needle sharing

Summary

Summary: Usage of a single needle among two or more people for injecting drugs. Needle sharing is a high-risk behavior for contracting infectious disease.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Needle sharing in opioid-dependent outpatients: psychological processes underlying risk
    A L Odum
    Department of Psychiatry, Human Behavioral Pharmacology Laboratory, 38 Fletcher Place, University of Vermont, Burlington, 05401, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 60:259-66. 2000
  2. pmc The cost-effectiveness of Vancouver's supervised injection facility
    Ahmed M Bayoumi
    The Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 179:1143-51. 2008
  3. ncbi Gender and HIV risk behavior among intravenous drug users in Sichuan Province, China
    Susanne Y P Choi
    Department of Sociology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Sha Tin, NT, Hong Kong
    Soc Sci Med 62:1672-84. 2006
  4. ncbi Drug use and sexual risk behaviours among female Russian IDUs who exchange sex for money or drugs
    E G Benotsch
    Center for AIDS Intervention Research, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53202, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 15:343-7. 2004
  5. pmc The impact of needle-exchange programs on the spread of HIV among injection drug users: a simulation study
    J M Raboud
    Division of Infectious Disease, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Urban Health 80:302-20. 2003
  6. ncbi Needle sharing in regular sexual relationships: an examination of serodiscordance, drug using practices, and the gendered character of injecting
    Joanne Bryant
    National Centre in HIV Social Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 107:182-7. 2010
  7. ncbi The effect of syringe exchange use on high-risk injection drug users: a cohort study
    R N Bluthenthal
    Drug Policy Research Center and Health Program, RAND, Santa Monica, California 90407 2138, USA
    AIDS 14:605-11. 2000
  8. ncbi Ethnicity and risk factors in needle sharing among intravenous drug users in Sichuan Province, China
    Susanne Y P Choi
    The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Sichuan Province
    AIDS Care 19:1-8. 2007
  9. ncbi Injection-related risk behaviors in young urban and suburban injection drug users in Chicago (1997-1999)
    L E Thorpe
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 27:71-8. 2001
  10. ncbi Situational factors influencing drug injecting, risk reduction and syringe exchange in Togliatti City, Russian Federation: a qualitative study of micro risk environment
    Tim Rhodes
    Department of Social Science and Medicine, The Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, University of London, Reynolds Building, St Dunstan s Road, SW6 8RP, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 57:39-54. 2003

Detail Information

Publications225 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Needle sharing in opioid-dependent outpatients: psychological processes underlying risk
    A L Odum
    Department of Psychiatry, Human Behavioral Pharmacology Laboratory, 38 Fletcher Place, University of Vermont, Burlington, 05401, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 60:259-66. 2000
    b>Needle sharing contributes to the spread of the human immunodeficiency virus and other health concerns and remains a persistent problem among injection drug users...
  2. pmc The cost-effectiveness of Vancouver's supervised injection facility
    Ahmed M Bayoumi
    The Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 179:1143-51. 2008
    ..We estimated the impact of the facility on survival, rates of HIV and hepatitis C virus infection, referral to methadone maintenance treatment and associated costs...
  3. ncbi Gender and HIV risk behavior among intravenous drug users in Sichuan Province, China
    Susanne Y P Choi
    Department of Sociology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Sha Tin, NT, Hong Kong
    Soc Sci Med 62:1672-84. 2006
    ..injection drug users (IDUs) in Sichuan Province in China, this study compared the level of HIV risk behavior (needle sharing and unsafe sex) amongst female and male IDUs, and examined the risk factors separately for these two groups...
  4. ncbi Drug use and sexual risk behaviours among female Russian IDUs who exchange sex for money or drugs
    E G Benotsch
    Center for AIDS Intervention Research, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53202, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 15:343-7. 2004
    ..Effective HIV prevention programmes targeted at this group are urgently needed and are likely to be a cost-effective step in curtailing the spread of HIV in the region...
  5. pmc The impact of needle-exchange programs on the spread of HIV among injection drug users: a simulation study
    J M Raboud
    Division of Infectious Disease, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Urban Health 80:302-20. 2003
    ..The population was followed monthly from 1984 to 2000. HIV was assumed to be transmitted only by needle sharing. The NEP was introduced in 1989 and evaluated over a period of 11 years...
  6. ncbi Needle sharing in regular sexual relationships: an examination of serodiscordance, drug using practices, and the gendered character of injecting
    Joanne Bryant
    National Centre in HIV Social Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Depend 107:182-7. 2010
    ..This paper examines correlates of needle and other equipment sharing among injecting drug users (IDU) in regular heterosexual relationships...
  7. ncbi The effect of syringe exchange use on high-risk injection drug users: a cohort study
    R N Bluthenthal
    Drug Policy Research Center and Health Program, RAND, Santa Monica, California 90407 2138, USA
    AIDS 14:605-11. 2000
    ..To determine whether syringe exchange program use is associated with cessation of syringe sharing among high-risk injection drug users...
  8. ncbi Ethnicity and risk factors in needle sharing among intravenous drug users in Sichuan Province, China
    Susanne Y P Choi
    The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Sichuan Province
    AIDS Care 19:1-8. 2007
    Combining survey and ethnographic data, this research examined differences in the risk factors associated with needle sharing amongst intravenous drug users (IDUs) in the Sichuan Province of China...
  9. ncbi Injection-related risk behaviors in young urban and suburban injection drug users in Chicago (1997-1999)
    L E Thorpe
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 27:71-8. 2001
    ..Current high levels of injection risk behaviors in suburban groups represent a potential for rapid dissemination of infection...
  10. ncbi Situational factors influencing drug injecting, risk reduction and syringe exchange in Togliatti City, Russian Federation: a qualitative study of micro risk environment
    Tim Rhodes
    Department of Social Science and Medicine, The Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, University of London, Reynolds Building, St Dunstan s Road, SW6 8RP, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 57:39-54. 2003
    ..We note the role of policing practices in influencing risk reduction and the potential role of policing agencies in supporting HIV prevention initiatives among IDUs...
  11. ncbi Is point of access to needles and syringes related to needle sharing? Comparing data collected from pharmacies and needle and syringe programs in south-east Sydney
    Joanne Bryant
    National Centre in HIV Social Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 29:364-70. 2010
    ..This paper examines patterns of equipment acquisition and risk for blood-borne virus transmission among injecting drug users who use pharmacies and needle and syringe programs (NSP) in south-east Sydney...
  12. ncbi Prevalence and correlates of indirect sharing practices among young adult injection drug users in five U.S. cities
    Hanne Thiede
    HIV AIDS Epidemiology Program, Public Health Seattle and King County, 400 Yesler Way, 3rd Floor, Seattle, WA 98104, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 91:S39-47. 2007
    ....
  13. ncbi Temporal changes in risk factors associated with HIV seroconversion among injection drug users in eastern central Canada
    Elise Roy
    Faculte de Medecine et des Sciences de la Sante, Universite de Sherbrooke, Service de Toxicomanie, Longueuil, Canada
    AIDS 25:1897-903. 2011
    ..To investigate temporal trends in HIV incidence rates and to assess changes over time in associated risk factors...
  14. ncbi Serosorting for hepatitis C status in the sharing of injection equipment among Seattle area injection drug users
    Richard D Burt
    Public Health Seattle and King County, 400 Yesler Way, Seattle, WA 98104, United States
    Drug Alcohol Depend 105:215-20. 2009
    ..One potential means of reducing risk of HCV transmission among IDU is serosorting, whereby IDU preferentially share injection equipment with persons of like HCV status...
  15. ncbi Modelling the impact on Hepatitis C transmission of reducing syringe sharing: London case study
    P Vickerman
    HIVTools Research Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:396-405. 2007
    ..To inform public health action, mathematical modelling is used to explore the possible impact of strategies to decrease syringe sharing...
  16. ncbi Background demographics and risk behaviors of injecting drug users in Karachi, Pakistan
    Shehzad Parviz
    Community Health Sciences Department, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Int J Infect Dis 10:364-71. 2006
    ..To find the prevalence of HIV infection and risk behaviors among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Karachi, Pakistan...
  17. ncbi Decline in HIV incidence and injecting, but not in sexual risk behaviour, seen in drug users in Amsterdam: a 19-year prospective cohort study
    Catharina E A Lindenburg
    Health Service of Amsterdam, Cluster Infectious Diseases, Department of Research, 1000 CE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    AIDS 20:1771-5. 2006
    ..Initiated in 1985, the ACS enables us to study changes in trends since HAART became widespread in 1996...
  18. ncbi Prevalence of needle sharing, commercial sex behaviors and associated factors in Chinese male and female injecting drug user populations
    Jing Gu
    Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
    AIDS Care 21:31-41. 2009
    ..and associated factors of commercial sex behaviors and condom use at commercial sex, as well as prevalence of needle sharing among injecting drug users (IDUs) in China...
  19. ncbi HIV transmission risk behavior among men and women living with HIV in 4 cities in the United States
    Lance S Weinhardt
    Center for AIDS Intervention Research, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53202, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 36:1057-66. 2004
    ..In addition to the more traditional approaches of HIV test counseling and of focusing on persons not infected, intensive prevention programs for persons with HIV infection are needed to stem the future spread of the virus...
  20. ncbi Social factors related to syringe sharing among injecting partners: a focus on gender
    S G Sherman
    Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 36:2113-36. 2001
    ..Results from this study demonstrate the usefulness of examining relationship characteristics of injecting dyads related to syringe sharing as they differ between men and women...
  21. ncbi Perceived risk, peer influences, and injection partner type predict receptive syringe sharing among young adult injection drug users in five U.S. cities
    Susan L Bailey
    Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, IL, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 91:S18-29. 2007
    ..This study examined risk factors for receptive syringe sharing (RSS) during illicit drug injection by persons 15-30 years old in five U.S. cities...
  22. pmc Sex-specific determinants of HIV infection among injection drug users in Montreal
    J Bruneau
    Department of Family Medicine, Centre Hospitalier de l Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Que
    CMAJ 164:767-73. 2001
    ..The objective of this study was to examine sex-specific behaviours associated with HIV infection among injection drug users in Montreal...
  23. ncbi Unmet need for recommended preventive health services among clients of California syringe exchange programs: implications for quality improvement
    K G Heinzerling
    UCLA Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, 911 Broxton Avenue, Third Floor, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 81:167-78. 2006
    ..We examined use of recommended preventive services by clients of 23 SEPs throughout California...
  24. pmc Mujer Mas Segura (Safer Women): a combination prevention intervention to reduce sexual and injection risks among female sex workers who inject drugs
    Alicia Vera
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive 0507, La Jolla, CA 92093 0507, USA
    BMC Public Health 12:653. 2012
    ..We conducted a 2×2 factorial randomized controlled trial to evaluate combination interventions to simultaneously reduce sexual and injection risks among FSW-IDUs in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico...
  25. ncbi Etiology of limited transmission diseases among drug users: does recent migration magnify the risk of sharing injection equipment?
    D M Paschane
    Department of Geography, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA
    Soc Sci Med 50:1091-7. 2000
    ..Further research is suggested and limitations are discussed...
  26. ncbi Needle sharing among Puerto Rican injection drug users in Puerto Rico and Massachusetts: place of birth and residence matter
    Lisa de Saxe Zerden
    Center for Addictions Research and Services, Boston, MA 02215 1102, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 45:1605-22. 2010
    This study explored whether place of birth and residence was associated with needle sharing for Puerto Rican injection drug users (IDUs) (N = 348). In-person interviews were conducted in Puerto Rico and Massachusetts during 2005-2007...
  27. ncbi Methamphetamine injection and syringe sharing among a community-recruited sample of injection drug users in Bangkok, Thailand
    Kanna Hayashi
    Urban Health Research Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6 Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 115:145-9. 2011
    ..Therefore, we sought to examine the relationship between methamphetamine injection and syringe sharing among injection drug users (IDU) in Bangkok, Thailand...
  28. ncbi Epidemiology of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in injection drug users in Argentina: high seroprevalence of HIV infection
    Sergio Sosa-Estani
    Centro Nacional de Referencia para el SIDA, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Clin Infect Dis 37:S338-42. 2003
    ..0%; and among 26 female sex workers (2 studies), the prevalence was 47.0%. Prevalence of HIV infection was high among IDUs in Argentina, ranging from 27% to 80%...
  29. ncbi Changes in the sharing of drug injection equipment among street-recruited injection drug users in Chicago, Illinois, 1994--1996
    Dezheng Huo
    Community Outreach Intervention Projects, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 40:63-76. 2005
    ..Participation in a syringe exchange program was associated with reductions in receptive syringe sharing and syringe-mediated sharing, but not the sharing of cookers...
  30. pmc Secondary syringe exchange among injection drug users
    Judith Snead
    Departments of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    J Urban Health 80:330-48. 2003
    ..Building SSE into SEP structures can facilitate an effective provision of risk reduction supplies and information to IDUs who do not access SEPs directly...
  31. ncbi The association between acculturation and needle sharing among Puerto Rican injection drug users
    MELVIN DELGADO
    Center for Addictions Research and Services, Boston University School of Social Work, 232 Bay State Road, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Eval Program Plann 31:83-91. 2008
    ..Base-line data from a community-based HIV outreach effort serving Puerto Rican injection drug users (IDUs) in Massachusetts identified that approximately half of their clients were born on the mainland and half on the island...
  32. ncbi Elevated syringe borrowing among men who have sex with men: a prospective study
    Brandon D L Marshall
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:248-52. 2007
    ..Given that few prospective studies have considered the relationship between sexual activity and syringe sharing, we sought to evaluate syringe sharing among male injection drug users (IDUs) who have sex with men (MSM) in Vancouver...
  33. pmc Gender differences in social network influence among injection drug users: perceived norms and needle sharing
    Melissa A Davey-Rothwell
    Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Urban Health 84:691-703. 2007
    ..This study investigated the relationship between needle sharing and perceived norms in a sample of injection drug users...
  34. pmc Trends in hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and human immunodeficiency virus prevalence, risk behaviors, and preventive measures among Seattle injection drug users aged 18-30 years, 1994-2004
    Richard D Burt
    Public Health Seattle and King County, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Urban Health 84:436-54. 2007
    ..We conclude that there has been a substantial and sustained reduction in prevalence rates for HBV and HCV infection among young Seattle IDUs, while HIV rates have remained low and stable...
  35. ncbi Difficulty accessing syringes and syringe borrowing among injection drug users in Bangkok, Thailand
    Thomas Kerr
    Urban Health Research Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 29:157-61. 2010
    ..This study was undertaken to examine risk factors for syringe borrowing among a community-recruited sample of Thai IDU...
  36. ncbi Unexpectedly high injection drug use, HIV and hepatitis C prevalence among female sex workers in the Republic of Mauritius
    Lisa Grazina Johnston
    University of California, San Francisco, Global Health Sciences, USA
    AIDS Behav 17:574-84. 2013
    ....
  37. ncbi HIV incidence and factors associated with HIV acquisition among injection drug users in St Petersburg, Russia
    Andrei P Kozlov
    Biomedical Center and St Petersburg State University, St Petersburg, Russia
    AIDS 20:901-6. 2006
    ..The Russian HIV-1 epidemic has been driven by injection drug use...
  38. ncbi High prevalence of HCV in a cohort of injectors on methadone substitution treatment
    Krystal C K Lee
    Stanley Ho Centre for Emerging Infectious Diseases, School of Public Health, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Hong Kong
    J Clin Virol 41:297-300. 2008
    ..In Hong Kong, methadone treatment is widely accessible. Injecting drug users (IDU) have a relatively low risk behavioural profile and low HIV prevalence (0.3%). The corresponding Hepatitis C (HCV) level, however, is unclear...
  39. ncbi Gender differences in sharing injecting equipment by drug users in England
    G A Bennett
    Addiction Service, Dorset Healthcare NHS Trust, Bournemouth
    AIDS Care 12:77-87. 2000
    ..These results have implications for practice and research...
  40. ncbi Behavioural interventions for preventing hepatitis C infection in people who inject drugs: a global systematic review
    Rachel Sacks-Davis
    Centre for Population Health, Burnet Institute, 85 Commercial Rd, Melbourne 3004, Australia
    Int J Drug Policy 23:176-84. 2012
    ..A systematic review was conducted to determine whether behavioural interventions are effective in preventing transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV) amongst people who inject drugs...
  41. ncbi Needle exchange programs and drug infection behavior
    Jeff DeSimone
    University of South Florida and National Bureau of Econimic Research, USA
    J Policy Anal Manage 24:559-77. 2005
    This study examines how drug injection and needle sharing propensities respond when a needle exchange program (NEP) is introduced into a city. I analyze 1989-1995 Drug Use Forecasting data on adult male arrestees from 24 large U.S...
  42. ncbi HIV-positive notification and behavior changes in Montreal injection drug users
    Susan B Brogly
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    AIDS Educ Prev 14:17-28. 2002
    ..No significant changes were found in drug use or needle sharing practices...
  43. ncbi Co-infection with malaria and HIV in injecting drug users in Brazil: a new challenge to public health?
    F I Bastos
    Department of Health Information DID CICT, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation FIOCRUZ, UNAIDS Collaborating Centre, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Addiction 94:1165-74. 1999
    ....
  44. ncbi Relationship among gender, depression, and needle sharing in a sample of injection drug users
    Mark E Johnson
    Department of Psychology, University of Alaska, Anchorage 99508, USA
    Psychol Addict Behav 16:338-41. 2002
    The authors explored the relationships among gender, needle sharing, and depression in a sample of 392 male and 121 female street drug users...
  45. ncbi The influence of gender on factors associated with HIV transmission risk among young Russian injection drug users
    Cheryl Gore-Felton
    Medical College of Wisconsin, Center for AIDS Intervention Research, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53202, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 29:881-94. 2003
    ..Delaying sexual debut, particularly for males, may be an effective strategy to reduce subsequent risk behavior. Prevention efforts among IDUs need to address sexual risk behavior in conjunction with injection risk behavior...
  46. pmc Selective risk taking among needle exchange participants: implications for supplemental interventions
    T W Valente
    School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:406-11. 2001
    ..This study characterized social network context of HIV risk behavior among injection drug users who participated in a needle exchange program...
  47. ncbi Hepatitis C virus infection: prevalence, risk factors, and prevention opportunities among young injection drug users in Chicago, 1997-1999
    L E Thorpe
    Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 182:1588-94. 2000
    ....
  48. ncbi Drug use among female sex workers in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Trung Nam Tran
    Department of Epidemiology, University of California, Los Angeles School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1772, USA
    Addiction 100:619-25. 2005
    ..To describe the drug use practices among female sex workers (FSWs) in Hanoi and to identify factors associated with their drug injecting...
  49. pmc Syringe sharing and HIV incidence among injection drug users and increased access to sterile syringes
    Thomas Kerr
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Am J Public Health 100:1449-53. 2010
    ..We assessed the effects of syringe exchange program (SEP) policy on rates of HIV risk behavior and HIV incidence among injection drug users...
  50. ncbi Injection risk behavior among women syringe exchangers in San Francisco
    Paula J Lum
    The Positive Health Program, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 0936, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 40:1681-96. 2005
    ..One-third of all women reported needle sharing in the prior month...
  51. ncbi Hepatitis C virus seroconversion among young injection drug users: relationships and risks
    Judith A Hahn
    Department of Epidemiology, University of California, San Francisco, 94110, USA
    J Infect Dis 186:1558-64. 2002
    ..Interventions to reduce HCV transmission must recognize the importance of relationships on injecting risk...
  52. ncbi Factors associated with persistent high-risk syringe sharing in the presence of an established needle exchange programme
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    AIDS 16:941-3. 2002
    ....
  53. ncbi Incarceration experiences in a cohort of active injection drug users
    M J Milloy
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Rev 27:693-9. 2008
    ..Incarceration has been associated with a number of health-related harms among injection drug users (IDU). However, little is known about the prevalence and correlates of incarceration among community-based samples of IDU...
  54. ncbi Test-retest reliability of self-reported drug treatment variables
    Jordan W Edwards
    Center for Behavioral Research and Services, California State University, Long Beach, CA 90813, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 33:7-11. 2007
    ..Future research establishing greater delineation of this problem may aid in the construction of assessment instruments...
  55. ncbi 'Social evils' and harm reduction: the evolving policy environment for human immunodeficiency virus prevention among injection drug users in China and Vietnam
    Theodore M Hammett
    Abt Associates Inc, Cambridge, MA 02138 1168, USA
    Addiction 103:137-45. 2008
    ..This paper reviews the evolution of government policies in China and Vietnam regarding harm reduction interventions for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention, such as needle/syringe provision and opioid substitution treatment...
  56. ncbi Risk behaviors and antibody hepatitis B and C prevalence among injecting drug users in south-western Sydney, Australia
    Lisa Maher
    School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol 19:1114-20. 2004
    ....
  57. ncbi Predictors of self-reported HIV infection among drug injectors in Ukraine
    Robert E Booth
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado School of Medicine, 1741 Vine Street, Denver, CO 80206, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 35:82-8. 2004
    ..To identify characteristics, including current high-risk drug and sex behaviors, associated with self-reported HIV infection among injection drug users (IDUs) in Ukraine...
  58. pmc Association between heroin use, needle sharing and tattoos received in prison with hepatitis B and C positivity among street-recruited injecting drug users in New Mexico, USA
    M C Samuel
    Public Health Division, New Mexico Department of Health, Sanita Fe, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 127:475-84. 2001
    ..Studies examining the relationship between tattooing and HBV and HCV infection are needed as are efforts to promote sterile tattooing, in prisons and elsewhere...
  59. pmc Using standardized methods for research on HIV and injecting drug use in developing/transitional countries: case study from the WHO Drug Injection Study Phase II
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Baron Edmond de Rothschild Chemical Dependency Institute, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY 10038, USA
    BMC Public Health 6:54. 2006
    ..We report on the development and implementation of the methodology underlying the survey component of the WHO Drug Injection Study Phase II--a multi-site study of risk behavior and HIV seroprevalence among Injecting Drug Users (IDUs)...
  60. ncbi The social context of HIV risk behaviour by drug injectors in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    N T Hien
    Faculty of Public Health, Hanoi Medical University, Dong da, Hanoi, Vietnam
    AIDS Care 12:483-95. 2000
    ..injected on the street, used syringes from shooting galleries, were injected by drug dealers and/or joined in needle sharing were more likely to be sharing needles and syringes currently...
  61. pmc Drug-related behaviors independently associated with syphilis infection among female sex workers in two Mexico-US border cities
    Oralia Loza
    Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093 0680, USA
    Addiction 105:1448-56. 2010
    ..To identify correlates of active syphilis infection among female sex workers (FSWs) in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez...
  62. pmc Migration and HIV risk behaviors: Puerto Rican drug injectors in New York City and Puerto Rico
    Sherry Deren
    National Development and Research Institutes Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:812-6. 2003
    ..We compared injection-related HIV risk behaviors of Puerto Rican current injection drug users (IDUs) living in New York City and in Puerto Rico who also had injected in the other location with those who had not...
  63. ncbi Social circumstances of initiation of injection drug use and early shooting gallery attendance: implications for HIV intervention among adolescent and young adult injection drug users
    Crystal M Fuller
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailam School of Public Health, Columbia, New York 10032, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 32:86-93. 2003
    ..Hence, older IDUs may serve as a bridge group to SGs, transmitting HIV from older to younger IDUs...
  64. ncbi Lack of increased HIV risk behavior among injection drug users participating in the AIDSVAX B/E HIV vaccine trial in Bangkok, Thailand
    Frits van Griensvan
    Thailand Ministry of Public Health US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Nonthaburi
    AIDS 18:295-301. 2004
    ..To determine whether HIV vaccine trial participation leads to increased risk behavior through beliefs about vaccine protection against infection...
  65. ncbi The use of needle exchange by young injection drug users
    Susan L Bailey
    Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Community Outreach Intervention Projects, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60612, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 34:67-70. 2003
    ..13-0.45), and were most likely to use condoms with steady sex partners (OR = 2.95; CI = 1.56-5.56). This study found that while frequent NEP use was associated with less risk behavior, young IDUs used NEPs infrequently or not at all...
  66. ncbi Correlates of receptive and distributive needle sharing among injection drug users in Kabul, Afghanistan
    Catherine S Todd
    Division of International Health and Cross Cultural Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0622, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 34:91-100. 2008
    ..Logistic regression identified correlates of needle sharing in the last six months. Receptive and distributive sharing in the last six months were reported by 28...
  67. ncbi HIV prevalence and correlates of receptive needle sharing among injection drug users in the Mexican-U.s. border city of Tijuana
    Carlos Magis-Rodriguez
    Centro Nacional para la Prevencion y Control del VIH SIDA e ITS, Mexico City, Mexico
    J Psychoactive Drugs 37:333-9. 2005
    ..S border. The authors studied factors associated with receptive needle sharing in an effort to inform prevention activities...
  68. pmc Syringe possession arrests are associated with receptive syringe sharing in two Mexico-US border cities
    Robin A Pollini
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093, USA
    Addiction 103:101-8. 2008
    ..To identify factors associated with receptive syringe sharing among injection drug users (IDUs) and elucidate the association between syringe possession arrests and syringe sharing...
  69. ncbi The importance of social networks in their association to drug equipment sharing among injection drug users: a review
    Prithwish De
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
    Addiction 102:1730-9. 2007
    ..To examine the scientific evidence regarding the association between characteristics of social networks of injection drug users (IDUs) and the sharing of drug injection equipment...
  70. pmc HIV, hepatitis C, and hepatitis B infections and associated risk behavior in injection drug users, Kabul, Afghanistan
    Catherine S Todd
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1327-31. 2007
    ..4%), paying women for sex (76.2%), and having sex with men or boys (28.3%), were common. Needle sharing, injecting for > or = 3 years, and receiving injections from nonmedical providers were independently ..
  71. ncbi HIV prevalence among injection drug users in rural Guangxi China
    Wei Liu
    Guangxi Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanning, China
    Addiction 101:1493-8. 2006
    ..To determine the HIV-1 seroprevalence, risk behaviors and demographic characteristics associated with HIV-1 infection among injection drug users (IDU) in rural Guangxi, China...
  72. ncbi Distributive syringe sharing among young adult injection drug users in five U.S. cities
    Elizabeth T Golub
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, room E 7137, Baltimore, MD 21117, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 91:S30-8. 2007
    ..Significant correlates of DSS were perception that peer norms condone needle sharing, frequent injection, not obtaining most syringes from needle exchange programs or pharmacies, injecting most ..
  73. ncbi Can home-made injectable opiates contribute to the HIV epidemic among injection drug users in the countries of the former Soviet Union?
    Nadia Abdala
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Addiction 101:731-7. 2006
    ..This study was designed to determine the viability of HIV-1 during these procedures...
  74. ncbi Changes in risk behavior and dynamics of hepatitis C virus infections among young drug users in Amsterdam, the Netherlands
    Thijs J W van de Laar
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Municipal Health Service, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Med Virol 77:509-18. 2005
    ..Treatment of those infected chronically, in combination with the continuation of prevention programs, might decrease future HCV transmission...
  75. ncbi Differences in HIV risk behaviors by gender in a sample of Tanzanian injection drug users
    Mark L Williams
    Center for Health Promotion and Prevention Research, School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 7000 Fannin Street, Suite 2516, Houston, Texas, USA
    AIDS Behav 11:137-44. 2007
    ..Multivariate models of risk of needle sharing were estimated using multivariate logistic regression...
  76. pmc HIV prevalence and factors associated with HIV infection among male injection drug users under 30: a cross-sectional study in Long An, Vietnam
    Thu Minh T Tran
    Planning Department, National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, 1 Yersin Hai Ba Trung, Hanoi, Vietnam
    BMC Public Health 6:248. 2006
    ..This study was conducted to facilitate the development of such activities by describing transmission risks of young IDUs and evaluating factors in association with HIV infection...
  77. pmc Injecting equipment sharing and perception of HIV and hepatitis risk among injecting drug users in Budapest
    J Racz
    Blue Point Drug Counseling and Outpatient Treatment Center, Budapest, Hungary
    AIDS Care 19:59-66. 2007
    ..Interventions for HIV-prevention need to address not only sharing syringes but also sharing and reusing of other injecting equipment and drug filters...
  78. ncbi Receptive syringe sharing among injection drug users in Harlem and the Bronx during the New York State Expanded Syringe Access Demonstration Program
    Enrique R Pouget
    National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY 10010, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 39:471-7. 2005
    ....
  79. pmc Increasing use and associated harms of crystal methamphetamine injection in a Canadian setting
    Nadia Fairbairn
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6
    Drug Alcohol Depend 88:313-6. 2007
    ..We evaluated the trends in crystal methamphetamine injection and factors associated with injection of the drug among a cohort of injection drug users (IDU) in Vancouver...
  80. pmc Recent incarceration independently associated with syringe sharing by injection drug users
    Evan Wood
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Public Health Rep 120:150-6. 2005
    ..Few prospective studies are available on the relationship between incarceration and HIV risk among injection drug users (IDUs). The authors evaluated self-reported rates of syringe sharing and incarceration among a cohort of IDUs...
  81. ncbi Attendance, drug use patterns, and referrals made from North America's first supervised injection facility
    Mark W Tyndall
    Department of Medicine, and BC Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, University of British Columbia, St Paul s Hospital, 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Drug Alcohol Depend 83:193-8. 2006
    ..This analysis was conducted to describe the attendance, demographic characteristics, drug use patterns, and referrals made during the first 18 months of operation...
  82. ncbi Changing patterns of cocaine use and hiv risks in the south of Brazil
    James A Inciardi
    Center for Drug and Alcohol Studies, University of Delaware, Coral Gables, FL, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 38:305-10. 2006
    ..Within this context, this article describes the qualitative data describing the decline of cocaine injecting and the corresponding emergence of crack use in Porto Alegre, Brazil, and related HIV risks...
  83. ncbi Needle sharing and sex-related risk behaviours among drug users in Shenzhen, a city in Guangdong, southern China
    J T F Lau
    Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong, China
    AIDS Care 17:166-81. 2005
    ..The aim was to study the pattern of needle sharing and sex-related risk behaviours among drug users in southern China...
  84. ncbi Demographic characteristics and risk behaviors associated with HIV positive injecting drug users in Xinjiang, China
    Yuanzhi Zhang
    Xinjiang Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 48 Beijing South Road, Urumqi 830011, China
    J Infect 54:285-90. 2007
    ....
  85. pmc Hepatitis C incidence--a comparison between injection and noninjection drug users in New York City
    Crystal M Fuller
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10029, USA
    J Urban Health 81:20-4. 2004
    ..Preventing or at least delaying transition into injection could increase opportunity to intervene. Identifying risk factors for transition into injection could inform early prevention to reduce onset of injection and risk of HCV...
  86. pmc Behavioral risk reduction in a declining HIV epidemic: injection drug users in New York City, 1990-1997
    C Des Jarlais
    Beth Israel Medical Center, Chemical Dependency Institute, New York, NY 10003, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:1112-6. 2000
    ..This study assessed trends in HIV risk behaviors among injection drug users in New York City from 1990 to 1997...
  87. ncbi Syringe type and drug injector risk for HIV infection: a case study in Texas
    William A Zule
    Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 2194, USA
    Soc Sci Med 55:1103-13. 2002
    ..HIV seroprevalence was < 1% among heterosexual injectors who had never used a detachable needle syringe compared to 4% among those who had used one (p<0.05)...
  88. ncbi Drug injectors and dealers in Odessa, Ukraine
    Robert E Booth
    Addiction Research and Treatment Services, Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80206, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 35:419-26. 2003
    ..The drug and HIV epidemics in Odessa, as well as all of Ukraine, call for urgent public health measures to impact and improve the health of its citizens...
  89. ncbi Gender differences in HIV risk behaviors among young injectors and their social network members
    Susanne B Montgomery
    School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, California, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 28:453-75. 2002
    ..Females reported needle sharing more frequently than males, but also reported more protective behaviors such as needle exchange use and ..
  90. ncbi Gendered power dynamics and HIV risk in drug-using sexual relationships
    R MacRae
    Department of Applied Social Science, University of Stirling, Scotland, UK
    AIDS Care 12:505-15. 2000
    This study illustrates how a sample (n = 63) of Scottish drug-using women's patterns of injecting and needle sharing were strongly influenced by the nature and type of their sexual relationships...
  91. ncbi Trends in HIV seroprevalence and needle sharing among Puerto Rican drug injectors in Puerto Rico and New York: 1992-1999
    S Deren
    National Development and Research Institutes, New York, New York 10048, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 26:164-9. 2001
    ..001). Significant decreasing trends in receptive and distributive needle sharing were found in the New York sample, and a significant decline in receptive sharing was found in the Puerto Rico ..
  92. pmc High-prevalence and high-estimated incidence of HIV infection among new injecting drug users in Estonia: need for large scale prevention programs
    Anneli Uuskula
    Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Ravila 19, 50411 Tartu, Estonia
    J Public Health (Oxf) 30:119-25. 2008
    ..Behavioral surveys were administered; serum samples were collected for HIV testing. Subjects were categorized into new injectors (injecting < or = 3 years) and long-term injectors (injecting > 3 years)...
  93. ncbi Risk factors of HIV infection and needle sharing among injecting drug users in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    N T Hien
    Faculty of Public Health, Head of Epidemiology Department, Hanoi Medical University, 1 Ton that Tung, Dong da, Hanoi, Vietnam
    J Subst Abuse 13:45-58. 2001
    We sought to identify risk factors for needle sharing and HIV infection among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Vietnam.
  94. pmc The association of syringe type and syringe cleaning with HCV infection among IDUs in Budapest, Hungary
    V Anna Gyarmathy
    European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Lisbon, Portugal
    Drug Alcohol Depend 100:240-7. 2009
    ..Thorough cleaning of one-piece syringes when sterile syringes are unavailable may be an efficient way to reduce the risk of HCV infection...
  95. ncbi HIV risks associated with incarceration among injection drug users: implications for prison-based public health strategies
    Daniel Werb
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV AIDS, St Paul s Hospital, 608 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada
    J Public Health (Oxf) 30:126-32. 2008
    ..We sought to evaluate the potential impact of incarceration on HIV risk behaviour among the IDU enrolled in a prospective cohort study...
  96. ncbi Prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C antibodies in prisoners in England and Wales: a national survey
    A R Weild
    PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, London
    Commun Dis Public Health 3:121-6. 2000
    ..Harm minimisation measures for the 6% of prisoners who continue to inject while in prison should be strengthened...
  97. pmc High dead-space syringes and the risk of HIV and HCV infection among injecting drug users
    William A Zule
    RTI International, Substance Abuse Treatment Evaluations and Interventions Program, P O Box 12194, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 2194, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 100:204-13. 2009
    ..01, 6.15). Use and sharing of HDSSs were also associated with increased odds of HCV infection. Prospective studies are needed to determine if sharing HDSSs is associated with increased HIV and HCV incidence among IDUs...
  98. ncbi Investigation of a secondary syringe exchange program for homeless young adult injection drug users in San Francisco, California, U.S.A
    C Sears
    Department of Sociology, University of California-Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 27:193-201. 2001
    ..825; 95% CI, 1.392- 16.721). This suggests that the intervention was effective in delivering SEP services to homeless young adult IDUs, and that IDUs who frequented the intervention site had a lower HIV risk than comparison group IDUs...
  99. pmc Risk of prevalent HIV infection associated with incarceration among injecting drug users in Bangkok, Thailand: case-control study
    Aumphornpun Buavirat
    Health Promotion Division, Health Department, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration City Hall 2 Dindaeng, 7th floor Drainage Building, Mittmaitree Road, Dindaeng, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
    BMJ 326:308. 2003
    ..To identify risks for HIV infection related to incarceration among injecting drug users in Bangkok, Thailand...
  100. pmc Gender differences in sexual and injection risk behavior among active young injection drug users in San Francisco (the UFO Study)
    Jennifer L Evans
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    J Urban Health 80:137-46. 2003
    ..Interventions to reduce sexual and injection practices that put women at risk of contracting hepatitis and HIV are needed...
  101. ncbi High-risk behavior and potential transmission of drug-resistant HIV among injection drug users
    Ajay K Sethi
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 35:503-10. 2004
    ..February 2000 in an ongoing cohort study in Baltimore, Maryland, factors associated with unprotected sex and needle sharing were determined...

Research Grants64

  1. Cocaine &HIV: Role of PDGF/PDGF-Receptor Axis in Blood Brain Barrier Disruption
    Kee Jun Kim; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Abstract IV drug use and HIV infections are two linked global health crises since needle sharing is a well-recognized mode of HIV transmission...
  2. Glial origins of HIV and opiate-driven synaptodendritic injury
    Pamela E Knapp; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by applicant): Drug abuse and HIV/AIDS are interlinked epidemics because of increased spread of HIV-1 through needle sharing and through the exchange of sex for drugs...
  3. Impact of Drug Policy Reform on the HIV Risk Environment among IDUs in Tijuana
    Steffanie A Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Health risks and protective behaviors: i) injecting in shooting galleries and public spaces, ii) receptive needle sharing, iii) NEP and pharmacy attendance, iv) prevalence and incidence of overdose, HIV infection and death;4) ..
  4. Four-Arm RCT of Brief MI vs. Couples-Based HIV/STI Prevention in South Africa
    William W Latimer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..12,000 injection drug users is rapidly increasing and that HIV rates in this group exceed 40% largely due to needle sharing. The proposed study is designed to address both the huge scale of the HIV pandemic in SSA countries by testing ..
  5. HIV Tat &Cocaine-Mediated induction of Astrogliosis: Role of ER Stress in HAND
    Shilpa J Buch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by applicant): Intravenous drug use (IVDU) and HIV-1 infections are two linked global health crises since needle sharing is a well-recognized mode of HIV-1 transmission...
  6. HIV-Encephalitis and Cocaine Abuse: Mechanism of Synergy and Therapy
    Shilpa J Buch; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..provided by applicant): Intravenous drug use and HIV infections are two linked global health crises since needle sharing is a well recognized mode of HTV transmission...
  7. HIV Prevention Trials Network: Network Laboratory
    Susan H Eshleman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Therefore, our agenda is complementary to long-term investments (finding a cure, vaccine, or microbicide). ..
  8. HIV Prevention Trials Network: Network Laboratory
    Susan H Eshleman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Therefore, our agenda is complementary to long-term investments (finding a cure, vaccine, or microbicide). ..
  9. HIV Prevention trials Network (HPTN) Coordinating and Operations Center
    Sten H Vermund; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Therefore, our agenda is complementary to long-term investments (finding a cure, vaccine, or microbicide). ..
  10. HIV Prevention trials Network (HPTN) Coordinating and Operations Center
    Wafaa M El-Sadr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Therefore, our agenda is complementary to long-term investments (finding a cure, vaccine, or microbicide). ..
  11. WHERE TO INTERVENE? GEOSPATIAL VARIATION OF HIV TRANSMISSION BEHAVIORS
    Enbal Shacham; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..and sexually transmitted infections (STI) due to unplanned and unprotected sexual behavior as well as needle sharing or sharing pipes with open sores among drug use partners...
  12. Sex, Drugs and Consequences of Dropout on HIV Outcomes in WIHS, MACS, and AIEDRP
    SAMANTHA MAWHINNEY-DELSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..data to accurately estimate patterns of active DAU in HIV-1 infected subjects by sex; determine predictors of needle sharing by DAU and sex;estimate the relationship between DAU and Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy adherence by sex;..
  13. HIV Variation in Injection Drug Users: Mapping Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies
    PHILLIP WAYNE BERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..transmission in IDUs, where groups of genetically diverse individuals are infected with the same virus through needle sharing (IDU transmission cohorts), provides a unique opportunity to maximize the information collected from the swarm ..
  14. NK Cell Activation and Function in HIV-1 Exposed Uninfected IV Drug Users
    David W Speicher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..each will be recruited for this study as follows: Group 1: EU-IVDU for >3 yrs, Group 2: Clean users (not needle sharing)-IVU users and Group 3: uninfected-non IVU users...
  15. Epidemiologic Study on Changing HIV Risks Among FSW-IDUs on the Mexico-US Border
    Steffanie A Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..in the active experimental injection risk reduction condition will report: (a) less receptive and distributive needle sharing;(b) less sharing of injection paraphernalia;(c) obtaining syringes and injection paraphernalia from safer ..
  16. Impact of Drug Policy Reform on the HIV Risk Environment among IDUs in Tijuana
    Steffanie A Strathdee; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Health risks and protective behaviors: i) injecting in shooting galleries and public spaces, ii) receptive needle sharing, iii) NEP and pharmacy attendance, iv) prevalence and incidence of overdose, HIV infection and death;4) ..
  17. RESEARCHING THE SOCIAL DYNAMICS OF A LOCAL METHAMPHETAMINE MARKET
    LEE DAVID HOFFER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. enforcement, treatment, and outreach) intended to impact outcomes;and model risk behaviors (e.g., needle sharing, trading drugs for sex) influencing the spread of HIV...
  18. POLYDRUG ABUSE IN WOMEN
    NANCY MELLO; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..v. drug abuse and needle sharing. and that AIDS is now the sixth leading cause of death among American women...
  19. HIV RISK REDUCTION FOR INCARCERATED WOMEN
    TED BRASFIELD; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  20. HIV and Sober Intimate Behavior (HSIB)
    GERARDINE WURZBURG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..HIV exposure has been directly linked to injection drugs through needle sharing, however non-injection drugs are also a factor as they impair judgment and elevate risk through unprotected ..
  21. HIV Risk Reduction for Women with Incarcerated Partners
    Olga Grinstead; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..accurate information, social support and communication skills) and in reducing unprotected intercourse and needle sharing when partners are released from prison...
  22. ST LOUIS EFFORT TO REDUCE THE SPREAD OF AIDS IN IVDUS
    Linda Cottler; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..no aftercare. The outcomes assessed will include: relapse to drug use, needle sharing and high risk sexual behaviors, program retention rate, employment, criminal activities and HIV seropositivity ..
  23. CONFERENCE ON SELF-DESTRUCTING (SINGLE-USE) SYRINGES
    Michael Marmor; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  24. AIDS PREVENTION: IMIPRAMINE FOR DEPRESSED DRUG ABUSERS
    Frederick Quitkin; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..V. drug use and high risk sexual behavior even in a small portion of methadone maintained patients, this would be an important step in diminishing the spread of HIV infection...
  25. A Pilot Study of School-Based HIV Intervention in China
    Hongjie Liu; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study addresses significant public health issues related to drug use and HIV infection among youths in rural China. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. IMPACT OF VIOLENCE ON WOMENS DRUG USE AND AIDS RISK
    BRANDY BRITTON; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..S. Women become infected predominately through their risky sexual and needle sharing practices related to injection drug use and crack smoking...
  27. MEASUREMENT AND PREDICTION OF AIDS RISK IN IV DRUG USERS
    David Gibson; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The measure will be used to estimate regression models of high-risk behavior to guide preventive efforts with IV drug users...
  28. MODULATION OF OPIOID SYSTEM BY COCAINE AND COCAETHYLENE
    Yossef Itzhak; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..highly addictive and toxic, and the risk for HIV infection increases among intravenous poly-drug users through needle sharing and the immunosuppressive effects of both cocaine and opiates...
  29. CONDOM USE IN A HIGH-RISK POPULATION
    DANIEL WALDORF; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..of theoretical and chain referral sampling methods, developed in a previous study of the IV drug use and needle sharing practices of male prostitutes, the project will locate and interview 450 male prostitutes - 225 "hustlers" and ..
  30. AIDS OUTREACH DEMONSTRATION RESEARCH PROJECT
    Bruce Rounsaville; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..infection have been somewhat effective in reducing risky behaviors in homosexuals, similar efforts to reduce needle sharing and high risk sexual activity in IV drug abusers and their sexual partners have not yet been demonstrated to ..
  31. PREVENTING HIV/AIDS IN TEEN MOTHERS AND THEIR PARTNERS
    Deborah Koniak Griffin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. PS06-011, HIV Prevention Research with HIV+ Incarcerated Populations
    Barry Zack; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  33. THE HOPKINS POPULATION CENTER
    Kenneth Hill; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Over the grant period, the HPC proposes to take advantage of rapidly-evolving technology and recent faculty appointments to expand and improve the Center's cores, and to increase integration and communication among them. ..
  34. UTILIZATION AND OUTCOME OF NEEDLE EXCHANGE IN WOMEN IDUS
    Josiah Rich; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..risk behavior profiles between Program participants and non-participants, including frequency of injection, needle sharing, source of obtaining needles, episodes of cessation, and participation in drug abuse treatment; 2) To ..
  35. SINGLE USE NON-REUSABLE RETRACTABLE SYRINGE
    Thomas Shaw; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..They have also concluded that device designs utilizing lessor amounts of spring energy are unlikely to prove reliable. This proposal fully addresses the problems of design, materials selection for reliability, cost and manufacturability...
  36. Quantifying HIV Transmission Risk in Sex/Drug Networks
    W Morris; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..In particular, we will examine the independent and joint effects of needle sharing and sexual transmission, and we will test whether assortative mixing and concurrency determine the bulk of the ..
  37. Consequences of drug use and informative dropout on HIV/AIDS outcomes in the MACS
    SAMANTHA M contact MAWHINNEY DELSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..use on HIV-risk and prevention-oriented outcomes such as high risk sexual risk behavior, HAART- adherence and needle sharing among injection drug users will be examined...
  38. Modeling HIV and STD in Drug User and Social Networks
    WANDA MORRIS; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In particular, we will examine the independent and joint effects of needle sharing and sexual transmission via their respective networks...
  39. IV DRUG USE METHADONE MAINTENANCE AND AIDS
    Marsha Rosenbaum; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Since methadone treatment is a most effective way to curb needle use, hence needle sharing (which spreads the virus), many see maintenance as an important element in arresting the spread of AIDS among ..
  40. HIV RISK REDUCTION FOR WOMEN IN DRUG TREATMENT
    TED BRASFIELD; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  41. PHYSICIAN DELIVERED INTERVENTION FOR HIV+ INDIVIDUALS
    Jeffrey Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  42. COMMUNITY BASED HIV PARTNER NOTIFICATION STUDY
    Judith Levy; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Effects of testing and notification on the psychosocial well being, behavioral risk activities and interpersonal relationships among index persons and their partners also will be examined. ..
  43. SEROLOGICAL STATUS & NEEDLE SHARING IN DRUG ABUSERS
    George Bigelow; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  44. HIV RAPID TESTING AMONG SUBSTANCE ABUSERS
    Michelle Lally; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Substance abusers are at high risk for HIV disease not only because of needle sharing and "sharing of works" associated with injection drug use, but also because of high-risk sexual behavior among ..
  45. HIV Rapid Testing for Young Substance Users
    David Pugatch; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Young substance users ages 16-25 are at high-risk for HIV disease due to both needle sharing and sharing of "works" associated with injection drug use, and risky sexual behaviors...
  46. AIDS PREVENTION IN JAIL FOR IVDUS & AT-RISK YOUTH (RAP)
    Stephen Magura; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..If shown effective this AIDS prevention model would be suitable for replication in large-city jail systems throughout the nation...
  47. RISK FACTORS FOR HIV INFECTION IN DRUG USERS & PARTNERS
    Linda Cottler; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..disorders; b) presence and severity of DSM-III-R past and current psychiatric symptoms; c) IV drug use and needle sharing; d) risk-taking personality traits; e) high risk sexual behaviors; f) social network characteristics; g) ..
  48. URBAN MINORITY YOUTH--SUBSTANCE USE AND HIV RISK
    Kathleen Ford; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The study will evaluate: 1) frequency of injection of drugs and needle sharing, 2) perceptions of the effect of drug and alcohol use on sexual behavior and condom use, 3) relation between ..
  49. HIV AND HEPATITIS IN YOUNG INJECTORS: A COMMUNITY STUDY
    Andrew Moss; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..in a street-based youth culture promotes frequent paraphernalia sharing among network members, but direct needle sharing between running partners...
  50. ANTECEDENTS TO HIV RISK BEHAVIORS AMONG DRUG USERS
    KAREN CORSI; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Questions remain about the complex nature of antecedents to risky behavior, such as needle sharing and unprotected sex, in this population...
  51. IMPROVING RETENTION ON METHADONE MAINTENANCE
    JAMES MADDUX; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..In addition, because intravenous drug users are at increased risk for HIV infection due to needle sharing and unsafe sexual practices, the effects of treatment on AIDS risk behavior will be assessed...
  52. ETHNOGRAPHIC STUDY OF PREGNANCY AND DRUGS
    Marsha Rosenbaum; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Findings from tbe proposed research will assist health care providers in developing outreach strategies, early interventions and effective treatments targeted to this hard-to-reach and hard-to-treat population...
  53. SUBSTANCE ABUSE CLIENT CASE MANAGEMENT PROJECT
    PETER BOKOS; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Specifically, the aim is the reduction of needle sharing among intravenous drug abusers...
  54. HIV PREVENTION TRIAL UNITS
    Kenneth Mayer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..dynamics; 5) enroll 50 active IDUs from Rhode Island in Phase I studies to assess strategies that will alter needle sharing behavior, and; 6) enroll 50 HIV-infected pregnant women in year I and 100 mother/infantpairs in each of the ..
  55. RCT of Russian IDU Peer Network HIV Prevent Intervention
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. HIV Prevention and Adherence Intervention for HIV Positives and Partners in India
    CARL A contact LATKIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This proposal has high public relevance due to the low rates of HIV medication adherence found in many impoverished communities domestically and internationally. ..
  57. THE LONG-TERM IMPACT OF A NETWORK OUTREACH INTERVENTION
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The data will also used to examine associations between characteristics of sex partners and personal networks to describe sexual mixing patterns of this population. ..
  58. A Network & Dyad HIV Prevention Intervention for Intravenous Drug User
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Main outcome measures will be self-reported sex and injection risk behaviors. Self-reports will be cross-validated by urinalysis of STIs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  59. Network HIV Prevention Intervention for Drug Users
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. Reducing HCV/HIV risks comparing two interventions
    Robert Booth; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. Interventions with HIV+ and HIV- IDUs in Ukraine
    Robert Booth; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Analyses will also evaluate differences between IDUs who are HIV infected (estimated at 42%) and those who are not infected. [unreadable] [unreadable]..