residence characteristics

Summary

Summary: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi An ecological approach to creating active living communities
    James F Sallis
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 27:297-322. 2006
  2. pmc Neighborhood-based differences in physical activity: an environment scale evaluation
    Brian E Saelens
    Division of Psychology, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center and the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, MLC 3015, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1552-8. 2003
  3. ncbi Neighborhood environments: disparities in access to healthy foods in the U.S
    Nicole I Larson
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:74-81. 2009
  4. ncbi Neighborhoods and health
    Ana V Diez Roux
    Epidemiology, Center for Integrative Approaches to Health Disparities, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48019 2029, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1186:125-45. 2010
  5. ncbi The development of a walkability index: application to the Neighborhood Quality of Life Study
    L D Frank
    School of Community and Regional Planning, University of British Columbia, 231 1933 West Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z2
    Br J Sports Med 44:924-33. 2010
  6. ncbi Understanding physical activity environmental correlates: increased specificity for ecological models
    Billie Giles-Corti
    School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
    Exerc Sport Sci Rev 33:175-81. 2005
  7. pmc The contextual effect of the local food environment on residents' diets: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Kimberly Morland
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1761-7. 2002
  8. ncbi Understanding environmental influences on walking; Review and research agenda
    Neville Owen
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 27:67-76. 2004
  9. ncbi Neighborhood environment and physical activity among youth a review
    Ding Ding
    Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, California, USA
    Am J Prev Med 41:442-55. 2011
  10. pmc Multilevel analyses of neighbourhood socioeconomic context and health outcomes: a critical review
    K E Pickett
    Department of Health Studies, University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, MC 2007, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 55:111-22. 2001

Detail Information

Publications353 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi An ecological approach to creating active living communities
    James F Sallis
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 27:297-322. 2006
    ..Collaborations with policy researchers may improve the likelihood of translating research findings into changes in environments, policies, and practices...
  2. pmc Neighborhood-based differences in physical activity: an environment scale evaluation
    Brian E Saelens
    Division of Psychology, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center and the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, MLC 3015, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1552-8. 2003
    ..This study evaluated a neighborhood environment survey and compared the physical activity and weight status of the residents in 2 neighborhoods...
  3. ncbi Neighborhood environments: disparities in access to healthy foods in the U.S
    Nicole I Larson
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:74-81. 2009
    ..S. This article reviews research relating to the presence, nature, and implications of neighborhood differences in access to food...
  4. ncbi Neighborhoods and health
    Ana V Diez Roux
    Epidemiology, Center for Integrative Approaches to Health Disparities, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48019 2029, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1186:125-45. 2010
    ..Key conceptual and methodological challenges in studying neighborhood health effects are reviewed. Existing gaps in knowledge and promising new directions in the field are highlighted...
  5. ncbi The development of a walkability index: application to the Neighborhood Quality of Life Study
    L D Frank
    School of Community and Regional Planning, University of British Columbia, 231 1933 West Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z2
    Br J Sports Med 44:924-33. 2010
    ..Validity of the walkability index is examined through travel surveys among areas examined in the Neighborhood Quality of Life Study (NQLS), a study investigating built environment correlates of adults' physical activity...
  6. ncbi Understanding physical activity environmental correlates: increased specificity for ecological models
    Billie Giles-Corti
    School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
    Exerc Sport Sci Rev 33:175-81. 2005
    ..This selective review examines whether the predictive capacity of these models could be improved if behavior-specific measures of the environment were used to predict context-specific behaviors...
  7. pmc The contextual effect of the local food environment on residents' diets: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Kimberly Morland
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1761-7. 2002
    ..We studied the association between the local food environment and residents' report of recommended dietary intake...
  8. ncbi Understanding environmental influences on walking; Review and research agenda
    Neville Owen
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 27:67-76. 2004
    ..Walking is the most common physical activity behavior of adults; environmental innovations may be able to influence rates of participation...
  9. ncbi Neighborhood environment and physical activity among youth a review
    Ding Ding
    Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, California, USA
    Am J Prev Med 41:442-55. 2011
    ..An updated review of literature is needed to summarize the current evidence base, and to inform policies and environmental interventions to promote active lifestyles among young people...
  10. pmc Multilevel analyses of neighbourhood socioeconomic context and health outcomes: a critical review
    K E Pickett
    Department of Health Studies, University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, MC 2007, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 55:111-22. 2001
    ..Multilevel or contextual analyses of social factors and health represent a possible reconciliation between two divergent epidemiological paradigms-individual risk factor epidemiology and an ecological approach...
  11. pmc Green space, urbanity, and health: how strong is the relation?
    Jolanda Maas
    NIVEL, Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, PO Box 1568, 3500 BN Utrecht, Netherlands
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:587-92. 2006
    ..This relation is analysed for different age and socioeconomic groups. Furthermore, it is analysed separately for urban and more rural areas, because the strength of the relation was expected to vary with urbanity...
  12. ncbi The built environment and obesity: a systematic review of the epidemiologic evidence
    Jing Feng
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Health Place 16:175-90. 2010
    ..There was very little between-study similarity in methods in both types of approaches, which prevented estimation of pooled effects. The great heterogeneity across studies limits what can be learned from this body of evidence...
  13. ncbi Neighborhood environments and physical activity among adults in 11 countries
    James F Sallis
    Active Living Research, Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92103, USA
    Am J Prev Med 36:484-90. 2009
    ..Surveys were conducted in 11 countries using the same self-report environmental variables and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, allowing analyses with pooled data...
  14. pmc Neighborhood built environment and income: examining multiple health outcomes
    James F Sallis
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:1285-93. 2009
    ..Lower- and higher-income groups benefited similarly from living in high-walkability neighborhoods. Adults in higher-income neighborhoods had lower BMI and higher physical QoL...
  15. pmc In search of causality: a systematic review of the relationship between the built environment and physical activity among adults
    Gavin R McCormack
    Population Health Intervention Research Centre, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:125. 2011
    ....
  16. ncbi Appropriate assessment of neighborhood effects on individual health: integrating random and fixed effects in multilevel logistic regression
    Klaus Larsen
    Clinical Research Unit, Hvidovre University Hospital, University of Copenhagen, DK 2650 Hvidovre, Denmark
    Am J Epidemiol 161:81-8. 2005
    ....
  17. ncbi Supermarkets, other food stores, and obesity: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Kimberly Morland
    Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    Am J Prev Med 30:333-9. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine whether characteristics of the local food environment are associated with the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors...
  18. ncbi Assessing the measurement properties of neighborhood scales: from psychometrics to ecometrics
    Mahasin S Mujahid
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:858-67. 2007
    ..These results illustrate a methodological approach for assessing the measurement properties of neighborhood-level constructs and show that these constructs can be measured reliably...
  19. pmc Utilization of maternal health services among young women in Kenya: insights from the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, 2003
    Rhoune Ochako
    African Population and Health Research Center APHRC, P, O, Box 10787, 00100 Nairobi, Kenya
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 11:1. 2011
    ....
  20. pmc Fast food restaurants and food stores: longitudinal associations with diet in young to middle-aged adults: the CARDIA study
    Janne Boone-Heinonen
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516 3997, USA
    Arch Intern Med 171:1162-70. 2011
    ....
  21. pmc School and residential neighborhood food environment and diet among California youth
    Ruopeng An
    RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California, USA
    Am J Prev Med 42:129-35. 2012
    ..For youth, empirical evidence for any particular hypothesis remains limited...
  22. pmc Associations of the local food environment with diet quality--a comparison of assessments based on surveys and geographic information systems: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis
    Latetia V Moore
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48103, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:917-24. 2008
    ..Efforts to improve diet may benefit from combining individual and environmental approaches...
  23. ncbi Understanding of informed consent in a low-income setting: three case studies from the Kenyan Coast
    C S Molyneux
    Kenya Medical Research Institute, PO Box 230, Kilifi, Kenya
    Soc Sci Med 59:2547-59. 2004
    ..These themes and emerging recommendations are expected to be relevant to, and would benefit from, experiences and insights of researchers working elsewhere...
  24. pmc Neighborhood food environments and Body Mass Index: the importance of in-store contents
    Donald Rose
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
    Am J Prev Med 37:214-9. 2009
    ..Most public health studies on the neighborhood food environment have focused on types of stores and their geographic placement, yet marketing research has long documented the influence of in-store shelf-space on consumer behavior...
  25. pmc Activity space environment and dietary and physical activity behaviors: a pilot study
    Shannon N Zenk
    Department of Health Systems Science, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, 845 South Damen Avenue M C 802, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
    Health Place 17:1150-61. 2011
    ..Activity spaces may provide new insights into environmental influences on obesity-related behaviors...
  26. ncbi Obesity prevalence and the local food environment
    Kimberly B Morland
    Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Place, Box 1057, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Health Place 15:491-5. 2009
    ..Our findings are consistent with other studies showing that types of food stores and restaurants influence food choices and, subsequently, diet-related health outcomes...
  27. ncbi Neighborhood SES and walkability are related to physical activity behavior in Belgian adults
    Delfien Van Dyck
    Fund for Scientific Research Flanders FWO, Belgium
    Prev Med 50:S74-9. 2010
    ..To investigate whether neighborhood walkability (higher residential density, land use mix, street connectivity) is positively associated with physical activity in Belgian adults and whether this association is moderated by neighborhood SES...
  28. ncbi Neighborhood of residence and incidence of coronary heart disease
    A V Diez Roux
    Division of General Medicine, Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    N Engl J Med 345:99-106. 2001
    ..Where a person lives is not usually thought of as an independent predictor of his or her health, although physical and social features of places of residence may affect health and health-related behavior...
  29. ncbi Neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and minority composition are associated with better potential spatial access to the ground-truthed food environment in a large rural area
    Joseph R Sharkey
    Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX 77843 1266, USA
    J Nutr 138:620-7. 2008
    ..Knowledge of potential access to the food environment is essential for combining environmental approaches and health interventions so that families, especially those in rural areas, can make healthier food choices...
  30. pmc Investigating neighborhood and area effects on health
    A V Diez Roux
    Division of General Medicine, Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, NewYork City, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:1783-9. 2001
    ..analyses...
  31. pmc Contribution of public parks to physical activity
    Deborah A Cohen
    RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA 90407, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:509-14. 2007
    ..Parks provide places for people to experience nature, engage in physical activity, and relax. We studied how residents in low-income, minority communities use public, urban neighborhood parks and how parks contribute to physical activity...
  32. ncbi Built environments and obesity in disadvantaged populations
    Gina S Lovasi
    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health and Society Scholars Program, Institute of Social and Economic Research and Policy, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 31:7-20. 2009
    ..Based on the authors' review, increasing supermarket access, places to exercise, and neighborhood safety may also be promising strategies to reduce obesity-related health disparities...
  33. pmc Neighborhoods, obesity, and diabetes--a randomized social experiment
    Jens Ludwig
    University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
    N Engl J Med 365:1509-19. 2011
    ..The study reported on here uses data from a social experiment to assess the association of randomly assigned variation in neighborhood conditions with obesity and diabetes...
  34. pmc The relationship of physical activity and overweight to objectively measured green space accessibility and use
    Emma Coombes
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 70:816-22. 2010
    ..The findings suggest that the provision of good access to green spaces in urban areas may help promote population physical activity...
  35. ncbi The built environment and obesity
    Mia A Papas
    Departmentof Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, 737 West Lombard Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 29:129-43. 2007
    ....
  36. pmc Aging in neighborhoods differing in walkability and income: associations with physical activity and obesity in older adults
    Abby C King
    Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5405, USA
    Soc Sci Med 73:1525-33. 2011
    ..The results add to the small literature aimed at understanding how neighborhood design may influence physical activity and related aspects of health linked with day-to-day function and independence as people age...
  37. pmc Factors influencing death at home in terminally ill patients with cancer: systematic review
    Barbara Gomes
    The Cicely Saunders Foundation Department of Palliative Care, Policy, and Rehabilitation, King s College London, London SE5 9RJ
    BMJ 332:515-21. 2006
    ..To determine the relative influence of different factors on place of death in patients with cancer...
  38. ncbi Social contacts as a possible mechanism behind the relation between green space and health
    Jolanda Maas
    NIVEL Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, P O Box 1568, 3500 BN Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Health Place 15:586-95. 2009
    ..Loneliness and perceived shortage of social support partly mediated the relation between green space and health...
  39. ncbi Neighborhood walkability and the walking behavior of Australian adults
    Neville Owen
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Herston Road, Herston QLD 4006, Brisbane, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 33:387-95. 2007
    ..Associations of neighborhood physical environments with adults' walking for transport and walking for recreation must be better understood...
  40. pmc Proximity to food establishments and body mass index in the Framingham Heart Study offspring cohort over 30 years
    Jason P Block
    Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Harvard Medical School, 133 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 174:1108-14. 2011
    ....
  41. pmc Toward the next generation of research into small area effects on health: a synthesis of multilevel investigations published since July 1998
    Mylene Riva
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montreal, Downtown Station, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:853-61. 2007
    ..Area effects on health, although significant in most studies, often depend on the health outcome studied, the measure of area exposure used, and the spatial scale at which associations are examined...
  42. ncbi Are secondary data sources on the neighbourhood food environment accurate? Case-study in Glasgow, UK
    Steven Cummins
    Healthy Environments Research Programme, Department of Geography, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK
    Prev Med 49:527-8. 2009
    ..To assess the validity of a publicly available list of food stores through field observations of their existence, in order to contribute to research on neighbourhood food environments and health...
  43. pmc Validation of 3 food outlet databases: completeness and geospatial accuracy in rural and urban food environments
    Angela D Liese
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:1324-33. 2010
    ..The marked undercount of food outlets and the geospatial inaccuracies observed have the potential to introduce bias into studies evaluating the impact of the built food environment...
  44. ncbi Stepping towards causation: do built environments or neighborhood and travel preferences explain physical activity, driving, and obesity?
    Lawrence Douglas Frank
    University of British Columbia, School of Community and Regional Planning, 235 1933 West Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z2
    Soc Sci Med 65:1898-914. 2007
    ..6%). Findings suggest that creating walkable environments may result in higher levels of physical activity and less driving and in slightly lower obesity prevalence for those preferring walkability...
  45. ncbi Neighborhood characteristics and availability of healthy foods in Baltimore
    Manuel Franco
    Department of Epidemiology, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 2217, USA
    Am J Prev Med 35:561-7. 2008
    ..The availability of healthy foods has rarely been directly measured in a systematic fashion. This study examines the associations among the availability of healthy foods and racial and income neighborhood composition...
  46. ncbi Do neighborhoods affect individual mortality? A systematic review and meta-analysis of multilevel studies
    Mathias Meijer
    Unit for Health Promotion Research, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
    Soc Sci Med 74:1204-12. 2012
    ..In the meta-analysis we found significantly higher mortality among inhabitants living in areas with low ALSES. Associations were stronger for men and younger age groups and in studies analyzing geographical units with fewer inhabitants...
  47. ncbi Disparities in neighborhood food environments: implications of measurement strategies
    Michael D M Bader
    University of Pennsylvania
    Econ Geogr 86:409-30. 2010
    ....
  48. ncbi Evaluating a brief self-report measure of neighborhood environments for physical activity research and surveillance: Physical Activity Neighborhood Environment Scale (PANES)
    James F Sallis
    Dept of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA
    J Phys Act Health 7:533-40. 2010
    ..The current study evaluated test-retest and alternate-form reliability of PANES items compared with multi-item subscales from the longer NEWS-A (Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale--Abbreviated)...
  49. ncbi Neighborhood disorder, perceived safety, and readiness to encourage use of local playgrounds
    Rebecca Miles
    Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 2280, USA
    Am J Prev Med 34:275-81. 2008
    ....
  50. ncbi Measuring local food environments: an overview of available methods and measures
    Bridget Kelly
    School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences, University of Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
    Health Place 17:1284-93. 2011
    ..A summary and critique of these measures are provided...
  51. ncbi Measuring the food environment using geographical information systems: a methodological review
    Hélène Charreire
    UMR INSERM U 557 INRA U 1125 CNAM, University Paris 13, CRNH IdF, Bobigny, France
    Public Health Nutr 13:1773-85. 2010
    ..Through a literature review, we investigated the geographic information systems (GIS) methods used to define the food environment and the types of spatial measurements they generate...
  52. ncbi The foodscape: classification and field validation of secondary data sources
    Amelia A Lake
    Applied Biosciences, School of Applied Sciences, Northumbria University, Ellison Building, Newcastle upon Tyne NE18ST, UK
    Health Place 16:666-73. 2010
    ..6%), while Yell.com and the Yellow Pages were low (51.2% and 50.9%, respectively). To improve the quality of secondary data, multiple sources should be used in order to achieve a realistic picture of the foodscape...
  53. pmc The built environment and location-based physical activity
    Philip J Troped
    Department of Health and Kinesiology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 2046, USA
    Am J Prev Med 38:429-38. 2010
    ..Studies of the built environment and physical activity have implicitly assumed that a substantial amount of activity occurs near home, but in fact the location is unknown...
  54. ncbi Characteristics of urban parks associated with park use and physical activity: a review of qualitative research
    Gavin R McCormack
    Population Health Intervention Research Centre, University of Calgary, 3280 Hospital Drive, N W Calgary, Alberta T2N4Z6, Canada
    Health Place 16:712-26. 2010
    ..Both qualitative and quantitative methods provide useful information for interpreting such patterns, and in particular, when designing and assessing interventions intended to improve the amount and intensity of physical activity...
  55. ncbi The built environment, neighborhood crime and constrained physical activity: an exploration of inconsistent findings
    Sarah Foster
    School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
    Prev Med 47:241-51. 2008
    ..This paper reviews the quantitative evidence to date, seeking to explain the inconsistencies, and offers recommendations for future research...
  56. ncbi Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale for Youth (NEWS-Y): reliability and relationship with physical activity
    Dori Rosenberg
    Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University and University of California, 3900 5th Avenue, Suite 310, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    Prev Med 49:213-8. 2009
    ..To examine the psychometric properties of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale-Youth (NEWS-Y) and explore its associations with context-specific and overall physical activity (PA) among youth...
  57. ncbi Are associations between neighborhood socioeconomic characteristics and body mass index or waist circumference based on model extrapolations?
    Cinira Leal
    INSERM, U707, Research Unit in Epidemiology, Information Systems, and Modeling, Paris, France
    Epidemiology 22:694-703. 2011
    ....
  58. ncbi Green space as a buffer between stressful life events and health
    Agnes E Van den Berg
    Wageningen University and Research Centre, PO Box 47, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Soc Sci Med 70:1203-10. 2010
    ..These results support the notion that green space can provide a buffer against the negative health impact of stressful life events...
  59. ncbi The neighborhoods they live in: the effects of neighborhood residence on child and adolescent outcomes
    T Leventhal
    Center for Children and Families, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    Psychol Bull 126:309-37. 2000
    ..Implications for an emerging developmental framework for research on neighborhoods are discussed...
  60. ncbi Neighborhood walkability, physical activity, and walking behavior: the Swedish Neighborhood and Physical Activity (SNAP) study
    Kristina Sundquist
    Center for Primary Health Care Research, Lund University, CRC, Building 28, Floor 11, Entrance 72, Malmo University Hospital, S 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 72:1266-73. 2011
    ....
  61. ncbi Neighborhood-level confounding in epidemiologic studies: unavoidable challenges, uncertain solutions
    Basile Chaix
    INSERM, U707, Research Unit in Epidemiology, Information Systems, and Modeling, Paris, France
    Epidemiology 21:124-7. 2010
    ....
  62. pmc The relationship between neighborhood poverty and alcohol use: estimation by marginal structural models
    Magdalena Cerda
    Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies, New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Epidemiology 21:482-9. 2010
    ....
  63. ncbi Individual/neighborhood social factors and blood pressure in the RECORD Cohort Study: which risk factors explain the associations?
    Basile Chaix
    INSERM U707, Faculte de Medecine Saint Antoine, 27 rue Chaligny, 75012 Paris, France
    Hypertension 55:769-75. 2010
    ..Future research will have to clarify the exact mechanisms through which body weight and shape and resting heart rate intervene as mediators in the associations between individual/neighborhood education and blood pressure...
  64. pmc Association between perceived neighborhood environment and walking among adults in 4 cities in Japan
    Shigeru Inoue
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Tokyo Medical University, 6 1 1 Shinjuku, Shinjuku ku, Tokyo 160 8402, Japan
    J Epidemiol 20:277-86. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the association between perceived neighborhood environment and neighborhood walking for multiple purposes among Japanese...
  65. ncbi Social capital and neighborhood mortality rates in Chicago
    Kimberly A Lochner
    Department of Health, Harvard Center for Society and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 56:1797-805. 2003
    ....
  66. pmc An applied ecological framework for evaluating infrastructure to promote walking and cycling: the iConnect study
    David Ogilvie
    Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research CEDAR, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK
    Am J Public Health 101:473-81. 2011
    ..Our framework guides study design and analysis by specifying the most important data to be collected and relations to be tested to confirm or refute specific hypotheses and thereby refine the underlying theories...
  67. ncbi The built environment and recreational physical activity among adults in Curitiba, Brazil
    Adriano A F Hino
    Research Group of Physical Activity and Quality of Life GPAQ, Department of Physical Education, Pontiff Catholic University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil
    Prev Med 52:419-22. 2011
    ..To examine the relationship between objective measures of the built environment (BE) and recreational physical activity (PA) in adults from Curitiba, Brazil...
  68. ncbi Objective assessment of obesogenic environments in youth: geographic information system methods and spatial findings from the Neighborhood Impact on Kids study
    Lawrence D Frank
    Schools of Population and Public Health and Community and Regional Planning, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
    Am J Prev Med 42:e47-55. 2012
    ..GIS-based walkability measures designed to explain active travel fail to capture "playability" and proximity to healthy food. These constructs should be considered when measuring potential child obesogenic environments...
  69. pmc Association of park size, distance, and features with physical activity in neighborhood parks
    Andrew T Kaczynski
    Department of Kinesiology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1451-6. 2008
    ..We studied whether park size, number of features in the park, and distance to a park from participants' homes were related to a park being used for physical activity...
  70. ncbi Gender differences in relationships between urban green space and health in the United Kingdom
    Elizabeth A Richardson
    School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, Drummond Street, Edinburgh EH8 9XP, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 71:568-75. 2010
    ..Additionally, urban green space measures that capture quality as well as quantity could be more suited to studying green space and health relationships for women...
  71. pmc GIS measured environmental correlates of active school transport: a systematic review of 14 studies
    Bonny Yee Man Wong
    Faculty of Physical Education and Health, University of Toronto
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8:39. 2011
    ..The objectives of this review are: i) to examine and summarize the relationships between objectively measured BE features and AST in children and adolescents and ii) to critically discuss GIS methodologies used in this context...
  72. ncbi Developing a framework for assessment of the environmental determinants of walking and cycling
    Terri Pikora
    School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, WA 6009, Crawley, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 56:1693-703. 2003
    ..Identifying the environmental factors that influence walking and cycling will allow the inclusion of a public health perspective as well as those of urban planning and transport in the design of built environments...
  73. ncbi Perceived and objective measures of the food store environment and the association with weight and diet among low-income women in North Carolina
    Alison A Gustafson
    University of North Carolina Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, and Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 218 331 2082, USA
    Public Health Nutr 14:1032-8. 2011
    ..The present study aimed to highlight the similarities and differences between perceived and objective measures of the food store environment among low-income women and the association with diet and weight...
  74. pmc The neighborhood food environment and adult weight status: estimates from longitudinal data
    Diane M Gibson
    School of Public Affairs, Baruch College, The City University of New York, NY 10010, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:71-8. 2011
    ..I used longitudinal data to consider the relationship between the neighborhood food environment and adult weight status...
  75. ncbi Correlates of non-concordance between perceived and objective measures of walkability
    Klaus Gebel
    Cluster for Physical Activity and Health, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
    Ann Behav Med 37:228-38. 2009
    ..Objective and self-reported physical environmental attributes have been related to physical activity...
  76. ncbi Morbidity is related to a green living environment
    J Maas
    EMGO Institute, VU University Medical Centre, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:967-73. 2009
    ..This study investigates whether physician-assessed morbidity is also related to green space in people's living environment...
  77. ncbi Age differences in the relation of perceived neighborhood environment to walking
    Ryosuke Shigematsu
    Faculty of Education, Mie University, Tsu, Mie, Japan
    Med Sci Sports Exerc 41:314-21. 2009
    ..Older adults were expected to be more affected by environmental attributes than younger adults. The present study examined age-related differences in associations between perceived neighborhood environment and physical activity...
  78. ncbi Neighbourhoods and child adiposity: a critical appraisal of the literature
    Megan Ann Carter
    Population Health Program, Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa, 1 Stewart St, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Health Place 16:616-28. 2010
    ..It is unclear at this time if and how other neighbourhood environmental features play a role. Heterogeneity and methodological issues across studies limits our ability to draw overall conclusions...
  79. ncbi Neighborhood characteristics favorable to outdoor physical activity: disparities by socioeconomic and racial/ethnic composition
    Luisa Franzini
    University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Health Place 16:267-74. 2010
    ..Interventions to reduce disparities in physical activity should address not only the physical environment, but also social processes favorable to physical activity...
  80. ncbi Differential effect of birthplace and length of residence on body mass index (BMI) by education, gender and race/ethnicity
    Emma V Sanchez-Vaznaugh
    San Francisco State University, Health Education, 1600 Holloway Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA
    Soc Sci Med 67:1300-10. 2008
    ..Immigrant status, independently and in combination with education, gender and race/ethnicity should be considered in future obesity prevention and reduction efforts...
  81. ncbi The geography of overweight in Quebec: a multilevel perspective
    Alexandre Lebel
    Centre de recherche en aménagement et développement, Universite Laval, Quebec, QC
    Can J Public Health 100:18-23. 2009
    ..Explore the contextual aspects of overweight in Quebec through multilevel modelling, using a purposely designed set of spatial units and a few area-based characteristics...
  82. ncbi Physical activity for recreation or exercise on neighbourhood streets: associations with perceived environmental attributes
    Takemi Sugiyama
    Cancer Prevention Research Centre, School of Population Health, Level 3, Public Health Building, University of Queensland, Herston, QLD 4006, Australia
    Health Place 15:1058-63. 2009
    ..Enhancing these environmental attributes and perceptions about them may be effective in promoting residents' physical activity...
  83. ncbi A systematic review of fast food access studies
    S E Fleischhacker
    Department of Nutrition in the Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Obes Rev 12:e460-71. 2011
    ..Further work is needed to understand if and how fast food access impacts dietary intake and health outcomes; and if fast food access has disparate socioeconomic, race/ethnicity and age associations...
  84. pmc The relation between neighborhood built environment and walking activity among older adults
    Corey L Nagel
    School of Nursing, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:461-8. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that built environment may not play a significant role in whether older adults walk, but, among those who do walk, it is associated with increased levels of activity...
  85. ncbi Environmental correlates of walking and cycling: findings from the transportation, urban design, and planning literatures
    Brian E Saelens
    University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, USA
    Ann Behav Med 25:80-91. 2003
    ..The transportation, urban design, and planning literatures provide a valuable starting point for multidisciplinary research on environmental contributions to physical activity levels in the population...
  86. pmc Exploring associations between physical activity and perceived and objective measures of the built environment
    Aileen P McGinn
    Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    J Urban Health 84:162-84. 2007
    ....
  87. pmc Do poorer people have poorer access to local resources and facilities? The distribution of local resources by area deprivation in Glasgow, Scotland
    Sally Macintyre
    MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, UK
    Soc Sci Med 67:900-14. 2008
    ....
  88. ncbi Neighborhood microclimates and vulnerability to heat stress
    Sharon L Harlan
    Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA
    Soc Sci Med 63:2847-63. 2006
    ..Urban heat island reduction policies should specifically target vulnerable residential areas and take into account equitable distribution and preservation of environmental resources...
  89. ncbi Blues from the neighborhood? Neighborhood characteristics and depression
    Daniel Kim
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, 7th Floor, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 30:101-17. 2008
    ..Overall, addressing these gaps will help to identify what specific neighborhood features matter for depression, how, and for whom, and will contribute to curtailing the burden of disease associated with this major disorder...
  90. ncbi Disparities and access to healthy food in the United States: A review of food deserts literature
    Renee E Walker
    Department of Behavioral and Community Health Sciences, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, 130 DeSoto Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    Health Place 16:876-84. 2010
    ..Findings from other countries offer insight into ways, in which future research, policy development and program implementation in the U.S. may continue to be explored...
  91. pmc Using Google Earth to conduct a neighborhood audit: reliability of a virtual audit instrument
    Philippa Clarke
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Health Place 16:1224-9. 2010
    ..Using the internet to conduct a neighborhood audit has the potential to significantly reduce the costs of collecting data objectively and unobtrusively...
  92. pmc Neighbourhood food environments: are they associated with adolescent dietary intake, food purchases and weight status?
    Melissa N Laska
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South 2nd Street, WBOB Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA
    Public Health Nutr 13:1757-63. 2010
    ..To examine neighbourhood food environments, adolescent nutrition and weight status...
  93. pmc Neighborhood income and individual education: effect on survival after myocardial infarction
    Yariv Gerber
    Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
    Mayo Clin Proc 83:663-9. 2008
    ..To evaluate the association of neighborhood-level income and individual-level education with post-myocardial infarction (MI) mortality in community patients...
  94. ncbi Recreational values of the natural environment in relation to neighbourhood satisfaction, physical activity, obesity and wellbeing
    J Bjork
    Competence Centre for Clinical Research, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:e2. 2008
    ..The aim of this population-based study was to investigate associations between recreational values of the close natural environment and neighbourhood satisfaction, physical activity, obesity and wellbeing...
  95. ncbi Playing it safe: the influence of neighbourhood safety on children's physical activity. A review
    Alison Carver
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Vic, Australia
    Health Place 14:217-27. 2008
    ..A research agenda is suggested for further study of perceived and objective measures of neighbourhood safety and their associations with children's physical activity...
  96. ncbi Studying place effects on health by synthesising individual and area-level outcomes
    Christopher H Jackson
    MRC Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge CB2 0SR, UK
    Soc Sci Med 67:1995-2006. 2008
    ..Our study illustrates that extending multilevel models to incorporate both individual and area-level outcomes increases power to distinguish between contextual and compositional effects...
  97. pmc Body mass index, neighborhood fast food and restaurant concentration, and car ownership
    Sanae Inagami
    General Internal Medicine, Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System and University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
    J Urban Health 86:683-95. 2009
    ..5 in. Higher restaurant density is associated with higher BMI among local residents. The local fast food environment has a stronger association with BMI for local residents who do not have access to cars...
  98. pmc Post-infective and chronic fatigue syndromes precipitated by viral and non-viral pathogens: prospective cohort study
    Ian Hickie
    Brain and Mind Research Institute, Sydney University, Sydney, NSW 2050, Australia
    BMJ 333:575. 2006
    ..To delineate the risk factors, symptom patterns, and longitudinal course of prolonged illnesses after a variety of acute infections...
  99. ncbi A lower than expected adult Victorian community attack rate for pandemic (H1N1) 2009
    Nathan Grills
    Victorian Public Health Training Scheme, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University corrected
    Aust N Z J Public Health 34:228-31. 2010
    ..To determine the community seropositivity of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza in order to estimate immunity and the community attack rate...
  100. ncbi Parent or nurse? The experience of being the parent of a technology-dependent child
    Susan Kirk
    School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
    J Adv Nurs 51:456-64. 2005
    ..This paper reports a study exploring parents' experiences of caring for a child who is dependent on medical technology, and in particular of performing clinical procedures on their own children...
  101. ncbi Development of a reliable measure of walking within and outside the local neighborhood: RESIDE's Neighborhood Physical Activity Questionnaire
    Billie Giles-Corti
    School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Western 6009, Australia
    Prev Med 42:455-9. 2006
    ..The RESIDential Environment project (RESIDE) is a longitudinal study evaluating the impact of a new residential design code on walking...

Research Grants82

  1. Clinical , Mechanical and Chemical Evaluation of Amalgam and ART Restorations
    Lilliam Marie Pinzon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  2. Early Life Conditions, Survival, and Health: A Pedigree-Based Population Study
    Ken R Smith; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We also test if there is effect modification of APOE alleles on the association between ELCS &later-life biomarkers. ..
  3. Air Toxics, Neighborhood Environment and Risk of Oral Clefts
    Philip J Lupo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ultimately, the identification of CL[unreadable]P risk factors will open the door to new strategies for lowering the prevalence of these significant conditions. ..
  4. Race-based social stress and health trajectories from adolescence to adulthood
    Jacquelynne S Eccles; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This application includes studies that focus on better understanding the biological, psychological, and social factors that contribute to health disparities. ..
  5. North Lawndale Diabetes Community Action Project
    STEVEN contact WHITMAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  6. Redox regulation of intestinal T cells
    ALAN DAVID LEVINE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We can then target this molecule for 'correction'and in the future determine whether this type of treatment is an effective therapy for mucosal infections, vaccine development, or mucosal autoimmune-like diseases. ..
  7. Biopsychosocial Determinants of Adolescent Obesity/Cardiovascular Risk
    Sheila Gahagan; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Our goal is to unveil modifiable conditions in order to prevent obesity and related diseases including cardiovascular disease and diabetes. ..
  8. A geostatistical framework for the multi-scale boundary analysis of space-time tr
    PIERRE E GOOVAERTS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It will also facilitate the long-term quantification of the benefits of current strategies and policies for reducing the observed geographic and racial disparities in cancer stage at diagnosis and incidence of infant mortality ..
  9. Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Ultrasound Measures of Fetal Growth
    MICHELLE WILHELM TURNER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  10. Cardiovascular Health: Effects of the Social and Physical Environment
    Shakira Franco Suglia; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. Obesity and Metabolic Risk Disparities: Underlying Food Environment Factors
    Penny Gordon-Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our overall impact is to identify economic and food environment factors that are associated with health and can be addressed as potential targets for intervention to reduce disparities in obesity and metabolic risk. ..
  12. Monitoring Social Change: Health, Reproduction, Aging
    Barry M Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  13. The Association of Chronic Exposure to Particulate Matter Air Pollutants, Inflamm
    RODRIGO XAVIER ARMIJOS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The samples will be analyzed using an automated energy dispersive XRF instrument. . ..
  14. Faith-Based Approaches to Treating Hypertension and Colon Cancer Prevention
    Hayley S Thompson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The potential for dissemination is high, as there is at least one church in virtually every neighborhood across the United States. ..
  15. Cancer prevention, mental health and social capital of segregated Black Americans
    LORRAINE TIERA DEAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Data will be aggregated and geocoded to segregated areas of Philadelphia County using a novel measure of segregation based on 2000 US Census Data. ..
  16. Psychosocial Factors and the Risk of Incident Asthma in African American Women
    Patricia F Coogan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  17. Neighborhood Characteristics &Diabetes Incidence in Multiethnic Cohort Study
    KA apos IMI A SINCLAIR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..While the research activities of the faculty are varied, they are thematically related to the focus on ethnic diversity. ..
  18. Leveraging Opportunities to Improve Oral Health in Older Adults
    MARY EVELYN NORTHRIDGE; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..SD simulation models generate results to cogently inform dental health practitioners and policymakers of where scarce resources ought to be focused. ..
  19. Traffic and Respiratory Health
    Brian P Leaderer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  20. Three-dimensional visualization, interactive analysis and contextual mapping of s
    PIERRE E GOOVAERTS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  21. First Step: Home/School Intervention for Preschoolers with Disruptive Behaviors
    HILL M WALKER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  22. Disparities in CHD in the Jackson Heart Study
    Mario Sims; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This research will also show which factors health policy makers need to focus on in order to address and eliminate CHD disparities. ..
  23. Ecological Analysis of Activity, Eating, &Weight in Adolescents
    James F Sallis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  24. Coaching Parents to Manage Youth Stress through Recreation and Culture
    Howard C Stevenson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  25. Geography of opportunity: Neighborhood dynamics and child cognitive development
    MICHAEL ROOT KRAMER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Overall this proposal will allow me to become a uniquely skilled, independent researcher bridging spatial demography and social epidemiology. ..
  26. Neighborhood Characteristics and Body Mass Index: Selection or Causation?
    Ken Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Achieving this objective will help us to better understand the ways in which policy-makers can alter neighborhood environments in order to reduce overweight or obesity risks among Americans. ..
  27. Impact of Air Pollution, Weather, and Lifestyle on Health in Older Americans
    HELEN SUH MACINTOSH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  28. Birth Outcomes Among Adolescents
    EMILY WHEELER HARVILLE; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  29. The Demography of Prisoner Reentry: Residential Moves & Changing Social Contexts
    JEFFREY D contact MORENOFF; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The data we would assemble would also allow us to develop a future proposal analyzing the health outcomes and mortality of returning parolees. ..
  30. Friendships and Risk of Over-weight among Diverse-origin Adolescents
    ELIZABETH contact VAQUERA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  31. Boston Puerto Rican Health Study - CVD Risk Factors
    Katherine L Tucker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  32. (PQA4) GPS exposure to environments &relations with biomarkers of cancer risk
    Jacqueline Kerr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. CRP, IL-6, HOMA-IR) than Static GIS measures of access to neighborhood resources. ..
  33. Race, Ethnicity, Nativity and Housing Outcomes in Los Angeles
    EILEEN DIAZ MCCONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  34. Reducing Asthma Morbidity in High Risk Minority Preschool Children
    Cynthia S Rand; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  35. Television Advertising and Children's Diet Activity and Obesity Prevalence
    Lisa Powell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  36. Space-time Modeling for Linking Climate Change,Pollutant Exposure, Built Environm
    Montserrat Fuentes; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PHS SF424 (Updated 12/09) Page 1 Continuation Format Page ..
  37. Development &Malleability from Childhood to Adulthood
    Nicholas S Ialongo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This knowledge should determine the need for interventions aimed at improving sen/ice utilization among urban, economically disadvantaged, African-American, young adults, and the factors targeted by those interventions. ..
  38. Sleep and Health in the Social Environment
    Michael A Grandner; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The present exploratory/developmental research study will address these important issues and initiate a program of research developing and implementing successful interventions for insufficient sleep in the general population. ..
  39. Effects of a neighborhood experiment on adolescent female psychological distress
    THERESA LOUISE OSYPUK; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  40. Building a Unique National Community Based Twin Repository
    Dedra S Buchwald; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In addition, most funding for twin studies comes from U.S. sources but supports international registries. This application proposes to expand the University of Washington Twin Registry to meet the needs of U.S. biomedical science. ..
  41. Parenting and Adolescents: A Pooled Data Analysis of Ethnically Diverse Families
    DIANE LESLIE HUGHES; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  42. A Social Ecological Based Smoking Cessation Intervention in Public Housing
    Jeannette O Andrews; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Demonstrating success with this socio-cultural, multi-level approach may lead to wide-scale dissemination and adoption, and decrease disparities of tobacco-related morbidity and mortality in AA females. ..
  43. CRIME-PA: CRIme Measures Evaluations for Physical Activity
    James F Sallis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The integration of criminology collaborators, concepts, and measures into the project promises to result in new measures of crime-related perceptions are more definitive analyses that can substantially advance the field. ..
  44. Prospective Risk and Protective Factors for Suicide and co-occurring Risk Behavio
    MANFRED HENDRIKUS MARIA VAN DULMEN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..2008) and SES. ..
  45. A multicenter outpatient trial of a bihormonal bionic pancreas
    Steven J Russell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  46. Effect of Genetic, Individual &Neighborhood Factors on Telomere Length
    Shannon Lynch; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This study will build the foundations of a conceptual model that can be used as the basis for future studies on aging. ..
  47. Multi-level modeling of social disparities in sleep and health
    Andre B Araujo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Given the emerging relevance of sleep as a critical factor in human health, the potential scientific impact of the proposed study is substantial. ..
  48. Gene-environments and Admixture in Latino Asthmatics (GALA 2)
    Esteban Gonzalez Burchard; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..By taking advantage of such diversity, we may gain a much more thorough understanding of asthma, its causes, and its distribution among Latinos and other ethnic groups. ..
  49. Conduct Disorder &Depression in Girls: Precursors, Development and Comorbidity
    Rolf Loeber; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  50. Genetic Epidemiology of Opioid Dependence in Bulgaria
    Alexandre A Todorov; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The large sample size for this study would make such genes amenable to analysis. ..
  51. Preventing HIV/AIDS Among Teens in Juvenile Justice
    Geri R Donenberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  52. Informal Social Control of Partner Violence in Drug Users
    Victoria Frye; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  53. Mechanisms of Energy Balance and Cancer Prevention
    ANNE M MCTIERNAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We propose to continue the strong leadership we have brought to the TREC community, and to continue our international leadership and contributions to the field of energy balance and cancer. ..
  54. Effects of a housing policy experiment on youth behavioral problems
    THERESA LOUISE OSYPUK; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Because of the rigorous experimental design, this project can provide strong policy-relevant evidence on the mechanisms by which social policies like Section 8 housing vouchers may influence population health and mental health. ..
  55. Social Ecology of Maternal Substance Use
    Elizabeth A Mumford; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  56. The Risk of Long-Term Care in Older Mexican-American Families
    Jacqueline L Angel; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The ultimate goal of the research is to identify mechanisms for reducing disparities in options in long-term care. ..
  57. Trajectories of Substance Use and Comorbid Mental Illness
    Magdalena Cerda; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. Health Literacy and Cancer Screening Disparities in Asian American Populations
    Tetine Sentell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This study also provides key background for our future research to reduce cancer incidence, mortality, and health disparities among AA. 1 ..
  59. Early Life Exposures to Air Toxics and the Risk of Early Childhood Leukemia
    Elaine Symanski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  60. Healthy Passages: A Long Term Follow-up Study of Adolescent Health
    Mark A Schuster; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  61. Walkability's Impact on Senior Health
    Allen Glicksman; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  62. Air pollution and risk of incident hypertension and diabetes in U.S. black women
    Patricia F Coogan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  63. Race Related Stressors and Preterm Birth in African American Women
    Carmen Giurgescu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..By understanding how neighborhood conditions and experiences of discrimination contribute to preterm birth, we can target programs and interventions that reduce the risk for preterm birth in African-American women. ..
  64. Intra-Urban Health Assessed by Remote-Sensing and GIS
    John Weeks; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  65. Tools for Measuring and Analyzing Cortisol Levels in Population Studies of Health
    Ana V Diez Roux; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..By developing tools necessary to measure and analyze biologic markers of the stress response, our project will contribute to the study of the causes of health disparities in multiple outcomes. ..
  66. Repiratory Health and Community Asbestos Exposure
    Bruce Alexander; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Analyses will consider cumulative exposure and short, intense periods of exposure, with specific reference to exposure in childhood. ..
  67. Neighborhood Food Availability, Consumer Economics, and Sentinel Food Consumption
    Donald Rose; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This information will help guide community efforts to create neighborhoods that promote health. ..
  68. NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS AND RISK OF GESTATIONAL DIABETES IN NEW YORK CITY
    Teresa Janevic; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  69. Auditory Perception of Drug Names: Neighborhood Effects
    Bruce Lambert; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  70. Pneumococcal transmission in urban environments
    Joshua Metlay; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  71. Intimate Partner Violence Among Low-Income Pregnant Women: Multilevel Analysis
    Qing Li; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  72. INFLUENCES OF NEIGHBORHOOD QUALITY ON YOUTH ADJUSTMENT
    LEE SHUMOW; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  73. Stability of Mexican-Origin Extended Family Households
    Jennifer Van Hook; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  74. Neighborhood Environments and Disparities in Obesity Rates in New York City
    Andrew G Rundle; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Furthermore, the analyses will be used to guide New York City's ongoing long term planning process for using urban design to promote public health...
  75. Work, Neighborhood, Commuting, and Occupational Health Disparities
    Jarvis Chen; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In particular, we focus on interactions between individual and neighborhood socioeconomic position as modifiers of susceptibility to workplace physical and social hazards. ..
  76. Neighborhood SES and Emotional Distress in Old Age
    CAROL ANESHENSEL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We hypothesize that the most negative health effects of living in areas of socioeconomic disadvantage will be among those who consistently live in such areas over time, and those who live in areas that deteriorate over time. ..
  77. Childhood Obesity Treatment: A Maintenance Approach
    DENISE ELLA WILFLEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  78. RACIAL AND NEIGHBORHOOD DISPARITIES IN INFANT HEALTH
    Irma Elo; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The sample composition will permit us to address explicitly the role of race in infant health, and to examine whether factors contributing to infant health are similar for low income women in all racial/ethnic groups. ..
  79. NEIGHBORHOOD EFFECTS ON THE YOUNG ADULT LIFE COURSE
    SCOTT SOUTH; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  80. Community Mapping of Environmental Hazards and Barriers in an Immigrant Populatio
    Peggy Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  81. Methods for Evaluating the Physical and Social Environment of Urban Neighborhoods
    Danielle Ompad; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The purpose of this study is to design and evaluate a comprehensive, systematic approach to characterizing urban neighborhoods through direct observation of neighborhood characteristics that will address these limitations. ..
  82. Effect of Urban Form on Exercise and BMI in Black Women
    Patricia Coogan; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The proposed study has the potential to provide such evidence and to impact policy in the domains of both transportation/urban planning and public health. ..