Summary: Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.
Publications202 found, 100 shown here
- The burden of out-of-pocket payments for health care in Tbilisi, Republic of GeorgiaJacek Skarbinski
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Center for Biomedical Ethics, Stanford University Medical Center, Room H3151, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
JAMA 287:1043-9. 2002..Under the new system, 87% of health care expenditures are financed through out-of-pocket payments at the point of service...
- Being uninsured in 1996 compared to 1987: how has the experience of the uninsured changed over time?A K Taylor
Center for Cost and Financing Studies, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
Health Serv Res 36:16-31. 2001....
- Ensuring the oral health of patients with HIVVictor M Badner
Department of Dentistry Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, North Bronx Healthcare Network, Jacobi Medical Center and North Central Bronx Hospital, Bronx, NY, USA
J Am Dent Assoc 136:1415-7. 2005
- Prevalence, correlates, and costs of patients with poor adjustment to mixed cancersLorna Butler
School of Nursing, Dalhousie University, 5969 University Avenue, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 3J5
Cancer Nurs 29:9-16. 2006....
- Analysis of factors affecting willingness to pay for cardiovascular disease-related medical servicesHideo Yasunaga
Department of Planning, Information, and Management, University of Tokyo Hospital, Japan
Int Heart J 47:273-86. 2006..Although asymptomatic, hypertension requires continuous treatment. For such diseases, uniformly low copayment should be established irrespective of annual income...
- Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data--or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of IndiaD Filmer
Development Research Group, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
Demography 38:115-32. 2001..On average a "rich" child is 31 percentage points more likely to be enrolled than a "poor" child, but this gap varies from only 4.6 percentage points in Kerala to 38.2 in Uttar Pradesh and 42.6 in Bihar...
- Poverty, out-of-pocket payments and access to health care: evidence from TajikistanJane Falkingham
Department of Social Statistics, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
Soc Sci Med 58:247-58. 2004..Urgent action is needed to ensure equity in access to health care...
- Differences in willingness to pay for artemisinin-based combinations or monotherapy: experiences from the United Republic of TanzaniaVirginia Wiseman
Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 50 Bedford Square, London WC1B 3DP, England
Bull World Health Organ 83:845-52. 2005..The reasons behind respondents' valuations and the effect of socioeconomic status on willingness to pay were explored...
- An analysis of private health insurance purchasing decisions with national health insurance in TaiwanTsai Ching Liu
Department ol Puhlie Finance, National Taipei University, Taiwan
Soc Sci Med 55:755-74. 2002..In addition, one important implication in the private health insurance market is highlighted. There is no complementarity between the public and private systems...
- Social risk management options for medical care in IndonesiaMenno Pradhan
Economic and Social Institute, Free University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Health Econ 11:431-46. 2002..Subsidizing outpatient treatment is a cost effective policy to reduce exposure to catastrophic risks only for the very poor...
- Persistence in health expenditures in the short run: prevalence and consequencesAlan C Monheit
School of Public Health, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Piscataway 08854 5635, USA
Med Care 41:III53-III64. 2003....
- Do microfinance programs help families insure consumption against illness?Paul Gertler
Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1900, USA
Health Econ 18:257-73. 2009..In general, results support the importance of these institutions in helping families to self-insure consumption against health shocks...
- Willingness to pay for health insurance in a developing economy. A pilot study of the informal sector of Ghana using contingent valuationW K Asenso-Okyere
University of Ghana, Legon
Health Policy 42:223-37. 1997..As income increases, or the proportion of unemployed household members drop, people are willing to pay higher premiums for health insurance...
- Factors influencing implementation of the Community Health Fund in TanzaniaPeter Kamuzora
Institute of Development Studies, University of Dar es Salaam, P O Box 35169, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Health Policy Plan 22:95-102. 2007..In order better to achieve the objectives of prepayment schemes, it is important to focus attention on policy implementers, who are capable of re-shaping policy during its implementation, with consequences for policy outcomes...
- Medicare beneficiaries' knowledge of Part D prescription drug program benefits and responses to drug costsJohn Hsu
Center for Health Policy Studies and the Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, 2000 Broadway, Third Floor, Oakland, California 94612, USA
JAMA 299:1929-36. 2008..Medicare Part D drug benefits include substantial cost sharing...
- Do divergences between stated and actual willingness to pay signify the existence of bias in contingent valuation surveys?Obinna Onwujekwe
Gates Malaria Partnership, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WCIE 7HT, UK
Soc Sci Med 60:525-36. 2005..Studies that compare stated and actual WTP should explicitly determine the causes of divergences in order to assess the role of bias in the divergences...
- Valuing health care using willingness to pay: a comparison of the payment card and dichotomous choice methodsMandy Ryan
Department of Public Health, Health Economics Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 9ZD, UK
J Health Econ 23:237-58. 2004..Neither of these approaches converged with WTP. Future work must address the decision heuristics individuals employ when responding to valuation experiments...
- Comparing willingness-to-pay: bidding game format versus open-ended and payment scale formatsEmma J Frew
Health Economics Facility, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
Health Policy 68:289-98. 2004....
- Construction of the contingent valuation market in health care: a critical assessmentRichard D Smith
Health Economics Group, School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
Health Econ 12:609-28. 2003..Suggestions are made concerning why this may be the case, and how the construction of the contingent market may be improved in future...
- Examining out-of-pocket expenditure on health care in Nouna, Burkina Faso: implications for health policyFrederick Mugisha
Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany
Trop Med Int Health 7:187-96. 2002..To examine household out-of-pocket expenditure on health care, particularly malaria treatment, in rural Burkina Faso...
- The impact of public voluntary health insurance on private health expenditures in VietnamM Jowett
Centre for Health Economics, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK
Soc Sci Med 56:333-42. 2003..Despite this, insurance reduces expenditures significantly more for the poor than for the rich...
- Formalizing under-the-table payments to control out-of-pocket hospital expenditures in CambodiaSarah Barber
Institute of Business and Economic Research, University of California, Berkeley, USA
Health Policy Plan 19:199-208. 2004..Furthermore, the hospital phased out external donor support gradually over 4 years and achieved financial sustainability...
- Differential willingness of household heads to pay community-based health insurance premia for themselves and other household membersHengjin Dong
Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
Health Policy Plan 19:120-6. 2004....
- Out-of-pocket health expenditure and debt in poor households: evidence from CambodiaWim Van Damme
Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
Trop Med Int Health 9:273-80. 2004..To document how out-of-pocket health expenditure can lead to debt in a poor rural area in Cambodia...
- Informal payments for health care in transition economiesTim Ensor
International Programme Centre for Health Economics, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK
Soc Sci Med 58:237-46. 2004..Ultimately, unless governments address the endemic nature of payments across all sectors, policy interventions are unlikely to be fully effective...
- Fee-for-service or donation? Hungarian perspectives on informal payment for health carePeter Gaal
Health Services Management Training Centre, Semmelweis University, Kutvolgyi ut 2, Budapest H 1125, Hungary
Soc Sci Med 60:1445-57. 2005..To orient future research, a possible agenda is outlined, which links evidence to be obtained to the defining features of gratitude payments...
- Incidence and correlates of 'catastrophic' maternal health care expenditure in IndiaSekhar Bonu
South Asia Department, Asian Development Bank, 6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City, Manila, Philippines
Health Policy Plan 24:445-56. 2009....
- Willingness to pay to assess patient preferences for therapy in a Canadian settingCarlo A Marra
Pharmaceutical Sciences Clinical Service Unit, Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre, Vancouver British Columbia, Canada
BMC Health Serv Res 5:43. 2005..The purpose of this study was to elicit treatment location preferences and willingness to pay (WTP) from patients referred to an OPAT program...
- Estimating the monetary value of health care: lessons from environmental economicsNick Hanley
Economics Department, University of Glasgow, UK
Health Econ 12:3-16. 2003..Important areas for future research in health economics are identified...
- Understanding informal payments for health care: the example of BulgariaDina Balabanova
Health Systems Development Programme, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, WC1E 7HT, London, UK
Health Policy 62:243-73. 2002..A clear policy response to informal payments is, however, lacking. The current study explores informal payments in Bulgaria within a conceptual framework developed by triangulating information using a variety of methodologies...
- Under-the-counter payments for health care: evidence from BulgariaE Delcheva
National Centre for Public Health, Bulgaria
Health Policy 42:89-100. 1997..Before this can be done, there is a need for more research on the impact that this would have on equity and affordability...
- The inequity of informal payments for health care: the case of HungaryAgota Szende
Covance Health Economics and Outcomes Services, Springfield House, Hyde Street, Leeds LS2 9LH, UK
Health Policy 75:262-71. 2006..The finding that people with lower income pay proportionally more for public health care through informal payments underlines the emptiness of the 'Robin Hood' claims and the need for reform...
- Willingness to pay for alternative policies for patients with Alzheimer's DiseaseMiguel A Negrín
Department of Quantitative Methods, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
Health Econ Policy Law 3:257-75. 2008..The results are significant for health care, as they enable policymakers to identify the social demand for such services, as well as the relative economic values placed on the alternative policy measures...
- Willingness-to-pay for community-based insurance in Burkina FasoHengjin Dong
Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Germany
Health Econ 12:849-62. 2003..In addition, factors that influence WTP were to be identified...
- The feasibility of community-based health insurance in Burkina FasoHengjin Dong
Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 324, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Health Policy 69:45-53. 2004....
- Catastrophe and impoverishment in paying for health care: with applications to Vietnam 1993-1998Adam Wagstaff
The World Bank, Washington, DC 20433, USA
Health Econ 12:921-34. 2003....
- Medicare beneficiaries' management of capped prescription benefitsE R Cox
Express Scripts, Inc, Maryland Heights, Missouri 63043, USA
Med Care 39:296-301. 2001..This type of coverage is found predominantly within private Medigap policies and Medicare+Choice plans offering prescription coverage...
- Indian community health insurance schemes provide partial protection against catastrophic health expenditureNarayanan Devadasan
Achutha Menon Centre for Health Science Studies, SCTIMST, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
BMC Health Serv Res 7:43. 2007..We studied two Indian community health insurance (CHI) schemes, ACCORD and SEWA, to determine whether insured households are protected from CHE...
- Theory versus practice: a review of 'willingness-to-pay' in health and health careJ A Olsen
Institute of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway
Health Econ 10:39-52. 2001..Furthermore, the 'cost-benefit argument', that WTP can assist in improving social efficiency, is discussed before we inquire into the extent to which the studies actually compare WTP with social costs...
- Impact of an annual dollar limit or "cap" on prescription drug benefits for Medicare patientsChien Wen Tseng
Department of Family Practice and Community Health, University of Hawaii, and Pacific Health Research Institute, Honolulu, USA
JAMA 290:222-7. 2003..Annual dollar limits, or "caps," on drug benefits are common in Medicare managed care (Medicare + Choice) and have been part of several proposals for a national Medicare drug benefit...
- Unintended consequences of caps on Medicare drug benefitsJohn Hsu
Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, Calif 94612, USA
N Engl J Med 354:2349-59. 2006..Little information exists about the consequences of limits on prescription-drug benefits for Medicare beneficiaries...
- Medical expenditure and rural impoverishment in ChinaYuanli Liu
Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Health Popul Nutr 21:216-22. 2003..In other words, medical spending raised the number of rural households living below the poverty line by 44.3%. Medical expenditure has become an important source of transient poverty in rural China...
- Is combination therapy for malaria based on user-fees worthwhile and equitable to consumers? Assessment of costs and willingness to pay in Southeast NigeriaObinna Onwujekwe
Gates Malaria Partnership, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Acta Trop 91:101-15. 2004..To examine the equity implications of the costs of an episode of malaria, the benefit/cost ratios of using two artemisinin-based combination therapy (CT) from the consumers' view and inequities in willingness to pay (WTP) for CT...
- What are the economic consequences for households of illness and of paying for health care in low- and middle-income country contexts?Diane McIntyre
Health Economics Unit, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Soc Sci Med 62:858-65. 2006....
- An analysis of equity in Brazilian health system financingMaria Alicia Domínguez Ugá
National School of Public Health, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Health Aff (Millwood) 26:1017-28. 2007..Overall, financing is approximately neutral, with progressive public finance offsetting regressive payments. This last form of finance pushes some households into poverty...
- Medicare HMO withdrawals: what happens to beneficiaries?M A Laschober
Health Economics Practice of Barents Group LLC, Washington, D C, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 18:150-7. 1999..Those with traditional Medicare by itself or with Medigap, the disabled under age sixty-five, the oldest old, and the near-poor experienced the greatest hardship after their HMO withdrew...
- Medicare prescription drug coverage gap: navigating the "doughnut hole" with patientsScott A Berkowitz
Schools of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
JAMA 297:868-70. 2007
- The effect of pharmacy benefit design on patient-physician communication about costsWilliam H Shrank
Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02120, USA
J Gen Intern Med 21:334-9. 2006..The impact of financial incentives on patient awareness of and communication about those costs is unknown...
- Willingness to pay for treated mosquito nets in Surat, India: the design and descriptive analysis of a household surveyM R Bhatia
Department of Social Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK
Health Policy Plan 17:402-11. 2002..This paper suggests that policy-makers could use the evidence following further analysis, along with information on costs of implementation, to ascertain the levels of subsidy that may be needed at different levels of coverage...
- Does use of tobacco or alcohol contribute to impoverishment from hospitalization costs in India?Sekhar Bonu
South Asian Regional Department, Asian Development Bank, PO Box 789, 0980 Manila, Philippines
Health Policy Plan 20:41-9. 2005..It might be necessary to include strategies for control of tobacco and alcohol in the larger framework of poverty reduction...
- Patient preferences for colon cancer screening: the role of out-of-pocket costsMichael Pignone
Am J Manag Care 13:390-1. 2007
- Willingness-to-pay and demand curves: a comparison of results obtained using different elicitation formatsDavid K Whynes
Health Economics, School of Economics, University of Nottingham, UK
Int J Health Care Finance Econ 5:369-86. 2005..Judgements as to the relative merits of rival interventions depend crucially upon whichever format has been used to evaluate each intervention...
- Gender's effect on willingness-to-pay for community-based insurance in Burkina FasoHengjin Dong
Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 324, D 69120, Heidelberg, Germany
Health Policy 64:153-62. 2003..WTP should never be taken as a premium because it only provides some information for the respondents' financial acceptability for a certain benefits package...
- Can mothers afford maternal health care costs? User costs of maternity services in rural TanzaniaMarga Kowalewski
Institute of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Germany
Afr J Reprod Health 6:65-73. 2002..High direct payments and the fear of unofficial costs are acute barriers to the use of maternity services. User costs can substantially be reduced by the re-organisation of service delivery especially at antenatal consultation...
- The contingency of contingent valuation. How much are people willing to pay against Alzheimer's disease?Sandra Nocera
Institute of Economics, University of Bern
Int J Health Care Finance Econ 2:219-40. 2002....
- Aiding priority setting in health care: is there a role for the contingent valuation method?J A Olsen
Centre for Health Program Evaluation, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
Health Econ 6:603-12. 1997..New empirical evidence is presented which suggest discrepancies between a CV ranking and the ranking expressed when making a direct ordinal comparison...
- Willingness to pay for public health care: a comparison of two approachesJan Abel Olsen
Institute of Community Medicine, University of Tromsoe, 9037 Tromsoe, Norway
Health Policy 70:217-28. 2004..A split-sample interview study was undertaken in Denmark. The proportion of respondents willing to pay is higher in the community version, and the respondents use different reasons for being and not being willing to pay...
- Equitable financing, out-of-pocket payments and the role of health care reform in ColombiaRamon A Castano
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Health Policy Plan 17:5-11. 2002....
- Eliciting patients' values by use of 'willingness to pay': letting the theory drive the methodC Donaldson
Department of Economics, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N1, Canada
Health Expect 4:180-8. 2001..To describe the three different ways in which 'willingness to pay' (WTP) has been used to elicit patients' values of alternative interventions...
- Hypothetical versus real willingness to pay in the health care sector: results from a field experimentK Blumenschein
College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536 0082, USA
J Health Econ 20:441-57. 2001..We conclude that the dichotomous choice contingent valuation method overestimates willingness to pay, but that it may be possible to correct for this overestimation by sorting out "definitely sure" yes responses...
- Characteristics of people living with HIV who use community-based services in Ontario, Canada: implications for service providersPeter Williams
Ontario AIDS Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 16:50-63. 2005..In an effort to strengthen CBAO capacity to recognize and address depression and physical health problems prevalent among their clients, links to other mainstream health promotion and social services is recommended...
- Household out-of-pocket payments for illness: evidence from VietnamNguyen Thi Bich Thuan
Planning and Financing Department of Ministry of Health, Hanoi, Vietnam
BMC Public Health 6:283. 2006..The focus of the paper is on the relative effect of different illnesses on the total economic burden of health care on households in general and on households that have catastrophic health care spending in particular...
- Does non-profit health insurance reduce financial burden? Evidence from the Vietnam Living Standards Survey PanelArdeshir Sepehri
Department of Economics, University of Manitoba, Canada
Health Econ 15:603-16. 2006..At mean income, the effect of health insurance is to reduce health expenditures between 28 and 35%...
- Direct costs of managing Parkinson's disease in India: concerns in a developing countryMona Ragothaman
Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India
Mov Disord 21:1755-8. 2006..63 US dollars). Patients in this study spend nearly 16% to 41.7% of the average Indian GNI to buy medicines. Costs of treating PD in India are lower than those in developed nations but are still out of reach for most Indian patients...
- Changes in financial burdens for health care: national estimates for the population younger than 65 years, 1996 to 2003Jessica S Banthin
Division of Modeling and Simulation, Center for Financing, Access and Cost Trends, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, US Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
JAMA 296:2712-9. 2006..Policymakers as well as physicians need to understand how rapidly rising health care costs are affecting specific groups of patients...
- Impact of mutual health organizations: evidence from West AfricaSlavea Chankova
International Health Division, Abt Associates, Inc, 4800 Montgomery Lane, Suite 600, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
Health Policy Plan 23:264-76. 2008..However, MHO membership does not appear to have a significant effect on out-of-pocket expenditures for curative outpatient care...
- Economic cost of malaria on households during a transmission season in Khartoum State, SudanM H Mustafa
Research Department, Khartoum State Ministry of Health, Khartoum, Sudan
East Mediterr Health J 13:1298-307. 2007..3 (SD 5.9). The average indirect cost per fully cured case was U.S. $3.2 (SD 9.2); it was higher for individuals working in the informal sector than those employed in the formal sector...
- The undercovered classMatthew Weinstock
Hosp Health Netw 81:32-6, 38, 1. 2007..Soaring deductibles and gaping holes in coverage mean huge out-of-pocket expenses. When patients can't pay, providers are stuck. Now, some hospitals are helping patients understand up front just what their insurance covers...
- Financial burden of health care, 2001-2004Jessica S Banthin
Division of Modeling and Simulation Research, Center for Financing, Access, and Cost Trends, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, Maryland, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 27:188-95. 2008..Financial burdens have increased to the point at which private insurance is no longer able to provide financial protection for an increasing number of families...
- Willingness to pay for cross-border health insurance between the United States and MexicoArturo Vargas Bustamante
Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 27:169-78. 2008..The strongest predictors of willingness to pay were having insured dependents in Mexico and sending them remittances for health purposes...
- The financial impact of HIV/AIDS on poor households in South AfricaDaryl L Collins
Wagner School of Public Policy, New York University, 295 LafayetteStreet, New York, NY 10012, USA
AIDS 21:S75-81. 2007..Rising mortality rates caused by HIV/AIDS in South Africa have substantial and lingering impacts on poor households...
- How much 'skin in the game' do medicare beneficiaries have? The increasing financial burden of health care spending, 1997-2003Patricia Neuman
Medicare Policy Project, Henry J Kaiser Family Foundation, Washington, DC, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 26:1692-701. 2007..9 percent spent more than a fifth of their income on health care. Results suggest that sustained increases in out-of-pocket spending could make health care less affordable for all but the highest-income beneficiaries...
- The financial burden of transplantation: a single-center survey of liver and kidney transplant recipientsJames R Rodrigue
The Transplant Center and the Department of Psychiatry, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Transplantation 84:295-300. 2007..These findings highlight the potential financial impact of transplantation on patients and families, and they have implications for assisting patients in managing out-of-pocket expenses after transplantation...
- Trends in spending for substance abuse treatment, 1986-2003Tami L Mark
Thomson Healthcare, Washington, DC, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 26:1118-28. 2007..S. health care spending grew by 8.0 percent. As a result of the slower growth of SA spending compared to that for all health care, SA spending fell as a share of all health spending from 2.1 percent in 1986 to 1.3 percent in 2003...
- Protecting households from catastrophic health spendingKe Xu
Department of Health Systems Financing, Health Systems and Services, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Health Aff (Millwood) 26:972-83. 2007..Prepayment mechanisms protect people from financial catastrophe, but there is no strong evidence that social health insurance systems offer better or worse protection than tax-based systems do...
- Affording what's free and paying for choice: comparing the cost of public and private hospitalizations in urban KeralaJean Frédéric Levesque
Institut national de santé publique du Québec INSPQ, Montreal, Canada
Int J Health Plann Manage 22:159-74. 2007..To assess the cost of public and private hospitalizations in urban Kerala and discuss policy implications of social disparities in the economic burden of hospital care...
- Trends in the golden state: small-group premiums rise sharply while actuarial values for individual coverage plummetJon Gabel
NORC, Washington, DC, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 26:w488-99. 2007..In the small-group market, premiums rose more than 50 percent from 2003 to 2006, but the proportion of claims paid by insurers for a standardized population remained constant...
- Financial barriers to mammography: who pays out-of-pocket?Diane M Makuc
Office of Analysis and Epidemiology, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Maryland, USA
J Womens Health (Larchmt) 16:349-60. 2007..This study investigates how out-of-pocket payments for mammograms vary according to the characteristics of women and the states where they reside...
- Out-of-pocket healthcare spending by the poor and chronically ill in the Republic of KoreaJennifer Prah Ruger
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn 06520 8034, USA
Am J Public Health 97:804-11. 2007..We examined variations in out-of-pocket spending, estimated out-of-pocket spending burden ratio employing household equivalent income, and identified factors associated with out-of-pocket spending...
- [The Chilean health system financing]Marcos Vergara-Iturriaga
Escuela de Salud Publica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile
Salud Publica Mex 48:512-21. 2006..To explore the Chilean health system financing based on the most recent available data. Material and..
- Consumer-driven health plans: early evidence and potential impact on hospitalsGail R Wilensky
Health Aff (Millwood) 25:174-85. 2006..The biggest effect for hospitals might be the pressure produced for increased price transparency and greater uniformity in pricing, although high-deductible plans also could reduce hospital spending by reducing use...
- The economic burden of prescription drug use among elderly patients in Ponce, Puerto RicoLaura López-Negrón
Farmcia Lourdes, University of Puerto Rico
P R Health Sci J 25:149-53. 2006..To examine the economic impact of prescription drug use on the personal income of elderly individuals in Ponce, Puerto Rico...
- Does public insurance provide better financial protection against rising health care costs for families of children with special health care needs?Hao Yu
RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
Med Care 46:1064-70. 2008..Health care costs grew rapidly since 2001, generating substantial economic pressures on families, especially those with children with special health care needs (CSHCN)...
- Household out-of-pocket medical expenditures and National Health Insurance in Taiwan: income and regional inequalityTu Bin Chu
Taipei Municipal Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
BMC Health Serv Res 5:60. 2005..This study examines the degree to which Taiwan's National Health Insurance (NHI) has reduced out-of-pocket medical expenditures in households in different regions and varying levels of income...
- Measuring preferences for delivery services in rural VietnamDat Van Duong
Program for Appropriate Technology in Health in Hanoi, Vietnam
Birth 32:194-202. 2005..This study measured willingness-to-pay for obstetric delivery preferences in rural Vietnam...
- Health services use and health care expenditures for children with disabilitiesPaul W Newacheck
Maternal and Child Health Policy Research Center, Institute for Health Policy Studies, and Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
Pediatrics 114:79-85. 2004..To examine health care utilization and expenditure patterns for children with disabilities...
- Antiretroviral therapy and health care utilization: a study of privately insured men and women with HIV diseaseFred J Hellinger
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, CDOM, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
Health Serv Res 39:949-67. 2004..To compare the use of antiretroviral therapy and other health care resources by women and men with HIV disease who are privately insured...
- Care for people living with HIV/AIDS: an assessment of day care centers in northern ThailandKeiko Tsunekawa
World Health Organization Thailand, Bangkok, Thailand
AIDS Patient Care STDS 18:305-14. 2004..As an expansion of antiretroviral treatment is planned in Thailand, the DCCs' role should be fully explored and clearly defined. Minimizing economic and geographical barriers to access are some of the most immediate challenges...
- Trends in out-of-pocket spending by insured American workers, 1990-1997J R Gabel
Health Research and Educational Trust (HRET, Washington, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 20:47-57. 2001..The shift to managed care, whose benefit structure requires less cost sharing, may have played a role in reducing out-of-pocket spending...
- Do out-of-pocket health expenditures rise with age among older Americans?Susan T Stewart
Leonard Davis School of Gerontology, Andrus Gerontology Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
Gerontologist 44:48-57. 2004..Relationships are examined between age and out-of-pocket costs for different health goods and services among the older population...
- The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey: an overviewStephen B Cohen
Center for Cost and Financing Studies, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
Eff Clin Pract 5:E1. 2002
- Health care affordabilityAlan B Cohen
Health Aff (Millwood) 22:260; author reply 260. 2003
- Financial disparities in prescription drug use between elderly and nonelderly AmericansK Tom Xu
School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 22:210-21. 2003..In particular, low-income elderly people were worse off than were nonelderly adults in the same poverty class and their elderly peers in other poverty classes...
- High out-of-pocket health care spending by the elderlyDana P Goldman
RAND, Santa Monica, California, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 22:194-202. 2003..There is evidence that Medicare HMO benefits have eroded since 1998, raising the question of whether the near-poor have lost financial protection since then...
- Adolescent health care expenditures: a descriptive profilePaul W Newacheck
Institute for Health Policy Studies and Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Francisco, 3333 California Street, Suite 265, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
J Adolesc Health 32:3-11. 2003..To examine health care spending patterns for U.S. adolescents aged 10 to 18 years using nationally representative household survey data...
- Increased spending on health care: how much can the United States afford?Michael E Chernew
Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 22:15-25. 2003..The value of care, which determines willingness to pay, and distributional issues are more important than our ability as a society to pay for care...
- Into the red to stay in the pink: the hidden cost of being uninsuredHugh F Daly
Health Matrix Clevel 12:39-61. 2002
- Market failure? Individual insurance markets for older AmericansE Simantov
Commonwealth Fund, New York City, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 20:139-49. 2001..Costs are likely to be unaffordable for most uninsured older adults, even with large tax credits or in states with community rating. These findings indicate a need to include risk and age pooling to reach the uninsured in this age group...
- Reflections on and alternatives to WHO's fairness of financial contribution indexAdam Wagstaff
The World Bank, Washington, DC 20433, USA
Health Econ 11:103-15. 2002..This analysis is of some interest in its own right, given the large share of health spending from out-of-pocket payments in Vietnam, and the changes in fees and drug prices over the 1990s...
- The role of user charges and structural attributes of quality on the use of maternal health services in MoroccoDavid R Hotchkiss
Tulane University, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
Int J Health Plann Manage 20:113-35. 2005....
- Widow(er) poverty and out-of-pocket medical expenditures near the end of lifeKathleen McGarry
University of California, Los Angeles, USA
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 60:S160-8. 2005..This study investigates the gap in poverty, income, and wealth between these groups. Focus is placed on the role played by out-of-pocket medical expenditures spent on dying spouses...
- Contingent Reinforcement of Compliance in Drug UsersMarc Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2004..Important process measures will be whether IMF (cues to remember doses, changes in substance use). A secondary aim will be to evaluate the temporal concordance between use of substances and medication non-compliance. ..
- Behavioral Interventions for the Dually DiagnosedMarc Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- IMPROVING COMPLIANCE WITH ANTIRETROVIRAL MEDICATIONSMarc Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2002..The primary outcome measure will be MEMS-measured adherence to correct dose-time. Secondary outcome measures will include cost-effectiveness and viral load. ..
- Peer Support--Congestive Heart Failure Self-ManagementMARY ELLEN HEISLER; Fiscal Year: 2009..If found effective, this approach could be used to improve health outcomes among patients with other chronic conditions, such as depression, chronic pain, or diabetes. ..
- Payees, Disability Payments and Dual DiagnosisMarc Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2006..These studies will address fundamental questions about dispensing of disability payments and assignment of payees to dually diagnosed beneficiaries, questions that cannot be ethically addressed by prospective trials. ..
- Costs of Preventing Alcohol Problems in Older AdultsSusan Ettner; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- FINANCIAL CAPACITY IN ALZHEIMERS DISEASEDaniel Marson; Fiscal Year: 2002..In Aim 2, we will clinically investigate domain specific financial capacities in AD patients using physician judgments, the ..
- Impact of the Medicare Part D Benzodiazepine Exclusion on Managed Care PatientsSusan Ettner; Fiscal Year: 2008..Our findings will inform the ongoing debate over amending Part D legislation to include BZD coverage by providing objective data to guide policymakers on the likely costs and benefits. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Patterns and Predictors of Cognitive DeclineKENNETH LANGA; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- A Multidisciplinary Approach to Wealth TransfersJinkook Lee; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Treatment Patterns, Expenditures and Outcomes in MBHOsSusan Ettner; Fiscal Year: 2005..e., how psychotherapy visits are associated with outcomes and expenditures. Selection models will be used to estimate this relationship for patients with and without drug use. ..
- IDENTIFYING CASES AND COSTS OF DEMENTIA IN THE U.S.KENNETH LANGA; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Antidepressant Use and SuicideSusan Busch; Fiscal Year: 2009..The significance of this project lies in its potential to help clinicians and policymakers assess and manage competing risk and benefit claims. ..
- FACTORS AFFECTING USE OF MEDICATION TO TREAT ALCOHOLISMTAMI MARK; Fiscal Year: 2001..We propose to collect this information through experts panels and a national survey of physicians specialized in treating substance abuse. ..
- Harmonization of Aging Surveys & Cross-National ComparatJinkook Lee; Fiscal Year: 2006..Considering such significant investment in aging surveys, the benefits of this harmonization meeting of aging surveys greatly exceed its costs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Economic Evaluation of Addiction ServicesJENNIFER RUGER; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Using MEPS Data to Inform Public-Plan ConsumerismMatthew Davis; Fiscal Year: 2007..Findings will have immediate relevance for implementation of the HOA projects and other consumerism efforts. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Quality of Life Therapy for Adults with ESRD Awaiting Renal TransplantationJames Rodrigue; Fiscal Year: 2007..These benefits have the potential to extend the QOL outcomes otherwise derived from transplantation alone. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Poverty Health and Adolescent Risk BehaviorPaul Gertler; Fiscal Year: 2007..Our research will be guided by the theoretical model of behavioral economics. ..
- Treating the Partners of Drug Using Preg Women: Stage IIHendree Jones; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Food reinforcement-genotype interactions and eatingLeonard H Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2010..The findings are relevant to a greater understanding of behavioral and genetic factors related to obesity, as well as providing ideas that may be relevant for treatment interventions for those high in food reinforcement. ..
- GERIATRIC DEPRESSION AND ANTIDEPRESSANT USEStephen Crystal; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Spatial Epidemiology of Syphilis and Gonorrhea in North CarolinaWilliam C Miller; Fiscal Year: 2010..Furthermore, we will obtain critical, new information regarding STI epidemiology in southeastern U.S., a region with disproportionate burden of these infections. ..
- Religion, Aging, and Mexican American HealthNeal Krause; Fiscal Year: 2010..To compare and contrast race differences in religiousness as well as race differences in the relationship between religion and health among older Whites, older Blacks, and older Mexican Americans. ..
- New Evidence on the Persistence of High Health SpendingRichard Hirth; Fiscal Year: 2009..We will provide an example of how such estimates can inform the evaluation of risk-adjustment and reinsurance as mechanisms to improve the functioning of small group health insurance markets. ..
- Maternal Opioid Treatment: Human Experimental ResearchHendree Jones; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Major Mental Disorders and HIV -- Health Services UseStephen Crystal; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- External Costs of ObesityJay Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- INCIDENT REPORTING IN NURSING HOMESNicholas Castle; Fiscal Year: 2008..This information will further our development of a standardized incident reporting mechanism recommended by the Institute of Medicine and others. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- An Appalchian Cervical Cancer Prevention ProjectNancy Schoenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007..abstract_text> ..
- Tobacco Use in Opioid Agonist treated Pregnant WomenHendree Jones; Fiscal Year: 2008..This project will make substantial contributions to the understanding of tobacco use and cessation in pregnant women and the role tobacco has on the incidence and severity of NAS in methadone-maintained women. ..
- Ethnic Disparities in Diabetes ComplicationsAndrew Karter; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- RELIGION, AGING, AND HEALTHNeal Krause; Fiscal Year: 2007..Included among these procedures are individual growth curve models and latent variable structural equation models. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Until Death Do Us Part: Careers of Caregiving WivesDonald Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- BEH PHARM TREATMENTS FOR ALCOHOL/NICOTINE DEPENDENCEJoy Schmitz; Fiscal Year: 2001..Finally, the proposed study will continue and extend the scope of our ongoing research program designed to evaluate the joint effects of behavioral and pharmacological interventions for substance dependence. ..
- Expected Bequests and Their DistributionJames Smith; Fiscal Year: 2004..In this research we will predicts what will happen to levels and distribution of bequests that will be left in the future and develop the implications of a new index of future household savings. ..
- Methadone Benefit Elimination--Oregon Health PlanBret Fuller; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Impact of Poor Health & AIDS on Small Businesses in SAMark Pauly; Fiscal Year: 2003..They will be useful for predicting the effect of changes in health on economic activity in this sector, and for allocating resources for disease prevention and treatment. ..
- WEALTH DISPARITIES AMONG MATURE & OLDER ADULTSJames Smith; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- A Longitudinal Study of Influenza Vaccine DecisionsGretchen Chapman; Fiscal Year: 2004..The results of this study will extend the understanding of predictors of influenza vaccine acceptance and will prove valuable in the development of intervention strategies to boost vaccine acceptance rates. ..
- IS NON-ADHERENCE A REVEALED PREFERENCELeslie Lenert; Fiscal Year: 2003..We will also use an expert panel to assess the clinical match between patients' regimens and their preferences. ..
- Do Free Glucose Test Strips Increase Self-Monitoring?Andrew Karter; Fiscal Year: 2003..Proposal strengths also include a longitudinal design, substantial statistical power, low cost data acquisition, and an ethnically diverse population with uniform access to care. ..
- INTEGRATED TREATMENT FOR COCAINE AND MOOD DISORDERSJoy Schmitz; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- UNSTUDIED INFANTS: LOW RISK BABIES IN A HIGH RISK PLACEMarie McCormick; Fiscal Year: 2002..Results will identify sites with better outcomes and the practices associated with them. These outcomes represent achievable goals well within the scope of current technology. ..
- WOMEN WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA AND SUBSTANCE ABUSEJEAN GEARON; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- COLLABORATIVE INITIAL GLAUCOMA TREATMENT STUDYHenry Jampel; Fiscal Year: 2002....
- Pathways to Distured Emotions, Perceptions & BeliefsHoward Berenbaum; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- EARLY DETECTION OF GLAUCOMA DAMAGEHenry Jampel; Fiscal Year: 2004..This assessment of the RTA and NFA will help to establish their utility as outcome measures for clinical management of glaucoma, epidemiological research, and clinical trials. ..
- EXAMINING NURSING HOME COMPARENicholas Castle; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Impact on DNA-Based Paternity Testing on FamiliesDavid Bishai; Fiscal Year: 2004..If better fathers are more likely to test positive in a paternity test then one may entertain skepticism that the test results actually change parental behavior. ..
- A BEHAVIORAL ECONOMIC APPROACH TO CHILDHOOD OBESITYLeonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2005..This study will yield important information on new ways to treat pediatric obesity, minimizing dietary restriction and maximizing children learning healthier eating habits. ..
- Combined Treatment for Cocaine-Alcohol DependenceJoy Schmitz; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- An Experiment in Poverty Reduction and Child DevelopmentPaul Gertler; Fiscal Year: 2004..Could the same results have been achieved through just cash transfers with the requirements for care and monitoring, but without the nutrition supplements? ..
- Evidence-Based Rheumatology: Prevalence/Impact ArthritisEdward Yelin; Fiscal Year: 2005..The conference will be one day in duration and will take place on November 12, 2005, the day preceding the formal opening of the Annual Meeting of the American College of Rheumatology. ..
- A Pilot Survey to Measure Disability in the Elderly PopulationDavid Cutler; Fiscal Year: 2006..This research is critical for researchers, and for policy-makers who seek to understand why disability is changing and what implications those changes will have for longevity and medical spending. ..
- The Balanced Budget Act of 1997 and Home Care for CancerMeredith Kilgore; Fiscal Year: 2006..Data generated from this study can be used to guide federal decision makers in formulating policies related to home health services for older cancer patients. ..
- Specialty Mental Health Care--Expanding Access in an HMODominic Hodgkin; Fiscal Year: 2003..The results will inform health plan decision-makers and others as they make utilization management choices that may have a major impact on patients and enrollee populations overall. ..
- Understanding Disability Among The ElderlyDavid Cutler; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- Cancer Caregiving and the Stress ProcessNancy Schoenberg; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Self-Care & Outcomes Among Kidney Transplant RecipientsElisa Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2007..candidates for transplant through education, d) evaluating health policies designed to prevent financial barriers to kidney transplantation, and e) eliminating disparities in long-term kidney survival rates [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- The Impact of the FDA Antidepressant Black Box Warning on Psychiatric PracticeHua Chen; Fiscal Year: 2007..The study findings will also be a good reference for the policy makers when new black box warning is considered for psychiatric drugs other than antidepressants. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Ecological Approaches to Understanding Post-Disaster DistressSandro Galea; Fiscal Year: 2008..Key hypotheses will be tested using multi-level hierarchical models and ecologic analyses. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- The Role of Customization in Psychotropic PrescribingDominic Hodgkin; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- CONTINUITY OF CARE & OUTCOME OF SEVERE MENTAL DISORDERSRamin Mojtabai; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- The neighborhood environment and drug use in NYCSandro Galea; Fiscal Year: 2007..This, coupled with our studies involving telephone interviews with 6,000+ New Yorkers is assurance that the aims of this study can be achieved. ..
- Exploratory Center for Behavioral Epidemiology (RMI)Paul Gertler; Fiscal Year: 2006..We will also explore strategies for expanding this new approach into a more formalized and enduring discipline by developing a sustainable market for its production and consumption. [unreadable] [unreadable]..