population growth

Summary

Summary: Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Statistical tests of neutrality of mutations against population growth, hitchhiking and background selection
    Y X Fu
    Human Genetics Center, University of Texas, Houston 77225, USA
    Genetics 147:915-25. 1997
  2. ncbi Statistical properties of new neutrality tests against population growth
    Sebastian E Ramos-Onsins
    Departament de Genetica, Universitat de Barcelona, E 08071 Barcelona, Spain
    Mol Biol Evol 19:2092-100. 2002
  3. pmc Recent explosive human population growth has resulted in an excess of rare genetic variants
    Alon Keinan
    Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Science 336:740-3. 2012
  4. ncbi Phenotypic diversity, population growth, and information in fluctuating environments
    Edo Kussell
    Laboratory of Living Matter and Center for Studies in Physics and Biology, Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, Box 34, New York, NY 10021 6399, USA
    Science 309:2075-8. 2005
  5. pmc The outlook for population growth
    Ronald Lee
    Department of Demography, University of California at Berkeley, 2232 Piedmont Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Science 333:569-73. 2011
  6. ncbi Demography in an increasingly variable world
    Mark S Boyce
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada, T6G 2E9
    Trends Ecol Evol 21:141-8. 2006
  7. pmc Population growth rate and its determinants: an overview
    Richard M Sibly
    School of Animal and Microbial Sciences, University of Reading, PO Box 228, Reading RG6 6AJ, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 357:1153-70. 2002
  8. pmc Laws of population growth
    Hernán D Rozenfeld
    Levich Institute and Physics Department, City College of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:18702-7. 2008
  9. pmc Projections of type 1 and type 2 diabetes burden in the U.S. population aged <20 years through 2050: dynamic modeling of incidence, mortality, and population growth
    Giuseppina Imperatore
    Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Diabetes Care 35:2515-20. 2012
  10. ncbi The impact of disease on the survival and population growth rate of the Tasmanian devil
    Shelly Lachish
    School of Integrative Biology, University of Queensland Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
    J Anim Ecol 76:926-36. 2007

Detail Information

Publications298 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Statistical tests of neutrality of mutations against population growth, hitchhiking and background selection
    Y X Fu
    Human Genetics Center, University of Texas, Houston 77225, USA
    Genetics 147:915-25. 1997
    ..the powers of existing and newly developed tests and to examine the detailed pattern of polymorphisms under population growth, genetic hitchhiking and background selection...
  2. ncbi Statistical properties of new neutrality tests against population growth
    Sebastian E Ramos-Onsins
    Departament de Genetica, Universitat de Barcelona, E 08071 Barcelona, Spain
    Mol Biol Evol 19:2092-100. 2002
    A number of statistical tests for detecting population growth are described. We compared the statistical power of these tests with that of others available in the literature...
  3. pmc Recent explosive human population growth has resulted in an excess of rare genetic variants
    Alon Keinan
    Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Science 336:740-3. 2012
    ..Hence, the extreme recent human population growth needs to be taken into consideration in studying the genetics of complex diseases and traits.
  4. ncbi Phenotypic diversity, population growth, and information in fluctuating environments
    Edo Kussell
    Laboratory of Living Matter and Center for Studies in Physics and Biology, Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, Box 34, New York, NY 10021 6399, USA
    Science 309:2075-8. 2005
    ..The optimal switching rates then mimic the statistics of environmental changes. We derive a relation between the long-term growth rate of the organism and the information available about its fluctuating environment...
  5. pmc The outlook for population growth
    Ronald Lee
    Department of Demography, University of California at Berkeley, 2232 Piedmont Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Science 333:569-73. 2011
    ..3 billion in 2050 and 10.1 billion in 2100, while the Old Age Dependency Ratio doubles by 2050 and triples by 2100. How are such population projections made, and how certain can we be about the trends they foresee?..
  6. ncbi Demography in an increasingly variable world
    Mark S Boyce
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada, T6G 2E9
    Trends Ecol Evol 21:141-8. 2006
    ..Stochastic variation in structured population models influences estimates of population growth rate, persistence and resilience, which ultimately can alter community composition, species interactions, ..
  7. pmc Population growth rate and its determinants: an overview
    Richard M Sibly
    School of Animal and Microbial Sciences, University of Reading, PO Box 228, Reading RG6 6AJ, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 357:1153-70. 2002
    We argue that population growth rate is the key unifying variable linking the various facets of population ecology...
  8. pmc Laws of population growth
    Hernán D Rozenfeld
    Levich Institute and Physics Department, City College of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:18702-7. 2008
    ..to these deviations, which are shown to arise from the existence of long-range spatial correlations in population growth. These results have sociopolitical implications, for example, for the location of new economic development ..
  9. pmc Projections of type 1 and type 2 diabetes burden in the U.S. population aged <20 years through 2050: dynamic modeling of incidence, mortality, and population growth
    Giuseppina Imperatore
    Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Diabetes Care 35:2515-20. 2012
    ..To forecast the number of U.S. individuals aged <20 years with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) through 2050, accounting for changing demography and diabetes incidence...
  10. ncbi The impact of disease on the survival and population growth rate of the Tasmanian devil
    Shelly Lachish
    School of Integrative Biology, University of Queensland Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
    J Anim Ecol 76:926-36. 2007
    ..the impact of a recently emerged disease, Devil Facial Tumour Disease (DFTD), on the survival and population growth rate of a population of Tasmanian devils, Sarcophilus harrisii, on the Freycinet Peninsula in eastern ..
  11. pmc Progress towards the child mortality millennium development goal in urban sub-Saharan Africa: the dynamics of population growth, immunization, and access to clean water
    Jean Christophe Fotso
    African Population and Health Research Center APHRC, Nairobi, Kenya, Africa
    BMC Public Health 7:218. 2007
    ..This paper highlights the implications of urban population growth and access to health and social services on progress in achieving MDG 4...
  12. ncbi Alfalfa living mulch advances biological control of soybean aphid
    Nicholas P Schmidt
    Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 3140, USA
    Environ Entomol 36:416-24. 2007
    ..Our objectives were to determine whether natural enemies delay aphid establishment and limit subsequent population growth and whether biological control can be improved by altering the within-field habitat...
  13. ncbi On the regulation of populations of mammals, birds, fish, and insects
    Richard M Sibly
    School of Animal and Microbial Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading RG6 6AJ, UK
    Science 309:607-10. 2005
    ..We found that rates of population growth are high at low population densities but, contrary to previous predictions, decline rapidly with increasing ..
  14. ncbi Large nonlethal effects of an invasive invertebrate predator on zooplankton population growth rate
    Kevin L Pangle
    Michigan State University, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, 13 Natural Resources Building, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 1222, USA
    Ecology 88:402-12. 2007
    ..a study to determine the contribution of lethal and nonlethal effects to a predator's net effect on a prey's population growth rate in a natural setting...
  15. pmc Estimation of population growth or decline in genetically monitored populations
    Mark A Beaumont
    School of Animal and Microbial Sciences, Reading RG6 6AJ, United Kingdom
    Genetics 164:1139-60. 2003
    ..The method is used on three example data sets and problems in interpreting the posterior densities are highlighted and discussed...
  16. ncbi Life history and viability of a long-lived marine invertebrate: the octocoral Paramuricea clavata
    Cristina Linares
    Centre d Estudis Avançats de Blanes, Accés Cala Sant Francesc 14, 17300 Blanes, Girona, Spain
    Ecology 88:918-28. 2007
    ..As for many other slow-growing species, sensitivity and elasticity analysis demonstrate that gorgonian population growth is far more sensitive to changes in survival rates than to growth, shrinkage, or reproductive rates...
  17. ncbi Population growth, human development, and deforestation in biodiversity hotspots
    S Jha
    Indian Forest Service, New Delhi, India
    Conserv Biol 20:906-12. 2006
    ..We quantified the effect of human population growth and development on rates of deforestation and analyzed the relationship between these causal factors in the ..
  18. pmc Livestock production: recent trends, future prospects
    Philip K Thornton
    CGIAR ESSP Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security CCAFS, International Livestock Research Institute ILRI, PO Box 30709, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2853-67. 2010
    ..Historical changes in the demand for livestock products have been largely driven by human population growth, income growth and urbanization and the production response in different livestock systems has been ..
  19. ncbi Mating behavior, population growth, and the operational sex ratio: a periodic two-sex model approach
    Stephanie Jenouvrier
    Biology Department, MS 34, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Am Nat 175:739-52. 2010
    ..The models project the population growth rate, the population structure, and any ratio of interest (e.g., operational sex ratio)...
  20. ncbi Stability via asynchrony in Drosophila metapopulations with low migration rates
    Sutirth Dey
    Evolutionary Biology Laboratory, Evolutionary and Organismal Biology Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur P O, Bangalore 560 064, India
    Science 312:434-6. 2006
    ..Simulations based on a simple non-species-specific population growth model captured most features of the data, which suggests that our results are generalizable.
  21. ncbi Thermodynamics constrains the evolution of insect population growth rates: "warmer is better"
    M R Frazier
    Department of Biology, Box 351800, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 1800, USA
    Am Nat 168:512-20. 2006
    ..If such adaptations are fully compensatory, then temperature-dependent processes (e.g., digestion rate, population growth rate) of cold-adapted species will match those of warm-adapted species when each is measured at its own ..
  22. ncbi Environmental variance, population growth and evolution
    Shripad Tuljapurkar
    Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    J Anim Ecol 79:1-3. 2010
    ..Their results demonstrate how ecological and evolutionary studies can benefit from including explicit environmental drivers when modelling populations, and from the use of mean and variance elasticities...
  23. ncbi Population growth in a wild bird is buffered against phenological mismatch
    Thomas E Reed
    Department of Animal Ecology, Netherlands Institute of Ecology, Wageningen, Netherlands
    Science 340:488-91. 2013
    ..We tested whether population growth in a wild bird is negatively affected by climate change-induced phenological mismatch, using almost four ..
  24. pmc Neutral genomic regions refine models of recent rapid human population growth
    Elodie Gazave
    Departments of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology and Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111:757-62. 2014
    ..This observation and results also shed light on the discrepancy in demographic estimates among recent studies...
  25. ncbi The urban transformation of the developing world
    Mark R Montgomery
    Department of Economics, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA
    Science 319:761-4. 2008
    ....
  26. ncbi [Population growth and global warming: impacts on tsetse and trypanosomoses in West Africa]
    F Courtin
    Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, UMR 177 IRD CIRAD, Centre International de Recherche Développement sur l Elevage en zone Subhumide, 01 BP 454, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
    Parasite 16:3-10. 2009
    ....
  27. ncbi Integral projection models for species with complex demography
    Stephen P Ellner
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, 24853, USA
    Am Nat 167:410-28. 2006
    ..a general model encompassing these cases, numerical methods, and theoretical results, including stable population growth and sensitivity/elasticity analysis for density-independent models, local stability analysis in density-..
  28. ncbi Longevity can buffer plant and animal populations against changing climatic variability
    William F Morris
    Biology Department, Duke University, Box 90338, Durham, North Carolina 27708 0338, USA
    Ecology 89:19-25. 2008
    ..a broad range of life histories and types of environment to ask how sensitive their long-term stochastic population growth rates are likely to be to changes in the means and standard deviations of vital rates (survival, ..
  29. pmc Habitat-specific population growth of a farmland bird
    Debora Arlt
    Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
    PLoS ONE 3:e3006. 2008
    ..To assess population persistence of species living in heterogeneous landscapes, the effects of habitat on reproduction and survival have to be investigated...
  30. ncbi Unifying life-history analyses for inference of fitness and population growth
    Ruth G Shaw
    Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, Minnesota Center for Community Genetics, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
    Am Nat 172:E35-47. 2008
    ..Aster models offer a unified approach to addressing the breadth of questions in evolution and ecology for which life-history data are gathered...
  31. pmc Stochastic population dynamics of a montane ground-dwelling squirrel
    Jeffrey A Hostetler
    Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e34379. 2012
    ..The overall deterministic population growth rate λ was 0.94±SE 0.05 but it varied widely over time, ranging from 0.45±0.09 in 2006 to 1.50±0...
  32. ncbi Mark-recapture estimates of recruitment, survivorship and population growth rate for the screwworm fly, Cochliomyia hominivorax
    R B Matlock
    Department of Biology, College of Staten Island, Staten Island, New York, New York 10314, USA
    Med Vet Entomol 23:111-25. 2009
    ..mark-release-recapture estimates of survivorship, phi, recruitment, f, and the rate of density-independent population growth, lambda, are presented for eight mark-recapture studies of the screwworm Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) (..
  33. ncbi Male turnover reduces population growth: an enclosure experiment on voles
    Harry P Andreassen
    Faculty of Forestry and Wildlife Management, Hedmark University College, Koppang, Norway
    Ecology 87:88-94. 2006
    ..The treatment nearly halved the population growth rate. We suspect that recruitment failed due to infanticidal immigrating males...
  34. ncbi Mixture effects of the nonylphenyl polyethoxylate, R-11 and the insecticide, imidacloprid on population growth rate and other parameters of the crustacean, Ceriodaphnia dubia
    Xue Dong Chen
    Ecotoxicology Program, Department of Entomology, Washington State University, Puyallup Research and Extension Center, Puyallup, WA 98371, USA
    Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 73:132-7. 2010
    ..Additionally, exposure to R-11, imidacloprid, and the mixture resulted in 52%, 10%, and 91% reductions in population growth rate compared to the control, respectively...
  35. ncbi Accelerated human population growth at protected area edges
    George Wittemyer
    Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Science 321:123-6. 2008
    ..Contrary to predictions of this argument, we found that average human population growth rates on the borders of 306 PAs in 45 countries in Africa and Latin America were nearly double average rural ..
  36. ncbi Bushmeat poaching reduces the seed dispersal and population growth rate of a mammal-dispersed tree
    Jedediah F Brodie
    Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana 59812, USA
    Ecol Appl 19:854-63. 2009
    ..axillaris population growth and persistence...
  37. pmc Behavioural models of population growth rates: implications for conservation and prediction
    William J Sutherland
    Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Conservation, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 357:1273-84. 2002
    ..Predicting the consequences of such changes almost always requires understanding the population growth rate and the density dependence...
  38. ncbi Developing the sterile insect technique for Cryptophlebia leucotreta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae): influence of radiation dose and release ratio on fruit damage and population growth in field cages
    J Hendrik Hofmeyr
    Citrus Research International, P O Box 212, Citrusdal 7340, South Africa
    J Econ Entomol 98:1924-9. 2005
    ..Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), on the incidence of fruit damage, the competitiveness of the treated males, and population growth was examined inside field cages. Navel orange trees were individually enclosed in large nylon mesh cages...
  39. ncbi Generalized aphid population growth models with immigration and cumulative-size dependent dynamics
    James H Matis
    Department of Statistics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 3143, USA
    Math Biosci 215:137-43. 2008
    ..Cases of the latter are relatively simple to fit to data. The results from these two immigration models are compared for data sets on the mustard aphid in India...
  40. ncbi Periodic matrix population models: growth rate, basic reproduction number, and entropy
    Nicolas Bacaer
    IRD Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, 32 avenue Henri Varagnat, 93143 Bondy, France
    Bull Math Biol 71:1781-92. 2009
    ..Finally, we add some remarks on Demetrius' notion of evolutionary entropy H and its relationship to the growth rate lambda in the periodic case...
  41. pmc Population growth inflates the per-individual number of deleterious mutations and reduces their mean effect
    Elodie Gazave
    Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853
    Genetics 195:969-78. 2013
    This study addresses the question of how purifying selection operates during recent rapid population growth such as has been experienced by human populations...
  42. ncbi Invading parasitoids suffer no Allee effect: a manipulative field experiment
    Xavier Fauvergue
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique INRA, 400 Route des Chappes, 06903 Sophia Antipolis Cedex, France
    Ecology 88:2392-403. 2007
    ..This is, to our knowledge, the first experimental test of the Allee effect in an invading parasitoid. It leads us to propose that a number of behavioral and life-history features of many parasitoids could protect them from Allee effects...
  43. ncbi Relics: penguin population programs
    L Sun
    Institute of Polar Environment, University of Science and Technology, China
    Sci Prog 84:31-44. 2001
    ..The results suggest that climate change has a significant impact on penguin populations...
  44. pmc Population growth enhances the mean fixation time of neutral mutations and the persistence of neutral variation
    D Waxman
    Centre for Computational Systems Biology, School of Mathematical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, People s Republic of China
    Genetics 191:561-77. 2012
    ..Such an enhancement is associated with (i) an increased probability of neutral polymorphism in a population and (ii) an enhanced persistence of high-frequency neutral variation, which is the variation most likely to be observed...
  45. pmc Uncertainty in population growth rates: determining confidence intervals from point estimates of parameters
    Eleanor S Devenish Nelson
    School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Durham University, Durham, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 5:e13628. 2010
    ..When underlying data lack clear indications of associated uncertainty, modellers often fail to account for that uncertainty in model outputs, such as estimates of population growth.
  46. ncbi The impact of invasive grasses on the population growth of Anemone patens, a long-lived native forb
    Jennifer L Williams
    Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana 59812, USA
    Ecology 87:3200-8. 2006
    ..We used demographic models to investigate the effects of two invasive grasses on the demography and population growth of Anemone patens, a long-lived native perennial of North American grasslands. Demographic data of A...
  47. ncbi Public health. Return of the population growth factor
    Martha Campbell
    School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
    Science 315:1501-2. 2007
  48. pmc The future impact of population growth and aging on coronary heart disease in China: projections from the Coronary Heart Disease Policy Model-China
    Andrew Moran
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:394. 2008
    ..China will experience an overall growth and aging of its adult population in coming decades. We used a computer model to forecast the future impact of these demographic changes on coronary heart disease (CHD) in China...
  49. ncbi Coupled dynamics of energy budget and population growth of tilapia in response to pulsed waterborne copper
    Wei Yu Chen
    Department of Bioenvironmental Systems Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan, Republic of China
    Ecotoxicology 21:2264-75. 2012
    ..Cu at the scale of individuals to tilapia populations to capture the interaction between environment and population growth and reproduction...
  50. pmc Effects of stochasticity in early life history on steepness and population growth rate estimates: an illustration on Atlantic bluefin tuna
    Maximilien Simon
    AgroParistech ENGREF École Nationale du Génie Rural des Eaux et des Forêts, Paris, France
    PLoS ONE 7:e48583. 2012
    The intrinsic population growth rate (r) of the surplus production function used in the biomass dynamic model and the steepness (h) of the stock-recruitment relationship used in age-structured population dynamics models are two key ..
  51. ncbi Potential effects of environmental contamination on Yuma Myotis demography and population growth
    Winifred F Frick
    Department of Forest Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA
    Ecol Appl 17:1213-22. 2007
    ..We compared survival and population growth rates of two roost populations exposed to a large chemical (metam sodium) spill in the upper Sacramento ..
  52. ncbi Demographic consequences of age-structure in extreme environments: population models for arctic and alpine ptarmigan
    Brett K Sandercock
    Division of Biology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 66506, USA
    Oecologia 146:13-24. 2005
    ..If these same demographic patterns prove to be widespread among organisms in extreme environments, it may be possible to develop general recommendations for conservation of the biological resources of arctic and alpine ecosystems...
  53. ncbi There are many ways to be a mutualist: endophytic fungus reduces plant survival but increases population growth
    Jennifer A Rudgers
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005, USA
    Ecology 93:565-74. 2012
    ..fitness may be outweighed by positive effects on another, leading to a net positive impact of symbiosis on population growth. Model predictions depended on the availability of suitable patches, which influenced the relative ..
  54. ncbi Integrating physiological and biomechanical drivers of population growth over environmental gradients on coral reefs
    Joshua S Madin
    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney 2109, Australia
    J Exp Biol 215:968-76. 2012
    ..and number of gametes), and thus the relative contributions of these effects to overall capacity for population growth are not readily apparent...
  55. ncbi Estimating chronic wasting disease effects on mule deer recruitment and population growth
    Jessie Dulberger
    Graduate Degree Program in Ecology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 1401, USA
    J Wildl Dis 46:1086-95. 2010
    ..We conclude that although CWD may affect mule deer recruitment, these effects seem to be sufficiently small that they can be omitted in estimating the influences of CWD on population growth rate.
  56. ncbi Relative effects of environment and direct species interactions on the population growth rate of an exotic ascidian
    Erin K Grey
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA
    Oecologia 166:935-47. 2011
    ..of either type of factor on aspects of exotic success, but few have considered their relative effects on population growth rate, a more holistic measure of success...
  57. ncbi The contributions of age and sex to variation in common tern population growth rate
    T H G Ezard
    Division of Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Imperial College at Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
    J Anim Ecol 75:1379-86. 2006
    1. The decomposition of population growth rate into contributions from different demographic rates has many applications, ranging from evolutionary biology to conservation and management...
  58. pmc El Niño drives timing of breeding but not population growth in the song sparrow (Melospiza melodia)
    Scott Wilson
    Center for Applied Conservation Research, University of British Columbia, 2424 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:11139-42. 2003
    ..However, annual variation in timing of breeding had little effect on population growth, perhaps because the population is strongly regulated by the rate of recruitment by juveniles...
  59. pmc Population growth rate as a basis for ecological risk assessment of toxic chemicals
    Valery E Forbes
    Department of Life Sciences and Chemistry, Roskilde University, Universitetsvej 1, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 357:1299-306. 2002
    ..issues go to the heart of the ecological relevance of ecotoxicology and we have addressed them using the population growth rate as an integrating concept...
  60. pmc Climate Change and water in Southwestern North America special feature: water, climate change, and sustainability in the southwest
    Glen M Macdonald
    Department of Geography, Institute of the Environment, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1496, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:21256-62. 2010
    ..If projected population growth is twinned with suburb-centered development, domestic demands will intensify...
  61. ncbi Loss of foundation species increases population growth of exotic forbs in sagebrush steppe
    Janet S Prevéy
    Department of Biological Sciences, Mail Stop 8007, Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho 83209, USA
    Ecol Appl 20:1890-902. 2010
    ..hypothesis, we used periodic matrix models to examine effects of experimental manipulations of soil water on population growth of two exotic forb species, Tragopogon dubius and Lactuca serriola, in sagebrush steppe of southern Idaho, ..
  62. ncbi Rapid population growth of a critically endangered carnivore
    M B Grenier
    Department of Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming, 1000 East University Avenue, Laramie, WY 82071, USA
    Science 317:779. 2007
    ..Recovery of the species may benefit from more opportunistic and widespread releases...
  63. ncbi Influence of commodity type, percentage of cracked kernels, and wheat class on population growth of stored-product psocids (Psocoptera: Liposcelidae)
    Christos G Athanassiou
    Laboratory of Entomology and Agricultural Zoology, Department of Agriculture, Plant Production and Rural Environment, University of Thessaly, Phytokou Str, N Ionia Magnissias 38446, Greece
    J Econ Entomol 103:985-90. 2010
    ..b>Population growth of Liposcelis bostrychophila Badonnel, Liposcelis decolor (Pearman), Liposcelis paeta Pearman, and ..
  64. pmc Variability in the contribution of different life stages to population growth as a key factor in the invasion success of Pinus strobus
    Zuzana Munzbergova
    Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Pruhonice, Czech Republic
    PLoS ONE 8:e56953. 2013
    Despite the increasing number of studies attempting to model population growth in various organisms, we still know relatively little about the population dynamics of long-lived species that reproduce only in the later stages of their ..
  65. ncbi Spatial variation in demography and population growth rate: the importance of natal location
    J M Reid
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, UK
    J Anim Ecol 75:1201-11. 2006
    1. Understanding the pattern and magnitude of spatial variation in demography and population growth rate (lambda) is key to understanding the structure and dynamics of natural populations...
  66. ncbi Demographic change and carbon dioxide emissions
    BRIAN C O'NEILL
    National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO 80305, USA
    Lancet 380:157-64. 2012
    ..of evidence for how CO(2) emissions from the use of fossil fuels are affected by demographic factors such as population growth or decline, ageing, urbanisation, and changes in household size...
  67. ncbi Finding confidence limits on population growth rates: bootstrap and analytic methods
    Nicolas Picard
    CIRAD, Campus International de Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
    Math Biosci 219:23-31. 2009
    ..Their estimates of bias and standard error converge towards the bootstrap estimates when the error on vital rates becomes small enough, which corresponds in the present case to a number of observations greater than 5000 trees...
  68. ncbi Extreme natural hazards: population growth, globalization and environmental change
    Herbert E Huppert
    Institute of Theoretical Geophysics, Centre of Mathematical Sciences, Cambridge, UK
    Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 364:1875-88. 2006
    Mankind is becoming ever more susceptible to natural disasters, largely as a consequence of population growth and globalization...
  69. pmc Life cycle and population growth rate of Caenorhabditis elegans studied by a new method
    Daniel Muschiol
    Animal Ecology, University Bielefeld, Morgenbreede 45, 33615 Bielefeld, Germany
    BMC Ecol 9:14. 2009
    ..body size, age-specific fecundity/mortality, total reproduction, mean and maximum lifespan, and intrinsic population growth rates. However, we found that in life-cycle experiments care is needed regarding protocol design...
  70. pmc Demographic, mechanistic and density-dependent determinants of population growth rate: a case study in an avian predator
    Jim Hone
    Applied Ecology Research Group, University of Canberra, Canberra 2602, Australia
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 357:1171-7. 2002
    Identifying the determinants of population growth rate is a central topic in population ecology...
  71. pmc The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, in China: origin and gradual inland range expansion associated with population growth
    Xuanwu Wan
    Chongqing Key Laboratory of Entomology and Pest Control Engineering, College of Plant Protection, Southwest University, Chongqing, China
    PLoS ONE 6:e25238. 2011
    ..We suggest the species originated in the costal region facing the South China Sea and gradually expanded to colonize mainland China, expanding here to high population numbers...
  72. ncbi Effects of body size and temperature on population growth
    Van M Savage
    Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87501, USA
    Am Nat 163:429-41. 2004
    For at least 200 years, since the time of Malthus, population growth has been recognized as providing a critical link between the performance of individual organisms and the ecology and evolution of species...
  73. pmc Maximum likelihood estimation of population growth rates based on the coalescent
    M K Kuhner
    Department of Genetics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    Genetics 149:429-34. 1998
    ..for co-estimating 4Nemu (four times the product of effective population size and neutral mutation rate) and population growth rate from sequence samples using Metropolis-Hastings sampling...
  74. ncbi The effect of China's one-child family policy after 25 years
    Therese Hesketh
    Center for International Child Health, Institute of Child Health, University College London
    N Engl J Med 353:1171-6. 2005
  75. ncbi The evolutionary demography of ecological change: linking trait variation and population growth
    Fanie Pelletier
    Division of Biology and the Natural Environment Research Council NERC Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire, SL5 7PY, UK
    Science 315:1571-4. 2007
    ..This means that population growth may correlate with the strength of selection, whereas evolutionary change can leave an ecological signature...
  76. ncbi Prevalence and population structure of lice (Phthiraptera) on the Indian Red Avadavat
    Nidhi Gupta
    Department of Zoology, Government Raza Postgraduate College, Rampur, India
    Zoolog Sci 24:381-3. 2007
    ..amandava. Adults dominated over nymphs in the overall adult-to-nymph ratio. Sex ratios of both species were skewed (female biased)...
  77. ncbi Optimal management strategies to control local population growth or population spread may not be the same
    Katriona Shea
    Department of Biology, 208 Mueller Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, 16802 USA
    Ecol Appl 20:1148-61. 2010
    ..However, optimal control of local abundance and population growth may require different management strategies than optimal control of spatial spread...
  78. ncbi Predators exert top-down control of soybean aphid across a gradient of agricultural management systems
    Alejandro C Costamagna
    Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824 1311, USA
    Ecol Appl 16:1619-28. 2006
    ..glycines establishment and population growth under three agricultural production systems that differed markedly in disturbance and fertility regimes...
  79. ncbi The relationship between population growth and elderly suicide rates: a cross-national study
    Ajit Shah
    Ageing, Ethnicity and Mental Health, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, U K
    Int Psychogeriatr 21:379-83. 2009
    ..Elderly suicide rates are associated with the elderly population size, the proportion of elderly in the general population and the elderly dependency ratio...
  80. ncbi Allee effect limits colonization success of sexually reproducing zooplankton
    Andrew M Kramer
    Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
    Ecology 89:2760-9. 2008
    ..b>Population growth rate of this dioecious species may be limited by mate encounter rate, such that below some critical density ..
  81. pmc Estimating individual contributions to population growth: evolutionary fitness in ecological time
    T Coulson
    Imperial College Division of Biology and Centre for Population Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
    Proc Biol Sci 273:547-55. 2006
    ..We present a novel method of estimating individual contributions to population growth and changes in distributions of quantitative traits and alleles...
  82. pmc A highly variable segment of human subterminal 16p reveals a history of population growth for modern humans outstide Africa
    S Alonso
    Institute of Genetics, University of Nottingham, Queen's Medical Center, Nottingham NG7 2UH, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:864-9. 2001
    ..A history of population growth is the most likely scenario for the Euroasiatic populations...
  83. pmc Human population growth and the demographic transition
    John Bongaarts
    The Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2985-90. 2009
    ..The focus is on the century from 1950 to 2050, which covers the period of most rapid global demographic transformation...
  84. ncbi Urban-rural differentials in child malnutrition: trends and socioeconomic correlates in sub-Saharan Africa
    Jean Christophe Fotso
    African Population and Health Research Center, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
    Health Place 13:205-23. 2007
    ..These urban-rural gaps are abolished in almost all countries when SES is controlled. These results suggest that policies and programs contributing to the attainment of the MDGs should pay particular attention to the urban poor...
  85. ncbi Estimating divergence time with the use of microsatellite genetic distances: impacts of population growth and gene flow
    L A Zhivotovsky
    N I Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
    Mol Biol Evol 18:700-9. 2001
    ..The data also suggest that the Asian and European populations diverged from each other about 20,000 years, after the occurrence of the out-of-Africa branch...
  86. ncbi Evidence for population growth in humans is confounded by fine-scale population structure
    Susan E Ptak
    Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Inselstrasse 22, 04103, Leipzig, Germany
    Trends Genet 18:559-63. 2002
    ..These observations are consistent with fine-scale geographic differentiation as well as population growth. They suggest that the geographic sampling strategy should be considered carefully, especially when the aim ..
  87. pmc Drivers of change in global agriculture
    Peter Hazell
    Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College, Wye Campus, Kent TN25 5AH, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:495-515. 2008
    ....
  88. pmc Effects of sample size on estimates of population growth rates calculated with matrix models
    Ian J Fiske
    Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
    PLoS ONE 3:e3080. 2008
    ..An important but overlooked issue is how the number of individuals sampled influences estimates of the population growth rate (lambda) calculated with matrix models...
  89. pmc Population growth rate: determining factors and role in population regulation. Introduction
    Richard M Sibly
    School of Animal and Microbial Sciences, University of Reading, PO Box 228, Reading RG6 6AJ, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 357:1149-51. 2002
  90. ncbi Anticipatory reproduction and population growth in seed predators
    Stan Boutin
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E9, Canada
    Science 314:1928-30. 2006
    ....
  91. ncbi Population growth confounds phylogeographic inference in Namaqua sandgrouse
    Wayne Delport
    DST NRF Centre of Excellence at the Percy FitzPatrick Institute, Molecular Ecology and Evolution Programme, Department of Genetics, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
    J Hered 98:158-64. 2007
    ..In general, little population genetic structure was evident, yet strong signals of population growth were detected...
  92. pmc Competition for land
    Pete Smith
    Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, 23 St Machar Drive, Aberdeen AB24 3UU, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2941-57. 2010
    ..agriculture and food production, further policies addressing the primary drivers of competition for land (population growth, dietary preference, protected areas, forest policy) could have significant impacts in reducing competition ..
  93. pmc The ecology and biodemography of Caenorhabditis elegans
    J Chen
    Department of Nematology, University of California, One Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Exp Gerontol 41:1059-65. 2006
    ..The differences were not only statistically significant; they were also large enough to be biologically important. The differences are consistent with the hypothesis that N2 has adapted to laboratory conditions...
  94. ncbi The end of world population growth
    W Lutz
    International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Schlossplatz 1, A 2361 Laxenburg, Austria
    Nature 412:543-5. 2001
    There has been enormous concern about the consequences of human population growth for the environment and for social and economic development. But this growth is likely to come to an end in the foreseeable future...
  95. pmc Dimensions of global population projections: what do we know about future population trends and structures?
    Wolfgang Lutz
    International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA, Schlossplatz 1, A 2361 Laxenburg, Austria
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2779-91. 2010
    ....
  96. pmc Simultaneous inference of selection and population growth from patterns of variation in the human genome
    Scott H Williamson
    Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, 101 Biotechnology Building, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:7882-7. 2005
    ..variation, (ii) that the fitness effects of nonsynonymous mutations are well predicted by several measures of amino acid exchangeability, especially site-specific methods, and (iii) strong evidence for very recent population growth.
  97. pmc Socio-economic and climate change impacts on agriculture: an integrated assessment, 1990-2080
    Gunther Fischer
    International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 360:2067-83. 2005
    ....
  98. pmc Gene genealogy and properties of test statistics of neutrality under population growth
    Akinori Sano
    Department of Biology, Graduate School of Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
    Genetics 169:1687-97. 2005
    We consider the Wright-Fisher model with exponential population growth and investigate effects of population growth on the shape of genealogy and the distributions of several test statistics of neutrality...
  99. ncbi Arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis increases host plant acceptance and population growth rates of the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae
    Daniela Hoffmann
    Department of Applied Plant Sciences and Plant Biotechnology, Institute of Plant Protection, BOKU, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Peter Jordan Strasse 82, 1190, Vienna, Austria
    Oecologia 158:663-71. 2009
    ..adult female survival, oviposition rate and offspring sex ratio were measured in order to estimate the population growth parameters of T. urticae on either substrate...
  100. pmc On population growth near protected areas
    Lucas N Joppa
    Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e4279. 2009
    ..As such, protected areas may attract or repel human settlement. Disproportionate increases in population growth near protected area boundaries may threaten their ability to conserve biodiversity.
  101. ncbi China's missing children: the 2000 census underreporting surprise
    Daniel M Goodkind
    International Programs Center, US Census Bireau, Washington DC 20233 8860, USA
    Popul Stud (Camb) 58:281-95. 2004
    ..We attribute the increase primarily to policy changes beginning in the early 1990s that held officials at all jurisdictional levels personally responsible for enforcing birth quotas...

Research Grants62

  1. Improved Orthopedic Implant Surface Coatings
    Paul Hamilton; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..2004) or a canine hip replacement model (Sumner, Turner et al. 2001). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  2. Familial and Birth Cohort Effects on the Aging Senses
    Karen J Cruickshanks; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Understanding factors associated with the development of these conditions could lead to new treatments targeted at improving health for tomorrow's elders. ..
  3. Age Specific Net Migration Estimates for US Counties, 2000-2010
    RICHELLE L WINKLER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  4. A Prospective Model of Medicare Cost Trajectories
    Douglas A Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  5. Older adults in vulnerable communities: Health and quality of life over time
    KAREN ILENE FREDRIKSEN-GOLDSEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  6. Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer's Prevention: Biomarkers for Preclinical AD
    MARK SAGER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This information is essential for the development of clinical trials evaluating disease-modifying therapies designed to delay the onset or slow the progression of AD. ..
  7. Shaping Long-Term Care in America
    Vincent Mor; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Lay Summary: This program project will examine the influence state policies have on the behavior and functioning of US nursing homes and the outcomes their patients experience. ..
  8. Ages and Stages: Brain, Learning and Aging
    ERIKA C SHUGART; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Both of these topics have a rich volume of scientific data that can be visualized and are areas that need active civic participation. ..
  9. Late Parenting & Biotechnology: Rethinking Age, Gender, Family, & the Life Course
    ROBERT DAVID NACHTIGALL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Single participants will also be interviewed twice. Qualitative data analysis wins then proceed in a seven-step progression. ..
  10. Dietary Factors and Neuroimaging Markers
    Yian Gu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Findings from this study will contribute to our understanding of the role of dietary factors in imaging markers of brain aging. ..
  11. Intimate Partner Violence in Rural Aging Women: Promoting Community Knowledge
    KAREN ROBERTO; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  12. Immigration and Changes in U.S. Fertility
    CALVIN SWICEGOOD; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..S. fertility rates and for trends in the numbers and composition of children. ..
  13. Transitioning to Retirement: How Will Boomers Fare
    OLIVIA MITCHELL; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Papers will be edited by the co-PIs for style and format and submitted to a University Press for refereeing and publication, generally within 18 months of the meeting. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  14. Calpain Inhibitors for Cancer Related Neuropathies
    ROB WEBB; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The overall number of cancer cases is projected to grow driven largely by aging population growth, as nearly 80% of all cancers are diagnosed in people ages 55 and older...
  15. Cohort size and labor markets in developing countries
    JAYPEE SEVILLA; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We test these hypotheses by econometrically analyzing panel data on developing countries from 1960 to 1990 on population age structure, macroeconomic and demographic variables, and cohort-specific measures of labor force participation. ..
  16. Active Life Expectancy by Sex, Race-Ethnicity, Education
    April Greek; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..With the sample including data for individuals at the tip of the Baby Boom generation (born 1947 and earlier), the information derived from the proposed study will help to plan for the pending increases in the older population. ..
  17. Memory Impairment Screen and Decision Support CD-ROM
    ROBERT RAGER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Research Training Program in Cognitive Neurology
    Albert Galaburda; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Principal areas of training include perception, motor control, language, memory, attention, visual cognition, executive functions, and development, as they pertain to normal subjects and to neurocognitively impaired patients. ..
  19. BABY-BOOMERS & HEALTH CARE NEEDS OF ELDERLY PARENTS
    Martha Hill; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  20. Estrogen Pathway Genes and Association with Prostate Cancer Risk
    Janet Stanford; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In addition, this study may identify patient characteristics that interplay with genotypes to increase risk. Lastly, results may serve as pilot data to further explore novel estrogen or anti-estrogen therapeutic approaches. ..
  21. CHEMOPREVENTIVE PROPERTY OF LUNASIN-ENRICHED SOY EXTRACT
    Alfredo Galvez; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The proposed research also lays the groundwork for the development of lunasin-based chemopreventive products against other common cancers. ..
  22. SURVEILLANCE AND ANALYSIS OF THE UNC ALUMNI HEART STUDY
    Ilene Siegler; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Adding additional measures to the present rich data base, places the UNC Alumni Heart Study in an excellent position to help fill these gaps in the next 5 years, as these members of the early Baby Boom Cohort approach age 60. ..
  23. EDUCATION OF AMERICAN YOUTH: A COHORT-BASED PERSPECTIVE
    DAVID CARD; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The models will be fit to U.S. data, and to data for Canada, the U.K., and Germany, to explore the role of relative supply changes in the observed widening of wage differentials. ..
  24. MATURE MARKET PROFILER: A NATIONAL AND LOCAL SYSTEM
    STEPHEN TORDELLA; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..An advisory panel of potential users will assist with this phase. PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: NOT AVAILABLE ..
  25. PREPARING SOF FOR GENETICS ANALYSIS
    GEOF JOSLYN; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Finally, a pilot or proof of principle experiment will be carried out which will assay a single candidate gene in all available samples. ..
  26. THE BENIFITS OF THEATRE TRAINING FOR OLDER ADULTS
    Helga Noice; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  27. Comparison of Aerobic and Resistance Exercise in Older Breast Cancer Survivors
    Kerri Winters Stone; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S. "baby boom"population ages. Even so, studies of older women comprise only a small proportion of research, especially exercise research, on improving the lives of cancer survivors. ..
  28. The Lee-Carter Method for Forecasting Mortality
    Ronald Lee; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Software will be produced to implement these procedures and made publicly available on a web site. Work will be closely coordinated with the Population Division of the United Nations to ensure that it meets its needs. ..
  29. New model for describing and projecting adult mortality
    John Bongaarts; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..4) Test the new projection method by comparing its results with projections produced by the Lee-Carter procedure. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. DISEASE ON NEW HOSTS: MICROBOTRYUM AS A MODEL SYSTEM
    Janis Antonovics; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Determine the role of genetic factors in the transmission of a pathogen to a new host, c. Determine the role of pathogen specialization in persistence on new hosts. ..
  31. Tailored Youth Drug Intervention in Primary Care
    Frederic Blow; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., STD/HIV risk behaviors). This project will provide the critical first step toward the implementation of tailored marijuana prevention and intervention in primary care clinics. ..
  32. How Access Affects Outcomes of Rehabilitation Services
    Lisa Iezzoni; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The primary outcome of the proposed study will be an assessment of the association of PT and OT, as routinely practiced nationwide and important outcomes of care. ..
  33. Leveraging Medicare Payment & Reporting Policies to Improve Nursing Home Quality
    David C Grabowski; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Thus, the information derived from this study has the potential to make important research and policy-relevant contributions aimed at improving the quality of care for all nursing home residents. ..
  34. Downsizing Possessions for Residential Moves in Later Life
    David J Ekerdt; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings of this study will be of widespread interest and assistance to the general public of aged and aging adults and to geriatric care managers, health personnel, social service providers, housing specialists, and attorneys. ..
  35. 9th Intl Conf on Alzheimer's Disease & Related Disorders
    William Thies; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The funding of this application will make a major contribution to the success of this international conference and the advancement of research, specifically by allowing support to be provided to a higher percentage of young researchers. ..
  36. APOE and the Effects of Malnutrition on Cognitive and Intestinal Development
    Richard L Guerrant; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will seek to identify potential mechanisms of these effects in the intestine and brain including studies of IGF-1, and will examine the effects of glutamine, zinc, and arginine interventions. ..
  37. Estrogen, Metabolism, Menopause, and Health Outcomes
    MaryFran Sowers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This is a unique opportunity to prospectively integrate lifestyle elements with measures of hormone metabolism pathways into a comprehensive examination of multiple human health effects. ..
  38. Preparation and Distribution of the NUJLSOA
    Eileen Crimmins; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..In order to acquire use of the data, researchers must agree to use the data only for research purposes and not to use data to describe or identify individuals. ..
  39. TRAINING PROGRAM ON THE BIODEMOGRAPHY OF AGING
    STUART OLSHANSKY; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..In addition, the PI will pursue additional funds through grants to engage in the research that follows from hypotheses that he and colleagues have already formulated and tested in the newly emerging field of biodemography. ..
  40. TAI CHI, CONTROL, AND AGING
    Fuzhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  41. MENTAL DISORDERS AS RISK FACTORS FOR SUBSTANCE DISORDERS
    Ronald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  42. PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES: QUALITY OF CARE/SERVICE USE
    Lisa Iezzoni; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Given that roughly 49 million Americans have a disabling condition, addressing concerns about their quality of care is essential. ..
  43. Conference on Interactions between Poverty and HIV/AIDS
    David Lam; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  44. DEMOGRAPHIC STUDY OF MULTIPLE CAUSES OF DEATH
    Kenneth Manton; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..S. population ages and the numbers of nonagenarians and centenarians increase. This is important in forecasting life expectancy and the growth of he extreme elderly U.S. population. ..
  45. Bridges to Doctoral Study in Nursing
    Mary Lou Bond; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The UTA/UIW Bridges to Doctorate Consortium will enhance the scholarly endeavors of faculty and students on both campuses and will prepare MSN students for entry into a doctoral program. ..
  46. Neighborhood Context and Latino Youth
    Reanne Frank; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..S., the ways in which particular residential contexts influence Latino adolescent development will be increasingly significant for communities across the country. ..
  47. Promoting Adoption of EBPs in Addiction Treatment
    Linda Frisman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Potential improvements in outcomes following use of MET-CBT will be estimated through use of administrative data. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  48. Outreach and Treatment for Depression in the Labor Force
    Ronald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This is an extremely important opportunity for rapid and widespread dissemination in an area of research where dissemination of positive results has traditionally been a serious problem. ..
  49. Quantifying the Value of Value-Based Purchasing
    Ronald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  50. Stigma and Psychosis: A Prospective Study
    Bruce Link; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  51. ASSESSING THE PERFORMANCE OF ALTERNATIVE RISK ADJUSTERS
    Lisa Iezzoni; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. Age-Related Services & Outcomes After DUI Interventions
    Frederic Blow; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This study will provide critical new knowledge regarding the age-related similarities and differences of adults in younger- to mid- to later-life at one of the important junctures in the intervention and treatment engagement process. ..
  53. Change in Bone, Arthritis, Function: Hormones & Obesity
    MaryFran Sowers; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  54. Services Interventions for Injured ED Substance Abusers
    Frederic Blow; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  55. Services Interventions for Injured ED Problem Drinkers
    Frederic Blow; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..abstract_text> ..
  56. The Indirect Estimation of Migration
    Andrei Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These latter data will be assembled and analyzed with the help of unpaid national demographers (consultants) in those countries. ..
  57. FAMILIES, COMMUNITIES AND YOUTH OUTCOMES IN SOUTH AFRICA
    David Lam; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The project will also analyze the effect of economic shocks and family disruption on the outcomes of young people such as school enrollment grade advancement and employment...
  58. PDE3 Inhibitors: Selective Blockers of Oocyte Maturation
    Jeffrey Jensen; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This approach is expected to provide a foundation for future Phase 1 trials of PDE3 inhibitors in humans. ..
  59. SWAN Sleep Study II - Michigan Center
    MaryFran Sowers; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The results can inform primary prevention of adverse health outcomes due to the menopause-related sleep disturbances. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  60. CENTER FOR LONGITUDINAL ANALYSIS IN MEDICAL DEMOGRAPHY
    Kenneth Manton; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..