roman world

Summary

Summary: A historical and cultural entity dispersed across a wide geographical area under the political domination and influence of ancient Rome, bringing to the conquered people the Roman civilization and culture from 753 B.C. to the beginning of the imperial rule under Augustus in 27 B.C. The early city built on seven hills grew to conquer Sicily, Sardinia, Carthage, Gaul, Spain, Britain, Greece, Asia Minor, etc., and extended ultimately from Mesopotamia to the Atlantic. Roman medicine was almost entirely in Greek hands, but Rome, with its superior water system, remains a model of sanitation and hygiene. (From A. Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed pp196-99; from F. H. Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, pp107-120)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi [Illustrated medical books in Graeco-Roman Egypt]
    M H Marganne
    ,
    Med Secoli 13:1-23. 2001
  2. ncbi Preputial infibulation: from ancient medicine to modern genital piercing
    D Schultheiss
    Department of Urology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    BJU Int 92:758-63. 2003
  3. ncbi Greco-Roman thought about cancer
    Steven I Hajdu
    Oyster Bay Cove, New York 11791, USA
    Cancer 100:2048-51. 2004
  4. ncbi [What paleopathology reveals about the fate of individuals with malformations in greco-roman antiquity]
    Philippe Charlier
    Service de d anatomie et cytologie pathologiques, CHRU de Lille, Centre Eurasanté
    Rev Prat 54:921-5. 2004
  5. ncbi The oriental tradition of Paul of Aegina's Pragmateia
    Peter E Pormann
    Stud Anc Med 29:1-337. 2004
  6. ncbi Eros underground: Greece and Rome in gay print culture, 1953-65
    Amy Richlin
    Department of Classics, THH 256, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, 90089 0352, USA
    J Homosex 49:421-61. 2005
  7. ncbi [A journey to the foundations of classical medicine]
    Ricardo Cruz-Coke M
    Academia Chilena de Medicina, Instituto de Chile, Chile
    Rev Med Chil 135:1076-81. 2007
  8. ncbi The fragments of the Methodists: Methodism outside Soranus
    Manuela Tecusan
    Stud Anc Med 24:1-813. 2004
  9. ncbi Celsus and the Hippocratic Corpus: the originality of a 'plagiarist"
    Muriel Pardon
    Stud Anc Med 31:403-11. 2005
  10. ncbi Classical Greek and Roman rhetoric and the modern audience
    David W Purdie
    Edinburgh Osteoporosis Centre, 1 Wemyss Place, Edinburgh EH3 6DH, UK
    Med Educ 37:1141-4. 2003

Detail Information

Publications124 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi [Illustrated medical books in Graeco-Roman Egypt]
    M H Marganne
    ,
    Med Secoli 13:1-23. 2001
    ..It refers particularly to the two herbaria of Tebnytis and Antinoopolis, reconstructing the history and production techniques of scientific illustrated books of antiquity...
  2. ncbi Preputial infibulation: from ancient medicine to modern genital piercing
    D Schultheiss
    Department of Urology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany
    BJU Int 92:758-63. 2003
  3. ncbi Greco-Roman thought about cancer
    Steven I Hajdu
    Oyster Bay Cove, New York 11791, USA
    Cancer 100:2048-51. 2004
  4. ncbi [What paleopathology reveals about the fate of individuals with malformations in greco-roman antiquity]
    Philippe Charlier
    Service de d anatomie et cytologie pathologiques, CHRU de Lille, Centre Eurasanté
    Rev Prat 54:921-5. 2004
  5. ncbi The oriental tradition of Paul of Aegina's Pragmateia
    Peter E Pormann
    Stud Anc Med 29:1-337. 2004
  6. ncbi Eros underground: Greece and Rome in gay print culture, 1953-65
    Amy Richlin
    Department of Classics, THH 256, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, 90089 0352, USA
    J Homosex 49:421-61. 2005
    ..Antiquity also played a large, though decreasing, role in formations of homoerotic fantasy during this period...
  7. ncbi [A journey to the foundations of classical medicine]
    Ricardo Cruz-Coke M
    Academia Chilena de Medicina, Instituto de Chile, Chile
    Rev Med Chil 135:1076-81. 2007
    ..The author highlights the main virtues of classical Greco Latin medicine, that are the foundations of humanistic thoughts that will restrin the technological revolution of modern medicine...
  8. ncbi The fragments of the Methodists: Methodism outside Soranus
    Manuela Tecusan
    Stud Anc Med 24:1-813. 2004
  9. ncbi Celsus and the Hippocratic Corpus: the originality of a 'plagiarist"
    Muriel Pardon
    Stud Anc Med 31:403-11. 2005
    ..He both clarifies and completes the prescriptions of the 'Father of Medicine'. It can therefore be said that the De Medicina is a descendant of the Hippocratic Corpus in the same way as La Fontaine's Fables are a descendant of Aesop's...
  10. ncbi Classical Greek and Roman rhetoric and the modern audience
    David W Purdie
    Edinburgh Osteoporosis Centre, 1 Wemyss Place, Edinburgh EH3 6DH, UK
    Med Educ 37:1141-4. 2003
    ..Teaching does not cause learning, but skilful rhetorical technique can imbue the student with a potent desire for further self-directed study. In this field, the ancient is auxiliary to the modern...
  11. ncbi [Galen " On the anatomy of nerves": Translation from the Greek text and discussion]
    Tatsuo Sakai
    Nihon Ishigaku Zasshi 49:403-54. 2003
    ..Furthermore we can estimate how Galen developed the preceding understanding of the nervous system made by Marinus on the basis of his own observations...
  12. ncbi Ancient euthanasia: 'good death' and the doctor in the graeco-Roman world
    Anton J L Van Hooff
    Department of Ancient History, Nijmegen University, Erasmusplein 1, room 10 05, NL 6525HT Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 58:975-85. 2004
    ..Sometimes a doctor was called in to assist in voluntary death, a role that was not forbidden by the Hippocratic oath. An appeal to this oath by opponents of euthanasia in the modern sense of the word therefore is mistaken...
  13. ncbi [Three historical examples of eugenics before Galton (1883): Plato, Soranus and Vandermonde (part II)]
    François Xavier Ajavon
    Vesalius 12:25-9. 2006
    ..We will be reminded that these three separate glimpses into the prehistory of Eugenics do not demonstrate a logically linked continuum, but do show a long-standing preoccupation with controlling life...
  14. ncbi [The role of papyri in the history of medicine]
    Marie Hélène Marganne
    Directrice du Centre de Documentation de Papyrologie Littéraire CEDOPAL, Université de Liège Belgique, rue de la Gare 30, 4347 Voroux Goreux, Belgique
    Hist Sci Med 38:157-64. 2004
    ..C. and 100 A.D.) reveals the value of the illustrators of works in the Greek and Roman period and the second (the famous papyrus of Milan 300 B.C.) includes a part about the epigrams of curing...
  15. ncbi Hermaphroditism in Greek and Roman antiquity
    George Androutsos
    Institute of History of Medicine, University Claude Bernard, Lyon, France
    Hormones (Athens) 5:214-7. 2006
    ..In this paper, such subjects are discussed as legends about the nativity of Hermaphroditus, son of Hermes and Aphrodite, the social status of these bisexual beings, and their fate in Greek-Roman antiquity...
  16. ncbi Birth control in antiquity
    M Bujalkova
    Department of Foreign Languages, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Martin, Slovakia
    Bratisl Lek Listy 108:163-6. 2007
    ..Some methods of contraception defended by Greek and Roman doctors were very effective and many pieces of information became basis for modern contraceptive means, others certainly did not achieve the desired effects...
  17. ncbi Same-sex desire and love in Greco-Roman antiquity and in the classical tradition of the West: Introduction
    Beert C Verstraete
    J Homosex 49:1-11. 2005
  18. ncbi Hairstyles in the arts of Greek and Roman antiquity
    Norbert Haas
    Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Charite, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany
    J Investig Dermatol Symp Proc 10:298-300. 2005
    ..The study of hairstyles permits an insight into very basic aspects of the self-conception of individuals and of the respective societies...
  19. ncbi [The origins of medical teaching]
    Mario Vegetti
    Universita degli Studi di Pavia, I, Milano, Italia
    Med Secoli 16:237-51. 2004
    ..ancient physician learn the principles of medical techne? Which are the standards adopted by physicians to choose their students? And, in absence of a real scholar training, in which way a young man can prepare himself to became a doctor?..
  20. ncbi [Medico-teratologic findings in ancient mythology and works of art]
    Akos Jakobovits
    Orv Hetil 146:1701-5. 2005
  21. ncbi [Childbirth and baby care portrayed on the Byzantine sacral artworks]
    László Józsa
    Orv Hetil 148:2483-90. 2007
  22. ncbi Dementia in the Greco-Roman world
    Axel Karenberg
    Institute for the History of Medicine and Medical Ethics, University of Cologne, Germany
    J Neurol Sci 244:5-9. 2006
    ..Only a small part of this early literature is cited in contemporary work on the origin of the dementia concept, which can be clearly traced back to the Age of Enlightenment and whose earlier history still needs to be elucidated...
  23. ncbi [Propolis. The bee glue as presented by the Graeco-Roman literature]
    Werner Golder
    Wurzbg Medizinhist Mitt 23:133-45. 2004
    ..Interestingly, radiation therapists have adopted the ancient remedy and use propolis successfully for the treatment of actinic stomatitis and mucositis...
  24. ncbi Concept and treatment of hydrocephalus in the Greco-Roman and early Arabic medicine
    P Grunert
    Department of Neurosurgery, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany
    Minim Invasive Neurosurg 50:253-64. 2007
    ....
  25. ncbi Medical practice in Graeco-roman antiquity
    L Cilliers
    Faculty of the Humanities, Dept of English and Classical Languages, University of the Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein
    Curationis 29:34-40. 2006
    ..Its gradual demise in the Christian era lowered the curtain on original medical endeavours during antiquity...
  26. ncbi The late Greco-Roman and Byzantine contribution to the evolution of laboratory examinations of bodily excrement. Part 1: Urine, sperm, menses and stools
    Athanasios A Diamandopoulos
    Renal Unit, St Andrew s Hospital, Patras, Greece
    Clin Chem Lab Med 41:963-9. 2003
    ..e., to try to correlate the macroscopic findings in the excrement with the pathophysiological mechanism that induced it, using only the human senses...
  27. ncbi [Consolation as medical intervention and its history of ideas]
    Werner Weidmann
    Wurzbg Medizinhist Mitt 25:339-62. 2006
    ..Finally, some essential features of general conceptions of consolation are presented...
  28. ncbi Organic chemistry of embalming agents in Pharaonic and Graeco-Roman mummies
    S A Buckley
    Organic Geochemistry Unit, Biogeochemistry Research Centre, School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Cantock's Close, UK
    Nature 413:837-41. 2001
    ..We focused on examples of the 'classic' mummy-making culture of the Pharaonic or dynastic period, from which we can begin to track the development of mummification chronologically...
  29. ncbi The Association of Hygieia with Asklepios in Graeco-Roman Asklepieion medicine
    Michael T Compton
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, USA
    J Hist Med Allied Sci 57:312-29. 2002
  30. ncbi [The brothers of Jumiege--the peripheral nervous system in early French mythology]
    Are Brean
    Nevrologisk avdeling Universitetssykehuset Nord Norge 9038 Tromsø
    Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 122:789-91. 2002
    ..This indicates that the existence of the peripheral nervous system, and therefore also in part the knowledge contained in the early anatomical works, quite early may have been more or less known outside academic circles...
  31. ncbi Error, loss, and change in the generation of therapies
    Julie Laskaris
    Stud Anc Med 31:173-89. 2005
    ..Different conceptions of gender account for their application to both sexes in later texts...
  32. ncbi The evolution of paediatrics from archaeological times to the mid-nineteenth century and the historical influence on present day practice
    Vinita Rangroo
    University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
    Acta Paediatr 97:677-83. 2008
    ..The basic approach used in everyday clinical practice owes more to century-old ideas of scientists...
  33. ncbi The many Galens of the medieval commentators on vision
    F Salmon
    Unidad de Historia de la Medicina, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Espagne
    Rev Hist Sci Paris 50:397-419. 1997
    ..I would like to develop this possibility by analysing the nature of the approach to visual perception in academic medical circles at the end of the thirteenth century and the beginning of the fourteenth century...
  34. ncbi Curing cut or ritual mutilation? Some remarks on the practice of female and male circumcision in Graeco-Roman Egypt
    M Knight
    American University, 113 Shari a Qasr al Aini, P O Box 2511, Cairo 11511, Egypt
    Isis 92:317-38. 2001
    ....
  35. ncbi From warriors to guardians: the Assyrians and their role in the history of medicine
    Samir Johna
    From the Department of Surgery, Kaiser Permenante, Fontana and Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, California, USA
    Am Surg 68:927-9. 2002
  36. ncbi Searching for schizophrenia in ancient Greek and Roman literature: a systematic review
    K Evans
    School of Nursing, Griffith University, Nathan, Australia
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 107:323-30. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to systematically examine ancient Roman and Greek texts to identify descriptions of schizophrenia and related disorders...
  37. ncbi Greco-Roman and Byzantine views on obesity
    Niki Papavramidou
    Division for the History of Medicine, School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
    Obes Surg 17:112-6. 2007
    ..The Greco-Roman and Byzantine writers continue the long tradition of treating obesity and set the foundations for modern methods of treatment...
  38. pmc A new approach to the study of Romanization in Britain: a regional perspective of cultural change in late iron age and roman dorset using the siler and gompertz-makeham models of mortality
    Rebecca C Redfern
    Centre for Human Bioarchaeology, Museum of London, London, UK
    Am J Phys Anthropol 144:269-85. 2011
    ..wisdom concerning the benefits of incorporation into the Empire and the higher status of the male body in the Roman world. Therefore, we conclude that the consequences of urbanism, changes in diet, and increased population ..
  39. ncbi [Sacer ignis, quam pustulam vocant pastores: anthrax--cultural historical traces of a zoonosis]
    J Eitel
    Clinica veterinaria alla Moesa, Grono
    Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 145:7-16. 2003
    The knowledge of anthrax as a disease and its importance as a zoonosis in the Greco-Roman world is revealed through a selection of classical texts and mythological sources, taking into account evidence of reworking and reuse of these ..
  40. ncbi A subject with abnormally short stature from Imperial Rome
    L Ottini
    Department of Experimental Medicine and Pathology, University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    J Endocrinol Invest 24:546-8. 2001
    ..from ancient sources, the skeletal evidence concerning individuals of abnormally short stature in the Greco-Roman world is scarce...
  41. ncbi Embodiments of will
    Vivian Nutton
    The Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine, University College London, 183 Euston Road, London, NW1 2BE, United Kingdom
    Perspect Biol Med 53:271-88. 2010
    ..Later anatomists, first in Alexandria in Egypt and later in the Roman world, continued to speculate for several centuries. Galen (129-ca...
  42. pmc Isotopic Ag-Cu-Pb record of silver circulation through 16th-18th century Spain
    Anne Marie Desaulty
    Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon, F 69342 Lyon, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:9002-7. 2011
    ..Silver, copper, and lead isotopes were measured in 91 coins from the East Mediterranean Antiquity and Roman world, medieval western Europe, 16th-18th century Spain, Mexico, and the Andes and show a great potential for ..
  43. ncbi Hippocrates, Galen, and the uses of trepanation in the ancient classical world
    Symeon Missios
    Division of Neurosurgery, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 23:E11. 2007
    ..Hippocrates' and Galen's written accounts of the technique and use of trepanation in the ancient Greek and Roman world. Examination of those records reveals the ancient knowledge of neurological anatomy, physiology, and ..
  44. ncbi Representations and realities: cemeteries as evidence for women in Roman Britain
    John Pearce
    Department of Classics, King s College London, London, England, UK
    Med Secoli 23:227-57. 2011
    ..Given this costraint, the article indicates possibilities and problems rather than to offer definitive conclusions. Its emphasis lies on Roman Britain, but similar questions could be applied to other parts of the Roman world.
  45. ncbi [The Justinian plague (part two). Influence of the epidemic on the rise of the Islamic Empire]
    Sergio Sabbatani
    U O Malattie Infettive Policlinico S Orsola Malpighi di Bologna, Italy
    Infez Med 20:217-32. 2012
    ..Subsequently, when the Arab population became sedentary, after occupying the conquered cities, this initial advantage was significantly reduced...
  46. ncbi [Galen of Pergamum (129-216/217 AD) and his contribution to urology: part I: life, work and medical system]
    F J Marx
    Institut fur Geschichte und Ethik der Medizin, Universitat zu Koln, Joseph Stelzmann Straße 20, 50931 Koln, Deutschland
    Urologe A 52:570-5. 2013
    ..Finally the significance of Galen's thinking for the present day physician will be evaluated...
  47. ncbi [Hippocratic Oath: professional or ethic code?]
    Miloš Popović
    Klinika za digestivnu hirurgiju Prva hirurska klinika KCS Beograd
    Acta Chir Iugosl 58:9-14; discussion 14. 2011
    ..In this context, ambiguities and errors result from not being familiar with the both, the basic text, and the circumstances prevailing at the time and society, in which the Oath was made...
  48. ncbi Natural and anthropogenic variations in methane sources during the past two millennia
    C J Sapart
    Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research Utrecht, Utrecht University, Princetonplein 5, 3584CC Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Nature 490:85-8. 2012
    ....
  49. ncbi Is there a Mediterranean bioethics?
    Pierre Mallia
    Bioethics Research Programme, Medical School, University of Malta, Msida, Malta
    Med Health Care Philos 15:419-29. 2012
    ..It then analyses the need for having a Mediterranean approach to bioethical issues...
  50. ncbi Macrosomia and ambiguous genitalia: a long overdue answer to the citizens of Frusino
    Vasiliki Vasileiou
    1st Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes Centre, Alexandra Hospital, Athens, Greece
    Hormones (Athens) 11:215-21. 2012
    ..Mutations of the WT1 gene are considered as the most probable diagnosis, resulting in genital ambiguity and macrosomia due to additional altered insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and IGF-II action...
  51. ncbi Skull typology of Byzantine dogs from the Theodosius Harbour at Yenikapi, Istanbul
    V Onar
    Osteoarchaeology Laboratory of the Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey
    Anat Histol Embryol 41:341-52. 2012
    ..The results give important insight in continuities and discontinuities in dog-breeding traditions from the Roman to the Byzantine Eras, and between the West and the East during Medieval times...
  52. ncbi The Roman state and genetic pacification
    Peter Frost
    Department of Anthropology, Universite Laval, Quebec City, Canada
    Evol Psychol 8:376-89. 2010
    ..In sum, the Roman state imposed a behavioral change that would over time alter the mix of genotypes, thus facilitating a subsequent ideological change...
  53. ncbi [Marcus Aurelius Antonius (121-180AD), philosopher and Roman emperor, and Galen's plague]
    Agustín Muñoz-Sanz
    Unidad de Patología Infecciosa, Hospital Universitario Infanta Cristina, y Departamento de Ciencias Biomédicas, Servicio Extremeño de Salud, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Extremadura, Badajoz, Espana
    Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 30:552-9. 2012
    ..There were several kinds of animals affected (anthropozoonoses). In this sense, this infection resembles more the previous Athens plague (430BC) or the epidemic of Justinian (552AD) than that of Galen's...
  54. ncbi [Evolution of pharmaceutical regulations from the origins to Germinal law]
    Olivier Lafont
    Faculte de medecine et de pharmacie de Rouen
    Rev Hist Pharm (Paris) 51:361-76. 2003
    ..Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greco-Roman world, Byzantine Empire, were followed by Bagdad, where sayadila, inspections and grabadins appeared...
  55. ncbi Aulus Cornelius Celsus and his pre-modern patho-physiologic notions on obesity-associated morbidity and mortality
    N Kefalas
    Obes Rev 9:87. 2008
  56. ncbi Galen and astrology: a Mésalliance?
    Glen M Cooper
    Department of History, 2103 JFSB, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA
    Early Sci Med 16:120-46. 2011
    ..It is suggested that continued attention to Galen's astrology has obscured the truly important empirical scientific method that Galen developed...
  57. ncbi Lead isotopic analysis of infant bone tissue dating from the Roman era via multicollector ICP-mass spectrometry
    David De Muynck
    Department of Analytical Chemistry, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281 S12, 9000, Ghent, Belgium
    Anal Bioanal Chem 390:477-86. 2008
    ..085. The bone group is situated on the mixing line between the soil and lead object groups, allowing the statement that diagenesis is not the main cause of the Pb found in the bones...
  58. ncbi [The child who will never grow]
    Véronique Dasen
    Département des Sciences de l Antiquité, Universite de Fribourg, Suisse, CH
    Med Secoli 18:431-57. 2006
    ..Most objects relate short-statured people with the world of entertainement (musicians, athletes) and reveal their continuing function as good-luck bringers...
  59. ncbi Collyrium: where does this word come from?
    Juan Murube
    University of Alcala Madrid, Spain
    Ocul Surf 5:264-8. 2007
  60. ncbi [Preliminary data of life and health insurance in the Roman Law (The collegium funeraticium and the collegium tenuiorum)]
    Agnes Váradi
    Széchenyi István Egyetem, Gyor, Hungary
    Orv Hetil 148:2477-81. 2007
    ..This way we can prove that the Roman law is a still existing basis for the development in contractual law...
  61. ncbi [Life in imperial Rome: new data from recent excavations in Suburbium]
    Carla Caldarini
    Collaboratori Soprintendenza Archeologica di Roma, Servizio di Antropologia, Roma I
    Med Secoli 18:799-813. 2006
    ..The distributions of such alterations indicates the presence of light stresses...
  62. ncbi [Female funerary contexts in the Ostiense suburbium: new data]
    Simona Pannuzi
    Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma sede di Ostia
    Med Secoli 23:259-90. 2011
    ....
  63. ncbi [How Augustae women are perceived in everyday life]
    Francesca Cenerini
    Dipartimento di Storia Antica, Facolta di Lettere e Filosofia, Universita di Bologna
    Med Secoli 23:101-21. 2011
    ....
  64. ncbi [The female world in the Necropolis in Castellaccio (Rome, IV cent. B.C., IV A.C.)]
    Anna Buccellato
    Sporintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma, Universita La Sapienza di Roma, Roma
    Med Secoli 23:41-64. 2011
    ..In all three period stand out graves of infants and women, of extreme interest from the ritual point of view and supplied with rich grave goods...
  65. ncbi [The Roman lady-doll: a surprising image of the female body]
    Danielle Gourevitch
    Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Sciences Historiques et Philologiques, Paris
    Med Secoli 23:9-39. 2011
    ..Archaeological and epigraphical documents, literary texts, and present Barbies are put together...
  66. ncbi [Anatomophysiology of the male sexual apparatus in Galen]
    C Bonnet-Cadilhac
    Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Paris
    Med Secoli 13:349-72. 2001
    ..As usual, he tries to demonstrate Aristotle's principle on perfection of Nature's acts by experimentation, logic, imagination and sometimes insincerity...
  67. ncbi Wastewater management through the ages: a history of mankind
    Giusy Lofrano
    University of Salerno, Department of Civil Engineering, Via Ponte Don Melillo, 1 84084 Fisciano SA, Italy
    Sci Total Environ 408:5254-64. 2010
    ..This review has been written in the belief that historical research showing the collective experience and "philosophy of sanitation" can provide inspiration to face future challenges...
  68. ncbi Some notes on medical liability in ancient times
    F J M P Somville
    Dept of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Antwerp, Antwerpen
    Acta Chir Belg 110:405-9. 2010
    ..All these influences still reflect in our modern western way of medical acting. Some of these ancient customs concerning medical liability will be discussed in this article...
  69. ncbi Gynecological surgery from the Hippocratics to the fall of the Roman Empire
    Lawrence J Bliquez
    University of Washington D C, USA
    Med Secoli 22:25-64. 2010
    ..It might therefore be said that the approach taken in this paper is one based on material culture...
  70. ncbi Cleopatra's cocktail
    Prudence J Jones
    Montclair State University
    Class World 103:207-20. 2010
    ..Experiments reveal that, in the case of acetic acid and pearls, the concentration found in vinegar made from wine is ideal...
  71. ncbi Asclepius, Caduceus, and Simurgh as medical symbols, part I
    Touraj Nayernouri
    Academy of Medical Sciences of I R of Iran, Tehran, Iran
    Arch Iran Med 13:61-8. 2010
    ..In the second part of this article (to be published later), I have made a tentative suggestion of why the Simorgh might be adopted as an Eastern or an Asian symbol for medicine...
  72. ncbi [Elucidation on a dystonic emperor]
    J Olivares Romero
    Hospital Torrecardenas, Almeria
    Neurologia 24:488-96. 2009
    ....
  73. ncbi [The use of opium in Roman society and the dependence of Princeps Marcus Aurelius]
    Bruno Trancas
    Servico de Psiquiatria, Hospital Fernando Fonseca, Amadora
    Acta Med Port 21:581-90. 2008
    ..Despite its free and routine use, there is no solid evidence of addiction, except the putative case of emperor Marcus Aurelius, consistently reported as one of the most likely cases of addiction to opium...
  74. ncbi [Dental caries: new data from imperial Roman necropolis]
    Paola Catalano
    Soprintendenza Archeologica di Roma, Servizio di Antropologia, Roma, I
    Med Secoli 19:745-61. 2007
    ..In both contexts, however, the degree of dental hygiene was a significant cause of caries...
  75. ncbi [Emperor, comet and catastrophy - the <<Justinianic>> plague and the end of antiquity]
    K H Leven
    Institut für Ethik und Geschichte der Medizin, Universitat Freiburg, Freiburg i Br, Germany
    Praxis (Bern 1994) 97:1287-91. 2008
    ..The present paper outlines, from the point of view of medical history, some recent tendencies of research, including those which bring in scientific evidence...
  76. ncbi Epilepsy in the Graeco-Roman world: Hippocratic medicine and Asklepian temple medicine compared
    Donald Todman
    Department of Neurology, Greenslopes Private Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    J Hist Neurosci 17:435-41. 2008
    ..This analysis of the practices of Hippocratic and Temple medicine in relation to epilepsy reveals some clear differences and also some overlapping features...
  77. ncbi Management of obesity in the writings of Soranus of Ephesus and Caelius Aurelianus
    Niki Papavramidou
    History of Medicine Division, School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
    Obes Surg 18:763-5. 2008
    ..Infliction of perspiration, very low caloric intake diet, exercise, and diuresis are proposed, and one cannot overlook the strong similarities of some of the treatments with those used nowadays as secondary aids for weight loss...
  78. ncbi Analysis of ancient Greco-Roman cosmetic materials using laser desorption ionization and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry
    Elsa Van Elslande
    Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France C2RMF, CNRS UMR 171, Palais du Louvre, Porte des Lions, 14, quai François Mitterrand, 75001, Paris, France
    Anal Bioanal Chem 390:1873-9. 2008
    ..This study also confirmed that purpurin, munjistin, and pseudopurpurin are the principal colouring agents present in these ancient cosmetic powders constituted from madder plants...
  79. ncbi Agathos Daimon and the Asklepian serpent
    John Pearn
    Australia Society of the History of Medicine
    Vesalius 17:4-9. 2011
    ..D.) from Alexandrian mints in Egypt. In the twenty-first century, the serpentine Agathos Daimon is honoured not only as the symbol of medicine; but is daily acknowledged in toasts to "Good Health"...
  80. ncbi Dental size and shape in the Roman imperial age: two examples from the area of Rome
    G Manzi
    Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell Uomo, Universita di Roma La Sapienza, Italy
    Am J Phys Anthropol 102:469-79. 1997
    ..The overall set of available data is evaluated in the light of the history of the two Roman sites and the composition of each population...
  81. ncbi [Medicine, surgery and military surgery in Serbia in the middle ages]
    Mile Ignjatovic
    Vojnosanit Pregl 60:243-52. 2003
  82. ncbi Between horror and hope: gladiator's blood as a cure for epileptics in ancient medicine
    Ferdinand Peter Moog
    Institute for the History of Medicine and Medical Ethics, University of Cologne, Joseph Stelzmann Strasse 9 Gebäude 29, D 50931 Cologne, Germany
    J Hist Neurosci 12:137-43. 2003
    ..Spontaneous recovery of some forms of epilepsy may be responsible for the illusion of therapeutic effectiveness and for the confirming statements by physicians who have commented on this cure...
  83. ncbi [The "medical school" of Alexandria and its influence upon medicine in Graeco-Roman Egypt]
    Marie Hélène Marganne
    Centre de Documentation de Papyrologie Littéraire, Universite de Liege, Belgium
    Med Secoli 14:359-82. 2002
    The paper provides new information on the most famous centre of rational medicine in the Graeco-Roman world and its influence in Egypt...
  84. ncbi Roman emperors suffering from apoplexy: the medical and historical significance of classical literary sources
    Ferdinand Peter Moog
    Institute for the History of Medicine and Medical Ethics, University of Cologne, Joseph Stelzmann Strasse 9, D 50931 Cologne, Germany
    J Med Biogr 12:43-50. 2004
    ..The contents of the texts are compared with contemporary knowledge as well as present-day perspectives. In retrospect, few of the "royal cases" can be classified as cerebrovascular disorders...
  85. ncbi The history and pathology of crucifixion
    F P Retief
    Department of English and Classical Culture, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein
    S Afr Med J 93:938-41. 2003
    ....
  86. ncbi The plague under Marcus Aurelius and the decline and fall of the Roman Empire
    J Rufus Fears
    Department of Classics, University of Oklahoma, Kaufman Hall, Norman, OK 73019, USA
    Infect Dis Clin North Am 18:65-77. 2004
    ..The study of bacterial DNA may enable identification of this plague that ravaged the Roman Empire at recurrent intervals for more than 100 years and that had a significant role in the decline and fall of this great superpower...
  87. ncbi People with disabilities before the days of modern rehabilitation medicine: did they pave the way?
    Avi Ohry
    Rehabilitation Medicine Section, The Reuth Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel
    Disabil Rehabil 26:546-8. 2004
    ....
  88. ncbi Body louse remains found in textiles excavated at Masada, Israel
    K Y Mumcuoglu
    Department of Parasitology, The S F Kuvin Center for the Study of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel
    J Med Entomol 40:585-7. 2003
    ..The comparison of the tarsus of this specimen with the legs of present day third instar nymphs of body and head lice revealed that the leg found within the archaeological debris belongs to a body louse...
  89. ncbi Galen on the brain: anatomical knowledge and physiological speculation in the second century AD
    Julius Rocca
    Stud Anc Med 26:1-313. 2003
  90. ncbi Illnesses of Herod the Great
    Francois P Retief
    Department of English and Classical Culture, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein
    S Afr Med J 93:300-3. 2003
    ..The latter consideration is particularly relevant in determining the significance of the king's reputed worm infestation...
  91. ncbi [Cardiology according to Galen]
    Martine Franzin-Garrec
    Département de pathologie cardiovasculaire, Hôpital d Instruction des Armées du Val de Grâce, Paris 75
    Soins . 2003
  92. ncbi Ancient "dental implants": a recently proposed example from France evaluated with other spurious examples
    M J Becker
    Department of Anthropology and Sociology, West Chester University, PA 19383 2110, USA
    Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 14:19-29. 1999
    ....
  93. ncbi Tumours and cancers in Graeco-Roman times
    F P Retief
    Department of English and Classical Culture, University of the Orange Free State, Bloemfontein
    S Afr Med J 91:344-8. 2001
    ..There was, however, no recognition of benign and malignant, primary and secondary tumours, in the modern sense...
  94. ncbi Porotic hyperostosis as a marker of health and nutritional conditions during childhood: studies at the transition between Imperial Rome and the Early Middle Ages
    L Salvadei
    Museo Preistorico Etnografico L. Pigorini, Sezione di Antropologia, Rome, Italy
    Am J Hum Biol 13:709-17. 2001
    ..These results may be interpreted in light of previous examinations of same samples and according to their respective historical and socio-economical characteristics...
  95. pmc The death of Claudius
    V J Marmion
    Bristol Eye Hospital and University of Bristol, UK
    J R Soc Med 95:260-1. 2002
  96. ncbi The road from Rome
    Steve Ainsworth
    Pract Midwife 5:24. 2002
  97. ncbi [Anaesthesiology in Graeco-Roman antiquity]
    R Cavenaile
    ,
    Med Secoli 13:25-46. 2001
    ..The article presents a short history of anaesthesiology in Graeco-Roman antiquity, studying philosophical, historical and medical sources from Iliad to the Roman Imperial Age...
  98. ncbi Historical perspective milestones in the evolution of lumbar spinal postural health in seating
    Jenny Pynt
    School of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, Australia
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:2180-9. 2002
    ..By exploring seating from 3100 B.C to the present, this article discusses key influences that have an impact on seating functional to spinal postural health. Emphasis is placed on the role of medical opinion...
  99. ncbi Gērokomikón: a brief survey of the history of geriatrics from creation to the 16th century
    S Musitelli
    School of Urology, University of Pavia, Piazzale Golgi, 27100 Pavia, Italy
    Aging Male 5:181-96. 2002
  100. ncbi Phenotypic features of the domestic pigs bred in the Roman settlements of Pompeii and Caralis
    Paolo Manca
    Dipartimento di Biologia Animale, Universita di Sassari, Italy
    Ital J Anat Embryol 109:105-14. 2004
    ..In conclusion, our data show that pigs from Caralis bear much resemblance to wild boars, whereas those from Pompeii appear to be improved, so sharing some phenotypic features of modem improved breeds...
  101. ncbi Eclectics and breast cancer
    I N Tsoulogiannis
    Medical School, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, Greece
    J BUON 12:185-8. 2007
    ..D. The influences of his faculty were observed in the medical world until the 18th century...