commerce

Summary

Summary: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)

Top Publications

  1. pmc The contextual effect of the local food environment on residents' diets: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Kimberly Morland
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1761-7. 2002
  2. ncbi The effectiveness of limiting alcohol outlet density as a means of reducing excessive alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harms
    Carla Alexia Campbell
    Community Guide Branch of the National Center for Health Marketing, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Prev Med 37:556-69. 2009
  3. ncbi Effects of beverage alcohol price and tax levels on drinking: a meta-analysis of 1003 estimates from 112 studies
    Alexander C Wagenaar
    University of Florida, College of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Gainesville, FL 32610 0177, USA
    Addiction 104:179-90. 2009
  4. pmc Population tobacco control interventions and their effects on social inequalities in smoking: systematic review
    S Thomas
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Tob Control 17:230-7. 2008
  5. ncbi Food store types, availability, and cost of foods in a rural environment
    Angela D Liese
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:1916-23. 2007
  6. ncbi Are secondary data sources on the neighbourhood food environment accurate? Case-study in Glasgow, UK
    Steven Cummins
    Healthy Environments Research Programme, Department of Geography, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK
    Prev Med 49:527-8. 2009
  7. ncbi Ending appreciable tobacco use in a nation: using a sinking lid on supply
    George Thomson
    University of Otago, Wellington, Box 7343, Wellington, New Zealand
    Tob Control 19:431-5. 2010
  8. pmc A corner store intervention in a low-income urban community is associated with increased availability and sales of some healthy foods
    Hee Jung Song
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 2179, USA
    Public Health Nutr 12:2060-7. 2009
  9. ncbi The foodscape: classification and field validation of secondary data sources
    Amelia A Lake
    Applied Biosciences, School of Applied Sciences, Northumbria University, Ellison Building, Newcastle upon Tyne NE18ST, UK
    Health Place 16:666-73. 2010
  10. ncbi Price discounts significantly enhance fruit and vegetable purchases when combined with nutrition education: a randomized controlled supermarket trial
    Wilma E Waterlander
    Department of Health Sciences and the EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 97:886-95. 2013

Detail Information

Publications339 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc The contextual effect of the local food environment on residents' diets: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Kimberly Morland
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1761-7. 2002
    ..We studied the association between the local food environment and residents' report of recommended dietary intake...
  2. ncbi The effectiveness of limiting alcohol outlet density as a means of reducing excessive alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harms
    Carla Alexia Campbell
    Community Guide Branch of the National Center for Health Marketing, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Am J Prev Med 37:556-69. 2009
    ..Primary evidence was supported by secondary evidence from correlational studies. The regulation of alcohol outlet density may be a useful public health tool for the reduction of excessive alcohol consumption and related harms...
  3. ncbi Effects of beverage alcohol price and tax levels on drinking: a meta-analysis of 1003 estimates from 112 studies
    Alexander C Wagenaar
    University of Florida, College of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Gainesville, FL 32610 0177, USA
    Addiction 104:179-90. 2009
    ..A total of 112 studies of alcohol tax or price effects were found, containing 1003 estimates of the tax/price-consumption relationship...
  4. pmc Population tobacco control interventions and their effects on social inequalities in smoking: systematic review
    S Thomas
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK
    Tob Control 17:230-7. 2008
    ..To assess the effects of population tobacco control interventions on social inequalities in smoking...
  5. ncbi Food store types, availability, and cost of foods in a rural environment
    Angela D Liese
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:1916-23. 2007
    ..To characterize the built nutritional environment in terms of types and number of food stores, availability, and cost of selected food items in a rural area...
  6. ncbi Are secondary data sources on the neighbourhood food environment accurate? Case-study in Glasgow, UK
    Steven Cummins
    Healthy Environments Research Programme, Department of Geography, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK
    Prev Med 49:527-8. 2009
    ..To assess the validity of a publicly available list of food stores through field observations of their existence, in order to contribute to research on neighbourhood food environments and health...
  7. ncbi Ending appreciable tobacco use in a nation: using a sinking lid on supply
    George Thomson
    University of Otago, Wellington, Box 7343, Wellington, New Zealand
    Tob Control 19:431-5. 2010
    ..The likely context for initial success in jurisdictions includes geographical isolation and/or strong border controls, absence of significant tobacco production and/or manufacturing and low government corruption...
  8. pmc A corner store intervention in a low-income urban community is associated with increased availability and sales of some healthy foods
    Hee Jung Song
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 2179, USA
    Public Health Nutr 12:2060-7. 2009
    ..We present the results of a trial in Baltimore City to increase the availability and sales of healthier food options in local stores...
  9. ncbi The foodscape: classification and field validation of secondary data sources
    Amelia A Lake
    Applied Biosciences, School of Applied Sciences, Northumbria University, Ellison Building, Newcastle upon Tyne NE18ST, UK
    Health Place 16:666-73. 2010
    ..6%), while Yell.com and the Yellow Pages were low (51.2% and 50.9%, respectively). To improve the quality of secondary data, multiple sources should be used in order to achieve a realistic picture of the foodscape...
  10. ncbi Price discounts significantly enhance fruit and vegetable purchases when combined with nutrition education: a randomized controlled supermarket trial
    Wilma E Waterlander
    Department of Health Sciences and the EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Am J Clin Nutr 97:886-95. 2013
    ..Reducing fruit and vegetable (F&V) prices is a frequently considered policy to improve dietary habits in the context of health promotion. However, evidence on the effectiveness of this intervention is limited...
  11. ncbi Neighbourhood food environment and area deprivation: spatial accessibility to grocery stores selling fresh fruit and vegetables in urban and rural settings
    Dianna M Smith
    Healthy Environments Research Programme, Department of Geography, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 39:277-84. 2010
    ..This paper presents results from a study that quantified access to grocery stores selling fresh fruit and vegetables in four environmental settings in Scotland, UK...
  12. ncbi Neighbourhood fruit and vegetable availability and consumption: the role of small food stores in an urban environment
    J Nicholas Bodor
    Department of Community Health Sciences, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, 1440 Canal Street, Suite 2301, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Public Health Nutr 11:413-20. 2008
    ..This study synthesises both types of information - store access and in-store availability - to determine their potential relationship to fruit and vegetable consumption...
  13. ncbi Nutrition Environment Measures Survey in stores (NEMS-S): development and evaluation
    Karen Glanz
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:282-9. 2007
    ..There is a need for valid, reliable measures of nutrition environments. This article reports on the development and evaluation of measures of nutrition environments in retail food stores...
  14. ncbi Examining associations among obesity and per capita farmers' markets, grocery stores/supermarkets, and supercenters in US counties
    Stephanie B Jilcott
    Department of Public Health, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27834, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 111:567-72. 2011
    ..In this ecologic study, density of food venues was inversely associated with county-level obesity prevalence. Thus, future research should examine similar associations at the individual-level...
  15. pmc The relation between neighborhood built environment and walking activity among older adults
    Corey L Nagel
    School of Nursing, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:461-8. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that built environment may not play a significant role in whether older adults walk, but, among those who do walk, it is associated with increased levels of activity...
  16. pmc Association between neighborhood need and spatial access to food stores and fast food restaurants in neighborhoods of colonias
    Joseph R Sharkey
    Texas Healthy Aging Research Network TxHAN and Center for Community Health Development, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 8:9. 2009
    ....
  17. ncbi Field validation of secondary commercial data sources on the retail food outlet environment in the U.S
    Lisa M Powell
    Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 W Roosevelt Road, M C 275, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
    Health Place 17:1122-31. 2011
    ..The study also found that agreement levels for some outlet types differed by tract characteristics. Commercial databases must be used with caution as substitutes for on the ground data collection...
  18. ncbi Effectiveness of tax and price policies in tobacco control
    Frank J Chaloupka
    Economics, College of Business Administration, Health Policy and Administration, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Tob Control 20:235-8. 2011
    ....
  19. ncbi You are where you shop: grocery store locations, weight, and neighborhoods
    Sanae Inagami
    Veterans Affairs Health Services and Research Development, VA Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, Division of General Internal Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90073, USA
    Am J Prev Med 31:10-7. 2006
    ..One possible reason might be the quality of available foods in their area. Location of grocery stores where individuals shop and its association with BMI were examined...
  20. ncbi Effects of price discounts and tailored nutrition education on supermarket purchases: a randomized controlled trial
    Cliona Ni Mhurchu
    School of Population Health, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:736-47. 2010
    ..Traditional methods to improve population diets have largely relied on individual responsibility, but there is growing interest in structural interventions such as pricing policies...
  21. pmc The association between obesity and urban food environments
    J Nicholas Bodor
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal Street, Suite 2301, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    J Urban Health 87:771-81. 2010
    ..Future studies with longitudinal and experimental designs are needed to test whether modifications in the food environment may assist in the prevention of obesity...
  22. ncbi Social inequalities in food exposure around schools in an urban area
    Yan Kestens
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine and Central Hospital Research Center, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Am J Prev Med 39:33-40. 2010
    ..Although the positive association between area-level deprivation and fast-food outlets offering high-calorie foods has been well documented, few studies have evaluated food sources around school settings...
  23. pmc The building blocks of economic complexity
    César A Hidalgo
    Center for International Development and Harvard Kennedy School, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:10570-5. 2009
    ....
  24. pmc The ubiquity of energy-dense snack foods: a national multicity study
    Thomas A Farley
    Tulane University School of Public Health, 1440 Canal St, TW 19, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:306-11. 2010
    ..We assessed the availability and accessibility of energy-dense snacks in retail stores whose primary merchandise was not food and whether these varied by store type, region, or socioeconomic factors...
  25. ncbi Disparities in the availability of fruits and vegetables between racially segregated urban neighbourhoods
    Kimberly Morland
    Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Place, Box 1057, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Public Health Nutr 10:1481-9. 2007
    ..Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the availability and variety of produce located in two racially and economically diverse urban neighbourhoods...
  26. ncbi Mapping access to food in a deprived area: the development of price and availability indices
    A J Donkin
    Public Health Nutrition Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Public Health Nutr 3:31-8. 2000
    ..To develop and map indices to illustrate variation in the cost and availability of healthy food...
  27. ncbi Using experienced activity spaces to measure foodscape exposure
    Yan Kestens
    Social and Preventive Medicine, Universite de Montreal, CRCHUM, Montreal Public Health Department, Montreal, Canada
    Health Place 16:1094-103. 2010
    ..Furthermore, these activity-space exposure measures once modeled, can be used as predictors of health outcomes. Hence, travel surveys can be used to estimate environmental exposure for health survey participants...
  28. pmc Neighbourhood food environments: are they associated with adolescent dietary intake, food purchases and weight status?
    Melissa N Laska
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South 2nd Street, WBOB Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Public Health Nutr 13:1757-63. 2010
    ..To examine neighbourhood food environments, adolescent nutrition and weight status...
  29. ncbi Comparison of price change and health message interventions in promoting healthy food choices
    Katherine Battle Horgen
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Health Psychol 21:505-12. 2002
    ..Price decreases may be a more powerful means than health messages of increasing consumption of healthy foods. Health messages may have paradoxical effects if foods labeled as healthy are assumed to taste bad...
  30. pmc Comparing Perception-Based and Geographic Information System (GIS)-based characterizations of the local food environment
    Latetia V Moore
    University of Michigan, Department of Epidemiology, 109 Observatory St, 4648 SPH I Ann Arbor, MI, 48109 2029, USA
    J Urban Health 85:206-16. 2008
    ..Perception- and GIS-based characterizations of the environment are associated but are not identical. Combinations of different types of measures may yield more valid measures of the environment...
  31. ncbi Variations in fresh fruit and vegetable quality by store type, urban-rural setting and neighbourhood deprivation in Scotland
    Steven Cummins
    Healthy Environments Research Programme, Department of Geography, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK
    Public Health Nutr 12:2044-50. 2009
    ..Here we investigate whether produce quality systematically varies by food store type, rural-urban location and neighbourhood deprivation in a selection of communities across Scotland...
  32. pmc Neighborhood food environments and Body Mass Index: the importance of in-store contents
    Donald Rose
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
    Am J Prev Med 37:214-9. 2009
    ..Most public health studies on the neighborhood food environment have focused on types of stores and their geographic placement, yet marketing research has long documented the influence of in-store shelf-space on consumer behavior...
  33. ncbi Obesity-promoting food environments and the spatial clustering of food outlets around schools
    Peter L Day
    Department of Geography, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Am J Prev Med 40:113-21. 2011
    ..The proximity of fast-food and convenience stores to schools may enhance access to unhealthy foods and have a negative impact on diet...
  34. pmc The rationale behind small food store interventions in low-income urban neighborhoods: insights from New Orleans
    J Nicholas Bodor
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    J Nutr 140:1185-8. 2010
    ..More research is needed to better understand the financial operations of small food stores and whether altering the mix of foods is economically feasible...
  35. pmc Measurement of the local food environment: a comparison of existing data sources
    Michael D M Bader
    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health and Society Scholars Program, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 171:609-17. 2010
    ..Results suggest that researchers should have reasonable confidence using whichever method (or combination of methods) is most cost-effective and theoretically appropriate for their research design...
  36. ncbi Hours and days of sale and density of alcohol outlets: impacts on alcohol consumption and damage: a systematic review
    Svetlana Popova
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada
    Alcohol Alcohol 44:500-16. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to examine recent research studies published from 2000 to 2008 focusing on availability of alcohol: hours and days of sale and density of alcohol outlets...
  37. ncbi The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement: challenges for Australian health and medicine policies
    Thomas A Faunce
    Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
    Med J Aust 194:83-6. 2011
    ....
  38. pmc Point-of-purchase price and education intervention to reduce consumption of sugary soft drinks
    Jason P Block
    Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1427-33. 2010
    ..We investigated whether a price increase on regular (sugary) soft drinks and an educational intervention would reduce their sales...
  39. pmc The price of a drink: levels of consumption and price paid per unit of alcohol by Edinburgh's ill drinkers with a comparison to wider alcohol sales in Scotland
    Heather Black
    Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK
    Addiction 106:729-36. 2011
    ..To compare alcohol purchasing and consumption by ill drinkers in Edinburgh with wider alcohol sales in Scotland...
  40. ncbi Trade and social determinants of health
    Chantal Blouin
    Centre for Trade Policy and Law, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Lancet 373:502-7. 2009
    ..Policymakers and health professionals need to be aware that the global economy affects the health of populations and understand how risks associated with trade liberalisation can be mitigated...
  41. ncbi The effect of retail cigarette pack displays on impulse purchase
    Melanie Wakefield
    Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, Carlton, Vic, Australia
    Addiction 103:322-8. 2008
    ..To assess the extent to which point-of purchase (POP) cigarette displays stimulate impulse purchases...
  42. pmc The case for OFSMOKE: how tobacco price regulation is needed to promote the health of markets, government revenue and the public
    Anna B Gilmore
    Department for Health, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath BA27AY, UK
    Tob Control 19:423-30. 2010
    ..The paper outlines in some detail how such a system might be developed in the UK, while briefly exploring how it could be applied elsewhere, including in markets with state monopolies...
  43. doi Science and commerce. Gene tests for psychiatric risk polarize researchers
    Jennifer Couzin
    Science 319:274-7. 2008
  44. ncbi Fruit and vegetable intake in African Americans income and store characteristics
    Shannon N Zenk
    Program in Cancer Control and Population Sciences, Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60608, USA
    Am J Prev Med 29:1-9. 2005
    ....
  45. ncbi Tobacco advertising and sales practices in licensed retail outlets after the Food and Drug Administration regulations
    Ryan G Frick
    Ohio State University College of Public Health, 1841 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    J Community Health 37:963-7. 2012
    ..Tobacco advertising and marketing remain highly prevalent in retail outlets, with some significant differences between high and low income neighborhoods...
  46. pmc Predictors of trips to food destinations
    Jacqueline Kerr
    University of California, San Diego, USA
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 9:58. 2012
    ..Further, studies have not considered neighborhood design as a predictor of food purchasing behavior...
  47. ncbi Trade and the nutrition transition: strengthening policy for health in the Pacific
    Anne Marie Thow
    Menzies Centre for Health Policy, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    Ecol Food Nutr 50:18-42. 2011
    ....
  48. ncbi Adjusting for unrecorded consumption in survey and per capita sales data: quantification of impact on gender- and age-specific alcohol-attributable fractions for oral and pharyngeal cancers in Great Britain
    Petra Sylvia Meier
    School of Health and Related Research ScHARR, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    Alcohol Alcohol 48:241-9. 2013
    ..This may lead to significant inaccuracies when calculating levels of alcohol-attributable harms. Using British data, we demonstrate an approach to adjusting survey data to give more accurate estimates of per capita alcohol consumption...
  49. pmc Retail sector distribution chains for malaria treatment in the developing world: a review of the literature
    Edith Patouillard
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
    Malar J 9:50. 2010
    ..This article presents the findings of a systematic literature review on the retail sector distribution chain for malaria treatment in low and middle-income countries...
  50. ncbi Policy options for alcohol price regulation: the importance of modelling population heterogeneity
    Petra Sylvia Meier
    School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
    Addiction 105:383-93. 2010
    ..Conclusion Policy appraisals must account for population heterogeneity and complexity if resulting interventions are to be well considered, proportionate, effective and cost-effective...
  51. ncbi The Irish tobacco industry position on price increases on tobacco products
    Fenton Howell
    ASH Ireland, Denshaw House, 120 121 Baggot Street Lower, Dublin 2, Ireland
    Tob Control 21:514-6. 2012
    ..To examine what the tobacco industry in Ireland says to government on tobacco price, and what it does...
  52. ncbi Measuring the retail food environment in rural and urban North Carolina counties
    Stephanie B Jilcott
    Department of Public Health, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27858, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 16:432-40. 2010
    ..Thus, we examined convergent and criterion validity of 2 retail food environment data sources and then examined differences in predictive validity between 3 ways of measuring the rural and urban food environment...
  53. ncbi A pilot food store intervention in the Republic of the Marshall Islands
    Joel Gittelsohn
    Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205 2179, USA
    Pac Health Dialog 14:43-53. 2007
    ..05). Food store centered interventions have great potential for changing cognitive and behavioral factors relating to food choice and preparation, and may contribute to lessening the burden of diet-related chronic disease worldwide...
  54. pmc Zoonotic viruses associated with illegally imported wildlife products
    Kristine M Smith
    Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e29505. 2012
    ....
  55. ncbi Tobacco outlet density and demographics: analysing the relationships with a spatial regression approach
    D Yu
    Montclair State University, Montclair, NJ, USA
    Public Health 124:412-6. 2010
    ..This study addresses this concern by applying the spatial analysis method in studying how socio-economic factors and tobacco outlet density are related in New Jersey, USA...
  56. ncbi A food store intervention trial improves caregiver psychosocial factors and children's dietary intake in Hawaii
    Joel Gittelsohn
    Center for Human Nutrition, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:S84-90. 2010
    ..Greater intensity, sustained food system change, and further targeting for children are needed to show greater and sustained change in food-related behaviors in low-income Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander communities...
  57. doi Banning tobacco sales in pharmacies: the right prescription
    Mitchell H Katz
    San Francisco Department of Public Health, 101 Grove St, Room 308, San Francisco, CA 94102, USA
    JAMA 300:1451-3. 2008
  58. pmc Five in a row--reactions of smokers to tobacco tax increases: population-based cross-sectional studies in Germany 2001-2006
    Reiner Hanewinkel
    Institute for Therapy and Health Research, IFT Nord, Düsternbrooker Weg 2, 24105 Kiel, Germany
    Tob Control 16:34-7. 2007
    ..To assess reactions of smokers to five waves of tobacco tax increases in Germany...
  59. pmc Store type and demographic influence on the availability and price of healthful foods, Leon County, Florida, 2008
    Angela F Leone
    University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 8:A140. 2011
    ..We examined the availability and price of more healthful foods by store type, neighborhood income level, and racial composition in a community with high rates of diet-related illness and death...
  60. ncbi Determinants of Zambian men's extra-marital sex: a multi-level analysis
    Kofi D Benefo
    Department of Sociology and Social Work, Lehman College, City University of New York, 250 Bedford Park Blvd West, Bronx, NY 10468 1589, USA
    Arch Sex Behav 37:517-29. 2008
    ..These results show that scholars trying to understand the motivations for extra-marital sex must pay attention to the characteristics of both individuals and communities...
  61. pmc Effectiveness of policies restricting hours of alcohol sales in preventing excessive alcohol consumption and related harms
    Robert A Hahn
    Community Guide Branch of the Epidemiology and Analysis Program Office, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Prev Med 39:590-604. 2010
    ..The evidence from six qualifying studies was insufficient to determine whether increasing hours of sale by less than 2 hours increases excessive alcohol consumption and related harms...
  62. ncbi Strategies for increasing fruit and vegetable intake in grocery stores and communities: policy, pricing, and environmental change
    Karen Glanz
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Prev Med 39:S75-80. 2004
    ....
  63. pmc Marketing actions can modulate neural representations of experienced pleasantness
    Hilke Plassmann
    Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences, California Institute of Technology, MC 228 77, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:1050-4. 2008
    ..The paper provides evidence for the ability of marketing actions to modulate neural correlates of experienced pleasantness and for the mechanisms through which the effect operates...
  64. pmc Neighborhood impact on healthy food availability and pricing in food stores
    Rebecca A Krukowski
    Fay W Boozman College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 W Markham Street, 820 Little Rock, AR 72205, USA
    J Community Health 35:315-20. 2010
    ..Furthermore, increasing access to larger stores that can offer lower prices for healthier foods may provide another avenue for enhancing food environments to lower disease risk...
  65. ncbi A national study of the association between food environments and county-level health outcomes
    Melissa Ahern
    Department of Pharmacotherapy, College of Pharmacy, Washington State University, Spokane, Washington 99210, USA
    J Rural Health 27:367-79. 2011
    ..This national, county-level study examines the relationship between food availability and access, and health outcomes (mortality, diabetes, and obesity rates) in both metro and non-metro areas...
  66. ncbi Poultry movement networks in Cambodia: implications for surveillance and control of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI/H5N1)
    Maria D Van Kerkhove
    Epidemiology Unit, Pasteur Institute of Cambodia, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    Vaccine 27:6345-52. 2009
    ..Most poultry movement occurs via middlemen into Phnom Penh making live bird wet markets in Phnom Penh a potential hub for the spread of H5N1 and ideal for surveillance and control...
  67. pmc "Working the system"--British American tobacco's influence on the European union treaty and its implications for policy: an analysis of internal tobacco industry documents
    Katherine E Smith
    School for Health, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 7:e1000202. 2010
    ..Our study sought to assess how, why, and in what ways corporations, and particularly the tobacco industry, influenced the EU's approach to IA...
  68. pmc A pharmacy too far? Equity and spatial distribution of outcomes in the delivery of subsidized artemisinin-based combination therapies through private drug shops
    Justin M Cohen
    Clinton Health Access Initiative, 383 Dorchester Ave, Boston MA, 02127, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 10:S6. 2010
    ..The Government of Tanzania and the Clinton Foundation piloted this subsidized distribution model in two Tanzanian districts to examine concerns about whether the intervention will successfully reach poor, rural communities...
  69. ncbi A comparison of the availability and affordability of a market basket in two communities in the Chicago area
    Daniel Block
    Department of Geography, Sociology, Economics, and Anthropology, Chicago State University, 9501 South King Drive, Chicago, IL 60628, USA
    Public Health Nutr 9:837-45. 2006
    ..Detailed analysis focuses on the relationship between community store mix and price, availability and produce quality...
  70. pmc Improving childhood malaria treatment and referral practices by training patent medicine vendors in rural south-east Nigeria
    Theodora A Okeke
    Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, P, O, Box 3295, Nigeria
    Malar J 8:260. 2009
    ..This study aimed to determine the feasibility and impact of training rural drug vendors on community-based malaria treatment and advice with referral of severe cases to a health facility...
  71. ncbi Risk factors for herd breakdown with bovine tuberculosis in 148 cattle herds in the south west of England
    A M Ramírez-Villaescusa
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Rd, Coventry, West Midlands CV4 7AL, England, UK
    Prev Vet Med 95:224-30. 2010
    ..Method of storage or lack of storage of slurry might aid persistence of M. bovis in the environment if M. bovis survives in slurry in some circumstances...
  72. ncbi Summarizing the evidence on the international trade in illegal wildlife
    Gail Emilia Rosen
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Brown University, 80 Waterman Street, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Ecohealth 7:24-32. 2010
    ....
  73. pmc Environmental sampling for avian influenza virus A (H5N1) in live-bird markets, Indonesia
    Risa Indriani
    Indonesian Research Center for Veterinary Science, Bogor, Indonesia
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:1889-95. 2010
    ..These results can aid in the design of evidence-based programs concerning environmental sanitation, food safety, and surveillance to reduce the risk for avian influenza virus A (H5N1) transmission in live-bird markets...
  74. pmc Improvements in access to malaria treatment in Tanzania after switch to artemisinin combination therapy and the introduction of accredited drug dispensing outlets - a provider perspective
    Sandra Alba
    Dept Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
    Malar J 9:164. 2010
    ..Subsidized ALu was made available in both health facilities and ADDOs. The effect of these interventions on access to malaria treatment was studied in rural Tanzania...
  75. pmc Piloting the global subsidy: the impact of subsidized artemisinin-based combination therapies distributed through private drug shops in rural Tanzania
    Oliver J Sabot
    Malaria Control Team, Clinton Foundation HIV AIDS Initiative, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e6857. 2009
    ..To overcome this challenge, a global ACT subsidy has been proposed. We tested this proposal through a pilot program in rural Tanzania...
  76. ncbi The contextual effects of neighbourhood access to supermarkets and convenience stores on individual fruit and vegetable consumption
    J Pearce
    GeoHealth Laboratory, Department of Geography, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8020, New Zealand
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:198-201. 2008
    ..We examine the association between neighbourhood accessibility to supermarkets and convenience stores and individuals' consumption of fruit and vegetables in New Zealand...
  77. ncbi Is adolescent smoking related to the density and proximity of tobacco outlets and retail cigarette advertising near schools?
    Lisa Henriksen
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305 5705, USA
    Prev Med 47:210-4. 2008
    ..To examine the quantity (density) and location (proximity) of tobacco outlets and retail cigarette advertising in high school neighborhoods and their association with school smoking prevalence...
  78. ncbi Race and food store availability in an inner-city neighbourhood
    Maida P Galvez
    Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Public Health Nutr 11:624-31. 2008
    ..Less is known about whether differences in availability of resources by African American or Latino race/ethnicity exist within a single minority community...
  79. ncbi The economic and social burden of malaria
    Jeffrey Sachs
    Center for International Development, John F Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, 79 John F Kennedy St, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Nature 415:680-5. 2002
    ..There are multiple channels by which malaria impedes development, including effects on fertility, population growth, saving and investment, worker productivity, absenteeism, premature mortality and medical costs...
  80. pmc Economic effect of a smoke-free law in a tobacco-growing community
    Mark K Pyles
    School of Business and Economics, College of Charleston, 5 Liberty Street, Suite 400, Charleston, SC 29401, USA
    Tob Control 16:66-8. 2007
    ..Lexington is located in a major tobacco-growing state that has the highest smoking rate in the US and was the first Kentucky community to become smoke-free...
  81. pmc Alcohol outlets, gonorrhea, and the Los Angeles civil unrest: a longitudinal analysis
    Deborah A Cohen
    RAND Corp, 1776 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA 90407, USA
    Soc Sci Med 62:3062-71. 2006
    ..The findings suggest that efforts to control sexually transmitted diseases, including gonorrhea and HIV, should address contextual factors that facilitate high-risk behaviors and disease transmission...
  82. ncbi Estimating price elasticities when there is smuggling: the sensitivity of smoking to price in Canada
    Jonathan Gruber
    Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT and NBER E52 355, 50 Memorial Drive, Cambridge, MA 02142 1347, USA
    J Health Econ 22:821-42. 2003
    ..Finally, we show that price increases on cigarettes do not increase, and may actually decrease, consumption of alcohol; as a result, smuggling of cigarettes may have raised consumption of alcohol as well...
  83. pmc Targeted advertising, promotion, and price for menthol cigarettes in California high school neighborhoods
    Lisa Henriksen
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, 1070 Arastradero Rd, Suite 353, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 14:116-21. 2012
    ..To describe advertising, promotions, and pack prices for the leading brands of menthol and nonmenthol cigarettes near California high schools and to examine their associations with school and neighborhood demographics...
  84. ncbi The psychophysiology of real-time financial risk processing
    Andrew W Lo
    MIT Sloan School of Management, 50 Memorial Drive, E52 432, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 14:323-39. 2002
    ..We also observe significant differences in these physiological responses across the 10 traders that may be systematically related to the traders' levels of experience...
  85. ncbi Which interventions against the sale of tobacco to minors can be expected to reduce smoking?
    Joseph R DiFranza
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA
    Tob Control 21:436-42. 2012
    ..The object of this study was to determine if disrupting the sale of tobacco to minors can be expected to reduce tobacco use by youths...
  86. pmc The impact of small changes in bar closing hours on violence. The Norwegian experience from 18 cities
    Ingeborg Rossow
    Norwegian Institute for Alcohol and Drug Research, Oslo, Norway
    Addiction 107:530-7. 2012
    ..To estimate the effect on violence of small changes in closing hours for on-premise alcohol sales, and to assess whether a possible effect is symmetrical...
  87. ncbi Inclusion of indigenous and ethnic minority populations in intervention trials: challenges and strategies in a New Zealand supermarket study
    C Ni Mhurchu
    Clinical Trials Research Unit, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:850-5. 2009
    ..This paper describes the recruitment strategies used and evaluates their impact on recruitment of Māori, Pacific and non-Māori, non-Pacific trial participants...
  88. ncbi Association between the food retail environment surrounding schools and overweight in Canadian youth
    Laura M Seliske
    Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Public Health Nutr 12:1384-91. 2009
    ..There is growing interest in how the physical environment influences obesity. Few studies have considered how the food retail environment surrounding schools influences overweight in students...
  89. ncbi Age verification cards fail to fully prevent minors from accessing tobacco products
    Hideyuki Kanda
    Department of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, Fukushima Medical University, Hikarigaoka 1, Fukushima, Japan
    Tob Control 20:163-5. 2011
    ..For this reason, electronic locking devices based on a proof-of age system utilising cards were installed in almost every tobacco vending machine across Japan and Germany to restrict sales to minors...
  90. pmc Effectiveness of policies maintaining or restricting days of alcohol sales on excessive alcohol consumption and related harms
    Jennifer Cook Middleton
    Community Guide Branch, Epidemiology and Analysis Program Office, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Prev Med 39:575-89. 2010
    ....
  91. ncbi Memory for grocery prices in younger and older adults: the role of schematic support
    Alan D Castel
    U Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Psychol Aging 20:718-21. 2005
    ..The results suggest that when older adults can rely on prior knowledge and schematic support, and tasks involve naturalistic materials, memory for associative information can be as good as that of younger adults...
  92. ncbi Disparities in the food environments of New York City public schools
    Kathryn M Neckerman
    Center for Health and the Social Sciences, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Am J Prev Med 39:195-202. 2010
    ..Studies of the food environment near schools have focused on fast food. Research is needed that describes patterns of exposure to a broader range of food outlet types and that examines the influence of neighborhood built environments...
  93. pmc The effect of rising food prices on food consumption: systematic review with meta-regression
    Rosemary Green
    Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    BMJ 346:f3703. 2013
    ..To quantify the relation between food prices and the demand for food with specific reference to national and household income levels...
  94. ncbi Neighbourhood deprivation and alcohol consumption: does the availability of alcohol play a role?
    Craig Evan Pollack
    Division of General Internal Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 34:772-80. 2005
    ..This study tests the relationships between neighbourhood-level deprivation, alcohol availability, and individual-level alcohol consumption using a multilevel analysis...
  95. ncbi Regulating the tobacco retail environment: beyond reducing sales to minors
    S Chapman
    School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    Tob Control 18:496-501. 2009
    ..It proposes that retail licenses should be heavily restricted and tradable, becoming valuable commercial assets, where the threat of loss or revocation would act as an incentive for strict adherence to the measures proposed...
  96. ncbi Effect of a free prepared meal and incentivized weight loss program on weight loss and weight loss maintenance in obese and overweight women: a randomized controlled trial
    Cheryl L Rock
    School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, and Moores UCSD Cancer Center, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
    JAMA 304:1803-10. 2010
    ..Commercial weight loss programs may contribute to efforts to reduce the prevalence of overweight and obesity, although few studies have examined their efficacy in controlled trials...
  97. pmc Concordance of commercial data sources for neighborhood-effects studies
    Christine M Hoehner
    Department of Surgery and The Alvin J Siteman Cancer Center, School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Urban Health 87:713-25. 2010
    ..6%), employee size (weighted kappa = 0.63), and sales volume (weighted kappa = 0.04). Researchers should cautiously interpret findings when using these commercial databases to yield measures of the neighborhood environment...
  98. pmc The importance of a multi-dimensional approach for studying the links between food access and consumption
    Donald Rose
    Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112 2699, USA
    J Nutr 140:1170-4. 2010
    ..Moreover, given the typical duration of research project cycles, changes to in-store environments may be more feasible than changes to the overall mix of retail outlets in communities...
  99. ncbi Identifying new persistent and bioaccumulative organics among chemicals in commerce
    Philip H Howard
    SRC, Environmental Science Center, North Syracuse, New York, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 44:2277-85. 2010
    ..Recent studies, following up our initial reports and presentations on this work, have confirmed the presence of many of these chemicals in the environment...
  100. ncbi Neighborhood food store availability in relation to food intake in young Japanese women
    Kentaro Murakami
    Department of Social and Preventive Epidemiology, School of Public Health, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
    Nutrition 25:640-6. 2009
    ..This cross-sectional study examined the association between neighborhood food-store availability and individual food intake in a group of young Japanese women...
  101. pmc How do minimum cigarette price laws affect cigarette prices at the retail level?
    E C Feighery
    Public Health Institute, Oakland, California, USA
    Tob Control 14:80-5. 2005
    ..This study assesses whether stores in states with minimum price laws have higher cigarette prices and lower rates of retailer participation in cigarette company promotional incentive programmes...

Research Grants85

  1. A RuleFit Product for Classification and Regression
    DAN STEINBERG; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These methods have significant advantages over existing techniques, and will aid researchers in obtaining the best possible predictions. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  2. Novel Reagents and Methods for Rapid and High Throughput Detection of Aflatoxin C
    ALAN AI PING WEI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our research aims to bridge this gap by developing rapid, high throughput and automated technologies for aflatoxin detection. ..
  3. CCR3: a molecular marker for neovascular AMD
    Jayakrishna Ambati; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  4. Double Humanization of Liver and Blood in Mice
    ELIZABETH MARIE WILSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  5. Academic-Community Partnerships to Brdge Across the U.S. Pacific Islands
    Alice Tse; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the gateway to the Pacific and Asia for the US, and are strategically important in terms of military, health and commerce affairs...
  6. Obesity and Metabolic Risk Disparities: Underlying Food Environment Factors
    Penny Gordon-Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our overall impact is to identify economic and food environment factors that are associated with health and can be addressed as potential targets for intervention to reduce disparities in obesity and metabolic risk. ..
  7. Sugar-sweetened beverage taxes, beverage purchasing patterns, and weight
    Jamie F Chriqui; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  8. GE Healthcare Discovery MR750 3T MRI System
    FRANK KOROSEC; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  9. Whole-brain fluorescence and brightfield imaging at single-cell level
    Pixuan Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This knowledge may bring us closer to optimizing neural function in health, and developing new therapies for patients disabled by neurological disease. ..
  10. Fetal Programming and Environmental Exposures: Implications for Prenatal Care and
    Jeffrey A Whitsett; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  11. CNV Atlas of Human Development
    Ronald Wapner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  12. A high-resolution in situ proteomics atlas of salivary gland development
    Melinda Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These studies will provide insight into the fundamental signaling events occurring during the process of salivary gland development and differentiation. ..
  13. Environmental Attributes and Weight Control: Study of Over 1.3 Million Veterans
    Shannon N Zenk; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  14. Cost-effective chronic disease prevention in developing countries
    JEREMY DAVID GOLDHABER-FIEBERT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In order to determine model inputs, econometric regression and statistical calibration will be used. ..
  15. Television Advertising and Children's Diet Activity and Obesity Prevalence
    Lisa Powell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  16. Comprehensive Clinical Decision Support for the Primary Care of Premature Infants
    Robert W Grundmeier; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  17. Cell Analytics for Viability Experiments (CAVE (TM))
    Melanie M Tomczak; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We plan to market the software through our tie ups with microscopy vendors, UC drug discovery center and by directly providing customized services. ..
  18. Heroin Price, Purity and Outcomes Study
    Daniel H Ciccarone; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  19. Crystallization Robot for the Structural Biology Resource Center at Rockefeller
    DEENA ABELLS OREN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  20. Selection-driven plant metabolites for treatment of CNS diseases
    John M Littleton; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Its simplicity and rapidity suggests that it may compete with the existing synthetic chemistry approaches, and might even revitalize the use of plants as a source of medicines for CNS disease. ..
  21. Economic Contraction and Alcohol-Related Suicides: A Multilevel Analysis
    Mark S Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  22. Completely Digitizing the Custom-Fit Hearing Aid Shell Manufacturing Process
    STEVEN YI; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Non-medical fields to benefit this technology include cell phone headsets and entertainment industry - another multi-billion market. ..
  23. Tribal Health and Resilience in Vulnerable Environment (Thrive) Study
    VALARIE J JERNIGAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The resulting multimedia manual will guide food environment changes among tribes nationally to address the critically high rates of obesity, diabetes, and hypertension within this population. ..
  24. Effects of the Built Environment, Crime &Food Prices on BMI, Activity &Eating
    Natalie Colabianchi; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  25. Bacterial Biosensors for Endocrine Disrupting Compounds
    David W Wood; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): As of 1998, more than 80,000 chemicals were registered by the EPA as being in commerce in the United States...
  26. Measuring the Cost of Environmental Health Risks: Evidence from Neighborhoods Nea
    LUCAS W DAVIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The study is relevant for evaluating a wide range of environmental and health policies that affect when, where, and how power plants are sited as well as what steps should be taken to mitigate the associated health impacts. ..
  27. Tobacco Control Policy Analysis &Intervention Evaluation in China and Tanzania
    Teh Wei Hu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  28. Neighborhood Food Availability, Consumer Economics, and Sentinel Food Consumption
    Donald Rose; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This information will help guide community efforts to create neighborhoods that promote health. ..
  29. Developing Interactive Technologies to Improve Research and Health Behavior
    KEVIN G contact VOLPP; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, this project will contribute significantly to the creation of future-looking high technology jobs in the Philadelphia region. ..
  30. Evaluating Changes in Biopharmaceutical Therapies for Medicare and other Payers
    Ernst R Berndt; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  31. Real Health: Innovative Health Media Service to Increase Visual Image Diversity
    MARY K BULLER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Potential end users (photographers and public health practitioners) will evaluate the Real Health e-commerce site and business model for efficiency, utility, user participation, and satisfaction...
  32. High throughput screening of bacterial collections for surface proteins of commer
    Roy H Hammerstedt; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..When successfully implemented, an enhanced method for assessing both new clinical paradigms [such as use of biotherapeutics] as well as improving old analyses [suboptimal diagnostic immunoassays] will be attained. ..
  33. Calculating target bias in small molecules for library design
    MICHAEL JAMES KEISER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This saves time and money by reducing the number of compounds investigators need to test during early-stage drug discovery. ..
  34. Leica LMD7000- Laser Microdissection System
    Patrick Leahy; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Users will benefit from close interaction with other excellent existing shared resources in gene expression analysis, sequencing and bioinformatics in a highly integrated university-wide system of shared resources. ..
  35. Precision Ventilation -Anesthesia Delivery System for Larger-Animal PET/CT Imagin
    JONATHAN PAUL JAMES CARNEY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  36. The Impact of the Medicare Modernization Act of 2003 on Cancer Care
    Helen M Parsons; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Combined, these analyses will provide the framework to identify how payment policies for chemotherapeutic drugs affect prescribing and treatment practices and health outcomes in the Medicare population. ..
  37. UW SMPH CSC L3 unit rodent containment and quarantine
    CALVIN C PATTEN JR.; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This project will have a direct and ongoing impact on public health, by creating a better environment for our research efforts, thus furthering the study of human diseases and enabling the development of innovative treatments. ..
  38. Amide Proton Transfer (APT) MRI of Brain Tumors at 3T
    Jinyuan Zhou; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. Neighborhood Effects on Weight Change and Diabetes Risk Factors
    Barbara A Laraia; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will identify modifiable individual- and neighborhood-level factors that may have public health program and policy implications. ..
  40. Effects of Spirits Privatization on Alcohol Prices and Alcohol-related Harms
    William C Kerr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results will inform debates regarding government control of alcohol sales, relevant to 18 remaining control states and on the three-tier system and alcohol taxation relevant to all US states. ..
  41. Pathway to Accelerate Clinical Development in Gene Transfer: cGMP Vector Core
    Katherine A High; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  42. Survey and Test Platform for Use in Underserved Populations
    Gislin Dagnelie; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This should form the basis for a production and marketing program by multiple vendors. ..
  43. Estimating the Price Elasticities of Demand for Illicit Drugs
    Todd A Olmstead; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  44. Natural History of Vulnerable Coronary Plaques
    Guillermo J Tearney; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The safety, feasibility, and efficacy of [unreadable]OCT will then be evaluated in 25 patients undergoing coronary intervention. ! ..
  45. Defining Interoperability Standards for PRO Assessments
    DERSHUNG YANG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Significant efforts have been spent in defining other types of medical data by various standards organizations, providing many technical precedents that can guide our standards development efforts and mitigate technical risks. ..
  46. Time, Referrals, And Doctoring???Efficient Options For the Future (TRADEOFF)
    Harold S Luft; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PAMF is examining how to structure itself as an ACO so its leadership will assess the feasibility of our proposals, providing a "reality test" of our recommendations before they are widely disseminated. ..
  47. B1 Based Localization for MRSI of Human Brain at 7T
    Hoby P Hetherington; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We will use these methods to determine if spectroscopic imaging of glutamine can aid in the monitoring the response of malignant gliomas to radiochemotherapy. ..
  48. Understanding Disparities in Obesity and its Comorbidities in the US
    Youfa Wang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. using an interdisciplinary approach. ..
  49. Near Infrared Detector for Advanced Ophthalmology
    Richard Myers; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This information will be used in their studies to better understand the pathogenesis of Pathological Myopia. ..
  50. Quality Substitution Among Heavy and AUD Drinkers and Alcohol Tax Policy
    John A Rich; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Implications for alcohol tax policy by beverage and drinker type, race, gender and age group are assessed. ..
  51. Quantitative breast cancer risk index from routine 3-D imaging
    Srinivasan Vedantham; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  52. The influence of pricing and nutrient profiling on food purchases
    Leonard H Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Specific Aim 3 will assess the whether income, body mass index or dietary restraint moderate the effect of nutrient profiling and price changes on nutrient density/100 kcal. ..
  53. Thrombolysis and Acute Stroke Treatment (TAST) 2011: Forward to Acute Stroke Tre
    Gregory J del Zoppo; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..1 ..
  54. New Approaches to Occupational Behavioral Health: Implementing Firefighter Life
    Richard Gist; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Principal invitees will represent fire and EMS constituency organizations with active health and safety programs with the intent of generating a broad base of industry involvement in dissemination and adoption of FLSI 13. ..
  55. Care Coordination Enabled by Health IT: What Will It Take?
    Sarah H Scholle; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. Development and Commercial Optimization of Circular DNA Conversion for Opti-pore
    Philip R Buzby; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This is expected to have a wide-ranging impact on both basic and applied biomedical research and personalized healthcare. ..
  57. Comparative In Vivo Biodistribution of Characterized Manufactured Nanomaterials
    Nancy A Monteiro Riviere; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..in engineering disciplines based on nanomaterials, with over 350 nanotechnology consumer products presently in commerce. Their unique physical properties compared to larger microparticles both enable these novel engineering ..
  58. Leica LMD7000 Laser Microdissection System
    Viktor Kharazia; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..With the LDM7000 our investigators will be able to continue to perform NIH-funded experiments and avoid the serious limitations imposed by the outdated equipment currently at the EGCRC. ..
  59. Reducing Cost-Related Medication Nonadherence in Persons with Diabetes
    Chien Wen Tseng; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..If shown to be successful, the Prescribing Guide is practical and low-cost, and could easily be translated to other states, giving it tremendous potential to improve health nationwide. ..
  60. Evolution of p450's Machinery for C-H Amination
    TODD KURT HYSTER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will used a click reaction with a fluorescent alkyne to determine the degree of azide consumption in order to accelerate the screening process. All starting materials can be rapidly prepared or purchased from commercial vendors. ..
  61. Validation of an In Vitro Human Airway Model
    Patrick J Hayden; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..toxicity potential, is a mandatory international regulatory requirement for chemicals utilized in international commerce. Acute inhalation toxicity or irritation potential is an important consideration in establishing procedures for ..
  62. Multilevel Communications and access strategies to improve the food environment
    Joel Gittelsohn; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  63. On-line Ergonomics Solutions
    DAN MACLEOD; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..A general class of conditions that involve the nerves, tendons, muscles, and supporting structures of the body. Risk factors include awkward postures, excessive force, repetitive motions, static load, and vibration. ..
  64. A Low-Cost Upper-Extremity Prosthesis for Under-Served Populations
    BRADLEY VEATCH; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  65. Appalachian Regional Informatics Consortium (ARIC)Planning Project
    Brian Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The innovative approach of the ARIC Project will enhance the continuity of care and create new resources that contribute to biomedical knowledge, research and medical education. ..
  66. A Web-based Tool for Assessing and Addressing Mental Health of Young Children
    Barbara Howard; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  67. Evolving Inproved Formate Dehydrogenases
    JAMES ROZZELL; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  68. Estimates of the Value of Life Using Air Bag Regulations as a Quasi-Experiment
    CHRISTOPHER ROHLFS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..By improving the accuracy of these benefit estimates, this study will contribute toward improving the accuracy of government decision-making in these areas. ..
  69. INTEGRATED LIBRARY SYSTEM PROJECT WITH REMOTE ACCESS
    DEBORAH SKOLNIK; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The integrated library system will expedite user searches for important resources and, because of modem capabilities, eliminate the barriers imposed by time and place...
  70. Rural Trial of Clinic Order Entry with Decision Support
    Matthew Samore; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The cost impact of the intervention will be measured to allow a comprehensive assessment of the value of this HIT. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  71. CIGARETTE TAXES AND PRENATAL SMOKING
    Theodore Joyce; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  72. Hospital-Physician Gainsharing
    JONATHAN DAVID KETCHAM; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results can provide timely insights to regulators, policymakers, and managers as they consider various incentive programs to promote value through coordination. ..
  73. Are Alcohol Tax Hikes Fully Passed Through to Prices?
    Donald Kenkel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Because so little is known about the impact of an alcohol tax hike on prices, these exploratory data and the preliminary analysis will be informative for policy and for future research in alcohol studies and economics. ..
  74. PILOT TESTING OF ELECTRONIC PRESCRIBING STANDARDS
    Douglas Bell; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..RxNorm and the structured and codified Sig standards will be evaluated primarily through laboratory testing. These will be implemented as additions to the existing standards if they improve information delivery. ..
  75. Human Laboratory Model of Cocaine Treatment: Behavioral Economic Analysis
    Mark K Greenwald; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  76. The Anticipatory Effects of Medicare Part D on Drug Utilization
    ABBY ELIZABETH ALPERT; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Accounting for the combined effect of the anticipatory response and the response at implementation will produce a more accurate estimate of the program effect than previous studies that have considered the implementation effect alone. ..
  77. MEDICAID FINANCING FOR THE SEVERELY MENTALLY ILL
    Donald Steinwachs; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  78. Accelerate improvements in MgB2 superconductor wire for new cryogen-free low cost
    MICHAEL J TOMSIC; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The medical industry can save several hundreds of thousands of dollars over the product life cycle of each MgB2 MRI system resulting in lower costs for high image quality and lower health care costs to the public. ..
  79. AN INVESTIGATION OF THE VIATICAL SETTLEMENTS MARKET
    Dana Goldman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We will calibrate this model using our transaction data and a nationally representative sample of HIV+ adults with life insurance. ..
  80. User Adaptation of AAC Device Voices
    JAN VAN SANTEN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The ability to create a voice that sounds like the original talker without much data from the original talker would be a significant advantage. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  81. EFFECTS OF PRICE ON ILLEGAL DRUG USE
    Michael Grossman; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  82. Access to distributed de-identified imaging data
    Elliot Menschik; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  83. REDUCING DRUNK DRIVING WITH TAXES, LAWS, & INFORMATION
    Charles Phelps; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..NHIS), coupled with alcoholic beverage price data contained in a survey from the Association of Chambers of Commerce Research Affiliates (ACCRA), and improves on previous similar studies by (a) using more complete price data, (b) ..
  84. DNA MICROARRAY SYNTHESIS AND ANALYSIS SYSTEM
    David Kehoe; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  85. CereTom CT for use with a microPET scanner for preclinical PET/CT imaging
    JONATHAN CARNEY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....