nutritional status

Summary

Summary: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.

Top Publications

  1. doi Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences
    Robert E Black
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 371:243-60. 2008
  2. ncbi Breakfast habits, nutritional status, body weight, and academic performance in children and adolescents
    Gail C Rampersaud
    Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, SW 23rd Drive, FETL Building 685, Gainesville, FL 32611 0720, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 105:743-60; quiz 761-2. 2005
  3. ncbi Sex-specific, male-line transgenerational responses in humans
    Marcus E Pembrey
    Clinical and Molecular Genetics Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, England, UK
    Eur J Hum Genet 14:159-66. 2006
  4. pmc Maternal nutritional status, C(1) metabolism and offspring DNA methylation: a review of current evidence in human subjects
    Paula Dominguez-Salas
    MRC International Nutrition Group, EPH NPHIR, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Proc Nutr Soc 71:154-65. 2012
  5. ncbi Systemic inflammation, nutritional status and survival in patients with cancer
    Donald C McMillan
    University Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine University of Glasgow, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
    Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 12:223-6. 2009
  6. ncbi Food-chain selenium and human health: emphasis on intake
    Margaret P Rayman
    Nutritional Sciences Division, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK
    Br J Nutr 100:254-68. 2008
  7. pmc Changes in food insecurity, nutritional status, and physical health status after antiretroviral therapy initiation in rural Uganda
    Sheri D Weiser
    Department of Medicine, Division of HIV AIDS, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 61:179-86. 2012
  8. ncbi Anthropometric measurement error and the assessment of nutritional status
    S J Ulijaszek
    Institute of Biological Anthropology, University of Oxford, UK
    Br J Nutr 82:165-77. 1999
  9. pmc Effect of preventive supplementation with ready-to-use therapeutic food on the nutritional status, mortality, and morbidity of children aged 6 to 60 months in Niger: a cluster randomized trial
    Sheila Isanaka
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 301:277-85. 2009
  10. ncbi Global iodine status in 2011 and trends over the past decade
    Maria Andersson
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food, Nutrition, and Health, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Nutr 142:744-50. 2012

Detail Information

Publications364 found, 100 shown here

  1. doi Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences
    Robert E Black
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 371:243-60. 2008
  2. ncbi Breakfast habits, nutritional status, body weight, and academic performance in children and adolescents
    Gail C Rampersaud
    Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, SW 23rd Drive, FETL Building 685, Gainesville, FL 32611 0720, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 105:743-60; quiz 761-2. 2005
    ..We advocate consumption of a healthful breakfast on a daily basis consisting of a variety of foods, especially high-fiber and nutrient-rich whole grains, fruits, and dairy products...
  3. ncbi Sex-specific, male-line transgenerational responses in humans
    Marcus E Pembrey
    Clinical and Molecular Genetics Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, England, UK
    Eur J Hum Genet 14:159-66. 2006
    ..Such responses add an entirely new dimension to the study of gene-environment interactions in development and health...
  4. pmc Maternal nutritional status, C(1) metabolism and offspring DNA methylation: a review of current evidence in human subjects
    Paula Dominguez-Salas
    MRC International Nutrition Group, EPH NPHIR, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Proc Nutr Soc 71:154-65. 2012
    ..This may affect gene expression in the offspring. Further research is needed to examine the real impact of maternal nutrient availability on DNA methylation in the developing fetus...
  5. ncbi Systemic inflammation, nutritional status and survival in patients with cancer
    Donald C McMillan
    University Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine University of Glasgow, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, UK
    Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 12:223-6. 2009
    ..This review examines the role of recent simple objective systemic inflammation-based scores in predicting reduction of nutritional status and survival.
  6. ncbi Food-chain selenium and human health: emphasis on intake
    Margaret P Rayman
    Nutritional Sciences Division, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK
    Br J Nutr 100:254-68. 2008
    ..The difficulties of balancing the risks and benefits in relation to Se intake are highlighted...
  7. pmc Changes in food insecurity, nutritional status, and physical health status after antiretroviral therapy initiation in rural Uganda
    Sheri D Weiser
    Department of Medicine, Division of HIV AIDS, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 61:179-86. 2012
    To investigate whether time on antiretroviral therapy (ART) is associated with improvements in food security and nutritional status, and the extent to which associations are mediated by improved physical health status.
  8. ncbi Anthropometric measurement error and the assessment of nutritional status
    S J Ulijaszek
    Institute of Biological Anthropology, University of Oxford, UK
    Br J Nutr 82:165-77. 1999
    ..is enormous, the extent to which measurement error can influence both measurement and interpretation of nutritional status is little considered...
  9. pmc Effect of preventive supplementation with ready-to-use therapeutic food on the nutritional status, mortality, and morbidity of children aged 6 to 60 months in Niger: a cluster randomized trial
    Sheila Isanaka
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    JAMA 301:277-85. 2009
    ..Ready-to-use therapeutic foods (RUTFs) are an important component of effective outpatient treatment of severe wasting. However, their effectiveness in the population-based prevention of moderate and severe wasting has not been evaluated...
  10. ncbi Global iodine status in 2011 and trends over the past decade
    Maria Andersson
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food, Nutrition, and Health, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    J Nutr 142:744-50. 2012
    ..Intervention programs need to be extended to reach the nearly one-third of the global population that still has inadequate iodine intakes...
  11. ncbi Effectiveness of an educational intervention on complementary feeding practices and growth in rural China: a cluster randomised controlled trial
    Ling Shi
    College of Nursing and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA 02125, USA
    Public Health Nutr 13:556-65. 2010
    ..We developed an educational intervention, delivered by local health-care providers, aimed at improving complementary feeding practices and child nutrition...
  12. ncbi Indicators of zinc status at the population level: a review of the evidence
    Rosalind S Gibson
    Department of Hunan Nutrition, University of Otago, Union Street, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9015, New Zealand
    Br J Nutr 99:S14-23. 2008
    ..More research is needed to establish the validity, specificity, sensitivity, and feasibility of these new biomarkers, especially in community-settings...
  13. ncbi Assessing the nutritional status of the elderly: The Mini Nutritional Assessment as part of the geriatric evaluation
    Y Guigoz
    Nutrition Department, Nestec Ltd, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Nutr Rev 54:S59-65. 1996
  14. ncbi Exploring the association of dental caries with social factors and nutritional status in Brazilian preschool children
    Luciana B Oliveira
    Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Eur J Oral Sci 116:37-43. 2008
    The main objective of this study was to assess whether dental caries status was related to nutritional status in preschool urban Brazilian children aged 12-59 months...
  15. ncbi Effects of preceding birth intervals on neonatal, infant and under-five years mortality and nutritional status in developing countries: evidence from the demographic and health surveys
    S O Rutstein
    ORC Macro, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 89:S7-24. 2005
    This paper examines the association between birth intervals and infant and child mortality and nutritional status.
  16. ncbi Projected prevalence of inadequate nutrient intakes in Europe
    Blanca Román Viñas
    Community Nutrition Research Centre of the Nutrition Research Foundation, University of Barcelona Science Park, Barcelona, Spain
    Ann Nutr Metab 59:84-95. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to analyze the prevalence of nutrient intake inadequacy in Europe, applying the Nordic Nutritional Recommendations in the context of the EURRECA Network of Excellence...
  17. pmc Nutritional status of Flemish vegetarians compared with non-vegetarians: a matched samples study
    Peter Deriemaeker
    Department of Human Biometry and Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education and Physical Therapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B 1050 Brussel, Belgium Email K A M H P C
    Nutrients 2:770-80. 2010
    The present study compares the nutritional status of vegetarian (V) with non-vegetarian (NV) subjects...
  18. pmc The nutritional impacts of soil-transmitted helminths infections among Orang Asli schoolchildren in rural Malaysia
    Abdulhamid Ahmed
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 50603, Malaysia
    Parasit Vectors 5:119. 2012
    ..This study was conducted on 289 Orang Asli (aboriginal) schoolchildren in order to assess the current prevalence and predictors of anaemia and malnutrition, as well as the nutritional impacts of STH infections among these children...
  19. pmc Zinc: an essential but elusive nutrient
    Janet C King
    Children s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, CA 94609, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 94:679S-84S. 2011
    ..Measures of metallothionein or cellular zinc transporters may fulfill that role...
  20. ncbi Cu/Zn ratios are associated with nutritional status, oxidative stress, inflammation, and immune abnormalities in patients on peritoneal dialysis
    Chih Hung Guo
    Institute of Biomedical Nutrition, Hung Kuang University, Taichung 433, Taiwan, ROC
    Clin Biochem 44:275-80. 2011
    We evaluated the relationship of the plasma copper/zinc (Cu/Zn) ratio with nutritional status, inflammation, oxidative stress, and immune function in peritoneal dialysis patients.
  21. ncbi The impact of malnutrition on morbidity, mortality, length of hospital stay and costs evaluated through a multivariate model analysis
    M Isabel T D Correia
    Department of Surgery, Faculdade de Medicina da, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
    Clin Nutr 22:235-9. 2003
    Malnutrition has been identified as affecting patient outcome. The purpose of this study was to correlate the nutritional status of hospitalized patients with their morbidity, mortality, length of hospital stay and costs...
  22. ncbi Effect of women's nutrition before and during early pregnancy on maternal and infant outcomes: a systematic review
    Usha Ramakrishnan
    Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30032, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 26:285-301. 2012
    Current understanding of biologic processes indicates that women's nutritional status before and during early pregnancy may play an important role in determining early developmental processes and ensuring successful pregnancy outcomes...
  23. ncbi Combined measurement of ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor, retinol binding protein, and C-reactive protein by an inexpensive, sensitive, and simple sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique
    Juergen G Erhardt
    SEAMEO, Regional Center for Community Nutrition, University of Indonesia, Salemba Raya 6, Jakarta 10430, Indonesia
    J Nutr 134:3127-32. 2004
    ..Due to the low cost, high throughput, and comparability to traditional tests, this procedure has several advantages for assessing VA and iron status in population surveys...
  24. ncbi The economic impact of disease-related malnutrition at hospital admission
    Teresa F Amaral
    Faculty of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Porto, Portugal
    Clin Nutr 26:778-84. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the impact of DRM on hospitalization costs...
  25. ncbi Preoperative nutritional status of patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity
    Louis Flancbaum
    Department of Surgery, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY 11542, USA
    J Gastrointest Surg 10:1033-7. 2006
    Few data exist concerning preoperative nutritional status in patients undergoing bariatric surgery...
  26. ncbi Preventive zinc supplementation among infants, preschoolers, and older prepubertal children
    Kenneth H Brown
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 30:S12-40. 2009
    ..The available evidence supports the need for intervention programs to enhance zinc status to reduce child morbidity and mortality and to enhance child growth. Possible strategies for delivering preventive zinc supplements are discussed...
  27. ncbi The scored Patient-generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) and its association with quality of life in ambulatory patients receiving radiotherapy
    E Isenring
    The Wesley Research Institute, Brisbane, Australia
    Eur J Clin Nutr 57:305-9. 2003
    ..To evaluate the scored Patient-generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) tool as an outcome measure in clinical nutrition practice and determine its association with quality of life (QoL)...
  28. pmc Biomarkers and health-related quality of life in end-stage renal disease: a systematic review
    Brennan M R Spiegel
    Department of Medicine, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90073, USA
    Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 3:1759-68. 2008
    ....
  29. ncbi [Experience, prevalence and severity of dental caries and its association with nutritional status in Mexican infants 17-47 months]
    Ana Gabriela Zúñiga-Manríquez
    Area Académica de Odontología, Instituto de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Hidalgo
    Rev Invest Clin 65:228-36. 2013
    To determine the experience, prevalence and severity of dental caries and its relationship with nutritional status in nursery infants 17 to 47 months of age.
  30. ncbi Use of the scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) as a nutrition assessment tool in patients with cancer
    J Bauer
    The Wesley Research Institute, Brisbane, Australia, and Centre for Public Health Research, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
    Eur J Clin Nutr 56:779-85. 2002
    ..To evaluate the use of the scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) as a nutrition assessment tool in patients with cancer...
  31. pmc Preoperative nutritional status is an important predictor of survival in patients undergoing surgery for renal cell carcinoma
    Todd M Morgan
    Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Department of Urologic Surgery, Nashville, TN 37215, USA
    Eur Urol 59:923-8. 2011
    ..The role of malnutrition has not been well studied in patients undergoing surgery for renal cell carcinoma (RCC)...
  32. pmc Soil-transmitted helminth infections and nutritional status in school-age children from rural communities in Honduras
    Ana Lourdes Sanchez
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Brock University, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e2378. 2013
    ..However, current evidence is lacking in regards to their prevalence, intensity and their impact on children's health...
  33. pmc Metabolic plasticity during mammalian development is directionally dependent on early nutritional status
    Peter D Gluckman
    Liggins Institute, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1023, New Zealand
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:12796-800. 2007
    ..on hepatic gene expression and epigenetic status in adulthood are directionally dependent on the animal's nutritional status in utero...
  34. ncbi Association of polypharmacy with nutritional status, functional ability and cognitive capacity over a three-year period in an elderly population
    Johanna Jyrkkä
    Kuopio Research Centre of Geriatric Care, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 20:514-22. 2011
    To determine the association of polypharmacy with nutritional status, functional ability and cognitive capacity among elderly persons.
  35. ncbi Fat, rich and beautiful: changing socio-cultural paradigms associated with obesity risk, nutritional status and refugee children from sub-Saharan Africa
    Andre M N Renzaho
    School of Health Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia
    Health Place 10:105-13. 2004
    ..prior to migration, which, together with changes associated with acculturation, impact on their health and nutritional status post-migration...
  36. ncbi HIV prevalence and mortality among children undergoing treatment for severe acute malnutrition in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Pamela Fergusson
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 103:541-8. 2009
    ..There is an urgent need to integrate HIV testing and treatment into care for children with SAM in regions of high HIV prevalence...
  37. ncbi Association of nutritional status with the response to infection with Leishmania chagasi
    Bruna L Lima Maciel
    Health Sciences Post Graduate Program, Health Science Center, and Department of Biochemistry, BioScience Center, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 79:591-8. 2008
    ..Increased breastfeeding time (P = 0.036) was associated with asymptomatic infection. The results indicate that modifiable nutritional aspects are associated with the outcome of Leishmania spp. infection in humans...
  38. ncbi Edentulism and nutritional status in a biracial sample of well-functioning, community-dwelling elderly: the health, aging, and body composition study
    Jung Sun Lee
    Division of Geriatric Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:295-302. 2004
    Edentulism may affect dietary intake in older adults, but the relation between edentulism and nutritional status is not completely understood.
  39. pmc Plasma MIC-1 correlates with systemic inflammation but is not an independent determinant of nutritional status or survival in oesophago-gastric cancer
    R J E Skipworth
    University of Edinburgh, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, UK
    Br J Cancer 102:665-72. 2010
    ..Macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1(MIC-1) is a potential modulator of systemic inflammation and nutritional depletion, both of which are adverse prognostic factors in oesophago-gastric cancer (OGC)...
  40. pmc Nutritional status of pre-school children from low income families
    Denise O Shoeps
    Departamento de Saúde Materno Infantil, Faculdade de Saude Publica, Universidade de Sao Paulo USP, Sao Paulo, SP, Brasil
    Nutr J 10:43. 2011
    We evaluated growth and nutritional status of preschool children between 2 and 6 years old from low income families from 14 daycare centers.
  41. ncbi Demented versus non-demented very old inpatients: the same comorbidities but poorer functional and nutritional status
    Dina Zekry
    Geneva University, Rehabilitation and Geriatrics Department, 3, chemin du Pont Bochet, CH 1226, Thonex, Switzerland
    Age Ageing 37:83-9. 2008
    ..demented patients have been reported to be healthier than other old people of the same age...
  42. pmc Establishing optimal selenium status: results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
    Rachel Hurst
    School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:923-31. 2010
    ..Dietary recommendations for selenium differ between countries, mainly because of uncertainties over the definition of optimal selenium status...
  43. ncbi Association of Malnutrition-Inflammation Score with quality of life and mortality in hemodialysis patients: a 5-year prospective cohort study
    Mehdi Rambod
    Harold Simmons Center for Kidney Disease Research and Epidemiology, CA, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 53:298-309. 2009
    ..We hypothesized that MIS risk stratification of hemodialysis (HD) patients in predicting outcomes is better than its components or laboratory markers of inflammation...
  44. ncbi Maternal education and child nutritional status in Bolivia: finding the links
    Michelle Bellessa Frost
    Office of Population Research, Wallace Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
    Soc Sci Med 60:395-407. 2005
    This study models various pathways linking maternal education and child nutritional status in Bolivia, using a national sample of children...
  45. ncbi Methods of assessment of selenium status in humans: a systematic review
    Kate Ashton
    School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, The University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:2025S-2039S. 2009
    ..To understand the effect of selenium intake on health, it is important to identify sensitive and population-specific biomarkers of selenium status...
  46. ncbi Use of serum zinc concentration as an indicator of population zinc status
    Sonja Y Hess
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 28:S403-29. 2007
    ..Serum zinc concentration can be considered a useful biomarker of a population's risk of zinc deficiency and response to zinc interventions, although it may not be a reliable indicator of individual zinc status...
  47. pmc Bicarbonate supplementation slows progression of CKD and improves nutritional status
    Ione de Brito-Ashurst
    Department of Renal Medicine and Transplantation, William Harvey Research Institute and Barts and the London NHS Trust, London, UK
    J Am Soc Nephrol 20:2075-84. 2009
    ..This study demonstrates that bicarbonate supplementation slows the rate of progression of renal failure to ESRD and improves nutritional status among patients with CKD.
  48. ncbi Vitamin D status of Canadians as measured in the 2007 to 2009 Canadian Health Measures Survey
    Kellie Langlois
    Health Analysis Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, K1A 0T6
    Health Rep 21:47-55. 2010
    ..Vitamin D deficiency is a global health problem, but little is known about the vitamin D status of Canadians...
  49. ncbi Bread fortified with cholecalciferol increases the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration in women as effectively as a cholecalciferol supplement
    Anna Mari Natri
    University of Helsinki, Department of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology, Finland
    J Nutr 136:123-7. 2006
    ..Supplementation or fortification did not affect serum intact parathyroid hormone concentration or urinary calcium excretion. In conclusion, fortified bread is a safe and feasible way to improve vitamin D nutrition...
  50. ncbi The nutritional status of school-aged children: why should we care?
    Cora Best
    United Nations World Food Programme, Rome, Italy
    Food Nutr Bull 31:400-17. 2010
    The nutritional status of school-aged children impacts their health, cognition, and subsequently their educational achievement. The school is an opportune setting to provide health and nutrition services to disadvantaged children...
  51. ncbi Nutritional status and long-term mortality in hospitalised patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
    Runa Hallin
    Department of Medical Sciences, Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Uppsala University, Akademiska sjukhuset, SE 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
    Respir Med 101:1954-60. 2007
    ..The aim of this investigation was to study nutritional status in hospitalised Nordic COPD patients and to investigate the association between nutritional status and long-..
  52. ncbi Does nutrition influence quality of life in cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy?
    Paula Ravasco
    Centre of Nutrition and Metabolism, Institute of Molecular Medicine of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
    Radiother Oncol 67:213-20. 2003
    To investigate in cancer patients referred for radiotherapy (RT): (1) quality of life (QoL), nutritional status and nutrient intake, at the onset and at the end of RT; (2) whether individualised nutritional counselling, despite symptoms, ..
  53. ncbi Does living in an urban environment confer advantages for childhood nutritional status? Analysis of disparities in nutritional status by wealth and residence in Angola, Central African Republic and Senegal
    Gina Kennedy
    Nutrition Planning, Assessment and Evaluation Service, Food and Nutrition Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, I 00 100 Rome, Italy
    Public Health Nutr 9:187-93. 2006
    ..The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between childhood undernutrition and poverty in urban and rural areas...
  54. ncbi Association of subclinical vitamin D deficiency with severe acute lower respiratory infection in Indian children under 5 y
    V Wayse
    Centre for International Child Health, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK
    Eur J Clin Nutr 58:563-7. 2004
    ..To determine whether subclinical vitamin D deficiency in Indian children under 5 y of age is a risk factor for severe acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI)...
  55. ncbi World Health Organisation multicentre randomised trial of supplementation with vitamins C and E among pregnant women at high risk for pre-eclampsia in populations of low nutritional status from developing countries
    J Villar
    Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Oxford Maternal and Perinatal Health Institute, Green Templeton College, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
    BJOG 116:780-8. 2009
    To determine if vitamin C and E supplementation in high-risk pregnant women with low nutritional status reduces pre-eclampsia.
  56. ncbi Comparison of the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards and the National Center for Health Statistics/WHO international growth reference: implications for child health programmes
    Mercedes de Onis
    Department of Nutrition, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Public Health Nutr 9:942-7. 2006
    ....
  57. ncbi Dietary diversity is associated with child nutritional status: evidence from 11 demographic and health surveys
    Mary Arimond
    Food Consumption and Nutrition Division, International Food Policy Research Institute IFPRI, Washington, DC 20006, USA
    J Nutr 134:2579-85. 2004
    ..of dietary diversity are relatively simple and were shown to be associated with nutrient adequacy and nutritional status. However, dietary diversity also tends to increase with income and wealth; thus, the association between ..
  58. ncbi Child feeding practices are associated with child nutritional status in Latin America: innovative uses of the demographic and health surveys
    Marie T Ruel
    International Food Policy Research Institute IFPRI, Washington, DC 20006, USA
    J Nutr 132:1180-7. 2002
    ..The data available in DHS data sets can thus be used effectively to create a composite child feeding index and to identify vulnerable groups that could be targeted by nutrition education and behavior change interventions...
  59. ncbi The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) review of the literature--What does it tell us?
    Y Guigoz
    Applied Science and Quality Assurance, Nestle Product Technology Centre, Nestle Strasse 3, 3510 Konolfingen, Switzerland
    J Nutr Health Aging 10:466-85; discussion 485-7. 2006
    ..To review the literature on the MNA to Spring 2006, we searched MEDLINE, Web of Science and Scopus, and did a manual search in J Nutr Health Aging, Clin Nutr, Eur J Clin Nutr and free online available publications...
  60. ncbi Iodine status of the U.S. population, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005–2006 and 2007–2008
    Kathleen L Caldwell
    Division of Laboratory Sciences, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Thyroid 21:419-27. 2011
    ....
  61. ncbi Milk fortified with iron or iron supplementation to improve nutritional status of pregnant women: an intervention trial from rural Vietnam
    P Thuy Hoa
    National Institute of Nutrition, Ministry of Health, Hanoi, Vietnam
    Food Nutr Bull 26:32-8. 2005
    ..For women who are underweight, the administration of iron-fortified milk has additional benefits to those of supplementation, most likely due to additional energy and nutrient inputs...
  62. ncbi Dietary guidelines and implementation for celiac disease
    Cynthia Kupper
    Diatitians in Gluten Intolerance Diseases, American Diatetic Association, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Gastroenterology 128:S121-7. 2005
    ..Because of the nutritional risks associated with celiac disease, a registered dietitian must be part of the health care team that monitors the patient's nutritional status and compliance on a regular basis.
  63. ncbi Update on iodine status worldwide
    Michael B Zimmermann
    Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food, Nutrition, and Health, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
    Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes 19:382-7. 2012
    ..The aim of this review is to assess global and regional iodine status in 2012 by using each of these indicators...
  64. ncbi Effects of the ketogenic diet on nutritional status, resting energy expenditure, and substrate oxidation in patients with medically refractory epilepsy: a 6-month prospective observational study
    Anna Tagliabue
    Human Nutrition and Eating Disorders Research Centre, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
    Clin Nutr 31:246-9. 2012
    This 6-month prospective, single-arm observational study was designed to assess the effects of the KD on the nutritional status, resting energy expenditure (REE), and substrate oxidation in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy.
  65. ncbi Akt signaling mediates postnatal heart growth in response to insulin and nutritional status
    Ichiro Shiojima
    Molecular Cardiology Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA
    J Biol Chem 277:37670-7. 2002
    ..that Akt signaling mediates insulin-dependent physiological heart growth during postnatal development and suggest a mechanism by which heart size is coordinated with overall body size as the nutritional status of the organism is varied.
  66. pmc Zinc status and its association with the health of adolescents: a review of studies in India
    Rama Kawade
    Biometry and Nutrition Group, Agharkar Research Institute, Pune, Maharashtra, India
    Glob Health Action 5:7353. 2012
    ..Adolescents from developing countries such as India may be at high risk of zinc deficiency because of unwholesome food habits and poor bioavailability of zinc from plant-based diets...
  67. ncbi Intradialytic oral nutrition improves protein homeostasis in chronic hemodialysis patients with deranged nutritional status
    Lara B Pupim
    Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232 2372, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 17:3149-57. 2006
    ..intake and hemodialysis (HD)-associated protein catabolism predispose chronic HD (CHD) patients to deranged nutritional status, which is associated with poor clinical outcome in this population...
  68. ncbi Role of nutritional status in the regulation of adrenarche
    T Remer
    Research Institute of Child Nutrition, Dortmund, Germany
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 84:3936-44. 1999
    ..These findings provide the first in vivo evidence that a change in the nutritional status, measurable in the form of delta-BMI (but not BMI alone), is an important physiological regulator of ..
  69. ncbi Giardia lamblia and other intestinal parasitic infections and their relationships with nutritional status in children in Brazilian Amazon
    Filipe Anibal Carvalho-Costa
    Laboratório de Doenças Parasitárias Medicina Tropical, IOC FIOCRUZ, RJ, Brasil
    Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 49:147-53. 2007
    The objective of this survey was to assess the relationships between intestinal parasitism, nutritional status and hemoglobin level in children with Indian ascendancy living in an urban area in Brazilian Amazon...
  70. pmc Zinc and iron deficiency and their interrelations in low-income African American and Hispanic children in Atlanta
    Conrad R Cole
    Department of Pediatrics, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:1027-34. 2010
    ..Information about the zinc status of low-income minority children in the United States is lacking...
  71. ncbi Use of lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) to improve the nutrient adequacy of general food distribution rations for vulnerable sub-groups in emergency settings
    Camila M Chaparro
    FANTA 2 Project AED, 1825 Connecticut Avenue N W, Washington DC, USA 20009, USA
    Matern Child Nutr 6:1-69. 2010
    ..There are many different options for emergency nutrition programs, and there are also many considerations governing which option to choose. This document is intended to encourage further evaluation of all of these options...
  72. pmc Role of nutritional status in predicting quality of life outcomes in cancer--a systematic review of the epidemiological literature
    Christopher G Lis
    Cancer Treatment Centers of America CTCA, 1336 Basswood Road, Schaumburg, IL 60173, USA
    Nutr J 11:27. 2012
    ..We systematically reviewed the literature on the role of nutritional status in predicting QoL in cancer...
  73. ncbi Role of nutrition and microbiota in susceptibility to inflammatory bowel diseases
    Liljana Gentschew
    Department of Nutrition, School of Medical Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
    Mol Nutr Food Res 56:524-35. 2012
    ....
  74. ncbi A study of tuberculosis, malnutrition and gender in Sri Lanka
    Neil Metcalfe
    University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 99:115-9. 2005
    This study assesses the nutritional status of tuberculosis (TB) patients in Sri Lanka and differences in the nutritional presentation between males and females...
  75. ncbi Nutritional status and mortality among HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in Tanzania
    Enju Liu
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 1633 Tremont St, Roxbury Crossing, MA 02120, USA
    J Infect Dis 204:282-90. 2011
    Poor nutritional status is associated with immunologic impairment and adverse health outcomes among adults infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  76. pmc A cross-sectional study of the nutritional status of community-dwelling people with idiopathic Parkinson's disease
    Ahmed F Jaafar
    Department of Medicine, The Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
    BMC Neurol 10:124. 2010
    ..The main objective of this study was to identify the prevalence, and nature, of under-nutrition in a representative population of people with PD...
  77. pmc The plausibility of maternal nutritional status being a contributing factor to the risk for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: the potential influence of zinc status as an example
    Carl L Keen
    Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Biofactors 36:125-35. 2010
    ..is increasing evidence that human pregnancy outcome can be significantly compromised by suboptimal maternal nutritional status. Poor diet results in a maternal-fetal environment in which the teratogenicity of other insults such as ..
  78. pmc Varying coefficient function models to explore interactions between maternal nutritional status and prenatal methylmercury toxicity in the Seychelles Child Development Nutrition Study
    Miranda L Lynch
    Department of Biostatistics and Computational Biology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Environ Res 111:75-80. 2011
    ..Maternal nutritional status was assessed for five different nutritional components known to be present in fish (n-3 LCPUFA, n-6 LCPUFA, ..
  79. ncbi Leptin and the immune system: how nutritional status influences the immune response
    G Matarese
    Laboratorio di Immunologia, Dipartimento di Biologia e Patologia Cellulare e Molecolare, Universita di Napoli Federico II, Via S Pansini, 5 80131 Napoli, Italy
    Eur Cytokine Netw 11:7-14. 2000
    ..According to this view, leptin might represent an important target for immune intervention in a variety of pathophysiological conditions...
  80. ncbi Distinctive modulation of inflammatory and metabolic parameters in relation to zinc nutritional status in adult overweight/obese subjects
    Laura Costarelli
    Research Department, Italian National Research Centres on Ageing INRCA, Ancona, Italy
    J Nutr Biochem 21:432-7. 2010
    ..Considering the potential interactions among zinc nutritional status, inflammation, overweight/obesity and insulin secretion, the aim of the present work was to clarify the ..
  81. ncbi Iodine status of UK schoolgirls: a cross-sectional survey
    Mark P J Vanderpump
    Department of Endocrinology, Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust, London, UK
    Lancet 377:2007-12. 2011
    ..No contemporary data are available for the UK, which has no programme of food or salt iodination. We aimed to assess the current iodine status of the UK population...
  82. ncbi Birth weight and obesity risk at first grade in a cohort of Chilean children
    S Loaiza
    School of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, University of Magallanes, Chile
    Nutr Hosp 26:214-9. 2011
    ..These results highlight the significance of birth weight as an important tool for healthcare providers that can be used as an indicator of obesity risk for children...
  83. ncbi Screening the nutritional status in oncology: a preliminary report on 1,000 outpatients
    Federico Bozzetti
    Department of Surgery, Hospital of Prato, Piazza dell Ospedale 5, 59100 Prato, Italy
    Support Care Cancer 17:279-84. 2009
    This study presents the preliminary data of a prospective multi-centre investigation on the screening of the nutritional status of cancer outpatients with the purpose to define: (1) prevalence and rate of weight loss and nutritional risk ..
  84. ncbi Use of variety/diversity scores for diet quality measurement: relation with nutritional status of women in a rural area in Burkina Faso
    M Savy
    Nutrition, Food, Societies Unit WHO collaborating Centre for Nutrition, Institut de recherche pour le developpement IRD, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
    Eur J Clin Nutr 59:703-16. 2005
    To develop scores for food variety and diversity to assess the overall dietary quality in an African rural area; and to study their relationship with the nutritional status of women of childbearing age.
  85. ncbi Diet and nutritional status of children with food allergies
    Sophie Flammarion
    Unité de pneumologie et allergologie pédiatriques, Departement de Pediatrie, Hopital Jeanne de Flandre, CHRU de Lille, Lille, France
    Pediatr Allergy Immunol 22:161-5. 2011
    The aim of the present study was to assess the food intakes and nutritional status of children with food allergies following an elimination diet. We conducted a cross sectional study including 96 children (mean age 4.7 ± 2...
  86. ncbi Nutritional deficiencies in the developing world: current status and opportunities for intervention
    Yasir Khan
    Division of Women and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, PO Box 3500, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
    Pediatr Clin North Am 57:1409-41. 2010
    ..Three groups of underlying factors contribute to inadequate dietary intake and infectious disease: inadequate maternal and child care, household food insecurity, and poor health services in an unhealthy environment...
  87. ncbi Nutritional status, nutrition practices and post-operative complications in patients with gastrointestinal cancer
    A K Garth
    School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    J Hum Nutr Diet 23:393-401. 2010
    ..The present study aimed to determine whether specific perioperative nutritional practices and protocols are associated with improved patient outcomes in this group...
  88. ncbi Predictors of weight loss during radiotherapy in patients with stage I or II head and neck cancer
    Alice Nourissat
    Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Laval University Cancer Research Center, Chuq Hotel Dieu de Quebec, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
    Cancer 116:2275-83. 2010
    ..The purpose of the study was to identify predictors of weight loss during radiotherapy (RT) in patients with stage I or II head and neck (HN) cancer...
  89. ncbi Identifying the elderly at risk for malnutrition. The Mini Nutritional Assessment
    Yves Guigoz
    Nestlé Product and Technology Centre, Nestle Strasse 3, CH 3510 Konolfingen, Switzerland
    Clin Geriatr Med 18:737-57. 2002
    ..a two step procedure: (1) the MNA-SF to screen for malnutrition and risk of mainutrition; (2) assessment of nutritional status with the full MNA...
  90. pmc Prevalence of thinness in children and adolescents in the Seychelles: comparison of two international growth references
    Pascal Bovet
    Section of Noncommunicable Diseases, Ministry of Health, Victoria, Republic of Seychelles
    Nutr J 10:65. 2011
    ..The aim of this study is to compare the prevalence of thinness using two recently developed growth references, among children and adolescents living in the Seychelles, an economically rapidly developing country in the African region...
  91. ncbi Malnutrition and intestinal parasitic infections in school children of Gondar, North West Ethiopia
    Netsanet Worku
    Department of Nutrition, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, P O Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia
    Ethiop Med J 47:9-16. 2009
    ..In developing countries, malnutrition is a considerable health problem with prevalence ranges of 4-46%, with 1-10% severely malnourished...
  92. pmc Determinants of selenium status in healthy adults
    Gerald F Combs
    Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, USDA ARS, Grand Forks, ND, USA
    Nutr J 10:75. 2011
    ..A more informative means of characterizing Se status in non-deficient individuals is needed...
  93. ncbi Hand grip strength: outcome predictor and marker of nutritional status
    Kristina Norman
    Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endocrinology, Charite University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Clin Nutr 30:135-42. 2011
    ..This review outlines the prognostic relevance of grip strength in various clinical and epidemiologic settings and investigates its suitability as marker of nutritional status in cross-sectional as well as intervention studies.
  94. ncbi Prevalence and intensity of intestinal parasitic infections in relation to nutritional status in Mexican schoolchildren
    L Quihui-Cota
    Division of Human Nutrition, Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A C Carretera a La Victoria, KM 0 6 A P 1735, C P 83000, Hermosillo Sonora, Mexico
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 98:653-9. 2004
    ..Undernutrition may increase susceptibility to parasitic infections which in turn impair the nutritional status of the host...
  95. ncbi Nutritional status of urban schoolchildren of high and low socioeconomic status in Quetzaltenango, Guatemala
    Iris F Groeneveld
    Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 22:169-77. 2007
    ....
  96. ncbi Social cognitive mediators of change in a group randomized nutrition and physical activity intervention: social support, self-efficacy, outcome expectations and self-regulation in the guide-to-health trial
    Eileen S Anderson
    Center for Research in Health Behavior, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg, VA, 24061, USA
    J Health Psychol 15:21-32. 2010
    ..Social-cognitive variables explained only part of the treatment effects suggesting future investigations evaluate the environmental-selection and affective processes of behavior change...
  97. ncbi Household food security and nutritional status of Hispanic children in the fifth grade
    Donna M Matheson
    Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 94304 1825, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:210-7. 2002
    Food insecurity is a critical variable for understanding the nutritional status of low-income populations. However, limited research is available on the relation between household food insecurity and children's nutritional status.
  98. ncbi Trends in diet, nutritional status, and diet-related noncommunicable diseases in China and India: the economic costs of the nutrition transition
    B M Popkin
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27516-3997, USA
    Nutr Rev 59:379-90. 2001
    ..India's rapid increase in diet-related noncommunicable diseases and their costs projects similar economic costs of undernutrition and overnutrition by 2025...
  99. ncbi Nutritional status of Tunisian adolescents: associated gender, environmental and socio-economic factors
    Hajer Aounallah-Skhiri
    Institut National de la Santé Publique INSP, 5 7 rue Khartoum, Tunis, Tunisia
    Public Health Nutr 11:1306-17. 2008
    To assess the nutritional status of Tunisian adolescents and associated factors.
  100. ncbi Dietary diversity score in adolescents - a good indicator of the nutritional adequacy of diets: Tehran lipid and glucose study
    Parvin Mirmiran
    Endocrine Research Center, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, PO Box 19395 4763, Tehran I R Iran
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 13:56-60. 2004
    ..There was a significant and positive correlation between DDS and most of the nutrient adequacy ratios (NARs). It is concluded that DDS is an appropriate method to evaluate nutrient intake adequacy in this group of adolescents...
  101. ncbi Vitamin and trace mineral levels after laparoscopic gastric bypass
    Atul K Madan
    Section of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center and Weight Management Center, Methodist University Hospital, 956 Court Avenue, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
    Obes Surg 16:603-6. 2006
    ..An investigation was undertaken to examine preoperative and short-term (1-year) postoperative levels of vitamins/trace minerals in patients undergoing laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP)...

Research Grants70

  1. Role of Txnip in adapting fuel metabolism to nutritional state
    SIMON HUI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We have identified that Txnip is essential for maintaining proper metabolic response to changes in nutritional status and demonstrated that Txnip modulates mitochondrial fuel oxidation and insulin sensitivity in cardiac and ..
  2. REGULATION OF GENE EXPRESSION BY DIETARY FAT
    Lisa M Salati; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..course of these studies, we will define intracellular signal transduction pathways by which nutrients and nutritional status can alter the activity or abundance of splicing regulatory proteins...
  3. Regulation of Bile Acid Synthesis by Nuclear Receptors
    John Y L Chiang; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Our central hypotheses are that CYP7A1 expression and bile acid synthesis are highly regulated by nutritional status to maintain glucose and lipid homeostasis, and to protect against diet-induced hepatic steatosis, obesity ..
  4. A quantitative proteomics approach to understand viral immune evasion strategies
    Michele E Hardy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..attenuated vaccines recently have been licensed for use in some countries, yet it remains unknown how poor nutritional status or concurrent parasitic infections will affect responses to the vaccines...
  5. Hypothalamic SIRT1 and Energy Balance
    Eduardo A Nillni; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Energy homeostasis is maintained by tissues and organs that sense and respond to the nutritional status of the body...
  6. METABOLISM, MICRONUTRIENTS, AND ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY OUTCOMES IN ZAMBIA
    DOUGLAS CORBETT HEIMBURGER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..deficiencies in the absence of ART, but none has documented longitudinal, within-person effects of ART on nutritional status or of nutritional status on ART outcomes...
  7. Nutrition and Anabolic Interventions in Cancer Cachexia
    Melinda Sheffield-Moore; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..However, cachexia is more complex than mere caloric deficiency, since improving nutritional status does not reverse or prevent muscle wasting...
  8. CHEMOSENSORY PERCEPTION AND PSYCHOPHYSICS IN THE AGED
    CLAIRE L MURPHY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Description (provided by applicant): Optimum health, functioning and nutritional status are key to the quality of life in the older American...
  9. Vitamin B6 Effects on One-Carbon Metabolism
    Jesse F Gregory; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Many women using oral contraceptives (OC) have chronically low vitamin B6 nutritional status, which may have little relation to vitamin B6 intake level...
  10. Regulation of Hepatic Lipid and Glucose Metabolism by PC-TP/StarD2
    David E Cohen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In Aim 3, complementary approaches will be used to examine whether nutritional status influences the molecular species of phosphatidylcholines bound to PC-TP and whether the bound ..
  11. Biomarker Reference Laboratory, EDRN
    William E Grizzle; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..A key resource is expertise in analysis of the effects of patient characteristics (age, sex, race nutritional status, etc.) on disease progression...
  12. Leptin as a Regulator of T Cell Metabolism and Function
    NANCIE MACIVER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The nutritional status of an organism affects immune function...
  13. NKT cells, fatty acids, and insulin resistance
    CURTIS LEE GABRIEL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    The links between nutritional status and immune system function become apparent when one examines the diametrically opposite epidemics of malnutrition and overnutrition...
  14. Risk factors for orofacial clefts
    Suzan L Carmichael; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Available evidence supports an association of nutritional status with clefts. Most studies have investigated one or two nutrients at a time...
  15. PERINATAL MECHANISMS OF DETOXIFICATION
    Eric F Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..associated transcription factors that regulate expression of CYP4F2 in response to xenobiotics, hormones and nutritional status. The current proposal focuses on the role of the AMP activated protein kinase and sterol regulatory element ..
  16. Abnormality in Gene Expression of Key Mediators of Vitamin A Action in COPD
    Salil K Das; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..COPD are higher among cigarette smokers and numerous findings suggest a possible association of vitamin A nutritional status with COPD and lifetime cigarette smoking...
  17. Hospital and Household Studies of Respiratory Cryptosporidiosis and Transmission
    Jeffrey K Griffiths; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..grown in vitro. Nutritional status will be gauged via anthropometrics, hemoglobin, and serum albumin...
  18. BEHAVIORAL PHYSIOLOGY OF BODY WEIGHT REGULATION
    DIANNE FIGLEWICZ LATTEMANN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..is to delineate the behavioral and synaptic mechanisms that modulate food reward, in relationship to diet or nutritional status. The current Aims will build towards that objective by evaluating: 1) the ability of insulin, leptin, or ..
  19. Intestinal Triacylglycerol Metabolism and Energy Balance
    Chi Liang Eric Yen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..nutrients, the source of apolipoprotein B-containing chylomicra, and an endocrine organ that signals current nutritional status to other tissues to maintain homeostasis and promote metabolic efficiency...
  20. Monitoring Social Change: Health, Reproduction, Aging
    Barry M Popkin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..collects data on occupations, incomes, and benefits of working-age household members;time use;diet and nutritional status;activities of daily living, health status, and use of health services;marriages and pregnancies of ..
  21. Phosphodiesterase-3B signaling in the Hypothalamus and Obesity
    Abhiram Sahu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Leptin produced primarly by fat cells signals nutritional status to key regulatory centers in the hypothalamus and it has emerged as an important signal regulating body ..
  22. The role of b-carotene in maternal-fetal nutrition
    Loredana Quadro; Fiscal Year: 2013
    The nutritional status of the mother is a key factor for the development and growth of the fetus...
  23. Regulation of vitamin A metabolism during Schistosoma mansoni infection
    PNG LOKE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..mansoni infection. Perhaps the balance between pathogenesis and symbiosis is dependent on the nutritional status of infected individuals...
  24. Evaluation of the entero-insular (incretin) axis in cystic fibrosis
    ANDREA BRIDGET KELLY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): CFRD is associated with worse nutritional status, greater pulmonary function decline, and increased mortality...
  25. A Prospective Study of Colorectal Cancer: One-Carbon Metabolism and Inflammation
    Cornelia M Ulrich; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..particularly regarding the impact of genetic factors in these pathways in the presence of differences in nutritional status or NSAID use...
  26. Protein intake, nutrition and cardiovascular disease in stage V CKD
    Srinivasan Beddhu; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Our earlier data suggest that high protein intake might improve nutritional status but it has been argued that the state of low muscle mass, small body size and low serum protein levels is ..
  27. The Charge Study: Childhood Autism Risks from Genetics and the Environment
    Irva Hertz-Picciotto; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..by now CHARGE has published widely on exposures such as air pollution, mercury, flame retardants, maternal nutritional status in the peri-conception, untreated fever during pregnancy, mitochondrial dysfunction, candidate genes, a wide ..
  28. Impact of maternal work in the Ecuadorian flower industry on infant development
    Alexis Handal; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Infants will also be measured for growth and nutritional status. We will quantify levels of pesticide exposure in mid pregnancy (urine) and late pregnancy (urine and cord ..
  29. MOLECULAR PATHOGENESIS OF HYPERPARATHYROIDISM
    Andrew Arnold; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Finally, vitamin D nutritional status, a major problem in aging Americans and also rampant in underdeveloped nations, is considered an important ..
  30. Environmentally Triggered Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Focus on Endocrine Disrup
    JOAN MARIE CRANMER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..heritable susceptibility to environmental stressors including exposures to xenobiotic chemicals, shifts in nutritional status, and medical interventions...
  31. Environmental Triggers of Eating Seizures in Nodding Syndrome
    Peter S Spencer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These include infectious agents (Onchocerca volvulus), nutritional status (vitamin B6, zinc), plant toxins (cyanogens) and fungal toxins (tremorgens, ergot)...
  32. Examining the role of the fat body in the ovarian response to diet
    ALISSA RICHMOND ARMSTRONG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..sensing pathways act on multiple tissues in addition to the ovary, and that other tissues communicate their nutritional status to the ovary to further tailor the response of ovarian stem cells to changes in whole body physiology...
  33. Nutritional Regulation of Leptin Production
    Susan K Fried; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..We will test the hypothesis that insulin in vitro or nutritional status in vivo (starvation, feeding) affects the binding of specific RBPs to leptin mRNA, and involves an ..
  34. Effect of FADS gene variants on fatty acid synthesis &brain development in India
    AVINASH KUNJAN SHETTY; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..S. Hegde Medical Academy (KSHEMA), Mangalore, India to put in place the infrastructure to analyze fatty acid nutritional status circulating fatty acid levels and allele frequencies in the FADS gene cluster in populations in the coastal ..
  35. The Down Syndrome Growing Up Study
    Babette S Zemel; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..infants and body mass index (BMI) in older children and adolescents are also important screening tools for nutritional status assessment across the lifespan because of the risk of failure to thrive in infancy and obesity at older ages...
  36. The Role of Maternal Nutrition in the Teratogenesis of Alcohol in Humans
    Robert Colin Carter; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..K23 award will provide me with the support necessary to accomplish the following goals: (1) to assess the nutritional status of heavy drinking pregnant;(2) to examine the impact of maternal nutritional status on fetal alcohol-related ..
  37. GH Receptor Proteolysis and Shedding
    Stuart J Frank; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Realizing that GH levels vary diurnally and with nutritional status, we recently examined whether such factors affect GHR abundance and GH sensitivity...
  38. Regulation of REV-ERBalpha and REV-ERBbeta function of HEME
    Thomas P Burris; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Specific Aim 3 will determine if heme is utilized as a sensor conveying nutritional status information to rev-erbs so that they may adjust the expression key genes involved in lipid metabolism and ..
  39. Cyclin D1 and vitamin D signaling in oral keratinocyte pathophysiology
    Sanjay M Mallya; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Given the emerging problem of vitamin D nutritional status both in the United States as well as globally, our studies have tremendous implications for potential ..
  40. Significance of Pituitary Leptin to Gonadotropes
    Gwen V Childs; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..suggests that pituitary leptin may serve as a metabolic gateway to permit gonadotrope function, if the nutritional status is optimal...
  41. Malnutrition, Diet and Racial Disparities in CKD
    Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Discovering the roots of CKD racial survival disparities and their link to nutritional status and dietary barriers can have major clinical and public health implications...
  42. HIV, ART and the Intestinal Microbiota
    Honorine D Ward; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..activity and the restoration of immune function are the primary goals of anti-retroviral therapy (ART), nutritional status and intestinal mucosal integrity may have an impact on these goals...
  43. Early life anthropometry, IGF pathway polymorphisms, and colorectal cancer risk
    Esther Wei; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..and growth factor levels, which are partially determined by genetic variation and partially determined by nutritional status. Although obesity in adulthood has been associated with increased risk of colorectal cancer, data evaluating ..
  44. Epidemiology of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Peru
    Mercedes C Becerra; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..demographic and clinical confounders and risk modifiers such as age, sex, co-morbidity, HIV infection, nutritional status, and BCG vaccination on these associations...
  45. Improving Food Security and Nutrition to Promote ART Adherence in Latin America
    Homero Martinez; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..security among people living with HIV, including intra-household food distribution patterns, and assess the nutritional status of HIV affected individuals, and (3) examine the role that food security and nutrition play in HIV treatment ..
  46. ESRD Endocrinopathy and Daily Dialysis
    Joan C Lo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..health-related quality of life, physical function, body composition, cognitive function, mental health, nutritional status, hypertension, hyperphosphatemia, and other outcomes...
  47. Functional Organization of the Central Gustatory System
    Alan C Spector; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..damage to the gustatory system can potentially contribute to more complex clinical disorders involving nutritional status, hydromineral balance, and obesity...
  48. Agricultural Intervention to Improve Health of HIV-infected and Affected Children
    Lisa Michelle Butler; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..in Nyanza Province, Kenya, on important health measures for children under five years old, including nutritional status, disease incidence, and development...
  49. Improving Pediatric Tb Diagnosis and Management in Tanzania
    Tania A Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..TB, serum drug levels to the two most potent first-line TB medications (isoniazid and rifampin), HIV status, nutritional status and concurrent diarrheal illness...
  50. Insulin and growth factor signaling in the pituitary gonadotroph
    Ryan S Miller; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Signals that carry information regarding nutritional status to the brain are essential for normal reproductive function...
  51. Direct Regulation of GnRH neuronal function by P13K activity
    Maricedes Acosta; Fiscal Year: 2012
    Reproductive success is largely determined by the nutritional status of the organism...
  52. Metabolic and Epigenetic Effects of Maternal High Fat Diet in Obesity Prone Rats
    Timothy H Moran; Fiscal Year: 2010
    Obesity is a worldwide public health problem and recent work has suggested that alterations in maternal nutritional status may increase the risk of becoming obese...
  53. Technology to Assess Vulnerable Older Adults with Cancer and Their Caregivers
    Arti Hurria; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and mortality in older adults, including functional status, comorbidity, cognition, psychological state nutritional status, and social support...
  54. Tailored nutrition and food security interventions in comprehensive HIV care
    LOUISE CATHERINE IVERS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..and follow them for 36 months, collecting data on demographics, HIV disease progression, quality of life, nutritional status, food security, and household economic indicators;3) To determine the impact of 12 months of the tailored ..
  55. Effect of nutritional status on MRP2 expression and biliary excretion of bispheno
    Angela L Slitt; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Together, these studies will define mechanisms by which nutritional status alters expression of human and mouse MRPS, as well as demonstrate whether nutritional status enhances ..
  56. Epidemiology and molecular mechanisms of anthelminthic treatment failure in Kinta
    Michael D Wilson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..KNM), Ghana in 2007 and found a high prevalence of hookworm infection (45%) that correlated with poor nutritional status in adults, as well as a high rate of treatment failure (39%) following administration of single dos ..
  57. Nutrition, Fetal Growth, and Placental Angiogenesis
    Lawrence P Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..are undoubtedly major factors predisposing adolescents to poor pregnancy outcome, maternal growth and nutritional status during pregnancy also play major roles in pregnancy outcome...
  58. Arsenic and child respiratory health in Bangladesh
    Allan H Smith; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Potential susceptibility and interactions associated with indoor air pollution, diet, and nutritional status, will be investigated...
  59. Mechanisms of In Vivo Ethanol-Induced Mitochondrial Depolarization
    Zhi Zhong; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Additionally, we will investigate the effect of gender and nutritional status on ethanol-induced mitochondrial depolarization...
  60. Bacterial cell wall synthesis, shape and septation
    Kevin D Young; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..bacteria invest significant resources to manipulate their shapes to cope with changes in growth rate and nutritional status and to respond to antibiotics and other environmental stresses...
  61. Maternal Methylmercury Exposure Through Rice Ingestion and Offspring Development
    SARAH ROTHENBERG; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..methylmercury exposure pathway, while accounting for other known confounders of concern, including maternal nutritional status and other indirect measures...
  62. Oral care treatment for mobility-impaired patients
    Sheldon E Broedel; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..the consequence of which is an increased incidence of root caries, adversely affects the patient's nutritional status, quality of life and increases the likelihood of tooth loss...
  63. Puberty, Immunity and Malnutrition in S. Japonicum
    Jonathan Kurtis; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..is to prospectively investigate the interrelationships among puberty, protective immune responses, and nutritional status in adolescent Philippine residents of Schistosoma japonicum endemic areas Determining immunologic and ..
  64. BIOTIN REQUIREMENTS OF INFANTS
    Donald Mock; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Studies in this project are important because several lines of evidence suggest that biotin nutritional status may be inadequate in some normal infants and that the inadequacy could lead to important clinical sequelae ..
  65. MECHANISMS OF HYPOALBUMINEMIA IN ENDSTAGE RENAL DISEASE
    George Kaysen; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Albumin synthesis correlates negatively with alpha2 M and not nutritional status, further supporting the hypothesis...
  66. FAT AND FAT-FREE BODY COMPOSITION DEVELOPMENT IN AGING
    Richard Boileau; Fiscal Year: 1992
    Body composition assessment is an important aspect in evaluating health, nutritional status and physical fitness...
  67. NUTRITION AND LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE-MOLECULAR MECHANISMS
    SUSAN FRIED; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..LPL activity (LPLA) undergoes rapid changes with nutritional status and varies with adipose depot and gender...
  68. Nutrition, Immunity & Health Status of Elderly Ecuadora*
    Simin Meydani; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We intend to expand the goals of this grant by determining the relationship between nutritional status, immune response and health status in Ecuadorian elderly...
  69. ENERGY-NUTRITION OF URBAN WOMEN IN A DEVELOPING COUNTRY
    G Spurr; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..by avoidance of high energy-expenditure activity; 2) Total daily energy expenditure is directly related to nutritional status; 3) the muscular efficiencies of women with inadequate nutritional intakes are the same as those of women ..
  70. COMMUNITY AND FAMILY EFFECTS ON CHILD HEALTH
    Elizabeth Frankenberg; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..are birthweight, size at birth, prematurity, mortality risks of infants and children, and children's nutritional status, use of prenatal care, and choice of delivery site...