally, data from the Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) will be used to investigate the effects of parental time and income on the family's patterns of food purchases. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Non-response to NTX next steps in managing alcoholismDavid Oslin; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Development of a Highly Efficient Personal Sampler to collect Viable BioaerosolsYung Sung Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2010..The new device will not only be beneficial in occupational settings, but may also have future potential in high risk areas such as those following any possible biological attack. ..
- FAS Prevention: A Trial of the IOM ModelPhilip May; Fiscal Year: 2009..Selective and universal prevention use: screening for alcohol abuse;targeted messages to change norms and KABB;policy advocacy;and community education and dialogue. ..
- Coordination of reaching in healthy adult and strokeJohn Scholz; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Religion and Suicidal Behavior Among Black AmericansSean Joe; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Trial of FAS Prevention and Diagnosis Among IndiansPhilip May; Fiscal Year: 2008..The proposed renewal will ensure sufficient time to test the IOM model of prevention while advancing science in several other ways. ..
- DYNAMIC TECHNIQUES FOR TREATMENT EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSESANDREW LEON; Fiscal Year: 2008..In summary, this interdisciplinary project will inform methodologists about the proposed data analytic strategy and inform clinicians about effectiveness of treatments for PD, BDD, and bipolar depression. ..
- SUBSTANCE USE AMONG CHILDREN OF ALCOHOLICSLAURIE A CHASSIN; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- Differential Response to Evidenced-Based TreatmentPhillippe Cunningham; Fiscal Year: 2009..Aim 4: Examine basic science questions regarding treatment related changes in youth emotional reactivity in the context of evidence-based treatment. ..
- Psychiatric Treatment and Violence Risk ManagementJeffrey Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2008..Through additional R01-fundable projects to be developed, this work will lead eventually to better-targeted interventions and policies for reducing violence risk and improving quality of life for persons with SMI. ..
- Mathematical Models of Programmed CTL ProliferationDominik Wodarz; Fiscal Year: 2009..These are the role of effector molecules (such as perform and IFN-g) for CTL dynamics, and the role of CD4 T cell help. The modeling work will be complemented by experiments with VSV and LCMV infected mice. ..
- Detection of Elder Mistreatment in the Aging Services NetworkYeates Conwell; Fiscal Year: 2008..This project will create the tools necessary to identify older people who are victims of elder mistreatment and who present for care to the aging services network. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Transdisciplinary Research on Urban Health Collaborative (RMI)Nicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2008..This application will provide support for the institutionalization of these efforts at the University that educates more researchers and professionals involved in urban health than any university in the nation. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- The Antecedents and Implications of Intergroup AnxietyE Plant; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- SUBSTANCE USE AMONG CHILDREN OF ALCOHOLICSLaurie Chassin; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- PROGESTERONE TREATMENT OF BLUNT TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURYArthur Kellermann; Fiscal Year: 2003..If these hypotheses are verified, this it will represent a major advance in the treatment of traumatic brain injury. ..
- TREATMENT OF LATE LIFE DEPRESSION COMPLICATED BY ALCOHOLDavid Oslin; Fiscal Year: 2003..Finally, proposed plans for this MCSDA are well coordinated with the research activities of the Section of Geriatric Psychiatry and the Center for Studies on Addiction. ..
- SUICIDE PREVENTION: RESEARCH & RESEARCH TRAININGYeates Conwell; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Modeling Automatic Behavioral BiasJoshua Correll; Fiscal Year: 2004..The model suggests that bias will decrease when the association between African American and danger drops, when the stereotype is less relevant, or when ethnic categorization is relatively slow. ..
- Nat. Alcohol Screening Day: Academic E.M. CollaborationArthur Kellermann; Fiscal Year: 2004..2. ED personnel who receive SBIRT training, and self-report as having positive experiences during the intervention period surrounding NSAD, will adopt or enhance their SBIRT of patients with ANAD in the ED setting. ..
- Interdisciplinary Training-Alcohol, Injury, & ViolenceSusan Baker; Fiscal Year: 2005..The program aims to develop creative and independent investigators, well prepared to contribute to amelioration of alcohol-related injury. ..
- Transducer for indirect blood pressure& O2 saturationLeslie Geddes; Fiscal Year: 2005..The neonatologist, the premature infant physician and the small-infant pediatrician have no single instrument that provides all of these vital signs. ..
- International Neuropsychological Study of FASD--U01Philip May; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Faciliators/Barriers to Dual Diagnosis TreatmentMark Singer; Fiscal Year: 2006..Information generated from the pilots and other planned Program learning experiences will result in the preparation and submission of several ROI proposals. ..
- Impact/HIV Intervention/Adolescent Males Leaving JailNicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2005..This sub-study will also be used to tailor the intervention tested in this proposal for adolescent females. ..
- High School Sports Injury Surveillance-Incidence/exposurR Comstock; Fiscal Year: 2005..This directly addresses the CDC's mission to promote physical activity and prevent injuries and both directly and indirectly addresses several Healthy People 2010 injury prevention objectives. ..
- TRIAL OF FAS PREVENTION IN AMERICAN INDIAN COMMUNITIESPhilip May; Fiscal Year: 2001..Furthermore, prevention protocols, research techniques and methods, will test the recommendations of the IOM report and should also be applicable to non-Indian communities as well. ..
- Effectively Implementing Psychiatric Advance DirectivesJeffrey Swanson; Fiscal Year: 2006..The proposed study will provide information about a state's experience with PADs so that policymakers may be guided in implementing PADs elsewhere. ..
- Child Psychopathology, Adversity & Developing Drug AbuseBETH MOLNAR; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Endothelial Dysfunction, Oxidative Stress and Risk of Peripheral Arterial DiseaseKenneth Jay Mukamal; Fiscal Year: 2010..Finally, we will examine how a derived dietary antioxidant score, based upon measured oxidative potential of specific foods using the ferric-reducing/antioxidant power method, is related to PAD. ..
- Influence of Lactation on Postpartum Stress and ImmunityMAUREEN EDITH GROER; Fiscal Year: 2010..The immunology and endocrinology of the postpartum provides a lens through which to study autoimmune disease, as the postpartum is a critical period for development or exacerbation of many autoimmune diseases. ..
- Tipping the energy balance for Latino ChildrenShari Barkin; Fiscal Year: 2006..The results could be important from a preventive perspective and are especially needed in our state, which has the fastest-growing Latino population in the U.S. ..
- Preventing Suicide, HIV& Drug Abuse Among Black YouthSean Joe; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Heavy Drinking & Coronary Disease: Acute/Chronic EffectsKenneth Mukamal; Fiscal Year: 2006..These results may prove to have important biological, clinical, and public health implications for the care of CHD. ..
- MINORITY PRE-DOCTORAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAMRenee Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2004..Little is known about the processes involved in couples' decision-making about household firearms; this has limited our ability to effectively promote safe firearm storage...
- Quality of Care for Adolescent Suicide AttemptersJeffrey Bridge; Fiscal Year: 2008..Together, these projects will inform the design of a future R01 proposal aimed at studying quality of care factors and outcome for at-risk youth across a broader range of service providers and treatment settings. ..
- Inhalation Dosimetry/Exposure Index of Fiber AerosolYung Sung Cheng; Fiscal Year: 2006..Sampling devices based on this size-selection definition can be developed in the future for improved assessment of worker exposure. ..
- RANDOMIZED, CONTROLLED TRIAL TO PREVENT CHILD VIOLENCEShari Barkin; Fiscal Year: 2004..As yet, there are no data driving the guidelines issued by major medical organizations; this study will provide scientifically sound data to do so. ..