taxes

Summary

Summary: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Cigarette taxes and youth smoking: new evidence from national, state, and local Youth Risk Behavior Surveys
    Christopher Carpenter
    Economics Public Policy, The Paul Merage School of Business, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697 3125, USA
    J Health Econ 27:287-99. 2008
  2. pmc Assessing the potential effectiveness of food and beverage taxes and subsidies for improving public health: a systematic review of prices, demand and body weight outcomes
    L M Powell
    Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Obes Rev 14:110-28. 2013
  3. ncbi Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of policies and programmes to reduce the harm caused by alcohol
    Peter Anderson
    School for Public Health and Primary Care, University of Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Lancet 373:2234-46. 2009
  4. ncbi Estimating the potential of taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages to reduce consumption and generate revenue
    Tatiana Andreyeva
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
    Prev Med 52:413-6. 2011
  5. ncbi Impact of targeted beverage taxes on higher- and lower-income households
    Eric A Finkelstein
    Health Services and Systems Research Program, Duke National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School, Singapore
    Arch Intern Med 170:2028-34. 2010
  6. ncbi Tobacco taxes as a tobacco control strategy
    Frank J Chaloupka
    University of Illinois, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
    Tob Control 21:172-80. 2012
  7. ncbi Intended and unintended consequences of a proposed national tax on sugar-sweetened beverages to combat the U.S. obesity problem
    Senarath Dharmasena
    Agribusiness, Food and Consumer Economics Research Center AFCERC, Department of Agricultural Economics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 2124, USA
    Health Econ 21:669-94. 2012
  8. pmc Soda taxes, soft drink consumption, and children's body mass index
    Roland Sturm
    RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 29:1052-8. 2010
  9. pmc Food prices and obesity: evidence and policy implications for taxes and subsidies
    Lisa M Powell
    Institute for Health Research and Policy and Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 West Roosevelt, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
    Milbank Q 87:229-57. 2009
  10. pmc Effects of alcohol tax and price policies on morbidity and mortality: a systematic review
    Alexander C Wagenaar
    University of Florida, College of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Gainesville, FL 32610 0177, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:2270-8. 2010

Detail Information

Publications253 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Cigarette taxes and youth smoking: new evidence from national, state, and local Youth Risk Behavior Surveys
    Christopher Carpenter
    Economics Public Policy, The Paul Merage School of Business, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697 3125, USA
    J Health Econ 27:287-99. 2008
    ..state cigarette tax increases on youth substance use over the 1990s, with most--but not all--finding that higher taxes reduce youth consumption of tobacco...
  2. pmc Assessing the potential effectiveness of food and beverage taxes and subsidies for improving public health: a systematic review of prices, demand and body weight outcomes
    L M Powell
    Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Obes Rev 14:110-28. 2013
    b>Taxes and subsidies are increasingly being considered as potential policy instruments to incentivize consumers to improve their food and beverage consumption patterns and related health outcomes...
  3. ncbi Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of policies and programmes to reduce the harm caused by alcohol
    Peter Anderson
    School for Public Health and Primary Care, University of Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Lancet 373:2234-46. 2009
    ..In settings with high amounts of unrecorded production and consumption, increasing the proportion of alcohol that is taxed could be a more effective pricing policy than a simple increase in tax...
  4. ncbi Estimating the potential of taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages to reduce consumption and generate revenue
    Tatiana Andreyeva
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
    Prev Med 52:413-6. 2011
    Beverage taxes came into light with increasing concerns about obesity, particularly among youth. Sugar-sweetened beverages have become a target of anti-obesity initiatives with increasing evidence of their link to obesity...
  5. ncbi Impact of targeted beverage taxes on higher- and lower-income households
    Eric A Finkelstein
    Health Services and Systems Research Program, Duke National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School, Singapore
    Arch Intern Med 170:2028-34. 2010
    Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) taxes are increasingly being considered as a strategy for addressing the obesity epidemic. We sought to investigate the differential impact of targeted beverage taxes on higher- and lower-income households.
  6. ncbi Tobacco taxes as a tobacco control strategy
    Frank J Chaloupka
    University of Illinois, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
    Tob Control 21:172-80. 2012
    Increases in tobacco taxes are widely regarded as a highly effective strategy for reducing tobacco use and its consequences.
  7. ncbi Intended and unintended consequences of a proposed national tax on sugar-sweetened beverages to combat the U.S. obesity problem
    Senarath Dharmasena
    Agribusiness, Food and Consumer Economics Research Center AFCERC, Department of Agricultural Economics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 2124, USA
    Health Econ 21:669-94. 2012
    ..55 lb per year. However, not considering demand interrelationships would result in higher weight loss. Unequivocally, it is necessary to consider interrelationships among non-alcoholic beverages in assessing the effect of the tax...
  8. pmc Soda taxes, soft drink consumption, and children's body mass index
    Roland Sturm
    RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 29:1052-8. 2010
    b>Taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages have been proposed to combat obesity...
  9. pmc Food prices and obesity: evidence and policy implications for taxes and subsidies
    Lisa M Powell
    Institute for Health Research and Policy and Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 West Roosevelt, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
    Milbank Q 87:229-57. 2009
    ....
  10. pmc Effects of alcohol tax and price policies on morbidity and mortality: a systematic review
    Alexander C Wagenaar
    University of Florida, College of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Gainesville, FL 32610 0177, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:2270-8. 2010
    We systematically reviewed the effects of alcohol taxes and prices on alcohol-related morbidity and mortality to assess their public health impact.
  11. ncbi Effectiveness of tax and price policies in tobacco control
    Frank J Chaloupka
    Economics, College of Business Administration, Health Policy and Administration, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Tob Control 20:235-8. 2011
    ....
  12. ncbi Effects of beverage alcohol price and tax levels on drinking: a meta-analysis of 1003 estimates from 112 studies
    Alexander C Wagenaar
    University of Florida, College of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Gainesville, FL 32610 0177, USA
    Addiction 104:179-90. 2009
    ..A total of 112 studies of alcohol tax or price effects were found, containing 1003 estimates of the tax/price-consumption relationship...
  13. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of volumetric alcohol taxation in Australia
    Joshua M Byrnes
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Med J Aust 192:439-43. 2010
    ....
  14. pmc The consequences of high cigarette excise taxes for low-income smokers
    Matthew C Farrelly
    Research Triangle Institute International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e43838. 2012
    To illustrate the burden of high cigarette excise taxes on low-income smokers.
  15. ncbi Estimating price elasticities when there is smuggling: the sensitivity of smoking to price in Canada
    Jonathan Gruber
    Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT and NBER E52 355, 50 Memorial Drive, Cambridge, MA 02142 1347, USA
    J Health Econ 22:821-42. 2003
    ..In the context of recent behavioral models of smoking, whereby higher taxes reduce unwanted smoking among price sensitive populations, this finding suggests that cigarette taxes may not be ..
  16. pmc The case for OFSMOKE: how tobacco price regulation is needed to promote the health of markets, government revenue and the public
    Anna B Gilmore
    Department for Health, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath BA27AY, UK
    Tob Control 19:423-30. 2010
    ..unintended and often overlooked consequences of tobacco tax policies, notably that gradual increases in specific taxes may allow the industry to disguise significant price increases--has, at least in high income countries, given ..
  17. pmc Could targeted food taxes improve health?
    Oliver Mytton
    Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:689-94. 2007
    ..To examine the effects on nutrition, health and expenditure of extending value added tax (VAT) to a wider range of foods in the UK...
  18. ncbi Measuring weight outcomes for obesity intervention strategies: the case of a sugar-sweetened beverage tax
    Biing Hwan Lin
    Economic Research Service, USDA, 355 E Street SW, Washington, DC 20024, United States
    Econ Hum Biol 9:329-41. 2011
    ..A growing number of studies have examined the effects of such food taxes, but few have estimated the weight-loss effects...
  19. pmc Sugar-sweetened beverage taxes in Brazil
    Rafael M Claro
    Center for Epidemiological Studies in Health and Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Am J Public Health 102:178-83. 2012
    ..We investigated whether taxing sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) would improve the diets of households in Brazil...
  20. ncbi The Irish tobacco industry position on price increases on tobacco products
    Fenton Howell
    ASH Ireland, Denshaw House, 120 121 Baggot Street Lower, Dublin 2, Ireland
    Tob Control 21:514-6. 2012
    ..To examine what the tobacco industry in Ireland says to government on tobacco price, and what it does...
  21. pmc The effect of fiscal policy on diet, obesity and chronic disease: a systematic review
    Anne Marie Thow
    Menzies Centre for Health Policy, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Bull World Health Organ 88:609-14. 2010
    To assess the effect of food taxes and subsidies on diet, body weight and health through a systematic review of the literature.
  22. pmc Use of pharmacy data to evaluate smoking regulations' impact on sales of nicotine replacement therapies in New York City
    Kristina B Metzger
    Bureau of Epidemiology Services, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 125 Worth St, Room 315, CN 6, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1050-5. 2005
    Recently, New York City and New York State increased cigarette excise taxes and New York City implemented a smoke-free workplace law...
  23. ncbi Food taxation and pricing strategies to "thin out" the obesity epidemic
    Daniel Kim
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Prev Med 30:430-7. 2006
    ....
  24. ncbi Do cigarette prices motivate smokers to quit? New evidence from the ITC survey
    Hana Ross
    International Tobacco Control Research Program, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA 30303 1002, USA
    Addiction 106:609-19. 2011
    ..To examine the importance of cigarette prices in influencing smoking cessation and the motivation to quit...
  25. ncbi The global context for public health nutrition taxation
    Anne Marie Thow
    Menzies Centre for Health Policy, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Public Health Nutr 14:176-86. 2011
    ..To assess critically the scope for public health nutrition taxation within the framework of the global tax reform agenda...
  26. ncbi [Excise taxes on tobacco and the problem of smuggling - concerning the credibility of the tobacco industry's "Discarded-Cigarette-Packages-Study"]
    M Adams
    Institut für Recht der Wirtschaft, Universitat Hamburg, Germany
    Gesundheitswesen 73:705-12. 2011
    ..An often neglected but highly effective instrument for fiscal and preventive purposes is higher taxes on tobacco products...
  27. ncbi Determining the impact of food price and income changes on body weight
    Christiane Schroeter
    Arkansas State University, College of Agriculture, State University, AR 72467, USA
    J Health Econ 27:45-68. 2008
    ....
  28. ncbi Introducing taxes, subsidies or both: the effects of various food pricing strategies in a web-based supermarket randomized trial
    Wilma E Waterlander
    Department of Health Sciences and the EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Prev Med 54:323-30. 2012
    ..Fiscal policies may form a solution in improving dietary intake. This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of varying taxing and subsiding schemes to stimulate healthier food purchases...
  29. ncbi Congestion road tax and physical activity
    Patrick Bergman
    Unit for Preventive Nutrition, Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden
    Am J Prev Med 38:171-7. 2010
    Large-scale policy and environmental changes, such as congestion road taxes, may be a way to promote active transportation.
  30. ncbi Taxing soft drinks in the Pacific: implementation lessons for improving health
    Anne Marie Thow
    Menzies Centre for Health Policy, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
    Health Promot Int 26:55-64. 2011
    ..However, little is known about the processes and politics of implementing such taxes. We analysed four different soft drink taxes in Pacific countries and documented the lessons learnt regarding the ..
  31. pmc Food pricing strategies, population diets, and non-communicable disease: a systematic review of simulation studies
    Helen Eyles
    National Institute for Health Innovation, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    PLoS Med 9:e1001353. 2012
    ....
  32. ncbi Higher cigarette taxes--healthier people, wealthier state: the Hungarian experience
    Tibor Szilagyi
    Cent Eur J Public Health 15:122-6. 2007
    To prove that higher cigarette taxes eventually decrease smoking and do also increase state incomes from tobacco taxes by using Hungarian figures.
  33. ncbi Estimating the impacts of cigarette taxes on youth smoking participation, initiation, and persistence: empirical evidence from Canada
    Anindya Sen
    Department of Economics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ont, Canada
    Health Econ 19:1264-80. 2010
    ..the federal and five provincial governments in Canada implemented a 40-60% reduction to cigarette excise taxes in February 1994...
  34. ncbi Tobacco industry efforts to keep cigarettes affordable: a case study from Hungary
    T Szilagyi
    CEO, Health 21 Hungarian Foundation, Hungary
    Cent Eur J Public Health 11:223-8. 2003
    ....
  35. pmc Cigarette taxes. The straw to break the camel's back
    M Grossman
    Public Health Rep 112:290-7. 1997
    ..A substantial tax hike would curb youth smoking; this strategy should move to the forefront of the antismoking campaign...
  36. pmc Raising taxes to reduce smoking prevalence in the US: a simulation of the anticipated health and economic impacts
    Sajjad Ahmad
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Nevada, 4505 Maryland Parkway, Las Vegas, NV 89154 4015, USA
    Public Health 122:3-10. 2008
    To estimate health and economic outcomes of raising the excise taxes on cigarettes.
  37. ncbi Associations between state-level soda taxes and adolescent body mass index
    Lisa M Powell
    Department of Economics and Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60608, USA
    J Adolesc Health 45:S57-63. 2009
    Soft drink consumption has been linked with higher energy intake, obesity, and poorer health. Fiscal pricing policies such as soda taxes may lower soda consumption and, in turn, reduce weight among U.S. adolescents.
  38. pmc Uptake and effectiveness of the Children's Fitness Tax Credit in Canada: the rich get richer
    John C Spence
    Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    BMC Public Health 10:356. 2010
    ..The purposes of this study were to assess whether the awareness, uptake, and perceived effectiveness of this tax credit varied by household income among Canadian parents...
  39. ncbi The influence of taxes and subsidies on energy purchased in an experimental purchasing study
    Leonard H Epstein
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Farber Hall, 3435 Main St, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:406-14. 2010
    There is limited research on how taxes and subsidies would influence the energy and nutritional quality of food purchases...
  40. ncbi Policy change and private health insurance: did the cheapest policy do the trick?
    James R G Butler
    Aust Health Rev 25:33-41. 2002
    ..Thus the 'trick' delivered by lifetime community ratings may not be maintained in the longer term...
  41. pmc Effects of alcohol tax increases on alcohol-related disease mortality in Alaska: time-series analyses from 1976 to 2004
    Alexander C Wagenaar
    Department of Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610 0177, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:1464-70. 2009
    ..We evaluated the effects of tax increases on alcoholic beverages in 1983 and 2002 on alcohol-related disease mortality in Alaska...
  42. ncbi The impact of tobacco tax cuts on smoking initiation among Canadian young adults
    Bo Zhang
    Ontario Tobacco Research Unit, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    Am J Prev Med 30:474-9. 2006
    ..Using a longitudinal design, this study examined the impact of decreased cigarette price, resulting from tobacco tax cuts, on smoking initiation among Canadian young adults aged 20 to 24 years...
  43. pmc Cigarette purchase patterns in four countries and the relationship with cessation: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey
    A Hyland
    Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Department of Health Behavior, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, New York 14263, USA
    Tob Control 15:iii59-64. 2006
    ..This price avoidance behaviour likely dampens the health impact of higher cigarette prices although it has not been thoroughly studied...
  44. ncbi Tobacco taxation and public health: ethical problems, policy responses
    Nick Wilson
    Department of Public Health, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 7343, Wellington South, New Zealand
    Soc Sci Med 61:649-59. 2005
    ..However, tobacco taxes can contribute to financial hardship among low-socioeconomic status populations where smoking persists...
  45. ncbi Creating a perfect storm to increase consumer demand for Wisconsin's Tobacco Quitline
    Megan A Sheffer
    University of Wisconsin Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, USA
    Am J Prev Med 38:S343-6. 2010
    ..This report describes a series of policy, programmatic, and communication initiatives recently implemented in Wisconsin that resulted in a dramatic increase in consumer demand for the Wisconsin Tobacco Quitline (WTQL)...
  46. ncbi Cigarette tax avoidance and evasion
    Mark Stehr
    Department of Economics, LeBow College of Business, Drexel University, Rm 504 E Matheson Hall, 32nd and Market Streets, Philadelphia, PA 19104 2875, USA
    J Health Econ 24:277-97. 2005
    Variation in state cigarette taxes provides incentives for tax avoidance through smuggling, legal border crossing to low tax jurisdictions, or Internet purchasing...
  47. pmc Cigarette taxes and smoking participation: evidence from recent tax increases in Canada
    Sunday Azagba
    Department of Economics, Concordia University, 1455 De Maisonneuve Blvd West, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1M8, Canada
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:1583-600. 2011
    ..Health Survey and the recent tax variation across Canadian provinces, this paper examines the impact of cigarette taxes on smoking participation...
  48. pmc The $5 man: the underground economic response to a large cigarette tax increase in New York City
    Donna Shelley
    Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10 032, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:1483-8. 2007
    ..We examined the mechanisms by which living in a disadvantaged minority community influences smoking and illegal cigarette sale and purchasing behaviors after a large cigarette tax increase...
  49. ncbi Changes in volume of drinking after changes in alcohol taxes and travellers' allowances: results from a panel study
    Pia Makela
    Alcohol and Drug Research Group, National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health STAKES, Helsinki, Finland
    Addiction 103:181-91. 2008
    ....
  50. ncbi Alcohol tax cuts and increase in alcohol-positive sudden deaths: a time-series intervention analysis
    Anna Koski
    Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland
    Addiction 102:362-8. 2007
    ....
  51. pmc Weakening of one more alcohol control pillar: a review of the effects of the alcohol tax cuts in Finland in 2004
    Pia Makela
    National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
    Addiction 104:554-63. 2009
    ....
  52. ncbi The impact of tax reforms designed to encourage healthier grain consumption
    Jonas Nordström
    Institute of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen, 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
    J Health Econ 28:622-34. 2009
    ..Funding the subsidies by taxing these nutrients, or less healthy commodities, helps to counteract such developments...
  53. pmc Complicity in contraband: British American Tobacco and cigarette smuggling in Asia
    J Collin
    Centre on Global Change and Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Tob Control 13:ii104-11. 2004
    ..To examine the complicity of British American Tobacco (BAT) in cigarette smuggling in Asia, and to assess the centrality of illicit trade to regional corporate strategy...
  54. ncbi The potential role of taxes and subsidies on food in the prevention of obesity in Europe
    Laura Inés González-Zapata
    University of Alicante, Community Nursing, Preventive Medicine and Public Health and History of Science Department, Alicante, Alicante E 03080, Spain
    J Epidemiol Community Health 64:696-704. 2010
    Obesity implies costs not only for the individual but also for society. The authors explore the opinions of stakeholders on the potential of taxes or subsidies, as measures for tackling obesity in Europe.
  55. ncbi Cigarette taxes and older adult smoking: evidence from recent large tax increases
    Philip DeCicca
    Department of Economics and CHEPA, McMaster University, Canada
    J Health Econ 27:918-29. 2008
    ..from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System from 2000 to 2005, we find consistent evidence that higher taxes reduced smoking participation by older adults, especially those who are less educated and live in low-income ..
  56. ncbi Effect of cigarette taxes on the consumption of cigarettes, alcohol, tea and coffee in Taiwan
    J M Lee
    Department of Logistic Management, National Kaohsiung Marine University, Nan Tzu, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, ROC
    Public Health 124:429-36. 2010
    ..To analyse whether a health tax of 10 New Taiwan Dollars (NT$) (US$0.3) imposed on cigarettes in 2009 will help to reduce cigarette consumption, and whether or not the cigarette tax will affect consumption of alcohol, coffee and tea...
  57. pmc Council tax valuation band predicts breast feeding and socio-economic status in the ALSPAC study population
    Norman Beale
    Northlands R and D General Practice, Calne, SN11 0HH, UK
    BMC Public Health 6:5. 2006
    ....
  58. ncbi When do fat taxes increase consumer welfare?
    Jayson L Lusk
    Department of Agricultural Economics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
    Health Econ 21:1367-74. 2012
    Previous analyses of fat taxes have generally worked within an empirical framework in which it is difficult to determine whether consumers benefit from the policy...
  59. ncbi Is the "alcopops" tax working? Probably yes but there is a bigger picture
    Steven J Skov
    Royal Australasian College of Physicians, Sydney, NSW, Australia
    Med J Aust 195:84-6. 2011
    The Australian Government's decision to raise taxes on ready-to-drink spirit-based beverages (RTDs; "alcopops") in 2008 caused great controversy. Interest groups have selectively cited evidence to support their points of view...
  60. pmc Small taxes on soft drinks and snack foods to promote health
    M F Jacobson
    Center for Science in the Public Interest, Washington, DC 20009 5728, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:854-7. 2000
    ..One source of funding is suggested by the fact that 18 states and 1 major city levy special taxes on soft drinks, candy, chewing gum, or snack foods...
  61. pmc Tax, price and cigarette smoking: evidence from the tobacco documents and implications for tobacco company marketing strategies
    F J Chaloupka
    Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60607 7121, USA
    Tob Control 11:I62-72. 2002
    ....
  62. ncbi Impulsivity in the supermarket. Responses to calorie taxes and subsidies in healthy weight undergraduates
    Janneke C A H Giesen
    Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Appetite 58:6-10. 2012
    ..Furthermore, taxing high-energy dense products was more successful in reducing calorie consumption than subsidizing low-energy dense products...
  63. ncbi Do cigarette taxes affect children's body mass index? The effect of household environment on health
    Jennifer M Mellor
    Department of Economics, College of William and Mary, PO Box 8795, Williamsburg, VA 23187 8795, USA
    Health Econ 20:417-31. 2011
    Several recent studies demonstrate a positive effect of cigarette prices and taxes on obesity among adults, especially those who smoke...
  64. pmc Using search query surveillance to monitor tax avoidance and smoking cessation following the United States' 2009 "SCHIP" cigarette tax increase
    John W Ayers
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e16777. 2011
    ..Trends were similar for state-specific tax increases but suggest strong interactive processes across taxes. When the SCHIP tax followed Florida's tax, versus not, it promoted more cessation and avoidance searches...
  65. ncbi Palm oil taxes and cardiovascular disease mortality in India: economic-epidemiologic model
    Sanjay Basu
    Prevention Research Center, and Center on Poverty and Inequality, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
    BMJ 347:f6048. 2013
    ..To examine the potential effect of a tax on palm oil on hyperlipidemia and on mortality due to cardiovascular disease in India...
  66. pmc Effects of domestic violence policies, alcohol taxes and police staffing levels on intimate partner homicide in large US cities
    April M Zeoli
    School of Criminal Justice, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
    Inj Prev 16:90-5. 2010
    ..To assess the relationships between intimate partner homicide (IPH) and public policies including police staffing levels in large US cities...
  67. pmc Employment impact of sugar-sweetened beverage taxes
    Lisa M Powell
    Lisa M Powell, Roy Wada, and Frank J Chaloupka are with the Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois, Chicago Lisa M Powell is also with the Division of Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, University of Illinois, Chicago Joseph J Persky and Frank J Chaloupka are with the Department of Economics, University of Illinois, Chicago
    Am J Public Health 104:672-7. 2014
    We assessed the impact of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) taxes on net employment.
  68. ncbi Framing and the marginalisation of evidence in media reportage of policy debate about alcopops, Australia 2008-2009: implications for advocacy
    Andrea S Fogarty
    School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    Drug Alcohol Rev 30:569-76. 2011
    ..The tax was associated with both and overall net reduction in alcohol consumption (2.7%) and reduction specifically in ready-to-drink spirits (26.1%)...
  69. ncbi Botswana alcohol policy and the presidential levy controversy
    Joseph M N Pitso
    University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana
    Addiction 106:898-905. 2011
    ..DESIGN, MEASUREMENTS: Analysis of policy documents and media reports to describe the drivers of policy formation...
  70. ncbi Statistical inference of progressivity dominance: an application to health care financing distributions
    J Klavus
    STAKES, Health and Welfare Economics Group, National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health, P O Box 220, FIN 00531 Helsinki, Finland
    J Health Econ 20:363-77. 2001
    ..measurement, the difference between the Lorenz curve of income inequality and the concentration curves of various taxes and payments is used to evaluate progressivity dominance and changes in progressivity...
  71. ncbi Cost-effectiveness of interventions to prevent alcohol-related disease and injury in Australia
    Linda Cobiac
    School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia
    Addiction 104:1646-55. 2009
    ..To evaluate cost-effectiveness of eight interventions for reducing alcohol-attributable harm and determine the optimal intervention mix...
  72. ncbi The public health impacts of a fat tax
    R Tiffin
    Department of Agricultural and Food Economics, University of Reading, Reading, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 65:427-33. 2011
    ..Fiscal measures might have a limited impact on such diets, and as a result, on health. We measure the impact of a fiscal intervention on the the risks of diet-related disease, accounting for the full range of diets...
  73. ncbi A simulation model to predict the fiscal and public health impact of a change in cigarette excise taxes
    Corné van Walbeek
    University of Cape Town, School of Economics, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa
    Tob Control 19:31-6. 2010
    ..consumption and excise revenue in response to excise tax changes, and (2) to demonstrate that, if the industry has market power, increases in specific taxes have better tobacco control consequences than increases in ad valorem taxes.
  74. ncbi International application of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) taxation in obesity reduction: factors that may influence policy effectiveness in country-specific contexts
    Judy Jou
    University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Division of Health Policy and Management, 420 Delaware Street SE, MMC 729, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Health Policy 107:83-90. 2012
    ..Thorough evaluation of these points is recommended prior to adopting SSB or soft drink taxation as an obesity reduction measure in any given country...
  75. ncbi The impact of alcohol taxation on liver cirrhosis mortality
    William R Ponicki
    Prevention Research Center, 1995 University Avenue, Suite 450, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 67:934-8. 2006
    The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of distilled spirits, wine, and beer taxes on cirrhosis mortality using a large-panel data set and statistical models that control for various other factors that may affect that ..
  76. pmc Trends and affordability of cigarette prices: ample room for tax increases and related health gains
    G E Guindon
    World Health Organization, Tobacco Free Initiative, Geneva, Switzerland
    Tob Control 11:35-43. 2002
    ..Increasing the price of tobacco products is arguably the most effective method of curbing the prevalence and consumption of tobacco products. Price increases would reduce the global burden of disease brought about by tobacco consumption...
  77. ncbi Utilization of a tobacco quit line prior to and after a tobacco tax increase
    Todd S Harwell
    Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Bureau, Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services, Helena, Montana 59620, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 13:637-41. 2007
    To evaluate the utilization of a tobacco quit line prior to and after an increase in tobacco taxes.
  78. ncbi Simulated effect of tobacco tax variation on Latino health in California
    S Emery
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
    Am J Prev Med 21:278-83. 2001
    ..Therefore, the effect of an increase in cigarette excise taxes on Latino smoking prevalence may be quite large, and consequently the impact on Latino health may be ..
  79. ncbi The complementarity of teen smoking and drinking
    T S Dee
    Department of Economics, Swarthmore College, PA 19081, USA
    J Health Econ 18:769-93. 1999
    ..Similarly, higher cigarette taxes and reductions in teen smoking are associated with a lower prevalence of teen drinking...
  80. doi Using taxes to curb drinking in Australia
    Christopher M Doran
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 2052 NSW, Australia
    Lancet 372:701-2. 2008
  81. ncbi Registered indians and tobacco taxation: a culturally-appropriate strategy?
    A E Dennis Wardman
    First Nations and Inuit Health Branch, Health Canada, Vancouver, BC
    Can J Public Health 96:451-3. 2005
    ..In order to better support RI communities, governments and other organizations need to examine this policy instrument in the context of RI populations...
  82. pmc How much downside? Quantifying the relative harm from tobacco taxation
    N Wilson
    Department of Public Health, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Otago, New Zealand
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:451-4. 2004
    ..To estimate the loss of life expectancy attributable to tobacco taxation (via financial hardship and flow-on health effect) in New Zealand...
  83. pmc Sensitivity to cigarette prices among individuals with alcohol, drug, or mental disorders
    Michael K Ong
    Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1243-5. 2010
    ..Increasing cigarette taxes could be effective in reducing smoking among individuals with alcohol, drug, or mental disorders.
  84. pmc Smoking initiation among youth: the role of cigarette excise taxes and prices by race/ethnicity and gender
    James M Nonnemaker
    RTI International, 3040 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    J Health Econ 30:560-7. 2011
    Existing evidence for the role of cigarette excise taxes and prices as significant determinants of youth smoking initiation is mixed...
  85. pmc Smokers' beliefs and attitudes about purchasing cigarettes on the Internet
    Annice E Kim
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Public Health Rep 121:594-602. 2006
    ....
  86. pmc A comprehensive review of state laws governing Internet and other delivery sales of cigarettes in the United States
    Jamie F Chriqui
    University of Illinois at Chicago, Institute for Health Research and Policy, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 10:253-65. 2008
    ..S. It also provides a systematic framework for ongoing policy surveillance and will contribute to future analyses of the impact of these laws on successfully reducing youth access to cigarettes and preventing tax evasion...
  87. ncbi State tobacco excise taxes and adolescent smoking behaviors in the United States
    Carey Conley Thomson
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Unit, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 10:490-6. 2004
    The objective of the study described in this article was to examine the association between state cigarette excise taxes and smoking behaviors among youth in the United States...
  88. ncbi Funding services from the bottom up: an overview of Senior Services Levy Programs in Ohio
    Michael Payne
    Scripps Gerontology Center, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056, USA
    Gerontologist 47:555-8. 2007
    ..In this article we report on information from the 2005 Ohio Senior Service Levy Survey, including information for states or counties that may be interested in implementing senior-service levies of their own...
  89. ncbi The effect of cigarette taxes on smoking among men and women
    Mark Stehr
    Department of Economics, LeBow College of Business, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104 2875, USA
    Health Econ 16:1333-43. 2007
    The literature contains numerous studies that estimate the effect of cigarette taxes on smoking across various population groups...
  90. pmc The synergistic effect of cigarette taxes on the consumption of cigarettes, alcohol and betel nuts
    Jie Min Lee
    Department of Logistics Management, National Kaohsiung Marine University, Nan Tzu, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    BMC Public Health 7:121. 2007
    ..To discourage consumption of cigarettes, the government of Taiwan has imposed three taxes over the last two decades. It now wishes to lower consumption of betel nuts...
  91. pmc Adult tobacco use levels after intensive tobacco control measures: New York City, 2002-2003
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York 10013, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1016-23. 2005
    ..We sought to determine the impact of comprehensive tobacco control measures in New York City...
  92. ncbi Taxation reduces social disparities in adult smoking prevalence
    Mohammad Siahpush
    Department of Health Promotion, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska 68198 6075, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:285-91. 2009
    ..This study was designed to assess the extent to which the association between the price of cigarettes and smoking prevalence, as measured monthly, varies by income group...
  93. pmc The effectiveness of tax policy interventions for reducing excessive alcohol consumption and related harms
    Randy W Elder
    National Center for Health Marketing, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Prev Med 38:217-29. 2010
    ..Among studies restricted to underage populations, most found that increased taxes were also significantly associated with reduced consumption and alcohol-related harms...
  94. ncbi The effect of cigarette prices on youth smoking
    Hana Ross
    School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
    Health Econ 12:217-30. 2003
    ..There is also some evidence of negative price effect on smoking intensity, but it is sensitive to the price measure used in the model. The largest impact on cigarette demand has the teen-specific, perceived price of cigarettes...
  95. ncbi Modelling income group differences in the health and economic impacts of targeted food taxes and subsidies
    Kelechi E Nnoaham
    British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    Int J Epidemiol 38:1324-33. 2009
    To examine the effects, by income group, of targeted food taxes and subsidies on nutrition, health and expenditure in the UK.
  96. ncbi Tobacco taxes and regressivity
    Nikolay Gospodinov
    Department of Economics, Concordia University, 1455 De Maisonneuve Blvd W, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3G 1M8
    J Health Econ 28:375-84. 2009
    Recent literature on tobacco taxation suggests that optimal tax rates should be very high. But such high taxes raise concerns over regressivity...
  97. pmc Access to low-taxed cigarettes deters smoking cessation attempts
    Andrew Hyland
    Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Department of Health Behavior, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:994-5. 2005
    ..Interventions that reduce price differentials are suggested to maximize the public health benefit of cigarette excise taxes.
  98. pmc Transnational tobacco company influence on tax policy during privatization of a state monopoly: British American Tobacco and Uzbekistan
    Anna Gilmore
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Am J Public Health 97:2001-9. 2007
    ..This could be countered with effective tax policies. We explored how investment by British American Tobacco (BAT) influenced tax policy in Uzbekistan during privatization there...
  99. pmc Higher cigarette prices influence cigarette purchase patterns
    A Hyland
    Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263, USA
    Tob Control 14:86-92. 2005
    ..To examine cigarette purchasing patterns of current smokers and to determine the effects of cigarette price on use of cheaper sources, discount/generic cigarettes, and coupons...
  100. ncbi State sales tax rates for soft drinks and snacks sold through grocery stores and vending machines, 2007
    Jamie F Chriqui
    Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
    J Public Health Policy 29:226-49. 2008
    ..a "junk food" specific tax is a potential public health intervention, a majority of states already impose sales taxes on certain junk food and soft drinks...
  101. ncbi Special healthcare taxing districts: association with population health status
    James Studnicki
    College of Health and Human Services, Department of Health Behavior and Administration, University of North Carolina, Charlotte, North Carolina 28223 0001, USA
    Am J Prev Med 32:116-23. 2007
    Locally generated special healthcare taxes are an important component of community infrastructure, but their impact on the health status of populations has not been systematically addressed.

Research Grants79

  1. AMERICAN SOCIETY OF HUMAN GENETICS PUBLIC HEALTH GENETICS FELLOWSHIP
    Joann A Boughman; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..apos;^g,} To add more Project Nan^ative File attachments, please use the attachment buttons below. Add QptionalvRrbject Narrative File Delete Optional Project Narrative,File View Qptional:Prdject Narrative-File ..
  2. Tobacco Control Research Branch Scientific and Technical Services Support
    KOURTNEY MARSHALL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  3. Cell Cycle Regulation and Adult T Cell Leukemia
    Chou Zen Giam; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The study will provide molecular insights that can lead to the development of treatment strategies for human cancer ..
  4. Thirteenth Annual Meeting of the Rocky Mountain Virology Association
    Joel Rovnak; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The RMVA has been an outstanding source of communication and collaboration for the Rocky mountain region. ..
  5. Negative regulation of NF-kB and inflammation by TAX1BP1
    Edward W Harhaj; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This proposal will provide mechanistic insight into how TAX1BP1, Itch and A20 function together to inactivate key signaling molecules and restrict inflammatory signaling pathways. ..
  6. Define the role of dendritic cells in HTLV-1 associated neuroinflammatory disease
    Pooja Jain; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Additionally the results of these studies will shed light on the dynamics of immune cell interactions during chronic viral infections such as HTLV-1, HIV-1, hepatitis virus and herpes simplex virus. ..
  7. HTLV-1 &Cellular Factors in Neuroinflammatory Disease
    Brian Wigdahl; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  8. Depot calcineurin inhibitors to prevent graft rejection
    Thomas J Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In Phase 2 we propose to optimize the parameters of the delivery system, manufacture it according to FDA standards, and confirm its delivery profile and safety in further animal studies. ..
  9. Food Environment, Diet Quality and Disparities in Obesity
    Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This interdisciplinary project on the built environment, behavior and health brings together experts from nutrition, geography, epidemiology, medicine, statistics and urban design. ..
  10. HTLV-I Tax activates the anaphase promoting complex
    Chou Zen Giam; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The study will provide molecular insights that can lead to the development of treatment strategies for human cancer. ..
  11. Sugar-sweetened beverage taxes, beverage purchasing patterns, and weight
    Jamie F Chriqui; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed research will examine the relationship between state and local sales taxes on SSBs, household beverage purchasing patterns, and weight outcomes among adults and adolescents in the U.S...
  12. Pathophysiology of Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma
    UTPAL P DAVE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our aims are well-timed and can have a significant impact on a disease that is universally fatal upon diagnosis and advance our understanding of JAK3's role in T-cell neoplasia. ..
  13. Barriers to Effective Tobacco Control Policy Implementation in the US Military
    Ruth E Malone; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Policy changes, such as increased cigarette taxes and clean indoor air laws, have been shown to be more effective than education or individual intervention at ..
  14. The Control of Centriole Duplication and Degeneration
    Meng Fu Bryan Tsou; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We have developed an in vitro assay using Xenopus egg extracts to characterize proteins and activities that negatively regulate centrosome biogenesis. ..
  15. Coordinate Regulation of p53 and c-MYC in an HTLV-1 Model of Carcinogenesis
    Robert L Harrod; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This R15 AREA project will provide excellent cancer research training opportunities for undergraduates and graduate students to better prepare them for future careers in the basic or clinical oncological sciences. ..
  16. Cost-effective chronic disease prevention in developing countries
    JEREMY DAVID GOLDHABER-FIEBERT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..for analyzing large household surveys, longitudinal studies with non-random attrition, and social policies such as taxes that impact food prices, consumption, and nutritional health outcomes;(2) the life course, developmental processes ..
  17. Predictors of Smokeless Tobacco and Dual Use in the US Military
    Robert C Klesges; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..cigarette smoking cessation attempts motivated by clean indoor air policies and increased cigarette excise taxes. At the same time, ST is also increasingly being proposed as a harm reduction strategy for cigarette smokers...
  18. Renovations of the Animal Care Facility
    AWADH AMIR BINHAZIM; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This 32% increase in the number of research protocols in the ACF taxes the limited resources of the ACF, and the improvements described in this application are designed to accommodate ..
  19. Transcriptional Regulation by the HTLV-1 Tax Protein
    Jennifer K Nyborg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The effects of Tax-induced CREB phosphorylation on HTLV-1 and cyclin D1 transcription represent the major themes of this proposal. ..
  20. Economic Contraction and Alcohol-Related Suicides: A Multilevel Analysis
    Mark S Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., alcohol taxes, density of alcohol outlets, and alcohol sales)...
  21. Enhancing Civilian Support for Military Tobacco Control
    Ruth E Malone; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Policy changes, such as increased cigarette taxes and clean air laws, have been shown to be more effective than education or individual intervention at reducing ..
  22. Enhancing Civilian Support for Military Tobacco Control
    Ruth E Malone; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Policy changes, such as increased cigarette taxes and clean air laws, have been shown to be more effective than education or individual intervention at reducing ..
  23. Bladder drug delivery using intravesical liposomes to treat overactive bladder
    JONATHAN H KAUFMAN; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..With the support of the NIH, Lipella can become a sustainable tax paying company that improves the health care of Americans and supports the local and national economy. ..
  24. Mechanisms of the Adenovirus E4-ORF1 Oncoprotein
    Ronald T Javier; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  25. Diet and Exercise (DE) Program for Alzheimer Prevention
    SALLY ANN FRAUTSCHY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  26. Tobacco Control Policy Analysis &Intervention Evaluation in China and Tanzania
    Teh Wei Hu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), there are two major strategies to control tobacco use: price control (taxes/prices) and non-price control (smoke-free public places, health warnings etc.)...
  27. Modeling HTLV-1 infection and cellular immune response in HLA-A2-transgenic mice
    Zafar K Khan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Additionally the results of these studies will shed light on the dynamics of immune cell interactions during chronic viral infections such as HTLV-1, HIV-1, hepatitis virus and herpes simplex virus. ..
  28. Estimating State-Specific Potential Annual Healthcare Cost Savings from Reducing
    YUNHSIN CLAIRE WANG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Going forward, the flexibility of the model constructed allows subsequent updates with new data and/or customization with local (e.g. city- level) data. It may also pave the way for designing potential natural experiments. ..
  29. Understanding Access to Hospice Care
    MELISSA DIANE ALDRIDGE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..e., inpatient care for patients unable to remain at home).51 More than 95% of hospice care reimbursed by Medicare is for routine home care.35 ..
  30. How economic and neighborhood factors modify effects of school obesity policies
    DANIEL TABER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..g., taxes, zoning laws) modify the effects of school-based legislation...
  31. The effect of Sunday alcohol laws on alcohol consumption and related outcomes
    Barış K Yörük; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  32. Therapeutic antibody to radiation inducible TIP1 activates immune effector cells
    Marshall Michener; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The proposed studies will investigate a novel approach to cancer treatment: the use of monoclonal antibodies to radiation-induced tumor antigens. ..
  33. Localization and Speech Intelligibility in EAS and Bilateral CI Users
    Louise H Loiselle; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This information will provide potential CI users and hearing health care providers with the necessary information to make an informed decision regarding expected outcomes. ..
  34. Automatic Insulin Dosage Adjustment to Improve Glycemic Control of Diabetic Patie
    RICHARD MAURITZ BERGENSTAL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  35. Financial Motivations to Quit Smoking and Prevent Related Economic Costs
    Jody L Sindelar; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  36. International Tobacco Policy Survey
    Geoffrey T Fong; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  37. Acute Alcohol Use and Suicide
    Mark S Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  38. Family Structure, Informal Care and Long-term Care Insurance
    Courtney Harold Van Houtven; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Implications for public LTC costs will be simulated using our results and cost data from the literature. ..
  39. Mechanisms of HTLV-I Tax-mediated NF-kB activation
    Edward W Harhaj; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  40. FRESH: Dual Home Screening for Lung Cancer Prevention
    Ellen J Hahn; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Project The proposal is directly relevant to public health in that it has the potential to prevent lung cancer by reducing exposure to radon and secondhand smoke in the home. ..
  41. California MHS Act: Impact on Practice & Organizational Culture in Public Clinics
    Joel T Braslow; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  42. Effect of Tobacco Advocacy at the State Level
    STANTON ARNOLD GLANTZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey) with policy data on clean indoor air laws, tobacco taxes, price and demographic variables to develop new models of smoking behavior that will provide a framework for ..
  43. Choline transporter capacity limits motivated behavior on mice, rats, and humans
    MARTIN F SARTER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The results from this research are of direct significance for hypotheses concerning the role of this major neuromodulator system in cognitive disorders and for the development of new treatments for such disorders. ..
  44. Health Care Financing over the Life Cycle:A Quantitative Macroeconomic Analysis o
    JUERGEN JUNG; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We focus on whether these reform ideas are able to lower total U.S. health care spending and the number of individuals without health insurance. ..
  45. How economic and neighborhood factors modify effects of school obesity policies
    DANIEL TABER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., taxes, zoning laws) modify the effects of school-based legislation...
  46. Effects of Spirits Privatization on Alcohol Prices and Alcohol-related Harms
    William C Kerr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Spirits producers will be allowed to sell directly to retailers, bypassing the wholesale tier. New state spirits taxes, designed to make up the significant lost revenues from the spirits monopoly, will be the highest in the US states...
  47. Intersection of Local and State Alcohol Policy: The Case of Malt Liquor
    RHONDA J JONES-WEBB; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..malt liquor policies including underage possession/ consumption, purchase, furnishing, false identification, beer taxes, and the retail and whole distribution system for beer...
  48. Differential Effects of Managed Care Models and Competition in Medicaid
    Victoria Perez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..From a health economic perspective, the model underlying the empirical analysis extends previous theoretical work on insurer competition within a principal-agent framework. ..
  49. Tobacco Policies, Prenatal Smoking, and Infant &Child Outcomes
    Bisakha Sen; Fiscal Year: 2011
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This research project will explore whether higher cigarette taxes and Clean Indoor Air (CIA) laws at the state level are associated with reductions in prenatal smoking, improvements in infant ..
  50. Role of viral APH-2 in HTLV-2 replication and persistence
    PATRICK LEE GREEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  51. Bridging cognitive aging in rodents to man using fMRI in amnestic MCI
    Michela Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It will use tests of memory together with brain imaging to determine the effects of therapy in persons over the age of 55 who meet diagnostic criterion for amnestic mild cognitive impairment. ) ..
  52. Quality Substitution Among Heavy and AUD Drinkers and Alcohol Tax Policy
    John A Rich; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Implications for alcohol tax policy by beverage and drinker type, race, gender and age group are assessed. ..
  53. Mouse Chronic Intermittent Ethanol (CIE) Core
    Marcelo F Lopez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  54. Knowledge engineering for decision support in osteoporosis
    JOANNE FRANCOISE LAFLEUR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..30 The scope of the proposed work lies entirely within the realm of creating and testing the knowledge base. ..
  55. The influence of pricing and nutrient profiling on food purchases
    Leonard H Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The goal of this grant is to assess the independent and combined effects of 1) 25% taxes and subsidies on the least and most nutritious foods based on their nutrient profiles and 2) point of purchase ..
  56. CENTER FOR NEUROSCIENCE EXCELLENCE
    Rodney L Parsons; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  57. Impact of NYC Sugar Sweetened Beverage Policy on Calories Purchased and Consumed
    Brian Elbel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Yet while cigarette taxes and indoor smoking bans have been highly effective in decreasing smoking rates, the U.S...
  58. PRO: A Protein Ontology in OBO Foundry for Integration of Biomedical Knowledge
    Cathy H Wu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  59. The Effects of Private Health Insurance in Publicly Funded Programs
    MARY KATE BUNDORF; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  60. Comparison of the Effectiveness of CAM Therapies in Pediatric Patients Undergoing
    AMBIKA contact MATHUR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..With the ripple effect due to these jobs on revenue generated from spending as well as from taxes at the city, state and national levels, the impact of this project on the economy of the state and nation is ..
  61. CHILD SUPPORT, CHILD WELFARE & EFFECTS OF WELFARE REFORM
    H Peters; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Our estimation methodology allows us to use our results to do simulations of the effects of various policies on labor supply and child care choice. Data from the 1986, 1988, and 1989 waves of the NLSY are used to estimate the model. ..
  62. Ethanol Dependence and Stress Effects on Ethanol Drinking: Role of CRF
    Howard C Becker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..exposure constitutes a potent stressor, producing a state of allostasis whereby chronic intoxication continually taxes the organism beyond normal homeostatic limits, rendering it ill-equipped to exert appropriate behavioral control ..
  63. Complex and Self-serving Altruism in Research
    Dan Ariely; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..As such, public health guidelines and recommendations that are based on scientific evidence may be compromised. ..
  64. Mechanism of HTLV-1 Tax-mediated activation of CDK6 transcription.
    ISABELLE MICHELE LEMASSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This proposal investigates a novel mechanism of how Tax activates the transcription of a cellular gene important for cell cycle progression that, when overexpressed, potentially contributes to the proliferation of HTLV-1 infected cells. ..
  65. The Shape of Income and Mortality
    George Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In addition we will add to the literature by considering the differential contribution of taxes and transfers to the association between income and mortality and their impact on the concentration of mortality, ..
  66. MECHANISM OF HTLV-I TAX-MEDIATED PHOSPHORYLATION OF IKBA
    EMMETT CUNNINGHAM; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The candidate plans ultimately to apply the approaches and techniques learned during the five years of the training program to the study of infectious and immune-mediated eye disease. ..
  67. ANIMAL MODELS OF MOLECULAR PATHOGENSIS OF HTLV-1
    Michael Lairmore; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Collectively, our research groups provide a coordinated approach to develop state-of-the-art animal models to further knowledge of the events of HTLV-1 pathogenesis. ..
  68. Activation of HTLV1 Gene Expression and Oncogenesis
    Arnold Rabson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..thus providing a possible model of events involved in the pathogenesis of human AlL. ..
  69. Exploring How HTLV-1 Tax Induces T Cell Leukemia
    Warner Greene; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Through these combined in vivo and in vitro experiments, we hope to gain key insights into the molecular events underlying HTLV-I Tax mediated leukemogenesis. ..
  70. Mechanism of HTLV-1 activation of the SRF pathway.
    Maureen Shuh; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  71. Regulation of HTLV-I replication by the viral p30
    Christophe Nicot; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  72. The Social Safety Net, Poverty, and Material Hardship
    SIGNE MARY MCKERNAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Sorting out these positive and negative effects is crucial for informing the design of effective social safety net programs in the U.S. ..
  73. Modulation of c-MYC Functions in an HTLV-1 Model for Carcinogenesis
    Robert Harrod; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These studies may lead to the development of targeted therapeutic strategies to inhibit c-MYC oncogenic functions in hematological malignancies and solid tumors. ..
  74. CIGARETTE TAXES AND PRENATAL SMOKING
    Theodore Joyce; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..economists demonstrated that a 10 percent increase in cigarette prices due to an increase in cigarette excise taxes was associated with a 5 percent decline in smoking by pregnant women, an elasticity of-0.5...
  75. TRANSCRIPTION ACTIVATION BY HIV, TAT, HTLV TAX & HBV PX
    Michael Green; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..However, BEF works by a different mechanism, as a molecular chaperone. Experiments are proposed to further study the mechanism of BEF action. ..
  76. ECONOMIC CONDITIONS AND DRINKING BEHAVIOR
    CHRISTOPHER RUHM; Fiscal Year: 2000
    Alcohol is influenced by the economic environment in a variety of ways. Higher liquor taxes deter consumption by directly raising the cost of obtaining alcohol...
  77. PROTEINS BINDING TO THE HUMAN GAMMA INTERFERON PROMOTER
    Don Diamond; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The discovery that HTLV gene products modify the action of Cs A on the immune system has potential implication for patients in need of immunosuppressive therapy (transplantation) who have attendant retroviral- associated (HTLV) disease...
  78. Are Alcohol Tax Hikes Fully Passed Through to Prices?
    Donald Kenkel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    The State of Alaska is about to: increase taxes on malt beverages from $0.35 per gallon to $1.07 per gallon; increase taxes on wine from $0.85 per gallon to $2.50 per gallon; and increase taxes on spirits from $5.60 per gallon to $12...
  79. Alteration of Rb in HTLV-1 transformed cells
    Fatah Kashanchi; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..