- Food prices, access to food outlets and child weight
Lisa M Powell
Department of Economics and Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 W Roosevelt Rd, Rm 558, MC 275, Chicago, IL 60608, United States
Econ Hum Biol 7:64-72. 2009
..the American Chamber of Commerce Researchers Association and outlet density data on fast food and full-service restaurants and supermarkets, grocery stores and convenience stores obtained from Dun & Bradstreet...
- The geography of Fast Food outlets: a review
Lorna K Fraser
School of Geography, University of Leeds, UK
Int J Environ Res Public Health 7:2290-308. 2010
..There is potential for land use policies to have an influence on the location of new FF outlets. Further research should incorporate good quality data on FF consumption, weight and physical activity...
- The contextual effect of the local food environment on residents' diets: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
Am J Public Health 92:1761-7. 2002
..We studied the association between the local food environment and residents' report of recommended dietary intake...
- Fast food restaurants and food stores: longitudinal associations with diet in young to middle-aged adults: the CARDIA study
Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
Arch Intern Med 171:1162-70. 2011
..has led to policy strategies to reduce food deserts--neighborhoods with little or no access to healthy foods--by limiting fast food restaurants and small food stores and increasing access to supermarkets in low-income neighborhoods.
- The contribution of expanding portion sizes to the US obesity epidemic
Lisa R Young
Department of Nutrition and Food Studies, New York University, New York City, 10012 1172, USA
Am J Public Health 92:246-9. 2002
- Role of food prepared away from home in the American diet, 1977-78 versus 1994-96: changes and consequences
Joanne F Guthrie
US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Washington, DC 20036, USA
J Nutr Educ Behav 34:140-50. 2002
..To examine changes, between 1977-78 and 1994-96, in the quantity and quality of food Americans consumed that was prepared at home versus away from home...
- Fast-food and full-service restaurant consumption among children and adolescents: effect on energy, beverage, and nutrient intake
Lisa M Powell
Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health and Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
JAMA Pediatr 167:14-20. 2013
..To examine the effect of fast-food and full-service restaurant consumption on total energy intake, dietary indicators, and beverage consumption...
- The foodscape: classification and field validation of secondary data sources
Amelia A Lake
Applied Biosciences, School of Applied Sciences, Northumbria University, Ellison Building, Newcastle upon Tyne NE18ST, UK
Health Place 16:666-73. 2010
..6%), while Yell.com and the Yellow Pages were low (51.2% and 50.9%, respectively). To improve the quality of secondary data, multiple sources should be used in order to achieve a realistic picture of the foodscape...
- Measuring the food environment using geographical information systems: a methodological review
UMR INSERM U 557 INRA U 1125 CNAM, University Paris 13, CRNH IdF, Bobigny, France
Public Health Nutr 13:1773-85. 2010
..Through a literature review, we investigated the geographic information systems (GIS) methods used to define the food environment and the types of spatial measurements they generate...
- Reductions in tobacco smoke pollution and increases in support for smoke-free public places following the implementation of comprehensive smoke-free workplace legislation in the Republic of Ireland: findings from the ITC Ireland/UK Survey
G T Fong
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 Canada
Tob Control 15:iii51-8. 2006
..To evaluate the psychosocial and behavioural impact of the first ever national level comprehensive workplace smoke-free law, implemented in Ireland in March 2004...
- Association between neighborhood need and spatial access to food stores and fast food restaurants in neighborhoods of colonias
Joseph R Sharkey
Texas Healthy Aging Research Network TxHAN and Center for Community Health Development, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, USA
Int J Health Geogr 8:9. 2009
..access: 1) distance to the nearest food store and fast food restaurant and 2) coverage (number) of food stores and fast food restaurants within a specified network distance of neighborhood areas of colonias, using ground-truthed methods.
- Fast-food consumption among US adults and children: dietary and nutrient intake profile
Nutritional Epidemiology, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 103:1332-8. 2003
..To examine the dietary profile associated with fast-food use. To compare the dietary intake of individuals on the day that they ate fast food with the day that fast food was not eaten...
- Field validation of secondary commercial data sources on the retail food outlet environment in the U.S
Lisa M Powell
Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 W Roosevelt Road, M C 275, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
Health Place 17:1122-31. 2011
..on classification of outlet type, including supermarkets, grocery stores, convenience stores, full-service restaurants and fast food restaurants...
- Eating out of home and its association with dietary intake: a systematic review of the evidence
Nutrition and Child Health Unit, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
Obes Rev 13:329-46. 2012
..Although the studies were cross-sectional and heterogeneous in the way they classified eating OH, we conclude that eating OH is a risk factor for higher energy and fat intake and lower micronutrient intake...
- Evaluating the impact of menu labeling on food choices and intake
Christina A Roberto
Department of Psychology, Yale University, Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
Am J Public Health 100:312-8. 2010
..We assessed the impact of restaurant menu calorie labels on food choices and intake...
- Dissecting obesogenic environments: the development and application of a framework for identifying and prioritizing environmental interventions for obesity
Department of Community Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Prev Med 29:563-70. 1999
- Energy, saturated fat, and sodium were lower in entrées at chain restaurants at 18 months compared with 6 months following the implementation of mandatory menu labeling regulation in King County, Washington
Emeritus, Program in Nutritional Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
J Acad Nutr Diet 112:1169-76. 2012
..Policies on menu labeling have been proposed as a method to improve the food environment. However, there is little information on the nutrient content of chain restaurant menu items and changes over time...
- Calorie menu labeling on quick-service restaurant menus: an updated systematic review of the literature
Jonas J Swartz
Public Health Leadership Program, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7461, USA
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:135. 2011
..Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 mandates that calorie labels be added to menu boards of chain restaurants with 20 or more locations...
- Looking at the label and beyond: the effects of calorie labels, health consciousness, and demographics on caloric intake in restaurants
University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 321 Mumford Hall, 1301 W, Gregory Dr, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 10:21. 2013
- Social inequalities in food exposure around schools in an urban area
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine and Central Hospital Research Center, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Am J Prev Med 39:33-40. 2010
..Although the positive association between area-level deprivation and fast-food outlets offering high-calorie foods has been well documented, few studies have evaluated food sources around school settings...
- Clustering of fast-food restaurants around schools: a novel application of spatial statistics to the study of food environments
S Bryn Austin
Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Children s Hospital, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Public Health 95:1575-81. 2005
We examined the concentration of fast food restaurants in areas proximal to schools to characterize school neighborhood food environments.
- Assessment of exposure to secondhand smoke at outdoor bars and family restaurants in Athens, Georgia, using salivary cotinine
J C Hall
The University of Georgia, College of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
J Occup Environ Hyg 6:698-704. 2009
..to measure salivary cotinine, a metabolite of nicotine, in subjects aged 21-30 exposed to SHS outside bars and restaurants in Athens, Georgia...
- Fast foods, energy density and obesity: a possible mechanistic link
A M Prentice
MRC International Nutrition Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Obes Rev 4:187-94. 2003
..Among regular consumers they are likely to result in the accidental consumption of excess energy and hence to promote weight gain and obesity...
- Changes in energy content of lunchtime purchases from fast food restaurants after introduction of calorie labelling: cross sectional customer surveys
BMJ 343:d4464. 2011
To assess the impact of fast food restaurants adding calorie labelling to menu items on the energy content of individual purchases.
- Support for and reported compliance with smoke-free restaurants and bars by smokers in four countries: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey
Cancer Control Research Institute, The Cancer Council Victoria, 1 Rathdowne Street, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia
Tob Control 15:iii34-41. 2006
To explore determinants of support for and reported compliance with smoke-free policies in restaurants and bars across the four countries of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey.
- Obesity-promoting food environments and the spatial clustering of food outlets around schools
Peter L Day
Department of Geography, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
Am J Prev Med 40:113-21. 2011
..The proximity of fast-food and convenience stores to schools may enhance access to unhealthy foods and have a negative impact on diet...
- Secondhand tobacco smoke in bars and restaurants in Santiago, Chile: evaluation of partial smoking ban legislation in public places
Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
Tob Control 19:469-74. 2010
To compare air nicotine concentrations according to the smoking policy selected by bars/restaurants in Santiago, Chile before and after the enactment of partial smoking ban legislation in 2007 (establishments could be smoke free, have ..
- Nutrition Environment Measures Study in restaurants (NEMS-R): development and evaluation
Brian E Saelens
Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital and Regional Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
Am J Prev Med 32:273-81. 2007
Americans are increasingly eating out, but nutrition environments in restaurants are poorly understood...
- Why eat at fast-food restaurants: reported reasons among frequent consumers
Sarah A Rydell
University of Minnesota, School of Public Health, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
J Am Diet Assoc 108:2066-70. 2008
A convenience sample of adolescents and adults who regularly eat at fast-food restaurants were recruited to participate in an experimental trial to examine the effect of nutrition labeling on meal choices...
- Targeting the taqueria: implementing healthy food options at Mexican American restaurants
Krista D Hanni
Monterey County Health Department, Salinas, California, USA
Health Promot Pract 10:91S-99S. 2009
..The authors present: (a) a comparison of service/entrée options for Salinas taquerias (n = 35) and fast-food restaurants ( n = 38) at baseline, (b) a case study of one taqueria, (c) a description of a healthy nutrition tool kit ..
- Fast-food consumption, diet quality, and neighborhood exposure to fast food: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis
Latetia V Moore
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
Am J Epidemiol 170:29-36. 2009
..Results show that fast-food consumption and neighborhood fast-food exposure are associated with poorer diet. Interventions that reduce exposure to fast food and/or promote individual behavior change may be helpful...
- A community-based restaurant initiative to increase availability of healthy menu options in Somerville, Massachusetts: Shape Up Somerville
Christina D Economos
New Balance Chair in Childhood Nutrition, John Hancock Center for Physical Activity and Nutrition, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, 150 Harrison Ave, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA
Prev Chronic Dis 6:A102. 2009
..Because many US families frequently eat meals outside of the home, restaurants are an environmental factor that can affect their health...
- Increased portion size leads to increased energy intake in a restaurant meal
Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 6502, USA
Obes Res 12:562-8. 2004
Eating frequently in restaurants is one of the behaviors associated with obesity. This study examined whether increasing the portion size of an entrée affected energy intake at a restaurant meal.
- Effects of fast-food consumption on energy intake and diet quality among children in a national household survey
Shanthy A Bowman
US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, Maryland, USA
Pediatrics 113:112-8. 2004
..The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that fast-food consumption adversely affects dietary factors linked to obesity risk...
- Workers' experience of slipping in U.S. limited-service restaurants
Santosh K Verma
Center for Injury Epidemiology, Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety, Hopkinton, Massachusetts, USA
J Occup Environ Hyg 7:491-500. 2010
..A total of 475 workers from 36 limited-service restaurants in six U.S. states participated in a 12-week prospective cohort study on slipping in the workplace...
- Calorie labeling and food choices: a first look at the effects on low-income people in New York City
Division of General Internal Medicine at New York University School of Medicine and NYU Wagner School of Public Service, New York City, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 28:w1110-21. 2009
..Receipts and survey responses were collected from 1,156 adults at fast-food restaurants in low-income, minority New York communities...
- Secondhand smoke exposure in bars and restaurants in Guatemala City: before and after smoking ban evaluation
Cardiovascular Unit of Guatemala, Guatemala City, Guatemala
Cancer Causes Control 22:151-6. 2011
In February 2009, Guatemala implemented a comprehensive smoking ban. We assessed air nicotine levels in bars and restaurants 6 months after the ban (post-ban) and compared them with levels found in 2006 (pre-ban).
- The unique authority of state and local health departments to address obesity
Jennifer L Pomeranz
Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
Am J Public Health 101:1192-7. 2011
..Health departments have many options to effect change in the incidence of obesity but need the support of other government entities and officials...
- Prevalence and levels of Bacillus cereus emetic toxin in rice dishes randomly collected from restaurants and comparison with the levels measured in a recent foodborne outbreak
Food, Medicines, and Consumer Safety, Scientific Institute of Public Health, Brussels, Belgium
Foodborne Pathog Dis 9:809-14. 2012
..The occurrence of cereulide in rice dishes collected from various restaurants was therefore evaluated using the liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry method, which ..
- Time scarcity and food choices: an overview
Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, MVR Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Appetite 47:196-204. 2006
..This paper presents an overview of time issues related to food choices and discuss applications of time research for nutrition and health researchers, policy makers, and practitioners interested in food choice...
- Consumer purchasing patterns in response to calorie labeling legislation in New York City
Maya K Vadiveloo
Department of Nutrition, Food Studies and Public Health, New York University, 35 West 4th St, NY, NY 10012 USA
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:51. 2011
..The purpose of this study was to examine whether point-of-purchase calorie labels in New York City (NYC) chain restaurants affected food purchasing patterns in a sample of lower income adults in NYC and Newark, NJ.
- Consumer estimation of recommended and actual calories at fast food restaurants
NYU School of Medicine, NYU Wagner School of Public Service, New York, New York, USA
Obesity (Silver Spring) 19:1971-8. 2011
..localities across the United States have passed laws requiring the mandatory labeling of calories in all chain restaurants, including fast food restaurants. This policy is set to be implemented at the federal level...
- A cross-sectional study on levels of secondhand smoke in restaurants and bars in five cities in China
R L Liu
Chinese National Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beiing, China
Tob Control 20:397-402. 2011
To assess indoor secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure in restaurants and bars via PM(2.5) level measurements in five cities in China.
- Neighborhood fast food restaurants and fast food consumption: a national study
Andrea S Richardson
Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
BMC Public Health 11:543. 2011
..Our aim was to estimate the effect of neighborhood fast food availability on frequency of fast food consumption in a national sample of young adults, a population at high risk for obesity...
- Local food outlets, weight status, and dietary intake: associations in children aged 9-10 years
School of Medicine and School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
Am J Prev Med 40:405-10. 2011
..Limited evidence suggests that there may be interactions between environmental factors at a neighborhood level and the development of obesity, with the availability and accessibility of food outlets being potentially important...
- Zoning for health? The year-old ban on new fast-food restaurants in South LA
RAND in Santa Monica, California, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 28:w1088-97. 2009
..We argue that the premises for the ban were questionable. For example, the density of fast-food chain restaurants per capita is actually higher in other parts of Los Angeles than in South LA...
- Regular consumption from fast food establishments relative to other restaurants is differentially associated with metabolic outcomes in young adults
Kiyah J Duffey
Department of Nutrition, Schools of Public Health and Medicine, and 4Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27510, USA
J Nutr 139:2113-8. 2009
..15 kg (CI, 0.06, 0.24), respectively] and waist circumference [0.08 cm (CI, 0.02, 0.14) and 0.12 cm (CI, 0.04, 0.20), respectively]. Fast food consumption may be an important target for the prevention of adverse metabolic health outcomes...
- Obesity and the built environment: does the density of neighborhood fast-food outlets matter?
Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
Am J Health Promot 23:203-9. 2009
..Examine variation in obesity among older adults relative to the joint influences of density of neighborhood fast food outlets and residents' behavioral, psychosocial, and sociodemographic characteristics...
- Measuring local food environments: an overview of available methods and measures
School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences, University of Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
Health Place 17:1284-93. 2011
..A summary and critique of these measures are provided...
- Smoking behaviour, involuntary smoking, attitudes towards smoke-free legislations, and tobacco control activities in the European Union
Jose M Martínez-Sánchez
Tobacco Control Unit, Institut Català d Oncologia ICO, L Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
PLoS ONE 5:e13881. 2010
- Obesity and the community food environment: a systematic review
Joanna E Holsten
University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing and Graduate Program of Public Health Studies, 418 Curie Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Public Health Nutr 12:397-405. 2009
..To examine the relationship between obesity and the community and/or consumer food environment...
- Childhood obesity and neighborhood food-store availability in an inner-city community
Maida P Galvez
Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
Acad Pediatr 9:339-43. 2009
Prior studies have shown an association between fast-food restaurants and adolescent body size. Less is known about the influence of neighborhood food stores on a child's body size...
- Effect of the Italian smoking ban on population rates of acute coronary events
Department of Epidemiology, Local Health Unit ASL RME, Via Santa Costanza 53, 00198 Rome, Italy
Circulation 117:1183-8. 2008
..We evaluated changes in the frequency of acute coronary events in Rome, Italy, after the introduction of legislation that banned smoking in all indoor public places in January 2005...
- How smoke-free laws improve air quality: a global study of Irish pubs
Gregory N Connolly
Division of Public Health Practice, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Landmark Center, 3rd Floor East, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 11:600-5. 2009
..We hypothesized that levels of respirable suspended particles, an important marker of secondhand smoke, would be significantly lower in smoke-free Irish pubs than in pubs that allowed smoking...
- Neighbourhood fast food outlets and obesity in children and adults: the CLAN Study
David A Crawford
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Australia
Int J Pediatr Obes 3:249-56. 2008
..We examined associations between density of and proximity to fast food outlets and body weight in a sample of children (137 aged 8-9 years and 243 aged 13-15 years) and their parents (322 fathers and 362 mothers)...
- Fast food costs and adolescent body mass index: evidence from panel data
Lisa M Powell
Department of Economics and Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
J Health Econ 28:963-70. 2009
..Analyses also control for contextual factors including general food prices and the availability of full-service restaurants, supermarkets, grocery stores, convenience stores and commercial physical activity-related facilities...
- Body mass index, neighborhood fast food and restaurant concentration, and car ownership
General Internal Medicine, Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System and University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
J Urban Health 86:683-95. 2009
..Increased geographic access to fast food outlets and other restaurants may contribute to higher levels of obesity, especially in individuals who rely largely on the local environment ..
- Attacking the obesity epidemic: the potential health benefits of providing nutrition information in restaurants
Department of Marketing and Logistics, Sam M Walton College of Business, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
Am J Public Health 96:1669-75. 2006
Requiring restaurants to present nutrition information on menus is under consideration as a potential way to slow the increasing prevalence of obesity...
- Eating out in America, 1987-2000: trends and nutritional correlates
Ashima K Kant
Department of Family, Nutrition, and Exercise Sciences, Queens College of the City University of New York, Flushing, NY 11367, USA
Prev Med 38:243-9. 2004
..To address this issue, we examined trends in frequency of consumption of commercially prepared (CP) meals reported by Americans aged > or =18 years, and its nutritional correlates...
- Proximity of fast food restaurants to schools: do neighborhood income and type of school matter?
Paul A Simon
Division of Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention, Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, 3530 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 800, Los Angeles, CA, 90010, USA
Prev Med 47:284-8. 2008
To investigate the proximity of fast food restaurants to public schools and examine proximity by neighborhood income and school level (elementary, middle, or high school).
- Disparities in the food environment surrounding US middle and high schools
RAND, Santa Monica, CA 90401, USA
Public Health 122:681-90. 2008
..This study analyses the food environment surrounding all public middle and high schools in the USA...
- Economic effect of a smoke-free law in a tobacco-growing community
Mark K Pyles
School of Business and Economics, College of Charleston, 5 Liberty Street, Suite 400, Charleston, SC 29401, USA
Tob Control 16:66-8. 2007
To determine whether Lexington, Kentucky's smoke-free law affected employment and business closures in restaurants and bars...
- Race and food store availability in an inner-city neighbourhood
Maida P Galvez
Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
Public Health Nutr 11:624-31. 2008
..Less is known about whether differences in availability of resources by African American or Latino race/ethnicity exist within a single minority community...
- Portion sizes and obesity: responses of fast-food companies
Lisa R Young
New York University, Nutrition, Food Studies, and Public Health, New York, NY 10012, USA
J Public Health Policy 28:238-48. 2007
..These observations suggest that voluntary efforts by fast-food companies to reduce portion sizes are unlikely to be effective, and that policy approaches are needed to reduce energy intake from fast food...
- Association between commercial television exposure and fast-food consumption among adults
Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, 1 Rathdowne Street, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia
Public Health Nutr 12:105-10. 2009
..To examine the association between television advertising exposure and adults' consumption of fast foods...
- Employment change for bars and restaurants following a statewide clean indoor air policy
Elizabeth G Klein
Division of Health Behavior and Health Promotion, College of Public Health, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
Am J Prev Med 39:S16-22. 2010
..Despite numerous studies where no significant economic effects were associated with clean indoor air policies, concerns persist that such policies will have a severe, negative effect on alcohol-licensed businesses...
- Association between the food retail environment surrounding schools and overweight in Canadian youth
Laura M Seliske
Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Public Health Nutr 12:1384-91. 2009
..There is growing interest in how the physical environment influences obesity. Few studies have considered how the food retail environment surrounding schools influences overweight in students...
- Impact of the Spanish smoking law on exposure to secondhand smoke in offices and hospitality venues: before-and-after study
Public Health Agency, Barcelona, Spain
Environ Health Perspect 117:344-7. 2009
..The objective of the study is to assess the impact of the Spanish smoking law on exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) in enclosed workplaces, including hospitality venues...
- Determinants of children's use of and time spent in fast-food and full-service restaurants
Department of Sociology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
J Nutr Educ Behav 43:142-9. 2011
Identify parental and children's determinants of children's use of and time spent in fast-food (FF) and full-service (FS) restaurants.
- Second-hand smoke levels in Israeli bars, pubs and cafes before and after implementation of smoke-free legislation
Laura J Rosen
Department of Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Eur J Public Health 21:15-20. 2011
..This study aimed to assess changes in air quality in popular Israeli bars, pubs and cafes after the implementation of law, and to examine changes in patron numbers, percentage of smoking patrons and venue-seating sections...
- Food marketing to children through toys: response of restaurants to the first U.S. toy ordinance
Jennifer J Otten
Stanford Prevention Research Center, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA
Am J Prev Med 42:56-60. 2012
..b>Restaurants had many different options for complying with this ordinance, such as introducing more healthful menu options, ..
- Energy intake from restaurants: demographics and socioeconomics, 2003-2008
Lisa M Powell
Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60608, USA
Am J Prev Med 43:498-504. 2012
..Eating food away from home and restaurant consumption have increased over the past few decades...
- Availability and accessibility of healthier options and nutrition information at New Zealand fast food restaurants
Clinical Trials Research Unit, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland Mail Centre, Auckland, New Zealand
Appetite 58:227-33. 2012
..for policy and food industry include: consideration of mandatory menu labelling, increasing the percentage of healthier options available, and improving the nutrient content of regular options at New Zealand fast food restaurants.
- [Estimation of the excess of lung cancer mortality risk associated to environmental tobacco smoke exposure of hospitality workers]
M José López
Servei d Avaluació i Mètodes d Intervenció, Agència de Salut Pública, Barcelona, Spain
Med Clin (Barc) 126:13-4. 2006
..To estimate the excess lung cancer mortality risk associated with environmental tobacco (ETS) smoke exposure among hospitality workers. The estimation was done using objective measures in several hospitality settings in Barcelona...
- Fast-food habits, weight gain, and insulin resistance (the CARDIA study): 15-year prospective analysis
Mark A Pereira
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
Lancet 365:36-42. 2005
..We aimed to investigate the association between reported fast-food habits and changes in bodyweight and insulin resistance over a 15-year period in the USA...
- Economic impacts of the Pueblo Smoke-Free Air Act
Walter F Young
Research Section, Klein Buendel Inc, 1667 Cole Boulevard, Golden, CO 80401, USA
Am J Prev Med 38:340-3. 2010
..Pueblo Smoke-Free Air Act [PSFAA]) that prohibited smoking in public places and workplaces, including taverns and restaurants. Opponents to this ordinance argued that it would have a negative impact on tavern and restaurant sales.
- Feasibility of voluntary menu labeling among locally owned restaurants
John W Britt
Office of Community Assessment at the Tacoma Pierce County Health Department, WA, USA
Health Promot Pract 12:18-24. 2011
..The objective was to recruit locally owned restaurants to voluntarily post basic nutrition information on their menus or menu boards...
- Air contamination due to smoking in German restaurants, bars, and other venues--before and after the implementation of a partial smoking ban
Unit Cancer Prevention and WHO Collaborating Centre for Tobacco Control, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany
Nicotine Tob Res 13:1155-60. 2011
..5) in 2005 and 2009, that is, before and after the legislation was implemented...
- A continuous common-source outbreak of campylobacteriosis associated with changes to the preparation of chicken liver pâté
M C O'Leary
European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training EPIET, Stockholm, Sweden
Epidemiol Infect 137:383-8. 2009
..Chicken liver pâté was the most likely vehicle of infection. This outbreak illustrates the hazards associated with undercooking Campylobacter-contaminated food...
- A review of environmental influences on food choices
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
Ann Behav Med 38:S56-73. 2009
- Obesogenic neighbourhoods: the impact of neighbourhood restaurants and convenience stores on adolescents' food consumption behaviours
Department of Health and Kinesiology, The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249, USA
Public Health Nutr 15:2331-9. 2012
..To examine the relationship between the neighbourhood food environment and dietary intake among adolescents...
- Fine particulate matter measurements in Swiss restaurants, cafés and bars: what is the effect of spatial separation between smoking and non-smoking areas?
Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Finkenhubelweg, Bern, Switzerland
Indoor Air 20:52-60. 2010
We performed 124 measurements of particulate matter (PM(2.5)) in 95 hospitality venues such as restaurants, bars, cafés, and a disco, which had differing smoking regulations...
- A prospective study of floor surface, shoes, floor cleaning and slipping in US limited-service restaurant workers
Santosh K Verma
Center for Injury Epidemiology, Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety, Hopkinton, Massachusetts, USA
Occup Environ Med 68:279-85. 2011
..This study examined the association between floor surface characteristics, slip-resistant shoes, floor cleaning frequency and the risk of slipping in limited-service restaurant workers...
- Effects of clean indoor air laws on bar and restaurant revenue in Minnesota cities
Natalie M Collins
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454, USA
Am J Prev Med 39:S10-5. 2010
In recent years, local governments have strengthened laws to prohibit smoking in bars and restaurants to promote patron and employee health...
- Economic effects of Ohio's smoke-free law on Kentucky and Ohio border counties
Mark K Pyles
School of Business, College of Charleston, 5 Liberty Street, Suite 400, Charleston, SC 29401, USA
Tob Control 20:73-6. 2011
..In November 2006, Ohio implemented a comprehensive statewide smoke-free law for all indoor workplaces...
- Contribution of fine particulate matter sources to indoor exposure in bars, restaurants, and cafes
B J Daly
Institute for Work and Health Institut universitaire romand de Santé au Travail, University of Lausanne and University of Geneva, Lausanne, Switzerland
Indoor Air 20:204-12. 2010
..5)) in the non-smoking sections of bars, cafes, and restaurants in central Zurich. PM(2.5)-exposure was determined with a nephelometer...
- Is nonsmoking dangerous to the health of restaurants? The effect of California's indoor smoking ban on restaurant revenues
School of Policy and Management, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
Eval Rev 31:75-92. 2007
..This legislation effectively banned indoor smoking in all public and private workplaces including restaurants. Many restaurant owners, especially owners of restaurants that served alcohol, opposed the ban for fear that ..
- Interventions for disorder and severe intoxication in and around licensed premises, 1989-2009
Department of Social Sciences, University of Hull, Hull, UK
Addiction 106:706-13. 2011
..To systematically review rigorous evaluation studies into the effectiveness of interventions in and around licensed premises that aimed to reduce severe intoxication and disorder...
- Smoke-free law associated with higher-than-expected taxable retail sales for bars and taverns in Washington State
Program Design and Evaluation Services, Multnomah County Health Department and Oregon Public Health Division, 827 NE Oregon St, Ste 250, Portland, OR 97232, USA
Prev Chronic Dis 7:A79. 2010
..This study describes changes in sales revenue in bars and taverns since December 2005, when a statewide smoke-free law in Washington State went into effect...
- Association between proximity to and coverage of traditional fast-food restaurants and non-traditional fast-food outlets and fast-food consumption among rural adults
Joseph R Sharkey
Program for Research in Nutrition and Health Disparities, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, MS 1266, College Station, TX 77843 1266, USA
Int J Health Geogr 10:37. 2011
- Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), mutagenic aldehydes, and particulate matter in Norwegian a la carte restaurants
Ann Kristin Sjaastad
Department of Industrial Economics and Technology Management, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N 7491 Trondheim, Norway
Ann Occup Hyg 53:723-9. 2009
..hydrocarbons (PAHs) and higher mutagenic aldehydes in the breathing zone of the cook during work in Norwegian à la carte restaurants. Levels of particle exposure were also measured to make the results comparable to other studies.
- Improving data accuracy of commercial food outlet databases
Center for State Health Policy, Rutgers University, NewBrunswick, New Jersey, USA
Am J Health Promot 26:116-22. 2011
..A systematic strategy for reclassifying food stores and restaurants, as they appear in commercial databases, into categories that differentiate the availability of healthy options ..
- The economic impact of a smoke-free bylaw on restaurant and bar sales in Ottawa, Canada
Ontario Tobacco Research Unit, University of Toronto, Canada
Addiction 101:738-45. 2006
..implemented a smoke-free bylaw that completely prohibited smoking in work-places and public places, including restaurants and bars, with no exemption for separately ventilated smoking rooms...
- Children's takeaway and fast-food intakes: associations with the neighbourhood food environment
Anna F Timperio
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Melbourne, Victoria 3125, Australia
Public Health Nutr 12:1960-4. 2009
..The present study aimed to examine associations between availability of outlets where takeaway or fast food could be purchased and consumption of takeaway or fast food among children...
- Evaluation of the immediate impact of the Washington, D.C., smoke-free indoor air policy on bar employee environmental tobacco smoke exposure
Department of Prevention and Community Health, School of Public Health and Health Services, George Washington University Medical Center, 2175 K St, Ste 701, Washington, DC 20037, USA
Public Health Rep 124:134-42. 2009
On January 2, 2007, thw Washington, D. C., City Council banned smoking in restaurants and bars...
- Predicting and measuring premises-level harm in the night-time economy
Simon C Moore
Violence and Society Research Group, Applied Clinical Research and Public Health, School of Dentistry, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF144XY, UK
Alcohol Alcohol 46:357-63. 2011
..To assess associations between measures of premises-level alcohol-related harm and risk factors for harm...
- A cross-sectional study on levels of second-hand smoke in restaurants and bars in five cities in China
R L Liu
Chinese National Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
Tob Control 19:i24-9. 2010
To assess indoor second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure in restaurants and bars via PM(2.5) (fine particles 2.5 μm in diameter and smaller) level measurements in five cities in China.
- Exposure to secondhand smoke in Germany: air contamination due to smoking in German restaurants, bars, and other venues
Mannheim Institute of Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany
Nicotine Tob Res 10:547-55. 2008
This study quantified exposure to secondhand smoke in German restaurants, bars, and entertainment venues by determining the concentration of respirable suspended particles measuring 2.5 microm or less (PM2.5) in indoor air...
- Interactive effects of reward sensitivity and residential fast-food restaurant exposure on fast-food consumption
School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
Am J Clin Nutr 91:771-6. 2010
..Local fast-food environments have been increasingly linked to obesity and related outcomes. Individuals who are more sensitive to reward-related cues might be more responsive to such environments...
- Attitudes and beliefs about secondhand smoke and smoke-free policies in four countries: findings from the International Tobacco Control Four Country Survey
Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 11:642-9. 2009
- Nutrition menu labeling may lead to lower-calorie restaurant meal choices for children
Pooja S Tandon
Seattle Children s Research Institute, 1100 Olive Way, Suite 500, MPW 8 1, Seattle, WA 98101, USA
Pediatrics 125:244-8. 2010
..Our aim was to determine whether nutrition labeling on menus would lead to lower-calorie choices for children...