population dynamics

Summary

Summary: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Multiple causes of high extinction risk in large mammal species
    Marcel Cardillo
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK
    Science 309:1239-41. 2005
  2. ncbi Detecting the number of clusters of individuals using the software STRUCTURE: a simulation study
    G Evanno
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Biology Building, University of Lausanne, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Mol Ecol 14:2611-20. 2005
  3. ncbi CLUMPP: a cluster matching and permutation program for dealing with label switching and multimodality in analysis of population structure
    Mattias Jakobsson
    Center for Computational Medicine and Biology, Department of Human Genetics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Bioinformatics 23:1801-6. 2007
  4. ncbi Long-term region-wide declines in Caribbean corals
    Toby A Gardner
    School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Science 301:958-60. 2003
  5. ncbi Bayesian coalescent inference of past population dynamics from molecular sequences
    A J Drummond
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Mol Biol Evol 22:1185-92. 2005
  6. ncbi Unifying the epidemiological and evolutionary dynamics of pathogens
    Bryan T Grenfell
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EJ, UK
    Science 303:327-32. 2004
  7. doi The population dynamics and control of tuberculosis
    Christopher Dye
    World Health Organization, CH1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Science 328:856-61. 2010
  8. pmc Climate change threats to plant diversity in Europe
    Wilfried Thuiller
    Centre d Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unité Mixte de Recherche 5175, 1919 Route de Mende, 34293 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:8245-50. 2005
  9. doi Rapid range shifts of species associated with high levels of climate warming
    I Ching Chen
    Department of Biology, University of York, Wentworth Way, York YO10 5DD, UK
    Science 333:1024-6. 2011
  10. ncbi Founding events in species invasions: genetic variation, adaptive evolution, and the role of multiple introductions
    K M Dlugosch
    Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA
    Mol Ecol 17:431-49. 2008

Detail Information

Publications394 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Multiple causes of high extinction risk in large mammal species
    Marcel Cardillo
    Division of Biology, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK
    Science 309:1239-41. 2005
    ..Thus, the disadvantages of large size are greater than generally recognized, and future loss of large mammal biodiversity could be far more rapid than expected...
  2. ncbi Detecting the number of clusters of individuals using the software STRUCTURE: a simulation study
    G Evanno
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, Biology Building, University of Lausanne, CH 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
    Mol Ecol 14:2611-20. 2005
    ..As might be expected, the results are sensitive to the type of genetic marker used (AFLP vs. microsatellite), the number of loci scored, the number of populations sampled, and the number of individuals typed in each sample...
  3. ncbi CLUMPP: a cluster matching and permutation program for dealing with label switching and multimodality in analysis of population structure
    Mattias Jakobsson
    Center for Computational Medicine and Biology, Department of Human Genetics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Bioinformatics 23:1801-6. 2007
    ....
  4. ncbi Long-term region-wide declines in Caribbean corals
    Toby A Gardner
    School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Science 301:958-60. 2003
    ..The ability of Caribbean coral reefs to cope with future local and global environmental change may be irretrievably compromised...
  5. ncbi Bayesian coalescent inference of past population dynamics from molecular sequences
    A J Drummond
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Mol Biol Evol 22:1185-92. 2005
    We introduce the Bayesian skyline plot, a new method for estimating past population dynamics through time from a sample of molecular sequences without dependence on a prespecified parametric model of demographic history...
  6. ncbi Unifying the epidemiological and evolutionary dynamics of pathogens
    Bryan T Grenfell
    Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EJ, UK
    Science 303:327-32. 2004
    ..A central pillar of this model is the Evolutionary Infectivity Profile, which captures the relationship between immune selection and pathogen transmission...
  7. doi The population dynamics and control of tuberculosis
    Christopher Dye
    World Health Organization, CH1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Science 328:856-61. 2010
    ..Whatever the technology used, success depends critically on the social, institutional, and epidemiological context in which it is applied...
  8. pmc Climate change threats to plant diversity in Europe
    Wilfried Thuiller
    Centre d Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unité Mixte de Recherche 5175, 1919 Route de Mende, 34293 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:8245-50. 2005
    ..We found that risks of extinction for European plants may be large, even in moderate scenarios of climate change and despite inter-model variability...
  9. doi Rapid range shifts of species associated with high levels of climate warming
    I Ching Chen
    Department of Biology, University of York, Wentworth Way, York YO10 5DD, UK
    Science 333:1024-6. 2011
    ..Rapid average shifts derive from a wide diversity of responses by individual species...
  10. ncbi Founding events in species invasions: genetic variation, adaptive evolution, and the role of multiple introductions
    K M Dlugosch
    Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA
    Mol Ecol 17:431-49. 2008
    ..We conclude that management limiting gene flow among introduced populations may reduce adaptive potential but is unlikely to prevent expansion or the evolution of novel invasive behaviour...
  11. doi Global biodiversity: indicators of recent declines
    Stuart H M Butchart
    United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 0DL, UK
    Science 328:1164-8. 2010
    ....
  12. ncbi Phenotypic and genetic differentiation between native and introduced plant populations
    Oliver Bossdorf
    Department of Community Ecology, UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig Halle, Theodor Lieser Str 4, 06120, Halle, Germany
    Oecologia 144:1-11. 2005
    ..Moreover, it is important to address evolutionary change in characteristics other than defence and growth that could play a role in plant invasions...
  13. ncbi Causes and consequences of animal dispersal strategies: relating individual behaviour to spatial dynamics
    Diana E Bowler
    UUniversity of Aberdeen, School of Biological Sciences, Tillydrone Avenue, Aberdeen
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 80:205-25. 2005
    ..Further studies are necessary to explore the importance of incorporating specific condition-dependent dispersal strategies for evolutionary and population dynamic predictions...
  14. doi Trophic downgrading of planet Earth
    James A Estes
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA
    Science 333:301-6. 2011
    ..These findings emphasize the urgent need for interdisciplinary research to forecast the effects of trophic downgrading on process, function, and resilience in global ecosystems...
  15. ncbi Phase shifts, herbivory, and the resilience of coral reefs to climate change
    Terence P Hughes
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville QLD 4811, Australia
    Curr Biol 17:360-5. 2007
    ....
  16. ncbi Partitioning diversity into independent alpha and beta components
    Lou Jost
    Ecology 88:2427-39. 2007
    ....
  17. ncbi Global trajectories of the long-term decline of coral reef ecosystems
    John M Pandolfi
    Department of Paleobiology, MRC 121, National Museum of Natural History, Post Office Box 37012, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20013 7012, USA
    Science 301:955-8. 2003
    ..All reefs were substantially degraded long before outbreaks of coral disease and bleaching. Regardless of these new threats, reefs will not survive without immediate protection from human exploitation over large spatial scales...
  18. ncbi Widespread amphibian extinctions from epidemic disease driven by global warming
    J Alan Pounds
    Golden Toad Laboratory for Conservation, Monteverde Cloud Forest Preserve and Tropical Science Center, Santa Elena, Puntarenas 5655 73, Costa Rica
    Nature 439:161-7. 2006
    ..With climate change promoting infectious disease and eroding biodiversity, the urgency of reducing greenhouse-gas concentrations is now undeniable...
  19. pmc Genetic consequences of climatic oscillations in the Quaternary
    G M Hewitt
    School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 359:183-95; discussion 195. 2004
    ..The associated population dynamics varied with life history and geography, and the present genetic constitution of the populations and species ..
  20. ncbi Depletion, degradation, and recovery potential of estuaries and coastal seas
    Heike K Lotze
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
    Science 312:1806-9. 2006
    ..Our results provide detailed historical baselines and quantitative targets for ecosystem-based management and marine conservation...
  21. pmc Modelling the impact of vector control interventions on Anopheles gambiae population dynamics
    Michael T White
    MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Parasit Vectors 4:153. 2011
    ..Understanding the population dynamics of Anopheles mosquitoes throughout their whole lifecycle is important to assess the likely impact of vector ..
  22. ncbi Ecological and immunological determinants of influenza evolution
    Neil M Ferguson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 422:428-33. 2003
    ....
  23. ncbi Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services
    Boris Worm
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4J1
    Science 314:787-90. 2006
    ..Yet available data suggest that at this point, these trends are still reversible...
  24. ncbi Global dispersal of free-living microbial eukaryote species
    Bland J Finlay
    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Windermere, Ferry House, Ambleside, Cumbria LA22 0LP, UK
    Science 296:1061-3. 2002
    ....
  25. pmc Species-specific responses of Late Quaternary megafauna to climate and humans
    Eline D Lorenzen
    Centre for GeoGenetics, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 5 7, DK 1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark
    Nature 479:359-64. 2011
    ....
  26. doi The impact of conservation on the status of the world's vertebrates
    Michael Hoffmann
    IUCN SSC Species Survival Commission, c o United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 0DL, UK
    Science 330:1503-9. 2010
    ..Nonetheless, current conservation efforts remain insufficient to offset the main drivers of biodiversity loss in these groups: agricultural expansion, logging, overexploitation, and invasive alien species...
  27. pmc Population dynamics and habitat sharing of natural populations of Caenorhabditis elegans and C. briggsae
    Marie Anne Felix
    Institut Jacques Monod, CNRS University of Paris VII, France
    BMC Biol 10:59. 2012
    ..Very little is known, however, about its ecology, including where it proliferates. In the past, C. elegans was mainly isolated from human-made compost heaps, where it was overwhelmingly found in the non-feeding dauer diapause stage...
  28. ncbi Seasonality and the dynamics of infectious diseases
    Sonia Altizer
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
    Ecol Lett 9:467-84. 2006
    ..in temperature, rainfall and resource availability are ubiquitous and can exert strong pressures on population dynamics. Infectious diseases provide some of the best-studied examples of the role of seasonality in shaping ..
  29. ncbi Detection of reduction in population size using data from microsatellite loci
    J C Garza
    Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Mol Ecol 10:305-18. 2001
    ..This method, and others like it, promises to be an important tool for the conservation and management of populations that are in need of intervention or recovery...
  30. doi Genetic discontinuity between local hunter-gatherers and central Europe's first farmers
    B Bramanti
    Institute for Anthropology, University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany
    Science 326:137-40. 2009
    ..Together, these analyses provide persuasive evidence that the first farmers were not the descendants of local hunter-gatherers but immigrated into central Europe at the onset of the Neolithic...
  31. pmc Development of a new version of the Liverpool Malaria Model. I. Refining the parameter settings and mathematical formulation of basic processes based on a literature review
    Volker Ermert
    Institute of Geophysics and Meteorology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
    Malar J 10:35. 2011
    ..In this study, the parameter settings of the LMM are refined and a new mathematical formulation of key processes related to the growth and size of the vector population are developed...
  32. pmc A malaria transmission-directed model of mosquito life cycle and ecology
    Philip A Eckhoff
    Intellectual Ventures Laboratory, 1600 132nd Ave NE, Bellevue, WA 98004, USA
    Malar J 10:303. 2011
    ..Mathematical models for planning malaria eradication benefit from detailed representations of local mosquito populations, their natural dynamics and their response to campaign pressures...
  33. pmc Accelerating loss of seagrasses across the globe threatens coastal ecosystems
    Michelle Waycott
    School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:12377-81. 2009
    ..9% yr(-1) before 1940 to 7% yr(-1) since 1990. Seagrass loss rates are comparable to those reported for mangroves, coral reefs, and tropical rainforests and place seagrass meadows among the most threatened ecosystems on earth...
  34. doi Predicting ecological consequences of marine top predator declines
    Michael R Heithaus
    Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, North Miami, FL 33181, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 23:202-10. 2008
    ..We conclude that marine predators should be managed for the maintenance of both density- and risk-driven ecological processes, and not demographic persistence alone...
  35. pmc Smooth skyride through a rough skyline: Bayesian coalescent-based inference of population dynamics
    Vladimir N Minin
    Department of Statistics, University of Washington, USA
    Mol Biol Evol 25:1459-71. 2008
    ..To approximate the posterior distribution of the population dynamics, we use efficient, fast mixing Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithms designed for highly structured Gaussian ..
  36. ncbi Asymmetric mating interactions drive widespread invasion and displacement in a whitefly
    Shu Sheng Liu
    Institute of Insect Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China
    Science 318:1769-72. 2007
    ..Such asymmetric mating interactions may be critical to determining the capacity of a haplodiploid invader and the consequences for its closely related indigenous organisms...
  37. ncbi Genetic variation increases during biological invasion by a Cuban lizard
    Jason J Kolbe
    Department of Biology, Campus Box 1137, Washington University, Saint Louis, Missouri 63130 4899, USA
    Nature 431:177-81. 2004
    ..If these costs are to be mitigated, a greater understanding of the causes, progression and consequences of biological invasions is needed...
  38. ncbi Climate change and population declines in a long-distance migratory bird
    Christiaan Both
    Netherlands Institute of Ecology NIOO KNAW, PO Box 40, 6666ZG Heteren, The Netherlands
    Nature 441:81-3. 2006
    ..Mistiming as a result of climate change is probably a widespread phenomenon, and here we provide evidence that it can lead to population declines...
  39. pmc Population dynamics of Anopheles gambiae s.l. in Bobo-Dioulasso city: bionomics, infection rate and susceptibility to insecticides
    Roch K Dabire
    Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé Centre Muraz, 01 BP 390, Bobo Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso
    Parasit Vectors 5:127. 2012
    ..gambiae s.l. population...
  40. ncbi A standardized genetic differentiation measure
    Philip W Hedrick
    School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe 85287 4501, USA
    Evolution 59:1633-8. 2005
    ....
  41. ncbi Climate change and distribution shifts in marine fishes
    Allison L Perry
    Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Conservation, School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Science 308:1912-5. 2005
    ..Further temperature rises are likely to have profound impacts on commercial fisheries through continued shifts in distribution and alterations in community interactions...
  42. doi Ecological dynamics across the Arctic associated with recent climate change
    Eric Post
    Department of Biology, Penn State University, 208 Mueller Lab, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Science 325:1355-8. 2009
    ..We highlight areas of ecological research that deserve priority as the Arctic continues to warm...
  43. ncbi Confounding factors in the detection of species responses to habitat fragmentation
    Robert M Ewers
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 81:117-42. 2006
    ..To conclude, we emphasise that anthropogenic fragmentation is a recent phenomenon in evolutionary time and suggest that the final, long-term impacts of habitat fragmentation may not yet have shown themselves...
  44. pmc Emerging infectious disease and the loss of biodiversity in a Neotropical amphibian community
    Karen R Lips
    Department of Zoology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, 62901 6501, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:3165-70. 2006
    ..The high virulence and large number of potential hosts of this emerging infectious disease threaten global amphibian diversity...
  45. doi ABC as a flexible framework to estimate demography over space and time: some cons, many pros
    G Bertorelle
    Department of Biology and Evolution, University of Ferrara, Via Borsari 46, 44100 Ferrara, Italy
    Mol Ecol 19:2609-25. 2010
    ..In this paper we will describe and critically comment on the different steps of an ABC analysis, analyse some of the published applications of ABC and provide user guidelines...
  46. doi Tracking apex marine predator movements in a dynamic ocean
    B A Block
    Stanford University, Biology Department, Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, California 93950, USA
    Nature 475:86-90. 2011
    ..We identify critical habitats across multinational boundaries and show that top predators exploit their environment in predictable ways, providing the foundation for spatial management of large marine ecosystems...
  47. pmc Factors affecting population dynamics of maternally transmitted endosymbionts in Bemisia tabaci
    Huipeng Pan
    Department of Plant Protection, Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e30760. 2012
    ..Taken together, at least three factors including biotype, host plant and geographical location affect the infection dynamics of S-symbionts in B. tabaci...
  48. doi Informed dispersal, heterogeneity in animal dispersal syndromes and the dynamics of spatially structured populations
    Jean Clobert
    Station d Ecologie Expérimentale du CNRS à Moulis, USR 2936, Moulis, Saint Girons, France
    Ecol Lett 12:197-209. 2009
    ..and external information have the potential to generate complex movement patterns and could influence population dynamics and colonization processes...
  49. ncbi Cascading effects of the loss of apex predatory sharks from a coastal ocean
    Ransom A Myers
    Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, 1355 Oxford Street, Halifax, NS B3H 4J1, Canada
    Science 315:1846-50. 2007
    ..Analogous top-down effects may be a predictable consequence of eliminating entire functional groups of predators...
  50. ncbi Genetic assignment methods for the direct, real-time estimation of migration rate: a simulation-based exploration of accuracy and power
    David Paetkau
    Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
    Mol Ecol 13:55-65. 2004
    ....
  51. ncbi Dispersal of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti within and between rural communities
    Laura C Harrington
    Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14850, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 72:209-20. 2005
    ..Results demonstrate that adult Ae. aegypti disperse relatively short distances, suggesting that people rather than mosquitoes are the primary mode of dengue virus dissemination within and among communities...
  52. pmc A weather-driven model of malaria transmission
    Moshe B Hoshen
    Virtual Population Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZE, UK
    Malar J 3:32. 2004
    ..Climate is a major driving force behind malaria transmission and climate data are often used to account for the spatial, seasonal and interannual variation in malaria transmission...
  53. ncbi Assessing tiger population dynamics using photographic capture-recapture sampling
    K Ullas Karanth
    Wildlife Conservation Society India Program, Centre for Wildlife Studies, 26 2, Aga Abbas Ali Road Apt 403, Bangalore, Karnataka 560 042, India
    Ecology 87:2925-37. 2006
    ..species, such as the tiger, are of scientific and conservation interest, rigorous inferences about their population dynamics are scarce because of methodological problems of sampling populations at the required spatial and temporal ..
  54. ncbi Ecological effects of climate fluctuations
    Nils Chr Stenseth
    Department of Biology, Division of Zoology, University of Oslo, Post Office Box 1050 Blindern, N 0316 Oslo, Norway
    Science 297:1292-6. 2002
    ..We review how two of the best-known climate phenomena-the North Atlantic Oscillation and the El Niño-Southern Oscillation-affect ecological patterns and processes in both marine and terrestrial systems...
  55. ncbi Connectivity of marine populations: open or closed?
    R K Cowen
    Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33149, USA
    Science 287:857-9. 2000
    ..The alternative process of larval retention near local populations is shown to exist and may be of great importance in the maintenance of marine population structure and management of coastal marine resources...
  56. ncbi Coral reef fish larvae settle close to home
    Geoffrey P Jones
    Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, School of Marine Biology and Aquaculture, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia
    Curr Biol 15:1314-8. 2005
    Population connectivity through larval dispersal is an essential parameter in models of marine population dynamics and the optimal size and spacing of marine reserves...
  57. doi The status of the world's land and marine mammals: diversity, threat, and knowledge
    Jan Schipper
    International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN Species Programme, IUCN, 28 Rue Mauverney, 1196 Gland, Switzerland
    Science 322:225-30. 2008
    ..Marine mammals are also disproportionately poorly known. These data are made freely available to support further scientific developments and conservation action...
  58. pmc Unified framework to evaluate panmixia and migration direction among multiple sampling locations
    Peter Beerli
    Department of Scientific Computing, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
    Genetics 185:313-26. 2010
    ....
  59. doi The late Pleistocene dispersal of modern humans in the Americas
    Ted Goebel
    Center for the Study of the First Americans, Department of Anthropology, Texas A and M University, 4352 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843 4352, USA
    Science 319:1497-502. 2008
    ..If this is the time of colonization, geological data from western Canada suggest that humans dispersed along the recently deglaciated Pacific coastline...
  60. pmc Maximum-likelihood estimation of migration rates and effective population numbers in two populations using a coalescent approach
    P Beerli
    Department of Genetics, University of Washington, Box 357360, Seattle, Washington 98195 7360, USA
    Genetics 152:763-73. 1999
    ..The estimates are as good as or better than those from an optimized FST-based measure. The program is available on the World Wide Web at http://evolution.genetics. washington.edu/lamarc.html/...
  61. doi Population diversity and the portfolio effect in an exploited species
    Daniel E Schindler
    School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Box 355020, Seattle, Washington 98195 5020, USA
    Nature 465:609-12. 2010
    ..The reliability of ecosystem services will erode faster than indicated by species loss alone...
  62. ncbi Multiple transatlantic introductions of the western corn rootworm
    Nicholas Miller
    Biologie des Populations en Interaction, Unité Mixte de Recherche UMR 1112 Institute National de la Recherche Agronomique INRA Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, 400 Route des Chappes, 06903 Sophia Antipolis Cedex, France
    Science 310:992. 2005
    ..This result raises questions about changing circumstances that have enabled a sudden burst of transatlantic introductions...
  63. ncbi Local replenishment of coral reef fish populations in a marine reserve
    Glenn R Almany
    Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville QLD 4811, Australia
    Science 316:742-4. 2007
    ..If natal homing of larvae is a common life-history strategy, the appropriate spatial scales for the management and conservation of coral reefs are likely to be much smaller than previously assumed...
  64. ncbi Freshwater biodiversity: importance, threats, status and conservation challenges
    David Dudgeon
    Department of Ecology and Biodiversity, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 81:163-82. 2006
    ..Recognition of this need will require adoption of a new paradigm for biodiversity protection and freshwater ecosystem management - one that has been appropriately termed 'reconciliation ecology'...
  65. pmc Population dynamics of Aedes aegypti and dengue as influenced by weather and human behavior in San Juan, Puerto Rico
    Roberto Barrera
    Entomology and Ecology Activity, Dengue Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Calle Cañada, San Juan, Puerto Rico
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1378. 2011
    ..Peaks in mosquito density preceded maximum dengue incidence; and 5. Ae. aegypti dynamics were driven by weather and human activity and oviposition was significantly correlated with dengue incidence...
  66. ncbi Parallel declines in pollinators and insect-pollinated plants in Britain and the Netherlands
    J C Biesmeijer
    Institute of Integrative and Comparative Biology and Earth and Biosphere Institute, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK
    Science 313:351-4. 2006
    ..Taken together, these findings strongly suggest a causal connection between local extinctions of functionally linked plant and pollinator species...
  67. ncbi HIV evolutionary dynamics within and among hosts
    Philippe Lemey
    Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    AIDS Rev 8:125-40. 2006
    ..Characterizing the impact of HIV transmission on viral genetic diversity will be a key factor in reconciling the different population genetic processes within and among hosts...
  68. pmc Population dynamics of antibiotic treatment: a mathematical model and hypotheses for time-kill and continuous-culture experiments
    Bruce R Levin
    Department of Biology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 54:3414-26. 2010
    ..A mathematical model combining the pharmacodynamics (PD) of antibiotics with the population dynamics of bacteria exposed to these drugs in batch and continuous cultures was developed, and its properties were ..
  69. ncbi Introduced species and their missing parasites
    Mark E Torchin
    Marine Science Institute and Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA
    Nature 421:628-30. 2003
    ....
  70. pmc The nested assembly of plant-animal mutualistic networks
    Jordi Bascompte
    Integrative Ecology Group, Estacion Biologica de Donana, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Apartado 1056, E 41080 Sevilla, Spain
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:9383-7. 2003
    ..Our results indicate a nonrandom pattern of community organization that may be relevant for our understanding of the organization and persistence of biodiversity...
  71. doi Scenarios for global biodiversity in the 21st century
    Henrique M Pereira
    Centro de Biologia Ambiental, Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade de Lisboa, 1749 016 Lisboa, Portugal
    Science 330:1496-501. 2010
    ..However, the range of projected changes is much broader than most studies suggest, partly because there are major opportunities to intervene through better policies, but also because of large uncertainties in projections...
  72. ncbi Emphasizing the ecology in parasite community ecology
    Amy B Pedersen
    Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30605, USA
    Trends Ecol Evol 22:133-9. 2007
    ..We discuss insights offered by this mechanistic approach that will be crucial for predicting the impact on wildlife and human health of disease control measures, climate change or novel parasite species introductions...
  73. doi An emerging disease causes regional population collapse of a common North American bat species
    Winifred F Frick
    Center for Ecology and Conservation Biology CECB, Department of Biology, Boston University, 5 Cummington Street, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Science 329:679-82. 2010
    ..Novel diseases can have serious impacts on naïve wildlife populations, which in turn can have substantial impacts on ecosystem integrity...
  74. pmc A method for investigating population declines of migratory birds using stable isotopes: origins of harvested lesser scaup in North America
    Keith A Hobson
    Environment Canada, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
    PLoS ONE 4:e7915. 2009
    ..This is especially true for species that breed in remote northern areas where field-based demographic assessments are logistically challenging...
  75. doi Recent changes in phytoplankton communities associated with rapid regional climate change along the western Antarctic Peninsula
    Martin Montes-Hugo
    Coastal Ocean Observation Lab, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Science 323:1470-3. 2009
    ..Regional changes in phytoplankton coincide with observed changes in krill (Euphausia superba) and penguin populations...
  76. ncbi Coexistence of the niche and neutral perspectives in community ecology
    Mathew A Leibold
    Section of Integrative Biology, University of Texas at Austin, 78612, USA
    Ecology 87:1399-410. 2006
    ..Future work should focus on synthesizing niche and neutral perspectives rather than dichotomously debating whether neutral or niche models provide better explanations for community structure and biodiversity...
  77. pmc A movement ecology paradigm for unifying organismal movement research
    Ran Nathan
    Movement Ecology Laboratory, Department of Evolution, Systematics and Ecology, Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:19052-9. 2008
    ..Now we must consider in general the common reason for moving with any movement whatever." (Aristotle, De Motu Animalium, 4th century B.C.)...
  78. pmc A simulation model of African Anopheles ecology and population dynamics for the analysis of malaria transmission
    Jean Marc O Depinay
    Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, 16 Center Drive, Bethesda MD 20892, USA
    Malar J 3:29. 2004
    ..However, malaria remains uncontrolled and is increasing in many areas, as are vector and parasite resistance to insecticides and drugs...
  79. ncbi Multievent: an extension of multistate capture-recapture models to uncertain states
    Roger Pradel
    CEFE, UMR 5175, 1919 Route de Mende, F 34293 Montpellier, Cedex 05, France
    Biometrics 61:442-7. 2005
    ..I also show in this article that the memory model, in which the next state or location is influenced by the previous state occupied, can be fully treated within the framework of multievent models...
  80. ncbi Community assembly: when should history matter?
    Jonathan M Chase
    Department of Biology, Washington University, Campus Box 1137, St Louis, MO 63130 4899, USA
    Oecologia 136:489-98. 2003
    ..I illustrate preliminary evidence for these predictions from an observational study of small pond communities, and show important effects on community similarity, as well as on local and regional species richness...
  81. doi The merging of community ecology and phylogenetic biology
    Jeannine Cavender-Bares
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA
    Ecol Lett 12:693-715. 2009
    ..Harnessing phylogenetic information to understand and forecast changes in diversity and dynamics of communities is a critical step in managing and restoring the Earth's biota in a time of rapid global change...
  82. doi Something in the way you move: dispersal pathways affect invasion success
    John R U Wilson
    Centre for Invasion Biology, Department of Botany and Zoology, Stellenbosch University, Matieland 7602, South Africa
    Trends Ecol Evol 24:136-44. 2009
    ..Moreover, elucidation of the mechanistic properties of dispersal pathways is crucial for scientists and managers who wish to assist, minimise or prevent future movements of organisms...
  83. ncbi Spillover edge effects: the dispersal of agriculturally subsidized insect natural enemies into adjacent natural habitats
    Tatyana A Rand
    Agroecology, University of Gottingen, Waldweg 26, 37073 Gottingen, Germany
    Ecol Lett 9:603-14. 2006
    ..More empirical work examining the prevalence and significance of such natural enemy spillover will be critical to a broader understanding of fragmentation impacts on insect predator-prey interactions...
  84. doi Larval export from marine reserves and the recruitment benefit for fish and fisheries
    Hugo B Harrison
    School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Curr Biol 22:1023-8. 2012
    ..Our results provide compelling evidence that adequately protected reserve networks can make a significant contribution to the replenishment of populations on both reserve and fished reefs at a scale that benefits local stakeholders...
  85. doi Rebuilding global fisheries
    Boris Worm
    Biology Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4J1, Canada
    Science 325:578-85. 2009
    ..Impacts of international fleets and the lack of alternatives to fishing complicate prospects for rebuilding fisheries in many poorer regions, highlighting the need for a global perspective on rebuilding marine resources...
  86. doi Origins and genetic legacy of Neolithic farmers and hunter-gatherers in Europe
    Pontus Skoglund
    Department of Evolutionary Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
    Science 336:466-9. 2012
    ..Our results suggest that migration from southern Europe catalyzed the spread of agriculture and that admixture in the wake of this expansion eventually shaped the genomic landscape of modern-day Europe...
  87. ncbi Quantitative evidence for global amphibian population declines
    J E Houlahan
    Ottawa Carleton Institute of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Nature 404:752-5. 2000
    ..These results suggest that while large-scale trends show considerable geographical and temporal variability, amphibian populations are in fact declining--and that this decline has been happening for several decades...
  88. ncbi Global analysis of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of primary producers in freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystems
    James J Elser
    School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
    Ecol Lett 10:1135-42. 2007
    ..Thus, contrary to some prevailing paradigms, freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystems are surprisingly similar in terms of N and P limitation...
  89. pmc Population dynamics of tuberculous Bacilli in Cameroon as assessed by spoligotyping
    Francioli Koro Koro
    Mycobacteriology Service, Reference Laboratory of NTP, Centre Pasteur of Cameroon, Cameroon Pasteur Institute International Network, Yaounde, Cameroon
    J Clin Microbiol 51:299-302. 2013
    ..9% of cases and evidenced the rapid quasi extinction of Mycobacterium africanum, isolated in 3.3% of tuberculosis cases...
  90. doi Language phylogenies reveal expansion pulses and pauses in Pacific settlement
    R D Gray
    Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
    Science 323:479-83. 2009
    ....
  91. ncbi Neutral macroecology
    G Bell
    Redpath Museum, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3A 2K6
    Science 293:2413-8. 2001
    ..More fundamentally, neutral community models provide a general theory for biodiversity and conservation biology capable of predicting the fundamental processes and patterns of community ecology...
  92. ncbi Ongoing collapse of coral-reef shark populations
    William D Robbins
    School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia
    Curr Biol 16:2314-9. 2006
    ..Further steps are urgently required for protecting this critical functional group from ecological extinction...
  93. pmc Complex population dynamics and the coalescent under neutrality
    Erik M Volz
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Genetics 190:187-201. 2012
    ..The problem of inference is exacerbated when the mechanisms underlying population dynamics are complex and depend on many parameters...
  94. doi Impact of a century of climate change on small-mammal communities in Yosemite National Park, USA
    Craig Moritz
    Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
    Science 322:261-4. 2008
    ..Elevational replacement among congeners changed because species' responses were idiosyncratic. Though some high-elevation species are threatened, protection of elevation gradients allows other species to respond via migration...
  95. pmc Modeling the effects of weather and climate change on malaria transmission
    Paul Edward Parham
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Grantham Institute for Climate Change, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
    Environ Health Perspect 118:620-6. 2010
    ....
  96. pmc Phylogeography and population dynamics of dengue viruses in the Americas
    Orchid M Allicock
    Department of Preclinical Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of the West Indies, St Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
    Mol Biol Evol 29:1533-43. 2012
    ..However, for DENV-3 and DENV-4, the more stochastic "equal rates" model was preferred...
  97. doi The impact of climate change on the world's marine ecosystems
    Ove Hoegh-Guldberg
    Ocean and Coasts Program, Global Change Institute, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
    Science 328:1523-8. 2010
    ..Further change will continue to create enormous challenges and costs for societies worldwide, particularly those in developing countries...
  98. ncbi Climate change affects marine fishes through the oxygen limitation of thermal tolerance
    Hans O Portner
    Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Animal Ecophysiology, Postfach 12 01 61, 27515 Bremerhaven, Germany
    Science 315:95-7. 2007
    ..Decrements in aerobic performance in warming seas will thus be the first process to cause extinction or relocation to cooler waters...
  99. ncbi Long-term studies of vegetation dynamics
    M Rees
    Imperial College and NERC Centre for Population Biology, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berks SL5 7PY, UK
    Science 293:650-5. 2001
    ..Hence, greater understanding of how Earth's vegetation functions will likely require integration of ecosystem science with ideas from plant evolutionary, population, and community ecology...
  100. ncbi Ecological and evolutionary processes at expanding range margins
    C D Thomas
    Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation, School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
    Nature 411:577-81. 2001
    ..The emergence of dispersive phenotypes will increase the speed at which species invade new environments, and probably underlies the responses of many species to both past and future climate change...
  101. doi Linking climate change to lemming cycles
    Kyrre L Kausrud
    Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, University of Oslo, PO Box 1066 Blindern, N 0316 Oslo, Norway
    Nature 456:93-7. 2008
    ..Climate change is known to be able to drive animal population dynamics between stable and cyclic phases, and has been suggested to cause the recent changes in cyclic dynamics of ..

Research Grants78

  1. Novel genomic effects of Y-linked polymorphisms
    Daniel L Hartl; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We will also develop theoretical models for the population dynamics of polymorphic Y chromosomes associated with YRV to determine whether a model based on competitive binding ..
  2. Placental Treg Activation and Pregnancy Outcome in the FIV-infected Cat Model
    GREGORY TODD PHARR; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This information supports the following hypotheses: 1) Altered population dynamics and function of placental Tregs occurs as a result of FIV infection of these cells...
  3. Genetic Interactions and Synthetic Population Biology
    Michael B Elowitz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and manipulation of the nature and strength of epistasis, and enable direct real time measurements of population dynamics. Our collaborative research plan tightly integrates theoretical and experimental approaches and the ..
  4. Chronic Toll-like Receptor Ligation and Hematopoietic Stem Cell Aging
    Brandt L Esplin; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will determine if chronic TLR stimulation alters HSC integrity by evaluating bone marrow population dynamics, surface phenotypes, and progenitor cell cycle status during treatment, and throughout age-accelerating ..
  5. Modulation of T cell Homeostasis in Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)
    Javier Pinilla; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In Aim 2, studies are designed to identify the mechanisms responsible for changes in T-cell population dynamics in response to leukemia-associated antigens after MDS patients are treated in vivo with lenalidomide ..
  6. Evo-epidemiology of Scistosoma mansoni in children in Kenya
    ERIC SAMUEL LOKER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This information will be valuable for understanding transmission dynamics, spread of novel traits such as drug resistance, and population dynamics of schistosomes.
  7. Analysis of Hair Cell Regeneration in Zebrafish
    ALEJANDRO SANCHEZ ALVARADO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..First, the location and population dynamics of stem cells and surrounding niche cells in normal and regenerating neuromasts will be determined, which ..
  8. Cooperative Multicenter Maternal Fetal Medicine Units Networks
    John M Thorp; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This is particularly important in North Carolina as the state ranks in the bottom third of the nation with regard to perinatal/maternal health and infant mortality. ..
  9. RNA Dynamics of Transient Macromolecular Complexes in Cancer Cells
    Jack D Keene; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..While protein components of RNP granules have been studied in mammalian cells, quantitative RNA population dynamics have not been analyzed for lack of suitable technologies...
  10. Plan for Cardiovascular Research Training in Advanced Biostatistics, Aging, and H
    Dorairaj Prabhakaran; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..As such, this proposal aims to strengthen the collaboration between CCDC, Northwestern, and AIIMS by creating an effective research training plan for a future D43 application in Year 2 to address these needs. ..
  11. Evolution of interactions between Wolbachia and its hosts: Drosophila model syste
    Michael Turelli; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This project aims to develop a deep understanding of Wolbachia population dynamics and evolution by: (1) expanding field and laboratory analyses of wRi-simulans and wMel-melanogaster, and (2)..
  12. Selective Migration and the Macro Demographic Consequences of Armed Conflict
    NATHALIE ELIZABETH WILLIAMS; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..team using agent-based models to examine the consequences of rapid social and environmental change on population dynamics will also provide experience, tools, and relationships that will help me to complete the proposed project...
  13. Selective Migration and the Macro Demographic Consequences of Armed Conflict
    NATHALIE ELIZABETH WILLIAMS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..team using agent-based models to examine the consequences of rapid social and environmental change on population dynamics will also provide experience, tools, and relationships that will help me to complete the proposed project...
  14. Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in West Africa: the Parasite, Vector and Disease
    Seydou Doumbia; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..will be compared with regard to intensity and prevalence of cutaneous leishmania infection, sand fly vector population dynamics, and disease pathogenesis with a focus on parasite and host factors and the immune response to candidate ..
  15. Local health impacts of Prescription Monitoring Program use
    Traci C Green; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..it is unknown how PMP use may impact other nonmedical prescription opioid use behavior, may influence population dynamics of subpopulations of users and nonmedical users, may alter local availability, and may affect street price...
  16. Intra Cavitary Pharmacokinetics and Drug Resistance in Pulmonary Tuberculosis
    RUSSELL RYAN KEMPKER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..sputum) to determine if cavities are sites of drug resistance development and amplification and to study population dynamics of MTB within the cavitary environment...
  17. Use of massively parallel sequencing for identification of B. burgdorferi virulen
    Tao Lin; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Little is currently known about he population dynamics of how Borrelia survive and disseminate to distal sites...
  18. Diapause in Culex Mosquitoes
    David W Severson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Results from laboratory experiments will then be evaluated among natural populations representing Cx. pipiens s.s. and Cx. quinquefasciatus. ..
  19. Targeting Altered Redox Metabolism in Lapatinib-resistant Breast Cancer
    KEISHA NICOLE HARDEMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Furthermore, the population dynamics of sensitive and resistant cells treated with anti- HER2 and phenformin will be interrogated using acute ..
  20. Longer Term Effects of a Natural Disaster on Health and Socio-Economic Status
    ELIZABETH A FRANKENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..To characterize population dynamics after a high mortality disaster, we will conduct brief interviews with a new cross-section of households in ..
  21. FUNCTIONS OF PREGNANCY SPECIFIC GLYCOPROTEINS
    Gabriela S Dveksler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We expect that the results obtained will ultimately aid in the development of new therapeutic strategies for women suffering from recurrent pregnancy looses and for the management of Th-1 driven autoimmune diseases. ..
  22. Developing Anti-viral Ribozymes to Suppress Arboviruses in Transgenic Mosquitoes
    Malcolm J Fraser; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The ultimate goal is to be able to provide mosquito strains that will be useful in simultaneously eliminating two or more of these viral diseases. ..
  23. Engineering vascular replacements for strength and elasticity
    Thomas N Wight; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..as the "gold standard" for performance) according to the following criteria: 1) cell orientation and population dynamics;2) composition and organization of the ECM produced by the cells;3) mechanical properties, including stress-..
  24. Determinants of HIV Dynamics and Variation
    JOSE ORLANDO MALDONADO-ORTIZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..A better understand HIV-1 population dynamics in the context of antiretroviral therapy is important for predicting disease progression, the durability of ..
  25. Ecological population structure and emergence of virulent Vibrio parahaemolyticus
    VAUGHN COOPER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our focal question is: how do environmental factors drive the population dynamics of Vp? We hypothesize that Vp strains that vary in virulence traits are associated with certain ..
  26. Integrated Samples of Eurasian Censuses
    ROBERT EDWARD MCCAA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..By opening new avenues for investigating the causes and consequences of population dynamics, this infrastructure directly addresses the priorities of the Demographic and Behavioral Sciences Branch of ..
  27. Naive T cell homeostasis: Treg selection and survival
    Christophe O Benoist; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We propose to study: 1) Cellular mechanisms of homeostatic control of Treg cells. We will assess Treg population dynamics (thymic export, survival, expansion, conversion in lymphopenic environments, homeostasis in extra-lymphoid ..
  28. Environmental filters and medically important container mosquitoes
    Donald A Yee; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..lacking, although such an approach, like the one proposed here, will aid the ability to better understand disease dynamics through having a better ability to forecast population dynamics of medically important container species.
  29. Modeling the development and maintenance of peripheral naive T cell populations
    Andrew Yates; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and the regulation of peripheral naove T cells by TCR and IL-7 signals combine to dictate naove T cell population dynamics, and precisely how the control of cell numbers is achieved...
  30. Predictive Mathematical Models for Rational Design of Chemoimmunotherapy of Leuke
    Craig A Mullen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Quantitative modeling of the kinetics of leukemia and T cell population dynamics in vivo is a necessary first step in the rational combination of existing immunological and pharmacological ..
  31. A multi-scale model to predict outcomes of immunomodulation and drug therapy duri
    JENNIFER JEAN LINDERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The specific aims are: Aim 1: Incorporate new components (IL-10, bacterial population dynamics) into our existing multi-scale lung granuloma model, and use the model to predict factors affecting control ..
  32. Endosymbiont, Arbovirus &Mosquito Interactions and the Disease Control
    Zhiyong Xi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  33. Sexual identity and germ cell differentiation in the Drosophila ovary
    HELEN KAREN SALZ; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..More generally, the information gained from our animal model studies will illuminate strategies used by RNA regulators to differentially regulate gene expression in time and space. ..
  34. Epidemiology and modeling of the population dynamics of influenza and antimicrobi
    Edward Goldstein; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The candidate intends to seek tenure track academic positions during years 3-5 of the K01 award. ..
  35. Occupational Exposure to PM2.5 and Cardiovascular Disease(CVD)
    MARK RICHARD CULLEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  36. Preventing Depression in Later Life: A Model for Low and Middle Income Countries
    Charles F Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  37. Replacement of vestibular hair cells in normal and damaged adult mice
    STEPHANIE ANN FURRER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Complete understanding of HC and SC population dynamics in adult mammals under normal conditions is needed to achieve this goal...
  38. Yellow Fever/Dengue Virus Competence in Aedes aegypt aegypti/formosus in Senegal
    William C Black; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our long term goal is to increase knowledge of local population dynamics to generate more focused, appropriate, and hopefully sustainable control strategies...
  39. Neurodevelopmental Genomics: Trajectories of Complex Phenotypes
    Raquel E Gur; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  40. 2/2 Neurodevelopmental Genomics: Trajectories of Complex Phenotypes
    Hakon Hakonarson; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  41. Notch Pathway Regulation of Intestinal Epithelial Cell Homeostasis
    Linda C Samuelson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..identify Notch-responsive genes and computational modeling will inform our understanding of progenitor cell population dynamics. Three specific aims are proposed: (1) Test the hypothesis that CBC stem cells are dynamically regulated by ..
  42. Baseline Microdata for Analysis of U.S. Demographic Change
    EVAN W ROBERTS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..for the nation: the new data will advance fundamental knowledge about the nature and behavior of human population dynamics. This basic infrastructure will stimulate health-related research on population growth and movement, ..
  43. Exposure to Traffic-Related Air Pollution and to Disability in Older Adults
    Jennifer Weuve; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This project will generate important evidence on the plausibility of a relation between air pollution exposure and disability, stimulating further work to confirm and elaborate any associations found. ..
  44. Population, land use &health dynamics;Biomass fuel use in sub-Saharan Africa
    PAMELA JAGGER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..tests the central hypothesis that meso and macro level variables including land use and land cover change, population dynamics, and variable rates of infrastructure and market development influence fuel and technology options, and in ..
  45. Evaluating Hztransib as a potential gene driving mechanism in Anophelene mosquito
    Xianchun Li; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..If successful, this project will constitute a major step toward the goal of replacing a wild vector population with a refractory one. ..
  46. Comprehensive Assessment of alpha/beta T-Cell Receptor Diversity
    Harlan Robins; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to YF-17D represents an ideal model system in which to define the natural history, clonal composition, and population dynamics of an effective acute antiviral T cell response...
  47. Molecular Epidemiology of HIV Transmission Networks
    PHILIP ANDREW CHAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and study design, to become skilled using molecular phylogenetics to study HIV transmission patterns and population dynamics, to acquire experience in HIV behavior and prevention sciences, and to receive proper training in the ..
  48. Family Size and Children's Education in Brazil
    Leticia J Marteleto; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  49. Erythroid Development in the Mammalian Embryo
    Margaret H Baron; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Pathways involved in erythroid development in the embryo may be dysregulated in leukemias and myelodysplastic disorders. The proposed studies should therefore be of broad biomedical significance. ..
  50. Population Dynamics an Evolutionary Capacity of Viral Quasispecies
    ADAM SCOTT LAURING; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The population-based approach outlined here is broadly applicable to this group of pathogens and may lead to novel therapeutic and preventive strategies. ..
  51. LUNG DISEASE IN CHINESE TEXTILE WORKERS
    David C Christiani; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The study addresses respiratory disease in the health outcome cross-sectors portion of the NIOSH extramural program portfolio. ..
  52. Integrated Demographic and Health Series (IDHS)
    ELIZABETH H BOYLE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed IDHS will advance fundamental knowledge about health and population dynamics across the developing world by unlocking access to the most comprehensive comparative data source...
  53. Specification of anterioposterior polarity in the mosquito, Chironomus
    URS C SCHMIDT-OTT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The experiments will result in a model for AP axis specification in Chironomus embryos that might be generally applicable for mosquitoes. ..
  54. Environmental Changes and Mosquito-Borne Diseases in Arid Environments
    John C Beier; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This project represents a unique opportunity to prospectively quantify vector-host-pathogen population dynamics in the context of unprecedented large-scale environmental perturbations in desert environments...
  55. Post-Thymic T-Cell Functional Heterogeneity
    Casey T Weaver; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The experimental approach is to examine population dynamics monoclonal populations of ab-TCR transgenic T cells or of pathogen-reactive polyclonal populations in vitro ..
  56. The Evolution of Bacteriophage Life History Traits
    Ing Nang Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..history traits when viral mutations feedback on selection pressures through their direct effects on the population dynamics of susceptible host densities...
  57. Ochlerotatus japonicus: Ecology of an Invasive Mosquito
    RICHARD FALCO; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Consequences of this competition will likely have broad impacts on the population dynamics of these mosquitoes as well as on the ecology of arboviruses they transmit. Our hypotheses are: 1) Oc...
  58. Impact of climate change on mosquito-borne arbovirus transmission
    C M Barker; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..dissemination within the poikilothermic arthropod vector and upon both arthropod vector and vertebrate host population dynamics related to hydrology and ecosystem dynamics...
  59. Genetic Variation in the ANGPT-TIE Pathway and Risk for Acute Lung Injury
    NUALA JENNINGS MEYER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  60. The variability of the lifespan phenotype in C.elegans
    Walter Fontana; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..By observing the effect of 2,000 separate gene mutations on aging worm populations, this project will provide insight about how genes work together to affect the aging process. ..
  61. Estimating Effects of Interventions in Longitudinal Data
    Miguel Hernan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will also develop software for these methods, and will make it publicly available. ..
  62. Low-frequency HIV-1 Drug Resistance in Primary HIV-1 Infection
    JOANNE DONNA STEKLER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..information on correlates of HIV-1 transmission that could be incorporated into future models of the population dynamics of drug resistance...
  63. POPULATION GENETICS OF AEDES AEGYPTI IN THE WEST INDIES
    David Severson; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..application describes experiments that directly extend results obtained in the parent project to study the population dynamics of Ae. aegypti particularly as it relates to mosquito control measures. Ae...
  64. INFECTION, IMMUNIZATION AND HOST POPULATION DYNAMICS
    A John; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  65. Multispecies competition, indirect effects, and invasion in mosquito communities
    STEVEN JULIANO; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..involving 4 species to test the hypothesis that indirect effects of competing species affect mosquito population dynamics. In a related field experiment, we will use a similar design to test the hypothesis that in nature, direct ..
  66. MODELS OF POPULATION DYNAMICS
    MYRON GUTMANN; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The third hypothesis is "Demographic Modernization," and it is based on relationships between education, technology and urbanization and fertility. We propose to treat and reformulate these...
  67. Ocular Inflammation-Chemical and Physiological Aspects
    CHRISTOPHER PATERSON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These studies will elucidate the link between prostaglandin receptors and ocular inflammatory responses. ..
  68. Modeling lymphatic filariasis transmission and eradication in Papua New Guinea
    Edwin Michael; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..meet four specific aims: 1) development and validation of a mathematical model specific to describing the population dynamics of LF by anopheline mosquitoes in PNG, 2) estimation and validation of intervention endpoints via the ..
  69. Rapid Analysis of Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness
    Edward Belongia; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Interim and annual estimates of VE with 95% confidence intervals will be provided to CDC, including overall VE and VE for each of the priority age groups. ..
  70. Population dynamics of sporogony in Thailand
    JEFFERSON VAUGHAN; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..process involving several morphologically distinct life stages and can be described in terms of parasite population dynamics. Most of our knowledge about sporogony comes from laboratory model systems...
  71. DEMOGRAPHIC AGING IN CAPTIVE BIRDS AND MAMMALS
    Robert Ricklefs; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  72. Cohort size and labor markets in developing countries
    JAYPEE SEVILLA; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We test these hypotheses by econometrically analyzing panel data on developing countries from 1960 to 1990 on population age structure, macroeconomic and demographic variables, and cohort-specific measures of labor force participation. ..
  73. Vector Population Modification Using Wolbachia Symbionts
    Stephen Dobson; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., maternal transmission rates and Wolbachia effects on host fitness), simplifying discrimination between Culex infection types, and improving methods for field cage evaluation of Wolbachia control strategies. ..
  74. SURVIVAL AND EXTINCTION IN RNA VIRUS POPULATIONS
    ISABEL NOVELLA; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..There is also an overall lack of data concerning the population dynamics of viral quasispecies, which is critical for understanding how viruses respond to environmental challenge...
  75. Naive T cell homeostasis: Treg selection and survival
    Christophe Benoist; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We propose to study: 1) Cellular mechanisms of homeostatic control of Treg cells. We will assess Treg population dynamics (thymic export, survival, expansion, conversion in lymphopenic environments, homeostasis in extra-lymphoid ..
  76. The Fertility Transition in Brazil: 1960-2000
    JOSEPH POTTER; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  77. Preventing and Caring for HIV/AIDS
    Jaime Sepulveda Amor; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..There is also emerging evidence that the demographic and population dynamics of Mexico, as well as the proximity and migration to the US, may mean a substantial number of people are at ..
  78. DEMOGRAPHIC AGING IN CAPTIVE BIRDS AND MAMMALS
    Robert Ricklefs; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....