water supply

Summary

Summary: Source, means, or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Irregular water supply, household usage and dengue: a bio-social study in the Brazilian Northeast
    Andrea Caprara
    Departamento de Saude Publica, Universidade Estadual do Ceara, Fortaleza, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 25:S125-36. 2009
  2. ncbi Water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions to reduce diarrhoea in less developed countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Lorna Fewtrell
    Centre for Research into Environment and Health, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 5:42-52. 2005
  3. pmc The association between extreme precipitation and waterborne disease outbreaks in the United States, 1948-1994
    F C Curriero
    Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:1194-9. 2001
  4. pmc Effects of improved water supply and sanitation on ascariasis, diarrhoea, dracunculiasis, hookworm infection, schistosomiasis, and trachoma
    S A Esrey
    Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Macdonald College, McGill University, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Canada
    Bull World Health Organ 69:609-21. 1991
  5. pmc Global access to safe water: accounting for water quality and the resulting impact on MDG progress
    Kyle Onda
    The Water Institute, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 135 Dauer Drive, CB 7431, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 9:880-94. 2012
  6. pmc Interventions to improve water quality for preventing diarrhoea: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Thomas Clasen
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 334:782. 2007
  7. ncbi Invasive pneumococcal disease in Alaskan children: impact of the seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and the role of water supply
    Jay D Wenger
    Arctic Investigations Program, National Center for Preparedness, Detection and Control of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Anchorage, Alaska 99508, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 29:251-6. 2010
  8. ncbi Household drinking water in developing countries: a systematic review of microbiological contamination between source and point-of-use
    Jim Wright
    Water and Environmental Management Research Centre, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 9:106-17. 2004
  9. pmc The C8 health project: design, methods, and participants
    Stephanie J Frisbee
    Department of Community Medicine, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 9105, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1873-82. 2009
  10. pmc Arsenic exposure from drinking water, and all-cause and chronic-disease mortalities in Bangladesh (HEALS): a prospective cohort study
    Maria Argos
    Department of Health Studies, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Lancet 376:252-8. 2010

Detail Information

Publications381 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Irregular water supply, household usage and dengue: a bio-social study in the Brazilian Northeast
    Andrea Caprara
    Departamento de Saude Publica, Universidade Estadual do Ceara, Fortaleza, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 25:S125-36. 2009
    ..Multiple factors affect vector ecology such as social policy, migration, urbanization, city water supply, garbage disposal and housing conditions, as well as community level understanding of the disease and related ..
  2. ncbi Water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions to reduce diarrhoea in less developed countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Lorna Fewtrell
    Centre for Research into Environment and Health, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 5:42-52. 2005
    ..There is some evidence of publication bias in the findings from the hygiene and water treatment interventions...
  3. pmc The association between extreme precipitation and waterborne disease outbreaks in the United States, 1948-1994
    F C Curriero
    Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:1194-9. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: The statistically significant association found between rainfall and disease in the United States is important for water managers, public health officials, and risk assessors of future climate change...
  4. pmc Effects of improved water supply and sanitation on ascariasis, diarrhoea, dracunculiasis, hookworm infection, schistosomiasis, and trachoma
    S A Esrey
    Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Macdonald College, McGill University, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Canada
    Bull World Health Organ 69:609-21. 1991
    A total of 144 studies were analysed to examine the impact of improved water supply and sanitation facilities on ascariasis, diarrhoea, dracunculiasis, hookworm infection, schistosomiasis, and trachoma...
  5. pmc Global access to safe water: accounting for water quality and the resulting impact on MDG progress
    Kyle Onda
    The Water Institute, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 135 Dauer Drive, CB 7431, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 9:880-94. 2012
    ..While our estimate is imprecise, the magnitude of the estimate and the health and development implications suggest that greater attention is needed to better understand and manage drinking water safety...
  6. pmc Interventions to improve water quality for preventing diarrhoea: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Thomas Clasen
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 334:782. 2007
    ..To assess the effectiveness of interventions to improve the microbial quality of drinking water for preventing diarrhoea...
  7. ncbi Invasive pneumococcal disease in Alaskan children: impact of the seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and the role of water supply
    Jay D Wenger
    Arctic Investigations Program, National Center for Preparedness, Detection and Control of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Anchorage, Alaska 99508, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 29:251-6. 2010
    ..Rates of IPD declined after statewide introduction of the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) in 2001, but increased in subsequent years...
  8. ncbi Household drinking water in developing countries: a systematic review of microbiological contamination between source and point-of-use
    Jim Wright
    Water and Environmental Management Research Centre, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 9:106-17. 2004
    ..To assess the extent and causes of microbiological contamination of household drinking water between source and point-of-use in developing countries...
  9. pmc The C8 health project: design, methods, and participants
    Stephanie J Frisbee
    Department of Community Medicine, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 9105, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:1873-82. 2009
    ..The settlement stemmed from the perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA, or C8) contamination of drinking water in six water districts in two states near the DuPont Washington Works facility near Parkersburg, West Virginia...
  10. pmc Arsenic exposure from drinking water, and all-cause and chronic-disease mortalities in Bangladesh (HEALS): a prospective cohort study
    Maria Argos
    Department of Health Studies, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    Lancet 376:252-8. 2010
    ..We therefore prospectively assessed whether chronic and recent changes in arsenic exposure are associated with all-cause and chronic-disease mortalities in a Bangladeshi population...
  11. ncbi Arsenic exposure and prevalence of type 2 diabetes in US adults
    Ana Navas-Acien
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Room W7033B, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    JAMA 300:814-22. 2008
    ..In contrast, arsenobetaine, an organic arsenic compound derived from seafood intake, is considered nontoxic...
  12. ncbi Fifty-year study of lung and bladder cancer mortality in Chile related to arsenic in drinking water
    Guillermo Marshall
    Departamento de Salud Publica, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
    J Natl Cancer Inst 99:920-8. 2007
    ..This history provides a unique opportunity to study time trends in the development of arsenic-related cancers, including lung and bladder cancers...
  13. ncbi Health impacts of long-term exposure to disinfection by-products in drinking water in Europe: HIWATE
    Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen
    Centre for research in Environmental, Epidemiology CREAL, Parc de Recerca Biomédical de Barcelona PRBB, Barcelona, Spain
    J Water Health 7:185-207. 2009
    ..The outcome will be improved risk assessment and better information for risk management. The work is divided into different topics (exposure assessment, epidemiology, risk assessment and management) and studies...
  14. ncbi Occurrence, fate, and removal of pharmaceutical residues in the aquatic environment: a review of recent research data
    Thomas Heberer
    Institute of Food Chemistry, Technical University of Berlin, Sekr TIB 4 3 1, Gustav Meyer Allee 25, 13355 Berlin, Germany
    Toxicol Lett 131:5-17. 2002
    ..To date, only in a few cases PhACs have also been detected at trace-levels in drinking water samples...
  15. ncbi Occurrence, genotoxicity, and carcinogenicity of regulated and emerging disinfection by-products in drinking water: a review and roadmap for research
    Susan D Richardson
    National Exposure Research Laboratory, US Environmental Protection Agency, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Mutat Res 636:178-242. 2007
    ..The categories of DBPs described here, the identified data gaps, and the emerging role of dermal/inhalation exposure provide guidance for drinking water and public health research...
  16. ncbi Freshwater availability and water fetching distance affect child health in sub-Saharan Africa
    Amy J Pickering
    Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources, School of Earth Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 46:2391-7. 2012
    ..These results suggest that reducing the time cost of fetching water should be a priority for water infrastructure investments in Africa...
  17. pmc Population density, water supply, and the risk of dengue fever in Vietnam: cohort study and spatial analysis
    Wolf Peter Schmidt
    Department of Clinical Medicine, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan
    PLoS Med 8:e1001082. 2011
    ..the major vector of dengue viruses, often breeds in water storage containers used by households without tap water supply, and occurs in high numbers even in dense urban areas...
  18. pmc Geographical analysis of the role of water supply and sanitation in the risk of helminth infections of children in West Africa
    Ricardo J Soares Magalhaes
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Herston, 4006 QLD, Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:20084-9. 2011
    Globally, inadequate water supply, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) are major contributors to mortality and burden of disease...
  19. pmc Composition and dynamics of bacterial communities of a drinking water supply system as assessed by RNA- and DNA-based 16S rRNA gene fingerprinting
    Stefan Eichler
    Department of Environmental Microbiology, GBF German Research Center for Biotechnology, Mascheroder Weg 1, D 38124 Braunschweig, Germany
    Appl Environ Microbiol 72:1858-72. 2006
    Bacterial community dynamics of a whole drinking water supply system (DWSS) were studied from source to tap...
  20. ncbi Acute myocardial infarction mortality in comparison with lung and bladder cancer mortality in arsenic-exposed region II of Chile from 1950 to 2000
    Yan Yuan
    Arsenic Health Effects Research Program, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:1381-91. 2007
    ..With these three causes of death combined, increased mortality peaked in 1991-1995, with estimated excess deaths related to arsenic exposure constituting 10.9% of all deaths among men and 4.0% among women...
  21. ncbi Outbreak of toxoplasmosis associated with municipal drinking water. The BC Toxoplasma Investigation Team
    W R Bowie
    Division of Infectious Diseases, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Lancet 350:173-7. 1997
    ..Concurrently, but independently, seven cases of acute toxoplasma retinitis were diagnosed against a background of no cases in the previous 5 years...
  22. pmc Contamination of drinking-water by arsenic in Bangladesh: a public health emergency
    A H Smith
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley 94720 7360, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 78:1093-103. 2000
    ..Taken together with the discovery of arsenic in groundwater in other countries, the experience in Bangladesh shows that groundwater sources throughout the world that are used for drinking-water should be tested for arsenic...
  23. pmc Rate of decline in serum PFOA concentrations after granular activated carbon filtration at two public water systems in Ohio and West Virginia
    Scott M Bartell
    Program in Public Health, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 1250, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 118:222-8. 2010
    ..Two highly contaminated water districts began granular activated carbon filtration in 2007...
  24. ncbi Arsenic in drinking water and adult mortality: a population-based cohort study in rural Bangladesh
    Nazmul Sohel
    Department of Women s and Children s Health, International Maternal and Child Health IMCH, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Epidemiology 20:824-30. 2009
    ..We evaluated risks of adult mortality (due to cancer and cardiovascular and infectious diseases) in relation to arsenic exposure through drinking water...
  25. pmc Factors influencing numbers of Mycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium intracellulare, and other Mycobacteria in drinking water distribution systems
    J O Falkinham
    Fralin Biotechnology Center, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 0346, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 67:1225-31. 2001
    ..Evidently, the ecological niches of M. avium and M. intracellulare are distinct...
  26. pmc Evidence for induction of oxidative stress caused by chronic exposure of Chinese residents to arsenic contained in drinking water
    Jingbo Pi
    Graduate School Doctoral Program in Medical Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
    Environ Health Perspect 110:331-6. 2002
    ..Some possible mechanisms for the arsenic-induced oxidative stress are discussed...
  27. pmc Effective control of dengue vectors with curtains and water container covers treated with insecticide in Mexico and Venezuela: cluster randomised trials
    Axel Kroeger
    Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Medicine TDR WHO, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    BMJ 332:1247-52. 2006
    ..To measure the impact on the dengue vector population (Aedes aegypti) and disease transmission of window curtains and water container covers treated with insecticide...
  28. pmc Occurrence of nontuberculous mycobacteria in environmental samples
    T C Covert
    National Exposure Research Laboratory, U S Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio 45268, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 65:2492-6. 1999
    ..The most frequently occurring isolate was M. mucogenicum (formerly referred to as an M. chelonae-like organism)...
  29. pmc Cancer potential in liver, lung, bladder and kidney due to ingested inorganic arsenic in drinking water
    C J Chen
    Institute of Public Health, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, ROC
    Br J Cancer 66:888-92. 1992
    ..6 x 10(-3), 1.3 x 10(-2), 1.7 x 10(-2), and 4.8 x 10(-3), respectively, for females in the study area. The multiplicity of inorganic arsenic-induced carcinogenicity without showing any organotropism deserves further investigation...
  30. pmc No association between arsenic exposure from drinking water and diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional study in Bangladesh
    Yu Chen
    Department of Environmental Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 118:1299-305. 2010
    ..The long-term effects of arsenic exposure from drinking water at levels < 300 microg/L and the risk of diabetes mellitus remains a controversial topic...
  31. pmc Water arsenic exposure and intellectual function in 6-year-old children in Araihazar, Bangladesh
    Gail A Wasserman
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:285-9. 2007
    ..We recently reported results of a cross-sectional investigation of intellectual function in 10-year-olds in Bangladesh, who had been exposed to arsenic from drinking water in their home wells...
  32. ncbi Microbial contamination of drinking water and disease outcomes in developing regions
    Nicholas John Ashbolt
    School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Toxicology 198:229-38. 2004
    ..So in addition to the traditional pathogens (helminths, Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia lamblia hepatitis A and E) various enteroviruses, C. jejuni and H. pylori are emerging issues in adults...
  33. ncbi Global cost-benefit analysis of water supply and sanitation interventions
    Guy Hutton
    Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    J Water Health 5:481-502. 2007
    ..of this study was to estimate the economic benefits and costs of a range of interventions to improve access to water supply and sanitation facilities in the developing world...
  34. ncbi Incidence of transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder and arsenic exposure in New Hampshire
    Margaret R Karagas
    Department of Community and Family Medicine, Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 15:465-72. 2004
    Arsenic is a known bladder carcinogen and populations exposed to high arsenic levels in their water supply have reported elevated bladder cancer mortality and incidence rates...
  35. ncbi Potential impacts of a warming climate on water availability in snow-dominated regions
    T P Barnett
    Climate Research Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
    Nature 438:303-9. 2005
    ..in surface temperatures has important consequences for the hydrological cycle, particularly in regions where water supply is currently dominated by melting snow or ice...
  36. ncbi Risk of waterborne illness via drinking water in the United States
    Kelly A Reynolds
    The University of Arizona, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, 1295 N Martin Ave, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA
    Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 192:117-58. 2008
    ....
  37. doi Improving on haves and have-nots
    Jamie Bartram
    WHO s headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland
    Nature 452:283-4. 2008
  38. ncbi Escherichia coli in household drinking water and diarrheal disease risk: evidence from Cambodia
    J M Brown
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 0229, USA
    Water Sci Technol 58:757-63. 2008
    ..2, 95% CI 1.0-1.3 for dysentery). Unlike the results of some previous studies, diarrheal disease risks did not increase progressively in magnitude with increasing concentration of E. coli in drinking water...
  39. ncbi Elimination of dengue by community programs using Mesocyclops(Copepoda) against Aedes aegypti in central Vietnam
    Sinh Nam Vu
    National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 72:67-73. 2005
    ..Since we had similar success in northern Vietnam from 1998 to 2000, this study demonstrates that this control model is broadly acceptable and achievable at community level but vigilance is required post-project to prevent reinfestation...
  40. ncbi Contamination by arsenic and other trace elements in tube-well water and its risk assessment to humans in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Tetsuro Agusa
    Center for Marine Environmental Studies, CMES, Ehime University, Matsuyama 790 8577, Japan
    Environ Pollut 139:95-106. 2006
    ..To our knowledge, this study revealed for the first time that the residents are exposed not only to As but also Mn and Ba from groundwater in the Red River Delta, Vietnam...
  41. ncbi Reducing costs and operational constraints of dengue vector control by targeting productive breeding places: a multi-country non-inferiority cluster randomized trial
    W Tun-Lin
    Department of Medical Research, Yangon, Myanmar
    Trop Med Int Health 14:1143-53. 2009
    ....
  42. ncbi Reliability of a commercial kit to test groundwater for arsenic in Bangladesh
    A van Geen
    Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, Palisades, New York 10964, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 39:299-303. 2005
    ..this limitation, the field data already compiled for millions of wells by the Bangladesh Arsenic Mitigation and Water Supply Project, in combination with information on well location and depth, should prove to be extremely useful to ..
  43. pmc Developmentally restricted genetic determinants of human arsenic metabolism: association between urinary methylated arsenic and CYT19 polymorphisms in children
    Maria Mercedes Meza
    Department of Natural Resources, Sonora Institute of Technology ITSON, Ciudad Obregon, Sonora, Mexico
    Environ Health Perspect 113:775-81. 2005
    ....
  44. ncbi Estimating the impact on health of poor reliability of drinking water interventions in developing countries
    Paul R Hunter
    School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Sci Total Environ 407:2621-4. 2009
    ..Funders of water quality interventions in developing countries should put more effort into auditing whether interventions are sustainable and whether the health benefits are being achieved...
  45. pmc Estimating the burden of disease from water, sanitation, and hygiene at a global level
    Annette Prüss
    World Health Organization, Protection of the Human Environment, Geneva, Switzerland
    Environ Health Perspect 110:537-42. 2002
    ..This significant and avoidable burden suggests that it should be a priority for public health policy...
  46. pmc Community involvement in dengue vector control: cluster randomised trial
    V Vanlerberghe
    Epidemiology and Disease Control Unit, Public Health Department, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
    BMJ 338:b1959. 2009
    ..To assess the effectiveness of an integrated community based environmental management strategy to control Aedes aegypti, the vector of dengue, compared with a routine strategy...
  47. ncbi Point of use household drinking water filtration: A practical, effective solution for providing sustained access to safe drinking water in the developing world
    Mark D Sobsey
    Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, CB 7431, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7431, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 42:4261-7. 2008
    ....
  48. ncbi High-level exposure to lithium, boron, cesium, and arsenic via drinking water in the Andes of northern Argentina
    Gabriela Concha
    Division of Toxicology, Swedish National Food Administration, Box 622, S 751 26 Uppsala, Sweden
    Environ Sci Technol 44:6875-80. 2010
    ..Because of the observed wide range of concentrations, all water sources used for drinking water should be screened for a large number of elements; obviously, this applies to all drinking water sources globally...
  49. pmc Malaria and water resource development: the case of Gilgel-Gibe hydroelectric dam in Ethiopia
    Delenasaw Yewhalaw
    Department of Biology, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
    Malar J 8:21. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the effects of Gilgel-Gibe hydroelectric dam in Ethiopia on malaria transmission and changing levels of prevalence in children...
  50. ncbi A systematic review of the health outcomes related to household water quality in developing countries
    Stephen Gundry
    Water and Environmental Management Research Centre, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1US, UK
    J Water Health 2:1-13. 2004
    ..Reasons for these apparently contradictory results concerning general diarrhoea are discussed and suggestions for further research offered. The policy implications of the findings are also discussed...
  51. ncbi Personal, social, and situational factors influencing the consumption of drinking water from arsenic-safe deep tubewells in Bangladesh
    Hans Joachim Mosler
    Eawag Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Ueberlandstrasse 133, P O Box 611, 8600 Duebendorf, Switzerland
    J Environ Manage 91:1316-23. 2010
    ..e., time needed to collect deep tubewell water), we propose a socially viable procedure for installing deep tubewells for the extended consumption of arsenic-safe drinking water by the Bangladeshi population...
  52. pmc An outbreak of gastroenteritis from a non-chlorinated community water supply
    M Kuusi
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:273-7. 2004
    ..To determine the source and the extent of a community wide outbreak of gastroenteritis...
  53. ncbi Effective water supply surveillance in urban areas of developing countries
    Guy Howard
    Department for International Development, United House, 10 Gulshan Avenue, Gulshan 1, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
    J Water Health 3:31-43. 2005
    b>Water supply surveillance generates data on the safety and adequacy of drinking water supply in order to contribute to the protection of human health...
  54. ncbi Prevalence of Acanthamoeba spp. and other free-living amoebae in household water, Ohio, USA--1990-1992
    Lauren J Stockman
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE Mailstop A 34, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Parasitol Res 108:621-7. 2011
    ..We believe FLA are commonplace inhabitants of household water in this sample as they are in the environment...
  55. ncbi Bronchiectasis in persons with skin lesions resulting from arsenic in drinking water
    D N Guha Mazumder
    Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, India
    Epidemiology 16:760-5. 2005
    ..Less is known about nonmalignant pulmonary disease after exposure to arsenic in drinking water...
  56. ncbi Hands, water, and health: fecal contamination in Tanzanian communities with improved, non-networked water supplies
    Amy J Pickering
    Emmet Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources, School of Earth Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 44:3267-72. 2010
    Almost half of the world's population relies on non-networked water supply services, which necessitates in-home water storage...
  57. pmc Water and sewage systems, socio-demographics, and duration of residence associated with endemic intestinal infectious diseases: a cohort study
    Kay Teschke
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    BMC Public Health 10:767. 2010
    ..Few have examined endemic illness or compared rates across different water supply and sewage disposal systems...
  58. ncbi Arsenic attenuation by oxidized aquifer sediments in Bangladesh
    Kenneth G Stollenwerk
    US Geological Survey, MS 413, Box 25046, Federal Center, Denver, CO 80225, USA
    Sci Total Environ 379:133-50. 2007
    ..Thus, the long-term viability of the deeper aquifers as a source of water supply is likely to depend on As(V) adsorption...
  59. ncbi Comparing microbial water quality in an intermittent and continuous piped water supply
    Emily Kumpel
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1710, USA
    Water Res 47:5176-88. 2013
    ..coli was rare in continuous supply, with 0.7% of tap samples positive compared to 31.7% of intermittent water supply tap samples positive for E. coli...
  60. pmc Arsenic exposure in Latin America: biomarkers, risk assessments and related health effects
    Tyler R McClintock
    New York University School of Medicine, New York University, New York, NY, USA
    Sci Total Environ 429:76-91. 2012
    ..Targeted future studies will not only yield a better understanding of the public health impact of As in Latin America populations, but also allow for effective and timely mitigation efforts...
  61. pmc A large outbreak of campylobacteriosis associated with a municipal water supply in Finland
    M Kuusi
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Epidemiol Infect 133:593-601. 2005
    ..Epidemiological and environmental evidence suggested mains repair as the source of contamination. Non-chlorinated ground-water systems may be susceptible to contamination and can cause large outbreaks...
  62. ncbi Rapid, cultivation-independent assessment of microbial viability in drinking water
    Michael Berney
    Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, P O Box 611, CH 8600 Dubendorf, Switzerland
    Water Res 42:4010-8. 2008
    ....
  63. ncbi Cluster randomized controlled trial of the plastic BioSand Water filter in Cambodia
    C E Stauber
    Institute of Public Health, Georgia State University, P O Box 3995, Atlanta, Georgia 30302 3995, United States
    Environ Sci Technol 46:722-8. 2012
    ..The study suggests the plastic BSF may play an important role in scaling up the distribution/implementation of the BSF, potentially improving water quality and health in the region...
  64. ncbi Local drinking water filters reduce diarrheal disease in Cambodia: a randomized, controlled trial of the ceramic water purifier
    Joe Brown
    University of Alabama, Department of Biological Sciences, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 0229, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 79:394-400. 2008
    ..51 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.41-0.63); CWP-Fe: 0.58 (95% CI: 0.47-0.71), an effect that was observed in all age groups and both sexes after controlling for clustering within households and within individuals over time...
  65. pmc Estimating the scope of household water treatment in low- and medium-income countries
    Ghislaine Rosa
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 82:289-300. 2010
    ..Validation of the household surveys and further analysis of these data could help optimize HWT practices...
  66. pmc Drinking water quality, feeding practices, and diarrhea among children under 2 years of HIV-positive mothers in peri-urban Zambia
    Rachel Peletz
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 85:318-26. 2011
    ..60, 95% CI = 1.29-16.42). Children born to HIV-positive mothers were exposed to contaminated water through direct intake of drinking water, indicating the need for interventions to ensure microbiological water quality...
  67. ncbi Water pollution in Pakistan and its impact on public health--a review
    Azizullah Azizullah
    Department of Biology, Friedrich Alexander University, Staudtstr 5, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
    Environ Int 37:479-97. 2011
    ..The data presented in this review are extracted from various studies published in national and international journals. Also reports released by the government and non-governmental organizations are included...
  68. ncbi Mammalian cell cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of the haloacetic acids, a major class of drinking water disinfection by-products
    Michael J Plewa
    Department of Crop Sciences, College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA
    Environ Mol Mutagen 51:871-8. 2010
    ..Systematic, comparative, in vitro toxicological data provides the water supply community with information to consider when employing alternatives to chlorine disinfection...
  69. ncbi Pharmaceuticals and endocrine disrupting compounds in U.S. drinking water
    Mark J Benotti
    Applied Research and Development Center, Southern Nevada Water Authority, P O Box 99954, Las Vegas, Nevada 89193 9954, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 43:597-603. 2009
    ..Atenolol, atrazine, DEET, estrone, meprobamate, and trimethoprim can serve as indicator compounds representing potential contamination from other pharmaceuticals and EDCs and can gauge the efficacy of treatment processes...
  70. ncbi Incidence of transitional cell carcinoma and arsenic in drinking water: a follow-up study of 8,102 residents in an arseniasis-endemic area in northeastern Taiwan
    H Y Chiou
    School of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Am J Epidemiol 153:411-8. 2001
    ..The multivariate-adjusted relative risks of developing TCC were 1.9, 8.2, and 15.3 for arsenic concentrations of 10.1-50.0, 50.1-100, and >100 microg/liter, respectively, compared with the referent level of < or =10.0 microg/liter...
  71. ncbi The unbearable lightness of technocratic efforts at dengue control
    Maria E Toledo
    Institute of Tropical Medicine Pedro Kouri, Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba
    Trop Med Int Health 13:728-36. 2008
    ..To identify key elements that should provide an added value and assure sustainable effects of the deployment of technical tools for Aedes aegypti control...
  72. ncbi Rural drinking water at supply and household levels: quality and management
    Bilqis A Hoque
    Environment and Population Research Center EPRC, House 242, Road 17, New DOHS, Mohakahli, Dhaka 1206, Bangladesh
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 209:451-60. 2006
    ..While Bangladesh has almost achieved accepted bacteriological drinking water standards for water supply, high rates of diarrheal disease morbidity indicate that pathogen transmission continues through water supply ..
  73. pmc Reduction in urinary arsenic levels in response to arsenic mitigation efforts in Araihazar, Bangladesh
    Yu Chen
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:917-23. 2007
    ..There is a need to identify and evaluate an effective mitigation program for arsenic exposure from drinking water in Bangladesh...
  74. pmc Public health strategies for western Bangladesh that address arsenic, manganese, uranium, and other toxic elements in drinking water
    Seth H Frisbie
    Better Life Laboratories, Inc, East Calais, Vermont, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:410-6. 2009
    ..More than 60,000,000 Bangladeshis are drinking water with unsafe concentrations of one or more elements...
  75. ncbi Cancer mortality in chinese populations surrounding an alloy plant with chromium smelting operations
    Brent D Kerger
    Health Science Resource Integration, Tallahassee, FL 32309, USA
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 72:329-44. 2009
    ..The overall findings in the studied population do not indicate a dose-response relationship or a coherent pattern of association of lung-, stomach-, or all-cancer mortality with exposure to Cr(VI)-contaminated groundwater...
  76. ncbi Global challenges in water, sanitation and health
    Christine L Moe
    Center for Global Safe Water, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Water Health 4:41-57. 2006
    ....
  77. ncbi Municipal drinking water nitrate level and cancer risk in older women: the Iowa Women's Health Study
    P J Weyer
    Center for Health Effects of Environmental Contamination, University of Iowa, USA
    Epidemiology 12:327-38. 2001
    ..in a cohort of 21,977 Iowa women who were 55-69 years of age at baseline in 1986 and had used the same water supply more than 10 years (87% > 20 years); 16,541 of these women were on a municipal supply, and the remainder used a ..
  78. pmc Drinking water contaminants and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a review
    Frank Bove
    Division of Health Studies, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 110:61-74. 2002
    ..Nevertheless, the findings of excess NTDs, oral clefts, cardiac defects, and choanal atresia in studies that evaluated TCE-contaminated drinking water deserve follow-up...
  79. ncbi Risk factors contributing to microbiological contamination of shallow groundwater in Kampala, Uganda
    Guy Howard
    WEDC, Loughborough University, LE11 3TU Leicestershire, UK
    Water Res 37:3421-9. 2003
    ..The study suggested that improving sanitary completion and local environmental hygiene was more important than controlling on-site sanitation in improving the quality of these springs...
  80. ncbi Drinking water consumption patterns of residents in a Canadian community
    A Q Jones
    Division of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John s, Newfoundland, Canada A1B 3V6
    J Water Health 4:125-38. 2006
    ..Further investigation of the use of alternative water sources and the perceptions of drinking water in Canada is also needed to better understand, and subsequently address, concerns among Canadians...
  81. ncbi Cholera in Mexico: the paradoxical benefits of the last pandemic
    Jaime Sepulveda
    Coordination of the National Institutes of Health, Periférico Sur, No 4118 1er piso, Mexico, DF CP 01900, Mexico
    Int J Infect Dis 10:4-13. 2006
    ..To describe the impact of preventive and control measures in Mexico prior to, and during, the cholera epidemic of 1991-2001...
  82. ncbi Pyrosequencing demonstrated complex microbial communities in a membrane filtration system for a drinking water treatment plant
    Soondong Kwon
    School of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, Korea University, Seongbuk gu, Seoul 136 713, South Korea
    Microbes Environ 26:149-55. 2011
    ....
  83. ncbi Deficiencies in drinking water distribution systems in developing countries
    Ellen J Lee
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St Room E6620, Baltimore, MD 21205 2103, USA
    J Water Health 3:109-27. 2005
    ..Through improved research, monitoring and surveillance, increased understanding of distribution system deficiencies may focus limited resources on key areas in an effort to improve public health and decrease global disease burden...
  84. ncbi Arsenic contamination of Bangladesh paddy field soils: implications for rice contribution to arsenic consumption
    Andrew A Meharg
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Cruickshank Building, St Machar Drive, Aberdeen, AB24 3UU, UK
    Environ Sci Technol 37:229-34. 2003
    ..Rice grain grown in the regions where arsenic is building up in the soil had high arsenic concentrations, with three rice grain samples having levels above 1.7 microg g(-1)...
  85. ncbi A fatal waterborne disease epidemic in Walkerton, Ontario: comparison with other waterborne outbreaks in the developed world
    S E Hrudey
    University of Alberta, Dept of Public Health Sciences, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G3, Canada
    Water Sci Technol 47:7-14. 2003
    ..These recurring themes suggested the need for attention to broad issues of drinking water security and they present the challenge for how drinking water safety can be managed to prevent such tragedies in the future...
  86. pmc The impact of a school-based safe water and hygiene programme on knowledge and practices of students and their parents: Nyanza Province, western Kenya, 2006
    C E O'Reilly
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 136:80-91. 2008
    ..This novel programme shows promise for reducing school absenteeism and promoting water and hygiene interventions in the home...
  87. pmc Homogenization of regional river dynamics by dams and global biodiversity implications
    N LeRoy Poff
    Department of Biology and Graduate Degree Program in Ecology, and Natural Resources Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:5732-7. 2007
    ....
  88. ncbi Cryptosporidiosis surveillance and water-borne outbreaks in Europe
    J C Semenza
    European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control ECDC, Stockholm, Sweden
    Euro Surveill 12:E13-4. 2007
    ..Improvements in cryptosporidiosis surveillance such as detection, recording and reporting will help to recognise outbreaks and monitor interventions...
  89. pmc Norovirus outbreaks from drinking water
    Leena Maunula
    Department of Food and Environmental Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, HUCH Laboratory Diagnostics, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1716-21. 2005
    ..In all but 1 instance, the amplicon sequence was identical to that recovered from the patients. The ubiquity of waterborne norovirus outbreaks calls for measures to monitor water for viruses...
  90. ncbi Surrounded by mycobacteria: nontuberculous mycobacteria in the human environment
    J O Falkinham
    Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 0406, USA
    J Appl Microbiol 107:356-67. 2009
    ....
  91. ncbi Socio-demographic correlates of early childhood caries prevalence and severity in a developing country--South Africa
    Thomas C Postma
    Department of Community Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Pretoria, 0001, South Africa
    Int Dent J 58:91-7. 2008
    ..To describe Early Childhood Caries (ECC) severity in South Africa and examine the association between ECC and socio-demographic factors, area-based measures of sugar consumption and water fluoride levels...
  92. ncbi Sources of dietary fluoride intake in 6-7-year-old English children receiving optimally, sub-optimally, and non-fluoridated water
    Fatemeh V Zohouri
    School of Dental Sciences, Newcastle University, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4BW, UK
    J Public Health Dent 66:227-34. 2006
    ....
  93. pmc Increased childhood liver cancer mortality and arsenic in drinking water in northern Chile
    Jane Liaw
    Arsenic Health Effects Research Program, School of Public Health, University of California, 140 Warren Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 17:1982-7. 2008
    ..6 (95% CI, 2.9-39.2; P < 0.001). These findings suggest that exposure to arsenic in drinking water during early childhood may result in an increase in childhood liver cancer mortality...
  94. pmc Use of passive surveillance data to study temporal and spatial variation in the incidence of giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis
    E N Naumova
    Dept of Family Medicine and Comm Health, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Public Health Rep 115:436-47. 2000
    ....
  95. ncbi Exposure to disinfection by-products, fetal growth, and prematurity: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    James Grellier
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    Epidemiology 21:300-13. 2010
    ..Exposure to total trihalomethanes in drinking water has been associated with several adverse birth outcomes relating to fetal growth and prematurity...
  96. pmc Waterborne protozoan pathogens
    M M Marshall
    Department of Veterinary Science, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721, USA
    Clin Microbiol Rev 10:67-85. 1997
    ..The review points to the need for clinical laboratories, physicians, and public health personnel to cooperatively plan and assess the challenge of meeting this potential public health threat...
  97. ncbi Ecosystem service supply and vulnerability to global change in Europe
    Dagmar Schröter
    Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
    Science 310:1333-7. 2005
    ....
  98. ncbi Global hydrological cycles and world water resources
    Taikan Oki
    Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo, 4 6 1 Komaba, Meguro ku, Tokyo 153 8505, Japan
    Science 313:1068-72. 2006
    ..Reducing current vulnerability will be the first step to prepare for such anticipated changes...
  99. ncbi A randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial evaluating the effects of vitamin E and selenium on arsenic-induced skin lesions in Bangladesh
    Wendy J Verret
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 47:1026-35. 2005
    ..We sought to determine whether supplementation of vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol), selenium (L-selenomethionine), or their combination improves arsenical skin lesions...
  100. ncbi Arsenic exposure from drinking water and birth weight
    Claudia Hopenhayn
    School of Public Health and Markey Cancer Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40504, USA
    Epidemiology 14:593-602. 2003
    ..Limited evidence suggests that arsenic may have adverse human reproductive effects. We investigated the association between drinking water arsenic exposure and fetal growth, as manifest in birth weight...
  101. ncbi Pattern recognition techniques for the evaluation of spatial and temporal variations in water quality. A case study: Suquía River Basin (Cordoba-Argentina)
    W D Alberto
    Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Dto Bioquímica Cdad Universitaria, Argentina
    Water Res 35:2881-94. 2001
    ....

Research Grants62

  1. System for Decontaminating Well Water for Drinking
    GIRISH SRINIVAS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..groundwater contamination, a small, point-of-use water purification device that can be operated near a drinking water supply (i.e. kitchen sink) would be ideal for rural, single household use...
  2. Multiplexed Detection of Food and Waterborne Pathogens
    Francis Barany; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..is of utmost importance in preventing outbreaks associated with contamination of our nation's food and water supply. Existing detection systems have a limited ability to simultaneously screen a single sample for multiple agents...
  3. Waterless hand sanitizer for diarrhea prevention in a humanitarian emergency
    Pavani Kalluri Ram; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In the humanitarian emergency context, a waterless method of improving hand hygiene could overcome water supply concerns, require less frequent replenishment than water, and represent an efficient method of hand cleansing ..
  4. Multiplex fluorescence optofluidic microscopy for diagnosis of enteric parasites
    Changhuei Yang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Entamoeba, Giardia, Cryptosporidium and Cyclospora, parasites, which pose a public health risk via drinking water supply contamination...
  5. Dentin Fluoride as a Biomarker for Childhood Fluoride Intake
    JAMES STERN WEFEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..caries over the past 30+ years has been remarkable and started largely with the introduction of fluoride to the water supply. Increased access to dental care, improved oral hygiene, fluoride incorporation into professional dental ..
  6. Environmental Health Programs through the Environmental Health Specialists Networ
    Guthrie S Birkhead; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..effort that includes the Bureau of Community Environmental Health and Food Protection;the Bureau of Water Supply Protection;the Bureau of Communicable Disease Control;State Regional Offices;and the Wadsworth Center ..
  7. Development of novel detection and prediction algorithms for Microcystis blooms
    Timothy Moore; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..During HAB events, toxin concentration limits in the Great Lakes drinking water supply are often exceeded...
  8. Development of IMPDH-Targeted Drugs against Crytosporidium
    LIZBETH K HEDSTROM; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Highly concentrated Cryptosporidium samples can be prepared with modest effort and simple equipment, and the water supply is easily accessed, leading to its classification as a category B bio-warfare agent...
  9. Microbial community profiles identify new indicators of waterborne pathogens
    Sandra L McLellan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..nearshore waters of the Great Lakes, which have more than 500 recreational beaches and serve as the drinking water supply for more than 40 million people. The prevailing fecal pollution detection indicators Escherichia coli (E...
  10. PREVENT TRANSMIS OF MUTANS STREPTOC FR MOTHER TO CHILD
    Walter Bretz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..dramatically in many industrialized countries subsequent to the wide spread availability of fluoride in the water supply and dentifrices...
  11. S. typhimiurium Vaccine Against Bacterial Enteropathogens
    Roy Curtiss; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..diarrheal and systemic diseases that can be transmitted to humans by contamination of food products and/or the water supply and such contamination can be willful...
  12. Development of a lyophilized intradermal/intranasal ricin vaccine
    Ellen S Vitetta; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..As a result of this finding, ricin represents a more serious threat to the food and water supply of our civilian population than we had realized previously...
  13. Priming of liver disease by arsenic exposure
    Gavin E Arteel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..However, the exposure levels of arsenic required to cause overt liver damage may be higher than found in the US water supply. In preliminary studies, it was shown that chronic exposure to arsenic at exposure levels that caused no overt ..
  14. Rapid Pesticide Exposure Analysis Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy
    Kevin M Spencer; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..applicant): Chemicals, biological materials and particulates are continuously released into the atmosphere and water supply. Major spills are obvious and are immediately remediated...
  15. Modeling Water Use & Health in Rural South Africa: An Innovative Training Tool
    Richard L Guerrant; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..An ABM will be developed to simulate the complex system of ECD, water supply and quality, enteric infection, and other environmental factors...
  16. Bacterial Pathogen Amplification & Real-Time Detection
    JACK U REN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..difficult to safely grow and disseminate, exist the Category B agents that could be used to infect our food or water supply. These organisms include bacterial pathogens, protozoa, and viruses...
  17. B.pseudomallei bioterrorism and quorum sensing
    DANIEL HASSETT; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..concern is the distribution and survival of pathogenic bacteria in lakes, rivers, streams, swimming pools, our water supply and soils...
  18. IMPROVING ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY AND HAZARD CONTAINMENT
    Maarten Bosland; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..With Project #5 we propose construction of an temperature-humidity-controlled air supply, a hot water supply for sanitation, and exhaust systems to support 12-13 existing whole body inhalation chambers that will be moved ..
  19. Envirnomental Health Specialist Network
    L Rand Carpenter; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The EHS-Net program is a critical demonstration of multiple agencies working together on a coordinated response to this public health need, and we look forward to contributing to it. ..
  20. In Vivo Antiviral Activity of Saponins
    MICHAEL RONER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The central objective of this research is to develop and test the addition of small amounts of saponin to the water supply as a means to prevent or greatly reduce waterborne pathogens from infecting the host...
  21. An Ecological Analysis of Cryptosporidium in Kenya
    Jeffrey Griffiths; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Park, the third largest conservation area in Kenya, and Meru town and a number of rural villages share their water supply with the animals of the National Park...
  22. Sub-micrometer zero valent metal for in-situ remediation of contaminated aquifers
    JOHN FREIM; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..In numerous locations these toxic chemicals have been introduced into shallow aquifers and the public drinking water supply is adversely affected...
  23. Antibacterial peptidoglycan recognition proteins
    Roman Dziarski; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..ways of transmission of these bacteria, but rather would likely involve contaminated air, objects, food, or water supply. Furthermore, the biological warfare or bioterrorism agent that will be used may not be initially known or may ..
  24. CRITICAL TIME PERIODS IN DENTAL FLUOROSIS
    Richard Jackson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..recrnit approximately 300 children (7-12 years-of-age) who are lifetime residents of a community whose communal water supply has undergone an alteration in fluoride content which should result in a definable variation in the degree of ..
  25. DENTAL CONDITIONS AFTER A BREAK IN WATER FLUORIDATION
    Brian Burt; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..During an 11-month time span (September 6, 1990 to mid-August 1991), the public water supply of Durham, NC, was not fluoridated as it normally had been...
  26. Electrolytic Control of Biofilm in Dental Units & Water
    Anne Camper; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..oxygen and hydrogen in solution and other active oxidants from the minerals naturally present in the municipal water supply. It will not require a periodic flush...
  27. California Envirnomental Health Specialist Network
    SUSAN ELIZABETH STRONG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..anticipate, identify, evaluate and respond to both intentional and unintentional contamination of the food and water supply. The mechanism to achieve this purpose is the establishment of a network of Environmental Health Specialists (..
  28. VESICLE TRANSPORT REGULATION IN INTOXICATION AND DISEASE
    Maria Runnegar; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..as provide insights into the long term consequences for chronic low dose ingestion of these toxins through the water supply or elsewhere...
  29. Novel Polymer Coatings for Prevention of Biofilms in Dental Unit Waterlines
    Jeffrey Dalsin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..they will not be able to form biofilms to allow them to reproduce in large numbers and contaminate the water supply. Our Phase I research has firmly demonstrated feasibility for this type of approach...
  30. In situ Soil Probe for Rapid Delineation of Dense Non Aqueous Phase Liquids
    PAUL JARSKI; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..down into the subsurface, ultimately reaching the groundwater aquifers used for much of the public's water supply. The proposed research will lead to a real time probe that can more accurately map the source term (NAPL) of ..
  31. Effects of PCBs on social behavioral development
    HOWARD CROMWELL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..PCBs are found everywhere in the world located in the global water supply, air and soil.Developing countries still utilize this potent endocrine disruptor in manufacturing and industry...
  32. Bacterial Pathogen Amplification & Real-Time Detection
    JACK U REN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..difficult to safely grow and disseminate, exist the Category B agents that could be used to infect our food or water supply. These organisms include bacterial pathogens, protozoa, and viruses...
  33. Polymer Coatings for Prevention of Bacterial Contamination of Dental Waterlines
    Jeffrey Dalsin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..they will not be able to form biofilms to allow them to reproduce in large numbers and contaminate the water supply. Coatings will be developed and evaluated that prevent bacterial attachment to surfaces of materials commonly ..
  34. Development of Cavitating Liquid Jets for Remediation
    KENNETH KALUMUCK; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..variety of toxic substances in aquifers at many Superfund sites pose serious problems to the nation's fresh water supply. Contaminated groundwater is a particular threat to the health of those relying on well water...
  35. Control of DNA replication in AIDS pathogen T. gondii.
    Michael White; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Toxoplasma gondii parasites enter human populations by avenues such as the food and water supply where they cause serious pathology in individuals whose immune system is underdeveloped, diseased, or suppressed...
  36. CARCINOGENIC IMPACT OF RADON IN WATER SUPPLIES
    HOWARD PRICHARD; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..of the community population dose increment as a function of practical variables such as radon content of the water supply, meteorological data, and local demographic and architectural factors...
  37. Ocular HSV-1: Turning On/Off LAT Expression in Latency
    Guey Chuen Perng; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..in the rabbit's water supply. Dox will be fed either (i)just prior to and then throughout the first 21 days of infection (LAT will be active ..
  38. Multiplex Detection of Microbial Pathogens
    SANDRA WOODGATE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    The food and water supply in the United States is claimed to be one of the safest in the world; however, CDC estimates that >76 million people get sick, with ~3-5 billion worldwide cases of associated diarrhea...
  39. RENOVATION FOR MEDICAL SURGE II BUILDING
    DENNIS CUNNINGHAM; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..Med Surge II has served the campus well, the building's infrastructure-including HVAC, cold rooms, deionized water supply, emergency power capacity, and basic laboratory cabinetry is aged, in some cases outmoded, and in severe need ..
  40. Developing and Improving Institutional Animal Resources (G20)
    MICHAEL HUERKAMP; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..we seek to acquire 15 rodent ventilated caging systems with 140 cage (840 mouse) capacity each and automated water supply to build foremost upon this momentum of expansion and the associated need for more mouse caging that it has ..
  41. Does ArsenicMitigation in BangladeshRaiseExposure to Bacterial and ViralPathogens
    ALEXANDER FRANS VAN GEEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    The world saw dramatic improvements in water availability during the 1980s, designated "International Water Supply and Sanitation Decade" by the UN...
  42. California Nevada Arsenic and Lung Cancer Study
    ALLAN SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  43. Arsenic and child respiratory health in Bangladesh
    Allan H Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  44. Incident cancer studies in a unique arsenic-exposed area of Chile
    Craig M Steinmaus; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Information on early-life exposure, MMA3, diet, and the future genetic and proteomic studies we will plan as part of this project could add further insight into the important co-factors and mechanisms of environmental carcinogenesis. ..
  45. IMPACT OF ARSENIC ON MORTALITY IN CHILE FROM 1950-2000
    ALLAN SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This study will provide a unique opportunity to investigate arsenic-caused mortality, including latency patterns, in one of the world's most significant environmental toxic exposures. ..
  46. Environmental Microorganisms as Human Pathogens
    Gerard Cangelosi; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Following the colloquium, a report will be developed--in both print and electronic formats--that will be analytical and comprehensive, yet offer practical recommendations for the future. ..
  47. Transcription of H. pylori Genes in the Rhesus Monkey
    JAY SOLNICK; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..An understanding of the dynamic interaction between host and pathogen may point the way toward critical proteins that may be useful as targets for therapy or vaccine development. ..
  48. MICRONUTRIENTS AND MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION OF HIV
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The relationship between mastitis and breastmilk HIV load and the epidemiology and microbiology of mastitis will be examined in a new cohort of HIV-infected lactating women. ..
  49. Solar Water Disinfection: Randomized Intervention Trial
    JOHN COLFORD; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..It is run jointly with the Bolivian partners at the Universidad Mayor de San Simon and the Fondazion SODIS that coordinates the Bolivian SODIS program. ..
  50. Filipino Early Childhood Development--Longitudinal Anal*
    JERE BEHRMAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..3) To strengthen the analytical capacity of OPS through collaborative analytical research that integrates health, nutrition, demographic and economic concerns, in addition to collaborative data collection. ..
  51. Gene expression during H. pylori-host interactions
    JAY SOLNICK; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These studies will provide a functional genomic understanding of the H. pylori host-pathogen relationship that may have implications for novel treatment or vaccine strategies. ..
  52. Development of Objective Methods for Fluorosis Diagnosis
    ESPERANZA MARTINEZ MIER; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. Iron Deficiency and Anemia in HIV and HCV-Infected Women
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..S. and elsewhere. ..
  54. Genetic Analysis of Mycobacterial Biofilm Formation
    Gerard Cangelosi; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results will improve our understanding of the microbial ecology of environmental mycobacteria, and they may lead to improved methods for protecting susceptible people from MAC infection. ..
  55. Development of a Web Based Tobacco Cessation Curriculum
    John Spangler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The ultimate goal will be to develop a highly portable tobacco cessation curriculum that can be used a variety of educational settings. ..
  56. Family Clustering of Incidence & Progression of Cataract
    Barbara Klein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We currently have no funds to support the proposed analyses. We believe this project offers the possibility of examining important hypotheses in a large group of families in a population-based framework. ..
  57. Oxidative Stress and the Pathogenesis of Sarcopenia and Disability in Older Women
    Richard Semba; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..AGEs are a potentially modifiable risk factor, as circulating AGEs can be lowered by dietary modification and by pharmacological intervention. ..
  58. Indicators of Recreational Water Contamination and Illness
    John M Colford; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Decisions about beach closures have enormous economic implications. If successful, we will quantify the relationship between health and novel rapid methods for traditional indicators as well as viral indicators. ..
  59. Community Exposure to Perfluorooctanate
    Edward Emmett; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Outcome measures to be evaluated include the reduction of levels of blood C8, and whether community trust is restored through an independent participatory study. ..
  60. Transmission of H. pylori infection in the rhesus monkey
    JAY SOLNICK; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..pylori; 3) Determine the effects of H. pylori infection on the acquisition of Campylobacter jejuni; and 4) Determine the effects of the CagA pathogenicity island on colonization and shedding. ..
  61. Longitudinal Study of Fluoride, Diet, Caries & Fluorosis
    Steven Levy; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..As studies involving recruitment and successful retention of a cohort from birth are extremely rare, the Iowa Fluoride Study offers a unique opportunity to study these relationships in unprecedented detail. ..
  62. Hepcidin and the pathogenesis of anemia in older adults.
    Richard D Semba; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study should provide new insight into the epidemiology and biological mechanisms of anemia among older adults and help identify strategies aimed at the prevention and treatment of anemia. ..