chemical industry

Summary

Summary: The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)

Top Publications

  1. pmc Volatile organic compounds contribute to airway hyperresponsiveness
    An Soo Jang
    Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Bucheon, Korea
    Korean J Intern Med 22:8-12. 2007
  2. ncbi Evaluation of the control banding method--comparison with measurement-based comprehensive risk assessment
    Haruo Hashimoto
    Medicine and Occupational Health, ExxonMobil Yugen Kaisha, Tokyo, Japan
    J Occup Health 49:482-92. 2007
  3. ncbi Cohort mortality study of workers exposed to perfluorooctanoic acid
    Kyle Steenland
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 176:909-17. 2012
  4. ncbi Retrospective cohort mortality study of workers in a polymer production plant including a reference population of regional workers
    Robin C Leonard
    DuPont Epidemiology Program, DuPont Haskell Laboratory for Health and Environmental Sciences, Newark, DE 19714, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 18:15-22. 2008
  5. ncbi Association of perfluorooctanoic acid and perfluorooctane sulfonate with serum lipids among adults living near a chemical plant
    Kyle Steenland
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 170:1268-78. 2009
  6. ncbi Cancer incidence in a petrochemical industry area in Sweden
    Gosta Axelsson
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
    Sci Total Environ 408:4482-7. 2010
  7. pmc Mortality in New Zealand workers exposed to phenoxy herbicides and dioxins
    A 't Mannetje
    Centre for Public Health Research, Research School of Public Health, Massey University Wellington Campus, PO Box 756, Wellington, New Zealand
    Occup Environ Med 62:34-40. 2005
  8. ncbi A methodology for estimating human exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA): a retrospective exposure assessment of a community (1951-2003)
    Dennis J Paustenbach
    ChemRisk, Inc, San Francisco, California 94105, USA
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 70:28-57. 2007
  9. ncbi Metabolic engineering is key to a sustainable chemical industry
    Annabel C Murphy
    Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 1GA, UK
    Nat Prod Rep 28:1406-25. 2011
  10. ncbi Association of Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) and Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS) with age of puberty among children living near a chemical plant
    Maria José Lopez-Espinosa
    Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, United Kingdom
    Environ Sci Technol 45:8160-6. 2011

Detail Information

Publications217 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Volatile organic compounds contribute to airway hyperresponsiveness
    An Soo Jang
    Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Bucheon, Korea
    Korean J Intern Med 22:8-12. 2007
    ..Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in concentrations found in both the work and home environments may influence lung function. We investigated the prevalence of airway responsiveness in workers exposed to VOCs...
  2. ncbi Evaluation of the control banding method--comparison with measurement-based comprehensive risk assessment
    Haruo Hashimoto
    Medicine and Occupational Health, ExxonMobil Yugen Kaisha, Tokyo, Japan
    J Occup Health 49:482-92. 2007
    ..It should however be noted that the number of workplaces evaluated in this study was small...
  3. ncbi Cohort mortality study of workers exposed to perfluorooctanoic acid
    Kyle Steenland
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 176:909-17. 2012
    ..These results were limited by small numbers and restriction to mortality data, which are of limited relevance for several nonfatal outcomes of a priori interest...
  4. ncbi Retrospective cohort mortality study of workers in a polymer production plant including a reference population of regional workers
    Robin C Leonard
    DuPont Epidemiology Program, DuPont Haskell Laboratory for Health and Environmental Sciences, Newark, DE 19714, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 18:15-22. 2008
    ..S. polymer manufacturing facility, the study objective was to investigate ischemic heart disease (IHD) mortality as well as a broad range of mortality causes for an occupational cohort at the facility...
  5. ncbi Association of perfluorooctanoic acid and perfluorooctane sulfonate with serum lipids among adults living near a chemical plant
    Kyle Steenland
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 170:1268-78. 2009
    ..Because these data are cross-sectional, causal inference is limited. Nonetheless, the associations between these compounds and lipids raise concerns, given their common presence in the general population...
  6. ncbi Cancer incidence in a petrochemical industry area in Sweden
    Gosta Axelsson
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
    Sci Total Environ 408:4482-7. 2010
    ..50 (0.82-2.53). VOC levels were low. Taking estimated exposure and demographic factors into account, our assessment is that occurrence of cancer was not affected by industrial emissions in any of the studied sites...
  7. pmc Mortality in New Zealand workers exposed to phenoxy herbicides and dioxins
    A 't Mannetje
    Centre for Public Health Research, Research School of Public Health, Massey University Wellington Campus, PO Box 756, Wellington, New Zealand
    Occup Environ Med 62:34-40. 2005
    ..To evaluate mortality in New Zealand phenoxy herbicide producers and sprayers exposed to dioxins...
  8. ncbi A methodology for estimating human exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA): a retrospective exposure assessment of a community (1951-2003)
    Dennis J Paustenbach
    ChemRisk, Inc, San Francisco, California 94105, USA
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 70:28-57. 2007
    ....
  9. ncbi Metabolic engineering is key to a sustainable chemical industry
    Annabel C Murphy
    Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 1GA, UK
    Nat Prod Rep 28:1406-25. 2011
    ..As the field matures, metabolic engineering will be increasingly crucial in maintaining our quality of life into a future where our current resources and feedstocks cannot be relied upon...
  10. ncbi Association of Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) and Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS) with age of puberty among children living near a chemical plant
    Maria José Lopez-Espinosa
    Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, United Kingdom
    Environ Sci Technol 45:8160-6. 2011
    ..In conclusion, our study showed a later age of puberty in this population correlated with PFC concentrations...
  11. ncbi Biocatalysis: applications and potentials for the chemical industry
    Stuart M Thomas
    DuPont, Central Research and Development, DuPont Experimental Station, PO Box 80328, Wilmington, DE 19880 0328, USA
    Trends Biotechnol 20:238-42. 2002
    The chemical industry is exploring the use of renewable feed stocks to improve sustainability, prompting the exploration of bioprocesses for the production of chemicals...
  12. pmc The effect of social trust on citizens’ health risk perception in the context of a petrochemical industrial complex
    Miguel Angel López-Navarro
    Department of Business Administration and Marketing, Jaume I University, Av Vicent Sos Baynat, Castelló de la Plana 12071, Spain
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 10:399-416. 2013
    ..Analysis also revealed that trust in public institutions and health risk perception are essentially linked indirectly (through trust in companies)...
  13. pmc Relationship of serum TCDD concentrations and age at exposure of female residents of Seveso, Italy
    Brenda Eskenazi
    School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, 2150 Shattuck Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720 7380, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:22-7. 2004
    ..As a consequence, previous SWHS studies that considered only TCDD exposure may have underestimated health effects due to total TEQ concentrations...
  14. ncbi Accident epidemiology and the U.S. chemical industry: accident history and worst-case data from RMP*Info
    Paul R Kleindorfer
    Risk Management and Decision Processes Center, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, USA
    Risk Anal 23:865-81. 2003
    ..Following the survey of the RMP*Info data, we discuss the rich set of policy decisions that may be informed by research based on these data...
  15. ncbi Mortality rates among workers exposed to dioxins in the manufacture of pentachlorophenol
    James J Collins
    The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Michigan 48674, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 51:1212-9. 2009
    ..We sought to determine if workers exposed to dioxins in pentachlorophenol (PCP) manufacturing were at increased risk of death from specific causes...
  16. pmc Environmental justice: frequency and severity of US chemical industry accidents and the socioeconomic status of surrounding communities
    M R Elliott
    Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:24-30. 2004
    ..This study considers the relation between the reported accidents and surrounding community characteristics...
  17. pmc Mortality in chemical workers potentially exposed to 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) 1945-94: an update
    C J Burns
    Department of Epidemiology, The Dow Chemical Company, 1803 Building, Midland, MI 48674, USA
    Occup Environ Med 58:24-30. 2001
    ..The putative association between 2,4-D and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma has been debated for more than a decade...
  18. ncbi Residential exposure to petrochemicals and the risk of leukemia: using geographic information system tools to estimate individual-level residential exposure
    Chu Ling Yu
    Occupational Health Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 164:200-7. 2006
    ..54 (95 percent confidence interval: 1.14, 2.09). This study illustrates the utility of geographic information system tools for providing refined exposure estimates for residential exposure to petrochemical pollution...
  19. ncbi Relation between perfluorooctanoic acid exposure and strokes in a large cohort living near a chemical plant
    Chris Simpson
    Department of Environmental Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, United States Electronic address
    Environ Res 127:22-8. 2013
    ..Other, cross-sectional, studies have found positive associations between serum PFOA and risk factors for stroke, including cholesterol, uric acid, and hypertension...
  20. ncbi Bhopal: 20 years on
    Dinesh C Sharma
    Lancet 365:111-2. 2005
  21. pmc Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) exposures and incident cancers among adults living near a chemical plant
    Vaughn Barry
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 121:1313-8. 2013
    ..Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is a synthetic chemical ubiquitous in the serum of U.S. residents. It causes liver, testicular, and pancreatic tumors in rats. Human studies are sparse...
  22. ncbi Cancer risk among tetrafluoroethylene synthesis and polymerization workers
    Dario Consonni
    Epidemiology Unit, Department of Preventive Medicine, Fondazione IRCCS Ca Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Via San Barnaba, 8, 20122 Milan, Italy
    Am J Epidemiol 178:350-8. 2013
    ..This pattern of findings narrows the range of uncertainty on potential TFE carcinogenicity but cannot conclusively confirm or refute the hypothesis that TFE is carcinogenic to humans. ..
  23. ncbi Exposure assessment of tetrafluoroethylene and ammonium perfluorooctanoate 1951-2002
    Anne Sleeuwenhoek
    Institute of Occupational Medicine, Research Avenue North, Riccarton, Edinburgh, UK EH14 4AP
    J Environ Monit 14:775-81. 2012
    ..These data were used to inform an epidemiological study being carried out to investigate possible risks in workers employed in the manufacture of PTFE and to study trends in exposure over time...
  24. ncbi Vinyl chloride and liver and brain cancer at a polymer production plant in Louisville, Kentucky
    Richard Lewis
    University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 45:533-7. 2003
    ..The Louisville brain cancer cluster has had a significant impact on the reported literature. Although unrelated to VC, the cause of this cluster remains uncertain...
  25. ncbi Bio-refinery as the bio-inspired process to bulk chemicals
    Johan Sanders
    Wageningen University and Research Centre, Department of Valorisation of Plant Production Chains, P O Box 17, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Macromol Biosci 7:105-17. 2007
    ..Therefore, it is attractive to exploit this in order to by-pass the use, and preparation of, co-reagents as well as to eliminate various process steps by utilizing suitable biomass-based precursors for the production of chemicals...
  26. ncbi What ails the Bhopal disaster investigations? (And is there a cure?)
    V Ramana Dhara
    Int J Occup Environ Health 8:371-9. 2002
    ..Lessons learned from the disaster are discussed, with recommendations for disaster preparedness, long-term monitoring, rehabilitation, and treatment of the gas victims...
  27. ncbi A two-scale system to identify environmental risk of chemical industry clusters
    Lei Huang
    State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China
    J Hazard Mater 186:247-55. 2011
    ..In this study, we propose a two-scale system for assessing the environmental risk level of chemical industry clusters...
  28. ncbi Hazardous substances events associated with the manufacturing of chemicals and allied products
    Deana M Manassaram
    Division of Health Studies Epidemiology and Surveillance Branch, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop E 23, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Hazard Mater 104:123-35. 2003
    ....
  29. ncbi Serum dioxin concentrations and menstrual cycle characteristics
    Brenda Eskenazi
    School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 156:383-92. 2002
    ..16 days, 95% CI: -0.08, 0.41). These results are consistent with effects of TCDD on ovarian function noted in some animal species and with greater sensitivity to TCDD during development...
  30. ncbi [Petrochemical industry and health risk perception: a research carried out by means of focus groups]
    Elisa Gatto
    Dipartimento di Economia, Matematica, statistica W Pareto, Universita di Messina
    Epidemiol Prev 33:53-8. 2009
    ..The authors suggest that their findings are useful in order to implement communication actions aimed at targeting broader strata of the local population...
  31. ncbi A meta-analysis of cohort studies describing mortality and cancer incidence among chemical workers in the United States and western Europe
    R S Greenberg
    Medical University of South Carolina, USA
    Epidemiology 12:727-40. 2001
    We evaluated the mortality and cancer experience of employees of the chemical industry in the United States and western Europe, as reported in the peer-reviewed literature between 1966 and 1997 (>1 million workers and >15 million person-..
  32. ncbi Mapping human vulnerability to chemical accidents in the vicinity of chemical industry parks
    Fengying Li
    State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    J Hazard Mater 179:500-6. 2010
    ..vulnerability and the methodology of analyzing human vulnerability to chemical accidents in the vicinity of chemical industry parks...
  33. ncbi Assessment of lipid, hepatic, and thyroid parameters with serum perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) concentrations in fluorochemical production workers
    Geary W Olsen
    Medical Department, 3M Company, Mail Stop 220 6W 08, St Paul, MN 55144, USA
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 81:231-46. 2007
    ..The purpose of this assessment was to examine this association in male workers who manufactured or used PFOA at three facilities...
  34. pmc Predictors of PFOA levels in a community surrounding a chemical plant
    Kyle Steenland
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1083-8. 2009
    ..S. Environmental Protection Agency. It does not exist in nature but has been used widely since World War II. It is present in the serum of most Americans at about 4-5 ng/mL, although the routes of exposure remain unknown...
  35. ncbi Case-control study on cancer risk associated to residence in the neighbourhood of a petrochemical plant
    S Belli
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Eur J Epidemiol 19:49-54. 2004
    ..These figures were confirmed after adjusting for smoking habit, occupation and school level. Random misclassification may have somehow resulted in risk underestimation...
  36. pmc Exposure to fibres, crystalline silica, silicon carbide and sulphur dioxide in the norwegian silicon carbide industry
    S Føreland
    Department of Chemical and Biological Working Environment, National Institute of Occupational Health, PO Box 8149 Dep, N 0033 Oslo, Norway
    Ann Occup Hyg 52:317-36. 2008
    ..The aim of this study was to assess personal exposure to fibres, crystalline silica, silicon carbide (SiC) and sulphur dioxide in the Norwegian SiC industry...
  37. ncbi Commentary: variability in workplace exposures and the design of efficient measurement and control strategies
    Alex Burdorf
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Ann Occup Hyg 47:95-9. 2003
    ..Many occupational hygienists across the globe have adopted these new methods as powerful tools in their exposure assessment strategies...
  38. pmc Quantitative cancer risk assessment for dioxins using an occupational cohort
    H Becher
    German Cancer Research Center, Division of Epidemiology, Heidelberg, Germany
    Environ Health Perspect 106:663-70. 1998
    ..Uncertainties regarding the dose-response function remain. These data did not indicate the existence of a threshold value; however, such a value cannot be excluded with any certainty...
  39. ncbi Distribution of methylmercury in an area polluted by mercury containing wastewater from an organic chemical factory in China
    A Matsuyama
    National Institute for Minamata Disease, Hama, Minamata City, Kumamoto 867 0008, Japan
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 73:846-52. 2004
  40. ncbi Biotechnology-a sustainable alternative for chemical industry
    Maria Gavrilescu
    Department of Environmental Engineering and Management, Faculty of Industrial Chemistry, Technical University Iasi, 71 Mangeron Blvd, 700050 Iasi, Romania
    Biotechnol Adv 23:471-99. 2005
    ....
  41. ncbi Cancer incidence among triazine herbicide manufacturing workers
    Paul A MacLennan
    Department of Epidemiology and International Health, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama
    J Occup Environ Med 44:1048-58. 2002
    ..There is no epidemiologic or other information that clearly supports a causal relation between atrazine and prostate cancer...
  42. ncbi Mercury distribution in farmlands downstream from an acetaldehyde producing chemical company in Qingzhen City, Guizhou, People's Republic of China
    Y Yasuda
    National Institute for Minamata Disease, Hama, Minamata City, Kumamoto 867 0008, Japan
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 72:445-51. 2004
  43. ncbi Total mercury, methylmercury and selenium in mercury polluted areas in the province Guizhou, China
    Milena Horvat
    Department of Environmental Sciences, Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Sci Total Environ 304:231-56. 2003
    ..ore processing in the area of Wanshan, while in the area of Quingzhen mercury pollution originates from the chemical industry discharging Hg through wastewaters and emissions to the atmosphere due to coal burning for electricity ..
  44. ncbi Detailed pollution map of an area highly contaminated by mercury containing wastewater from an organic chemical factory in People's Republic of China
    A Matsuyama
    National Institute for Minamata Disease, 4058 18 Hama, Minamata City, Kumamoto 867 0008, Japan
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 77:82-7. 2006
  45. pmc Estimation of the cumulated exposure to polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans and standardized mortality ratio analysis of cancer mortality by dose in an occupationally exposed cohort
    D Flesch-Janys
    Center for Chemical Workers Health and Hamburg State Department of Work, Health, and Social Affairs, Germany
    Environ Health Perspect 106:655-62. 1998
    ..7 ng/kg x years TEQ, SMR 1.64, 95% Cl 1.13, 2.29). The trend test was not significant. The results justify the use of this cohort for a quantitative risk assessment for TCDD and to a lesser extent for TEQ...
  46. ncbi Lung cancer mortality in a cohort of workers in a petrochemical plant: occupational or residential risk?
    Roberto Pasetto
    Department of Environment and Primary Prevention, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome, Italy
    Int J Occup Environ Health 14:124-8. 2008
    ....
  47. ncbi Cause-specific mortality among Michigan employees of a chemical company: 1940 to 1994
    Carol J Burns
    Department of Epidemiology, Dow Chemical Company, 1803 Building, Midland, MI 48674, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 44:168-75. 2002
    ..This routine surveillance activity provided a generally favorable overview of the health experience of our employees and did not suggest a need for an additional focused study...
  48. ncbi Lung cancer among workers in chromium chemical production
    H J Gibb
    U S Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC 20460, USA
    Am J Ind Med 38:115-26. 2000
    ..Previous studies of measured hexavalent chromium exposure and lung cancer risk have not examined cigarette smoking as a risk factor...
  49. ncbi Improved use of workplace exposure data in the regulatory risk assessment of chemicals within Europe
    C D Money
    ExxonMobil Petroleum and Chemical, Hermeslaan, Belgium
    Ann Occup Hyg 46:279-85. 2002
    ..The implications of adopting the approach for regulatory risk assessment within the EU and its consequent impact on current occupational hygiene practice are discussed...
  50. ncbi Longitudinal study of serum lipids and liver enzymes in workers with occupational exposure to ammonium perfluorooctanoate
    Carine J Sakr
    Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 49:872-9. 2007
    ..To examine the relationship between serum perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), a biomarker of ammonium perfluorooctanoate exposure, and lipids and liver enzymes...
  51. ncbi Exposure reconstruction for the TCDD-exposed NIOSH cohort using a concentration- and age-dependent model of elimination
    Lesa L Aylward
    Exponent, Inc, Alexandria, VA 22314, USA
    Risk Anal 25:945-56. 2005
    ....
  52. ncbi Update of the follow-up of mortality and cancer incidence among European workers employed in the vinyl chloride industry
    E Ward
    Unit of Environmental Cancer Epidemiology, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
    Epidemiology 12:710-8. 2001
    ..0 per logarithmic unit of cumulative dose). No strong relation was observed between cumulative vinyl chloride exposure and other cancers. Although cirrhosis mortality was decreased overall, there was a trend with cumulative exposure...
  53. ncbi Potential and capabilities of hydroxynitrile lyases as biocatalysts in the chemical industry
    Thomas Purkarthofer
    Research Centre Applied Biocatalysis, Petersgasse 14, 8010 Graz, Austria
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 76:309-20. 2007
    ..Recently, protein engineering in combination with in silico methods gave rise to the development of a tailor-made HNL for large-scale manufacturing of a specific target cyanohydrin...
  54. ncbi Dioxin exposure and public health in Chapaevsk, Russia
    B Revich
    Center for Demography and Human Ecology of Institute for Forecasting, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation
    Chemosphere 43:951-66. 2001
    ..We suggest that Chapaevsk is an incredibly interesting site for further environmental-epidemiological research to assess the impact of dioxins on human health...
  55. ncbi Reconstruction of benzene exposure for the Pliofilm cohort (1936-1976) using Monte Carlo techniques
    Pamela R D Williams
    Exponent, Boulder Colorado 80301, USA
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 66:677-781. 2003
    ..These data could be combined with current or future mortality information to calculate a new cancer potency factor or occupational health standard for benzene...
  56. pmc Beyond the bench: research helps clean up a water supply
    Tanya Tillett
    Environ Health Perspect 115:A134. 2007
  57. ncbi Assessment of exposure to quartz, cristobalite and silicon carbide fibres (whiskers) in a silicon carbide plant
    Chantal Dion
    Institut de Recherche Robert Sauve en Sante et en Securite du Travail, 505 De Maisonneuve Blvd West, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 1C2
    Ann Occup Hyg 49:335-43. 2005
    ..The authors have concluded that the investigations that were performed in the last two decades in this field by researchers from different countries seem to support that SiC fibres (whiskers) constitute a major airborne health hazard...
  58. ncbi US chemical companies leave their mark on EU law
    Samuel Loewenberg
    Lancet 367:556-7. 2006
  59. ncbi Company-level, semi-quantitative assessment of occupational styrene exposure when individual data are not available
    Henrik A Kolstad
    Aarhus University Hospital, Department of Occupational Medicine, Aarhus, Denmark
    Ann Occup Hyg 49:155-65. 2005
    ..Styrene exposure scores declined about 10-fold from the 1960s-1990s. This exposure assessment approach may be justified in other industries, and especially in industries dominated by small companies with simple exposure conditions...
  60. ncbi [The power of numbers]
    Valerio Gennaro
    Epidemiol Prev 29:133-4. 2005
  61. ncbi Require comprehensive safety data for all chemicals
    Joseph H Guth
    Science and Environmental Health Network, 1050 Neilson St Albany, CA 94706, USA
    New Solut 17:233-58. 2007
    ..Therefore, this Reform calls for manufacturers of chemicals to be required to provide health and safety information as a condition for placing and keeping a chemical on the market...
  62. ncbi Characterization of dioxin exposure in residents of Chapaevsk, Russia
    Arslan Akhmedkhanov
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, NBV 9E2, New York, New York 10016, USA
    J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 12:409-17. 2002
    ..Chronic exposures of such magnitude may have appreciable adverse effects on public health...
  63. pmc Assessing the reliability and credibility of industry science and scientists
    Craig S Barrow
    Dow Chemical Company, Washington, DC, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:153-5. 2006
    The chemical industry extensively researches and tests its products to implement product stewardship commitments and to ensure compliance with governmental requirements...
  64. ncbi A database of exposures in the rubber manufacturing industry: design and quality control
    Frank de Vocht
    Environmental and Occupational Health Division, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Ann Occup Hyg 49:691-701. 2005
    ....
  65. pmc Cancer incidence in Danish phenoxy herbicide workers, 1947-1993
    E Lynge
    Danish Cancer Society, København O, Denmark
    Environ Health Perspect 106:683-8. 1998
    ..The study does not indicate a risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma after exposure to these phenoxy herbicides or a risk of other cancer diseases...
  66. pmc Vinyl chloride: a case study of data suppression and misrepresentation
    Jennifer Beth Sass
    Natural Resources Defense Council, Washington, DC 20005, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:809-12. 2005
    ..S. EPA review of VC toxicology, which was drafted with substantial input from the chemical industry, weakened safeguards on both points...
  67. ncbi [Mortality in the cohort of workers of the petrochemical plant in Gela (Sicily) 1960-2002]
    Roberto Pasetto
    Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Dipartimento di Ambiente e Connessa Prevenzione Primaria, Reparto di epidemiologia ambientale, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Roma
    Epidemiol Prev 31:39-45. 2007
    ..To study mortality of male workers employed in the petrochemical plant located in Gela, Sicily, Italy...
  68. ncbi Airborne fibres in the norwegian silicon carbide industry
    A Skogstad
    Department of Occupational Hygiene, National Institute of Occupational Health, Oslo, Norway
    Ann Occup Hyg 50:231-40. 2006
    ..Two other fibre categories were correlated with type of SiC produced (i.e. black or green SiC) and sawdust added to the raw material mix...
  69. ncbi Sperm-FISH analysis and human monitoring: a study on workers occupationally exposed to styrene
    Alessio Naccarati
    Dipartimento di Scienze dell Uomo e dell Ambiente, University of Pisa, Via S Giuseppe 22, 56126 Pisa, Italy
    Mutat Res 537:131-40. 2003
    ..Overall, confounding factors appeared to exert a more important effect than exposure to styrene on numerical chromosome alterations in sperm nuclei of subjects selected for normal semen parameters...
  70. ncbi Early effects of low benzene exposure on blood cell counts in Bulgarian petrochemical workers
    Angela Cecilia Pesatori
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Clinica del Lavoro L Devoto, University of Milan, Italy
    Med Lav 100:83-90. 2009
    ..01-23.9 ppm) and 50 unexposed subjects...
  71. ncbi Platform biochemicals for a biorenewable chemical industry
    Basil J Nikolau
    Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Plant J 54:536-45. 2008
    The chemical industry is currently reliant on a historically inexpensive, petroleum-based carbon feedstock that generates a small collection of platform chemicals from which highly efficient chemical conversions lead to the manufacture ..
  72. pmc REACHing for chemical safety
    Valerie J Brown
    Environ Health Perspect 111:A766-9. 2003
  73. ncbi The use of enzymes in the chemical industry in Europe
    Andreas Schmid
    Institute of Biotechnology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Hoenggerberg, CH 8093, Zurich, Switzerland
    Curr Opin Biotechnol 13:359-66. 2002
    ..bioprocesses, a partial survey of exploratory activities points to future applications of enzymes in the European chemical industry, which will bring new products and technologies and, in some cases, replace traditional syntheses.
  74. ncbi [Development of an epidemiological study in a polluted site: the unexpected contribution of sociological and medico-legal approaches]
    Roberto Pasetto
    Dipartimento di Ambiente e Connessa Prevenzione Primaria, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Roma
    Epidemiol Prev 32:325-8. 2008
    ..Indications for further research, operative decisions, public communication, should result from the collected indices as a whole...
  75. ncbi Mortality in a population exposed to dioxin after the Seveso, Italy, accident in 1976: 25 years of follow-up
    Dario Consonni
    Unit of Epidemiology, Department of Preventive Medicine, Fondazione IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena, Milan, Italy
    Am J Epidemiol 167:847-58. 2008
    ..A toxic and carcinogenic risk to humans after high TCDD exposure is supported by the results of this study...
  76. ncbi No association between residential exposure to petrochemicals and brain tumor risk
    Chu Ling Yu
    Occupational Health Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:3007-9. 2005
  77. ncbi [Reanalysis of mortality in a petrochemical plant producing vinyl chloride and polyvinyl chloride]
    Valerio Gennaro
    Servizio di Epidemiologia Ambientale e Biostatistica, Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, Largo R Benzi 10, 16132 Genova
    Epidemiol Prev 27:221-5. 2003
    ..To study cancer mortality among main subgroups of workers employed in VC/PVC production potentially exposed to toxics and carcinogens...
  78. ncbi The Bhopal disaster: prevention should have priority now
    Chris Carlsten
    Int J Occup Environ Health 9:93-4. 2003
  79. ncbi Dose-response and risk assessment of airborne hexavalent chromium and lung cancer mortality
    Casey Crump
    Environ, Ruston, Louisiana, USA
    Risk Anal 23:1147-63. 2003
    ..These cancer potency estimates are comparable to those developed by U.S. regulatory agencies and should be useful for assessing the potential cancer hazard associated with inhaled Cr(VI)...
  80. ncbi The spectrum of allergic disease in the chemical industry
    Donald B Kirchner
    The Procter and Gamble Company, 5299 Spring Grove Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45217, USA
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 75:S107-12. 2002
    To describe the types of allergic responses which can be seen among employees working in the chemical industry.
  81. pmc Lessons learned? Chemical plant safety since Bhopal
    Ernie Hood
    Environ Health Perspect 112:A352-9. 2004
  82. ncbi A survey on exposure level, health status, and biomarkers in workers exposed to 1-bromopropane
    Gaku Ichihara
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan
    Am J Ind Med 45:63-75. 2004
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the health effects of exposure mainly to 1-bromopropane, which is an alternative to ozone-depleting solvents, and to establish biomarkers for assessing 1-bromopropane exposure...
  83. pmc Victims of gas leak in Bhopal seek redress on compensation
    Sanjay Kumar
    BMJ 329:366. 2004
  84. ncbi Biological monitoring of workers exposed to 4,4'-methylene-bis-(2-orthochloroaniline) (MOCA). I. A new and easy determination of "free" and "total" MOCA in urine
    A Robert
    Institut National de Recherche et de Securite, Vandoeuvre, France
    Int Arch Occup Environ Health 72:223-8. 1999
    ..The objective of the study was to validate a new and simple method to determine MOCA in the urine of exposed workers...
  85. pmc Study on failures to disclose conflicts of interest in Environmental Health Perspectives
    Merrill Goozner
    Environ Health Perspect 112:A794-5; author replies A795-7. 2004
  86. ncbi Health and safety practices in the nanomaterials workplace: results from an international survey
    Joseph A Conti
    Center for Nanotechnology in Society, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 2150, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 42:3155-62. 2008
    ..However, improved risk communication is needed to further the implementation of related programs. Organizations that are wholly inattentive to EHS would likely engage in nanospecific EHS upon implementing a staffed, general EHS program...
  87. ncbi Occupational exposures associated with petroleum-derived products containing trace levels of benzene
    Pamela R D Williams
    ChemRisk, Boulder, Colorado 80301, USA
    J Occup Environ Hyg 5:565-74. 2008
    ....
  88. ncbi A case control study of lung cancer and exposure to chrysotile and amphibole at a slovenian asbestos-cement plant
    M Dodic Fikfak
    Clinical Institute of Occupational Medicine, University Medical Centre, Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Ann Occup Hyg 51:261-8. 2007
    ..There are only a few asbestos-lung cancer studies with high-quality exposure data and exposures in this low range. Though imprecise, the findings are important to the ongoing debate about asbestos risks...
  89. ncbi [Petroleum substances--human health hazards. I. Classification of petroleum substances on the list of dangerous substances and assessment of existing hazards]
    Katarzyna Konieczko
    Z Zakladu Informacji Naukowej, Instytut Medycyny Pracy im prof dra med J Nofera w Lodzi
    Med Pr 57:381-7. 2006
    ..In Part. II., individual groups of petroleum substances are discussed with respect to health hazards, resulting from both physicochemical properties and toxicity, and their classification based on this analysis is suggested...
  90. ncbi Mortality of UK oil refinery and petroleum distribution workers, 1951-2003
    Tom Sorahan
    Institute of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
    Occup Med (Lond) 57:177-85. 2007
    ..The health of UK petroleum industry workers has been monitored for many years...
  91. ncbi [Occupational risk factors for lung cancer--a case-control study, Lódź industrial center]
    Beata Swiatkowska
    Zakład Epidemiologii Srodowiskowej, Instytut Medycyny Pracy im prof J Nofera, Lodz
    Med Pr 59:25-34. 2008
    ..The objective of this work was to investigate the association between occupational exposure and lung cancer risk based on a case-control study...
  92. ncbi Circulating lipopolysaccharides in the blood from "bioprotein" production workers
    L I B Sikkeland
    Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, 0027 Oslo, Norway
    Occup Environ Med 65:211-4. 2008
    ..The aim of the present study was to quantify LPS and inflammatory mediators in plasma among the workers and non-exposed control subjects...
  93. ncbi Bladder cancer in perfluorooctanesulfonyl fluoride manufacturing workers
    Bruce H Alexander
    Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:471-8. 2007
    ..To determine whether bladder cancer is associated with exposure to perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) in an occupational cohort...
  94. ncbi Exposure scenarios for workers
    Hans Marquart
    TNO Quality of Life, Department of Food and Chemical Risk Analysis, Zeist, The Netherlands
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 17:S16-25. 2007
    ..The development of standard worker exposure descriptions or full Exposure Scenarios by downstream user branches in cooperation with manufacturers and importers is recommended...
  95. ncbi Give the public and workers the full right to know and participate
    Paul Orum
    P O Box 15465 Washington, DC 20003, USA
    New Solut 17:209-18. 2007
    ..Closely linked with our right to know is our essential right to participate in decisions about environmental hazards that affect our lives...
  96. ncbi Take immediate action to protect communities and workers
    Roberta Chase Wilding
    190 Rhinebeck Rd Cobleskill, NY 12043, USA
    New Solut 17:259-71. 2007
    ..Immediate action is needed to protect communities and workers at risk from chemical exposures that can compromise their health...
  97. ncbi ["Get it while you can!" attitude: late industrialization and implications for work, environment, and health in Ceará State, Brazil]
    Raquel Maria Rigotto
    Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceara
    Cad Saude Publica 23:S599-611. 2007
    ....
  98. ncbi Evaluation of long-term occupational exposure to styrene vapor on olfactory function
    Pamela Dalton
    Monell Chemical Senses Center, 3500 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 3308, USA
    Chem Senses 32:739-47. 2007
    ..When taken together with prior studies of styrene-exposed workers, these results suggest that styrene is not a significant olfactory toxicant in humans at current exposure levels...
  99. ncbi Organic solvent exposure and hearing loss in a cohort of aluminium workers
    P M Rabinowitz
    Yale Occupational and Environmental Medicine Program, Yale University School of Medicine, 135 College Street, 3rd Floor, New Haven, CT 06510, USA
    Occup Environ Med 65:230-5. 2008
    ..The authors performed a retrospective cohort study to examine the relationship between solvent exposure and hearing loss in US aluminium industry workers...
  100. ncbi History and evolution of control banding: a review
    David M Zalk
    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551, USA
    J Occup Environ Hyg 5:330-46. 2008
    ....
  101. ncbi Audiometric findings in petrochemical workers exposed to noise and chemical agents
    M C De Barba
    Department of Audiology, Universidade Tuiuti do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil
    Noise Health 7:7-11. 2005
    ..Despite the low exposures to solvents and a moderate exposure to noise, 45.3% of workers had hearing losses and 29.6% had STS...

Research Grants26

  1. COMMUNITY BASED STUDY ON OCCUPATIONAL ASTHMA, ECRHS-OA
    Manolis Kogevinas; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. UIC and Chicago State MS/PHD Bridge to Future
    Nurtan Esmen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  3. Repiratory Health and Community Asbestos Exposure
    Bruce Alexander; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Analyses will consider cumulative exposure and short, intense periods of exposure, with specific reference to exposure in childhood. ..
  4. Implications of Genomics Research on Racial Definition
    Seymour Garte; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..A new paradigm of gene-specific variation will be developed for a biomedically useful method of division of the human population into groups based on criteria different from current definitions of race. ..
  5. Feasibility and Effects of Preventive Home Visits
    Malcolm Cutchin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The intervention could be made widely available, and it could prevent greater costs associated with acute and long-term care of the rapidly growing older adult population. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  6. Health Concordance in Older Mexican American Couples
    MARY PEEK; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Structural equation modeling will be used for model estimation on three waves of data (1993-94 -1998/9.) ..
  7. Occupational risk factors for NHL and NHL subtypes: an InterLymph-based analysis
    ANDREA MANNETJE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This large study conducted by an international team of expert collaborators will provide sufficient study power to reach the outlined aims and contribute to the knowledge of the etiology of NHL. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  8. Age, Lead, Exposure, and Neurobehavioral Decline
    Brian Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. Maternal Phthalate Exposure and Infertility, Fetal Loss
    Russ Hauser; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Since occupational and environmental exposure to phthalates is widespread, detecting even small adverse effects will have large public health significance. ..
  10. MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF HEXACARBON-INDUCED AXON ATROPHY
    RICHARD LOPACHIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Understanding the role and mechanism of axon atrophy in solvent neurotoxicity has broad-based implications for human occupational health and risk assessment. ..
  11. PBDEs, DDT and Neurodevelopment in School-Aged Mexican-American Children
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  12. Use of Health and Social Services Following Work Injury
    Harry Shannon; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. Evaluation of Exposure Measurement Error
    Elaine Symanski; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  14. MECHANISM(S) OF CHEMICAL LEUKEMOGENESIS
    Richard Irons; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..A. in specific sub-populations of CD34+ human BM cells. Finally, patterns of gene expression will be correlated with genotype, phenotype and functional clonogenic response in BM cells obtained from patients with MDS or evolving sAML. ..
  15. Endocrine Disruptors and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study will provide the first data on exposure and health effects of ED pesticides in a highly exposed population, complete the exposure profile of CHAMACOS children, and target interventions to reduce child exposures. ..
  16. Biomarkers of Ovarian Cancer Risk: A Prospective Study
    Alan Arslan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  17. Prevention of Cancer by Coriolus versicolor Mushroom
    Bela Toth; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..3: Study the preventative and therapeutic activity of PSK and VPS activity in an Apc transgenic model of intestinal polyp and adenoma formation and its association with immune augmentation. ..
  18. Serum Vitamin D, Genetic Polymorphisms & Ovarian Cancer
    Alan Arslan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  19. Maternal Pesticide Exposure and Pregnancy Outcomes
    Russ Hauser; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Since the etiology of infertility and early pregnancy loss remains largely unexplained, the identification of potential environmental risk factors will have large public health significance. ..
  20. LINKING OCCUPATIONAL INJURY AND ILLNESS DATA BASES
    Kenneth Rosenman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We have assembled an interdisciplinary team consisting of an occupational health physician, epidemiologists, a biostatistician and a computer programmer. We have arranged access to all nine data systems. ..
  21. Genetic damage in the sperm and blood of workers exposed to benzene
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Lastly, this study is one of the first to investigate the relative sensitivities of sperm and blood cells to chromosomal defects induced by benzene. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  22. Pregnancy Hormonal Profile/Biomarker Breast Cancer Risk
    Alan Arslan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Moreover, specific hormone(s) or its analogues responsible for protective effect of pregnancy against breast cancer could be used for development of novel strategies for primary chemoprevention of breast cancer. ..
  23. GSH: Protecting Ovarian Follicles from Oxidant Injury
    Ulrike Luderer; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finally, the research plan and career development activities outlined in this proposal will enable Dr. Luderer to successfully make the transition from mentored researcher to independent scientist-clinician. ..
  24. Reducing pesticide exposures to farmworker children.
    Brenda Eskenazi; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  25. Noise, Solvents, and Hearing Loss
    Peter Rabinowitz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..A nested case control study will match cases of hearing loss identified in the cohort with controls by age at hire, year of hire, sex, and gender, to further explore these relationships. ..