Genomes and Genes
Summary: Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
Publications298 found, 100 shown here
- Statistical tests of neutrality of mutations against population growth, hitchhiking and background selectionY X Fu
Human Genetics Center, University of Texas, Houston 77225, USA
Genetics 147:915-25. 1997..the powers of existing and newly developed tests and to examine the detailed pattern of polymorphisms under population growth, genetic hitchhiking and background selection...
- Statistical properties of new neutrality tests against population growthSebastian E Ramos-Onsins
Departament de Genetica, Universitat de Barcelona, E 08071 Barcelona, Spain
Mol Biol Evol 19:2092-100. 2002A number of statistical tests for detecting population growth are described. We compared the statistical power of these tests with that of others available in the literature...
- Recent explosive human population growth has resulted in an excess of rare genetic variantsAlon Keinan
Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Science 336:740-3. 2012..Hence, the extreme recent human population growth needs to be taken into consideration in studying the genetics of complex diseases and traits.
- Phenotypic diversity, population growth, and information in fluctuating environmentsEdo Kussell
Laboratory of Living Matter and Center for Studies in Physics and Biology, Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, Box 34, New York, NY 10021 6399, USA
Science 309:2075-8. 2005..The optimal switching rates then mimic the statistics of environmental changes. We derive a relation between the long-term growth rate of the organism and the information available about its fluctuating environment...
- The outlook for population growthRonald Lee
Department of Demography, University of California at Berkeley, 2232 Piedmont Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Science 333:569-73. 2011..3 billion in 2050 and 10.1 billion in 2100, while the Old Age Dependency Ratio doubles by 2050 and triples by 2100. How are such population projections made, and how certain can we be about the trends they foresee?..
- Demography in an increasingly variable worldMark S Boyce
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada, T6G 2E9
Trends Ecol Evol 21:141-8. 2006..Stochastic variation in structured population models influences estimates of population growth rate, persistence and resilience, which ultimately can alter community composition, species interactions, ..
- Population growth rate and its determinants: an overviewRichard M Sibly
School of Animal and Microbial Sciences, University of Reading, PO Box 228, Reading RG6 6AJ, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 357:1153-70. 2002We argue that population growth rate is the key unifying variable linking the various facets of population ecology...
- Laws of population growthHernán D Rozenfeld
Levich Institute and Physics Department, City College of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:18702-7. 2008..to these deviations, which are shown to arise from the existence of long-range spatial correlations in population growth. These results have sociopolitical implications, for example, for the location of new economic development ..
- Projections of type 1 and type 2 diabetes burden in the U.S. population aged <20 years through 2050: dynamic modeling of incidence, mortality, and population growthGiuseppina Imperatore
Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Diabetes Care 35:2515-20. 2012..To forecast the number of U.S. individuals aged <20 years with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) through 2050, accounting for changing demography and diabetes incidence...
- The impact of disease on the survival and population growth rate of the Tasmanian devilShelly Lachish
School of Integrative Biology, University of Queensland Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
J Anim Ecol 76:926-36. 2007..the impact of a recently emerged disease, Devil Facial Tumour Disease (DFTD), on the survival and population growth rate of a population of Tasmanian devils, Sarcophilus harrisii, on the Freycinet Peninsula in eastern ..
- Progress towards the child mortality millennium development goal in urban sub-Saharan Africa: the dynamics of population growth, immunization, and access to clean waterJean Christophe Fotso
African Population and Health Research Center APHRC, Nairobi, Kenya, Africa
BMC Public Health 7:218. 2007..This paper highlights the implications of urban population growth and access to health and social services on progress in achieving MDG 4...
- Alfalfa living mulch advances biological control of soybean aphidNicholas P Schmidt
Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 3140, USA
Environ Entomol 36:416-24. 2007..Our objectives were to determine whether natural enemies delay aphid establishment and limit subsequent population growth and whether biological control can be improved by altering the within-field habitat...
- On the regulation of populations of mammals, birds, fish, and insectsRichard M Sibly
School of Animal and Microbial Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading RG6 6AJ, UK
Science 309:607-10. 2005..We found that rates of population growth are high at low population densities but, contrary to previous predictions, decline rapidly with increasing ..
- Large nonlethal effects of an invasive invertebrate predator on zooplankton population growth rateKevin L Pangle
Michigan State University, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, 13 Natural Resources Building, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 1222, USA
Ecology 88:402-12. 2007..a study to determine the contribution of lethal and nonlethal effects to a predator's net effect on a prey's population growth rate in a natural setting...
- Estimation of population growth or decline in genetically monitored populationsMark A Beaumont
School of Animal and Microbial Sciences, Reading RG6 6AJ, United Kingdom
Genetics 164:1139-60. 2003..The method is used on three example data sets and problems in interpreting the posterior densities are highlighted and discussed...
- Life history and viability of a long-lived marine invertebrate: the octocoral Paramuricea clavataCristina Linares
Centre d Estudis Avançats de Blanes, Accés Cala Sant Francesc 14, 17300 Blanes, Girona, Spain
Ecology 88:918-28. 2007..As for many other slow-growing species, sensitivity and elasticity analysis demonstrate that gorgonian population growth is far more sensitive to changes in survival rates than to growth, shrinkage, or reproductive rates...
- Population growth, human development, and deforestation in biodiversity hotspotsS Jha
Indian Forest Service, New Delhi, India
Conserv Biol 20:906-12. 2006..We quantified the effect of human population growth and development on rates of deforestation and analyzed the relationship between these causal factors in the ..
- Livestock production: recent trends, future prospectsPhilip K Thornton
CGIAR ESSP Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security CCAFS, International Livestock Research Institute ILRI, PO Box 30709, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2853-67. 2010..Historical changes in the demand for livestock products have been largely driven by human population growth, income growth and urbanization and the production response in different livestock systems has been ..
- Mating behavior, population growth, and the operational sex ratio: a periodic two-sex model approachStephanie Jenouvrier
Biology Department, MS 34, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
Am Nat 175:739-52. 2010..The models project the population growth rate, the population structure, and any ratio of interest (e.g., operational sex ratio)...
- Stability via asynchrony in Drosophila metapopulations with low migration ratesSutirth Dey
Evolutionary Biology Laboratory, Evolutionary and Organismal Biology Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur P O, Bangalore 560 064, India
Science 312:434-6. 2006..Simulations based on a simple non-species-specific population growth model captured most features of the data, which suggests that our results are generalizable.
- Thermodynamics constrains the evolution of insect population growth rates: "warmer is better"M R Frazier
Department of Biology, Box 351800, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 1800, USA
Am Nat 168:512-20. 2006..If such adaptations are fully compensatory, then temperature-dependent processes (e.g., digestion rate, population growth rate) of cold-adapted species will match those of warm-adapted species when each is measured at its own ..
- Environmental variance, population growth and evolutionShripad Tuljapurkar
Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
J Anim Ecol 79:1-3. 2010..Their results demonstrate how ecological and evolutionary studies can benefit from including explicit environmental drivers when modelling populations, and from the use of mean and variance elasticities...
- Population growth in a wild bird is buffered against phenological mismatchThomas E Reed
Department of Animal Ecology, Netherlands Institute of Ecology, Wageningen, Netherlands
Science 340:488-91. 2013..We tested whether population growth in a wild bird is negatively affected by climate change-induced phenological mismatch, using almost four ..
- Neutral genomic regions refine models of recent rapid human population growthElodie Gazave
Departments of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology and Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111:757-62. 2014..This observation and results also shed light on the discrepancy in demographic estimates among recent studies...
- The urban transformation of the developing worldMark R Montgomery
Department of Economics, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA
Science 319:761-4. 2008....
- [Population growth and global warming: impacts on tsetse and trypanosomoses in West Africa]F Courtin
Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, UMR 177 IRD CIRAD, Centre International de Recherche Développement sur l Elevage en zone Subhumide, 01 BP 454, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Parasite 16:3-10. 2009....
- Integral projection models for species with complex demographyStephen P Ellner
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, 24853, USA
Am Nat 167:410-28. 2006..a general model encompassing these cases, numerical methods, and theoretical results, including stable population growth and sensitivity/elasticity analysis for density-independent models, local stability analysis in density-..
- Longevity can buffer plant and animal populations against changing climatic variabilityWilliam F Morris
Biology Department, Duke University, Box 90338, Durham, North Carolina 27708 0338, USA
Ecology 89:19-25. 2008..a broad range of life histories and types of environment to ask how sensitive their long-term stochastic population growth rates are likely to be to changes in the means and standard deviations of vital rates (survival, ..
- Habitat-specific population growth of a farmland birdDebora Arlt
Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden
PLoS ONE 3:e3006. 2008..To assess population persistence of species living in heterogeneous landscapes, the effects of habitat on reproduction and survival have to be investigated...
- Unifying life-history analyses for inference of fitness and population growthRuth G Shaw
Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, Minnesota Center for Community Genetics, University of Minnesota, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA
Am Nat 172:E35-47. 2008..Aster models offer a unified approach to addressing the breadth of questions in evolution and ecology for which life-history data are gathered...
- Stochastic population dynamics of a montane ground-dwelling squirrelJeffrey A Hostetler
Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America
PLoS ONE 7:e34379. 2012..The overall deterministic population growth rate λ was 0.94±SE 0.05 but it varied widely over time, ranging from 0.45±0.09 in 2006 to 1.50±0...
- Mark-recapture estimates of recruitment, survivorship and population growth rate for the screwworm fly, Cochliomyia hominivoraxR B Matlock
Department of Biology, College of Staten Island, Staten Island, New York, New York 10314, USA
Med Vet Entomol 23:111-25. 2009..mark-release-recapture estimates of survivorship, phi, recruitment, f, and the rate of density-independent population growth, lambda, are presented for eight mark-recapture studies of the screwworm Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) (..
- Male turnover reduces population growth: an enclosure experiment on volesHarry P Andreassen
Faculty of Forestry and Wildlife Management, Hedmark University College, Koppang, Norway
Ecology 87:88-94. 2006..The treatment nearly halved the population growth rate. We suspect that recruitment failed due to infanticidal immigrating males...
- Mixture effects of the nonylphenyl polyethoxylate, R-11 and the insecticide, imidacloprid on population growth rate and other parameters of the crustacean, Ceriodaphnia dubiaXue Dong Chen
Ecotoxicology Program, Department of Entomology, Washington State University, Puyallup Research and Extension Center, Puyallup, WA 98371, USA
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 73:132-7. 2010..Additionally, exposure to R-11, imidacloprid, and the mixture resulted in 52%, 10%, and 91% reductions in population growth rate compared to the control, respectively...
- Accelerated human population growth at protected area edgesGeorge Wittemyer
Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
Science 321:123-6. 2008..Contrary to predictions of this argument, we found that average human population growth rates on the borders of 306 PAs in 45 countries in Africa and Latin America were nearly double average rural ..
- Bushmeat poaching reduces the seed dispersal and population growth rate of a mammal-dispersed treeJedediah F Brodie
Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana 59812, USA
Ecol Appl 19:854-63. 2009..axillaris population growth and persistence...
- Behavioural models of population growth rates: implications for conservation and predictionWilliam J Sutherland
Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Conservation, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 357:1273-84. 2002..Predicting the consequences of such changes almost always requires understanding the population growth rate and the density dependence...
- Developing the sterile insect technique for Cryptophlebia leucotreta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae): influence of radiation dose and release ratio on fruit damage and population growth in field cagesJ Hendrik Hofmeyr
Citrus Research International, P O Box 212, Citrusdal 7340, South Africa
J Econ Entomol 98:1924-9. 2005..Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), on the incidence of fruit damage, the competitiveness of the treated males, and population growth was examined inside field cages. Navel orange trees were individually enclosed in large nylon mesh cages...
- Generalized aphid population growth models with immigration and cumulative-size dependent dynamicsJames H Matis
Department of Statistics, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 3143, USA
Math Biosci 215:137-43. 2008..Cases of the latter are relatively simple to fit to data. The results from these two immigration models are compared for data sets on the mustard aphid in India...
- Periodic matrix population models: growth rate, basic reproduction number, and entropyNicolas Bacaer
IRD Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, 32 avenue Henri Varagnat, 93143 Bondy, France
Bull Math Biol 71:1781-92. 2009..Finally, we add some remarks on Demetrius' notion of evolutionary entropy H and its relationship to the growth rate lambda in the periodic case...
- Population growth inflates the per-individual number of deleterious mutations and reduces their mean effectElodie Gazave
Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853
Genetics 195:969-78. 2013This study addresses the question of how purifying selection operates during recent rapid population growth such as has been experienced by human populations...
- Invading parasitoids suffer no Allee effect: a manipulative field experimentXavier Fauvergue
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique INRA, 400 Route des Chappes, 06903 Sophia Antipolis Cedex, France
Ecology 88:2392-403. 2007..This is, to our knowledge, the first experimental test of the Allee effect in an invading parasitoid. It leads us to propose that a number of behavioral and life-history features of many parasitoids could protect them from Allee effects...
- Relics: penguin population programsL Sun
Institute of Polar Environment, University of Science and Technology, China
Sci Prog 84:31-44. 2001..The results suggest that climate change has a significant impact on penguin populations...
- Population growth enhances the mean fixation time of neutral mutations and the persistence of neutral variationD Waxman
Centre for Computational Systems Biology, School of Mathematical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, People s Republic of China
Genetics 191:561-77. 2012..Such an enhancement is associated with (i) an increased probability of neutral polymorphism in a population and (ii) an enhanced persistence of high-frequency neutral variation, which is the variation most likely to be observed...
- Uncertainty in population growth rates: determining confidence intervals from point estimates of parametersEleanor S Devenish Nelson
School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Durham University, Durham, United Kingdom
PLoS ONE 5:e13628. 2010..When underlying data lack clear indications of associated uncertainty, modellers often fail to account for that uncertainty in model outputs, such as estimates of population growth.
- The impact of invasive grasses on the population growth of Anemone patens, a long-lived native forbJennifer L Williams
Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana 59812, USA
Ecology 87:3200-8. 2006..We used demographic models to investigate the effects of two invasive grasses on the demography and population growth of Anemone patens, a long-lived native perennial of North American grasslands. Demographic data of A...
- Public health. Return of the population growth factorMartha Campbell
School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 7360, USA
Science 315:1501-2. 2007
- The future impact of population growth and aging on coronary heart disease in China: projections from the Coronary Heart Disease Policy Model-ChinaAndrew Moran
Division of General Internal Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, USA
BMC Public Health 8:394. 2008..China will experience an overall growth and aging of its adult population in coming decades. We used a computer model to forecast the future impact of these demographic changes on coronary heart disease (CHD) in China...
- Coupled dynamics of energy budget and population growth of tilapia in response to pulsed waterborne copperWei Yu Chen
Department of Bioenvironmental Systems Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan, Republic of China
Ecotoxicology 21:2264-75. 2012..Cu at the scale of individuals to tilapia populations to capture the interaction between environment and population growth and reproduction...
- Effects of stochasticity in early life history on steepness and population growth rate estimates: an illustration on Atlantic bluefin tunaMaximilien Simon
AgroParistech ENGREF École Nationale du Génie Rural des Eaux et des Forêts, Paris, France
PLoS ONE 7:e48583. 2012The intrinsic population growth rate (r) of the surplus production function used in the biomass dynamic model and the steepness (h) of the stock-recruitment relationship used in age-structured population dynamics models are two key ..
- Potential effects of environmental contamination on Yuma Myotis demography and population growthWinifred F Frick
Department of Forest Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA
Ecol Appl 17:1213-22. 2007..We compared survival and population growth rates of two roost populations exposed to a large chemical (metam sodium) spill in the upper Sacramento ..
- Demographic consequences of age-structure in extreme environments: population models for arctic and alpine ptarmiganBrett K Sandercock
Division of Biology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 66506, USA
Oecologia 146:13-24. 2005..If these same demographic patterns prove to be widespread among organisms in extreme environments, it may be possible to develop general recommendations for conservation of the biological resources of arctic and alpine ecosystems...
- There are many ways to be a mutualist: endophytic fungus reduces plant survival but increases population growthJennifer A Rudgers
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005, USA
Ecology 93:565-74. 2012..fitness may be outweighed by positive effects on another, leading to a net positive impact of symbiosis on population growth. Model predictions depended on the availability of suitable patches, which influenced the relative ..
- Integrating physiological and biomechanical drivers of population growth over environmental gradients on coral reefsJoshua S Madin
Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney 2109, Australia
J Exp Biol 215:968-76. 2012..and number of gametes), and thus the relative contributions of these effects to overall capacity for population growth are not readily apparent...
- Estimating chronic wasting disease effects on mule deer recruitment and population growthJessie Dulberger
Graduate Degree Program in Ecology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 1401, USA
J Wildl Dis 46:1086-95. 2010..We conclude that although CWD may affect mule deer recruitment, these effects seem to be sufficiently small that they can be omitted in estimating the influences of CWD on population growth rate.
- Relative effects of environment and direct species interactions on the population growth rate of an exotic ascidianErin K Grey
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA
Oecologia 166:935-47. 2011..of either type of factor on aspects of exotic success, but few have considered their relative effects on population growth rate, a more holistic measure of success...
- The contributions of age and sex to variation in common tern population growth rateT H G Ezard
Division of Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Imperial College at Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
J Anim Ecol 75:1379-86. 20061. The decomposition of population growth rate into contributions from different demographic rates has many applications, ranging from evolutionary biology to conservation and management...
- El Niño drives timing of breeding but not population growth in the song sparrow (Melospiza melodia)Scott Wilson
Center for Applied Conservation Research, University of British Columbia, 2424 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:11139-42. 2003..However, annual variation in timing of breeding had little effect on population growth, perhaps because the population is strongly regulated by the rate of recruitment by juveniles...
- Population growth rate as a basis for ecological risk assessment of toxic chemicalsValery E Forbes
Department of Life Sciences and Chemistry, Roskilde University, Universitetsvej 1, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 357:1299-306. 2002..issues go to the heart of the ecological relevance of ecotoxicology and we have addressed them using the population growth rate as an integrating concept...
- Climate Change and water in Southwestern North America special feature: water, climate change, and sustainability in the southwestGlen M Macdonald
Department of Geography, Institute of the Environment, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1496, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:21256-62. 2010..If projected population growth is twinned with suburb-centered development, domestic demands will intensify...
- Loss of foundation species increases population growth of exotic forbs in sagebrush steppeJanet S Prevéy
Department of Biological Sciences, Mail Stop 8007, Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho 83209, USA
Ecol Appl 20:1890-902. 2010..hypothesis, we used periodic matrix models to examine effects of experimental manipulations of soil water on population growth of two exotic forb species, Tragopogon dubius and Lactuca serriola, in sagebrush steppe of southern Idaho, ..
- Rapid population growth of a critically endangered carnivoreM B Grenier
Department of Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming, 1000 East University Avenue, Laramie, WY 82071, USA
Science 317:779. 2007..Recovery of the species may benefit from more opportunistic and widespread releases...
- Influence of commodity type, percentage of cracked kernels, and wheat class on population growth of stored-product psocids (Psocoptera: Liposcelidae)Christos G Athanassiou
Laboratory of Entomology and Agricultural Zoology, Department of Agriculture, Plant Production and Rural Environment, University of Thessaly, Phytokou Str, N Ionia Magnissias 38446, Greece
J Econ Entomol 103:985-90. 2010..b>Population growth of Liposcelis bostrychophila Badonnel, Liposcelis decolor (Pearman), Liposcelis paeta Pearman, and ..
- Variability in the contribution of different life stages to population growth as a key factor in the invasion success of Pinus strobusZuzana Munzbergova
Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Pruhonice, Czech Republic
PLoS ONE 8:e56953. 2013Despite the increasing number of studies attempting to model population growth in various organisms, we still know relatively little about the population dynamics of long-lived species that reproduce only in the later stages of their ..
- Spatial variation in demography and population growth rate: the importance of natal locationJ M Reid
School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, UK
J Anim Ecol 75:1201-11. 20061. Understanding the pattern and magnitude of spatial variation in demography and population growth rate (lambda) is key to understanding the structure and dynamics of natural populations...
- Demographic change and carbon dioxide emissionsBRIAN C O'NEILL
National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO 80305, USA
Lancet 380:157-64. 2012..of evidence for how CO(2) emissions from the use of fossil fuels are affected by demographic factors such as population growth or decline, ageing, urbanisation, and changes in household size...
- Finding confidence limits on population growth rates: bootstrap and analytic methodsNicolas Picard
CIRAD, Campus International de Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
Math Biosci 219:23-31. 2009..Their estimates of bias and standard error converge towards the bootstrap estimates when the error on vital rates becomes small enough, which corresponds in the present case to a number of observations greater than 5000 trees...
- Extreme natural hazards: population growth, globalization and environmental changeHerbert E Huppert
Institute of Theoretical Geophysics, Centre of Mathematical Sciences, Cambridge, UK
Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 364:1875-88. 2006Mankind is becoming ever more susceptible to natural disasters, largely as a consequence of population growth and globalization...
- Life cycle and population growth rate of Caenorhabditis elegans studied by a new methodDaniel Muschiol
Animal Ecology, University Bielefeld, Morgenbreede 45, 33615 Bielefeld, Germany
BMC Ecol 9:14. 2009..body size, age-specific fecundity/mortality, total reproduction, mean and maximum lifespan, and intrinsic population growth rates. However, we found that in life-cycle experiments care is needed regarding protocol design...
- Demographic, mechanistic and density-dependent determinants of population growth rate: a case study in an avian predatorJim Hone
Applied Ecology Research Group, University of Canberra, Canberra 2602, Australia
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 357:1171-7. 2002Identifying the determinants of population growth rate is a central topic in population ecology...
- The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, in China: origin and gradual inland range expansion associated with population growthXuanwu Wan
Chongqing Key Laboratory of Entomology and Pest Control Engineering, College of Plant Protection, Southwest University, Chongqing, China
PLoS ONE 6:e25238. 2011..We suggest the species originated in the costal region facing the South China Sea and gradually expanded to colonize mainland China, expanding here to high population numbers...
- Effects of body size and temperature on population growthVan M Savage
Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87501, USA
Am Nat 163:429-41. 2004For at least 200 years, since the time of Malthus, population growth has been recognized as providing a critical link between the performance of individual organisms and the ecology and evolution of species...
- Maximum likelihood estimation of population growth rates based on the coalescentM K Kuhner
Department of Genetics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
Genetics 149:429-34. 1998..for co-estimating 4Nemu (four times the product of effective population size and neutral mutation rate) and population growth rate from sequence samples using Metropolis-Hastings sampling...
- The effect of China's one-child family policy after 25 yearsTherese Hesketh
Center for International Child Health, Institute of Child Health, University College London
N Engl J Med 353:1171-6. 2005
- The evolutionary demography of ecological change: linking trait variation and population growthFanie Pelletier
Division of Biology and the Natural Environment Research Council NERC Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire, SL5 7PY, UK
Science 315:1571-4. 2007..This means that population growth may correlate with the strength of selection, whereas evolutionary change can leave an ecological signature...
- Prevalence and population structure of lice (Phthiraptera) on the Indian Red AvadavatNidhi Gupta
Department of Zoology, Government Raza Postgraduate College, Rampur, India
Zoolog Sci 24:381-3. 2007..amandava. Adults dominated over nymphs in the overall adult-to-nymph ratio. Sex ratios of both species were skewed (female biased)...
- Optimal management strategies to control local population growth or population spread may not be the sameKatriona Shea
Department of Biology, 208 Mueller Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, 16802 USA
Ecol Appl 20:1148-61. 2010..However, optimal control of local abundance and population growth may require different management strategies than optimal control of spatial spread...
- Predators exert top-down control of soybean aphid across a gradient of agricultural management systemsAlejandro C Costamagna
Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824 1311, USA
Ecol Appl 16:1619-28. 2006..glycines establishment and population growth under three agricultural production systems that differed markedly in disturbance and fertility regimes...
- The relationship between population growth and elderly suicide rates: a cross-national studyAjit Shah
Ageing, Ethnicity and Mental Health, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, U K
Int Psychogeriatr 21:379-83. 2009..Elderly suicide rates are associated with the elderly population size, the proportion of elderly in the general population and the elderly dependency ratio...
- Allee effect limits colonization success of sexually reproducing zooplanktonAndrew M Kramer
Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
Ecology 89:2760-9. 2008..b>Population growth rate of this dioecious species may be limited by mate encounter rate, such that below some critical density ..
- Estimating individual contributions to population growth: evolutionary fitness in ecological timeT Coulson
Imperial College Division of Biology and Centre for Population Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, UK
Proc Biol Sci 273:547-55. 2006..We present a novel method of estimating individual contributions to population growth and changes in distributions of quantitative traits and alleles...
- A highly variable segment of human subterminal 16p reveals a history of population growth for modern humans outstide AfricaS Alonso
Institute of Genetics, University of Nottingham, Queen's Medical Center, Nottingham NG7 2UH, United Kingdom
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:864-9. 2001..A history of population growth is the most likely scenario for the Euroasiatic populations...
- Human population growth and the demographic transitionJohn Bongaarts
The Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017, USA
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:2985-90. 2009..The focus is on the century from 1950 to 2050, which covers the period of most rapid global demographic transformation...
- Urban-rural differentials in child malnutrition: trends and socioeconomic correlates in sub-Saharan AfricaJean Christophe Fotso
African Population and Health Research Center, 00100 GPO, Nairobi, Kenya
Health Place 13:205-23. 2007..These urban-rural gaps are abolished in almost all countries when SES is controlled. These results suggest that policies and programs contributing to the attainment of the MDGs should pay particular attention to the urban poor...
- Estimating divergence time with the use of microsatellite genetic distances: impacts of population growth and gene flowL A Zhivotovsky
N I Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
Mol Biol Evol 18:700-9. 2001..The data also suggest that the Asian and European populations diverged from each other about 20,000 years, after the occurrence of the out-of-Africa branch...
- Evidence for population growth in humans is confounded by fine-scale population structureSusan E Ptak
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Inselstrasse 22, 04103, Leipzig, Germany
Trends Genet 18:559-63. 2002..These observations are consistent with fine-scale geographic differentiation as well as population growth. They suggest that the geographic sampling strategy should be considered carefully, especially when the aim ..
- Drivers of change in global agriculturePeter Hazell
Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College, Wye Campus, Kent TN25 5AH, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:495-515. 2008....
- Effects of sample size on estimates of population growth rates calculated with matrix modelsIan J Fiske
Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
PLoS ONE 3:e3080. 2008..An important but overlooked issue is how the number of individuals sampled influences estimates of the population growth rate (lambda) calculated with matrix models...
- Population growth rate: determining factors and role in population regulation. IntroductionRichard M Sibly
School of Animal and Microbial Sciences, University of Reading, PO Box 228, Reading RG6 6AJ, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 357:1149-51. 2002
- Anticipatory reproduction and population growth in seed predatorsStan Boutin
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E9, Canada
Science 314:1928-30. 2006....
- Population growth confounds phylogeographic inference in Namaqua sandgrouseWayne Delport
DST NRF Centre of Excellence at the Percy FitzPatrick Institute, Molecular Ecology and Evolution Programme, Department of Genetics, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
J Hered 98:158-64. 2007..In general, little population genetic structure was evident, yet strong signals of population growth were detected...
- Competition for landPete Smith
Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, 23 St Machar Drive, Aberdeen AB24 3UU, UK
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2941-57. 2010..agriculture and food production, further policies addressing the primary drivers of competition for land (population growth, dietary preference, protected areas, forest policy) could have significant impacts in reducing competition ..
- The ecology and biodemography of Caenorhabditis elegansJ Chen
Department of Nematology, University of California, One Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Exp Gerontol 41:1059-65. 2006..The differences were not only statistically significant; they were also large enough to be biologically important. The differences are consistent with the hypothesis that N2 has adapted to laboratory conditions...
- The end of world population growthW Lutz
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Schlossplatz 1, A 2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Nature 412:543-5. 2001There has been enormous concern about the consequences of human population growth for the environment and for social and economic development. But this growth is likely to come to an end in the foreseeable future...
- Dimensions of global population projections: what do we know about future population trends and structures?Wolfgang Lutz
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis IIASA, Schlossplatz 1, A 2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2779-91. 2010....
- Simultaneous inference of selection and population growth from patterns of variation in the human genomeScott H Williamson
Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, 101 Biotechnology Building, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:7882-7. 2005..variation, (ii) that the fitness effects of nonsynonymous mutations are well predicted by several measures of amino acid exchangeability, especially site-specific methods, and (iii) strong evidence for very recent population growth.
- Socio-economic and climate change impacts on agriculture: an integrated assessment, 1990-2080Gunther Fischer
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 360:2067-83. 2005....
- Gene genealogy and properties of test statistics of neutrality under population growthAkinori Sano
Department of Biology, Graduate School of Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
Genetics 169:1687-97. 2005We consider the Wright-Fisher model with exponential population growth and investigate effects of population growth on the shape of genealogy and the distributions of several test statistics of neutrality...
- Arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis increases host plant acceptance and population growth rates of the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticaeDaniela Hoffmann
Department of Applied Plant Sciences and Plant Biotechnology, Institute of Plant Protection, BOKU, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Peter Jordan Strasse 82, 1190, Vienna, Austria
Oecologia 158:663-71. 2009..adult female survival, oviposition rate and offspring sex ratio were measured in order to estimate the population growth parameters of T. urticae on either substrate...
- On population growth near protected areasLucas N Joppa
Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
PLoS ONE 4:e4279. 2009..As such, protected areas may attract or repel human settlement. Disproportionate increases in population growth near protected area boundaries may threaten their ability to conserve biodiversity.
- China's missing children: the 2000 census underreporting surpriseDaniel M Goodkind
International Programs Center, US Census Bireau, Washington DC 20233 8860, USA
Popul Stud (Camb) 58:281-95. 2004..We attribute the increase primarily to policy changes beginning in the early 1990s that held officials at all jurisdictional levels personally responsible for enforcing birth quotas...
- Improved Orthopedic Implant Surface CoatingsPaul Hamilton; Fiscal Year: 2007..2004) or a canine hip replacement model (Sumner, Turner et al. 2001). [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Familial and Birth Cohort Effects on the Aging SensesKaren J Cruickshanks; Fiscal Year: 2013..Understanding factors associated with the development of these conditions could lead to new treatments targeted at improving health for tomorrow's elders. ..
- Age Specific Net Migration Estimates for US Counties, 2000-2010RICHELLE L WINKLER; Fiscal Year: 2012....
- A Prospective Model of Medicare Cost TrajectoriesDouglas A Wolf; Fiscal Year: 2011....
- Older adults in vulnerable communities: Health and quality of life over timeKAREN ILENE FREDRIKSEN-GOLDSEN; Fiscal Year: 2013....
- Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer's Prevention: Biomarkers for Preclinical ADMARK SAGER; Fiscal Year: 2013..This information is essential for the development of clinical trials evaluating disease-modifying therapies designed to delay the onset or slow the progression of AD. ..
- Shaping Long-Term Care in AmericaVincent Mor; Fiscal Year: 2012..Lay Summary: This program project will examine the influence state policies have on the behavior and functioning of US nursing homes and the outcomes their patients experience. ..
- Ages and Stages: Brain, Learning and AgingERIKA C SHUGART; Fiscal Year: 2010..Both of these topics have a rich volume of scientific data that can be visualized and are areas that need active civic participation. ..
- Late Parenting & Biotechnology: Rethinking Age, Gender, Family, & the Life CourseROBERT DAVID NACHTIGALL; Fiscal Year: 2010..Single participants will also be interviewed twice. Qualitative data analysis wins then proceed in a seven-step progression. ..
- Dietary Factors and Neuroimaging MarkersYian Gu; Fiscal Year: 2013..Findings from this study will contribute to our understanding of the role of dietary factors in imaging markers of brain aging. ..
- Intimate Partner Violence in Rural Aging Women: Promoting Community KnowledgeKAREN ROBERTO; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Immigration and Changes in U.S. FertilityCALVIN SWICEGOOD; Fiscal Year: 2003..S. fertility rates and for trends in the numbers and composition of children. ..
- Transitioning to Retirement: How Will Boomers FareOLIVIA MITCHELL; Fiscal Year: 2006..Papers will be edited by the co-PIs for style and format and submitted to a University Press for refereeing and publication, generally within 18 months of the meeting. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Calpain Inhibitors for Cancer Related NeuropathiesROB WEBB; Fiscal Year: 2007..The overall number of cancer cases is projected to grow driven largely by aging population growth, as nearly 80% of all cancers are diagnosed in people ages 55 and older...
- Cohort size and labor markets in developing countriesJAYPEE SEVILLA; Fiscal Year: 2004..We test these hypotheses by econometrically analyzing panel data on developing countries from 1960 to 1990 on population age structure, macroeconomic and demographic variables, and cohort-specific measures of labor force participation. ..
- Active Life Expectancy by Sex, Race-Ethnicity, EducationApril Greek; Fiscal Year: 2004..With the sample including data for individuals at the tip of the Baby Boom generation (born 1947 and earlier), the information derived from the proposed study will help to plan for the pending increases in the older population. ..
- Memory Impairment Screen and Decision Support CD-ROMROBERT RAGER; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- Research Training Program in Cognitive NeurologyAlbert Galaburda; Fiscal Year: 2009..Principal areas of training include perception, motor control, language, memory, attention, visual cognition, executive functions, and development, as they pertain to normal subjects and to neurocognitively impaired patients. ..
- BABY-BOOMERS & HEALTH CARE NEEDS OF ELDERLY PARENTSMartha Hill; Fiscal Year: 2000....
- Estrogen Pathway Genes and Association with Prostate Cancer RiskJanet Stanford; Fiscal Year: 2009..In addition, this study may identify patient characteristics that interplay with genotypes to increase risk. Lastly, results may serve as pilot data to further explore novel estrogen or anti-estrogen therapeutic approaches. ..
- CHEMOPREVENTIVE PROPERTY OF LUNASIN-ENRICHED SOY EXTRACTAlfredo Galvez; Fiscal Year: 2002..The proposed research also lays the groundwork for the development of lunasin-based chemopreventive products against other common cancers. ..
- SURVEILLANCE AND ANALYSIS OF THE UNC ALUMNI HEART STUDYIlene Siegler; Fiscal Year: 2004..Adding additional measures to the present rich data base, places the UNC Alumni Heart Study in an excellent position to help fill these gaps in the next 5 years, as these members of the early Baby Boom Cohort approach age 60. ..
- EDUCATION OF AMERICAN YOUTH: A COHORT-BASED PERSPECTIVEDAVID CARD; Fiscal Year: 2003..The models will be fit to U.S. data, and to data for Canada, the U.K., and Germany, to explore the role of relative supply changes in the observed widening of wage differentials. ..
- MATURE MARKET PROFILER: A NATIONAL AND LOCAL SYSTEMSTEPHEN TORDELLA; Fiscal Year: 2002..An advisory panel of potential users will assist with this phase. PROPOSED COMMERCIAL APPLICATION: NOT AVAILABLE ..
- PREPARING SOF FOR GENETICS ANALYSISGEOF JOSLYN; Fiscal Year: 2000..Finally, a pilot or proof of principle experiment will be carried out which will assay a single candidate gene in all available samples. ..
- THE BENIFITS OF THEATRE TRAINING FOR OLDER ADULTSHelga Noice; Fiscal Year: 2001....
- Comparison of Aerobic and Resistance Exercise in Older Breast Cancer SurvivorsKerri Winters Stone; Fiscal Year: 2009..S. "baby boom"population ages. Even so, studies of older women comprise only a small proportion of research, especially exercise research, on improving the lives of cancer survivors. ..
- The Lee-Carter Method for Forecasting MortalityRonald Lee; Fiscal Year: 2005..Software will be produced to implement these procedures and made publicly available on a web site. Work will be closely coordinated with the Population Division of the United Nations to ensure that it meets its needs. ..
- New model for describing and projecting adult mortalityJohn Bongaarts; Fiscal Year: 2006..4) Test the new projection method by comparing its results with projections produced by the Lee-Carter procedure. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- DISEASE ON NEW HOSTS: MICROBOTRYUM AS A MODEL SYSTEMJanis Antonovics; Fiscal Year: 2002..Determine the role of genetic factors in the transmission of a pathogen to a new host, c. Determine the role of pathogen specialization in persistence on new hosts. ..
- Tailored Youth Drug Intervention in Primary CareFrederic Blow; Fiscal Year: 2009..g., STD/HIV risk behaviors). This project will provide the critical first step toward the implementation of tailored marijuana prevention and intervention in primary care clinics. ..
- How Access Affects Outcomes of Rehabilitation ServicesLisa Iezzoni; Fiscal Year: 2005..The primary outcome of the proposed study will be an assessment of the association of PT and OT, as routinely practiced nationwide and important outcomes of care. ..
- Leveraging Medicare Payment & Reporting Policies to Improve Nursing Home QualityDavid C Grabowski; Fiscal Year: 2010..Thus, the information derived from this study has the potential to make important research and policy-relevant contributions aimed at improving the quality of care for all nursing home residents. ..
- Downsizing Possessions for Residential Moves in Later LifeDavid J Ekerdt; Fiscal Year: 2010..Findings of this study will be of widespread interest and assistance to the general public of aged and aging adults and to geriatric care managers, health personnel, social service providers, housing specialists, and attorneys. ..
- 9th Intl Conf on Alzheimer's Disease & Related DisordersWilliam Thies; Fiscal Year: 2004..The funding of this application will make a major contribution to the success of this international conference and the advancement of research, specifically by allowing support to be provided to a higher percentage of young researchers. ..
- APOE and the Effects of Malnutrition on Cognitive and Intestinal DevelopmentRichard L Guerrant; Fiscal Year: 2010..We will seek to identify potential mechanisms of these effects in the intestine and brain including studies of IGF-1, and will examine the effects of glutamine, zinc, and arginine interventions. ..
- Estrogen, Metabolism, Menopause, and Health OutcomesMaryFran Sowers; Fiscal Year: 2006..This is a unique opportunity to prospectively integrate lifestyle elements with measures of hormone metabolism pathways into a comprehensive examination of multiple human health effects. ..
- Preparation and Distribution of the NUJLSOAEileen Crimmins; Fiscal Year: 2003..In order to acquire use of the data, researchers must agree to use the data only for research purposes and not to use data to describe or identify individuals. ..
- TRAINING PROGRAM ON THE BIODEMOGRAPHY OF AGINGSTUART OLSHANSKY; Fiscal Year: 2002..In addition, the PI will pursue additional funds through grants to engage in the research that follows from hypotheses that he and colleagues have already formulated and tested in the newly emerging field of biodemography. ..
- TAI CHI, CONTROL, AND AGINGFuzhong Li; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- MENTAL DISORDERS AS RISK FACTORS FOR SUBSTANCE DISORDERSRonald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2003....
- PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES: QUALITY OF CARE/SERVICE USELisa Iezzoni; Fiscal Year: 2001..Given that roughly 49 million Americans have a disabling condition, addressing concerns about their quality of care is essential. ..
- Conference on Interactions between Poverty and HIV/AIDSDavid Lam; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- DEMOGRAPHIC STUDY OF MULTIPLE CAUSES OF DEATHKenneth Manton; Fiscal Year: 2008..S. population ages and the numbers of nonagenarians and centenarians increase. This is important in forecasting life expectancy and the growth of he extreme elderly U.S. population. ..
- Bridges to Doctoral Study in NursingMary Lou Bond; Fiscal Year: 2006..The UTA/UIW Bridges to Doctorate Consortium will enhance the scholarly endeavors of faculty and students on both campuses and will prepare MSN students for entry into a doctoral program. ..
- Neighborhood Context and Latino YouthReanne Frank; Fiscal Year: 2006..S., the ways in which particular residential contexts influence Latino adolescent development will be increasingly significant for communities across the country. ..
- Promoting Adoption of EBPs in Addiction TreatmentLinda Frisman; Fiscal Year: 2006..Potential improvements in outcomes following use of MET-CBT will be estimated through use of administrative data. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Outreach and Treatment for Depression in the Labor ForceRonald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2005..This is an extremely important opportunity for rapid and widespread dissemination in an area of research where dissemination of positive results has traditionally been a serious problem. ..
- Quantifying the Value of Value-Based PurchasingRonald Kessler; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Stigma and Psychosis: A Prospective StudyBruce Link; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- ASSESSING THE PERFORMANCE OF ALTERNATIVE RISK ADJUSTERSLisa Iezzoni; Fiscal Year: 2001..abstract_text> ..
- Age-Related Services & Outcomes After DUI InterventionsFrederic Blow; Fiscal Year: 2009..This study will provide critical new knowledge regarding the age-related similarities and differences of adults in younger- to mid- to later-life at one of the important junctures in the intervention and treatment engagement process. ..
- Change in Bone, Arthritis, Function: Hormones & ObesityMaryFran Sowers; Fiscal Year: 2009....
- Services Interventions for Injured ED Substance AbusersFrederic Blow; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Services Interventions for Injured ED Problem DrinkersFrederic Blow; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- The Indirect Estimation of MigrationAndrei Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2006..These latter data will be assembled and analyzed with the help of unpaid national demographers (consultants) in those countries. ..
- FAMILIES, COMMUNITIES AND YOUTH OUTCOMES IN SOUTH AFRICADavid Lam; Fiscal Year: 2005..The project will also analyze the effect of economic shocks and family disruption on the outcomes of young people such as school enrollment grade advancement and employment...
- PDE3 Inhibitors: Selective Blockers of Oocyte MaturationJeffrey Jensen; Fiscal Year: 2007..This approach is expected to provide a foundation for future Phase 1 trials of PDE3 inhibitors in humans. ..
- SWAN Sleep Study II - Michigan CenterMaryFran Sowers; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results can inform primary prevention of adverse health outcomes due to the menopause-related sleep disturbances. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- CENTER FOR LONGITUDINAL ANALYSIS IN MEDICAL DEMOGRAPHYKenneth Manton; Fiscal Year: 2004..abstract_text> ..