personal financing

Summary

Summary: Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi The burden of out-of-pocket payments for health care in Tbilisi, Republic of Georgia
    Jacek Skarbinski
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Center for Biomedical Ethics, Stanford University Medical Center, Room H3151, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    JAMA 287:1043-9. 2002
  2. pmc Being uninsured in 1996 compared to 1987: how has the experience of the uninsured changed over time?
    A K Taylor
    Center for Cost and Financing Studies, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Health Serv Res 36:16-31. 2001
  3. ncbi Ensuring the oral health of patients with HIV
    Victor M Badner
    Department of Dentistry Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, North Bronx Healthcare Network, Jacobi Medical Center and North Central Bronx Hospital, Bronx, NY, USA
    J Am Dent Assoc 136:1415-7. 2005
  4. ncbi Prevalence, correlates, and costs of patients with poor adjustment to mixed cancers
    Lorna Butler
    School of Nursing, Dalhousie University, 5969 University Avenue, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 3J5
    Cancer Nurs 29:9-16. 2006
  5. ncbi Analysis of factors affecting willingness to pay for cardiovascular disease-related medical services
    Hideo Yasunaga
    Department of Planning, Information, and Management, University of Tokyo Hospital, Japan
    Int Heart J 47:273-86. 2006
  6. ncbi Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data--or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of India
    D Filmer
    Development Research Group, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Demography 38:115-32. 2001
  7. ncbi Poverty, out-of-pocket payments and access to health care: evidence from Tajikistan
    Jane Falkingham
    Department of Social Statistics, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
    Soc Sci Med 58:247-58. 2004
  8. pmc Differences in willingness to pay for artemisinin-based combinations or monotherapy: experiences from the United Republic of Tanzania
    Virginia Wiseman
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 50 Bedford Square, London WC1B 3DP, England
    Bull World Health Organ 83:845-52. 2005
  9. ncbi An analysis of private health insurance purchasing decisions with national health insurance in Taiwan
    Tsai Ching Liu
    Department ol Puhlie Finance, National Taipei University, Taiwan
    Soc Sci Med 55:755-74. 2002
  10. ncbi Social risk management options for medical care in Indonesia
    Menno Pradhan
    Economic and Social Institute, Free University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Health Econ 11:431-46. 2002

Detail Information

Publications202 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi The burden of out-of-pocket payments for health care in Tbilisi, Republic of Georgia
    Jacek Skarbinski
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Center for Biomedical Ethics, Stanford University Medical Center, Room H3151, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    JAMA 287:1043-9. 2002
    ..Under the new system, 87% of health care expenditures are financed through out-of-pocket payments at the point of service...
  2. pmc Being uninsured in 1996 compared to 1987: how has the experience of the uninsured changed over time?
    A K Taylor
    Center for Cost and Financing Studies, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Health Serv Res 36:16-31. 2001
    ....
  3. ncbi Ensuring the oral health of patients with HIV
    Victor M Badner
    Department of Dentistry Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, North Bronx Healthcare Network, Jacobi Medical Center and North Central Bronx Hospital, Bronx, NY, USA
    J Am Dent Assoc 136:1415-7. 2005
  4. ncbi Prevalence, correlates, and costs of patients with poor adjustment to mixed cancers
    Lorna Butler
    School of Nursing, Dalhousie University, 5969 University Avenue, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 3J5
    Cancer Nurs 29:9-16. 2006
    ....
  5. ncbi Analysis of factors affecting willingness to pay for cardiovascular disease-related medical services
    Hideo Yasunaga
    Department of Planning, Information, and Management, University of Tokyo Hospital, Japan
    Int Heart J 47:273-86. 2006
    ..Although asymptomatic, hypertension requires continuous treatment. For such diseases, uniformly low copayment should be established irrespective of annual income...
  6. ncbi Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data--or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of India
    D Filmer
    Development Research Group, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Demography 38:115-32. 2001
    ..On average a "rich" child is 31 percentage points more likely to be enrolled than a "poor" child, but this gap varies from only 4.6 percentage points in Kerala to 38.2 in Uttar Pradesh and 42.6 in Bihar...
  7. ncbi Poverty, out-of-pocket payments and access to health care: evidence from Tajikistan
    Jane Falkingham
    Department of Social Statistics, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
    Soc Sci Med 58:247-58. 2004
    ..Urgent action is needed to ensure equity in access to health care...
  8. pmc Differences in willingness to pay for artemisinin-based combinations or monotherapy: experiences from the United Republic of Tanzania
    Virginia Wiseman
    Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 50 Bedford Square, London WC1B 3DP, England
    Bull World Health Organ 83:845-52. 2005
    ..The reasons behind respondents' valuations and the effect of socioeconomic status on willingness to pay were explored...
  9. ncbi An analysis of private health insurance purchasing decisions with national health insurance in Taiwan
    Tsai Ching Liu
    Department ol Puhlie Finance, National Taipei University, Taiwan
    Soc Sci Med 55:755-74. 2002
    ..In addition, one important implication in the private health insurance market is highlighted. There is no complementarity between the public and private systems...
  10. ncbi Social risk management options for medical care in Indonesia
    Menno Pradhan
    Economic and Social Institute, Free University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Health Econ 11:431-46. 2002
    ..Subsidizing outpatient treatment is a cost effective policy to reduce exposure to catastrophic risks only for the very poor...
  11. ncbi Persistence in health expenditures in the short run: prevalence and consequences
    Alan C Monheit
    School of Public Health, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Piscataway 08854 5635, USA
    Med Care 41:III53-III64. 2003
    ....
  12. ncbi Do microfinance programs help families insure consumption against illness?
    Paul Gertler
    Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 1900, USA
    Health Econ 18:257-73. 2009
    ..In general, results support the importance of these institutions in helping families to self-insure consumption against health shocks...
  13. ncbi Willingness to pay for health insurance in a developing economy. A pilot study of the informal sector of Ghana using contingent valuation
    W K Asenso-Okyere
    University of Ghana, Legon
    Health Policy 42:223-37. 1997
    ..As income increases, or the proportion of unemployed household members drop, people are willing to pay higher premiums for health insurance...
  14. ncbi Factors influencing implementation of the Community Health Fund in Tanzania
    Peter Kamuzora
    Institute of Development Studies, University of Dar es Salaam, P O Box 35169, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Health Policy Plan 22:95-102. 2007
    ..In order better to achieve the objectives of prepayment schemes, it is important to focus attention on policy implementers, who are capable of re-shaping policy during its implementation, with consequences for policy outcomes...
  15. ncbi Medicare beneficiaries' knowledge of Part D prescription drug program benefits and responses to drug costs
    John Hsu
    Center for Health Policy Studies and the Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, 2000 Broadway, Third Floor, Oakland, California 94612, USA
    JAMA 299:1929-36. 2008
    ..Medicare Part D drug benefits include substantial cost sharing...
  16. ncbi Do divergences between stated and actual willingness to pay signify the existence of bias in contingent valuation surveys?
    Obinna Onwujekwe
    Gates Malaria Partnership, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WCIE 7HT, UK
    Soc Sci Med 60:525-36. 2005
    ..Studies that compare stated and actual WTP should explicitly determine the causes of divergences in order to assess the role of bias in the divergences...
  17. ncbi Valuing health care using willingness to pay: a comparison of the payment card and dichotomous choice methods
    Mandy Ryan
    Department of Public Health, Health Economics Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 9ZD, UK
    J Health Econ 23:237-58. 2004
    ..Neither of these approaches converged with WTP. Future work must address the decision heuristics individuals employ when responding to valuation experiments...
  18. ncbi Comparing willingness-to-pay: bidding game format versus open-ended and payment scale formats
    Emma J Frew
    Health Economics Facility, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    Health Policy 68:289-98. 2004
    ....
  19. ncbi Construction of the contingent valuation market in health care: a critical assessment
    Richard D Smith
    Health Economics Group, School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Health Econ 12:609-28. 2003
    ..Suggestions are made concerning why this may be the case, and how the construction of the contingent market may be improved in future...
  20. ncbi Examining out-of-pocket expenditure on health care in Nouna, Burkina Faso: implications for health policy
    Frederick Mugisha
    Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany
    Trop Med Int Health 7:187-96. 2002
    ..To examine household out-of-pocket expenditure on health care, particularly malaria treatment, in rural Burkina Faso...
  21. ncbi The impact of public voluntary health insurance on private health expenditures in Vietnam
    M Jowett
    Centre for Health Economics, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK
    Soc Sci Med 56:333-42. 2003
    ..Despite this, insurance reduces expenditures significantly more for the poor than for the rich...
  22. ncbi Formalizing under-the-table payments to control out-of-pocket hospital expenditures in Cambodia
    Sarah Barber
    Institute of Business and Economic Research, University of California, Berkeley, USA
    Health Policy Plan 19:199-208. 2004
    ..Furthermore, the hospital phased out external donor support gradually over 4 years and achieved financial sustainability...
  23. ncbi Differential willingness of household heads to pay community-based health insurance premia for themselves and other household members
    Hengjin Dong
    Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
    Health Policy Plan 19:120-6. 2004
    ....
  24. ncbi Out-of-pocket health expenditure and debt in poor households: evidence from Cambodia
    Wim Van Damme
    Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium
    Trop Med Int Health 9:273-80. 2004
    ..To document how out-of-pocket health expenditure can lead to debt in a poor rural area in Cambodia...
  25. ncbi Informal payments for health care in transition economies
    Tim Ensor
    International Programme Centre for Health Economics, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK
    Soc Sci Med 58:237-46. 2004
    ..Ultimately, unless governments address the endemic nature of payments across all sectors, policy interventions are unlikely to be fully effective...
  26. ncbi Fee-for-service or donation? Hungarian perspectives on informal payment for health care
    Peter Gaal
    Health Services Management Training Centre, Semmelweis University, Kutvolgyi ut 2, Budapest H 1125, Hungary
    Soc Sci Med 60:1445-57. 2005
    ..To orient future research, a possible agenda is outlined, which links evidence to be obtained to the defining features of gratitude payments...
  27. ncbi Incidence and correlates of 'catastrophic' maternal health care expenditure in India
    Sekhar Bonu
    South Asia Department, Asian Development Bank, 6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City, Manila, Philippines
    Health Policy Plan 24:445-56. 2009
    ....
  28. pmc Willingness to pay to assess patient preferences for therapy in a Canadian setting
    Carlo A Marra
    Pharmaceutical Sciences Clinical Service Unit, Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre, Vancouver British Columbia, Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 5:43. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to elicit treatment location preferences and willingness to pay (WTP) from patients referred to an OPAT program...
  29. ncbi Estimating the monetary value of health care: lessons from environmental economics
    Nick Hanley
    Economics Department, University of Glasgow, UK
    Health Econ 12:3-16. 2003
    ..Important areas for future research in health economics are identified...
  30. ncbi Understanding informal payments for health care: the example of Bulgaria
    Dina Balabanova
    Health Systems Development Programme, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, WC1E 7HT, London, UK
    Health Policy 62:243-73. 2002
    ..A clear policy response to informal payments is, however, lacking. The current study explores informal payments in Bulgaria within a conceptual framework developed by triangulating information using a variety of methodologies...
  31. ncbi Under-the-counter payments for health care: evidence from Bulgaria
    E Delcheva
    National Centre for Public Health, Bulgaria
    Health Policy 42:89-100. 1997
    ..Before this can be done, there is a need for more research on the impact that this would have on equity and affordability...
  32. ncbi The inequity of informal payments for health care: the case of Hungary
    Agota Szende
    Covance Health Economics and Outcomes Services, Springfield House, Hyde Street, Leeds LS2 9LH, UK
    Health Policy 75:262-71. 2006
    ..The finding that people with lower income pay proportionally more for public health care through informal payments underlines the emptiness of the 'Robin Hood' claims and the need for reform...
  33. ncbi Willingness to pay for alternative policies for patients with Alzheimer's Disease
    Miguel A Negrín
    Department of Quantitative Methods, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
    Health Econ Policy Law 3:257-75. 2008
    ..The results are significant for health care, as they enable policymakers to identify the social demand for such services, as well as the relative economic values placed on the alternative policy measures...
  34. ncbi Willingness-to-pay for community-based insurance in Burkina Faso
    Hengjin Dong
    Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Germany
    Health Econ 12:849-62. 2003
    ..In addition, factors that influence WTP were to be identified...
  35. ncbi The feasibility of community-based health insurance in Burkina Faso
    Hengjin Dong
    Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 324, D 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
    Health Policy 69:45-53. 2004
    ....
  36. ncbi Catastrophe and impoverishment in paying for health care: with applications to Vietnam 1993-1998
    Adam Wagstaff
    The World Bank, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Health Econ 12:921-34. 2003
    ....
  37. ncbi Medicare beneficiaries' management of capped prescription benefits
    E R Cox
    Express Scripts, Inc, Maryland Heights, Missouri 63043, USA
    Med Care 39:296-301. 2001
    ..This type of coverage is found predominantly within private Medigap policies and Medicare+Choice plans offering prescription coverage...
  38. pmc Indian community health insurance schemes provide partial protection against catastrophic health expenditure
    Narayanan Devadasan
    Achutha Menon Centre for Health Science Studies, SCTIMST, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
    BMC Health Serv Res 7:43. 2007
    ..We studied two Indian community health insurance (CHI) schemes, ACCORD and SEWA, to determine whether insured households are protected from CHE...
  39. ncbi Theory versus practice: a review of 'willingness-to-pay' in health and health care
    J A Olsen
    Institute of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway
    Health Econ 10:39-52. 2001
    ..Furthermore, the 'cost-benefit argument', that WTP can assist in improving social efficiency, is discussed before we inquire into the extent to which the studies actually compare WTP with social costs...
  40. ncbi Impact of an annual dollar limit or "cap" on prescription drug benefits for Medicare patients
    Chien Wen Tseng
    Department of Family Practice and Community Health, University of Hawaii, and Pacific Health Research Institute, Honolulu, USA
    JAMA 290:222-7. 2003
    ..Annual dollar limits, or "caps," on drug benefits are common in Medicare managed care (Medicare + Choice) and have been part of several proposals for a national Medicare drug benefit...
  41. ncbi Unintended consequences of caps on Medicare drug benefits
    John Hsu
    Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, Calif 94612, USA
    N Engl J Med 354:2349-59. 2006
    ..Little information exists about the consequences of limits on prescription-drug benefits for Medicare beneficiaries...
  42. ncbi Medical expenditure and rural impoverishment in China
    Yuanli Liu
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 21:216-22. 2003
    ..In other words, medical spending raised the number of rural households living below the poverty line by 44.3%. Medical expenditure has become an important source of transient poverty in rural China...
  43. ncbi Is combination therapy for malaria based on user-fees worthwhile and equitable to consumers? Assessment of costs and willingness to pay in Southeast Nigeria
    Obinna Onwujekwe
    Gates Malaria Partnership, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Acta Trop 91:101-15. 2004
    ..To examine the equity implications of the costs of an episode of malaria, the benefit/cost ratios of using two artemisinin-based combination therapy (CT) from the consumers' view and inequities in willingness to pay (WTP) for CT...
  44. ncbi What are the economic consequences for households of illness and of paying for health care in low- and middle-income country contexts?
    Diane McIntyre
    Health Economics Unit, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 62:858-65. 2006
    ....
  45. ncbi An analysis of equity in Brazilian health system financing
    Maria Alicia Domínguez Ugá
    National School of Public Health, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Health Aff (Millwood) 26:1017-28. 2007
    ..Overall, financing is approximately neutral, with progressive public finance offsetting regressive payments. This last form of finance pushes some households into poverty...
  46. ncbi Medicare HMO withdrawals: what happens to beneficiaries?
    M A Laschober
    Health Economics Practice of Barents Group LLC, Washington, D C, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 18:150-7. 1999
    ..Those with traditional Medicare by itself or with Medigap, the disabled under age sixty-five, the oldest old, and the near-poor experienced the greatest hardship after their HMO withdrew...
  47. ncbi Medicare prescription drug coverage gap: navigating the "doughnut hole" with patients
    Scott A Berkowitz
    Schools of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    JAMA 297:868-70. 2007
  48. pmc The effect of pharmacy benefit design on patient-physician communication about costs
    William H Shrank
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02120, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 21:334-9. 2006
    ..The impact of financial incentives on patient awareness of and communication about those costs is unknown...
  49. ncbi Willingness to pay for treated mosquito nets in Surat, India: the design and descriptive analysis of a household survey
    M R Bhatia
    Department of Social Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK
    Health Policy Plan 17:402-11. 2002
    ..This paper suggests that policy-makers could use the evidence following further analysis, along with information on costs of implementation, to ascertain the levels of subsidy that may be needed at different levels of coverage...
  50. ncbi Does use of tobacco or alcohol contribute to impoverishment from hospitalization costs in India?
    Sekhar Bonu
    South Asian Regional Department, Asian Development Bank, PO Box 789, 0980 Manila, Philippines
    Health Policy Plan 20:41-9. 2005
    ..It might be necessary to include strategies for control of tobacco and alcohol in the larger framework of poverty reduction...
  51. ncbi Patient preferences for colon cancer screening: the role of out-of-pocket costs
    Michael Pignone
    Am J Manag Care 13:390-1. 2007
  52. ncbi Willingness-to-pay and demand curves: a comparison of results obtained using different elicitation formats
    David K Whynes
    Health Economics, School of Economics, University of Nottingham, UK
    Int J Health Care Finance Econ 5:369-86. 2005
    ..Judgements as to the relative merits of rival interventions depend crucially upon whichever format has been used to evaluate each intervention...
  53. ncbi Gender's effect on willingness-to-pay for community-based insurance in Burkina Faso
    Hengjin Dong
    Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 324, D 69120, Heidelberg, Germany
    Health Policy 64:153-62. 2003
    ..WTP should never be taken as a premium because it only provides some information for the respondents' financial acceptability for a certain benefits package...
  54. ncbi Can mothers afford maternal health care costs? User costs of maternity services in rural Tanzania
    Marga Kowalewski
    Institute of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Germany
    Afr J Reprod Health 6:65-73. 2002
    ..High direct payments and the fear of unofficial costs are acute barriers to the use of maternity services. User costs can substantially be reduced by the re-organisation of service delivery especially at antenatal consultation...
  55. ncbi The contingency of contingent valuation. How much are people willing to pay against Alzheimer's disease?
    Sandra Nocera
    Institute of Economics, University of Bern
    Int J Health Care Finance Econ 2:219-40. 2002
    ....
  56. ncbi Aiding priority setting in health care: is there a role for the contingent valuation method?
    J A Olsen
    Centre for Health Program Evaluation, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
    Health Econ 6:603-12. 1997
    ..New empirical evidence is presented which suggest discrepancies between a CV ranking and the ranking expressed when making a direct ordinal comparison...
  57. ncbi Willingness to pay for public health care: a comparison of two approaches
    Jan Abel Olsen
    Institute of Community Medicine, University of Tromsoe, 9037 Tromsoe, Norway
    Health Policy 70:217-28. 2004
    ..A split-sample interview study was undertaken in Denmark. The proportion of respondents willing to pay is higher in the community version, and the respondents use different reasons for being and not being willing to pay...
  58. ncbi Equitable financing, out-of-pocket payments and the role of health care reform in Colombia
    Ramon A Castano
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Health Policy Plan 17:5-11. 2002
    ....
  59. ncbi Eliciting patients' values by use of 'willingness to pay': letting the theory drive the method
    C Donaldson
    Department of Economics, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N1, Canada
    Health Expect 4:180-8. 2001
    ..To describe the three different ways in which 'willingness to pay' (WTP) has been used to elicit patients' values of alternative interventions...
  60. ncbi Hypothetical versus real willingness to pay in the health care sector: results from a field experiment
    K Blumenschein
    College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536 0082, USA
    J Health Econ 20:441-57. 2001
    ..We conclude that the dichotomous choice contingent valuation method overestimates willingness to pay, but that it may be possible to correct for this overestimation by sorting out "definitely sure" yes responses...
  61. ncbi Characteristics of people living with HIV who use community-based services in Ontario, Canada: implications for service providers
    Peter Williams
    Ontario AIDS Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 16:50-63. 2005
    ..In an effort to strengthen CBAO capacity to recognize and address depression and physical health problems prevalent among their clients, links to other mainstream health promotion and social services is recommended...
  62. pmc Household out-of-pocket payments for illness: evidence from Vietnam
    Nguyen Thi Bich Thuan
    Planning and Financing Department of Ministry of Health, Hanoi, Vietnam
    BMC Public Health 6:283. 2006
    ..The focus of the paper is on the relative effect of different illnesses on the total economic burden of health care on households in general and on households that have catastrophic health care spending in particular...
  63. ncbi Does non-profit health insurance reduce financial burden? Evidence from the Vietnam Living Standards Survey Panel
    Ardeshir Sepehri
    Department of Economics, University of Manitoba, Canada
    Health Econ 15:603-16. 2006
    ..At mean income, the effect of health insurance is to reduce health expenditures between 28 and 35%...
  64. ncbi Direct costs of managing Parkinson's disease in India: concerns in a developing country
    Mona Ragothaman
    Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India
    Mov Disord 21:1755-8. 2006
    ..63 US dollars). Patients in this study spend nearly 16% to 41.7% of the average Indian GNI to buy medicines. Costs of treating PD in India are lower than those in developed nations but are still out of reach for most Indian patients...
  65. ncbi Changes in financial burdens for health care: national estimates for the population younger than 65 years, 1996 to 2003
    Jessica S Banthin
    Division of Modeling and Simulation, Center for Financing, Access and Cost Trends, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, US Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
    JAMA 296:2712-9. 2006
    ..Policymakers as well as physicians need to understand how rapidly rising health care costs are affecting specific groups of patients...
  66. pmc Impact of mutual health organizations: evidence from West Africa
    Slavea Chankova
    International Health Division, Abt Associates, Inc, 4800 Montgomery Lane, Suite 600, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    Health Policy Plan 23:264-76. 2008
    ..However, MHO membership does not appear to have a significant effect on out-of-pocket expenditures for curative outpatient care...
  67. ncbi Economic cost of malaria on households during a transmission season in Khartoum State, Sudan
    M H Mustafa
    Research Department, Khartoum State Ministry of Health, Khartoum, Sudan
    East Mediterr Health J 13:1298-307. 2007
    ..3 (SD 5.9). The average indirect cost per fully cured case was U.S. $3.2 (SD 9.2); it was higher for individuals working in the informal sector than those employed in the formal sector...
  68. ncbi The undercovered class
    Matthew Weinstock
    Hosp Health Netw 81:32-6, 38, 1. 2007
    ..Soaring deductibles and gaping holes in coverage mean huge out-of-pocket expenses. When patients can't pay, providers are stuck. Now, some hospitals are helping patients understand up front just what their insurance covers...
  69. ncbi Financial burden of health care, 2001-2004
    Jessica S Banthin
    Division of Modeling and Simulation Research, Center for Financing, Access, and Cost Trends, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 27:188-95. 2008
    ..Financial burdens have increased to the point at which private insurance is no longer able to provide financial protection for an increasing number of families...
  70. ncbi Willingness to pay for cross-border health insurance between the United States and Mexico
    Arturo Vargas Bustamante
    Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 27:169-78. 2008
    ..The strongest predictors of willingness to pay were having insured dependents in Mexico and sending them remittances for health purposes...
  71. ncbi The financial impact of HIV/AIDS on poor households in South Africa
    Daryl L Collins
    Wagner School of Public Policy, New York University, 295 LafayetteStreet, New York, NY 10012, USA
    AIDS 21:S75-81. 2007
    ..Rising mortality rates caused by HIV/AIDS in South Africa have substantial and lingering impacts on poor households...
  72. ncbi How much 'skin in the game' do medicare beneficiaries have? The increasing financial burden of health care spending, 1997-2003
    Patricia Neuman
    Medicare Policy Project, Henry J Kaiser Family Foundation, Washington, DC, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 26:1692-701. 2007
    ..9 percent spent more than a fifth of their income on health care. Results suggest that sustained increases in out-of-pocket spending could make health care less affordable for all but the highest-income beneficiaries...
  73. ncbi The financial burden of transplantation: a single-center survey of liver and kidney transplant recipients
    James R Rodrigue
    The Transplant Center and the Department of Psychiatry, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Transplantation 84:295-300. 2007
    ..These findings highlight the potential financial impact of transplantation on patients and families, and they have implications for assisting patients in managing out-of-pocket expenses after transplantation...
  74. ncbi Trends in spending for substance abuse treatment, 1986-2003
    Tami L Mark
    Thomson Healthcare, Washington, DC, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 26:1118-28. 2007
    ..S. health care spending grew by 8.0 percent. As a result of the slower growth of SA spending compared to that for all health care, SA spending fell as a share of all health spending from 2.1 percent in 1986 to 1.3 percent in 2003...
  75. ncbi Protecting households from catastrophic health spending
    Ke Xu
    Department of Health Systems Financing, Health Systems and Services, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Health Aff (Millwood) 26:972-83. 2007
    ..Prepayment mechanisms protect people from financial catastrophe, but there is no strong evidence that social health insurance systems offer better or worse protection than tax-based systems do...
  76. ncbi Affording what's free and paying for choice: comparing the cost of public and private hospitalizations in urban Kerala
    Jean Frédéric Levesque
    Institut national de santé publique du Québec INSPQ, Montreal, Canada
    Int J Health Plann Manage 22:159-74. 2007
    ..To assess the cost of public and private hospitalizations in urban Kerala and discuss policy implications of social disparities in the economic burden of hospital care...
  77. ncbi Trends in the golden state: small-group premiums rise sharply while actuarial values for individual coverage plummet
    Jon Gabel
    NORC, Washington, DC, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 26:w488-99. 2007
    ..In the small-group market, premiums rose more than 50 percent from 2003 to 2006, but the proportion of claims paid by insurers for a standardized population remained constant...
  78. ncbi Financial barriers to mammography: who pays out-of-pocket?
    Diane M Makuc
    Office of Analysis and Epidemiology, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Maryland, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 16:349-60. 2007
    ..This study investigates how out-of-pocket payments for mammograms vary according to the characteristics of women and the states where they reside...
  79. pmc Out-of-pocket healthcare spending by the poor and chronically ill in the Republic of Korea
    Jennifer Prah Ruger
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn 06520 8034, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:804-11. 2007
    ..We examined variations in out-of-pocket spending, estimated out-of-pocket spending burden ratio employing household equivalent income, and identified factors associated with out-of-pocket spending...
  80. ncbi [The Chilean health system financing]
    Marcos Vergara-Iturriaga
    Escuela de Salud Publica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile
    Salud Publica Mex 48:512-21. 2006
    ..To explore the Chilean health system financing based on the most recent available data. Material and..
  81. ncbi Consumer-driven health plans: early evidence and potential impact on hospitals
    Gail R Wilensky
    Health Aff (Millwood) 25:174-85. 2006
    ..The biggest effect for hospitals might be the pressure produced for increased price transparency and greater uniformity in pricing, although high-deductible plans also could reduce hospital spending by reducing use...
  82. ncbi The economic burden of prescription drug use among elderly patients in Ponce, Puerto Rico
    Laura López-Negrón
    Farmcia Lourdes, University of Puerto Rico
    P R Health Sci J 25:149-53. 2006
    ..To examine the economic impact of prescription drug use on the personal income of elderly individuals in Ponce, Puerto Rico...
  83. ncbi Does public insurance provide better financial protection against rising health care costs for families of children with special health care needs?
    Hao Yu
    RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
    Med Care 46:1064-70. 2008
    ..Health care costs grew rapidly since 2001, generating substantial economic pressures on families, especially those with children with special health care needs (CSHCN)...
  84. pmc Household out-of-pocket medical expenditures and National Health Insurance in Taiwan: income and regional inequality
    Tu Bin Chu
    Taipei Municipal Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
    BMC Health Serv Res 5:60. 2005
    ..This study examines the degree to which Taiwan's National Health Insurance (NHI) has reduced out-of-pocket medical expenditures in households in different regions and varying levels of income...
  85. ncbi Measuring preferences for delivery services in rural Vietnam
    Dat Van Duong
    Program for Appropriate Technology in Health in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Birth 32:194-202. 2005
    ..This study measured willingness-to-pay for obstetric delivery preferences in rural Vietnam...
  86. ncbi Health services use and health care expenditures for children with disabilities
    Paul W Newacheck
    Maternal and Child Health Policy Research Center, Institute for Health Policy Studies, and Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
    Pediatrics 114:79-85. 2004
    ..To examine health care utilization and expenditure patterns for children with disabilities...
  87. pmc Antiretroviral therapy and health care utilization: a study of privately insured men and women with HIV disease
    Fred J Hellinger
    Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, CDOM, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
    Health Serv Res 39:949-67. 2004
    ..To compare the use of antiretroviral therapy and other health care resources by women and men with HIV disease who are privately insured...
  88. ncbi Care for people living with HIV/AIDS: an assessment of day care centers in northern Thailand
    Keiko Tsunekawa
    World Health Organization Thailand, Bangkok, Thailand
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 18:305-14. 2004
    ..As an expansion of antiretroviral treatment is planned in Thailand, the DCCs' role should be fully explored and clearly defined. Minimizing economic and geographical barriers to access are some of the most immediate challenges...
  89. ncbi Trends in out-of-pocket spending by insured American workers, 1990-1997
    J R Gabel
    Health Research and Educational Trust (HRET, Washington, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 20:47-57. 2001
    ..The shift to managed care, whose benefit structure requires less cost sharing, may have played a role in reducing out-of-pocket spending...
  90. ncbi Do out-of-pocket health expenditures rise with age among older Americans?
    Susan T Stewart
    Leonard Davis School of Gerontology, Andrus Gerontology Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Gerontologist 44:48-57. 2004
    ..Relationships are examined between age and out-of-pocket costs for different health goods and services among the older population...
  91. ncbi The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey: an overview
    Stephen B Cohen
    Center for Cost and Financing Studies, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
    Eff Clin Pract 5:E1. 2002
  92. ncbi Health care affordability
    Alan B Cohen
    Health Aff (Millwood) 22:260; author reply 260. 2003
  93. ncbi Financial disparities in prescription drug use between elderly and nonelderly Americans
    K Tom Xu
    School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 22:210-21. 2003
    ..In particular, low-income elderly people were worse off than were nonelderly adults in the same poverty class and their elderly peers in other poverty classes...
  94. ncbi High out-of-pocket health care spending by the elderly
    Dana P Goldman
    RAND, Santa Monica, California, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 22:194-202. 2003
    ..There is evidence that Medicare HMO benefits have eroded since 1998, raising the question of whether the near-poor have lost financial protection since then...
  95. ncbi Adolescent health care expenditures: a descriptive profile
    Paul W Newacheck
    Institute for Health Policy Studies and Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Francisco, 3333 California Street, Suite 265, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    J Adolesc Health 32:3-11. 2003
    ..To examine health care spending patterns for U.S. adolescents aged 10 to 18 years using nationally representative household survey data...
  96. ncbi Increased spending on health care: how much can the United States afford?
    Michael E Chernew
    Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 22:15-25. 2003
    ..The value of care, which determines willingness to pay, and distributional issues are more important than our ability as a society to pay for care...
  97. ncbi Into the red to stay in the pink: the hidden cost of being uninsured
    Hugh F Daly
    Health Matrix Clevel 12:39-61. 2002
  98. ncbi Market failure? Individual insurance markets for older Americans
    E Simantov
    Commonwealth Fund, New York City, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 20:139-49. 2001
    ..Costs are likely to be unaffordable for most uninsured older adults, even with large tax credits or in states with community rating. These findings indicate a need to include risk and age pooling to reach the uninsured in this age group...
  99. ncbi Reflections on and alternatives to WHO's fairness of financial contribution index
    Adam Wagstaff
    The World Bank, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Health Econ 11:103-15. 2002
    ..This analysis is of some interest in its own right, given the large share of health spending from out-of-pocket payments in Vietnam, and the changes in fees and drug prices over the 1990s...
  100. ncbi The role of user charges and structural attributes of quality on the use of maternal health services in Morocco
    David R Hotchkiss
    Tulane University, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    Int J Health Plann Manage 20:113-35. 2005
    ....
  101. ncbi Widow(er) poverty and out-of-pocket medical expenditures near the end of life
    Kathleen McGarry
    University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 60:S160-8. 2005
    ..This study investigates the gap in poverty, income, and wealth between these groups. Focus is placed on the role played by out-of-pocket medical expenditures spent on dying spouses...

Research Grants70

  1. Contingent Reinforcement of Compliance in Drug Users
    Marc Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Important process measures will be whether IMF (cues to remember doses, changes in substance use). A secondary aim will be to evaluate the temporal concordance between use of substances and medication non-compliance. ..
  2. Behavioral Interventions for the Dually Diagnosed
    Marc Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. IMPROVING COMPLIANCE WITH ANTIRETROVIRAL MEDICATIONS
    Marc Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The primary outcome measure will be MEMS-measured adherence to correct dose-time. Secondary outcome measures will include cost-effectiveness and viral load. ..
  4. Peer Support--Congestive Heart Failure Self-Management
    MARY ELLEN HEISLER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..If found effective, this approach could be used to improve health outcomes among patients with other chronic conditions, such as depression, chronic pain, or diabetes. ..
  5. Payees, Disability Payments and Dual Diagnosis
    Marc Rosen; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These studies will address fundamental questions about dispensing of disability payments and assignment of payees to dually diagnosed beneficiaries, questions that cannot be ethically addressed by prospective trials. ..
  6. Costs of Preventing Alcohol Problems in Older Adults
    Susan Ettner; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. FINANCIAL CAPACITY IN ALZHEIMERS DISEASE
    Daniel Marson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In Aim 2, we will clinically investigate domain specific financial capacities in AD patients using physician judgments, the ..
  8. Impact of the Medicare Part D Benzodiazepine Exclusion on Managed Care Patients
    Susan Ettner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Our findings will inform the ongoing debate over amending Part D legislation to include BZD coverage by providing objective data to guide policymakers on the likely costs and benefits. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  9. Patterns and Predictors of Cognitive Decline
    KENNETH LANGA; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. A Multidisciplinary Approach to Wealth Transfers
    Jinkook Lee; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. Treatment Patterns, Expenditures and Outcomes in MBHOs
    Susan Ettner; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..e., how psychotherapy visits are associated with outcomes and expenditures. Selection models will be used to estimate this relationship for patients with and without drug use. ..
  12. IDENTIFYING CASES AND COSTS OF DEMENTIA IN THE U.S.
    KENNETH LANGA; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  13. Antidepressant Use and Suicide
    Susan Busch; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The significance of this project lies in its potential to help clinicians and policymakers assess and manage competing risk and benefit claims. ..
  14. FACTORS AFFECTING USE OF MEDICATION TO TREAT ALCOHOLISM
    TAMI MARK; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..We propose to collect this information through experts panels and a national survey of physicians specialized in treating substance abuse. ..
  15. Harmonization of Aging Surveys & Cross-National Comparat
    Jinkook Lee; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Considering such significant investment in aging surveys, the benefits of this harmonization meeting of aging surveys greatly exceed its costs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  16. Economic Evaluation of Addiction Services
    JENNIFER RUGER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  17. Using MEPS Data to Inform Public-Plan Consumerism
    Matthew Davis; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Findings will have immediate relevance for implementation of the HOA projects and other consumerism efforts. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  18. Quality of Life Therapy for Adults with ESRD Awaiting Renal Transplantation
    James Rodrigue; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These benefits have the potential to extend the QOL outcomes otherwise derived from transplantation alone. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  19. Poverty Health and Adolescent Risk Behavior
    Paul Gertler; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Our research will be guided by the theoretical model of behavioral economics. ..
  20. Treating the Partners of Drug Using Preg Women: Stage II
    Hendree Jones; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. Food reinforcement-genotype interactions and eating
    Leonard H Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings are relevant to a greater understanding of behavioral and genetic factors related to obesity, as well as providing ideas that may be relevant for treatment interventions for those high in food reinforcement. ..
  22. GERIATRIC DEPRESSION AND ANTIDEPRESSANT USE
    Stephen Crystal; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  23. Spatial Epidemiology of Syphilis and Gonorrhea in North Carolina
    William C Miller; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Furthermore, we will obtain critical, new information regarding STI epidemiology in southeastern U.S., a region with disproportionate burden of these infections. ..
  24. Religion, Aging, and Mexican American Health
    Neal Krause; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..To compare and contrast race differences in religiousness as well as race differences in the relationship between religion and health among older Whites, older Blacks, and older Mexican Americans. ..
  25. New Evidence on the Persistence of High Health Spending
    Richard Hirth; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We will provide an example of how such estimates can inform the evaluation of risk-adjustment and reinsurance as mechanisms to improve the functioning of small group health insurance markets. ..
  26. Maternal Opioid Treatment: Human Experimental Research
    Hendree Jones; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  27. Major Mental Disorders and HIV -- Health Services Use
    Stephen Crystal; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  28. External Costs of Obesity
    Jay Bhattacharya; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  29. INCIDENT REPORTING IN NURSING HOMES
    Nicholas Castle; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This information will further our development of a standardized incident reporting mechanism recommended by the Institute of Medicine and others. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. An Appalchian Cervical Cancer Prevention Project
    Nancy Schoenberg; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  31. Tobacco Use in Opioid Agonist treated Pregnant Women
    Hendree Jones; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This project will make substantial contributions to the understanding of tobacco use and cessation in pregnant women and the role tobacco has on the incidence and severity of NAS in methadone-maintained women. ..
  32. Ethnic Disparities in Diabetes Complications
    Andrew Karter; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. RELIGION, AGING, AND HEALTH
    Neal Krause; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Included among these procedures are individual growth curve models and latent variable structural equation models. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  34. Until Death Do Us Part: Careers of Caregiving Wives
    Donald Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  35. BEH PHARM TREATMENTS FOR ALCOHOL/NICOTINE DEPENDENCE
    Joy Schmitz; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Finally, the proposed study will continue and extend the scope of our ongoing research program designed to evaluate the joint effects of behavioral and pharmacological interventions for substance dependence. ..
  36. Expected Bequests and Their Distribution
    James Smith; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In this research we will predicts what will happen to levels and distribution of bequests that will be left in the future and develop the implications of a new index of future household savings. ..
  37. Methadone Benefit Elimination--Oregon Health Plan
    Bret Fuller; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. Impact of Poor Health & AIDS on Small Businesses in SA
    Mark Pauly; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..They will be useful for predicting the effect of changes in health on economic activity in this sector, and for allocating resources for disease prevention and treatment. ..
  39. WEALTH DISPARITIES AMONG MATURE & OLDER ADULTS
    James Smith; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  40. A Longitudinal Study of Influenza Vaccine Decisions
    Gretchen Chapman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results of this study will extend the understanding of predictors of influenza vaccine acceptance and will prove valuable in the development of intervention strategies to boost vaccine acceptance rates. ..
  41. IS NON-ADHERENCE A REVEALED PREFERENCE
    Leslie Lenert; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We will also use an expert panel to assess the clinical match between patients' regimens and their preferences. ..
  42. Do Free Glucose Test Strips Increase Self-Monitoring?
    Andrew Karter; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Proposal strengths also include a longitudinal design, substantial statistical power, low cost data acquisition, and an ethnically diverse population with uniform access to care. ..
  43. INTEGRATED TREATMENT FOR COCAINE AND MOOD DISORDERS
    Joy Schmitz; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  44. UNSTUDIED INFANTS: LOW RISK BABIES IN A HIGH RISK PLACE
    Marie McCormick; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results will identify sites with better outcomes and the practices associated with them. These outcomes represent achievable goals well within the scope of current technology. ..
  45. WOMEN WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE
    JEAN GEARON; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  46. COLLABORATIVE INITIAL GLAUCOMA TREATMENT STUDY
    Henry Jampel; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  47. Pathways to Distured Emotions, Perceptions & Beliefs
    Howard Berenbaum; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  48. EARLY DETECTION OF GLAUCOMA DAMAGE
    Henry Jampel; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This assessment of the RTA and NFA will help to establish their utility as outcome measures for clinical management of glaucoma, epidemiological research, and clinical trials. ..
  49. EXAMINING NURSING HOME COMPARE
    Nicholas Castle; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. Impact on DNA-Based Paternity Testing on Families
    David Bishai; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If better fathers are more likely to test positive in a paternity test then one may entertain skepticism that the test results actually change parental behavior. ..
  51. A BEHAVIORAL ECONOMIC APPROACH TO CHILDHOOD OBESITY
    Leonard Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study will yield important information on new ways to treat pediatric obesity, minimizing dietary restriction and maximizing children learning healthier eating habits. ..
  52. Combined Treatment for Cocaine-Alcohol Dependence
    Joy Schmitz; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. An Experiment in Poverty Reduction and Child Development
    Paul Gertler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Could the same results have been achieved through just cash transfers with the requirements for care and monitoring, but without the nutrition supplements? ..
  54. Evidence-Based Rheumatology: Prevalence/Impact Arthritis
    Edward Yelin; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The conference will be one day in duration and will take place on November 12, 2005, the day preceding the formal opening of the Annual Meeting of the American College of Rheumatology. ..
  55. A Pilot Survey to Measure Disability in the Elderly Population
    David Cutler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This research is critical for researchers, and for policy-makers who seek to understand why disability is changing and what implications those changes will have for longevity and medical spending. ..
  56. The Balanced Budget Act of 1997 and Home Care for Cancer
    Meredith Kilgore; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Data generated from this study can be used to guide federal decision makers in formulating policies related to home health services for older cancer patients. ..
  57. Specialty Mental Health Care--Expanding Access in an HMO
    Dominic Hodgkin; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results will inform health plan decision-makers and others as they make utilization management choices that may have a major impact on patients and enrollee populations overall. ..
  58. Understanding Disability Among The Elderly
    David Cutler; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  59. Cancer Caregiving and the Stress Process
    Nancy Schoenberg; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. Self-Care & Outcomes Among Kidney Transplant Recipients
    Elisa Gordon; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..candidates for transplant through education, d) evaluating health policies designed to prevent financial barriers to kidney transplantation, and e) eliminating disparities in long-term kidney survival rates [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. The Impact of the FDA Antidepressant Black Box Warning on Psychiatric Practice
    Hua Chen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The study findings will also be a good reference for the policy makers when new black box warning is considered for psychiatric drugs other than antidepressants. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  62. Ecological Approaches to Understanding Post-Disaster Distress
    Sandro Galea; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Key hypotheses will be tested using multi-level hierarchical models and ecologic analyses. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  63. The Role of Customization in Psychotropic Prescribing
    Dominic Hodgkin; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  64. CONTINUITY OF CARE & OUTCOME OF SEVERE MENTAL DISORDERS
    Ramin Mojtabai; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  65. The neighborhood environment and drug use in NYC
    Sandro Galea; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This, coupled with our studies involving telephone interviews with 6,000+ New Yorkers is assurance that the aims of this study can be achieved. ..
  66. Exploratory Center for Behavioral Epidemiology (RMI)
    Paul Gertler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We will also explore strategies for expanding this new approach into a more formalized and enduring discipline by developing a sustainable market for its production and consumption. [unreadable] [unreadable]..