Genomes and Genes
Summary: The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Publications217 found, 100 shown here
- Volatile organic compounds contribute to airway hyperresponsivenessAn Soo Jang
Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Bucheon, Korea
Korean J Intern Med 22:8-12. 2007..Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in concentrations found in both the work and home environments may influence lung function. We investigated the prevalence of airway responsiveness in workers exposed to VOCs...
- Evaluation of the control banding method--comparison with measurement-based comprehensive risk assessmentHaruo Hashimoto
Medicine and Occupational Health, ExxonMobil Yugen Kaisha, Tokyo, Japan
J Occup Health 49:482-92. 2007..It should however be noted that the number of workplaces evaluated in this study was small...
- Cohort mortality study of workers exposed to perfluorooctanoic acidKyle Steenland
Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Am J Epidemiol 176:909-17. 2012..These results were limited by small numbers and restriction to mortality data, which are of limited relevance for several nonfatal outcomes of a priori interest...
- Retrospective cohort mortality study of workers in a polymer production plant including a reference population of regional workersRobin C Leonard
DuPont Epidemiology Program, DuPont Haskell Laboratory for Health and Environmental Sciences, Newark, DE 19714, USA
Ann Epidemiol 18:15-22. 2008..S. polymer manufacturing facility, the study objective was to investigate ischemic heart disease (IHD) mortality as well as a broad range of mortality causes for an occupational cohort at the facility...
- Association of perfluorooctanoic acid and perfluorooctane sulfonate with serum lipids among adults living near a chemical plantKyle Steenland
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Am J Epidemiol 170:1268-78. 2009..Because these data are cross-sectional, causal inference is limited. Nonetheless, the associations between these compounds and lipids raise concerns, given their common presence in the general population...
- Cancer incidence in a petrochemical industry area in SwedenGosta Axelsson
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Sci Total Environ 408:4482-7. 2010..50 (0.82-2.53). VOC levels were low. Taking estimated exposure and demographic factors into account, our assessment is that occurrence of cancer was not affected by industrial emissions in any of the studied sites...
- Mortality in New Zealand workers exposed to phenoxy herbicides and dioxinsA 't Mannetje
Centre for Public Health Research, Research School of Public Health, Massey University Wellington Campus, PO Box 756, Wellington, New Zealand
Occup Environ Med 62:34-40. 2005..To evaluate mortality in New Zealand phenoxy herbicide producers and sprayers exposed to dioxins...
- A methodology for estimating human exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA): a retrospective exposure assessment of a community (1951-2003)Dennis J Paustenbach
ChemRisk, Inc, San Francisco, California 94105, USA
J Toxicol Environ Health A 70:28-57. 2007....
- Metabolic engineering is key to a sustainable chemical industryAnnabel C Murphy
Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 1GA, UK
Nat Prod Rep 28:1406-25. 2011..As the field matures, metabolic engineering will be increasingly crucial in maintaining our quality of life into a future where our current resources and feedstocks cannot be relied upon...
- Association of Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) and Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS) with age of puberty among children living near a chemical plantMaria José Lopez-Espinosa
Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, United Kingdom
Environ Sci Technol 45:8160-6. 2011..In conclusion, our study showed a later age of puberty in this population correlated with PFC concentrations...
- Biocatalysis: applications and potentials for the chemical industryStuart M Thomas
DuPont, Central Research and Development, DuPont Experimental Station, PO Box 80328, Wilmington, DE 19880 0328, USA
Trends Biotechnol 20:238-42. 2002The chemical industry is exploring the use of renewable feed stocks to improve sustainability, prompting the exploration of bioprocesses for the production of chemicals...
- The effect of social trust on citizens’ health risk perception in the context of a petrochemical industrial complexMiguel Angel López-Navarro
Department of Business Administration and Marketing, Jaume I University, Av Vicent Sos Baynat, Castelló de la Plana 12071, Spain
Int J Environ Res Public Health 10:399-416. 2013..Analysis also revealed that trust in public institutions and health risk perception are essentially linked indirectly (through trust in companies)...
- Relationship of serum TCDD concentrations and age at exposure of female residents of Seveso, ItalyBrenda Eskenazi
School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, 2150 Shattuck Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720 7380, USA
Environ Health Perspect 112:22-7. 2004..As a consequence, previous SWHS studies that considered only TCDD exposure may have underestimated health effects due to total TEQ concentrations...
- Accident epidemiology and the U.S. chemical industry: accident history and worst-case data from RMP*InfoPaul R Kleindorfer
Risk Management and Decision Processes Center, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, USA
Risk Anal 23:865-81. 2003..Following the survey of the RMP*Info data, we discuss the rich set of policy decisions that may be informed by research based on these data...
- Mortality rates among workers exposed to dioxins in the manufacture of pentachlorophenolJames J Collins
The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Michigan 48674, USA
J Occup Environ Med 51:1212-9. 2009..We sought to determine if workers exposed to dioxins in pentachlorophenol (PCP) manufacturing were at increased risk of death from specific causes...
- Environmental justice: frequency and severity of US chemical industry accidents and the socioeconomic status of surrounding communitiesM R Elliott
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104, USA
J Epidemiol Community Health 58:24-30. 2004..This study considers the relation between the reported accidents and surrounding community characteristics...
- Mortality in chemical workers potentially exposed to 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) 1945-94: an updateC J Burns
Department of Epidemiology, The Dow Chemical Company, 1803 Building, Midland, MI 48674, USA
Occup Environ Med 58:24-30. 2001..The putative association between 2,4-D and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma has been debated for more than a decade...
- Residential exposure to petrochemicals and the risk of leukemia: using geographic information system tools to estimate individual-level residential exposureChu Ling Yu
Occupational Health Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Am J Epidemiol 164:200-7. 2006..54 (95 percent confidence interval: 1.14, 2.09). This study illustrates the utility of geographic information system tools for providing refined exposure estimates for residential exposure to petrochemical pollution...
- Relation between perfluorooctanoic acid exposure and strokes in a large cohort living near a chemical plantChris Simpson
Department of Environmental Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, United States Electronic address
Environ Res 127:22-8. 2013..Other, cross-sectional, studies have found positive associations between serum PFOA and risk factors for stroke, including cholesterol, uric acid, and hypertension...
- Bhopal: 20 years onDinesh C Sharma
Lancet 365:111-2. 2005
- Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) exposures and incident cancers among adults living near a chemical plantVaughn Barry
Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Environ Health Perspect 121:1313-8. 2013..Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is a synthetic chemical ubiquitous in the serum of U.S. residents. It causes liver, testicular, and pancreatic tumors in rats. Human studies are sparse...
- Cancer risk among tetrafluoroethylene synthesis and polymerization workersDario Consonni
Epidemiology Unit, Department of Preventive Medicine, Fondazione IRCCS Ca Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Via San Barnaba, 8, 20122 Milan, Italy
Am J Epidemiol 178:350-8. 2013..This pattern of findings narrows the range of uncertainty on potential TFE carcinogenicity but cannot conclusively confirm or refute the hypothesis that TFE is carcinogenic to humans. ..
- Exposure assessment of tetrafluoroethylene and ammonium perfluorooctanoate 1951-2002Anne Sleeuwenhoek
Institute of Occupational Medicine, Research Avenue North, Riccarton, Edinburgh, UK EH14 4AP
J Environ Monit 14:775-81. 2012..These data were used to inform an epidemiological study being carried out to investigate possible risks in workers employed in the manufacture of PTFE and to study trends in exposure over time...
- Vinyl chloride and liver and brain cancer at a polymer production plant in Louisville, KentuckyRichard Lewis
University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA
J Occup Environ Med 45:533-7. 2003..The Louisville brain cancer cluster has had a significant impact on the reported literature. Although unrelated to VC, the cause of this cluster remains uncertain...
- Bio-refinery as the bio-inspired process to bulk chemicalsJohan Sanders
Wageningen University and Research Centre, Department of Valorisation of Plant Production Chains, P O Box 17, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
Macromol Biosci 7:105-17. 2007..Therefore, it is attractive to exploit this in order to by-pass the use, and preparation of, co-reagents as well as to eliminate various process steps by utilizing suitable biomass-based precursors for the production of chemicals...
- What ails the Bhopal disaster investigations? (And is there a cure?)V Ramana Dhara
Int J Occup Environ Health 8:371-9. 2002..Lessons learned from the disaster are discussed, with recommendations for disaster preparedness, long-term monitoring, rehabilitation, and treatment of the gas victims...
- A two-scale system to identify environmental risk of chemical industry clustersLei Huang
State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China
J Hazard Mater 186:247-55. 2011..In this study, we propose a two-scale system for assessing the environmental risk level of chemical industry clusters...
- Hazardous substances events associated with the manufacturing of chemicals and allied productsDeana M Manassaram
Division of Health Studies Epidemiology and Surveillance Branch, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop E 23, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
J Hazard Mater 104:123-35. 2003....
- Serum dioxin concentrations and menstrual cycle characteristicsBrenda Eskenazi
School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
Am J Epidemiol 156:383-92. 2002..16 days, 95% CI: -0.08, 0.41). These results are consistent with effects of TCDD on ovarian function noted in some animal species and with greater sensitivity to TCDD during development...
- [Petrochemical industry and health risk perception: a research carried out by means of focus groups]Elisa Gatto
Dipartimento di Economia, Matematica, statistica W Pareto, Universita di Messina
Epidemiol Prev 33:53-8. 2009..The authors suggest that their findings are useful in order to implement communication actions aimed at targeting broader strata of the local population...
- A meta-analysis of cohort studies describing mortality and cancer incidence among chemical workers in the United States and western EuropeR S Greenberg
Medical University of South Carolina, USA
Epidemiology 12:727-40. 2001We evaluated the mortality and cancer experience of employees of the chemical industry in the United States and western Europe, as reported in the peer-reviewed literature between 1966 and 1997 (>1 million workers and >15 million person-..
- Mapping human vulnerability to chemical accidents in the vicinity of chemical industry parksFengying Li
State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
J Hazard Mater 179:500-6. 2010..vulnerability and the methodology of analyzing human vulnerability to chemical accidents in the vicinity of chemical industry parks...
- Assessment of lipid, hepatic, and thyroid parameters with serum perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) concentrations in fluorochemical production workersGeary W Olsen
Medical Department, 3M Company, Mail Stop 220 6W 08, St Paul, MN 55144, USA
Int Arch Occup Environ Health 81:231-46. 2007..The purpose of this assessment was to examine this association in male workers who manufactured or used PFOA at three facilities...
- Predictors of PFOA levels in a community surrounding a chemical plantKyle Steenland
Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
Environ Health Perspect 117:1083-8. 2009..S. Environmental Protection Agency. It does not exist in nature but has been used widely since World War II. It is present in the serum of most Americans at about 4-5 ng/mL, although the routes of exposure remain unknown...
- Case-control study on cancer risk associated to residence in the neighbourhood of a petrochemical plantS Belli
Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
Eur J Epidemiol 19:49-54. 2004..These figures were confirmed after adjusting for smoking habit, occupation and school level. Random misclassification may have somehow resulted in risk underestimation...
- Exposure to fibres, crystalline silica, silicon carbide and sulphur dioxide in the norwegian silicon carbide industryS Føreland
Department of Chemical and Biological Working Environment, National Institute of Occupational Health, PO Box 8149 Dep, N 0033 Oslo, Norway
Ann Occup Hyg 52:317-36. 2008..The aim of this study was to assess personal exposure to fibres, crystalline silica, silicon carbide (SiC) and sulphur dioxide in the Norwegian SiC industry...
- Commentary: variability in workplace exposures and the design of efficient measurement and control strategiesAlex Burdorf
Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Ann Occup Hyg 47:95-9. 2003..Many occupational hygienists across the globe have adopted these new methods as powerful tools in their exposure assessment strategies...
- Quantitative cancer risk assessment for dioxins using an occupational cohortH Becher
German Cancer Research Center, Division of Epidemiology, Heidelberg, Germany
Environ Health Perspect 106:663-70. 1998..Uncertainties regarding the dose-response function remain. These data did not indicate the existence of a threshold value; however, such a value cannot be excluded with any certainty...
- Distribution of methylmercury in an area polluted by mercury containing wastewater from an organic chemical factory in ChinaA Matsuyama
National Institute for Minamata Disease, Hama, Minamata City, Kumamoto 867 0008, Japan
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 73:846-52. 2004
- Biotechnology-a sustainable alternative for chemical industryMaria Gavrilescu
Department of Environmental Engineering and Management, Faculty of Industrial Chemistry, Technical University Iasi, 71 Mangeron Blvd, 700050 Iasi, Romania
Biotechnol Adv 23:471-99. 2005....
- Cancer incidence among triazine herbicide manufacturing workersPaul A MacLennan
Department of Epidemiology and International Health, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama
J Occup Environ Med 44:1048-58. 2002..There is no epidemiologic or other information that clearly supports a causal relation between atrazine and prostate cancer...
- Mercury distribution in farmlands downstream from an acetaldehyde producing chemical company in Qingzhen City, Guizhou, People's Republic of ChinaY Yasuda
National Institute for Minamata Disease, Hama, Minamata City, Kumamoto 867 0008, Japan
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 72:445-51. 2004
- Total mercury, methylmercury and selenium in mercury polluted areas in the province Guizhou, ChinaMilena Horvat
Department of Environmental Sciences, Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Sci Total Environ 304:231-56. 2003..ore processing in the area of Wanshan, while in the area of Quingzhen mercury pollution originates from the chemical industry discharging Hg through wastewaters and emissions to the atmosphere due to coal burning for electricity ..
- Detailed pollution map of an area highly contaminated by mercury containing wastewater from an organic chemical factory in People's Republic of ChinaA Matsuyama
National Institute for Minamata Disease, 4058 18 Hama, Minamata City, Kumamoto 867 0008, Japan
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 77:82-7. 2006
- Estimation of the cumulated exposure to polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans and standardized mortality ratio analysis of cancer mortality by dose in an occupationally exposed cohortD Flesch-Janys
Center for Chemical Workers Health and Hamburg State Department of Work, Health, and Social Affairs, Germany
Environ Health Perspect 106:655-62. 1998..7 ng/kg x years TEQ, SMR 1.64, 95% Cl 1.13, 2.29). The trend test was not significant. The results justify the use of this cohort for a quantitative risk assessment for TCDD and to a lesser extent for TEQ...
- Lung cancer mortality in a cohort of workers in a petrochemical plant: occupational or residential risk?Roberto Pasetto
Department of Environment and Primary Prevention, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
Int J Occup Environ Health 14:124-8. 2008....
- Cause-specific mortality among Michigan employees of a chemical company: 1940 to 1994Carol J Burns
Department of Epidemiology, Dow Chemical Company, 1803 Building, Midland, MI 48674, USA
J Occup Environ Med 44:168-75. 2002..This routine surveillance activity provided a generally favorable overview of the health experience of our employees and did not suggest a need for an additional focused study...
- Lung cancer among workers in chromium chemical productionH J Gibb
U S Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC 20460, USA
Am J Ind Med 38:115-26. 2000..Previous studies of measured hexavalent chromium exposure and lung cancer risk have not examined cigarette smoking as a risk factor...
- Improved use of workplace exposure data in the regulatory risk assessment of chemicals within EuropeC D Money
ExxonMobil Petroleum and Chemical, Hermeslaan, Belgium
Ann Occup Hyg 46:279-85. 2002..The implications of adopting the approach for regulatory risk assessment within the EU and its consequent impact on current occupational hygiene practice are discussed...
- Longitudinal study of serum lipids and liver enzymes in workers with occupational exposure to ammonium perfluorooctanoateCarine J Sakr
Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
J Occup Environ Med 49:872-9. 2007..To examine the relationship between serum perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), a biomarker of ammonium perfluorooctanoate exposure, and lipids and liver enzymes...
- Exposure reconstruction for the TCDD-exposed NIOSH cohort using a concentration- and age-dependent model of eliminationLesa L Aylward
Exponent, Inc, Alexandria, VA 22314, USA
Risk Anal 25:945-56. 2005....
- Update of the follow-up of mortality and cancer incidence among European workers employed in the vinyl chloride industryE Ward
Unit of Environmental Cancer Epidemiology, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
Epidemiology 12:710-8. 2001..0 per logarithmic unit of cumulative dose). No strong relation was observed between cumulative vinyl chloride exposure and other cancers. Although cirrhosis mortality was decreased overall, there was a trend with cumulative exposure...
- Potential and capabilities of hydroxynitrile lyases as biocatalysts in the chemical industryThomas Purkarthofer
Research Centre Applied Biocatalysis, Petersgasse 14, 8010 Graz, Austria
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 76:309-20. 2007..Recently, protein engineering in combination with in silico methods gave rise to the development of a tailor-made HNL for large-scale manufacturing of a specific target cyanohydrin...
- Dioxin exposure and public health in Chapaevsk, RussiaB Revich
Center for Demography and Human Ecology of Institute for Forecasting, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation
Chemosphere 43:951-66. 2001..We suggest that Chapaevsk is an incredibly interesting site for further environmental-epidemiological research to assess the impact of dioxins on human health...
- Reconstruction of benzene exposure for the Pliofilm cohort (1936-1976) using Monte Carlo techniquesPamela R D Williams
Exponent, Boulder Colorado 80301, USA
J Toxicol Environ Health A 66:677-781. 2003..These data could be combined with current or future mortality information to calculate a new cancer potency factor or occupational health standard for benzene...
- Beyond the bench: research helps clean up a water supplyTanya Tillett
Environ Health Perspect 115:A134. 2007
- Assessment of exposure to quartz, cristobalite and silicon carbide fibres (whiskers) in a silicon carbide plantChantal Dion
Institut de Recherche Robert Sauve en Sante et en Securite du Travail, 505 De Maisonneuve Blvd West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1C2
Ann Occup Hyg 49:335-43. 2005..The authors have concluded that the investigations that were performed in the last two decades in this field by researchers from different countries seem to support that SiC fibres (whiskers) constitute a major airborne health hazard...
- US chemical companies leave their mark on EU lawSamuel Loewenberg
Lancet 367:556-7. 2006
- Company-level, semi-quantitative assessment of occupational styrene exposure when individual data are not availableHenrik A Kolstad
Aarhus University Hospital, Department of Occupational Medicine, Aarhus, Denmark
Ann Occup Hyg 49:155-65. 2005..Styrene exposure scores declined about 10-fold from the 1960s-1990s. This exposure assessment approach may be justified in other industries, and especially in industries dominated by small companies with simple exposure conditions...
- [The power of numbers]Valerio Gennaro
Epidemiol Prev 29:133-4. 2005
- Require comprehensive safety data for all chemicalsJoseph H Guth
Science and Environmental Health Network, 1050 Neilson St Albany, CA 94706, USA
New Solut 17:233-58. 2007..Therefore, this Reform calls for manufacturers of chemicals to be required to provide health and safety information as a condition for placing and keeping a chemical on the market...
- Characterization of dioxin exposure in residents of Chapaevsk, RussiaArslan Akhmedkhanov
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, NBV 9E2, New York, New York 10016, USA
J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 12:409-17. 2002..Chronic exposures of such magnitude may have appreciable adverse effects on public health...
- Assessing the reliability and credibility of industry science and scientistsCraig S Barrow
Dow Chemical Company, Washington, DC, USA
Environ Health Perspect 114:153-5. 2006The chemical industry extensively researches and tests its products to implement product stewardship commitments and to ensure compliance with governmental requirements...
- A database of exposures in the rubber manufacturing industry: design and quality controlFrank de Vocht
Environmental and Occupational Health Division, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Ann Occup Hyg 49:691-701. 2005....
- Cancer incidence in Danish phenoxy herbicide workers, 1947-1993E Lynge
Danish Cancer Society, København O, Denmark
Environ Health Perspect 106:683-8. 1998..The study does not indicate a risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma after exposure to these phenoxy herbicides or a risk of other cancer diseases...
- Vinyl chloride: a case study of data suppression and misrepresentationJennifer Beth Sass
Natural Resources Defense Council, Washington, DC 20005, USA
Environ Health Perspect 113:809-12. 2005..S. EPA review of VC toxicology, which was drafted with substantial input from the chemical industry, weakened safeguards on both points...
- [Mortality in the cohort of workers of the petrochemical plant in Gela (Sicily) 1960-2002]Roberto Pasetto
Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Dipartimento di Ambiente e Connessa Prevenzione Primaria, Reparto di epidemiologia ambientale, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Roma
Epidemiol Prev 31:39-45. 2007..To study mortality of male workers employed in the petrochemical plant located in Gela, Sicily, Italy...
- Airborne fibres in the norwegian silicon carbide industryA Skogstad
Department of Occupational Hygiene, National Institute of Occupational Health, Oslo, Norway
Ann Occup Hyg 50:231-40. 2006..Two other fibre categories were correlated with type of SiC produced (i.e. black or green SiC) and sawdust added to the raw material mix...
- Sperm-FISH analysis and human monitoring: a study on workers occupationally exposed to styreneAlessio Naccarati
Dipartimento di Scienze dell Uomo e dell Ambiente, University of Pisa, Via S Giuseppe 22, 56126 Pisa, Italy
Mutat Res 537:131-40. 2003..Overall, confounding factors appeared to exert a more important effect than exposure to styrene on numerical chromosome alterations in sperm nuclei of subjects selected for normal semen parameters...
- Early effects of low benzene exposure on blood cell counts in Bulgarian petrochemical workersAngela Cecilia Pesatori
Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Clinica del Lavoro L Devoto, University of Milan, Italy
Med Lav 100:83-90. 2009..01-23.9 ppm) and 50 unexposed subjects...
- Platform biochemicals for a biorenewable chemical industryBasil J Nikolau
Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
Plant J 54:536-45. 2008The chemical industry is currently reliant on a historically inexpensive, petroleum-based carbon feedstock that generates a small collection of platform chemicals from which highly efficient chemical conversions lead to the manufacture ..
- REACHing for chemical safetyValerie J Brown
Environ Health Perspect 111:A766-9. 2003
- The use of enzymes in the chemical industry in EuropeAndreas Schmid
Institute of Biotechnology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Hoenggerberg, CH 8093, Zurich, Switzerland
Curr Opin Biotechnol 13:359-66. 2002..bioprocesses, a partial survey of exploratory activities points to future applications of enzymes in the European chemical industry, which will bring new products and technologies and, in some cases, replace traditional syntheses.
- [Development of an epidemiological study in a polluted site: the unexpected contribution of sociological and medico-legal approaches]Roberto Pasetto
Dipartimento di Ambiente e Connessa Prevenzione Primaria, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Roma
Epidemiol Prev 32:325-8. 2008..Indications for further research, operative decisions, public communication, should result from the collected indices as a whole...
- Mortality in a population exposed to dioxin after the Seveso, Italy, accident in 1976: 25 years of follow-upDario Consonni
Unit of Epidemiology, Department of Preventive Medicine, Fondazione IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena, Milan, Italy
Am J Epidemiol 167:847-58. 2008..A toxic and carcinogenic risk to humans after high TCDD exposure is supported by the results of this study...
- No association between residential exposure to petrochemicals and brain tumor riskChu Ling Yu
Occupational Health Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:3007-9. 2005
- [Reanalysis of mortality in a petrochemical plant producing vinyl chloride and polyvinyl chloride]Valerio Gennaro
Servizio di Epidemiologia Ambientale e Biostatistica, Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, Largo R Benzi 10, 16132 Genova
Epidemiol Prev 27:221-5. 2003..To study cancer mortality among main subgroups of workers employed in VC/PVC production potentially exposed to toxics and carcinogens...
- The Bhopal disaster: prevention should have priority nowChris Carlsten
Int J Occup Environ Health 9:93-4. 2003
- Dose-response and risk assessment of airborne hexavalent chromium and lung cancer mortalityCasey Crump
Environ, Ruston, Louisiana, USA
Risk Anal 23:1147-63. 2003..These cancer potency estimates are comparable to those developed by U.S. regulatory agencies and should be useful for assessing the potential cancer hazard associated with inhaled Cr(VI)...
- The spectrum of allergic disease in the chemical industryDonald B Kirchner
The Procter and Gamble Company, 5299 Spring Grove Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45217, USA
Int Arch Occup Environ Health 75:S107-12. 2002To describe the types of allergic responses which can be seen among employees working in the chemical industry.
- Lessons learned? Chemical plant safety since BhopalErnie Hood
Environ Health Perspect 112:A352-9. 2004
- A survey on exposure level, health status, and biomarkers in workers exposed to 1-bromopropaneGaku Ichihara
Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan
Am J Ind Med 45:63-75. 2004..The aim of this study was to evaluate the health effects of exposure mainly to 1-bromopropane, which is an alternative to ozone-depleting solvents, and to establish biomarkers for assessing 1-bromopropane exposure...
- Victims of gas leak in Bhopal seek redress on compensationSanjay Kumar
BMJ 329:366. 2004
- Biological monitoring of workers exposed to 4,4'-methylene-bis-(2-orthochloroaniline) (MOCA). I. A new and easy determination of "free" and "total" MOCA in urineA Robert
Institut National de Recherche et de Securite, Vandoeuvre, France
Int Arch Occup Environ Health 72:223-8. 1999..The objective of the study was to validate a new and simple method to determine MOCA in the urine of exposed workers...
- Study on failures to disclose conflicts of interest in Environmental Health PerspectivesMerrill Goozner
Environ Health Perspect 112:A794-5; author replies A795-7. 2004
- Health and safety practices in the nanomaterials workplace: results from an international surveyJoseph A Conti
Center for Nanotechnology in Society, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 2150, USA
Environ Sci Technol 42:3155-62. 2008..However, improved risk communication is needed to further the implementation of related programs. Organizations that are wholly inattentive to EHS would likely engage in nanospecific EHS upon implementing a staffed, general EHS program...
- Occupational exposures associated with petroleum-derived products containing trace levels of benzenePamela R D Williams
ChemRisk, Boulder, Colorado 80301, USA
J Occup Environ Hyg 5:565-74. 2008....
- A case control study of lung cancer and exposure to chrysotile and amphibole at a slovenian asbestos-cement plantM Dodic Fikfak
Clinical Institute of Occupational Medicine, University Medical Centre, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Ann Occup Hyg 51:261-8. 2007..There are only a few asbestos-lung cancer studies with high-quality exposure data and exposures in this low range. Though imprecise, the findings are important to the ongoing debate about asbestos risks...
- [Petroleum substances--human health hazards. I. Classification of petroleum substances on the list of dangerous substances and assessment of existing hazards]Katarzyna Konieczko
Z Zakladu Informacji Naukowej, Instytut Medycyny Pracy im prof dra med J Nofera w Lodzi
Med Pr 57:381-7. 2006..In Part. II., individual groups of petroleum substances are discussed with respect to health hazards, resulting from both physicochemical properties and toxicity, and their classification based on this analysis is suggested...
- Mortality of UK oil refinery and petroleum distribution workers, 1951-2003Tom Sorahan
Institute of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
Occup Med (Lond) 57:177-85. 2007..The health of UK petroleum industry workers has been monitored for many years...
- [Occupational risk factors for lung cancer--a case-control study, Lódź industrial center]Beata Swiatkowska
Zakład Epidemiologii Srodowiskowej, Instytut Medycyny Pracy im prof J Nofera, Lodz
Med Pr 59:25-34. 2008..The objective of this work was to investigate the association between occupational exposure and lung cancer risk based on a case-control study...
- Circulating lipopolysaccharides in the blood from "bioprotein" production workersL I B Sikkeland
Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, 0027 Oslo, Norway
Occup Environ Med 65:211-4. 2008..The aim of the present study was to quantify LPS and inflammatory mediators in plasma among the workers and non-exposed control subjects...
- Bladder cancer in perfluorooctanesulfonyl fluoride manufacturing workersBruce H Alexander
Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, USA
Ann Epidemiol 17:471-8. 2007..To determine whether bladder cancer is associated with exposure to perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) in an occupational cohort...
- Exposure scenarios for workersHans Marquart
TNO Quality of Life, Department of Food and Chemical Risk Analysis, Zeist, The Netherlands
J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 17:S16-25. 2007..The development of standard worker exposure descriptions or full Exposure Scenarios by downstream user branches in cooperation with manufacturers and importers is recommended...
- Give the public and workers the full right to know and participatePaul Orum
P O Box 15465 Washington, DC 20003, USA
New Solut 17:209-18. 2007..Closely linked with our right to know is our essential right to participate in decisions about environmental hazards that affect our lives...
- Take immediate action to protect communities and workersRoberta Chase Wilding
190 Rhinebeck Rd Cobleskill, NY 12043, USA
New Solut 17:259-71. 2007..Immediate action is needed to protect communities and workers at risk from chemical exposures that can compromise their health...
- ["Get it while you can!" attitude: late industrialization and implications for work, environment, and health in Ceará State, Brazil]Raquel Maria Rigotto
Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceara
Cad Saude Publica 23:S599-611. 2007....
- Evaluation of long-term occupational exposure to styrene vapor on olfactory functionPamela Dalton
Monell Chemical Senses Center, 3500 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 3308, USA
Chem Senses 32:739-47. 2007..When taken together with prior studies of styrene-exposed workers, these results suggest that styrene is not a significant olfactory toxicant in humans at current exposure levels...
- Organic solvent exposure and hearing loss in a cohort of aluminium workersP M Rabinowitz
Yale Occupational and Environmental Medicine Program, Yale University School of Medicine, 135 College Street, 3rd Floor, New Haven, CT 06510, USA
Occup Environ Med 65:230-5. 2008..The authors performed a retrospective cohort study to examine the relationship between solvent exposure and hearing loss in US aluminium industry workers...
- History and evolution of control banding: a reviewDavid M Zalk
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551, USA
J Occup Environ Hyg 5:330-46. 2008....
- Audiometric findings in petrochemical workers exposed to noise and chemical agentsM C De Barba
Department of Audiology, Universidade Tuiuti do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil
Noise Health 7:7-11. 2005..Despite the low exposures to solvents and a moderate exposure to noise, 45.3% of workers had hearing losses and 29.6% had STS...
- COMMUNITY BASED STUDY ON OCCUPATIONAL ASTHMA, ECRHS-OAManolis Kogevinas; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- UIC and Chicago State MS/PHD Bridge to FutureNurtan Esmen; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Repiratory Health and Community Asbestos ExposureBruce Alexander; Fiscal Year: 2007..Analyses will consider cumulative exposure and short, intense periods of exposure, with specific reference to exposure in childhood. ..
- Implications of Genomics Research on Racial DefinitionSeymour Garte; Fiscal Year: 2003..A new paradigm of gene-specific variation will be developed for a biomedically useful method of division of the human population into groups based on criteria different from current definitions of race. ..
- Feasibility and Effects of Preventive Home VisitsMalcolm Cutchin; Fiscal Year: 2008..The intervention could be made widely available, and it could prevent greater costs associated with acute and long-term care of the rapidly growing older adult population. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Health Concordance in Older Mexican American CouplesMARY PEEK; Fiscal Year: 2005..Structural equation modeling will be used for model estimation on three waves of data (1993-94 -1998/9.) ..
- Occupational risk factors for NHL and NHL subtypes: an InterLymph-based analysisANDREA MANNETJE; Fiscal Year: 2008..This large study conducted by an international team of expert collaborators will provide sufficient study power to reach the outlined aims and contribute to the knowledge of the etiology of NHL. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Age, Lead, Exposure, and Neurobehavioral DeclineBrian Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Maternal Phthalate Exposure and Infertility, Fetal LossRuss Hauser; Fiscal Year: 2007..Since occupational and environmental exposure to phthalates is widespread, detecting even small adverse effects will have large public health significance. ..
- MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF HEXACARBON-INDUCED AXON ATROPHYRICHARD LOPACHIN; Fiscal Year: 2009..Understanding the role and mechanism of axon atrophy in solvent neurotoxicity has broad-based implications for human occupational health and risk assessment. ..
- PBDEs, DDT and Neurodevelopment in School-Aged Mexican-American ChildrenBrenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Use of Health and Social Services Following Work InjuryHarry Shannon; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Evaluation of Exposure Measurement ErrorElaine Symanski; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- MECHANISM(S) OF CHEMICAL LEUKEMOGENESISRichard Irons; Fiscal Year: 2002..A. in specific sub-populations of CD34+ human BM cells. Finally, patterns of gene expression will be correlated with genotype, phenotype and functional clonogenic response in BM cells obtained from patients with MDS or evolving sAML. ..
- Endocrine Disruptors and Neurodevelopmental OutcomesBrenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2004..This study will provide the first data on exposure and health effects of ED pesticides in a highly exposed population, complete the exposure profile of CHAMACOS children, and target interventions to reduce child exposures. ..
- Biomarkers of Ovarian Cancer Risk: A Prospective StudyAlan Arslan; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Prevention of Cancer by Coriolus versicolor MushroomBela Toth; Fiscal Year: 2004..3: Study the preventative and therapeutic activity of PSK and VPS activity in an Apc transgenic model of intestinal polyp and adenoma formation and its association with immune augmentation. ..
- Serum Vitamin D, Genetic Polymorphisms & Ovarian CancerAlan Arslan; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Maternal Pesticide Exposure and Pregnancy OutcomesRuss Hauser; Fiscal Year: 2009..Since the etiology of infertility and early pregnancy loss remains largely unexplained, the identification of potential environmental risk factors will have large public health significance. ..
- LINKING OCCUPATIONAL INJURY AND ILLNESS DATA BASESKenneth Rosenman; Fiscal Year: 2002..We have assembled an interdisciplinary team consisting of an occupational health physician, epidemiologists, a biostatistician and a computer programmer. We have arranged access to all nine data systems. ..
- Genetic damage in the sperm and blood of workers exposed to benzeneBrenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2008..Lastly, this study is one of the first to investigate the relative sensitivities of sperm and blood cells to chromosomal defects induced by benzene. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Pregnancy Hormonal Profile/Biomarker Breast Cancer RiskAlan Arslan; Fiscal Year: 2004..Moreover, specific hormone(s) or its analogues responsible for protective effect of pregnancy against breast cancer could be used for development of novel strategies for primary chemoprevention of breast cancer. ..
- GSH: Protecting Ovarian Follicles from Oxidant InjuryUlrike Luderer; Fiscal Year: 2006..Finally, the research plan and career development activities outlined in this proposal will enable Dr. Luderer to successfully make the transition from mentored researcher to independent scientist-clinician. ..
- Reducing pesticide exposures to farmworker children.Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Noise, Solvents, and Hearing LossPeter Rabinowitz; Fiscal Year: 2004..A nested case control study will match cases of hearing loss identified in the cohort with controls by age at hire, year of hire, sex, and gender, to further explore these relationships. ..