child welfare

Summary

Summary: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi PedsQL 4.0: reliability and validity of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory version 4.0 generic core scales in healthy and patient populations
    J W Varni
    Center for Child Health Outcomes, Children s Hospital and Health Center, San Diego, California, USA
    Med Care 39:800-12. 2001
  2. pmc Towards universal health coverage: the role of within-country wealth-related inequality in 28 countries in sub-Saharan Africa
    Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor
    Department of Health statistics and informatics, World Health Organization, Avenue Appia 20, Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 89:881-90. 2011
  3. ncbi Parent-child agreement across child health-related quality of life instruments: a review of the literature
    Penney Upton
    Department of Psychology and Health Sciences, University of Worcester, Worcester WR2 6AJ, UK
    Qual Life Res 17:895-913. 2008
  4. ncbi The effect of Integrated Management of Childhood Illness on observed quality of care of under-fives in rural Tanzania
    Joanna Armstrong Schellenberg
    Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Health Policy Plan 19:1-10. 2004
  5. pmc Mixed methods for implementation research: application to evidence-based practice implementation and staff turnover in community-based organizations providing child welfare services
    Gregory A Aarons
    University of California, San Diego, CA 92093 0812, USA
    Child Maltreat 17:67-79. 2012
  6. ncbi The PedsQL: measurement model for the pediatric quality of life inventory
    J W Varni
    Children s Hospital and Health Center and the Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, 92123, USA
    Med Care 37:126-39. 1999
  7. ncbi Active commuting to school: Associations with environment and parental concerns
    Jacqueline Kerr
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:787-94. 2006
  8. pmc The multi-country evaluation of the integrated management of childhood illness strategy: lessons for the evaluation of public health interventions
    Jennifer Bryce
    Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development of the World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Am J Public Health 94:406-15. 2004
  9. ncbi Physical activity, quality of life, and weight status in overweight children
    Jo Ann Shoup
    Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Boulder, USA
    Qual Life Res 17:407-12. 2008
  10. pmc Public policies and the orphans of AIDS in Africa
    Alok Bhargava
    Department of Economics, University of Houston, Houston TX 77204, USA
    BMJ 326:1387-9. 2003

Detail Information

Publications296 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi PedsQL 4.0: reliability and validity of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory version 4.0 generic core scales in healthy and patient populations
    J W Varni
    Center for Child Health Outcomes, Children s Hospital and Health Center, San Diego, California, USA
    Med Care 39:800-12. 2001
    ..The PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales consist of 23 items applicable for healthy school and community populations, as well as pediatric populations with acute and chronic health conditions...
  2. pmc Towards universal health coverage: the role of within-country wealth-related inequality in 28 countries in sub-Saharan Africa
    Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor
    Department of Health statistics and informatics, World Health Organization, Avenue Appia 20, Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 89:881-90. 2011
    ..To measure within-country wealth-related inequality in the health service coverage gap of maternal and child health indicators in sub-Saharan Africa and quantify its contribution to the national health service coverage gap...
  3. ncbi Parent-child agreement across child health-related quality of life instruments: a review of the literature
    Penney Upton
    Department of Psychology and Health Sciences, University of Worcester, Worcester WR2 6AJ, UK
    Qual Life Res 17:895-913. 2008
    ..To systematically review the literature published since 1999 on paediatric health-related quality of life (HRQL) in relation to parent-child agreement...
  4. ncbi The effect of Integrated Management of Childhood Illness on observed quality of care of under-fives in rural Tanzania
    Joanna Armstrong Schellenberg
    Ifakara Health Research and Development Centre, Ifakara, Tanzania
    Health Policy Plan 19:1-10. 2004
    ..IMCI is therefore likely to lead to rapid gains in child survival, health and development if adequate coverage levels can be achieved and maintained...
  5. pmc Mixed methods for implementation research: application to evidence-based practice implementation and staff turnover in community-based organizations providing child welfare services
    Gregory A Aarons
    University of California, San Diego, CA 92093 0812, USA
    Child Maltreat 17:67-79. 2012
    ..b>Child welfare service systems represent a context where implementation spans system, management, and organizational concerns...
  6. ncbi The PedsQL: measurement model for the pediatric quality of life inventory
    J W Varni
    Children s Hospital and Health Center and the Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, 92123, USA
    Med Care 37:126-39. 1999
    ..A practical, validated generic measure of HRQOL facilitates assessing risk, tracking health status, and measuring treatment outcomes in pediatric populations...
  7. ncbi Active commuting to school: Associations with environment and parental concerns
    Jacqueline Kerr
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:787-94. 2006
    ....
  8. pmc The multi-country evaluation of the integrated management of childhood illness strategy: lessons for the evaluation of public health interventions
    Jennifer Bryce
    Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development of the World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Am J Public Health 94:406-15. 2004
    ..We describe how these questions were answered, the challenges encountered in implementing the evaluation, and the 5 study designs. The methodological insights gained can improve future evaluations of public health programs...
  9. ncbi Physical activity, quality of life, and weight status in overweight children
    Jo Ann Shoup
    Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Boulder, USA
    Qual Life Res 17:407-12. 2008
    ..This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the relationship between health quality of life, physical activity, and overweight status in children aged 8-12 years old...
  10. pmc Public policies and the orphans of AIDS in Africa
    Alok Bhargava
    Department of Economics, University of Houston, Houston TX 77204, USA
    BMJ 326:1387-9. 2003
  11. pmc Clinical effort against secondhand smoke exposure: development of framework and intervention
    Jonathan P Winickoff
    Center for Child and Adolescent Health Policy, 50 Staniford St, Suite 901, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Pediatrics 122:e363-75. 2008
    ..The purpose of this work was to describe a novel process and present results of formative research to develop a pediatric office intervention that uses available systems of care for addressing parental smoking...
  12. pmc Preschool children's health and its association with parental education and individual living conditions in East and West Germany
    Xianming du Prel
    Institut für Umweltmedizinische Forschung IUF an der Heinrich Heine Universität Düsseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany
    BMC Public Health 6:312. 2006
    ..Explanations of observed associations between parental education and health indicators were examined...
  13. ncbi Saving the lives of South Africa's mothers, babies, and children: can the health system deliver?
    Mickey Chopra
    Health Systems Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 374:835-46. 2009
    ..The costs are affordable and the key gap is leadership and effective implementation at every level of the health system, including national and local accountability for service provision...
  14. pmc Survey of children accessing HIV services in a high prevalence setting: time for adolescents to count?
    Rashida Ferrand
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, England
    Bull World Health Organ 88:428-34. 2010
    ....
  15. pmc Factors associated with trends in infant and child mortality in developing countries during the 1990s
    S O Rutstein
    ORC Macro International, Inc, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 78:1256-70. 2000
    ..Other factors that were not measured, such as the increasing resistance of malaria to drug treatment and the increased prevalence of parental HIV/AIDS, may be contributing to the increase noted...
  16. pmc Safe play spaces to promote physical activity in inner-city children: results from a pilot study of an environmental intervention
    Thomas A Farley
    School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA70112, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:1625-31. 2007
    ..We evaluated the effect of providing a safe play space on the physical activity level of inner-city schoolchildren...
  17. pmc Child health: reaching the poor
    Adam Wagstaff
    Health, Nutrition and Population, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:726-36. 2004
    ..We end with lessons learned: the need for better evidence, but most of all for a new approach to improving the health of all children that is evidence based, broad, and multifaceted...
  18. ncbi Conditional cash transfer: a magic bullet for health?
    Kenji Shibuya
    WHO, Geneva CH 1211, Switzerland
    Lancet 371:789-91. 2008
  19. pmc Avoidable mortality among child welfare recipients and intercountry adoptees: a national cohort study
    A Hjern
    Centre for Epidemiology, Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare, 106 30 Stockholm, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:412-7. 2004
    To compare rates of avoidable mortality in adolescence in child welfare recipients and intercountry adoptees with the general population.
  20. pmc Lessons learned for the assessment of children's pesticide exposure: critical sampling and analytical issues for future studies
    Richard A Fenske
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 113:1455-62. 2005
    ..Saliva measurements of pesticides, if feasible, would overcome the limitations of urinary metabolite-based exposure analysis. Global positioning system technology appears promising in the delineation of children's time-location patterns...
  21. ncbi Personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school
    Anna Timperio
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, and The Children s Hospital at Westmead, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 30:45-51. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school among children...
  22. ncbi Prevalence of child maltreatment in The Netherlands
    Eveline M Euser
    Centre for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, The Netherlands
    Child Maltreat 15:5-17. 2010
    ..6% of all maltreatment cases were reported to the CPS. Training of professionals in observing and reporting child maltreatment is badly needed. The absence of a legal obligation to report in The Netherlands needs reconsideration...
  23. ncbi Kenya's cash transfer program: protecting the health and human rights of orphans and vulnerable children
    John H Bryant
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Department of International Health, USA
    Health Hum Rights 11:65-76. 2009
    ..It offers one example of how caring for society's most vulnerable members is a collective responsibility to be shared by a country's government, local citizens, and the international community...
  24. ncbi Organizational climate, services, and outcomes in child welfare systems
    Charles Glisson
    Children s Mental Health Services Research Center, Henson Hall University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 35:582-91. 2011
    This study examines the association of organizational climate, casework services, and youth outcomes in child welfare systems...
  25. pmc Design elements in implementation research: a structured review of child welfare and child mental health studies
    John Landsverk
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, Rady Children s Hospital San Diego, 3020 Children s Way, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
    Adm Policy Ment Health 38:54-63. 2011
    ..implementation strategies for evidence-based interventions addressing mental health problems of children in child welfare and child mental health settings...
  26. ncbi Assessing the Organizational Social Context (OSC) of child welfare systems: implications for research and practice
    Charles Glisson
    Children s Mental Health Services Research Center, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 36:621-32. 2012
    ..of the Organizational Social Context (OSC) measurement system in a US nationwide probability sample of child welfare systems; (2) illustrates the use of the OSC in constructing norm-based organizational culture and climate ..
  27. pmc Creating nurturing environments: a science-based framework for promoting child health and development within high-poverty neighborhoods
    Kelli A Komro
    Department of Health Outcomes and Policy, College of Medicine, Institute for Child Health Policy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610 0177, USA
    Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 14:111-34. 2011
    ..Based on a synthesis of research from diverse fields, we designed the Creating Nurturing Environments framework to guide community-wide efforts to improve child outcomes and reduce health and educational inequalities...
  28. ncbi Mental health need and access to mental health services by youths involved with child welfare: a national survey
    Barbara J Burns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 43:960-70. 2004
    This study assessed the relationship between the need for and use of mental health services among a nationally representative sample of children who were investigated by child welfare agencies after reported maltreatment.
  29. ncbi Teenage parenthood among child welfare clients: a Swedish national cohort study of prevalence and odds
    Bo Vinnerljung
    Center for Epidemiology, National Board of Health and Welfare, S 106 30 Stockholm, Sweden
    J Adolesc 30:97-116. 2007
    To assess prevalence and odds for teenage parenthood among former child welfare clients, we used national register data for all children born in Sweden 1972-1983 (n=1,178,207), including 49,582 former child welfare clients with varying ..
  30. ncbi Maternal, neonatal, and child health in southeast Asia: towards greater regional collaboration
    Cecilia S Acuin
    Institute of Clinical Epidemiology, University of the Philippines, National Institutes of Health, Ermita, Manila, Philippines
    Lancet 377:516-25. 2011
    ....
  31. ncbi The promise and limitations of home visiting: implementing effective programs
    Deanna S Gomby
    Deanna Gomby Consulting, 903 Sunrose Terrace 206, Sunnyvale, CA 94086, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 31:793-9. 2007
  32. ncbi Clinicians' description of factors influencing their reporting of suspected child abuse: report of the Child Abuse Reporting Experience Study Research Group
    Rise Jones
    Evaluation Solutions, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Pediatrics 122:259-66. 2008
    ....
  33. ncbi Screening for psychopathology in child welfare: the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) compared with the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment (ASEBA)
    Astrid Janssens
    University Centre Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Antwerp UCKJA, Collaborative Antwerp Psychiatric Research Institute CAPRI, University of Antwerp, 2610 Antwerp, Belgium
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 18:691-700. 2009
    Whilst children in child welfare suffer more psychopathology than their community peers, only a small percentage of them actually receive mental health care...
  34. ncbi Impact of IMCI health worker training on routinely collected child health indicators in Northeast Brazil
    Joao Amaral
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Brazil
    Health Policy Plan 20:i42-i48. 2005
    ....
  35. ncbi Household food insecurity: associations with at-risk infant and toddler development
    Ruth Rose-Jacobs
    Department of Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine, 91 East Concord St, Room 5106, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Pediatrics 121:65-72. 2008
    ..In this study, we evaluated the relationship between household food security status and developmental risk in young children, after controlling for potential confounding variables...
  36. ncbi Reliability and validity of comprehensive health status measures in children: The Child Health Questionnaire in relation to the Health Utilities Index
    Hein Raat
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus University, P O Box 1738, 3000 DR, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Clin Epidemiol 55:67-76. 2002
    ..Test-retest ICCs were statistically significant for all but two CHQ scales (ICCs.31-.84). Test-retest CHQ-scale means did not show statistically significant differences except for one scale ("Behavior")...
  37. pmc Biomarkers for assessing reproductive development and health: Part 1--Pubertal development
    John C Rockett
    Gamete and Early Embryo Biology Branch, Reproductive Toxicology Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U S Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:105-12. 2004
    ..In this review, we discuss some of the current and emerging biomarkers of human pubertal development...
  38. pmc Environmental toxins; their impact on children's health
    J Grigg
    Leicester Children s Asthma Centre, University of Leicester, Leicester LE2 7LX, UK
    Arch Dis Child 89:244-50. 2004
    ..Contamination of the environment by man-made and natural toxins has a direct impact on the health of children. This review considers how toxic contamination is identified and regulated, and highlights specific hazards...
  39. pmc Mechanisms underlying Children's susceptibility to environmental toxicants
    E M Faustman
    Center for Child Environmental Health Risks Research, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98105 6099, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 108:13-21. 2000
    ..The final section discusses the importance of putting these considerations of children's susceptibility into an overall framework for ascertaining relevancy for human risk assessment...
  40. pmc Food insufficiency, family income, and health in US preschool and school-aged children
    K Alaimo
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:781-6. 2001
    ..This study investigated associations between family income, food insufficiency, and health among US preschool and school-aged children...
  41. ncbi Social, economic, and political determinants of child health
    Nick Spencer
    Department of Community Paediatrics, University of Warwick, Conventry, United Kingdom
    Pediatrics 112:704-6. 2003
    ..The implications for pediatricians of high levels of child poverty and the effect that these have on children are discussed...
  42. pmc Child health in complex emergencies
    William J Moss
    Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 84:58-64. 2006
    ....
  43. ncbi Preventing exposure to second-hand smoke
    Sophia Chan
    Department of Nursing Studies, University of Hong Kong, 4 F Academic and Administration Block Faculty of Medicine Bldg, 21 Sassoon Road, Hong Kong, China
    Semin Oncol Nurs 19:284-90. 2003
    ..To report the effectiveness of a health education intervention provided by nurses to prevent second-hand smoke exposure in sick children in Hong Kong...
  44. ncbi In an era of economic growth, is inequity holding back reductions in child malnutrition in Vietnam?
    Nguyen Minh Thang
    Population Research Consultants, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 12:405-10. 2003
    ....
  45. ncbi Design and sampling methodology for a large study of preschool children's aggregate exposures to persistent organic pollutants in their everyday environments
    Nancy K Wilson
    Battelle Memorial Institute, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 14:260-74. 2004
    ..Field recruitment and data collection began in February 2000 in North Carolina and were completed in November 2001 in Ohio. This paper describes the design strategy, survey sampling, recruiting, and field methods for the CTEPP study...
  46. ncbi Effects of fully-established Sure Start Local Programmes on 3-year-old children and their families living in England: a quasi-experimental observational study
    Edward Melhuish
    Institute for the Study of Children, Families and Social Issues, Birkbeck University of London, London, UK
    Lancet 372:1641-7. 2008
    ..We therefore investigated whether SSLPs affect the wellbeing of 3-year-old children and their families...
  47. ncbi Prescribing habits of general practitioners in the treatment of childhood respiratory-tract infections
    Ahmet Akici
    Department of Pharmacology, Marmara University School of Medicine, Haydarpasa 81326, Istanbul, Turkey
    Eur J Clin Pharmacol 60:211-6. 2004
    ..In the present study, prescribing behavior of general practitioners (GPs) was investigated in the example of childhood upper and lower respiratory-tract infections (URTIs and LRTIs)...
  48. ncbi Environmental influences on helminthiasis and nutritional status among Pacific schoolchildren
    R G Hughes
    Nutrition Program, Australian Centre for International and Tropical Health and Nutrition, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Int J Environ Health Res 14:163-77. 2004
    ..Programme effectiveness depends upon upgrading school environments to include an adequate water supply, controlled food preparation/provision, well-maintained water/sanitation facilities and class sizes of 30 students or less...
  49. pmc Social capital: a key factor in child health inequalities
    T Waterston
    Dept of Community Paediatrics, Newcastle General Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    Arch Dis Child 89:456-9. 2004
    ..Reducing inequalities in health is an important component of UK health policy...
  50. ncbi Implementation of evidence-based practice in child welfare: service provider perspectives
    Gregory A Aarons
    Child and Adolescent Services Research Center, University of California, San Diego, 3020 Children s Way, MC 5033, San Diego, CA 92123 4282, USA
    Adm Policy Ment Health 34:411-9. 2007
    Implementation of evidence-based practices (EBP) in child welfare is a complex process that is often fraught with unanticipated events, conflicts, and resolutions...
  51. pmc Evaluating access to a child-oriented poverty alleviation intervention in rural South Africa
    Rhian Twine
    MRC Wits Rural Public Health and Transitions Research Unit Agincourt, School of Public Health, University of Witwatersrand, South Africa
    Scand J Public Health Suppl 69:118-27. 2007
    ..In April 1998, the South African government introduced the child-support grant as a poverty-alleviation measure to support the income of poor households and enable them to care for the child...
  52. pmc Effects of Sure Start local programmes on children and families: early findings from a quasi-experimental, cross sectional study
    Jay Belsky
    Institute for the Study of Children, Families and Social Issues, Birkbeck, University of London, London WC1B 3RA
    BMJ 332:1476. 2006
    ..To evaluate the effects of Sure Start local programmes (SSLPs) on children and their families. To assess whether variations in the effectiveness of SSLPs are due to differences in implementation...
  53. ncbi Promoting physical activity in children and youth: a leadership role for schools: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism (Physical Activity Committee) in collaboration with the Co
    Russell R Pate
    Circulation 114:1214-24. 2006
  54. ncbi Cohort profile: The Southampton Women's Survey
    Hazel M Inskip
    MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:42-8. 2006
  55. pmc Agricultural pesticide use in California: pesticide prioritization, use densities, and population distributions for a childhood cancer study
    R B Gunier
    Environmental Health Investigations Branch, California Department of Health Services, 1515 Clay St, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 109:1071-8. 2001
    ..The distribution of agricultural pesticide use and number of potentially exposed children suggests that pesticide use density would be of value for a study of childhood cancer...
  56. pmc Chemical contaminants in breast milk and their impacts on children's health: an overview
    Philip J Landrigan
    Center for Children s Health and the Environment, Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 110:A313-5. 2002
    ..Finally, current risk assessment methods need to be expanded to include consideration of the potential risks posed to infants and children by exposures to chemical residues in breast milk...
  57. ncbi Childhood disadvantage and health inequalities: a framework for policy based on lifecourse research
    H Graham
    Institute for Health Research, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
    Child Care Health Dev 30:671-8. 2004
    ..The paper argues that the process of policy review and development needs to include both new programmes and the mainstream policies in which they are embedded...
  58. ncbi Strategies to avoid the loss of developmental potential in more than 200 million children in the developing world
    Patrice L Engle
    UNICEF, New York, NY, USA
    Lancet 369:229-42. 2007
    ....
  59. ncbi The effects of organizational culture and climate on the access to mental health care in child welfare and juvenile justice systems
    Charles Glisson
    The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 3332, USA
    Adm Policy Ment Health 33:433-48. 2006
    ..effects of organizational culture and climate on the access to mental health care for 588 children referred to child welfare and juvenile justice systems in 21 Tennessee urban and rural counties...
  60. ncbi Socioeconomic risk, parenting during the preschool years and child health age 6 years
    Jay Belsky
    Institute for the Study of Children, Families and Social Issues, Birkbeck University of London, UK
    Eur J Public Health 17:508-13. 2007
    ..This study tests the hypothesis that some of the effect of socioeconomic risk on health in mid childhood is transmitted via early parenting...
  61. ncbi Physical activity assessed by activity monitor and doubly labeled water in children
    U Ekelund
    Unit for Preventive Nutrition, Department of Medical Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 33:275-81. 2001
    ....
  62. ncbi Cumulative social disadvantage and child health
    Laurie J Bauman
    Department of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine Children s Hospital at Montefiore, Bronx, New York, USA
    Pediatrics 117:1321-8. 2006
    ..Although others have examined the effects of the accumulation of risk factors, this methodology has not been applied to child health...
  63. pmc Prevalence of and risk factors for childhood overweight and obesity
    Paul J Veugelers
    Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta
    CMAJ 173:607-13. 2005
    ..We investigated the association between childhood overweight and obesity and risk factors relating to dietary habits, activities, parents and schools...
  64. ncbi The effects of marriage, civil union, and domestic partnership laws on the health and well-being of children
    James G Pawelski
    Division of State Government Affairs, American Academy of Pediatrics, Elk Grove Village, Illinois, USA
    Pediatrics 118:349-64. 2006
  65. ncbi Child health on a dollar a day: some tentative cross-country comparisons
    Adam Wagstaff
    Development Research Group and Human Development Network, The World Bank, 1818H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Soc Sci Med 57:1529-38. 2003
    ..Regressions find that higher levels of per capita public spending on the health sector are associated with significantly lower levels of mortality and malnutrition amongst children living on a dollar a day...
  66. ncbi Child health-centre-based promotion of a tobacco-free environment--a Swedish case study
    E Arborelius
    Division of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Health Promot Int 16:245-54. 2001
    ..7%. Thus, answers to two crucial questions were given: first, that the method seemed to affect parental behaviour; and secondly, that the training of county instructors might not have affected the dissemination of smoke-free children...
  67. ncbi Utilization of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect by child welfare agencies in Ontario
    L Tonmyr
    Injury and Child Maltreatment Section, Health Surveillance and Epidemiology Division, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Chronic Dis Inj Can 33:29-37. 2012
    The purpose of this study was to analyze how child maltreatment surveillance data from the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS) is used by senior child welfare decision makers.
  68. pmc Evaluation of an Australian indigenous housing programme: community level impact on crowding, infrastructure function and hygiene
    Ross S Bailie
    Menzies School of Health Research, Institute of Advanced Studies, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:432-7. 2011
    ....
  69. pmc Effects of PCB exposure on neuropsychological function in children
    Susan L Schantz
    Department of Veterinary Biosciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61802, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 111:357-576. 2003
    ..More complete information on the health effects of various congeners or congener classes would allow more informed scientific and risk assessment decisions...
  70. ncbi A motivational intervention can improve retention in PCIT for low-motivation child welfare clients
    Mark Chaffin
    University of Oklahoma, USA
    Child Maltreat 14:356-68. 2009
    ..Both interventions were implemented within a frontline child welfare parenting center by center staff...
  71. ncbi Race, place, space: meanings of cultural competence in three child welfare agencies
    Lynn M Nybell
    Department of Social Work, Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti 48197, USA
    Soc Work 49:17-26. 2004
    ..Efforts to develop cultural competence must identify, surface, and renegotiate these conflicts...
  72. pmc A preliminary analysis of the receipt of mental health services consistent with national standards among children in the child welfare system
    Ramesh Raghavan
    Washington University, Brown School of Social Work, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:742-9. 2010
    We sought to examine the extent to which children in the child welfare system receive mental health care consistent with national standards.
  73. ncbi Making visits better: the perspectives of parents, foster parents, and child welfare workers
    Wendy L Haight
    School of Social Work, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 61801, USA
    Child Welfare 81:173-202. 2002
    Mothers of children recently placed in foster care, foster mothers, and child welfare workers participated in semistructured, clinical interviews focusing on the challenges of parent visitation with young children...
  74. ncbi Maternal death and the onward psychosocial circumstances of Australian Aboriginal children and young people
    S R Zubrick
    Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, West Perth 6872, Australia
    Psychol Med 41:1971-80. 2011
    ..This study sought to determine the social and emotional impact of maternal loss on Aboriginal children and young people using data from the Western Australian Aboriginal Child Health Survey (WAACHS)...
  75. ncbi Busting out of the child welfare closet: lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender-affirming approaches to child welfare
    Gerald P Mallon
    Hunter College School of Social Work, New York City, NY, USA
    Child Welfare 85:115-22. 2006
  76. pmc Statistical and practical issues in the design of a national probability sample of births for the Vanguard Study of the National Children's Study
    Jill M Montaquila
    Westat, 1600 Research Blvd, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
    Stat Med 29:1368-76. 2010
    ..We will also describe the rationale for the sampling choices made at each stage, the unique organizational structure of the NCS and issues we expect to face during implementation...
  77. pmc Health-risk behaviors in young adolescents in the child welfare system
    Laurel K Leslie
    Center on Child and Family Outcomes, Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Tufts Medical Center, 800 Washington Street, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    J Adolesc Health 47:26-34. 2010
    ..depression/suicidality, substance use, delinquency) among a national probability sample of youth active to the child welfare/child protective services system. Recent federal legislation, P.L...
  78. ncbi Situational analysis of infant and young child nutrition policies and programmatic activities in the Islamic Republic of Mauritania
    Sara E Wuehler
    Helen Keller International, Africa Regional Office, Dakar Yoff, Senegal
    Matern Child Nutr 7:113-32. 2011
    ....
  79. ncbi Counseling parents to quit smoking
    Sharon L Sheahan
    College of Nursing, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
    Pediatr Nurs 31:98-102, 105-9. 2005
    ..Evidenced-based smoking cessation guidelines, the cost and efficacy of prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) pharmacological aids, and essential counseling tips for parents are reviewed...
  80. ncbi Investigating geographic variation in use of psychotropic medications among youth in child welfare
    Laurel K Leslie
    Center on Child and Family Outcomes, Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Tufts Medical Center, 800 Washington St, Tufts MC 345, Boston, MA 02111, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 35:333-42. 2011
    Public Law (P.L.) 110-351, the "Fostering Connections to Success Act," calls for state child welfare agencies to partner with Medicaid and pediatric experts to provide planning and oversight regarding the provision of health and mental ..
  81. ncbi Strategies for assessing children's organophosphorus pesticide exposures in agricultural communities
    R A Fenske
    Department of Environmental Health and Pacific Northwest Agricultural Safety and Health Center, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA
    J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 10:662-71. 2000
    ..Current studies include a community-based intervention to reduce parental transfer of pesticides from the workplace, and a systematic investigation of the role of agricultural spray drift in children's exposure to pesticides...
  82. ncbi Child maltreatment in families experiencing domestic violence
    Li Ching Lee
    Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Violence Vict 19:573-91. 2004
    ..AFDC participation intensified the probability of child maltreatment in the presence of PDV. Findings also suggest that in households experiencing PDV, social supports may protect children from maltreatment...
  83. ncbi Psychotropic medication use in a national probability sample of children in the child welfare system
    Ramesh Raghavan
    The National Center for Child Traumatic Stress, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90064, USA
    J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 15:97-106. 2005
    The aim of this study was to estimate the point prevalence of psychotropic medication use, and to describe relationships between child-level characteristics, provider type, and medication use among children in the child welfare system.
  84. ncbi The lasting impact of childhood health and circumstance
    Anne Case
    Center for Health and Wellbeing, Wallace Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    J Health Econ 24:365-89. 2005
    ....
  85. pmc A modeling framework for estimating children's residential exposure and dose to chlorpyrifos via dermal residue contact and nondietary ingestion
    V G Zartarian
    National Exposure Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U S Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 20192, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 108:505-14. 2000
    ....
  86. pmc Behavior problems and placement change in a national child welfare sample: a prospective study
    Gregory A Aarons
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 49:70-80. 2010
    There is ongoing debate regarding the impact of youth behavior problems on placement change in child welfare compared to the impact of placement change on behavior problems. Existing studies provide support for both perspectives...
  87. ncbi Methodological challenges in measuring child maltreatment
    Barbara Fallon
    Factor Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, Canada
    Child Abuse Negl 34:70-9. 2010
    ..This article reviewed the different surveillance systems used to monitor the extent of reported child maltreatment in North America...
  88. pmc Privacy and ethics in pediatric environmental health research-part I: genetic and prenatal testing
    Celia B Fisher
    Center for Ethics Education, Fordham University, Bronx, New York 10458, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:1617-21. 2006
    ....
  89. ncbi ["Baby cradle coop slots" for abandoned (anonymous) babies: legal problems]
    U Riedel
    Zentralbl Gynakol 128:47-52. 2006
    ..Anonymous babies must be immediately reported by hospitals or institutions to local police authorities, and they should be reported to the municipal Youth Office...
  90. ncbi Children in planned lesbian families: stigmatisation, psychological adjustment and protective factors
    Henny M W Bos
    Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Department of Education, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Cult Health Sex 10:221-36. 2008
    ..Findings support the idea that children in planned lesbian families benefit from the experience of meeting other children from similar families...
  91. ncbi Developmental needs and individualized family service plans among infants and toddlers in the child welfare system
    Cecilia E Casanueva
    RTI International, 3040 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Child Maltreat 13:245-58. 2008
    ..Few children with developmental needs had an IFSP. Substantiation status and level of child welfare system involvement were significantly associated with having an IFSP.
  92. ncbi Survey of childhood malnutrition at Dili National Hospital, East Timor
    Ingrid K Bucens
    Dili National Hospital, Dili, East Timor
    J Paediatr Child Health 42:28-32. 2006
    ..To describe the characteristics and short-term outcomes of children with malnutrition admitted to Dili National Hospital (DNH), East Timor...
  93. ncbi The role of interagency collaboration for substance-abusing families involved with child welfare
    Beth L Green
    NPC Research, Portland, OR 97239, USA
    Child Welfare 87:29-61. 2008
    Meeting the needs of families involved with the child welfare system because of a substance abuse issue remains a challenge for child welfare practitioners...
  94. ncbi Should I stay or should I go? A comparison study of intention to leave among public child welfare systems with high and low turnover rates
    Jessica Strolin-Goltzman
    Wurzweiler School of Social Work, Yeshiva University, New York, New York, USA
    Child Welfare 87:125-43. 2008
    ..Additionally, this study found that low turnover is not necessarily predictive of a healthy organizational environment. Implications for turnover reduction and prevention are provided in conclusion...
  95. ncbi [Child health in poor areas of North and Northeast Brazil: a comparison of areas covered by the Children's Mission and control areas]
    Juraci A Cesar
    Departamento Materno Infantil, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Rio Grande, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 21:1845-55. 2005
    ..Children visited by CHWs from the Children's Mission received better care in terms of growth monitoring, number of medical check-ups, and prenatal iron supplementation...
  96. ncbi Health counselling: parental-oriented health dialogue -- an innovation for child health nurses
    Marie Golsäter
    Department of Nursing Science, School of Health Sciences, Jonkoping University, Jonkoping, Sweden
    J Child Health Care 13:75-88. 2009
    ..The results indicated that working with the Health Curve could increase the opportunity for nurses to provide parents with support early in the process, helping the family to lead a healthy lifestyle...
  97. ncbi Paediatricians' role in war prevention
    Tony Waterston
    J Trop Pediatr 51:128-9. 2005
  98. ncbi Substance involvement among youths in child welfare: the role of common and unique risk factors
    Gregory A Aarons
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0812, USA
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 78:340-9. 2008
    This study examines risk factors for substance involvement for youths involved with the child welfare (CW) system...
  99. ncbi Organizational constructs as predictors of effectiveness in child welfare interventions
    Jane Yoo
    Results Research, Pasadena, California 91104, USA
    Child Welfare 86:53-78. 2007
    ..and service settings, may help explain the equivocal findings of intervention studies in the field of child welfare. Yet organizational context has been largely ignored in studies of child welfare interventions...
  100. ncbi Mental health and behavioral problems of youth in the child welfare system: residential treatment centers compared to therapeutic foster care in the Odyssey Project population
    Amy J L Baker
    Center for Child Welfare Research, The Children s Village, Dobbs Ferry, New York, USA
    Child Welfare 86:97-123. 2007
    ..in TFCs? Data were drawn from the Time 1 phase of the longitudinal national "Odyssey Project" developed by the Child Welfare League of America (1995)...
  101. ncbi Physical inactivity in children and adolescents: CASM AdHoc Committee on Children's Fitness
    Anthony Luke
    Clin J Sport Med 14:261-6; discussion 260. 2004

Research Grants68

  1. Testing a Comorbid PTSD &Substance/Alcohol Use Intervention in Delinquent Girls
    Amy E Lansing; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to the subject population and 2) use this study as a model for importing EBTs to other high-risk youth in Child Welfare and the JJS by partnering with (a) UC San Diego Comprehensive Research Center in Health Disparities to ..
  2. Developing an HIV/STI intervention for Foster Youth Using Attachment Theory
    Kym R Ahrens; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Jane Simoni) and research involving youth in the child welfare system (Dr. Mark Courtney)...
  3. Environmental/Behavioral Factors Shaping Circumcision Decisions in Zimbabwe
    Daniel E Montano; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..It will allow the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare (MOHCW) to prioritize the target groups for MC, based on MC acceptability and health system capacity...
  4. Reducing Disparities in Mental Health Expenditure Among Children in Child Welfare
    Ramesh Raghavan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Children coming into contact with child welfare agencies constitute what has been described as the dominant public mental health problem when it comes to children. These approximately 5...
  5. STRENGTHENING MEDICAID-FUNDED MENTAL HEALTH COVERAGE FOR CHILDREN IN CHILD WELFAR
    Ramesh Raghavan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Abstract Children in the child welfare system possess entitlements to Medicaid, and are the most expensive to insure for their mental health needs...
  6. Testing the Efficacy of Early Head Start in Preventing Child Maltreatment: A Fift
    BETH LOUISE GREEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of maltreatment experienced? This study will use methodology tested in a recent pilot study to obtain child welfare records for 3001 children and their caregivers in 17 EHS programs who participated in a national randomized ..
  7. Evaluating Psychotropic Oversight on the Safety of Children in Foster Care
    THOMAS I MACKIE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): State Medicaid, child welfare and mental health agencies currently confront a crisis regarding safe psychopharmacology for children in foster care...
  8. Healthy Futures for Children in Foster Care: Translating Evidence into Practice
    Moira Szilagyi; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..evidence-based parenting programs for foster and birth parents;and, 6) Disseminate and diffuse findings via child welfare, public health, and professional organizations (including on a national website with toolkits for ..
  9. Secondary Analysis of Functional Family Therapy in a Child Welfare Organization
    CHARLES WAYNE TURNER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..secondary data analysis project is to evaluate the impact of an innovative approach, Functional Family Therapy-Child Welfare (FFTCW), on the quality and costs of treatment and prevention services for substance abuse, HIV risk, ..
  10. Dissemination of Effective MH Services in Foster Care
    Sonya J Leathers; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This application will study an innovative approach to implementing mental health services in child welfare settings to reduce foster children's behavior problems and improve school outcomes...
  11. Mental Health Outcomes in Abused Women
    LINDA L TOCHE MANLEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..their families as well as the multiple social institutions and agencies that must grapple with its effects: Child Welfare, Mental Health, Law Enforcement, and Domestic Violence...
  12. Effects of Child Maltreatment on Adult Substance Use &Mental Health Problems
    Todd I Herrenkohl; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Data from these earlier waves of the study were drawn from multiple sources, including child welfare case records, birth records, observations of parents and children, school records, and parent and child ..
  13. Internet-based Fidelity Enhancement of MTFC
    EDWARD GUSTAV FEIL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Mental health, child welfare, and juvenile justice agencies are jointly faced with the challenge of reducing the prevalence of adolescent ..
  14. Project Connect: Adapting PCIT to Foster Care
    JAMES DIMITRI TOPITZES; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..efficacious, standard PCIT is resource intensive, so it is unlikely to be adopted as a routine service by child welfare agencies...
  15. Community Implementation of KEEP: Fidelity &Generalization of Parenting Effects
    JOSEPH MICHAEL PRICE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..As a result, the Child Welfare Services division of the San Diego County Health and Human Services Agency (HHSA) began implementation of the ..
  16. Development and Validation of Implementation Climate Measures
    MARK GREGORY EHRHART; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and construct ad criterion-related validity of the measures, and then assess generalizability by validating the factor structure across three public sector service settings: mental health, child welfare, and alcohol/drug services.
  17. Gender - Sensitive Treatment in Mixed - Gender Programs
    Robert G Orwin; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..rates and earned income, dependence on unearned income supports, and involvement with the criminal justice and child welfare systems) will be tracked for 2 years pre- and 2 years postadmission from administrative data sources.
  18. Juvenile Justice Girls: Pathways to Adjustment and System Use in Young Adulthood
    LESLIE DIANE LEVE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..constellation of behaviors puts them at heightened risk for early parenthood and subsequent involvement in the child welfare system (for their parenting behaviors) and the adult corrections system (for criminal behaviors)...
  19. Teens'Risk During Transition: Preventing Drug Use, HIV &School Problems
    Patricia Chamberlain; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed LINKS intervention marries the goals of child welfare and educational systems and will be implemented in the San Diego Unified School District which is the 2nd ..
  20. Preventing Medical Neglect of Children in Child Welfare
    Janet U Schneiderman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..my scientific work is to provide empirically derived knowledge to address medical neglect of children in the child welfare system: 1) by developing a better conceptual understanding of the variables that affect the caregivers'..
  21. Longitudinal effects of custody loss on drug use and crime of African American wo
    Kathi Lh Harp; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..While drug use is similar across racial groups in the US, African Americans disproportionately experience child welfare and criminal justice system involvement as a result of drug misuse...
  22. Improving Outcomes for Youth in Foster Care: Trauma-Focused CBT
    Shannon Dorsey; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..g., specialty mental health providers, child welfare and child protective services, juvenile justice).
  23. Comparative Safety of Atypical Antipsychotics in High-Risk US Children with ADHD
    David M Rubin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g. physician resources, health system organization, child welfare organization and policies) modify the risk of exposure to SGAs among children;3) Create multivariate matched ..
  24. Integrating Interventions for Maternal Substance Abuse and Child Neglect
    Lisa Saldana; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..skills to conduct randomized clinical trials for the study of treatments of maternal substance abuse within child welfare populations;2) gain understanding of current substance abuse service delivery within the child welfare system ..
  25. Advanced Center to Improve Pediatric Mental Health Care (ACIPMHC)
    John Landsverk; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..a strategic focus on improvement of public pediatric mental health care, primarily in the mental health and child welfare service sectors, through improved integration of evidence-based practice and usual care...
  26. Multiple Family Groups and Child Welfare Involved Families
    GEETHA GOPALAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..by applicant): Close to half of all children who remain at home with their permanent caregivers following a child welfare investigation (i.e...
  27. Promoting Infant Mental Health in Foster Care
    SUSAN JOAN SPIEKER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..steps to promote social-emotional well-being and relationship stability for infants and young children in the child welfare system. The proposed research is a community-based longitudinal comparative effectiveness study...
  28. Teleconsultation and Quality Review in Child Maltreatment
    PATRICIA GOEDE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..recognize abuse has significant morbidity and mortality, over recognition and over interpretation has negative child welfare and criminal repercussions that may be equally devastating...
  29. Implementing SafeCare to Prevent Child Maltreatment in Underserved Populations: A
    DANIEL JAMES WHITAKER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..prevention and intervention of child maltreatment requires the implementation of evidence-based practices in child welfare systems and prevention programs...
  30. Adolescent Recovery From Drug Abuse During Transitions in Care
    Jennifer Pelt Wisdom; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..involved in multiple systems of care, including drug abuse and mental health treatment, juvenile justice, and child welfare. Despite extensive efforts to integrate these systems of care, however, little work has focused on improving ..
  31. Social Work intervention training for Maltreating Families of Infants, Toddlers
    Monica L Oxford; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Most children who have experienced maltreatment and are receiving services through the Child Welfare System (CWS) remain in their homes with their caregivers...
  32. Pathways from Caregiver Substance Abuse to Child Harm
    KRISTEN SEAY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..5 million reports of child maltreatment assessed by child protective services (CPS) in 2010 and up to 80% of child welfare families experiencing substance abuse by a caregiver, it is imperative that we fully understand the extensive ..
  33. CHILD SUPPORT, CHILD WELFARE & EFFECTS OF WELFARE REFORM
    H Peters; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Our estimation methodology allows us to use our results to do simulations of the effects of various policies on labor supply and child care choice. Data from the 1986, 1988, and 1989 waves of the NLSY are used to estimate the model. ..
  34. Interagency Collaborative Teams to Scale-up Evidence Based Practice
    MICHAEL SCOTT HURLBURT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Implementation of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in child welfare systems has been very slow...
  35. Isolating Targets with Existing Data to Prevent Teen Drug Use in Child Welfare
    DORIAN E TRAUBE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Abstract: The child welfare system may be the locus of a vicious circle of intergenerational substance use. In the U.S. some 8...
  36. Feasibility of Substance Abuse Prevention in Foster Care Settings
    Kevin P Haggerty; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This proposal focuses on collaborating with child welfare practitioners and foster caregivers to identify the specific needs and unique implementation issues ..
  37. UZ-UCSF Collaborative Research Program
    Suellen Miller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Representatives of DAIDS, Community Advisory Board members, Ministry of Health and Child Welfare representatives, local stakeholders, and international investigators from collaborating institutions such as ..
  38. Victimization and Women in the Criminal Justice System
    Seana Golder; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..CJ system has perpetuated and fueled racial disparities and biases in the areas of child well-being and the child welfare system, infectious diseases and other markers of public health, and other domains of psychosocial functioning ..
  39. Collaboration to Establish the Prevalence of FASD in San Diego, CA
    Christina Chambers; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..School District, the San Diego Regional Center for Developmental Disabilities, and the San Diego County Child Welfare Agency, we will employ methods that will specifically address the major barriers to developing accurate ..
  40. Dynamic Adaptation to Implement an Evidence-based Child Maltreatment Intervention
    GREGORY AARONS; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..reunification (FP/FR) service systems that are mandated by federal policy and are a staple of child welfare services...
  41. The Role of Risk Taking and Inhibitory Control on Alcohol Use in Maltreated Youth
    Jacqueline Bruce; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Maltreated adolescents involved with the child welfare system (CWS) have typically encountered a host of early adverse experiences, including prenatal exposure to drugs and alcohol, neglectful and ..
  42. Concurrent Treatment of Substance Abuse and Child Maltreatment
    Ronald J Prinz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The sample includes parents in the child welfare system that is struggling with substance-abuse difficulties and has at least one child 2-8 years of age...
  43. Translational Drug Abuse Prevention Center
    Philip Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and II translational prevention research in drug abuse that seeds future research, practice, and policy in the child welfare system (CWS)...
  44. Family-Based Treatment for Parental Substance Abuse and Child Maltreatment
    Cynthia Cupit Swenson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..consequently, is often linked with detrimental clinical outcomes for children, exorbitant fiscal costs for the child welfare system, and serious social costs for our nation...
  45. Randomized Trial of KEEP-P, a Preventive Intervention for Foster Preschoolers
    Philip Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..However, there is very limited use of evidence-based interventions for young children in the child welfare system...
  46. Center for Drug Abuse Prevention in the Child Welfare System
    Patricia Chamberlain; Fiscal Year: 2012
    This application is for a P30 Center for Drug Abuse Prevention in the Child Welfare System (CDAP-CWS)...
  47. Effects of the Wraparound Service Model for Maltreated Youth in a System of Care
    Christian M Connell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Increasingly, states use the WSM with child welfare populations, despite limited research on its effectiveness, particularly within CPS...
  48. Preventing Conduct Disorder Among Children in the Child Welfare System
    PATRICIA LYNN KOHL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Children in the child welfare system are at high risk for serious disruptive behavior problems, including conduct disorder...
  49. Treating EBD Children in Foster Care-The Role of Residential Group Care
    Sigrid James; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed research plan takes a two-pronged approach: (1) It will study processes in a child welfare (CW) and mental health (MH) system of care as it wrestles with how to implement EBPs and reduce use of RGC;and ..
  50. Neighborhood factors and child maltreatment: A mixed method study
    JAMES SPILSBURY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The study has significant potential to shape child welfare policy by identifying specific neighborhood conditions, service elements, and definition/reporting practices ..
  51. Mental Health Services for Toddlers in Foster Care
    Mary Dozier; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..R01 would assess the effectiveness of an intervention that targets these dual issues within the context of the child welfare system...
  52. Housing services for child welfare families: Impact on stability and well-being.
    Patrick J Fowler; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..the effectiveness of a housing intervention for inadequately housed families under investigation by the child welfare system, as well as to understand the mechanisms and conditions through which the program most benefits child ..
  53. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of coaching models to promote implementation
    DANIEL JAMES WHITAKER; Fiscal Year: 2011
    Child neglect is the dominant problem in the child welfare system, accounting for over 64% of cases annually...
  54. A Technology-Enhanced Approach for Implementing Evidence-Based Practices in Child
    SHANNON RENEE SELF-BROWN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Maltreated children involved with child welfare have 2.5 times greater risk for developing mental health problems than children in the general population...
  55. Treatment access for families: An application of QCA and regression techniques
    Emmeline Chuang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. occur in the context of substance use disorders. Child welfare agencies play an important role in connecting families to appropriate services within the community...
  56. Mental Health Outcomes in Abused Women (Polaris DV-MH)
    LINDA TOCHE MANLEY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..women are likely to be involved in abuse that could escalate and result in serious injury/death or require child welfare agency intervention...
  57. Using a Community Based Participatory Research Approach to Examine Family Support
    Ryan P Kilmer; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..of Care (SOC) for children with severe emotional disturbance (SED) and their families and for families in the child welfare system, this project will build the capacity of family support programs to collect and manage data, enabling ..
  58. Securing Standards-Consistent Mental Health Care for Children in Child Welfare
    Ramesh Raghavan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Although children in the child welfare system are among the highest child users of mental health services, little is known about the quality of the services they receive...
  59. Improving Care for Children in Child Welfare
    John Landsverk; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..the dissemination, implementation and maintenance of evidence-based, parent mediated interventions (E-BPMI) in child welfare settings for treatment of disruptive disorders and externalizing behavior problems in children and adolescents...
  60. Foster Care Youth: The Consequences of Abuse and Neglect
    Justeen Hyde; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Researchers, child welfare advocates and journalists have demonstrated that child welfare programs often fail to address the complex ..
  61. RISK FACTORS FOR FATAL CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT
    PATRICIA SCHNITZER; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..and underreporting that plague studies based on vital records or samples of abused children from child welfare agencies...
  62. Maternal Employment, Low-Income Youth, and Neighborhoods
    LISA GENNETIAN; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..researchers as well as a wealth of annual indicators collected from local administrative agencies including child welfare. This study is a substantive opportunity to understand the economic determinants of adolescent development ..
  63. MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES ACROSS CHILD WELFARE AGENCIES
    John Landsverk; Fiscal Year: 2003
    The applicants propose to examine the impact of placement types and changes in the Child Welfare system (CWS) on children's receipt of mental health services within the context of state and regional variation of mental health care ..
  64. Health Policies & Pathways to MH Services for Children
    Ramesh Raghavan; Fiscal Year: 2003
    DESCRIPTION (provided by the applicant): Over the past two decades, child welfare agencies have seen increases in the number of foster children in their care...
  65. CENTER FOR MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH
    Enola Proctor; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..is mental health service delivery to under-served groups through human service, "non-specialty" sectors (child welfare, schools, and juvenile justice institutions, social services, and geriatric rehabilitation)...
  66. OUTCOMES OF 3 CHILDREN'S PSYCHIATRIC EMERGENCY PROGRAMS
    Mary Evans; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..care, used in mental health settings in 14 states, is based on the Homebuilders program developed for a child welfare population...
  67. CHILD WELFARE, LEGAL PRACTICE, & ALASKA NATIVE IDENTITY
    Caroline Brown; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..While agencies have acknowledged the existence of problems in native child welfare proceedings, proposed remedies thus far have focused only on facilitating procedures more than addressing the ..
  68. YOUNG ADULT VIOLENCE: MODIFIABLE PREDICTORS AND PATHS
    FRANCIS DRAKE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..court records (restraining orders against subjects and caretakers), mental health services, special education, child welfare, emergency room visits and inpatient hospitalization (health/mental health), income maintenance, juvenile ..