Summary: The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.
Publications277 found, 100 shown here
- The menthol smoker: tobacco industry research on consumer sensory perception of menthol cigarettes and its role in smoking behaviorJennifer M Kreslake
Harvard School of Public Health, Division of Public Health Practice Boston, MA 02215, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 10:705-15. 2008The use of menthol in cigarettes is actively promoted by the tobacco industry for its perceived sensory benefits, and smokers of menthol cigarettes commonly differ from nonmenthol smokers in markers of smoking behavior and addiction...
- Tobacco industry control of menthol in cigarettes and targeting of adolescents and young adultsJennifer M Kreslake
Tobacco Control Research Program, Division of Public Health Practice, Harvard School of Public Health, 401 Park Dr, Boston, MA 02215, USA harvard edu
Am J Public Health 98:1685-92. 2008..We examined whether tobacco manufacturers manipulate the menthol content of cigarettes in an effort to target adolescents and young adults...
- Are menthol cigarettes a starter product for youth?James C Hersey
RTI International, Washington, DC 20036, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 8:403-13. 2006..The study suggests that menthol cigarettes are a starter product that may be associated with smoking uptake by youth...
- The African Americanization of menthol cigarette use in the United StatesPhillip S Gardiner
Tobacco Related Disease Research Program TRDRP, University of California Office of the President, Oakland, CA 94612 3550, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 6:S55-65. 2004..This unique social phenomenon was principally occasioned by the tobacco industry's masterful manipulation of the burgeoning Black, urban, segregated, consumer market in the 1960s...
- Ending appreciable tobacco use in a nation: using a sinking lid on supplyGeorge Thomson
University of Otago, Wellington, Box 7343, Wellington, New Zealand
Tob Control 19:431-5. 2010..The likely context for initial success in jurisdictions includes geographical isolation and/or strong border controls, absence of significant tobacco production and/or manufacturing and low government corruption...
- Application, function, and effects of menthol in cigarettes: a survey of tobacco industry documentsGeoffrey Ferris Wayne
Massachusetts Tobacco Control Program, Boston, MA 02108, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 6:S43-54. 2004..In this study, we review internal tobacco industry documents to assess industry research on function and effects of menthol in cigarettes...
- The case for a smoker's licenseSimon Chapman
University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
PLoS Med 9:e1001342. 2012..argues against the proposal, saying that it would shift focus away from the real vector of the epidemic--the tobacco industry--and that by focusing on individuals it would censure victims, increase stigmatization of smokers, and ..
- Tobacco documents research methodologyStacey J Anderson
Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Box 0612, University of California, San Francisco UCSF, San Francisco, CA 94143 0612, USA
Tob Control 20:ii8-11. 2011..This brief discussion also highlights technological capabilities in the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library and updates methods for organising internal tobacco documents data and findings...
- Racialized geography, corporate activity, and health disparities: tobacco industry targeting of inner citiesValerie B Yerger
Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0612, USA
J Health Care Poor Underserved 18:10-38. 2007Industry has played a complex role in the rise of tobacco-related diseases in the United States. The tobacco industry's activities, including targeted marketing, are arguably among the most powerful corporate influences on health and ..
- Menthol's potential effects on nicotine dependence: a tobacco industry perspectiveValerie B Yerger
Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Box 0612, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 0612, USA
Tob Control 20:ii29-36. 2011To examine what the tobacco industry knows about the potential effects menthol may have on nicotine dependence.
- Implications of the tobacco industry documents for public health and policyLisa Bero
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0613, USA
Annu Rev Public Health 24:267-88. 2003The release of previously secret internal tobacco industry documents has given the public health community unprecedented insight into the industry's motives, strategies, tactics, and data...
- Marketing of menthol cigarettes and consumer perceptions: a review of tobacco industry documentsStacey J Anderson
Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Box 0612, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0612, USA
Tob Control 20:ii20-8. 2011To examine tobacco industry marketing of menthol cigarettes and to determine what the tobacco industry knew about consumer perceptions of menthol.
- The conceptual framework of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Policy Evaluation ProjectG T Fong
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada
Tob Control 15:iii3-11. 2006..We discuss the objectives of the ITC Project and its potential for building the evidence base for the FCTC...
- Tobacco control policy in developed countries: yesterday, today, and tomorrowKenneth E Warner
Department of Health Management and Policy, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 12:876-87. 2010..We ask, therefore, what developed nations can expect of these policies in the future and what novel policy measures may be needed to continue the assault on tobacco...
- Menthol cigarettes and smoking cessation behaviour: a review of tobacco industry documentsStacey J Anderson
Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Box 0612, University of California, San Francisco UCSF, San Francisco, CA 94143 0612, USA
Tob Control 20:ii49-56. 2011To determine what the tobacco industry knew about menthol's relation to smoking cessation behaviour.
- Menthol cigarettes and smoking initiation: a tobacco industry perspectiveKim Klausner
Library and Center for Knowledge Management, 530 Parnassus Avenue, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0840, USA
Tob Control 20:ii12-9. 2011To determine what the tobacco industry knew about menthol cigarettes and the initiation of smoking.
- A strategy for controlling the marketing of tobacco products: a regulated market modelR Borland
VicHealth Centre for Tobacco Control, Cancer Control Research Institute, The Cancer Council Victoria, 1 Rathdowne Street, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia
Tob Control 12:374-82. 2003..To outline a novel strategy for controlling the tobacco market...
- Corporate social responsibility and access to policy élites: an analysis of tobacco industry documentsGary J Fooks
School for Health, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
PLoS Med 8:e1001076. 2011..However, few studies have focused in depth on what tobacco companies hoped to achieve through CSR or reflected on the extent to which these ambitions have been realised...
- What are the elements of the tobacco endgame?George Thomson
University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand
Tob Control 21:293-5. 2012..Even with some or all these circumstances, opposition from business, internal government forces and international factors may influence results...
- Vested interests in addiction research and policy. Why do we not see the corporate interests of the alcohol industry as clearly as we see those of the tobacco industry?Sally Casswell
SHORE Social and Health Outcomes Research and Evaluation, SHORE and Whariki Research Centre, School of Public Health, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand
Addiction 108:680-5. 2013..To compare the current status of global alcohol corporations with tobacco in terms of their role in global governance and to document the process by which this difference has been achieved and the consequences for alcohol control policy...
- Ghettoizing outdoor advertising: disadvantage and ad panel density in black neighborhoodsNaa Oyo A Kwate
Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
J Urban Health 84:21-31. 2007..An inverse relationship between median household income and ad density did not reach significance, suggesting that relative affluence did not protect black neighborhoods from being targeted for outdoor advertisements...
- The Irish tobacco industry position on price increases on tobacco productsFenton Howell
ASH Ireland, Denshaw House, 120 121 Baggot Street Lower, Dublin 2, Ireland
Tob Control 21:514-6. 2012To examine what the tobacco industry in Ireland says to government on tobacco price, and what it does.
- Volume of tobacco advertising in African American markets: systematic review and meta-analysisBrian A Primack
Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Public Health Rep 122:607-15. 2007..This study compared the concentration (proportion of media messages that are for tobacco) and density (pro-tobacco media messages per person) of pro-tobacco media messages between African American and Caucasian markets...
- The perils of ignoring history: Big Tobacco played dirty and millions died. How similar is Big Food?Kelly D Brownell
Rudd Center for Food Policy andObesity, Yale University, 309 Edwards Street, New Haven, CT06520 8369, USA
Milbank Q 87:259-94. 2009In 1954 the tobacco industry paid to publish the "Frank Statement to Cigarette Smokers" in hundreds of U.S. newspapers...
- The case for OFSMOKE: how tobacco price regulation is needed to promote the health of markets, government revenue and the publicAnna B Gilmore
Department for Health, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath BA27AY, UK
Tob Control 19:423-30. 2010..The paper outlines in some detail how such a system might be developed in the UK, while briefly exploring how it could be applied elsewhere, including in markets with state monopolies...
- Nicotine reduction revisited: science and future directionsDorothy K Hatsukami
Tobacco Use Research Center, University of Minnesota, 717 Delaware St SE, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55414, USA
Tob Control 19:e1-10. 2010..This article provides an overview of the current science in the area of reduced nicotine content cigarettes and key conclusions and recommendations for research and policy that emerged from the deliberations of the meeting members...
- Adolescent smoking and exposure to tobacco marketing under a tobacco advertising ban: findings from 2 Norwegian national samplesMarc T Braverman
Department of Human and Community Development, University of California, Davis 95616, USA
Am J Public Health 94:1230-8. 2004..We examined the extent to which adolescents in Norway have been exposed to tobacco marketing despite an existing ban, and whether exposure is related to their current smoking or expectations they will smoke in the future...
- Tobacco outlet density and demographics: analysing the relationships with a spatial regression approachD Yu
Montclair State University, Montclair, NJ, USA
Public Health 124:412-6. 2010..This study addresses this concern by applying the spatial analysis method in studying how socio-economic factors and tobacco outlet density are related in New Jersey, USA...
- Public attitudes towards smoking and tobacco control policy in RussiaK Danishevski
Open Health Institute, Moscow, Russia
Tob Control 17:276-83. 2008Since the political transition in 1991, Russia has been targeted intensively by the transnational tobacco industry. Already high smoking rates among men have increased further; traditionally low rates among women have more than doubled...
- The impact of menthol cigarettes on smoking initiation among non-smoking young females in JapanGregory N Connolly
Center for Global Tobacco Control, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Landmark Center, 3rd Floor East, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:1-14. 2011..Internal tobacco industry documents demonstrate the intent of tobacco manufacturers to increase initiation among young females through ..
- Menthol sensory qualities and smoking topography: a review of tobacco industry documentsValerie B Yerger
Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, Box 0612, San Francisco, CA 94143 0612, USA
Tob Control 20:ii37-43. 2011To determine what the tobacco industry knew about the potential effects of menthol on smoking topography-how a person smokes a cigarette.
- Direct disease-inducing effects of menthol through the eyes of tobacco companiesM Victoria Salgado
Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 1390, USA
Tob Control 20:ii44-8. 2011..Menthol is an important additive in most tobacco products and is an identifying characteristic of many brands. We assessed tobacco companies' research on direct disease-inducing effects of menthol and menthol cigarettes...
- The effect of tobacco ingredients on smoke chemistry. Part II: casing ingredientsRichard R Baker
British American Tobacco, Research and Development Centre, Regent s Park Road, Southampton SO15 8TL, UK
Food Chem Toxicol 42:S39-52. 2004..However, the statistical significance of many of these increases was not present when the long-term variability of the analytical method was taken into account. The significance and possible reasons for the increases are discussed...
- Tobacco industry consumer research on smokeless tobacco users and product developmentAdrienne B Mejia
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, 530 Parnassus Ave, Suite 366, Box 1390, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 1390, USA
Am J Public Health 100:78-87. 2010..We analyzed previously secret tobacco industry documents describing the history of RJR and Philip Morris's consumer research, smokeless product development, ..
- Characterization of measured menthol in 48 U.S. cigarette sub-brandsCarolyn C Celebucki
Department of Psychology, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 7:523-31. 2005..This study is the first (independent of the tobacco industry) to report menthol for 48 popular commercially available mentholated cigarette sub-brands...
- "Working the system"--British American tobacco's influence on the European union treaty and its implications for policy: an analysis of internal tobacco industry documentsKatherine E Smith
School for Health, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
PLoS Med 7:e1000202. 2010..Our study sought to assess how, why, and in what ways corporations, and particularly the tobacco industry, influenced the EU's approach to IA.
- The nature, scope, and development of the global tobacco control epistemic communityHadii M Mamudu
Department of Health Services Administration, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA
Am J Public Health 101:2044-54. 2011..Public health professionals should continue to strengthen the links between science and advocacy for policy while being vigilant against industry efforts to undermine the scientific evidence on tobacco use and control...
- Tobacco promotion and the initiation of tobacco use: assessing the evidence for causalityJoseph R DiFranza
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
Pediatrics 117:e1237-48. 2006..We sought to determine whether there is evidence of a causal link between exposure to tobacco promotion and the initiation of tobacco use by children...
- Economic effect of a smoke-free law in a tobacco-growing communityMark K Pyles
School of Business and Economics, College of Charleston, 5 Liberty Street, Suite 400, Charleston, SC 29401, USA
Tob Control 16:66-8. 2007..Lexington is located in a major tobacco-growing state that has the highest smoking rate in the US and was the first Kentucky community to become smoke-free...
- [Excise taxes on tobacco and the problem of smuggling - concerning the credibility of the tobacco industry's "Discarded-Cigarette-Packages-Study"]M Adams
Institut für Recht der Wirtschaft, Universitat Hamburg, Germany
Gesundheitswesen 73:705-12. 2011..The tobacco industry however claims that higher taxes have tremendous effects on smuggling activity with additional costs with ..
- 'To prove this is the industry's best hope': big tobacco's support of research on the genetics of nicotine addictionKenneth R Gundle
Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
Addiction 105:974-83. 2010..Given the medical and economic costs associated with smoking, innovative approaches to smoking cessation and prevention must be pursued; but can sound research be manipulated by the tobacco industry?
- Rural print media portrayal of secondhand smoke and smoke-free policyDonald W Helme
University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
Health Promot Pract 13:848-56. 2012..Implications for targeting pro-health media in rural communities as well as policy-based initiatives for tobacco control are discussed...
- The cigarette pack as image: new evidence from tobacco industry documentsM Wakefield
Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, Anti Cancer Council of Victoria, Victoria, Australia
Tob Control 11:I73-80. 2002..To gain an understanding of the role of pack design in tobacco marketing...
- From legitimate consumers to public relations pawns: the tobacco industry and young AustraliansS M Carter
School of Public Health, Room 128A Building A27, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Tob Control 12:iii71-8. 2003To document the Australian tobacco industry's activities regarding youth smoking to support tobacco control.
- Which interventions against the sale of tobacco to minors can be expected to reduce smoking?Joseph R DiFranza
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
Tob Control 21:436-42. 2012..The tobacco industry has a long history of legal challenges to such restrictions claiming that they cannot be expected to reduce ..
- Understanding tobacco industry pricing strategy and whether it undermines tobacco tax policy: the example of the UK cigarette marketAnna B Gilmore
Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UK
Addiction 108:1317-26. 2013....
- Tobacco industry denormalisation as a tobacco control intervention: a reviewRuth E Malone
Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
Tob Control 21:162-70. 2012To conduct a review of research examining the effects of tobacco industry denormalisation (TID) on smoking-related and attitude-related outcomes.
- Understanding the vector in order to plan effective tobacco control policies: an analysis of contemporary tobacco industry materialsAnna B Gilmore
Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, UK
Tob Control 21:119-26. 2012..Monitoring TTCs can inform effective policy development. The value maximising approach of TTCs suggests that a ban on product innovation and more informed tobacco excise policies are needed...
- A brief overview of the tobacco industry in the last 20 yearsStella Aguinaga Bialous
Tobacco Policy International, San Francisco, California, USA
Tob Control 21:92-4. 2012Since the launch of Tobacco Control 20 years ago, there have been several changes in the tobacco industry worldwide. The goal of this commentary is to present some of the keys changes of the past two decades...
- Support for a tobacco endgame and increased regulation of the tobacco industry among New Zealand smokers: results from a National SurveyRichard Edwards
Department of Public Health, University of Otago, PO Box 7343, Wellington South, New Zealand
Tob Control 22:e86-93. 2013To examine the prevalence of smoker support for a ban on cigarette sales in 10 years time and increased regulation of the tobacco industry and to investigate the independent associations of support for these measures.
- The road to smoke-free legislation in IrelandLaura M Currie
Tobacco Free Research Institute Ireland, The Digital Depot, Dublin, Ireland
Addiction 106:15-24. 2011..To describe the process through which Ireland changed its policies towards smoking in work-places and distil lessons for others implementing or extending smoke-free laws...
- The tobacco use management system: analyzing tobacco control from a systems perspectiveRon Borland
VicHealth Centre for Tobacco Control, Cancer Council Victoria, Victoria, Australia
Am J Public Health 100:1229-36. 2010..We argue that this goal would be more readily achieved if the regulatory subsystem had dynamic power to regulate tobacco products and the tobacco industry as well as a responsive process for resourcing tobacco use control activities.
- Smokeless tobacco marketing and sales practices in Appalachian Ohio following federal regulationsElizabeth G Klein
College of Public Health, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 14:880-4. 2012..The goal of this study was to describe marketing practices over time and to provide early assessment of the federal regulation in rural tobacco-licensed retail outlets...
- Tobacco industry sponsorship of a book and conflict of interestMi Kyung Hong
Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
Addiction 101:1202-11. 2006The tobacco industry has hidden its involvement in the design, conduct and publication of scientific research articles and has used the articles to argue against tobacco regulation...
- Smoke-free policies and the social acceptability of smoking in Uruguay and Mexico: findings from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation ProjectJames F Thrasher
Department of Health Promotion, Education and Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 800 Sumter Street, Room 215, Columbia, SC, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 11:591-9. 2009..Little research has been conducted to determine the psychosocial and behavioral impacts of smoke-free policies in middle-income countries...
- Tobacco outlet density and demographics at the tract level of analysis in Iowa: implications for environmentally based prevention initiativesJohn E Schneider
Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Iowa College of Public Health, 200 Hawkins Drive, E204 GH, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA
Prev Sci 6:319-25. 2005..Findings also suggest the need for structural or environmental interventions, i.e., tobacco outlet zoning laws, to mitigate the health consequences associated with tobacco use in certain populations and geographic regions...
- Emotions for sale: cigarette advertising and women's psychosocial needsS J Anderson
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
Tob Control 14:127-35. 2005..To explore messages of psychosocial needs satisfaction in cigarette advertising targeting women and implications for tobacco control policy...
- Responses to tobacco control policies among youthM A Crawford
University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Medicine, Department of Family and Community Medicine, 930 South 20th Street, Room 325, Birmingham, AL 35205 USA
Tob Control 11:14-9. 2002..Explore adolescents' response to current and potential tobacco control policy issues...
- Legislation to institutionalize resources for tobacco control: the 1987 Victorian Tobacco ActRon Borland
The Cancer Council Victoria, Carlton, Victoria and The Cancer Council, Western Australia
Addiction 104:1623-9. 2009....
- Consumer perceptions of cigarette pack design in France: a comparison of regular, limited edition and plain packagingKarine Gallopel-Morvan
Ecole des hautes études en santé publique, French School of Public Health, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Management, Av du CS 74312, Rennes Cx 35043, France
Tob Control 21:502-6. 2012..on the marketing of tobacco products, packaging has become an increasingly important promotional tool for the tobacco industry. A ban on the use of branding on tobacco packaging, known as 'plain' packaging, has emerged as a promising ..
- Storefront cigarette advertising differs by community demographic profileAndrew B Seidenberg
Division of Public Health Practice, Harvard School of Public Health, Landmark Building, Level 3 East, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Health Promot 24:e26-31. 2010..Less is known about how characteristics of storefront tobacco advertisements, such as location, position, size, and content, are used to appeal to demographic subgroups...
- The case for the plain packaging of tobacco productsBecky Freeman
School of Public Health, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
Addiction 103:580-90. 2008..In the face of these restrictions, tobacco packaging has become the key promotional vehicle for the tobacco industry to interest smokers and potential smokers in tobacco products...
- The role of research in international tobacco controlKenneth E Warner
Department of Health Management and Policy, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, 109 S Observatory, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
Am J Public Health 95:976-84. 2005....
- "Working to shape what society's expectations of us should be": Philip Morris' societal alignment strategyJ S Yang
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, California 94118, USA
Tob Control 17:391-8. 2008..This study explored the genesis and implementation of Philip Morris' (PM) societal alignment efforts...
- Targeted advertising, promotion, and price for menthol cigarettes in California high school neighborhoodsLisa Henriksen
Stanford Prevention Research Center, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, 1070 Arastradero Rd, Suite 353, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 14:116-21. 2012..To describe advertising, promotions, and pack prices for the leading brands of menthol and nonmenthol cigarettes near California high schools and to examine their associations with school and neighborhood demographics...
- The effect of support for action against the tobacco industry on smoking among young adultsPamela M Ling
Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, and Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 1390, USA
Am J Public Health 97:1449-56. 2007We investigated associations between tobacco industry denormalization attitudes and the smoking behavior of young adults (aged 18 to 29 years).
- Young adults' perceptions about established and emerging tobacco products: results from eight focus groupsRicardo J Wray
Division of Behavior Science and Health Education, Saint Louis University School of Public Health, 3545 Lafayette Avenue, Saint Louis, MO 63104, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 14:184-90. 2012..Public health professionals need to understand young adults' risks perceptions about and use of new tobacco products to best inform tobacco control interventions...
- Regulating the tobacco retail environment: beyond reducing sales to minorsS Chapman
School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
Tob Control 18:496-501. 2009..It proposes that retail licenses should be heavily restricted and tradable, becoming valuable commercial assets, where the threat of loss or revocation would act as an incentive for strict adherence to the measures proposed...
- Tobacco industry success in Costa Rica: the importance of FCTC article 5.3Eric Crosbie
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143 13990, USA
Salud Publica Mex 54:28-38. 2012To analyze how the tobacco industry influenced tobacco control policymaking in Costa Rica.
- Public health foundations and the tobacco industry: lessons from MinnesotaJ K Ibrahim
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
Tob Control 13:228-36. 2004To investigate whether private foundations can be created in a way that will insulate them from attacks by the tobacco industry, using the Minnesota Partnership for Action Against Tobacco (MPAAT) as a case study.
- Evaluation of the removal of point-of-sale tobacco displays in IrelandAnn McNeill
UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
Tob Control 20:137-43. 2011..To evaluate the short-term impacts of removing point-of-sale tobacco displays in Ireland, implemented in July 2009...
- Thinking about the unthinkable: a de facto prohibition on smoked tobacco productsWayne Hall
Addiction 103:873-4. 2008
- Reducing tobacco addiction through tobacco product regulationJ E Henningfield
Pinney Associates, Inc, 4800 Montgomery Lane, Suite 1000, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
Tob Control 13:132-5. 2004..Tobacco product regulation has the potential to help reduce tobacco attributable disease by reducing the toxicity of these products and by reducing the prevalence of tobacco use and addiction...
- Ensuring smokers are adequately informed: reflections on consumer rights, manufacturer responsibilities, and policy implicationsS Chapman
School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Tob Control 14:ii8-13. 2005The right to information is a fundamental consumer value. Following the advent of health warnings, the tobacco industry has repeatedly asserted that smokers are fully informed of the risks they take, while evidence demonstrates widespread ..
- The secret and soul of Marlboro: Phillip Morris and the origins, spread, and denial of nicotine freebasingTerrell Stevenson
School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
Am J Public Health 98:1184-94. 2008..We also show how Marlboro's commercial success catalyzed efforts by the rest of the tobacco industry to discover its "secret," eventually identified as ammonia technology, and how Philip Morris later exploited ..
- Tobacco industry research on smoking cessation. Recapturing young adults and other recent quittersPamela M Ling
Department of Medicine, Divisions of General Internal Medicine, Center for Tabacco Control Research and Education, Institute for Health Policy Studies, Cardiovascular Research Institute, San Francisco, CA 94143 0320, USA
J Gen Intern Med 19:419-26. 2004..In contrast, the tobacco industry has invested much time and money studying young adult smoking patterns...
- The menthol marketing mix: targeted promotions for focus communities in the United StatesTess Boley Cruz
Insitute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Alhambra, CA 91803, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 12:S147-53. 2010This study analyzes tobacco industry menthol marketing strategies aimed at urban predominantly Black populations.
- Understanding Philip Morris's pursuit of US government regulation of tobaccoP A McDaniel
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, 530 Parnassus Avenue, Suite 366, San Francisco, CA 94143 1390, USA
Tob Control 14:193-200. 2005..To investigate Philip Morris's support of US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulation of tobacco products and analyse its relationship to the company's image enhancement strategies...
- The future of tobacco product regulation and labelling in Europe: implications for the forthcoming European Union directiveC Bates
Action on Smoking and Health, London, UK
Tob Control 8:225-35. 1999..We therefore make the following recommendations for the way forward...
- Cigarettes with defective filters marketed for 40 years: what Philip Morris never told smokersJ L Pauly
Department of Immunology, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, New York State Department of Health, Buffalo, New York 14263, USA
Tob Control 11:I51-61. 2002..Cigarettes with filters that release cellulose acetate or carbon particles during normal smoking conditions are defective...
- "Not one single case of throat irritation": misuse of the image of the otolaryngologist in cigarette advertisingHussein A Samji
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Laryngoscope 118:415-27. 2008....
- Cigarette filter ventilation is a defective design because of misleading taste, bigger puffs, and blocked ventsL T Kozlowski
Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
Tob Control 11:I40-50. 2002To review tobacco industry documents on filter ventilation in light of published studies and to explore the role of filter ventilation in the design of cigarettes that deliver higher smoke yields to smokers than would be expected from ..
- Tobacco industry knowledge of the role of menthol in chemosensory perception of tobacco smokeJennifer M Kreslake
Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 12:S98-101. 2010Sensory perception is a key determinant of smoking behavior and, therefore, reinforcement and addiction. The tobacco industry has conducted extensive research on the chemosensory and physiological effects of menthol in tobacco smoke and ..
- Transforming the tobacco market: why the supply of cigarettes should be transferred from for-profit corporations to non-profit enterprises with a public health mandateC Callard
Physicians for a Smoke Free Canada, 1226A Wellington Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1Y 3A1, Canada
Tob Control 14:278-83. 2005....
- European Union policy on smokeless tobacco: a statement in favour of evidence based regulation for public healthC Bates
Action on Smoking and Health, London, UK
Tob Control 12:360-7. 2003..We held this view before Swedish Match brought its legal proceedings to challenge EU legislation and we will continue to hold these views if its action fails...
- "They're doing people a service"-qualitative study of smoking, smuggling, and social deprivationS Wiltshire
Public Health Sciences, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh Medical School, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
BMJ 323:203-7. 2001..Smokers in areas of deprivation may thus show little support for tackling smuggling until more action is taken to deal with the material and personal factors that make it difficult for them to quit...
- Tobacco marketing and adolescent smoking: more support for a causal inferenceL Biener
Center for Survey Research, University of Massachusetts at Boston 02125, USA
Am J Public Health 90:407-11. 2000..This prospective study examined the effect of tobacco marketing on progression to established smoking...
- Open doorway to truth: legacy of the Minnesota tobacco trialRichard D Hurt
Division of Primary Care Internal Medicine, Nicotine Dependence Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Mayo Clin Proc 84:446-56. 2009..trial and the signing of the Master Settlement Agreement (MSA) by 46 US State Attorneys General and the US tobacco industry. The Minnesota settlement exposed the tobacco industry's long history of deceptive marketing, advertising, ..
- The role of tobacco control policies in reducing smoking and deaths in a middle income nation: results from the Thailand SimSmoke simulation modelD T Levy
Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, University of Baltimore, 11720 Beltsville Drive, Suite 900, Calverton, Maryland 20705, USA
Tob Control 17:53-9. 2008..With the male smoking prevalence near 60% in 1991, Thailand was one of the first Asian nations to implement strict tobacco control policies. However, the success of their efforts has not been well documented...
- Developing smokeless tobacco products for smokers: an examination of tobacco industry documentsC M Carpenter
Harvard School of Public Health, Division of Public Health Practice, 401 Park Drive, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Tob Control 18:54-9. 2009..To investigate whether development of smokeless tobacco products (SLT) is intended to target current smokers...
- Tobacco industry youth smoking prevention programs: protecting the industry and hurting tobacco controlAnne Landman
American Lung Association of Colorado, Denver, USA
Am J Public Health 92:917-30. 2002This report describes the history, true goals, and effects of tobacco industry-sponsored youth smoking prevention programs.
- Tobacco control, stigma, and public health: rethinking the relationsRonald Bayer
Center for the History and Ethics of Public Health, Department of Social Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY 10027, USA
Am J Public Health 96:47-50. 2006..use and its associated morbidity and mortality; an ineffective, counterproductive, and moralizing approach that leads to a dead end; or a signal of public health achievement? If the latter is the case, are there unacknowledged costs?..
- The Virginia Slims identity crisis: an inside look at tobacco industry marketing to womenB A Toll
Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
Tob Control 14:172-80. 2005Because no prior studies have comprehensively analysed previously secret tobacco industry documents describing marketing female brands, the Virginia Slims brand was studied to explore how Philip Morris and competitors develop and adapt ..
- Industrial epidemics, public health advocacy and the alcohol industry: lessons from other fieldsRené I Jahiel
Addiction 102:1335-9. 2007
- Endotoxins in tobacco smoke: shifting tobacco industry positionsRichard L Barnes
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, and Cardiovascular Research Institute and Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 1390, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 9:995-1004. 2007In the 1980s, the tobacco industry started a campaign to divert attention away from secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) as a major source of indoor air pollution in workplaces by highlighting the roles of other indoor air pollutants...
- Cross sectional study of young people's awareness of and involvement with tobacco marketingL MacFadyen
Centre for Tobacco Control Research, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0RQ, UK
BMJ 322:513-7. 2001..To examine young people's awareness of and involvement with tobacco marketing and to determine the association, if any, between this and their smoking behaviour...
- Cigarette advertising in Black, Latino, and White magazines, 1998-2002: an exploratory investigationHope Landrine
Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University, 6363 Alvarado Court, San Diego, CA 92120, USA
Ethn Dis 15:63-7. 2005..To examine the number, type (menthol vs non-menthol), brand (Black, White, Women's, Other), and size of cigarette ads in Black, Latino, and White magazines...
- The Tobacco Control Scale: a new scale to measure country activityL Joossens
Tobacco Control Manager, Belgian Foundation Against Cancer Advocacy Officer, Association of the European Cancer Leagues, Brussels, Belgium
Tob Control 15:247-53. 2006..To quantify the implementation of tobacco control policies at country level using a new Tobacco Control Scale and to report initial results using the scale...
- Finding the Kool Mixx: how Brown & Williamson used music marketing to sell cigarettesNavid Hafez
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, USA
Tob Control 15:359-66. 2006..To describe the history of Kool's music-themed promotions and analyse the role that music played in the promotion of the brand...
- Tobacco industry influence on science and scientists in GermanyThilo Grüning
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Royal Free Hospital, Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust, London, England
Am J Public Health 96:20-32. 2006Using tobacco industry documents, we examined how and why the tobacco industry sought to influence science and scientists in Germany as a possible factor in explaining the German opposition to stricter tobacco regulation...
- British American Tobacco and the "insidious impact of illicit trade" in cigarettes across AfricaE Legresley
4 Bank Note Pvt, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Tob Control 17:339-46. 2008..To provide an overview of the complicity of British American Tobacco (BAT) in the illicit trade of cigarettes across the African continent in terms of rationale, supply routes and scale...
- Evaluating Low Ignition Propensity Cigarette LegislationRICHARD O CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2009..Aim 5 will examine tobacco industry documents and patents on LIP cigarette designs, with the goal of developing a LIP cigarette documents and ..
- HEALTH SERVICES IMPACTS OF YOUTH ALCOHOL MEASURESDavid Levy; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- Parenting To Prevent Problem BehaviorsJohn Pierce; Fiscal Year: 2005..promote the use of tobacco, and d) promoting demand reduction strategies to reduce adolescent receptivity to tobacco industry promotional activity...
- EXTRAMURAL RESEARCH FACILITIES CONSTRUCTIONKenneth Warner; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- INTERNAL COUNCIL FOR TOBACCO RESEARCH AND TOBACCO INSTITK Cummings; Fiscal Year: 2002..Youth:Evidence from Corporate Documents' study, we have developed a system for indexing and abstracting the tobacco industry documents, a system now being adopted by similar initiatives worldwide...
- Macro-social & Parent Influence on Adolescents' Drug UseMatthew Farrelly; Fiscal Year: 2007..Generalized Growth Mixture Modeling will be used to test the study hypotheses. ..
- FOLLOW UP OF THE COMMIT COHORT PARTICIPANTS 13 YEARS LATK Cummings; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- The Impact of Product Information on Smoking BehaviorK Cummings; Fiscal Year: 2004..The findings from this study also have important policy implications, as one of the cornerstones of government product regulation is to ensure that consumers are informed about the inherent dangers of the products that they are using. ..
- Organized Labor and TobaccoEdith Balbach; Fiscal Year: 2009..some unions have been supportive of tobacco control efforts, many have not, and a number have adopted pro-tobacco industry positions, especially protesting tax increases and assisting in the defeat of smoke free air legislation...
- Smoking Trajectories amid Waning State Program BudgetsLois Biener; Fiscal Year: 2008..Massachusetts Tobacco Control Program and changes in youth and adult reports of a) exposure to anti-tobacco media messages; b) teenagers' ease of access to tobacco products; c) perceptions of the tobacco industry.
- The Transition of Nicotine DependenceJoseph DiFranza; Fiscal Year: 2005..A new theory-based measure of early dependence for youths will be tested against established measures of dependence. ..
- Imaging of nicotine sensitization in humans: a translational application of fMRIJoseph DiFranza; Fiscal Year: 2008..The long-term goal is to use this new tool to see how addictive drugs alter the brain, and thereby identify targets for the development of new drugs to treat addiction. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Gene x Environment Factors in Smoking CessationAndrew Hyland; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Smoking Cessation Intervention with Building Trade UnionElizabeth Barbeau; Fiscal Year: 2006..If shown to be effective, this intervention could be readily disseminated to a national network of building trade union apprenticeship programs, which collectively train approximately 183,000 apprentices each year. ..
- Responses to Public Health CampaignsRuth Malone; Fiscal Year: 2006..public perceptions not only about tobacco use, but also about the "vector of the tobacco epidemic," the tobacco industry. Thus numerous public health campaigns, including state-funded media campaigns, have included a focus on the ..
- Tobacco Industry Targeting of Gays and LesbiansRuth Malone; Fiscal Year: 2004..provided by applicant) The overall objectives of this project are to retrieve and analyze internal tobacco industry documents to describe industry strategies for targeting gay and lesbian populations, to assess effects of ..
- Cigarette smoking and colorectal cancer riskAndrew Hyland; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- TREATMENT OF SMOKELESS TOBACCO USERSDorothy Hatsukami; Fiscal Year: 2008..PERFORMANCE SITE ========================================Section End=========================================== ..
- Innovative Interventions for Smoking CessationDorothy K Hatsukami; Fiscal Year: 2010..The results of this study will provide useful information on directions to pursue to improve our pharmacotherapies and behavioral treatments and to better understand the various aspects of addiction. ..
- Is the Built Environment Associated with Youth Physical Activity and Weight?Sandy Slater; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results of the pilot will then informa larger R01 application. The results from a large-scale empirical study could then inform community-based interventions to reduce adolescent obesity. ..
- Management Decisions in Financial Conflicts of InterestLisa Bero; Fiscal Year: 2002..Our findings will allow us to develop a framework for decision-making regarding conflict identification and management. ..
- Analysis of tobacco industry documents--Asia/AustraliaSimon Chapman; Fiscal Year: 2004..and disseminate the strategic national, regional and international significance of the hitherto "secret" tobacco industry documents containing explicit material about tobacco control issues in six nations: Australia; New Zealand; ..
- TOBACCO EXPOSURE REDUCTIONDorothy Hatsukami; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results of research from this TTURC will provide the scientific basis for urgent policy, public education, and regulatory efforts to reduce tobacco harm. ..
- A Qualitative Study of Editorial Decision-MakingLisa Bero; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Interventions for Tobacco Dependent AdolescentsDorothy Hatsukami; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Surveillance: The Ethics of Public Health ReportingRonald Bayer; Fiscal Year: 2004..The project will inform discussion of the ethics of public health surveillance and contribute to the development of public policy sensitive to privacy and confidentiality as well as the demands of research and public health. ..
- Data Coordinating Center for Sleep Heart HealthMarie Diener West; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- BUPROPION FOR HOSPITALIZED SMOKERS W CORONARY DISEASENancy Rigotti; Fiscal Year: 2002..If found to be safe and effective, bupropion SR could become a standard part of "secondary prevention" therapy for smokers with acute CHD, a large, high-risk, high-cost patient group. ..
- Tobacco Industry Direct Mail MarketingJane Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2007unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Tobacco industry marketing has been shown to affect smoking initiation and consumption...
- A Behavioral Economic Approach to Smoking CessationJanet Audrain McGovern; Fiscal Year: 2007..g., adolescents, older adults) and to other contexts (e.g., prevention). ..
- Bupropion for Smoking Cessation in Postpartum WomenNancy Rigotti; Fiscal Year: 2007..If this pilot is successful, we plan to test the safety and efficacy of bupropion SR in a future full-scale randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial for smoking cessation in postpartum women. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- HEALTH PROMOTION FOR WOMEN AT RISK FOR BREAST CANCERJanet Audrain McGovern; Fiscal Year: 2002..The information obtained from this project should be applicable to groups at high risk for developing other cancers (e.g., colon cancer). ..
- Longitudinal Patterns and Predictors of Smoking BehaviorJanet Audrain McGovern; Fiscal Year: 2008..Results from this study can be used to inform the timing, level, type, and specific target of smoking interventions. ..
- Physiologic Impact of Variation in Smoke alkalinityPamela Clark; Fiscal Year: 2008..Commercial cigarettes have been found to vary widely in free-base nicotine content, however, tobacco industry representatives have denied any physiologic significance of the variation since 1994...
- Tobacco Industry Documents on ETS-The Next FrontRichard Hurt; Fiscal Year: 2008..public health measures which have resulted in an emphasis on corporate social responsibility by the tobacco industry. The more contemporary documents, primarily through the US Department of Justice litigation, will inform the ..
- BUPROPION AND BEHAVIORAL TREATMENT FOR YOUNGER SMOKERSRichard Hurt; Fiscal Year: 2002..Primary assessments will be point prevalence smoking abstinence rates at end of treatment (week 12) and at 52 weeks. ..
- Perceived smoking risk: integrating science, law, policyBrion Fox; Fiscal Year: 2006..The above goals are consistent with the intent of the K07, which is to provide an opportunity for promising individuals who wish to become independent investigators in cancer prevention. ..
- Efficacy of Methylphenidate for treating tobacco dependenceRichard Hurt; Fiscal Year: 2007..If the results from this preliminary study support the performance of a larger clinical trial, then a future grant application will be submitted through the R01 research project grant mechanism. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Public input in the development of federal genetic non-discrimination policyTheresa Montini; Fiscal Year: 2008..Moreover, our research will blaze new ground and lay the groundwork for studies in other areas where public participation represents a key component of an informed legislative process. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ANALYZING TOBACCO DOCUMENTS ON CIGARETTE DESIGNLynn Kozlowski; Fiscal Year: 2004..Collections (with standardized abstracts controlled vocabulary terms) will be made available on the Internet. Reports will be submitted to peer-reviewed journals. ..
- MICRONUTRIENTS AND MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION OF HIVRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2001..The relationship between mastitis and breastmilk HIV load and the epidemiology and microbiology of mastitis will be examined in a new cohort of HIV-infected lactating women. ..
- Smokeless Tobacco: Epidemiology and PoliciesElizabeth Mumford; Fiscal Year: 2004..The results may be used in cost-effectiveness analyses and simulation efforts to understand the role of SLT in a broad tobacco control strategy. ..
- Improving surveillance and monitoring of cigarsCristine Delnevo; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Adolescents' responses to anti-smoking PSAsWilliam Shadel; Fiscal Year: 2006..The long-term implication of the results of these studies is that more effective anti-smoking advertisements could be designed and developed. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Are Some Regular Smokers Resistant to Nicotine Dependence?Eric Donny; Fiscal Year: 2008..Identifying the mechanisms which account for individual differences in nicotine dependence may highlight novel approaches to both prevention and treatment of nicotine addiction. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Oxidative Stress and the Pathogenesis of Sarcopenia and Disability in Older WomenRichard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2008..AGEs are a potentially modifiable risk factor, as circulating AGEs can be lowered by dietary modification and by pharmacological intervention. ..
- SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY OF SMOKING AND CESSATIONWilliam Shadel; Fiscal Year: 2001..Support for this social cognitive model would advance an understanding of the mechanisms involved in smoking and cessation behaviors, and possible lead to developing interventions that will help increasing number of smokers to quit. ..
- Hepcidin and the pathogenesis of anemia in older adults.Richard D Semba; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study should provide new insight into the epidemiology and biological mechanisms of anemia among older adults and help identify strategies aimed at the prevention and treatment of anemia. ..
- Smoking-Related Television Advertising and Population SmokingSherry L Emery; Fiscal Year: 2010..funding for anti-smoking media campaigns and ads for pharmaceutical cessation aides have multiplied, and tobacco industry- sponsored ads have shifted from predominantly youth- to parent-focused campaigns...
- Barriers to Enrolling the Elderly in Cancer TrialsCary Gross; Fiscal Year: 2004..It is our hope that this work will facilitate the development of targeted and novel approaches to overcoming these barriers. ..
- Effectiveness of Screening Colonoscopy in Reducing Deaths from Colorectal CancerCHYKE ABADAMA DOUBENI; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Equity and Efficiency in Health and Healthcare ? 2nd Biennial ASHE ConferenceJody Sindelar; Fiscal Year: 2008..We hope that NIA will be interested in funding a small portion of the total cost of mounting the aging-related aspects of this conference. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Transdisciplinary Research on Urban Health Collaborative (RMI)Nicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2008..This application will provide support for the institutionalization of these efforts at the University that educates more researchers and professionals involved in urban health than any university in the nation. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Learning from Others: Smoking Cessation in Urban ChinaMatthew Kohrman; Fiscal Year: 2007..i ..
- ATHEROSCLEROSIS IN RACHARLES STEIN; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Impact of Changing Public Policy on the FamilyJonathan Gruber; Fiscal Year: 2005..Wade. ..
- Tobacco use in people with mental disorders: an overlooked tobacco control issueCristine Delnevo; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Pediatric Secondhand Smoke Exposure Reduction StrategiesDana Best; Fiscal Year: 2004..It is our hope to make the nation's pediatric clinicians the next soldiers in the war against tobacco use. ..