communism

Summary

Summary: A totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production with the professed aim of establishing a classless society.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi [Evolution of village doctors from the communist regime to contemporary China: reeducation of the "barefoot doctors" in rural communities]
    Kahori Mitsuhashi
    Nihon Ishigaku Zasshi 51:569-92. 2005
  2. ncbi 'These reforms killed me': doctors' perceptions of family medicine during the transition from communism to capitalism
    Slawomir Czachowski
    Family Doctor Department, Medical College in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, Poland
    Fam Pract 28:437-43. 2011
  3. ncbi Cochrane on Communism: the influence of ideology on the search for evidence
    Martin McKee
    European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:269-73. 2007
  4. ncbi Smoking differences between university faculties in Tartu, Estonia, and Oulu, Finland, after the disruption of communism
    Rauno Heikkinen
    Department of Physiology, University of Oulu, Finland
    Soz Praventivmed 51:381-91. 2006
  5. ncbi Nutrition transition and dietary energy availability in Eastern Europe after the collapse of communism
    Stanley J Ulijaszek
    Unit for Biocultural Variation and Obesity, Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology, University of Oxford, 51 Banbury Road, Oxford OX2 6PF, UK
    Econ Hum Biol 5:359-69. 2007
  6. pmc Lessons from health during the transition from communism
    Martin McKee
    European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 329:1428-9. 2004
  7. ncbi The specter of post-communism: women and alcohol in eight post-Soviet states
    Brian Philip Hinote
    Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Middle Tennessee State University, 1301 East Main Street, MTSU Box 10, TODD 325, Murfreesboro, TN 37132 0001, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:1254-62. 2009
  8. ncbi Was there a communist psychiatry? Politics and East German psychiatric care, 1945-1989
    Greg Eghigian
    Department of History, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Harv Rev Psychiatry 10:364-8. 2002
  9. ncbi The inseparability of religion and politics in the neoconservative critique of biotechnology
    Jeffrey R Bibbee
    King s College London
    Am J Bioeth 7:18-20; discussion 1-3. 2007
  10. ncbi On the psychiatric abuse of Falun Gong and other dissenters in China: a reply to Stone, Hickling, Kleinman, and Lee
    Robin Munro
    Law Department and Centre of Chinese Studies, University of London s School of Oriental and African Studies, UK
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 30:266-74. 2002

Detail Information

Publications164 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi [Evolution of village doctors from the communist regime to contemporary China: reeducation of the "barefoot doctors" in rural communities]
    Kahori Mitsuhashi
    Nihon Ishigaku Zasshi 51:569-92. 2005
    ..This study describes their historical evolution in the paraprofessional medical manpower development of China, to explore further directions of primary health care in contemporary China...
  2. ncbi 'These reforms killed me': doctors' perceptions of family medicine during the transition from communism to capitalism
    Slawomir Czachowski
    Family Doctor Department, Medical College in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, Poland
    Fam Pract 28:437-43. 2011
    ..The establishment of family medicine (FM) in Poland following political reform...
  3. ncbi Cochrane on Communism: the influence of ideology on the search for evidence
    Martin McKee
    European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 36:269-73. 2007
  4. ncbi Smoking differences between university faculties in Tartu, Estonia, and Oulu, Finland, after the disruption of communism
    Rauno Heikkinen
    Department of Physiology, University of Oulu, Finland
    Soz Praventivmed 51:381-91. 2006
    ..To provide information on smoking differences between university faculties...
  5. ncbi Nutrition transition and dietary energy availability in Eastern Europe after the collapse of communism
    Stanley J Ulijaszek
    Unit for Biocultural Variation and Obesity, Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology, University of Oxford, 51 Banbury Road, Oxford OX2 6PF, UK
    Econ Hum Biol 5:359-69. 2007
    ....
  6. pmc Lessons from health during the transition from communism
    Martin McKee
    European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT
    BMJ 329:1428-9. 2004
  7. ncbi The specter of post-communism: women and alcohol in eight post-Soviet states
    Brian Philip Hinote
    Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Middle Tennessee State University, 1301 East Main Street, MTSU Box 10, TODD 325, Murfreesboro, TN 37132 0001, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:1254-62. 2009
    ..However, the extent to which alcohol use has penetrated the female population following the collapse of communism and how this consumption is associated with other social factors is less well-understood...
  8. ncbi Was there a communist psychiatry? Politics and East German psychiatric care, 1945-1989
    Greg Eghigian
    Department of History, Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Harv Rev Psychiatry 10:364-8. 2002
  9. ncbi The inseparability of religion and politics in the neoconservative critique of biotechnology
    Jeffrey R Bibbee
    King s College London
    Am J Bioeth 7:18-20; discussion 1-3. 2007
  10. ncbi On the psychiatric abuse of Falun Gong and other dissenters in China: a reply to Stone, Hickling, Kleinman, and Lee
    Robin Munro
    Law Department and Centre of Chinese Studies, University of London s School of Oriental and African Studies, UK
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 30:266-74. 2002
  11. ncbi Portraits of science. From the modern synthesis to Lysenkoism, and back?
    Uwe Hossfeld
    Department of the History of Medicine, Science, and Technology, Ernst Haeckel House, Friedrich Schiller Universitat Jena, D 07745 Jena, Germany
    Science 297:55-6. 2002
  12. ncbi The end of the golden age of doctoring
    John B McKinlay
    New England Research Institute, Watertown, MA 02472, USA
    Int J Health Serv 32:379-416. 2002
    ..Until these influences are appropriately recognized and incorporated in social analyses, most policies designed to restore the professional ideal have little chance of success...
  13. ncbi [Psychological therapy, indoctrination, and counter-indoctrination in the Algerian War: the case of the detention camps]
    Marie Catherine Villatoux
    Guerr Mond Conflits Contemp 52:45-54. 2002
  14. ncbi [The most frequent causes of prisoner's disease and death in Soviet labour camps]
    J Supady

    Przegl Lek 58:1083-5. 2001
    ..Ones died mainly due to psychophysical weakness, contagious diseases, hypertension, heart and kidney diseases and accidents at work. A number of Soviet labour camps victims is estimated at several millions of human beings...
  15. pmc The Soviet "Doctors' Plot"-50 years on
    A Mark Clarfield
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University, Beersheva, Israel
    BMJ 325:1487-9. 2002
  16. ncbi [Soviet politics of breaking international war law. Representatives of medical professions among the victims of the Katyń crime]
    Marek Dutkiewicz
    Instytut Historii Filia Akademii Swietokrzyskiej, ul Slowackiego 114 118, 97 300 Piotrków Trybunalski
    Arch Hist Filoz Med 68:329-40. 2005
    ..Publication of the partial and incomplete data is necessary to complete estimative information found in literature. The author considers that wider research works on the subject will deepen reflections on effects of the Katyń Crime...
  17. ncbi Vladimir Bekhterev: his life, his work and the mystery of his death
    Vladimir Lerner
    Ben Gurion University of the Neev and Be er Sheva Mental Health Center, Israel
    Hist Psychiatry 16:217-27. 2005
    ..Based on newly discovered documents and testimonies, we present little known details about his life history, his clinical work and the tragic circumstances of his death...
  18. ncbi The current availability of neurological in-patient services in post-communist central and eastern European countries
    Roman Herzig
    Clinic of Neurology, Faculty Hospital, Olomouc, Czech Republic
    Neuroepidemiology 22:255-64. 2003
    ..The objective was to analyse data received directly from representatives of the particular countries...
  19. ncbi Biotechnology and the new right: neoconservatism's red menace
    Jonathan D Moreno
    Center for American Progress, Washington, DC 20005, USA
    Am J Bioeth 7:7-13. 2007
    ..By not acknowledging and embracing their intellectual roots, neoconservatives are left with a deeply ambivalent and often confused view of biotechnology and the society that gives rise to it...
  20. ncbi Management of Gaucher disease in a post-communist transitional health care system: Croatian experience
    Mirando Mrsic
    Division of Hematology, Department of Internal Medicine, Zagreb University Hospital Center, Kispaticeva 12, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
    Croat Med J 44:606-9. 2003
    ..To evaluate the feasibility of financing the treatment of Gaucher disease with recombinant human imiglucerase in the Croatian health care system...
  21. ncbi Ethnic intermarriage in times of social change: the case of Latvia
    Christiaan W S Monden
    Department of Social Cultural Sciences, Tilburg University, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE, Tilburg, The Netherlands
    Demography 42:323-45. 2005
    ..Intermarriage levels were the highest among the less educated, children of mixed couples, partners with similar educational levels, and people in the countryside...
  22. ncbi Famine, social disruption, and involuntary fetal loss: evidence from Chinese survey data
    Yong Cai
    Department of Sociology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Demography 42:301-22. 2005
    ..In this article, we focus on how two social and economic crises--the Great Leap Forward famine and the Cultural Revolution--resulted in elevated risks of miscarriage and stillbirth in the Chinese population...
  23. ncbi [The fight of the communist authorities with the Catholic Church in the health service in Poland (1945-1970)]
    Zbigniew Jastrzebowski
    Arch Hist Filoz Med 68:341-55. 2005
    ..We can distinguish two periods of the process: 1948-1953 of nationalized of the congregation hospitals and 1960 - 1970 when this presence of the Catholic Church in the health was limited to indispensable minimum...
  24. ncbi Norman Bethune (1890-1939)
    Neil McIntyre
    J Med Biogr 12:209. 2004
  25. ncbi [Housing in Soviet cities between the revolution and the 1930's]
    Alessandro DeMagistris
    Stor Urbana 26:9-49. 2002
  26. ncbi [Enigma of Lenin's illness]
    E Witztum
    Beer Sheva Mental Health Center, Faculty of Health Sciences Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
    Harefuah 141:395-8, 407. 2002
    ..In the present article we will discuss in detail Lenins severe illness--whose differential diagnosis and real facts were kept hidden from the public--and the consequences of this cover-up...
  27. ncbi Political psychiatry in post-Mao China and its origins in the cultural revolution
    Robin J Munro
    Law Department and Centre of Chinese Studies at the University of London s School of Oriental and African Studies SOAS, UK
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 30:97-106; discussion 95-6. 2002
  28. ncbi Analysing patterns of religious participation in post-communist Eastern Europe
    A Need
    Department of Sociology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Br J Sociol 52:229-48. 2001
    ..theory, or whether instead they display, as some have suggested, the impact of seven decades of atheistic communism followed by a recent resurgence among the young...
  29. pmc The influence of geopolitical change on the well-being of a population: the Berlin Wall
    V Héon-Klin
    Medical University of Lubeck, Lubeck, Germany
    Am J Public Health 91:369-74. 2001
    ..The history of the Berlin Wall provides a unique opportunity to examine the effects of partition on social cohesion and, by inference, on health...
  30. pmc International Monetary Fund programs and tuberculosis outcomes in post-communist countries
    David Stuckler
    Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, University of Cambridge and King s College, Cambridge, United Kingdom ac uk
    PLoS Med 5:e143. 2008
    ..We empirically examine how IMF programs related to changes in tuberculosis incidence, prevalence, and mortality rates among these countries...
  31. ncbi Short report: the education of nurses in the German Democratic Republic (1949-90)
    Andrea Thiekötter
    Carinthia University of Applied Sciences, Feldkirchen, Austria
    Nurs Hist Rev 16:205-8. 2008
  32. ncbi Soviet medical ethics (1917-1991)
    Boleslav L Lichterman
    Centre for the History of Medicine, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow, Russia
    J Int Bioethique 16:33-41, 167-8. 2005
    ..It is concluded that such ideas of zemstvo medicine as universal access to health care and condemnation of private practice were put into practice under the communist regime...
  33. ncbi [Polish medical ethics in the period 1945-1980]
    Marek Wichrowski
    Zakładu Historii Medycyny i Filozofii Akademii Medycznej w Warszawie, Warszawa
    Med Nowozytna 10:169-84. 2003
    ..The author then presents the thinking of ethicians Independent of both the Church and Marxism (the milieu of the journal 'Etyka') as well as the deontological writings of physicians...
  34. ncbi [Biography changes in times of war and political turmoils]
    Annamarie Schiffmann
    Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie FMH, Bern
    Ther Umsch 65:49-53. 2008
    ..As an extremely painful work this process is not a continuous one but very often interrupted and needs several sessions...
  35. ncbi Did Chairman Mao have a Jewish doctor?
    Michael Nevins
    Geriatrics, Bergen Regional Medical Center, Paramus, NJ, USA
    Korot 17:131-40. 2003
  36. ncbi The politics of grief and continuing bonds with the dead: the cases of Maoist China and Wahhabi Islam
    Dennis Klass
    Webster University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Death Stud 27:787-811. 2003
    ..Two historical examples are given: China under Chairman Mao and the Wahhabi reform in Arabic Islam...
  37. ncbi The impact of social change on child mental health in Eastern Europe
    O Lewis
    Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA
    Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am 10:815-24. 2001
    ....
  38. pmc Societal characteristics and health in the former communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union: a multilevel analysis
    Martin Bobak
    UCL International Insitute for Society and Health, University College London, 1 19 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:990-6. 2007
    ....
  39. ncbi The Lysenko effect: undermining the autonomy of science
    Nils Roll-Hansen
    Filosofisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo, PB 1024 Blindern, 0315 Oslo, Norway
    Endeavour 29:143-7. 2005
    ..This indirect interference with science is a persistent feature of modern politics that we need to be on the lookout for...
  40. ncbi Comparing Soviet and Chinese political psychiatry
    Robert van Voren
    Geneva Initiative on Psychiatry, Hilversum, The Netherlands
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 30:131-5. 2002
  41. ncbi Psychiatric abuse of Falun Gong practitioners in China
    Sunny Y Lu
    Substance Abuse Program, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cincinnati, OH 45219, USA
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 30:126-30. 2002
  42. ncbi [The Franco-Soviet scientific decade of 1934]
    Rachel Mazuy
    Cah Monde Russe Sov 43:441-8. 2002
  43. ncbi Psychiatrists on the side of the angels: the Falun Gong and Soviet Jewry
    Alan A Stone
    Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Medicine, Harvard Law School, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 30:107-11. 2002
  44. ncbi Suicide mortality of Eastern European regions before and after the Communist period
    Ilkka Henrik Mäkinen
    Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, Sodertorn University College, Huddinge, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 63:307-19. 2006
    ..Suicide as an act changed its social nature during the Communist period, becoming more normal, and more equally distributed among social classes and geographical locations...
  45. ncbi East-West European project: transforming and shaping research through collaboration
    Ivana Markova
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, UK
    Integr Psychol Behav Sci 41:124-38. 2007
    ..of social psychologists in their collaborative projects carried out over a number of years after the collapse of communism in Europe in 1989...
  46. ncbi Russian medicine and the Nuremberg trials
    Vasiliy Vlassov
    Eur J Public Health 16:229. 2006
  47. ncbi [Present state of countermeasure to AIDS in the world today]
    E Takakuwa
    Hokkaido University
    Kansenshogaku Zasshi 71:1097-107. 1997
    ..request, since they know their condition which was disclosed based on data from past mass screening test under communism. 2) At present infected persons are few in number...
  48. ncbi [Richard Koch's life in national socialism and in Soviet emigration]
    Daniela Boltres
    Medizinhist J 41:157-86. 2006
    ..Before his flight from Germany Koch did not show any tendency towards communism or the political left at all...
  49. ncbi Identity loss and recovery in the life stories of Soviet World War II veterans
    Peter G Coleman
    School of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, England, UK
    Gerontologist 47:52-60. 2007
    We examined the adjustment to societal change following the fall of communism in a group of Soviet war veterans from Russia and the Ukraine...
  50. ncbi Psychological distress, gender, and health lifestyles in Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Ukraine
    William C Cockerham
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Soc Sci Med 63:2381-94. 2006
    ..have been subjected to highly stressful and extensive social change associated with the transition out of communism. Data were collected by face-to-face interviews (n = 10,406) in November 2001...
  51. ncbi Religious observance and acute coronary syndrome in predominantly Muslim Albania: a population-based case-control study in Tirana
    Genc Burazeri
    Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital Centre Mother Teresa, Tirana, Albania
    Ann Epidemiol 18:937-45. 2008
    ..We aimed to assess the association of religious observance with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in a predominantly Muslim population...
  52. ncbi Does ideology transcend culture? A preliminary examination in Romania
    Stephen Krauss
    University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
    J Pers 74:1219-56. 2006
    ..Authoritarianism and traditional religiosity were a key component of the largest factor. Communism and some aspects of social dominance orientation were key components of the second largest factor...
  53. ncbi Freud's 'Lamarckism' and the politics of racial science
    Eliza Slavet
    University of California, San Diego UCSD, La Jolla, CA, USA
    J Hist Biol 41:37-80. 2008
    ..interpretations of Freud's Lamarckism are situated as part of a larger post-War cultural reaction against Communism on the one hand (particularly in the 1950s when Lamarckism was associated with the failures of Lysenko), and on ..
  54. ncbi Frameworks of population obesity and the use of cultural consensus modeling in the study of environments contributing to obesity
    Stanley J Ulijaszek
    Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology, Unit for Biocultural Variation and Obesity, University of Oxford, 51 Banbury Road, Oxford OX2 6PF, UK
    Econ Hum Biol 5:443-57. 2007
    Obesity in Eastern Europe has been linked to privilege and status prior to the collapse of communism, and to exposure to free-market economics after it...
  55. ncbi Patient rights protection in the Czech Republic: challenges of a transition from Communism to a modern legal system
    O Dostal
    Charles University in Prague, 3rd School of Medicine Center for Health Law, AK JUDr Holubove, Karlovo nam Prague, Czech Republic
    Med Law 26:75-84. 2007
    ..The experience gained in the transition process might be applicable also to other countries that undergo changes from traditional to modern system of patient rights protection...
  56. ncbi The Russian health care system today: can American-Russian CME programs help?
    Richard G Farmer
    Institute for Health Policy Analysis, Eurasian Medical Education Program, Washington, DC 20036, USA
    Cleve Clin J Med 70:937-8, 941-2, 944. 2003
    The health of the Russian people has deteriorated dramatically since the fall of communism, due particularly to cardiovascular disease...
  57. pmc Drinking in transition: trends in alcohol consumption in Russia 1994-2004
    Francesca J A Perlman
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    BMC Public Health 10:691. 2010
    Heavy alcohol consumption is widespread in Russia, but studying changes in drinking during the transition from Communism has been hampered previously by the lack of frequent data...
  58. ncbi [Health trends in the Czech Republic and European Union]
    Emil Ginter
    Ustav preventívnej a klinickej medicíny, Bratislava, Slovenska republika
    Cas Lek Cesk 149:232-4. 2010
    After the fall of communism and after the entrance into EU the Czech Republic is quickly approaching to EU standards...
  59. pmc Assessing the contribution of unstable employment to mortality in posttransition Russia: prospective individual-level analyses from the Russian longitudinal monitoring survey
    Francesca Perlman
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, UK
    Am J Public Health 99:1818-25. 2009
    ..We used the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS) to investigate associations between employment, socioeconomic position, and mortality...
  60. ncbi [Disciplinary differentiation under socialist conditions--the establishment of neurology at the University of Rostock in East Germany]
    E Kumbier
    Universitat Rostock, Klinik und Poliklinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Gehlsheimer Strasse 20, Rostock
    Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 77:S3-6. 2009
    ..Besides internal scientific factors, socio-political constraints played a particular role here and had an influence on the disciplinary differentiation...
  61. ncbi Rank distributions: a panoramic macroscopic outlook
    Iddo I Eliazar
    School of Chemistry, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
    Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys 89:012111. 2014
    ..five macroscopic "socioeconomic" states: monarchy, oligarchy-feudalism, criticality, socialism-capitalism, and communism. Oligarchy-feudalism is shown to be characterized by discrete macroscopic rank distributions, and socialism-..
  62. ncbi [Proposals for social class classification based on the Spanish National Classification of Occupations 2011 using neo-Weberian and neo-Marxist approaches]
    Antonia Domingo-Salvany
    IMIM Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Espana
    Gac Sanit 27:263-72. 2013
    ..These proposals are complemented by a proposed classification of educational level that integrates the various curricula in Spain and provides correspondences with the International Standard Classification of Education...
  63. ncbi The bottom quartile for health indices in America vs Europe
    Wayne Xavier Shandera
    Baylor College of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of General Medicine, 1504 Taub Loop, Houston, TX 77030, United States Electronic address
    J Infect Public Health 7:420-6. 2014
    ..European states ranking in the bottom quartile were typically from Eastern Europe and showed a history of a Communism and recognized governmental corruption...
  64. ncbi East German children's and adolescents' friendship and moral reasoning before and after German reunification
    Michaela Gummerum
    University of Plymouth, School of Psychology, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK
    J Genet Psychol 173:440-62. 2012
    ..Reference to relationship concerns decreased from 1990 to 2005. With few exceptions, these cohort effects were equally found in younger (children) and older (adolescents) age groups...
  65. ncbi Foodborne botulism in southwest Romania during the post-communism period 1990-2007
    Adriana Maria Neghina
    Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 2 Eftimie Murgu Square, 300041 Timisoara, Romania
    Int J Infect Dis 14:e96-e101. 2010
    ....
  66. ncbi Oral healthcare in transition in Eastern Europe
    E Widstrom
    The National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health STAKES, Helsinki, Finland
    Br Dent J 190:580-4. 2001
    ..delivery systems of most Eastern European countries since the fall of the Berlin wall in 1989 and the demise of communism in the former USSR in 1991...
  67. ncbi Change in tobacco excise policy in Bulgaria: the role of tobacco industry lobbying and smuggling
    Valeria Skafida
    Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UK
    Tob Control 23:e75-84. 2014
    To examine how transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) tried to penetrate the Bulgarian cigarette market and influence tobacco excise tax policy after the fall of communism and during Bulgaria's accession to the European Union (EU).
  68. ncbi Psychiatry in its political and professional contexts: a response to Robin Munro
    Sing Lee
    The Chinese University of Hong Kong
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 30:120-5. 2002
  69. ncbi Prevalence and determinants of binge drinking in middle age in a transitional post-communist country: a population-based study in Tirana, Albania
    Genc Burazeri
    Department of International Health, School for Public Health and Primary Care CAPHRI, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
    Alcohol Alcohol 45:180-7. 2010
    ..To assess the prevalence and determinants of binge drinking in the middle-age population of transitional post-communist Albania, for which data were previously unavailable...
  70. ncbi Short life expectancy and metabolic syndrome in Romanies (gypsies) in Slovakia
    Vlado Simko
    State University New York, Downstate Medical Center at Brooklyn, USA
    Cent Eur J Public Health 18:16-8. 2010
    ..Most of them exist on the fringes of the majority society. Their general situation worsened after the fall of communism in 1989...
  71. ncbi Social representations of HIV/AIDS in Central and Eastern Europe
    Robin Goodwin
    Department of Human Sciences, Brunel University, Uxbridge, UB8 3PH, London, UK
    Soc Sci Med 56:1373-84. 2003
    ..These findings are interpreted in the light of the historical legacies of the Communist era, as well as the real economic and social challenges faced by the population of this region...
  72. ncbi Post-Soviet transition: improving health services delivery and management
    Joseph Antoun
    University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy, Chicago, IL, USA
    Mt Sinai J Med 78:436-48. 2011
    ..In the case of Albania, the delayed investment in human resource reform within a depreciated and underfinanced delivery system has adversely affected the implementation of new public management principles...
  73. ncbi Political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union and China: a rough guide for bystanders
    Jim Birley
    Royal College of Psychiatrists in the United Kingdom
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 30:145-7. 2002
  74. ncbi [The transformation of medicine in post-Mao China]
    Francisca Berton Ocampo
    Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Roma, I
    Med Secoli 17:193-203. 2005
    ..However, because of cultural isolation and the new market economy, there are some theoretical and clinical contradictions. These have caused a slackening in the research and the living standard of the people...
  75. ncbi Serve the people: understanding ideology and professional ethics of medicine in China
    Jingqing Yang
    Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Technology, Sydney, Broadway, P O Box 123, Sydney, NSW, 2007, Australia
    Health Care Anal 18:294-309. 2010
    ..As a result, the socialist professional ethics of medicine has not been satisfactorily practiced in reality...
  76. ncbi Family medicine practice and research: survey of physicians' attitudes towards scientific research in a post-communist transition country
    Zdenka Mrdesa Rogulj
    Split University School of Medicine, Split, Croatia
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 119:164-9. 2007
    ....
  77. ncbi Ricin and the assassination of Georgi Markov
    M Papaloucas
    Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life, University of Peloponnese, Greece
    Pak J Biol Sci 11:2370-1. 2008
    ..He died without a final diagnosis a few days later. The autopsy revealed the poisoning. The murderer, in spite of the efforts of the Police, Interpol and Diplomacy still remains unknown...
  78. ncbi Educational inequalities in mortality in four Eastern European countries: divergence in trends during the post-communist transition from 1990 to 2000
    Mall Leinsalu
    Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition SCOHOST, Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden
    Int J Epidemiol 38:512-25. 2009
    ..Post-communist transition has had a huge impact on mortality in Eastern Europe. We examined how educational inequalities in mortality changed between 1990 and 2000 in Estonia, Lithuania, Poland and Hungary...
  79. ncbi Election year blues
    Chris Cottingham
    Nurs N Z 14:5. 2008
  80. ncbi Development of peritoneal dialysis and renal replacement therapy in the Czech Republic since the postcommunist transition
    Sylvie Opatrna
    Department of Medicine I, Charles University Medical School, Pilsen, Czech Republic
    Perit Dial Int 27:196-202. 2007
    ..4 years in 2004). The availability of all methods of renal replacement therapy also increased, particularly peritoneal dialysis, which was virtually unavailable prior to 1990...
  81. ncbi Hormones and the Bolsheviks: from organotherapy to experimental endocrinology, 1918-1929
    Nikolai Krementsov
    Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, Victoria College, University of Toronto, 91 Charles Street West, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1K7, Canada
    Isis 99:486-518. 2008
    ..But the specific institutional, political, economic, and ideological landscape of Soviet Russia shaped the discipline in a particular way...
  82. ncbi Rethinking radical politics in the context of assisted reproductive technology
    Jennifer Parks
    Loyola University, Department of Philosophy, Room 360, Crown Center, 6525 North Sheridan Road, Chicago, IL 60626, USA
    Bioethics 23:20-7. 2009
    ..The internal contradictions, tensions, and inconsistencies within ART and the way it is addressed within the law points to a dialectic that resists a simple reductivist understanding...
  83. ncbi "Who's winning the human race?"Cold war as pharmaceutical political strategy
    Dominique A Tobbell
    Program in the History of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities Campus, 511 Diehl Hall, 505 Essex Street, SE, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA
    J Hist Med Allied Sci 64:429-73. 2009
    ..the rhetoric of cold war and promoted the industry as a critical national asset in the global war against communism. The industry argued that any effort to undermine corporate innovation by inviting, as Kefauver proposed, ..
  84. ncbi [Health-related quality of life and post-traumatic stress disorder in political prisoners of the former GDR]
    Gregor Weissflog
    Universitat Leipzig, Department für Psychische Gesundheit, Selbstständige Abteilung für Medizinische Psychologie und Medizinische Soziologie, Leipzig gregor weissfl
    Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 61:133-9. 2011
    ..The study investigated effects of political imprisonment in the former German Democratic Republic on the current health-related quality of life and on the existence of a post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  85. ncbi Demystifying the Maoist barefoot doctors of Nepal
    Bhimsen Devkota
    Section of Population Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, AB25 2ZD, Scotland, UK
    Med Confl Surviv 26:108-23. 2010
    ..It is important to capitalize upon this opportunity to redevelop the health services, especially in rural areas in Nepal, and to contribute to the peace process...
  86. ncbi Conflicts of interest in science in Armenia
    Armen K Nersesyan
    Laboratory of Carcinogenesis, Cancer Research Centre, 76 Fanardjian Street, Yerevan 52, Armenia
    Sci Eng Ethics 8:291-3. 2002
    ....
  87. ncbi Acute poisoning with psychoactive substances in the 1990-2000 period of socioeconomic transition and crisis in Plovdiv region, Bulgaria
    Y Illiev
    Clinic of Toxicology, ICU, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
    Vet Hum Toxicol 44:132-5. 2002
    ..of the problem in Bulgaria during the 1990-2000 period of socioeconomic transition and crisis after collapse of communism. The study analyzed retrospectively the caseload of all 571 PAS acute poisonings that occurred in the territory: ..
  88. ncbi Health of Europeans twenty years after the fall of Berlin wall
    E Ginter
    Institute of Preventive and Clinical Medicine, Bratislava, Slovalkia
    Bratisl Lek Listy 111:398-403. 2010
    ..Alcoholism, especially binge drinking is a prominent factor in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and in the Baltic Republics (Fig. 6, Tab. 4, Ref. 20)...
  89. ncbi Psychiatric gadfly: in search of Reginald Ellery
    Robert M Kaplan
    Graduate School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, Australia
    Australas Psychiatry 20:7-13. 2012
    ..To explore the life and contributions of Reginald Spencer Ellery (1897-1955), one of the most eminent psychiatrists in Australia between the wars...
  90. ncbi [Socialistic university policy between demand and reality--the example of Hans Heygster at the Rostock University Hospital of Psychiatry and Neurology]
    Ekkehardt Kumbier
    AG Geschichte der Nervenheilkunde, Zentrum für Nervenheilkunde der Universität Rostock, Klinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Rostock
    Wurzbg Medizinhist Mitt 30:139-62. 2011
    ..Heygster soon found himself in real conflict, namely between political aims and demands set and reality. Based on of archival sources the study elaborates the background, the course of events and the consequences of these conflicts...
  91. pmc Trends and social differences in alcohol consumption during the postcommunist transition in Lithuania
    Jurate Klumbiene
    Health Research Institute, Faculty of Public Health, Academy of Medicine, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, 50009 Kaunas, Lithuania
    ScientificWorldJournal 2012:615183. 2012
    ..Social differences in regular alcohol drinking should be considered in further development of national alcohol control policy in Lithuania...
  92. ncbi [Alienation to burn-out. Psyche and the Universe of Technology]
    Gianfranco Tomei
    Sapienza Universita di Roma, Dipartimento di Scienze Psichiatriche e Scienze Psicologiche
    G Ital Med Lav Ergon 34:400-9. 2012
    ..Our research group, has developed targeted questionnaires, biological indicators and medical instrumental examinations the occupational doctors can make use of to assess these issues...
  93. pmc Anti-alcohol posters in Poland, 1945-1989: diverse meanings, uncertain effects
    Martin Gorsky
    Centre for History in Public Health, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Am J Public Health 100:2059-69. 2010
    ..Our case study illuminates public health policies under communism, with the state as the dominant force in health communication...
  94. ncbi Psychoanalytic supportive psychotherapy of a terrified communist: report of a 37-year treatment
    Richard D Chessick
    Northwestern University, USA
    J Am Acad Psychoanal Dyn Psychiatry 32:287-301. 2004
    ..Understanding these ego operations empathically made it possible for the author to tolerate his views without either challenging them or agreeing with them and enabled him to come regularly and utilize supportive psychotherapy...
  95. ncbi Long-term care policy for the elderly in the Zaporozhye region of Ukraine: a case study of social development following the collapse of Communism
    Howard A Palley
    University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA
    J Aging Soc Policy 16:71-91. 2004
    In this paper, we review the status of social policy for the elderly in Ukraine since the fall of Communism and the breakup of the Soviet Union...
  96. ncbi An historical review of the mental health services in the People's Republic of China
    Kam shing Yip
    Department of Applied Social Studies, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon
    Int J Soc Psychiatry 51:106-18. 2005
    ..This paper is an attempt to describe the historical development of the mental health services in the PRC...
  97. ncbi Petit bourgeois health care? The big small-business of private complementary medical practice
    Gavin J Andrews
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, 50 St George Street, Toronto, Ont, Canada M5S 3H4
    Complement Ther Clin Pract 11:87-104. 2005
    ..Indeed, just as the petit bourgeoisie have traditionally found market niches either neglected or rejected by bigger business, small business CAM has provided the forms of health care neglected and sometimes rejected by orthodox medicine...
  98. ncbi Property and women's alienation from their own reproductive labour
    D L Dickenson
    Centre for the Study of Global Ethics, Selly Oak Campus, University of Birmingham, Bristol Road, Birmingham, UK
    Bioethics 15:205-17. 2001
    ....
  99. ncbi Russian child mental health--a cross-sectional study of prevalence and risk factors
    Robert Goodman
    Dept of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London, London SE5 8AF, UK
    Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 14:28-33. 2005
    The fall of communism and subsequent economic crises have been followed by major social and health problems. High rates of child mental health problems are frequently cited by the Russian media, though there is little relevant evidence.
  100. ncbi Disabled children and their families in Ukraine: health and mental health issues for families caring for their disabled child at home
    Gillian Bridge
    Department of Social Policy, LSE, Houghton Street, London, WC2A 2AE, UK
    Soc Work Health Care 39:89-105. 2004
    ..Ukraine became an independent country in 1991, when communism was replaced by liberal democracy within a free market system...
  101. ncbi Politicians in apron: case study of rebel health services in Nepal
    Bhimsen Devkota
    Institute of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK
    Asia Pac J Public Health 21:377-84. 2009
    ..However, there has been no national discussion in Nepal of what kind of health reform and integration model is appropriate for a sustainable peace and improved service delivery...