sex distribution

Summary

Summary: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Prevalence of cataract and pseudophakia/aphakia among adults in the United States
    Nathan Congdon
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Wilmer 120, 600 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 122:487-94. 2004
  2. ncbi Clustering of risk behaviors with cigarette consumption: A population-based survey
    Arnaud Chiolero
    Prevention Unit, University Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, 17, Rue du Bugnon, 1005 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Prev Med 42:348-53. 2006
  3. ncbi Incidence trends for childhood type 1 diabetes in Europe during 1989-2003 and predicted new cases 2005-20: a multicentre prospective registration study
    Christopher C Patterson
    Epidemiology Research Group, Centre for Public Health, Queen s University Belfast, Belfast, UK
    Lancet 373:2027-33. 2009
  4. ncbi The global burden of headache: a documentation of headache prevalence and disability worldwide
    Lj Stovner
    Norwegian National Headache Centre, Department of Neuroscience, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Cephalalgia 27:193-210. 2007
  5. pmc Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1975-2005, featuring trends in lung cancer, tobacco use, and tobacco control
    Ahmedin Jemal
    Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA 30303 1002, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 100:1672-94. 2008
  6. pmc Adult mortality and antiretroviral treatment roll-out in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Abraham J Herbst
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 87:754-62. 2009
  7. ncbi Causes of blindness and visual impairment in Nigeria: the Nigeria national blindness and visual impairment survey
    Mohammed M Abdull
    Specialist Hospital, Bauchi, Nigeria
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:4114-20. 2009
  8. pmc Population-level effect of HIV on adult mortality and early evidence of reversal after introduction of antiretroviral therapy in Malawi
    Andreas Jahn
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 371:1603-11. 2008
  9. ncbi Body fat distribution and risk of coronary heart disease in men and women in the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition in Norfolk cohort: a population-based prospective study
    Dexter Canoy
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Circulation 116:2933-43. 2007
  10. ncbi Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its relation to all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in nondiabetic European men and women
    Gang Hu
    Diabetes and Genetic Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Arch Intern Med 164:1066-76. 2004

Detail Information

Publications288 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Prevalence of cataract and pseudophakia/aphakia among adults in the United States
    Nathan Congdon
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Wilmer 120, 600 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 122:487-94. 2004
    ..To determine the prevalence of cataract and pseudophakia/aphakia in the United States and to project the expected change in these prevalence figures by 2020...
  2. ncbi Clustering of risk behaviors with cigarette consumption: A population-based survey
    Arnaud Chiolero
    Prevention Unit, University Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, 17, Rue du Bugnon, 1005 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Prev Med 42:348-53. 2006
    ..This study assessed clustering of multiple risk behaviors (i.e., low leisure-time physical activity, low fruits/vegetables intake, and high alcohol consumption) with level of cigarette consumption...
  3. ncbi Incidence trends for childhood type 1 diabetes in Europe during 1989-2003 and predicted new cases 2005-20: a multicentre prospective registration study
    Christopher C Patterson
    Epidemiology Research Group, Centre for Public Health, Queen s University Belfast, Belfast, UK
    Lancet 373:2027-33. 2009
    ..We aimed to establish 15-year incidence trends for childhood type 1 diabetes in European centres, and thereby predict the future burden of childhood diabetes in Europe...
  4. ncbi The global burden of headache: a documentation of headache prevalence and disability worldwide
    Lj Stovner
    Norwegian National Headache Centre, Department of Neuroscience, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Cephalalgia 27:193-210. 2007
    ..On the World Health Organization's ranking of causes of disability, this would bring headache disorders into the 10 most disabling conditions for the two genders, and into the five most disabling for women...
  5. pmc Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1975-2005, featuring trends in lung cancer, tobacco use, and tobacco control
    Ahmedin Jemal
    Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA 30303 1002, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 100:1672-94. 2008
    ..This year's report includes trends in lung cancer incidence and death rates, tobacco use, and tobacco control by state of residence...
  6. pmc Adult mortality and antiretroviral treatment roll-out in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    Abraham J Herbst
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    Bull World Health Organ 87:754-62. 2009
    ..To investigate trends in adult mortality in a population serviced by a public-sector antiretroviral therapy (ART) programme in rural South Africa using a demographic surveillance system...
  7. ncbi Causes of blindness and visual impairment in Nigeria: the Nigeria national blindness and visual impairment survey
    Mohammed M Abdull
    Specialist Hospital, Bauchi, Nigeria
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:4114-20. 2009
    ..Determine causes of blindness and visual impairment among adults aged >or=40 years...
  8. pmc Population-level effect of HIV on adult mortality and early evidence of reversal after introduction of antiretroviral therapy in Malawi
    Andreas Jahn
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 371:1603-11. 2008
    ..We aimed to investigate mortality in a population before and after the introduction of free antiretroviral therapy, and therefore to assess the effects of such programmes on survival at the population level...
  9. ncbi Body fat distribution and risk of coronary heart disease in men and women in the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition in Norfolk cohort: a population-based prospective study
    Dexter Canoy
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    Circulation 116:2933-43. 2007
    ..Body fat distribution has been cross-sectionally associated with atherosclerotic disease risk factors, but the prospective relation with coronary heart disease remains uncertain...
  10. ncbi Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its relation to all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in nondiabetic European men and women
    Gang Hu
    Diabetes and Genetic Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN 00300 Helsinki, Finland
    Arch Intern Med 164:1066-76. 2004
    ..This study examined the age- and sex-specific prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its association with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in nondiabetic European men and women...
  11. ncbi Liver cirrhosis mortality rates in Britain from 1950 to 2002: an analysis of routine data
    David A Leon
    Non communicable Disease Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 367:52-6. 2006
    ..Total recorded alcohol consumption in Britain doubled between 1960 and 2002, giving rise to a need to examine and assess cirrhosis mortality trends...
  12. pmc Trends in smoking behaviour between 1985 and 2000 in nine European countries by education
    K Giskes
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus Medical Centre, 3000DR Rotterdam, Netherlands
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:395-401. 2005
    ..To examine whether trends in smoking behaviour in Western Europe between 1985 and 2000 differed by education group...
  13. pmc Obesity prevalence from a European perspective: a systematic review
    Anne Berghöfer
    Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charite University Medical Center, Berlin, Germany
    BMC Public Health 8:200. 2008
    ..We therefore aimed to identify and discuss current epidemiological data on the prevalence of obesity in European countries...
  14. ncbi Assessment of frequency of progression to hypertension in non-hypertensive participants in the Framingham Heart Study: a cohort study
    R S Vasan
    From the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute s Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA 01702, USA
    Lancet 358:1682-6. 2001
    ..We aimed to establish the best frequency of BP screening by assessing the rates and determinants of progression to hypertension...
  15. ncbi Mortality trends in men and women with diabetes, 1971 to 2000
    Edward W Gregg
    National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3727, USA
    Ann Intern Med 147:149-55. 2007
    ..Whether mortality rates among diabetic adults or excess mortality associated with diabetes in the United States has declined in recent decades is not known...
  16. ncbi Coronary heart disease mortality trends in the Netherlands 1972-2007
    I Vaartjes
    Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht STR 6 131, GA Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Heart 97:569-73. 2011
    ..Coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality has steadily declined since the early 1970s in the Netherlands. However, in some Western countries the rate of decline in younger groups may be starting to plateau or even rise...
  17. ncbi Estimates of the cancer incidence and mortality in Europe in 2006
    J Ferlay
    International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France
    Ann Oncol 18:581-92. 2007
    ..Monitoring the evolution of the cancer burden in Europe is of great value. Estimates of the cancer burden in Europe have been published for 2004 and estimates are now being presented for cancer incidence and mortality in Europe for 2006...
  18. ncbi Diet and health trends in Taiwan: comparison of two nutrition and health surveys from 1993-1996 and 2005-2008
    Wen Harn Pan
    Nutrition Medicine Research Program, Division of Health Sciences Research and Preventive Medicine, Institute of Population Health Sciences, National Health Research Institute, 35 Keyan Road, Zhunan, Miaoli County 350, Taiwan
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 20:238-50. 2011
    ..Intake of dairy products remains low, and continues to be an important dietary issue in Taiwan...
  19. pmc Steep declines in population-level AIDS mortality following the introduction of antiretroviral therapy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Georges Reniers
    Population Program, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA
    AIDS 23:511-8. 2009
    ..We use data from burial sites to estimate trends in adult AIDS mortality and the mitigating effects of ART in Addis Ababa. ART has been available since 2003, and for free since 2005...
  20. ncbi Gastric cancer epidemiology and risk factors
    Jon R Kelley
    Department of Veterans Affairs, Commonwealth of Australia, G P O Box 651, Brisbane, Queensland 4001, Australia
    J Clin Epidemiol 56:1-9. 2003
    ..pylori in causation and the beneficial effects of a high fruit and vegetable diet and an affluent lifestyle, for all of which there is some evidence, are yet to be quantified...
  21. ncbi Cutaneous melanoma: a 30-year-long epidemiological study conducted in a city in southern Brazil, from 1980-2009
    Nilton Naser
    Fundação Universidade Regional de Blumenau, SC, Brazil
    An Bras Dermatol 86:932-41. 2011
    ..Melanoma incidence and mortality rates have increased over the past 30 years in the Caucasian population. In Brazil, data on non-capital cities are scarce, making epidemiological stu dies necessary...
  22. ncbi Patterns of global tobacco use in young people and implications for future chronic disease burden in adults
    C W Warren
    Office on Smoking and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Lancet 367:749-53. 2006
    ..As part of the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS), we aimed to assess the effect of tobacco use by young people on global mortality...
  23. ncbi The burden and costs of chronic diseases in low-income and middle-income countries
    Dele O Abegunde
    Department of Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Lancet 370:1929-38. 2007
    ....
  24. ncbi Rising incidence of renal cell cancer in the United States
    W H Chow
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7240, USA
    JAMA 281:1628-31. 1999
    ..Clinical surveys have revealed that incidental detection of renal cell carcinoma is rising because of increased use of imaging procedures...
  25. pmc Sleep disturbances as a predictor of cause-specific work disability and delayed return to work
    Paula Salo
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
    Sleep 33:1323-31. 2010
    ..To examine sleep disturbances as a predictor of cause-specific work disability and delayed return to work...
  26. ncbi Young people's sexual health in South Africa: HIV prevalence and sexual behaviors from a nationally representative household survey
    Audrey E Pettifor
    Reproductive Health Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    AIDS 19:1525-34. 2005
    ..To determine the prevalence of HIV infection, HIV risk factors, and exposure to national HIV prevention programs, and to identify factors associated with HIV infection among South African youth, aged 15-24 years...
  27. pmc Sickness absence as a global measure of health: evidence from mortality in the Whitehall II prospective cohort study
    Mika Kivimaki
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 aA, FIN 00250 Helsinki, Finland
    BMJ 327:364. 2003
    ..To examine the association between sickness absence and mortality compared with associations between established health indicators and mortality...
  28. ncbi The Nakuru posterior segment eye disease study: methods and prevalence of blindness and visual impairment in Nakuru, Kenya
    Wanjiku Mathenge
    International Centre for Eye Health, Department of Clinical Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Ophthalmology 119:2033-9. 2012
    ..We also sought to validate the Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness (RAAB) methodology...
  29. ncbi At what age does low back pain become a common problem? A study of 29,424 individuals aged 12-41 years
    C Leboeuf-Yde
    Nordic Institute for Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics, Odense University, Denmark
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 23:228-34. 1998
    ..A cross-sectional study was performed in a Danish population of individuals 12-41 years of age...
  30. ncbi Long-term trends in cancer mortality in the United States, 1930-1998
    Phyllis A Wingo
    Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, National Home Office, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Cancer 97:3133-275. 2003
    ..S. Department of Health and Human Services to adopt the 2000 U.S. standard population for the age adjustment of death rates prompted the American Cancer Society to update historical cancer mortality statistics using the new standard...
  31. ncbi Impact of atrial fibrillation on mortality, stroke, and medical costs
    P A Wolf
    Department of Neurology, Boston University, Mass, USA
    Arch Intern Med 158:229-34. 1998
    ..The impact of atrial fibrillation (AF) on mortality, stroke, and medical costs is unknown...
  32. pmc Trends in all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality among women and men with and without diabetes mellitus in the Framingham Heart Study, 1950 to 2005
    Sarah Rosner Preis
    Framingham Heart Study of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Framingham, MA 01702, USA
    Circulation 119:1728-35. 2009
    ..Despite population declines in all-cause mortality, women with diabetes mellitus may have experienced an increase in mortality rates compared with men...
  33. pmc Refusal bias in HIV prevalence estimates from nationally representative seroprevalence surveys
    Georges Reniers
    Population Program, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309 0484, USA
    AIDS 23:621-9. 2009
    ..To assess the relationship between prior knowledge of one's HIV status and the likelihood to refuse HIV testing in populations-based surveys and explore its potential for producing bias in HIV prevalence estimates...
  34. ncbi Increasing prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among u.s. Adults
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Diabetes Care 27:2444-9. 2004
    ..The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome is high among U.S. adults. Our purpose was to determine whether the prevalence of this syndrome has changed since 1988-1994...
  35. pmc Incidence of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus among white Americans by sex, stage, and age
    Linda Morris Brown
    Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 100:1184-7. 2008
    ..74 per 100,000 person-years (95% CI = 0.67 to 0.81), over the same time period. Adenocarcinoma rates rose among white men and women in all stage and age groups, indicating that these increases are real and not an artifact of surveillance...
  36. ncbi Time trends in reported prevalence of kidney stones in the United States: 1976-1994
    Kiriaki K Stamatelou
    Renal Unit, Blue Cross Hospital, Athens, Greece
    Kidney Int 63:1817-23. 2003
    ..Study objective was to determine whether kidney stone disease prevalence increased in the United States over a 20-year period and the influence of region, race/ethnicity, and gender on stone disease risk...
  37. ncbi Clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of children hospitalized with 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza A infection
    Swati Kumar
    Medical College of Wisconsin, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Children s Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53201 1997, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 29:591-4. 2010
    ..We describe the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of children and adolescents hospitalized for 2009 H1N1 infections in Milwaukee, Wisconsin from April 2009 to August 2009...
  38. ncbi High prevalence of diabetes in Adana, a southern province of Turkey
    Adnan Gokcel
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey
    Diabetes Care 26:3031-4. 2003
    ..To determine the prevalence of diabetes and glucose intolerance and their relationship with risk factors in Adana, a southern province of Turkey, where risk factors are more prominent, probably because of social and economic reasons...
  39. ncbi Causes of cancer in the world: comparative risk assessment of nine behavioural and environmental risk factors
    Goodarz Danaei
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Lancet 366:1784-93. 2005
    ..In this report, we estimate mortality from 12 types of cancer attributable to nine risk factors in seven World Bank regions for 2001...
  40. ncbi Trends in eye injury in the United States, 1992-2001
    Gerald McGwin
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294 0009, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:521-7. 2006
    ..To report the trends of eye injury in the United States from 1992 through 2001...
  41. ncbi Development of gender differences in depression: an elaborated cognitive vulnerability-transactional stress theory
    B L Hankin
    Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60607, USA
    Psychol Bull 127:773-96. 2001
    ..Evidence is reviewed providing preliminary support for the model as an explanation for the development of the gender difference in depression during adolescence...
  42. ncbi An estimate of the worldwide prevalence, mortality and disability associated with hip fracture
    O Johnell
    Department of Orthopaedics, Malmo General Hospital, Malmo, Sweden
    Osteoporos Int 15:897-902. 2004
    ..1% of the global burden of disease world-wide and 1.4% of the burden amongst women from the established market economies. We conclude that hip fracture is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide...
  43. ncbi Epidemiology and outcomes of osteoporotic fractures
    Steven R Cummings
    Coordinating Center, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    Lancet 359:1761-7. 2002
    ..Therefore, epidemiological research should be done and used to identify individuals at high-risk of disabling fractures, thereby allowing careful allocation of expensive treatments to individuals most in need...
  44. ncbi Trends in hip fracture rates in Canada
    William D Leslie
    Department of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    JAMA 302:883-9. 2009
    ..Hip fractures are a public health concern because they are associated with significant morbidity, excess mortality, and the majority of the costs directly attributable to osteoporosis...
  45. ncbi The validity of the Finnish Hospital Discharge Register and Causes of Death Register data on coronary heart disease
    Pia Pajunen
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 12:132-7. 2005
    ....
  46. pmc Sex disparities in cancer incidence by period and age
    Michael B Cook
    National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20852 7234, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:1174-82. 2009
    ..Cancer epidemiology articles often point out that cancer rates tend to be higher among males than females yet rarely is this theme the subject of investigation...
  47. pmc Impact of the HIV epidemic on the incidence rates of anal cancer in the United States
    Meredith S Shiels
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD 20892, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 104:1591-8. 2012
    ..Thus, the HIV epidemic may have influenced the increasing anal cancer trends in the United States. We estimated the impact of the HIV epidemic on trends in anal cancer incidence in the United States during 1980-2005...
  48. ncbi Risk factors for chronic kidney disease: a prospective study of 23,534 men and women in Washington County, Maryland
    Melanie K Haroun
    Department of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 14:2934-41. 2003
    ....
  49. ncbi Gender, health inequalities and welfare state regimes: a cross-national study of 13 European countries
    C Bambra
    Department of Geography, University of Durham, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:38-44. 2009
    ....
  50. ncbi Welfare state regimes and income-related health inequalities: a comparison of 23 European countries
    T A Eikemo
    Department of Sociology and Political Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Eur J Public Health 18:593-9. 2008
    ..Specifically, it examined whether the Scandinavian welfare state regime has smaller income-based health inequalities than the other welfare state regimes...
  51. ncbi Retrospective survey of 452 patients with inflammatory bowel disease in Wuhan city, central China
    Li Jiang
    Department of Internal Medicine, Zhongnan Hospital, and Key Laboratory of Allergy and Immune related Diseases, Wuhan City, People s Republic of China
    Inflamm Bowel Dis 12:212-7. 2006
    ....
  52. pmc Seroprevalence, correlates, and characteristics of undetected coeliac disease in England
    J West
    University of Nottingham, Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, Medical School, Queen s Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK
    Gut 52:960-5. 2003
    ..To examine the seroprevalence, correlates, and characteristics of undetected coeliac disease in a large adult population sample in Cambridge, UK...
  53. ncbi Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness and cataract surgical services in kilimanjaro region, Tanzania
    Celestin Habiyakire
    Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College, Tumaini University, Tanzania
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 17:90-4. 2010
    ..To estimate the prevalence and causes of avoidable blindness and visual impairment in persons 50 years of age and older, and to assess the impact of cataract surgical services...
  54. ncbi The epidemiology of cataract in Australia
    C A McCarty
    Centre for Eye Research Australia, East Melbourne, Victoria
    Am J Ophthalmol 128:446-65. 1999
    ..To describe the prevalence and risk factors for cataract in an Australian population aged 40 years and older...
  55. pmc The impact of antiretroviral treatment on mortality trends of HIV-positive adults in rural Uganda: a longitudinal population-based study, 1999-2009
    Ivan Kasamba
    MRC UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda
    Trop Med Int Health 17:e66-73. 2012
    ..To investigate trends in all-cause adult mortality after the roll-out of an antiretroviral therapy (ART) programme in rural Uganda...
  56. pmc Widowhood and mortality: a meta-analysis and meta-regression
    Eran Shor
    Department of Sociology, McGill University, Room 713, Leacock Building, 855 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2T7, Canada
    Demography 49:575-606. 2012
    ..Other significant predictors of HR magnitude included sample size, geographic region, level of statistical adjustment, and study quality...
  57. ncbi Traffic-related pollutants and wheezing in children
    David I Bernstein
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45267 0563, USA
    J Asthma 49:5-7. 2012
    ....
  58. pmc Predicting cardiovascular risk in England and Wales: prospective derivation and validation of QRISK2
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD
    BMJ 336:1475-82. 2008
    ....
  59. ncbi Prevalence of early and late age-related macular degeneration in a rural population in northern India: the INDEYE feasibility study
    Sanjeev K Gupta
    Department of Community Ophthalmology, Dr Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 48:1007-11. 2007
    ..To assess the prevalence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a rural population in Northern India...
  60. pmc One-year prevalence and the impact of migraine and tension-type headache in Turkey: a nationwide home-based study in adults
    Mustafa Ertas
    Department of Neurology, Anadolu Health Center Hospital, Kocaeli, Turkey
    J Headache Pain 13:147-57. 2012
    ....
  61. pmc Sex differences in cardiovascular disease risk in adolescents with type 1 diabetes
    Sowmya Krishnan
    Children s Medical Research Institute Diabetes and Metabolic Research Program, Section of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    Gend Med 9:251-8. 2012
    ..It is well described that women with type 1 diabetes have a higher relative risk of cardiovascular disease than men with type 1 diabetes, unlike that seen in the general population. The pathophysiology behind this is unknown...
  62. pmc Predicting the risk of chronic Kidney Disease in men and women in England and Wales: prospective derivation and external validation of the QKidney Scores
    Julia Hippisley-Cox
    Division of Primary Care, 13th Floor, Tower Building, University Park, Nottingham NG2 7RD, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 11:49. 2010
    ....
  63. ncbi Prevalence, awareness and treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Switzerland: the CoLaus study
    A Kaiser
    Department of Medicine Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Biology and Medicine and Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Diabet Med 29:190-7. 2012
    ..To assess the prevalence, awareness and treatment levels of Type 2 diabetes in a Swiss city...
  64. ncbi The global impact of eye injuries
    A D Negrel
    Programme for the Prevention of Blindness and Deafness, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 5:143-69. 1998
    ....
  65. ncbi Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety among adolescents following the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China
    Fang Fan
    Center for Studies of Psychological Application, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, 510631, China
    J Trauma Stress 24:44-53. 2011
    ..Implications of findings on intervention and prevention of mental health problems among adolescents after experiencing earthquake disasters are discussed...
  66. ncbi Chronic renal failure in North Central Province of Sri Lanka: an environmentally induced disease
    Kamani P Wanigasuriya
    Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:1013-7. 2007
    ..There is evidence to support an environmental aetiology to CRF in Sri Lanka...
  67. ncbi Disorders of childhood and adolescence: gender and psychopathology
    Carolyn Zahn-Waxler
    Senior Scientist, Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53726 1696, USA
    Annu Rev Clin Psychol 4:275-303. 2008
    ..At the same time, because boys and girls also show many similarities, it is important to avoid sex-stereotyping mental health problems...
  68. ncbi Antecedents of frailty over three decades in an older cohort
    W J Strawbridge
    Human Population Laboratory, Public Health Institute, Berkeley, California, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 53:S9-16. 1998
    ..By modifying these risk factors, it may be possible to postpone the onset of frailty or ameliorate its further development...
  69. pmc Mortality and smoking in Hong Kong: case-control study of all adult deaths in 1998
    T H Lam
    Department of Community Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Patrick Manson Building South Wing, 7 Sassoon Road, Hong Kong
    BMJ 323:361. 2001
    ..To assess the mortality currently associated with smoking in Hong Kong, and, since cigarette consumption reached its peak 20 years earlier in Hong Kong than in mainland China, to predict mortality in China 20 years hence...
  70. ncbi Pterygium in an aged Mongolian population: a population-based study in China
    J Lu
    Institute of Developmental Biology, Lanzhou University, China
    Eye (Lond) 23:421-7. 2009
    ..To determine the prevalence and identify associated risk factors for pterygium in an elderly Mongolian population at high altitude in Henan County, China...
  71. ncbi The metabolic syndrome and associated lifestyle factors among South Korean adults
    Hye Soon Park
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Int J Epidemiol 33:328-36. 2004
    ..Although South Koreans have a low prevalence of obesity, little information is available about the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its associated risk factors...
  72. pmc Who died as a result of the tsunami? Risk factors of mortality among internally displaced persons in Sri Lanka: a retrospective cohort analysis
    Nobuyuki Nishikiori
    Research Center for Tropical Infectious Diseases, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan
    BMC Public Health 6:73. 2006
    ..This study aimed to describe the mortality and related risk factors which affected the displaced population over a period of two and a half months after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami in an eastern coastal district of Sri Lanka...
  73. ncbi The prevalence and risk factors for pterygium in an adult Chinese population in Singapore: the Tanjong Pagar survey
    T Y Wong
    Singapore National Eye Centre and Eye Research Institute, 11 Third Hospital Ave, Singapore 168751, Singapore
    Am J Ophthalmol 131:176-83. 2001
    ..Independent associations with increasing age, male sex, and occupations linked to outdoor work and other exposures suggest a multifactorial cause of this condition...
  74. pmc Sex differences in the development of kidney disease in individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus: a contemporary analysis
    Tina Costacou
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 58:565-73. 2011
    ..Kidney disease in patients with type 1 diabetes historically has been believed to be more prevalent in men. Because recent data do not reflect this pattern, we evaluated whether a sex difference persists...
  75. ncbi Association of betel nut chewing with chronic kidney disease: a retrospective 7-year study in Taiwan
    Yueh Han Hsu
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chia Yi Christian Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan
    Nephrology (Carlton) 16:751-7. 2011
    ..This study was to explore further the association between BN chewing and CKD using a larger case series...
  76. ncbi Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome defined by the International Diabetes Federation among adults in the U.S
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:2745-9. 2005
    ..S. adults and to compare it with the prevalence estimated using the definition of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP)...
  77. ncbi Influence of smoking and obesity on the development of proteinuria
    Masahiko Tozawa
    Third Department of Internal Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, 207 Uehara, Nishihara cho, Okinawa 903 0215, Japan
    Kidney Int 62:956-62. 2002
    ..The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of obesity and smoking on the development of proteinuria in a screened cohort of subjects with normal kidney function...
  78. pmc Gender and alcohol consumption: patterns from the multinational GENACIS project
    Richard W Wilsnack
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, 501 North Columbia Road Stop 9037, Grand Forks, ND 58202 9037, USA
    Addiction 104:1487-500. 2009
    ..To evaluate multinational patterns of gender- and age-specific alcohol consumption...
  79. pmc Third national Surveillance of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases (SuRFNCD-2007) in Iran: methods and results on prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, obesity, central obesity, and dyslipidemia
    Alireza Esteghamati
    Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center EMRC, Vali Asr Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    BMC Public Health 9:167. 2009
    ..This trend seems to be faster in developing countries of the Middle East. In this study, we presented the latest prevalence rates of a number of important non-communicable diseases and their risk factors in the Iranian population...
  80. ncbi The relationship between body mass index and the prevalence of obesity-related diseases based on the 1995 National Health Interview Survey in Korea
    O R Moon
    Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Korea
    Obes Rev 3:191-6. 2002
    ..4 kg m(-2). This finding was notable considering the fact that both hypertension and diabetes mellitus occur in Koreans with lower BMIs than whites. Further studies are necessary to identify the BMI cut-off point for obesity in Korea...
  81. ncbi Implication of CKD-EPI equation to estimate glomerular filtration rate in Chinese patients with chronic kidney disease
    Xin Du
    Department of Nephrology, Nanjing First Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, PR China
    Ren Fail 33:859-65. 2011
    ..To evaluate the applicability of the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in Chinese patients of different stages of CKD...
  82. ncbi High apolipoprotein B, low apolipoprotein A-I, and improvement in the prediction of fatal myocardial infarction (AMORIS study): a prospective study
    G Walldius
    Astra Zeneca, Mölndal and King Gustaf V Research Institute, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
    Lancet 358:2026-33. 2001
    ..We also aimed to establish whether apoB and apoA-I add further information about risk of fatal myocardial infarction to that obtained with total cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL-cholesterol...
  83. ncbi Quality of work, well-being, and intended early retirement of older employees: baseline results from the SHARE Study
    Johannes Siegrist
    Department of Medical Sociology, University of Duesseldorf, Germany
    Eur J Public Health 17:62-8. 2007
    ....
  84. ncbi High rates of suicide and attempted suicide using pesticides in Nickerie, Suriname, South America
    T Graafsma
    Department of Medical Psychology, General Hospital in Nickerie, Suriname
    Crisis 27:77-81. 2006
    ..Health care alone will not be sufficient to tackle this problem. One of the most urgent measures to prevent suicides is to stow away pesticides in locked cabinets with the key held by the proprietor...
  85. ncbi Secular trends of obesity in Iran between 1999 and 2007: National Surveys of Risk Factors of Non-communicable Diseases
    Alireza Esteghamati
    Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center EMRC, Vali Asr Hospital, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 8:209-13. 2010
    ..There is no solid evidence on the recent trends of obesity in Iran. In this study we present the secular trends of overweight and obesity among Iranian adults (25-64 years old) within an 8-year period (1999-2007)...
  86. ncbi A low socio-economic status is an additional risk factor for glucose intolerance in high risk Hong Kong Chinese
    G T Ko
    Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, NT, PR China
    Eur J Epidemiol 17:289-95. 2001
    ..These subjects should have increased priority for health education and regular diabetes screening. Our findings further emphasise the complex relationships between societal affluence, personal income and educational level...
  87. pmc The effect of short sleep duration on coronary heart disease risk is greatest among those with sleep disturbance: a prospective study from the Whitehall II cohort
    Tarani Chandola
    International Center for Health and Society, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London Medical School, London, UK
    Sleep 33:739-44. 2010
    ..We investigated whether a combination of short sleep duration and sleep disturbance is associated with a higher risk of CHD than their additive effects...
  88. ncbi Living conditions and psychosomatic complaints in Swedish schoolchildren
    Viveca Ostberg
    Centre for Health Equity Studies, CHESS, Stockholm University Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, and Department of Clinical Sciences, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Sweden
    Acta Paediatr 95:929-34. 2006
    ..The proportion of Swedish schoolchildren that reports psychosomatic complaints has increased during recent decades, parallel to major structural changes in Swedish society...
  89. ncbi Migration as a risk factor for schizophrenia: a Danish population-based cohort study
    Elizabeth Cantor-Graae
    Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
    Br J Psychiatry 182:117-22. 2003
    ..A growing body of evidence suggests that migration is a risk factor for the development of schizophrenia, although the putative mechanism remains obscure...
  90. ncbi Disparity in access to cataract surgical services leads to higher prevalence of blindness in women as compared with men: results of a national survey of visual impairment
    Oathokwa Nkomazana
    Botswana UPenn Partnership, Gaborone, Botswana
    Health Care Women Int 30:228-9. 2009
    ..The aim of the survey was to estimate the prevalence and determinants of visual impairment and blindness in Botswana 50 years and older and assess access to cataract surgical services...
  91. ncbi Fetal, infant, and childhood growth and adult blood pressure: a longitudinal study from birth to 22 years of age
    C M Law
    MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK
    Circulation 105:1088-92. 2002
    ..People who are small at birth tend to have higher blood pressure in later life. However, it is not clear whether it is fetal growth restriction or the accelerated postnatal growth that often follows it that leads to higher blood pressure...
  92. ncbi Prevalence rate of metabolic syndrome and dyslipidemia in a large professional population in Beijing
    Zhi Yan Li
    Department of Clinical Laboratory, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China
    Atherosclerosis 184:188-92. 2006
    ..001). This report on the MS and dyslipidemia from Beijing professional population showed a high prevalence of these disorders. Efforts on promoting healthy diets and physical activity in China should be undertaken...
  93. ncbi Prevalence of and factors associated with pterygium in adult Chinese: the Beijing Eye Study
    Ke Ma
    Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
    Cornea 26:1184-6. 2007
    ..To evaluate the prevalence of pterygia and its associated factors in an adult Chinese population of Greater Beijing...
  94. ncbi Tobacco use and risk of myocardial infarction in 52 countries in the INTERHEART study: a case-control study
    Koon K Teo
    Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, ON L8L 2X2, Canada
    Lancet 368:647-58. 2006
    ..Tobacco use is one of the major avoidable causes of cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to assess the risks associated with tobacco use (both smoking and non-smoking) and second hand tobacco smoke (SHS) worldwide...
  95. ncbi How widespread are the symptoms of an overactive bladder and how are they managed? A population-based prevalence study
    I Milsom
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden, Bristol Urological Institute, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, UK
    BJU Int 87:760-6. 2001
    ....
  96. ncbi A population-based description of glioblastoma multiforme in Los Angeles County, 1974-1999
    Indro Chakrabarti
    Department of Neurosurgery, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, 90032, USA
    Cancer 104:2798-806. 2005
    ..The authors analyzed the pattern of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) occurrence in Los Angeles County, California to shed light on the incidence and descriptive epidemiology of this type of brain tumor...
  97. ncbi Age and gender differences in objectively measured physical activity in youth
    Stewart G Trost
    School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 34:350-5. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate age and gender differences in objectively measured physical activity (PA) in a population-based sample of students in grades 1-12...
  98. ncbi Neurosurgical trauma in People's Republic of China
    Y D Zhao
    Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, 6 Tiantan Xili, Beijing 100050, China
    World J Surg 25:1202-4. 2001
    ..Since vehicle accidents are the most common cause for neurotraumatic death, an effort is needed to prevent and to decrease the incidence of these accidental traumatic injuries...
  99. ncbi [Prevalence and incidence of dementia in Germany--a study based on data from the public sick funds in 2002]
    U Ziegler
    Lehrstuhl für empirische Sozialforschung und Demografie, Universitat Rostock
    Gesundheitswesen 71:281-90. 2009
    ..In 2007 about 1.07 million moderately or severely demented people live in Germany of which about 244 000 are incident cases when we extrapolate our rates to the population of this year...
  100. ncbi 25-Hydroxyvitamin D in Canadian adults: biological, environmental, and behavioral correlates
    L S Greene-Finestone
    Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Osteoporos Int 22:1389-99. 2011
    ..Results showed that serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels <75 nmol/L were common. Given Canada's high latitude, attention should be given to strategies for enhancing vitamin D status in the population...
  101. ncbi Why more boys than girls with ADHD receive treatment: a study of Dutch twins
    Eske M Derks
    Department of Biological Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Twin Res Hum Genet 10:765-70. 2007
    ..These findings have implications for the results of genetic studies that rely on referred samples, as these studies may give a distorted view of sex differences in the population...

Research Grants99

  1. Tailored Teen Alcohol and Violence Prevention in the ER
    Maureen Walton; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  2. Cerebrovascular Disease and its Consequences in the Strong Study Cohort
    Dedra S Buchwald; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..the age- and gender- adjusted stroke incidence in the SHS as 679/100,000 persons, adjusted to the age and sex distribution of the U.S. adult population...
  3. Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors and Bone Mineralization in Adolescents
    Chadi A Calarge; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..By using a group of healthy controls, of comparable age and sex distribution, we aim to evaluate 1) whether psychopathology, at baseline, is associated with low bone mass, 2) if ..
  4. Determining the Genetic Basis of Rotator Cuff Disease
    Robert Z Tashjian; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. sex distribution, age distribution, injury severity, clinical outcomes) between familial and non-familial groups will be ..
  5. A Comparative Effectiveness &Long-term Health Study in Wisconsin Smokers
    James H Stein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of smokers because today's smokers differ from smokers in earlier studies on the basis of weight, sex distribution, diet, socioeconomic status, and other factors that might affect the risks and the health effects of ..
  6. POPULATION BASED STUDY OF LOWER URINARY TRACT TUMORS
    Loraine Marrett; Fiscal Year: 1980
    ..and reported to the CTR, as well as a population sample of 880 controls, selected to have the same age and sex distribution as BT cases, have been interviewed...
  7. Small Area Demographic Estimates for China with Remote Sensing, GIS and Spatial M
    SUSAN HAYNIE; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..A better understanding of the current age/sex distribution and other characteristics of the population will facilitate planning and resource allocation for services ..
  8. FAULTY IMMUNE REGULATION IN AUTISM
    Dennis Odell; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..of cell-mediated immunity and serum antibodies against proteins of the central nervous system, and an uneven sex distribution (autism is 4-5 times more frequent in boys than in girls)...
  9. Cerebrovascular risk factors and late-life suicide
    SAU MAN CHAN; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..to a tertiary care setting over a 30-month period; while the same number of controls, of comparable age and sex distribution, without life-time history of suicide, will be recruited from community dwelling elders who attend local ..
  10. The Balanced Budget Act of 1997 and Home Care for Cancer
    Meredith Kilgore; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..includes approximately 25% of the population and is comparable to the US population in terms of age and sex distribution for persons 65 and older...
  11. Brief Intervention to Reduce Injury in Minorities
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  12. Cross Ethnic Trends In Drinking, Alcohol Use Disorders And Service Utilization
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed aims will cover important gaps in significant areas of alcohol epidemiology. Trends analyses covering the period under focus and contrasting Whites, Blacks and Hispanics have not been reported yet in the alcohol literature. ..
  13. Ethnicity, Alcohol, and Spousal Violence
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..collecting data from both couple members. ..
  14. Alcohol Epidemiology In Hispanic National Groups
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results from this study will fill a major gap in epidemiology among U.S. Hispanics, and will have implications for the development of prevention interventions. ..
  15. Biological Risk Underlying Education Health Differences
    Eileen Crimmins; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..4) Examine changes over time in the patterning of biological risk by education. ..
  16. Understanding Disparities in Obesity and its Comorbidities in the US
    Youfa Wang; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..S. using an interdisciplinary approach. ..
  17. Preparation and Distribution of the NUJLSOA
    Eileen Crimmins; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In order to acquire use of the data, researchers must agree to use the data only for research purposes and not to use data to describe or identify individuals. ..
  18. Obesity Prevention in African American Schoolchildren
    Youfa Wang; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..If the intervention proves effective, a full-scale study will be developed. Findings from this study will provide insights into the prevention of obesity among Iow-SES and minority students. ..
  19. BIOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS OF SES DIFFERENCES IN HEALTH
    Eileen Crimmins; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  20. COLLABORATIVE INITIAL GLAUCOMA TREATMENT STUDY
    Rohit Varma; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  21. Postoperative dietary counseling after bariatric surgery
    DAVID SARWER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Results of this study could have a significant impact on the postoperative care of these individuals. ..
  22. IN VIVO DYNAMIC OF BETA-CAROTENE METABOLISM IN HUMANS
    Andrew Clifford; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  23. Investigation of a Behavioral Substitute for Sunbathing
    Sherry Pagoto; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Prevention interventions that target high-risk segments of the community in settings where risk behavior occurs have potential for a large and focused public health impact. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  24. Inhalant Use/Dependence: Incidence and Comorbidity
    Li Tzy Wu; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Gaps in our knowledge of the natural course of inhalant use will be specified for future research. ..
  25. Limited Access Dataset: ACTIVE Study Phase II
    Sharon Tennstedt; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This project will make the remainder of the study data available for public use. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  26. Impact of Aging on Stroke Care: A National Perspective
    Judith Lichtman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We hypothesize that variations in care exist by age. Moreover, these differences in care will not be explained by differences clinical features or co-morbid conditions associated with aging. ..
  27. INTERVENTIONS FOR VISUAL LOSS IN NURSING HOME RESIDENTS
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This trial will answer timely questions of the impact on the functional status of the most frail elderly of modest, potentially sustainable inputs into improving the appropriate utilization of eye care services. ..
  28. Environmentally-Induced Ocular Surface Inflammation Mimicking Sjogren's Syndrome
    Michael J Stern; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We further propose that the severity of this ALKC is worsened by defective self tolerance mechanisms. ..
  29. CONTEXT AND EFFECTIVENESS OF TWO MODELS OF SVC DELIVERY
    Christine Grella; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These data will provide a multilevel context in which to evaluate the implementation and effectiveness of the two models of service delivery. ..
  30. Quantitation of In Vivo Human Lutein Metabolism
    ANDREW JOSEPH CLIFFORD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Therefore, the purpose of this study is to determine how the human body uses lutein and other related compounds. ..
  31. TEA for Families & Children: Preparation for a Randomized Trial
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The goal of this study is to develop and pilot an intervention for PLH and their family members in order to improve the long term health, mental health and behavioral adjustment of the children in poor, rural areas in China. ..
  32. ADVANCED STAGE CHRONIC DISEASE: SYMPTONS, DISTRESS, CARE
    Sharon Tennstedt; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Finally, the study will provide data on the amount, source, and costs of care that will improve planning and coordination of end-of-life care. ..
  33. Risk Factors and the Neurobiologic Substrate of Frailty
    Aron Buchman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Costs of Occupational Injury and Illness
    J Leigh; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..But reported national injury rates have been fallen since 1992. Moreover, Workers'Compensation costs fell from 1993 to 1998 but have risen since 1999. Current and comprehensive estimates are needed. ..
  35. DIET AND DURATION OF CERVICAL HPV INFECTION
    MARC GOODMAN; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  36. Beneath the Urologic Iceberg: A Qualitative Study
    Sharon Tennstedt; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  37. Integrating Well-Woman and Well-Baby Care to Improve Parenting & Family Wellness
    JOHN LEVENTHAL; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  38. Mental Health Status of Male Help-Seekers for Partner Violence Victimization
    DENISE HINES; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  39. HIV Prevention Groups for AOD Using SMI Women
    Robert Malow; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If successful, this research will present an HIV intervention strategy that can be practically implemented for high-risk AOD abusing SMI women within their communities. ..
  40. Latino Eye Health: A Communication Strategy for Diabetes
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Improvements in eye care seeking behaviors should help in avoiding visual loss from diabetic retinopathy and macula edema, the leading causes of visual loss in the working age Latino population. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  41. DEVELOPMENTAL EFFECTS OF METHAMPHETAMINE-LIKE STIMULANTS
    Charles Vorhees; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The number of prenatally MA exposed children continues to grow. Our goal is to develop models of early MA exposure that permit an understanding of the long-term consequences on brain development and cognition. ..
  42. Nursing Home Pain Management Algorithm Clinical Trial
    Mary Ersek; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Findings from this study will assist NH staff to assess and treat pain effectively in cognitively intact and impaired residents. Long-term follow-up will establish the persistence of changes in clinical practice and resident outcomes. ..
  43. In-utero Exposure and Infant Loss of IGF2 Imprinting
    Cathrine Hoyo; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed study also has the potential to provide a foundation for future studies investigating the etiology of chronic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and some cancers. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. Tacrolimus and Plasmapheresis in Treatment-Resistant FSGS
    Tej Mattoo; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed study will offer new treatment options in such patients and save many from the pain and the distress of undergoing dialysis and renal transplantation. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  45. Adiponectin and Cardiovascular Disease in the CKiD Children
    Mark Mitsnefes; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  46. Changes in sexual function following bariatric surgery
    DAVID SARWER; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed study is innovative, as it will provide new and important information on the long-term effects of bariatric surgery on these important areas of quality of life. ..
  47. Research Grants to Prevent Unintentional Injuries
    Jonathan Howland; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] Outcome Measures: Acute and residual driving impairment will be assessed using a driving simulator and[unreadable] an objective measure of sustained attention/reaction time, the Psychomotor Vioilance Test (PVT).[unreadable]..
  48. Genetic variations in calcium and vitamin D related gen*
    Ulrike Peters; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  49. Prescription Opioid Use and the Risk of Injury among Elderly Americans
    Matthew Miller; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Since many older Americans benefit from opioids, a null finding or a finding that risk is concentrated (e.g., in some but not other specific preparations) would also be clinically relevant. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  50. Obesity and Negative Affect-Induced Eating
    Sherry Pagoto; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The University of Illinois at Chicago provides an ideal setting for training behavioral scientists and the mentoring team will provide a sound training experience for the PI from which an academic career can be launched. ..
  51. Genetic Epidemiology and Renal Allograft Outcomes
    Ajay Israni; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..By identifying genetic polymorphisms that impact allograft survival, this study will help identify patients at risk and will help in the development of therapies targeting critical pathways...
  52. Training Program for Geriatric Social Workers
    Sharon Tennstedt; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  53. Urban Diabetics: Primary Care and Hospitalizations
    Jessica Robbins; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  54. MI SYMPTOMS IN WOMEN: DISPARITIES IN WOMEN OF COLOR
    Jean McSweeney; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This information will facilitate the development of educational materials tailored to women of color and should lead to earlier diagnosis and treatment. ..
  55. Communicating to Improve the Quality of Informal Care
    Sharon Tennstedt; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  56. Psychological distress in survivors of head/neck cancer
    Henrietta Logan; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  57. FOOD FOR LIFE: HEALTHIER MEALS ELDERS CAN LIVE WITH
    Sharon Tennstedt; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..2. To rigorously evaluate the effectiveness of using the package in a workshop in improving participants' diet. PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: NOT AVAILABLE ..
  58. CASE CONTROL STUDY OF RISK FACTORS FOR WILMS TUMOR
    Andrew Olshan; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..This study will provide important new advances in our understanding of Wilms tumor given the study size, quality of exposure assessment, and incorporation of clinical and biological markers of etiologic heterogeneity. ..
  59. Doctor-Older Patient Communication About Alcohol Misuse
    Sharon Tennstedt; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The program can also be used in medical schools and by advance practice nurses. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. DEVELOPMENTAL EFFECTS OF METHLENEDIOXYMETHAMPHETAMINE
    Charles Vorhees; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Such data will help identify risks associated with the prenatal use of MDMA on brain and cognitive development. ..
  61. Pilot Trial of Peer Support for Bipolar Disorder
    Gregory Simon; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  62. Tobacco Control Policies and Youth Smoking Transitions
    James Nonnemaker; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The panel data and the discrete-time hazard model allow for the control of unobserved individual and state-level effects. ..
  63. POSTMENOPAUSAL ESTROGEN INFLUENCES ON OLFACTION
    RICHARD DOTY; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Third, it would lead to testable hypotheses regarding the role of reproductive hormones, and their underlying mechanisms, in the maintenance of normal olfactory function. ..
  64. Cataract: Health Disparity for Older African-Americans
    Sheila West; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These data will advance the goal of reducing health disparity in visual disability from cataract among older African Americans. ..
  65. National Study of Risk Factors for Adolescent Drug Use
    Robert Flewelling; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  66. Obesity, Body Image and Weight Maintenance
    DAVID SARWER; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These studies have been selected to further develop my knowledge of the treatment of obesity, and the training program has been designed to facilitate my development as an independent investigator in the field of obesity. ..
  67. Predicting CHD Events in Black and White Women
    Jean C McSweeney; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We also will explore the correspondence between the MAPMISS screen scores and CHD diagnostic test results. ..
  68. Family-to-Family: Psychoeducation to Improve Children's Outcomes in HIV+ Families
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..HIV+ parent's and family caregivers'health mental health, parenting skills, and family bonds are intermediate outcomes. ..
  69. HIV Related Stigma among Service Providers in China
    Li Li; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These data will prepare the team to conduct a randomized controlled trial across different levels of health care providers in China. ..
  70. Epidemiology and Care of Comorbid Obesity and Depression
    Gregory Simon; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..weight loss, nutrient intake, physical activity, depressive symptoms, functional impairment and disability in the two groups of women with comorbid obesity and depression randomly assigned to the two different intervention programs ..
  71. RETINAL ARTERIOLAR ABNORMALITIES AND CV MORTALITY
    Ronald Klein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Data from this study will improve the understanding of the association between microvascular characteristics and cardiovascular mortality. ..
  72. EFFECT OF POTASSIUM BICARBONATE ON BONE AND MUSCLE
    Bess Dawson Hughes; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  73. PARTNERSHIP APPROACH FOR SUSTAINING BEST PRACTICES
    Cornelia Beck; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..This study holds the promise of improving care in nursing homes by testing an organizational-level change intervention to sustain the use of nursing care best practice protocols and thus improve the quality of care. ..
  74. GENETICS OF EARLY-ONSET MAJOR DEPRESSION
    Myrna Weissman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  75. Conference on Neural Control of Behavior
    NANCY WAYNE; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This will provide an important interdisciplinary communications-mechanism for advancements in the basic-science biomedical community. ..
  76. Development, Implementation and Evaluation of Novel Strategies to Reduce Inapprop
    JOSHUA P contact METLAY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  77. Enhancing Bystander Efficacy to Prevent Sexual Violence: Extending Primary Preven
    Victoria L Banyard; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed research will enable us to replicate our work in this area on a larger scale in two very different communities serving college-age individuals. ..
  78. Effects of family smoking history in never-smokers
    Ovide Pomerleau; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  79. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Pathological Gambling
    Jon Grant; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..This award would provide me with the necessary background for further studies in the treatment of pathological gambling and the training for an independent patient-oriented research career. ..
  80. WISCONSIN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEAS
    Ronald Klein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  81. PROGRESSION OF NUCLEAR DENSITY OVER A 10-YEAR INTERVAL
    Barbara Klein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  82. Evaluation of MDR-TB Treatment Strategies in Lima, Peru
    Sonya Shin; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  83. Family Clustering of Incidence & Progression of Cataract
    Barbara Klein; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We currently have no funds to support the proposed analyses. We believe this project offers the possibility of examining important hypotheses in a large group of families in a population-based framework. ..
  84. Patterns and Transitions in Alcohol Use For Urban Youth
    Jennifer Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Results of this research will provide information relevant to development of more effective alcohol prevention approaches for these predominantly ethnic minority youth residing in inner-city regions. ..
  85. Molecular epidemiology of Barretts esophagus and cancer
    David Whiteman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  86. Effectiveness of Alcohol Interventions Among TB Patients in Tomsk, Russia
    Sonya Shin; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Finally, we have a diverse interdisciplinary team that has been able to formulate an integrated biosocial and culturally-appropriate approach to treating AUDs in this population. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  87. Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis-Eye Study
    Ronald Klein; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..insights into the relative contribution of microvascular disease to the pathophysiology and natural history of subclinical and clinical cardiovascular disease, in representative populations of men and women of diverse ethnicities ..
  88. Autonomic Function in Insulin Resistance and Diabetes
    Mercedes Carnethon; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  89. DIVERGENT CAUSAL PATHWAYS TO MELANOMA: A COMBINED ANALYSIS OF 12 CASE-CONTROL STU
    David Whiteman; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Ultimately, the results of this research may contribute to better preventive strategies to reduce the number of people who die from melanoma (currently 8000 people each year in the United States). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  90. SunSmart America: Evaluating a School-based Curriculum
    Robert Kirsner; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results will be used for planning to implement the SunSmart America curriculum throughout Florida and nationwide. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  91. Asset-Ownership Development Among HIV-Orphaned Children
    FRED SSEWAMALA; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The family economic empowerment intervention has high levels of family and community involvement, a feature very appealing to the governments and donor community. ..
  92. Risk factors for drug resistant pneumococcal bacteremia
    Joshua Metlay; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed study will maintain our enrollment over an additional three years in order to complete six-years of active enrollment and achieve the necessary sample size for the proposed molecular and geographic analyses. ..
  93. Psychiatric Characterization/Mild Cognitive Impairment
    Yonas Geda; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..In summary, the research project and the educational activities of the K award will lay down the foundation for the candidate to become an independent investigator in the gray zone between aging and dementia. ..
  94. Samaritan Compounds Suppress Viral Replication and Prevent Neuronal Damage
    Ian Everall; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Should these studies and the associated development plans prove successful, the Samaritan molecules will be further developed as promising HIV neurodegeneration therapeutics. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  95. Research on Economic Conditions, Public Policy, and Fami
    Ariel Kalil; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Results and discussion from this meeting will highlight the most promising new methods for conducting empirical work in this area and a roadmap for how results from such studies can be applied to public policy research. ..
  96. Social Isolation, Loneliness, Health & the Aging Process
    John Cacioppo; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..There are also two cores that provide broad support to the projects: Core A the administrative core, and Core B the data management and statistical management core. ..
  97. FAMILIAL COLORECTAL NEOPLASIA COLLABORATIVE GROUP
    Noralane Lindor; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..fs20\par \par } ..