urbanization

Summary

Summary: The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Global burden of cardiovascular diseases: part I: general considerations, the epidemiologic transition, risk factors, and impact of urbanization
    S Yusuf
    Population Health Research Institute and Division of Cardiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Circulation 104:2746-53. 2001
  2. ncbi Global change and the ecology of cities
    Nancy B Grimm
    School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 4501, USA
    Science 319:756-60. 2008
  3. pmc Urbanization, ethnicity and cardiovascular risk in a population in transition in Nakuru, Kenya: a population-based survey
    Wanjiku Mathenge
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:569. 2010
  4. pmc Growth, innovation, scaling, and the pace of life in cities
    Luis M A Bettencourt
    Theoretical Division, MS B284, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:7301-6. 2007
  5. ncbi The emergence of cardiovascular disease during urbanisation of Africans
    H H Vorster
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Potchefstroomse Universiteit vir Christelike Hoër Onderwys, South Africa
    Public Health Nutr 5:239-43. 2002
  6. ncbi Urban-rural differentials in child malnutrition: trends and socioeconomic correlates in sub-Saharan Africa
    Jean Christophe Fotso
    African Population and Health Research Center, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
    Health Place 13:205-23. 2007
  7. ncbi Impact of urbanization and land-use change on climate
    Eugenia Kalnay
    University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20770 2425, USA
    Nature 423:528-31. 2003
  8. pmc Understanding community context and adult health changes in China: development of an urbanicity scale
    Jessica C Jones-Smith
    Department of Nutrition and Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University Sq, CB 8120 123 W Franklin St, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
    Soc Sci Med 71:1436-46. 2010
  9. ncbi Forum: geographic spread and urbanization of visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil. Introduction
    Guilherme L Werneck
    Departamento de Endemias Samuel Pessoa, Escola Nacional de Saude Publica Sergio Arouca, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:2937-40. 2008
  10. ncbi Higher temperature and urbanization affect the spatial patterns of dengue fever transmission in subtropical Taiwan
    Pei Chih Wu
    Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Chang Jung Christian University, 396 Chang Jung Rd, Sec 1, Kway Jen, Tainan 71101, Taiwan, ROC
    Sci Total Environ 407:2224-33. 2009

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications324 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Global burden of cardiovascular diseases: part I: general considerations, the epidemiologic transition, risk factors, and impact of urbanization
    S Yusuf
    Population Health Research Institute and Division of Cardiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Circulation 104:2746-53. 2001
    ..we describe overarching factors influencing variations in CVD by ethnicity and region and the influence of urbanization. Part II of this article describes the burden of CV disease by specific region or ethnic group, the risk ..
  2. ncbi Global change and the ecology of cities
    Nancy B Grimm
    School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 4501, USA
    Science 319:756-60. 2008
    ..Cities themselves present both the problems and solutions to sustainability challenges of an increasingly urbanized world...
  3. pmc Urbanization, ethnicity and cardiovascular risk in a population in transition in Nakuru, Kenya: a population-based survey
    Wanjiku Mathenge
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:569. 2010
    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among older people in Africa. This study aimed to investigate the relationship of urbanization and ethnicity with CVD risk markers in Kenya.
  4. pmc Growth, innovation, scaling, and the pace of life in cities
    Luis M A Bettencourt
    Theoretical Division, MS B284, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:7301-6. 2007
    ..The inexorable trend toward urbanization worldwide presents an urgent challenge for developing a predictive, quantitative theory of urban organization ..
  5. ncbi The emergence of cardiovascular disease during urbanisation of Africans
    H H Vorster
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Potchefstroomse Universiteit vir Christelike Hoër Onderwys, South Africa
    Public Health Nutr 5:239-43. 2002
    ....
  6. ncbi Urban-rural differentials in child malnutrition: trends and socioeconomic correlates in sub-Saharan Africa
    Jean Christophe Fotso
    African Population and Health Research Center, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
    Health Place 13:205-23. 2007
    ..These urban-rural gaps are abolished in almost all countries when SES is controlled. These results suggest that policies and programs contributing to the attainment of the MDGs should pay particular attention to the urban poor...
  7. ncbi Impact of urbanization and land-use change on climate
    Eugenia Kalnay
    University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20770 2425, USA
    Nature 423:528-31. 2003
    ..anthropogenic influences on climate are the emission of greenhouse gases and changes in land use, such as urbanization and agriculture...
  8. pmc Understanding community context and adult health changes in China: development of an urbanicity scale
    Jessica C Jones-Smith
    Department of Nutrition and Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University Sq, CB 8120 123 W Franklin St, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
    Soc Sci Med 71:1436-46. 2010
    ..However, conceptual definitions of urbanization and urbanicity encompass dimensions beyond solely population size and population density...
  9. ncbi Forum: geographic spread and urbanization of visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil. Introduction
    Guilherme L Werneck
    Departamento de Endemias Samuel Pessoa, Escola Nacional de Saude Publica Sergio Arouca, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:2937-40. 2008
    The geographic spread and urbanization of visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil has been described since the early 1980s...
  10. ncbi Higher temperature and urbanization affect the spatial patterns of dengue fever transmission in subtropical Taiwan
    Pei Chih Wu
    Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Chang Jung Christian University, 396 Chang Jung Rd, Sec 1, Kway Jen, Tainan 71101, Taiwan, ROC
    Sci Total Environ 407:2224-33. 2009
    ..Numbers of months with average temperature higher than 18 degrees C per year and degree of urbanization were found to be associated with increasing risk of dengue fever incidence at township level...
  11. ncbi Urbanization and the ecology of wildlife diseases
    Catherine A Bradley
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 22:95-102. 2007
    b>Urbanization is intensifying worldwide, with two-thirds of the human population expected to reside in cities within 30 years...
  12. pmc Urbanization, urbanicity, and health
    David Vlahov
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York 10029 5293, USA
    J Urban Health 79:S1-S12. 2002
    ..We consider two key dimensions: urbanization and urbanicity. Urbanization refers to change in size, density, and heterogeneity of cities...
  13. pmc Vector-borne disease problems in rapid urbanization: new approaches to vector control
    A B Knudsen
    Division of Control of Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 70:1-6. 1992
    ..as malaria, lymphatic filariasis and dengue are becoming major public health problems associated with rapid urbanization in many tropical countries...
  14. ncbi Evidence of a dose-response relationship between urbanicity during upbringing and schizophrenia risk
    C B Pedersen
    National Centre for Register Based Research, Aarhus University, Taasingegade 1, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 58:1039-46. 2001
    ....
  15. ncbi High urban population density of birds reflects their timing of urbanization
    Anders Pape Møller
    Laboratoire d Ecologie, Systematique et Evolution, CNRS UMR 8079, Universite Paris Sud, Batiment 362, 91405, Orsay Cedex, France
    Oecologia 170:867-75. 2012
    ..the two types of habitats using extensive point census bird counts, and we obtained information on the year of urbanization when population density in urban habitats reached levels higher than that of the ancestral rural habitat from ..
  16. pmc The scaling of green space coverage in European cities
    Richard A Fuller
    The Ecology Centre, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia
    Biol Lett 5:352-5. 2009
    ..This is important because urbanization is accelerating and the consequences for green space are unclear...
  17. pmc Are social security policies for Chinese landless farmers really effective on health in the process of Chinese rapid urbanization? A study on the effect of social security policies for Chinese landless farmers on their health-related quality of life
    Ying Liang
    Department of Social Work and Social Policy, School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Nanjing University, 210023 Nanjing, People s Republic of China
    Int J Equity Health 13:5. 2014
    The continuing urbanization in China has resulted in a loss of land and rights among farmers. The social security of landless farmers has attracted considerable research attention...
  18. ncbi Is the prevalence of psychiatric disorders associated with urbanization?
    Jaap Peen
    JellinekMentrum Mental Health Institute Amsterdam, P O Box 75848, 1070 AV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 42:984-9. 2007
    ..Moreover, urban preponderance suggests that the allocation of funds and services should take urbanization levels into account.
  19. pmc Urbanization, malaria transmission and disease burden in Africa
    Simon I Hay
    TALA Research Group in the Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK
    Nat Rev Microbiol 3:81-90. 2005
    Many attempts have been made to quantify Africa's malaria burden but none has addressed how urbanization will affect disease transmission and outcome, and therefore mortality and morbidity estimates...
  20. pmc Urbanization and stroke prevalence in Taiwan: analysis of a nationwide survey
    Herng Ching Lin
    School of Health Care Administration, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wu Hsing St, Taipei, 110, Taiwan
    J Urban Health 84:604-14. 2007
    This study aims to explore the prevalence of strokes among individuals and the association with urbanization levels. A total sample of 9,794 individuals was obtained from a nationwide survey on Taiwan for subsequent analysis in this study...
  21. pmc Measures of autozygosity in decline: globalization, urbanization, and its implications for medical genetics
    Michael A Nalls
    Laboratory of Neurogenetics, Intramural Research Program, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 5:e1000415. 2009
    ..Autozygosity has declined, and it seems it will continue doing so...
  22. ncbi Cities as harbingers of climate change: common ragweed, urbanization, and public health
    Lewis H Ziska
    Alternate Crop and Systems Laboratory, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 111:290-5. 2003
    ..Although controlled laboratory experiments have been conducted to demonstrate the sensitivity of allergenic pollen production to future climatic change (ie, increased CO(2) and temperature), no in situ data are available...
  23. pmc The global cardiovascular risk transition: associations of four metabolic risk factors with national income, urbanization, and Western diet in 1980 and 2008
    Goodarz Danaei
    Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Circulation 127:1493-502, 1502e1-8. 2013
    ..We investigated the associations of body mass index (BMI), fasting plasma glucose, systolic blood pressure, and serum total cholesterol with national income, Western diet, and, for BMI, urbanization in 1980 and 2008.
  24. ncbi Association of elevation, urbanization and ambient temperature with obesity prevalence in the United States
    J D Voss
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 37:1407-12. 2013
    ..This study examines the relationship between obesity and elevation, ambient temperature and urbanization.
  25. pmc Bumble bees (Bombus spp) along a gradient of increasing urbanization
    Karin Ahrné
    Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 4:e5574. 2009
    ..The main cause of the decline is believed to be habitat destruction and fragmentation associated with urbanization and agricultural intensification...
  26. pmc Socioeconomics drive urban plant diversity
    Diane Hope
    Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287 3211, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:8788-92. 2003
    ..However, urbanization has resulted in entire landscapes that are now occupied by plant communities wholly created by humans, in which ..
  27. ncbi Is there a health penalty of China's rapid urbanization?
    E Van de Poel
    Institute of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Health Econ 21:367-85. 2012
    While highly pertinent to the human welfare consequences of development, the impact of rapid urbanization on population health is not obvious...
  28. ncbi Urbanization and the spread of diseases of affluence in China
    Ellen Van de Poel
    Erasmus School of Economics, Erasmus University Rotterdam, PO Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Econ Hum Biol 7:200-16. 2009
    ..Higher incomes explain around one-tenth of the urban concentration of both overweight and hypertension, while the education advantage of urban populations has a similar sized offsetting effect...
  29. ncbi Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) and urbanization of visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil
    Elizabeth F Rangel
    Laboratório de Transmissores de Leishmanioses, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro
    Cad Saude Publica 24:2948-52. 2008
    ..Another sand fly species, Lu. cruzi, is mentioned as a vector of visceral leishmaniasis in some municipalities in Central Brazil, based on studies in endemic areas of the country...
  30. ncbi Rising incidence of multiple sclerosis in females associated with urbanization
    D Kotzamani
    Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
    Neurology 78:1728-35. 2012
    ..To design and perform a case-control study of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Crete, an island of 0.6 million people, that has experienced profound socioeconomic changes in recent decades...
  31. ncbi Fifty years of dengue in India
    Anita Chakravarti
    Maulana Azad Medical College, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi, Delhi, 10002, India
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 106:273-82. 2012
    ....
  32. ncbi From patterns to emerging processes in mechanistic urban ecology
    Eyal Shochat
    Sutton Avian Research Center, University of Oklahoma, POB 2007, Bartlesville, OK 74005, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 21:186-91. 2006
    Rapid urbanization has become an area of crucial concern in conservation owing to the radical changes in habitat structure and loss of species engendered by urban and suburban development...
  33. pmc China's transition: the effect of rapid urbanization on adult occupational physical activity
    Keri L Monda
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University Square, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
    Soc Sci Med 64:858-70. 2007
    China has recently undergone rapid social and economic change. Increases in urbanization have led to equally rapid shifts toward more sedentary occupations through the acquisition of new technology and transitions away from a mostly ..
  34. ncbi Urbanization of congenital transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi: prospective polymerase chain reaction study in pregnancy
    Margarita Bisio
    Laboratorio de Biologia Molecular de la Enfermedad de Chagas, Instituto de Investigaciones en Ingeniería Genética y Biología Molecular INGEBI CONICET, Ciudad Autonoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 105:543-9. 2011
    ..among the world's most neglected tropical diseases and congenital transmission is increasingly responsible for urbanization of Chagas disease in non-endemic areas...
  35. ncbi Global urbanization and impact on health
    Melinda Moore
    Office of Global Health Affairs, U S Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland 20857, USA
    Int J Hyg Environ Health 206:269-78. 2003
    ..Local and national governments and multilateral organizations are all grappling with the challenges of urbanization. Urban health risks and concerns involve many different sectors, including health, environment, housing, energy,..
  36. pmc Quantifying urbanization as a risk factor for noncommunicable disease
    Steven Allender
    British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Headington, Oxford, UK
    J Urban Health 88:906-18. 2011
    The aim of this study was to investigate the poorly understood relationship between the process of urbanization and noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in Sri Lanka using a multicomponent, quantitative measure of urbanicity...
  37. ncbi Influence of urbanization on the epidemiology of intestinal helminths of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes) in Geneva, Switzerland
    Leslie A Reperant
    Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 266a, CH 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
    Parasitol Res 101:605-11. 2007
    Dixenous helminths that depend on rodent intermediate hosts are supposed to be negatively affected by urbanization due to lower supply of rodents in urbanized environments...
  38. ncbi Health and urban living
    Christopher Dye
    World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Science 319:766-9. 2008
    ..As a force in the demographic and health transition, urbanization is associated with falling birth and death rates and with the shift in burden of illness from acute childhood ..
  39. ncbi The paradox of invasion in birds: competitive superiority or ecological opportunism?
    Daniel Sol
    Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications CREAF, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Bellaterra, Catalonia, Spain
    Oecologia 169:553-64. 2012
    ..We tested these hypotheses in birds combining field observations and experiments along gradients of urbanization in New South Wales (Australia)...
  40. pmc Impact of rapid urbanization on the rates of infection by Vibrio cholerae O1 and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Fahima Chowdhury
    International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e999. 2011
    ..The aim of this prospective study was to identify the prevalence and importance of V. cholerae O1 and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) as causal agents of severe diarrhea in a high diarrhea prone urban area in Dhaka city...
  41. pmc Additional selection for insecticide resistance in urban malaria vectors: DDT resistance in Anopheles arabiensis from Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
    Christopher M Jones
    Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, Merseyside, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e45995. 2012
    ....
  42. ncbi Cities, productivity, and quality of life
    Edward Glaeser
    Department of Economics, School of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 333:592-4. 2011
    ..There is a strong correlation between urbanization and economic development across countries, and within-country evidence suggests that productivity rises in ..
  43. pmc Urban area disadvantage and under-5 mortality in Nigeria: the effect of rapid urbanization
    Diddy Antai
    Division of Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Health Perspect 118:877-83. 2010
    ..As city living becomes the predominant social context in low- and middle-income countries, the resulting rapid urbanization together with the poor economic circumstances of these countries greatly increases the risks of mortality for ..
  44. pmc Obesity and cardio-metabolic risk factors in urban adults of Benin: relationship with socio-economic status, urbanisation, and lifestyle patterns
    Roger Sodjinou
    TRANSNUT, WHO Collaborating Centre on Nutrition Changes and Development, Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Universite de Montreal, C, P, 6128 Succursale centre ville, Montreal QC H3C 3J7, Canada
    BMC Public Health 8:84. 2008
    ....
  45. pmc Waist circumference and obesity-related abnormalities in French and Cameroonian adults: the role of urbanization and ethnicity
    L Fezeu
    INSERM U780 IFR69, Epidemiological and Biostatistical Research, Villejuif, France
    Int J Obes (Lond) 34:446-53. 2010
    To evaluate the effect of urbanization and ethnicity on correlations between waist circumference (WC) and obesity-related cardiovascular risk factors.
  46. ncbi Spatial distribution pattern of oviposition in the mosquito Aedes aegypti in relation to urbanization in Buenos Aires: southern fringe bionomics of an introduced vector
    A E Carbajo
    Grupo de Estudio de Mosquitos, Unidad de Ecología de Vectores y Reservorios de Parásitos, Dto de Ecologia, Genetica y Evolucion, FCEyN, UBA, Argentina
    Med Vet Entomol 20:209-18. 2006
    ..aegypti oviposition in a highly urbanized city such as Buenos Aires seems to be related to the urbanization gradient...
  47. ncbi Obesity and regional fat distribution in Kenyan populations: impact of ethnicity and urbanization
    Dirk L Christensen
    Steno Diabetes Center, Gentofte, Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark
    Ann Hum Biol 35:232-49. 2008
    ..Obesity is increasing rapidly in Africa, and may not be associated with the same changes in body composition among different ethnic groups in Africa...
  48. ncbi Lean birds in the city: body size and condition of house sparrows along the urbanization gradient
    A Liker
    Department of Limnology, University of Pannonia, Pf 158, H 8201 Veszprem, Hungary
    J Anim Ecol 77:789-95. 2008
    ..Although the effects of urbanization on avian community composition are well known, there is much less information about how individual birds are ..
  49. pmc Adult education and child mortality in India: the influence of caste, household wealth, and urbanization
    Archana Singh-Manoux
    INSERM, U687 IFR69, Hopital Paul Brousse, Bâtiment 15 16, 16 Avenue Paul Vaillant Couturier, 94807 Villejuif Cedex, France
    Epidemiology 19:294-301. 2008
    ..We examined the association between adult education and child mortality, and the influence of other socioeconomic markers (caste, household wealth, and urbanization) on this association.
  50. ncbi Scaling up from gardens: biodiversity conservation in urban environments
    Mark A Goddard
    Institute for Integrative and Comparative Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK, LS2 9JT
    Trends Ecol Evol 25:90-8. 2010
    ..To overcome this, here we suggest mechanisms for encouraging 'wildlife-friendly' management of collections of gardens across scales from the neighbourhood to the city...
  51. pmc Quantification of urbanization in relation to chronic diseases in developing countries: a systematic review
    Steven Allender
    Department of Public Health, Rosemary Rue Building, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    J Urban Health 85:938-51. 2008
    During and beyond the twentieth century, urbanization has represented a major demographic shift particularly in the developed world...
  52. ncbi Urbanization and tropical health--then and now
    J Utzinger
    Swiss Tropical Institute, P O Box, CH 4002 Basel, Switzerland
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol 100:517-33. 2006
    ..b>Urbanization will continue at a high pace, particularly in the less developed regions of Africa and Asia...
  53. pmc Evidence for a significant urbanization effect on climate in China
    Liming Zhou
    School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:9540-4. 2004
    China has experienced rapid urbanization and dramatic economic growth since its reform process started in late 1978...
  54. pmc Level of urbanization and noncommunicable disease risk factors in Tamil Nadu, India
    Steven Allender
    Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Old Road, Oxford, OX3 7LF, England
    Bull World Health Organ 88:297-304. 2010
    To investigate the poorly understood relationship between the process of urbanization and noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) through the application of a quantitative measure of urbanicity.
  55. ncbi The nutrition and health transition in the North West Province of South Africa: a review of the THUSA (Transition and Health during Urbanisation of South Africans) study
    Hester H Vorster
    School of Physiology and Nutrition, North West University Potchefstroom Campus, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520, Republic of South Africa
    Public Health Nutr 8:480-90. 2005
    ..To describe how urbanisation influences the nutrition and health transition in South Africa by using data from the THUSA (Transition and Health during Urbanisation of South Africans) study...
  56. ncbi Impact of urbanization on the proteome of birch pollen and its chemotactic activity on human granulocytes
    M Bryce
    Division of Environmental Dermatology and Allergy, Helmholtz Center Munich TUM, ZAUM Center of Allergy and Environment, Technische Universitat, Munich, Germany
    Int Arch Allergy Immunol 151:46-55. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of urbanization on birch pollen...
  57. ncbi Disease emergence from global climate and land use change
    Jonathan A Patz
    Global Environmental Health, Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment SAGE Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Wisconsin at Madison, 1710 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53726, USA
    Med Clin North Am 92:1473-91, xii. 2008
    ..Without such efforts, we will inevitably benefit our current generation at the cost of generations to come...
  58. ncbi Defining the "urban" in urbanization and health: a factor analysis approach
    T W McDade
    Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Soc Sci Med 53:55-70. 2001
    Urban environments have been linked to a range of human health issues, and as the pace of urbanization accelerates, new challenges arise to characterize these environments, and to understand their positive and negative implications for ..
  59. ncbi High prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its correlates in two tribal populations of India and the impact of urbanization
    Sobhanjan Sarkar
    Biological Anthropology Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
    Indian J Med Res 123:679-86. 2006
    ..The Toto live exclusively in a rural area, whereas a section of the Bhutia has adopted a modern life style...
  60. ncbi The urban transformation of the developing world
    Mark R Montgomery
    Department of Economics, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA
    Science 319:761-4. 2008
    ....
  61. pmc Urbanization and the global malaria recession
    Andrew J Tatem
    Department of Geography and Environment, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, UK
    Malar J 12:133. 2013
    ..It has long been considered, however, that economic development, and particularly urbanization, has also been a causal factor...
  62. ncbi Prevalence of psychotic disorder and community level of psychotic symptoms: an urban-rural comparison
    J van Os
    Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, Maastricht University, European Graduate School of Neuroscience, PO Box 616 (PAR 45, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 58:663-8. 2001
    ..symptoms were strongly and independently associated with psychotic disorder, regardless of the level of urbanization. CONCLUSIONS: Community level of psychotic and psychosislike symptoms may be inextricably linked to the ..
  63. ncbi [Urbanization and dengue ecology]
    P L Tauil
    Departamento de Saúde Coletiva, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Brasilia, Brasilia, DF, 70910 900, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 17:99-102. 2001
    ..Such factors can help explain the re-emergence of dengue, the most important arbovirus in the world today, affecting thousands of people each year...
  64. ncbi Nutrition and hemostasis: a focus on urbanization in South Africa
    Marlien Pieters
    Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Physiology and Nutrition, North West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
    Mol Nutr Food Res 52:164-72. 2008
    South Africa is experiencing a rapid urbanization of its African population characterized by a demographic, nutrition, lifestyle, and health transition...
  65. ncbi Urbanization and place of death for the elderly: a 10-year population-based study
    Herng Ching Lin
    School of Health Care Administration, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Palliat Med 21:705-11. 2007
    To explore the association between the place of death and the level of urbanization within the communities where the elderly were residing at the time of their death.
  66. ncbi Anopheles gambiae s.s. breeding in polluted water bodies in urban Lagos, southwestern Nigeria
    T S Awolola
    Public Health Division, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria
    J Vector Borne Dis 44:241-4. 2007
    ..Urban malaria is on the rise in Nigeria due to rapid industrialisation and developmental activities. A study was undertaken in Lagos, Nigeria to study the Anopheles breeding in polluted water bodies...
  67. ncbi Diversities of phthalate esters in suburban agricultural soils and wasteland soil appeared with urbanization in China
    Shaofei Kong
    College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
    Environ Pollut 170:161-8. 2012
    ..The higher PAEs contents in wasteland soils from suburban area should be paid more attention owing to large amounts of solid wastes appeared with the ongoing urbanization.
  68. ncbi Lead concentrations in feathers and blood of common blackbirds (Turdus merula) and in earthworms inhabiting unpolluted and moderately polluted urban areas
    R Scheifler
    Universite de Franche Comte, Department of Environmental Biology, EA 3184 USC INRA, Place Leclerc, 25030 Besancon Cedex, France
    Sci Total Environ 371:197-205. 2006
    ..Present results suggest that Pb may still be of environmental concern for blackbirds in urban areas because of the persistence of Pb in soils and its transfer through the food chain...
  69. ncbi Urbanization and prevalence of depression in diabetes
    C H Lin
    Department of Psychiatry, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan
    Public Health 126:104-11. 2012
    To depict recent secular trend (2001-2005) in prevalence of depression among diabetic population in Taiwan, and to explore the influences of urbanization on the prevalence of depression.
  70. ncbi Understanding and harnessing the health effects of rapid urbanization in China
    Yong Guan Zhu
    Key Laboratory of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen, 361021, China
    Environ Sci Technol 45:5099-104. 2011
    ..This societal change is a consequence of a national drive toward economic prosperity. Rapid urbanization impacts on infrastructure, environmental health and human wellbeing...
  71. pmc Changing bee and hoverfly pollinator assemblages along an urban-rural gradient
    Adam J Bates
    Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham, West Midlands, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e23459. 2011
    ..However, despite increasing and accelerating levels of global urbanization, very little research has investigated the effects of urbanization on pollinator assemblages...
  72. ncbi Urbanization influences dietary habits of Cypriot children: the CYKIDS study
    Chrystalleni Lazarou
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece
    Int J Public Health 54:69-77. 2009
    Nutrition transition and urbanization have been linked to the adoption of a Western diet. An increasing number of Cypriot have abandoned their traditional eating habits and replaced them with a more westernized diet...
  73. pmc Physiological correlates of ecological divergence along an urbanization gradient: differential tolerance to ammonia among molecular forms of the malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae
    Billy Téné Fossog
    Institut de recherche pour le developpement IRD, Unité Mixte de Recherche MIVEGEC UM1, CNRS 5290, IRD 224, Montpellier, France
    BMC Ecol 13:1. 2013
    ....
  74. pmc The impact of projected increases in urbanization on ecosystem services
    F Eigenbrod
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 278:3201-8. 2011
    ..In Europe, urbanization will probably be the main cause of land-use change...
  75. pmc The effects of urbanization on global Plasmodium vivax malaria transmission
    Qiuyin Qi
    Department of Geography and Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
    Malar J 11:403. 2012
    Many recent studies have examined the impact of urbanization on Plasmodium falciparum malaria endemicity and found a general trend of reduced transmission in urban areas...
  76. ncbi Effects of urbanization, economic development, and migration of workers on suicide mortality in Japan
    Akiko Otsu
    Department of Public Health and Occupational Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine and School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo ku, Tokyo 113 8654, Japan
    Soc Sci Med 58:1137-46. 2004
    ..In all the three years, male suicide mortality was significantly related inversely to the urbanization and economic development factor, the result of which was consistent with the data in our previous study for the ..
  77. ncbi Forecasts of habitat loss and fragmentation due to urban growth are sensitive to source of input data
    Alexandra D Syphard
    Conservation Biology Institute, 10423 Sierra Vista Avenue, La Mesa, CA 91941, USA
    J Environ Manage 92:1882-93. 2011
    ....
  78. pmc Urbanization and physician maldistribution: a longitudinal study in Japan
    Shinichi Tanihara
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:260. 2011
    ..In 2007, medical school entrants equaled just 92% of their 1982 peers. The urban annual population growth rate is positive and the rural is negative, a trend that may affect denominator populations and physician distribution...
  79. pmc Urban transitions: on urban resilience and human-dominated ecosystems
    Henrik Ernstson
    Department of System Ecology and Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Sweden
    Ambio 39:531-45. 2010
    b>Urbanization is a global multidimensional process paired with increasing uncertainty due to climate change, migration of people, and changes in the capacity to sustain ecosystem services...
  80. pmc Urbanisation is associated with prevalence of childhood asthma in diverse, small rural communities in Ecuador
    Alejandro Rodriguez
    Centro de Investigaciones FEPIS, Fundación Ecuatoriana para la Investigación en Salud, Quininde, Esmeraldas, Ecuador
    Thorax 66:1043-50. 2011
    ..The aim of the present study was to explore how the process of urbanisation may explain differences in asthma prevalence in transitional communities in north-eastern Ecuador...
  81. ncbi China's growing CO2 emissions--a race between increasing consumption and efficiency gains
    Glen P Peters
    Industrial Ecology Programme, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NO 7491 Trondheim, Norway
    Environ Sci Technol 41:5939-44. 2007
    ..data and structural decomposition analysis we analyze how changes in China's technology, economic structure, urbanization, and lifestyles affect CO2 emissions...
  82. ncbi Stress and the city: urbanization and its effects on the stress physiology in European blackbirds
    Jesko Partecke
    Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Department of Biological Rhythms and Behaviour, Von der Tann Strasse 7, Andechs and Seewiesen 82346, Germany
    Ecology 87:1945-52. 2006
    ..Either way, the results support the idea that urbanization creates a shift in coping styles by changing the stress physiology of animals...
  83. pmc Temporal changes in greenspace in a highly urbanized region
    Martin Dallimer
    Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
    Biol Lett 7:763-6. 2011
    ....
  84. pmc Urban scaling and its deviations: revealing the structure of wealth, innovation and crime across cities
    Luis M A Bettencourt
    Theoretical Division and Center for Nonlinear Studies, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e13541. 2010
    ..S. metropolitan areas that is generally not organized geographically but based instead on common local economic models, innovation strategies and patterns of crime...
  85. ncbi Characterization and speculations on the urbanization of visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil
    Carlos Henrique Nery Costa
    Laboratório de Leishmanioses, Instituto de Doenças Tropicais Natan Portella, Teresina, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 24:2959-63. 2008
    The available hypotheses or explanations for the urbanization of American visceral leishmaniasis are insufficient...
  86. ncbi Stream denitrification across biomes and its response to anthropogenic nitrate loading
    Patrick J Mulholland
    Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA
    Nature 452:202-5. 2008
    ....
  87. ncbi Association of urban runoff with coastal water quality in Orange County, California
    Ryan H Dwight
    Department of Environmental Analysis and Design, School of Social Ecology, University of California, Irvine 92697, USA
    Water Environ Res 74:82-90. 2002
    ..The strong association found between precipitation and water pollution may be relevant to studies of potential health effects associated with climate change...
  88. ncbi Cultural change and mental health in Greenland: the association of childhood conditions, language, and urbanization with mental health and suicidal thoughts among the Inuit of Greenland
    Peter Bjerregaard
    Section for Research in Greenland, National Institute of Public Health, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Soc Sci Med 54:33-48. 2002
    ....
  89. ncbi Asthma in Latin America: a public heath challenge and research opportunity
    P J Cooper
    Centro de Investigaciones FEPIS, Quininde, Esmeraldas Province Ecuador
    Allergy 64:5-17. 2009
    ..The causes of asthma in Latin America are likely to be associated with urbanization, migration, and the adoption of a modern 'Westernized' lifestyle and environmental changes that follow these ..
  90. pmc Malaria and urbanization in sub-Saharan Africa
    Martin J Donnelly
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, L3 5QA, UK
    Malar J 4:12. 2005
    ..This commentary reflects the discussions held during the meeting and aims to inform researchers and policy makers of the potential for containing and reversing the emerging problem of urban malaria...
  91. ncbi Urbanization in sub-saharan Africa and implication for malaria control
    Jennifer Keiser
    Office of Population Research, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, 08544, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:118-27. 2004
    ..Rapid and unprecedented urbanization, going hand-in-hand with often declining economies, might have profound implications for the epidemiology and ..
  92. pmc Cardiovascular disease risk factors and socio-economic position of Africans in transition: the THUSA study
    H H Vorster
    Africa Unit for Transdisciplinary Health Research AUTHeR, North West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
    Cardiovasc J Afr 18:282-9. 2007
    ....
  93. ncbi The nutrition transition and obesity in the developing world
    B M Popkin
    Department of Nutrition and the Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 8120 University Square, 123 West Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
    J Nutr 131:871S-873S. 2001
    ..A second is the emergence of a large proportion of families with both currently malnourished and overweight members as is shown by comparative analysis of a number of Asian and Latin American countries...
  94. ncbi Complex responses within a desert bee guild (Hymenoptera: Apiformes) to urban habitat fragmentation
    James H Cane
    USDA ARS Bee Biology and Systematics Laboratory, Department of Biology, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322, USA
    Ecol Appl 16:632-44. 2006
    b>Urbanization within the Tucson Basin of Arizona during the past 50+ years has fragmented the original desert scrub into patches of different sizes and ages...
  95. pmc The evolution of urban sprawl: evidence of spatial heterogeneity and increasing land fragmentation
    Elena G Irwin
    Department of Agricultural, Environmental and Development Economics, Ohio State University, 2120 Fyffe Road, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:20672-7. 2007
    ..In particular, proximity to the Chesapeake Bay is negatively associated with fragmentation, suggesting that an attraction effect associated with this natural amenity has concentrated development...
  96. pmc Urbanization and its implications for food and farming
    David Satterthwaite
    International Institute for Environment and Development, 3 Endsleigh Street, London WC1H 0DD, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2809-20. 2010
    ..b>Urbanization has been underpinned by the rapid growth in the world economy and in the proportion of gross world product and ..
  97. ncbi Malaria vectors and urbanization in the equatorial forest region of south Cameroon
    Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio
    Laboratoire IRD de Recherche sur le Paludisme, Organisation de Coordination pour la Lutte Contre les Endemies en Afrique Centrale, P O Box 288, Yaounde, Cameroon
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 99:347-54. 2005
    ..Comparison with data published in 1955 from Mbalmayo, before expansion of the town, showed the impact of urbanization on the composition of the vector system and malaria transmission dynamics...
  98. ncbi Role of urbanization and air pollution in adolescent asthma: a mass screening in Taiwan
    R S Lin
    Institute of Epidemiology, National Taiwan University College of Public Health, 1 Jen Ai Road, Section 1, Taipei, Taiwan
    J Formos Med Assoc 100:649-55. 2001
    ..This study also found that higher parental education level and higher area air pollution were associated with higher adolescent asthma prevalence...
  99. ncbi Nutrition transition in India
    Prakash S Shetty
    Nutrition Planning, Assessment and Evaluation, Food and Nutrition Division, Food and Agriculture Organization FAO of the United Nations, Rome, Italy
    Public Health Nutr 5:175-82. 2002
    ..The primary objective of this review is to examine the demographic and nutrition transition in India in relation to its contribution to the emerging epidemic of chronic non-communicable diseases in this country...
  100. ncbi Urbanization effects on tree growth in the vicinity of New York City
    Jillian W Gregg
    Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Nature 424:183-7. 2003
    ....
  101. ncbi Soil-transmitted helminth infection and urbanization in 880 primary school children in Nicaragua, 2005
    Alexander Rosewell
    Pan American Health Organization, Complejo Nacional de Salud, Concepcion Palacios, Managua, Apartado Postal 1309, Nicaragua
    Trop Doct 40:141-3. 2010
    ..Healthy policies are required that favour the peri-urban poor who have inadequate and declining access to water and sanitation...

Research Grants63

  1. CFI Pathogen Inactivation Technology
    Trevor P Castor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and pathogens are not entirely known, but are thought to be caused by some combination of deforestation with urbanization of wild virus habitats, evolutionary mutations and rapid global travel. Annually, an estimated 3...
  2. PROJECTED HEAT WAVE MAGNITUDES AND PUBLIC HEALTH IMPACTS
    Helene G Margolis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., sex, age, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic factors), and (2) environmental factors (e.g., land-use, urbanization, air quality)...
  3. Training in Environmental Health to Reduce Chronic Disease in Latin America
    Philip J Landrigan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Exposures in the built environment related to increasing urbanization contribute to both conditions...
  4. CFI Inactivation of Human Plasma
    TREVOR CASTOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..killer" viruses are not entirely known, but are thought to be caused by some combination of deforestation with urbanization of wild virus habitats, evolutionary mutations, and rapid travel between countries around the globe that can ..
  5. Early Environmental Hygiene and Pediatric Asthma
    Christine C Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..level of exposure of humans to animals (and presumably endotoxin) has declined over the last 100 years through urbanization and suburbanization, although humans have evolved with close contact with animals...
  6. Heat Waves, Medication Use, and Adverse Health Outcomes Among Older Adults
    SOKO SETOGUCHI-IWATA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of extreme heat events are likely to increase as a result of the synergistic effects of a warming climate, urbanization, and the aging of the population...
  7. Fostering Opportunities for Nutrition and Global Health
    Wafaie W Fawzi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..However, economic development, urbanization, and associated changes in diet and lifestyle patterns have contributed to the rapid emergence of chronic ..
  8. Selective Migration and the Macro Demographic Consequences of Armed Conflict
    NATHALIE ELIZABETH WILLIAMS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..changes in macro-level population composition and dynamics, including rates of migration, marriage, fertility, urbanization, and population growth;(2) how does conflict-related migration affect household composition, well-being and ..
  9. Selective Migration and the Macro Demographic Consequences of Armed Conflict
    NATHALIE ELIZABETH WILLIAMS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..changes in macro-level population composition and dynamics, including rates of migration, marriage, fertility, urbanization, and population growth;(2) how does conflict-related migration affect household composition, well-being and ..
  10. Natural History of Urban Leptospirosis
    Albert Icksang Ko; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Leptospirosis is a paradigm for an urban slum health problem. Rapid urbanization and expanding urban poverty, together with climate, have created conditions for rat-borne transmission of the ..
  11. Multidimensional pathways to healthy aging among Filipino women
    Linda S Adair; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Participants live in Metro Cebu, Philippines, in a changing environment characterized by rapid urbanization, social change, and economic development, providing an ideal setting in which to study how such changes ..
  12. Emergence of Cardiometabolic Risk Across the Lifecycle in China
    Penny Gordon-Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of obesity, hypertension, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in parallel with urbanization during the past two decades...
  13. Inhibiting Cellular Autophagy to Thwart Dengue Virus Packaging and Replication
    Karla Kirkegaard; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..outside its former geographic limitations due to the changing ecology of mosquito populations in the face of urbanization and global warming...
  14. Disease Determinants of Urban Leptospirosis
    Albert Icksang Ko; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Leptospirosis is a paradigm for an urban slum health problem. Rapid urbanization and expanding urban poverty worldwide have created conditions for rat-borne transmission of the Leptospira spirochete...
  15. Adaptive Evolutionary Responses of White-footed Mice (Peromyscus leucopus) to Urb
    Jason Munshi-South; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Urbanization represents one of the most pervasive forces of anthropogenic change over the last century...
  16. VDAART FLORA ANCILLARY STUDY
    Diane R Gold; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Bacterial gut colonization and Vitamin D exposure are two factors that vary in children with urbanization, may influence immune function at the intestinal and systemic levels, and may increase the risk of allergy and ..
  17. Forecasting the Cardiovascular Disease Epidemic in China
    ANDREW EDWARD MORAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..China, the most populous of nations, is undergoing extraordinary economic growth and urbanization. The Chinese population is aging, and levels of CVD risk factors, i.e...
  18. Impacts of Urbanization on Vector Biology and Transmission of Dengue in China
    Xiaoguang Chen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Impacts of Urbanization on Vector Biology and Transmission of Dengue in China. Dengue is a major public health problem in southern China...
  19. INDO - US TRAINING PROGRAM IN BEHAVIORAL HEALTH ACROSS THE LIFESPAN
    Linda B Cottler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Fogarty initiative, focuses on three locations in India that are experiencing acute, detrimental effects of urbanization: Northeast India (Assam and Sikkim) and South Central India (Karnataka)...
  20. The Burden of Chikungunya and Dengue Transmission, Infection and Disease in Kenya
    Angelle Desiree LaBeaud; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..investigate transmission of CHIKV and DENV1-4 in two regions of Kenya that represent heterogeneous degrees of urbanization with varied landscape, climate, and populations...
  21. Malaria in Africa: A History of Infections and Interventions, 1900-2010
    JAMES LEWIS ADRIAN WEBB; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..including the emergence of independent states, the impact of new orthodoxies in development policies, rapid urbanization, and demographic growth...
  22. The ecology and epidemiology of Chagas disease in urban and rural communities
    CESAR GABRIEL NAQUIRA; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Recent introduction of vectors and parasite into the city of Arequipa itself allows analysis of the trend of urbanization of Chagas disease transmission and identification of modifications necessary to eliminate the vector from the ..
  23. Intervening with Haitian HIV+ Alcohol Abusers: An Environmental Psychosocial Fram
    Jessy G Devieux; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the epidemic in resource-constrained countries: poverty and disempowerment, the trauma and violence of chaotic urbanization and frequent civil disorder and inadequate rule of law...
  24. Migration and Child Health and Development: Effects and Mechanisms
    Yao Lu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Increasing globalization and urbanization worldwide have profoundly altered the state of the family in many societies...
  25. Ninth Annual Conference on Urban Environmental Health
    Susan Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Society for Urban Health (ISUH), we are increasingly struck by the contrast between the growing importance of urbanization and the lack of systematic study of the impact of urbanization on health...
  26. International Diabetes Epidemiology Group 2009
    James Meigs; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The number of people with diabetes is increasing worldwide due to population growth, aging, urbanization, and increasing obesity and physical inactivity...
  27. Evaluation of a progesterone vaginal ring as a new contraceptive option in India
    REGINE SITRUK WARE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of postponing the return to fertility in nursing mothers and spacing births, however in developing countries, urbanization has reduced the duration of breastfeeding and its effectiveness as a contraceptive method...
  28. Designing Research Training for Rwandans in Emerging HIV &Drug Therapy
    Eugene Mutimura; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a middle-income country, it is undergoing rapid transition to development with increasing aging population, urbanization, potential higher rates of obesity, and will potentially be affected by two separate epidemics of non- ..
  29. Building an Evidence Base for Treating the Vulnerable: A Community Partnership
    Robert A Lowe; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  30. Remediation Effectiveness for Mining Sites: Hysteresis and Metal Mixtures Effect
    James Ranville; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ultimately, in this project we expect to make improvements in assessment methods, which will provide a better means for protecting human and ecosystem health. ..
  31. Nanoporous Gold: Extractive Substrate for High-Speed Ultrasensitive Bioassays
    Lorraine Siperko; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..tens to hundreds of viruses to trigger an infection, will only become more prevalent as the globalization and urbanization of our planet accelerates...
  32. R24 Population Center Grant
    ANDREW D FOSTER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..substantive areas in which spatial structures play a key role in determining population health and well-being: urbanization and population-environment interrelations...
  33. WETLAND URBANIZATION GRADIENTS AND VECTOR BORNE DISEASES
    JOSEPH KIESECKER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Finally we plan to develop quantitative models in order to make predictions about the effects of urbanization on the disease dynamics...
  34. Collaboration with the Vietnamese Academy of Social Sciences
    Bahr Weiss; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..who are at heightened risk for developmental, behavioral, and affective disorders, because of the rapid urbanization, industrialization, and Westernization that their country has undergone in the last twenty years...
  35. MENTALLY ILL IN ILLINOIS--HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
    Sean Harris; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..of the much larger transformations in American society during a period, which included tremendous increases in urbanization, industrialization, immigration, and government intervention...
  36. Latin America Workshop On Denge
    Jorge Osorio; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..DF and DHF is considered one of the most serious health problems;moreover the demographic changes, the rapid urbanization and the travels around the world, has promoted the appearance of the disease in new geographic regions...
  37. Mexico: Maquila, Environmental Vulnerability and Health
    Sioban Harlow; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..analysis and ethnographic approaches to examine potential links between exported-based industrialization, urbanization and infant health in Nogales and Hermosillo, Sonora, and assess whether emerging disparities in infant ..
  38. Emerging Infectious Diseases and Urbanization
    Albert Ko; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..infectious diseases, such as epidemic leptospirosis, which have emerged in the urban setting due to rapid urbanization and increasing social inequality...
  39. VECTOR ADAPTATION AND DENGUE EMERGENCE
    Scott Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..We hypothesize that human urbanization and the concomitant peridomestication of Ae. aegypti and Ae...
  40. The Epidemiology of Hospitalized Postpartum Depression
    David Savitz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We will link these data to the 2000 Census to evaluate neighborhood socioeconomic and urbanization factors, and infant hospitalization and death records...
  41. Small Area Demographic Estimates for China with Remote Sensing, GIS and Spatial M
    SUSAN HAYNIE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Tremendous changes are occurring in the patterns of urbanization, migration, and regional development...
  42. Epidemiology of Yellow Fever in the Americas
    Robert Tesh; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Because of increasing urbanization, the abundance of the urban mosquito vector (Aedes aegypti) in most Neotropical cities, decreasing vaccine ..
  43. CHILD HEALTH EFFECTS OF RAPID SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE
    Barry Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g. income, prices, food availability, technology, family structure, degree of urbanization, mass media) to health-related behaviors; and (2) the relationship of these health behaviors and other ..
  44. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF CHILD PSYCHOPATHOLOGY IN RURAL MAINE
    GWENDOLYN ZAHNER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..parents will also be used in analyses to explore hypotheses concerning the influence of population density and urbanization upon service use and psychopathology...
  45. Vector ecology of urban malaria in Africa
    John Beier; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..the extent of malaria parasite transmission is dependent upon a complex interplay of factors relating to urbanization, variable water conditions, and the ecology of local Anopheles mosquito populations...
  46. Health, Pollution & Economic Development in South Durban
    Stuart Batterman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The study is designed to respond to Durban's needs and serve as a model for other cities undergoing rapid urbanization and industrial development.
  47. MODELS OF POPULATION DYNAMICS
    MYRON GUTMANN; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The third hypothesis is "Demographic Modernization," and it is based on relationships between education, technology and urbanization and fertility. We propose to treat and reformulate these.
  48. PUBLIC USE SAMPLE OF THE 1880 CENSUS
    STEVEN RUGGLES; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The late nineteenth century is a critical period in the study of fertility decline, urbanization, immigration, morbidity, household composition, and occupational structure...
  49. A STUDY OF MORTALITY DECLINE
    Michael Haines; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..published historical data; the rapid socioeconomic changes as it experienced extensive industrialization and urbanization in this era; considerable social, economic, religious, and ethnic variation across space; and the fact that ..
  50. HIV Risk & Migration -Young Yi Minority - Sichuan China
    Michael Clatts; Fiscal Year: 2005
    Southeast and central Asia are witnessing rapid penetration by the global market economy. The urbanization that has paralleled this economic transformation has brought with it an increased spread of communicable diseases, often in areas ..
  51. RAPID URBANIZATION, THE ENVIRONMENT AND INFANT MORTALITY
    Narayan Sastry; Fiscal Year: 1999
    DESCRIPTION: (Adapted from applicant's description) This study will investigate the consequences of rapid urbanization and environmental degradation on infant mortality in the Brazilian state of Sao Paulo over the past 25 years...
  52. Third International Conference on Urban Health
    Hortensia Amaro; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..the New York Academy of Medicine, we are increasingly struck by the contrast between the growing importance of urbanization and the lack of systematic study of the impact of urbanization on health...
  53. Third International Conference on Urban Health
    Hortensia Amaro; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..the New York Academy of Medicine, we are increasingly struck by the contrast between the growing importance of urbanization and the lack of systematic study of the impact of urbanization on health...
  54. Urbanization, Health and Environment in Coastal Ghana
    Michael White; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We will examine how urbanization influences environmental health risks, and how these in turn influence local thinking about environmental ..
  55. CARDIAC ENERGY METABOLISM IN HEART FAILURE
    William Stanley; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..It has been suggested that the dramatic surge in CVD rates may be due to accelerated urbanization and associated lifestyle changes (e.g. increased fat consumption and sedentary lifestyle)...
  56. Rural/Urban Differences in Missed Opportunities to Identify HIV-Infected
    Kristina Weis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The overall objectives are to assess whether degree of urbanization of an individual's place of residence at diagnosis leads to increased risk for being a late tester or an ..
  57. SUB-CASTE IDENTITY, INTER-GENERATIONAL TRANSMISSION, AND OFFSPRING SEX-SELECTION
    RUBIANA MERWAN CHAMARBAGWALA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Today, despite dramatic changes in gender-specific social roles, rapid economic development, and urbanization, offspring sex-selection in favor of sons not only persists but has also increased...
  58. SOCIAL CONSEQUENCES OF HOUSING REHABILITATION
    SUSAN STEPHENS; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Multivariate statistical procedures will be used to assess the effect on individual residents and their communities of the neighborhood contextual variables...
  59. Developing appropriate risk reduction interventions for pre-teens
    Glenda Gray; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..to the marked changes in society seen since the transition from apartheid with concomitant rapid rates of urbanization, disintegration of family structures, and a general lack of understanding of adolescent sexuality, current ..
  60. The 10th Symposium of the International Diabetes Epidemiology Group
    Marian Rewers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The number of people with diabetes is increasing worldwide due to population growth, aging, urbanization, and increasing prevalence of obesity and physical inactivity...
  61. MARKET TRANSITION AND MIGRATION IN CHINA
    ZAI LIANG; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Finally, by assessing the impact of rural enterprise development on migration, this project has important policy implications for China and for other less developed countries in the process of rapid urbanization.
  62. METROPOLITAN NEIGHBORHOOD & COMMUNITY AREA ATTACHMENT
    Avery Guest; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Respondents were drawn from 20 suburban and central city community areas which have been objectively defined in the Seattle Urbanized Area...