Summary: Places where animals are slaughtered and dressed for market.
Publications313 found, 100 shown here
- Risk factors associated with pleuritis and cranio-ventral pulmonary consolidation in slaughter-aged pigsL Fraile
Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal CReSA, UAB IRTA, Campus de la Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
Vet J 184:326-33. 2010..59) that cranio-ventral pulmonary consolidation lesions (EP-like lesions) were affected by the type of farm ventilation, the presence of respiratory symptoms during the fattening period and Mhyo and SIV H1N2 herd seroprevalence...
- Abattoir surveillance: the U.S. experienceJohn B Kaneene
Population Medicine Center, A 109 Veterinary Medical Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 1314, USA
Vet Microbiol 112:273-82. 2006..The success of these programs and challenges for the future are discussed...
- Sero-prevalence of leptospirosis in workers at a New Zealand slaughterhouseJackie Benschop
Epicentre, Institute of Animal, Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Private Bag 11 222, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
N Z Med J 122:39-47. 2009..To evaluate worker age, sex and previous clinical episodes of leptospirosis as risk factors for sero-positivity...
- The British pig health schemes: integrated systems for large-scale pig abattoir lesion monitoringM J Sanchez-Vazquez
Scottish Agricultural College, Kings Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, EH9 3JG, UK
Vet Rec 169:413. 2011..Additionally, they offer the added value of providing nationwide disease monitoring information and have the potential to be a useful surveillance tool for emerging and enzootic conditions...
- Comparisons between nulliparous heifers and cows as oocyte donors for embryo production in vitroDimitrios Rizos
Department of Animal Science, University College Dublin, Lyons Research Farm, Newcastle, County Dublin, Ireland
Theriogenology 63:939-49. 2005..These results would suggest that in an in vitro production system, cow oocytes should be preferentially used over those from heifers in order to maximize blastocyst development...
- Factors associated with whole carcass condemnation rates in provincially-inspected abattoirs in Ontario 2001-2007: implications for food animal syndromic surveillanceGillian D Alton
Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada
BMC Vet Res 6:42. 2010Ontario provincial abattoirs have the potential to be important sources of syndromic surveillance data for emerging diseases of concern to animal health, public health and food safety...
- Evidence of previous avian influenza infection among US turkey workersG Kayali
Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
Zoonoses Public Health 57:265-72. 2010..These data further support increasing surveillance and other preparedness efforts to include not only confinement poultry facilities, but more importantly, also small scale farms...
- Molecular characterization of Mycobacterium bovis strains isolated from cattle slaughtered at two abattoirs in AlgeriaNaima Sahraoui
Département Vétérinaire, Université Saad Dahlab, Blida, Algeria
BMC Vet Res 5:4. 2009..Between August and November 2007, 7250 animals were consecutively screened at the abattoirs of Algiers and Blida. In 260 animals, gross visible granulomatous lesions were detected and put into culture...
- Patterns of condemnation rates in swine from a federally inspected abattoir in relation to disease outbreak information in Ontario (2005-2007)Rocio Amezcua
Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, Ontario
Can Vet J 52:35-42. 2011..Further studies looking at the benefits of using abattoir data should compare condemnation patterns with multiple sources of swine health data...
- Suitability of bovine portion condemnations at provincially-inspected abattoirs in Ontario Canada for food animal syndromic surveillanceGillian D Alton
Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada
BMC Vet Res 8:88. 2012..have been previously identified to be associated with whole carcass condemnation rates in Ontario provincial abattoirs; and if ignored, may bias the results of quantitative disease surveillance methods...
- Occurrence and distribution of Arcobacter species in poultry processingKurt Houf
Department of Veterinary Food Inspection, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
J Food Prot 65:1233-9. 2002..Arcobacter contamination during slaughter, either direct (from chicken intestinal content or feces) or indirect (from equipment), was not confirmed. The origin and the precise routes of contamination remain to be determined...
- Quantification of the relative efficiency of factory surveillance in the disclosure of tuberculosis lesions in attested Irish cattleK Frankena
Quantitative Veterinary Epidemiology Group, Wageningen Institute of Animal Sciences, PO Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, The Netherlands
Vet Rec 161:679-84. 2007....
- Anaerobic digestion of slaughterhouse waste: main process limitations and microbial community interactionsJ Palatsi
GIRO Technological Centre, Centre IRTA UPC, Barcelona, Spain
Bioresour Technol 102:2219-27. 2011..Consequently, the lipid concentration of substrate and the structure of the microbial community are the main limiting factors for a successful anaerobic treatment of fresh slaughterhouse waste...
- Genotypic characterization of non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in beef abattoirs of ArgentinaM O Masana
Instituto Tecnología de Alimentos, Centro de Investigación de Agroindustria, Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria INTA, CC 77, B1708WAB Morón, Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina
J Food Prot 74:2008-17. 2011..Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) contamination in carcasses and feces of 811 bovines in nine beef abattoirs from Argentina was analyzed during a period of 17 months. The feces of 181 (22...
- Identification of human and animal adenoviruses and polyomaviruses for determination of sources of fecal contamination in the environmentAyalkibet Hundesa
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Barcelona, Av Diagonal 645, Barcelona 08028, Spain
Appl Environ Microbiol 72:7886-93. 2006..Human and porcine adenoviruses and human and bovine polyomaviruses are proposed as tools for evaluating the presence of viral contamination and for tracking the origin of fecal/urine contamination in environmental samples...
- Short report: endemic focus of cystic echinococcosis in a coastal city of PeruPedro L Moro
Asociacion Benefica PRISMA, Lima, Peru
Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:327-9. 2004..Three of 48 dogs (6.25%) were found to be infected with E. granulosus tapeworms. This study demonstrates the existence of an undocumented endemic focus of E. granulosus previously unknown in the coastal region of Peru...
- Chronic pleuritis in Danish slaughter pig herdsA Cleveland-Nielsen
Department of Animal Science and Animal Health, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Grønnegaardsvej 8, DK 1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Prev Vet Med 55:121-35. 2002..pigs from 259 farrow-to-finish or finishing herds during the mandatory post-mortem meat inspection at 18 Danish abattoirs. The monthly herd- and abattoir-specific prevalences of CP were estimated for the months January through August ..
- Distribution of PrP(Sc) in cattle with bovine spongiform encephalopathy slaughtered at abattoirs in JapanNaoko Iwata
Department of Pathology, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo 162 8640, Japan
Jpn J Infect Dis 59:100-7. 2006..dairy cattle infected naturally with the agent of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and slaughtered at abattoirs in Japan were examined for the distribution of disease-specific and protease-resistant prion protein (PrP(Sc)) ..
- The prevalence and spread of Escherichia coli O157:H7 at a commercial beef abattoirJ M McEvoy
Teagasc, The National Food Centre, Ashtown, Dublin, UK
J Appl Microbiol 95:256-66. 2003..To investigate the prevalence and virulence characteristics of Escherichia coli O157:H7 after a number of beef process operations at a commercial Irish abattoir...
- Isolation of Arcobacter species from animal fecesEllen Van Driessche
Ghent University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Public Health, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
FEMS Microbiol Lett 229:243-8. 2003..9% of porcine, 39.2% of bovine, 16.1% of ovine and 15.4% of equine samples. All three animal-associated Arcobacter species were isolated and levels up to 10(3) cfu g(-1) feces were determined...
- Fecal carriage of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in swine and cattle at slaughter in SwitzerlandN Geser
Institute for Food Safety and Hygiene, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
J Food Prot 74:446-9. 2011..Further studies are necessary to assess future trends...
- Seasonal prevalence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, including O157:H7 and non-O157 serotypes, and Salmonella in commercial beef processing plantsGenevieve A Barkocy-Gallagher
Roman L Hruska U S Meat Animal Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U S Department of Agriculture, Clay Center, Nebraska 68933 0166, USA
J Food Prot 66:1978-86. 2003..These results demonstrate the effectiveness of the current interventions used by the industry and highlight the significance of hides as a major source of pathogens on beef carcasses...
- Characterisation and transferability of antibiotic resistance genes from lactic acid bacteria isolated from Irish pork and beef abattoirsNiamh Toomey
Department of Food Safety, Ashtown Food Research Centre, Ashtown, Dublin 15, Ireland
Res Microbiol 161:127-35. 2010Lactic acid bacteria isolated from Irish pork and beef abattoirs were analysed for their susceptibility to antimicrobials...
- Prevalence and associated risk factors of mycobacterial infections in slaughter pigs from Mubende district in UgandaAdrian Muwonge
Department of Food Safety and Infection Biology, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, P O Box 8146 Dep, 0033, Oslo, Norway
Trop Anim Health Prod 42:905-13. 2010..This then warrants further molecular investigation to identify the specific Mycobacterium species and their public health importance in this area...
- Pneumonia disease assessment using a slaughterhouse lung-scoring methodF Ostanello
Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica Veterinaria e Patologia Animale, Facolta di Medicina Veterinaria, Universita di Bologna, Via Tolara di Sopra 50, 40064 Ozzano Emilia BO, Italy
J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med 54:70-5. 2007..Moreover, we also found a statistically significant association between the increase in the mean lung score of the batch and the decrease of the carcass quality...
- PCR detection of virulence genes and molecular epidemiology of STEC O157 isolates from French abattoirsB Andral
AFSSA Lyon, Unité Hygiène et Sécurité des Viandes de Ruminants, 31 avenue Tony Garnier, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France
Vet Rec 155:365-8. 2004
- Use of a marker organism to model the spread of central nervous system tissue in cattle and the abattoir environment during commercial stunning and carcass dressingD J Daly
Food Safety Department, The National Food Centre, Teagasc, Dunsinea, Castleknock, Dublin, Ireland
Appl Environ Microbiol 68:791-8. 2002....
- Prevalence and epidemiology of Salmonella spp. in small pig abattoirs of Hanoi, VietnamCédric Le Bas
CIRAD, International Research Institute in Agronomy for Tropical Countries, Montpellier, France
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1081:269-72. 2006The prevalence of Salmonella spp. in pigs was evaluated in a survey of small abattoirs in Hanoi, Vietnam. Cecal contents, carcass swabs, and tank water samples were collected for bacterial isolation in various media...
- Molecular characterisation of Mycobacterium bovis isolates from cattle carcases at a city slaughterhouse in UgandaB B Asiimwe
Department of Medical Microbiology, Makerere University Medical School, Kampala, Uganda
Vet Rec 164:655-8. 2009..Six of the 11 infected carcases had multiple sites of infection, but none was condemned as unfit for human consumption...
- Quantitative risk assessment of human campylobacteriosis associated with thermophilic Campylobacter species in chickensHanne Rosenquist
The Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Institute of Food Safety and Toxicology, Division of Microbiological Safety, 19, Mørkhøj Bygade, 2860 Søborg, Denmark
Int J Food Microbiol 83:87-103. 2003..Finally, the simulations showed that people in the age of 18-29 years had the highest risk of developing campylobacteriosis...
- Nutrient removal from slaughterhouse wastewater in an intermittently aerated sequencing batch reactorJ P Li
Department of Civil Engineering, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland
Bioresour Technol 99:7644-50. 2008..The nitrogen balance analysis indicates that denitrification and biomass synthesis contributed to 66% and 34% of TN removed, respectively...
- Prevalence and characterization of verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) in cattle from an Ontario abattoirMusafiri Karama
Department of Pathobiology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1
Can J Vet Res 72:297-302. 2008....
- Mortality and cancer incidence in a cohort of meatworkersL Fritschi
School of Population Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, 609 Australia
Occup Environ Med 60:E4. 2003..To determine the risk of all cause mortality, cause specific mortality, and incident cancer in meatworkers...
- A sequencing batch reactor system for high-level biological nitrogen and phosphorus removal from abattoir wastewaterRomain Lemaire
Advanced Water Management Centre, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia
Biodegradation 20:339-50. 2009....
- Prevalence of fasciolosis in Zambian cattle observed at selected abattoirs with emphasis on age, sex and originA M Phiri
Clinical Studies Department, School of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Zambia, P O Box 32379, Lusaka, Zambia
J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health 52:414-6. 2005..the prevalence and some factors influencing occurrence of fasciolosis in cattle, carried out at selected major abattoirs in Zambia. Of 841 cattle livers inspected and 677 faecal samples analysed, prevalence rates of 53.9% and 48...
- Detection and diversity of various Arcobacter species in Danish poultryH Ibrahim Atabay
Department of Microbiology, Veterinary Faculty, Kafkas University, Kars, Turkey
Int J Food Microbiol 109:139-45. 2006..In addition, chicken carcasses slaughtered in Denmark were found to be contaminated with Arcobacter. The presence of Arcobacter spp. both on chicken carcasses and in poultry intestine may be of significance to human health...
- Treatment of a slaughterhouse wastewater: effect of internal recycle rate on chemical oxygen demand, total Kjeldahl nitrogen and total phosphorus removalP Fongsatitkul
Department of Sanitary Engineering, Mahidol University and Centre for Environmental Health, Toxicology and Management of Chemicals ETM, Bangkok, Thailand
Environ Technol 33:1755-9. 2011..The TP removal reached its optimum (around 85%-89% (again depending on the DO)) at the 2Q rate...
- Viral and antibody HEV prevalence in swine at slaughterhouse in ItalyIlaria di Bartolo
Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy
Vet Microbiol 149:330-8. 2011..Phylogenetic analysis on the nucleotide sequences from 14 positive PCR products indicated that all strains belonged to genotype 3, clustering in two branches subtypes g3c and g3f...
- Serodiversity and serological as well as cultural distribution of Salmonella on farms and in abattoirs in Lower Saxony, GermanyC F Visscher
Institute of Animal Nutrition, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Bischofsholer Damm 15, D 30173 Hannover, Germany
Int J Food Microbiol 146:44-51. 2011..This is because once introduced into a slaughterhouse via swine the serovars seem to maintain the resident slaughterhouse flora and add to it...
- Treatment of poultry slaughterhouse wastewater in hybrid upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor packed with pleated poly vinyl chloride ringsR Rajakumar
Department of Civil Engineering, Government College of Technology, Anna University, Coimbatore 641013, Tamilnadu, India
Bioresour Technol 103:116-22. 2012..Step wise polynomial regression analysis was fitted well. Methanobacterium and Methanosaeta bacteria were dominant at the end of start-up whereas Methanosarcina, Cocci and rods were predominant at the end of performance studies...
- A cluster of leptospirosis among abattoir workersJ Terry
Northern Rivers Public Health Unit, Institute of Health and Research, Lismore, New South Wales, Australia
Commun Dis Intell 24:158-60. 2000..All of the patients said they wore rubber boots and seven of the eight wore the apron provided. Only two patients reported wearing gloves, the remainder thought these were too difficult to work in...
- Airborne bacteria and carcass contamination in slaughterhousesT M Rahkio
Department of Food and Environmental Hygiene, University of Helsinki, Finland
J Food Prot 60:38-42. 1997..It appears that airborne bacteria have an important role in carcass contamination...
- African swine fever among slaughter pigs in Mubende district, UgandaAdrian Muwonge
Department of Food Safety and Infection Biology, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, P O Box 8146 Dep, 0033, Oslo, Norway
Trop Anim Health Prod 44:1593-8. 2012..2%) that were seropositive at slaughter, however a significantly higher number of pigs were slaughtered during the outbreak as a strategy for farmers to avoid losses associated with mortality...
- Prevalence and spectrum of Johne's disease lesions in cattle slaughtered at two abattoirs in Kampala, UgandaJulius Boniface Okuni
College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity, Makerere University, P O Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda
Trop Anim Health Prod 45:1197-202. 2013..prevalence and characteristics of Johne's disease (JD) lesions in Ugandan cattle slaughtered at two of the main abattoirs in Kampala...
- Suitability and limitations of portion-specific abattoir data as part of an early warning system for emerging diseases of swine in OntarioAndrea L Thomas-Bachli
Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
BMC Vet Res 8:3. 2012..We analyzed data collected at all provincially-inspected abattoirs in Ontario, Canada during 2001-2007...
- Microbiological sampling of swine carcasses: a comparison of data obtained by swabbing with medical gauze and data collected routinely by excision at Swedish abattoirsM Lindblad
National Food Administration, P O Box 622, SE 751 26 Uppsala, Sweden
Int J Food Microbiol 118:180-5. 2007Swab sample data from a 13-month microbiological baseline study of swine carcasses at Swedish abattoirs were combined with excision sample data collected routinely at five abattoirs...
- Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on hides and faeces of ruminants at slaughter in two major abattoirs in NigeriaB O Akanbi
Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria
Lett Appl Microbiol 53:336-40. 2011..To determine the occurrence of Escherichia coli O157: H7 in hides and faeces of slaughtered ruminants in Nigeria...
- Cutting moments and grip forces in meat cutting operations and the effect of knife sharpnessRaymond W McGorry
Liberty Mutual Research Center for Safety and Health, 71 Frankland Road, Hopkinton, MA 01748, USA
Appl Ergon 34:375-82. 2003..Efforts aimed at providing and maintaining sharp blades could have a significant impact on force exposure...
- Verocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli O157 in beef and sheep abattoirs in Ireland and characterisation of isolates by Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis and Multi-Locus Variable Number of Tandem Repeat AnalysisDeirdre M Prendergast
National Reference Laboratory for Escherichia coli Food, Feed and Animal Health Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Backweston Complex, Celbridge, Co Kildare, Ireland
Int J Food Microbiol 144:519-27. 2011....
- Occurrence of carpal tunnel syndrome among slaughterhouse workersP Frost
Department of Occupational Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark
Scand J Work Environ Health 24:285-92. 1998..The aim of this study was to examine the risk of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) among workers with daily occupational exposure to high-force and high-velocity manual work...
- Comparative fluke burden and pathology in condemned and non-condemned cattle livers from selected abattoirs in ZambiaA M Phiri
The University of Zambia, School of Veterinary Medicine, Clinical Studies Department, P O Box 32379, Lusaka, Zambia
Onderstepoort J Vet Res 73:275-81. 2006..dissecting 70 condemned and 32 non-condemned cattle livers collected from Lusaka, Chisamba, Mongu and Senanga abattoirs and Turnpike slaughter slab, significantly higher numbers of liver flukes (Fasciola gigantica) (P < 0...
- Anaerobic digestion and co-digestion of slaughterhouse waste (SHW): influence of heat and pressure pre-treatment in biogas yieldM J Cuetos
Institute of Natural Resources IRENA, University of Leon, Avda de Portugal 41, 24071 Leon, Spain
Waste Manag 30:1780-9. 2010..These tools verified the existence of complex nitrogen-containing polymers in the final effluents, confirming the formation of refractory compounds during pre-treatment...
- [Prevalence of antibodies anti-Toxoplasma gondii in slaughtered cattle at stockyards in the State of Bahia, Brazil]Fernando H Spagnol
Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciência Animal, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz UESC, BA 415 km 16, CEP 45 662 000 Salobrinho, Ilhéus BA, Brasil
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 18:42-5. 2009....
- Hierarchical and spatial analyses of pneumonia-lesion prevalence at slaughter in New Zealand lambsK A Goodwin-Ray
Epicentre, Private Bag 11222, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
Prev Vet Med 83:144-55. 2008..We therefore concluded that the risk of moderate-to-severe pneumonia-lesion prevalence detectable at slaughter of lambs was determined at the flock and batch level, rather than at the spatial level...
- Anaerobic treatment of animal byproducts from slaughterhouses at laboratory and pilot scaleMats Edström
JTI, Swedish Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, PO Box 7033, SE 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
Appl Biochem Biotechnol 109:127-38. 2003..0-5.0 g/L. After operating one process for more than 1.5 yr at total ammonia nitrogen concentrations >4 g/L, an increase in OLR to 5 g of VS/(L.d) and a decrease in HRT to 22 d was possible without accumulation of volatile fatty acids...
- Anaerobic digestion of organic solid poultry slaughterhouse waste--a reviewE Salminen
Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyvaskyla, Finland
Bioresour Technol 83:13-26. 2002..Finally, we present an overview of the future potential and current experience of the anaerobic digestion treatment of these materials...
- Rationalization in meat cutting - consequences on physical workloadInger Arvidsson
Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University Hospital, Sweden
Appl Ergon 43:1026-32. 2012..However, there may be disadvantages in line production, such as machine-directed work pace and shorter work cycles...
- A biological network describing infection with Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae in swine herdsLars Otto
Danish Research Institute of Food Economics, Rolighedsvej 25, DK 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Prev Vet Med 66:141-61. 2004..We also show how one can use the model to deal with conflicting examinations...
- Growth and survival at chiller temperatures of Arcobacter butzleriJette Kjeldgaard
Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Stigbøjlen 4, University of Copenhagen, DK 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark
Int J Food Microbiol 131:256-9. 2009..Given the ability to survive, multiply and form biofilm under chilled conditions A. butzleri appears well suited for establishment in food processing and slaughterhouse environments...
- Survival capacity in water of Arcobacter species under different temperature conditionsE Van Driessche
Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium
J Appl Microbiol 105:443-51. 2008..To assess the survival capacity in vitro of arcobacters in water at temperatures applied in the food industry...
- Discrepancy between the occurrence of Arcobacter in chickens and broiler carcass contaminationE Van Driessche
Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
Poult Sci 86:744-51. 2007....
- Molecular characterization of Arcobacter isolates collected in a poultry slaughterhouseKurt Houf
Department of Veterinary Food Inspection, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
J Food Prot 66:364-9. 2003..However, the results obtained in this study brought to light insufficient decontamination at the processing plant involved in the study and confirmed the survival capacity of certain A. butzleri strains...
- Using slaughter inspections to evaluate sarcoptic mange infestation of finishing swineC F Cargill
Pig and Poultry Production Institute, South Australian Research and Development Institute, Adelaide, Australia
Vet Parasitol 70:191-200. 1997..Relative to other methods such as skin scrapings and monitoring pruritus, this method is simple and relatively objective, and should be considered for routine inclusion in slaughter inspection protocols...
- Phenotypic and molecular typing of tuberculous and nontuberculous Mycobacterium species from slaughtered pigs in EgyptAmr M Mohamed
Department of Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Clinical Laboratory Diagnosis, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
J Vet Diagn Invest 21:48-52. 2009..In addition, the study showed the usefulness of IGS sequence analysis as a reliable molecular tool that would be useful for further epidemiologic and public health studies...
- Nutrient removal and sludge production in the coagulation-flocculation processM I Aguilar
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Murcia, Spain
Water Res 36:2910-9. 2002..90% for the total phosphorus). Ammonia nitrogen removal is very low although appreciable performances are observed for albuminoid nitrogen (73.9-88.77%). The use of coagulant aids reduces the volume of the sludge produced up to 41.6%...
- Effectiveness of electrocoagulation process in removing organic compounds from slaughterhouse wastewater using monopolar and bipolar electrolytic cellsMélanie Asselin
Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique INRS Eau Terre et Environnement, Universite du Quebec, 490 rue de la Couronne, Quebec, QC, Canada G1K 9A9
Chemosphere 72:1727-33. 2008..Electrochemical coagulation operated under the optimal conditions involves a total cost of 0.71 USD $ per cubic meter of treated PS effluent. This cost includes energy and electrode consumptions, chemicals, and sludge disposal...
- Distribution of sulfonamide resistance genes in Escherichia coli and Salmonella isolates from swine and chickens at abattoirs in Ontario and Québec, CanadaGosia K Kozak
Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G2W1, Canada
Appl Environ Microbiol 75:5999-6001. 2009..Each sul gene was distributed differently across populations, with a significant difference between distribution in commensal E. coli and Salmonella isolates and sul3 restricted mainly to porcine E. coli isolates...
- Prevalence and serotypes of Salmonella associated with goats at two Australian abattoirsL Duffy
Food Science Australia, Tingalpa DC, Queensland, Australia
Lett Appl Microbiol 48:193-7. 2009..This study was carried out to determine the prevalence and serotype of Salmonella in goats presented for slaughter...
- Prevalence, characterization, and genotypic analysis of Escherichia coli O157:H7/NM from selected beef exporting abattoirs of ArgentinaM O Masana
Instituto Tecnología de Alimentos, Centro de Investigación de Agroindustria, Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria, INTA, CC 77, B1708WAB Morón, Pcia de Buenos Aires, Argentina
J Food Prot 73:649-56. 2010..in beef cattle at slaughter, a survey of 1,622 fecal and carcass samples was conducted in nine beef exporting abattoirs from November 2006 to April 2008...
- Comparison of the biotypes of Yersinia enterocolitica isolated from pigs, cattle and sheep at slaughter and from humans with yersiniosis in Great Britain during 1999-2000A McNally
Food and Environmental Safety, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Weybridge, UK
Lett Appl Microbiol 39:103-8. 2004....
- A cross-sectional study of risk factors associated with pulmonary lesions in pigs at slaughterTom Meyns
Department of Bacteriology, Pathology and Poultry Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
Vet J 187:388-92. 2011..001) and the frequent purchasing of pigs (P = 0.020). The findings of this study indicate that the prevalence of pleuritis and pneumonia remains high in Belgium and management factors are central to disease control...
- First-time detection of mycobacterium species from goats in EthiopiaAdem Hiko
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Epidemiology, Microbiology and Veterinary Public Health, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia
Trop Anim Health Prod 43:133-9. 2011..To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of caprine tuberculosis from Ethiopia. Further studies are required at the farm level to determine the prevalence of tuberculosis in the general goat population...
- Prevalence of MRSA types in slaughter pigs in different German abattoirsB A Tenhagen
Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, Berlin, Germany
Vet Rec 165:589-93. 2009..the prevalence of types of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in slaughter pigs in German abattoirs, nasal swabs were collected from a total of 1026 pigs in five abattoirs after stunning in the course of two ..
- The proportion of liver excised in Algerian abattoirs is not a good indicator of Fasciola hepatica infections in local cattle breedsA Mekroud
Département des Sciences Vétérinaires, Faculte des Sciences, Université de Constantine, 25000 Constantine, Algeria
J Helminthol 80:319-21. 2006..0% of 31 cattle). These results indicate that partial removal of the liver in the case of fasciolosis is unreliable, so this method does not represent a good tool to establish epidemiological data on this disease...
- The effect of slaughter operations on the contamination of chicken carcasses with thermotolerant CampylobacterHanne Rosenquist
Danish Institute for Food and Veterinary Research, Department of Microbiological Food Safety, Mørkhøj Bygade 19, 2860 Søborg, Denmark
Int J Food Microbiol 108:226-32. 2006..This finding indicates that a reduction in the Campylobacter concentration on chicken carcasses may also be obtained by interventions aimed at reducing the concentration of Campylobacter in the intestines of the living birds...
- Estimates of the prevalence of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies in sheep and goats in France in 2002E Morignat
AFSSA Lyon, 31 Avenue T Garnier, F 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France
Vet Rec 158:683-7. 2006..for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSES) in sheep and goats was implemented in France in 2002 at abattoirs and rendering plants...
- Antimicrobial resistance in pig faecal samples from the Netherlands (five abattoirs) and SwedenA E van den Bogaard
Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Maastricht, PO Box 616, NL 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
J Antimicrob Chemother 45:663-71. 2000..bacteria, Escherichia coli and enteroccoci, were determined in 1321 faecal samples collected from pigs at five abattoirs in The Netherlands and in 100 samples from Swedish pigs...
- Prevalence and level of Escherichia coli O157 on beef trimmings, carcasses and boned head meat at a beef slaughter plantE Carney
The National Food Centre, Dunsinea, Castleknock, Teagasc, Ashtown, Dublin 15, Ireland
Food Microbiol 23:52-9. 2006..70-3.0 log10 cfu g(-1). Overall, the qualitative and quantitative data obtained for E. coli O157 on beef trimming samples in this study could be employed as part of a quantitative risk assessment model...
- Transportation and lairage environment effects on prevalence, numbers, and diversity of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on hides and carcasses of beef cattle at processingTerrance M Arthur
U S Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Roman L Hruska U S Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center, Nebraska 68933 0166, USA
J Food Prot 70:280-6. 2007..More study is needed to confirm the mechanism by which additional E. coli O157:H7 strains contaminate cattle hides during transport and lairage and to design interventions to prevent this contamination...
- Detection and frequency of VT1, VT2 and eaeA genes in Escherichia coli O157 and O157:H7 strains isolated from cattle, cattle carcasses and abattoir environment in IstanbulAysun Yilmaz
Marmara Research Center, Food Science and Technology Research Institute, P O Box 21, 41470, TUBITAK, Gebze, Kocaeli, Turkey
Int J Food Microbiol 106:213-7. 2006..coli O157 and O157:H7 strains isolated from cattle, cattle carcasses and environmental samples of the 5 abattoirs located in Istanbul, Turkey. For this, the presence of VT1, VT2 and eaeA genes in 26 strains of E...
- Isolation and molecular characterization of Escherichia coli O157 isolated from cattle, pigs and chickens at slaughterA V Tutenel
Department of Veterinary Food Inspection, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium
Int J Food Microbiol 84:63-9. 2003..This paper highlights that Belgian fresh meat at retail level can be contaminated with E. coli O157 and that two different typing methods divide strains into different types...
- Isolation and characterization of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 and non-O157 from beef carcasses at a slaughter plant in MexicoJ J Varela-Hernández
Departamento de Ciencias Basicas, Centro Universitario de la Ciénega, Universidad de Guadalajara Postgrado Interinstitucional en Ciencias Pecuarias, Av Universidad 1115, Ocotlán, Jalisco, Mexico C P 47840
Int J Food Microbiol 113:237-41. 2007....
- Contamination of bovine carcasses and abattoir environment by Escherichia coli O157:H7 in IstanbulH Gun
The Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey TUBITAK, Marmara Research Center, Food Science and Technological Research Institute, P O Box 21 41470, Gebze, Kocaeli, Turkey
Int J Food Microbiol 84:339-44. 2003..Five abattoirs in Istanbul were visited between January 2000 and April 2001...
- Estimation of the relative risk of developing clinical scrapie: the role of prion protein (PrP) genotype and selection biasS C Tongue
Scrapie Epidemiology Group, Centre for Epidemiology and Risk Analysis, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
Vet Rec 158:43-50. 2006..3. The estimates derived from each dataset are comparable, but not identical. This can be explained by plausible biases inherent in the sampling of the non-case populations...
- Antibiotic resistance of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli isolated from hog, beef, and chicken carcass samples from provincially inspected abattoirs in OntarioC Larkin
Laboratory Services Division, University of Guelph, 95 Stone Road West, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1H 8J7
J Food Prot 69:22-6. 2006..isolated from hog, beef, and chicken carcasses from provincially inspected abattoirs in Ontario. The agar dilution method was performed to measure antimicrobial resistance of the isolates...
- Mycobacterium bovis identification by a molecular method from post-mortem inspected cattle obtained in abattoirs of Mato Grosso do Sul, BrazilCristina Pires de Araújo
Faculdade de Ciencias Farmaceuticas, Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho, Araraquara, SP, Brazil
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 100:749-52. 2005..Seventy-two carcass samples were selected during slaughter inspection procedures in abattoirs in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Seventeen (23...
- Identification of Salmonella spp. isolates from chicken abattoirs by multiplex-PCRA L L Cortez
Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Reprodução Animal, Faculdade de Ciencias Agrarias e Veterinarias de Jaboticabal, Universidade Estadual Paulista, CEP 14884 900, Jaboticabal, SP, Brazil
Res Vet Sci 81:340-4. 2006..Salmonella Enteritidis, and Salmonella Typhimurium in chicken abattoirs. Samples of feces; feathers; scald, evisceration, and chiller water; and rinse water of non-eviscerated, ..
- Prevalence of scrapie in sheep in Great Britain estimated from abattoir surveys during 2002 and 2003H Elliott
Neuropathology Unit, Department of Pathology, VLA Weybridge, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
Vet Rec 157:418-9. 2005
- Potential microbiological contamination of effluents in poultry and swine abattoirsL S S Barros
Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine and Animal Reproduction of FCAV UNESP Campus Jaboticabal, Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Epidemiol Infect 135:505-18. 2007Health risks in the effluents of seven swine abattoirs and of seven poultry abattoirs were evaluated with regard to environment degradation and to dissemination of pathogenic microorganisms during the rainy and dry seasons...
- Characterisation of E. coli O157 isolates from bovine hide and beef trimming in Irish abattoirs by pulsed field gel electrophoresisG Duffy
The National Food Centre, Teagasc, Ashtown, Dublin 15, Ireland
J Microbiol Methods 60:375-82. 2005..e. hides or trimmings), suggesting cross contamination from contaminated hides/animals to uncontaminated hides/animals and from contaminated beef trimmings to uncontaminated beef trimmings during abattoir operations...
- Tuberculous lesions not detected by routine abattoir inspection: the experience of the Hossana municipal abattoir, southern EthiopiaA Teklul
Addis Ababa University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia
Rev Sci Tech 23:957-64. 2004..In addition, M. bovis was isolated from a carcass that presented no gross tuberculosis lesions. The low sensitivity of routine abattoir inspection demonstrates that existing necropsy procedures should be improved...
- Mycobacterium bovis isolates from tuberculous lesions in Chadian zebu carcassesColette Diguimbaye-Djaïbe
Laboratoire de Recherches Vétérinaires et Zootechniques de Farcha, N Djamena, Chad
Emerg Infect Dis 12:769-71. 2006..Spoligotyping shows a homogenetic population structure for M. bovis and lack of spacer 30, as were found in neighboring Cameroon and Nigeria. This finding suggests transborder and ongoing transmission between cattle...
- Mycobacterium bovis in rural Tanzania: risk factors for infection in human and cattle populationsSarah Cleaveland
Wildlife and Emerging Disease Section, Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG, Scotland
Tuberculosis (Edinb) 87:30-43. 2007..024); herds housed inside at night (p=0.021) and herds in contact with wildlife (p=0.041). Furthermore, villages that experienced annual flooding had a higher prevalence of infection (p=0.043)...
- Evaluation of abattoir inspection for the diagnosis of Mycobacterium bovis infection in cattle at Addis Ababa abattoirB Asseged
Addis Ababa University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia
Trop Anim Health Prod 36:537-46. 2004..The lower sensitivity of routine abattoir inspection confirms the importance of improving necropsy procedures...
- Explaining the heterogeneous scrapie surveillance figures across Europe: a meta-regression approachVictor J del Rio Vilas
Veterinary Laboratories Agency, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey, UK
BMC Vet Res 3:13. 2007..Baseline risks, those of the slaughtered populations across Europe, and country-specific covariates, available from the European Commission Report, were inputted in the model to explain the heterogeneity...
- Review of epidemiological surveys on the prevalence of contamination of healthy cattle with Escherichia coli serogroup O157:H7S Meyer-Broseta
National Veterinary School, 94704 Maisons Alfort, France
Int J Hyg Environ Health 203:347-61. 2001..In addition, there is growing evidence of other sources of E. coli O157:H7 than live cattle in the farm environment, such as feed, water and water-troughs...
- Application of host-specific bacteriophages to the surface of chicken skin leads to a reduction in recovery of Campylobacter jejuniRobert J Atterbury
Division of Food Sciences, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE12 5RD, United Kingdom
Appl Environ Microbiol 69:6302-6. 2003..This study reports the efficacy of bacteriophage in reducing the number of recoverable Campylobacter jejuni cells on artificially contaminated chicken skin...
- Molecular characterisation of Mycobacterium bovis isolated from cattle slaughtered at the Bamako abattoir in MaliBorna Muller
Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
BMC Vet Res 4:26. 2008..Of 3330 animals screened only 60 exhibited gross visible lesions. From these animals, twenty strains of M. bovis were isolated and characterised by spoligotyping...
- Causes and implications of bovine organs/offal condemnations in some abattoirs in Western NigeriaS I B Cadmus
Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Trop Anim Health Prod 41:1455-63. 2009..This work reviews a three year record of slaughtered cattle in 12 abattoirs/slaughter slabs in western Nigeria to determine the economic and public health issues associated with their ..
- No temporal trends in the prevalence of atypical scrapie in British sheep, 2002-2006K Marie McIntyre
Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Ash Road, Pirbright, Surrey GU24 0NF, UK
BMC Vet Res 4:13. 2008..The results of these surveys provide data with which to assess temporal trends in the prevalence of atypical scrapie in sheep in Great Britain between 2002 and 2006...
- Faecal carriage of verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 in cattle and sheep at slaughter in Great BritainG A Paiba
Epidemiology Department, Veterinary Laboratories Agency, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey
Vet Rec 150:593-8. 2002..Samples of rectum containing faeces were collected from 3939 cattle and 4171 sheep at 118 abattoirs, in numbers proportional to the throughput of the premises...
- Sequence variability of Cryptosporidium parvum virulence genesJohn McEvoy; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- POSSIBLE OF ROLE OF AVIAN RETROVIRUSES IN HUMAN CANCEREric Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2002..The confirmed demonstration of ALSV pro-viral DNA in the genome of exposed tumor samples but not in that of control tumor samples, will provide definitive evidence incriminating ALSV in human carcinogenesis. ..
- AEROACOUSTICS OF VOICEFariborz Alipour; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Cancer and Non-cancer Mortality in Meat Workers (1 RO1-OH 008687-01 A1 SOH)Eric Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2008..cancer and non-cancer) for the period 1949 to 1989 in an exposed cohort of 18,426 subjects who worked in abattoirs, meatpacking plants and supermarkets where exposure to these transmissible agents occurred from handling cattle, ..