infant welfare


Summary: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the infant.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Spleen length in childhood with US: normal values based on age, sex, and somatometric parameters
    Stylianos D Megremis
    First Department of Radiology, Venizelio General Hospital, Heraklion, Crete, Greece
    Radiology 231:129-34. 2004
  2. ncbi Community-based interventions for improving perinatal and neonatal health outcomes in developing countries: a review of the evidence
    Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
    Pediatrics 115:519-617. 2005
  3. pmc Trends in use of referral hospital services for care of sick newborns in a community-based intervention in Tangail District, Bangladesh
    Sanwarul Bari
    ICDDR, B, GPO Box 128, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
    J Health Popul Nutr 24:519-29. 2006
  4. ncbi Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial (PROBIT): a randomized trial in the Republic of Belarus
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    JAMA 285:413-20. 2001
  5. ncbi Neighborhood mechanisms and the spatial dynamics of birth weight
    Jeffrey D Morenoff
    University of Michigan
    AJS 108:976-1017. 2003
  6. pmc Breast milk: an optimal food
    Jenny Pronczuk
    Environ Health Perspect 112:A722-3. 2004
  7. ncbi Political and welfare state determinants of infant and child health indicators: an analysis of wealthy countries
    Haejoo Chung
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, USA
    Soc Sci Med 63:829-42. 2006
  8. ncbi Home visiting by paraprofessionals and by nurses: a randomized, controlled trial
    David L Olds
    Prevention Research Center for Family and Child Health, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80220, USA
    Pediatrics 110:486-96. 2002
  9. pmc Reliability and validity of the Infant and Toddler Quality of Life Questionnaire (ITQOL) in a general population and respiratory disease sample
    Hein Raat
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, P O Box 2040, Rotterdam, ZH, 3000, CA, The Netherlands
    Qual Life Res 16:445-60. 2007
  10. ncbi Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI): implementation challenges in India
    Siddarth Ramji
    Indian Pediatr 43:1029-31. 2006

Detail Information

Publications219 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Spleen length in childhood with US: normal values based on age, sex, and somatometric parameters
    Stylianos D Megremis
    First Department of Radiology, Venizelio General Hospital, Heraklion, Crete, Greece
    Radiology 231:129-34. 2004
    ..To investigate with ultrasonography (US) normal spleen length in healthy children...
  2. ncbi Community-based interventions for improving perinatal and neonatal health outcomes in developing countries: a review of the evidence
    Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
    Pediatrics 115:519-617. 2005
    ..A comprehensive review of the evidence base for impact of interventions on neonatal health and survival in developing-country communities has not been reported...
  3. pmc Trends in use of referral hospital services for care of sick newborns in a community-based intervention in Tangail District, Bangladesh
    Sanwarul Bari
    ICDDR, B, GPO Box 128, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
    J Health Popul Nutr 24:519-29. 2006
  4. ncbi Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial (PROBIT): a randomized trial in the Republic of Belarus
    M S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    JAMA 285:413-20. 2001
    ..Potential sources of bias in such studies have led to doubts about the magnitude of these health benefits in industrialized countries...
  5. ncbi Neighborhood mechanisms and the spatial dynamics of birth weight
    Jeffrey D Morenoff
    University of Michigan
    AJS 108:976-1017. 2003
  6. pmc Breast milk: an optimal food
    Jenny Pronczuk
    Environ Health Perspect 112:A722-3. 2004
  7. ncbi Political and welfare state determinants of infant and child health indicators: an analysis of wealthy countries
    Haejoo Chung
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, USA
    Soc Sci Med 63:829-42. 2006
    ..Our investigation suggests that strong political will that advocates for more egalitarian welfare policies, including public medical services, is important in maintaining and improving the nation's health...
  8. ncbi Home visiting by paraprofessionals and by nurses: a randomized, controlled trial
    David L Olds
    Prevention Research Center for Family and Child Health, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80220, USA
    Pediatrics 110:486-96. 2002
  9. pmc Reliability and validity of the Infant and Toddler Quality of Life Questionnaire (ITQOL) in a general population and respiratory disease sample
    Hein Raat
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, P O Box 2040, Rotterdam, ZH, 3000, CA, The Netherlands
    Qual Life Res 16:445-60. 2007
  10. ncbi Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI): implementation challenges in India
    Siddarth Ramji
    Indian Pediatr 43:1029-31. 2006
  11. ncbi Research priorities to reduce global mortality from newborn infections by 2015
    Rajiv Bahl
    Department of Child and Adolescent Health, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:S43-8. 2009
    ..Appropriately targeted research is required to guide investment in effective interventions, especially in low resource settings. Setting global priorities for research to address neonatal infections is essential and urgent...
  12. ncbi Why are babies getting bigger? Temporal trends in fetal growth and its determinants
    Michael S Kramer
    Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Pediatr 141:538-42. 2002
    ..To describe temporal trends in fetal "growth" and to examine the roles of sociodemographic, anthropometric, and other determinants...
  13. pmc Reliability and validity of health status measurement by the TAPQOL
    E M Bunge
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, PO Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, Netherlands
    Arch Dis Child 90:351-8. 2005
    ..It is a generic instrument consisting of 12 scales that cover the domains physical, social, cognitive, and emotional functioning...
  14. ncbi A continuum of care to save newborn lives
    Anne Tinker
    Saving Newborn Lives and Secretariat for The Healthy Newborn Partnership, Save the Children USA, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    Lancet 365:822-5. 2005
  15. ncbi Advancing newborn health and survival in developing countries: a conceptual framework
    David R Marsh
    Saving Newborn Lives Initiative, Office of Health, Save the Children Federation USA, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    J Perinatol 22:572-6. 2002
  16. ncbi Protecting breastfeeding: Brazil's story
    Sonia de Oliveira Brady
    Pract Midwife 6:14-6. 2003
  17. pmc Immediate and early postnatal care for mothers and newborns in rural Bangladesh
    Uzma Syed
    Sang Newborn Lives, Save the Children USA, 2000 M St NW, Suite 500, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 24:508-18. 2006
  18. ncbi Infant exposure to environmental tobacco smoke: a prevalence study in Australia
    J B Daly
    Hunter Centre for Health Advancement, Wallsend, New South Wales
    Aust N Z J Public Health 25:132-7. 2001
  19. ncbi Evaluation of a counseling method for the prevention of child exposure to tobacco smoke: an example of client-centered communication
    B Fossum
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska Hospital, Norrbacka, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    Prev Med 38:295-301. 2004
    ..Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is an important risk factor. The aim of this study is to evaluate effects of the counseling method "Smoke-free children" that focuses on protection of infants...
  20. ncbi Predominance of rhinovirus in the nose of symptomatic and asymptomatic infants
    Inesz van Benten
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Pediatr Allergy Immunol 14:363-70. 2003
    ..In conclusion, rhinovirus infection is the most prevalent respiratory viral infection in infants. It may therefore affect the maturation of the immune system and the development of allergic disease considerably...
  21. ncbi Incidental findings on pediatric MR images of the brain
    Brian S Kim
    Department of Radiology, Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, Stanford, CA 94304, USA
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 23:1674-7. 2002
    ..Previous studies have addressed the prevalence of incidental findings in symptomatic and healthy adult populations. Our study aims to elucidate the prevalence of incidental findings in a healthy pediatric population...
  22. ncbi Evolution of ventricular septal defect with special reference to spontaneous closure rate, subaortic ridge and aortic valve prolapse
    A G Eroglu
    Department of Pediatrics, Istanbul University Cerrahpas, a Medical Faculty, Aksaray, Istanbul, Turkey
    Pediatr Cardiol 24:31-5. 2003
    ..3% (33) of 450 patients with perimembranous defect. There was no statistical significance between the age at closure and the age of detection of aneurysmal transformation in the patients with perimembranous defect (p = 0.25)...
  23. ncbi Will a handheld ultrasound scanner be applicable for screening for heart abnormalities in newborns and children?
    Xiaokui Li
    Clinical Care Center for Congenital Heart Disease, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, USA
    J Am Soc Echocardiogr 16:1007-14. 2003
    ..We tested a handheld system (HHS) (SonoHeart, SonoSite Inc, Bothell, Wash) equipped with a broadband, 7- to 4-MHz, miniaturized, curved, linear-array transducer and implemented with an improved directional Doppler flow map...
  24. ncbi Ventricular cardiac-assist devices in infants and children: anesthetic considerations
    Ehrenfried Schindler
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, German Pediatric Heart Center, Asklepios Klinik Sangt Augustin, Germany
    J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 17:617-21. 2003
    ..In this article, the authors report their experience with pediatric cardiac-assist devices and the perioperative anesthesia management in this group of patients...
  25. ncbi Aortic aneurysm after patch aortoplasty for coarctation: analysis of patch size and wall growth
    A Al-Hroob
    Divisions of Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, The Heart Institute for Children, Hope Children s Hospital, Advocate Christ Medical Center, Oak Lawn, IL, USA
    Pediatr Cardiol 24:10-6. 2003
    ..Serial EBT or magnetic resonance imaging is indicated to monitor aortic wall growth and occurrence of aneurysm...
  26. ncbi Evaluation of heart murmurs in children: cost-effectiveness and practical implications
    Michael S Yi
    Department of Internal Medicine and Institute for Health Policy and Health Services Research, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267 0535, USA
    J Pediatr 141:504-11. 2002
    ..To assess the cost-effectiveness of various strategies to evaluate heart murmurs in children...
  27. ncbi Human leukocyte antigen-DR and ABO mismatch are associated with accelerated homograft valve failure in children: implications for therapeutic interventions
    Roger J F Baskett
    Maritime Heart Centre and Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 126:232-9. 2003
    ..This study examines the incidence and factors associated with the failure of homograft valves and identifies those factors that are modifiable...
  28. ncbi An anthroposophic lifestyle and intestinal microflora in infancy
    Johan S Alm
    Sachs Children s Clinic, Soder Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Pediatr Allergy Immunol 13:402-11. 2002
    ..These differences may contribute to the lower prevalence of atopic disease previously observed in children in anthroposophic families...
  29. ncbi Will the 7-valent pneumococcal vaccine have a similar impact on all invasive pneumococcal infections in children in Germany as in the Kaiser Permanente Trial?
    Rudiger Von Kries
    Institute for Social Paediatrics, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat, Heiglhofstrasse 63, 81377 Munich, Germany
    Eur J Pediatr 161:S140-3. 2002
    ..The respective estimates for the number of potentially preventable IPI cases were 85% (95% CI 75%-91%) in the KPT compared to 71% (95% CI 67%-75%) in Germany...
  30. ncbi Asthma prevalence among Alaska Native and nonnative residents younger than 20 years enrolled in Medicaid
    Bradford D Gessner
    Alaska Division of Public Health, Anchorage, Alaska 99524, USA
    Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 90:616-21. 2003
    ..No study of childhood asthma prevalence in Alaska or among Alaska Natives has been conducted...
  31. ncbi Immunogenicity of decellularized cryopreserved allografts in pediatric cardiac surgery: comparison with standard cryopreserved allografts
    John A Hawkins
    Department of Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Utah Hospital, Salt Lake City 84113, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 126:247-52; discussion 252-3. 2003
    ..This preliminary study examined the HLA antibody response to these decellularized allografts and compared it with the response to standard allograft material...
  32. ncbi Use of bovine jugular vein to reconstruct the right ventricular outflow tract: early results
    Younes Boudjemline
    Service de Cardiologie Pediatrique, Hopital Necker Enfants Malades, 149 rue de Sevres, 75743 Paris Cedex 15, France
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 126:490-7. 2003
    ..We evaluate early results of bovine jugular vein conduits in the pulmonary outflow...
  33. ncbi Reoperations and survival after primary repair of congenital heart defects in children
    James L Monro
    Department of Cardiac Surgery, The General Hospital, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 126:511-20. 2003
    ..The objective of this article is to evaluate the incidence of reoperation and the associated risk and survival after primary repair of congenital heart defects using cardiopulmonary bypass in children...
  34. ncbi Osteogenesis imperfecta in childhood: MR imaging of basilar impression
    G J M Janus
    Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, University Medical Centre, Wilhelmina Childrens Hospital, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Eur J Radiol 47:19-24. 2003
    ..To confirm this sign and altered geometrical relationships of the craniocervical junction in course of time with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
  35. ncbi Mortality among HIV-infected paediatric patients in Barbados
    M A St John
    Department of Paediatrics, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Martindales Road, St Michael, Barbados, West Indies
    West Indian Med J 52:18-22. 2003
    ..Results of this study definitely indicate a need for improved resources in the management of paediatric HIV/AIDS cases, especially focussing on the availability and administration of anti-retroviral therapy...
  36. ncbi Comparison of polytetrafluoroethylene patch aortoplasty and end-to-end anastomosis for coarctation of the aorta
    Ronald J Walhout
    Children s Heart Center, Department of Cardiology Cardiac Surgery, Wilhelmina Children s Hospital UMC, University of Utrecht, 3501 CA Utrecht, The Netherlands
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 126:521-8. 2003
  37. ncbi [Maternal breastfeeding: health factor. Historical memory]
    L Barriuso
    Centro de Salud de Elizondo, Elizondo, Navarra, Spain
    An Sist Sanit Navar 30:383-91. 2007
  38. ncbi Color M-mode and Doppler tissue evaluation of diastolic function in children: simultaneous correlation with invasive indices
    William L Border
    Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, OH 45229 3039, USA
    J Am Soc Echocardiogr 16:988-94. 2003
  39. ncbi Classification of venous malformations in children and implications for sclerotherapy
    Stefan Puig
    Department of Radiology, University of Vienna, Wahringer Gurtel 18 20, 1090 Vienna, Austria
    Pediatr Radiol 33:99-103. 2003
  40. ncbi Intraperitoneal fluid in children: normal ultrasound findings depend on which scan head you use
    Sigrid Jequier
    Department of Pediatric Radiology, University Hospital of Geneva, 6 Rue Willy Donze, 1214 Geneva, Switzerland
    Pediatr Radiol 33:86-91. 2003
  41. ncbi Relationship of house-dust mite allergen exposure in children's bedrooms in infancy to bronchial hyperresponsiveness and asthma diagnosis by age 6 to 7
    Paul M Carter
    Henry Ford Health System, Division of Allergy, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 90:41-4. 2003
    ..Several studies have suggested that exposure to house-dust mite (HDM) allergen in infancy increases the risk of developing asthma...
  42. ncbi The incidence of arrhythmias in a pediatric cardiac intensive care unit
    T M Hoffman
    Division of Cardiology, The Cardiac Center at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4399, USA
    Pediatr Cardiol 23:598-604. 2002
    ..9% of admissions). Patients admitted to a pediatric CICU have a high incidence of arrhythmias, most likely associated with their underlying pathophysiology and to the breadth of medical and surgical interventions conducted...
  43. ncbi Bare delivery of medium and large stents in patients with congenital heart disease
    Michael S Vance
    Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory, Children s Hospital of the King s Daughters, Norfolk, Virginia 23507, USA
    Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 60:276-81. 2003
    ..Furthermore, eliminating the long sheath can improve stent delivery and allow new options when addressing bifurcation lesions...
  44. ncbi Pediatric arteriovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) as a bridge to cardiac transplantation
    William P Fiser
    Pediatric and Congenital Cardiac Surgery, Arkansas Children s Hospital, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas 72202, USA
    J Heart Lung Transplant 22:770-7. 2003
    ..Since 1990, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been used as a bridge to cardiac transplantation in 47 patients...
  45. ncbi Impact of cardiac growth on Doppler tissue imaging velocities: a study in healthy children
    Benjamin W Eidem
    Lillie Frank Abercrombie Section of Pediatric Cardiology, Texas Children s Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, 6621 Fannin MC 19 345C, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    J Am Soc Echocardiogr 17:212-21. 2004
    ..In addition, the clinical effect of cardiac growth and other demographic and echocardiographic parameters on DTI velocities during childhood has not been adequately evaluated...
  46. ncbi 'Real' epidemiology of varicose veins and chronic venous diseases: the San Valentino Vascular Screening Project
    M R Cesarone
    San Valentino Vascular Screening Project, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Chieti University, Italy
    Angiology 53:119-30. 2002
    ..The increase with age is linear. There was no important difference between males and females. These results are the basis for future real, whole population studies to evaluate VV and CVI...
  47. ncbi Antegrade palliation for diminutive pulmonary arteries in Tetralogy of Fallot
    Ralf G Seipelt
    Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Paulwelsstrasse 30, G 52074 Aachen, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 21:721-4; discussion 724. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome following palliative reconstruction of right ventricular outflow tract in Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with diminutive pulmonary arteries with central and peripheral stenosis...
  48. ncbi Bovine valved venous xenografts for RVOT reconstruction: results after 71 implantations
    Thomas Breymann
    Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart Center North Rhine Westfalia, Ruhr University of Bochum, Bad Oeynhausen, Germany
    Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 21:703-10; discussion 710. 2002
    ..Contegra, a bovine jugular vein graft, might be an interesting alternative to overcome these problems...
  49. ncbi Atopy and house dust mite sensitization as risk factors for asthma in children
    M Miraglia Del Giudice
    Clinica Pediatrica, Seconda Universita di Napoli, Italy
    Allergy 57:169-72. 2002
    ..Recent evidence suggests that asthma is not invariably related to atopy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of atopy, asthma and sensitization to eight common allergens in a large group of children with allergic symptoms...
  50. ncbi The spectrum of subdivided left atrium: diagnosis, treatment and outcome in eight patients
    Walter Knirsch
    Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Pediatric Intensive Care, Olgahospital, Stuttgart, Germany
    Cardiol Young 12:12-7. 2002
    ..3+/-20.2 months. The infants were thriving, had a reduction in the frequency of infections of the respiratory tract, no significant arrhythmias, and showed early recovery from pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular hypertrophy...
  51. ncbi Childhood asthma hospitalization rates, childhood asthma prevalence, and their relationships in Erie County, New York
    Shao Lin
    Bureau of Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology, New York State Department of Health, Troy, New York 12180, USA
    J Asthma 42:653-8. 2005
    ..The hospitalization-to-prevalence ratio may be useful in estimating prevalence from more easily available hospitalization data...
  52. ncbi The WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study: planning, study design, and methodology
    Mercedes de Onis
    Department of Nutrition, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Food Nutr Bull 25:S15-26. 2004
  53. ncbi Ten-year experience using a plastic, disposable curette for the diagnosis of primary ciliary dyskinesia
    Jon E Welch
    Section of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, West Virginia University, School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 9214, USA
    Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 93:189-92. 2004
    ..Other associated findings of dysfunctional ciliary activity include situs inversus, dextrocardia, and infertility...
  54. ncbi Optimal surgical approach for repair of aortopulmonary window
    C C Hew
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachussets, USA
    Cardiol Young 11:385-90. 2001
    ..01). CONCLUSIONS: Repair of aortopulmonary window can be done with excellent results. A pulmonary arteriotomy should be avoided...
  55. ncbi Increased lymphoid MxA expression in acute asthma exacerbation in children
    T Itazawa
    Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Toyama, Japan
    Allergy 56:895-8. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Flow cytometric assay of MxA protein expression in whole blood appears to be an easy and useful method to evaluate viral infections in acute asthma exacerbation...
  56. ncbi [Negative effects of maternal smoking during the course of pregnancy]
    N Billaud
    , , 57038 Metz, France
    Arch Pediatr 8:875-81. 2001
    ..Postnatal smoke exposure increases the respiratory complications in infancy and childhood. Considering the severity of these deleterious effects, the development of a large preventive policy appears necessary...
  57. ncbi Permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia in infants and children: effectiveness of medical and non-medical treatment
    F Drago
    Department of Pediatric Cardiology, , Rome, Italy
    Ital Heart J 2:456-61. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: PJRT in pediatric patients can be successfully treated with antiarrhythmic drugs, this may allow delay of the highly effective radiofrequency ablation treatment until the children have reached an adequate growth...
  58. ncbi Does WIC work? The effects of WIC on pregnancy and birth outcomes
    Marianne P Bitler
    RAND Corporation, USA
    J Policy Anal Manage 24:73-91. 2005
    ..The positive impacts of WIC are larger among subsets of even more disadvantaged women, such as those who received public assistance last year, single high school dropouts, and teen mothers...
  59. ncbi Delivery of nutrition services in health systems in sub-Saharan Africa: opportunities in Burkina Faso, Mozambique and Niger
    Rachel D Hampshire
    Helen Keller International, BP 8150 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso
    Public Health Nutr 7:1047-53. 2004
    ..As the coverage of national health systems expands, increased opportunities exist to address the needs of children and women, the most vulnerable to these deficiencies, through high-quality nutrition services...
  60. ncbi Reconstructive surgery for congenitally malformed mitral valve
    Edvin Prifti
    G Pasquinucci Hospital, CREAS IFC CNR, Massa, Italy
    J Heart Valve Dis 11:145-52. 2002
  61. ncbi Molecular epidemiology of Plasmodium falciparum infections among asymptomatic inhabitants of a holoendemic malarious area in northern Ghana
    S Owusu-Agyei
    Navrongo Health Research Centre, Navrongo, Ghana
    Trop Med Int Health 7:421-8. 2002
  62. ncbi Polyhydramnios: a predictor of severe growth impairment in achondroplasia
    Giuseppe Latini
    Division of Pediatrics, Perrino Hospital, Azienda Ospedaliera A Di Summa, Clinical Physiology Institute IFC CNR, National Research Council of Italy, Lecce Section, Brindisi, Italy
    J Pediatr 141:274-6. 2002
    ..A history of polyhydramnios (9 of 20 cases) was associated with a lower height (SD) (P <.05), more severe shortening of the lower segment and upper limbs (P =.0001), and higher frequency of left-handedness (P =.0081)...
  63. ncbi Indicators of adult height outcome in classical 21-hydroxylase deficiency congenital adrenal hyperplasia
    Sarah Muirhead
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Eastern Ontario, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    J Pediatr 141:247-52. 2002
  64. ncbi Coronary artery fistulas in neonates, infants, and children: clinical findings and outcome
    K S Hsieh
    Department of Pediatrics, Veterans General Hospital Kaohsiung, 386 Ta Chung 1st Rd, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    Pediatr Cardiol 23:415-9. 2002
    ..Nine patients were asymptomatic. Because complications including endocarditis may be encountered in later life, we suggest early closure with coil embolization...
  65. ncbi Echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular size and function in normal children from infancy to adolescence: acoustic quantification in comparison with traditional echocardiographic techniques
    R Brangenberg
    Department of Pediatrics, Traunstein Medical Center, Cuno Niggl Strasse 3, D 83278 Traunstein, Germany
    Pediatr Cardiol 23:394-402. 2002
    ..001). Our data permit the determination of normal ranges of AQ parameters in relation to body surface area or age...
  66. ncbi One-wire technique for performance of balloon aortic valvuloplasty
    Sherri S Baker
    Pediatric Cardiovascular Program, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    J Interv Cardiol 17:17-9. 2004
    ..We present a new one-wire technique for balloon aortic valvuloplasty and discuss possible advantages of this technique over other techniques...
  67. ncbi Toronto AIDS conference: where were the children?
    Nigel Rollins
    Lancet 368:1236-7. 2006
  68. ncbi Utility of B-type natriuretic peptide in differentiating congestive heart failure from lung disease in pediatric patients with respiratory distress
    S Koulouri
    Division of Cardiology, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    Pediatr Cardiol 25:341-6. 2004
    ..0074). We conclude that BNP level is of value in differentiating cardiac from pulmonary causes of respiratory distress in children...
  69. ncbi Magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of cardiac tumor characteristics in infants and children
    Maria G Kiaffas
    Department of Cardiology, Children s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Cardiol 89:1229-33. 2002
  70. ncbi Interventional catheterization performed in the early postoperative period after congenital heart surgery in children
    Evan M Zahn
    Department of Cardiology, Miami Children s Hospital, Miami, Florida 33155, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 43:1264-9. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the safety and efficacy of interventional catheterization performed early after congenital heart surgery...
  71. ncbi The use of the paediatric tuberculosis score chart in an HIV-endemic area
    Patrick van Rheenen
    St Theresa s Mission Hospital, Ibenga, Mpongwe District, Copperbelt Province, Zambia
    Trop Med Int Health 7:435-41. 2002
    ..The paediatric tuberculosis score chart (TSC) was developed for resource-poor countries and its use continues to be promoted despite the fact that this scoring system has not been evaluated in countries with a high HIV prevalence...
  72. ncbi Predictors of outcome of myocarditis
    B Kuhn
    Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520 8064, USA
    Pediatr Cardiol 25:379-84. 2004
    ..Predictive factors at admission for poor outcome were ejection fraction < 30%, shortening fraction < 15%, left ventricular dilatation, and moderate to severe mitral regurgitation...
  73. ncbi Surveillance of infant feeding practices in Riyadh city
    Mohammed Saleh Al-Jassir
    Nutrition Department, Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia
    Ann Saudi Med 24:136-40. 2004
  74. ncbi [Visual screening in 3- to 5-year-old preschool children: Maternal and Infant Welfare evaluation program in the Hauts-de-Seine district, France]
    C Bois
    Service départemental de PMI, conseil général des Hauts de Seine, Nanterre, France
    J Fr Ophtalmol 30:570-6. 2007
    ..Early visual screening is essential to prevent the risk of amblyopia and treat strabismus. The Maternal and Infant Welfare department of the Hauts-de-Seine district (France) organized a systematic visual screening during a routine ..
  75. ncbi Maternal socio-demographic factors influencing the initiation and exclusivity of breastfeeding in a Nigerian semi-urban setting
    Tinuade A Ogunlesi
    Department of Paediatrics, Olabisi Onabanjo University, P O Box 652, Sagamu 121001, Nigeria
    Matern Child Health J 14:459-65. 2010
    ..The success of breastfeeding promotion is influenced by maternal factors. Therefore, it is vital to examine the influence of basic maternal demographic factors on breastfeeding practices...
  76. pmc Epidemiology of complications of male circumcision in Ibadan, Nigeria
    Linus I Okeke
    Surgery Department, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
    BMC Urol 6:21. 2006
    ..We therefore decided to carry out this study in order to shed some light on this growing problem...
  77. ncbi Breast-feeding pattern and onset of menstruation among Yoruba mothers of South-west Nigeria
    Oluwafemi Kuti
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Perinatology, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
    Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 12:335-9. 2007
    ..To determine the breast-feeding practices and duration of lactational amenorrhoea among women within the first year of delivery in a Nigerian population...
  78. ncbi [Development and popularization of medical breastfeeding recommendations in twentieth-century Germany]
    Jörg Vögele
    Institut fur Geschichte der Medizin, Heinrich Heine Universitat Dusseldorf
    Medizinhist J 45:222-50. 2010
    ..end of the nineteenth century raised fears about the nation's future and led to the emergence of an increasing infant welfare movement in Imperial Germany...
  79. pmc SIDS risk factors and factors associated with prone sleeping in Sweden
    B Alm
    Department of Paediatrics, Goteborg University, Sweden
    Arch Dis Child 91:915-9. 2006
    ..To compare the current prevalence of risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Sweden with a decade earlier, and assess factors associated with prone sleeping...
  80. ncbi [Health checkup for 3- to 4-year-old children: results of screening tests performed in 1999 by physicians in the Maternal and Infant Welfare program in the Gironde region]
    S Petit-Carrié
    Service de protection maternelle et infantile, direction Solidarité Gironde, esplanade Charles de Gaulle, 33074 Bordeaux, France
    Arch Pediatr 8:588-97. 2001
    In the Gironde region, the physicians of the Mother and Infant Welfare department in charge of the 3- to 4-year-old childrens' health checkup have set up a public health approach which led to new practical methods of screening tests in ..
  81. ncbi [The Austrian pediatrician Theodor Escherich as bacteriologist and social hygienist: The 100th anniversary of his death on February 15th, 1911]
    Heinz Flamm
    ehem Vorstand des Klinischen Instituts für Hygiene der Universität Wien, Wien, Osterreich
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 123:157-71. 2011
    ..In Graz and particularly in Vienna, Escherich's social-medical activities were concentrated on the baby and infant welfare. This was promoted by the construction of baby departments in hospitals, instructions of mothers, improvement ..
  82. ncbi The social shaping of childhood vaccination practice in rural and urban Gambia
    J A Cassell
    Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
    Health Policy Plan 21:373-91. 2006
    ..are found amongst poorer urban mothers, including recent immigrants, who experience social exclusion at infant welfare clinics...
  83. ncbi Situation analysis of the existing infant feeding pattern at the commencement of the prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programme in Ibadan
    B J Brown
    Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, University of Ibadan, Ibadan
    Niger J Clin Pract 12:421-8. 2009
    ..To evaluate breastfeeding and weaning practices associated socio-demographic factors and knowledge about mother-to-child transmission of HIV among mothers in Ibadan...
  84. pmc Growth diagrams for grip strength in children
    H M Ties Molenaar
    Department of Rehabilitation, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Clin Orthop Relat Res 468:217-23. 2010
    ..As an alternative, infant welfare centers throughout the world use growth diagrams to observe normative growth...
  85. ncbi Duration of breast-feeding and adiposity in adult life
    Perrie F O'Tierney
    Heart Research Center, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    J Nutr 139:422S-5S. 2009
    ..In the past, the heights and weights of infants and the duration of breast-feeding were routinely recorded at infant welfare clinics in Helsinki, Finland. Most infants in the city were taken to these free clinics...
  86. ncbi Infant welfare, philanthropy and entrepreneurship in Glasgow: Sister Laura's Infant Food Company
    L T Weaver
    Department of Child Health, Centre for the History of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, UK
    J R Coll Physicians Edinb 38:179-86. 2008
    ..of the health and care of infants of the time - high infant mortality, public and professional concerns for infant welfare, technological advances in food science, changing recommendations and practices of infant feeding and ..
  87. ncbi [Consultation in a baby clinic of the PMI (mother and infant welfare service): a survey in a French department]
    Serge Fanello
    Département universitaire de santé publique, CHU Angers, 49933 Angers 9
    Sante Publique 19:9-18; discussion 18. 2007
    ..medical demography and the governmental directives aimed at improving care in the prenatal period, the prospect of a closer working relationship between these two parties involved in infant welfare would seem to be a way of the future.
  88. ncbi [Early visual screening appears essential to detect complete amblyopia risk and to treat strabismus earlier]
    C Bois
    Service départemental de PMI, conseil général des Hauts de Seine, Nanterre, France
    J Fr Ophtalmol 32:629-39. 2009
    ..The aim of this study was to describe the technique and the results of screening performed by physicians of the Hauts-de-Seine district in 2004...
  89. ncbi Bed-sharing in the first four months of life: a risk factor for sudden infant death
    Jan H Ruys
    Leiden University Medical Center, Reviuslaan 38, 2343 JR Oegstgeest, The Netherlands
    Acta Paediatr 96:1399-403. 2007
    ..To investigate the risk of sudden infant death in the Netherlands during bed-sharing in the first half year of life and the protective effect of breastfeeding on it...
  90. ncbi [1901-2001: 100 years of physicians of infant and toddler welfare centers in the Netherlands]
    B de Pree-Geerlings
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 145:2461-5. 2001
    This year marks the centenary of infant welfare centres in the Netherlands. In 1901, Plantenga opened the first infant welfare centre in The Hague, the Netherlands...
  91. ncbi [Parents have accepted the advice on how to prevent sudden infant death]
    Bernt Alm
    Avdelningen för pediatrik, Göteborgs Universitet
    Lakartidningen 101:1268-70. 2004
    ..of small infants have accepted the advice on ways to reduce the risk of SIDS, and that information given at infant welfare clinics is still effective ten years later...
  92. pmc Two strategies for the delivery of IPTc in an area of seasonal malaria transmission in the Gambia: a randomised controlled trial
    Kalifa A Bojang
    Medical Research Council Laboratories, Banjul, The Gambia
    PLoS Med 8:e1000409. 2011
    ..In rural areas, RCH trekking teams provide most of the health care to children under the age of 5 years in the Infant Welfare Clinic, and provide antenatal care for pregnant women.
  93. ncbi Urbanization and the urban mortality change in Imperial Germany
    J Vögele
    Institut fur Geschichte der Medizin, Universitat Dusseldorf, Postfach 10 10 07, D 40001, Dusseldorf, Germany
    Health Place 6:41-55. 2000
    ..Therefore this analysis discusses the impact of selected public health strategies designed to fight high infant mortality rates. Special emphasis is placed on municipal milk supply and infant welfare centres.
  94. ncbi Reliability of still photography measuring habitual head deviation from midline in infants with congenital muscular torticollis
    Mary Rahlin
    Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Professions, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, Illinois 60064, USA
    Pediatr Phys Ther 22:399-406. 2010
    ..To establish intrarater and interrater reliability of still photography for measuring habitual head deviation from midline in infants with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT)...
  95. ncbi Ultrasound assessment of detrusor muscle thickness in children with non-neuropathic bladder/sphincter dysfunction
    Andrea Cvitkovic-Kuzmic
    Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Children s Hospital Zagreb, Croatia
    Eur Urol 41:214-8; discussion 218-9. 2002
    ..To measure detrusor muscle thickness in children with non-neuropathic bladder/sphincter dysfunction (NNBSD), and to evaluate the difference between children with various bladder dysfunctions and those with normal urodynamics...
  96. ncbi Maternal health and knowledge and infant health outcomes in the Ariaal people of northern Kenya
    Elizabeth M Miller
    Department of Anthropology, University of Michigan, 101 West Hall, 1085 S University Ave, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United States
    Soc Sci Med 73:1266-74. 2011
    ..These results highlight the importance of both traditional and Western health knowledge for Ariaal mothers and infants...
  97. pmc The effect of the WIC program on the health of newborns
    E Michael Foster
    Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Rosenau Hall, Campus Box 7445, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7445, USA
    Health Serv Res 45:1083-104. 2010
    ..To determine the effect of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) on birth outcomes...
  98. ncbi Breast feeding in the UK
    Christine Carson
    Department of Health, London
    J Fam Health Care 13:59-61. 2003
  99. ncbi Health care of children living with their mother in prison compared with the general population
    Pietro Ferrara
    Department of Pediatrics, Catholic University, A Gemelli Hospital, Rome
    Scand J Public Health 37:265-72. 2009
    ..We describe health care of children living in the nest areas and we compare this condition with the general population...
  100. ncbi Aortic valve prolapse and aortic regurgitation in patients with ventricular septal defect
    A G Eroglu
    Department of Pediatrics, Istanbul University, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Aksaray, Istanbul, Turkey
    Pediatr Cardiol 24:36-9. 2003
    ..In addition, we recommend surgical intervention in patients with perimembranous or muscular outlet VSD, AVP, and mild AR because of rapid progression of mild AR to moderate AR...
  101. ncbi Angiographic features of rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma (RICH)
    Orhan Konez
    Vascular and Interventional Radiology, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
    Pediatr Radiol 33:15-9. 2003
    ..This congenital high-flow vascular tumor is difficult to distinguish angiographically from arteriovenous malformation and congenital infantile fibrosarcoma...

Research Grants67

    Jeffrey Baker; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Such an approach will take into account the contributions of other child advocates, particularly the many women involved in the nursing profession and infant welfare movement.
  2. Effects of oral clefts on birth outcomes and cleft risks due to maternal smoking
    GEORGE WEHBY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Another aim is to obtain consistent estimates of the effect of maternal smoking or cleft lip and palate risk. The proposed model can be applied to study other newborn disorders. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  3. Health outcomes and improved phenotypic characterization of cleft lip and palate
    GEORGE WEHBY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study results are highly relevant for identifying health care needs, improving care practices and developing strategies to prevent cleft lip and palate and/or reduce its associated adverse effects. ..
  4. T Regulatory Cells and Childhood Asthma
    James Gern; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. CARE Network - Madison Clinical Center
    ROBERT LEMANSKE; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Reducing Postpartum Weight Retention Among Low Income, Ethnically Diverse Women
    Lorraine Walker; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  7. Treatment of Severe Persistent Asthma
    ROBERT LEMANSKE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Maternal fatty acids, birth weight and child development
    Emily Oken; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Computer Adaptive Testing of Pediatric Self-care and Social Function
    Stephen Haley; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Many rehabilitation settings may also find this measure helpful in meeting accreditation and institutional requirements for standardizing outcome monitoring in groups of children. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Health Literacy and Child Prevention Injury
    Andrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    EDWARD FOSTER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..g., special education); (4) collection and processing of administrative data (e.g., on welfare receipt); (5) development and estimation of statistical models used to predict future social costs. ..
  12. HIV Protective Immunity and Perinatal Exposure
    Louise Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. Evaluating Child Safety Product Dissemination and Educa*
    Andrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract not provided ..
  14. Postpartum Depression: Omega-3 FA vs Placebo
    Marlene Freeman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These doses should provide an adequate test of the efficacy of omega-3 fatty acids while being safe for the mother and breastfeeding baby. ..
  15. Clinical Relevance of Transient Nevirapine Resistance
    Louise Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  16. Oxygen and Phototherapy in perinatal period: Risk of Acute Lymphoctyic Leukemia
    Nigel Paneth; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If these treatments increase the risk of leukemia, it should be possible to find alternative ways to manage newborn problems that minimize exposure to these treatments [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. Behavioral Effects of Welfare Reform
    Nancy E Reichman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. New Paradigms of Cerebral Palsy Etiology: A Comprehensive Case Control Study
    NIGEL SEFTON PANETH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Maternal interviews and birth certificates will inform the above analyses by linking molecular information to self-reported and recorded clinical events and conditions. ..
  19. Community-Based Lifestyle Promotion With Latino Women
    Deborah Koniak Griffin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Understanding also will be enhanced about the influence of interpersonal and environmental factors on adoption of healthy lifestyle behaviors of Latinas. ..
  20. Predictors of Dietary Quality in Low-Income Pregnant Women
    Eileen R Fowles; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..More effective targeted strategies initiated within this narrow window of time may reduce the number of low birth weight infants and improve obstetrical outcomes. ..
  21. Molecular epidemiologic identification of pneumococcal tissue specific genes
    MELINDA MARY PETTIGREW; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A greater understanding of the genetic factors that influence the virulence potential of pneumococcal clones is critical to our ability to develop effective methods to control, prevent, and treat these important infections. ..
  22. Effects of Adrenal and Gonadal HR in Young Women with AN
    Catherine M Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Specific Aim 2: To determine whether combined therapy with adrenal and gonadal steroid replacement changes bone structure to increase strength compared to placebo, as assessed through cross-sectional geometric analysis of DXA data. ..
  23. Pathogenesis of Essential Tremor: Cerebellar Metabolism
    Elan Louis; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. Clinically enhanced multi-purpose administrative dataset for comparative effectiv
    Hamisu Salihu; Fiscal Year: 2010
  25. Antepartum Interpersonal Psychotherapy at 3 NYC Sites
    Margaret Spinelli; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Co-investigators are maternal fetal medicine faculty from respective sites who will be primary liaison to the respective departments of obstetrics and provide clinical obstetrical needs of the study. ..
  26. The Johns Hopkins Injury Control Research Center
    Andrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Application Not Provided ..
  27. Annual Mentoring Program in PsychoNeuroImmunology (PNI) Research
    Christopher Coe; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  28. Regulation- Medulloblastoma Growth by alpha-v integrins
    Tobey Macdonald; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The long-range goal of this work is to broaden our understanding of medulloblastoma growth, so that novel biologic therapies may be developed into new treatments for medulloblastoma, the most common malignant brain tumor in children. ..
  29. Impact of adolescent pregnancy on nutritional status
    Joanne Katz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Measures of nutritional status at birth include weight, length, head, chest and mid upper arm circumference. Growth of these infants through 6 months of age will also be examined, as will hemoglobin and serum retinol at 3 months of age. ..
    Christopher Coe; Fiscal Year: 2004
    Steven Haider; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. Computer Adaptive Testing of Post-Acute Care Functioning
    Stephen Haley; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. Brief Child Safety Interventions in Emergency Department
    Andrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..With the ever growing access to computers in medical care settings, the Safety in Seconds program should be readily adaptable to other pediatric emergency department settings that serve vulnerable populations. ..
    Lorraine Walker; Fiscal Year: 2003
  35. Smokeless Tobacco Use and Cessation in Rural Appalachia
    MARY WEWERS; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Multivariate logistic regression analyses will be performed to describe a model of quitter versus continuing user. Oral health status will also be evaluated at 12 months post intervention. ..
  36. The Youth Employment Training Pilot Program
    Henry Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Data from the anonymous school based surveys will be used to determine whether youth who have obtained a work permit are less likely to experience a work related injury. ..
    David Olds; Fiscal Year: 2002
    LAWRENCE SCHELL; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
    ROBERT LEMANSKE; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The results of these studies will provide information that will be a major step forward in our understanding of the relative influence that genetic and environmental risk factors on the development of childhood asthma. ..
    Fernando Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2001
  41. Understanding Widow Poverty
    Steven Haider; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We will rely on the various data sets that are collected as part of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and the Asset and Health Dynamics (AHEAD) surveys for this research. ..
  42. A Maternally Linked Data Set with Analytic Aids
    Jack Leiss; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We will develop advanced quantitative methods for maternally linked data, which will be included as analytic aids in the documentation for the file. ..
  43. Connexin 26 Testing in Infants
    Christina Palmer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..A large cohort of infants and toddlers will be followed for up to three years to fully evaluate the audiologic phenotype of infants and data will be compared based on Cx26 genotype. ..
  44. AADRC -- Mechanisms of Virus-Induced Asthma
    James Gern; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..It is proposed that these collaborative studies will provide new insight into mechanisms of respiratory-virus-induced asthma, the possible role of diminished IFN-gamma production in this process, and possibilities for new treatment...
  45. Gene Discovery for Pneumococcal Otitis Media
    Melinda Pettigrew; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Discovery of additional factors involved in streptococcal OM will facilitate the development of new strategies for the control and prevention of this important disease. ..
    Deborah Koniak Griffin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. Internet Based Patient-Centered Asthma Management System
    Dimitri Christakis; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Children in AsthmaNet families will be more likely to report using written care plans. Aim 4: to decrease the number of symptom days for children with asthma H4. Children in AsthmaNet families will experience fewer symptom days. ..
    ROBERT LEMANSKE; Fiscal Year: 2002
  49. Understanding Barriers to Oral Health Care In Pregnancy: The First Step to Improv
    Kim Boggess; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  50. Youth Alcohol, Tobacco and Marijuana Use: Effects of Hours of Work and Wages
    Robert Kaestner; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed research will identify the importance of employment and earned income on youth substance use and produce information that can be used to design effective public health policy to address this problem. ..
  51. Computer Adaptive Testing of Functional Status
    Stephen Haley; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. School Wide Prevention of Risk Factors for Drug Abuse
    Ted Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2005
  53. Fetal Adaptation of Chronic Uterine Blood Flow Reduction
    David Boyle; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These data will be crucial in the design of potential interventions in humans to prevent and/or mitigate fetal growth restriction and its lifelong consequences. ..
  54. Parent Initiated Prevention Program
    Dimitri Christakis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..3) To improve parental perceptions of the quality of care provided.H3: Compared to controls, PIPP parents will report higher scores on selected Consumer Assessment of Health Plans (CAHPS) items. ..
  55. Tuberculosis Diagnostics: Towards More Precise Testing in Children
    Joseph Bellanti; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  56. IL8 and GATA3-mediated Pathways in Asthma Exacerbations
    Fernando Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..End of Abstract) [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
    Kim Boggess; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Understanding of these mechanisms may assist in the development of interventions to protect the fetus and placenta from damage as a result of chronic maternal infection with oral pathogens. ..
    Fernando Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This will allow to better understand the genetic influence that determine asthma risk. ..
    Fernando Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. A Biosocial Study of Childhood Disability
    DAPHNE BUGENTAL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Finally, we will study the benefits of an attribution-based home visitation program for new parents of "challenged" children as a means of reducing risk and fostering opportunity. ..
  61. Welfare Reform, Fertility and Reproductive Behavior
    Robert Kaestner; Fiscal Year: 2003
  62. Effects of Child Health on Family Resources
    Nancy Reichman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results will yield important information about the processes underlying the health component of the intergenerational transmission of poverty. ..
    Nancy Reichman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..AIM 2: Augment the Fragile Families survey data by geo-coding the individual records and attaching neighborhood measures. AIM 3: Conduct descriptive analyses of infant and child health using the enhanced data. ..
  64. CARE Network - Tucson Clinical Center
    Fernando Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  65. Neighborhood Context and Latino Youth
    Reanne Frank; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..S., the ways in which particular residential contexts influence Latino adolescent development will be increasingly significant for communities across the country. ..