Genomes and Genes
Summary: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.
Publications253 found, 100 shown here
- Cigarette taxes and youth smoking: new evidence from national, state, and local Youth Risk Behavior SurveysChristopher Carpenter
Economics Public Policy, The Paul Merage School of Business, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697 3125, USA
J Health Econ 27:287-99. 2008..state cigarette tax increases on youth substance use over the 1990s, with most--but not all--finding that higher taxes reduce youth consumption of tobacco...
- Assessing the potential effectiveness of food and beverage taxes and subsidies for improving public health: a systematic review of prices, demand and body weight outcomesL M Powell
Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
Obes Rev 14:110-28. 2013b>Taxes and subsidies are increasingly being considered as potential policy instruments to incentivize consumers to improve their food and beverage consumption patterns and related health outcomes...
- Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of policies and programmes to reduce the harm caused by alcoholPeter Anderson
School for Public Health and Primary Care, University of Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Lancet 373:2234-46. 2009..In settings with high amounts of unrecorded production and consumption, increasing the proportion of alcohol that is taxed could be a more effective pricing policy than a simple increase in tax...
- Estimating the potential of taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages to reduce consumption and generate revenueTatiana Andreyeva
Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
Prev Med 52:413-6. 2011Beverage taxes came into light with increasing concerns about obesity, particularly among youth. Sugar-sweetened beverages have become a target of anti-obesity initiatives with increasing evidence of their link to obesity...
- Impact of targeted beverage taxes on higher- and lower-income householdsEric A Finkelstein
Health Services and Systems Research Program, Duke National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School, Singapore
Arch Intern Med 170:2028-34. 2010Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) taxes are increasingly being considered as a strategy for addressing the obesity epidemic. We sought to investigate the differential impact of targeted beverage taxes on higher- and lower-income households.
- Tobacco taxes as a tobacco control strategyFrank J Chaloupka
University of Illinois, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
Tob Control 21:172-80. 2012Increases in tobacco taxes are widely regarded as a highly effective strategy for reducing tobacco use and its consequences.
- Intended and unintended consequences of a proposed national tax on sugar-sweetened beverages to combat the U.S. obesity problemSenarath Dharmasena
Agribusiness, Food and Consumer Economics Research Center AFCERC, Department of Agricultural Economics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 2124, USA
Health Econ 21:669-94. 2012..55 lb per year. However, not considering demand interrelationships would result in higher weight loss. Unequivocally, it is necessary to consider interrelationships among non-alcoholic beverages in assessing the effect of the tax...
- Soda taxes, soft drink consumption, and children's body mass indexRoland Sturm
RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 29:1052-8. 2010b>Taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages have been proposed to combat obesity...
- Food prices and obesity: evidence and policy implications for taxes and subsidiesLisa M Powell
Institute for Health Research and Policy and Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 West Roosevelt, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
Milbank Q 87:229-57. 2009....
- Effects of alcohol tax and price policies on morbidity and mortality: a systematic reviewAlexander C Wagenaar
University of Florida, College of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Gainesville, FL 32610 0177, USA
Am J Public Health 100:2270-8. 2010We systematically reviewed the effects of alcohol taxes and prices on alcohol-related morbidity and mortality to assess their public health impact.
- Effectiveness of tax and price policies in tobacco controlFrank J Chaloupka
Economics, College of Business Administration, Health Policy and Administration, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
Tob Control 20:235-8. 2011....
- Effects of beverage alcohol price and tax levels on drinking: a meta-analysis of 1003 estimates from 112 studiesAlexander C Wagenaar
University of Florida, College of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Gainesville, FL 32610 0177, USA
Addiction 104:179-90. 2009..A total of 112 studies of alcohol tax or price effects were found, containing 1003 estimates of the tax/price-consumption relationship...
- Cost-effectiveness of volumetric alcohol taxation in AustraliaJoshua M Byrnes
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Med J Aust 192:439-43. 2010....
- The consequences of high cigarette excise taxes for low-income smokersMatthew C Farrelly
Research Triangle Institute International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e43838. 2012To illustrate the burden of high cigarette excise taxes on low-income smokers.
- Estimating price elasticities when there is smuggling: the sensitivity of smoking to price in CanadaJonathan Gruber
Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT and NBER E52 355, 50 Memorial Drive, Cambridge, MA 02142 1347, USA
J Health Econ 22:821-42. 2003..In the context of recent behavioral models of smoking, whereby higher taxes reduce unwanted smoking among price sensitive populations, this finding suggests that cigarette taxes may not be ..
- The case for OFSMOKE: how tobacco price regulation is needed to promote the health of markets, government revenue and the publicAnna B Gilmore
Department for Health, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath BA27AY, UK
Tob Control 19:423-30. 2010..unintended and often overlooked consequences of tobacco tax policies, notably that gradual increases in specific taxes may allow the industry to disguise significant price increases--has, at least in high income countries, given ..
- Could targeted food taxes improve health?Oliver Mytton
Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
J Epidemiol Community Health 61:689-94. 2007..To examine the effects on nutrition, health and expenditure of extending value added tax (VAT) to a wider range of foods in the UK...
- Measuring weight outcomes for obesity intervention strategies: the case of a sugar-sweetened beverage taxBiing Hwan Lin
Economic Research Service, USDA, 355 E Street SW, Washington, DC 20024, United States
Econ Hum Biol 9:329-41. 2011..A growing number of studies have examined the effects of such food taxes, but few have estimated the weight-loss effects...
- Sugar-sweetened beverage taxes in BrazilRafael M Claro
Center for Epidemiological Studies in Health and Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Am J Public Health 102:178-83. 2012..We investigated whether taxing sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) would improve the diets of households in Brazil...
- The Irish tobacco industry position on price increases on tobacco productsFenton Howell
ASH Ireland, Denshaw House, 120 121 Baggot Street Lower, Dublin 2, Ireland
Tob Control 21:514-6. 2012..To examine what the tobacco industry in Ireland says to government on tobacco price, and what it does...
- The effect of fiscal policy on diet, obesity and chronic disease: a systematic reviewAnne Marie Thow
Menzies Centre for Health Policy, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
Bull World Health Organ 88:609-14. 2010To assess the effect of food taxes and subsidies on diet, body weight and health through a systematic review of the literature.
- Use of pharmacy data to evaluate smoking regulations' impact on sales of nicotine replacement therapies in New York CityKristina B Metzger
Bureau of Epidemiology Services, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 125 Worth St, Room 315, CN 6, New York, NY 10013, USA
Am J Public Health 95:1050-5. 2005Recently, New York City and New York State increased cigarette excise taxes and New York City implemented a smoke-free workplace law...
- Food taxation and pricing strategies to "thin out" the obesity epidemicDaniel Kim
Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Am J Prev Med 30:430-7. 2006....
- Do cigarette prices motivate smokers to quit? New evidence from the ITC surveyHana Ross
International Tobacco Control Research Program, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA 30303 1002, USA
Addiction 106:609-19. 2011..To examine the importance of cigarette prices in influencing smoking cessation and the motivation to quit...
- The global context for public health nutrition taxationAnne Marie Thow
Menzies Centre for Health Policy, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Public Health Nutr 14:176-86. 2011..To assess critically the scope for public health nutrition taxation within the framework of the global tax reform agenda...
- [Excise taxes on tobacco and the problem of smuggling - concerning the credibility of the tobacco industry's "Discarded-Cigarette-Packages-Study"]M Adams
Institut für Recht der Wirtschaft, Universitat Hamburg, Germany
Gesundheitswesen 73:705-12. 2011..An often neglected but highly effective instrument for fiscal and preventive purposes is higher taxes on tobacco products...
- Determining the impact of food price and income changes on body weightChristiane Schroeter
Arkansas State University, College of Agriculture, State University, AR 72467, USA
J Health Econ 27:45-68. 2008....
- Introducing taxes, subsidies or both: the effects of various food pricing strategies in a web-based supermarket randomized trialWilma E Waterlander
Department of Health Sciences and the EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Prev Med 54:323-30. 2012..Fiscal policies may form a solution in improving dietary intake. This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of varying taxing and subsiding schemes to stimulate healthier food purchases...
- Congestion road tax and physical activityPatrick Bergman
Unit for Preventive Nutrition, Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden
Am J Prev Med 38:171-7. 2010Large-scale policy and environmental changes, such as congestion road taxes, may be a way to promote active transportation.
- Taxing soft drinks in the Pacific: implementation lessons for improving healthAnne Marie Thow
Menzies Centre for Health Policy, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Health Promot Int 26:55-64. 2011..However, little is known about the processes and politics of implementing such taxes. We analysed four different soft drink taxes in Pacific countries and documented the lessons learnt regarding the ..
- Food pricing strategies, population diets, and non-communicable disease: a systematic review of simulation studiesHelen Eyles
National Institute for Health Innovation, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
PLoS Med 9:e1001353. 2012....
- Higher cigarette taxes--healthier people, wealthier state: the Hungarian experienceTibor Szilagyi
Cent Eur J Public Health 15:122-6. 2007To prove that higher cigarette taxes eventually decrease smoking and do also increase state incomes from tobacco taxes by using Hungarian figures.
- Estimating the impacts of cigarette taxes on youth smoking participation, initiation, and persistence: empirical evidence from CanadaAnindya Sen
Department of Economics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ont, Canada
Health Econ 19:1264-80. 2010..the federal and five provincial governments in Canada implemented a 40-60% reduction to cigarette excise taxes in February 1994...
- Tobacco industry efforts to keep cigarettes affordable: a case study from HungaryT Szilagyi
CEO, Health 21 Hungarian Foundation, Hungary
Cent Eur J Public Health 11:223-8. 2003....
- Cigarette taxes. The straw to break the camel's backM Grossman
Public Health Rep 112:290-7. 1997..A substantial tax hike would curb youth smoking; this strategy should move to the forefront of the antismoking campaign...
- Raising taxes to reduce smoking prevalence in the US: a simulation of the anticipated health and economic impactsSajjad Ahmad
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Nevada, 4505 Maryland Parkway, Las Vegas, NV 89154 4015, USA
Public Health 122:3-10. 2008To estimate health and economic outcomes of raising the excise taxes on cigarettes.
- Associations between state-level soda taxes and adolescent body mass indexLisa M Powell
Department of Economics and Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60608, USA
J Adolesc Health 45:S57-63. 2009Soft drink consumption has been linked with higher energy intake, obesity, and poorer health. Fiscal pricing policies such as soda taxes may lower soda consumption and, in turn, reduce weight among U.S. adolescents.
- Uptake and effectiveness of the Children's Fitness Tax Credit in Canada: the rich get richerJohn C Spence
Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
BMC Public Health 10:356. 2010..The purposes of this study were to assess whether the awareness, uptake, and perceived effectiveness of this tax credit varied by household income among Canadian parents...
- The influence of taxes and subsidies on energy purchased in an experimental purchasing studyLeonard H Epstein
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Farber Hall, 3435 Main St, Buffalo, NY 14214 3000, USA
Psychol Sci 21:406-14. 2010There is limited research on how taxes and subsidies would influence the energy and nutritional quality of food purchases...
- Policy change and private health insurance: did the cheapest policy do the trick?James R G Butler
Aust Health Rev 25:33-41. 2002..Thus the 'trick' delivered by lifetime community ratings may not be maintained in the longer term...
- Effects of alcohol tax increases on alcohol-related disease mortality in Alaska: time-series analyses from 1976 to 2004Alexander C Wagenaar
Department of Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610 0177, USA
Am J Public Health 99:1464-70. 2009..We evaluated the effects of tax increases on alcoholic beverages in 1983 and 2002 on alcohol-related disease mortality in Alaska...
- The impact of tobacco tax cuts on smoking initiation among Canadian young adultsBo Zhang
Ontario Tobacco Research Unit, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Am J Prev Med 30:474-9. 2006..Using a longitudinal design, this study examined the impact of decreased cigarette price, resulting from tobacco tax cuts, on smoking initiation among Canadian young adults aged 20 to 24 years...
- Cigarette purchase patterns in four countries and the relationship with cessation: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country SurveyA Hyland
Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Department of Health Behavior, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, New York 14263, USA
Tob Control 15:iii59-64. 2006..This price avoidance behaviour likely dampens the health impact of higher cigarette prices although it has not been thoroughly studied...
- Tobacco taxation and public health: ethical problems, policy responsesNick Wilson
Department of Public Health, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 7343, Wellington South, New Zealand
Soc Sci Med 61:649-59. 2005..However, tobacco taxes can contribute to financial hardship among low-socioeconomic status populations where smoking persists...
- Creating a perfect storm to increase consumer demand for Wisconsin's Tobacco QuitlineMegan A Sheffer
University of Wisconsin Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, USA
Am J Prev Med 38:S343-6. 2010..This report describes a series of policy, programmatic, and communication initiatives recently implemented in Wisconsin that resulted in a dramatic increase in consumer demand for the Wisconsin Tobacco Quitline (WTQL)...
- Cigarette tax avoidance and evasionMark Stehr
Department of Economics, LeBow College of Business, Drexel University, Rm 504 E Matheson Hall, 32nd and Market Streets, Philadelphia, PA 19104 2875, USA
J Health Econ 24:277-97. 2005Variation in state cigarette taxes provides incentives for tax avoidance through smuggling, legal border crossing to low tax jurisdictions, or Internet purchasing...
- Cigarette taxes and smoking participation: evidence from recent tax increases in CanadaSunday Azagba
Department of Economics, Concordia University, 1455 De Maisonneuve Blvd West, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1M8, Canada
Int J Environ Res Public Health 8:1583-600. 2011..Health Survey and the recent tax variation across Canadian provinces, this paper examines the impact of cigarette taxes on smoking participation...
- The $5 man: the underground economic response to a large cigarette tax increase in New York CityDonna Shelley
Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10 032, USA
Am J Public Health 97:1483-8. 2007..We examined the mechanisms by which living in a disadvantaged minority community influences smoking and illegal cigarette sale and purchasing behaviors after a large cigarette tax increase...
- Changes in volume of drinking after changes in alcohol taxes and travellers' allowances: results from a panel studyPia Makela
Alcohol and Drug Research Group, National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health STAKES, Helsinki, Finland
Addiction 103:181-91. 2008....
- Alcohol tax cuts and increase in alcohol-positive sudden deaths: a time-series intervention analysisAnna Koski
Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland
Addiction 102:362-8. 2007....
- Weakening of one more alcohol control pillar: a review of the effects of the alcohol tax cuts in Finland in 2004Pia Makela
National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
Addiction 104:554-63. 2009....
- The impact of tax reforms designed to encourage healthier grain consumptionJonas Nordström
Institute of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen, 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
J Health Econ 28:622-34. 2009..Funding the subsidies by taxing these nutrients, or less healthy commodities, helps to counteract such developments...
- Complicity in contraband: British American Tobacco and cigarette smuggling in AsiaJ Collin
Centre on Global Change and Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
Tob Control 13:ii104-11. 2004..To examine the complicity of British American Tobacco (BAT) in cigarette smuggling in Asia, and to assess the centrality of illicit trade to regional corporate strategy...
- The potential role of taxes and subsidies on food in the prevention of obesity in EuropeLaura Inés González-Zapata
University of Alicante, Community Nursing, Preventive Medicine and Public Health and History of Science Department, Alicante, Alicante E 03080, Spain
J Epidemiol Community Health 64:696-704. 2010Obesity implies costs not only for the individual but also for society. The authors explore the opinions of stakeholders on the potential of taxes or subsidies, as measures for tackling obesity in Europe.
- Cigarette taxes and older adult smoking: evidence from recent large tax increasesPhilip DeCicca
Department of Economics and CHEPA, McMaster University, Canada
J Health Econ 27:918-29. 2008..from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System from 2000 to 2005, we find consistent evidence that higher taxes reduced smoking participation by older adults, especially those who are less educated and live in low-income ..
- Effect of cigarette taxes on the consumption of cigarettes, alcohol, tea and coffee in TaiwanJ M Lee
Department of Logistic Management, National Kaohsiung Marine University, Nan Tzu, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, ROC
Public Health 124:429-36. 2010..To analyse whether a health tax of 10 New Taiwan Dollars (NT$) (US$0.3) imposed on cigarettes in 2009 will help to reduce cigarette consumption, and whether or not the cigarette tax will affect consumption of alcohol, coffee and tea...
- Council tax valuation band predicts breast feeding and socio-economic status in the ALSPAC study populationNorman Beale
Northlands R and D General Practice, Calne, SN11 0HH, UK
BMC Public Health 6:5. 2006....
- When do fat taxes increase consumer welfare?Jayson L Lusk
Department of Agricultural Economics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
Health Econ 21:1367-74. 2012Previous analyses of fat taxes have generally worked within an empirical framework in which it is difficult to determine whether consumers benefit from the policy...
- Is the "alcopops" tax working? Probably yes but there is a bigger pictureSteven J Skov
Royal Australasian College of Physicians, Sydney, NSW, Australia
Med J Aust 195:84-6. 2011The Australian Government's decision to raise taxes on ready-to-drink spirit-based beverages (RTDs; "alcopops") in 2008 caused great controversy. Interest groups have selectively cited evidence to support their points of view...
- Small taxes on soft drinks and snack foods to promote healthM F Jacobson
Center for Science in the Public Interest, Washington, DC 20009 5728, USA
Am J Public Health 90:854-7. 2000..One source of funding is suggested by the fact that 18 states and 1 major city levy special taxes on soft drinks, candy, chewing gum, or snack foods...
- Tax, price and cigarette smoking: evidence from the tobacco documents and implications for tobacco company marketing strategiesF J Chaloupka
Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60607 7121, USA
Tob Control 11:I62-72. 2002....
- Impulsivity in the supermarket. Responses to calorie taxes and subsidies in healthy weight undergraduatesJanneke C A H Giesen
Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, P O Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Appetite 58:6-10. 2012..Furthermore, taxing high-energy dense products was more successful in reducing calorie consumption than subsidizing low-energy dense products...
- Do cigarette taxes affect children's body mass index? The effect of household environment on healthJennifer M Mellor
Department of Economics, College of William and Mary, PO Box 8795, Williamsburg, VA 23187 8795, USA
Health Econ 20:417-31. 2011Several recent studies demonstrate a positive effect of cigarette prices and taxes on obesity among adults, especially those who smoke...
- Using search query surveillance to monitor tax avoidance and smoking cessation following the United States' 2009 "SCHIP" cigarette tax increaseJohn W Ayers
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e16777. 2011..Trends were similar for state-specific tax increases but suggest strong interactive processes across taxes. When the SCHIP tax followed Florida's tax, versus not, it promoted more cessation and avoidance searches...
- Palm oil taxes and cardiovascular disease mortality in India: economic-epidemiologic modelSanjay Basu
Prevention Research Center, and Center on Poverty and Inequality, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
BMJ 347:f6048. 2013..To examine the potential effect of a tax on palm oil on hyperlipidemia and on mortality due to cardiovascular disease in India...
- Effects of domestic violence policies, alcohol taxes and police staffing levels on intimate partner homicide in large US citiesApril M Zeoli
School of Criminal Justice, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
Inj Prev 16:90-5. 2010..To assess the relationships between intimate partner homicide (IPH) and public policies including police staffing levels in large US cities...
- Employment impact of sugar-sweetened beverage taxesLisa M Powell
Lisa M Powell, Roy Wada, and Frank J Chaloupka are with the Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois, Chicago Lisa M Powell is also with the Division of Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, University of Illinois, Chicago Joseph J Persky and Frank J Chaloupka are with the Department of Economics, University of Illinois, Chicago
Am J Public Health 104:672-7. 2014We assessed the impact of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) taxes on net employment.
- Framing and the marginalisation of evidence in media reportage of policy debate about alcopops, Australia 2008-2009: implications for advocacyAndrea S Fogarty
School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
Drug Alcohol Rev 30:569-76. 2011..The tax was associated with both and overall net reduction in alcohol consumption (2.7%) and reduction specifically in ready-to-drink spirits (26.1%)...
- Botswana alcohol policy and the presidential levy controversyJoseph M N Pitso
University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana
Addiction 106:898-905. 2011..DESIGN, MEASUREMENTS: Analysis of policy documents and media reports to describe the drivers of policy formation...
- Statistical inference of progressivity dominance: an application to health care financing distributionsJ Klavus
STAKES, Health and Welfare Economics Group, National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health, P O Box 220, FIN 00531 Helsinki, Finland
J Health Econ 20:363-77. 2001..measurement, the difference between the Lorenz curve of income inequality and the concentration curves of various taxes and payments is used to evaluate progressivity dominance and changes in progressivity...
- Cost-effectiveness of interventions to prevent alcohol-related disease and injury in AustraliaLinda Cobiac
School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia
Addiction 104:1646-55. 2009..To evaluate cost-effectiveness of eight interventions for reducing alcohol-attributable harm and determine the optimal intervention mix...
- The public health impacts of a fat taxR Tiffin
Department of Agricultural and Food Economics, University of Reading, Reading, UK
Eur J Clin Nutr 65:427-33. 2011..Fiscal measures might have a limited impact on such diets, and as a result, on health. We measure the impact of a fiscal intervention on the the risks of diet-related disease, accounting for the full range of diets...
- A simulation model to predict the fiscal and public health impact of a change in cigarette excise taxesCorné van Walbeek
University of Cape Town, School of Economics, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa
Tob Control 19:31-6. 2010..consumption and excise revenue in response to excise tax changes, and (2) to demonstrate that, if the industry has market power, increases in specific taxes have better tobacco control consequences than increases in ad valorem taxes.
- International application of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) taxation in obesity reduction: factors that may influence policy effectiveness in country-specific contextsJudy Jou
University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Division of Health Policy and Management, 420 Delaware Street SE, MMC 729, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Health Policy 107:83-90. 2012..Thorough evaluation of these points is recommended prior to adopting SSB or soft drink taxation as an obesity reduction measure in any given country...
- The impact of alcohol taxation on liver cirrhosis mortalityWilliam R Ponicki
Prevention Research Center, 1995 University Avenue, Suite 450, Berkeley, California 94704, USA
J Stud Alcohol 67:934-8. 2006The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of distilled spirits, wine, and beer taxes on cirrhosis mortality using a large-panel data set and statistical models that control for various other factors that may affect that ..
- Trends and affordability of cigarette prices: ample room for tax increases and related health gainsG E Guindon
World Health Organization, Tobacco Free Initiative, Geneva, Switzerland
Tob Control 11:35-43. 2002..Increasing the price of tobacco products is arguably the most effective method of curbing the prevalence and consumption of tobacco products. Price increases would reduce the global burden of disease brought about by tobacco consumption...
- Utilization of a tobacco quit line prior to and after a tobacco tax increaseTodd S Harwell
Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Bureau, Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services, Helena, Montana 59620, USA
J Public Health Manag Pract 13:637-41. 2007To evaluate the utilization of a tobacco quit line prior to and after an increase in tobacco taxes.
- Simulated effect of tobacco tax variation on Latino health in CaliforniaS Emery
Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
Am J Prev Med 21:278-83. 2001..Therefore, the effect of an increase in cigarette excise taxes on Latino smoking prevalence may be quite large, and consequently the impact on Latino health may be ..
- The complementarity of teen smoking and drinkingT S Dee
Department of Economics, Swarthmore College, PA 19081, USA
J Health Econ 18:769-93. 1999..Similarly, higher cigarette taxes and reductions in teen smoking are associated with a lower prevalence of teen drinking...
- Using taxes to curb drinking in AustraliaChristopher M Doran
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 2052 NSW, Australia
Lancet 372:701-2. 2008
- Registered indians and tobacco taxation: a culturally-appropriate strategy?A E Dennis Wardman
First Nations and Inuit Health Branch, Health Canada, Vancouver, BC
Can J Public Health 96:451-3. 2005..In order to better support RI communities, governments and other organizations need to examine this policy instrument in the context of RI populations...
- How much downside? Quantifying the relative harm from tobacco taxationN Wilson
Department of Public Health, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Otago, New Zealand
J Epidemiol Community Health 58:451-4. 2004..To estimate the loss of life expectancy attributable to tobacco taxation (via financial hardship and flow-on health effect) in New Zealand...
- Sensitivity to cigarette prices among individuals with alcohol, drug, or mental disordersMichael K Ong
Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
Am J Public Health 100:1243-5. 2010..Increasing cigarette taxes could be effective in reducing smoking among individuals with alcohol, drug, or mental disorders.
- Smoking initiation among youth: the role of cigarette excise taxes and prices by race/ethnicity and genderJames M Nonnemaker
RTI International, 3040 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
J Health Econ 30:560-7. 2011Existing evidence for the role of cigarette excise taxes and prices as significant determinants of youth smoking initiation is mixed...
- Smokers' beliefs and attitudes about purchasing cigarettes on the InternetAnnice E Kim
Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Public Health Rep 121:594-602. 2006....
- A comprehensive review of state laws governing Internet and other delivery sales of cigarettes in the United StatesJamie F Chriqui
University of Illinois at Chicago, Institute for Health Research and Policy, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
Nicotine Tob Res 10:253-65. 2008..S. It also provides a systematic framework for ongoing policy surveillance and will contribute to future analyses of the impact of these laws on successfully reducing youth access to cigarettes and preventing tax evasion...
- State tobacco excise taxes and adolescent smoking behaviors in the United StatesCarey Conley Thomson
Pulmonary and Critical Care Unit, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
J Public Health Manag Pract 10:490-6. 2004The objective of the study described in this article was to examine the association between state cigarette excise taxes and smoking behaviors among youth in the United States...
- Funding services from the bottom up: an overview of Senior Services Levy Programs in OhioMichael Payne
Scripps Gerontology Center, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056, USA
Gerontologist 47:555-8. 2007..In this article we report on information from the 2005 Ohio Senior Service Levy Survey, including information for states or counties that may be interested in implementing senior-service levies of their own...
- The effect of cigarette taxes on smoking among men and womenMark Stehr
Department of Economics, LeBow College of Business, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104 2875, USA
Health Econ 16:1333-43. 2007The literature contains numerous studies that estimate the effect of cigarette taxes on smoking across various population groups...
- The synergistic effect of cigarette taxes on the consumption of cigarettes, alcohol and betel nutsJie Min Lee
Department of Logistics Management, National Kaohsiung Marine University, Nan Tzu, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
BMC Public Health 7:121. 2007..To discourage consumption of cigarettes, the government of Taiwan has imposed three taxes over the last two decades. It now wishes to lower consumption of betel nuts...
- Adult tobacco use levels after intensive tobacco control measures: New York City, 2002-2003Thomas R Frieden
New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York 10013, USA
Am J Public Health 95:1016-23. 2005..We sought to determine the impact of comprehensive tobacco control measures in New York City...
- Taxation reduces social disparities in adult smoking prevalenceMohammad Siahpush
Department of Health Promotion, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska 68198 6075, USA
Am J Prev Med 36:285-91. 2009..This study was designed to assess the extent to which the association between the price of cigarettes and smoking prevalence, as measured monthly, varies by income group...
- The effectiveness of tax policy interventions for reducing excessive alcohol consumption and related harmsRandy W Elder
National Center for Health Marketing, CDC, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Am J Prev Med 38:217-29. 2010..Among studies restricted to underage populations, most found that increased taxes were also significantly associated with reduced consumption and alcohol-related harms...
- The effect of cigarette prices on youth smokingHana Ross
School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
Health Econ 12:217-30. 2003..There is also some evidence of negative price effect on smoking intensity, but it is sensitive to the price measure used in the model. The largest impact on cigarette demand has the teen-specific, perceived price of cigarettes...
- Modelling income group differences in the health and economic impacts of targeted food taxes and subsidiesKelechi E Nnoaham
British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group, Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Int J Epidemiol 38:1324-33. 2009To examine the effects, by income group, of targeted food taxes and subsidies on nutrition, health and expenditure in the UK.
- Tobacco taxes and regressivityNikolay Gospodinov
Department of Economics, Concordia University, 1455 De Maisonneuve Blvd W, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3G 1M8
J Health Econ 28:375-84. 2009Recent literature on tobacco taxation suggests that optimal tax rates should be very high. But such high taxes raise concerns over regressivity...
- Access to low-taxed cigarettes deters smoking cessation attemptsAndrew Hyland
Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Department of Health Behavior, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
Am J Public Health 95:994-5. 2005..Interventions that reduce price differentials are suggested to maximize the public health benefit of cigarette excise taxes.
- Transnational tobacco company influence on tax policy during privatization of a state monopoly: British American Tobacco and UzbekistanAnna Gilmore
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Am J Public Health 97:2001-9. 2007..This could be countered with effective tax policies. We explored how investment by British American Tobacco (BAT) influenced tax policy in Uzbekistan during privatization there...
- Higher cigarette prices influence cigarette purchase patternsA Hyland
Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263, USA
Tob Control 14:86-92. 2005..To examine cigarette purchasing patterns of current smokers and to determine the effects of cigarette price on use of cheaper sources, discount/generic cigarettes, and coupons...
- State sales tax rates for soft drinks and snacks sold through grocery stores and vending machines, 2007Jamie F Chriqui
Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
J Public Health Policy 29:226-49. 2008..a "junk food" specific tax is a potential public health intervention, a majority of states already impose sales taxes on certain junk food and soft drinks...
- Special healthcare taxing districts: association with population health statusJames Studnicki
College of Health and Human Services, Department of Health Behavior and Administration, University of North Carolina, Charlotte, North Carolina 28223 0001, USA
Am J Prev Med 32:116-23. 2007Locally generated special healthcare taxes are an important component of community infrastructure, but their impact on the health status of populations has not been systematically addressed.
- AMERICAN SOCIETY OF HUMAN GENETICS PUBLIC HEALTH GENETICS FELLOWSHIPJoann A Boughman; Fiscal Year: 2011..apos;^g,} To add more Project Nan^ative File attachments, please use the attachment buttons below. Add QptionalvRrbject Narrative File Delete Optional Project Narrative,File View Qptional:Prdject Narrative-File ..
- Tobacco Control Research Branch Scientific and Technical Services SupportKOURTNEY MARSHALL; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Cell Cycle Regulation and Adult T Cell LeukemiaChou Zen Giam; Fiscal Year: 2013..The study will provide molecular insights that can lead to the development of treatment strategies for human cancer ..
- Thirteenth Annual Meeting of the Rocky Mountain Virology AssociationJoel Rovnak; Fiscal Year: 2013..The RMVA has been an outstanding source of communication and collaboration for the Rocky mountain region. ..
- Negative regulation of NF-kB and inflammation by TAX1BP1Edward W Harhaj; Fiscal Year: 2012..This proposal will provide mechanistic insight into how TAX1BP1, Itch and A20 function together to inactivate key signaling molecules and restrict inflammatory signaling pathways. ..
- Define the role of dendritic cells in HTLV-1 associated neuroinflammatory diseasePooja Jain; Fiscal Year: 2013..Additionally the results of these studies will shed light on the dynamics of immune cell interactions during chronic viral infections such as HTLV-1, HIV-1, hepatitis virus and herpes simplex virus. ..
- HTLV-1 &Cellular Factors in Neuroinflammatory DiseaseBrian Wigdahl; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Depot calcineurin inhibitors to prevent graft rejectionThomas J Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010..In Phase 2 we propose to optimize the parameters of the delivery system, manufacture it according to FDA standards, and confirm its delivery profile and safety in further animal studies. ..
- Food Environment, Diet Quality and Disparities in ObesityAdam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2013..This interdisciplinary project on the built environment, behavior and health brings together experts from nutrition, geography, epidemiology, medicine, statistics and urban design. ..
- HTLV-I Tax activates the anaphase promoting complexChou Zen Giam; Fiscal Year: 2013..The study will provide molecular insights that can lead to the development of treatment strategies for human cancer. ..
- Sugar-sweetened beverage taxes, beverage purchasing patterns, and weightJamie F Chriqui; Fiscal Year: 2013..The proposed research will examine the relationship between state and local sales taxes on SSBs, household beverage purchasing patterns, and weight outcomes among adults and adolescents in the U.S...
- Pathophysiology of Adult T-cell Leukemia/LymphomaUTPAL P DAVE; Fiscal Year: 2013..Our aims are well-timed and can have a significant impact on a disease that is universally fatal upon diagnosis and advance our understanding of JAK3's role in T-cell neoplasia. ..
- Barriers to Effective Tobacco Control Policy Implementation in the US MilitaryRuth E Malone; Fiscal Year: 2013..Policy changes, such as increased cigarette taxes and clean indoor air laws, have been shown to be more effective than education or individual intervention at ..
- The Control of Centriole Duplication and DegenerationMeng Fu Bryan Tsou; Fiscal Year: 2013..We have developed an in vitro assay using Xenopus egg extracts to characterize proteins and activities that negatively regulate centrosome biogenesis. ..
- Coordinate Regulation of p53 and c-MYC in an HTLV-1 Model of CarcinogenesisRobert L Harrod; Fiscal Year: 2012..This R15 AREA project will provide excellent cancer research training opportunities for undergraduates and graduate students to better prepare them for future careers in the basic or clinical oncological sciences. ..
- Cost-effective chronic disease prevention in developing countriesJEREMY DAVID GOLDHABER-FIEBERT; Fiscal Year: 2013..for analyzing large household surveys, longitudinal studies with non-random attrition, and social policies such as taxes that impact food prices, consumption, and nutritional health outcomes;(2) the life course, developmental processes ..
- Predictors of Smokeless Tobacco and Dual Use in the US MilitaryRobert C Klesges; Fiscal Year: 2013..cigarette smoking cessation attempts motivated by clean indoor air policies and increased cigarette excise taxes. At the same time, ST is also increasingly being proposed as a harm reduction strategy for cigarette smokers...
- Renovations of the Animal Care FacilityAWADH AMIR BINHAZIM; Fiscal Year: 2010..This 32% increase in the number of research protocols in the ACF taxes the limited resources of the ACF, and the improvements described in this application are designed to accommodate ..
- Transcriptional Regulation by the HTLV-1 Tax ProteinJennifer K Nyborg; Fiscal Year: 2013..The effects of Tax-induced CREB phosphorylation on HTLV-1 and cyclin D1 transcription represent the major themes of this proposal. ..
- Economic Contraction and Alcohol-Related Suicides: A Multilevel AnalysisMark S Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2013..e., alcohol taxes, density of alcohol outlets, and alcohol sales)...
- Enhancing Civilian Support for Military Tobacco ControlRuth E Malone; Fiscal Year: 2013..Policy changes, such as increased cigarette taxes and clean air laws, have been shown to be more effective than education or individual intervention at reducing ..
- Enhancing Civilian Support for Military Tobacco ControlRuth E Malone; Fiscal Year: 2012..Policy changes, such as increased cigarette taxes and clean air laws, have been shown to be more effective than education or individual intervention at reducing ..
- Bladder drug delivery using intravesical liposomes to treat overactive bladderJONATHAN H KAUFMAN; Fiscal Year: 2012..With the support of the NIH, Lipella can become a sustainable tax paying company that improves the health care of Americans and supports the local and national economy. ..
- Mechanisms of the Adenovirus E4-ORF1 OncoproteinRonald T Javier; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Diet and Exercise (DE) Program for Alzheimer PreventionSALLY ANN FRAUTSCHY; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Tobacco Control Policy Analysis &Intervention Evaluation in China and TanzaniaTeh Wei Hu; Fiscal Year: 2013..Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), there are two major strategies to control tobacco use: price control (taxes/prices) and non-price control (smoke-free public places, health warnings etc.)...
- Modeling HTLV-1 infection and cellular immune response in HLA-A2-transgenic miceZafar K Khan; Fiscal Year: 2012..Additionally the results of these studies will shed light on the dynamics of immune cell interactions during chronic viral infections such as HTLV-1, HIV-1, hepatitis virus and herpes simplex virus. ..
- Estimating State-Specific Potential Annual Healthcare Cost Savings from ReducingYUNHSIN CLAIRE WANG; Fiscal Year: 2013..Going forward, the flexibility of the model constructed allows subsequent updates with new data and/or customization with local (e.g. city- level) data. It may also pave the way for designing potential natural experiments. ..
- Understanding Access to Hospice CareMELISSA DIANE ALDRIDGE; Fiscal Year: 2011..e., inpatient care for patients unable to remain at home).51 More than 95% of hospice care reimbursed by Medicare is for routine home care.35 ..
- How economic and neighborhood factors modify effects of school obesity policiesDANIEL TABER; Fiscal Year: 2012..g., taxes, zoning laws) modify the effects of school-based legislation...
- The effect of Sunday alcohol laws on alcohol consumption and related outcomesBarış K Yörük; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Therapeutic antibody to radiation inducible TIP1 activates immune effector cellsMarshall Michener; Fiscal Year: 2012..The proposed studies will investigate a novel approach to cancer treatment: the use of monoclonal antibodies to radiation-induced tumor antigens. ..
- Localization and Speech Intelligibility in EAS and Bilateral CI UsersLouise H Loiselle; Fiscal Year: 2012..This information will provide potential CI users and hearing health care providers with the necessary information to make an informed decision regarding expected outcomes. ..
- Automatic Insulin Dosage Adjustment to Improve Glycemic Control of Diabetic PatieRICHARD MAURITZ BERGENSTAL; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Financial Motivations to Quit Smoking and Prevent Related Economic CostsJody L Sindelar; Fiscal Year: 2012....
- International Tobacco Policy SurveyGeoffrey T Fong; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Acute Alcohol Use and SuicideMark S Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Family Structure, Informal Care and Long-term Care InsuranceCourtney Harold Van Houtven; Fiscal Year: 2013..Implications for public LTC costs will be simulated using our results and cost data from the literature. ..
- Mechanisms of HTLV-I Tax-mediated NF-kB activationEdward W Harhaj; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- FRESH: Dual Home Screening for Lung Cancer PreventionEllen J Hahn; Fiscal Year: 2013..Project The proposal is directly relevant to public health in that it has the potential to prevent lung cancer by reducing exposure to radon and secondhand smoke in the home. ..
- California MHS Act: Impact on Practice & Organizational Culture in Public ClinicsJoel T Braslow; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Effect of Tobacco Advocacy at the State LevelSTANTON ARNOLD GLANTZ; Fiscal Year: 2013..the Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey) with policy data on clean indoor air laws, tobacco taxes, price and demographic variables to develop new models of smoking behavior that will provide a framework for ..
- Choline transporter capacity limits motivated behavior on mice, rats, and humansMARTIN F SARTER; Fiscal Year: 2013..The results from this research are of direct significance for hypotheses concerning the role of this major neuromodulator system in cognitive disorders and for the development of new treatments for such disorders. ..
- Health Care Financing over the Life Cycle:A Quantitative Macroeconomic Analysis oJUERGEN JUNG; Fiscal Year: 2010..We focus on whether these reform ideas are able to lower total U.S. health care spending and the number of individuals without health insurance. ..
- How economic and neighborhood factors modify effects of school obesity policiesDANIEL TABER; Fiscal Year: 2013..g., taxes, zoning laws) modify the effects of school-based legislation...
- Effects of Spirits Privatization on Alcohol Prices and Alcohol-related HarmsWilliam C Kerr; Fiscal Year: 2013..Spirits producers will be allowed to sell directly to retailers, bypassing the wholesale tier. New state spirits taxes, designed to make up the significant lost revenues from the spirits monopoly, will be the highest in the US states...
- Intersection of Local and State Alcohol Policy: The Case of Malt LiquorRHONDA J JONES-WEBB; Fiscal Year: 2013..malt liquor policies including underage possession/ consumption, purchase, furnishing, false identification, beer taxes, and the retail and whole distribution system for beer...
- Differential Effects of Managed Care Models and Competition in MedicaidVictoria Perez; Fiscal Year: 2013..From a health economic perspective, the model underlying the empirical analysis extends previous theoretical work on insurer competition within a principal-agent framework. ..
- Tobacco Policies, Prenatal Smoking, and Infant &Child OutcomesBisakha Sen; Fiscal Year: 2011DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This research project will explore whether higher cigarette taxes and Clean Indoor Air (CIA) laws at the state level are associated with reductions in prenatal smoking, improvements in infant ..
- Role of viral APH-2 in HTLV-2 replication and persistencePATRICK LEE GREEN; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Bridging cognitive aging in rodents to man using fMRI in amnestic MCIMichela Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2010..It will use tests of memory together with brain imaging to determine the effects of therapy in persons over the age of 55 who meet diagnostic criterion for amnestic mild cognitive impairment. ) ..
- Quality Substitution Among Heavy and AUD Drinkers and Alcohol Tax PolicyJohn A Rich; Fiscal Year: 2011..Implications for alcohol tax policy by beverage and drinker type, race, gender and age group are assessed. ..
- Mouse Chronic Intermittent Ethanol (CIE) CoreMarcelo F Lopez; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Knowledge engineering for decision support in osteoporosisJOANNE FRANCOISE LAFLEUR; Fiscal Year: 2013..30 The scope of the proposed work lies entirely within the realm of creating and testing the knowledge base. ..
- The influence of pricing and nutrient profiling on food purchasesLeonard H Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2013..The goal of this grant is to assess the independent and combined effects of 1) 25% taxes and subsidies on the least and most nutritious foods based on their nutrient profiles and 2) point of purchase ..
- CENTER FOR NEUROSCIENCE EXCELLENCERodney L Parsons; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- Impact of NYC Sugar Sweetened Beverage Policy on Calories Purchased and ConsumedBrian Elbel; Fiscal Year: 2013..Yet while cigarette taxes and indoor smoking bans have been highly effective in decreasing smoking rates, the U.S...
- PRO: A Protein Ontology in OBO Foundry for Integration of Biomedical KnowledgeCathy H Wu; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- The Effects of Private Health Insurance in Publicly Funded ProgramsMARY KATE BUNDORF; Fiscal Year: 2012....
- Comparison of the Effectiveness of CAM Therapies in Pediatric Patients UndergoingAMBIKA contact MATHUR; Fiscal Year: 2010..With the ripple effect due to these jobs on revenue generated from spending as well as from taxes at the city, state and national levels, the impact of this project on the economy of the state and nation is ..
- CHILD SUPPORT, CHILD WELFARE & EFFECTS OF WELFARE REFORMH Peters; Fiscal Year: 2003..Our estimation methodology allows us to use our results to do simulations of the effects of various policies on labor supply and child care choice. Data from the 1986, 1988, and 1989 waves of the NLSY are used to estimate the model. ..
- Ethanol Dependence and Stress Effects on Ethanol Drinking: Role of CRFHoward C Becker; Fiscal Year: 2013..exposure constitutes a potent stressor, producing a state of allostasis whereby chronic intoxication continually taxes the organism beyond normal homeostatic limits, rendering it ill-equipped to exert appropriate behavioral control ..
- Complex and Self-serving Altruism in ResearchDan Ariely; Fiscal Year: 2012..As such, public health guidelines and recommendations that are based on scientific evidence may be compromised. ..
- Mechanism of HTLV-1 Tax-mediated activation of CDK6 transcription.ISABELLE MICHELE LEMASSON; Fiscal Year: 2010..This proposal investigates a novel mechanism of how Tax activates the transcription of a cellular gene important for cell cycle progression that, when overexpressed, potentially contributes to the proliferation of HTLV-1 infected cells. ..
- The Shape of Income and MortalityGeorge Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2009..In addition we will add to the literature by considering the differential contribution of taxes and transfers to the association between income and mortality and their impact on the concentration of mortality, ..
- MECHANISM OF HTLV-I TAX-MEDIATED PHOSPHORYLATION OF IKBAEMMETT CUNNINGHAM; Fiscal Year: 2000..The candidate plans ultimately to apply the approaches and techniques learned during the five years of the training program to the study of infectious and immune-mediated eye disease. ..
- ANIMAL MODELS OF MOLECULAR PATHOGENSIS OF HTLV-1Michael Lairmore; Fiscal Year: 2003..Collectively, our research groups provide a coordinated approach to develop state-of-the-art animal models to further knowledge of the events of HTLV-1 pathogenesis. ..
- Activation of HTLV1 Gene Expression and OncogenesisArnold Rabson; Fiscal Year: 2006..thus providing a possible model of events involved in the pathogenesis of human AlL. ..
- Exploring How HTLV-1 Tax Induces T Cell LeukemiaWarner Greene; Fiscal Year: 2006..Through these combined in vivo and in vitro experiments, we hope to gain key insights into the molecular events underlying HTLV-I Tax mediated leukemogenesis. ..
- Mechanism of HTLV-1 activation of the SRF pathway.Maureen Shuh; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Regulation of HTLV-I replication by the viral p30Christophe Nicot; Fiscal Year: 2009..abstract_text> ..
- The Social Safety Net, Poverty, and Material HardshipSIGNE MARY MCKERNAN; Fiscal Year: 2011..Sorting out these positive and negative effects is crucial for informing the design of effective social safety net programs in the U.S. ..
- Modulation of c-MYC Functions in an HTLV-1 Model for CarcinogenesisRobert Harrod; Fiscal Year: 2009..These studies may lead to the development of targeted therapeutic strategies to inhibit c-MYC oncogenic functions in hematological malignancies and solid tumors. ..
- CIGARETTE TAXES AND PRENATAL SMOKINGTheodore Joyce; Fiscal Year: 2002..economists demonstrated that a 10 percent increase in cigarette prices due to an increase in cigarette excise taxes was associated with a 5 percent decline in smoking by pregnant women, an elasticity of-0.5...
- TRANSCRIPTION ACTIVATION BY HIV, TAT, HTLV TAX & HBV PXMichael Green; Fiscal Year: 2004..However, BEF works by a different mechanism, as a molecular chaperone. Experiments are proposed to further study the mechanism of BEF action. ..
- ECONOMIC CONDITIONS AND DRINKING BEHAVIORCHRISTOPHER RUHM; Fiscal Year: 2000Alcohol is influenced by the economic environment in a variety of ways. Higher liquor taxes deter consumption by directly raising the cost of obtaining alcohol...
- PROTEINS BINDING TO THE HUMAN GAMMA INTERFERON PROMOTERDon Diamond; Fiscal Year: 1992..The discovery that HTLV gene products modify the action of Cs A on the immune system has potential implication for patients in need of immunosuppressive therapy (transplantation) who have attendant retroviral- associated (HTLV) disease...
- Are Alcohol Tax Hikes Fully Passed Through to Prices?Donald Kenkel; Fiscal Year: 2004The State of Alaska is about to: increase taxes on malt beverages from $0.35 per gallon to $1.07 per gallon; increase taxes on wine from $0.85 per gallon to $2.50 per gallon; and increase taxes on spirits from $5.60 per gallon to $12...
- Alteration of Rb in HTLV-1 transformed cellsFatah Kashanchi; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..