- The alternative birth movement in the United States: history and current status
J J Mathews
Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL 60163
Women Health 17:39-56. 1991
..Additional issues, however, are that physicians fear economic competition and resist loss of control over obstetric practice...
- [Physicians caught between ethics and cost pressure]
Kaiserin Friedrich Stiftung
Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 103:621-5; discussion 634. 2009
..However, this poses an ethical dilemma for the individual physician, as does the call for more economic competition which frequently results in quantity and speed becoming more important than safety...
- The tectonic plates are shifting: cultural change vs. mural dyslexia
Cambridge Management Group, USA
Front Health Serv Manage 24:11-26. 2007
..heightened consumer expectations, and stagnant or decreasing reimbursement, the response to global economic competition and the need to improve clinical and financial outcomes can bring physicians and hospitals together rather ..
- Competition. Regulators set sights on the expanding retail health clinic market
Hosp Health Netw 81:26, 28. 2007
- Penalized by quality: medical imaging is not a free market industry
John M Gundzik
J Am Coll Radiol 4:573-4; author reply 574. 2007
- The changing effects of competition on non-profit and for-profit hospital pricing behavior
E B Keeler
RAND, Santa Monica, CA 90407, USA
J Health Econ 18:69-86. 1999
..Regression results are used to simulate the price impact of hypothetical hospital mergers...
- Competition among hospitals
Carnegie Mellon University and National Bureau of Economic Research, USA
Rand J Econ 34:764-85. 2003
..In San Luis Obispo County, where the merger creates a near monopoly, prices rise by up to 53%, and the predicted price increase would not be substantially smaller were the chains not-for-profit...
- The effect of HMOs on fee-for-service health care expenditures: evidence from Medicare
L C Baker
Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA 94305 5092, USA
J Health Econ 16:453-81. 1997
- The emergence of physician-owned specialty hospitals
John K Iglehart
N Engl J Med 352:78-84. 2005
- Antitrust, health care quality, and the courts
Peter J Hammer
University of Michigan, USA
Columbia Law Rev 102:545-649. 2002
- Charity care: do not-for-profits influence for-profits?
Jan P Clement
Virginia Commonwealth University, USA
Med Care Res Rev 59:59-78. 2002
- Price competition and hospital cost growth in the United States (1989-1994)
RAND, Santa Monica, CA 90407 2138, USA
Health Econ 8:233-43. 1999
..In relative terms, we estimate that HMOs have contained cost growth more effectively than PPOs...
- Payment policy and competition in the Medicare+Choice program
Steven D Pizer
Boston University, Department of Veterans Affairs, Abt Associates Inc, USA
Health Care Financ Rev 24:83-94. 2002
- Hospital competition in HMO networks
Graduate School of Management, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
J Health Econ 20:733-53. 2001
..We simulate the effect of hypothetical hospital mergers on bargaining power and find that some hospital mergers, even in urban areas with many nearby hospitals, can lead to significant price increases...
- "The law was actually drafted by us but the Government is to be congratulated on its wise actions": British American Tobacco and public policy in Kenya
Centre on Global Change and Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
Tob Control 16:e1. 2007
..Analysis of recent tobacco control debates and a case study of BAT's response to the emergence of competition in Kenya are used to explore the company's ability to shape public policy and its treatment of tobacco farmers...
- Do competition and managed care improve quality?
School of Policy and Management, Florida International University, North Miami, Florida 33181, USA
Health Econ 11:571-84. 2002
..Hospital mergers have undesirable quality consequences. Appropriate antitrust policies towards mergers should consider not only price and cost but also quality impacts...
- Cross-border dental care: 'dental tourism' and patient mobility
Biomedical Ethics Unit, McGill University, 3647 Peel Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3X 1X1
Br Dent J 204:553-4. 2008
..Lack of access to affordable and timely local care plays a significant role in prompting patients to cross borders and receive dental care outside their local communities...
- Issues regarding health plan payments under Medicare and recommendations for reform
School of Public Health, Division of Health Services Research and Policy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455 0392
Milbank Q 70:423-53. 1992
..Lacking payment reforms, the Medicare HMO program should be terminated...
- Revisiting the relationship between managed care and hospital consolidation
Robert J Town
Division of Health Policy and Management, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Mayo Mail Code 729, 420 Delaware St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Health Serv Res 42:219-38. 2007
..This paper analyzes whether the rise in managed care during the 1990s caused the increase in hospital concentration...
- The effects of regulation, competition, and ownership on mortality rates among hospital inpatients
S M Shortell
Center for Health Services and Policy Research, Evanston, IL 60208
N Engl J Med 318:1100-7. 1988
..They suggest that it is important to incorporate quality-assurance procedures and systems to monitor patients' outcomes into public and private programs designed to contain costs or promote competition, or both...
- Hospital competition, resource allocation and quality of care
Dana B Mukamel
University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642, USA
BMC Health Serv Res 2:10. 2002
- Competition and market power in option demand markets
Northwestern University, USA
Rand J Econ 34:737-63. 2003
..We empirically validate the WTP measure by considering managed care purchases of hospital services in the San Diego market. Finally, we present three applications, including an analysis of hospital mergers in San Diego...
- Market structure and technical efficiency in the hospital services industry: a DEA approach
Laurie J Bates
Med Care Res Rev 63:499-524. 2006
..Evidence also implies that the presence of a state Certificate of Need law was not associated with a greater degree of inefficiency in the typical metropolitan hospital services industry...
- Do HMO penetration and hospital competition impact quality of hospital care?
P A Rivers
Arizona State University, USA
Health Serv Manage Res 17:237-48. 2004
..These findings suggest that when faced with intense competition, hospitals may respond in ways associated with reducing their mortality rates...
- Pricing behaviour of pharmacies after market deregulation for OTC drugs: the case of Germany
Department of Health Care Management, Faculty of Economics and Management, Berlin University of Technology, Strasse des 17 Juni 145 EB2, 10623 Berlin, Germany
Health Policy 84:30-8. 2007
..To examine the price reactions of German pharmacies to changes made to OTC drug regulations in 2004. Prior to these changes, regulations guaranteed identical prices in all German pharmacies...
- Provider competition and health care quality: challenges and opportunities for research
Herbert S Wong
Center for Delivery, Organization and Markets, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 540 Gaither Road, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
Int J Health Care Finance Econ 4:99-111. 2004
..While it is impossible to completely capture the rich exchange of ideas and perspectives that transpired at the conference, we highlight several key themes that emerged and present a research agenda to guide future investigations...
- Five reasons why health care quality research hasn't affected competition law and policy
David A Hyman
University of Maryland School of Law, Baltimore, MD
Int J Health Care Finance Econ 4:159-66. 2004
..If researchers on health care quality want to have an impact on competition law and policy they must confront and overcome these translational barriers...
- Is there evidence that recent consolidation in the health insurance industry has adversely affected premiums?
William G Kopit
Epstein, Becker, and Green, Washington, D C, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 23:29-31. 2004
..Health insurance consolidation in certain local markets could adversely affect premiums, but it seems clear that it is not a major national antitrust issue...
- The evolving science of quality measurement for hospitals: implications for studies of competition and consolidation
Patrick S Romano
Division of General Medicine and Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, University of California, Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
Int J Health Care Finance Econ 4:131-57. 2004
- Competitive behavior in the HMO marketplace
Mark V Pauly
Health Care Systems Department, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 21:194-202. 2002
..Neither the proportion of HMO enrollees in for-profit HMOs nor HMO market penetration was significantly related to profit rates...
- Specialty versus community hospitals: referrals, quality, and community benefits
RTI International in Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 25:106-18. 2006
..Specialty hospitals provide generally high-quality care to satisfied patients. Uncompensated care plus specialty hospitals' taxes represent a greater burden, in percentage terms, than community benefits provided by nonprofit providers...
- Assessing competition in hospital care markets: the importance of accounting for quality differentiation
Columbia University, USA
Rand J Econ 34:786-814. 2003
..The estimates suggest that patients do not substitute toward alternative hospitals in proportion to current market shares, implying that geographic market concentration is an inappropriate measure of hospital competitiveness...
- Do HMOs have monopsony power?
Division of Health Services Research and Policy, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware St, SE, Box 729, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Int J Health Care Finance Econ 1:7-22. 2001
..To determine whether health maintenance organizations (HMOs) have monopsony power in the markets for ambulatory care and inpatient hospital services...
- Has competition lowered hospital prices?
Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60612 4394, USA
Inquiry 42:73-85. 2005
- Competition in hospital and health insurance markets: a review and research agenda
M A Morrisey
Lister Hill Center for Health Policy, University of Alabama at Birmingham 35294-0022, USA
Health Serv Res 36:191-221. 2001
..CONCLUSIONS: Much more research is needed to examine all aspects of managed care markets. In hospital markets, particular attention should be focused on the effects on quality and technology diffusion...
- Trends in hospital consolidation: the formation of local systems
Alison Evans Cuellar
Department of Health Policy and Management, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York City, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 22:77-87. 2003
..This has left a large gap in policymakers' understanding of how locally concentrated systems may affect patient care and competition...
- Different approaches to contracting in health systems
Department of Health Systems Financing, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Bull World Health Organ 84:859-66. 2006
..Here they are classified into three categories according to the object of the contract: delegation of responsibility, act of purchase of services, or cooperation...
- The effect of physician-owned surgicenters on hospital outpatient surgery
William J Lynk
Lexecon Inc, Chicago, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 21:215-21. 2002
..We find some basis for that concern. Further, this particular form of rivalry raises competitive complications that differentiate it from the standard antitrust analysis of new competitive entry...
- HMO penetration, competition, and risk-adjusted hospital mortality
D B Mukamel
Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY 14642, USA
Health Serv Res 36:1019-35. 2001
..These findings may be explained by a positive effect on local practice styles or a preferential selection by HMOs for areas with better hospital care...
- The financial health of California hospitals: a looming crisis
Mark G Harrison
Shattuck Hammond Partners, San Francisco, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 21:118-26. 2002
..The study concluded that California hospitals face a potential crisis--defined as the potential nonviability of a large portion of its hospital infrastructure--and explored the policy questions and implications of this situation...
- Change, consolidation, and competition in health care markets
Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
J Econ Perspect 13:141-64. 1999
..As will become apparent, this area offers a number of intriguing questions for inquisitive researchers...
- Strategy as ecology
Harvard Business School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Harv Bus Rev 82:68-78, 126. 2004
..It may also change as your ecosystem changes. Knowing what to do requires understanding the ecosystem and your organization's role in it...
- The new landscape: a fresh look at long-term incentives for corporate America
David C Cates
Benefits Q 20:7-16. 2004
..The authors conclude with predictions about the future of long-term and equity-related incentives...
- Management. Plan. Replan. Plan again
Hosp Health Netw 78:24, 26, 28. 2004
- The innovation value chain
Morten T Hansen
Family Enterprise at Insead, Fontainebleau, France
Harv Bus Rev 85:121-30, 142. 2007
..Indeed, in their search for new hires, companies should seek out those candidates who can help address particular weaknesses in the innovation value chain...
- Assessing local market and organizational readiness for the integration of complementary and alternative medicine into ambulatory care centers
Suzana K E Makowski
Integrative Medicine Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA
J Ambul Care Manage 27:4-11. 2004
..This article will review some of the national trends and present a framework for assessing local market demand for CAM in order to help prioritize an organization's CAM integration strategy...
- Medical education and indigent patient care
Deborah S Lyon
University of Florida Health Science Center Jacksonville, 653 1 W Eighth Street, Jacksonville, FL 32209, USA
Curr Womens Health Rep 3:501-4. 2003
..Bringing marketing concerns into the indigent care environment is not a straightforward undertaking, but the rewards might far exceed the simple goal of "getting our numbers back up."..
- Hospital consolidation and costs: another look at the evidence
Center for Health Industry Market Economics, Department of Management and Strategy, Kellogg School of Management, 2001 Sheridan Road, 616 Leverone Hall, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
J Health Econ 22:983-97. 2003
..The system consolidation and merger results are very robust to changes in the specification and the sample...
- The end of an era: what became of the "managed care revolution" in 2001?
Cara S Lesser
Center for Studying Health System Change, Washington, DC 20024, USA
Health Serv Res 38:337-55. 2003
- The lean service machine
Cynthia Karen Swank
Jefferson Pilot Financial, Greensboro, North Carolina, USA
Harv Bus Rev 81:123-9, 138. 2003
..This game drives home lean production's basic principles, establishing a foundation for deep and far-reaching changes in the production system...
- A real-world way to manage real options
Monitor Group, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
Harv Bus Rev 82:90-9, 128. 2004
..The trigger points should not only tell managers when they need to decide on exercise but also specify rules governing the exercise decisions...
- Competing on analytics
Thomas H Davenport
Babson College, Babson Park, Massachusetts, USA
Harv Bus Rev 84:98-107, 134. 2006
..But, at least as important, it also requires executives' vocal, unswerving commitment and willingness to change the way employees think, work, and are treated...
- The future of telemedicine & its Faustian reliance on regulatory trade barriers for protection
Thomas R McLean
Third Millennium Consultants, LLC, Shawnee, Kansas, USA
Health Matrix Clevel 16:443-509. 2006
- Four strategies for the age of smart services
Harbor Research, Boston, USA
Harv Bus Rev 83:131-4, 136, 138 passim. 2005
..A synergist's product is the spoke, contributing valuable data or functionality. Woe to the company that takes none of these paths; it'll soon find its former customers locked in--and happily--to other smart service providers...
- Strategy as active waiting
Donald N Sull
London Business School
Harv Bus Rev 83:120-9, 160. 2005
..When a golden opportunity or"sudden death"threat emerges, managers must have the courage to declare the main effort and concentrate resources to seize the moment...
- Think before reacting to the lures of consumerism
CHPS Consulting, Chicago, IL, USA
Manag Care Q 10:51-5. 2002
- Back where we belong
Michael J Critelli
Pitney Bowes, Stamford, Connecticut, USA
Harv Bus Rev 83:47-54, 152. 2005
..quot;Instead, I help people to see the business we are in differently and to reach a shared vision as to where we want to end up. And, little by little, things move in the right direction"...
- The half-truth of first-mover advantage
Boston University, USA
Harv Bus Rev 83:121-7, 134. 2005
..Once you've gone into the water, you have no choice but to swim...
- Strategic sourcing: from periphery to the core
Harv Bus Rev 83:132-9, 150. 2005
..But only by first taking a broad, strategic view of capabilities sourcing can your company gain the greatest benefit from all of its sourcing choices...
- Beyond offshoring: assess your company's global potential
McKinsey Global Institute, McKinsey and Company, San Francisco, USA
Harv Bus Rev 82:82-90, 148. 2004
- The quest for customer focus
Northwestern University s Kellogg School of Management, Evanston, Illinois, USA
Harv Bus Rev 83:92-101, 133. 2005
..Those that recognize this will invest their customer relationship dollars much more wisely-and will see their customer-focusing efforts pay offon the bottom line...
- Companies and the customers who hate them
Harvard Business School, Boston, MA, USA
Harv Bus Rev 85:78-84, 141. 2007
..In industries where squeezing value from customers is commonplace, companies that dismantle these harmful practices and design a transparent, value-creating offer can head off customer retaliation and spur rapid growth...
- Capitalizing on capabilities
University of Michigan, USA
Harv Bus Rev 82:119-27, 138. 2004
..In short, it helps turn intangible assets into concrete strengths...
- A buyer's guide to the innovation bazaar
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Lally School of Management and Technology, Troy, New York, USA
Harv Bus Rev 85:109-16, 118, 142. 2007
..If you've been oriented toward one end of the continuum or the other, you can increase your options and your flexibility by expanding into the middle...
- The ambidextrous organization
Charles A O'Reilly
Graduate School of Business, Stanford University, California, USA
Harv Bus Rev 82:74-81, 140. 2004
..Given the executive will to make it happen, any company can become ambidextrous...
- How you slice it: smarter segmentation for your sales force
Hill Rom, Health Care Unit of Hillenbrand Industries, Batesville, Indiana, USA
Harv Bus Rev 82:105-11, 128. 2004
..Best practice, indeed...
- The impact of competition on the importance of conforming to social norms: strategies for managed care organizations
Eric G Kirby
Department of Management, McCoy College of Business Administration, Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas, USA
J Health Organ Manag 20:115-29. 2006
..This study focuses around the central question of whether or not the relative importance of conformity to institutional norms varies as markets become more competitive...
- Unleash innovation in foreign subsidiaries
London Business School
Harv Bus Rev 79:131-7, 166. 2001
..As part of the last approach, multinationals also need to create roles for idea brokers who can link entrepreneurs in foreign subsidiaries with other parts of the company...
- Medicaid confronts a changing managed care marketplace
Robert E Hurley
Department of Health Administration, Virginia Commonwealth University, 1008 East Clay Street, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
Health Care Financ Rev 24:11-25. 2002
..State Medicaid agencies will have to adapt managed care strategies to respond to the evolving products and practices of managed care plans and their interest in public sector product lines...
- Developing a telehealth business plan. Anticipating challenges and devising ways to meet them leads to successful services
Madonna Rehabilitation Hospital, Lincoln, NE, USA
Telemed Today 9:10-2. 2002
- The competitive advantage of corporate philanthropy
Michael E Porter
Harvard University, Boston, USA
Harv Bus Rev 80:56-68, 133. 2002
..But it can make a company's philanthropic activities far more effective...
- Sustaining the edge: factors influencing strategy selection in academic health centers
Anne M Walsh
Health Administration Program, La Salle University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
J Healthc Manag 47:360-74; discussion 375. 2002
- A post-1990s assessment of strategic hospital alliances and their marketplace orientations: time to refocus
Peter C Olden
Graduate Health Administration Program, University of Scranton, Pennsylvania, USA
Health Care Manage Rev 27:33-49. 2002
..However, health care markets have evolved differently than anticipated. SHAs and their hospitals should now adopt the marketing orientation and focus more on patients and enrollees...
- How to identify your enemies before they destroy you
Center for Technology and Enterprise, Babson College, Wellesley, Massachusetts, USA
Harv Bus Rev 80:115-23, 134. 2002
..And the tool's rigorous approach can spell the difference between flailing around and acting effectively in the face of a serious competitive threat...
- Towards 2020 strategic triad partnerships in ICT and healthcare: bridging the chasms in Canada and the European Union
Denis H J Caro
Faculty of Management, University of Ottawa
Healthc Manage Forum 15:25-31. 2002
..Underscoring the implications for current and future healthcare executives in Canada, the article also takes a glimpse of the world of strategic partnerships management between these two sectors in the year 2020...
- Market and efficiency-based strategic responses to environmental changes in the health care industry
School of Management, The University of Michigan Dearborn, USA
Health Care Manage Rev 27:21-31. 2002
- The superefficient company
Hammer and Company, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
Harv Bus Rev 79:82-91, 160. 2001
..What if you and I sell different products to the same customer? We're not competitors, but what are we? In the past, we didn't care. Now, we should, the author says...
- Writing your business plan
Business Plans International, New York, USA
Nat Biotechnol 20:BE33-5. 2002
- Disruptive change. When trying harder is part of the problem
Harvard Business School, Boston, USA
Harv Bus Rev 80:94-101, 134. 2002
..This article will help executives frame innovations in more balanced ways--allowing them to recognize threats but also to seize opportunities...
- Divestiture: strategy's missing link
Harv Bus Rev 80:74-83, 133. 2002
..But more likely than not, it will mean investing in attractive growth opportunities. In companies as in the marketplace, creation and destruction go hand in hand; neither flourishes without the other...
- Disruptive innovation: a new diagnosis for health care's "financial flu"
John W Kenagy
University of Washington, USA
Healthc Financ Manage 56:62-6. 2002
- Business ethics and health care: a stakeholder perspective
Mattia J Gilmartin
Healthcare Management Initiative, INSEAD, USA
Health Care Manage Rev 27:52-65. 2002
..The authors suggest that stakeholder capitalism offers a more useful framework for the dialogue about health care reform...
- They're not employees, they're people
Peter F Drucker
Harv Bus Rev 80:70-7, 128. 2002
..After all, developing talent is business's most important task--the sine qua non of competition in a knowledge economy...
- See your brands through your customers' eyes
Helios Consulting Group, New York, USA
Harv Bus Rev 79:125-33, 148. 2001
..The usefulness of the tool lies in its ability to show the many forces that influence a customer's buying decision--and to provide a powerful new way to think about brand strategy...
- Strategic planning: going beyond the basics
Tiber Group, Chicago, USA
Trustee 54:17-20, 1. 2001
..Now they need to take a new strategic approach--combining the basics with a view toward a dynamic health care environment...
- The competitive advantage: strategic thinking for physician leaders
Georgetown University School of Medicine, USA
Physician Exec 29:30-4. 2003
..Physician executives should manage their career strategies like a well-run company. Learn how to start thinking aout your career strategy...
- The quest for resilience
London Business School
Harv Bus Rev 81:52-63, 131. 2003
- Innovating for cash
James P Andrew
Boston Consulting Group, Chicago, USA
Harv Bus Rev 81:76-83, 132. 2003
..Choosing the wrong approach, like Polaroid did, for example, can lead to the failure of both the product and the company. Optimizing their approaches, as Whirlpool has done, helps ensure that companies' innovations make money...
- The real new economy
McKinsey Global Institute, San Francisco, USA
Harv Bus Rev 81:104-12, 138. 2003
- The value of information technology in healthcare
Richard I Skinner
Providence Health System, Tigard, Oregon, USA
Front Health Serv Manage 19:3-15. 2003
..The article ends with management principles for IT investment...
- Microcapitalism and the mega-corporation
Harv Bus Rev 81:46-54, 139. 2003
..By engaging the community and its leaders and working with them to design valuable new tools and capabilities, HP is gaining the knowledge it needs to be a stronger competitor in other developing regions...
- The hidden dragons
Cheung Kong Graduate School of Business, Beijing
Harv Bus Rev 81:92-9, 137. 2003
..Zeng and Williamson identify these budding multinationals, analyze their strategies, and evaluate their weaknesses...
- Mastering the management system
Robert S Kaplan
Harvard Business School, Boston, USA
Harv Bus Rev 86:62-77, 136. 2008
..The kit incorporates leading management experts' frameworks, outlining where they fit into the management cycle...
- What makes global firms resilient?
Harv Bus Rev 81:14-5, 115. 2003
..In this conversation, he considers where the growth will be in the next 20 years, what oil companies know about managing through uncertain times, and the unexpected course that globalization is currently taking...
- Strategic planning for radiology: opening an outpatient diagnostic imaging center
GE Medical Systems, Potomac, MD, USA
Radiol Manage 25:24-8. 2003
..Neglecting or skimping on this phase may lead to unforeseen obstacles that could potentially derail the project...
- The fruitful flaws of strategy metaphors
Tihamér von Ghyczy
University of Virginia s Darden School of Business, USA
Harv Bus Rev 81:86-94, 133. 2003
..This anecdote offers, in a compressed form, an example of how the process of using metaphors can play out and what managers can learn from it...
- R&D comes to services. Bank of America's pathbreaking experiments
Harvard Business School, Boston, USA
Harv Bus Rev 81:70-9, 122. 2003
..The author describes the program's workings, its successes, and the obstacles the bank faced. The effort reveals what a true R&D operation might look like inside a service business, he concludes...
- Start-ups weigh benefits of corporate incubators
Nat Biotechnol 26:254-5. 2008
- The five competitive forces that shape strategy
Michael E Porter
Harvard Business School, Boston, USA
Harv Bus Rev 86:78-93, 137. 2008
..The five forces reveal why industry profitability is what it is. Only by understanding them can a company incorporate industry conditions into strategy...
- The right to health and the privatization of national health systems: a case study of the Netherlands
University of Aberdeen, Scotland
Health Hum Rights 9:102-27. 2006
..The Dutch government is reorganizing its health care system and seeking to combine economic competition with a right to health in order to improve the health of its population...
- [Clinical pathways: effective and efficient inpatient treatment]
DRG Research Group, Universitatsklinikum Munster
Chirurg 74:1149-55. 2003
The new hospital funding system based on a diagnosis-related group (DRG) system and the economic competition involved require large-scale changes in hospital structures and processes...