social class

Summary

Summary: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Constructing socio-economic status indices: how to use principal components analysis
    Seema Vyas
    HIVTools Research Group, Health Policy Unit, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Health Policy Plan 21:459-68. 2006
  2. ncbi Socioeconomic inequalities in health in 22 European countries
    Johan P Mackenbach
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    N Engl J Med 358:2468-81. 2008
  3. ncbi The obesity epidemic in the United States--gender, age, socioeconomic, racial/ethnic, and geographic characteristics: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis
    Youfa Wang
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 29:6-28. 2007
  4. ncbi Socioeconomic status and obesity
    Lindsay McLaren
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Epidemiol Rev 29:29-48. 2007
  5. pmc Indicators of socioeconomic position (part 1)
    Bruna Galobardes
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:7-12. 2006
  6. ncbi Socioeconomic status in health research: one size does not fit all
    Paula A Braveman
    Center on Social Disparities in Health and Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0900, USA
    JAMA 294:2879-88. 2005
  7. ncbi Closing the gap in a generation: health equity through action on the social determinants of health
    Michael Marmot
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Lancet 372:1661-9. 2008
  8. pmc Association of socioeconomic position with health behaviors and mortality
    Silvia Stringhini
    Inserm U1018, Centre for research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Hopital Paul Brousse, Bât 15 16, 16 Avenue Paul Vaillant Couturier, 94807 Villejuif Cedex, France
    JAMA 303:1159-66. 2010
  9. ncbi Does social class predict diet quality?
    Nicole Darmon
    INRA, UMR1260, Nutriments Lipidiques et Prévention des Maladies Métaboliques, Marseille, France
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1107-17. 2008
  10. ncbi Socioeconomic status and adiposity in childhood: a systematic review of cross-sectional studies 1990-2005
    Vanessa Shrewsbury
    Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, Bloomsbury, London, UK
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:275-84. 2008

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications297 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Constructing socio-economic status indices: how to use principal components analysis
    Seema Vyas
    HIVTools Research Group, Health Policy Unit, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Health Policy Plan 21:459-68. 2006
    ..PCA has been validated as a method to describe SES differentiation within a population. Issues related to the underlying data will affect PCA and this should be considered when generating and interpreting results...
  2. ncbi Socioeconomic inequalities in health in 22 European countries
    Johan P Mackenbach
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    N Engl J Med 358:2468-81. 2008
    ..Comparisons among countries can help to identify opportunities for the reduction of inequalities in health. We compared the magnitude of inequalities in mortality and self-assessed health among 22 countries in all parts of Europe...
  3. ncbi The obesity epidemic in the United States--gender, age, socioeconomic, racial/ethnic, and geographic characteristics: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis
    Youfa Wang
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 29:6-28. 2007
    ..The associations of obesity with gender, age, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status are complex and dynamic. Related population-based programs and policies are needed...
  4. ncbi Socioeconomic status and obesity
    Lindsay McLaren
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Epidemiol Rev 29:29-48. 2007
    ..Results underscore a view of obesity as a social phenomenon, for which appropriate action includes targeting both economic and sociocultural factors...
  5. pmc Indicators of socioeconomic position (part 1)
    Bruna Galobardes
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:7-12. 2006
    ..The glossary is divided into two parts for journal publication but the intention is that it should be used as one piece. The second part highlights a life course approach and will be published in the next issue of the journal...
  6. ncbi Socioeconomic status in health research: one size does not fit all
    Paula A Braveman
    Center on Social Disparities in Health and Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0900, USA
    JAMA 294:2879-88. 2005
    ..Better SES measures are needed in data sources, but improvements could be made by using existing information more thoughtfully and acknowledging its limitations...
  7. ncbi Closing the gap in a generation: health equity through action on the social determinants of health
    Michael Marmot
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    Lancet 372:1661-9. 2008
    ..The commission launched its final report on August 28, 2008. This paper summarises the key findings and recommendations; the full list is in the final report...
  8. pmc Association of socioeconomic position with health behaviors and mortality
    Silvia Stringhini
    Inserm U1018, Centre for research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Hopital Paul Brousse, Bât 15 16, 16 Avenue Paul Vaillant Couturier, 94807 Villejuif Cedex, France
    JAMA 303:1159-66. 2010
    ..Previous studies may have underestimated the contribution of health behaviors to social inequalities in mortality because health behaviors were assessed only at the baseline of the study...
  9. ncbi Does social class predict diet quality?
    Nicole Darmon
    INRA, UMR1260, Nutriments Lipidiques et Prévention des Maladies Métaboliques, Marseille, France
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1107-17. 2008
    ..and better health, found in so many epidemiologic studies, may have been confounded by unobserved indexes of social class. Conversely, if limited economic resources are causally linked to low-quality diets, some current strategies ..
  10. ncbi Socioeconomic status and adiposity in childhood: a systematic review of cross-sectional studies 1990-2005
    Vanessa Shrewsbury
    Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, Bloomsbury, London, UK
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:275-84. 2008
    ..Inverse associations (36%), no associations (38%), and positive associations (26%) were found in similar proportions. In view of the trends in pediatric obesity, the relationship between SES and adiposity may have changed...
  11. ncbi Cohort profile: 1958 British birth cohort (National Child Development Study)
    Chris Power
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 35:34-41. 2006
  12. pmc Socioeconomic status and obesity in adult populations of developing countries: a review
    Carlos A Monteiro
    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, and Center for Epidemiological Studies in Health and Nutrition, Avenue Dr Arnaldo 715, São Paulo 01246 904, Brazil
    Bull World Health Organ 82:940-6. 2004
    ..A significant step in this direction was taken with the approval of the Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health by the World Health Assembly in May 2004...
  13. ncbi Researching health inequalities in adolescents: the development of the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) family affluence scale
    Candace Currie
    Child and Adolescent Health Research Unit, University of Edinburgh, St Leonard s Land, Holyrood Road, Edinburgh EH8 8AQ, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 66:1429-36. 2008
    ..Finally, ongoing FAS validation work is described together with ideas for future development of the measure...
  14. ncbi Socioeconomic inequalities in depression: a meta-analysis
    V Lorant
    Health Systems Research, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
    Am J Epidemiol 157:98-112. 2003
    ..Nonetheless, the authors found compelling evidence for socioeconomic inequality in depression. Strategies for tackling inequality in depression are needed, especially in relation to the course of the disorder...
  15. ncbi Relationship of subjective and objective social status with psychological and physiological functioning: preliminary data in healthy white women
    N E Adler
    Health Psychology Program, University of California, San Francisco 94143 0844, USA
    Health Psychol 19:586-92. 2000
    ..Results suggest that, in this sample with a moderately restricted range on SES and health, psychological perceptions of social status may be contributing to the SES-health gradient...
  16. ncbi Measuring social class in US public health research: concepts, methodologies, and guidelines
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 18:341-78. 1997
    ..States and elsewhere, coupled with growing inequalities in income and wealth, have refocused attention on social class as a key determinant of population health...
  17. pmc Race, ethnicity, language, social class, and health communication inequalities: a nationally-representative cross-sectional study
    Kasisomayajula Viswanath
    Center for Community Based Research, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e14550. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study is to investigate how the use of cancer-related health communications is patterned by race, ethnicity, language, and social class.
  18. ncbi Systematic review of the influence of childhood socioeconomic circumstances on risk for cardiovascular disease in adulthood
    Bruna Galobardes
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
    Ann Epidemiol 16:91-104. 2006
    ..The purpose of this review is to systematically evaluate evidence for an association between socioeconomic circumstances during childhood and specific CVD subtypes, independent of adult socioeconomic conditions...
  19. ncbi Widening socioeconomic inequalities in mortality in six Western European countries
    Johan P Mackenbach
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus Medical Center, PO Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Epidemiol 32:830-7. 2003
    ....
  20. ncbi Income inequality and population health: a review and explanation of the evidence
    Richard G Wilkinson
    Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham Medical School, UK
    Soc Sci Med 62:1768-84. 2006
    ..First, many studies measured inequality in areas too small to reflect the scale of social class differences in a society; second, a number of studies controlled for factors which, rather than being genuine ..
  21. ncbi Parental correlates of physical activity in children and early adolescents
    Sabrina L Gustafson
    Behavioural Medicine Laboratory, Faculty of Education, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia V8W 3P1, Canada
    Sports Med 36:79-97. 2006
    ....
  22. pmc Indicators of socioeconomic position (part 2)
    Bruna Galobardes
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2PR, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:95-101. 2006
    ..This is the second part of a glossary on indicators of socioeconomic position used in health research (the first part was published in the January issue of the journal)...
  23. pmc Determinants of cardiovascular disease and other non-communicable diseases in Central and Eastern Europe: rationale and design of the HAPIEE study
    Anne Peasey
    International Institute for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK
    BMC Public Health 6:255. 2006
    ..The main hypotheses of the HAPIEE study relate to the role of alcohol, nutrition and psychosocial factors...
  24. ncbi Cross-national comparison of childhood obesity: the epidemic and the relationship between obesity and socioeconomic status
    Y Wang
    Department of Nutrition and Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 30:1129-36. 2001
    ..Using an international standard, we examined the prevalence of obesity and compared the associations between SES factors and obesity across countries...
  25. pmc Toward the next generation of research into small area effects on health: a synthesis of multilevel investigations published since July 1998
    Mylene Riva
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montreal, Downtown Station, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:853-61. 2007
    ..Area effects on health, although significant in most studies, often depend on the health outcome studied, the measure of area exposure used, and the spatial scale at which associations are examined...
  26. ncbi Socioeconomic status and child development
    Robert H Bradley
    Center for Applied Studies in Education, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, 2801 S University Ave, Little Rock, Arkansas 72204, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 53:371-99. 2002
    ..For children, SES impacts well-being at multiple levels, including both family and neighborhood. Its effects are moderated by children's own characteristics, family characteristics, and external support systems...
  27. pmc Health behaviours, socioeconomic status, and mortality: further analyses of the British Whitehall II and the French GAZEL prospective cohorts
    Silvia Stringhini
    Inserm U1018, Centre for research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Hôpital Paul Brousse, Villejuif, France
    PLoS Med 8:e1000419. 2011
    ..In the present paper, we examine this issue in Whitehall II and another prospective European cohort, the French GAZEL study...
  28. pmc The challenge of comprehensively mapping children's health in a nation-wide health survey: design of the German KiGGS-Study
    Bärbel Maria Kurth
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Reporting, Robert Koch Institute, Seestrasse 10, 13353 Berlin, Germany
    BMC Public Health 8:196. 2008
    ..Aim of this first nationwide interview and examination survey was to collect comprehensive data on the health status of children and adolescents aged 0 to 17 years...
  29. pmc The combined effect of individual and neighborhood socioeconomic status on cancer survival rates
    Chun Ming Chang
    Department of Surgery, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan
    PLoS ONE 7:e44325. 2012
    ..This population-based study investigated the relationship between individual and neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) and mortality rates for major cancers in Taiwan...
  30. pmc Economic status, education and empowerment: implications for maternal health service utilization in developing countries
    Saifuddin Ahmed
    Population, Family and Reproductive Health Department, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e11190. 2010
    ..The objective of this paper is to examine the relationship between women's economic, educational and empowerment status, introduced as the 3Es, and maternal health service utilization in developing countries...
  31. pmc Variations in population health status: results from a United Kingdom national questionnaire survey
    P Kind
    Centre for Health Economics, University of York
    BMJ 316:736-41. 1998
    ..To measure the health of a representative sample of the population of the United Kingdom by using the EuroQoL EQ-5D questionnaire...
  32. ncbi Cancer disparities by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status
    Elizabeth Ward
    Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, USA
    CA Cancer J Clin 54:78-93. 2004
    ..Opportunities to reduce cancer disparities exist in prevention (reductions in tobacco use, physical inactivity, and obesity), early detection (mammography, colorectal screening, Pap tests), treatment, and palliative care...
  33. ncbi The influence of social hierarchy on primate health
    Robert M Sapolsky
    Departments of Biological Sciences, Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University, MC 5020, Stanford, CA 94305 5020, USA
    Science 308:648-52. 2005
    ..Finally, I consider how these findings apply to the human realm of health, disease, and socioeconomic status...
  34. ncbi Black residential segregation, disparities in spatial access to health care facilities, and late-stage breast cancer diagnosis in metropolitan Detroit
    Dajun Dai
    Department of Geosciences, Core Faculty in Partnership for Urban Health Research, Institute of Public Health, 33 Gilmer Street, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    Health Place 16:1038-52. 2010
    ..Findings emphasize the need for heightened screening, surveillance, and intervention programs in these areas...
  35. ncbi Constructions of masculinity and their influence on men's well-being: a theory of gender and health
    W H Courtenay
    Sonoma State University, CA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 50:1385-401. 2000
    ..Finally, it explores how social and institutional structures help to sustain and reproduce men's health risks and the social construction of men as the stronger sex...
  36. pmc Adverse socioeconomic conditions in childhood and cause specific adult mortality: prospective observational study
    G D Smith
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, Bristol BS8 2PR
    BMJ 316:1631-5. 1998
    ..To investigate the association between social circumstances in childhood and mortality from various causes of death in adulthood...
  37. ncbi Rising social inequalities in US childhood obesity, 2003-2007
    Gopal K Singh
    U S Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, Rockville, MD 20857, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 20:40-52. 2010
    ..This study examines changes between 2003 and 2007 in obesity and overweight prevalence among U.S. children and adolescents 10 to 17 years of age from detailed racial/ethnic and socioeconomic groups...
  38. ncbi Sedentary behaviour and obesity development in children and adolescents
    Juan Pablo Rey-López
    HELENA Study Group, School of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Edificio Cervantes, 2nd Floor, C Corona de Aragón 42, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 18:242-51. 2008
    ..Mechanisms that explain the link between sedentariness and obesity are also discussed. Finally, future studies should take into account important mediators such as socioeconomic status and family structure...
  39. pmc Association between children's experience of socioeconomic disadvantage and adult health: a life-course study
    Richie Poulton
    Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Research Unit, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin, New Zealand
    Lancet 360:1640-5. 2002
    ..We aimed to test the hypothesis that children's experience of socioeconomic disadvantage is associated with a wide range of health risk factors and outcomes in adult life...
  40. ncbi The measurement of SES in health research: current practice and steps toward a new approach
    J Michael Oakes
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454 1015, USA
    Soc Sci Med 56:769-84. 2003
    ..Our pilot study suggests a great deal of uniformity between existing SES measures and that a new approach may be worthy of pursuit...
  41. ncbi Explaining income-related inequalities in doctor utilisation in Europe
    Eddy van Doorslaer
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Health Econ 13:629-47. 2004
    ..Despite decades of universal and fairly comprehensive coverage in European countries, utilisation patterns suggest that rich and poor are not treated equally...
  42. pmc Socioeconomic disparities in health in the United States: what the patterns tell us
    Paula A Braveman
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 3333 California St, Suite 365, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:S186-96. 2010
    ..We aimed to describe socioeconomic disparities in the United States across multiple health indicators and socioeconomic groups...
  43. pmc Self rated health: Is it as good a predictor of subsequent mortality among adults in lower as well as in higher social classes?
    B Burstrom
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, SE 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 55:836-40. 2001
    ..To analyse the predictive power of self rated health for mortality in different socioeconomic groups...
  44. ncbi Equity in use of home-based or facility-based skilled obstetric care in rural Bangladesh: an observational study
    Mahbub Elahi Chowdhury
    ICDDR, B Centre for Health and Population Research, Bangladesh
    Lancet 367:327-32. 2006
    ..We analysed whether socioeconomic status results in differences in the use of professional midwives at home and in a basic obstetric facility in a rural area of Bangladesh, where obstetric care was free of charge...
  45. ncbi Characteristics of binge drinkers in Europe
    E Kuntsche
    Research Department, Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, PO Box 870, Lausanne 1001, Switzerland
    Soc Sci Med 59:113-27. 2004
    ..More research in Europe is urgently needed, as results from other cultural backgrounds are difficult to generalize...
  46. pmc Ageing, social class and common mental disorders: longitudinal evidence from three cohorts in the West of Scotland
    M J Green
    Medical Research Council, Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    Psychol Med 41:565-74. 2011
    ..This paper examines the socio-economic pattern of anxiety and depression separately and longitudinally to develop a better understanding of their disease burden for key social groups at different ages...
  47. pmc Sociodemographic patterning of non-communicable disease risk factors in rural India: a cross sectional study
    Sanjay Kinra
    Non communicable Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    BMJ 341:c4974. 2010
    ..To investigate the sociodemographic patterning of non-communicable disease risk factors in rural India...
  48. ncbi Effects of socioeconomic status on the physical activity in adolescents: a systematic review of the evidence
    R Stalsberg
    Radiography Programme, Sør Trøndelag University College, Trondheim, Norway
    Scand J Med Sci Sports 20:368-83. 2010
    ..This fortifies the claim that there is no single explanation for a possible difference in physical activity between different socioeconomic groups...
  49. ncbi Trends in socioeconomic inequalities in self-assessed health in 10 European countries
    Anton E Kunst
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Int J Epidemiol 34:295-305. 2005
    ....
  50. pmc Associations between multiple indicators of socioeconomic status and obesity in young adult Filipinos vary by gender, urbanicity, and indicator used
    Darren L Dahly
    University of Leeds, Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    J Nutr 140:366-70. 2010
    ....
  51. ncbi Area deprivation, social class, and quality of life among people aged 75 years and over in Britain
    E Breeze
    Centre for Ageing and Public Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 34:276-83. 2005
    ..There is a shortage of research studies that assess how selected characteristics of neighbourhood and personal social circumstances contribute towards health-related quality of life (QoL) among older people...
  52. ncbi Socio-economic differences in long-term psychiatric work disability: prospective cohort study of onset, recovery and recurrence
    Marianna Virtanen
    Unit of Expertise in Work and Organizations, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Occup Environ Med 68:791-8. 2011
    ..To examine the associations between socio-economic position (SEP) and the onset of psychiatric work disability, return to work and recurrence of disability...
  53. pmc Socioeconomic status and survival after an invasive breast cancer diagnosis
    Brian L Sprague
    University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
    Cancer 117:1542-51. 2011
    ..However, very few studies have examined individual-level SES in relation to breast cancer survival or have assessed the contextual role of community-level SES independent of individual-level SES...
  54. ncbi Does self-rated health mean the same thing across socioeconomic groups? Evidence from biomarker data
    Jennifer Beam Dowd
    Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hunter College, City University of New York, NY 10010, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 20:743-9. 2010
    ..We test whether levels of biological risk differ by SES for those with the same SRH...
  55. ncbi The socio-economic determinants of maternal health care utilization in Turkey
    Y Celik
    School of Health Administration, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
    Soc Sci Med 50:1797-806. 2000
    ..The results of the model are used to provide insights for both micro- and macro-level planning of maternal health service delivery...
  56. ncbi Best-practice interventions to reduce socioeconomic inequalities of coronary heart disease mortality in UK: a prospective occupational cohort study
    Mika Kivimäki
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
    Lancet 372:1648-54. 2008
    ..We assessed this issue in an occupational cohort study comparing low with high socioeconomic groups...
  57. ncbi Accuracy of teen and parental reports of obesity and body mass index
    E Goodman
    Division of Adolescent Young Adult Medicine, Children s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Pediatrics 106:52-8. 2000
    ....
  58. ncbi Contextual analysis of breast and cervical cancer screening and factors associated with health care access among United States women, 2002
    Steven S Coughlin
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Soc Sci Med 66:260-75. 2008
    ..A significant interaction was also observed between the percentage of county female population who were Hispanic and the percentage who were non-Hispanic Black...
  59. ncbi Physical activity awareness of British adolescents
    Kirsten Corder
    Centre for Diet and Activity Research, Institute of Public Health, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge CB2 0SR, United Kingdom
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 165:603-9. 2011
    ..To assess adolescent physical activity (PA) awareness and to investigate associations with biologic and psychosocial factors...
  60. ncbi Parental overweight, socioeconomic status and high birth weight are the major determinants of overweight and obesity in 5-7 y-old children: baseline data of the Kiel Obesity Prevention Study (KOPS)
    S Danielzik
    Institut fur Humanernahrung und Lebensmittelkunde, Christian Albrechts Universitat zu Kiel, Kiel, Germany
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:1494-502. 2004
    ..To identify the major risk factors of overweight and obesity in prepubertal children...
  61. pmc Socio-economic status, cortisol and allostatic load: a review of the literature
    Jennifer B Dowd
    School of Health Sciences, Hunter College, City University of New York, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 38:1297-309. 2009
    ..This article reviews the literature testing associations between SES and cortisol, an important biomarker of stress, as well as the summary index of allostatic load (AL)...
  62. ncbi Socioeconomic status and weight change in adults: a review
    Kylie Ball
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood VIC 3125, Melbourne, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 60:1987-2010. 2005
    ....
  63. ncbi Are urban children really healthier? Evidence from 47 developing countries
    Ellen Van de Poel
    Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 65:1986-2003. 2007
    ..The findings imply that there is a need for programs that target the urban poor, and that this is becoming more necessary as the size of the urban population grows...
  64. ncbi Social class and self-rated health: can the gradient be explained by differences in life style or work environment?
    V Borg
    Department of Psychology and Sociology, National Institute of Occupational Health, Copenhagen O, Denmark
    Soc Sci Med 51:1019-30. 2000
    ..style factors between social classes in Denmark and to investigate to what extent these factors can explain social class differences with regard to changes in self-rated health (SRH) over a 5 year period...
  65. ncbi Socioeconomic status and health: what we know and what we don't
    N E Adler
    Health Psychology Program, Center for Health and Community, University of California, SF 94143 0844, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 896:3-15. 1999
    ....
  66. pmc Low early-life social class leaves a biological residue manifested by decreased glucocorticoid and increased proinflammatory signaling
    Gregory E Miller
    Department of Psychology, Child and Family Research Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:14716-21. 2009
    ..Although these response patterns could serve adaptive functions during acute threats to well-being, over the long term they might exact an allostatic toll on the body that ultimately contributes to the chronic diseases of aging...
  67. ncbi Invited commentary: places, people, and health
    Ana V Diez Roux
    Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, Division of General Medicine, 622 West 168th Street, PH9 East Room 105, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:516-9. 2002
  68. ncbi Socioeconomic position and health among persons with diabetes mellitus: a conceptual framework and review of the literature
    Arleen F Brown
    Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1736, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 26:63-77. 2004
  69. ncbi Social environment and physical activity: a review of concepts and evidence
    Lorna Haughton McNeill
    Harvard School of Public Health Boston, MA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 63:1011-22. 2006
    ..Increasing the specificity of terminology and methods in social environmental research on health will enable more systematic inquiry and accelerate the rate of scientific discovery in this important area...
  70. ncbi Socioeconomic position and children's physical activity and sedentary behaviors: longitudinal findings from the CLAN study
    Kylie Ball
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, Vic, Australia
    J Phys Act Health 6:289-98. 2009
    ..This study aimed to examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between socioeconomic position (SEP) and physical activity and sedentary behaviors amongst children and adolescents...
  71. ncbi Health disparities across the lifespan: meaning, methods, and mechanisms
    Nancy E Adler
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1186:5-23. 2010
    ..Questions from earlier eras remain active areas of research, while later eras add depth and complexity...
  72. pmc Objective measurement of levels and patterns of physical activity
    Chris J Riddoch
    Sport and Exercise Science, School for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UK
    Arch Dis Child 92:963-9. 2007
    ..To measure the levels and patterns of physical activity, using accelerometers, of 11-year-old children participating in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)...
  73. pmc Early origins of health disparities: burden of infection, health, and socioeconomic status in U.S. children
    Jennifer Beam Dowd
    Hunter College, School of Health Sciences, and CUNY Institute for Demographic Research, 425 E 25th St, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:699-707. 2009
    ..Differential exposure and/or susceptibility to infections may be one mechanism through which early social factors get embodied and shape later-life health outcomes...
  74. ncbi Socio-economic differentials in peripheral biology: cumulative allostatic load
    Teresa Seeman
    Division of Geriatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1687, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1186:223-39. 2010
    ....
  75. ncbi The impact of socioeconomic status on stage of cancer at diagnosis and survival: a population-based study in Ontario, Canada
    Christopher M Booth
    Division of Cancer Care and Epidemiology, Queen s University Cancer Research Institute, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Cancer 116:4160-7. 2010
    ..Lower socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with worsened cancer survival. The authors evaluate the impact of SES on stage of cancer at diagnosis and survival in Ontario, Canada...
  76. ncbi Social position affects bone mass in childhood through opposing actions on height and weight
    Emma M Clark
    Community Based Medicine, University of Bristol, United Kingdom
    J Bone Miner Res 20:2082-9. 2005
    ..9 years. The tendency for social position to increase bone area and bone mass through a positive influence on height was opposed by a negative effect of social position on weight and fat mass...
  77. ncbi Early environment and child-to-adult growth trajectories in the 1958 British birth cohort
    Leah Li
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:185-92. 2004
    ..Genetics and environmental conditions early in life are known to influence height. However, evidence is restricted to studies conducted at a specific age, and thus the effect on the entire growth trajectory has been neglected...
  78. pmc Education, income, occupation, and the 34-year incidence (1965-99) of Type 2 diabetes in the Alameda County Study
    Siobhan C Maty
    School of Community Health, College of Urban and Public Affairs, Portland State University, PO Box 751, Portland, OR 97207 0751, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 34:1274-81. 2005
    ..Lower socioeconomic position (SEP) is related to higher prevalence of Type 2 diabetes, yet little is known about the relationship of SEP with incident diabetes...
  79. pmc Rethinking the "diseases of affluence" paradigm: global patterns of nutritional risks in relation to economic development
    Majid Ezzati
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 2:e133. 2005
    ....
  80. ncbi The lasting impact of childhood health and circumstance
    Anne Case
    Center for Health and Wellbeing, Wallace Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    J Health Econ 24:365-89. 2005
    ..Controlling for parental income, education and social class, children who experience poor health have significantly lower educational attainment, poorer health, and lower ..
  81. ncbi Understanding users' perspectives of barriers to maternal health care use in Maharashtra, India
    P Griffiths
    Carolina Population Center, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-3997, USA
    J Biosoc Sci 33:339-59. 2001
    ....
  82. ncbi Socioeconomic position, gender, health behaviours and biomarkers of cardiovascular disease and diabetes
    Anne Kavanagh
    Centre for Women s Health, Gender and Society, Melbourne School of Population Health, The University of Melbourne, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 71:1150-60. 2010
    ..We conclude that low socio-economic position is more consistently associated with a worse profile of biomarkers for CVD and diabetes for women...
  83. ncbi Race/ethnicity, social class and their relation to physical inactivity during leisure time: results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994
    C J Crespo
    Department of Health and Fitness, American University, Washington, DC 20016 8037, USA
    Am J Prev Med 18:46-53. 2000
    ..It is not known if differences in participation in leisure time physical activity are due to differences in social class. Thus, this paper provides estimates of the prevalence of physical inactivity during leisure time and its ..
  84. ncbi Prospective study of social and other risk factors for incidence of type 2 diabetes in the Whitehall II study
    Meena Kumari
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, England
    Arch Intern Med 164:1873-80. 2004
    ..Social inequalities in the incidence of type 2 diabetes and the relation of health behaviors and psychosocial factors to the incidence of type 2 diabetes are not well established...
  85. pmc Poverty and health sector inequalities
    Adam Wagstaff
    The World Bank, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 80:97-105. 2002
    ..It is argued that too little is known about the impacts of such policies, notwithstanding a wealth of measurement techniques and considerable evidence on the extent and causes of inequalities...
  86. ncbi Life-course influences on health in British adults: effects of socio-economic position in childhood and adulthood
    Chris Power
    Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:532-9. 2007
    ..We assess whether childhood SEP influences disease risk in mid-life, separately from the effect of adult position, and establish how associations vary across multiple measures of disease risk...
  87. ncbi Childhood and adulthood risk factors for socio-economic differentials in psychological distress: evidence from the 1958 British birth cohort
    C Power
    Department of Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
    Soc Sci Med 55:1989-2004. 2002
    ..Gradients in psychological distress reflect the cumulative effect of multiple adversities experienced from childhood...
  88. pmc Unemployment and mental health: understanding the interactions among gender, family roles, and social class
    Lucia Artazcoz
    Department of Experimental Sciences and Health, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, and the Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Am J Public Health 94:82-8. 2004
    We examined gender differences in the effects of unemployment on mental health and assessed whether such effects are associated with interactions among gender, family roles, and social class.
  89. ncbi Prevalence and risk factors of overweight and obesity in China
    Kristi Reynolds
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1430 Tulane Avenue SL 18, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:10-8. 2007
    ..To examine the prevalence and risk factors of overweight and obesity in China...
  90. ncbi Monitoring of socio-economic inequalities in smoking: learning from the experiences of recent scientific studies
    M M Schaap
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, P O Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Public Health 123:103-9. 2009
    ..This paper aims to review the methods applied in recent scientific studies on inequalities in smoking, with the aim of drawing lessons for the monitoring of smoking inequalities...
  91. ncbi Explaining occupational class differences in sickness absence: results from middle-aged municipal employees
    M Laaksonen
    Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, P O Box 41, Helsinki 00014, Finland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:802-7. 2010
    ..We aimed to examine whether working conditions, health-related behaviours and family-related factors explain occupational class differences in medically certified sickness absence...
  92. ncbi Conditions during childhood and adolescence as explanations of social class differences in disability pension among young men
    M Upmark
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden
    Scand J Public Health 29:96-103. 2001
    ..This study investigates whether conditions present or established in youth and adolescence among young men contribute to the differences in the risk of an early disability pension (DP) among social classes...
  93. ncbi You are where you shop: grocery store locations, weight, and neighborhoods
    Sanae Inagami
    Veterans Affairs Health Services and Research Development, VA Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, Division of General Internal Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90073, USA
    Am J Prev Med 31:10-7. 2006
    ..One possible reason might be the quality of available foods in their area. Location of grocery stores where individuals shop and its association with BMI were examined...
  94. ncbi The prevalence, distribution, and mental health correlates of perceived discrimination in the United States
    R C Kessler
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 40:208-30. 1999
    ....
  95. pmc Breast cancer care in the Canada and the United States: ecological comparisons of extremely impoverished and affluent urban neighborhoods
    Kevin M Gorey
    School of Social Work, University of Windsor, 401 Sunset Avenue, Windsor, Ontario, Canada N9B 3P4
    Health Place 16:156-63. 2010
    ..More inclusive health insurance coverage in Canada seems the most plausible explanation for such Canadian breast cancer care advantages...
  96. ncbi Investigating explanations of socio-economic inequalities in health: the Dutch GLOBE study
    Frank J van Lenthe
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Eur J Public Health 14:63-70. 2004
    ..The returns of the study are reviewed after ten years of follow-up, and the studies' contribution to the development of policy measures to reduce inequalities in health in the Netherlands are described...
  97. ncbi Does parental education have a moderating effect on the genetic and environmental influences of general cognitive ability in early adulthood?
    Michael D Grant
    Department of Psychology, Boston University, 648 Beacon St, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Behav Genet 40:438-46. 2010
    ..Some, but not all, previous studies have found significant moderating effects; however, no consistent pattern emerged that could account for between-study differences regarding moderating effects on genetic and environmental influences...
  98. pmc Life course socioeconomic position is associated with inflammatory markers: the Framingham Offspring Study
    Eric B Loucks
    Department of Community Health, Epidemiology Section, Brown University, Rhode Island, United States
    Soc Sci Med 71:187-95. 2010
    ....
  99. ncbi Subjective social status: its determinants and its association with measures of ill-health in the Whitehall II study
    Archana Singh-Manoux
    International Centre for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 56:1321-33. 2003
    ..The results suggest that subjective social status reflects the cognitive averaging of standard markers of socioeconomic situation and is free of psychological biases...
  100. pmc Socioeconomic status and the developing brain
    Daniel A Hackman
    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, 3720 Walnut Street, Room B51, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6241, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 13:65-73. 2009
    ..Implications for basic cognitive neuroscience and for understanding and ameliorating the problems related to childhood poverty are discussed...
  101. ncbi Height, wealth, and health: an overview with new data from three longitudinal studies
    G David Batty
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK
    Econ Hum Biol 7:137-52. 2009
    ....

Research Grants62

  1. Quality of Life in Children with Cleft
    Hillary L Broder; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..not only to examine biological factors like type of cleft and extent of defect but {contextual factors like social class, family process}, payer source and demographic factors (i.e., ethnicity)...
  2. Metabolic Consequences of Substance Use in Adolescent Girls
    LORAH DENISE DORN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The sample reflects diversity in race/ethnicity (African-American 31.1%;Caucasian 63.3%) and social class. Retention is >90%...
  3. Subjective Well-Being Over The Life Course
    STEPHEN JONATHAN MACHIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Attention will be paid to the moderating effects of social class and social support and to the impact of specific life transitions such as retirement and bereavement...
  4. Cancer screening among Latinas
    Ana F Abraido Lanza; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..outcomes;to analyze whether access to health care mediates the relationship between neighborhood resources, social class, and screening;and to examine whether social capital predicts screening via social support...
  5. Geostatistical software for the analysis of individual-level epidemiologic data
    PIERRE E GOOVAERTS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and population-based data including cancer vital events and possibly area wide distributions of social class measures...
  6. Genes, Behavior, Psychosocial Links of Child Maltreatment to Health, Disease
    Cathy Spatz Widom; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and non-neglected children who were matched on the basis of age, sex, race/ethnicity, and approximate family social class and followed up into adulthood with four interviews...
  7. DNA methylation differences between identical twins
    Thomas Mack; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..pairs selected on the basis of sex, educational status, and maternal educational status (a measure of childhood social class)...
  8. Modeling Spatial and Family Factors in the Transmission of Wealth
    ALICE BEE KASAKOFF; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..many ways, whether through ability to afford treatment, diet, or risks of violent death, all of which differ by social class. This research will help explain why people attain the economic status they have and the extent to which this ..
  9. Validation of PROMIS in Diverse Cancer Populations
    Arnold L Potosky; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This is especially important given the substantial health disparities across race/ethnic, age and social class groups. However, there has been limited research establishing equivalence of measures across diverse groups...
  10. Youth Violence and Housing Programs to Deconcentrate Poverty
    Jens Ludwig; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. across race and social class lines...
  11. A Randomized Study to Abate Truancy &Violence in Grades 3 to 9
    Jonathan Guryan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Health outcomes in the U.S. vary dramatically across race, ethnic and social class lines, due in important part to massive disparities in human capital...
  12. The Emergence and Development of Social Group Attitudes
    KRISTINA OLSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..attitudes toward privilege in the development and maintenance of social group attitudes including social class and racial attitudes...
  13. A US-Mexico Collaborative Effort to Improve Epilepsy Control and Diagnosis
    WALTER GRANT BESIO; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Epilepsy is the most common brain disorder worldwide with no age, racial, social class, national, or geographic boundaries. It affects 67 million people, 85% of whom live in developing countries...
  14. Syndemic Production among Emergent Adult Men
    Perry N Halkitis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of syndemics, and (4) determine the extent to which the development of syndemics varies by race/ethnicity, social class, and homelessness/housing stability in a cohort of HIV-negative YMSM...
  15. Biological Prediction of Psychosis Susceptibility among Adolescent Cannabis Users
    LYNN ELEANOR DELISI; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..patients will be compared with adolescent cannabis users who never had a psychotic episode, and age, sex, and social class matched non-cannabis using controls...
  16. RACIAL DISPARITIES IN MEDICATION USE IN US NURSING HOMES
    Kate Lapane; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..may not be fully explained by racial/ethnic differences in severity of conditions, patient preference, or social class. As suggested in the literature, provider care may be influenced by subtle or blatant forms of racial ..
  17. Determinants of cancer risk in low-income housing
    Glorian Sorensen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..important individual characteristics, is critical to efforts to reduce health disparities by race/ethnicity and social class. Data will be collected from individual residents and on the physical environment, and will include qualitative ..
  18. Resources and Opportunities for Neighborhood Attainment
    Scott J South; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It is well-known that levels of residential segregation by race, ethnicity, and social class, as well as the race- and class-specific inter-neighborhood migration propensities that sustain these high ..
  19. Language and Risk for Schizophrenia
    LYNN ELEANOR DELISI; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..N=60) who have an increased familial risk for developing schizophrenia and compare them to an age, sex, and social class proportionally matched group of controls (N=30)...
  20. RISK FACTORS FOR YOUNG ADULT HODGKIN'S DISEASE IN TWINS
    Wendy Cozen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These risk factors, combined with the demographic pattern (highest risk in young white adults of high social class), are reminiscent of the risk pattern for poliomyelitis...
  21. Pre Natal Nutrition and Adult Disease
    L Lumey; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..between size at birth and adult chronic disease risk may reflect confounding by a non-nutritional exposure, by social class, or by other factors...
  22. ANOREXIA NERVOSA: PREVALENCE, DETERMINANTS, TREATMENT
    PAUL GARFINKEL; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..anorexia nervosa to be more common in dance and modelling students than in other women of a similar age and social class. The prevalence of 7% in these groups using rigorous diagnostic criteria is higher than in a preliminary report ..
  23. Immune System Gene Polymorphisms and Preterm Delivery
    Claudia Holzman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..the micro'level, such as genes, and factors that are 'upstream'such as acute/chronic stress and social class gradient which has consistently been shown to be related to PTD...
  24. EPIDEMIOLOGY AND NATURAL HISTORY OF GENITAL HERPES
    ANDRE NAHMIAS; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..One or more of these possible approaches - vaccines, chemoprophylaxis, or barrier methods - will be studied during the course of this program...
  25. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF VISUAL IMPAIRMENT IN HISPANIC CHILDREN
    David Lee; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..with impaired near and distant vision and impaired binocularity, 4)examine associations between measures of social class and vision impairment in Hispanic children, and 5)estimate the prevalence of dual sensory impairment (hearing ..
  26. DIMENSIONS OF PERSONALITY IN AFRICAN AMERICAN CHILDREN
    James Victor; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..homogenous design, we will examine how two groups of African-American parent informants, differing in social class, describe their children...
  27. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH GRADIENTS IN HOSPITAL WORKERS: THE
    Paul Blanc; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..shed light on the nature and multi-factorial etiology of hospital gradients, across job categories and employee social class backgrounds, in the occurrence of several potentially work-related health outcomes in hospitals...
  28. Social and Cultural Influences on Adolescent Development
    Elizabeth Moje; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..measures will examine across demographic categories (with an emphasis on gender, ethnicity, race, and social class) how peer, family, community, and cultural groups (a) motivate students to develop particular kinds of reading ..
  29. RACIAL AND NEIGHBORHOOD DISPARITIES IN INFANT HEALTH
    Irma Elo; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We will examine social class differences within race as well as the racial disparity itself...
  30. SOCIAL INFLUENCES ON RHESUS MONKEY FOOD SELECTION
    BERNADETTE MARRIOTT; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Also similar to humans cultural group membership (the troop), social class (dominance status), social network (kinship), family size/composition and family traditions play important ..
  31. An Interactive Program for Workplace Diversity Skills
    CHRISTY SHERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..diversity topics on: national origin, gender, physical ability, sexual orientation, age, religion, language and social class. The nature of material presented will be determined using formative evaluation procedures with focus groups of ..
  32. Understanding Pregnancy and Women's Health in Two Black Communities in Atlanta
    MONA PHILLIPS; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..objectives of the three-year planning period are: (1) To identify two communities reflecting the ethnic and social class diversity among Blacks in the Atlanta metropolitan area, and to establish common interests bonds with key ..
  33. CHILDHOOD VICTIMIZATION AND LIFETIME REVICTIMIZATION
    Cathy Spatz Widom; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..25 years ago and a comparison group matched on the basis of age, sex, race/ethnicity, and approximate family social class at the time...
  34. HOSPITALIZED MENTAL DISORDER IN QUEBEC & ISRAEL
    Jean Claude Lasry; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..allows exploration of several issues: (1) the effect of ethnic disadvantage on rate of schizophrenia, holding social class constant; (2) the relationship of immigration to rate of schizophrenia; (3) the suggested differences in rates ..
  35. WOMEN'S EXP OF POSTPARTUM CARE DURING 1ST WK AFTER BIRTH
    CHRISTA KELLEHER; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..No study comprehensively investigates how social support, social class and race/ethnicity affect women's experiences of postpartum services provided in the hospital and at home...
  36. Surveillance: The Ethics of Public Health Reporting
    Ronald Bayer; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..how competing values and political pressures affected decisions regarding surveillance; 4) the ways in which social class, gender, and race affected surveillance; 5) how those with or at risk for specific diseases responded to the ..
  37. Menopause: Meaning and Experience in Oaxaca, Mexico
    Michelle Ramirez; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Thus, the specific aims of this project are to investigate in Oaxaca de Juarez, Mexico, how social class effects; a) gender roles, b) attitudes toward aging, c) the experience of menopause and d) various medical ..
  38. ALCOHOL AND MARITAL CONFLICT: A LONGITUDINAL ANALYSIS
    GLENDA KANTOR; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..LISREL analyses of 3 major causal models will analyze the relationships between social class, race, family type and family of origin for each family alcohol use type...
  39. PHYSICAL VIOLENCE IN AMERICAN FAMILIES
    Murray Straus; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..of power between husband and wife and the use of physical violence? How is this affected by such factors as the social class of the couple, and the degree to which the wife is economically independent of the husband? (2) What accounts ..
  40. Youthful Relationships and Sexual Risk-Taking
    PEGGY GIORDANO; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A core theme is that experiences associated with gender, social class position, and minority status influence the course/contours of heterosexual dating and romantic relationships...
  41. LONGITUDINAL NATIONAL AIDS BEHAVIORAL SURVEY
    Joseph Catania; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..aid in identifying segments of the national population defined by race/ethnicity, gender, marital status, age, social class) who continue to perform high risk activities, and delay HIV testing, (b) describe how (if) these segments ..
  42. SUB-CULTURAL CONCEPTIONS OF MENTAL ILLNESS
    JOHN COIE; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..interviewed and constitute a factorially balanced sample of black and white men and women from three levels of social class. Interviewees were presented with 6 descriptions of behavioral deviance derived to provide contrasts between ..
  43. INTERDEPENDENCE AND AGING IN ETHNIC FAMILIES
    Colleen Johnson; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..Observed variations in interdependence were investigated as they varied by social class, social and geographic mobility, intermarriage and ethnicity...
  44. Child Abuse and Neglect, Chronic Stress, and Drug Abuse
    Cathy Spatz Widom; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..of 908 abused and/or neglected children were matched on the basis of age, race, sex, and approximate family social class with a group of 667 non-abused and non-neglected children and followed prospectively into adulthood...
  45. Intergenerational Transmission of Neglect and Abuse
    CATHY WIDOM; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..and abuse and a comparison group (matched on the basis of age, sex, race/ethnicity, and approximate family social class) who have been followed up into adulthood...
  46. African American Men Prostate & Colorectal Cancer Belief
    Thomas Arcury; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..behaviors about prostate and colorectal cancer screening between African American and white men are related to social class differences, health care access differences, or cultural differences...
  47. EPIDEMIOLOGY--ALCOHOL, DRUG ABUSE, AND MENTAL DISORDERS
    Ronald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..We propose to focus during the final funding period on social class and race/ethnic differences. Third, we want to synthesize the results of all NCS analyses in a book...
  48. Stigma and Tuberculosis in Haitian Populations
    Jeannine Coreil; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..the disease are severely handicapped by the effects of social stigma, and further compounded by issues of race, social class, ethnic stereotypes, immigrant status and HIV co-infection...
  49. Diabetic Health Disparities Over the Life Course: Race, Class and Gender
    EMILY NICKLETT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..research has three specific aims: To examine disparities in the outcomes of diabetes by (1) race/ethnicity;(2) social class;and (3) gender...
  50. THE COST AND BENEFITS OF INTERVENING: BATTERED WOMEN'S M
    LAURA MCCLOSKEY; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..It is already known that the women presenting to these hospitals are diverse across social class, ethnicity, race, and immigrant status Examining the intersection of these sociodemographic variables with ..
  51. LINGUISTIC SEQUELAE OF UNILATERAL LESIONS
    DOROTHY ARAM; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..24 left and 14 right) have been studied thus far in comparison to control children matched by age, sex, race, social class; a total of 50 lesioned and 50 control children are projected for inclusion during the next 3 years...
  52. FAMILY & SCHOOL PROCESSES AND EFFECTS ON CHILDREN
    Robert Smith; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..not succeed in raising the level of intellectual performance of disadvantaged children, and (2) to explain why social class affects intellectual achievement...
  53. ESTIMATING RATES OF CFS IN A COMMUNITY SAMPLE
    LEONARD JASON; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..and these findings might be biased by differential access to health care treatment by gender, racial/ethnic and social class status. The goal of this study is to do a community-based prevalence study...
  54. IDENTITY-RELEVANT EVENTS & PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS
    PEGGY THOITS; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..g., differences by gender, age, social class)...
  55. Occupational Segregation as a Determinant of Racial Health Disparities
    Katherine Chung; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..researched, written, and taught on the social determinants of African American health disparities, including social class and family structure. She is developing an independent research career in occupational health disparities...
  56. CHD RISK, BEHAVIORAL STRESS, AND REPRODUCTIVE HORMONES
    Karen Matthews; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..the extent of sex differences in exposure to psychological stressors among men and women from two levels of social class. Social class is included in the design because it is a risk factor for psychological stress and for CHD...
  57. CHD RISK, BEHAVIORAL STRESS AND REPRODUCTIVE HORMONES
    Karen Matthews; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..the extent of sex differences in exposure to psychological stressors among men and women from two levels of social class. Social class is included in the design because it is a risk factor for psychological stress and for CHD...
  58. Risk Factors for Psychopathology in the WHO WMH Surveys
    Ronald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..interest to psychiatric epidemiologists: (1) sex differences in mental illness;(2) the association between social class and mental illness;and (3) the long-term effects of childhood adversities on adult mental illness...
  59. EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT & COGNITION IN HOMELESS CHILDREN
    MUTYA SAN AGUSTIN; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..children matched for ethnic background, (2) sociodemographic information regarding length of homelessness and social class prior to becoming homeless, (3) binding of study personnel to homeless status of study subjects, and (4) ..
  60. DEVELOPMENT & STRESS IN PARENT-ADOLESCENT INTERACTIONS
    W Collins; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Other social-structural variables (e.g., social class, ethnic background, age of parents) will be restricted by the sampling methods in the first phase of the re- ..
  61. DOING PHYSIC--SOUTHERN DOCTORS & THEIR WORK, 1800-1880
    STEVEN STOWE; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Race, gender, and social class all helped to structure sickness, caring, and the burdens of each...
  62. Developmental Outcomes of Prenatal Exposure to MDMA ('E*
    Lynn Singer; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..maternal self-report measures (and corroborated by hair analysis), with all children drawn from the same race/social class population...