Genomes and Genes
Summary: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Publications320 found, 100 shown here
- Work stress as a risk factor for major depressive episode(s)Jianli Wang
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Psychol Med 35:865-71. 2005..Major depression is a prevalent mental disorder in the general population, with a multi-factorial etiology. However, work stress as a risk factor for major depression has not been well studied...
- The mouse communal nest: investigating the epigenetic influences of the early social environment on brain and behavior developmentIgor Branchi
Section of Behavioural Neurosciences, Department of Cell Biology, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, I 00161 Roma, Italy
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 33:551-9. 2009..Overall, CN appears as an experimental strategy different and complementary to the ones currently used for studying how the early environment determines developmental trajectories...
- Dissecting obesogenic environments: the development and application of a framework for identifying and prioritizing environmental interventions for obesityB Swinburn
Department of Community Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Prev Med 29:563-70. 1999....
- Understanding environmental influences on walking; Review and research agendaNeville Owen
Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Am J Prev Med 27:67-76. 2004..Walking is the most common physical activity behavior of adults; environmental innovations may be able to influence rates of participation...
- Measuring the built environment for physical activity: state of the scienceRoss C Brownson
Prevention Research Center in St Louis, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
Am J Prev Med 36:S99-123.e12. 2009..In particular, further research is needed to improve the technical quality of measures, understand the relevance to various population groups, and understand the utility of measures for science and public health...
- Brain on stress: how the social environment gets under the skinBruce S McEwen
Laboratory of Neuroendocrinology, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:17180-5. 2012....
- Social capital and mental illness: a systematic reviewMary J De Silva
Public Health Intervention Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 59:619-27. 2005..This papers aims to systematically review quantitative studies examining the association between social capital and mental illness...
- The built environment and obesityMia A Papas
Departmentof Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, 737 West Lombard Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
Epidemiol Rev 29:129-43. 2007....
- Physical activity and food environments: solutions to the obesity epidemicJames F Sallis
San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
Milbank Q 87:123-54. 2009..This article is a status report on research on physical activity and food environments, and it suggests how these findings can be used to improve diet and physical activity and to control or reduce obesity...
- Neighborhood characteristics and availability of healthy foods in BaltimoreManuel Franco
Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2217, USA
Am J Prev Med 35:561-7. 2008..The availability of healthy foods has rarely been directly measured in a systematic fashion. This study examines the associations among the availability of healthy foods and racial and income neighborhood composition...
- Characteristics of urban parks associated with park use and physical activity: a review of qualitative researchGavin R McCormack
Population Health Intervention Research Centre, University of Calgary, 3280 Hospital Drive, N W Calgary, Alberta T2N4Z6, Canada
Health Place 16:712-26. 2010..Furthermore, our synthesis of qualitative research suggests that perceptions of the social environment entwine inextricably with perceptions of the physical environment...
- Experience sampling research in psychopathology: opening the black box of daily lifeI Myin-Germeys
Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, South Limburg Mental Health Research and Teaching Network, EURON, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Psychol Med 39:1533-47. 2009....
- The built environment, neighborhood crime and constrained physical activity: an exploration of inconsistent findingsSarah Foster
School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
Prev Med 47:241-51. 2008..This paper reviews the quantitative evidence to date, seeking to explain the inconsistencies, and offers recommendations for future research...
- Measuring the food environment: state of the scienceLeslie A Lytle
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454 1054, USA
Am J Prev Med 36:S134-44. 2009....
- Social and environmental factors associated with preschoolers' nonsedentary physical activityWilliam H Brown
Department of Educational Studies, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
Child Dev 80:45-58. 2009..Implications for policy makers, practitioners, and researchers are discussed...
- Developing a framework for assessment of the environmental determinants of walking and cyclingTerri Pikora
School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, WA 6009, Crawley, Australia
Soc Sci Med 56:1693-703. 2003..Identifying the environmental factors that influence walking and cycling will allow the inclusion of a public health perspective as well as those of urban planning and transport in the design of built environments...
- Gender differences in the associations between health and neighbourhood environmentM Stafford
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, International Centre for Health and Society, University College London Medical School, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
Soc Sci Med 60:1681-92. 2005..These findings add to the literature indicating greater effects of non-work-based stressors for women and highlight the influence of the residential environment on women's health...
- Findings from Encontros: a multilevel STI/HIV intervention to increase condom use, reduce STI, and change the social environment among sex workers in BrazilSheri A Lippman
Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
Sex Transm Dis 39:209-16. 2012..We conducted a multilevel intervention with sex workers, including improved clinical care and community-mobilizing strategies to modify social structural factors that shape sexual behavior, to improve condom use and reduce incident STI...
- Community advocacy groups as a means to address the social environment of female sex workers: a case study in Andhra Pradesh, IndiaSwarup Punyam
India HIV AIDS Alliance, Sarovar Center, 5 9 22, Secretariat Road, Hyderabad 500063, Andhra Pradesh, India
J Epidemiol Community Health 66:ii87-94. 2012..To examine the association between the presence of community advocacy groups (CAGs) and female sex workers' (FSWs) access to social entitlements and outcomes of police advocacy...
- Risk environments and drug harms: a social science for harm reduction approachTim Rhodes
Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, UK
Int J Drug Policy 20:193-201. 2009..A risk environment approach brings together multiple resources and methods in social science, and helps frame a 'social science for harm reduction'...
- Measures of the food environment: a compilation of the literature, 1990-2007Robin A McKinnon
National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
Am J Prev Med 36:S124-33. 2009....
- Peers and adolescent smokingKimberly Kobus
Health Research and Policy Centers, University of Illinois at Chicago, 850 W Jackson Blvd, Suite 400, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
Addiction 98:37-55. 2003..Recommendations for future investigations are made, as well as suggestions for specific methodological approaches that offer promise for advancing our knowledge of the contribution of peers on adolescent tobacco use...
- Heterogeneity in incidence rates of schizophrenia and other psychotic syndromes: findings from the 3-center AeSOP studyJames B Kirkbride
Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England
Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:250-8. 2006..Convention suggests uniformity of incidence of schizophrenia and other psychoses; variation would have implications for their causes and biological characteristics...
- Environmental correlates of walking and cycling: findings from the transportation, urban design, and planning literaturesBrian E Saelens
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, USA
Ann Behav Med 25:80-91. 2003..The transportation, urban design, and planning literatures provide a valuable starting point for multidisciplinary research on environmental contributions to physical activity levels in the population...
- Neuroscience, molecular biology, and the childhood roots of health disparities: building a new framework for health promotion and disease preventionJack P Shonkoff
Center on the Developing Child, Harvard University, 50 Church St, Fourth Floor, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
JAMA 301:2252-9. 2009....
- Social environment and physical activity: a review of concepts and evidenceLorna Haughton McNeill
Harvard School of Public Health Boston, MA, USA
Soc Sci Med 63:1011-22. 2006The rapidly growing and evolving literature on the social environment and its influence on health outcomes currently lacks a clear taxonomy of dimensions of the social environment and the differing mechanisms through which each influences ..
- The childcare environment and children's physical activityJulie K Bower
Department of Nutrition, Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
Am J Prev Med 34:23-9. 2008..The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between the childcare environment and physical activity behavior of preschool children...
- Social capital and health promotion: a reviewP Hawe
Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Soc Sci Med 51:871-85. 2000....
- A systematic review of fast food access studiesS E Fleischhacker
Department of Nutrition in the Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Obes Rev 12:e460-71. 2011..Further work is needed to understand if and how fast food access impacts dietary intake and health outcomes; and if fast food access has disparate socioeconomic, race/ethnicity and age associations...
- Perceived social and physical environmental correlates of physical activity in older adolescents and the moderating effect of self-efficacyB Deforche
Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Department of Human Biometrics and Biomechanics, Brussel, Belgium
Prev Med 50:S24-9. 2010..To determine if perceptions of the social and physical environment are associated with active transport and leisure-time sports among Belgian youth and to investigate if this relationship is moderated by self-efficacy...
- The influence of the built environment, social environment and health behaviors on body mass index. results from RESIDEHayley Christian
Centre for the Built Environment and Health, School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
Prev Med 53:57-60. 2011..To examine the individual, behavioral, social and built environment correlates of body mass index (BMI) in an Australian adult population...
- Associations between perceived neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behavior: findings from the U.S.A., Australia and BelgiumDelfien Van Dyck
Ghent University, Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Belgium
Soc Sci Med 74:1375-84. 2012....
- Income disparities in perceived neighborhood built and social environment attributesJames F Sallis
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, 3900 Fifth Avenue, Suite 310, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
Health Place 17:1274-83. 2011..Perceived built and social environment variables were assessed with the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale...
- Individual and environmental correlates of dietary fat intake in rural communities: a structural equation model analysisApril K Hermstad
Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, United States
Soc Sci Med 71:93-101. 2010..The results indicate that the influence of individual and environmental factors on dietary fat intake differs for men and women, with the home environment playing a larger role for women in rural communities...
- Physical environmental correlates of childhood obesity: a systematic reviewG F Dunton
Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Alhambra, CA 91803, USA
Obes Rev 10:393-402. 2009..For most environmental variables considered, strong empirical evidence is not yet available. Conceptual gaps, methodological limitations and future research directions are discussed...
- Relation between neighborhood environments and obesity in the Multi-Ethnic Study of AtherosclerosisMahasin S Mujahid
Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Program, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA
Am J Epidemiol 167:1349-57. 2008..The neighborhood social environment score combined measures of greater aesthetic quality, safety, and social cohesion and less violent crime...
- The influence of the economic and social environment on deliberate self-harm and suicide: an ecological and person-based studyK Hawton
Centre for Suicide Research, University of Oxford Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital
Psychol Med 31:827-36. 2001..CONCLUSIONS: Reducing socio-economic deprivation and its associated problems may be an important strategy in the prevention of suicidal behaviour, especially in young men...
- The early life social environment and DNA methylation: DNA methylation mediating the long-term impact of social environments early in lifeMoshe Szyf
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, McGill University Montreal CA, USA
Epigenetics 6:971-8. 2011..However, several critical questions remain including the identification of mechanisms that transmit the signals from the social environment to the DNA methylation/demethylation enzymes.
- Social-cognitive and perceived environment influences associated with physical activity in older AustraliansM L Booth
Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, A27, University of Sydney, New South Wales, 2006, Australia
Prev Med 31:15-22. 2000..This study attempts to identify social-cognitive and perceived environmental influences associated with physical activity participation in older populations...
- Influences of physical and social neighborhood environments on children's physical activity and obesityLuisa Franzini
University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, TX 77030, USA
Am J Public Health 99:271-8. 2009..We investigated the association between physical and social neighborhood environments and fifth-grade students' physical activity and obesity...
- Are children's perceptions of neighbourhood social environments associated with their walking and physical activity?Clare Hume
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Australia
J Sci Med Sport 12:637-41. 2009..Children self-reported their perceptions of the neighbourhood social environment including social networks (e.g. there are lots of other children around to play with), and social capital (e...
- Environment and schizophrenia: environmental factors in schizophrenia: childhood trauma--a critical reviewCraig Morgan
Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
Schizophr Bull 33:3-10. 2007..However, there remain a number of conceptual and methodological issues, which mean much more research is needed before firm conclusions can be drawn about whether childhood trauma is a cause of psychosis...
- Does low workplace social capital have detrimental effect on workers' health?Etsuji Suzuki
Department of Epidemilogy, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700 8558, Japan
Soc Sci Med 70:1367-72. 2010..Although the present study possibly suggests the contextual effect of workplace mistrust on workers' health, the contextual effect of workplace lack of reciprocity was not supported...
- Love thy neighbour? Associations of social capital and crime with physical activity amongst womenKylie Ball
Deakin University, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
Soc Sci Med 71:807-14. 2010..Further investigation of causal mechanisms underlying these associations is required...
- Perceptions of the environment, physical activity, and obesityWouter Poortinga
Cardiff University, Welsh School of Architecture, King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff, Wales CF10 3NB, UK
Soc Sci Med 63:2835-46. 2006..In addition, positive perceptions of the social environment (i.e...
- Examining the etiology of childhood obesity: The IDEA studyLeslie A Lytle
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454 1054, USA
Am J Community Psychol 44:338-49. 2009..The use of a conceptual model to guide the research, a transdisciplinary approach, a longitudinal cohort design and state-of-the-art measures of the individual and the environment are strengths of this research...
- Transcriptional modulation of the developing immune system by early life social adversitySteven W Cole
Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology Oncology, University of California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:20578-83. 2012....
- Neighbourhood life and social capital: the implications for healthAnna M Ziersch
Department of Public Health, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide SA 5000, Australia
Soc Sci Med 60:71-86. 2005..The paper concludes that there is a need for more complex measures of social capital and that socio-economic factors are of relatively greater importance in determining health...
- Does gender modify associations between self rated health and the social and economic characteristics of local environments?Anne M Kavanagh
Key Centre for Women s Health in Society, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
J Epidemiol Community Health 60:490-5. 2006..To examine whether area level socioeconomic disadvantage and social capital have different relations with women's and men's self rated health...
- Computational identification of gene-social environment interaction at the human IL6 locusSteven W Cole
Department of Medicine and Norman Cousins Center, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:5681-6. 2010....
- Health-related behavior as a mechanism behind the relationship between neighborhood social capital and individual health--a multilevel analysisSigrid M Mohnen
Department of Sociology and Interuniversity Center of Social Science Theory and Methodology ICS, Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 2, 3584, CS Utrecht, The Netherlands
BMC Public Health 12:116. 2012..We identify five different health-related behaviors that are likely to be affected by neighborhood social capital and test these behaviors separately as mediators...
- Dog ownership, health and physical activity: a critical review of the literatureHayley Cutt
The RESIDE Project, School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia
Health Place 13:261-72. 2007....
- Rigor, vigor, and the study of health disparitiesNancy Adler
Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0848, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:17154-9. 2012..Newer approaches to both measurement and analysis may enable enhanced vigor as well as rigor. Incorporating both rigor and vigor into studies will provide a fuller understanding of the causes of health disparities...
- A narrative review of psychological and educational strategies applied to young children's eating behaviours aimed at reducing obesity riskE L Gibson
Department of Psychology, University of Roehampton, London, UK
Obes Rev 13:85-95. 2012..Moderate rather than frequent restriction may improve healthy eating in children. Actively positive social modelling by adults and peers can be effective in encouraging healthier eating...
- The early-life social environment and DNA methylationM Szyf
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Clin Genet 81:341-9. 2012..Data that are consistent with this new role for DNA methylation as a mechanism for conferring an 'environment' specific identity to DNA will be discussed...
- Socioeconomic status and chronic stress. Does stress account for SES effects on health?A Baum
University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 896:131-44. 1999..Research targeting this hypothesis is needed to determine the extent to which stress is a pathway linking SES and health...
- Early expression of negative/disorganized symptoms predicting psychotic experiences and subsequent clinical psychosis: a 10-year studyMaria de Gracia Dominguez
Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, School of Mental Health and Neuroscience, Maastricht University Medical Centre, The Netherlands
Am J Psychiatry 167:1075-82. 2010..The epidemiological predictions of this model were tested...
- Place effects on health: how can we conceptualise, operationalise and measure them?Sally Macintyre
MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
Soc Sci Med 55:125-39. 2002....
- Neighborhood and parental supports for physical activity in minority adolescentsDawn K Wilson
Department of Psychology, Barnwell College, University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA
Am J Prev Med 41:399-406. 2011..This study used an ecologic model to evaluate the significance of neighborhood, home, and parental supports for physical activity on moderate-to-vigorous (MV) physical activity in underserved adolescents...
- Transmission of multiple resistant Salmonella Concord from internationally adopted children to their adoptive families and social environment: proposition of guidelinesR Vanhoof
National Reference Centre for Salmonella and Shigella, Bacterial Diseases Division, Communicable and Infectious Diseases, Scientific Institute of Public Health, 14 Wytsmanstreet, 1050, Brussels, Belgium
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 31:491-7. 2012..This study provides useful information for parents adopting children and for their family practitioner...
- Health inequalities and the psychosocial environment-two scientific challengesJohannes Siegrist
Department of Medical Sociology, Heinrich Heine Universitat, University of Duesseldorf, Universitaetstrasse 1, P O Box 10 10 07, D 40001, 40225 Duesseldorf, Germany
Soc Sci Med 58:1463-73. 2004..This collaboration was enabled and supported by a European Science Foundation scientific programme on 'Social Variations in Health Expectancy in Europe'...
- Comparing Perception-Based and Geographic Information System (GIS)-based characterizations of the local food environmentLatetia V Moore
University of Michigan, Department of Epidemiology, 109 Observatory St, 4648 SPH I Ann Arbor, MI, 48109 2029, USA
J Urban Health 85:206-16. 2008..Perception- and GIS-based characterizations of the environment are associated but are not identical. Combinations of different types of measures may yield more valid measures of the environment...
- The physical, social and symbolic environment supporting the well-being of home-dwelling elderly peopleSatu Elo
Department of Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
Int J Circumpolar Health 70:90-100. 2011..The purpose of this study was to construct a theory on an environment that would support the well-being of home-dwelling elderly people in northern Finland...
- Violence and social capital among young men in BeirutTaghreed El Hajj
Department of Health Promotion and Community Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
Inj Prev 17:401-6. 2011..Research on the links between violence and social capital has produced mixed results and is mainly limited to Western countries...
- Social capital and community effects on population and individual healthI Kawachi
Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 896:120-30. 1999..Strengthening the social capital within communities may provide an important avenue for reducing socioeconomic disparities in health...
- A systematic review of environmental factors and obesogenic dietary intakes among adults: are we getting closer to understanding obesogenic environments?K Giskes
School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, Queensland, Australia
Obes Rev 12:e95-e106. 2011....
- Condom negotiations among female sex workers in the Philippines: environmental influencesLianne A Urada
Division of Global Public Health, Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e33282. 2012..This study assesses environmental and individual factors associated with condom negotiation among FSWs at high risk for acquiring HIV in a large urban setting of Metro Manila, Philippines...
- Parent, sibling and peer influences on smoking initiation, regular smoking and nicotine dependence. Results from a genetically informative designJeffrey F Scherrer
St Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Research Service 151 JC, 915 North Grand Blvd, St Louis, MO 63106, USA
Addict Behav 37:240-7. 2012..Smoking interventions may have greatest impact by targeting smoking prevention among peer groups in adolescent and young adult populations...
- Perceived environmental correlates of physical activity and walking in African young adultsAdewale L Oyeyemi
Department of Physiotherapy, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri PMB 1069, Maiduguri Maiduguri, Borno 234 Nigeria
Am J Health Promot 25:e10-9. 2011..This study examined the associations between perception of the neighborhood environment and PA and walking in African young adults...
- Preschoolers' total daily screen time at home and by type of child carePooja S Tandon
Center for Child Health, Behavior, and Development, Seattle Children s Research Institute, Seattle, WA, USA
J Pediatr 158:297-300. 2011..To assess preschoolers' cumulative daily screen time, measure the contributions of the home and the child care setting to this total, and characterize children that are most at risk for excessive screen time...
- The contextual effects of social capital on health: a cross-national instrumental variable analysisDaniel Kim
RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA, USA
Soc Sci Med 73:1689-97. 2011..Given the close linkages between self-rated health and all-cause mortality, the public health gains from raising social capital within and across countries may be large...
- Crime prevention and active livingAnastasia Loukaitou-Sideris
Department of Urban Planning, University of California, Los Angeles, 3250 Public Policy Building, Box 951656, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Am J Health Promot 21:380-9, iii. 2007..These variables are thought to be moderated through psychological, demographic, environmental and other factors. Research questions that derive from the model are featured...
- Physical activity levels according to physical and social environmental factors in a sample of adults living in South BrazilTales C Amorim
Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil
J Phys Act Health 7:S204-12. 2010To evaluate the association between the physical and social environment and physical activity (leisure-time and transport-related) in a population-based sample of adults.
- Visual epidemiology: photographs as tools for probing street-level etiologiesCarolyn C Cannuscio
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Pennsylvania, PA, United States
Soc Sci Med 69:553-64. 2009....
- The psychology of psychiatric genetics: evidence that positive emotions in females moderate genetic sensitivity to social stress associated with the BDNF Val-sup-6-sup-6Met polymorphismMarieke Wichers
Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, South Limburg Mental Health Research and Teaching Network, EURON, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
J Abnorm Psychol 117:699-704. 2008..Interdisciplinary research in psychology and psychiatric genetics may lead to the improvement of treatment choices in stress-related disorders...
- A prospective study of individual-level social capital and major depression in the United StatesT Fujiwara
Centre for Community Child Health Research, Child and Family Research Institute, 4480 Oak Street, F612B, Vancouver, BC, Canada
J Epidemiol Community Health 62:627-33. 2008..To investigate prospectively the associations between depression and cognitive social capital (social trust, sense of belonging, mutual aid) and structural social capital (volunteer work and community participation)...
- Serotonin transporter expression is predicted by early life stress and is associated with disinhibited behavior in infant rhesus macaquesE L Kinnally
Department of Molecular Imaging and Neuropathology, Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, Room 2917, New York, NY 10032, USA
Genes Brain Behav 9:45-52. 2010..Further, 5-HTT expression predicted behavioral disinhibition, presumably via parallel processes that operate in the brain...
- Social contact networks and disease eradicability under voluntary vaccinationAna Perisic
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
PLoS Comput Biol 5:e1000280. 2009....
- Temporal and environmental patterns of sedentary and active behaviors during adolescents' leisure timeStuart J H Biddle
Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
Int J Behav Med 16:278-86. 2009..There is great interest in young people's overweight and obesity. Few data, however, describe when sedentary and physically active behaviors are likely to occur during the day or how these behaviors are related to location...
- Social, environmental and psychological factors associated with objective physical activity levels in the over 65sMarion E T McMurdo
Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Dundee, Tayside, Scotland
PLoS ONE 7:e31878. 2012..To assess physical activity levels objectively using accelerometers in community dwelling over 65 s and to examine associations with health, social, environmental and psychological factors...
- Environmental and psychosocial correlates of accelerometer-assessed and self-reported physical activity in Belgian adultsDelfien Van Dyck
Fund for Scientific Research Flanders, Ghent, Belgium
Int J Behav Med 18:235-45. 2011..To develop effective interventions to increase PA, it is necessary to understand the most important PA correlates and to investigate whether correlates are similar in different population subgroups...
- Chemical stimuli induce courtship dominance in DrosophilaNicolas Svetec
Curr Biol 15:R790-2. 2005
- Evaluating a model of youth physical activityCarrie D Heitzler
University of Minnesota, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, 1300 S Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
Am J Health Behav 34:593-606. 2010..To explore the relationship between social influences, self-efficacy, enjoyment, and barriers and physical activity...
- A meta-analytic examination of assumed properties of child sexual abuse using college samplesB Rind
Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122, USA
Psychol Bull 124:22-53. 1998..The college data were completely consistent with data from national samples. Basic beliefs about CSA in the general population were not supported...
- Social class, sense of control, and social explanationMichael W Kraus
Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, 3210 Tolman Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 97:992-1004. 2009..Implications for future research on social class as well as theoretical distinctions between objective SES and subjective SES are discussed...
- Individual, family, and neighborhood factors distinguish resilient from non-resilient maltreated children: a cumulative stressors modelSara R Jaffee
Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Child Abuse Negl 31:231-53. 2007..characteristics distinguish resilient from non-resilient maltreated children? Do children's individual strengths promote resilience even when children are exposed to multiple family and neighborhood stressors (cumulative stressors model)?..
- Food access and perceptions of the community and household food environment as correlates of fruit and vegetable intake among rural seniorsJoseph R Sharkey
Program for Research in Nutrition and Health Disparities, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, MS 1266, College Station, TX 77843 1266, USA
BMC Geriatr 10:32. 2010....
- Personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to schoolAnna Timperio
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, and The Children s Hospital at Westmead, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Am J Prev Med 30:45-51. 2006..The purpose of this study was to examine personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school among children...
- The social determinants of HIV serostatus in sub-Saharan Africa: an inverse relationship between poverty and HIV?Ashley M Fox
Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
Public Health Rep 125:16-24. 2010....
- Individual, social environmental and physical environmental barriers to achieving 10 000 steps per day among older womenKatherine S Hall
Geriatric Research, Education, linical Center, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 508 Fulton Street, GRECC 182, Durham, NC 27705, USA
Health Educ Res 25:478-88. 2010..This study examined the determinants of attaining/not attaining 10 000 steps per day among older women...
- The association of the school food environment with dietary behaviors of young adolescentsMartha Y Kubik
Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, 55455, USA
Am J Public Health 93:1168-73. 2003..We examined the association between young adolescents' dietary behaviors and school vending machines, à la carte programs, and fried potatoes' being served at school lunch...
- Child well-being and neighbourhood quality: evidence from the Canadian National Longitudinal Survey of Children and YouthL J Lori J Curtis
Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Dalhousie University, 5790 University Avenue, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 1V7
Soc Sci Med 58:1917-27. 2004..We find, measuring both child well-being and neighbourhood quality multi-dimensionally, that even after controlling for family level characteristics neighbourhood quality has strong associations with child well-being...
- Environmental correlates of children's active transportation: a systematic literature reviewKarina Pont
The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
Health Place 15:827-40. 2009..Further research requires longitudinal and intervention studies, utilizing multi-level design methodologies and objective measures of environmental attributes...
- Overview of modifiers of methylmercury neurotoxicity: chemicals, nutrients, and the social environmentDeborah C Rice
Maine Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Augusta, ME 04333, United States
Neurotoxicology 29:761-6. 2008..The Seychelles Islands study has explored the potential for the social environment to modify the effects of developmental methylmercury exposure...
- Maternal influences on adult stress and anxiety-like behavior in C57BL/6J and BALB/cJ mice: a cross-fostering studyKristianne Priebe
Department of Psychology, University of California Santa Barbara, 93106 9660, USA
Dev Psychobiol 47:398-407. 2005..Cross-fostering did alter anxiety-like behavior and basal corticosterone levels, which suggests that while genetic differences account for some of the variations between these two strains early rearing conditions also contribute...
- Revisiting Kurt Lewin: how to gain insight into environmental correlates of obesogenic behaviorsJohannes Brug
Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Am J Prev Med 31:525-9. 2006....
- Real-time electronic diary reports of cue exposure and mood in the hours before cocaine and heroin craving and useDavid H Epstein
National Institute on Drug Abuse Intramural Research Program, Treatment Section, Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics Branch, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 66:88-94. 2009..Ecological momentary assessment has greatly enhanced the study of tobacco addiction, but its use has rarely been attempted in individuals with cocaine or heroin addiction...
- Individual, social, environmental, and physical environmental correlates with physical activity among Canadians: a cross-sectional studySai Yi Pan
Evidence and Risk Assessment Division, Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Canada
BMC Public Health 9:21. 2009..This study examined the influences of various individual, social and physical environmental factors on PA participation by gender, age and socioeconomic status, using data from the 2002 nationwide survey of the Physical Activity Monitor...
- Environmental correlates of physical activity in driving and non-driving rural Japanese womenMasamitsu Kamada
Physical Education and Medicine Research Center UNNAN, Shimane, Japan
Prev Med 49:490-6. 2009..This study examined the relationship between physical activity and the environment among rural Japanese women, and whether that relationship varied with driving status...
- Remissions in maternal depression and child psychopathology: a STAR*D-child reportMyrna M Weissman
Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University and the New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York 10032, USA
JAMA 295:1389-98. 2006..Children of depressed parents have high rates of anxiety, disruptive, and depressive disorders that begin early, often continue into adulthood, and are impairing...
- Developmental trajectories of depressive symptoms from early childhood to late adolescence: gender differences and adult outcomeMarielle C Dekker
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Erasmus MC Sophia Children s Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:657-66. 2007..Limited information is available on gender differences and young-adult poor outcome in children and adolescents following distinct developmental trajectories of depressive symptoms...
Research Grants103 found, 100 shown here
- A Prospective Study of Drinking & Academic PerformaceDennis Thombs; Fiscal Year: 2006..The proposed study will inform both public health and higher education policy by filling knowledge gaps about the nature of the relation between college drinking and academic performance. ..
- Network HIV Prevention Intervention for Drug UsersCarl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- HIV Prevention and Adherence Intervention for HIV Positives and Partners in IndiaCARL A contact LATKIN; Fiscal Year: 2010..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This proposal has high public relevance due to the low rates of HIV medication adherence found in many impoverished communities domestically and internationally. ..
- A Network & Dyad HIV Prevention Intervention for Intravenous Drug UserCarl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007..Main outcome measures will be self-reported sex and injection risk behaviors. Self-reports will be cross-validated by urinalysis of STIs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- THE LONG-TERM IMPACT OF A NETWORK OUTREACH INTERVENTIONCarl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2002..The data will also used to examine associations between characteristics of sex partners and personal networks to describe sexual mixing patterns of this population. ..
- RCT of Russian IDU Peer Network HIV Prevent InterventionCarl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Childhood Determinants of Adolescent / Adult Drug UseJudith S Brook; Fiscal Year: 2010..Identification of childhood and adolescent factors that can exacerbate the impact of substance use consequences on later adult functioning would provide additional information necessary for effective treatment efforts. ..
- Individual. Parnet, and School-Level Protective Factors in Early AdolescenceALBERT FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Genetic Epidemiology of Pathological GamblingWendy Slutske; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Peer Influence on Eating Behavior in Overweight and Normal Weight YouthsSarah Jeanne Salvy; Fiscal Year: 2008..This study is designed to understand differences in responses to the social and food environment between overweight and non overweight youths. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Childhood Predictors and Consequences of Adult SmokingJudith Brook; Fiscal Year: 2008..Identification of childhood and adolescent factors that can lessen or compensate for the impact of tobacco use on later functioning would provide additional aids for effective prevention and treatment efforts. ..
- Identifying Essential Skills for Violence PreventionALBERT FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2003..Completion of this work will set the stage for subsequent large-scale evaluation studies. ..
- The Role of Peer Relations on Youth Eating and Choices of ActivitiesSarah Jeanne Salvy; Fiscal Year: 2010..Findings from this study may improve understanding of barriers to weight loss in overweight youths and past non-adherence to health recommendations. ..
- Genetic Determinants of PTSD in WomenKarestan C Koenen; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Development Epidemiology of PTSDKarestan Koenen; Fiscal Year: 2008..This work will help the development of prevention and treatment interventions for traumatized individuals and will contribute to our understanding of the etiology of PTSD. ..
- Social Ecology of Urban Adolescent Substance Abuse: A Multiple Domain ApproachMichael Mason; Fiscal Year: 2008..Integrated individual, social network and geographical data can serve as a model to direct the development of future innovative substance abuse preventive interventions for urban youth. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Modifying obesogenic homes: Impact on weight maintenanceAmy Gorin; Fiscal Year: 2007..This home environmental approach, if successful, has potential applications to the maintenance of other important health behaviors. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Axis I & Axis II Psychiatric Disorders in Norwegian TwinKenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2007..This study has the capacity to address several key and largely unanswered empirical questions about PDs, the answers to which will be critical for proposed revisions in DSM-V. ..
- International Conference on Outcomes MeasurementKendon Conrad; Fiscal Year: 2007..Finally, leaders in the area of health care policy will explore how these advances in measurement may change behavioral health care delivery, research, and policy. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Genetic Influences on Activity Level in Early ChildhoodKIMBERLY SAUDINO; Fiscal Year: 2007..Our multi-method, multi-situation approach will allow a more complete picture of child behavior, moreover the finding of similar results across methods should inform about the robustness of the results. ..
- Female Anti-Problem Drinking Group & Campus InitiativesJoseph LaBrie; Fiscal Year: 2006..Campus awareness will increase and campus culture will be changed. Evaluation/analysis plan is included. ..
- Predictors of HIV Risks Among Urban YouthDexter Voisin; Fiscal Year: 2006..Such knowledge is critical to designing HIV prevention programs that are culture-specific, in order to curtail the increasing spread of infection. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A Twin-Family Study of Drug Use, Abuse, and DependenceKenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- NeuroBehavioral Correlates of Early DeprivationMegan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Heterosexual HIV Risk Behavior in Homeless MenSuzanne L Wenzel; Fiscal Year: 2010..Participants in these discussions may Include, for example, representalives from AIOS Project L.A., The Black AIDS Institute, Shetter Partnership, and Common Ground. ..
- LEVEL OF RESPONSE TO ALCOHOL AND BRAIN FUNCTIONINGMarc A Schuckit; Fiscal Year: 2010..The project will also expand our understanding of the neural substrates of the level of response to alcohol, a key risk factor for the development of alcohol dependence. ..
- Combinatorial Genomics in CancerSteve W Cole; Fiscal Year: 2010..The bioinformatic tools produced in these studies will create a generalized analytic infrastructure for mapping complex etiologies in cancer and deploying patient-specific targeted therapies. ..
- Early experience and low 5-HT markers in alcohol abuseMark Laudenslager; Fiscal Year: 2009..Finally, involvement of the HPA axis in these relationships will be investigated as an exploratory goal. ..
- Pain, Depression and Alcohol Use in Later LifePenny Brennan; Fiscal Year: 2010..This information should encourage health care providers to better integrate pain assessment and treatment with more detailed alcohol screening in the delivery of health care to older patients. ..
- Etiology and Course of Depressive Symptoms in African American AdolescentsSharon Lambert; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- A Services Approach to Preventive Mental Health for Adolescent RefugeesStevan Weine; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Influence of Peers on School Readiness and AdjustmentCarol Martin; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Transdisciplinary Research on Urban Health Collaborative (RMI)Nicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2008..This application will provide support for the institutionalization of these efforts at the University that educates more researchers and professionals involved in urban health than any university in the nation. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- THE GENETIC EPIDEMIOLOGY OF SCHIZOPHRENIA IN IRELANDKenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2008..In this competitive renewal, we request 5 further years of support with the primary goals of identifying these pathogenic variant(s) and relating them to the biology of the gene, gene product and disease. ..
- Substance Use Consequences of School DisengagementKimberly Henry; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Prospective Study: Alcoholic & Control Family OffspringMarc A Schuckit; Fiscal Year: 2010..Our ultimate goal is to identify ways to prevent the escalation of drinking and associated problems in young populations. ..
- Physical Activity in Preschool ChildrenRussell Pate; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Resilience in Siblings of Children with Mental DisordersRYAN KILMER; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Role of home environment in weight loss maintenanceAmy Gorin; Fiscal Year: 2004..The data collected in the ancillary study will provide new information about the reach of behavioral weight loss treatment and about the role of the home environment in weight loss. ..
- PROMOTION OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN HIGH SCHOOL GIRLSRussell Pate; Fiscal Year: 2004..The proposed investigation will provide a unique and comprehensive examination of the factors that influence change in physical activity in high school girls. ..
- Quality of Care in the Therapeutic CommunitySuzanne Wenzel; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Early Experience, Stress Neurobiology & Prevention SciMegan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- DRUG ABUSE, VIOLENCE, AND HIV/AIDS IN IMPOVERISHED WOMENSuzanne Wenzel; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- An Irish Affected Sib Pair Study of Alcohol DependenceKenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2005..To conduct this project we have assembled a team of experts in clinical assessment, statistical genetics and molecular genetics...
- BEHAVIORAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF LOSSMark Laudenslager; Fiscal Year: 2003..The present application seeks to identify developmental factors affecting the HPA axis and the balance of CORT and DHEA with consequences for individual differences in rates of progression in immunodeficiency disease. ..
- Non-Sensory factors in children's speech perceptionRACHAEL HOLT; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- The Epidemiology of Mood, Anxiety and Alcohol DisorderKenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- TRANSCRIPTION-REGULATING VECTORS FOR ANTIVIRAL VACCINESSteve Cole; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Autonomic nervous system control of HIV-1 replicationSteve Cole; Fiscal Year: 2005..Such interventions would enhance the efficacy of current antiretroviral treatment regimens by opposing physiologic processes that support ongoing pathogenesis. ..
- Child Education, Health, and WelfareC Raver; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Impact/HIV Intervention/Adolescent Males Leaving JailNicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2005..This sub-study will also be used to tailor the intervention tested in this proposal for adolescent females. ..
- Services Based Research for Refugee FamiliesStevan Weine; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- PREVENTIVE INTERVENTION FOR MALTREATED INFANTSDante Cicchetti; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Psychobiological studies of stress in young childrenMegan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2005..We argue that normative developmental research complements and provides basic data necessary for research and theory on developmental psychopathology. ..
- Developmental Psychobiology of Stress in ChildrenMegan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Parental Effects on Depression and Disruptive BehaviorJudy Silberg; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- A Theater-Based Obesity Prevention Program for ChildrenDianne Neumark Sztainer; Fiscal Year: 2007..Results from this study will provide insight into how to engage parents in school- based interventions. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Obesity as a Risk Factor for Adolescent PsychopathologyKerri Boutelle; Fiscal Year: 2005..The overall purpose of these analyses is to evaluate the weight-related etiological risk factors for psychopathology, and to identify intervention opportunities to prevent the development of psychopathology in adolescents. ..
- ADJUSTMENT OF INTERNATIONALLY ADOPTED CHILDRENMegan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2002..This work will add significantly to our understanding of the health and behavioral sequelae of early adversity and th potential impact of early adversity on stress-sensitive limbic-hypothalamic processes. ..
- Neglect and Abuse Histories Among Homeless Young AdultsKimberly Tyler; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Social Networks, HIV Risk Behaviors, and Homeless YouthKimberly Tyler; Fiscal Year: 2008..In addition, we will conduct 40 in-depth qualitative interviews (i.e., approximately 13 per agency/city). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Mental Health Status of Male Help-Seekers for Partner Violence VictimizationDENISE HINES; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- PERINATAL AZT: BEHAVIORAL EFFECTS IN A RAT MODELDiana Dow Edwards; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Pathological GamblingJon Grant; Fiscal Year: 2008..This award would provide me with the necessary background for further studies in the treatment of pathological gambling and the training for an independent patient-oriented research career. ..
- Multilevel Exploration of Obesity Risk of Cancer PreventionRichard Scribner; Fiscal Year: 2007..To identify environmental factors linked to either the social environment (e.g., median income, percent unemployed), the physical environment (e.g...
- INTERPERSONAL CONTEXT OF HIV RISK IN IMPOVERISHED WOMENJoan Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- The Epidemiology of Physical Activity and Lung CancerAndrew Rundle; Fiscal Year: 2006..Both projects are directed at the development of new lung cancer prevention programs that can supplement current smoking prevention and cessation programs. ..
- RCT of an HIV treatment side effects coping interventionMallory Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Consequences of Prenatal Cocaine Exposure in AdolescenceVirginia Delaney Black; Fiscal Year: 2006..The proposed research will provide data critical to understanding the impact of prenatal cocaine exposure in adolescence, and to shape future studies of problem behaviors in late adolescence and early adulthood. ..
- Adverse Outcomes of Dual Use of Health Systems Among Older Male VeteransFREDRIC WOLINSKY; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- The Course and Social Context of Depressive SymptomsLIANNE KURINA; Fiscal Year: 2003..The specific aims will be addressed with secondary analyses of longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). ..
- NICHD Study of Early Child Care Youth Development-Phase*Martha Cox; Fiscal Year: 2007..These data, in concert with data from earlier Phases, will be used to test four models of developmental processes. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS OF SANDBLASTING SUBSTITUTESBeth Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Socioeconomic Status, Stress & Asthma Biological MarkersEdith Chen; Fiscal Year: 2009..The results from this project will allow us to begin developing models of how the larger social environment comes to affect a child's clinical course of asthma.
- Smoking and ETS: California Residents of Korean DescentC Hofstetter; Fiscal Year: 2008..S. It also will provide a model for delivering interventions to other Asian and minority populations distributed across larger geographic areas. ..
- Competence-Enhancement Prevention Program Effects on Later Risky Sexual BehaviorKENNETH GRIFFIN; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Emotional Granularity: A View From Multiple LevelsLisa Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2006..Emotional experiences will come to be viewed as fluid, emergent phenomena that are constructed and elaborated via mental representations. In the broadest context, it has the potential to impact research where emotion plays some role. ..
- Ethnic Differences in Competence and Adolescent Drug UseKENNETH GRIFFIN; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- HOSTILITY, MARITAL INTERACTION AND HEALTH IN AGINGTimothy Smith; Fiscal Year: 2004..g., fluid and crystallized intelligence). The long-term goal of the research is to identify potentially modifiable determinants of cardiovascular risk, marital adjustment, and cognitive aging in adulthood. ..
- Smokers' Quitline for Asian Language SpeakersShu Hong Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2008..Third, by targeting Asian language speakers this study addresses the issue of ethnic disparities, which has been identified by many (including the NCI Bypass Budget) as a research priority. ..
- Personalized Feedback Intervention for Marijuana UseChristine Lee; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Parent Initiated Prevention ProgramDimitri Christakis; Fiscal Year: 2005..3) To improve parental perceptions of the quality of care provided.H3: Compared to controls, PIPP parents will report higher scores on selected Consumer Assessment of Health Plans (CAHPS) items. ..
- Prevalence of and Risk and Protective Factors for Suicidal BehaviorsMatthew Nock; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Precursors, Insulators, and Consequences of Inhalant UseDiana Fishbein; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Internet Based Patient-Centered Asthma Management SystemDimitri Christakis; Fiscal Year: 2009..Children in AsthmaNet families will be more likely to report using written care plans. Aim 4: to decrease the number of symptom days for children with asthma H4. Children in AsthmaNet families will experience fewer symptom days. ..
- Cumulative Risks and Asthma Morbidity in Urban ChildrenDaphne Koinis Mitchell; Fiscal Year: 2004..Results from this study will enable future studies testing moderators that may enhance asthma-related functioning in urban children. ..
- Familial Transmission of Eating Pathology & Sex HormonesKelly Klump; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- C-CAPRELA: Cervical Cancer Prevention for LatinasSCOTT RHODES; Fiscal Year: 2008..developing effective interventions to reduce those disparities, and facilitating intervention delivery." [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- An Assistive Wardrobe to Support Dressing IndependenceMargaret Calkins; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Rapid Responses to Problem Drinking on College CampusesSCOTT RHODES; Fiscal Year: 2007..Although the environmental intervention should be more than one year, the minimum time would be one academic year with a one year follow up. A pilot study with a historically black college or university is also proposed. ..
- Socioeconimic Patterning of Inflammation and HemostasisAna Diez Roux; Fiscal Year: 2007..The study will provide a unique opportunity to elucidate the links between socioeconomic factors, stress, inflammation and hemostasis in a large and diverse population-based sample. ..
- Neurocognitive Prerequisites for Preventing Drug AbuseDiana Fishbein; Fiscal Year: 2003..This study will provide valuable insights for developing preventive interventions, individualized according to underlying pathology, for adolescents who tend to be refractory to standard treatments. ..
- Medical Anthropology at the Intersections: Celebrating 50 Years of InterdisciplinMark Padilla; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Obesity Prevention in Latino Home and Community Environ*John Elder; Fiscal Year: 2006..Moderator variables will include acculturation, socioeconomic status and GIS measures in the community. ..
- Health Status, Age, and Emotion RegulationSusan Charles; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- NEIGHBORHOOD ENVIRONMENTS AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASEAna Diez Roux; Fiscal Year: 2002..The investigators point ut that the proposed study builds on existing cohort studies of cardiovascular disease to explore hypotheses relevant to understanding the factors contributing to SES differences in CVD risk. ..
- Southwest Youth and the Experience of Psychiatric TreatmentTHOMAS CSORDAS; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- INNOVATIVE NUTRITION COMMUNICATION FOR LATINOSJohn Elder; Fiscal Year: 2002..Aggresive cohort maintenance strategies (used extensively in the past by our research team) and incentives are expected to help retain 85% of the study group over time. ..
- PREVENTING TREATMENT ATTRITION IN CHILD THERAPYMatthew Nock; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..