Genomes and Genes
Summary: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
Publications281 found, 100 shown here
- The reminiscence bump in autobiographical memory: effects of age, gender, education, and cultureSteve M J Janssen
University of Amsterdam, Department of Psychology, Roetersstraat 15, NL 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Memory 13:658-68. 2005..American participants showed a tendency to report older memories than the Dutch. Age group and level of education did not influence the lifetime encoding function...
- Quantitative analysis of culture using millions of digitized booksJean Baptiste Michel
Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Science 331:176-82. 2011..Culturomics extends the boundaries of rigorous quantitative inquiry to a wide array of new phenomena spanning the social sciences and the humanities...
- Principles of Good Practice for the Translation and Cultural Adaptation Process for Patient-Reported Outcomes (PRO) Measures: report of the ISPOR Task Force for Translation and Cultural AdaptationDiane Wild
Oxford Outcomes Ltd, Cassington, Oxford, UK
Value Health 8:94-104. 2005..The results of this review are set out as "Translation and Cultural Adaptation of Patient Reported Outcomes Measures--Principles of Good Practice" and are reported in this document...
- Ratcheting up the ratchet: on the evolution of cumulative cultureClaudio Tennie
Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2405-15. 2009Some researchers have claimed that chimpanzee and human culture rest on homologous cognitive and learning mechanisms...
- Inupiat youth suicide and culture loss: Changing community conversations for preventionLisa Marin Wexler
Maniilaq Association Heath, MA, USA
Soc Sci Med 63:2938-48. 2006..Despite this body of knowledge, few studies describe how local people connect suicide to culture loss, even though this understanding is crucial for developing effective prevention and intervention strategies...
- Culture and depressionArthur Kleinman
Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass, USA
N Engl J Med 351:951-3. 2004
- Self report in clinical and epidemiological studies with non-English speakers: the challenge of language and cultureSanja M Hunt
Public Health Sciences, Division of Community Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh, Scotland
J Epidemiol Community Health 58:618-22. 2004..The essence of such modifications entails participatory research with members of the linguistic communities concerned...
- Traditional phytotherapy and trans-cultural pharmacy among Turkish migrants living in Cologne, GermanyAndrea Pieroni
SCH Group, Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Postbus 8060, NL 6700 DA Wageningen, The Netherlands
J Ethnopharmacol 102:69-88. 2005..This article concludes by suggesting hypotheses on future changes affecting the knowledge and use of medicinal plants within the Turkish community of Cologne...
- The Raven's progressive matrices: change and stability over culture and timeJ Raven
30 Great King Street, Edinburgh, EH3 6QH, Scotland
Cogn Psychol 41:1-48. 2000..Subsequent sections deal with variation over time. A possible explanation for the variation in norms over time and between ethnic groups within countries is offered...
- Culture, control, and perception of relationships in the environmentL J Ji
Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 1109, USA
J Pers Soc Psychol 78:943-55. 2000..Possible origins of the perceptual differences are discussed...
- Do you see what I mean? Corticospinal excitability during observation of culture-specific gesturesIstvan Molnar-Szakacs
Center for the Biology of Creativity, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA Ahmanson Lovelace Brain Mapping Center, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA FPR UCLA Center for Culture, Brain and Development, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
PLoS ONE 2:e626. 2007..pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to measure corticospinal excitability (CSE) during observation of culture-specific emblems...
- Traditional medicine: a culture in the balanceJane Qiu
Nature 448:126-8. 2007
- Cultural influences on neural basis of intergroup empathyBobby K Cheon
Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, USA
Neuroimage 57:642-50. 2011....
- Parental, socio and cultural factors associated with adolescents' sports participation in four Danish municipalitiesJ Toftegaard-Støckel
Institute of Sport Sciences and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
Scand J Med Sci Sports 21:606-11. 2011..The association between sociocultural and SES was stronger for girls than boys. In conclusion, demographics, SES and sociocultural factors were the best determinants of adolescent sport participation...
- Why Surinamese migrants in the Netherlands continue to use medicinal herbs from their home countryTinde van Andel
National Herbarium of the Netherlands, Leiden University Branch, Leiden, The Netherlands
J Ethnopharmacol 127:694-701. 2010..In order to improve migrant health, we need information on their traditional health beliefs and practices. This paper investigates medicinal plant use among Surinamese migrants in the Netherlands...
- The social sense: susceptibility to others' beliefs in human infants and adultsÁgnes Melinda Kovács
Institute for Psychology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H 1132 Budapest, Hungary
Science 330:1830-4. 2010..Hence, the mere presence of an agent automatically triggers powerful processes of belief computation that may be part of a "social sense" crucial to human societies...
- Cultural route to the emergence of linguistic categoriesAndrea Puglisi
Istituto Nazionale per la Fisica della Materia Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche SMC and Dipartimento di Fisica, Sapienza Universita di Roma, Piazzale A Moro 2, 00185 Roma, Italy
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:7936-40. 2008..Remarkably, the number of linguistic categories turns out to be finite and small, as observed in natural languages...
- PRISMA: a pan-European co-ordinating action to advance the science in end-of-life cancer careRichard Harding
King s College London, Department of Palliative Care, Policy and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine at Guy s King s and St Thomas Hospitals, Cicely Saunders Institute, Bessemer Road, London SE5 9PJ, UK
Eur J Cancer 46:1493-501. 2010....
- Beliefs about medications: measurement and relationship to adherence in patients with severe mental disordersH Jonsdottir
Division of Psychiatry, Ulleval University Hospital and Institute of Psychiatry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Acta Psychiatr Scand 119:78-84. 2009..To investigate if the scores are related to medication adherence...
- Disability, culture and the U.N. conventionJerome E Bickenbach
Department of Philosophy, Schweizer Paraplegiker Forschung, Nottwil, Switzerland, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Disabil Rehabil 31:1111-24. 2009..Similarly, culture responsiveness is commonly defended by therapists...
- Staying alive: evolution, culture, and women's intrasexual aggressionA Campbell
Psychology Department, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE, England
Behav Brain Sci 22:203-14; discussion 214-52. 1999....
- Religious and cultural distance in beliefs about health and illness in women with diabetes mellitus of different origin living in SwedenKatarina Hjelm
Department of Community Medicine, University of Lund, Sweden
Int J Nurs Stud 40:627-43. 2003..Cultural and religious distance are essential for understanding self-care practice and care-seeking behaviour, and need to be considered in the planning of diabetes care...
- Schizophrenia and monothematic delusionsMax Coltheart
Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
Schizophr Bull 33:642-7. 2007..We propose that the 2-factor account of particular delusions like Capgras and Cotard still applies even when these delusions occur in the context of schizophrenia rather than occurring in isolation...
- Emulation, imitation, over-imitation and the scope of culture for child and chimpanzeeAndrew Whiten
Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9JP, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2417-28. 2009..We discuss the implications of these developments for the nature of social learning and culture in the two species. Finally, our new experiments directly address cumulative cultural learning...
- De novo establishment of wild-type song culture in the zebra finchOlga Fehér
Department of Biology, City College, City University of New York, New York 10031, USA
Nature 459:564-8. 2009b>Culture is typically viewed as consisting of traits inherited epigenetically, through social learning. However, cultural diversity has species-typical constraints, presumably of genetic origin...
- Getting evidence into practice: the meaning of 'context'Brendan McCormack
University of Ulster Royal Hospitals Trust, Belfast, UK
J Adv Nurs 38:94-104. 2002..This paper presents the findings of a concept analysis of 'context' in relation to the successful implementation of evidence into practice...
- Diversity. Culture, gender, and mathLuigi Guiso
European University Institute, Villa San Paolo, Via della Piazzuola 43, 50133 Florence, Italy
Science 320:1164-5. 2008
- The role of ethnicity and culture in body image and disordered eating among malesLina A Ricciardelli
School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood Highway, Burwood, 3215, Victoria, Australia
Clin Psychol Rev 27:582-606. 2007..These include body build, levels of acculturation, socio-economic status, media exposure, and internalization of the muscular and lean body ideal...
- Population-based cohort study of incident and persistent arm pain: role of mental health, self-rated health and health beliefsK T Palmer
MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, Community Clinical Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, England SO16 6YD, UK
Pain 136:30-7. 2008..Thus, SRH and mental health indices were strong predictors of incident and persistent arm pain in adults from the community, while persistence was also predicted by beliefs about causation and prognosis...
- Explaining delusions: a cognitive perspectiveVaughan Bell
Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, Psychology Department Box 78, De Crespigny Park, London, SE5 8AF, UK
Trends Cogn Sci 10:219-26. 2006..A cognitive theory that includes the 'pragmatic pathology' of delusions will be able to address both the phenomenology and the treatment of delusion-related distress...
- Occupational medicine at a turning pointD Coggon
Occup Environ Med 62:281-3. 2005
- Gender, age, society, culture, and the patient's perspective in the functional gastrointestinal disordersLin Chang
CNS WH Center for Neurovisceral Sciences and Women s Health Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90073, USA
Gastroenterology 130:1435-46. 2006..These include gender, age, society, culture, and the patient's perspective...
- Attitudes toward transplantation in U.K. Muslim Indo-Asians in west LondonFawzi S Alkhawari
Department of Primary Care and Social Medicine, Imperial College London, UK
Am J Transplant 5:1326-31. 2005..The culture-specific issues arguing against donation included a sense of the sacredness of the body, a fatalistic approach to ..
- On the universality and cultural specificity of emotion recognition: a meta-analysisHillary Anger Elfenbein
Program in Organizational Behavior, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Psychol Bull 128:203-35. 2002..Attributes of study design appeared not to moderate the size of the in-group advantage...
- Herbal and food folk medicines of the Russlanddeutschen living in Künzelsau/Taläcker, South-Western GermanyAndrea Pieroni
Division of Pharmacy Practice, School of Life Sciences, University of Bradford, Richmond Bd, Richmond Road, Bradford BD71DP, UK
Phytother Res 22:889-901. 2008....
- Migration and HIV prevention programmes: linking structural factors, culture, and individual behaviour--an Israeli experienceVarda Soskolne
Department of Social Medicine, Hadassah Medical Organization, POB 12000, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
Soc Sci Med 55:1297-1307. 2002..We demonstrate their application to integrated, multi-level HIV prevention interventions and propose several special principles for development of migration-related HIV prevention programmes...
- Culturally competent healthcare systems. A systematic reviewLaurie M Anderson
Division of Prevention Research and Analytic Methods, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
Am J Prev Med 24:68-79. 2003....
- Explaining human uniqueness: genome interactions with environment, behaviour and cultureAjit Varki
Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
Nat Rev Genet 9:749-63. 2008..any 'genes versus environment' dichotomy, we then consider genome interactions with environment, behaviour and culture, finally speculating that aspects of human uniqueness arose because of a primate evolutionary trend towards ..
- Toward a dialect theory: cultural differences in the expression and recognition of posed facial expressionsHillary Anger Elfenbein
Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1900, USA
Emotion 7:131-46. 2007..As predicted, an in-group advantage emerged for nonstandardized expressions only and most strongly for expressions with greater regional dialects, according to Study 1...
- Language and theory of mind: meta-analysis of the relation between language ability and false-belief understandingKaren Milligan
University of Toronto, and The Credit Valley Hospital, Child and Family Services, Mississauga, ON, Canada
Child Dev 78:622-46. 2007..Stronger effects were found from earlier language to later false belief than the reverse. Significant differences were not found among types of false-belief task...
- Prejudice and schizophrenia: a review of the 'mental illness is an illness like any other' approachJ Read
Department of Psychology, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Acta Psychiatr Scand 114:303-18. 2006..Many anti-stigma programmes use the 'mental illness is an illness like any other' approach. This review evaluates the effectiveness of this approach in relation to schizophrenia...
- Male circumcision for HIV prevention: from evidence to action?Helen A Weiss
AIDS 22:567-74. 2008
- The meanings of organ donation: Muslims of Pakistani origin and white English nationals living in North EnglandClare Hayward
Academic Unit of Psychiatry, 15 Hyde Terrace, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
Soc Sci Med 57:389-401. 2003..We conclude that the meaning of organ donation is more than about being and having a body. It is bound up in metaphors of embodiment, religious considerations, and moral judgement of scientific and medical conduct...
- Contributions of cultural services to the ecosystem services agendaTerry C Daniel
School of Natural Resource and Environment, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:8812-9. 2012..This perspective provides a foundation for merging ecological and social science epistemologies to define and integrate cultural services better within the broader ES framework...
- Culture and end of life care: a scoping exercise in seven European countriesMarjolein Gysels
Barcelona Centre for International Health Research, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
PLoS ONE 7:e34188. 2012b>Culture is becoming increasingly important in relation to end of life (EoL) care in a context of globalization, migration and European integration...
- Examining the impact of Culture's consequences: a three-decade, multilevel, meta-analytic review of Hofstede's cultural value dimensionsVas Taras
Department of Business Administration, Bryan School of Business and Economics, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, NC 27402 6165, USA
J Appl Psychol 95:405-39. 2010..Finally, we provide support for M. Gelfand, L. H. Nishii, and J. L. Raver's (2006) conceptualization of societal tightness-looseness, finding significantly stronger effects in culturally tighter, rather than looser, countries...
- A holistic account of the own-race effect in face recognition: evidence from a cross-cultural studyJames W Tanaka
Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Cognition 93:B1-9. 2004..These results suggest that the own-race effect may arise from the holistic recognition of faces from a highly familiar racial group...
- Indigenous women and smoking during pregnancy: knowledge, cultural contexts and barriers to cessationLisa Wood
School of Dentistry and Centre for the Built Environment and Health, School of Population Health, University of Western Australia, WA, Australia
Soc Sci Med 66:2378-89. 2008..The stories of Indigenous women and AHWs provided important insight into smoking during pregnancy and the context in which it occurs...
- Taking culture seriously: ethnolinguistic community perspectives on mental healthLaura Simich
Social Equity and Health, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Psychiatr Rehabil J 32:208-14. 2009....
- Promoting the Middle East peace process by changing beliefs about group malleabilityEran Halperin
Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy, Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya, Herzliya 46150, Israel
Science 333:1767-9. 2011....
- Conscious thought is for facilitating social and cultural interactions: how mental simulations serve the animal-culture interfaceRoy F Baumeister
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 4301, USA
Psychol Rev 117:945-71. 2010..of speech because the human mind evolved to facilitate social communication and information sharing, as culture became humankind's biological strategy...
- Spontaneous trait inference is culture-specific: behavioral and neural evidenceJinkyung Na
Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, 3232 East Hall, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Psychol Sci 22:1025-32. 2011..e., the N400). As predicted, however, neither effect was observed for Asian Americans. The cultural difference was mediated by independent self-construal...
- Ethnicity and population structure in personal naming networksPablo Mateos
Department of Geography University College London, London, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 6:e22943. 2011..As such, this work has important implications for research in population genetics, public health, and social science adding new understandings of migration, identity, integration and social interaction across the world...
- Culture in whales and dolphinsL Rendell
Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4J1
Behav Brain Sci 24:309-24; discussion 324-82. 2001Studies of animal culture have not normally included a consideration of cetaceans. However, with several long-term field studies now maturing, this situation should change...
- Culture and cooperationSimon Gächter
Centre of Decision Research and Experimental Economics, School of Economics, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2651-61. 2010..We find that culture has a substantial influence on the extent of cooperation, in addition to individual heterogeneity and group-level ..
- Cultural neuroscience of the self: understanding the social grounding of the brainShinobu Kitayama
Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 5:111-29. 2010Cultural neuroscience is an interdisciplinary field of research that investigates interrelations among culture, mind and the brain...
- The neuropsychology of delusionsMax Coltheart
Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Ann N Y Acad Sci 1191:16-26. 2010....
- Reconstructing the history of marriage strategies in Indo-European-speaking societies: monogamy and polygynyLaura Fortunato
Department of Anthropology, University College London, 14 Taviton Street, London WC1H OBW, UK
Hum Biol 83:87-105. 2011..I discuss implications of these findings in the context of the archaeological and genetic evidence on prehistoric social organization...
- Culture, gaze and the neural processing of fear expressionsReginald B Adams
Department of Psychology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 5:340-8. 2010..Here, we examined differences in neural activation to direct- versus averted-gaze fear faces as a function of culture of the participant (Japanese versus US Caucasian), culture of the stimulus face (Japanese versus US Caucasian), ..
- Contextualising culture and social cognitionKai Vogeley
Department of Psychiatry, University of Cologne, Germany, Kerpener Str 62, 50924 Cologne, Germany
Trends Cogn Sci 13:511-6. 2009..to study self-consiousness and intersubjectivity but have not yet taken into account adequately the influence of culture on these phenomena...
- Integrating the study of conformity and culture in humans and nonhuman animalsNicolas Claidière
Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9JP, Scotland, UK
Psychol Bull 138:126-45. 2012..In turn, research on animal culture should be of great interest to social scientists, because understanding human culture and human uniqueness ..
- Why do Chinese Canadians not consult mental health services: health status, language or culture?Alice W Chen
Children s Health Policy Centre, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 2431 515 West Hastings Street, Vancouver, BC V6B5K3, Canada
Transcult Psychiatry 46:623-41. 2009..Notwithstanding lower levels of mental illness in ethnic Chinese communities, culture emerged as a major factor explaining differences in mental health consultation between Chinese and non-Chinese ..
- How does context affect assessments of facial emotion? The role of culture and ageSeon Gyu Ko
Davis School of Gerontology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
Psychol Aging 26:48-59. 2011..These age differences in the valence of memory were consistent across culture.
- Putting culture under the 'spotlight' reveals universal information use for face recognitionRoberto Caldara
Department of Psychology and Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 5:e9708. 2010..However, natural fixations do not unequivocally represent information extraction. So the question of whether humans universally use identical facial information to recognize faces remains unresolved...
- A cognitive model of persecutory delusionsDaniel Freeman
Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, UK
Br J Clin Psychol 41:331-47. 2002..The clinical and research implications of the model are outlined...
- Culture, risk factors and suicide in rural China: a psychological autopsy case control studyJ Zhang
Department of Sociology, State University of New York College at Buffalo, NY 14222, USA
Acta Psychiatr Scand 110:430-7. 2004..The current study examines the major risk factors and some cultural uniqueness related to Chinese rural suicide using a quantitative design...
- Beliefs about medicines predict refill adherence to inhaled corticosteroidsTanja T Menckeberg
Department of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacotherapy, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Leiden, The Netherlands
J Psychosom Res 64:47-54. 2008..The aim of this study is to investigate whether beliefs about ICS (necessity and concerns), as measured by the BMQ, relate to adherence objectively measured by prescription-refill records...
- Cultural differences in neural function associated with object processingAngela H Gutchess
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 6:102-9. 2006..These results suggest that cultural experiences subtly direct neuralactivity, particularly for focal objects, at an early stage of scene encoding...
- Culture and long-term care: the bath as social service in JapanJohn W Traphagan
Center for East Asian Studies, University of Texas at Austin, 78712, USA
Care Manag J 5:53-60. 2004..While the services may be considered specific to Japan, some aspects of bathing services, particularly the mobile bath service, may also have applicability in the United States...
- The neural basis of the interaction between theory of mind and moral judgmentLiane Young
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:8235-40. 2007..The results not only suggest a general role for belief attribution during moral judgment, but also add detail to our understanding of the interaction between these processes at both the neural and behavioral levels...
- The role of culture in the relationship between religiosity and psychological well-beingMiran Lavric
Department of Sociology, University of Maribor, Koroska cesta 160, Maribor, 2000, Slovenia
J Relig Health 47:164-75. 2008..psychological well-being and a particular type of religious orientation proved to depend substantially upon culture. More importantly, the cultural environment plays a crucial role in shaping the relationship between general ..
- Niche construction, biological evolution, and cultural changeK N Laland
Sub Department of Animal Behaviour, University of Cambridge, Madingley, Cambridge CB3 8AA, United Kingdom
Behav Brain Sci 23:131-46; discussion 146-75. 2000..This sheds light on hominid evolution, on the evolution of culture, and on altruism and cooperation...
- A cognitive bias against disconfirmatory evidence (BADE) is associated with schizotypyLisa Buchy
Department of Research, Riverview Hospital, Coquitlam, B C, Canada V3C 4J2
Schizophr Res 90:334-7. 2007..This result provides support for the "schizophrenia spectrum" account of psychosis...
- End-of-life issues for aboriginal patients: a literature reviewLen Kelly
Can Fam Physician 53:1459-65. 2007..To understand some of the cross-cultural issues in providing palliative care to aboriginal patients...
- A theoretical framework for understanding help-seeking processes among survivors of intimate partner violenceBelle Liang
Department of Counseling, Developmental, and Educational Psychology, Lynch School of Education, Boston College, Campion 314, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts 02461, USA
Am J Community Psychol 36:71-84. 2005..Individual, interpersonal, and sociocultural factors that influence decision-making at each of these stages are discussed and illustrated with case examples...
- Are eating disorders culture-bound syndromes? Implications for conceptualizing their etiologyPamela K Keel
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, USA
Psychol Bull 129:747-69. 2003..the extent to which eating disorders, specifically anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), represent culture-bound syndromes and discuss implications for conceptualizing the role genes play in their etiology...
- Categorical organization in free recall across culture and ageAngela H Gutchess
Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA
Gerontology 52:314-23. 2006..Cross-cultural differences in cognition suggest that Westerners use categories more than Easterners, but these differences have only been investigated in young adults...
- Beliefs in the future as a positive youth development construct: conceptual bases and implications for curriculum developmentRachel C F Sun
Department of Social Work, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
Int J Adolesc Med Health 18:409-16. 2006..In the Secondary 2 and 3 curricula, the goals of the units are to enhance students' optimistic future orientation as well as hopeful goal-directed thoughts and motivation in the aspects of academic achievement and future careers...
- The relationship of the family social environment, peer influences, and peer relationships to altruistic orientation in Chinese childrenHing Keung Ma
Department of Education Studies, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong
J Genet Psychol 164:267-74. 2003..The findings suggested that a good family social environment, positive peer influences, and good peer relationships tended to increase altruistic orientation...
- Influence of national culture on the adoption of integrated and problem-based curricula in EuropeMariëlle Jippes
Department of Educational Development and Research and Medical Education Institute, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Med Educ 42:279-85. 2008..This study explores the hypothesis that national culture influences the flexibility of (medical) schools in terms of their propensity to adopt integrated and PBL curricula...
- Psychiatric diagnosis - is it universal or relative to culture?Glorisa Canino
University of Puerto Rico Medical School, Medical Sciences Campus, Behavioral Research Institute, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00936 5067, USA
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 49:237-50. 2008..This controversy continues due to the lack of biological markers, imprecise measurement and the lack of a gold standard for validating most psychiatric conditions...
- Is there an in-group advantage in emotion recognition?Hillary Anger Elfenbein
Program in Organizational Behavior, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts 02163, USA
Psychol Bull 128:243-9. 2002..Overall, where Matsumoto considers subtle cross-cultural differences in emotional expression a methodological artifact in judgment studies, the present authors find a core phenomenon worthy of attention...
- Biological abnormality of impaired reading is constrained by cultureWai Ting Siok
Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Linguistics, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Nature 431:71-6. 2004..This finding provides an insight into the fundamental pathophysiology of dyslexia by suggesting that rather than having a universal origin, the biological abnormality of impaired reading is dependent on culture.
- Music, cognition, culture, and evolutionI Cross
Faculty of Music, University of Cambridge, West Road, Cambridge CB3 9DP, UK
Ann N Y Acad Sci 930:28-42. 2001..does different things in different cultures; the bundles of elements and functions that are music for any given culture may overlap minimally with those of another culture, even for those cultures where "music" constitutes a discrete ..
- The role of effective communication with children and their families in fostering adherence to pediatric regimensM Robin Dimatteo
Department of Psychology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA
Patient Educ Couns 55:339-44. 2004..The unique challenges of fostering preventive health care and treatment for chronic disease in the context of transition to adolescence are also considered, and effective clinical solutions are reviewed...
- Mental health issues for Asian AmericansK M Lin
Department of Psychiatry and Research Center on the Psychobiology of Ethnicity, Harbor University of California, Los Angeles Medical Center, Torrance 90502, USA
Psychiatr Serv 50:774-80. 1999..Misdiagnosis frequently occurs, and the existence of culture-bound syndromes points to a lack of precise correspondence between indigenous labels and established diagnostic ..
- Ethnicity and registration as a kidney donor: the significance of identity and belongingMyfanwy Morgan
King s College London, Division of Health and Social Care Research, Capital House, Weston Street, London SE1 3QD, UK
Soc Sci Med 66:147-58. 2008..This may reflect an unhelpfully static and narrow definition of 'culture' entailing a collection of predefined cognitive 'beliefs' and 'attitudes...
- Left temporoparietal junction is necessary for representing someone else's beliefDana Samson
Behavioural Brain Sciences Centre, School of Psychology Hills Building, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
Nat Neurosci 7:499-500. 2004..Here we report evidence from brain-damaged patients showing that, in addition to involvement of the frontal lobes, the left temporoparietal junction is necessary for reasoning about the beliefs of others...
- Culture-sensitive neural substrates of human cognition: a transcultural neuroimaging approachShihui Han
Culture and Social Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Peking University, 5 Yiheyuan Road, Beijing, China
Nat Rev Neurosci 9:646-54. 2008Our brains and minds are shaped by our experiences, which mainly occur in the context of the culture in which we develop and live...
- Understanding and sharing intentions: the origins of cultural cognitionMichael Tomasello
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany
Behav Brain Sci 28:675-91; discussion 691-735. 2005..The developmental outcome is children's ability to construct dialogic cognitive representations, which enable them to participate in earnest in the collectivity that is human cognition...
- Animal culturesKevin N Laland
School of Biology, University of St Andrews, Bute Medical Buildings, Fife, UK
Curr Biol 18:R366-70. 2008
- Who's afraid of the boss: cultural differences in social hierarchies modulate self-face recognition in Chinese and AmericansSook Lei Liew
The Brain and Creativity Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e16901. 2011....
- The limits of counting: numerical cognition between evolution and cultureSieghard Beller
Department of Psychology, University of Freiburg, D 79085 Freiburg, Germany
Science 319:213-5. 2008..These results expand our knowledge both regarding numerical cognition and regarding the evolution of numeration systems...
- Globalization of problem-based learning (PBL): cross-cultural implicationsMatthew Choon Eng Gwee
Medical Education Unit and Department of Pharmacology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Kaohsiung J Med Sci 24:S14-22. 2008..learning in a PBL setting can overcome the perceived cultural barriers; that is, nurture matters more than culture in the learning environment. Karaoke is very much an Asian initiative...
- Grieving in the Muscogee Creek tribeAndrea C Walker
Oral Roberts University, 7777 South Lewis, Tulsa, Oklahoma 74171, USA
Death Stud 32:123-41. 2008..Cultural factors of belief in nature's balance, family, community, and Indian medicine influence the meaning Creeks associate with death, which, in turn, contributes to grieving patterns...
- Studying children's social learning experimentally "in the wild"Emma Flynn
Durham University, Durham, England
Learn Behav 38:284-96. 2010..The open-diffusion approach allowed the documentation of social interactions not seen in the dyadic studies typical of the field, including both coaction and scrounging, the significance of which for cultural transmission is discussed...
- Why religion's burdens are light: from religiosity to implicit self-regulationSander L Koole
VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Pers Soc Psychol Rev 14:95-107. 2010..The present work suggests that some seemingly irrational aspects of religion may have important psychological benefits by promoting implicit self-regulation...
- Culture and stigma: adding moral experience to stigma theoryLawrence Hsin Yang
Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, 722 West 168th Street, Room 1610, NY, NY 10032, USA
Soc Sci Med 64:1524-35. 2007..Further, we recommend the use of transactional methodologies and multiple perspectives and methods to more fully capture the interpersonal core of stigma as framed by theories of moral experience...
- Cancer, culture, and health disparities: time to chart a new course?Marjorie Kagawa-Singer
Department of Asian American Studies, Senior Editor, AAPI Nexus Journal, Los Angeles, California 90095 1772, USA
CA Cancer J Clin 60:12-39. 2010..Such suffering is avoidable. The authors posit that culture is a prime factor in the persistence of health disparities...
- Faith leaders united in their support for organ donation: findings from the UK Organ Donation Taskforce studyGurch Randhawa
Institute for Health Research, University of Bedfordshire, Putteridge Bury campus, Luton, UK
Transpl Int 23:140-6. 2010..Consequently positions on the receipt and donation of organs are based on interpretation. It was felt that a much greater level of engagement is needed, as organ donation is currently not a priority for many faith and belief groups...
- Conformity to cultural norms of tool use in chimpanzeesAndrew Whiten
Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9JP, UK
Nature 437:737-40. 2005..A subset of chimpanzees that discovered the alternative method nevertheless went on to match the predominant approach of their companions, showing a conformity bias that is regarded as a hallmark of human culture.
- Understanding/ Treating Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Pediatric Physical IllnessEva Szigethy; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- RidCancerPain Intervention in a Hispanic Population Along the US-Mexico BorderKRISTYNIA MARIE contact ROBINSON; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Mechanisms Underlying Social Cooperative BehaviorLUKE JOSEPH CHANG; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Disclosing Contents of Drinks: Experimental Test on Natural Consumption BehaviorJames E Lange; Fiscal Year: 2010..Helping drinkers track their alcohol consumption in public establishments may directly affect one of the most significant dangers of alcohol: driving while intoxicated. The findings could be extended for alcohol container labeling. ..
- Community Voices on Health Disparities and Translational Genomics ResearchPatricia A Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed project will help fill important gaps in our understanding of these beliefs and their implications for reducing health disparities. ..
- Contextual Influences on Sexual Risk among Latino MSMMARIA ZEA; Fiscal Year: 2007..The triangulation of findings will enable us to interpret results and further refine the theoretical model of contextual factors of sexual risk among these three groups of Latino MSM. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- STRATEGIES TO REDUCE HIV SEXUAL RISK PRACTICESRobert Freeman; Fiscal Year: 2000..C., it is also a multi-site IRPG study. Data from Washington. D.C. will be combined with data from six other participating sites to increase the statistical power of all phases and the generalizability of findings generated by the study. ..
- Family Processes in Chinese Americans with DiabetesCatherine Chesla; Fiscal Year: 2007..This application addresses a National Institute of Nursing Research priority, to investigate cultural and ethnic considerations in health and illness. ..
- Beliefs about Genes & Environment as Causes of BehaviorEleanor Singer; Fiscal Year: 2004..By including four questions about genetic testing among those we add to the survey, we will be able to investigate beliefs about genetic and environmental influences on behavior. ..
- Using Doctor-Patient Teams to Reduce Health DisparitiesLouis Penner; Fiscal Year: 2007..If successful, the study should provide an exportable means of improving communication between physicians and minority group patients and reducing disparities in health care. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Racial/ethnic differences in symptom perception in childhood asthmaJonathan Feldman; Fiscal Year: 2009..Examining behavioral predictors of disparities among African-American, Puerto Rican, and Mexican-American families may help inform culturally sensitive guidelines for provider care and family management of asthma. ..
- Mouthgard BITES (Behavior, Impulsivity, Theory Evaluation Study)DAWN COMSTOCK; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Help Seeking Behavior in College WomenANGELA F AMAR; Fiscal Year: 2010..It is clear from the literature that college students experience IPV and experience health consequences. Therefore, it is important to determine ways to increase identification of victims so that services can be provided. ..
- ELSI Issues: Colon Cancer and Cancer Genomics ResearchPatricia A Marshall; Fiscal Year: 2010..This study will also explore ethical implications of issues associated with trust and social obligation, and develop points to consider in recommendations for cancer genomic studies and recruitment protocols. ..
- ADOLESCENT DRINKING IN THE UNITED STATES AND IRELANDJoel Grube; Fiscal Year: 1993....
- A Family Intervention for Pediatric Asthma Self-Management in Puerto RicansMolly A Martin; Fiscal Year: 2010..The participatory design serves to build community capacity for research and improve research quality and effectiveness. ..
- Ethical Challenges for Research Extenders Responsible for the Integrity of CommunCelia B Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2010..The proposed study is an important step toward understanding and measuring the ethics-related beliefs and motivation facilitating and impeding the RE's contribution to addiction trials. ..
- Teens and Exposure to HIV Risk on the WebRalph DiClemente; Fiscal Year: 2005..Given the controversy surrounding teens' exposure to sexual content on the Web, there is a compelling need to examine the impact of these exposures on teens' sexual health. ..
- Hypertension-Prevention Beliefs Among African AmericansRosalind Peters; Fiscal Year: 2003..Focus groups will be used to gain insight into how culture informs the belief systems of African-Americans relative to HTN prevention...
- UNDERSTANDING THE DECISION TO USE CONDOMS--SUPPLEMENTDiane Morrison; Fiscal Year: 1992..expanded Fishbein model will also benefit STD and AIDS research, as well as research on other behaviorally-controlled threats to health, by contributing to the development of a promising model of decision-making...
- MASS MEDIA AND ADOLESCENTS' SEXUAL HEALTHJane Brown; Fiscal Year: 2004..The longitudinal and comprehensive design of this study will provide the most current understanding of how the mass media affect the sexual beliefs and behaviors of adolescents. ..
- HEALTH BELIEFS AND ALCOHOL USE IN PREGNANT WOMENMaria Testa; Fiscal Year: 1993..Future research will also be applied towards prevention; for example, through the development of educational strategies based on the health belief variables examined in this study...
- Cultural Influences on Health Beliefs and PracticesCAYLA TEAL; Fiscal Year: 2006..Long term goals include becoming an independent researcher with a research agenda focusing on the role that culture plays in health and health disparities, and ultimately, on the development of evidence-based health promotion ..