minority groups

Summary

Summary: A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Defining cultural competence: a practical framework for addressing racial/ethnic disparities in health and health care
    Joseph R Betancourt
    Institute for Health Policy, Massachusetts General Hospital and Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Public Health Rep 118:293-302. 2003
  2. ncbi Ethnic and socioeconomic differences in cardiovascular disease risk factors: findings for women from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994
    M A Winkleby
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, Calif 94304, USA
    JAMA 280:356-62. 1998
  3. pmc Glossary of terms relating to ethnicity and race: for reflection and debate
    R Bhopal
    Section of Public Health Sciences, Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:441-5. 2004
  4. pmc Racial/ethnic discrimination and health: findings from community studies
    David R Williams
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:200-8. 2003
  5. pmc Learning to live with complexity: ethnicity, socioeconomic position, and health in Britain and the United States
    G D Smith
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, England
    Am J Public Health 90:1694-8. 2000
  6. ncbi Prevalence of dementia in African-Caribbean compared with UK-born White older people: two-stage cross-sectional study
    Simon Adelman
    Department of Mental Health Sciences, UCL, 67 73 Riding House Street, 2nd Floor, Charles Bell House, London W1W 7EJ, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 199:119-25. 2011
  7. ncbi Discrimination, distrust, and racial/ethnic disparities in antiretroviral therapy adherence among a national sample of HIV-infected patients
    Angela D Thrasher
    Center for Social Disparities on Health, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 49:84-93. 2008
  8. ncbi Responding to diversity: an exploratory study of migrant health policies in Europe
    Philipa Mladovsky
    European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, LSE Health, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London, WC2A 2AE, UK
    Health Policy 105:1-9. 2012
  9. pmc Sexual and gender minority health: what we know and what needs to be done
    Kenneth H Mayer
    Infectious Diseases Division, The Miriam Hospital, 164 Summit Avenue, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:989-95. 2008
  10. pmc Cardiovascular disease by diabetes status in five ethnic minority groups compared to ethnic Norwegians
    Anh T Tran
    Department of General Practice, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Public Health 11:554. 2011

Detail Information

Publications274 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Defining cultural competence: a practical framework for addressing racial/ethnic disparities in health and health care
    Joseph R Betancourt
    Institute for Health Policy, Massachusetts General Hospital and Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Public Health Rep 118:293-302. 2003
    ....
  2. ncbi Ethnic and socioeconomic differences in cardiovascular disease risk factors: findings for women from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994
    M A Winkleby
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, Calif 94304, USA
    JAMA 280:356-62. 1998
    ..However, because ethnic minority women are disproportionately poor, socioeconomic status (SES) may substantially explain these risk factor differences...
  3. pmc Glossary of terms relating to ethnicity and race: for reflection and debate
    R Bhopal
    Section of Public Health Sciences, Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:441-5. 2004
    ..This glossary focuses on the concepts and terminology used in the study of the health of minority ethnic and racial groups. It is hoped that it will stimulate debate on this subject so that an internationally applicable glossary may emerge...
  4. pmc Racial/ethnic discrimination and health: findings from community studies
    David R Williams
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:200-8. 2003
    ..Research on stress points to important directions for the future assessment of discrimination and the testing of the underlying processes and mechanisms by which discrimination can lead to changes in health...
  5. pmc Learning to live with complexity: ethnicity, socioeconomic position, and health in Britain and the United States
    G D Smith
    Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, England
    Am J Public Health 90:1694-8. 2000
    ..The only productive way forward is through studies that recognize the contingency of the relations between socioeconomic position, ethnicity, and particular health outcomes...
  6. ncbi Prevalence of dementia in African-Caribbean compared with UK-born White older people: two-stage cross-sectional study
    Simon Adelman
    Department of Mental Health Sciences, UCL, 67 73 Riding House Street, 2nd Floor, Charles Bell House, London W1W 7EJ, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 199:119-25. 2011
    ....
  7. ncbi Discrimination, distrust, and racial/ethnic disparities in antiretroviral therapy adherence among a national sample of HIV-infected patients
    Angela D Thrasher
    Center for Social Disparities on Health, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 49:84-93. 2008
    ....
  8. ncbi Responding to diversity: an exploratory study of migrant health policies in Europe
    Philipa Mladovsky
    European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, LSE Health, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London, WC2A 2AE, UK
    Health Policy 105:1-9. 2012
    ..The analysis of migrant health policies in Europe is still in its infancy and there is an urgent need to monitor the implementation and evaluate the effectiveness of these diverse policies...
  9. pmc Sexual and gender minority health: what we know and what needs to be done
    Kenneth H Mayer
    Infectious Diseases Division, The Miriam Hospital, 164 Summit Avenue, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:989-95. 2008
    ..We then discuss how clinicians and public health professionals can improve research methods, clinical outcomes, and service delivery for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people...
  10. pmc Cardiovascular disease by diabetes status in five ethnic minority groups compared to ethnic Norwegians
    Anh T Tran
    Department of General Practice, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Public Health 11:554. 2011
    ..The aim of the present study was to explore differences in the self-reported prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and associated risk factors by diabetes status in five ethnic minority groups compared to ethnic Norwegians.
  11. ncbi Ethnic inequity in neonatal survival: a case-referent study in northern Vietnam
    Mats Målqvist
    International Maternal and Child Health IMCH, Department of Women s and Children s Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Acta Paediatr 100:340-6. 2011
    ....
  12. ncbi The prevalence of glaucoma in adult rural Chinese populations of the Bai nationality in Dali: the Yunnan Minority Eye Study
    Hua Zhong
    First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, China
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 53:3221-5. 2012
    ..We evaluated the prevalence of glaucoma in adults of the Bai Nationality populations in rural China...
  13. pmc Recent trends in survival of adult patients with acute leukemia: overall improvements, but persistent and partly increasing disparity in survival of patients from minority groups
    Dianne Pulte
    Division of Clinical Epidemiology and Aging Research, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany
    Haematologica 98:222-9. 2013
    ..Disparities are increasing in younger patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia. Improvements in access to treatment, especially for minority patients, may improve outcomes...
  14. pmc Rates, risk factors & methods of self harm among minority ethnic groups in the UK: a systematic review
    Kamaldeep Bhui
    Centre for Psychiatry, Barts and The London, Queen Mary s School of Medicine and Dentistry, Old Anatomy Building, Charterhouse Square, London EC1M 6BQ, UK
    BMC Public Health 7:336. 2007
    ..Studies suggest that the rates of self harm vary by ethnic group, but the evidence for variation in risk factors has not been synthesised to inform preventive initiatives...
  15. ncbi Perceived barriers to flexible sigmoidoscopy screening for colorectal cancer among UK ethnic minority groups: a qualitative study
    K L Austin
    UCL Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Med Screen 16:174-9. 2009
    ..Specifically, beliefs about bowel cancer, perceived barriers to the test and ideas about ways to increase uptake were investigated...
  16. ncbi Should there be separate psychiatric services for ethnic minority groups?
    Kam Bhui
    Barts and London Medical School, Department of Psychiatry, Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London, UK
    Br J Psychiatry 182:10-2. 2003
  17. pmc Rationale and study design of a cross sectional study documenting the prevalence of Heart Failure amongst the minority ethnic communities in the UK: the E-ECHOES Study (Ethnic--Echocardiographic Heart of England Screening Study)
    Paramjit S Gill
    Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 9:47. 2009
    ....
  18. pmc Quality of care for patients with type 2 diabetes in general practice according to patients' ethnic background: a cross-sectional study from Oslo, Norway
    Anh T Tran
    Section of General Practice, Institute of Health and Community, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Health Serv Res 10:145. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the quality of care for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients from these ethnic minority groups compared with the care received by Norwegians.
  19. ncbi People like us: ethnic group density effects on health
    Kate E Pickett
    Health Sciences, Seebohm Rowntree, University of York, Heslington, York, UK
    Ethn Health 13:321-34. 2008
    ....
  20. pmc A synthesis of perceptions about physical activity among older African American and American Indian women
    Karla A Henderson
    Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:313-7. 2003
    ..In this review of qualitative data from the Cross-Cultural Activity Participation Study (CAPS), we synthesize the major findings of studies designed to identify minority women's perceptions of physical activity...
  21. ncbi Why ethnic minority groups are under-represented in clinical trials: a review of the literature
    Mahvash Hussain-Gambles
    Centre for Research in Primary Care, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
    Health Soc Care Community 12:382-8. 2004
    ..The paper concludes by offering a number of strategies for improving ethnic minority accrual rates in clinical trials, together with priorities for future research...
  22. pmc Awareness of cancer symptoms and anticipated help seeking among ethnic minority groups in England
    J Waller
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Research Centre, University College London, Gower Street, London, UK
    Br J Cancer 101:S24-30. 2009
    ..As part of the National Awareness and Early Diagnosis Initiative (NAEDI), this study aimed to explore these factors as possible contributors to delay in cancer diagnosis...
  23. ncbi Diversity. Preparing minority scientists and engineers
    Michael F Summers
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute HHMI and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA
    Science 311:1870-1. 2006
  24. pmc Self-reported discrimination and mental health status among African descendants, Mexican Americans, and other Latinos in the New Hampshire REACH 2010 Initiative: the added dimension of immigration
    Gilbert C Gee
    School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1821-8. 2006
    ..We examined whether self-reported racial discrimination was associated with mental health status and whether this association varied with race/ethnicity or immigration status...
  25. pmc Racial/ethnic discrimination and common mental disorders among workers: findings from the EMPIRIC Study of Ethnic Minority Groups in the United Kingdom
    Kamaldeep Bhui
    Centre for Psychiatry, Barts, and London School of Medicine, Queen Mary, London E1 4NS, United Kingdom
    Am J Public Health 95:496-501. 2005
    ..We measured perceived discrimination and its association with common mental disorders among workers in the United Kingdom...
  26. pmc Mental health correlates of perceived discrimination among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults in the United States
    V M Mays
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles 90095 1563, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:1869-76. 2001
    ..Recent studies suggest that lesbians and gay men are at higher risk for stress-sensitive psychiatric disorders than are heterosexual persons. We examined the possible role of perceived discrimination in generating that risk...
  27. ncbi Late start of antenatal care among ethnic minorities in a large cohort of pregnant women
    M E Alderliesten
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Academic Medical Centre Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    BJOG 114:1232-9. 2007
    ..The objectives of this study were to investigate the difference in timing of the first antenatal visit between ethnic groups and to explore the contribution of several noneconomic risk factors...
  28. ncbi The global challenge of type 2 diabetes and the strategies for response in ethnic minority groups
    Flavio Lirussi
    Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Padua Medical School, Italy
    Diabetes Metab Res Rev 26:421-32. 2010
    ..We evaluated the effectiveness of interventions to improve glycaemic control in ethnic minority groups. Results of major controlled trials, systematic reviews and meta-analyses were included in the review...
  29. ncbi Child malnutrition in Vietnam and its transition in an era of economic growth
    N M Thang
    Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3397, USA
    J Hum Nutr Diet 16:233-44. 2003
    ....
  30. ncbi The impact of culturally competent diabetes care interventions for improving diabetes-related outcomes in ethnic minority groups: a systematic review
    P Zeh
    Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry, UK
    Diabet Med 29:1237-52. 2012
    To examine the evidence on culturally competent interventions tailored to the needs of people with diabetes from ethnic minority groups.
  31. ncbi The prevalence and causes of visual impairment in an elderly Chinese Bai ethnic rural population: the Yunnan minority eye study
    Jun Li
    State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou, China
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 53:4498-504. 2012
    ..To assess the prevalence and causes of visual impairment in the elderly Bai ethnic group in rural China...
  32. ncbi Identification of unique food handling practices that could represent food safety risks for minority consumers
    Shauna C Henley
    Department of Biology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    J Food Prot 75:2050-4. 2012
    ..Results presented here allow modification of an existing food safety survey to identify the prevalence of these food handling practices among consumers of different demographics...
  33. ncbi Cultural differences in medical communication: a review of the literature
    Barbara C Schouten
    Interdisciplinary Social Science Department, Research Institute for Psychology and Health, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Patient Educ Couns 64:21-34. 2006
    ..In addition, a research model for studying this topic in future research is proposed...
  34. ncbi A systematic review and meta-analysis of ethnic differences in use of dementia treatment, care, and research
    Claudia Cooper
    Department of Mental Health Sciences, University College London, Archway Campus, Highgate Hill, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 18:193-203. 2010
    ..More research is also needed to evaluate ME access to dementia services outside the United States...
  35. ncbi Prevalence of and risk factors for pterygium in rural adult chinese populations of the Bai nationality in Dali: the Yunnan Minority Eye Study
    Hua Zhong
    Department of Ophthalmology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, People s Republic of China
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 53:6617-21. 2012
    ..The purpose of the study was to describe the prevalence, severity, and associated risk factors for pterygium in a population-based sample of rural residents of the Bai minority population in rural Dali, China...
  36. ncbi The socio-economic determinants of the health status of Roma in comparison with non-Roma in Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania
    Cristina Masseria
    LSE Health, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London, UK
    Eur J Public Health 20:549-54. 2010
    ..This article aims at identifying the determinants of health status among Roma in comparison with non-Roma in Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary...
  37. pmc Has pay-for-performance decreased access for minority patients?
    Andrew M Ryan
    Department of Public Health, Weill Medical College Cornell University, 402 East 67th Street, LA 215, New York, NY 10065, USA
    Health Serv Res 45:6-23. 2010
    ....
  38. ncbi Use of geographic information systems technology to track critical health code violations in retail facilities available to populations of different socioeconomic status and demographics
    Valerie L Darcey
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, College of Nursing and Health Professions, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    J Food Prot 74:1524-30. 2011
    ..Conversely, it sheds light on the subjective nature of health inspections, and indicates that underlying factors might be affecting inspection frequency and identification of CHV, such that CHV might not be a true proxy for risk for FBI...
  39. ncbi The place of race and racism in cultural competence: what can we learn from the English experience about the narratives of evidence and argument?
    Kamaldeep Bhui
    Queen Mary University of London, London, UK
    Transcult Psychiatry 49:185-205. 2012
    ..Given the need to apprehend narratives in care practice, especially at times of disputed evidence, cultural consultation processes may be an appropriate paradigm to address intersectional inequalities...
  40. pmc Ethnicity and the ethics of data linkage
    Kenneth M Boyd
    College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Biomedical Teaching Organisation, Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
    BMC Public Health 7:318. 2007
    Linking health data with census data on ethnicity has potential benefits for the health of ethnic minority groups. Ethical objections to linking these data however include concerns about informed consent and the possibility of the ..
  41. ncbi Dietary and lifestyle interventions for weight management in adults from minority ethnic/non-White groups: a systematic review
    G Osei-Assibey
    Unit for Diabetes and Metabolism, Clinical Sciences Research Institute, Warwick Medical School, University Hospital Coventry, UK
    Obes Rev 11:769-76. 2010
    ..Better quality and long-term trials are required in order to investigate in detail the effectiveness of lifestyle changes for weight management in these populations and eventually support evidence-based recommendations...
  42. ncbi Reducing the racial achievement gap: a social-psychological intervention
    Geoffrey L Cohen
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Muenzinger Psychology Building, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    Science 313:1307-10. 2006
    ..These results suggest that the racial achievement gap, a major social concern in the United States, could be ameliorated by the use of timely and targeted social-psychological interventions...
  43. ncbi A systematic review of ethnicity and pathways to care in dementia
    Naaheed Mukadam
    UCL Department of Mental Health Sciences, Archway Campus, Highgate Hill, London N19 5NL, UK
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 26:12-20. 2011
    ..We systematically reviewed the literature exploring how and why ME people with dementia present to specialist services...
  44. pmc Self report in clinical and epidemiological studies with non-English speakers: the challenge of language and culture
    Sanja M Hunt
    Public Health Sciences, Division of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh, Scotland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:618-22. 2004
    ..The essence of such modifications entails participatory research with members of the linguistic communities concerned...
  45. ncbi Food store availability and neighborhood characteristics in the United States
    Lisa M Powell
    Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
    Prev Med 44:189-95. 2007
    ..This study provides a multivariate analysis of the availability of food store outlets in the US and associations with neighborhood characteristics on race, ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES)...
  46. ncbi The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) - self-report. An analysis of its structure in a multiethnic urban adolescent sample
    Jorg Richter
    Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health Eastern and Southern Norway, Oslo, Norway
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 52:1002-11. 2011
    ..However, its structure, cross-cultural equivalence, and its applicability in ethnic minority groups is still a matter of discussion.
  47. ncbi Promoting culturally appropriate colorectal cancer screening through a health educator: a randomized controlled trial
    Shin Ping Tu
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    Cancer 107:959-66. 2006
    ..Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer mortality in the US. Surveys reveal low CRC screening levels among Asians in the US, including Chinese Americans...
  48. ncbi The panorama and outcomes of pregnancies within a well-defined population in rural Vietnam 1999-2004
    Sophie Graner
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences, Umea University, 901 87, Umea, Sweden
    Int J Behav Med 16:269-77. 2009
    ..Pregnancy outcomes in the general population are important public health indicators...
  49. pmc Patterns of HIV prevalence among injecting drug users in the cross-border area of Lang Son Province, Vietnam, and Ning Ming County, Guangxi Province, China
    Don C Des Jarlais
    Baron Edmond de Rothschild Chemical Dependency Institute, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY, USA
    BMC Public Health 5:89. 2005
    ..To assess patterns of injecting drug use and HIV prevalence among injecting drug users (IDUs) in an international border area along a major heroin trans-shipment route...
  50. ncbi Enhancing pathways to care for black and minority ethnic populations: a systematic review
    Bernd Sass
    Centre for Health Improvement in Ethnic Services CHIMES at Department of Mental Health Sciences, University College London, London, UK
    Int Rev Psychiatry 21:430-8. 2009
    ..However, there is little guidance on how this can be achieved. This systematic review aimed to evaluate research studies reporting initiatives to enhance pathways to mental health care for BME groups...
  51. ncbi Measuring vaccination coverage in a hard to reach minority
    Wilhelmina L M Ruijs
    Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Department of Primary and Community Care, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Eur J Public Health 22:359-64. 2012
    Although childhood vaccination programmes have been very successful, there are some hard to reach minority groups that object to vaccination...
  52. pmc Perspectives on child diarrhoea management and health service use among ethnic minority caregivers in Vietnam
    Thilde Rheinländer
    Department of International Health, Immunology and Microbiology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    BMC Public Health 11:690. 2011
    In Vietnam, primary government health services are now accessible for the whole population including ethnic minority groups (EMGs) living in rural and mountainous areas...
  53. ncbi Incidence of schizophrenia and other psychoses in ethnic minority groups: results from the MRC AESOP Study
    Paul Fearon
    Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College, London, UK
    Psychol Med 36:1541-50. 2006
    ..We sought to clarify whether (a) the rates of other psychotic disorders are increased, (b) whether psychosis is increased in other ethnic minority groups, and (c) whether particular age or gender groups are especially at risk.
  54. ncbi Separate and unequal: clinics where minority and nonminority patients receive primary care
    Anita B Varkey
    Department of Medicine, Loyola University Medical Center, 2160 S First Avenue, Maywood, IL 60153, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:243-50. 2009
    ..We compared 96 primary care clinics in New York, New York, and in the upper Midwest serving various proportions of minority patients to determine differences in workplace organizational characteristics...
  55. ncbi Treatment of depression among impoverished primary care patients from ethnic minority groups
    Jeanne Miranda
    San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 54:219-25. 2003
    ....
  56. pmc The causes of racial and ethnic differences in influenza vaccination rates among elderly Medicare beneficiaries
    Paul L Hebert
    Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Department of Health Policy, New York, NY, USA
    Health Serv Res 40:517-37. 2005
    ....
  57. pmc What is a "health disparity"?
    Olivia Carter-Pokras
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Public Health Rep 117:426-34. 2002
  58. pmc Improving care for minorities: can quality improvement interventions improve care and outcomes for depressed minorities? Results of a randomized, controlled trial
    Jeanne Miranda
    Department of Psychiatry, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
    Health Serv Res 38:613-30. 2003
    ..We determined whether practice-initiated quality improvement (QI) interventions for depressed primary care patients improve care across ethnic groups and reduce outcome disparities...
  59. ncbi Hygiene and sanitation among ethnic minorities in Northern Vietnam: does government promotion match community priorities?
    Thilde Rheinländer
    Department of International Health, Immunology and Microbiology, University of Copenhagen, Oster Farigmagsgade 5A, Entrance P, 1353 Copenhagen K, Denmark
    Soc Sci Med 71:994-1001. 2010
    ..attempts to gain in-depth understanding of hygiene and sanitation perceptions and practices among four Ethnic Minority Groups (EMGs) in a rural area of northern Vietnam...
  60. ncbi Racism, psychosis and common mental disorder among ethnic minority groups in England
    Saffron Karlsen
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London
    Psychol Med 35:1795-803. 2005
    The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between risk of psychosis, common mental disorder (CMD) and indicators of racism among ethnic minority groups in England and how this relationship may vary by particular ethnic groups.
  61. ncbi Use of community health workers in research with ethnic minority women
    Jeannette O Andrews
    Medical College of Georgia, Department of Nursing Science, EB 204, Augusta, GA 30912, USA
    J Nurs Scholarsh 36:358-65. 2004
    ..To explore roles and effectiveness of community health workers in research with ethnic minority women in the United States (US)...
  62. pmc Ethnic differences in psychological well-being in adolescence in the context of time spent in family activities
    Maria J Maynard
    Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, G12 8RZ, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 45:115-23. 2010
    ..Few studies examining the role of family life in adolescent mental well-being have been based on a multi-ethnic UK sample. We explored whether family activities explain ethnic differences in mental health among adolescents in London, UK...
  63. ncbi Lessons learned about minority recruitment and retention from the Centers on Minority Aging and Health Promotion
    Sue Levkoff
    Brigham and Women s Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Gerontologist 43:18-26. 2003
    ..This article presents a summary of an earlier monograph on the recruitment and retention of older ethnic minority individuals...
  64. pmc Telephone outreach to increase colorectal cancer screening in an urban minority population
    Charles E Basch
    Department of Health and Behavior Studies, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:2246-53. 2006
    ..We compared the effectiveness of a telephone outreach approach versus a direct mail approach in improving rates of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in a predominantly Black population...
  65. ncbi Representation of the elderly, women, and minorities in heart failure clinical trials
    Asefeh Heiat
    Department of Internal Medicine Preventive Medicine, Griffin Hospital, Derby, Conn, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:1682-8. 2002
    ..We sought to compare the characteristics of patients in heart failure (HF) RCTs with those of patients with HF in the community, and to document these trends over time...
  66. ncbi Ethnicity and registration as a kidney donor: the significance of identity and belonging
    Myfanwy Morgan
    King s College London, Division of Health and Social Care Research, Capital House, Weston Street, London SE1 3QD, UK
    Soc Sci Med 66:147-58. 2008
    ..The study underlines the need for a fresh approach to the understanding of organ donation based on greater knowledge of the construction and significance of ethnic identity and belonging...
  67. ncbi Eliminating racial and ethnic disparities in health care: what is the role of academic medicine?
    Joseph R Betancourt
    Harvard Medical School, 50 Staniford St, Ste 942, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    Acad Med 81:788-92. 2006
    ..Academic medicine must make the elimination of health care disparities a critical part of its mission, and provide national leadership by identifying quality improvement innovations and creating disparities solutions...
  68. ncbi Physical activity social support and middle- and older-aged minority women: results from a US survey
    A A Eyler
    Prevention Research Center, Saint Louis University School of Public Health, MO 63376, USA
    Soc Sci Med 49:781-9. 1999
    ..Research on the determinants of physical activity have indicated that social support is one of the strongest correlates, but little is known about this relation in important subgroups of middle and older-aged women...
  69. ncbi Why do ethnic elders present later to UK dementia services? A qualitative study
    Naaheed Mukadam
    University College London, Department of Mental Health Sciences, London, UK
    Int Psychogeriatr 23:1070-7. 2011
    ..In order to allow the development of rational interventions, we completed this first study to explore the link between attitudes to help-seeking for dementia and the help-seeking pathway in the ME and indigenous population...
  70. ncbi Exploring the underperformance of male and minority ethnic medical students in first year clinical examinations
    Katherine Woolf
    Academic Centre for Medical Education, Division of Medical Education, Royal Free and University College Medical School, UCL Archway Campus, 4th Floor, Holborn Union Building, Highgate Hill, London, N19 5LW, UK
    Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 13:607-16. 2008
    ..Results were unlikely to be due to examiner bias, as the machine-marked unadjusted written exam results showed significant sex and ethnic differences...
  71. ncbi Methodological issues in the recruitment of ethnic minority subjects to research via the Internet: a discussion paper
    Eun Ok Im
    School of Nursing, University of Texas at Austin, 1700 Red River, Austin, TX 78701, USA
    Int J Nurs Stud 42:923-9. 2005
    ....
  72. ncbi The consequences of premature abandonment of affirmative action in medical school admissions
    Jordan J Cohen
    Association of American Medical Colleges, 2450 N St NW, Washington, DC 20037 1126, USA
    JAMA 289:1143-9. 2003
    ..This article explores these reasons in detail, reviews the history and effectiveness of affirmative action in medical school admissions programs, and explains why alternatives to affirmative action are unworkable...
  73. pmc Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and tuberculosis among minority injection drug users
    Antonio L Estrada
    Mexican American Studies and Research Center, University of Arizona, Economics Building, 23, Tucson, AZ 85723, USA
    Public Health Rep 117:S126-34. 2002
    ..This article reviews the literature on the impact of HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C viruses (HBV, HCV), and tuberculosis on minority drug injectors in the United States...
  74. ncbi Explaining mental health treatment disparities: ethnic and cultural differences in family involvement
    Lonnie R Snowden
    Center for Mental Health Services Research, School of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Cult Med Psychiatry 31:389-402. 2007
    ..The results support the hypothesis that cultural differences in family involvement and support play a role in explaining mental health treatment disparities...
  75. pmc Diabetes susceptibility in ethnic minority groups from Turkey, Vietnam, Sri Lanka and Pakistan compared with Norwegians - the association with adiposity is strongest for ethnic minority women
    Anne Karen Jenum
    Department of Endocrinology, Oslo University Hospital, Aker, Oslo, Norway
    BMC Public Health 12:150. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the association between adiposity and diabetes in four ethnic minority groups compared with Norwegians, and take into account confounding by socioeconomic position.
  76. ncbi Disparities in mental health treatment in U.S. racial and ethnic minority groups: implications for psychiatrists
    Sylvia Atdjian
    Department of Psychiatry, the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, 671 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 56:1600-2. 2005
  77. ncbi Women who decline antenatal screening for HIV infection in the era of universal testing: results of an audit of uptake in three London hospitals
    S J Conaty
    Department of Primary Care and Population Science, University College London and Camden and Islington Health Authority, London, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 27:114-7. 2005
    ..23) were predictors of declining an HIV test. Women declining screening were not obviously from high-risk demographic groups: women from sub-Saharan Africa were not at greater risk of declining an HIV test than women from other regions...
  78. pmc Ethnic differences in internal medicine referrals and diagnosis in the Netherlands
    Loes C Lanting
    Erasmus MC, Department of Public Health, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Public Health 8:287. 2008
    ..The aim of this study is to examine ethnic differences in the use of internal medicine outpatient care, specifically to examine ethnic differences in the reason for referral and diagnosis...
  79. ncbi Improving pathways into mental health care for black and ethnic minority groups: a systematic review of the grey literature
    Joanne Moffat
    Centre for Health Improvement in Ethnic Services CHIMES at Centre for Psychiatry at the Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry Queen Mary University of London, UK
    Int Rev Psychiatry 21:439-49. 2009
    ..The key components of effective pathway interventions include specialist services for ethnic minority groups, collaboration between sectors, facilitating referral routes between services, outreach and facilitating ..
  80. ncbi Consumer-provider communication research with special populations
    Amelie G Ramirez
    Chronic Disease Prevention and Control Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, 8207 Callaghan Rd, Suite 110, San Antonio, TX 78230, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 50:51-4. 2003
    ..Furthermore, research should focus on identifying and overcoming cultural factors that negatively impact consumer-provider interactions...
  81. ncbi Does contact reduce prejudice or does prejudice reduce contact? A longitudinal test of the contact hypothesis among majority and minority groups in three European countries
    Jens Binder
    Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, England
    J Pers Soc Psychol 96:843-56. 2009
    ..This mediating mechanism was impaired for minority members because of a weakened effect of anxiety on desire for social distance. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed...
  82. ncbi Sampling minority groups in health surveys
    William D Kalsbeek
    Survey Research Unit, Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Stat Med 22:1527-49. 2003
    Sampling racial and ethnic minority groups in population-based health studies presents the statistical designer with a variety of notable challenges, many of which can be traced to the manner in which the sampling frame maps into the set ..
  83. ncbi Rejection as a call to arms: inter-racial hostility and support for political action as outcomes of race-based rejection in majority and minority groups
    Fiona Kate Barlow
    School of Psychology, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia
    Br J Soc Psychol 51:167-77. 2012
    ..This finding supports collective-action models of social change in historically disadvantaged minority groups.
  84. pmc Differences in problem behaviour among ethnic minority and majority preschoolers in the Netherlands and the role of family functioning and parenting factors as mediators: the Generation R Study
    Ilse J E Flink
    The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    BMC Public Health 12:1092. 2012
    ..This study aimed to further unravel the differences in problem behaviour among ethnic minority and native preschoolers by examining the mediating role of family functioning and parenting factors...
  85. ncbi Breast health information needs of women from minority ethnic groups
    Tessa Watts
    School of Health Science, University of Wales Swansea, Swansea, Wales, UK
    J Adv Nurs 47:526-35. 2004
    ....
  86. ncbi Social capital, health, and Francophone minorities
    Louise Bouchard
    Sociology Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa, 1 Stewart 308, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5
    Can J Public Health 97:S16-20. 2006
    ..They also facilitate access to social resources, including social advancement opportunities. In this paper, we examine the vitality, determinants of health, and health management of Canada's minority Francophone communities...
  87. ncbi Recruitment of minority ethnic groups into clinical cancer research trials to assess adherence to the principles of the Department of Health Research Governance Framework: national sources of data and general issues arising from a study in one hospital tr
    Sylvia Godden
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Health Care Evaluation Group, UCL, London, England
    J Med Ethics 36:358-62. 2010
    ....
  88. ncbi Perceived health status of Francophones and Anglophones in an officially bilingual Canadian province
    Mathieu Bélanger
    Centre de formation médicale du Nouveau Brunswick, Pavilion J Raymond Frenette, 15, rue des Aboiteaux, Moncton, NB E1A 3E9
    Can J Public Health 102:122-6. 2011
    ..The objective of this analysis was to determine whether there are differences in perceived health between the Francophone minority and Anglophone majority in New Brunswick, the only officially bilingual province in Canada...
  89. ncbi Specific health issues in ethnic minority groups
    A Niroshan Siriwardena
    De Montfort University, Division of Primary Care, Leicester, United Kingdom
    Clin Cornerstone 6:34-40; discussion 41-2. 2004
    The study of disease patterns in ethnic minority groups offers insights into the causation of disease...
  90. ncbi Minority ethnic groups in dementia care: a review of service needs, service provision and models of good practice
    G Daker-White
    Faculty of Health and Social Care, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK
    Aging Ment Health 6:101-8. 2002
    ..There was little consensus amongst the articles about whether services should be provided specifically for different ethnic groups, reflecting a lack of evidence concerning the efficacy of different models of service provision...
  91. ncbi Liking is not the opposite of disliking: the functional separability of positive and negative attitudes toward minority groups
    Todd L Pittinsky
    Department of Technology and Society, Stony Brook University, NY 11794, USA
    Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 17:134-43. 2011
    Two studies tested the hypotheses that positive and negative attitudes toward minority groups are not interchangeable in predicting positive versus negative behaviors toward those groups...
  92. ncbi Racial disparities in colon cancer. Primary care endoscopy as a tool to increase screening rates among minority patients
    Stephen C Lloyd
    Department of Family Medicine, South Carolina Medical Endoscopy Center and University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, South Carolina 29201, USA
    Cancer 109:378-85. 2007
    ..Cancer 2007. (c) 2006 American Cancer Society...
  93. ncbi Comparing policies to tackle ethnic inequalities in health: Belgium 1 Scotland 4
    Vincent Lorant
    Institute for Health and Society, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Clos Chapelle aux champs 30 41, 1200 Bruxelles, Belgium
    Eur J Public Health 21:235-40. 2011
    ..Ethnic-minority health is a public health priority in Europe. This study compares strategies for tackling ethnic inequalities in health from two countries, Scotland and Belgium...
  94. pmc Drivers of disparity: differences in socially based risk factors of self-injurious and suicidal behaviors among sexual minority college students
    John Blosnich
    Center for the Study and Prevention of Suicide, Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14642, USA john
    J Am Coll Health 60:141-9. 2012
    ..Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (ie, sexual minority) populations have increased prevalence of both self-injurious and suicidal behaviors, but reasons for these disparities are poorly understood...
  95. ncbi Serum vitamin D insufficiency and diabetes status in three ethnic minority groups
    Lamya H Shaban
    Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
    J Immigr Minor Health 14:926-32. 2012
    ..Future studies should focus on the role of vitamin D supplementation and diabetes outcomes across ethnic groups...
  96. ncbi Recruitment and retention of students from minority groups
    Awilda R Haskins
    Department of Physical Therapy, Florida International University, UP Campus, HLS 348, Miami, FL 33199, USA
    Phys Ther 86:19-29. 2006
    Studies have identified strategies used in physical therapist education to recruit and retain students from minority groups. However, physical therapist education has evolved since these studies were published...
  97. pmc The future of warfarin pharmacogenetics in under-represented minority groups
    Larisa H Cavallari
    Department of Pharmacy Practice, University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Pharmacy, 833 South Wood Street, Chicago, IL 60612 7230, USA
    Future Cardiol 8:563-76. 2012
    ..These data suggest that it is important to consider variants specific for African-Americans when implementing genotype-guided warfarin dosing in this population...
  98. ncbi Social experience and psychosis insights from studies of migrant and ethnic minority groups
    Craig Morgan
    Epidemiol Psichiatr Soc 16:118-23. 2007
    ..A more complete understanding of these factors may help us to clarify why there are differences in rates between populations...
  99. ncbi Inclusion and exclusion in nutrigenetics clinical research: ethical and scientific challenges
    T Hurlimann
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Bioethics Programmes, Faculty of Medicine, University of Montreal, Montreal, Que, Canada
    J Nutrigenet Nutrigenomics 4:322-43. 2011
    ..This paper aims to examine inclusion in nutrigenetics clinical research and its scientific and ethical challenges...
  100. ncbi Navigating fieldwork politics, practicalities and ethics in the upland borderlands of northern Vietnam
    Christine Bonnin
    Department of Geography, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    Asia Pac Viewp 51:179-92. 2010
    ..These relationships furthered my anxiety over the possibilities for conducting research that ultimately contributes towards social justice in a constrained political setting such as that which presently characterises Vietnam...
  101. ncbi Income-related inequalities in common mental disorders among ethnic minorities in England
    Roshni Mangalore
    Department of Social Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London, WC2A 2AE, UK
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 47:351-9. 2012
    ..We calculate and compare income-related inequalities in common mental disorders among ethnic groups in Britain...

Research Grants77

  1. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 2
    DENNIS PATTRATH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The NN/LM consumer health outreach program shall include: developing programs that focus on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations;..
  2. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 2
    Javier Crespo; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The NN/LM consumer health outreach program shall include: developing programs that focus on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations;..
  3. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 3
    Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The NN/LM consumer health outreach program shall include: developing programs that focus on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations;..
  4. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 3
    Ruth Holst; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The NN/LM consumer health outreach program shall include: developing programs that focus on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations; ..
  5. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) region 4
    Claire Hamasu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The NN/LM consumer health outreach program shall include: developing programs that focus on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations;..
  6. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) region 4
    Claire Hamasu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The NN/LM consumer health outreach program shall include: developing programs that focus on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations; ..
  7. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 5
    MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The NN/LM consumer health outreach program shall include: developing programs that focus on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations;..
  8. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 6
    CATHY BURROUGHS; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The NN/LM consumer health outreach program shall include: developing programs that focus on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations; ..
  9. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 5
    MICHELLE MALIZIA; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The NN/LM consumer health outreach program shall include: developing programs that focus on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations; ..
  10. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 7
    TAMARA COMBS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The NN/LM consumer health outreach program shall include: developing programs that focus on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations;..
  11. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 1
    Colleen Cuddy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The NN/LM consumer health outreach program shall include: developing programs that focus on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations;..
  12. National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) Region 1
    KATE BURR OLIVER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The NN/LM consumer health outreach program shall include: developing programs that focus on reaching minority groups, including African American, Hispanics, and Native Americans;senior citizens;and low income populations; ..
  13. Health Care Disparities in the Pacific Islands Pacific Regional Medical Conferenc
    SAIED SAFABAKHSH; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..the quality of health and health care across racial, ethnic and socioeconomic groups, are well documented in minority groups in the United States. However, not much is known of health disparities in the Pacific Islands...
  14. Bone Marrow Transplantation for Hematologic Malignancies using Novel Radioimmunot
    John M Pagel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..extended to patients who do not have a readily available HLA-matched donor, such as patients in ethnic minority groups. Radiolabeled anti-CD45 monoclonal antibodies (Ab) have been shown to improve outcomes for AML and MDS in the ..
  15. Telomere and its bio-regulators as predictors for clinical diabetes in women
    Simin Liu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..study of 2,150 incident T2DM cases and 3,200 comparable controls (1:1 matching in Whites and 1:2 matching in minority groups) nested in the ongoing Women's Health Initiative Observational Cohort (WHI-OS) of postmenopausal women...
  16. Cicatricial Alopecia Research Symposium 2011: Lipids, Inflammation &Stem Cells
    Pratima Karnik; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..D. and Ph.D. students, residents and post-doctoral fellows including members of racial/ethnic minority groups. To accomplish these aims, the 2011 symposium will bring together an international cadre of participants ..
  17. HIV/NeuroAIDS Patient Derived Induced Pluripotent Stem (iPS) Cells
    Rodney J Nash; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In minority groups HIV infection and NeuroAIDS progression occur at a disproportionate rate...
  18. Translational Diebetes Prevention in GDM
    Assiamira Ferrara; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Participants will be from a large population (66% from ethinic minority groups) receiving medical care at Kaiser...
  19. FAMU RCMI Pharmaceutical Research Center
    Karam F A Soliman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to enable investigative research on specific pathological etiologies associated with health inequity amongst minority groups, especially African-Americans...
  20. Using Mixed Reality to build peer resistance skills in Latina middle schoolers
    ANNE E contact NORRIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Latinas are part of one of the fastest growing minority groups in the US and currently have a pregnancy rate that is nearly double that of non-Hispanic whites...
  21. Financial Risks and Ethnic/Racial Disparities in Live Kidney Donation
    TANJALA PURNELL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..rates of kidney transplantation and donation, particularly by African Americans and other ethnic/racial minority groups. In her didactic program, Ms...
  22. Reducing Breast Cancer Recurrence with Weight Loss: A Vanguard Trial
    Cheryl L Rock; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..women with both pre- and postmenopausal breast cancer and may be particularly relevant among women of various minority groups. Despite potential importance, there has never been a clinical trial to determine whether weight loss and ..
  23. The natural history of cardiovascular health in U.S. populations
    CHRISTY LEIGH AVERY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Suboptimal CVH profiles are especially prevalent among U.S. minority groups, who attain intermediate and poor levels of CVH metrics earlier in life than their non-minority counterparts...
  24. The Three Rs of Immunity: Recognition, Response and Resolution
    Robert A Clark; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Objective 4. To provide an opportunity for women, members of under-represented minority groups, and persons with disabilities to participate in a meeting that showcases their work and facilitates ..
  25. Multigenerational FamIlial and Environmental Risk for Autism (MINERvA) Network
    Abraham Reichenberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..generations, specifically, advancing parental/grandparental age and parental/grandparental immigration of minority groups. Aim 3: Examine ASD risk from prenatal exposure to medications with potential adverse neurodevelopmental ..
  26. RENAL DISEASE
    MARC RANDALL HAMMERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The WU Renal Division has a longstanding commitment to train individuals from minority groups and several are longstanding members of its faculty.
  27. Diabetes Prevention Program for Young Adults with increased risk for Type 2 Diabe
    Eun Seok Cha; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..testing a diabetes prevention program for young adults: approximately 62% of the population is comprised of minority groups who are vulnerable to T2DM...
  28. An Individually-Tailored Mammography Screening Intervention for Chinese Americans
    Tsu Yin Wu; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..behavioral research in cancer control and to develop effective messages related to cancer screening among minority groups. The purpose of this study is to develop and test the feasibility of using individually tailored ..
  29. Subclinical Renal Artery Atherosclerosis, Kidney Function and Hypertension
    Matthew A Allison; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Finally, the overrepresentation of ethnic minority groups in MESA will allow for testing of interactions with ethnicity...
  30. 9th International Symposium on Bordetella
    Nicholas H Carbonetti; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..proposal is requesting support for students and post-doctoral fellows, for trainees from underrepresented minority groups and for developing world scientists to attend the 9th International Symposium on Bordetella, to be held in ..
  31. Economic Evaluation of Drug Abuse Treatment and HIV Prevention Services for Pregn
    Jennifer Prah Ruger; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..treatment and HIV prevention services among vulnerable populations such as women, adolescents and members of minority groups is necessary to improve drug abuse and HIV/AIDS services for these vulnerable and underserved populations...
  32. Atlanta Regional Community Clinical Oncology Program (ARCCOP)
    Thomas E Seay; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..include outreach and education of populations at risk for cancer with particular focus on the underserved and minority groups that experience higher incidence of morbidity due to disease...
  33. Training Grant in Renal Function and Disease
    Phillip Darwin Bell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..two cycles of funding, we have emphasized recruitment of clinician scientists and members of underrepresented minority groups. Our diverse pool of trainees has included 5 Caucasians, 4 African Americans, 1 Latina, and 4 Asian Americans...
  34. Do barriers to transplantation impact liver cancer survival in Asians?
    Umut Sarpel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This may be because requirements for organ allocation disproportionately exclude minority groups, and may represent a potential point of discrimination. Specific Aim 1...
  35. The Association Between Providers' Ethnic/Racial Biases and Hypertension Control
    Irene V Blair; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Members of ethnic/racial minority groups in the United States suffer worse health outcomes and are less satisfied with their health care than Whites, even after biological, socioeconomic and access ..
  36. Identification of maternal and fetal genetic factors in preterm birth
    Jeffrey C Murray; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The enormity of this problem, which disproportionately affects the poor and minority groups, is devastating in its impact on individuals, families, and society and compels investigations into ..
  37. Early determinants of childhood obesity: Etiology disparities policy analysis
    Summer Sherburne Hawkins; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Project Summary By age 5, more than 10% of US children are obese and children from ethnic minority groups and more disadvantaged circumstances are disproportionately affected...
  38. Modulation of Monocarboxylic Acid Transporter Kinetic Function for Stroke Therapy
    JEFFREY PAUL SMITH; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The research will build a foundation for extending and developing these new therapeutic approaches, and will make a significant contribution in the training of new biomedical research scientists from under-represented minority groups.
  39. Smoking Cessation Across Ethnic Groups in the US
    DENNIS RYAN TRINIDAD; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Racial/ethnic minority groups are more likely to be light and intermittent smokers, thus our understanding of smoking cessation should be ..
  40. INTERDISCIPLINARY IMMUNOLOGY TRAINING PROGRAM
    David G Schatz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and Medical Schools to attract and retain trainees from diverse backgrounds, particularly under-represented minority groups. This proposal requests continued support for 10 predoctoral and 3 postdoctoral trainees who will be ..
  41. Building Partnerships to Enhance Health and Health Care Delivery in Alabama and G
    RUEBEN CLIFTON WARREN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..added to cancer account for more than 80 percent of the excess mortality observed among Blacks and other minority groups when compared to non- Hispanic Whites...
  42. Cross-Cultural Comparison of Interactions Between Anxious Mothers and Children
    Araceli Gonzalez; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..youths and families with early onset anxiety problems and to aid in the customization of treatment to ethnic minority groups to reduce racial mental health disparity...
  43. Factors Influencing Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration Affecting Deaf People
    Robert Q Pollard; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..When IPV occurs in unique subpopulations, such as minority groups, etiologic research must guide the design of prevention and intervention strategies if they are to be ..
  44. Sources of Change and Stability in Low-Income Black Marriages
    BENJAMIN REUVEN KARNEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..the comparison between the marital outcomes of blacks and Hispanics, two similarly underprivileged minority groups, is especially striking...
  45. Walkability's Impact on Senior Health
    Allen Glicksman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..model for the rest of the city, especially other low- income areas where most of the residents are members of minority groups, and we aim to provide PCA and its partners the foundation to further promote policies that will make ..
  46. Reducing Unhealthy Alcohol Use in Older Hispanic Day Laborers
    ALISON AHERN MOORE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Hispanics are the most rapidly growing minority group and Hispanic males are more likely than other minority groups to engage in heavy episodic drinking...
  47. An open-source public domain health risk assessment for use in primary care
    Joseph J Sudano; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In short, there is no information, to our knowledge, regarding the use of HRA's among racial/ethnicity minority groups, the uninsured, the poor, or those with limited health literacy...
  48. Oral Health of Latino and Ethiopian Children and Their Mothers
    Olivia Carter Pokras; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The report noted the relative paucity of research in health care disparities for non-African American minority groups. Dental caries and its complications are specifically targeted by the National Institute of Dental and ..
  49. Increasing Vegetable Intake in Children
    THERESA ANN NICKLAS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed research focuses on increasing V consumption in 2 low-income minority groups, African- (AA) and Hispanic-Americans (HA) that have disproportionately higher risk for developing obesity ..
  50. A randomized trial of an educational intervention in type 2 diabetes patients
    Howard S Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Patients with low health literacy and minority groups have more difficulty communicating with physicians, report lower adherence to physicians'recommendations,..
  51. The 6th International Leukocyte Signal Transduction Workshop
    Amnon Altman; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..e., postdoctoral research fellows and graduate students, particularly those representing minority groups or coming from developing countries, an opportunity to present their own work and to benefit from close, one-..
  52. Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations
    Yoshio N Hall; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In the US, members of racial-ethnic minority groups and low-income populations bear a disproportionate burden of CKD, particularly ESRD...
  53. 2012 Intrinsically Disordered Proteins Gordon Research Conference
    Rohit V Pappu; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In choosing the recipients for support through NIH funds, the organizers will pay special attention to the need for drawing young scientists who are women and belong to under-represented minority groups.
  54. Determinants of Participation in an Anal Cancer Prevention Trial
    Joel Palefsky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..have broad influence by informing strategies to enhance participation in clinical studies by underrepresented minority groups. 7...
  55. Toward a multi-modal and multi-level analysis of Chinese aphasic discourse
    PAK HIN ANTHONY KONG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to construct a corpus of discourse production of Chinese speakers with aphasia, one of the underrepresented minority groups as listed by the National Institutes of Health (NIH)...
  56. Binge Eating Disorder: The Next Generation of Research
    Marian Tanofsky-Kraff; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..pediatrics, cardiovascular health, and research with underserved populations such as racial and ethnic minority groups. Unfortunately, there has been insufficient communication between individuals in the field of eating ..
  57. TRANSFUSION MEDICINE AND HEMATOLOGY
    Marilyn J Telen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Persons from minority groups and women will be encouraged to enter the program...
  58. Research Training in Intellectual Disabilities
    John G Borkowski; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Currently, 33 percent of our trainees are from underrepresented minority groups. This proposal requests support for six predoctoral trainees for each of the next five years...
  59. Support for US HUPO Meeting "Future of Proteomics"
    Karin D Rodland; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Currently, 29% of the invited speakers are either women or members of minority groups. Once the program is completed with selections from submitted abstracts, we expect to have at least 35% women ..
  60. 2010 Fibroblast Growth Factors in Development and Diseases Gordon Research Confer
    Moosa Mohammadi; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..At least one third of the speakers will be women, and female scientists as well as individuals from minority groups will be particularly encouraged to participate...
  61. Effectiveness of IPT for Men and Women Prisoners with Major Depression
    Jennifer E Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to be delivered by non-PhD or MSW level interventionists are assets in prisons, where many inmates come from minority groups and many front-line counselors have bachelor's degrees and little or no specialized mental health ..
  62. Binge Eating Disorder in an Ethnically Diverse Treatment-Seeking Population
    Lauren K Richards; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Data concerning the symptoms, treatment retention and motivation in minority groups are crucial to informing successful provision of health services and addressing related health disparities...
  63. Research meets practice: Human-animal interaction in obesity across the lifespan
    Rebecca Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A vital component of the symposium will be supporting health professionals of minority groups to attend, enabling their participation in the learning and dialogue...
  64. Community Voices on Health Disparities and Translational Genomics Research
    Patricia A Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..lay the foundation for any research risks or possible health benefits that might emerge for underserved and minority groups. The proposed research will help fill important gaps in our understanding of this evolving landscape, ..
  65. MECHANISMS OF ACTION IN DPP INTERVENTIONS
    Abbas Kitabchi; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..A total of 4000 subjects (from 26 clinical centers) of whom 50% will consist of minority groups, will be randomly assigned to one of the four groups...
  66. ASU-UAB EXPORT Project REAP
    Karyn Scissum Gunn; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..solid behavioral and biomedical research base to address a significant and well-documented need among ethnic minority groups, reproductive health and health disparities...
  67. Family Processes in Chinese Americans with Diabetes
    Catherine Chesla; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..S. is particularly acute in ethnic minority groups. Disproportionately high rates of diabetes, three times those observed in European Americans are found in ..
  68. Development of a Self-Help Program to Treat Binge Eating in Mexican Americans
    FARY MAHAMEDI CACHELIN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Women of ethnic minority groups are the most likely to suffer from unmet mental health needs including eating disorders such as binge eating and associated obesity...
  69. Mental Health Literacy Among Korean American Elders
    Yuri Jang; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The investigation focuses on one of the fastest growing but understudied and underserved ethnic minority groups: Korean American elders...
  70. Past Experiences and Current Mammography Behaviors
    Eileen Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Deaths attributed to breast cancer will occur disproportionately among women from ethnic minority groups. Despite campaigns for early breast cancer detection for all women, recommended screening guidelines are ..
  71. Promoting Sleep Health in Pediatric Primary Care Settings: A Web-based CME Course
    Lisa Marceau; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..key reasons: " Inadequate sleep is increasingly prevalent in children, particularly in racial and ethnic minority groups, " The potential impact of poor quality sleep on the physical and mental health of children is considerable, "..
  72. HPV vaccine practices among Physicians Serving High Risk, Minority Populations
    Abraham Aragones; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..by applicant): In the United States, cervical cancer rates have declined in recent years, however ethnic and minority groups remain disproportionately affected...
  73. REDUCING BIAS--THE COMMON INGROUP IDENTITY MODEL
    SAMUEL GAERTNER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The consequences of racism, for example, include more than the unrealized potential of members of minority groups and the failure to capitalize on diversity...
  74. Cross Ethnic Trends In Drinking, Alcohol Use Disorders And Service Utilization
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..evidence has been accumulated indicating that there are important health disparities between ethnic minority groups and Whites...
  75. Depression as a Culture-Bound Syndrome: Adapting the CES-D for Screening Depressi
    Rose Wong; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..development of mental health interventions that meet the particular needs of vulnerable ethnic and cultural minority groups in the U.S...
  76. CANCER COURSES FOR NURSES WORKING WITH MINORITY GROUPS
    Sandra Millon Underwood; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..to be tested will focus on the degree to which the program facilitates the integration of didactic content, thoughtful discussions, clinical/laboratory experiences, related literature, evidence-based information obtained from the ..
  77. Self, Health, and Life Satisfaction in Mexican Americans
    THEODORE SINGELIS; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Hispanics are the second largest and one of the fastest growing minority groups in the USA. By the year 2050 there will be an estimated 7...