united states national aeronautics and space administration

Summary

Summary: An independent Federal agency established in 1958. It conducts research for the solution of problems of flight within and outside the Earth's atmosphere and develops, constructs, tests, and operates aeronautical and space vehicles. (From U.S. Government Manual, 1993)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Long-duration head-down bed rest: project overview, vital signs, and fluid balance
    Janice V Meck
    HumanAdaptation and Countermeasures Division, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX 77058, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 80:A1-8. 2009
  2. ncbi The NASA Astrobiology Roadmap
    David J Des Marais
    Space Science Division, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California, USA
    Astrobiology 8:715-30. 2008
  3. ncbi FTIR reflectance of selected minerals and their mixtures: implications for ground temperature-sensor monitoring on Mars surface environment (NASA/MSL-Rover Environmental Monitoring Station)
    M Paz Martín-Redondo
    Centro de Astrobiologia, CSIC INTA, Associated to the NASA Astrobiology Institute, Ctra de Ajalvir, Km 4, 28850, Torrejon de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain
    J Environ Monit 11:1428-32. 2009
  4. ncbi Challenges of assuring crew safety in space shuttle missions with international cargoes
    C Vongsouthy
    Boeing North American, Inc, Reusable Space Systems, Downey, CA, USA
    Acta Astronaut 54:215-9. 2004
  5. ncbi International Space Station: testing times
    Tony Reichhardt
    Nature 436:902-3. 2005
  6. ncbi A critical strategy: ensuring behavioral health during extended-duration space missions
    Richard S Willams
    NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B1-2. 2005
  7. ncbi NASA draws up blueprint for craft to reach Moon and Mars
    Kendall Powell
    Nature 436:895. 2005
  8. ncbi Mars orbiter ready to scout for future landing sites as NASA looks ahead
    Tony Reichhardt
    Nature 436:613. 2005
  9. ncbi Time to move on from shuttle, says astronaut. Interviewed by Tony Reichhardt
    George Nelson
    Nature 436:163. 2005
  10. ncbi The critics return to flight
    Thomas D Jones
    Aerosp Am 43:14-6. 2005

Research Grants

  1. EVOLUTION OF THE RIBONUCLEASE SUPERFAMILY
    Steven Benner; Fiscal Year: 2001
  2. Near Term Development of Reagents and Enzymes for Genome Sequencing
    Steven A Benner; Fiscal Year: 2010
  3. DNA Sequencing using Nanopores
    Steven Benner; Fiscal Year: 2007
  4. Dynamic combinatorial chemistry for nucleic acids
    Steven Benner; Fiscal Year: 2007
  5. NON-STANDARD BASE PAIRS AS BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH TOOLS
    Steven Benner; Fiscal Year: 2004
  6. Targeted Assisted Combinational Synthesis
    Steven Benner; Fiscal Year: 2004
  7. The Role of Telomeres and Telomerase in Cancer
    Jerry Shay; Fiscal Year: 2005
  8. Imaging & Localizing Device Using the Barkhausen Effect
    John Dicello; Fiscal Year: 2003
  9. Artificial Genetic Systems
    Steven A Benner; Fiscal Year: 2010
  10. Phthalate Exposure and Pregnancy Outcome
    T Peter Stein; Fiscal Year: 2010

Detail Information

Publications165 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Long-duration head-down bed rest: project overview, vital signs, and fluid balance
    Janice V Meck
    HumanAdaptation and Countermeasures Division, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX 77058, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 80:A1-8. 2009
    ..With limited resources aboard the International Space Station for human research, the bed rest analog will be a primary platform on which countermeasures will be developed and tested for lunar and Mars mission scenarios...
  2. ncbi The NASA Astrobiology Roadmap
    David J Des Marais
    Space Science Division, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California, USA
    Astrobiology 8:715-30. 2008
    ..For each of these goals, Science Objectives outline more specific high priority efforts for the next three to five years. These eighteen objectives are being integrated with NASA strategic planning...
  3. ncbi FTIR reflectance of selected minerals and their mixtures: implications for ground temperature-sensor monitoring on Mars surface environment (NASA/MSL-Rover Environmental Monitoring Station)
    M Paz Martín-Redondo
    Centro de Astrobiologia, CSIC INTA, Associated to the NASA Astrobiology Institute, Ctra de Ajalvir, Km 4, 28850, Torrejon de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain
    J Environ Monit 11:1428-32. 2009
    ....
  4. ncbi Challenges of assuring crew safety in space shuttle missions with international cargoes
    C Vongsouthy
    Boeing North American, Inc, Reusable Space Systems, Downey, CA, USA
    Acta Astronaut 54:215-9. 2004
    ....
  5. ncbi International Space Station: testing times
    Tony Reichhardt
    Nature 436:902-3. 2005
  6. ncbi A critical strategy: ensuring behavioral health during extended-duration space missions
    Richard S Willams
    NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B1-2. 2005
  7. ncbi NASA draws up blueprint for craft to reach Moon and Mars
    Kendall Powell
    Nature 436:895. 2005
  8. ncbi Mars orbiter ready to scout for future landing sites as NASA looks ahead
    Tony Reichhardt
    Nature 436:613. 2005
  9. ncbi Time to move on from shuttle, says astronaut. Interviewed by Tony Reichhardt
    George Nelson
    Nature 436:163. 2005
  10. ncbi The critics return to flight
    Thomas D Jones
    Aerosp Am 43:14-6. 2005
    ..The discussion includes examples of skeptics' arguments and examples of NASA achievements that have had direct economic and social impacts on the United States...
  11. ncbi Cryosystem
    M N De Parolis
    Laboratory Support Equipment Section, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands
    ESA Bull 109:46-50. 2002
    ....
  12. ncbi MSG
    M N De Parolis
    Laboratory Support Equipment Section, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands
    ESA Bull 109:42-5. 2002
    ..The MSG facility will also accommodate minor repair/servicing of hardware requiring a clean and/or an encapsulated working environment (e.g. the Fluid Science Laboratory's investigation containers)...
  13. ncbi "Escape" velocity
    Thomas Jones
    Aerosp Am 41:32-4. 2003
    ..An astronaut reviews crew escape systems used in the NASA Shuttle Program and explores options for upgrading crew safety on future Shuttle missions...
  14. ncbi Space exploration. One nuclear leap to Mars?
    Richard Stone
    Science 301:906-9. 2003
  15. ncbi Psychological issues relevant to astronaut selection for long-duration space flight: a review of the literature
    Daniel L Collins
    USAF, Manpower Aid Personnel Division Brooks Air Force Base, Texas, 78235 5601, USA
    Hum Perf Extrem Environ 7:43-67. 2003
    ....
  16. ncbi Space exploration: where 24 men have gone before
    Geoff Brumfiel
    Nature 445:474-8. 2007
  17. ncbi Displays in space
    Nicholas Colford
    Human Engineering Limited, Westbury on Trym, Bristol, UK
    Displays 23:75-85. 2002
    ..A brief history of the evolution of such display systems covers developments from the Mercury rockets to the International Space Station...
  18. ncbi Space: where are we headed?
    Thomas D Jones
    Aerosp Am 41:16-8. 2003
    ..He presents arguments for sending astronauts to asteroids, the Moon, and Mars...
  19. ncbi Meditations on the new space vision: the Moon as a stepping stone to Mars
    W W Mendell
    NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, 77058, USA
    Acta Astronaut 57:676-83. 2005
    ..Therefore, NASA must enter into a partnership with some other entity--governmental, international, or commercial--that can responsibly carry on lunar development past the exploration phase...
  20. ncbi Remaking NASA. Versatility is the object for new crew vehicle
    Charles Seife
    Science 303:617-8. 2004
  21. ncbi Multi-team dynamics and distributed expertise in imission operations
    Barrett S Caldwell
    School of Industrial Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 2023, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B145-53. 2005
    ..This conceptual presentation is supplemented by analysis of quasi-experimental data collected from actual flight controllers at NASA-Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX...
  22. ncbi Behavioral health: integrating research and application in support of exploration missions
    Albert A Harrison
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B3-12. 2005
    ..This paper presents an overview of the rationale and findings of that workshop...
  23. ncbi NASA. Life science research on space station is headed for big cuts
    Andrew Lawler
    Science 308:610-1. 2005
  24. ncbi Behavioral health: the propaedeutic requirement
    Joseph V Brady
    Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine and Institutes for Behavior Resources, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B13-24. 2005
    ....
  25. ncbi Human behavioral research in space: quandaries for research subjects and researchers
    Marc Shepanek
    Deputy Chief of Medicine in Extreme Environments, NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B25-30. 2005
    ..The challenge of research subject or patient confidentiality vs. mission safety and issues of personal flight status are addressed...
  26. ncbi Operational behavioral health and performance resources for international space station crews and families
    Walter E Sipes
    Wyle Laboratories, Johnson Space Center, 1290 Hercules Drive, Houston, TX 77058, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B36-41. 2005
    ..Each of the four operational areas is summarized, as are future directions for the BHP program...
  27. ncbi Lessons learned from Mir--a payload perspective
    John J Uri
    ISS Payloads Office, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX 77058, USA
    Acta Astronaut 56:877-82. 2005
    ..Among these are optimum crew training strategies, on-orbit crew operations, ground support, medical operations and crew psychological support, and safety certification processes...
  28. ncbi Humans to Mars: a feasibility and cost-benefit analysis
    Bethany L Ehlmann
    Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Acta Astronaut 56:851-8. 2005
    ..Hence, the decision of whether or not to undertake a human mission to Mars is a political decision, and thus, educational and economic benefits are the crucial factors...
  29. ncbi Lunar precursor missions for human exploration of Mars--III: studies of system reliability and maintenance
    W W Mendell
    NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX 77058, USA
    Acta Astronaut 55:773-80. 2004
    ....
  30. ncbi Recent NASA research accomplishments aboard the ISS
    Neal R Pellis
    Office of Biological and Physical Research OBPR, International Space Station ISS, National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC, USA
    Acta Astronaut 55:589-98. 2004
    ....
  31. ncbi Analysis of a spacecraft life support system for a Mars mission
    M Czupalla
    University of Applied Sciences, Aachen, Germany
    Acta Astronaut 55:537-47. 2004
    ..Equivalent System Mass analyses were used to compare each design against an open-loop (non-regenerable) baseline system...
  32. ncbi Invulnerability, coping, salutogenesis, integration: four phases of space psychology
    Peter Suedfeld
    Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B61-6. 2005
    ....
  33. ncbi Behavioral health in Antarctica: implications for long-duration space missions
    Desmond J Lugg
    Office of the Chief Health and Medical Officer, NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B74-7. 2005
    ..However, such cases may be serious and of high consequence, placing considerable demands on the mission crew and ground support to achieve a successful outcome, given the availability of pharmaceuticals and resources...
  34. ncbi Circadian rhythms, sleep, and performance in space
    M M Mallis
    Fatigue Countermeasures Group, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B94-107. 2005
    ....
  35. ncbi Long-term personality data collection in support of spaceflight and analogue research
    David M Musson
    From the Human Factors Research Project, Dept of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, 78712, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B119-25. 2005
    ..A fundamental change in how research into human performance is funded would be required to ensure the ongoing development of such long-duration research databases...
  36. ncbi Cataract formation mechanisms and risk in aviation and space crews
    Jeffrey A Jones
    NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:A56-66. 2007
    ....
  37. ncbi Biohazard potential of putative Martian organisms during missions to Mars
    David Warmflash
    Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Houston, TX, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 78:A79-88. 2007
    ....
  38. ncbi Space and astronomy: the girl next door
    Eric Hand
    Nature 450:606-8. 2007
  39. ncbi Planetary science. Safety versus science on next trips to Mars
    Richard A Kerr
    Science 296:1006-8. 2002
  40. ncbi Dose measurements in space by the Hungarian Pille TLD system
    I Apathy
    KFKI Atomic Energy Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary
    Radiat Meas 35:381-91. 2002
    ..A detailed description of the system is given and the comprehensive results of these measurements are summarised...
  41. ncbi Amidst doubts, space research program takes flight
    Emma Marris
    Nat Med 13:1123. 2007
  42. ncbi Columbia explosion may trigger fatal delays for space station
    Tony Reichhardt
    Nature 421:561-2. 2003
  43. ncbi Phase 1 research program overview
    J J Uri
    NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, USA
    Acta Astronaut 48:845-51. 2001
    ..The cooperation developed during the program was instrumental in its success...
  44. ncbi Radiation risk and human space exploration
    W Schimmerling
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC 20546, USA
    Adv Space Res 31:27-34. 2003
    ..The NASA Strategic Plan to accomplish these objectives in a manner consistent with the high priority assigned to the protection and health maintenance of crews will be presented...
  45. ncbi One hundred US EVAs: a perspective on spacewalks
    Richard C Wilde
    Acta Astronaut 51:579-90. 2002
    ..Now, EVA is supporting assembly of ISS. This paper highlights development of US EVA capability within the context of the overarching mission objectives of the US human space flight program...
  46. ncbi Models of research-operational collaboration for behavioral health in space
    Lawrence A Palinkas
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0622, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B52-60. 2005
    ..To accomplish this, all stakeholders must participate in creating a culture of operational research...
  47. ncbi Following the water, the new program for Mars exploration
    G Scott Hubbard
    NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035 1000, USA
    Acta Astronaut 51:337-50. 2002
    ..In addition, key proposed international collaborations, especially those between NASA, CNES and ASI are outlined, as is an approach for a robust telecommunications infrastructure...
  48. ncbi Research requirements for operational decision-making using models of fatigue and performance
    Karl E Friedl
    US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Frederick, MD, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 75:A192-9. 2004
    ..Users should be made aware that current models and tests are not likely to encompass all of the aspects of human performance that are relevant to field environments and occupations...
  49. ncbi Shift changes, updates, and the on-call architecture in space shuttle mission control
    E S Patterson
    Institute for Ergonomics, Cognitive Systems Engineering Laboratory, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Comput Support Coop Work 10:317-46. 2001
    ..Implications for mitigating risk in the transition to 'on-call' architectures are discussed...
  50. ncbi The code of conduct for International Space Station crews
    A Farand
    Legal Affairs, ESA, Paris
    ESA Bull 105:64-8. 2001
    ..These standards had been developed over the previous six months by teams of Agency officials, working in close consultation with the competent authorities of the Partner States...
  51. ncbi Mechanical ventilation in orbit: emphasis on closed-loop ventilation
    David W Kaczka
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Respir Care Clin N Am 10:369-400, vii. 2004
    ..Recommendations are made for enhancing and upgrading the current RSP to provide an injured crew member with the best possible chance of survival...
  52. ncbi Lean budget leaves scientists wanting more
    Geoff Brumfiel
    Nature 432:424. 2004
  53. ncbi Space medicine at the NASA-JSC, neutral buoyancy laboratory
    Samuel Strauss
    Aviat Space Environ Med 79:732-3. 2008
  54. ncbi Crime scene investigations using portable, non-destructive space exploration technology
    Jacob I Trombka
    Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Building 2, Room S105, Code 691, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
    Forensic Sci Int 129:1-9. 2002
    ..Using data obtained from the open literature of the elemental composition of barium (Ba) and antimony (Sb) in handswipes of GSR, we believe that there may be a unique GSR signature based on the Sb to Ba ratio...
  55. ncbi Advances in space technology: the NSBRI Technology Development Team
    R H Maurer
    The Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland, 20723 6099, USA
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry 100:479-87. 2002
    ..Technical highlights of the original projects are presented along with an introduction to the five new TD Team projects being funded by the NSBRI...
  56. ncbi Representation and misrepresentation: Tufte and the Morton Thiokol engineers on the Challenger
    Wade Robison
    Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Liberal Arts, 92 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623 5604, USA
    Sci Eng Ethics 8:59-81. 2002
    ..The authors conclude that the engineers thus did what they were ethically as well as professionally obligated to do...
  57. ncbi Erythroid cell growth and differentiation in vitro in the simulated microgravity environment of the NASA rotating wall vessel bioreactor
    A J Sytkowski
    Division of Hematology and Oncology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim 37:79-83. 2001
    ..The results suggest that the NASA RWV bioreactor may serve as a suitable ground-based microgravity simulator to model the cellular and molecular changes in erythroid cells observed in true microgravity...
  58. ncbi Microarray analysis of genes differentially expressed in HepG2 cells cultured in simulated microgravity: preliminary report
    V I Khaoustov
    Department of Medicine, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA
    In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim 37:84-8. 2001
    ....
  59. ncbi The Astrobiology in Secondary Classrooms (ASC) curriculum: focusing upon diverse students and teachers
    Leigh S Arino de la Rubia
    Center of Excellence for Learning Sciences, Tennessee State University, Nashville, Tennessee 37209, USA
    Astrobiology 12:892-9. 2012
    ..The curriculum is in its final stages, preparing for review to become a NASA educational product...
  60. pmc Protection of Bacillus pumilus spores by catalases
    Aleksandra Checinska
    Environmental Science Program, Food Research Center, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 78:6413-22. 2012
    ..The accumulation of oxygen gas and aggregations may play a crucial role in limiting further exposure of Bacilli spore surfaces to hydrogen peroxide or other toxic chemicals when water is present...
  61. ncbi Higher mental workload is associated with poorer laparoscopic performance as measured by the NASA-TLX tool
    Yuliya Y Yurko
    Division of Gastrointestinal and Minimally Invasive Surgery, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, NC, USA
    Simul Healthc 5:267-71. 2010
    ..We assessed the relationship of workload and performance during simulator training on a complex laparoscopic task...
  62. ncbi Teleoperation support for early human planetary missions
    Giancarlo Genta
    Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1065:271-84. 2005
    ....
  63. ncbi Overview of the Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) testing at MSFC
    M S Traweek
    Environmental Control and Life Support Branch, Science and Engineering Directorate, Marshall Space Flight Center, AL 35812, USA
    Life Support Biosph Sci 5:5-12. 1998
    ..This article provides an overview of MSFC's ECLSS testing. Specific tests include: the Stage 10 Water Recovery Test; the Contaminant Injection Test; the Four-Bed Molecular Sieve Performance Enhancement Test; and Life Testing...
  64. pmc Defining life
    Steven A Benner
    Foundation for Applied Molecular Evolution and The Westheimer Institute for Science and Technology, Gainesville, Florida32601, USA
    Astrobiology 10:1021-30. 2010
    ..Last, we ask what chemical structures might support Darwinian evolution universally; these structures might be universal biosignatures...
  65. ncbi Eating in space--from an astronaut's perspective
    Joseph Kerwin
    Wyle Laboratories, Houston, Texas 77058, USA
    Nutrition 18:921-5. 2002
    ..Otherwise, the best diet design generated by their work may never be consumed...
  66. ncbi Crew collaboration in space: a naturalistic decision-making perspective
    Judith Orasanu
    NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B154-63. 2005
    ..It concludes with specific recommendations for preparing exploration crews to use NDM effectively...
  67. ncbi Carotenoid analysis of halophilic archaea by resonance Raman spectroscopy
    Craig P Marshall
    Vibrational Spectroscopy Facility, School of Chemistry, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    Astrobiology 7:631-43. 2007
    ....
  68. ncbi Space scientists get double reprieve
    Tony Reichhardt
    Nature 440:586-7. 2006
  69. ncbi Life sciences
    Gregory K Schmidt
    Aerosp Am 40:96-7. 2002
    ..NASA selected Purdue University to lead an NSCORT for advanced life support research to develop technologies to enable long-duration planetary mission and sustain human space colonies...
  70. ncbi The ESA Laboratory Support Equipment for the ISS
    A Petrivelli
    Laboratory Support Equipment Section, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands
    ESA Bull 109:35-6. 2002
    ....
  71. ncbi Astrobiology 2002: report on a conference held at NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California, April 7-11, 2002
    A W Schwartz
    Orig Life Evol Biosph 32:395-8. 2002
  72. ncbi Monitoring immune system function and reactivation of latent viruses in the Artificial Gravity Pilot Study
    Satish K Mehta
    Enterprise Advisory Servtices, Inc 6671 SW Freeway, Houston, TX, USA
    J Gravit Physiol 14:P21-5. 2007
    ....
  73. ncbi Molecular manufacturing
    Paul Malik
    Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario
    Can J Cardiol 19:224. 2003
  74. ncbi Radiation measurements aboard NASA ER-2 high altitude aircraft with the Liulin-4J portable spectrometer
    Y Uchihori
    National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Inage, Chiba, Japan
    Adv Space Res 32:41-6. 2003
    ..With these instruments, we can measure not only absorbed dose, but also variation of the absorbed dose as a function of time. We report radiation dose measurements as function of time, altitude, and latitude for several ER-2 missions...
  75. ncbi Short radius intermittent centrifugation as a countermeasure to bed-rest and 0-G deconditioning: IMAG pilot study summary and recommendations for research
    Laurence R Young
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Man Vehicle Lab, 37 219, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
    J Gravit Physiol 14:P31-3. 2007
    ..The directions for extension of artificial gravity (AG) research to make it practical for extended space voyages are presented...
  76. ncbi Lawmakers battle for reform on many fronts
    Robert F Dorr
    Aerosp Am 41:6-8. 2003
    ..The little-known air war in Colombia is receiving more attention than many in Washington would like. And the Air Force plan to lease air-refueling tankers continues to draw flak from the Hill...
  77. ncbi Artificial gravity as a multi-system countermeasure: effects on cognitive function
    Kimberly A Seaton
    UTMB, 1290 Hercules Drive, Houston, TX 77058, USA
    J Gravit Physiol 14:P27-30. 2007
    ..The length of time spent in bed rest was not associated with a change in cognitive function. Individual differences in underlying cognitive ability and motivation level are other possible explanations for the current findings...
  78. ncbi Space science. Balancing the right stuff
    Andrew Lawler
    Science 308:484-7. 2005
  79. ncbi Online resources threaten livelihood of libraries
    Lucy Odling-Smee
    Nature 446:958-9. 2007
  80. pmc Short circuit of water vapor and polluted air to the global stratosphere by convective transport over the Tibetan Plateau
    Rong Fu
    School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332 0340, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:5664-9. 2006
    ..Thus, hydration of the global stratosphere could be especially sensitive to changes of convection over the TP...
  81. ncbi Drilling systems for extraterrestrial subsurface exploration
    K Zacny
    Honeybee Robotics Spacecraft Mechanisms Corporation, New York, NY 10001, USA
    Astrobiology 8:665-706. 2008
    ..A classification scheme based on drilling depth is proposed. Each of the 4 depth categories (surface drills, 1-meter class drills, 10-meter class drills, and deep drills) has distinct technological profiles and scientific ramifications...
  82. ncbi Planetary science. Long-term Mars exploration under threat, panel warns
    Andrew Lawler
    Science 313:157. 2006
  83. ncbi Astrobiology. Pete Worden 'Ames' for the Moon and beyond
    Andrew Lawler
    Science 315:321-2. 2007
  84. ncbi Creating a space exploration industry
    Marco Cáceres
    Teal Group, USA
    Aerosp Am 43:10-2. 2005
    ..The article provides an overview of funding for space exploration to the Moon and Mars under NASA's direction, and presents an argument for the creation of a commercial space industry...
  85. pmc Immune suppression of human lymphoid tissues and cells in rotating suspension culture and onboard the International Space Station
    Wendy Fitzgerald
    NASA NIH Center for Three Dimensional Tissue Culture, Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biophysics, Program in Physical Biology, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim 45:622-32. 2009
    ..This phenomenon may reflect immune dysfunction observed in astronauts during space flights. If so, the ex vivo system described above can be used to understand cellular and molecular mechanisms of this dysfunction...
  86. ncbi The Moon: destination or distraction?
    Eric Hand
    Nature 451:612-3. 2008
  87. ncbi Shielding space travelers
    Eugene N Parker
    University of Chicago, USA
    Sci Am 294:40-7. 2006
  88. ncbi NASA-approved rotary bioreactor enhances proliferation and osteogenesis of human periodontal ligament stem cells
    Shi Li
    Department of Endodontics, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi an, Shaanxi 710032, People s Republic of China
    Stem Cells Dev 18:1273-82. 2009
    ....
  89. ncbi Special section on Martian Exploration: The comeback kids
    Tony Reichhardt
    Nature 423:477. 2003
  90. ncbi Medicine in long duration space exploration: the role of virtual reality and broad bandwidth telecommunications networks
    M D Ross
    The University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Telemedicine, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131-5042, USA
    Acta Astronaut 49:441-5. 2001
    ..These models are Virtual Collaborative Clinics that reach into remote sites using telecommunications and emerging stereo-imaging and sensor technologies...
  91. ncbi Solar system exploration. France, Italy threaten to rain on parade of missions to Mars
    Andrew Lawler
    Science 297:1972-3. 2002
  92. ncbi An overview of ISS ECLSS life testing at NASA, MSFC
    J D Tatara
    ION Corporation, Huntsville Division, Huntsville, AL 35806, USA
    Life Support Biosph Sci 5:13-21. 1998
    ..This article will briefly review the objectives of each life test program, the results of completed tests, and the major problems observed during the tests...
  93. ncbi Impact hazard. A little respect for the asteroid threat
    Richard A Kerr
    Science 297:1785-7. 2002
  94. ncbi Human health and performance for long-duration spaceflight
    Denise L Baisden
    Aviat Space Environ Med 79:629-35. 2008
    ..This capability could be expanded by the presence of a physician in the crew and including simple, low-technology surgical capability...
  95. ncbi NASA: trawling through the wreckage
    Tony Reichhardt
    Nature 426:754-5. 2003
  96. ncbi A new concept for the exploration of Europa
    Pabulo Henrique Rampelotto
    Interdisciplinary Center for Biotechnology Research, Federal University of Pampa, São Gabriel, RS Brazil
    Astrobiology 12:529-34. 2012
    ..With this alternative strategy, a complete exploration of Europa would be possible in the next decades, even within a politically and economically constrained environment...
  97. pmc Ethical considerations for planetary protection in space exploration: a workshop
    J D Rummel
    East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA
    Astrobiology 12:1017-23. 2012
    ..A number of incremental steps have been taken since the workshop to implement some of these recommendations...
  98. ncbi Development of head injury assessment reference values based on NASA injury modeling
    Jeffrey T Somers
    Wyle Integrated Science and Engineering Group, Houston, TX 77058, USA
    Stapp Car Crash J 55:49-74. 2011
    ..Based on the results of this study, further analysis of additional datasets is recommended before applying these results to future NASA vehicles...
  99. pmc Pyrosequencing-derived bacterial, archaeal, and fungal diversity of spacecraft hardware destined for Mars
    Myron T La Duc
    Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 78:5912-22. 2012
    ....
  100. ncbi Planetary science. And an icy patch at Mars's south pole
    Dana Mackenzie
    Science 298:1866-7. 2002
  101. ncbi Medical care system for NASA-Mir spaceflights
    Igor B Gontcharov
    Russian Federation State Science Center, Institute for Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia
    Aviat Space Environ Med 73:1219-23. 2002
    ..Continued progress toward the integration of U.S. and Russian flight medical systems will further increase the effectiveness of the medical support of joint missions aboard the International Space Station...

Research Grants20

  1. EVOLUTION OF THE RIBONUCLEASE SUPERFAMILY
    Steven Benner; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  2. Near Term Development of Reagents and Enzymes for Genome Sequencing
    Steven A Benner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This proposal, from a laboratory with a track record of innovation in structures, reagents, and enzymes to manipulate nucleic acids, is focused on near term development of these to enable NHGRI cost-reduction sequencing goals. ..
  3. DNA Sequencing using Nanopores
    Steven Benner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These will then be targeted against specific sequences extracted from mammalian genomes. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  4. Dynamic combinatorial chemistry for nucleic acids
    Steven Benner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  5. NON-STANDARD BASE PAIRS AS BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH TOOLS
    Steven Benner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  6. Targeted Assisted Combinational Synthesis
    Steven Benner; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. The Role of Telomeres and Telomerase in Cancer
    Jerry Shay; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Imaging & Localizing Device Using the Barkhausen Effect
    John Dicello; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Existing reconstruction techniques will be adapted to provide absolute spatial information. With fusion, images can be combined with CT, MRI, or PET for anatomical and physiological information. ..
  9. Artificial Genetic Systems
    Steven A Benner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Multiplexed PCR is the rate limiting step in many genomics analyses. Our long term, highly ambitious goal is to develop a "synthetic biology", a chemical system capable of Darwinian evolution, based on AEGIS components. ..
  10. Phthalate Exposure and Pregnancy Outcome
    T Peter Stein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings will have ramifications for public health, for the packaging trade and for the chemical industry. ..
  11. Chemistry to Improve Human Genomic Array Analysis Architectures
    Steven A Benner; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This proposal seeks funds to benchmark the improvements in array performance generated by these new technologies, improve them by a cycle of test and redesign, and provide them to the genomics community. ..
  12. Polymerases for Sequencing by Synthesis
    Steven Benner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  13. NIR-LED Treatment for Parkinson's Disease
    HARRY WHELAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  14. Sertoli Cell-Treated Umbilical Cord Blood for Stroke
    Don Cameron; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The success of directing and protecting stem cells obtained from umbilical cord blood into a neural phenotype (i.e. SCT-441) has important implications for the treatment of stroke in humans. ..
  15. MECHANISMS OF ENZYMIC AND HYDRIDE TRANSFERS
    Gregory Petsko; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  16. Combined OEG transplantation and step training promote regeneration in adult SCI
    V Edgerton; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Our long term goal is to regain voluntary control of hindlimb stepping after a complete midthoracic spinal cord injury in an adult animal. ..
  17. Serotonergic Facilitation & Robotics in Spinal Learning
    V Edgerton; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The results from these studies are expected to demonstrate a new paradigm for optimizing the recovery of motor function in mice that can be readily translated to humans with neuromotor disorder such as spinal cord injury and stroke. ..
  18. Flow Cytometry to Detect Human Tumor Cells in Body Fluid
    AWTAR GANJU KRISHAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..3. Compare data collected from flow cytometric analysis with that obtained from cytopathology and immunocytochemistry routinely performed on these specimens for diagnostic purpose. ..
  19. Robotically Generated Locomotion in Rodents
    V Edgerton; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These data will also provide insight into development of body weight support control and manual (or robotic) intervention for human locomotor training. ..