Summary: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the infant.
Publications219 found, 100 shown here
- Spleen length in childhood with US: normal values based on age, sex, and somatometric parametersStylianos D Megremis
First Department of Radiology, Venizelio General Hospital, Heraklion, Crete, Greece
Radiology 231:129-34. 2004..To investigate with ultrasonography (US) normal spleen length in healthy children...
- Community-based interventions for improving perinatal and neonatal health outcomes in developing countries: a review of the evidenceZulfiqar A Bhutta
Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
Pediatrics 115:519-617. 2005..A comprehensive review of the evidence base for impact of interventions on neonatal health and survival in developing-country communities has not been reported...
- Trends in use of referral hospital services for care of sick newborns in a community-based intervention in Tangail District, BangladeshSanwarul Bari
ICDDR, B, GPO Box 128, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
J Health Popul Nutr 24:519-29. 2006....
- Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial (PROBIT): a randomized trial in the Republic of BelarusM S Kramer
Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
JAMA 285:413-20. 2001..Potential sources of bias in such studies have led to doubts about the magnitude of these health benefits in industrialized countries...
- Neighborhood mechanisms and the spatial dynamics of birth weightJeffrey D Morenoff
University of Michigan
AJS 108:976-1017. 2003....
- Breast milk: an optimal foodJenny Pronczuk
Environ Health Perspect 112:A722-3. 2004
- Political and welfare state determinants of infant and child health indicators: an analysis of wealthy countriesHaejoo Chung
Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, USA
Soc Sci Med 63:829-42. 2006..Our investigation suggests that strong political will that advocates for more egalitarian welfare policies, including public medical services, is important in maintaining and improving the nation's health...
- Home visiting by paraprofessionals and by nurses: a randomized, controlled trialDavid L Olds
Prevention Research Center for Family and Child Health, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80220, USA
Pediatrics 110:486-96. 2002....
- Reliability and validity of the Infant and Toddler Quality of Life Questionnaire (ITQOL) in a general population and respiratory disease sampleHein Raat
Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, P O Box 2040, Rotterdam, ZH, 3000, CA, The Netherlands
Qual Life Res 16:445-60. 2007....
- Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI): implementation challenges in IndiaSiddarth Ramji
Indian Pediatr 43:1029-31. 2006
- Research priorities to reduce global mortality from newborn infections by 2015Rajiv Bahl
Department of Child and Adolescent Health, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:S43-8. 2009..Appropriately targeted research is required to guide investment in effective interventions, especially in low resource settings. Setting global priorities for research to address neonatal infections is essential and urgent...
- Why are babies getting bigger? Temporal trends in fetal growth and its determinantsMichael S Kramer
Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
J Pediatr 141:538-42. 2002..To describe temporal trends in fetal "growth" and to examine the roles of sociodemographic, anthropometric, and other determinants...
- Reliability and validity of health status measurement by the TAPQOLE M Bunge
Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, PO Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, Netherlands
Arch Dis Child 90:351-8. 2005..It is a generic instrument consisting of 12 scales that cover the domains physical, social, cognitive, and emotional functioning...
- A continuum of care to save newborn livesAnne Tinker
Saving Newborn Lives and Secretariat for The Healthy Newborn Partnership, Save the Children USA, Washington, DC 20036, USA
Lancet 365:822-5. 2005
- Advancing newborn health and survival in developing countries: a conceptual frameworkDavid R Marsh
Saving Newborn Lives Initiative, Office of Health, Save the Children Federation USA, Washington, DC 20036, USA
J Perinatol 22:572-6. 2002....
- Protecting breastfeeding: Brazil's storySonia de Oliveira Brady
Pract Midwife 6:14-6. 2003
- Immediate and early postnatal care for mothers and newborns in rural BangladeshUzma Syed
Sang Newborn Lives, Save the Children USA, 2000 M St NW, Suite 500, Washington, DC 20036, USA
J Health Popul Nutr 24:508-18. 2006....
- Infant exposure to environmental tobacco smoke: a prevalence study in AustraliaJ B Daly
Hunter Centre for Health Advancement, Wallsend, New South Wales
Aust N Z J Public Health 25:132-7. 2001....
- Evaluation of a counseling method for the prevention of child exposure to tobacco smoke: an example of client-centered communicationB Fossum
Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska Hospital, Norrbacka, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
Prev Med 38:295-301. 2004..Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is an important risk factor. The aim of this study is to evaluate effects of the counseling method "Smoke-free children" that focuses on protection of infants...
- Predominance of rhinovirus in the nose of symptomatic and asymptomatic infantsInesz van Benten
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Pediatr Allergy Immunol 14:363-70. 2003..In conclusion, rhinovirus infection is the most prevalent respiratory viral infection in infants. It may therefore affect the maturation of the immune system and the development of allergic disease considerably...
- Incidental findings on pediatric MR images of the brainBrian S Kim
Department of Radiology, Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, Stanford, CA 94304, USA
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 23:1674-7. 2002..Previous studies have addressed the prevalence of incidental findings in symptomatic and healthy adult populations. Our study aims to elucidate the prevalence of incidental findings in a healthy pediatric population...
- Evolution of ventricular septal defect with special reference to spontaneous closure rate, subaortic ridge and aortic valve prolapseA G Eroglu
Department of Pediatrics, Istanbul University Cerrahpas, a Medical Faculty, Aksaray, Istanbul, Turkey
Pediatr Cardiol 24:31-5. 2003..3% (33) of 450 patients with perimembranous defect. There was no statistical significance between the age at closure and the age of detection of aneurysmal transformation in the patients with perimembranous defect (p = 0.25)...
- Will a handheld ultrasound scanner be applicable for screening for heart abnormalities in newborns and children?Xiaokui Li
Clinical Care Center for Congenital Heart Disease, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, USA
J Am Soc Echocardiogr 16:1007-14. 2003..We tested a handheld system (HHS) (SonoHeart, SonoSite Inc, Bothell, Wash) equipped with a broadband, 7- to 4-MHz, miniaturized, curved, linear-array transducer and implemented with an improved directional Doppler flow map...
- Ventricular cardiac-assist devices in infants and children: anesthetic considerationsEhrenfried Schindler
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, German Pediatric Heart Center, Asklepios Klinik Sangt Augustin, Germany
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 17:617-21. 2003..In this article, the authors report their experience with pediatric cardiac-assist devices and the perioperative anesthesia management in this group of patients...
- Aortic aneurysm after patch aortoplasty for coarctation: analysis of patch size and wall growthA Al-Hroob
Divisions of Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, The Heart Institute for Children, Hope Children s Hospital, Advocate Christ Medical Center, Oak Lawn, IL, USA
Pediatr Cardiol 24:10-6. 2003..Serial EBT or magnetic resonance imaging is indicated to monitor aortic wall growth and occurrence of aneurysm...
- Evaluation of heart murmurs in children: cost-effectiveness and practical implicationsMichael S Yi
Department of Internal Medicine and Institute for Health Policy and Health Services Research, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267 0535, USA
J Pediatr 141:504-11. 2002..To assess the cost-effectiveness of various strategies to evaluate heart murmurs in children...
- Human leukocyte antigen-DR and ABO mismatch are associated with accelerated homograft valve failure in children: implications for therapeutic interventionsRoger J F Baskett
Maritime Heart Centre and Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 126:232-9. 2003..This study examines the incidence and factors associated with the failure of homograft valves and identifies those factors that are modifiable...
- An anthroposophic lifestyle and intestinal microflora in infancyJohan S Alm
Sachs Children s Clinic, Soder Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
Pediatr Allergy Immunol 13:402-11. 2002..These differences may contribute to the lower prevalence of atopic disease previously observed in children in anthroposophic families...
- Will the 7-valent pneumococcal vaccine have a similar impact on all invasive pneumococcal infections in children in Germany as in the Kaiser Permanente Trial?Rudiger Von Kries
Institute for Social Paediatrics, Ludwig Maximilians Universitat, Heiglhofstrasse 63, 81377 Munich, Germany
Eur J Pediatr 161:S140-3. 2002..The respective estimates for the number of potentially preventable IPI cases were 85% (95% CI 75%-91%) in the KPT compared to 71% (95% CI 67%-75%) in Germany...
- Asthma prevalence among Alaska Native and nonnative residents younger than 20 years enrolled in MedicaidBradford D Gessner
Alaska Division of Public Health, Anchorage, Alaska 99524, USA
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 90:616-21. 2003..No study of childhood asthma prevalence in Alaska or among Alaska Natives has been conducted...
- Immunogenicity of decellularized cryopreserved allografts in pediatric cardiac surgery: comparison with standard cryopreserved allograftsJohn A Hawkins
Department of Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Utah Hospital, Salt Lake City 84113, USA
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 126:247-52; discussion 252-3. 2003..This preliminary study examined the HLA antibody response to these decellularized allografts and compared it with the response to standard allograft material...
- Use of bovine jugular vein to reconstruct the right ventricular outflow tract: early resultsYounes Boudjemline
Service de Cardiologie Pediatrique, Hopital Necker Enfants Malades, 149 rue de Sevres, 75743 Paris Cedex 15, France
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 126:490-7. 2003..We evaluate early results of bovine jugular vein conduits in the pulmonary outflow...
- Reoperations and survival after primary repair of congenital heart defects in childrenJames L Monro
Department of Cardiac Surgery, The General Hospital, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 126:511-20. 2003..The objective of this article is to evaluate the incidence of reoperation and the associated risk and survival after primary repair of congenital heart defects using cardiopulmonary bypass in children...
- Osteogenesis imperfecta in childhood: MR imaging of basilar impressionG J M Janus
Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, University Medical Centre, Wilhelmina Childrens Hospital, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Eur J Radiol 47:19-24. 2003..To confirm this sign and altered geometrical relationships of the craniocervical junction in course of time with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
- Mortality among HIV-infected paediatric patients in BarbadosM A St John
Department of Paediatrics, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Martindales Road, St Michael, Barbados, West Indies
West Indian Med J 52:18-22. 2003..Results of this study definitely indicate a need for improved resources in the management of paediatric HIV/AIDS cases, especially focussing on the availability and administration of anti-retroviral therapy...
- Comparison of polytetrafluoroethylene patch aortoplasty and end-to-end anastomosis for coarctation of the aortaRonald J Walhout
Children s Heart Center, Department of Cardiology Cardiac Surgery, Wilhelmina Children s Hospital UMC, University of Utrecht, 3501 CA Utrecht, The Netherlands
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 126:521-8. 2003....
- [Maternal breastfeeding: health factor. Historical memory]L Barriuso
Centro de Salud de Elizondo, Elizondo, Navarra, Spain
An Sist Sanit Navar 30:383-91. 2007....
- Color M-mode and Doppler tissue evaluation of diastolic function in children: simultaneous correlation with invasive indicesWilliam L Border
Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, OH 45229 3039, USA
J Am Soc Echocardiogr 16:988-94. 2003....
- Classification of venous malformations in children and implications for sclerotherapyStefan Puig
Department of Radiology, University of Vienna, Wahringer Gurtel 18 20, 1090 Vienna, Austria
Pediatr Radiol 33:99-103. 2003....
- Intraperitoneal fluid in children: normal ultrasound findings depend on which scan head you useSigrid Jequier
Department of Pediatric Radiology, University Hospital of Geneva, 6 Rue Willy Donze, 1214 Geneva, Switzerland
Pediatr Radiol 33:86-91. 2003....
- Relationship of house-dust mite allergen exposure in children's bedrooms in infancy to bronchial hyperresponsiveness and asthma diagnosis by age 6 to 7Paul M Carter
Henry Ford Health System, Division of Allergy, Detroit, Michigan, USA
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 90:41-4. 2003..Several studies have suggested that exposure to house-dust mite (HDM) allergen in infancy increases the risk of developing asthma...
- The incidence of arrhythmias in a pediatric cardiac intensive care unitT M Hoffman
Division of Cardiology, The Cardiac Center at The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4399, USA
Pediatr Cardiol 23:598-604. 2002..9% of admissions). Patients admitted to a pediatric CICU have a high incidence of arrhythmias, most likely associated with their underlying pathophysiology and to the breadth of medical and surgical interventions conducted...
- Bare delivery of medium and large stents in patients with congenital heart diseaseMichael S Vance
Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory, Children s Hospital of the King s Daughters, Norfolk, Virginia 23507, USA
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 60:276-81. 2003..Furthermore, eliminating the long sheath can improve stent delivery and allow new options when addressing bifurcation lesions...
- Pediatric arteriovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) as a bridge to cardiac transplantationWilliam P Fiser
Pediatric and Congenital Cardiac Surgery, Arkansas Children s Hospital, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas 72202, USA
J Heart Lung Transplant 22:770-7. 2003..Since 1990, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been used as a bridge to cardiac transplantation in 47 patients...
- Impact of cardiac growth on Doppler tissue imaging velocities: a study in healthy childrenBenjamin W Eidem
Lillie Frank Abercrombie Section of Pediatric Cardiology, Texas Children s Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, 6621 Fannin MC 19 345C, Houston, TX 77030, USA
J Am Soc Echocardiogr 17:212-21. 2004..In addition, the clinical effect of cardiac growth and other demographic and echocardiographic parameters on DTI velocities during childhood has not been adequately evaluated...
- 'Real' epidemiology of varicose veins and chronic venous diseases: the San Valentino Vascular Screening ProjectM R Cesarone
San Valentino Vascular Screening Project, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Chieti University, Italy
Angiology 53:119-30. 2002..The increase with age is linear. There was no important difference between males and females. These results are the basis for future real, whole population studies to evaluate VV and CVI...
- Antegrade palliation for diminutive pulmonary arteries in Tetralogy of FallotRalf G Seipelt
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Paulwelsstrasse 30, G 52074 Aachen, Germany
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 21:721-4; discussion 724. 2002..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome following palliative reconstruction of right ventricular outflow tract in Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with diminutive pulmonary arteries with central and peripheral stenosis...
- Bovine valved venous xenografts for RVOT reconstruction: results after 71 implantationsThomas Breymann
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart Center North Rhine Westfalia, Ruhr University of Bochum, Bad Oeynhausen, Germany
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 21:703-10; discussion 710. 2002..Contegra, a bovine jugular vein graft, might be an interesting alternative to overcome these problems...
- Atopy and house dust mite sensitization as risk factors for asthma in childrenM Miraglia Del Giudice
Clinica Pediatrica, Seconda Universita di Napoli, Italy
Allergy 57:169-72. 2002..Recent evidence suggests that asthma is not invariably related to atopy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of atopy, asthma and sensitization to eight common allergens in a large group of children with allergic symptoms...
- The spectrum of subdivided left atrium: diagnosis, treatment and outcome in eight patientsWalter Knirsch
Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Pediatric Intensive Care, Olgahospital, Stuttgart, Germany
Cardiol Young 12:12-7. 2002..3+/-20.2 months. The infants were thriving, had a reduction in the frequency of infections of the respiratory tract, no significant arrhythmias, and showed early recovery from pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular hypertrophy...
- Childhood asthma hospitalization rates, childhood asthma prevalence, and their relationships in Erie County, New YorkShao Lin
Bureau of Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology, New York State Department of Health, Troy, New York 12180, USA
J Asthma 42:653-8. 2005..The hospitalization-to-prevalence ratio may be useful in estimating prevalence from more easily available hospitalization data...
- The WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study: planning, study design, and methodologyMercedes de Onis
Department of Nutrition, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
Food Nutr Bull 25:S15-26. 2004....
- Ten-year experience using a plastic, disposable curette for the diagnosis of primary ciliary dyskinesiaJon E Welch
Section of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, West Virginia University, School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 9214, USA
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 93:189-92. 2004..Other associated findings of dysfunctional ciliary activity include situs inversus, dextrocardia, and infertility...
- Optimal surgical approach for repair of aortopulmonary windowC C Hew
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachussets, USA
Cardiol Young 11:385-90. 2001..01). CONCLUSIONS: Repair of aortopulmonary window can be done with excellent results. A pulmonary arteriotomy should be avoided...
- Increased lymphoid MxA expression in acute asthma exacerbation in childrenT Itazawa
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Toyama, Japan
Allergy 56:895-8. 2001..CONCLUSIONS: Flow cytometric assay of MxA protein expression in whole blood appears to be an easy and useful method to evaluate viral infections in acute asthma exacerbation...
- [Negative effects of maternal smoking during the course of pregnancy]N Billaud
, , 57038 Metz, France
Arch Pediatr 8:875-81. 2001..Postnatal smoke exposure increases the respiratory complications in infancy and childhood. Considering the severity of these deleterious effects, the development of a large preventive policy appears necessary...
- Permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia in infants and children: effectiveness of medical and non-medical treatmentF Drago
Department of Pediatric Cardiology, , Rome, Italy
Ital Heart J 2:456-61. 2001..CONCLUSIONS: PJRT in pediatric patients can be successfully treated with antiarrhythmic drugs, this may allow delay of the highly effective radiofrequency ablation treatment until the children have reached an adequate growth...
- Does WIC work? The effects of WIC on pregnancy and birth outcomesMarianne P Bitler
RAND Corporation, USA
J Policy Anal Manage 24:73-91. 2005..The positive impacts of WIC are larger among subsets of even more disadvantaged women, such as those who received public assistance last year, single high school dropouts, and teen mothers...
- Delivery of nutrition services in health systems in sub-Saharan Africa: opportunities in Burkina Faso, Mozambique and NigerRachel D Hampshire
Helen Keller International, BP 8150 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso
Public Health Nutr 7:1047-53. 2004..As the coverage of national health systems expands, increased opportunities exist to address the needs of children and women, the most vulnerable to these deficiencies, through high-quality nutrition services...
- Reconstructive surgery for congenitally malformed mitral valveEdvin Prifti
G Pasquinucci Hospital, CREAS IFC CNR, Massa, Italy
J Heart Valve Dis 11:145-52. 2002....
- Molecular epidemiology of Plasmodium falciparum infections among asymptomatic inhabitants of a holoendemic malarious area in northern GhanaS Owusu-Agyei
Navrongo Health Research Centre, Navrongo, Ghana
Trop Med Int Health 7:421-8. 2002....
- Polyhydramnios: a predictor of severe growth impairment in achondroplasiaGiuseppe Latini
Division of Pediatrics, Perrino Hospital, Azienda Ospedaliera A Di Summa, Clinical Physiology Institute IFC CNR, National Research Council of Italy, Lecce Section, Brindisi, Italy
J Pediatr 141:274-6. 2002..A history of polyhydramnios (9 of 20 cases) was associated with a lower height (SD) (P <.05), more severe shortening of the lower segment and upper limbs (P =.0001), and higher frequency of left-handedness (P =.0081)...
- Indicators of adult height outcome in classical 21-hydroxylase deficiency congenital adrenal hyperplasiaSarah Muirhead
Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Eastern Ontario, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
J Pediatr 141:247-52. 2002....
- Coronary artery fistulas in neonates, infants, and children: clinical findings and outcomeK S Hsieh
Department of Pediatrics, Veterans General Hospital Kaohsiung, 386 Ta Chung 1st Rd, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Pediatr Cardiol 23:415-9. 2002..Nine patients were asymptomatic. Because complications including endocarditis may be encountered in later life, we suggest early closure with coil embolization...
- Echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular size and function in normal children from infancy to adolescence: acoustic quantification in comparison with traditional echocardiographic techniquesR Brangenberg
Department of Pediatrics, Traunstein Medical Center, Cuno Niggl Strasse 3, D 83278 Traunstein, Germany
Pediatr Cardiol 23:394-402. 2002..001). Our data permit the determination of normal ranges of AQ parameters in relation to body surface area or age...
- One-wire technique for performance of balloon aortic valvuloplastySherri S Baker
Pediatric Cardiovascular Program, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
J Interv Cardiol 17:17-9. 2004..We present a new one-wire technique for balloon aortic valvuloplasty and discuss possible advantages of this technique over other techniques...
- Toronto AIDS conference: where were the children?Nigel Rollins
Lancet 368:1236-7. 2006
- Utility of B-type natriuretic peptide in differentiating congestive heart failure from lung disease in pediatric patients with respiratory distressS Koulouri
Division of Cardiology, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
Pediatr Cardiol 25:341-6. 2004..0074). We conclude that BNP level is of value in differentiating cardiac from pulmonary causes of respiratory distress in children...
- Magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of cardiac tumor characteristics in infants and childrenMaria G Kiaffas
Department of Cardiology, Children s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Am J Cardiol 89:1229-33. 2002
- Interventional catheterization performed in the early postoperative period after congenital heart surgery in childrenEvan M Zahn
Department of Cardiology, Miami Children s Hospital, Miami, Florida 33155, USA
J Am Coll Cardiol 43:1264-9. 2004..The purpose of this study was to examine the safety and efficacy of interventional catheterization performed early after congenital heart surgery...
- The use of the paediatric tuberculosis score chart in an HIV-endemic areaPatrick van Rheenen
St Theresa s Mission Hospital, Ibenga, Mpongwe District, Copperbelt Province, Zambia
Trop Med Int Health 7:435-41. 2002..The paediatric tuberculosis score chart (TSC) was developed for resource-poor countries and its use continues to be promoted despite the fact that this scoring system has not been evaluated in countries with a high HIV prevalence...
- Predictors of outcome of myocarditisB Kuhn
Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520 8064, USA
Pediatr Cardiol 25:379-84. 2004..Predictive factors at admission for poor outcome were ejection fraction < 30%, shortening fraction < 15%, left ventricular dilatation, and moderate to severe mitral regurgitation...
- Surveillance of infant feeding practices in Riyadh cityMohammed Saleh Al-Jassir
Nutrition Department, Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia
Ann Saudi Med 24:136-40. 2004
- [Visual screening in 3- to 5-year-old preschool children: Maternal and Infant Welfare evaluation program in the Hauts-de-Seine district, France]C Bois
Service départemental de PMI, conseil général des Hauts de Seine, Nanterre, France
J Fr Ophtalmol 30:570-6. 2007..Early visual screening is essential to prevent the risk of amblyopia and treat strabismus. The Maternal and Infant Welfare department of the Hauts-de-Seine district (France) organized a systematic visual screening during a routine ..
- Maternal socio-demographic factors influencing the initiation and exclusivity of breastfeeding in a Nigerian semi-urban settingTinuade A Ogunlesi
Department of Paediatrics, Olabisi Onabanjo University, P O Box 652, Sagamu 121001, Nigeria
Matern Child Health J 14:459-65. 2010..The success of breastfeeding promotion is influenced by maternal factors. Therefore, it is vital to examine the influence of basic maternal demographic factors on breastfeeding practices...
- Epidemiology of complications of male circumcision in Ibadan, NigeriaLinus I Okeke
Surgery Department, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
BMC Urol 6:21. 2006..We therefore decided to carry out this study in order to shed some light on this growing problem...
- Breast-feeding pattern and onset of menstruation among Yoruba mothers of South-west NigeriaOluwafemi Kuti
Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Perinatology, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria
Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 12:335-9. 2007..To determine the breast-feeding practices and duration of lactational amenorrhoea among women within the first year of delivery in a Nigerian population...
- [Development and popularization of medical breastfeeding recommendations in twentieth-century Germany]Jörg Vögele
Institut fur Geschichte der Medizin, Heinrich Heine Universitat Dusseldorf
Medizinhist J 45:222-50. 2010..end of the nineteenth century raised fears about the nation's future and led to the emergence of an increasing infant welfare movement in Imperial Germany...
- SIDS risk factors and factors associated with prone sleeping in SwedenB Alm
Department of Paediatrics, Goteborg University, Sweden
Arch Dis Child 91:915-9. 2006..To compare the current prevalence of risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Sweden with a decade earlier, and assess factors associated with prone sleeping...
- [Health checkup for 3- to 4-year-old children: results of screening tests performed in 1999 by physicians in the Maternal and Infant Welfare program in the Gironde region]S Petit-Carrié
Service de protection maternelle et infantile, direction Solidarité Gironde, esplanade Charles de Gaulle, 33074 Bordeaux, France
Arch Pediatr 8:588-97. 2001In the Gironde region, the physicians of the Mother and Infant Welfare department in charge of the 3- to 4-year-old childrens' health checkup have set up a public health approach which led to new practical methods of screening tests in ..
- [The Austrian pediatrician Theodor Escherich as bacteriologist and social hygienist: The 100th anniversary of his death on February 15th, 1911]Heinz Flamm
ehem Vorstand des Klinischen Instituts für Hygiene der Universität Wien, Wien, Osterreich
Wien Klin Wochenschr 123:157-71. 2011..In Graz and particularly in Vienna, Escherich's social-medical activities were concentrated on the baby and infant welfare. This was promoted by the construction of baby departments in hospitals, instructions of mothers, improvement ..
- The social shaping of childhood vaccination practice in rural and urban GambiaJ A Cassell
Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK
Health Policy Plan 21:373-91. 2006..are found amongst poorer urban mothers, including recent immigrants, who experience social exclusion at infant welfare clinics...
- Situation analysis of the existing infant feeding pattern at the commencement of the prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programme in IbadanB J Brown
Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, University of Ibadan, Ibadan
Niger J Clin Pract 12:421-8. 2009..To evaluate breastfeeding and weaning practices associated socio-demographic factors and knowledge about mother-to-child transmission of HIV among mothers in Ibadan...
- Growth diagrams for grip strength in childrenH M Ties Molenaar
Department of Rehabilitation, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Clin Orthop Relat Res 468:217-23. 2010..As an alternative, infant welfare centers throughout the world use growth diagrams to observe normative growth...
- Duration of breast-feeding and adiposity in adult lifePerrie F O'Tierney
Heart Research Center, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA
J Nutr 139:422S-5S. 2009..In the past, the heights and weights of infants and the duration of breast-feeding were routinely recorded at infant welfare clinics in Helsinki, Finland. Most infants in the city were taken to these free clinics...
- Infant welfare, philanthropy and entrepreneurship in Glasgow: Sister Laura's Infant Food CompanyL T Weaver
Department of Child Health, Centre for the History of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, UK
J R Coll Physicians Edinb 38:179-86. 2008..of the health and care of infants of the time - high infant mortality, public and professional concerns for infant welfare, technological advances in food science, changing recommendations and practices of infant feeding and ..
- [Consultation in a baby clinic of the PMI (mother and infant welfare service): a survey in a French department]Serge Fanello
Département universitaire de santé publique, CHU Angers, 49933 Angers 9
Sante Publique 19:9-18; discussion 18. 2007..medical demography and the governmental directives aimed at improving care in the prenatal period, the prospect of a closer working relationship between these two parties involved in infant welfare would seem to be a way of the future.
- [Early visual screening appears essential to detect complete amblyopia risk and to treat strabismus earlier]C Bois
Service départemental de PMI, conseil général des Hauts de Seine, Nanterre, France
J Fr Ophtalmol 32:629-39. 2009..The aim of this study was to describe the technique and the results of screening performed by physicians of the Hauts-de-Seine district in 2004...
- Bed-sharing in the first four months of life: a risk factor for sudden infant deathJan H Ruys
Leiden University Medical Center, Reviuslaan 38, 2343 JR Oegstgeest, The Netherlands
Acta Paediatr 96:1399-403. 2007..To investigate the risk of sudden infant death in the Netherlands during bed-sharing in the first half year of life and the protective effect of breastfeeding on it...
- [1901-2001: 100 years of physicians of infant and toddler welfare centers in the Netherlands]B de Pree-Geerlings
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 145:2461-5. 2001This year marks the centenary of infant welfare centres in the Netherlands. In 1901, Plantenga opened the first infant welfare centre in The Hague, the Netherlands...
- [Parents have accepted the advice on how to prevent sudden infant death]Bernt Alm
Avdelningen för pediatrik, Göteborgs Universitet
Lakartidningen 101:1268-70. 2004..of small infants have accepted the advice on ways to reduce the risk of SIDS, and that information given at infant welfare clinics is still effective ten years later...
- Two strategies for the delivery of IPTc in an area of seasonal malaria transmission in the Gambia: a randomised controlled trialKalifa A Bojang
Medical Research Council Laboratories, Banjul, The Gambia
PLoS Med 8:e1000409. 2011..In rural areas, RCH trekking teams provide most of the health care to children under the age of 5 years in the Infant Welfare Clinic, and provide antenatal care for pregnant women.
- Urbanization and the urban mortality change in Imperial GermanyJ Vögele
Institut fur Geschichte der Medizin, Universitat Dusseldorf, Postfach 10 10 07, D 40001, Dusseldorf, Germany
Health Place 6:41-55. 2000..Therefore this analysis discusses the impact of selected public health strategies designed to fight high infant mortality rates. Special emphasis is placed on municipal milk supply and infant welfare centres.
- Reliability of still photography measuring habitual head deviation from midline in infants with congenital muscular torticollisMary Rahlin
Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Professions, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, Illinois 60064, USA
Pediatr Phys Ther 22:399-406. 2010..To establish intrarater and interrater reliability of still photography for measuring habitual head deviation from midline in infants with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT)...
- Ultrasound assessment of detrusor muscle thickness in children with non-neuropathic bladder/sphincter dysfunctionAndrea Cvitkovic-Kuzmic
Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Children s Hospital Zagreb, Croatia
Eur Urol 41:214-8; discussion 218-9. 2002..To measure detrusor muscle thickness in children with non-neuropathic bladder/sphincter dysfunction (NNBSD), and to evaluate the difference between children with various bladder dysfunctions and those with normal urodynamics...
- Maternal health and knowledge and infant health outcomes in the Ariaal people of northern KenyaElizabeth M Miller
Department of Anthropology, University of Michigan, 101 West Hall, 1085 S University Ave, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United States
Soc Sci Med 73:1266-74. 2011..These results highlight the importance of both traditional and Western health knowledge for Ariaal mothers and infants...
- The effect of the WIC program on the health of newbornsE Michael Foster
Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Rosenau Hall, Campus Box 7445, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7445, USA
Health Serv Res 45:1083-104. 2010..To determine the effect of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) on birth outcomes...
- Breast feeding in the UKChristine Carson
Department of Health, London
J Fam Health Care 13:59-61. 2003
- Health care of children living with their mother in prison compared with the general populationPietro Ferrara
Department of Pediatrics, Catholic University, A Gemelli Hospital, Rome
Scand J Public Health 37:265-72. 2009..We describe health care of children living in the nest areas and we compare this condition with the general population...
- Aortic valve prolapse and aortic regurgitation in patients with ventricular septal defectA G Eroglu
Department of Pediatrics, Istanbul University, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Aksaray, Istanbul, Turkey
Pediatr Cardiol 24:36-9. 2003..In addition, we recommend surgical intervention in patients with perimembranous or muscular outlet VSD, AVP, and mild AR because of rapid progression of mild AR to moderate AR...
- Angiographic features of rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma (RICH)Orhan Konez
Vascular and Interventional Radiology, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA
Pediatr Radiol 33:15-9. 2003..This congenital high-flow vascular tumor is difficult to distinguish angiographically from arteriovenous malformation and congenital infantile fibrosarcoma...
- HISTORY OF THE PREMATURE INFANT NURSERY IN THE U.S.Jeffrey Baker; Fiscal Year: 1993..Such an approach will take into account the contributions of other child advocates, particularly the many women involved in the nursing profession and infant welfare movement.
- Effects of oral clefts on birth outcomes and cleft risks due to maternal smokingGEORGE WEHBY; Fiscal Year: 2008..Another aim is to obtain consistent estimates of the effect of maternal smoking or cleft lip and palate risk. The proposed model can be applied to study other newborn disorders. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Health outcomes and improved phenotypic characterization of cleft lip and palateGEORGE WEHBY; Fiscal Year: 2009..The study results are highly relevant for identifying health care needs, improving care practices and developing strategies to prevent cleft lip and palate and/or reduce its associated adverse effects. ..
- T Regulatory Cells and Childhood AsthmaJames Gern; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- CARE Network - Madison Clinical CenterROBERT LEMANSKE; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Reducing Postpartum Weight Retention Among Low Income, Ethnically Diverse WomenLorraine Walker; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Treatment of Severe Persistent AsthmaROBERT LEMANSKE; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Maternal fatty acids, birth weight and child developmentEmily Oken; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Computer Adaptive Testing of Pediatric Self-care and Social FunctionStephen Haley; Fiscal Year: 2006..Many rehabilitation settings may also find this measure helpful in meeting accreditation and institutional requirements for standardizing outcome monitoring in groups of children. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Health Literacy and Child Prevention InjuryAndrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE FAST TRACK INTERVENTIONEDWARD FOSTER; Fiscal Year: 2007..g., special education); (4) collection and processing of administrative data (e.g., on welfare receipt); (5) development and estimation of statistical models used to predict future social costs. ..
- HIV Protective Immunity and Perinatal ExposureLouise Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Evaluating Child Safety Product Dissemination and Educa*Andrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract not provided ..
- Postpartum Depression: Omega-3 FA vs PlaceboMarlene Freeman; Fiscal Year: 2006..These doses should provide an adequate test of the efficacy of omega-3 fatty acids while being safe for the mother and breastfeeding baby. ..
- Clinical Relevance of Transient Nevirapine ResistanceLouise Kuhn; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Oxygen and Phototherapy in perinatal period: Risk of Acute Lymphoctyic LeukemiaNigel Paneth; Fiscal Year: 2008..If these treatments increase the risk of leukemia, it should be possible to find alternative ways to manage newborn problems that minimize exposure to these treatments [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Behavioral Effects of Welfare ReformNancy E Reichman; Fiscal Year: 2010..abstract_text> ..
- New Paradigms of Cerebral Palsy Etiology: A Comprehensive Case Control StudyNIGEL SEFTON PANETH; Fiscal Year: 2010..Maternal interviews and birth certificates will inform the above analyses by linking molecular information to self-reported and recorded clinical events and conditions. ..
- Community-Based Lifestyle Promotion With Latino WomenDeborah Koniak Griffin; Fiscal Year: 2010..Understanding also will be enhanced about the influence of interpersonal and environmental factors on adoption of healthy lifestyle behaviors of Latinas. ..
- Predictors of Dietary Quality in Low-Income Pregnant WomenEileen R Fowles; Fiscal Year: 2010..More effective targeted strategies initiated within this narrow window of time may reduce the number of low birth weight infants and improve obstetrical outcomes. ..
- Molecular epidemiologic identification of pneumococcal tissue specific genesMELINDA MARY PETTIGREW; Fiscal Year: 2010..A greater understanding of the genetic factors that influence the virulence potential of pneumococcal clones is critical to our ability to develop effective methods to control, prevent, and treat these important infections. ..
- Effects of Adrenal and Gonadal HR in Young Women with ANCatherine M Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2010..Specific Aim 2: To determine whether combined therapy with adrenal and gonadal steroid replacement changes bone structure to increase strength compared to placebo, as assessed through cross-sectional geometric analysis of DXA data. ..
- Pathogenesis of Essential Tremor: Cerebellar MetabolismElan Louis; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Clinically enhanced multi-purpose administrative dataset for comparative effectivHamisu Salihu; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Antepartum Interpersonal Psychotherapy at 3 NYC SitesMargaret Spinelli; Fiscal Year: 2009..Co-investigators are maternal fetal medicine faculty from respective sites who will be primary liaison to the respective departments of obstetrics and provide clinical obstetrical needs of the study. ..
- The Johns Hopkins Injury Control Research CenterAndrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2008..Application Not Provided ..
- Annual Mentoring Program in PsychoNeuroImmunology (PNI) ResearchChristopher Coe; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Regulation- Medulloblastoma Growth by alpha-v integrinsTobey Macdonald; Fiscal Year: 2006..The long-range goal of this work is to broaden our understanding of medulloblastoma growth, so that novel biologic therapies may be developed into new treatments for medulloblastoma, the most common malignant brain tumor in children. ..
- Impact of adolescent pregnancy on nutritional statusJoanne Katz; Fiscal Year: 2006..Measures of nutritional status at birth include weight, length, head, chest and mid upper arm circumference. Growth of these infants through 6 months of age will also be examined, as will hemoglobin and serum retinol at 3 months of age. ..
- PRENATAL STRESS AND IMMUNE RESPONSIVENESSChristopher Coe; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- INTRAHOUSEHOLD ALLOCATION IN POOR U.S. HOUSEHOLDSSteven Haider; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Computer Adaptive Testing of Post-Acute Care FunctioningStephen Haley; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Brief Child Safety Interventions in Emergency DepartmentAndrea Gielen; Fiscal Year: 2004..With the ever growing access to computers in medical care settings, the Safety in Seconds program should be readily adaptable to other pediatric emergency department settings that serve vulnerable populations. ..
- OVERWEIGHT STATUS AFTER CHILDBIRTHLorraine Walker; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Smokeless Tobacco Use and Cessation in Rural AppalachiaMARY WEWERS; Fiscal Year: 2003..Multivariate logistic regression analyses will be performed to describe a model of quitter versus continuing user. Oral health status will also be evaluated at 12 months post intervention. ..
- The Youth Employment Training Pilot ProgramHenry Anderson; Fiscal Year: 2002..Data from the anonymous school based surveys will be used to determine whether youth who have obtained a work permit are less likely to experience a work related injury. ..
- FOLLOW-UP OF FAMILIES IN EARLY PREVENTIVE INTERVENTIONDavid Olds; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- MOHAWK CULTURE, BEHAVIOR, TOXICANT EXPOSURE AND HEALTHLAWRENCE SCHELL; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- CYTOKINE DYSREGULATION, VIRUSES, AND CHILDHOOD ASTHMAROBERT LEMANSKE; Fiscal Year: 2001..The results of these studies will provide information that will be a major step forward in our understanding of the relative influence that genetic and environmental risk factors on the development of childhood asthma. ..
- GENETIC REGULATION OF IMMUNE MATURATION IN ASTHMAFernando Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Understanding Widow PovertySteven Haider; Fiscal Year: 2002..We will rely on the various data sets that are collected as part of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and the Asset and Health Dynamics (AHEAD) surveys for this research. ..
- A Maternally Linked Data Set with Analytic AidsJack Leiss; Fiscal Year: 2004..We will develop advanced quantitative methods for maternally linked data, which will be included as analytic aids in the documentation for the file. ..
- Connexin 26 Testing in InfantsChristina Palmer; Fiscal Year: 2005..A large cohort of infants and toddlers will be followed for up to three years to fully evaluate the audiologic phenotype of infants and data will be compared based on Cx26 genotype. ..
- AADRC -- Mechanisms of Virus-Induced AsthmaJames Gern; Fiscal Year: 2005..It is proposed that these collaborative studies will provide new insight into mechanisms of respiratory-virus-induced asthma, the possible role of diminished IFN-gamma production in this process, and possibilities for new treatment...
- Gene Discovery for Pneumococcal Otitis MediaMelinda Pettigrew; Fiscal Year: 2005..Discovery of additional factors involved in streptococcal OM will facilitate the development of new strategies for the control and prevention of this important disease. ..
- PREVENTING HIV/AIDS IN TEEN MOTHERS AND THEIR PARTNERSDeborah Koniak Griffin; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Internet Based Patient-Centered Asthma Management SystemDimitri Christakis; Fiscal Year: 2009..Children in AsthmaNet families will be more likely to report using written care plans. Aim 4: to decrease the number of symptom days for children with asthma H4. Children in AsthmaNet families will experience fewer symptom days. ..
- ASTHMA CLINICAL RESEARCH NETWORKROBERT LEMANSKE; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Understanding Barriers to Oral Health Care In Pregnancy: The First Step to ImprovKim Boggess; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Youth Alcohol, Tobacco and Marijuana Use: Effects of Hours of Work and WagesRobert Kaestner; Fiscal Year: 2009..The proposed research will identify the importance of employment and earned income on youth substance use and produce information that can be used to design effective public health policy to address this problem. ..
- Computer Adaptive Testing of Functional StatusStephen Haley; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- School Wide Prevention of Risk Factors for Drug AbuseTed Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Fetal Adaptation of Chronic Uterine Blood Flow ReductionDavid Boyle; Fiscal Year: 2006..These data will be crucial in the design of potential interventions in humans to prevent and/or mitigate fetal growth restriction and its lifelong consequences. ..
- Parent Initiated Prevention ProgramDimitri Christakis; Fiscal Year: 2005..3) To improve parental perceptions of the quality of care provided.H3: Compared to controls, PIPP parents will report higher scores on selected Consumer Assessment of Health Plans (CAHPS) items. ..
- Tuberculosis Diagnostics: Towards More Precise Testing in ChildrenJoseph Bellanti; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- IL8 and GATA3-mediated Pathways in Asthma ExacerbationsFernando Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2008..End of Abstract) [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- EFFECT OF CHRONIC INFECTION ON PLACENTAL DEVELOPMENTKim Boggess; Fiscal Year: 2005..Understanding of these mechanisms may assist in the development of interventions to protect the fetus and placenta from damage as a result of chronic maternal infection with oral pathogens. ..
- CHROMOSOME 5Q GENE VARIANTS AND ASTHMA-RELATED TRAITSFernando Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2004..This will allow to better understand the genetic influence that determine asthma risk. ..
- INNATE IMMUNITY IN HEART, LUNG, AND BLOOD DISEASEFernando Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- A Biosocial Study of Childhood DisabilityDAPHNE BUGENTAL; Fiscal Year: 2006..Finally, we will study the benefits of an attribution-based home visitation program for new parents of "challenged" children as a means of reducing risk and fostering opportunity. ..
- Welfare Reform, Fertility and Reproductive BehaviorRobert Kaestner; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- Effects of Child Health on Family ResourcesNancy Reichman; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results will yield important information about the processes underlying the health component of the intergenerational transmission of poverty. ..
- FRAGILE FAMILIES AND CHILD HEALTHNancy Reichman; Fiscal Year: 2005..AIM 2: Augment the Fragile Families survey data by geo-coding the individual records and attaching neighborhood measures. AIM 3: Conduct descriptive analyses of infant and child health using the enhanced data. ..
- CARE Network - Tucson Clinical CenterFernando Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Neighborhood Context and Latino YouthReanne Frank; Fiscal Year: 2006..S., the ways in which particular residential contexts influence Latino adolescent development will be increasingly significant for communities across the country. ..