Genomes and Genes
Summary: The structuring of the environment to permit or promote specific patterns of behavior.
Publications252 found, 100 shown here
- An ecological approach to creating active living communitiesJames F Sallis
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92103, USA
Annu Rev Public Health 27:297-322. 2006..Collaborations with policy researchers may improve the likelihood of translating research findings into changes in environments, policies, and practices...
- The development of a walkability index: application to the Neighborhood Quality of Life StudyL D Frank
School of Community and Regional Planning, University of British Columbia, 231 1933 West Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z2
Br J Sports Med 44:924-33. 2010..Validity of the walkability index is examined through travel surveys among areas examined in the Neighborhood Quality of Life Study (NQLS), a study investigating built environment correlates of adults' physical activity...
- Built environment correlates of walking: a reviewBrian E Saelens
Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington and Children s Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 40:S550-66. 2008..This article reviews evidence on the built environment correlates with walking...
- Measuring the built environment for physical activity: state of the scienceRoss C Brownson
Prevention Research Center in St Louis, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
Am J Prev Med 36:S99-123.e12. 2009..In particular, further research is needed to improve the technical quality of measures, understand the relevance to various population groups, and understand the utility of measures for science and public health...
- Neighborhood environment and physical activity among youth a reviewDing Ding
Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, California, USA
Am J Prev Med 41:442-55. 2011..An updated review of literature is needed to summarize the current evidence base, and to inform policies and environmental interventions to promote active lifestyles among young people...
- Effect of exposure to natural environment on health inequalities: an observational population studyRichard Mitchell
Public Health and Health Policy, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
Lancet 372:1655-60. 2008....
- The built environment and obesity: a systematic review of the epidemiologic evidenceJing Feng
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
Health Place 16:175-90. 2010..There was very little between-study similarity in methods in both types of approaches, which prevented estimation of pooled effects. The great heterogeneity across studies limits what can be learned from this body of evidence...
- In search of causality: a systematic review of the relationship between the built environment and physical activity among adultsGavin R McCormack
Population Health Intervention Research Centre, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:125. 2011....
- Relationship between the physical environment and different domains of physical activity in European adults: a systematic reviewVeerle Van Holle
Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Watersportlaan 2, B 9000, Ghent, Belgium
BMC Public Health 12:807. 2012..This systematic review aimed at summarizing Europe-specific evidence on the relationship between the physical environment and different PA domains in adults...
- Neighborhood SES and walkability are related to physical activity behavior in Belgian adultsDelfien Van Dyck
Fund for Scientific Research Flanders FWO, Belgium
Prev Med 50:S74-9. 2010..To investigate whether neighborhood walkability (higher residential density, land use mix, street connectivity) is positively associated with physical activity in Belgian adults and whether this association is moderated by neighborhood SES...
- The relationship of physical activity and overweight to objectively measured green space accessibility and useEmma Coombes
School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom
Soc Sci Med 70:816-22. 2010..The findings suggest that the provision of good access to green spaces in urban areas may help promote population physical activity...
- Social contacts as a possible mechanism behind the relation between green space and healthJolanda Maas
NIVEL Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, P O Box 1568, 3500 BN Utrecht, The Netherlands
Health Place 15:586-95. 2009..Loneliness and perceived shortage of social support partly mediated the relation between green space and health...
- Built environments and obesity in disadvantaged populationsGina S Lovasi
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health and Society Scholars Program, Institute of Social and Economic Research and Policy, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
Epidemiol Rev 31:7-20. 2009..Based on the authors' review, increasing supermarket access, places to exercise, and neighborhood safety may also be promising strategies to reduce obesity-related health disparities...
- Neighborhood walkability and the walking behavior of Australian adultsNeville Owen
Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Herston Road, Herston QLD 4006, Brisbane, Australia
Am J Prev Med 33:387-95. 2007..Associations of neighborhood physical environments with adults' walking for transport and walking for recreation must be better understood...
- The built environment and obesityMia A Papas
Departmentof Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, 737 West Lombard Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
Epidemiol Rev 29:129-43. 2007....
- Physical activity and food environments: solutions to the obesity epidemicJames F Sallis
San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
Milbank Q 87:123-54. 2009..This article is a status report on research on physical activity and food environments, and it suggests how these findings can be used to improve diet and physical activity and to control or reduce obesity...
- Characteristics of urban parks associated with park use and physical activity: a review of qualitative researchGavin R McCormack
Population Health Intervention Research Centre, University of Calgary, 3280 Hospital Drive, N W Calgary, Alberta T2N4Z6, Canada
Health Place 16:712-26. 2010..Both qualitative and quantitative methods provide useful information for interpreting such patterns, and in particular, when designing and assessing interventions intended to improve the amount and intensity of physical activity...
- Urban residential environments and senior citizens' longevity in megacity areas: the importance of walkable green spacesT Takano
Health Promotion International Health, Division of Public Health, Graduate School of Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
J Epidemiol Community Health 56:913-8. 2002..To study the association between greenery filled public areas that are nearby a residence and easy to walk in and the longevity of senior citizens in a densely populated, developed megacity...
- Evaluating a brief self-report measure of neighborhood environments for physical activity research and surveillance: Physical Activity Neighborhood Environment Scale (PANES)James F Sallis
Dept of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA
J Phys Act Health 7:533-40. 2010..The current study evaluated test-retest and alternate-form reliability of PANES items compared with multi-item subscales from the longer NEWS-A (Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale--Abbreviated)...
- Neighborhood disorder, perceived safety, and readiness to encourage use of local playgroundsRebecca Miles
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 2280, USA
Am J Prev Med 34:275-81. 2008....
- The built environment, neighborhood crime and constrained physical activity: an exploration of inconsistent findingsSarah Foster
School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
Prev Med 47:241-51. 2008..This paper reviews the quantitative evidence to date, seeking to explain the inconsistencies, and offers recommendations for future research...
- Greenspace, urbanity and health: relationships in EnglandRichard Mitchell
Research Unit in Health, Behaviour and Change, University of Edinburgh Medical School, Teviot Place, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 61:681-3. 2007....
- Measuring the food environment: state of the scienceLeslie A Lytle
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454 1054, USA
Am J Prev Med 36:S134-44. 2009....
- Neighborhood walkability, physical activity, and walking behavior: the Swedish Neighborhood and Physical Activity (SNAP) studyKristina Sundquist
Center for Primary Health Care Research, Lund University, CRC, Building 28, Floor 11, Entrance 72, Malmo University Hospital, S 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
Soc Sci Med 72:1266-73. 2011....
- Developing a framework for assessment of the environmental determinants of walking and cyclingTerri Pikora
School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, WA 6009, Crawley, Australia
Soc Sci Med 56:1693-703. 2003..Identifying the environmental factors that influence walking and cycling will allow the inclusion of a public health perspective as well as those of urban planning and transport in the design of built environments...
- The significance of parks to physical activity and public health: a conceptual modelAriane L Bedimo-Rung
School of Public Health, Epidemiology Program, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
Am J Prev Med 28:159-68. 2005..Collaboration among many disciplines is needed...
- Perceived environmental correlates of physical activity for leisure and transportation in Curitiba, BrazilDiana C Parra
Prevention Research Center in St Louis, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St Louis, 660 S Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
Prev Med 52:234-8. 2011..Physical activity (PA) has consistently been associated with perceived environmental characteristics...
- Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale for Youth (NEWS-Y): reliability and relationship with physical activityDori Rosenberg
Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University and University of California, 3900 5th Avenue, Suite 310, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
Prev Med 49:213-8. 2009..To examine the psychometric properties of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale-Youth (NEWS-Y) and explore its associations with context-specific and overall physical activity (PA) among youth...
- Gender differences in relationships between urban green space and health in the United KingdomElizabeth A Richardson
School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, Drummond Street, Edinburgh EH8 9XP, United Kingdom
Soc Sci Med 71:568-75. 2010..Additionally, urban green space measures that capture quality as well as quantity could be more suited to studying green space and health relationships for women...
- Built environment, physical activity, and obesity: what have we learned from reviewing the literature?Ding Ding
Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
Health Place 18:100-5. 2012....
- Measuring the food environment: shelf space of fruits, vegetables, and snack foods in storesThomas A Farley
Department of Community Health Sciences, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal Street, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
J Urban Health 86:672-82. 2009..55 to 0.72). Simple measurements of shelf space can be used by researchers to characterize the healthfulness of the food environment and by policymakers to establish criteria for favorable policy treatment of stores...
- The association of school environments with youth physical activityJ F Sallis
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, 6363 Alvarado Court, 103, San Diego, CA 92120, USA
Am J Public Health 91:618-20. 2001..This study assessed the association of school environmental characteristics with student physical activity on campus...
- The role of built environments in physical activity, eating, and obesity in childhoodJames F Sallis
San Diego State University, USA
Future Child 16:89-108. 2006....
- Environmental correlates of walking and cycling: findings from the transportation, urban design, and planning literaturesBrian E Saelens
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, USA
Ann Behav Med 25:80-91. 2003..The transportation, urban design, and planning literatures provide a valuable starting point for multidisciplinary research on environmental contributions to physical activity levels in the population...
- The built environment and recreational physical activity among adults in Curitiba, BrazilAdriano A F Hino
Research Group of Physical Activity and Quality of Life GPAQ, Department of Physical Education, Pontiff Catholic University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil
Prev Med 52:419-22. 2011..To examine the relationship between objective measures of the built environment (BE) and recreational physical activity (PA) in adults from Curitiba, Brazil...
- An applied ecological framework for evaluating infrastructure to promote walking and cycling: the iConnect studyDavid Ogilvie
Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research CEDAR, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK
Am J Public Health 101:473-81. 2011..Our framework guides study design and analysis by specifying the most important data to be collected and relations to be tested to confirm or refute specific hypotheses and thereby refine the underlying theories...
- Crime, fear of crime, environment, and mental health and wellbeing: mapping review of theories and causal pathwaysTheo Lorenc
Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15 17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, UK
Health Place 18:757-65. 2012..The framework also helps to identify unexpected factors which may affect intervention success, such as the risk of adverse effects from crime prevention interventions as a result of raising awareness of crime...
- Association of park size, distance, and features with physical activity in neighborhood parksAndrew T Kaczynski
Department of Kinesiology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
Am J Public Health 98:1451-6. 2008..We studied whether park size, number of features in the park, and distance to a park from participants' homes were related to a park being used for physical activity...
- Mismatch between perceived and objective measures of physical activity environmentsKylie Ball
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood 3125, Australia
Prev Med 47:294-8. 2008....
- Neighborhood greenness and 2-year changes in body mass index of children and youthJanice F Bell
Department of Health Services, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 7230, USA
Am J Prev Med 35:547-53. 2008..The current study tests whether greenness and residential density are independently associated with 2-year changes in the BMI of children and youth...
- Increasing walking: how important is distance to, attractiveness, and size of public open space?Billie Giles-Corti
School of Population Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
Am J Prev Med 28:169-76. 2005..Well-designed public open space (POS) that encourages physical activity is a community asset that could potentially contribute to the health of local residents...
- Association between perceived neighborhood environment and walking among adults in 4 cities in JapanShigeru Inoue
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Tokyo Medical University, 6 1 1 Shinjuku, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 160 8402, Japan
J Epidemiol 20:277-86. 2010..The aim of this study was to examine the association between perceived neighborhood environment and neighborhood walking for multiple purposes among Japanese...
- Measures of the food environment: a compilation of the literature, 1990-2007Robin A McKinnon
National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
Am J Prev Med 36:S124-33. 2009....
- Physical activity for recreation or exercise on neighbourhood streets: associations with perceived environmental attributesTakemi Sugiyama
Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, Level 3, Public Health Building, University of Queensland, Herston, QLD 4006, Australia
Health Place 15:1058-63. 2009..Enhancing these environmental attributes and perceptions about them may be effective in promoting residents' physical activity...
- The relation between neighborhood built environment and walking activity among older adultsCorey L Nagel
School of Nursing, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA
Am J Epidemiol 168:461-8. 2008..These findings suggest that built environment may not play a significant role in whether older adults walk, but, among those who do walk, it is associated with increased levels of activity...
- Age differences in the relation of perceived neighborhood environment to walkingRyosuke Shigematsu
Faculty of Education, Mie University, Tsu, Mie, Japan
Med Sci Sports Exerc 41:314-21. 2009..Older adults were expected to be more affected by environmental attributes than younger adults. The present study examined age-related differences in associations between perceived neighborhood environment and physical activity...
- Neighborhood walkability and TV viewing time among Australian adultsTakemi Sugiyama
Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Am J Prev Med 33:444-9. 2007..Associations of neighborhood walkability (based on dwelling density, street connectivity, land-use mix, and net retail area) and television viewing time were compared in a large, spatially-derived sample of Australian adults...
- Development of a reliable measure of walking within and outside the local neighborhood: RESIDE's Neighborhood Physical Activity QuestionnaireBillie Giles-Corti
School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Western 6009, Australia
Prev Med 42:455-9. 2006..The RESIDential Environment project (RESIDE) is a longitudinal study evaluating the impact of a new residential design code on walking...
- Associations of neighbourhood greenness with physical and mental health: do walking, social coherence and local social interaction explain the relationships?T Sugiyama
University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
J Epidemiol Community Health 62:e9. 2008..Studies have shown associations between health indices and access to "green" environments but the underlying mechanisms of this association are not clear...
- Validation of walk score for estimating neighborhood walkability: an analysis of four US metropolitan areasDustin T Duncan
Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:4160-79. 2011..As such, our study confirms and extends the generalizability of previous findings demonstrating that Walk Score is a valid measure of estimating neighborhood walkability in multiple geographic locations and at multiple spatial scales...
- Safety in numbers: more walkers and bicyclists, safer walking and bicyclingP L Jacobsen
Public Health Consultant, 4730 Monterey Way, Sacramento, CA 95822, USA
Inj Prev 9:205-9. 2003..However, three published analyses of collision rates at specific intersections found a non-linear relationship, such that collisions rates declined with increases in the numbers of people walking or bicycling...
- Perceived social and physical environmental correlates of physical activity in older adolescents and the moderating effect of self-efficacyB Deforche
Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Department of Human Biometrics and Biomechanics, Brussel, Belgium
Prev Med 50:S24-9. 2010..To determine if perceptions of the social and physical environment are associated with active transport and leisure-time sports among Belgian youth and to investigate if this relationship is moderated by self-efficacy...
- Exploring associations between physical activity and perceived and objective measures of the built environmentAileen P McGinn
Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
J Urban Health 84:162-84. 2007....
- Correlates of non-concordance between perceived and objective measures of walkabilityKlaus Gebel
Cluster for Physical Activity and Health, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
Ann Behav Med 37:228-38. 2009..Objective and self-reported physical environmental attributes have been related to physical activity...
- Parks and recreation settings and active living: a review of associations with physical activity function and intensityAndrew T Kaczynski
Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
J Phys Act Health 5:619-32. 2008..The purpose of this study was to review reported associations between parks and recreation settings (PRSs) as features of the built environment and various functions and intensities of physical activity (PA)...
- Healthy aging and where you live: community design relationships with physical activity and body weight in older AmericansLawrence Frank
School of Environmental Health and Community, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia
J Phys Act Health 7:S82-90. 2010..Suburban development patterns may impede physical activity (PA) and mobility and affect healthy aging. This paper investigates the relationships between neighborhood design and walking, driving, PA, and obesity in adults over age 65 years...
- Walking for leisure among adults from three Brazilian cities and its association with perceived environment attributes and personal factorsGrace A O Gomes
Physical Education Departament, Bioscience Institute, Physical Activity, Health and Sport Laboratory NAFES, Unesp Univ Estadual Paulista, Rio Claro SP 13506 900, Brazil
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:111. 2011..However, most of the evidence on this topic derives from high-income countries and little is known about walking patterns and its association with environmental features in low and middle income countries...
- Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to assess the role of the built environment in influencing obesity: a glossaryLukar E Thornton
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria, 3125, Australia
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:71. 2011..As a case study, we draw on aspects the food and physical activity environments as they might apply to obesity, to define key GIS terms related to data collection, concepts, and the measurement of environmental features...
- Infrastructure, programs, and policies to increase bicycling: an international reviewJohn Pucher
Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
Prev Med 50:S106-25. 2010..Interventions include infrastructure (e.g., bike lanes and parking), integration with public transport, education and marketing programs, bicycle access programs, and legal issues...
- Variations in observed park physical activity intensity level by gender, race, and age: individual and joint effectsAndrew T Kaczynski
Dept of Kinesiology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS USA
J Phys Act Health 8:S151-60. 2011..The purpose of this study was to examine the individual and joint effects of various park user demographic characteristics on observed PA intensity levels...
- Risk of injury for bicycling on cycle tracks versus in the streetANNE C LUSK
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Inj Prev 17:131-5. 2011..72 (95% CI 0.60 to 0.85) compared with bicycling in reference streets. These data suggest that the injury risk of bicycling on cycle tracks is less than bicycling in streets. The construction of cycle tracks should not be discouraged...
- Mental health and the built environment: cross-sectional survey of individual and contextual risk factors for depressionScott Weich
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Royal Free Campus, Rowland Hill Street, London NW3 2PF, UK
Br J Psychiatry 180:428-33. 2002..Little is known about the effects of the physical environment on individual health...
- An update of recent evidence of the relationship between objective and self-report measures of the physical environment and physical activity behavioursG McCormack
School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia
J Sci Med Sport 7:81-92. 2004....
- Assessing perceptions of environments for active livingJack L Nasar
The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
Am J Prev Med 34:357-63. 2008..Perceptions of environmental factors may affect physical activity. There is particular value in learning about people's perceptions of environmental factors that are associated with increased or decreased likelihood of physical activity...
- The relationship between destination proximity, destination mix and physical activity behaviorsGavin R McCormack
School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Western Australia, 6009, Australia
Prev Med 46:33-40. 2008..This study examined the association between the proximity and mix of neighbourhood destinations and physical activity...
- School environments and physical activity: The development and testing of an audit toolNatalia R Jones
School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom
Health Place 16:776-83. 2010..The characteristics of school grounds may influence pupil's physical activity levels...
- Linking objectively measured physical activity with objectively measured urban form: findings from SMARTRAQLawrence D Frank
University of British Columbia, School of Community and Regional Planning, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Am J Prev Med 28:117-25. 2005..To date, nearly all research on physical activity and the built environment is based on self-reported physical activity and perceived assessment of the built environment...
- Neighborhood, route, and school environments and children's active commutingJenna R Panter
School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
Am J Prev Med 38:268-78. 2010..These behaviors may be influenced by characteristics of the environment around homes and schools, yet few studies have quantified the potential associations between these two sets of factors...
- Built environment attributes and walking patterns among the elderly population in BogotáLuis F Gomez
Washington University in St Louis, Missouri, USA
Am J Prev Med 38:592-9. 2010..There is increasing evidence that the built environment has an influence on physical activity; however, little is known about this relationship in developing countries...
- Active commuting to school: Associations with environment and parental concernsJacqueline Kerr
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:787-94. 2006....
- Neighborhood environmental factors correlated with walking near home: Using SPACESTerri J Pikora
School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:708-14. 2006..We examined correlations between physical environmental factors and self-reported walking for recreation and transport near home...
- Neighborhood environment and physical activity among urban and rural schoolchildren in TaiwanSheu Jen Huang
Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, National Taiwan Normal University, 162, 1 Section, Ho Ping East Road, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
Health Place 16:470-6. 2010..In conclusion, accessibility to facilities had a significant impact on the children's physical activity...
- Using Google Earth to conduct a neighborhood audit: reliability of a virtual audit instrumentPhilippa Clarke
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Health Place 16:1224-9. 2010..Using the internet to conduct a neighborhood audit has the potential to significantly reduce the costs of collecting data objectively and unobtrusively...
- Neighborhood-based differences in physical activity: an environment scale evaluationBrian E Saelens
Division of Psychology, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center and the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, MLC 3015, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
Am J Public Health 93:1552-8. 2003..This study evaluated a neighborhood environment survey and compared the physical activity and weight status of the residents in 2 neighborhoods...
- Interactions between psychosocial and built environment factors in explaining older adults' physical activityJordan A Carlson
Joint Doctoral Program in Public Health, San Diego State University and University of California, San Diego, 3900 Fifth Avenue, Suite 310, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
Prev Med 54:68-73. 2012....
- Determinants of activity-friendly neighborhoods for children: results from the SPACE studySanne I de Vries
Department of Physical Activity and Health, TNO Quality of Life, Leiden, The Netherlands
Am J Health Promot 21:312-6. 2007..To examine the association between children's physical activity and factors of the built environment...
- Association of access to parks and recreational facilities with the physical activity of young childrenJames N Roemmich
Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
Prev Med 43:437-41. 2006..To determine associations of the neighborhood and home television environments with young children's physical activity...
- Associations between intrapersonal and neighborhood environmental characteristics and cycling for transport and recreation in adults: baseline results from the RESIDE studySylvia Titze
Dept of Physical Activity and Health, Institute of Sport Science, Graz, Austria
J Phys Act Health 7:423-31. 2010..This study investigated the relationship between individual and neighborhood environmental factors and cycling for transport and for recreation among adults living in Perth, Western Australia...
- Crime prevention and active livingAnastasia Loukaitou-Sideris
Department of Urban Planning, University of California, Los Angeles, 3250 Public Policy Building, Box 951656, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Am J Health Promot 21:380-9, iii. 2007..These variables are thought to be moderated through psychological, demographic, environmental and other factors. Research questions that derive from the model are featured...
- Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale: validity and development of a short formEster Cerin
Institute of Human Performance, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Med Sci Sports Exerc 38:1682-91. 2006..The aim of this study was to examine the factorial and criterion validity of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS) and to develop an abbreviated version (NEWS-A)...
- User demographics and physical activity behaviors on a newly constructed urban rail/trail conversionJulian A Reed
Department of Health and Exercise Science, Furman University, Greenville, SC, USA
J Phys Act Health 8:534-42. 2011..To examine demographic characteristics and physical activity (PA) behaviors of trail users on a newly constructed 2-mile urban rail/trail (ie, abandoned rail line converted to a recreational trail)...
- Green space as a buffer between stressful life events and healthAgnes E Van den Berg
Wageningen University and Research Centre, PO Box 47, Wageningen, The Netherlands
Soc Sci Med 70:1203-10. 2010..These results support the notion that green space can provide a buffer against the negative health impact of stressful life events...
- Association of built-environment, social-environment and personal factors with bicycling as a mode of transportation among Austrian city dwellersSylvia Titze
Institute of Sports Science, University of Graz, Austria
Prev Med 47:252-9. 2008..To determine the association of built-environment, social-environment, and personal-level factors with bicycling for transportation, among adult city dwellers...
- Obesity and the built environment: does the density of neighborhood fast-food outlets matter?Fuzhong Li
Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
Am J Health Promot 23:203-9. 2009..Examine variation in obesity among older adults relative to the joint influences of density of neighborhood fast food outlets and residents' behavioral, psychosocial, and sociodemographic characteristics...
- Operationalizing environmental indicators for physical activity in older adultsScott Strach
Dept of Human Movement Sciences, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, WI 53201 0413, USA
J Aging Phys Act 15:412-24. 2007..In conclusion, the information obtained is helpful in solidifying which environmental characteristics are important to measure as they relate to activity behavior in an older adult population...
- Landscape and well-being: a scoping study on the health-promoting impact of outdoor environmentsAndrea Abraham
Division of Social and Behavioural Health Research, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Niesenweg 6, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
Int J Public Health 55:59-69. 2010..The present literature review conceptualises landscape as a health resource that promotes physical, mental, and social well-being. Different health-promoting landscape characteristics are discussed...
- Effect of a barrier at Bloor Street Viaduct on suicide rates in Toronto: natural experimentMark Sinyor
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, ON, Canada
BMJ 341:c2884. 2010..To determine whether rates of suicide changed in Toronto after a barrier was erected at Bloor Street Viaduct, the bridge with the world's second highest annual rate of suicide by jumping after Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco...
- Physical activity levels according to physical and social environmental factors in a sample of adults living in South BrazilTales C Amorim
Post Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil
J Phys Act Health 7:S204-12. 2010..To evaluate the association between the physical and social environment and physical activity (leisure-time and transport-related) in a population-based sample of adults...
- Personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to schoolAnna Timperio
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, and The Children s Hospital at Westmead, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Am J Prev Med 30:45-51. 2006..The purpose of this study was to examine personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school among children...
- Green cities and health: a question of scale?Elizabeth A Richardson
School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, Drummond Street, Edinburgh EH8 9XP, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 66:160-5. 2012..We investigated whether a relationship between green space coverage and selected mortality rates exists at the city level in the USA...
- Environmental correlates of physical activity in driving and non-driving rural Japanese womenMasamitsu Kamada
Physical Education and Medicine Research Center UNNAN, Shimane, Japan
Prev Med 49:490-6. 2009..This study examined the relationship between physical activity and the environment among rural Japanese women, and whether that relationship varied with driving status...
- Association of physical activity and neighborhood environment among Japanese adultsShigeru Inoue
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Tokyo Medical University, 6 1 1 Shinjuku, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo, Japan
Prev Med 48:321-5. 2009..This study aimed to examine the relationship between perceived environment and physical activity among Japanese adults...
- Route preferences among adults in the near market for bicycling: findings of the cycling in cities studyMeghan Winters
Department of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Am J Health Promot 25:40-7. 2010..To provide evidence about the types of transportation infrastructure that support bicycling...
- Do features of public open spaces vary according to neighbourhood socio-economic status?David Crawford
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Burwood, Australia
Health Place 14:889-93. 2008..This study suggests that POS in high socioeconomic neighbourhoods possess more features that are likely to promote physical activity amongst children...
- Neighbourhood walkability and its particular importance for adults with a preference for passive transportDelfien Van Dyck
Fund for Scientific Research Flanders FWO, Belgium
Health Place 15:496-504. 2009..In a health promotion context, these results are very promising...
- Physical activity resource attributes and obesity in low-income African AmericansKristen M McAlexander
Texas Obesity Research Center, Health and Human Performance Department, University of Houston, 3855 Holman St, Houston, TX 77204, USA
J Urban Health 86:696-707. 2009..8%, p < 0.05). Physical activity resource attributes and neighborhood sidewalk connectivity were related to BMI and body fat among low-income African Americans living in housing developments...
- Mixed land use and walkability: Variations in land use measures and relationships with BMI, overweight, and obesityBarbara B Brown
Department of Family and Consumer Studies, 225 S 1400 E RM 228, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 0080, USA
Health Place 15:1130-41. 2009..Thus the presence of walkable land uses, rather than their equal mixture, relates to healthy weight...
- Validation of a GIS facilities database: quantification and implications of errorJanne E Boone
Department of Nutrition, Schools of Public Health and Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
Ann Epidemiol 18:371-7. 2008..To validate a commercial database of community-level physical activity facilities that can be used in future research examining associations between access to physical activity facilities and individual-level physical activity and obesity...
- A hierarchy of sociodemographic and environmental correlates of walking and obesityLawrence D Frank
School of Community and Regional Planning at the University of British Columbia, Canada
Prev Med 47:172-8. 2008..The aim of this study was to use a novel statistical technique to identify possible subgroups...
- Disaggregate land uses and walkingMegan E McConville
Department of City and Regional Planning, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
Am J Prev Med 40:25-32. 2011..Although researchers have explored associations between mixed-use development and physical activity, few have examined the influence of specific land uses...
- Can virtual streetscape audits reliably replace physical streetscape audits?Hannah M Badland
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand
J Urban Health 87:1007-16. 2010..Supplementary data derived from other sources (e.g., Geographical Information Systems) could be used to assess the less reliable streetscape variables...
- Psychosocial factors and breast cancer screeningYvonne Michael; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Away From Home and Out of SchoolDeborah A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010..The findings will be useful to inform future community and population level interventions to promote healthy eating, active living, and obesity control. ..
- ALCOHOL OUTLETS, BROKEN WINDOWS, GONORRHEA AND HIV RISKDeborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003..The findings will inform future HIV prevention interventions and provide guidance to CBOs as to whether control of alcohol outlets and neighborhood development may enhance the prevention of HIV transmission. ..
- GIS, ALCOHOL MARKETING, AND ALCOHOL-RELATED OUTCOMESDeborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006..Because alcohol marketing is already regulated, if certain marketing techniques are disproportionately associated with alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality, the findings can be used to inform public policy. ..
- Understanding Change in Physical Activity PostpartumKELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2009..This proposal directly addresses the need to better understand multi-level factors involved in physical activity behavior change, RFA #CA-04-009 "Mechanisms of Physical Activity Behavior Change". ..
- Obesity, Physical Activity and Built Space in New York CityAndrew Rundle; Fiscal Year: 2009..This research on the phsyical environment and adaption to it, will identify strategies for building and organizing communites that increase physical activity, improve diets and reduce obesity. ..
- Neighborhood Environments and Disparities in Obesity Rates in New York CityAndrew G Rundle; Fiscal Year: 2010..Furthermore, the analyses will be used to guide New York City's ongoing long term planning process for using urban design to promote public health...
- Spousal communication and cancer prevention behaviorKELLY EVENSON; Fiscal Year: 2006..The long-term goal of this research is to develop better interventions which help prevent cancer, and other chronic health conditions, by involving spouses in preventive behavior change programs. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- The Epidemiology of Physical Activity and Lung CancerAndrew Rundle; Fiscal Year: 2006..Both projects are directed at the development of new lung cancer prevention programs that can supplement current smoking prevention and cessation programs. ..
- Ecological Analysis of Physical ActivityJames Sallis; Fiscal Year: 2004..Results will inform public health, land use, and transportation policies that could have population-wide impacts on physical activity. ..
- Study Designs & Analytic Strategies for Environmental & Policy Research in ObesitJames Sallis; Fiscal Year: 2008..New investigators and minority investigators will be invited to participate in the conference. (End of Abstract) [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- The Effects of Community Social and Built Environment on Physical ActivityMing Wen; Fiscal Year: 2007..the community level?; and 5) How are the above relationships sensitive to geographic aggregation levels of community? What are the most appropriate aggregation levels relevant to physical activity? [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Building Health Empowerment Zones for People with DisabilitiesJames Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2009..The primary outcome of this demonstration project is a model program for improving access to the built environment resulting in improved health and reduction of secondary conditions among people with mobility disabilities. ..
- Personalized Physical Activity & Nutrition Intervention for Overweight/Obese.....James Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2008..Intention-to-treat analysis will be conducted using a series of mixed models that will compare the three treatment groups over time (pre-test and six, 12 and 18-month post-test). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neighborhood Social Capital, Health, and AgingYvonne Michael; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- Environmental Influences on Change in Elderly WalkingYvonne Michael; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Universal Exercise Kits for Manual Wheelchair UsersJames Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Tai Chi Training for People with Parkinson's DiseaseFuzhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2006..The final product in both video and DVD formats will be marketed to people with PD through local support groups, PD organizations, and educational media distributors. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Neighborhoods and physical activity among older menYvonne Michael; Fiscal Year: 2006..The results of this research are an important first step in quantifying the relation between neighborhood accessibility and physical activity, especially walking, among the elderly. ..
- Cobblestone Walking for Elder HealthFuzhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2004..In addition, results are likely to provide support for the development of an added, low-cost, innovative exercise modality suitable for community setting to reduce or delay frailty in the older population. ..
- Tai Chi Training and Sleep Enhancement in the ElderlyFuzhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- EEFFECTS OF AEROBIC EXERCISE IN PERSONS WITH STROKEJames Rimmer; Fiscal Year: 2003..Unlike traditional analytic methods, the GEE approach can be used with data characterized by almost any type of statistical distribution (e.g., normal/Gaussian, binomial, Poison). ..
- Environmental Predictors of Elderly ObesityFuzhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- TAI CHI, CONTROL, AND AGINGFuzhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- A THERAPEUTIC MODEL FOR CEREBRAL ISCHEMIATERESITA BRIONES; Fiscal Year: 2003..From a nursing perspective, results from this study are important clinically because the needs of most survivors of brain injury often times are for continuous nursing, while use of medical services may be intermittent. ..
- PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY, SENSORIMOTOR FUNCTIONS & BALANCEJames Richardson; Fiscal Year: 2004..Stratification of the subjects in the first group by the presence of carpal tunnel syndrome and testing the subjects in the second group at 3 and 12 weeks may give insight into the mechanisms responsible for improvement noted. ..
- Self-Determination for Increasing Physical ActivityDAWN WILSON; Fiscal Year: 2008..This study will address an important public health problem that will have implications for decreasing obesity in underserved adolescents. ..
- ORGANOCHLORINE PESTICIDES AND MALE GENITAL ANOMALIESRajiv Bhatia; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- NEAT & Physical Activity Assessment in the ElderlyJames Levine; Fiscal Year: 2006..These studies may potentially guide us to devise novel strategies to prevent sarcopenia and promote physical activity in the elderly. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Research Grants to Prevent Unintentional InjuriesCorinne Peek Asa; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable]..
- Activity Space Environments, Behaviors, and Body Weight Status in Urban AdultsShannon Zenk; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Mujeres en Accion: Walking in Hispanic WomenColleen Keller; Fiscal Year: 2009..intervention program, "Mujeres en Accion: Walking in Hispanic Women," grounded in prior research with ethnically diverse women, to promote the initiation and maintenance of regular PA, and reduce cardiovascular risk among Hispanic women ..
- Instruments for measuring physical activityJames Levine; Fiscal Year: 2008..This should allow us to better define the role of physical activity in health and disease. ..
- Improving Safety and Access for Physical ActivityDawn K Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Assessing Cognitive Function in the Bogalusa Heart Study CohortJeanette Gustat; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Non-exercise Activity Thermogenesis (NEAT)James Levine; Fiscal Year: 2005..In addition, these studies may provide information regarding the pathogenesis of obesity and potentially into novel modalities for preventing and treating obesity. ..
- ATTENDED CITY SCHOOLYARDS TO INCREASE PHYSICAL ACTIVITYThomas Farley; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- Nutritional Restriction and Activity ThermogenesisJames Levine; Fiscal Year: 2007..1 2 Description, ..
- Evaluation of California Initiatives to Reduce Violence*Corinne Peek Asa; Fiscal Year: 2004..Such evaluations have been identified as a priority in research agendas including NORA and Workplace Violence: A Report to the Nation. ..
- Jornaleros Unidos con el Pueblo (Day Laborers United)Rajiv Bhatia; Fiscal Year: 2006..Outcome indictors will be formulated to reflect changes in hazardous work conditions and their social and structural context and changes in the collective capacity of the community. ..
- Trichloroethylene Exposure AssessmentJAN SEMENZA; Fiscal Year: 2004..Because of the urgent nature of this epidemiologic investigation, we will also collect biological samples for future susceptibility studies of TCE detoxification pathways in order to validate the laboratory methods. ..
- GENE EXPRESSION-ENVIRONMENT LINK IN CEREBRAL ISCHEMIATERESITA BRIONES; Fiscal Year: 2006..Additionally, the sensory motor deficit seen following ischemic damage can affect the long-term outcome of these survivors. ..
- NEIGHBORHOOD EFFECTS IN COMMUNITY TRIALS FOR CVDJ Michael Oakes; Fiscal Year: 2001..It will advance the multidisciplinary substantive understanding and methodological tools necessary for public health practice in the twenty-first century. ..
- Exploratory Study of Environmental Effects on Activity/Overweight in Older WomenPHILIP TROPED; Fiscal Year: 2008..Ultimately, this study's findings may help to decrease the risk of several cancers related to lack of physical activity -- both among older adults and younger populations. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Obesity Prevention Tailored for HealthKim Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2004..It also satisfies the general objective of funding creative, innovative feasibility studies for cancer prevention and control. ..
- Promoting physical activity among Latino youth: A community-based approachCynthia Perry; Fiscal Year: 2009..The feasibility assessment will include a process evaluation, identification of barriers to participation by the adolescents in the intervention, and an outcomes evaluation. ..
- BEAT OSTEOPOROSIS: NOURISH & EXERCISE SKELETONS (BONE)Christina Economos; Fiscal Year: 2003..Results from this study will provide an appropriate model for national replication and sustainability of a program to beat osteoporosis by nourishing and exercising skeletons early in life. ..
- PARTICIPATION OF CHILDREN WITH PHYSICAL DISABILITIESMary Law; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- GENETIC BASIS OF SPECIES DIFFERENCES IN DROSOPHILAJerry Coyne; Fiscal Year: 2009..We will perform laboratory studies of tolerance and preference to understand these anomalies. Our results may be relevant to understanding the origin of species in other animal groups, including humans. ..
- ENGAGEMENT OF PERSONS WITH DEMENTIAJiska Cohen Mansfield; Fiscal Year: 2006..In that way, it presents an exciting prospect for improving the quality of life in demented persons, thereby reducing their caregivers' burden. ..
- Dental Practitioners and Eating Disorder PreventionRita DeBate; Fiscal Year: 2002..This project is unique in that it takes a theoretical approach involving the dental practitioner as a key participant in the secondary and tertiary prevention of eating disorders. ..
- www.TechforLTC.com: Bringing Assistive Technologies LTCMargaret Calkins; Fiscal Year: 2006..Assistive technologies may also have a significant impact on worker efficiency and satisfaction, reduce injury (resident and staff) and help keep liability costs under control. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Sleep Disruption in New Parents: An intervention TrialKathryn Lee; Fiscal Year: 2006..More generalizable results from this targeted sample will be used to develop an educational intervention package for distribution to all adults preparing for parenthood. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Cervical Cancer Control in Vietnamese WomenVictoria Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- GIS Training Program for Population ScientistsStephen Matthews; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Neighborhood Food Environment, Diet and Health: Quasi-experimental StudyStephen Matthews; Fiscal Year: 2006..Findings from the project will be used to prepare a proposal to NIH for a larger mixed-method, multi-site experimental study in a range of community settings (urban, small town, rural) throughout the USA. ..
- Community Integration after Spinal Cord Injury: Using Photovoice to Identify BarrSusan Newman; Fiscal Year: 2007..This checklist will be utilized to inform future intervention projects and health promotion activities that facilitate the integration of individuals with SCI into the Charleston community. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Factors Influencing Physical Activity in Older African American MenSteven Hooker; Fiscal Year: 2007..Thus, PA can help reduce human suffering, offset premature death and disability, and improve quality of life for a segment of the population stricken by abysmal health - older AA men. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- REFUGEES AND IMMIGRANTS 'NEW VENTURES' E J PARTNERSHIPLinda Silka; Fiscal Year: 2003..In Year 4 we will emphasize integrating the four strands of activities so that they will continue to be sustained beyond the grant period and will complete the evaluation of the partnership. ..
- SES AND AGE-RELATED DISABILITY IN A BIRACIAL COMMUNITYCarlos Mendes de Leon; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Web-based Environmental Design Lexicon for Dementia careMargaret Calkins; Fiscal Year: 2003..Phase III includes final product development and market penetration plans. ..
- Online Learning for Older AdultsMargaret Calkins; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..