Genomes and Genes
Summary: The antisocial acts of children or persons under age which are illegal or lawfully interpreted as constituting delinquency.
Publications289 found, 100 shown here
- Developmental trajectories of childhood disruptive behaviors and adolescent delinquency: a six-site, cross-national studyLisa M Broidy
Department of Sociology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque 87131, USA
Dev Psychol 39:222-45. 2003....
- Psychiatric disorders in youth in juvenile detentionLinda A Teplin
Psycho Legal Studies Program, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern Univerity, 710 N Lake Shore Dr, Suite 900, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 59:1133-43. 2002..Yet, there are few empirical studies. Until we have better epidemiologic data, we cannot know how best to use the system's scarce mental health resources...
- Trajectories of boys' physical aggression, opposition, and hyperactivity on the path to physically violent and nonviolent juvenile delinquencyD Nagin
Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Child Dev 70:1181-96. 1999..models were then used to determine which trajectories best predicted physically violent and nonviolent juvenile delinquency up to 17 years of age...
- Callous/unemotional traits and social-cognitive processes in adjudicated youthsDustin A Pardini
Department of Psychology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 42:364-71. 2003..This study sought to clarify the nature of these two factors and examine their relation with social-cognitive problems in incarcerated adolescents...
- Longitudinal evidence that psychopathy scores in early adolescence predict adult psychopathyDonald R Lynam
Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2081, USA
J Abnorm Psychol 116:155-65. 2007..Implications and future directions are discussed...
- Lifetime criminality among boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a prospective follow-up study into adulthood using official arrest recordsSalvatore Mannuzza
New York University Child Study Center, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
Psychiatry Res 160:237-46. 2008....
- Prior juvenile diagnoses in adults with mental disorder: developmental follow-back of a prospective-longitudinal cohortJulia Kim-Cohen
Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London, England
Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:709-17. 2003..If most adults with mental disorders are found to have a juvenile psychiatric history, this would shift etiologic research and prevention policy to focus more on childhood mental disorders...
- Childhood predictors of male criminality: a prospective population-based follow-up study from age 8 to late adolescenceAndre Sourander
Department of Child Psychiatry, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 45:578-86. 2006..To study childhood predictors for late adolescence criminality...
- Juvenile delinquency, social background and suicide--a Swedish national cohort study of 992,881 young adultsEmma Bjorkenstam
Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Int J Epidemiol 40:1585-92. 2011As the suicide rates in young adults do not show a clear decline, it is important to elucidate possible risk factors. Juvenile delinquency has been pointed out as a possible risk behaviour.
- Poly-victimization and risk of posttraumatic, depressive, and substance use disorders and involvement in delinquency in a national sample of adolescentsJulian D Ford
Department of Psychiatry, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, Connecticut, USA
J Adolesc Health 46:545-52. 2010..Child Abuse Negl 2007;31:7-26) may be at high risk for psychiatric and behavioral problems. This study empirically identifies trauma profiles in a national sample of adolescents to ascertain correlates of poly-victimization...
- Mental health needs of young offenders in custody and in the communityPrathiba Chitsabesan
Research Room, Gardner Unit, Bolton, Trafford and Salford Mental Health Trust, Bury New Road, Manchester M25 3BL, UK
Br J Psychiatry 188:534-40. 2006..Research has revealed high levels of mental health needs in young offenders but many studies have been small, focusing on specific populations...
- Aggressive versus nonaggressive antisocial behavior: distinctive etiological moderation by ageS Alexandra Burt
Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Dev Psychol 45:1164-76. 2009..Subsequent longitudinal analyses fully replicated these results. Such findings highlight etiological distinctions between aggression and delinquency, and offer insights into the expression of genetic influences during development...
- Predictors of antisocial personality. Continuities from childhood to adult lifeEmily Simonoff
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Guy s, King s and St Thomas Medical School and Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
Br J Psychiatry 184:118-27. 2004..Antisocial behaviour in adult life has its roots in childhood...
- Posttraumatic stress as a mediator of the relationship between trauma and mental health problems among juvenile delinquentsPatricia K Kerig
Miami University, Oxford, OH, USA
J Youth Adolesc 38:1214-25. 2009..Results of structural equation modeling were consistent with the hypothesis that PTSD mediates the relationship between interpersonal trauma and mental health problems for all youth, although the results were stronger for females...
- Effect of an injury awareness education program on risk-taking behaviors and injuries in juvenile justice offenders: a retrospective cohort studyKwok M Ho
Department of Intensive Care, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Australia
PLoS ONE 7:e31776. 2012..Risk-taking behavior is a leading cause of injury and death amongst young people...
- What works in prevention. Principles of effective prevention programsMaury Nation
Department of Human and Organizational Development, Vanderbilt University, Peabody College, 90, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
Am Psychol 58:449-56. 2003..a review-of-reviews approach across 4 areas (substance abuse, risky sexual behavior, school failure, and juvenile delinquency and violence), the authors identified 9 characteristics that were consistently associated with effective ..
- The association of psychopathic traits with aggression and delinquency in non-referred boys and girlsMonica A Marsee
Department of Psychology, University of New Orleans, LA 70148, USA
Behav Sci Law 23:803-17. 2005..Also, psychopathic traits predicted aggression and delinquency for both boys and girls. The one clear gender difference was in the stronger associations between psychopathic traits and relational aggression for girls...
- The role of violent media preference in cumulative developmental risk for violence and general aggressionPaul Boxer
Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
J Youth Adolesc 38:417-28. 2009..Findings represent a new and important direction for research on the role of violent media use in the broader matrix of risk factors for youth violence...
- A multimethod assessment of juvenile psychopathy: comparing the predictive utility of the PCL:YV, YPI, and NEO PRIElizabeth Cauffman
Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 7085, USA
Psychol Assess 21:528-42. 2009....
- Predicting young adult social functioning from developmental trajectories of externalizing behaviourI L Bongers
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Erasmus MC Sophia Children s Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Psychol Med 38:989-99. 2008..The purpose of this study was to describe the predictive link of child and adolescent externalizing developmental trajectories to social functioning in adulthood...
- Association of stress and delinquency in children and adolescentsIna Stasević
Public Health Department, School of Medicine, University of Split, Split, Croatia
Coll Antropol 29:27-32. 2005..1539, p < 0.05). Criminal activity of children and adolescents is significantly associated with their history of stress exposure over the last two years of life. The higher the stress severity, the greater the rate of delinquency...
- Examining the moderating role of family cohesion on the relationship between witnessed community violence and delinquency in a national sample of adolescentsSimone C Barr
Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
J Interpers Violence 27:239-62. 2012..In addition, the findings suggested that family cohesion moderated the impact of witnessed community violence on future delinquent behavior. Future directions for research and implications for practice were also discussed...
- Posttraumatic stress symptoms are associated with the frequency and severity of delinquency among detained boysStephen P Becker
Department of Psychology, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056, USA
J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 40:765-71. 2011..As predicted, severity of PTSD symptoms was associated with degree of delinquency, and this effect remained present for the past year delinquency variables after controlling for the total number of traumas reported...
- Juvenile perpetrators of homicides and attempted homicides--a case control studyDolores Britvić
Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Split, Split, Croatia
Coll Antropol 30:143-7. 2006..A juvenile homicide is committed under the influence of various developmental characteristics, family milieu, and constitution combined with environmental factors and perpetrator's perception of the victim...
- Psychopathology and delinquency in adolescents: a descriptive and developmental perspectiveRobert Vermeiren
University Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Middelheimhospital, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
Clin Psychol Rev 23:277-318. 2003..These findings emphasize the necessity of developing mental health services to delinquent adolescents and the necessity of adequate diagnostic and therapeutic interventions in these adolescents...
- The relationship between vigorous physical activity and juvenile delinquency: a mediating role for self-esteem?Guy E J Faulkner
Faculty of Physical Education and Health University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
J Behav Med 30:155-63. 2007..policy-related reviews of the potential social value of sport and physical activity list the prevention of juvenile delinquency. We examined the relationships among vigorous physical activity, self-esteem, and delinquent behavior among ..
- The relation between dimensions of normal and pathological personality and childhood maltreatment in incarcerated boysE Nederlof
Dutch Institute of Forensic Psychiatry, The Netherlands
J Pers Disord 24:746-62. 2010..Further research on this interplay is needed to be able to recognize genetic vulnerability. Early identification of children at risk could aid to limit the long-term consequences of maltreatment...
- Longitudinal study on the effects of child abuse and children's exposure to domestic violence, parent-child attachments, and antisocial behavior in adolescenceCindy Sousa
University of Washington, School of Social Work, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
J Interpers Violence 26:111-36. 2011..However, strengthening attachments between parents and children after exposure may not be sufficient to counter the negative impact of earlier violence trauma in children...
- Prospective effects of violence exposure across multiple contexts on early adolescents' internalizing and externalizing problemsSylvie Mrug
Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 1200, USA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 51:953-61. 2010..This study addresses this gap by examining independent and interactive effects of witnessing violence and victimization in the community, home, and school on subsequent internalizing and externalizing problems in early adolescence...
- Witnessed community and parental violence in relation to substance use and delinquency in a national sample of adolescentsHeidi M Zinzow
Department of Psychology, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
J Trauma Stress 22:525-33. 2009..These findings highlight the importance of targeting witnessed violence in prevention and intervention efforts...
- Contributors to traumatic exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder in juvenile justice youthsGail A Wasserman
Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
J Trauma Stress 24:422-9. 2011....
- Multifactorial self-concept and delinquency in Australian adolescentsK S Levy
Department of Justice Queensland, Australia
J Soc Psychol 137:277-83. 1997..The relative self-concept scores of the groups indicate that the more serious the delinquent behavior, the more negative the self-concept...
- Posttrauma numbing of fear, detachment, and arousal predict delinquent behaviors in early adolescenceMaureen A Allwood
Department of Psychology, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, The City University of New York, NY 10019, USA
J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 40:659-67. 2011..These patterns may coalesce to place youth at risk for early involvement in delinquent behaviors...
- Research review: The relationship between childhood violence exposure and juvenile antisocial behavior: a meta-analytic reviewHelen W Wilson
Yale University Child Study Center, New Haven, CT, USA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:769-79. 2009..However, there are a limited number of well-designed prospective studies that can suggest a causal relationship, and little is known about the magnitude of the relationship...
- Early childhood intervention. A promising preventative for juvenile delinquencyE Zigler
Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 7447
Am Psychol 47:997-1006. 1992Programs to reduce or prevent juvenile delinquency have been generally unsuccessful...
- The relation between abuse and violent delinquency: the conversion of shame to blame in juvenile offendersJason Gold
Institute for the Study of Child Development, Department of Pediatrics, UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ 08903, USA
Child Abuse Negl 35:459-67. 2011..The objective of this work is to apply a conceptual model linking abusive parenting to the conversion of shame into blaming others and therefore to violent delinquency...
- The health status of youth in juvenile detention facilitiesMana Golzari
Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305, USA
J Adolesc Health 38:776-82. 2006..We review the factors affecting the health of youth in detention, and the health problems that are among the greatest sources of morbidity and mortality in this adolescent population...
- Heterogeneity in antisocial behaviours and comorbidity with depressed mood: a behavioural genetic approachRichard Rowe
University of Sheffield, UK
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:526-34. 2008..Using a genetically informative design, we examine heterogeneity in antisocial behaviour and overlaps between different forms of antisocial behaviour with depressed mood...
- Youth gangs, delinquency and drug use: a test of the selection, facilitation, and enhancement hypothesesUberto Gatti
University of Genoa, Italy
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 46:1178-90. 2005..The aim of this study was to test these hypotheses, while controlling for self-reported delinquency, friends' delinquency, and individual as well as family characteristics...
- Parental imprisonment: long-lasting effects on boys' internalizing problems through the life courseJoseph Murray
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Dev Psychopathol 20:273-90. 2008..These results suggest that parental imprisonment might cause long-lasting internalizing and antisocial problems for children...
- Juvenile delinquency and victimization: a theoretical typologyCarlos A Cuevas
College of Criminal Justice, Northeastern University, 204 Churchill Hall, 360 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Interpers Violence 22:1581-602. 2007It is a widely voiced notion that juvenile delinquency and victimization co-occur extensively in the youth population, in particular because delinquent youth engage in risky activities...
- Early risk factors for adolescent antisocial behaviour: an Australian longitudinal studyWilliam Bor
Mater Child and Youth Mental Health Service, Mater Health Services, South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Aust N Z J Psychiatry 38:365-72. 2004..This investigation utilizes data from an Australian longitudinal study to identify early risk factors for adolescent antisocial behaviour...
- How many of the offspring born to teenage fathers are produced by repeated serious delinquents?Evelyn H Wei
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Crim Behav Ment Health 12:83-98. 2002..This paper quantifies the public health impact of serious delinquency on the risk of impregnation and teenage fatherhood among urban, adolescent males...
- Males on the life-course-persistent and adolescence-limited antisocial pathways: follow-up at age 26 yearsTerrie E Moffitt
University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
Dev Psychopathol 14:179-207. 2002..Findings recommend intervention with all aggressive children and with all delinquent adolescents, to prevent a variety of maladjustments in adult life...
- Early identification of chronic offenders: who is the fledgling psychopath?D R Lynam
University of Kentucky, Department of Psychology, Lexington 40506 0044, USA
Psychol Bull 120:209-34. 1996..The author discusses treatment implications and supporting evidence for each model. Finally, he recommends that the subtype theory receive further consideration and examination...
- Parental incarceration and multiple risk experiences: effects on family dynamics and children's delinquencyLauren Aaron
Department of Psychology, The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA, USA
J Youth Adolesc 39:1471-84. 2010..The role of family processes in research and intervention directions involving children of incarcerated parents is discussed...
- Subtypes of adolescent offenders: affective traits and antisocial behavior patternsGina M Vincent
Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachussetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
Behav Sci Law 21:695-712. 2003..Implications for developmental models of chronic offending are discussed in light of the need for further follow-up into adulthood...
- Evaluation of a targeted cognitive-behavioral program for children with conduct problems--the SNAP Under 12 Outreach Project: service intensity, age and gender effects on short- and long-term outcomesChristopher J Koegl
Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge, UK
Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry 13:419-34. 2008..Findings from this study support the effectiveness of the ORP, but also highlight the need to take into account client characteristics when offering clinical treatment...
- (Im)maturity of judgment in adolescence: why adolescents may be less culpable than adultsE Cauffman
Law and Psychiatry Research, WPIC, University of Pittsburgh, 3811 O Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Behav Sci Law 18:741-60. 2000..These findings call into question recent arguments, derived from studies of logical reasoning, that adolescents and adults are equally competent and that laws and social policies should treat them as such...
- When interventions harm. Peer groups and problem behaviorT J Dishion
Oregon Social Learning Center, Eugene 97401 2926, USA
Am Psychol 54:755-64. 1999..We proposed that peer aggregation during early adolescence, under some circumstances, inadvertently reinforces problem behavior. Two developmental processes are discussed that might account for the powerful iatrogenic effects...
- Nipping early risk factors in the bud: preventing substance abuse, delinquency, and violence in adolescence through interventions targeted at young children (0-8 years)C Webster-Stratton
Parenting Clinic, School of Nursing, Parent and Child Nursing, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA
Prev Sci 2:165-92. 2001..Guidelines for selecting effective interventions are provided...
- Sex and race differences in mental health symptoms in juvenile justice: the MAYSI-2 national meta-analysisGina M Vincent
Center for Mental Health Services Research, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 47:282-90. 2008..This multisite, archival study examined whether sex and race differences, when they exist, were consistent across U.S. juvenile justice programs...
- Juvenile and young adult mentally disordered offenders: the role of child neuropsychiatric disordersL Siponmaa
Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 29:420-6. 2001..The rate of PDD is particularly striking. Neuropsychiatric diagnoses had been determined in the FPI in only a few cases. The contribution of constitutional problems to later criminal development may have been underestimated...
- Comorbid psychiatric disorders in youth in juvenile detentionKaren M Abram
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 710 N Lakeshore Drive, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:1097-108. 2003..To estimate 6-month prevalence of comorbid psychiatric disorders among juvenile detainees by demographic subgroups (sex, race/ethnicity, and age)...
- Youth psychopathy and criminal recidivism: a meta-analysis of the psychopathy checklist measuresJohn F Edens
Department of Psychology, Southern Methodist University, 310D Hyer Hall, Dallas, Texas 75275 0442, USA
Law Hum Behav 31:53-75. 2007..In relation to predicting both general and violent recidivism, psychopathy performed comparably to an instrument designed specifically to assess risk, the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (Hoge & Andrews, 2002)...
- Stability of family interaction from ages 6 to 18R Loeber
Life History Studies, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pennsylvania 15213 2593, USA
J Abnorm Child Psychol 28:353-69. 2000..These findings are discussed in relation to the development of juvenile offending...
- Prospective associations between delinquency and suicidal behaviors in a nationally representative sampleMartie P Thompson
Department of Public Health Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634, USA
J Adolesc Health 40:232-7. 2007..We examined the prospective associations between delinquency and suicidal behaviors among adolescents using a nationally representative sample...
- Delinquent peer affiliation and conduct problems: A twin studyTanya M M Button
Institute for Behavioral Genetics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
J Abnorm Psychol 116:554-64. 2007..The magnitude of the genetic variance of conduct problems was contextually dependent on levels of delinquent peer affiliation and was greater at higher levels of delinquent peer affiliation...
- Child and adolescent psychiatric patients and later criminalityUlf Engqvist
Department of Women and Child Health, Karolinska Institutet, Astrid Lindgren Children s Hospital at Karolinska University Hospital, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
BMC Public Health 7:221. 2007..child and adolescent psychiatric (CAP) research tradition in which longitudinal methods are used to study juvenile delinquency. Up to the 1980s, results from descriptions and follow-ups of cohorts of CAP patients showed that children'..
- Multiple substance use disorders in juvenile detaineesGary M McClelland
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 43:1215-24. 2004..To estimate the 6-month prevalence of multiple substance use disorders (SUDs) among juvenile detainees by demographic subgroups (sex, race/ethnicity, age)...
- Offender and offense characteristics of a nonrandom sample of adolescent mass murderersJ R Meloy
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 40:719-28. 2001....
- Life strain, negative emotions, and delinquency: An empirical test of general strain theory in the People's Republic of ChinaWan Ning Bao
Department of Sociology, Indiana University Purdue University at Indianapolis, Cavanaugh Hall 303, 425 North University Boulevard, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202 5140, USA
Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 48:281-97. 2004..The findings are generally consistent with the results of earlier studies in the United States...
- The reliability and validity of the psychopathy checklist: youth version (PCL:YV) in nonincarcerated adolescent malesDavid S Kosson
Department of Psychology, Finch University of Health Sciences, Chicago Medical School, 3333 Green Bay Road, North Chicago, Illinois 60064, USA
Psychol Assess 14:97-109. 2002..These findings suggest that the PCL:YV identifies a syndrome in adolescence consistent with theory and research on adult males...
- Variables that initiate and maintain an early-onset trajectory for juvenile offendingG R Patterson
Oregon Social Learning Center, Eugene 97401, USA
Dev Psychopathol 10:531-47. 1998..The findings are consistent with the idea that the majority of chronic offending juveniles follow a trajectory that can be explained by a single theory...
- Development of juvenile aggression and violence. Some common misconceptions and controversiesR Loeber
Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Am Psychol 53:242-59. 1998..Each of the points is discussed against empirical findings. Theoretical, research, and applied implications of the 5 points are discussed...
- The importance of the community context in the epidemiology of early adolescent substance use and delinquency in a rural sampleSarah M Chilenski
Missouri Institute of Mental Health, University of Missouri, 5400 Arsenal Street, St Louis, MO 63139, USA
Am J Community Psychol 44:287-301. 2009..Multiple associations were curvilinear, and interactions may also be important. Findings suggest that it may be worthwhile to create and test new intervention strategies that target community factors in the pursuit of prevention...
- Adolescence-limited versus persistent delinquency: extending Moffitt's hypothesis into adulthoodH R White
Center of Alcohol Studies, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway 08854 8001, USA
J Abnorm Psychol 110:600-9. 2001..Overall, few of the factors that are related to childhood-to-adolescence persistence were associated with persistence in delinquency beyond adolescence...
- Treatment need and utilization among youth entering the juvenile corrections systemTimothy P Johnson
Survey Research Laboratory and Public Administration Program, University of Illinois at Chicago, 412 S Peoria Street, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
J Subst Abuse Treat 26:117-28. 2004..These findings underscore the need for the continual development of the cultural competence of treatment providers and the expansion of on-site provision of substance abuse treatment services to incarcerated juveniles...
- Pursuing the psychopath: capturing the fledgling psychopath in a nomological netD R Lynam
Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40506 0044, USA
J Abnorm Psychol 106:425-38. 1997..These results suggest that psychopathy has a childhood manifestation that can be measured reliably. Implications and future directions are outlined...
- Substance use and treatment seeking in young offenders on community ordersChristopher John Lennings
Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, NSW 2141, Australia
J Subst Abuse Treat 31:425-32. 2006..This study reveals the gap between awareness of problematic drug use and treatment-seeking behavior, and has implications for improving outreach to young offenders with substance abuse problems...
- Male and female offending trajectoriesDavid M Fergusson
Christchurch Health and Development Study, Christchurch School of Medicine, New Zealand
Dev Psychopathol 14:159-77. 2002..These risk factors appeared to operate in a similar fashion for both males and females. Implications of these findings for trajectory theories of offending are discussed...
- Antecedents and behavior-problem outcomes of parental monitoring and psychological control in early adolescenceG S Pettit
Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Auburn University, AL 36849, USA
Child Dev 72:583-98. 2001....
- Condom use among high-risk adolescents: testing the influence of alcohol use on the relationship of cognitive correlates of behaviorAngela Bryan
Department of Psychology and Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
Health Psychol 24:133-42. 2005..The findings do not support a distal role for alcohol use in altering the cognitive correlates of condom use intentions and behavior among high-risk adolescents...
- Reactively and proactively aggressive children: antecedent and subsequent characteristicsFrank Vitaro
Research Unit on Children s Psycho Social Maladjustment, University of Montreal, Quebec, Canada
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 43:495-505. 2002..Reactive and proactive subtypes of aggressive 10-11-12-year-old children were compared with non-aggressive children to examine whether the two forms of aggression were differentially related to antecedent and subsequent measures...
- A latent class factor approach to identifying subtypes of juvenile diversion youths based on psychopathic featuresJennifer Wareham
Department of Criminal Justice, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
Behav Sci Law 27:71-95. 2009..In addition, this study employed a methodology for classification that permits consideration of the dimensional nature of a construct, and as such has implications for a variety of research areas...
- Inhalant use among incarcerated adolescents in the United States: prevalence, characteristics, and correlates of useMatthew O Howard
School of Social Work, 325 Pittsboro, CB 3550, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
Drug Alcohol Depend 93:197-209. 2008..To characterize patterns and correlates of inhalant use among incarcerated youth...
- Population density and youth antisocial behaviorK Paige Harden
Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, USA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50:999-1008. 2009..Rather, the association between population density and delinquency appears to be due to unmeasured selection variables that differ between families who live in more or less densely populated counties...
- Does the three-factor model of psychopathy identify a problematic subgroup of young offenders?Henrik Andershed
Orebro University, Center for Research on Criminological Psychology, Orebro, Sweden
Int J Law Psychiatry 31:189-98. 2008..In conclusion, the results showed that the three-factor model of psychopathy can be useful in identifying a problematic subgroup of young offenders...
- Impacts of age of onset of substance use disorders on risk of adult incarceration among disadvantaged urban youth: a propensity score matching approachEric P Slade
University of Maryland School of Medicine, U S Department of Veterans Affairs, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
Drug Alcohol Depend 95:1-13. 2008..Age of onset of substance use disorders in adolescence and early adulthood could be associated with higher rates of adult criminal incarceration in the U.S., but evidence of these associations is scarce...
- Desistance from persistent serious delinquency in the transition to adulthoodMagda Stouthamer-Loeber
Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh Medical School, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
Dev Psychopathol 16:897-918. 2004..The article discusses the implications of promotive and risk factors for preventive interventions...
- Item response theory analysis of DSM-IV cannabis abuse and dependence criteria in adolescentsChristie A Hartman
School of Medicine at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, 4200 East 9th Avenue, Denver, CO 80262, USA
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 47:165-73. 2008..different levels of severity of substance involvement, to what degree do each of the 11 abuse and dependence criteria assess adolescent cannabis problems, and do the DSM-IV items function similarly across different adolescent populations?..
- Brief report: An examination of the relationships between parental monitoring, self-esteem and delinquency among Mexican American male adolescentsRoslyn M Caldwell
Department of Forensic Psychology, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, 445 W 59th Street, New York, NY 10019, USA
J Adolesc 29:459-64. 2006..These results highlight the generalizability of previous research related to familial, emotional, and behavioral processes among Mexican American male adolescents...
- Severity of adolescent delinquency among boys with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: predictions from early antisocial behavior and peer statusSteve S Lee
Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, 94720 1650, USA
J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 33:705-16. 2004..Observed noncompliance and an objective measure of covert ASB each independently predicted delinquency. Covert ASB predicted delinquency severity more strongly for comparison boys than for probands...
- Joint development of bullying and victimization in adolescence: relations to delinquency and self-harmEdward D Barker
King s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 47:1030-8. 2008..To estimate trajectories of bullying and victimization in early to mid-adolescence, associations between the trajectories, and links with delinquency and self-harm...
- Young children who commit crime: epidemiology, developmental origins, risk factors, early interventions, and policy implicationsR Loeber
University of Pittsburgh, USA
Dev Psychopathol 12:737-62. 2000..Policy recommendations are presented to improve methods of dealing with child delinquents by juvenile justice, child welfare, and mental health agencies...
- Predicting externalizing problems in Moroccan immigrant adolescents in the NetherlandsGonneke W J M Stevens
Dept of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Erasmus MC Sophia, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 40:571-9. 2005..This study on the predictors of externalizing problems in Moroccan immigrant adolescents in the Netherlands was aimed to contribute to the knowledge in this field...
- Relations between neighborhood factors, parenting behaviors, peer deviance, and delinquency among serious juvenile offendersHe Len Chung
Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Dev Psychol 42:319-31. 2006....
- Neurocognitive impairments in boys on the life-course persistent antisocial pathAdrian Raine
Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 1061, USA
J Abnorm Psychol 114:38-49. 2005....
- The high costs of aggression: public expenditures resulting from conduct disorderE Michael Foster
Methodology Center, Pennsylvania State University, 116 Henderson Bldg, University Park, PA 16802 6500, USA
Am J Public Health 95:1767-72. 2005..We examined a range of expenditures related to this disorder across multiple public sectors, including mental health, general health, school, and juvenile justice...
- The effect of vitamin-mineral supplementation on juvenile delinquency among American schoolchildren: a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trialS J Schoenthaler
Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, California State University, Stanislaus, Turlock 95380, USA
J Altern Complement Med 6:7-17. 2000..However, generalization could not be made to typical schoolchildren without a controlled trial examining violence and antisocial behavior in public schools...
- Influence of deviant friends on delinquency: searching for moderator variablesF Vitaro
Research Unit on Children s Psycho Social Maladjustment, University of Montreal, Canada
J Abnorm Child Psychol 28:313-25. 2000..They also help to reconcile different theoretical explanations of the role of deviant friends in the development of delinquency...
- Childhood bullies and victims and their risk of criminality in late adolescence: the Finnish From a Boy to a Man studyAndre Sourander
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:546-52. 2007..To study correlations of childhood bullying and victimization with juvenile criminality...
- Factors predicting continued violence into young adulthoodE M Scholte
Department of Educational Psychology, University of Leiden, The Netherlands
J Adolesc 22:3-20. 1999....
- Trajectories of delinquency and parenting stylesMachteld Hoeve
Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement NWO NSCR, Leiden, The Netherlands
J Abnorm Child Psychol 36:223-35. 2008....
- The relationship between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder, and psychopathy in adolescent male and female detaineesKathrin Sevecke
Clinic of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Cologne, Robert Koch Strasse 10, 50931 Cologne, Germany
Behav Sci Law 27:577-98. 2009..These findings indicate that there may be sex-specific pathways to elevations in psychopathic traits and suggest that the comorbid subtype hypothesis is probably not correct for either boys or girls...
- Protective and compensatory factors mitigating the influence of deviant friends on delinquent behaviours during early adolescenceDavid M Fergusson
Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Psychological Medicine, Christchurch Health and Development Study, P O Box 4345, Christchurch, New Zealand
J Adolesc 30:33-50. 2007..These results are discussed in light of the differential roles of moderating and of compensatory factors...
- The development of psychopathyDonald R Lynam
Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506 0044, USA
Annu Rev Clin Psychol 1:381-407. 2005..We close with a discussion of recent objections to the downward developmental extension of psychopathy to juveniles and some suggestions for additional research...
- Parental monitoring: a reinterpretationH Stattin
Department of Psychology, University of Orebro, Sweden
Child Dev 71:1072-85. 2000..We conclude that tracking and surveillance is not the best prescription for parental behavior and that a new prescription must rest on an understanding of the factors that determine child disclosure...
- The relationship between parenting and delinquency: a meta-analysisMachteld Hoeve
The Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
J Abnorm Child Psychol 37:749-75. 2009..Implications for theory and parenting are discussed...
- Is inhalant use a risk factor for heroin and injection drug use among adolescents in the United States?Li Tzy Wu
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA
Addict Behav 32:265-81. 2007..We examined whether inhalant use was associated with heroin and injection drug use (IDU) among adolescents aged 12 to 17 in the United States...
- Role of parenting in adolescent deviant behavior: replication across and within two ethnic groupsR Forehand
Institute for Behavior Research, University of Georgia, Athens 30602, USA
J Consult Clin Psychol 65:1036-41. 1997..The replication of these findings in samples that vary by ethnicity and location provides strong support for the generalizability of the association between parental monitoring and low levels of adolescent deviant behavior...
- Dopamine Regulation During Context ProcessingSheri J Y Mizumori; Fiscal Year: 2012..g. Parkinson's disease) and maladaptive conditions (e.g. drug addiction and juvenile delinquency)...
- EFFECTS OF POVERTY ENVIRONMENTS ON ELDERLY WELL BEINGValerie Brown; Fiscal Year: 1991..the effets of urban poverty environments and associated negative area social conditions (high rates of: juvenile delinquency; crime; unemployment; female head of house; welfare assistance; and teenage pregnancy; poor housing quality ..
- EPIDEMIOLOGY OF VISUAL IMPAIRMENT IN HISPANIC CHILDRENDavid Lee; Fiscal Year: 1999..in children and adolescents, including poor school performance, low self-esteem, and an increased risk of juvenile delinquency and injury...
- PEER ACCEPTANCE AND SELF-PERCEPTIONS IN CHILDRENANGIE TRZEPACZ; Fiscal Year: 1999..poor future adjustment, including academic failure, school dropout, aggressive behavior, substance abuse, juvenile delinquency, teen pregnancy, anxiety, and depression and suicidal ideation...
- YONKERS PROJECT: MOVING PUBLIC HOUSING RESIDENTSJeanne Brooks Gunn; Fiscal Year: 2000..youth (12-17 years of age) with stayer children and youth on key outcomes, including school achievement, juvenile delinquency, school engagement, peer networks, and employment; (3) compare effects of moving to a new neighborhood on ..
- Warsaw Adolescent Study: A Longitudinal Study on Risk and ResilienceKrzysztof Ostaszewski; Fiscal Year: 2009..2003), juvenile delinquency (Kirwil 2003), and school violent behavior including psychological and physical bullying (Mazur &..
- SOCIOLOGY OF THE SELF-CONCEPT: A SECONDARY ANALYSISMORRIS ROSENBERG; Fiscal Year: 1980..to be significantly related to self-esteem, depressive affect, anxiety, negative affective states, and juvenile delinquency. Mattering was higher among upper class adolescents and only children...
- Child and Adolescent Welfare Outcome System (CA-WOS)LINDA TOCHE MANLEY; Fiscal Year: 2005..impacted by mental health difficulties that place them at risk for increased victimization and abuse, juvenile delinquency and poor educational outcomes...
- FAMILY-PEER LINKAGES FOR SIBLINGS AT RISKJOANN SHORTT; Fiscal Year: 2004..in their peer relations will be examined in a sample of siblings at risk for antisocial behavior and juvenile delinquency when each sibling is in middle school...
- Adapting MST to Address Transmission Risk Behaviors in HIV+ Young PeopleElizabeth LeTourneau; Fiscal Year: 2009..MST is an ecologically-based intervention originally designed to address serious juvenile delinquency by targeting drivers across all levels of youths'ecologies...
- EFFICACY OF TREATMENTS FOR ADOLESCENT PROBLEM DRINKINGHolly Waldron; Fiscal Year: 2002..is a pressing health concern with serious consequences for the drinking youth and society, including juvenile delinquency, school dropout, traffic injuries, and fatalities, violence, suicide, and AIDS risk behaviors...
- MATURATIONAL REFORM AND RURAL DELINQUENCYKENNETH POLK; Fiscal Year: 1980The general purpose of the research is to investigate the extent to which some explanation of juvenile delinquency can result from analysis of its youthful character...
- Effectiveness Trial: MST with Juvenile OffendersSCOTT HENGGELER; Fiscal Year: 2007..Aim 3. Assuming favorable MST treatment effects, to examine the possible moderators (e.g., race, sexual offender subtype) and mediators (e.g., improved family relations) of such effects. ..
- Implementing Evidenced-Based Treatment for YouthsSCOTT HENGGELER; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Substance Abusing Delinquents: 5-Year Outcomes of RCTSCOTT HENGGELER; Fiscal Year: 2008..Aim 3. Test hypotheses about the mediators and moderators of MST treatment effects. ..
- Vocational Outcomes for Youth With Substance Abuse Problems and High HIV RiskScott W Henggeler; Fiscal Year: 2010..Aim 3: To evaluate possible moderators (e.g., criminal history, symptomatology) of CRAFT effects. For participants in the CRAFT condition, dosage effects will also be examined. ..
- MST WITH ALCOHOL ABUSING DELINQUENTS: OUTCOMES AND COSTSCOTT HENGGELER; Fiscal Year: 2003..Aim 3. To test hypotheses about the mediators and moderators of MST treatment effects. ..
- IRT and Psychological Disturbance in Young OffendersGina Vincent; Fiscal Year: 2005..Indirectly, findings will work toward advancing our misunderstanding of the nature and development of child psychopathology in general. ..
- Longitudinal Study of Exposure to Family ViolenceTodd I Herrenkohl; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposal involves a cross-site collaboration between two very qualified, highly productive research teams with extensive experience and considerable investment in this study. ..
- Brief Intervention for Drug Use and HIV/STD Risk Prev. Among TruantsRichard Dembo; Fiscal Year: 2009..We hypothesize that both Bl conditions will show greater reductions in drug use and improved school performance compared with the control group, and the BI-YP group will show greater improvement on these measures than the BI-Y group. ..
- Role of Psychopathology in Adolescent Problem Drug UseWALTER MASON; Fiscal Year: 2006....
- Disruptive Disorders & STD/HIV Risk in Adolescent DyadsMatthew Aalsma; Fiscal Year: 2006..The career development plan and supervised research experiences will provide the candidate with the necessary research skills for a career as an independent research investigator. ..
- Substance Use and the Consolidation of Adult RolesJ Hawkins; Fiscal Year: 2008..The proposed study will provide important information of use to those designing preventive and treatment interventions for substance abuse and dependence. ..
- Family-Based Drug Services for Young Disaster VictimsCYNTHIA ROWE; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Long-term Outcomes and Economic Impact of the Detention to Community ModelCYNTHIA LYN ROWE; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- TRANSPORTING FAMILY THERAPY TO ADOLESCENT DAY TREATMENTCYNTHIA ROWE; Fiscal Year: 2002..The sample will be primarily minority (approximately 60 percent Hispanic, 30 percent African American, and 10 percent Caucasian), and virtually all will have current or past juvenile justice involvement. ..
- Diffusion of Prevention Science in CommunitiesJ Hawkins; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Society for Prevention Research Annual MeetingsJ Hawkins; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Individual. Parnet, and School-Level Protective Factors in Early AdolescenceALBERT FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Prevalence of HIV/STDs among Incarcerated JuvenilesAngela Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2002..Grant funds will be used to provide STD screening, STD treatment referral, and HIV testing and counseling to juveniles in detention. ..
- FAMILY THERAPY OUTCOME FOR RUNAWAY ADOLESCENTSNatasha Slesnick; Fiscal Year: 2002..Maintenance of treatment effects over time, as well as factors associated with treatment engagement and continuation, will be examined. ..
- Desistance versus persistence in antisocial behaviorRolf Loeber; Fiscal Year: 2008..In addition, we will explore whether resistors are able to function as well adjusted adults, free from significant mental health problems (e.g., antisocial personality disorder, substance abuse, depression). [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- SUBSTANCE USE AMONG CHILDREN OF ALCOHOLICSLaurie Chassin; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Brief Family-Based Therapy for Adolescent Drug AbuseHoward Liddle; Fiscal Year: 2004..The study could produce one of the first brief, family-based therapies for adolescent drug abusers and yield findings that would have significant implications for technology transfer efforts. ..
- TREATMENT OUTCOME FOR RUNAWAY ADOLESCENTSNatasha Slesnick; Fiscal Year: 2002..The effectiveness of booster sessions in maintaining treatment gains will be examined, and an intensive engagement strategy will be employed. ..
- Child Psychopathology, Adversity & Developing Drug AbuseBETH MOLNAR; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- SUBSTANCE USE AMONG CHILDREN OF ALCOHOLICSLAURIE A CHASSIN; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- PSYCHOSOCIAL TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION IN DELINQUENTSPaul Rohde; Fiscal Year: 2001..3) Predictors of participation vs. attrition, improvement vs. nonrecovery, and maintenance of gains vs. relapse. Predictors will include pre-treatment patient variables, in-session variables, and interventionist variables. ..
- DEVELOPMENT AND RISK OF JUVENILE DRUG ABUSERolf Loeber; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Evaluation of Treatments for Homeless Youth: CRA, MET and Case ManagementNatasha Slesnick; Fiscal Year: 2010..Information gained through this project may help address the gap in our understanding of how best to effectively intervene with a group at high risk for continuing health and psychological problems. ..
- Substance Use Consequences of School DisengagementKimberly Henry; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Mental Health Systems and Juvenile Justice OutcomesAlison Evans Cuellar; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CENTER FOR TREATMENT RESEARCH ON ADOLESCENT DRUG ABUSEHoward Liddle; Fiscal Year: 2003..This collaboration has yielded an integrative perspective on core challenges to the field which we have formed into this proposal. ..
- Does Girl Talk-2 Work in the Juvenile Justice System?Patricia Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2004..The collaboration between a school of nursing and a local juvenile probation department provides a unique opportunity to implement and evaluate a community-centered STD/HIV prevention intervention. ..
- Predictors of HIV Risks Among Urban YouthDexter Voisin; Fiscal Year: 2006..Such knowledge is critical to designing HIV prevention programs that are culture-specific, in order to curtail the increasing spread of infection. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Identifying Essential Skills for Violence PreventionALBERT FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2003..Completion of this work will set the stage for subsequent large-scale evaluation studies. ..
- Familias En Accion: Educating & Changing CommunitiesPatricia Kelly; Fiscal Year: 2008..This collaboration between the nurse-researcher, the multidisciplinary research team, and the targeted community provides an important venue for the dissemination of nursing knowledge and praxis in a Mexican-American community. ..
- Hurricane Katrina Effects on Female Adolescent OffendersAngela Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2007..This study will contribute to the design of prevention interventions for this population to address multiple health problems simultaneously. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Treatment Outcome with Runaway Adolescents IINatasha Slesnick; Fiscal Year: 2008..This project will also evaluate the cost-savings potential associated with each treatment intervention. ..
- Training for Treatment of Adolescent DepressionPaul Rohde; Fiscal Year: 2007..The proposed program will fulfill a critical need because no formalizing training procedure (written, conference-based, or computer-based) for the CWD-A intervention currently exists. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Economic Evaluation of Adolescent Drug ServicesHoward Liddle; Fiscal Year: 2003..In accord with recommended strategies for economic evaluation studies of health care interventions, we propose to examine outcomes from two important perspectives: 1) societal and 2) state policy makers. ..
- HIV Risk Reduction among Young Incarcerated FemalesAngela Robertson; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results will be useful to juvenile justice administrators and others that work with this high-risk population. ..
- Mental Health Effects on Young Men's ViolenceRolf Loeber; Fiscal Year: 2005..The study results are likely to be relevant for prevention, intervention and service delivery systems pertaining to young males at risk for violence. ..
- PRECURSORS TO ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY AND VIOLENCERolf Loeber; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Training Clinicians in Empirically Based Family TherapyHoward Liddle; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Preventing Alcohol Use Among African American YouthsGene Brody; Fiscal Year: 2009..As in the original research, a multi-informant design that includes reports from adolescents, their friends, their primary caregivers, and their teachers will be used to collect the additional data. ..
- Protective factors for sexual violence perpetrationMartie Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2008..g., transition from adolescence to young adulthood). Fifth, it examines if the model variables predict SV perpetration over time. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Effectiveness Trial Project SafeCare for Child NeglectMark Chaffin; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Preventing Drug Use in Rural African AmericanGene Brody; Fiscal Year: 2008..The proposed research and prevention program is designed to fill this need. ..