social environment

Summary

Summary: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Work stress as a risk factor for major depressive episode(s)
    Jianli Wang
    Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Psychol Med 35:865-71. 2005
  2. ncbi The mouse communal nest: investigating the epigenetic influences of the early social environment on brain and behavior development
    Igor Branchi
    Section of Behavioural Neurosciences, Department of Cell Biology, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, I 00161 Roma, Italy
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 33:551-9. 2009
  3. ncbi Dissecting obesogenic environments: the development and application of a framework for identifying and prioritizing environmental interventions for obesity
    B Swinburn
    Department of Community Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Prev Med 29:563-70. 1999
  4. ncbi Understanding environmental influences on walking; Review and research agenda
    Neville Owen
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 27:67-76. 2004
  5. pmc Measuring the built environment for physical activity: state of the science
    Ross C Brownson
    Prevention Research Center in St Louis, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:S99-123.e12. 2009
  6. pmc Brain on stress: how the social environment gets under the skin
    Bruce S McEwen
    Laboratory of Neuroendocrinology, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:17180-5. 2012
  7. pmc Social capital and mental illness: a systematic review
    Mary J De Silva
    Public Health Intervention Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:619-27. 2005
  8. ncbi The built environment and obesity
    Mia A Papas
    Departmentof Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, 737 West Lombard Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 29:129-43. 2007
  9. pmc Physical activity and food environments: solutions to the obesity epidemic
    James F Sallis
    San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Milbank Q 87:123-54. 2009
  10. ncbi Neighborhood characteristics and availability of healthy foods in Baltimore
    Manuel Franco
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2217, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:561-7. 2008

Detail Information

Publications320 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Work stress as a risk factor for major depressive episode(s)
    Jianli Wang
    Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Psychol Med 35:865-71. 2005
    ..Major depression is a prevalent mental disorder in the general population, with a multi-factorial etiology. However, work stress as a risk factor for major depression has not been well studied...
  2. ncbi The mouse communal nest: investigating the epigenetic influences of the early social environment on brain and behavior development
    Igor Branchi
    Section of Behavioural Neurosciences, Department of Cell Biology, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, I 00161 Roma, Italy
    Neurosci Biobehav Rev 33:551-9. 2009
    ..Overall, CN appears as an experimental strategy different and complementary to the ones currently used for studying how the early environment determines developmental trajectories...
  3. ncbi Dissecting obesogenic environments: the development and application of a framework for identifying and prioritizing environmental interventions for obesity
    B Swinburn
    Department of Community Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Prev Med 29:563-70. 1999
    ....
  4. ncbi Understanding environmental influences on walking; Review and research agenda
    Neville Owen
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 27:67-76. 2004
    ..Walking is the most common physical activity behavior of adults; environmental innovations may be able to influence rates of participation...
  5. pmc Measuring the built environment for physical activity: state of the science
    Ross C Brownson
    Prevention Research Center in St Louis, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:S99-123.e12. 2009
    ..In particular, further research is needed to improve the technical quality of measures, understand the relevance to various population groups, and understand the utility of measures for science and public health...
  6. pmc Brain on stress: how the social environment gets under the skin
    Bruce S McEwen
    Laboratory of Neuroendocrinology, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:17180-5. 2012
    ....
  7. pmc Social capital and mental illness: a systematic review
    Mary J De Silva
    Public Health Intervention Research Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:619-27. 2005
    ..This papers aims to systematically review quantitative studies examining the association between social capital and mental illness...
  8. ncbi The built environment and obesity
    Mia A Papas
    Departmentof Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, 737 West Lombard Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 29:129-43. 2007
    ....
  9. pmc Physical activity and food environments: solutions to the obesity epidemic
    James F Sallis
    San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Milbank Q 87:123-54. 2009
    ..This article is a status report on research on physical activity and food environments, and it suggests how these findings can be used to improve diet and physical activity and to control or reduce obesity...
  10. ncbi Neighborhood characteristics and availability of healthy foods in Baltimore
    Manuel Franco
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2217, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:561-7. 2008
    ..The availability of healthy foods has rarely been directly measured in a systematic fashion. This study examines the associations among the availability of healthy foods and racial and income neighborhood composition...
  11. ncbi Characteristics of urban parks associated with park use and physical activity: a review of qualitative research
    Gavin R McCormack
    Population Health Intervention Research Centre, University of Calgary, 3280 Hospital Drive, N W Calgary, Alberta T2N4Z6, Canada
    Health Place 16:712-26. 2010
    ..Furthermore, our synthesis of qualitative research suggests that perceptions of the social environment entwine inextricably with perceptions of the physical environment...
  12. ncbi Experience sampling research in psychopathology: opening the black box of daily life
    I Myin-Germeys
    Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, South Limburg Mental Health Research and Teaching Network, EURON, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Psychol Med 39:1533-47. 2009
    ....
  13. ncbi The built environment, neighborhood crime and constrained physical activity: an exploration of inconsistent findings
    Sarah Foster
    School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
    Prev Med 47:241-51. 2008
    ..This paper reviews the quantitative evidence to date, seeking to explain the inconsistencies, and offers recommendations for future research...
  14. pmc Measuring the food environment: state of the science
    Leslie A Lytle
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454 1054, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:S134-44. 2009
    ....
  15. pmc Social and environmental factors associated with preschoolers' nonsedentary physical activity
    William H Brown
    Department of Educational Studies, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Child Dev 80:45-58. 2009
    ..Implications for policy makers, practitioners, and researchers are discussed...
  16. ncbi Developing a framework for assessment of the environmental determinants of walking and cycling
    Terri Pikora
    School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, WA 6009, Crawley, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 56:1693-703. 2003
    ..Identifying the environmental factors that influence walking and cycling will allow the inclusion of a public health perspective as well as those of urban planning and transport in the design of built environments...
  17. ncbi Gender differences in the associations between health and neighbourhood environment
    M Stafford
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, International Centre for Health and Society, University College London Medical School, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 60:1681-92. 2005
    ..These findings add to the literature indicating greater effects of non-work-based stressors for women and highlight the influence of the residential environment on women's health...
  18. pmc Findings from Encontros: a multilevel STI/HIV intervention to increase condom use, reduce STI, and change the social environment among sex workers in Brazil
    Sheri A Lippman
    Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 39:209-16. 2012
    ..We conducted a multilevel intervention with sex workers, including improved clinical care and community-mobilizing strategies to modify social structural factors that shape sexual behavior, to improve condom use and reduce incident STI...
  19. pmc Community advocacy groups as a means to address the social environment of female sex workers: a case study in Andhra Pradesh, India
    Swarup Punyam
    India HIV AIDS Alliance, Sarovar Center, 5 9 22, Secretariat Road, Hyderabad 500063, Andhra Pradesh, India
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:ii87-94. 2012
    ..To examine the association between the presence of community advocacy groups (CAGs) and female sex workers' (FSWs) access to social entitlements and outcomes of police advocacy...
  20. ncbi Risk environments and drug harms: a social science for harm reduction approach
    Tim Rhodes
    Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, UK
    Int J Drug Policy 20:193-201. 2009
    ..A risk environment approach brings together multiple resources and methods in social science, and helps frame a 'social science for harm reduction'...
  21. ncbi Measures of the food environment: a compilation of the literature, 1990-2007
    Robin A McKinnon
    National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:S124-33. 2009
    ....
  22. ncbi Peers and adolescent smoking
    Kimberly Kobus
    Health Research and Policy Centers, University of Illinois at Chicago, 850 W Jackson Blvd, Suite 400, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
    Addiction 98:37-55. 2003
    ..Recommendations for future investigations are made, as well as suggestions for specific methodological approaches that offer promise for advancing our knowledge of the contribution of peers on adolescent tobacco use...
  23. ncbi Heterogeneity in incidence rates of schizophrenia and other psychotic syndromes: findings from the 3-center AeSOP study
    James B Kirkbride
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:250-8. 2006
    ..Convention suggests uniformity of incidence of schizophrenia and other psychoses; variation would have implications for their causes and biological characteristics...
  24. ncbi Environmental correlates of walking and cycling: findings from the transportation, urban design, and planning literatures
    Brian E Saelens
    University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, USA
    Ann Behav Med 25:80-91. 2003
    ..The transportation, urban design, and planning literatures provide a valuable starting point for multidisciplinary research on environmental contributions to physical activity levels in the population...
  25. ncbi Neuroscience, molecular biology, and the childhood roots of health disparities: building a new framework for health promotion and disease prevention
    Jack P Shonkoff
    Center on the Developing Child, Harvard University, 50 Church St, Fourth Floor, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    JAMA 301:2252-9. 2009
    ....
  26. ncbi Social environment and physical activity: a review of concepts and evidence
    Lorna Haughton McNeill
    Harvard School of Public Health Boston, MA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 63:1011-22. 2006
    The rapidly growing and evolving literature on the social environment and its influence on health outcomes currently lacks a clear taxonomy of dimensions of the social environment and the differing mechanisms through which each influences ..
  27. ncbi The childcare environment and children's physical activity
    Julie K Bower
    Department of Nutrition, Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Am J Prev Med 34:23-9. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between the childcare environment and physical activity behavior of preschool children...
  28. ncbi Social capital and health promotion: a review
    P Hawe
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Soc Sci Med 51:871-85. 2000
    ....
  29. ncbi A systematic review of fast food access studies
    S E Fleischhacker
    Department of Nutrition in the Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Obes Rev 12:e460-71. 2011
    ..Further work is needed to understand if and how fast food access impacts dietary intake and health outcomes; and if fast food access has disparate socioeconomic, race/ethnicity and age associations...
  30. ncbi Perceived social and physical environmental correlates of physical activity in older adolescents and the moderating effect of self-efficacy
    B Deforche
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Department of Human Biometrics and Biomechanics, Brussel, Belgium
    Prev Med 50:S24-9. 2010
    ..To determine if perceptions of the social and physical environment are associated with active transport and leisure-time sports among Belgian youth and to investigate if this relationship is moderated by self-efficacy...
  31. ncbi The influence of the built environment, social environment and health behaviors on body mass index. results from RESIDE
    Hayley Christian
    Centre for the Built Environment and Health, School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
    Prev Med 53:57-60. 2011
    ..To examine the individual, behavioral, social and built environment correlates of body mass index (BMI) in an Australian adult population...
  32. pmc Associations between perceived neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behavior: findings from the U.S.A., Australia and Belgium
    Delfien Van Dyck
    Ghent University, Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Belgium
    Soc Sci Med 74:1375-84. 2012
    ....
  33. ncbi Income disparities in perceived neighborhood built and social environment attributes
    James F Sallis
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, 3900 Fifth Avenue, Suite 310, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Health Place 17:1274-83. 2011
    ..Perceived built and social environment variables were assessed with the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale...
  34. ncbi Individual and environmental correlates of dietary fat intake in rural communities: a structural equation model analysis
    April K Hermstad
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, United States
    Soc Sci Med 71:93-101. 2010
    ..The results indicate that the influence of individual and environmental factors on dietary fat intake differs for men and women, with the home environment playing a larger role for women in rural communities...
  35. pmc Physical environmental correlates of childhood obesity: a systematic review
    G F Dunton
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Alhambra, CA 91803, USA
    Obes Rev 10:393-402. 2009
    ..For most environmental variables considered, strong empirical evidence is not yet available. Conceptual gaps, methodological limitations and future research directions are discussed...
  36. ncbi Relation between neighborhood environments and obesity in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
    Mahasin S Mujahid
    Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Program, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:1349-57. 2008
    ..The neighborhood social environment score combined measures of greater aesthetic quality, safety, and social cohesion and less violent crime...
  37. ncbi The influence of the economic and social environment on deliberate self-harm and suicide: an ecological and person-based study
    K Hawton
    Centre for Suicide Research, University of Oxford Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital
    Psychol Med 31:827-36. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: Reducing socio-economic deprivation and its associated problems may be an important strategy in the prevention of suicidal behaviour, especially in young men...
  38. pmc The early life social environment and DNA methylation: DNA methylation mediating the long-term impact of social environments early in life
    Moshe Szyf
    Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, McGill University Montreal CA, USA
    Epigenetics 6:971-8. 2011
    ..However, several critical questions remain including the identification of mechanisms that transmit the signals from the social environment to the DNA methylation/demethylation enzymes.
  39. ncbi Social-cognitive and perceived environment influences associated with physical activity in older Australians
    M L Booth
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, A27, University of Sydney, New South Wales, 2006, Australia
    Prev Med 31:15-22. 2000
    ..This study attempts to identify social-cognitive and perceived environmental influences associated with physical activity participation in older populations...
  40. pmc Influences of physical and social neighborhood environments on children's physical activity and obesity
    Luisa Franzini
    University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:271-8. 2009
    ..We investigated the association between physical and social neighborhood environments and fifth-grade students' physical activity and obesity...
  41. ncbi Are children's perceptions of neighbourhood social environments associated with their walking and physical activity?
    Clare Hume
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Australia
    J Sci Med Sport 12:637-41. 2009
    ..Children self-reported their perceptions of the neighbourhood social environment including social networks (e.g. there are lots of other children around to play with), and social capital (e...
  42. pmc Environment and schizophrenia: environmental factors in schizophrenia: childhood trauma--a critical review
    Craig Morgan
    Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Schizophr Bull 33:3-10. 2007
    ..However, there remain a number of conceptual and methodological issues, which mean much more research is needed before firm conclusions can be drawn about whether childhood trauma is a cause of psychosis...
  43. ncbi Does low workplace social capital have detrimental effect on workers' health?
    Etsuji Suzuki
    Department of Epidemilogy, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700 8558, Japan
    Soc Sci Med 70:1367-72. 2010
    ..Although the present study possibly suggests the contextual effect of workplace mistrust on workers' health, the contextual effect of workplace lack of reciprocity was not supported...
  44. ncbi Love thy neighbour? Associations of social capital and crime with physical activity amongst women
    Kylie Ball
    Deakin University, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 71:807-14. 2010
    ..Further investigation of causal mechanisms underlying these associations is required...
  45. ncbi Perceptions of the environment, physical activity, and obesity
    Wouter Poortinga
    Cardiff University, Welsh School of Architecture, King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff, Wales CF10 3NB, UK
    Soc Sci Med 63:2835-46. 2006
    ..In addition, positive perceptions of the social environment (i.e...
  46. pmc Examining the etiology of childhood obesity: The IDEA study
    Leslie A Lytle
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454 1054, USA
    Am J Community Psychol 44:338-49. 2009
    ..The use of a conceptual model to guide the research, a transdisciplinary approach, a longitudinal cohort design and state-of-the-art measures of the individual and the environment are strengths of this research...
  47. pmc Transcriptional modulation of the developing immune system by early life social adversity
    Steven W Cole
    Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology Oncology, University of California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:20578-83. 2012
    ....
  48. ncbi Neighbourhood life and social capital: the implications for health
    Anna M Ziersch
    Department of Public Health, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide SA 5000, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 60:71-86. 2005
    ..The paper concludes that there is a need for more complex measures of social capital and that socio-economic factors are of relatively greater importance in determining health...
  49. pmc Does gender modify associations between self rated health and the social and economic characteristics of local environments?
    Anne M Kavanagh
    Key Centre for Women s Health in Society, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:490-5. 2006
    ..To examine whether area level socioeconomic disadvantage and social capital have different relations with women's and men's self rated health...
  50. pmc Computational identification of gene-social environment interaction at the human IL6 locus
    Steven W Cole
    Department of Medicine and Norman Cousins Center, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:5681-6. 2010
    ....
  51. pmc Health-related behavior as a mechanism behind the relationship between neighborhood social capital and individual health--a multilevel analysis
    Sigrid M Mohnen
    Department of Sociology and Interuniversity Center of Social Science Theory and Methodology ICS, Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 2, 3584, CS Utrecht, The Netherlands
    BMC Public Health 12:116. 2012
    ..We identify five different health-related behaviors that are likely to be affected by neighborhood social capital and test these behaviors separately as mediators...
  52. ncbi Dog ownership, health and physical activity: a critical review of the literature
    Hayley Cutt
    The RESIDE Project, School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia
    Health Place 13:261-72. 2007
    ....
  53. pmc Rigor, vigor, and the study of health disparities
    Nancy Adler
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0848, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:17154-9. 2012
    ..Newer approaches to both measurement and analysis may enable enhanced vigor as well as rigor. Incorporating both rigor and vigor into studies will provide a fuller understanding of the causes of health disparities...
  54. ncbi A narrative review of psychological and educational strategies applied to young children's eating behaviours aimed at reducing obesity risk
    E L Gibson
    Department of Psychology, University of Roehampton, London, UK
    Obes Rev 13:85-95. 2012
    ..Moderate rather than frequent restriction may improve healthy eating in children. Actively positive social modelling by adults and peers can be effective in encouraging healthier eating...
  55. ncbi The early-life social environment and DNA methylation
    M Szyf
    Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Clin Genet 81:341-9. 2012
    ..Data that are consistent with this new role for DNA methylation as a mechanism for conferring an 'environment' specific identity to DNA will be discussed...
  56. ncbi Socioeconomic status and chronic stress. Does stress account for SES effects on health?
    A Baum
    University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 896:131-44. 1999
    ..Research targeting this hypothesis is needed to determine the extent to which stress is a pathway linking SES and health...
  57. ncbi Early expression of negative/disorganized symptoms predicting psychotic experiences and subsequent clinical psychosis: a 10-year study
    Maria de Gracia Dominguez
    Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, School of Mental Health and Neuroscience, Maastricht University Medical Centre, The Netherlands
    Am J Psychiatry 167:1075-82. 2010
    ..The epidemiological predictions of this model were tested...
  58. ncbi Place effects on health: how can we conceptualise, operationalise and measure them?
    Sally Macintyre
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
    Soc Sci Med 55:125-39. 2002
    ....
  59. pmc Neighborhood and parental supports for physical activity in minority adolescents
    Dawn K Wilson
    Department of Psychology, Barnwell College, University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA
    Am J Prev Med 41:399-406. 2011
    ..This study used an ecologic model to evaluate the significance of neighborhood, home, and parental supports for physical activity on moderate-to-vigorous (MV) physical activity in underserved adolescents...
  60. pmc Transmission of multiple resistant Salmonella Concord from internationally adopted children to their adoptive families and social environment: proposition of guidelines
    R Vanhoof
    National Reference Centre for Salmonella and Shigella, Bacterial Diseases Division, Communicable and Infectious Diseases, Scientific Institute of Public Health, 14 Wytsmanstreet, 1050, Brussels, Belgium
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 31:491-7. 2012
    ..This study provides useful information for parents adopting children and for their family practitioner...
  61. ncbi Health inequalities and the psychosocial environment-two scientific challenges
    Johannes Siegrist
    Department of Medical Sociology, Heinrich Heine Universitat, University of Duesseldorf, Universitaetstrasse 1, P O Box 10 10 07, D 40001, 40225 Duesseldorf, Germany
    Soc Sci Med 58:1463-73. 2004
    ..This collaboration was enabled and supported by a European Science Foundation scientific programme on 'Social Variations in Health Expectancy in Europe'...
  62. pmc Comparing Perception-Based and Geographic Information System (GIS)-based characterizations of the local food environment
    Latetia V Moore
    University of Michigan, Department of Epidemiology, 109 Observatory St, 4648 SPH I Ann Arbor, MI, 48109 2029, USA
    J Urban Health 85:206-16. 2008
    ..Perception- and GIS-based characterizations of the environment are associated but are not identical. Combinations of different types of measures may yield more valid measures of the environment...
  63. ncbi The physical, social and symbolic environment supporting the well-being of home-dwelling elderly people
    Satu Elo
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
    Int J Circumpolar Health 70:90-100. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to construct a theory on an environment that would support the well-being of home-dwelling elderly people in northern Finland...
  64. ncbi Violence and social capital among young men in Beirut
    Taghreed El Hajj
    Department of Health Promotion and Community Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
    Inj Prev 17:401-6. 2011
    ..Research on the links between violence and social capital has produced mixed results and is mainly limited to Western countries...
  65. ncbi Social capital and community effects on population and individual health
    I Kawachi
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 896:120-30. 1999
    ..Strengthening the social capital within communities may provide an important avenue for reducing socioeconomic disparities in health...
  66. ncbi A systematic review of environmental factors and obesogenic dietary intakes among adults: are we getting closer to understanding obesogenic environments?
    K Giskes
    School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, Queensland, Australia
    Obes Rev 12:e95-e106. 2011
    ....
  67. pmc Condom negotiations among female sex workers in the Philippines: environmental influences
    Lianne A Urada
    Division of Global Public Health, Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e33282. 2012
    ..This study assesses environmental and individual factors associated with condom negotiation among FSWs at high risk for acquiring HIV in a large urban setting of Metro Manila, Philippines...
  68. pmc Parent, sibling and peer influences on smoking initiation, regular smoking and nicotine dependence. Results from a genetically informative design
    Jeffrey F Scherrer
    St Louis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Research Service 151 JC, 915 North Grand Blvd, St Louis, MO 63106, USA
    Addict Behav 37:240-7. 2012
    ..Smoking interventions may have greatest impact by targeting smoking prevention among peer groups in adolescent and young adult populations...
  69. ncbi Perceived environmental correlates of physical activity and walking in African young adults
    Adewale L Oyeyemi
    Department of Physiotherapy, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri PMB 1069, Maiduguri Maiduguri, Borno 234 Nigeria
    Am J Health Promot 25:e10-9. 2011
    ..This study examined the associations between perception of the neighborhood environment and PA and walking in African young adults...
  70. ncbi Preschoolers' total daily screen time at home and by type of child care
    Pooja S Tandon
    Center for Child Health, Behavior, and Development, Seattle Children s Research Institute, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Pediatr 158:297-300. 2011
    ..To assess preschoolers' cumulative daily screen time, measure the contributions of the home and the child care setting to this total, and characterize children that are most at risk for excessive screen time...
  71. pmc The contextual effects of social capital on health: a cross-national instrumental variable analysis
    Daniel Kim
    RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 73:1689-97. 2011
    ..Given the close linkages between self-rated health and all-cause mortality, the public health gains from raising social capital within and across countries may be large...
  72. ncbi Crime prevention and active living
    Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris
    Department of Urban Planning, University of California, Los Angeles, 3250 Public Policy Building, Box 951656, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Am J Health Promot 21:380-9, iii. 2007
    ..These variables are thought to be moderated through psychological, demographic, environmental and other factors. Research questions that derive from the model are featured...
  73. ncbi Physical activity levels according to physical and social environmental factors in a sample of adults living in South Brazil
    Tales C Amorim
    Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil
    J Phys Act Health 7:S204-12. 2010
    To evaluate the association between the physical and social environment and physical activity (leisure-time and transport-related) in a population-based sample of adults.
  74. ncbi Visual epidemiology: photographs as tools for probing street-level etiologies
    Carolyn C Cannuscio
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Pennsylvania, PA, United States
    Soc Sci Med 69:553-64. 2009
    ....
  75. ncbi The psychology of psychiatric genetics: evidence that positive emotions in females moderate genetic sensitivity to social stress associated with the BDNF Val-sup-6-sup-6Met polymorphism
    Marieke Wichers
    Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, South Limburg Mental Health Research and Teaching Network, EURON, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    J Abnorm Psychol 117:699-704. 2008
    ..Interdisciplinary research in psychology and psychiatric genetics may lead to the improvement of treatment choices in stress-related disorders...
  76. ncbi A prospective study of individual-level social capital and major depression in the United States
    T Fujiwara
    Centre for Community Child Health Research, Child and Family Research Institute, 4480 Oak Street, F612B, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:627-33. 2008
    ..To investigate prospectively the associations between depression and cognitive social capital (social trust, sense of belonging, mutual aid) and structural social capital (volunteer work and community participation)...
  77. pmc Serotonin transporter expression is predicted by early life stress and is associated with disinhibited behavior in infant rhesus macaques
    E L Kinnally
    Department of Molecular Imaging and Neuropathology, Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, Room 2917, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Genes Brain Behav 9:45-52. 2010
    ..Further, 5-HTT expression predicted behavioral disinhibition, presumably via parallel processes that operate in the brain...
  78. pmc Social contact networks and disease eradicability under voluntary vaccination
    Ana Perisic
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS Comput Biol 5:e1000280. 2009
    ....
  79. ncbi Temporal and environmental patterns of sedentary and active behaviors during adolescents' leisure time
    Stuart J H Biddle
    Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK
    Int J Behav Med 16:278-86. 2009
    ..There is great interest in young people's overweight and obesity. Few data, however, describe when sedentary and physically active behaviors are likely to occur during the day or how these behaviors are related to location...
  80. pmc Social, environmental and psychological factors associated with objective physical activity levels in the over 65s
    Marion E T McMurdo
    Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Dundee, Tayside, Scotland
    PLoS ONE 7:e31878. 2012
    ..To assess physical activity levels objectively using accelerometers in community dwelling over 65 s and to examine associations with health, social, environmental and psychological factors...
  81. ncbi Environmental and psychosocial correlates of accelerometer-assessed and self-reported physical activity in Belgian adults
    Delfien Van Dyck
    Fund for Scientific Research Flanders, Ghent, Belgium
    Int J Behav Med 18:235-45. 2011
    ..To develop effective interventions to increase PA, it is necessary to understand the most important PA correlates and to investigate whether correlates are similar in different population subgroups...
  82. ncbi Chemical stimuli induce courtship dominance in Drosophila
    Nicolas Svetec
    Curr Biol 15:R790-2. 2005
  83. pmc Evaluating a model of youth physical activity
    Carrie D Heitzler
    University of Minnesota, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, 1300 S Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Am J Health Behav 34:593-606. 2010
    ..To explore the relationship between social influences, self-efficacy, enjoyment, and barriers and physical activity...
  84. ncbi A meta-analytic examination of assumed properties of child sexual abuse using college samples
    B Rind
    Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122, USA
    Psychol Bull 124:22-53. 1998
    ..The college data were completely consistent with data from national samples. Basic beliefs about CSA in the general population were not supported...
  85. ncbi Social class, sense of control, and social explanation
    Michael W Kraus
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, 3210 Tolman Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 1650, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 97:992-1004. 2009
    ..Implications for future research on social class as well as theoretical distinctions between objective SES and subjective SES are discussed...
  86. pmc Individual, family, and neighborhood factors distinguish resilient from non-resilient maltreated children: a cumulative stressors model
    Sara R Jaffee
    Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Child Abuse Negl 31:231-53. 2007
    ..characteristics distinguish resilient from non-resilient maltreated children? Do children's individual strengths promote resilience even when children are exposed to multiple family and neighborhood stressors (cumulative stressors model)?..
  87. pmc Food access and perceptions of the community and household food environment as correlates of fruit and vegetable intake among rural seniors
    Joseph R Sharkey
    Program for Research in Nutrition and Health Disparities, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, MS 1266, College Station, TX 77843 1266, USA
    BMC Geriatr 10:32. 2010
    ....
  88. ncbi Personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school
    Anna Timperio
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, and The Children s Hospital at Westmead, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 30:45-51. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school among children...
  89. pmc The social determinants of HIV serostatus in sub-Saharan Africa: an inverse relationship between poverty and HIV?
    Ashley M Fox
    Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:16-24. 2010
    ....
  90. pmc Individual, social environmental and physical environmental barriers to achieving 10 000 steps per day among older women
    Katherine S Hall
    Geriatric Research, Education, linical Center, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 508 Fulton Street, GRECC 182, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Health Educ Res 25:478-88. 2010
    ..This study examined the determinants of attaining/not attaining 10 000 steps per day among older women...
  91. pmc The association of the school food environment with dietary behaviors of young adolescents
    Martha Y Kubik
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, 55455, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1168-73. 2003
    ..We examined the association between young adolescents' dietary behaviors and school vending machines, à la carte programs, and fried potatoes' being served at school lunch...
  92. ncbi Child well-being and neighbourhood quality: evidence from the Canadian National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth
    L J Lori J Curtis
    Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Dalhousie University, 5790 University Avenue, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 1V7
    Soc Sci Med 58:1917-27. 2004
    ..We find, measuring both child well-being and neighbourhood quality multi-dimensionally, that even after controlling for family level characteristics neighbourhood quality has strong associations with child well-being...
  93. ncbi Environmental correlates of children's active transportation: a systematic literature review
    Karina Pont
    The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
    Health Place 15:827-40. 2009
    ..Further research requires longitudinal and intervention studies, utilizing multi-level design methodologies and objective measures of environmental attributes...
  94. ncbi Overview of modifiers of methylmercury neurotoxicity: chemicals, nutrients, and the social environment
    Deborah C Rice
    Maine Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Augusta, ME 04333, United States
    Neurotoxicology 29:761-6. 2008
    ..The Seychelles Islands study has explored the potential for the social environment to modify the effects of developmental methylmercury exposure...
  95. ncbi Maternal influences on adult stress and anxiety-like behavior in C57BL/6J and BALB/cJ mice: a cross-fostering study
    Kristianne Priebe
    Department of Psychology, University of California Santa Barbara, 93106 9660, USA
    Dev Psychobiol 47:398-407. 2005
    ..Cross-fostering did alter anxiety-like behavior and basal corticosterone levels, which suggests that while genetic differences account for some of the variations between these two strains early rearing conditions also contribute...
  96. ncbi Revisiting Kurt Lewin: how to gain insight into environmental correlates of obesogenic behaviors
    Johannes Brug
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Prev Med 31:525-9. 2006
    ....
  97. pmc Real-time electronic diary reports of cue exposure and mood in the hours before cocaine and heroin craving and use
    David H Epstein
    National Institute on Drug Abuse Intramural Research Program, Treatment Section, Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics Branch, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 66:88-94. 2009
    ..Ecological momentary assessment has greatly enhanced the study of tobacco addiction, but its use has rarely been attempted in individuals with cocaine or heroin addiction...
  98. pmc Individual, social, environmental, and physical environmental correlates with physical activity among Canadians: a cross-sectional study
    Sai Yi Pan
    Evidence and Risk Assessment Division, Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Canada
    BMC Public Health 9:21. 2009
    ..This study examined the influences of various individual, social and physical environmental factors on PA participation by gender, age and socioeconomic status, using data from the 2002 nationwide survey of the Physical Activity Monitor...
  99. ncbi Environmental correlates of physical activity in driving and non-driving rural Japanese women
    Masamitsu Kamada
    Physical Education and Medicine Research Center UNNAN, Shimane, Japan
    Prev Med 49:490-6. 2009
    ..This study examined the relationship between physical activity and the environment among rural Japanese women, and whether that relationship varied with driving status...
  100. ncbi Remissions in maternal depression and child psychopathology: a STAR*D-child report
    Myrna M Weissman
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University and the New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York 10032, USA
    JAMA 295:1389-98. 2006
    ..Children of depressed parents have high rates of anxiety, disruptive, and depressive disorders that begin early, often continue into adulthood, and are impairing...
  101. ncbi Developmental trajectories of depressive symptoms from early childhood to late adolescence: gender differences and adult outcome
    Marielle C Dekker
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Erasmus MC Sophia Children s Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48:657-66. 2007
    ..Limited information is available on gender differences and young-adult poor outcome in children and adolescents following distinct developmental trajectories of depressive symptoms...

Research Grants103 found, 100 shown here

  1. A Prospective Study of Drinking & Academic Performace
    Dennis Thombs; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed study will inform both public health and higher education policy by filling knowledge gaps about the nature of the relation between college drinking and academic performance. ..
  2. Network HIV Prevention Intervention for Drug Users
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. HIV Prevention and Adherence Intervention for HIV Positives and Partners in India
    CARL A contact LATKIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This proposal has high public relevance due to the low rates of HIV medication adherence found in many impoverished communities domestically and internationally. ..
  4. A Network & Dyad HIV Prevention Intervention for Intravenous Drug User
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Main outcome measures will be self-reported sex and injection risk behaviors. Self-reports will be cross-validated by urinalysis of STIs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. THE LONG-TERM IMPACT OF A NETWORK OUTREACH INTERVENTION
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The data will also used to examine associations between characteristics of sex partners and personal networks to describe sexual mixing patterns of this population. ..
  6. RCT of Russian IDU Peer Network HIV Prevent Intervention
    Carl Latkin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Childhood Determinants of Adolescent / Adult Drug Use
    Judith S Brook; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Identification of childhood and adolescent factors that can exacerbate the impact of substance use consequences on later adult functioning would provide additional information necessary for effective treatment efforts. ..
  8. Individual. Parnet, and School-Level Protective Factors in Early Adolescence
    ALBERT FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. Genetic Epidemiology of Pathological Gambling
    Wendy Slutske; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  10. Peer Influence on Eating Behavior in Overweight and Normal Weight Youths
    Sarah Jeanne Salvy; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This study is designed to understand differences in responses to the social and food environment between overweight and non overweight youths. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  11. Childhood Predictors and Consequences of Adult Smoking
    Judith Brook; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Identification of childhood and adolescent factors that can lessen or compensate for the impact of tobacco use on later functioning would provide additional aids for effective prevention and treatment efforts. ..
  12. Identifying Essential Skills for Violence Prevention
    ALBERT FARRELL; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Completion of this work will set the stage for subsequent large-scale evaluation studies. ..
  13. The Role of Peer Relations on Youth Eating and Choices of Activities
    Sarah Jeanne Salvy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings from this study may improve understanding of barriers to weight loss in overweight youths and past non-adherence to health recommendations. ..
  14. Genetic Determinants of PTSD in Women
    Karestan C Koenen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  15. Development Epidemiology of PTSD
    Karestan Koenen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This work will help the development of prevention and treatment interventions for traumatized individuals and will contribute to our understanding of the etiology of PTSD. ..
  16. Social Ecology of Urban Adolescent Substance Abuse: A Multiple Domain Approach
    Michael Mason; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Integrated individual, social network and geographical data can serve as a model to direct the development of future innovative substance abuse preventive interventions for urban youth. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. Modifying obesogenic homes: Impact on weight maintenance
    Amy Gorin; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This home environmental approach, if successful, has potential applications to the maintenance of other important health behaviors. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. Axis I & Axis II Psychiatric Disorders in Norwegian Twin
    Kenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study has the capacity to address several key and largely unanswered empirical questions about PDs, the answers to which will be critical for proposed revisions in DSM-V. ..
  19. International Conference on Outcomes Measurement
    Kendon Conrad; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Finally, leaders in the area of health care policy will explore how these advances in measurement may change behavioral health care delivery, research, and policy. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  20. Genetic Influences on Activity Level in Early Childhood
    KIMBERLY SAUDINO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our multi-method, multi-situation approach will allow a more complete picture of child behavior, moreover the finding of similar results across methods should inform about the robustness of the results. ..
  21. Female Anti-Problem Drinking Group & Campus Initiatives
    Joseph LaBrie; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Campus awareness will increase and campus culture will be changed. Evaluation/analysis plan is included. ..
  22. Predictors of HIV Risks Among Urban Youth
    Dexter Voisin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Such knowledge is critical to designing HIV prevention programs that are culture-specific, in order to curtail the increasing spread of infection. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. A Twin-Family Study of Drug Use, Abuse, and Dependence
    Kenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. NeuroBehavioral Correlates of Early Deprivation
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  25. Heterosexual HIV Risk Behavior in Homeless Men
    Suzanne L Wenzel; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Participants in these discussions may Include, for example, representalives from AIOS Project L.A., The Black AIDS Institute, Shetter Partnership, and Common Ground. ..
  26. LEVEL OF RESPONSE TO ALCOHOL AND BRAIN FUNCTIONING
    Marc A Schuckit; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The project will also expand our understanding of the neural substrates of the level of response to alcohol, a key risk factor for the development of alcohol dependence. ..
  27. Combinatorial Genomics in Cancer
    Steve W Cole; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The bioinformatic tools produced in these studies will create a generalized analytic infrastructure for mapping complex etiologies in cancer and deploying patient-specific targeted therapies. ..
  28. Early experience and low 5-HT markers in alcohol abuse
    Mark Laudenslager; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Finally, involvement of the HPA axis in these relationships will be investigated as an exploratory goal. ..
  29. Pain, Depression and Alcohol Use in Later Life
    Penny Brennan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This information should encourage health care providers to better integrate pain assessment and treatment with more detailed alcohol screening in the delivery of health care to older patients. ..
  30. Etiology and Course of Depressive Symptoms in African American Adolescents
    Sharon Lambert; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  31. A Services Approach to Preventive Mental Health for Adolescent Refugees
    Stevan Weine; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  32. Influence of Peers on School Readiness and Adjustment
    Carol Martin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. Transdisciplinary Research on Urban Health Collaborative (RMI)
    Nicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This application will provide support for the institutionalization of these efforts at the University that educates more researchers and professionals involved in urban health than any university in the nation. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  34. THE GENETIC EPIDEMIOLOGY OF SCHIZOPHRENIA IN IRELAND
    Kenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In this competitive renewal, we request 5 further years of support with the primary goals of identifying these pathogenic variant(s) and relating them to the biology of the gene, gene product and disease. ..
  35. Substance Use Consequences of School Disengagement
    Kimberly Henry; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  36. Prospective Study: Alcoholic & Control Family Offspring
    Marc A Schuckit; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our ultimate goal is to identify ways to prevent the escalation of drinking and associated problems in young populations. ..
  37. Physical Activity in Preschool Children
    Russell Pate; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. Resilience in Siblings of Children with Mental Disorders
    RYAN KILMER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  39. Role of home environment in weight loss maintenance
    Amy Gorin; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The data collected in the ancillary study will provide new information about the reach of behavioral weight loss treatment and about the role of the home environment in weight loss. ..
  40. PROMOTION OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN HIGH SCHOOL GIRLS
    Russell Pate; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The proposed investigation will provide a unique and comprehensive examination of the factors that influence change in physical activity in high school girls. ..
  41. Quality of Care in the Therapeutic Community
    Suzanne Wenzel; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  42. Early Experience, Stress Neurobiology & Prevention Sci
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  43. DRUG ABUSE, VIOLENCE, AND HIV/AIDS IN IMPOVERISHED WOMEN
    Suzanne Wenzel; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  44. An Irish Affected Sib Pair Study of Alcohol Dependence
    Kenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..To conduct this project we have assembled a team of experts in clinical assessment, statistical genetics and molecular genetics...
  45. BEHAVIORAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF LOSS
    Mark Laudenslager; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The present application seeks to identify developmental factors affecting the HPA axis and the balance of CORT and DHEA with consequences for individual differences in rates of progression in immunodeficiency disease. ..
  46. Non-Sensory factors in children's speech perception
    RACHAEL HOLT; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. The Epidemiology of Mood, Anxiety and Alcohol Disorder
    Kenneth Kendler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  48. TRANSCRIPTION-REGULATING VECTORS FOR ANTIVIRAL VACCINES
    Steve Cole; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  49. Autonomic nervous system control of HIV-1 replication
    Steve Cole; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Such interventions would enhance the efficacy of current antiretroviral treatment regimens by opposing physiologic processes that support ongoing pathogenesis. ..
  50. Child Education, Health, and Welfare
    C Raver; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  51. Impact/HIV Intervention/Adolescent Males Leaving Jail
    Nicholas Freudenberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This sub-study will also be used to tailor the intervention tested in this proposal for adolescent females. ..
  52. Services Based Research for Refugee Families
    Stevan Weine; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  53. PREVENTIVE INTERVENTION FOR MALTREATED INFANTS
    Dante Cicchetti; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  54. Psychobiological studies of stress in young children
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We argue that normative developmental research complements and provides basic data necessary for research and theory on developmental psychopathology. ..
  55. Developmental Psychobiology of Stress in Children
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. Parental Effects on Depression and Disruptive Behavior
    Judy Silberg; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  57. A Theater-Based Obesity Prevention Program for Children
    Dianne Neumark Sztainer; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results from this study will provide insight into how to engage parents in school- based interventions. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  58. Obesity as a Risk Factor for Adolescent Psychopathology
    Kerri Boutelle; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The overall purpose of these analyses is to evaluate the weight-related etiological risk factors for psychopathology, and to identify intervention opportunities to prevent the development of psychopathology in adolescents. ..
  59. ADJUSTMENT OF INTERNATIONALLY ADOPTED CHILDREN
    Megan Gunnar; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This work will add significantly to our understanding of the health and behavioral sequelae of early adversity and th potential impact of early adversity on stress-sensitive limbic-hypothalamic processes. ..
  60. Neglect and Abuse Histories Among Homeless Young Adults
    Kimberly Tyler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  61. Social Networks, HIV Risk Behaviors, and Homeless Youth
    Kimberly Tyler; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In addition, we will conduct 40 in-depth qualitative interviews (i.e., approximately 13 per agency/city). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. Mental Health Status of Male Help-Seekers for Partner Violence Victimization
    DENISE HINES; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  63. PERINATAL AZT: BEHAVIORAL EFFECTS IN A RAT MODEL
    Diana Dow Edwards; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  64. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Pathological Gambling
    Jon Grant; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This award would provide me with the necessary background for further studies in the treatment of pathological gambling and the training for an independent patient-oriented research career. ..
  65. Multilevel Exploration of Obesity Risk of Cancer Prevention
    Richard Scribner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..To identify environmental factors linked to either the social environment (e.g., median income, percent unemployed), the physical environment (e.g...
  66. INTERPERSONAL CONTEXT OF HIV RISK IN IMPOVERISHED WOMEN
    Joan Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  67. The Epidemiology of Physical Activity and Lung Cancer
    Andrew Rundle; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Both projects are directed at the development of new lung cancer prevention programs that can supplement current smoking prevention and cessation programs. ..
  68. RCT of an HIV treatment side effects coping intervention
    Mallory Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  69. Consequences of Prenatal Cocaine Exposure in Adolescence
    Virginia Delaney Black; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The proposed research will provide data critical to understanding the impact of prenatal cocaine exposure in adolescence, and to shape future studies of problem behaviors in late adolescence and early adulthood. ..
  70. Adverse Outcomes of Dual Use of Health Systems Among Older Male Veterans
    FREDRIC WOLINSKY; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  71. The Course and Social Context of Depressive Symptoms
    LIANNE KURINA; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The specific aims will be addressed with secondary analyses of longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). ..
  72. NICHD Study of Early Child Care Youth Development-Phase*
    Martha Cox; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These data, in concert with data from earlier Phases, will be used to test four models of developmental processes. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  73. JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS OF SANDBLASTING SUBSTITUTES
    Beth Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  74. Socioeconomic Status, Stress & Asthma Biological Markers
    Edith Chen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results from this project will allow us to begin developing models of how the larger social environment comes to affect a child's clinical course of asthma.
  75. Smoking and ETS: California Residents of Korean Descent
    C Hofstetter; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..S. It also will provide a model for delivering interventions to other Asian and minority populations distributed across larger geographic areas. ..
  76. Competence-Enhancement Prevention Program Effects on Later Risky Sexual Behavior
    KENNETH GRIFFIN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  77. Emotional Granularity: A View From Multiple Levels
    Lisa Barrett; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Emotional experiences will come to be viewed as fluid, emergent phenomena that are constructed and elaborated via mental representations. In the broadest context, it has the potential to impact research where emotion plays some role. ..
  78. Ethnic Differences in Competence and Adolescent Drug Use
    KENNETH GRIFFIN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  79. HOSTILITY, MARITAL INTERACTION AND HEALTH IN AGING
    Timothy Smith; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..g., fluid and crystallized intelligence). The long-term goal of the research is to identify potentially modifiable determinants of cardiovascular risk, marital adjustment, and cognitive aging in adulthood. ..
  80. Smokers' Quitline for Asian Language Speakers
    Shu Hong Zhu; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Third, by targeting Asian language speakers this study addresses the issue of ethnic disparities, which has been identified by many (including the NCI Bypass Budget) as a research priority. ..
  81. Personalized Feedback Intervention for Marijuana Use
    Christine Lee; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  82. Parent Initiated Prevention Program
    Dimitri Christakis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..3) To improve parental perceptions of the quality of care provided.H3: Compared to controls, PIPP parents will report higher scores on selected Consumer Assessment of Health Plans (CAHPS) items. ..
  83. Prevalence of and Risk and Protective Factors for Suicidal Behaviors
    Matthew Nock; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  84. Precursors, Insulators, and Consequences of Inhalant Use
    Diana Fishbein; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  85. Internet Based Patient-Centered Asthma Management System
    Dimitri Christakis; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Children in AsthmaNet families will be more likely to report using written care plans. Aim 4: to decrease the number of symptom days for children with asthma H4. Children in AsthmaNet families will experience fewer symptom days. ..
  86. Cumulative Risks and Asthma Morbidity in Urban Children
    Daphne Koinis Mitchell; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Results from this study will enable future studies testing moderators that may enhance asthma-related functioning in urban children. ..
  87. Familial Transmission of Eating Pathology & Sex Hormones
    Kelly Klump; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  88. C-CAPRELA: Cervical Cancer Prevention for Latinas
    SCOTT RHODES; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..developing effective interventions to reduce those disparities, and facilitating intervention delivery." [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  89. An Assistive Wardrobe to Support Dressing Independence
    Margaret Calkins; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  90. Rapid Responses to Problem Drinking on College Campuses
    SCOTT RHODES; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Although the environmental intervention should be more than one year, the minimum time would be one academic year with a one year follow up. A pilot study with a historically black college or university is also proposed. ..
  91. Socioeconimic Patterning of Inflammation and Hemostasis
    Ana Diez Roux; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The study will provide a unique opportunity to elucidate the links between socioeconomic factors, stress, inflammation and hemostasis in a large and diverse population-based sample. ..
  92. Neurocognitive Prerequisites for Preventing Drug Abuse
    Diana Fishbein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This study will provide valuable insights for developing preventive interventions, individualized according to underlying pathology, for adolescents who tend to be refractory to standard treatments. ..
  93. Medical Anthropology at the Intersections: Celebrating 50 Years of Interdisciplin
    Mark Padilla; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  94. Obesity Prevention in Latino Home and Community Environ*
    John Elder; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Moderator variables will include acculturation, socioeconomic status and GIS measures in the community. ..
  95. Health Status, Age, and Emotion Regulation
    Susan Charles; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  96. NEIGHBORHOOD ENVIRONMENTS AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
    Ana Diez Roux; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The investigators point ut that the proposed study builds on existing cohort studies of cardiovascular disease to explore hypotheses relevant to understanding the factors contributing to SES differences in CVD risk. ..
  97. Southwest Youth and the Experience of Psychiatric Treatment
    THOMAS CSORDAS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  98. INNOVATIVE NUTRITION COMMUNICATION FOR LATINOS
    John Elder; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Aggresive cohort maintenance strategies (used extensively in the past by our research team) and incentives are expected to help retain 85% of the study group over time. ..
  99. PREVENTING TREATMENT ATTRITION IN CHILD THERAPY
    Matthew Nock; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..