fees and charges
Summary: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.
Publications261 found, 100 shown here
- The plan: drive consumers onlineZack Martin
Health Data Manag 14:40, 42, 44 passim. 2006
- Gender differences in the utilization of health care servicesK D Bertakis
Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, Sacramento 95817, USA
J Fam Pract 49:147-52. 2000..Studies have shown that women use more health care services than men. We used important independent variables, such as patient sociodemographics and health status, to investigate gender differences in the use and costs of these services...
- Political analysis of rapid change in Uganda's health financing policy and consequences on service delivery for malaria controlPeter Waalwo Kajula
Makerere Institute of Social Research MISR, Makerere University, Uganda
Int J Health Plann Manage 19:S133-53. 2004....
- Understanding the impact of eliminating user fees: utilization and catastrophic health expenditures in UgandaKe Xu
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Soc Sci Med 62:866-76. 2006....
- The experience of Ghana in implementing a user fee exemption policy to provide free delivery careSophie Witter
Immpact, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland
Reprod Health Matters 15:61-71. 2007..At the end of 2005, a national health insurance scheme, intended to include full maternal health care cover, was starting up in Ghana, and it was not yet clear how the exemptions scheme would fit into it...
- A scoping review of the literature on the abolition of user fees in health care services in AfricaValery Ridde
Research Center of the University of Montreal Hospital Center, Montreal, Canada
Health Policy Plan 26:1-11. 2011..We draw lessons from these experiences and suggest avenues for future research...
- User fee exemptions are not enough: out-of-pocket payments for 'free' delivery services in rural TanzaniaMargaret E Kruk
Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Trop Med Int Health 13:1442-51. 2008..To identify the main drivers of costs of facility delivery and the financial consequences for households among rural women in Tanzania, a country with a policy of delivery fee exemptions...
- Diversity and dynamics of patient cost-sharing for physicians' and hospital services in the 27 European Union countriesMarzena Tambor
Department of Health Economics and Social Security, Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Collegium Medicum, Krakow, Poland
Eur J Public Health 21:585-90. 2011..This article presents a review of patient cost-sharing for health-care services in the 27 EU countries, and discusses directions for their improvement...
- Abolition of user fees: the Uganda paradoxJuliet Nabyonga Orem
WHO Uganda Office, PO Box 24578, Kampala, Uganda
Health Policy Plan 26:ii41-51. 2011..Out-of-pocket expenditure remains high and mainly affects the poorer population quintiles. A dual system seems to have emerged where wealthier population groups are switching to the private sector...
- Removing user fees in the health sector: a review of policy processes in six sub-Saharan African countriesBruno Meessen
Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerpen, Belgium
Health Policy Plan 26:ii16-29. 2011..We contend that national policy-makers and international agencies could better collaborate in this respect...
- Assessing the effects of removing user fees in Zambia and NigerMylene Lagarde
Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
J Health Serv Res Policy 17:30-6. 2012....
- Abolishing user fees for children and pregnant women trebled uptake of malaria-related interventions in Kangaba, MaliFrederique Ponsar
Analysis and Advocacy Unit, Medecins Sans Frontieres, Brussels Operational Centre, Brussels, Belgium
Health Policy Plan 26:ii72-83. 2011..This would contribute to increasing the impact of interventions on population health and, in turn, the effectiveness of aid...
- From targeted exemptions to user fee abolition in health care: experience from rural ZambiaFelix Masiye
Department of Economics, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
Soc Sci Med 71:743-50. 2010..Our findings strongly suggest that fee removal is more effective than fragmented efforts to target exemptions to certain groups in providing protection against the financial consequences of using health services...
- The impact of user fees on health service utilization in low- and middle-income countries: how strong is the evidence?Mylene Lagarde
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
Bull World Health Organ 86:839-848. 2008..To assess the effects of user charges on the uptake of health services in low- and middle-income countries...
- Differential willingness of household heads to pay community-based health insurance premia for themselves and other household membersHengjin Dong
Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
Health Policy Plan 19:120-6. 2004....
- The impact of financial incentives on physician productivity in medical groupsDouglas A Conrad
University of Washington, Department of Health Services, Seattle 98195 7660, USA
Health Serv Res 37:885-906. 2002..To estimate the effect of financial incentives in medical groups--both at the level of individual physician and collectively--on individual physician productivity...
- User fees, health staff incentives, and service utilization in Kabarole District, UgandaW Kipp
Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
Bull World Health Organ 79:1032-7. 2001..To determine the impact of user fees on the utilization of health services in a community-based cost-sharing scheme in Kabarole District, western Uganda...
- Effect of removing user fees on attendance for curative and preventive primary health care services in rural South AfricaD Wilkinson
South Australian Centre for Rural and Remote Health, Adelaide University and University of South Australia, University of South Australia Whyalla Campus, Nicolson Avenue, Whyalla Norrie SA 5608, Australia
Bull World Health Organ 79:665-71. 2001..Governments should remain vigilant about the effects of new health policies in order to ensure that objectives are being met...
- Reaching the Abuja target for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy in African women: a review of progress and operational challengesJenny Hill
Child and Reproductive Health Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK
Trop Med Int Health 11:409-18. 2006....
- Maintaining quality of health services after abolition of user fees: a Uganda case studyJuliet Nabyonga-Orem
Health Systems Unit, World Health Organization, Kampala, Uganda
BMC Health Serv Res 8:102. 2008..The outcome of the study may then provide insights into policy actions to maintain quality of care following removal of user fees...
- User fees and health service utilization in Vietnam: how to protect the poor?H T Dao
Center for Community Health Strategy, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
Public Health 122:1068-78. 2008..This paper presents the user fees and health service utilization in Vietnam during a critical period of economic transition in the 1990s...
- Multifactor productivity in physicians' offices: an exploratory analysisCharles Fisher
Health Care Financ Rev 29:15-32. 2007..For 1993-2000, physicians' office MFP growth was both negative and below general economy rates. For the most recent period analyzed, 2001-2004, physician's office MFP grew nearly as quickly as the general economy...
- Health financing to promote access in low income settings-how much do we know?Natasha Palmer
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Lancet 364:1365-70. 2004..Larger scale, upfront funding for evaluation of health financing initiatives is necessary to ensure an evidence base that corresponds to the importance of this issue for achieving development goals...
- Productivity adjustment in the Medicare physician fee schedule updateJoseph P Newhouse
Harvard University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Health Care Financ Rev 29:5-14. 2007..This article also shows productivity changes varied widely across manufacturing industries, so that the use of an average across the economy or even across service industries could have substantial error for physician services...
- The equity impacts of community financing activities in three African countriesL Gilson
Health Economics and Financing Programme, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Int J Health Plann Manage 15:291-317. 2000..The experience across countries also highlights the unresolved question of whether equity is concerned with the greatest good for the greatest number or with promoting the interests of the most disadvantaged...
- The effect of health plan characteristics on Medicare+ Choice enrollmentBryan E Dowd
Division of Health Services Research, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA
Health Serv Res 38:113-35. 2003..To provide national estimates of the effect of out-of-pocket premiums and benefits on Medicare beneficiaries' choice among managed care health plans...
- Medicare minus choice: the impact of HMO withdrawals on rural Medicare beneficiariesMichelle Casey
Rural Health Research Center, Division of Health Services Research and Policy, University of Minnesota, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 21:192-9. 2002....
- Switching costs, price sensitivity and health plan choiceBruce A Strombom
Analysis Group Economics Inc, Los Angelus, CA 90017, USA
J Health Econ 21:89-116. 2002..Simulations combining our results with actuarial data illustrate the cost implications of risk-related differences in price elasticity...
- A community-based targeting approach to exempt the worst-off from user fees in Burkina FasoV Ridde
CRCHUM, International Health Unit, 3875 rue Saint Urbain, Montreal, Québec H2W 1V1, Canada
J Epidemiol Community Health 64:10-5. 2010..An action research was implemented to test the hypothesis that a community-based process for selecting beneficiaries of user-fee exemptions in an African environment of BI organisation is feasible...
- The health plan choices of retirees under managed competitionT C Buchmueller
Graduate School of Management, University of California, Irvine 92697, USA
Health Serv Res 35:949-76. 2000..To investigate the effect of price on the health insurance decisions of Medicare-eligible retirees in a managed competition setting...
- Willingness-to-pay for community-based insurance in Burkina FasoHengjin Dong
Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Germany
Health Econ 12:849-62. 2003..In addition, factors that influence WTP were to be identified...
- Workers' decisions to take-up offered health insurance coverage: assessing the importance of out-of-pocket premium costsPhilip F Cooper
Center for Cost and Financing Studies, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
Med Care 41:III35-III43. 2003....
- Going for the green. As higher premiums and stable medical costs fuel health plans' profits, providers say time is right to win bigger reimbursementLaura B Benko
Mod Healthc 33:6-7, 14-5, 1. 2003..Hospitals plan to escalate their push for higher reimbursement while the iron is hot. Yet Oxford Health Plans President and CEO Charles Berg, left, says big profits don't paint the whole picture...
- Why health insurers care about the medical malpractice crisis current status?: Code blueLinda A Masci
Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield, Connecticut Operations, North Haven, USA
Conn Med 68:389. 2004
- The ABCs of children's health care: how the Medicaid expansions affected access, burdens, and coverage between 1987 and 1996Jessica S Banthin
Center for Financing, Access and Cost Trends, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
Inquiry 40:133-45. 2003....
- Cost cure-all? Or unhealthy shift?Kim Clark
US News World Rep 135:38-9. 2003
- Employer health insurance offerings and employee enrollment decisionsDaniel Polsky
Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Health Serv Res 40:1259-78. 2005..To determine how the characteristics of the health benefits offered by employers affect worker insurance coverage decisions...
- Reinvention of health insurance in the consumer eraJames C Robinson
University of California, School of Public Health, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
JAMA 291:1880-6. 2004....
- Health benefits in 2003: premiums reach thirteen-year high as employers adopt new forms of cost sharingJon Gabel
Health Systems Studies, Health Research and Educational Trust, Washington, D C, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 22:117-26. 2003..There was no change in the percentage of employers offering health plans to their workers. Employers indicate little confidence in any future strategies for controlling health care costs...
- Tracking health care costs: trends stabilize but remain high in 2002Bradley C Strunk
Center for Studying Health System Change, Washington, DC, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) . 2003..Premium increases accelerated again in 2003, despite 2002's slight deceleration of the overall spending trend...
- Insurers reignDave Carpenter
Hosp Health Netw 77:34-8, 40, 2. 2003....
- Health and the cost of nongroup insuranceJack Hadley
Urban Institute, Center for Studying Health System Change, Washington DC 20024 2512, USA
Inquiry 40:235-53. 2003..We use the selection-corrected premiums to simulate the effects on the price and affordability of nongroup insurance for the uninsured under two recent tax credit proposals...
- Aboard the insurance titanic. If you think employer coverage is worsening, try the individual marketEmily Friedman
Mod Healthc 33:23. 2003
- Why did employee health insurance contributions rise?Jonathan Gruber
Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT E52 355, 50 Memorial Drive, Cambridge, MA 02142 1347, USA
J Health Econ 22:1085-104. 2003..Overall, this set of factors can explain more than one-half of the rise in employee premiums over the 1982-1996 period...
- If this is a boom why does it feel like a squeeze?Daren Fonda
Time 162:62, 64, 66. 2003
- How low can you go? The impact of reduced benefits and increased cost sharingJason S Lee
Academy for Health Services Research and Health Policy, Washington, DC, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) . 2002..Further increases in cost sharing produced estimated savings of up to 50 percent. We discuss possible market- and individual-level effects of the proliferation of plans with high cost sharing and low benefits...
- Fiddling while Rome burns. Industry focus on 'slowing' health-cost rise ignores looming disasterEmily Friedman
Mod Healthc 34:38. 2004
- Employer choices of family premium sharingJessica Primoff Vistnes
Center for Financing, Access and Cost Trends, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, USA
Int J Health Care Finance Econ 6:25-47. 2006..We find strong evidence that the marginal EPC for family coverage is higher when there is a larger concentration of women in the workforce, but only in markets with a higher proportion of dual-earner households...
- Why employer-sponsored insurance coverage changed, 1997-2003James D Reschovsky
Center for Studying Health System Change, Washington, DC, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 25:774-82. 2006..Coverage among low-income people was most affected by economic conditions and premium costs...
- Generosity and adjusted premiums in job-based insurance: Hawaii is up, Wyoming is downJon Gabel
Center for Studying Health System Change, Washington, DC, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 25:832-43. 2006..They are 25 percent higher in indemnity plans and 18 percent higher in preferred provider organizations than in health maintenance organizations. The generosity of coverage increased from 1997 to 2002...
- The undercovered classMatthew Weinstock
Hosp Health Netw 81:32-6, 38, 1. 2007..Soaring deductibles and gaping holes in coverage mean huge out-of-pocket expenses. When patients can't pay, providers are stuck. Now, some hospitals are helping patients understand up front just what their insurance covers...
- Health benefits in 2006: premium increases moderate, enrollment in consumer-directed health plans remains modestGary Claxton
Henry J Kaiser Family Foundation, Washington, DC, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 25:w476-85. 2006..About 4 percent of workers are enrolled in high-deductible health plans with savings options. The percentage of workers covered by their own employer did not statistically change from 2005 to 2006...
- Tracking health care costs: continued stability but at high rates in 2005Paul B Ginsburg
Center for Studying Health System Change, Washington, DC, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 25:w486-95. 2006..In contrast to stable spending trends in 2005, premium trends continued to decline in 2006, likely reflecting the lagged effects of earlier years' slowing in cost trends and perhaps signaling a turn in the insurance underwriting cycle...
- The 'graying' of group health insurancePatricia Seliger Keenan
Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, in New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 25:1497-506. 2006..Population aging could interact with rising premiums and place additional pressure on an already strained employment-based health insurance system...
- Insurance report fuels fire. 6.1% rise in premiums spurs reform advocatesRebecca Vesely
Mod Healthc 37:8-9. 2007
- Trends in the golden state: small-group premiums rise sharply while actuarial values for individual coverage plummetJon Gabel
NORC, Washington, DC, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 26:w488-99. 2007..In the small-group market, premiums rose more than 50 percent from 2003 to 2006, but the proportion of claims paid by insurers for a standardized population remained constant...
- Weighing the risks of consumer-driven health plans for familiesMargaret A McManus
American Academy of Pediatrics, Elk Grove Village, Illinois, USA
Pediatrics 117:1420-4. 2006
- Bankruptcy is the tip of a medical-debt icebergRobert W Seifert
Access Project in Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 25:w89-92. 2006..Simply reducing the number of uninsured Americans would be a hollow policy victory if the problems arising from medical debt persist...
- Making health care more accessible and affordableMegan Hauck
Hosp Outlook 7:9-10. 2004
- The effect of premiums on the decision to participate in health insurance and other fringe benefits offered by the employer: evidence from a real-world experimentAnne Beeson Royalty
Department of Economics, Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN 46202 5140, USA
J Health Econ 24:95-112. 2005..We conclude that premium subsidies are unlikely to have a substantial impact on increasing insurance rates of workers already offered employer insurance...
- Who really pays for health insurance? The incidence of employer-provided health insurance with sticky nominal wagesBenjamin D Sommers
Program in Health Policy, 79 John F Kennedy Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Int J Health Care Finance Econ 5:89-118. 2005....
- AppearancesMary Grayson
Hosp Health Netw 79:8. 2005
- The role of user charges and structural attributes of quality on the use of maternal health services in MoroccoDavid R Hotchkiss
Tulane University, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
Int J Health Plann Manage 20:113-35. 2005....
- Malpractice not the issue. Study finds other factors are driving medical costsMichael Romano
Mod Healthc 35:8-9. 2005
- The role of the safety net in employer health benefit decisionsM Susan Marquis
Med Care Res Rev 62:435-57. 2005..Policies to limit crowd-out should focus on incentives to make continued private insurance purchase attractive to workers rather than incentives to employers...
- Family income and crowd out among children enrolled in Massachusetts Children's Medical Security PlanE Feinberg
Massachuesetts Department of Public Health, Boston, MA 02108, USA
Health Serv Res 36:45-63. 2001....
- Health spending projections through 2015: changes on the horizonChristine Borger
National Health Statistics Group, Office of the Actuary, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, in Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 25:w61-73. 2006..Health spending is expected to consistently outpace gross domestic product (GDP) over the coming decade, accounting for 20 percent of GDP by 2015...
- Impact of mutual health organizations: evidence from West AfricaSlavea Chankova
International Health Division, Abt Associates, Inc, 4800 Montgomery Lane, Suite 600, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
Health Policy Plan 23:264-76. 2008..However, MHO membership does not appear to have a significant effect on out-of-pocket expenditures for curative outpatient care...
- Consumer driven healthcare and the birth of health reimbursement arrangementsRandall K Abbott
Manag Care Q 10:4-7. 2002..Communication, education, and the use of Web-enabled technology are critical elements of this process...
- A demand-side view of risk adjustmentR Feldman
Division of Health Services Research and Policy, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Inquiry 38:280-9. 2001..The findings suggest that the premium subsidy can accomplish some of the benefits of formal risk adjustment...
- How long can employers hang on?Shelly Reese
Bus Health 20:5-9. 2002
- Inside the sausage factory: improving estimates of the effects of health insurance expansion proposalsSherry Glied
Department of Health Policy and Management, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 600 West 168 St, 6th Floor, New York, NY 10032, USA
Milbank Q 80:603-35, iii. 2002..The article also suggests ways of making models more transparent and proposes "reference case" guidelines for modelers so that consumers can compare modeling results...
- Employer-sponsored insurance: how much financial protection does it provide?Jon R Gabel
Health Research and Education Trust, USA
Med Care Res Rev 59:440-54. 2002..Individuals who incur high costs pay a smaller share of the bill than do those with lower levels of spending. The generosity of employer-sponsored plans increased slightly in the 1990s...
- Optimizing growth opportunities during the managed care revolutionBill DeMarco
DeMarco and Associates, Rockford, Illinois, USA
Healthc Financ Manage 56:42-6. 2002....
- Market failure? Individual insurance markets for older AmericansE Simantov
Commonwealth Fund, New York City, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 20:139-49. 2001..Costs are likely to be unaffordable for most uninsured older adults, even with large tax credits or in states with community rating. These findings indicate a need to include risk and age pooling to reach the uninsured in this age group...
- Achieving health care affordabilityNorman C Payson
Oxford Health Plans, Inc, Norwalk, Connecticut, USA
Manag Care Interface 15:38-9, 43. 2002..In this article, the CEO of Oxford Health Plans discusses how advanced managed care can achieve what other consumer-centric programs seek to do--provide affordable, quality health care...
- Job-based health benefits in 2002: some important trendsJon Gabel
Health Research and Educational Trust, Washington, DC, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 21:143-51. 2002..Because increasing claims expenses rather than the underwriting cycle are the major driver of rising premiums, double-digit growth appears likely to continue...
- Multiple payers, commonality and free-riding in health care: Medicare and private payersJacob Glazer
Tel Aviv University, Israel
J Health Econ 21:1049-69. 2002..Our paper has many testable implications, including a new hypothesis for why Medicare has failed to gain acceptance of health plans in the US...
- Trends in out-of-pocket spending by insured American workers, 1990-1997J R Gabel
Health Research and Educational Trust (HRET, Washington, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 20:47-57. 2001..The shift to managed care, whose benefit structure requires less cost sharing, may have played a role in reducing out-of-pocket spending...
- The coming crash in health careDavid Stires
Fortune 146:205-6, 208, 210 passim. 2002
- Small firms' demand for health insurance: the decision to offer insuranceJack Hadley
Center for Studying Health System Change, Washington DC 20024 2512, USA
Inquiry 39:118-37. 2002..This suggests that premium subsidies to employers would be an inefficient means of increasing insurance coverage. Greater availability of public insurance and safety net care has a small negative effect on offer decisions...
- Impact of Medicare managed care market withdrawal on beneficiariesBridget C Booske
University of Wisconsin Madison, 610 Walnut Street, Number 1167, Madison, WI 53726, USA
Health Care Financ Rev 24:95-115. 2002..Of particular concern were the impacts on those in vulnerable subgroups such as the disabled, less educated, and minorities...
- Reforming Medicare: impacts on federal spending and choice of health plansKenneth E Thorpe
Department of Health Policy and Management, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) . 2001..Our results highlight the fact that Medicare should expect modest savings from reforming the program. However, other goals of reform, such as establishing more efficient payments to plans, would be achieved...
- Predicting response to regulatory change in the small group health insurance market: the case of association health plans and HealthMartsJ R Baumgardner
Division of Health and Human Resources, Congressional Budget Office, Washington, DC 20515, USA
Inquiry 38:351-64. 2001..Premiums would increase slightly for firms that continued to purchase coverage in the traditional market...
- Tracking health care costs: growth accelerates again in 2001Bradley C Strunk
Center for Studying Health System Change, Washington, DC, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) . 2002..Early evidence from 2002 suggests that health care cost trends are now beginning to slow, possibly setting the stage for more moderate premium growth in the future...
- Employee demand for health insurance and employer health plan choicesM Kate Bundorf
Department of Health Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA 94305 5405, USA
J Health Econ 21:65-88. 2002..Although the results suggest that employers do respond to employee preferences in choosing health benefits, the effects of worker characteristics on plan offerings are quantitatively small...
- Individual insurance: how much financial protection does it provide?Jon Gabel
Health Research and Educational Trust HRET, Washington, DC, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) . 2002..At 200 percent of poverty, the top 25 percent of health care users with individual coverage would spend 11 percent of their income for out-of-pocket health care expenses, as opposed to 6 percent for persons with group coverage...
- Defined-contribution health insurance products: development and prospectsJon B Christianson
Center for the Study of Healthcare Management, Department of Healthcare Management, Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 21:49-64. 2002..The companies producing these products are now at a critical juncture. They could grow rapidly over the next few years, be acquired by existing health plans, or fail if they do not deliver on their promises...
- Self-insurance in times of growing and retreating managed careJon R Gabel
Health System Studies, Health Research and Educational Trust HRET, Washington, DC, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 22:202-10. 2003..Cost sharing is somewhat lower in self-insured PPO plans. During periods of rapid inflation, premiums increase more slowly for self-insured than for fully insured plans...
- The accessibility of abortion services in the United States, 2001Stanley K Henshaw
The Alan Guttmacher Institute, New York, USA
Perspect Sex Reprod Health 35:16-24. 2003..A woman's ability to obtain an abortion is affected both by the availability of a provider and by access-related factors such as cost, convenience, gestational limits and the provision of early medical abortion services...
- Tracking health care costsBradley C Strunk
Center for Studying Health System Change, Washington, DC, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) . 2001..If these trends continue, likely responses by employers would lead to consumers' facing higher out-of-pocket costs and an increase in the number of uninsured persons...
- Medical doctors profile in Ethiopia: production, attrition and retention. In memory of 100-years Ethiopian modern medicine & the new Ethiopian millenniumYifru Berhan
Hwassa University, Medical Faculty, P O Box 1560
Ethiop Med J 46:1-77. 2008..Although the practice of western medicine in Ethiopia dates back to the time of King Libne Dengel (1520-1535), organized and sustainable modern medical practice started after the battle of Adwa (1896)...
- Primary health care needs for travel medicine training in BritainB Carroll
Hospital for Tropical Diseases Travel Clinic, London, United Kingdom
J Travel Med 5:3-6. 1998..Our results show that general practice staff are keen to develop such skills. Specialist training courses need to be expanded to meet this demand...
- Satisfaction with organizational aspects of health care provision among Lithuanian physiciansJonas Kairys
Department of Social Medicine, Vilnius University, Lithuania
Cent Eur J Public Health 16:29-33. 2008..The aim of the current research project is to study the satisfaction with different organizational aspects of health care provision in Lithuania as judged by a selection of physicians...
- Selecting forensic pathology as a career: a survey of the past with an eye on the futureRandy Hanzlick
Fulton County Medical Examiner s Center, Atlanta, GA, USA
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 29:114-22. 2008....
- Do increases in payments for obstetrical deliveries affect prenatal care?M H Fox
Policy and Health Statistics Administration, Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Baltimore, USA
Public Health Rep 110:319-26. 1995....
- Wellness activities address inequitiesR Dobson
Institute for Health and Outcomes Research, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Royal University Hospital, Saskatoon, Sask, Canada
Soc Sci Med 50:107-21. 2000..We suggest that many physicians value wellness activities and would prefer to modify their current patterns of practice, whether they are paid by fee-for-service or by salaried methods...
- [Alzheimer's disease and pharmacists in contact with the public]C Dreux
Académies nationales de médecine et de pharmacie
Ann Pharm Fr 67:104-15. 2009..We encourage pharmacists to participate in the major public health action initiated by the President of the Republic and well defined in the Alzheimer Plan 2008-2012...
- [Data sources for continual quality improvement in medical rehabilitation- the QS-Reha procedure of the statutory health insurance funds and the Eva-Reha documentation system of MDK Rhineland-palatinate]M Bassler
Medizinischer Dienst der Krankenversicherung MDK Rheinland Pfalz, Alzey
Rehabilitation (Stuttg) 46:155-63. 2007....
- Recruitment of prospective donors: what do they expect from a homepage of a blood transfusion service?R Moog
Institute for Transfusion Medicine, University Clinics Essen, Essen, Germany
Transfus Med 17:279-84. 2007..Donors want to be informed about organizational details of the donation. In the meantime, we have implemented a homepage for our transfusion service meeting the demands of prospective donors...
- Consultants in nhs scotland: a survey of work commitments, remuneration, job satisfaction and retirement plansF H French
NHS Education for Scotland, North Scotland Region, Forest Grove House, Foresterhill Road, Aberdeen
Scott Med J 49:47-52. 2004..As such it is the first comprehensive study of consultants in NHS Scotland...
- Impact of Poor Health & AIDS on Small Businesses in SAMark Pauly; Fiscal Year: 2003..They will be useful for predicting the effect of changes in health on economic activity in this sector, and for allocating resources for disease prevention and treatment. ..
- Impact of Changing Public Policy on the FamilyJonathan Gruber; Fiscal Year: 2005..Wade. ..
- YNPRC Nonhuman Primate Clinical Medicine Residency ProgramJAMES GIBSON ELSE; Fiscal Year: 2010..After the three year period, residents should be fully prepared for their ACLAM board examinations. We propose a competitive remuneration package to adequately compensate for the extended period of study. ..
- STERILIZATION, CESAREANS AND CONTRACEPTIVE CHOICEJOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2000....
- CHINATOWN: ENVIRONMENT, MENTAL HEALTH, QUALITY OF LIFECHALSA LOO; Fiscal Year: 1980....
- Modeling Research Participant CompensationELIZABETH RIPLEY; Fiscal Year: 2008..An R01 proposal will be submitted to further develop and test this model for feasibility, usefulness and practicality. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Community Partnership for Ethical ResearchELIZABETH B RIPLEY; Fiscal Year: 2010....
- A TRIAL TO REDUCE HEPATITIS C AMONG INJECTION DRUG USERSMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2003..abstract_text> ..
- Pentecostalism & Utilization of HIV/AIDS Treatment Services in Central MozambiqueJAMES T PFEIFFER; Fiscal Year: 2008..This exploratory research will also provide evidence for how church expansion is making an impact on AID stigma and is affecting behavior change for HIV/AIDS prevention. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ALCOHOL OUTLETS, BROKEN WINDOWS, GONORRHEA AND HIV RISKDeborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2003..The findings will inform future HIV prevention interventions and provide guidance to CBOs as to whether control of alcohol outlets and neighborhood development may enhance the prevention of HIV transmission. ..
- Adolescent Primary Care Adoption of Substance Use SBIChristopher Tompkins; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Intervention Effectiveness in Finnish AgricultureRisto Rautiainen; Fiscal Year: 2007..The results have great importance for similar efforts in Iowa and elsewhere. This study addresses three NORA priority areas and four Healthy People 2010 priority areas. ..
- DETERMINING/UNDERSTANDING BARRIERS TO ADULT IMMUNIZATIONRichard Zimmerman; Fiscal Year: 2001..This project will furnish relevant, up-to-date to enhance policy planning, practice management and medical education. ..
- Club Drug Use and HIV Risks among Minorities in NYCDanielle Ompad; Fiscal Year: 2008....
- IDENTIFYING CASES AND COSTS OF DEMENTIA IN THE U.S.KENNETH LANGA; Fiscal Year: 2005....
- INSOMNIA AND DRUG RELAPSE RISKMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2009..Our research team is highly experienced in drug research, sleep disorders, and clinical trials in substance abusing populations. ..
- A BRIEF ALCOHOL INTERVENTION FOR INCARCERATED WOMENMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2007..If effective, this brief alcohol intervention can be readily integrated into existing programs for incarcerated women who will soon be reintegrating into the community. ..
- Regulation of GnRH Neuronal Development by FGF SignalingJohn Gill; Fiscal Year: 2005..Critical stages of GnRH neuron development will be evaluated in mice to discern the functional contribution of FGF signaling in this important neuroendocrine system. ..
- A Spatial Analysis of Nursing Home Deficiency CitationsMary Carter; Fiscal Year: 2007..of care as well as identify potential strategies for targeting quality of care improvement initiatives to those areas most likely to benefit from such programs. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Oregon's Parity Law: Comprehensive Parity in Today's Healthcare EnvironmentKENNETH MCCONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2009..Our proposed research will provide insight about the tradeoffs between expanding coverage for mental health and substance abuse disorders and the total cost of care. ..
- Mentoring the Responsible Conduct of ResearchCelia Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Reimbursement and Intensity of Dentists' TrainingMargaret Walsh; Fiscal Year: 2007..Primary analyses will be based on intention-to-treat principles among the four intervention arms. Secondary analyses will include comparisons to the usual care group. ..
- Novel Application of Infection Control Strategies to Limit Transmission of ESBL'SEbbing Lautenbach; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Economics of Racial & Ethnic Disparities in MH ServicesThomas McGuire; Fiscal Year: 2005..Test for evidence that patient reaction to provider discrimination leads to lower compliance rates and worse outcomes for these minorities. ..
- HIV Neuroprotection WorkshopJoseph Berger; Fiscal Year: 2004..The proposed conference is the first of its kind to highlight neuroprotection in HIV CNS and PNS disorders. By coupling this meeting with the International Symposium on Neurovirology this synergy can be exploited. ..
- CONSENT CAPACITY OF ADULTS WITH MENTAL RETARDATIONCelia Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2002..A significant other is also chosen by the subjects to aid in them during the three format presentations. ..
- UTILIZATION AND COST OF HEALTH SERVICES BY CDUsW Bradford; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- NEUROSCIENCE OF HIV CONFERENCEJoseph Berger; Fiscal Year: 2002..Dr. Brian Wigdahl, international co-chair of the ISNV, is a co-investigator on this grant. ..
- Away From Home and Out of SchoolDeborah A Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2010..The findings will be useful to inform future community and population level interventions to promote healthy eating, active living, and obesity control. ..
- Effects of Health Plan Report Cards on Quality of CareMARY BUNDORF; Fiscal Year: 2004..This information is essential for both large purchasers, such as the Medicare program and employers, and policy makers to determine the appropriate role of these types of interventions in improving quality of care. ..
- QUINOLONE RESISTANCE IN NOSOCOMIAL URINARY INFECTIONSEbbing Lautenbach; Fiscal Year: 2004....
- The Health Insurance Dynamics of Older AmericansMARY BUNDORF; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- NETWORK EFFECTS IN MENTAL HEALTH MANAGED CAREThomas McGuire; Fiscal Year: 2002..4) Test the behavior of the managed care plans against the predictions of the optimal network theory. ..
- Mental Health Spending and Quality of CareThomas G McGuire; Fiscal Year: 2010..We expand methods of the science of variations and apply them to mental health care using data from the Medicaid program. ..
- Macro-social & Parent Influence on Adolescents' Drug UseMatthew Farrelly; Fiscal Year: 2007..Generalized Growth Mixture Modeling will be used to test the study hypotheses. ..
- MH AND ADVERSE SELECTION IN MANAGED CAREThomas McGuire; Fiscal Year: 2001..Understanding how adverse selection works in managed care and what can be done about it should be a very high priority for research. ..
- Costs of Occupational Injury and IllnessJ Leigh; Fiscal Year: 2009..But reported national injury rates have been fallen since 1992. Moreover, Workers'Compensation costs fell from 1993 to 1998 but have risen since 1999. Current and comprehensive estimates are needed. ..
- MR PREDICTORS OF RESPONSE TO HAART IN HIV DEMENTIAJoseph Berger; Fiscal Year: 2004..It will also open novel avenues for exploring the differential sensitivities of these pathways to HAART, and suggest unique therapeutic options. ..
- GIS, ALCOHOL MARKETING, AND ALCOHOL-RELATED OUTCOMESDeborah Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2006..Because alcohol marketing is already regulated, if certain marketing techniques are disproportionately associated with alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality, the findings can be used to inform public policy. ..
- Smoking Cessation Among Methadone Maintained PatientsMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2005..A3. To test the effects of the treatments on methadone treatment outcomes including methadone dose changes and continued use of illicit drugs, as measured by urine toxicologies. ..
- Improving the Ethics of Consent in Drug Abuse ResearchDavid S Festinger; Fiscal Year: 2010..Importantly, this study will also assist in achieving ARRA aims by stimulating economic growth through the hiring and continued funding of entry and upper level personnel in Philadelphia, PA and Wilmington, DE. ..
- Intervention to Improve Follow-up of Abnormal Pap TestCARMEN RADECKI BREITKOPF; Fiscal Year: 2010..If the proposed intervention is supported by the data, it will significantly increase adherence to follow-up recommendations and consequently decrease the number of women who develop invasive cervical cancer. ..
- A Brief Marijuana Intervention for Adolescent WomenMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2008..If effective, this brief marijuana intervention can be readily integrated into existing women's primary care sites. ..
- Antidepressants During Office-based BuprenorphineMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2008..The focus of this study, the evaluation of combinations of medications, to treat substance-related disorders, fits squarely within the emphasis of this RFA. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Patterns and Predictors of Cognitive DeclineKENNETH LANGA; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- JCV Virus Expression in Oropharynx and HIVJoseph Berger; Fiscal Year: 2004..This line of investigation would add credence to an oropharyngeal mechanism of JCV transmission and may ultimately lead to the clinical identification of an acute illness attributable to this pathogen. ..
- ANTIDEPRESSANT TREATMENT TO REDUCE HIV RISK AMONG IDUSMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2002..abstract_text> ..
- STRUCTURE, PROCESS AND OUTCOMES IN THE PACE PROGRAMDana Mukamel; Fiscal Year: 2003..The knowledge gained from this study would have direct bearing on efforts to improve care in PACE programs, as well as implications for other programs serving frail, non-institutionalized elderly. ..
- MEASURING PATIENT SATISFACTION: LOW LITERACY POPULATIONSJudy Shea; Fiscal Year: 2001..Finally, we will randomize eligible enrollees to receive the standard form or one of the alternative versions, to determine how the instruments perform in the typical way in which they would be used. ..
- Clinical Impact of Quinolone-Resistant E.coli carriageEbbing Lautenbach; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Fordham Resident Alcohol Prevention ProgramCelia Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- DEVELOPMENT OF CASE RATES FOR SUBSTANCE ABUSERSChristopher Tompkins; Fiscal Year: 2001..The result could inform State agencies or other payers that may contemplate moving from a fee-for-service payment system toward managed-care models. ..
- Adapting to HIV Disease--A Family InterventionMichael Stein; Fiscal Year: 2004..Given the significance of families in the AIDS epidemic, it is important to study as well as support families and patients to optimize care of those affected by HIV disease. ..
- HEALTH SERVICES IMPACTS OF YOUTH ALCOHOL MEASURESDavid Levy; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- Nursing Homes Quality and Variations in State RegulationsDana B Mukamel; Fiscal Year: 2010..S. population. ..
- Analyzing Vaccine Programs/Policies in Western EuropeGary Freed; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..
- Racial Disparity in Access High Quality Cardiac SurgeonsDana Mukamel; Fiscal Year: 2005..The knowledge gained in this project is essential for development of targeted programs that could successfully address the disparity in access to high quality cardiac care among elderly racial minorities. ..
- Neurology Outcomes Research:Clinical Trials/ TrainingRobert Holloway; Fiscal Year: 2005..Dr. Holloway's position within the Departments of Neurology and Community and Preventive Medicine, and the Rochester Clinical Research Curriculum will ensure the recruitment of highly qualified trainees. ..
- Technology Exchange for Cancer Health Network (TECH-Net)Teresa Waters; Fiscal Year: 2006..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Nursing Homes Response to Quality Indictors PublicationDana Mukamel; Fiscal Year: 2008..Statistical regression techniques will be used to analyze the data and test specific hypotheses. ..
- Physician Quality Reporting and Patient Outcomes in MedicareBryan E Dowd; Fiscal Year: 2010....