war

Summary

Summary: Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Association of torture and other potentially traumatic events with mental health outcomes among populations exposed to mass conflict and displacement: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Zachary Steel
    Psychiatry Research and Teaching Unit, School of Psychiatry, University New South Wales, Liverpool New South Wales, Australia
    JAMA 302:537-49. 2009
  2. ncbi Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mental health problems, and barriers to care
    Charles W Hoge
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, U S Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:13-22. 2004
  3. ncbi Sex differences in trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder: a quantitative review of 25 years of research
    David F Tolin
    Anxiety Disorders Center, The Institute of Living, Hartford, CT 06106, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:959-92. 2006
  4. ncbi War exposure, daily stressors, and mental health in conflict and post-conflict settings: bridging the divide between trauma-focused and psychosocial frameworks
    Kenneth E Miller
    Harvard School of Public Health, Research Program on Children and Global Adversity, Francois Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights, 651 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Sci Med 70:7-16. 2010
  5. ncbi Mental health of Cambodian refugees 2 decades after resettlement in the United States
    Grant N Marshall
    RAND, Santa Monica, Calif 90407, USA
    JAMA 294:571-9. 2005
  6. pmc Psychological trauma and evidence for enhanced vulnerability for posttraumatic stress disorder through previous trauma among West Nile refugees
    Frank Neuner
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz and Center for Psychiatry Reichenau, D 78457 Konstanz, Germany
    BMC Psychiatry 4:34. 2004
  7. ncbi Factors associated with mental disorders in long-settled war refugees: refugees from the former Yugoslavia in Germany, Italy and the UK
    Marija Bogic
    Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 200:216-23. 2012
  8. ncbi Interventions for depression symptoms among adolescent survivors of war and displacement in northern Uganda: a randomized controlled trial
    Paul Bolton
    Applied Mental Health Research Group, Center for International Health and Development, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    JAMA 298:519-27. 2007
  9. ncbi Hypocortisolism and increased glucocorticoid sensitivity of pro-Inflammatory cytokine production in Bosnian war refugees with posttraumatic stress disorder
    Nicolas Rohleder
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Experimental Psychology II, University of Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany
    Biol Psychiatry 55:745-51. 2004
  10. ncbi The post-war public health effects of civil conflict
    Hazem Adam Ghobarah
    CBRSS, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Soc Sci Med 59:869-84. 2004

Detail Information

Publications315 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Association of torture and other potentially traumatic events with mental health outcomes among populations exposed to mass conflict and displacement: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Zachary Steel
    Psychiatry Research and Teaching Unit, School of Psychiatry, University New South Wales, Liverpool New South Wales, Australia
    JAMA 302:537-49. 2009
    ....
  2. ncbi Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mental health problems, and barriers to care
    Charles W Hoge
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, U S Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:13-22. 2004
    ....
  3. ncbi Sex differences in trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder: a quantitative review of 25 years of research
    David F Tolin
    Anxiety Disorders Center, The Institute of Living, Hartford, CT 06106, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:959-92. 2006
    ..likely to experience accidents, nonsexual assaults, witnessing death or injury, disaster or fire, and combat or war. Among victims of specific PTEs (excluding sexual assault or abuse), female participants exhibited greater PTSD...
  4. ncbi War exposure, daily stressors, and mental health in conflict and post-conflict settings: bridging the divide between trauma-focused and psychosocial frameworks
    Kenneth E Miller
    Harvard School of Public Health, Research Program on Children and Global Adversity, Francois Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights, 651 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Sci Med 70:7-16. 2010
    ..needs in conflict and post-conflict settings by emphasizing the role that daily stressors play in mediating direct war exposure and mental health outcomes...
  5. ncbi Mental health of Cambodian refugees 2 decades after resettlement in the United States
    Grant N Marshall
    RAND, Santa Monica, Calif 90407, USA
    JAMA 294:571-9. 2005
    ..Little is known about the long-term mental health of trauma-exposed refugees years after permanent resettlement in host countries...
  6. pmc Psychological trauma and evidence for enhanced vulnerability for posttraumatic stress disorder through previous trauma among West Nile refugees
    Frank Neuner
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz and Center for Psychiatry Reichenau, D 78457 Konstanz, Germany
    BMC Psychiatry 4:34. 2004
    Political instability and the civil war in Southern Sudan have resulted in numerous atrocities, mass violence, and forced migration for vast parts of the civilian population in the West Nile region...
  7. ncbi Factors associated with mental disorders in long-settled war refugees: refugees from the former Yugoslavia in Germany, Italy and the UK
    Marija Bogic
    Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 200:216-23. 2012
    Prevalence rates of mental disorders are frequently increased in long-settled war refugees. However, substantial variation in prevalence rates across studies and countries remain unexplained.
  8. ncbi Interventions for depression symptoms among adolescent survivors of war and displacement in northern Uganda: a randomized controlled trial
    Paul Bolton
    Applied Mental Health Research Group, Center for International Health and Development, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    JAMA 298:519-27. 2007
    Prior qualitative work with internally displaced persons in war-affected northern Uganda showed significant mental health and psychosocial problems.
  9. ncbi Hypocortisolism and increased glucocorticoid sensitivity of pro-Inflammatory cytokine production in Bosnian war refugees with posttraumatic stress disorder
    Nicolas Rohleder
    Department of Psychology, Institute of Experimental Psychology II, University of Dusseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany
    Biol Psychiatry 55:745-51. 2004
    ..Alterations include various responses to HPA axis stimulation, different basal hormone levels, and changes in glucocorticoid receptor (GR) numbers on lymphocytes. The functional significance of these latter changes remains elusive...
  10. ncbi The post-war public health effects of civil conflict
    Hazem Adam Ghobarah
    CBRSS, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Soc Sci Med 59:869-84. 2004
    Civilian suffering from civil war extends well beyond the period of active warfare...
  11. ncbi Prevalence of war-related mental health conditions and association with displacement status in postwar Jaffna District, Sri Lanka
    Farah Husain
    DInternational Emergency and Refugee Health Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, MS F 60, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    JAMA 306:522-31. 2011
    ..Although the psychological impact of war has been well documented, less is known about the mental health symptoms of forced displacement among internally ..
  12. ncbi Fistula and traumatic genital injury from sexual violence in a conflict setting in Eastern Congo: case studies
    Ahuka Ona Longombe
    DOCS Goma, and School of Medicine, University of Kisangani, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of Congo
    Reprod Health Matters 16:132-41. 2008
    The Eastern region of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is currently undergoing a brutal war. Armed groups from the DRC and neighbouring countries are committing atrocities and systematically using sexual violence as a weapon of war ..
  13. ncbi Prevalence of mental disorders among children exposed to war: a systematic review of 7,920 children
    Vindya Attanayake
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Med Confl Surviv 25:4-19. 2009
    ..We aimed to determine the prevalence of mental disorders among children affected by war using a systematic review and meta-regression analysis...
  14. ncbi Mental disorders following war in the Balkans: a study in 5 countries
    Stefan Priebe
    Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London E13 8SP, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:518-28. 2010
    b>War experience may affect mental health. However, no community-based study has assessed mental disorders several years after war using consistent random sampling of war-affected people across several Western countries.
  15. ncbi Association of posttraumatic stress disorder with somatic symptoms, health care visits, and absenteeism among Iraq war veterans
    Charles W Hoge
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Ave, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:150-3. 2007
    ..The current Iraq war has posed a considerable PTSD risk, but the association with physical health has not been well studied.
  16. ncbi The health of UK military personnel who deployed to the 2003 Iraq war: a cohort study
    Matthew Hotopf
    King s Centre for Military Health Research, King s College London, London, UK
    Lancet 367:1731-41. 2006
    Concerns have been raised about the mental and physical health of UK military personnel who deployed to the 2003 war in Iraq and subsequent tours of duty in the country.
  17. ncbi Traumatic brain injury in modern war
    Geoffrey S F Ling
    Department of Neurology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 24:124-30. 2011
    ..To review the emerging literature on traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by explosive blast...
  18. ncbi Prevalence of mental health problems and functional impairment among active component and National Guard soldiers 3 and 12 months following combat in Iraq
    Jeffrey L Thomas
    Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Department of Military Psychiatry, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:614-23. 2010
    ....
  19. ncbi Neuropsychological outcomes of army personnel following deployment to the Iraq war
    Jennifer J Vasterling
    Southeast Louisiana Veterans Health Care System and Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans 70112, USA
    JAMA 296:519-29. 2006
    The effects of war-zone deployment on neuropsychological health remain poorly understood...
  20. ncbi Rebuilding health systems to improve health and promote statebuilding in post-conflict countries: a theoretical framework and research agenda
    Margaret E Kruk
    University of Michigan, School of Public Health, Health Management and Policy, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    Soc Sci Med 70:89-97. 2010
    ..We review the conceptual basis and extant empirical evidence for these mechanisms, identify knowledge gaps, and suggest a research agenda...
  21. ncbi World War I may have allowed the emergence of "Spanish" influenza
    J S Oxford
    Department of Medical Microbiology and Retroscreen Virology, St Bartholomew s and The Royal London, Queen Mary, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of London, London, UK
    Lancet Infect Dis 2:111-4. 2002
    ..We suggest that the pandemic had its origins on the Western Front, and that World War I was a contributor.
  22. pmc Interventions for children affected by war: an ecological perspective on psychosocial support and mental health care
    Theresa S Betancourt
    Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA Theresa_
    Harv Rev Psychiatry 21:70-91. 2013
    ..To date, a range of psychosocial approaches and clinical/psychiatric interventions has been used to address mental health needs in these groups...
  23. ncbi Biomarkers to predict wound healing: the future of complex war wound management
    George Hahm
    Department of Surgery, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 127:21S-26S. 2011
    ..In this article, the authors review military investigations in biomarkers as a method of objectively determining acute traumatic wound physiology and their applicability in predicting healing of complex soft-tissue wounds...
  24. ncbi Chronic Strongyloides stercoralis infection in former British Far East prisoners of war
    G V Gill
    Department of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool L3 5QA
    QJM 97:789-95. 2004
    Chronic infections with the nematode worm Strongyloides stercoralis can occur in former WWII Far East prisoners of war (FEPOWs). The condition may be asymptomatic, but frequently causes a characteristic urticarial 'larva currens' rash...
  25. ncbi Traumatic brain injury in the war zone
    Susan Okie
    N Engl J Med 352:2043-7. 2005
  26. ncbi War trauma, child labor, and family violence: life adversities and PTSD in a sample of school children in Kabul
    Claudia Catani
    Department of Psychology, University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany and Vivo Foundation, Ancona, Italy
    J Trauma Stress 22:163-71. 2009
    The extent of cumulative adverse childhood experiences such as war, family violence, child labor, and poverty were assessed in a sample of school children (122 girls, 165 boys) in Kabul, Afghanistan...
  27. ncbi Acinetobacter baumannii skin and soft-tissue infection associated with war trauma
    Peter J Sebeny
    National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 47:444-9. 2008
    ..Acinetobacter baumannii is usually associated with nosocomial pneumonia or bacteremia. Reports of A. baumannii skin and soft-tissue infection (SSTI) are uncommon...
  28. ncbi Comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression: a 20-year longitudinal study of war veterans
    Karni Ginzburg
    Bob Shapell School of Social Work, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
    J Affect Disord 123:249-57. 2010
    ....
  29. ncbi Experience of human rights violations and subsequent mental disorders - a study following the war in the Balkans
    Stefan Priebe
    Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 71:2170-7. 2010
    b>War experiences are associated with substantially increased rates of mental disorders, particularly Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Major Depression (MD)...
  30. ncbi Group competition, reproductive leveling, and the evolution of human altruism
    Samuel Bowles
    Santa Fe Institute, 1399 Hyde Park Road, Santa Fe, NM 87501, USA, and Universitá di Siena, 17 Piazza San Francesco, Siena, Italy
    Science 314:1569-72. 2006
    ..These culturally transmitted practices presuppose advanced cognitive and linguistic capacities, possibly accounting for the distinctive forms of altruism found in our species...
  31. ncbi Excess incidence of ALS in young Gulf War veterans
    Robert W Haley
    Epidemiology Division, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390 8874, USA
    Neurology 61:750-6. 2003
    Reported cases of ALS in young veterans of the 1991 Gulf War have suggested excess incidence.
  32. ncbi Mental health symptoms following war and repression in eastern Afghanistan
    Willem F Scholte
    Academic Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    JAMA 292:585-93. 2004
    ..Its Eastern province of Nangarhar is part of the region that originated the Taliban movement. This may have had a distinct impact on the living circumstances and mental health condition of the province's population...
  33. ncbi Characteristics and rehabilitation outcomes among patients with blast and other injuries sustained during the Global War on Terror
    Nina A Sayer
    Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, VA Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 89:163-70. 2008
    To describe characteristics and rehabilitation outcomes among patients who received inpatient rehabilitation for blast and other injuries sustained in Iraq and Afghanistan during the Global War on Terror.
  34. pmc Cholera epidemics, war and disasters around Goma and Lake Kivu: an eight-year survey
    Didier Bompangue
    Direction de la Lutte contre les Maladies, Ministere de la Sante Publique, Kinshasa Gombe, Republique Democratique du Congo
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e436. 2009
    ..These conditions have been suspected to favour emergence and spread of cholera epidemics...
  35. ncbi The coevolution of parochial altruism and war
    Jung Kyoo Choi
    School of Economics and Trade, Kyungpook National University, 1370 Sankyuk Dong, Buk Gu, Daegu 702 701, Korea
    Science 318:636-40. 2007
    ....
  36. ncbi Validation of a mental health assessment in an African conflict population
    Verena Ertl
    Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Department of Psychology, Bielefeld University, 33501 Bielefeld, Germany
    Psychol Assess 22:318-24. 2010
    ..stress disorder (PTSD) and depression within the context of an epidemiological mental health survey among war-affected adolescents and young adults in northern Uganda...
  37. ncbi Obstetrics during Civil War: six months on a maternity ward in Mallavi, northern Sri Lanka
    Ondrej Simetka
    Mallavi Hospital, Vanni, Sri Lanka
    Med Confl Surviv 18:258-70. 2002
    ..There were 704 births. Most of the mothers had been displaced by the war (69.5 per cent) and had experienced food shortage (67.5 per cent). Referred patients (18...
  38. pmc Alcohol use and alcohol-related problems before and after military combat deployment
    Isabel G Jacobson
    DoD Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Road, San Diego, CA 92106 3521, USA
    JAMA 300:663-75. 2008
    ..High rates of alcohol misuse after deployment have been reported among personnel returning from past conflicts, yet investigations of alcohol misuse after return from the current wars in Iraq and Afghanistan are lacking...
  39. ncbi The mental health of war-wounded refugees: an 8-year follow-up
    Ann Charlotte Hermansson
    Medical Center for Refugees, University Hospital, S 581 85 Linkoping, Sweden
    J Nerv Ment Dis 190:374-80. 2002
    The complex nature of recent wars and armed conflicts has forced many war-injured persons into exile...
  40. ncbi The cost of tuberculosis to patients in Sierra Leone's war zone
    N Gibson
    Dept of Public Health Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2:726-31. 1998
    ..To evaluate how the extreme poverty of the patients and the poor salaries of the staff combined to increase the cost of treatment to patients within the subsidised national tuberculosis programme in Sierra Leone...
  41. ncbi Decline in sex ratio at birth after 10-day war in Slovenia: brief communication
    Branko Zorn
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Hum Reprod 17:3173-7. 2002
    We investigated whether the psychological stress related to a short war (26 June-7 July, 1991) in Slovenia induced changes in fertility, sex ratio at birth and semen quality characteristics.
  42. ncbi Combat and peacekeeping operations in relation to prevalence of mental disorders and perceived need for mental health care: findings from a large representative sample of military personnel
    Jitender Sareen
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, 771 Bannatyne Ave, Winnipeg, MB PZ430, Canada R3E 3N4
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:843-52. 2007
    ..Although military personnel are trained for combat and peacekeeping operations, accumulating evidence indicates that deployment-related exposure to traumatic events is associated with mental health problems and mental health service use...
  43. ncbi Effects of political and military traumas on children: the Palestinian case
    A Baker
    Birzeit University, West Bank, Palestine
    Clin Psychol Rev 19:935-50. 1999
    ..Although the article will examine studies from various regions, specific emphasis will be placed on the Palestinian experience...
  44. ncbi Gulf War veterans' health: medical evaluation of a U.S. cohort
    Seth A Eisen
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63106, USA
    Ann Intern Med 142:881-90. 2005
    United States military personnel reported various symptoms after deployment to the Persian Gulf during the 1991 Gulf War. However, the symptoms' long-term prevalence and association with deployment remain controversial.
  45. pmc Use and limitations of malaria rapid diagnostic testing by community health workers in war-torn Democratic Republic of Congo
    Michael Hawkes
    University of Toronto, 101 College St, Suite 10 401, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Malar J 8:308. 2009
    ..This study reports on a training programme for CHWs to incorporate RDTs into their management strategy for febrile children in the Democratic Republic of Congo, a tropical African setting ravaged by human conflict...
  46. pmc Assessing local instrument reliability and validity: a field-based example from northern Uganda
    Theresa S Betancourt
    Dept of Population and International Health, Francois Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 44:685-92. 2009
    ..to assess depression-like (two tam, par and kumu), anxiety-like (ma lwor) and conduct problems (kwo maraco) among war-affected adolescents in northern Uganda...
  47. ncbi Trauma-related impairment in children--a survey in Sri Lankan provinces affected by armed conflict
    Thomas Elbert
    University of Konstanz, Department of Psychology, Feuersteinstr 55, Haus 22, D 78479 Reichenau Lindenbühl, Germany
    Child Abuse Negl 33:238-46. 2009
    The present study examined traumatic experiences, PTSD, and co-morbid symptoms in relation to neuropsychological and school performance in school children affected by two decades of civil war and unrest.
  48. ncbi Violence against women: global scope and magnitude
    Charlotte Watts
    Health Policy Unit, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Lancet 359:1232-7. 2002
    ..against prostitutes; sex selective abortion, female infanticide, and the deliberate neglect of girls; and rape in war. There are many potential perpetrators, including spouses and partners, parents, other family members, neighbours, ..
  49. pmc Family violence, war, and natural disasters: a study of the effect of extreme stress on children's mental health in Sri Lanka
    Claudia Catani
    Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz and Center for Psychiatry Reichenau, D 78457 Konstanz, Germany
    BMC Psychiatry 8:33. 2008
    The consequences of war violence and natural disasters on the mental health of children as well as on family dynamics remain poorly understood...
  50. ncbi Post-traumatic stress reactions among Rwandan children and adolescents in the early aftermath of genocide
    Richard Neugebauer
    Division of Epidemiology, NYS Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 38:1033-45. 2009
    ..This article is the first complete report of the key community-based findings of a 1995 psychiatric epidemiological survey of young survivors of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide...
  51. ncbi The influence of the war on perinatal and maternal mortality in Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Z Fatusic
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School University of Zagreb, Sveti Duh Hospital, Zagreb, Croatia
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 18:259-63. 2005
    To investigate the influence of the war on perinatal and maternal mortality during the war conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  52. ncbi Treatment outcomes and costs at specialized centers for the treatment of PTSD after the war in former Yugoslavia
    Stefan Priebe
    Unit of Social and Community Psychiatry, Queen Mary, University of London, UK
    Psychiatr Serv 61:598-604. 2010
    Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a frequent consequence of war experience, and specialized centers have been established in some war-affected areas to provide treatment...
  53. pmc Medical evidence of human rights violations against non-Arabic-speaking civilians in Darfur: a cross-sectional study
    Alexander C Tsai
    Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholars Program, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 9:e1001198. 2012
    ....
  54. ncbi Tympanoplasty after war blast lesions of the eardrum: retrospective study
    N Sprem
    Ear, Nose and Throat Department, Zagreb University Hospital Center, Croatia
    Croat Med J 42:642-5. 2001
    ..To establish whether hearing loss after eardrum blast injury could be recovered by tympanoplasty performed immediately after injury and what material is the most suitable for eardrum closure...
  55. ncbi Lymphocyte glucocorticoid receptor expression level and hormone-binding properties differ between war trauma-exposed men with and without PTSD
    Gordana Matić
    University of Belgrade, Institute for Biological Research Sinisa Stankovic, Department of Biochemistry, Belgrade, Serbia
    Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 43:238-45. 2013
    ..peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from non-traumatized healthy individuals (healthy controls; n=85), and war trauma-exposed individuals with current PTSD (n=113), with life-time PTSD (n=61) and without PTSD (trauma controls; ..
  56. ncbi The risk of return: intimate partner violence in northern Uganda's armed conflict
    Jeannie Annan
    International Rescue Committee, and FXB Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health, 122 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10168, USA
    Soc Sci Med 70:152-9. 2010
    ..Their interviews reveal multiple levels of violence that some women experience in war, including physical and sexual violence in an armed group, verbal and physical abuse from extended family members, ..
  57. pmc Psychological disturbances of war-traumatized children from different foster and family settings in Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Melvudin Hasanović
    Department of Psychiatry, Tuzla University Clinical Center, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Croat Med J 47:85-94. 2006
    To assess the psychological health of war-traumatized children in different foster settings and compare them with children living with one or both parents, 7 years after the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  58. ncbi Effectiveness of a school-based group psychotherapy program for war-exposed adolescents: a randomized controlled trial
    Christopher M Layne
    UCLA National Center for Child Traumatic Stress, 11150 West Olympic Boulevard, Suite 650, Los Angeles, CA 90064, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 47:1048-62. 2008
    ..intervention (tier 1) and a school-based trauma- and grief-focused group treatment (tier 2) of a three-tiered mental health program for adolescents exposed to severe war-related trauma, traumatic bereavement, and postwar adversity.
  59. ncbi Anger, hostility, and aggression among Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans reporting PTSD and subthreshold PTSD
    Matthew Jakupcak
    VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Trauma Stress 20:945-54. 2007
    Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans were grouped by level of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology and compared on self-report measures of trait anger, hostility, and aggression...
  60. ncbi Prevalence and predictors of partner violence against women in the aftermath of war: a survey among couples in northern Uganda
    Regina Saile
    Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Department of Psychology, Bielefeld University, Germany
    Soc Sci Med 86:17-25. 2013
    ..Women in resource-poor countries, in particular those affected by recent war, appear to be at high risk of experiencing partner violence...
  61. ncbi Trajectories of stress reactions and somatization symptoms among war veterans: a 20-year longitudinal study
    K Ginzburg
    Bob Shapell School of Social Work, Tel Aviv University, Israel
    Psychol Med 41:353-62. 2011
    ..This study examined the chronological inter-relationships between post-traumatic stress reactions and somatization symptoms among combatants over a 20-year period...
  62. ncbi Association of exposure to intimate-partner physical violence and potentially traumatic war-related events with mental health in Liberia
    Patrick Vinck
    Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, 14 Story Street, 2nd Floor, Cambridge, MA 02138, United States
    Soc Sci Med 77:41-9. 2013
    ..Gender-based violence was widespread during the conflict. Since the end of the war, however, little attention has been paid to ongoing violence against women, especially within the household...
  63. ncbi Self-image, war psychotrauma and refugee status in adolescents
    I Begovac
    Department of Psychological Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, Kispaticeva 12, 10000, Zagreb, Croatia
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 13:381-8. 2004
    The aim of this study was to assess how war psychotrauma, refugee status and other factors relate to self-image...
  64. ncbi Auditory pseudohallucinations in United Kingdom war veterans and civilians with posttraumatic stress disorder
    Chris R Brewin
    Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, Gower St, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom
    J Clin Psychiatry 71:419-25. 2010
    Hearing voices is a little-known feature of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mainly reported in US war veterans; it may be better conceived of as a dissociative than as a psychotic phenomenon...
  65. ncbi The psychological impact of forced displacement and related risk factors on Eastern Congolese adolescents affected by war
    Cindy Mels
    Department of Orthopedagogics, Ghent University, Belgium
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 51:1096-104. 2010
    ..displacement is mainly limited to refugees residing in industrialised countries, this paper examines the impact of war-induced displacement and related risk factors on the mental health of Eastern Congolese adolescents, and compares ..
  66. ncbi Uranium isotopes in the Balkan's environment and foods following the use of depleted uranium in the war
    Fernando P Carvalho
    Nuclear and Technological Institute ITN, Department of Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety, E N 10, 2686 953 Sacavem, Portugal
    Environ Int 36:352-60. 2010
    Immediately after the Balkan's war in 1999, there has been widespread international concern about the environmental contamination with depleted uranium (DU) from ammunitions used in the conflict...
  67. ncbi Moderators of treatment effectiveness for war-affected youth with depression in northern Uganda
    Theresa S Betancourt
    Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Adolesc Health 51:544-50. 2012
    As we build the evidence base of interventions for depression among war-affected youth, it is critical to understand factors moderating treatment outcomes...
  68. ncbi Haunted by ghosts: prevalence, predictors and outcomes of spirit possession experiences among former child soldiers and war-affected civilians in Northern Uganda
    Frank Neuner
    Bielefeld University, Department of Psychology, Postbox 100131, 33501 Bielefeld, Germany
    Soc Sci Med 75:548-54. 2012
    ..study that was carried out in 2007 and 2008 with N = 1113 youths and young adults aged between 12 and 25 years in war-affected regions of Northern Uganda we examined the prevalence, predictors and outcomes of cen, a local variant of ..
  69. ncbi Mental health of Special Forces personnel deployed in battle
    Raveen Hanwella
    Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Colombo, 08, Sri Lanka
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 47:1343-51. 2012
    ..To compare the mental health problems of Special Forces with regular forces engaged in combat in the Sri Lanka Navy (SLN)...
  70. ncbi Trauma system development in a theater of war: Experiences from Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom
    Brian J Eastridge
    Brooke Army Medical Center, Department of Surgery, US Army Institute for Surgical Research, San Antonio, Texas 78234, USA
    J Trauma 61:1366-72; discussion 1372-3. 2006
    ..Operation Iraqi Freedom represents the first protracted, large-scale, armed conflict since the advent of civilian trauma systems in which to evaluate a similar paradigm on the battlefield...
  71. pmc An unintended experiment in fisheries science: a marine area protected by war results in Mexican waves in fish numbers-at-age
    Doug Beare
    European Commission, DG Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen, Maritime Affairs, Ispra, Italy
    Naturwissenschaften 97:797-808. 2010
    ..World War II created a large marine area within which commercial fishing was prevented for 6 years...
  72. ncbi Immunotoxicological effects of Agent Orange exposure to the Vietnam War Korean veterans
    Hyoung Ah Kim
    Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 505 Banpo Dong, Seoul, Korea
    Ind Health 41:158-66. 2003
    ..This study was undertaken to evaluate overall immunologic spectrum of the Vietnam War Korean veterans exposed to Agent Orange contaminated with TCDD...
  73. ncbi Ethnic war leaves Burundi's health sector in ruins
    Wairagala Wakabi
    Lancet 369:1847-8. 2007
  74. ncbi Occurrence of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis among Gulf War veterans
    R D Horner
    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    Neurology 61:742-9. 2003
    In response to Gulf War veterans' concerns of high rates of ALS, this investigation sought to determine if Gulf War veterans have an elevated rate of ALS.
  75. ncbi Adolescents caught between fires: cognitive emotion regulation in response to war experiences in Northern Uganda
    Nadia Garnefski
    Division of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Leiden, P O Box 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Adolesc 30:655-69. 2007
    This study aimed to assess the prevalence of war experiences and the use of specific cognitive emotion regulation strategies in response to these experiences among 294 formerly abducted adolescents at three rehabilitation centres in ..
  76. ncbi War-related trauma exposure and multiple risk behaviors among school-going adolescents in Northern Uganda: the mediating role of depression symptoms
    James Okello
    Department of Psychiatry, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Centre for Children in Vulnerable Situations, Uganda Gulu University, Department of Psychiatry, Gulu, Uganda Electronic address
    J Affect Disord 151:715-21. 2013
    The relationship between war-related trauma exposure, depressive symptoms and multiple risk behaviors among adolescents is less clear in sub-Saharan Africa.
  77. ncbi 'If your husband doesn't humiliate you, other people won't': gendered attitudes towards sexual violence in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo
    Jocelyn Kelly
    Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Glob Public Health 7:285-98. 2012
    ....
  78. ncbi Trauma exposure in childhood impairs the ability to recall specific autobiographical memories in late adolescence
    Tim Brennen
    Center for the Study of Human Cognition, Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Norway
    J Trauma Stress 23:240-7. 2010
    ..g., depression. This was supported by two studies where war-exposed Bosnian adolescents produced significantly fewer specific autobiographical memories than a Norwegian ..
  79. pmc Sexual violence toward children and youth in war-torn eastern Democratic Republic of Congo
    Luc Malemo Kalisya
    HEAL Africa, Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo
    PLoS ONE 6:e15911. 2011
    ..We describe a retrospective case series of sexual abuse among children and youth in eastern DRC...
  80. ncbi Cigarette smoking and military deployment: a prospective evaluation
    Besa Smith
    Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California 92106 3521, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:539-46. 2008
    ..The current study describes new smoking among never-smokers, smoking recidivism among past smokers, and change in daily smoking among smokers in relation to military deployment...
  81. ncbi Bringing the war back home: mental health disorders among 103,788 US veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan seen at Department of Veterans Affairs facilities
    Karen H Seal
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:476-82. 2007
    ....
  82. ncbi Rebuilding a health care system: war, reconstruction and health care reforms in Kosovo
    Dragudi Buwa
    United Nations Population Funds, South Sudan Programme, Juba South Sudan
    Eur J Public Health 17:226-30. 2007
    ..It describes how the health care system was revamped immediately after the war, and then reorganized with Primary Health Care (PHC) as the fulcrum for change...
  83. pmc Consequences of untreated posttraumatic stress disorder following war in former Yugoslavia: morbidity, subjective quality of life, and care costs
    Stefan Priebe
    The Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom
    Croat Med J 50:465-75. 2009
    To assess long-term mental health outcomes in people who suffer from war-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) but do not receive appropriate treatment.
  84. ncbi Screening for psychosocial distress amongst war-affected children: cross-cultural construct validity of the CPDS
    M J D Jordans
    HealthNet TPO, Public Health and Research Department, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:514-23. 2009
    ..The present study assesses the cross-cultural validity of the brief, multi-informant and multi-indicator Child Psychosocial Distress Screener (CPDS)...
  85. ncbi Mental health problems, use of mental health services, and attrition from military service after returning from deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan
    Charles W Hoge
    Division of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC, USA
    JAMA 295:1023-32. 2006
    ..To date, no systematic analysis of this program has been conducted, and studies have not assessed the impact of these deployments on mental health care utilization after deployment...
  86. ncbi Psychological distress among displaced persons during an armed conflict in Nepal
    Suraj Bahadur Thapa
    Center for Public Health Research and Services, Katmandu, Nepal
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 40:672-9. 2005
    Most internally displaced persons (IDPs) live in low-income countries experiencing a war; their psychosocial health has not been well addressed...
  87. ncbi Health effects of combat: a life-course perspective
    Barry S Levy
    Department of Public Health and Family Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 30:123-36. 2009
    Armed combat (also termed war or armed conflict) has profound direct and indirect impacts on the long-term physical and mental health of both military personnel and noncombatant civilians...
  88. pmc Sierra Leone's former child soldiers: a follow-up study of psychosocial adjustment and community reintegration
    Theresa Stichick Betancourt
    Francois Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Child Dev 81:1077-95. 2010
    ..Over the 2-year period of follow-up, youth who had wounded or killed others during the war demonstrated increases in hostility...
  89. ncbi Mental states of adolescents exposed to war in Uganda: finding appropriate methods of rehabilitation
    Kennedy Amone-P'Olak
    Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Hanzeplein, Groningen, The Netherlands
    Torture 16:93-107. 2006
    Reintegration after war brings with it enormous challenges. One such challenge is to find appropriate methods of rehabilitation during the reintegration process...
  90. ncbi The cigarette manufacturers' efforts to promote tobacco to the U.S. military
    Anne M Joseph
    Minneapolis VAMC, Section of General Internal Medicine 111 0, One Veterans Drive, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
    Mil Med 170:874-80. 2005
    ..The tobacco industry has contributed to the high prevalence of smoking in the military and among veterans...
  91. ncbi Prolonged grief disorder, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder among bereaved Kosovar civilian war survivors: a preliminary investigation
    Nexhmedin Morina
    Department of Psychology, University of Frankfurt, Varrentrappstr 40 42, D 60486 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    Int J Soc Psychiatry 56:288-97. 2010
    ..aimed at examining diagnostic concordance between Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD), Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among bereaved war survivors who had lost relatives due to war-related violence.
  92. ncbi Reported stressors and health care needs of active duty Navy personnel during three phases of deployment in support of the war in Iraq
    Peggy Anne Fisher McNulty
    Naval Medical Clinic Pearl Harbor, Pearl Harbor, HI 96860 4908, USA
    Mil Med 170:530-5. 2005
    ..study sheds new light on the stressors and subsequent health care needs of active duty members on carriers during war and provides valuable information for the prevention of high-risk anxieties and subsequent health risks for all ..
  93. ncbi Mental health problems among internally displaced persons in Darfur
    Abdalla A R M Hamid
    United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
    Int J Psychol 45:278-85. 2010
    b>War victims are regarded as one of the highest risk groups for mental disturbances...
  94. ncbi Drinking and displacement: a systematic review of the influence of forced displacement on harmful alcohol use
    Heather Weaver
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Subst Use Misuse 45:2340-55. 2010
    ..The evidence base was extremely weak, and there is a need to improve the quantity and quality of research about harmful alcohol use by forcibly displaced persons...
  95. ncbi Post-traumatic stress in former Ugandan child soldiers
    Ilse Derluyn
    Department of Orthopedagogics, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B 9000 Gent, Belgium
    Lancet 363:861-3. 2004
    ..1 to 25.8), but almost no change for boys (from 17.7 to 17.4; p=0.02). Our findings shed light on the nature of severe trauma experienced by this group of children, and show a high rate of post-traumatic stress reactions...
  96. ncbi Long-term follow-up of unilateral transfemoral amputees from the Vietnam war
    Paul J Dougherty
    United States Army Medical Corps, Department of Surgery, William Beaumont Army Medical Center, El Paso, Texas 79920, USA
    J Trauma 54:718-23. 2003
    ..Despite their frequency, few reports exist concerning the initial and long-term consequences of battle-incurred unilateral transfemoral amputations...
  97. ncbi Injuries and deaths due to victim-activated improvised explosive devices, landmines and other explosive remnants of war in Nepal
    Oleg O Bilukha
    International Emergency and Refugee Health Branch, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Inj Prev 17:326-31. 2011
    Following more than a decade of civil conflict, Nepal is among the countries affected by landmines, victim-activated improvised explosive devices (IED) and other explosive remnants of war (ERW).
  98. ncbi A hazardous profession: war, journalists, and psychopathology
    Anthony Feinstein
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Sunnybrook and Women s College Health Sciences Centre, Ont, Canada
    Am J Psychiatry 159:1570-5. 2002
    b>War journalists often confront situations of extreme danger in their work. Despite this, information on their psychological well-being is lacking.
  99. ncbi Psychosocial outcomes related to subjective threat from armed conflict events (STACE): Findings from the Israeli-Palestinian cross-cultural HBSC study
    Yossi Harel-Fisch
    The International Research Program on Adolescent Well Being and Health, School of Education, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel
    Child Abuse Negl 34:623-38. 2010
    ....
  100. ncbi A longitudinal study of posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and generalized anxiety disorder in Israeli civilians exposed to war trauma
    Yuval Neria
    College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, NewYork, New York 10032, USA
    J Trauma Stress 23:322-30. 2010
    This 3-wave longitudinal study examined the mental health consequences of the Israel-Gaza 2008-2009 war among young Israeli civilians...
  101. ncbi The structure of post-traumatic stress symptoms in survivors of war: confirmatory factor analyses of the Impact of Event Scale--revised
    Nexhmedin Morina
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Anxiety Disord 24:606-11. 2010
    The study aimed at establishing the factor structure of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) in survivors of war. A total sample of 4167 participants with potentially traumatic experiences during the war in Ex-Yugoslavia was split ..

Research Grants82

  1. Epigenetic mechanisms relevant to the pathogenesis of ALS
    Neil W Kowall; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Gulf War veterans may have an increased risk of ALS compared to veterans who did not serve in the Gulf...
  2. THE ETHICS OF POST-CONFLICT AND POST-DISASTER DNA IDENTIFICATION
    Sarah Wagner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. military's efforts to recover and identify missing soldiers from the Vietnam War. In addition to writing case studies and comparative analyses to be published in academic journals and online, the ..
  3. Neuroprotection and Myelin Repair Mechanisms in Multiple Sclerosis
    Inderjit Singh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Epidemiological studies demonstrated that the high rate of MS occurrence in all veterans who served in World War II, the Korean conflict and the Gulf war in 1991 due to the environmental factors or the precipitation of the ..
  4. Role of CD44 in experimental Multiple Sclerosis
    Mitzi Nagarkatti; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..There is increased prevalence of symptoms among recent Gulf war and other war veterans which include cognitive dysfunction, depression, chronic fatigue, musculoskeletal complaints,..
  5. SPEAKER TRAVEL AND SCIENTIFIC SESSION SUPPORT FOR THE TERATOLOGY SOCIETY 50TH
    Christina Chambers; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..the Embryo and Child, including aspects of the 60-year follow-up study of radiation exposure in Japan during World War II...
  6. Understanding Pain of Gastrointestinal Origin in Women that Serve in OEF/OIF
    Beverley Greenwood-Van Meerveld; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..pain are due to visceral hypersensitivity characterized by increased awareness of visceral stimuli in Gulf War Veterans (GWV) and that symptoms are worsened by stress, suggesting a link between cognitive and peripheral ..
  7. Early Life Conditions, Survival, and Health: A Pedigree-Based Population Study
    Ken R Smith; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These improvements specifically include: (A) Individual data for all Utahns in the 1900-1930 U.S. Censuses, World War I Draft Registration &Registry Data, and 1921-1936 Birth Certificates;and (B) Diagnosis data from Medicare ..
  8. Dynamics of Kinesins, Dyneins, and Myosins
    Paul R Selvin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..5 nm temporal and spatial resolution. We found that kinesin and dynein are not engaged in a "tug-of-war", despite moving peroxisomes in opposite directions...
  9. Vascular and Skeletal Muscle Function in Gulf War Veterans Illness
    Scott Kinlay; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Gulf War Veterans Illness (GWVI) is a constellation of symptoms reported by Gulf War Veterans shortly after their return from deployment in 1991...
  10. Improving Hmong Health through Community Based Participatory Research
    DIAN LORENE BAKER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..10.2 percent). Prior to resettling in the United States after the Vietnam-American War, the Hmong had no concept of diabetes...
  11. MicroRNA Regulation of Macrophage Polarization in Muscle Regeneration
    Paula K Shireman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..current application, extremity injuries compromise 50-60% of all combat casualties observed in Iraqi/Afghanistan War Veterans resulting in large soft tissue defects (muscle and skin) and high amputation rates...
  12. Signal Transduction Mechanism of Osteoclast Differentiation
    Nandini Ghosh-Choudhury; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This will have therapeutic implications in designing drugs for the bone degenerating diseases common to the war veterans in the USA. Interaction of BMP with its cell surface receptors activates Smad signaling pathway...
  13. Host Defense Mechanisms in Polyaromatic Hydrogen Carcinogenesis
    Craig A Elmets; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..major carcinogenic moiety in cigarette smoke and were present in the burning oilfield emissions in the Persian Gulf War. There has been intense experimental interest in identifying the mechanisms by which they cause cancer...
  14. The Greatest Generation: The NAS-NRC WWII Twin Registry as a Scientific Resource
    Margaret Gatz; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..we propose to initiate a data archive comprising the National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council World War II Twin Registry (NAS-NRC Twin Registry) in order to make this unique resource available to the scientific ..
  15. Mechanism and Treatment of nerve agent-induced seizures
    Jaideep Kapur; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Seizures were also observed in humans exposed to nerve agent poisoning during the Iran-Iraq war, and in the Tokyo subway attacks where sarin and VX were used...
  16. Translational Immunology Research and Accelerated [vaccine] Development (TRIAD)
    ANNE SEARLS DEGROOT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..FT has been listed as a Category A biological warfare agent as a result of World War II and Cold War-era biowarfare research...
  17. A translational model of neuro-immune therapy for PTSD in veterans of the OEF/OIF
    Leonardo H Tonelli; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the most common war-related illness and is highly comorbid with other anxiety disorders...
  18. Memory and Mood Enhancing Therapies for Gulf War Illness
    Ashok K Shetty; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): While the Gulf war illness displays multiple central nervous system (CNS) impairments, cognitive dysfunction, memory loss, depression and anxiety are the most common symptoms...
  19. Enhancing Plasticity in Damaged Spinal Cord to Repair Transmission and Function
    Victor L Arvanian; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. troops inside heavily armored vehicles. In fact, "One in Six Wounded in Afghanistan War Have Spinal Cord Injuries" (The Spinal Post, Nov.11, 2009")...
  20. Prenatal stress and accelerated atherosclerosis in ApoE knockout mice
    Subeena Sood; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..syndrome), similarly to reported higher risk for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in children born to of war- or famine-stricken populations...
  21. Central Mechanisms Modulating Visceral Sensitivity
    Beverley Greenwood-Van Meerveld; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Although little data is available for Veterans that serve in OEF/OIF, recent findings have shown that Gulf War Veterans (GWV) who develop symptoms of abdominal pain and diarrhea exhibit visceral hypersensitivity characterized ..
  22. Mechanisms of Postoperative Ileus
    YVETTE FRANCE TACHE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the gastrointestinal system, which is particularly pertinent as an increasing number of combat veterans deployed in war zone suffered traumatic injuries that required surgery...
  23. Characterizing Patellofemoral Joint Stress Using Patient-Specific Models
    GARY BEAUPRE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Many cases of PF pain in veterans may be service connected. In a group of veterans of the first Gulf War, 13% were diagnosed with PF pain and in a separate study of infantry soldiers, patellofemoral syndrome was the ..
  24. The role of indolamine2,3-dioxygenase in the host response/pathogenesis of Venezu
    Robert Seymour; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..VEEV, were developed as biological weapons by the United States Military and former USSR during the cold war and are potential bioterrorist threats due to their ease of transmission and infectivity by the aerosol route...
  25. Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Parkinsons Disease
    Paula C Bickford; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..inflammation is critical for the progression of neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease (PD) and Gulf War Illnesses (GWI) and other neurodegenerative diseases...
  26. Genetic Determinants of Drug Effects
    Tamara J Phillips; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..hsrd.research.va.gov/queri). The most prevalent psychiatric disorders reported by male vietnam war era veterans [1] include alcohol abuse and/or dependence (54% lifetime) and nicotine dependence (48% lifetime)...
  27. A Novel Oral Combination Pediatric HIV and TB Vaccine
    Michelle H Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..development of a combination vaccine effective against both infections would be a major advance in the global war against pediatric diseases in developing countries...
  28. Novel strategy to mitigate and treat radiation combined infection injury by targe
    Shyam Biswal; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..infection injury is urgently warranted because they present a huge public health problem in radiological/nuclear war /accident scenario...
  29. Diagnostic Utility of mtDNA Content and Exercise Challenge in Veterans with GWI
    MICHAEL JOSEPH FALVO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): One in four of the ~700,000 Veterans who served in the 1990 - 1991 Gulf War suffer from chronic multisystem illnesses, referred to as Gulf War Illness (GWI)...
  30. In Vivo Imaging of bcl-2 Expression in Lymphoma
    Michael R Lewis; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..5% of its victims are US war veterans...
  31. Mission Reconnect: Promoting Resilience and Reintegration of Post-Deployment Vete
    Janet Kahn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..veterans, their partners and families, as well as the 20 million living veterans of other eras, whose wounds of war can last for decades if unaddressed. Innovation...
  32. Epidemiology of CHD of Men Aged 40+ in US, Hawaii, Japan
    Akira Sekikawa; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..in Japan continue to have very low CHD rates despite increasing levels of risk factors since the end of World War II (WWII). CHD mortality has been increasing in most Asian countries except for Japan...
  33. Orientia tsutsugamushi modulation of host cell ubiquitination machinery
    Jason A Carlyon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Its mortality rate can be as high as 50%. The disease was a significant cause of morbidity in World War II and the Vietnam conflict and presently threatens U.S. soldiers serving in the Middle East...
  34. Telehealth Outreach for Chronic Back Pain
    Joseph H Atkinson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Gulf War, Iraq, and Afghanistan veterans report back pain rates exceeding 30%, suggesting the VA will continue to face this ..
  35. Cell-mediated protection against pneumonic plague
    Jr Shiuan Lin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Virulent, antibiotic-resistant, Yp strains exist and Cold War scientists devised means to effectively aerosolize Yp...
  36. Mechanisms of Sulfur Mustard Toxicology
    YIHUA JAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Sulfur mustard, a vesicant first employed during World War I as a chemical weapon, remains a significant civilian and military threat...
  37. Therapeutic Intervention of Lewisite-Mediated Cutaneous Blistering-Inflammation
    Mohammad Athar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The outcome of the proposed research is likely to have a significant impact on human health protection in the event of mass population exposure to war threat chemicals.
  38. Epitope-specific vaccines targeting the alpha toxin of Staphylococcus aureus
    KEMP BAILEY CEASE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Staphylococcus aureus has become a multifaceted threat that confronts us in war and peace...
  39. Development of a repetitive concussion traumatic brain injury model
    Michael J Whalen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..long term neurological consequences and long term pathological changes of repeated mild TBI in concussed athletes, war veterans, and others have recently come to the public's attention through high-profile reports involving ..
  40. Regeneration and reinnervation of mechanosensory hair cells
    David J Kozlowski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Nearly 60% of soldiers exposed to explosive blasts suffer permanent hearing loss and 28% of troops returning from a war zone have diminished hearing...
  41. PTSD, Sleep-Disordered Breathing and APOE Genotype: Effects on Cognition
    Jerome A Yesavage; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Relevance to Veterans'Health/VA Mission: A number of veterans suffer from PTSD during their post-war life. As PTSD veterans age, they are at higher risk for cognitive decline and dementia...
  42. The role of Vitamin D metabolism in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
    Nithya Ramnath; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Cancer affects 175,000 American war veterans annually. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in Veterans...
  43. Pathogenic mechanisms of non-01/non-0139 V. cholerae
    Michelle Dziejman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..regions lacking modern sanitation facilities, and in countries experiencing disrupted civil infrastructure due to war or environmental crises...
  44. Transcranial, Light-Emiting Diode (LED) Therapy to Improve Cognition in GWVI
    Margaret A Naeser; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..light-emitting diodes (LED) in red and near-infrared (NIR) wavelengths improves cognition in Veterans with Gulf War Veterans'Illnesses (GWVI). Impaired cognition is one of the 3 major symptom areas of GWVI...
  45. Overcoming Membrane Transporters to Improve CNS Drug Therapy
    Robert S B Clark; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Probenecid is currently in clinical use to treat uric acidemia, and was developed during World War II to increase the bioavailability of penicillin to wounded soldiers...
  46. Akt/CREB signaling: Target for prostate cancer
    Addanki P Kumar; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are more susceptible due to extended exposure to various toxic chemicals and smoke from oil well fires during war. In addition with increasing life expectancy of the Veteran population, prostate cancer will continue to be a major ..
  47. Retrospective Assessment of Military Occupations &Neurodegenerative Diseases
    Lorene M Nelson; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..on enlistment and discharge dates, military occupational specialty, advanced individual training, transit records, war-zone deployment, duty assignments, and combat medals/badges...
  48. New Insights into Motor Neuron Disease
    John K Fink; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will determine the nature and frequency of NTE gene variation in "apparently nonfamilial" ALS and Gulf War ALS subjects...
  49. A shared macromolecular X-ray diffraction system in Rochester
    Joseph E Wedekind; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Such Centers represent forums of targeted research that unite clinical and basic researchers who are waging a war to improve public health...
  50. Nitrosylation Mechanisms for Protection Against Neurovascular Inflammatory Injury
    Avtar K Singh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: As a consequence of war, accidents and sport injury, an increasing number of young Americans are suffering from brain trauma...
  51. Mechanisms of how nuclear envelope bridges link nuclei to the cytoskeleton.
    Daniel A Starr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Aim 2) Deter- mine how kinesin, dynein, and microtubules function to move nuclei. Tug-of-war, interdependent regulation, and bi-directional movement are proposed models to explain how motors of opposite ..
  52. Molecular Mechanisms of Enhanced Contractility following Traumatic Brain Injury:
    Christian W Kreipke; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Further, it has been named as the signature injury in the War on Terrorism that, upon return of our men and women fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan, is projected to cost millions ..
  53. Nucleoside hydrolase Inhibitors from natural products for Leishmania
    ESTEBAN EDWARD MENA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The disease has assumed importance in the United States for due to presence of the US military in the Gulf War and it current deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan many soldiers are bitten by sand flies and develop classic ..
  54. A randomized controlled trial of a mindfulness based intervention for Gulf War Sy
    David J Kearney; Fiscal Year: 2012
    Abstract Background: Many military personnel who participated in the Gulf War in 1990-1991 reported negative health consequences subsequent to the deployment...
  55. Mission Reconnect: Promoting Resilience and Re-Integration of Post-Deployment Vet
    WILLIAM B COLLINGE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..reduce suffering and improve quality of life of potentially tens of thousands of OIF/OEF veterans and their family members, as well as millions of veterans and family members from other service eras still living with the wounds of war.
  56. Cast Immobilization as a Model of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
    David J Clark; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Surgery, trauma and immobilization are commonly cited causes of this syndrome. War related injuries are also a frequent cause of CRPS. Unfortunately, we lack effective therapies for this condition...
  57. Essential Features of Neural Damage in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
    Scott R Sponheim; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Soldiers also return from combat with psychological disabilities caused by traumatic war events...
  58. Receptor Selective Spinal Analgesia
    James Eisenach; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: If we are to prevent chronic pain from developing after war or civilian injuries we need to better understand the process by which it occurs and conditions which protect ..
  59. Efficacy of GluR5 Antogonists Against Soman-Induced Seizures and Neuropathology
    MARIA F BRAGA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Nerve agents are lethal chemical weapons that have been used in war and in terrorist attacks, with devastating consequences...
  60. Poly(ADP-ribose)Polymerase 1 Regulates Nucleolar Structure and Functions
    ERNEST KOJO BOAMAH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: PARP1 activity has become an important clinical target in the war against cancer, yet aside from its presence in the nucleolus, very little is known about its influence in this ..
  61. Impaired attention &hippocampal dysfunction in developing abnormal avoidance
    Kevin C H Pang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..for anxiety disorders similar to the non-military population, the extreme and constant stressors of deployment, war and war time service enhance the likelihood of developing anxiety disorders...
  62. Aspirin, PPAR and EAE
    Kalipada Pahan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Although the mechanism is not clear, viral infections, several vaccinations and exposure to different war zone chemicals may increase the risk of having MS...
  63. Peptide Derivatives to treat Urinary Tract Infections
    Laszlo Otvos; Fiscal Year: 2003
    The war between man and bacteria entered a new phase. With the rapid spread of antimicrobial resistant bacterial strains the currently used drug families start to fail and desperate calls for a new armory of agents are regularly voiced...
  64. Central Cholinergic System, Its History &Current Status
    ALEXANDER KARCZMAR; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..and environmental consequences of their use; it will also emphasize their potential, past and present as war gases and instruments of tenor, The VCRS is unique in its projected depth and scope as no comparable books are ..
  65. Ecological and Health Consequences of the Vietnam War
    Linda Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This program will focus on the interaction of war, environment, human health, and public policy as they pertain to military operations during the US-Vietnam Conflict...
  66. Impact of PTSD on Bone Formation
    Subburaman Mohan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Although a proportion of returning veterans from the Gulf war and war on terrorism complain of bone aches, nothing is known about the impact of PTSD on the skeletal system...
  67. PROTECTION AGAINST ORGANOPHOSPHATE NEUROTOXINS BY TOBACCO CEMBRANOIDS
    P A Ferchmin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Since the use of war neurotoxins is impractical in the early stages of antidotes development the neuroprotective efficacy of 4R will be ..
  68. Hantavirus Vaccines Based On Nonreplicating Adenoviruses
    David Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Old World hantaviruses were first recognized during the Korean war, infecting thousands of U.S. troops with 10% mortality...
  69. Mustard Gas Exposure and Carcinogenesis of the Lung
    Charles Giardina; Fiscal Year: 2007
    unreadable] DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The employment of chemical weapons by Iraq during the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) resulted in over 100,000 military and civilian casualties among Iranians...
  70. A Better & Stable Cold High-Level Disinfectant Formulation for Medical Equipments
    RAJIV SATSANGI; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..hazards and be quite stable on long term storage, (5) be suitable even for austere conditions, like in war and other disaster areas where normal sterilization conditions are not available, except the use of potable water...
  71. Regulation of Burkholderia mallei virulence genes
    William Nierman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..to humans, was weaponized by the Soviet Union and was used as a biological warfare agent by Germany during World War I (and the Japanese in China in World War II - I heard it on the radio recently). The complete genome sequence of B...
  72. Effects of Dioxin on Vietnamese Civilians
    David Carpenter; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..population to dioxin, secondary to the widespread spraying of Agent Orange and other herbicides during the Vietnam War. While the magnitude of health effects of dioxin is still a matter of debate, there is preliminary evidence from ..
  73. Interactions Between the Brain Reward and Pain Systems.
    Conan Kornetsky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The wound meant they would be evacuated and thus escape alive from one of the highest casualty battles of the war. The brain stimulation reward procedure allows a direct activation of that area of the brain that subserves usual ..
  74. Comparative Genomic Analysis of Clostridium perfringens
    Ian Paulsen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..C. perfringens has also been tested as a potential biological warfare (BW) agent in World War II and the Iraqi government is suspected of attempting to develop C. perfringens as a BW agent before the Gulf War...
  75. Therapeutics against chemical threat induced respiratory toxicity
    MADHUSOODANA NAMBIAR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..with pulmonary complications, accounted for most of the deaths following toxic chemical exposure in the Iran-Iraq- war, the accidental release of methyl isocyanate in Bhopal, India, the Tokyo subway sarin attack, and the hostage ..
  76. Internet Self-Help Program for Major Depressive Disorder in Spouses of Combatants
    Bentson McFarland; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..homogeneous group whose emotional distress is complicated by (if not precipitated by) the combatant's war zone experiences...
  77. Catalytic DNA Biosensor for Toxic Metal Ions
    Yi Lu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..environmental monitors, household users, clinicians in rural or remote areas, and first-responders in the war against terrorism, where on-site, real-time, and cost-effective detection and quantification are critical and the ..
  78. Translation, Editing and Annotation of Ludwik Hirszfeld, The Story of One Life
    William Schneider; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..He made his first major scientific contribution in Heidelberg with von Dungern. In the First World War, he joined the Allies, first in Serbia fighting a typhus epidemic, then in Greece, where the variety of Allied ..
  79. Bioprocessing of Plasma Therapeutic Proteins using Sequential Affinity Monolithic
    Yow Pin Lim; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..and inefficient, a case in point being ethanol fractionation, a purification process developed during World War II that still remains the backbone of most fractionation strategies in use today The recent addition of ..
  80. Follow-Up of Vietnam Veterans at Risk for Suicide
    RUMI PRICE; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..were conducted by Washington University in 1972 and 1974 with two national probability samples of male Vietnam War veterans and a comparison sample of nonveterans (total target N=l,227)...
  81. BEHAVIORAL EFFECTS OF BRAIN INJURY
    Suzanne Corkin; Fiscal Year: 1990
    In our longitudinal study, veterans with penetrating head injuries received in World War II declined more in cognition from the 1950s to the 1980s than control veterans with peripheral nerve injuries...
  82. A Data Resource for the Health and Environmental Consequences of the Vietnam War
    JEANNE STELLMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The Vietnam War was the longest in American history, with approximately 3 million American troops serving in Vietnam...