Summary: The state of having lost a marital partner by death.
Publications233 found, 100 shown here
- Coping with spousal loss: potential buffering effects of self-reported helping behaviorStephanie L Brown
VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, University of Michigan, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 34:849-61. 2008..Implications of these results for theoretical approaches to the study of close relationships and well-being are discussed...
- Widowhood and mortality: a meta-analysis and meta-regressionEran Shor
Department of Sociology, McGill University, Room 713, Leacock Building, 855 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2T7, Canada
Demography 49:575-606. 2012..Other significant predictors of HR magnitude included sample size, geographic region, level of statistical adjustment, and study quality...
- Challenges of a pandemic: HIV/AIDS-related problems affecting Kenyan widowsIsaac Luginaah
Department of Geography, University of Western Ontario, London, Ont, Canada N6A 5C2
Soc Sci Med 60:1219-28. 2005..The widows employ various strategies to resist being inherited. Widows in the current epidemic navigate issues of sexuality in various ways, such as insisting their partners use condoms or permanently abstaining from sexual intercourse...
- Widowhood and mortality: a meta-analysisJ Robin Moon
Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
PLoS ONE 6:e23465. 2011While the "widowhood effect" is well known, there is substantial heterogeneity in the magnitude of effects reported in different studies...
- Widowhood in the era of HIV/AIDS: a case study of Slaya District, KenyaC R Ambasa-Shisanya
Family Health International in Nairobi, Kenya
SAHARA J 4:606-15. 2007..This paper provides insights into reasons for continuity of widowhood rites in Siaya District. Twelve focus group discussions and 20 in-depth interviews were conducted...
- Risk of mortality following widowhood: age and sex differences by mode of deathK R Smith
Department of Family and Consumer Studies, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84112, USA
Soc Biol 43:59-71. 1996..Using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we find the mortality risk differs by gender, age, and type of widowhood. For nonelderly (< 65) widowers, there is an elevated risk when their wives died suddenly...
- Lifestyle and cancer: effect of widowhood and divorceKari Hemminki
Department of Biosciences at Novum, Karolinska Institute, 141 57 Huddinge, Sweden
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12:899-904. 2003Limited data are available on the possible changes in cancer risk brought about by widowhood and divorce, an increasing segment of the population...
- Role of widows in the heterosexual transmission of HIV in Manicaland, Zimbabwe, 1998-2003B A Lopman
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, UK
Sex Transm Infect 85:i41-8. 2009AIDS is the main driver of young widowhood in southern Africa.
- HIV/AIDS and cultural practices in western Kenya: the impact of sexual cleansing rituals on sexual behavioursRose Ayikukwei
Moi University AMPATH Program, Eldoret, Kenya
Cult Health Sex 10:587-99. 2008..These beliefs encourage men and women to have multiple sexual partners in a context where the use of condoms is rejected and little HIV testing is carried out...
- Does widowhood affect memory performance of older persons?Marja J Aartsen
Department of Sociology and Social Gerontology, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Psychol Med 35:217-26. 2005..Whether conjugal bereavement also affects memory functioning has largely been unexamined. The present study investigates the effect of widowhood on memory functioning in older persons.
- The effects of widowhood on physical and mental health, health behaviors, and health outcomes: The Women's Health InitiativeSara Wilcox
University of South Carolina, Arnold School of Public Health, Dept of Exercise Science, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
Health Psychol 22:513-22. 2003This study examined whether widowhood was associated with physical and mental health, health behaviors, and health outcomes using a cross-sectional (N=72,247) and prospective (N=55,724) design in women aged 50-79 years participating in ..
- Increased hospitalization risk for recently widowed older women and protective effects of social contactsJames N Laditka
The Arnold School of Public Health, HESC Building, 800 Sumter Street, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
J Women Aging 15:7-28; discussion 185-7. 2003This study examines effects of recent widowhood on health for a nationally representative sample of older women in the United States. Mediating effects of social connectedness on the health of recently widowed women are also explored...
- Mortality after spousal loss: are there socio-demographic differences?Orly Manor
School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical Organization, PO Box 12272, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
Soc Sci Med 56:405-13. 2003..bereavement on mortality decreased linearly with age, with a relative risk of 3 among younger men during early widowhood. Bereavement had a greater impact on the more educated men...
- The effect of widowhood on weight change, dietary intake, and eating behavior in the elderly populationD R Shahar
Ben Gurion University, Israel
J Aging Health 13:189-99. 2001To assess the effect of recent widowhood on weight, dietary intake, and habits.
- Widowhood and the risk of psychiatric care, psychotropic medication and all-cause mortality: a cohort study of 658,022 elderly people in SwedenJette Moller
Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Public Health Epidemiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Aging Ment Health 15:259-66. 2011To study the effect of widowhood on the risk of psychiatric care, psychotropic medication and mortality, and to study if the effect is modified by educational level.
- Widow inheritance and HIV/AIDS in rural UgandaE D Mabumba
Kashari Health Sub District, Mbarara District, PO Box 1, Mbarara, Uganda
Trop Doct 37:229-31. 2007..Voluntary counselling and testing is needed for the widows and their inheritors; formal dowry should be removed from marriage and widow inheritance stripped of its sexual component...
- Transitioning from caregiving to widowhoodMichelle DiGiacomo
Faculty of Health, Centre for Cardiovascular and Chronic Care, University of Technology Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Electronic address
J Pain Symptom Manage 46:817-25. 2013..Older women commonly assume a caregiving role for their husbands at the end of life and are more vulnerable to poorer health, well-being, and social and economic challenges...
- Widowhood and spirituality: coping responses to bereavementScott T Michael
The University of Alabama, Department of Psychology, Box 870348, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 0348, USA
J Women Aging 15:145-65; discussion 185-7. 2003..Because older women are three times more likely than their male counterparts to be widowed, widowhood has been labeled a primarily female phenomenon...
- The economic consequences of widowhood for older minority womenJacqueline L Angel
University of Texas at Austin, Lyndon B Johnson School of Public Affairs, PO Box Y, Austin, TX 78713, USA
Gerontologist 47:224-34. 2007We compare the economic consequences of widowhood for pre-retirement age and early-retirement age Black, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic White women.
- 'Is anybody listening?' The experiences of widowhood for older Australian womenS Feldman
Alma Unit for Women and Ageing, Victoria University, Melbourne City, Victoria, Australia
J Women Aging 12:155-76. 2000..The aims of this part of the study are to examine the short- and long-term effects of widowhood on the health and wellbeing of older women and to explore the process of change they experience after the death ..
- Long-term effects of widowhood after terminal cancer: a Swedish nationwide follow-upUnnur Valdimarsdottir
Department of Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Institute of Oncology Pathology, Karolinska Institute, Box 4402, 10268 Stockholm, Sweden
Scand J Public Health 31:31-6. 2003..The authors investigated whether becoming a widow after the death of a husband from cancer results in long-term psychological or physical morbidity...
- Widowhood and mortality among the elderly: the modifying role of neighborhood concentration of widowed individualsS V Subramanian
Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, KRESGE 7th Floor, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
Soc Sci Med 66:873-84. 2008The effect of death of a spouse on the mortality of the survivor (the "widowhood effect") is well-established...
- The effect of widowhood on mortality by the causes of death of both spousesFelix Elwert
Department of Sociology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Am J Public Health 98:2092-8. 2008..We investigated the effect of spousal bereavement on mortality to document cause-specific bereavement effects by the causes of death of both the predecedent spouse and the bereaved partner...
- The broken heart: suicidal ideation in bereavementMargaret Stroebe
Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 8, 3584CS Utrecht, The Netherlands
Am J Psychiatry 162:2178-80. 2005..This report examined suicidal behavior during bereavement...
- PTSD following bereavementS Zisook
University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0603, USA
Ann Clin Psychiatry 10:157-63. 1998..The results suggested that PTSD may occur after bereavement, and, by extension, other stressors not recognized by official diagnostic systems. The "A" criterion needs further examination...
- Rates and risks for prolonged grief disorder in a sample of orphaned and widowed genocide survivorsSusanne Schaal
Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, 78457 Konstanz, Germany
BMC Psychiatry 10:55. 2010..Using these most recent criteria defining PGD, the aim of this study was to determine rates of and risks for PGD in survivors of the 1994 Rwandan genocide who had lost a parent and/or the husband before, during or after the 1994 events...
- Prolonged grief disorder and depression in widows due to the Rwandan genocideSusanne Schaal
Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Konstanz, Germany
Omega (Westport) 59:203-19. 2009..The two syndromes were strongly associated. No discriminant validity was found between the two constructs suggesting that PGD may rather be an appearance of depression than a separate nosological entity...
- The impact of changes in marital status on the mortality of elderly JapaneseChisato Nagata
Department of Public Health, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu, Japan
Ann Epidemiol 13:218-22. 2003..To assess the impact of changes in marital status on the mortality of elderly Japanese men and women...
- Widowhood, family size, and post-reproductive mortality: a comparative analysis of three populations in nineteenth-century EuropeGeorge Alter
Inter university Consortium for Political and Social Research and Population Studies Center, University of Michigan, P O Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
Demography 44:785-806. 2007..Empirical studies have produced inconsistent and contradictory results. Our focus is on the experience of widowhood, which has been ignored in previous studies...
- The effect of losing the twin and losing the partner on mortalityCecilia Tomassini
Age Concern Institute of Gerontology, King s College, London, UK
Twin Res 5:210-7. 2002..The latter confirms the influence of genetic factors on survival, while the mortality trajectory with a peak in the second year after the death of the co-twin is consistent with the existence of a twin bereavement effect...
- Investigating the mechanism of marital mortality reduction: the transition to widowhood and quality of health careLei Jin
Department of Sociology, Chung Chi College Campus, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong SAR, China
Demography 46:605-25. 2009..In this article, we examine the quality of health care as a possible link between widowhood and mortality using a unique data set of 475,313 elderly couples who were followed up for up to nine years...
- Suicide and marital status in the United States, 1991-1996: is widowhood a risk factor?Jason B Luoma
Catholic University of America, Washington, DC, USA
Am J Public Health 92:1518-22. 2002This study examined whether marital status is associated with suicide rates among various age, sex, and racial groups, in particular with widowhood among young adults of both sexes.
- Widowhood and depressive symptoms among older Chinese: do gender and source of support make a difference?Lydia Li
School of Social Work, University of Michigan, 1080 S University, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1106, USA
Soc Sci Med 60:637-47. 2005..gender and pre-bereavement social support from three different sources (spouse, adult children, and friends) on widowhood adjustment among older adults in China...
- Awareness of husband's impending death from cancer and long-term anxiety in widowhood: a nationwide follow-upUnnur Valdimarsdottir
Unnur Valdimarsdóttir Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Oncology and Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Palliat Med 18:432-43. 2004..We investigated the predictors and long-term consequences of awareness time - the length of time a woman is aware of her husband's impending death from cancer...
- Widowhood and other demographic associations of pain in independent older peopleMark Bradbeer
National Ageing Research Institute, Parkville Victoria Melbourne, Australia
Clin J Pain 19:247-54. 2003To determine if psychosocial factors, as suggested by the demographic variables of widowhood and living alone, are associated with pain, particularly severe pain, in a representative sample of independent older people.
- Widowhood and divorce in relation to overall survival among middle-aged Norwegian women with cancerA Kvikstad
Department of Oncology, University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway
Br J Cancer 71:1343-7. 1995The aim of the study was to examine the relations between widowhood and divorce and overall survival among women with cancer...
- HIV/AIDS and young age widowhood in sub-Saharan AfricaJ A Adetunji
Bowling Green University, Ohio, USA
J Health Hum Serv Adm 24:259-78. 2001..The implications of these results for research policy in Sub-Saharan Africa are discussed...
- Impact of the HIV epidemic on population and household structure: the dynamics and evidence to datePatrick Heuveline
Population Research Center, NORC, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
AIDS 18:S45-53. 2004..HIV is contracted most frequently at birth and during early adulthood. The epidemic may thus impact the demographic structure and the household structure of affected populations...
- Coping, depressive feelings and gender differences in late life widowhoodK M Bennett
School of Psychology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
Aging Ment Health 9:348-53. 2005..Participants were interviewed about their affective experiences of widowhood and completed two depression questionnaire assessments, the Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression Scale (SAD) and ..
- Risk of mortality related to widowhood in older Mexican AmericansJim P Stimpson
Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX 76107 2699, USA
Ann Epidemiol 17:313-9. 2007..To examine the risk and correlates of mortality after death of a spouse and whether mortality risk varies by sex...
- Historical trends of survival among widows and widowersGeraldine P Mineau
Department of Oncological Sciences, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84112 5550, USA
Soc Sci Med 54:245-54. 2002....
- A rural HIV epidemic in Zimbabwe? Findings from a population-based surveyS Gregson
Biomedical Research and Training Institute, Harare, Zimbabwe
Int J STD AIDS 12:189-96. 2001..Local programmes promoting safer sexual behaviour and fast and effective STD treatment among young women, divorcees and working men could reduce the extensive HIV transmission in rural communities...
- Marriage, widowhood, and health-care useTheodore J Iwashyna
Department of Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, PA, USA
Soc Sci Med 57:2137-47. 2003..We suggest that these patterns are most consistent with spouses exerting their benefits by functioning as higher-order decision-makers than as home health assistants...
- Effect of widowhood on disability onset in elderly men from three European countriesCarolien L van den Brink
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Center for Prevention and Health Services Research, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
J Am Geriatr Soc 52:353-8. 2004To investigate in different countries the effects of becoming widowed, duration of widowhood, and household composition of widowed men on disability onset in different disability domains.
- Mood and anxiety disorders in widowhood: a systematic reviewS A Onrust
Trimbos Institute, Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Aging Ment Health 10:327-34. 2006The association between widowhood and mental health problems, such as depressive symptomatology and anxiety, has been examined extensively...
- Widowhood and self-rated health among Chinese elders: the effect of economic conditionPamela C Krochalk
Division of Health Sciences, California State University, Dominguez Hills, Carson, California, USA
Australas J Ageing 27:26-32. 2008To examine the mediating effect of economic condition (income, work status, self-rated financial situation and financial support) on widowhood and self-rated health in elderly Chinese.
- Gender differences in the depressive effect of widowhood in later lifeG R Lee
Department of Sociology, Bowling Green State University, Ohio 43403 0231, USA
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 56:S56-61. 2001This study documented the stronger adverse effect of widowhood on the psychological well-being of men than that of women and explained why this gender difference in the effect of widowhood exists.
- Prospective patterns of resilience and maladjustment during widowhoodGeorge A Bonanno
Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
Psychol Aging 19:260-71. 2004..Both the resilient and the depressed-improved groups showed remarkably healthy profiles and relatively little evidence of either struggling with or denying/avoiding the loss...
- For richer, for poorer, in sickness and in health: older widowed women's health, relationships and financial securityJ E Byles
Research Institute for Gender and Health, University of Newcastle, NSW
Women Health 29:15-30. 1999..This study contrasts the health and social needs of widowed older women with needs of married older women...
- Mental health outcomes of widowed and married mothers after warNexhmedin Morina
University of Amsterdam, Department of Clinical Psychology, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Br J Psychiatry 200:158-9. 2012..9% and 22.9% in the married samples. War-related widowhood combined with lone motherhood constitutes a significant factor for elevated psychopathology.
- Does widowhood increase mortality risk?: testing for selection effects by comparing causes of spousal deathPaul J Boyle
Longitudinal Studies Centre Scotland, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Scotland, United Kingdom
Epidemiology 22:1-5. 2011We consider whether widowhood increases mortality risk. Although commonly observed, this "widowhood effect" could be due to selection effects, as married couples share various characteristics related to the risk of death...
- The transition to widowhood and the social regulation of health: consequences for health and health risk behaviorKristi Williams
Department of Sociology, 342 Bricker Hall, 190 N Oval Mall, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 59:S343-9. 2004This study estimates the effects of the transition to widowhood on changes in the social regulation of health and examines the consequences of this association for health and health risk behavior following spousal death.
- Does marital status and marital status change predict physical health in older adults?Kate M Bennett
University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
Psychol Med 36:1313-20. 2006..Evidence for the effects of marital status and marital status change on physical health is equivocal...
- Religion and emotional compensation: results from a prospective study of widowhoodStephanie L Brown
Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 30:1165-74. 2004..Finally, insecure individuals were most likely to benefit from increasing the importance of their beliefs. Results are discussed in terms of the potential value of applying psychological theory to the study of religion...
- Applying an empty-chair monologue paradigm to examine unresolved griefN P Field
Pacific Graduate School of Psychology, Palo Alto, CA, USA
Psychiatry 61:279-87. 1998....
- The quality of life of spouse dementia caregivers: changes associated with yielding to formal care and widowhoodMalcolm J Bond
Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
Soc Sci Med 57:2385-95. 2003..Positive changes were particularly evident in psychological well-being and activity participation. These findings were discussed in terms of their relevance for a life transitions approach to the relinquishment of caregiving...
- The effect of widowhood on older adults' social participation: an evaluation of activity, disengagement, and continuity theoriesRebecca L Utz
Department of Sociology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
Gerontologist 42:522-33. 2002This study evaluated how levels of social participation change as a result of late-life widowhood. Social participation is a multidimensional construct incorporating both formal (e.g...
- Those left behind. War widows find ways to cope, but there's really no cure for the painSusan Brink
US News World Rep 137:52-3. 2004
- "Why did this happen to me?" Experiences of widowhood among the Vhavenda in Limpopo ProvinceM Davhana-Maselesele
Advanced Nursing Science Department, University of Venda
Curationis 28:15-24. 2005..In this article the researcher explores and describes the lived experience of widowhood. Guidelines are provided to support widows/widowers and help them to deal with their loss effectively, as ..
- Profiles of change in self-constructions among early- and later-bereaved widowsMartha J Chovan
Western Carolina University, Cullowhee, NC 27823 9041, USA
Psychol Rep 98:563-8. 2006..Some simple observations were made about the importance of research on self-constructions and the potential for the use of internal dialogues in grief work...
- When a partner dies: lesbian widowsKatherine N Bent
VA Eastern Colorado Health Care System, Denver, Colorado 80220, USA
Issues Ment Health Nurs 27:447-59. 2006..The study used a descriptive, qualitative design informed by feminist scholarship and phenomenology to access the depth of personal experiences, as well as internally interpreted meanings of those experiences, among lesbian widows...
- Adaptation to bereavementYulia Chentsova Dutton
Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Building 420, Jordan Hall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Death Stud 29:877-903. 2005..Each dimension of adaptation is illustrated with quotes from participants of the San Diego Widowhood Study.
- Recovery through reconnection: a cultural design for family bereavement in TaiwanMin Tao Hsu
Graduate Institute of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Death Stud 28:761-86. 2004..The authors suggest that reconnection is a culturally specific and accepted means of resolving grief among Taiwanese...
- Cost-utility of a visiting service for older widowed individuals: randomised trialSimone Onrust
Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction Trimbos instituut, P, O, Box 725, 3500 AS, Utrecht, The Netherlands
BMC Health Serv Res 8:128. 2008..Despite a growing understanding of the effectiveness of bereavement interventions and the groups that benefit most from them, we know little about the cost-effectiveness of bereavement interventions...
- Reduction in leisure activity and well-being during the transition to widowhoodMegan C Janke
Department of Recreation, Sports, and Tourism, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, IL, USA
J Women Aging 20:83-98. 2008..ACL) dataset, this study of 154 widows investigated change in leisure involvement during the transition to widowhood and examined the relationship between leisure activity reduction and widows' well-being...
- Mid-life widows' narratives of support and non-supportElizabeth Scannell-Desch
Division of Nursing, Mount Saint Mary College, Newburgh, New York 12550, USA
J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 43:40-7. 2005..3. Nurses can serve as advocates for widows in using, and teaching others to use, therapeutic communication. 4. Each widow's experience and grieving trajectory is unique...
- Marital status and health: exploring pre-widowhoodBeverly R Williams
Birmingham Atlanta corrected Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center GRECC, Birmingham VA Medical Center, Birmingham, Alabama 35233, USA
J Palliat Med 11:848-56. 2008..Health and function vary by marital status across the life-course, but little is known about older adults approaching spousal loss (pre-widowed)...
- The positive impact of hospice care on the surviving spouseJoann Ahrens
Center for Home Care Policy and Research, Visiting Nurse Service of New York, 5 Penn Plaza, 11th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USA
Home Healthc Nurse 23:53-5. 2005..The results illustrate that hospice care benefits patients and their spouses thereby mediating the effects of caregiver burden and the widow/er effect...
- Continuing bonds in bereavement: an attachment theory based perspectiveNigel P Field
Pacific Graduate School of Psychology, 935 East Meadow Drive, Palo Alto, CA 94303, USA
Death Stud 29:277-99. 2005..Finally, the moderating influence of type of loss (e.g., death of a spouse vs. child), culture, and religion on type of CB expression within an overarching attachment framework is discussed...
- [A comparison of geriatric psychiatric inpatients of two German psychiatric university hospitals in integrated or separated (with regard to age) care--part 1: Type of patients]Jürgen Staedt
Klinik fur Psychiatrie, Psychotherapie und Psychosomatische Medizin, Otto von Guericke Universitat, Magdeburg
Psychiatr Prax 30:242-7. 2003..The latter provides care for a certain area, while the former is not obliged to...
- Parental control, partner dependency, and complicated grief among widowed adults in the communityJeffrey G Johnson
Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, and the New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, New York, and Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
J Nerv Ment Dis 195:26-30. 2007..Dependency on the deceased spouse mediated the association of perceived parental control with the development of complicated grief following bereavement...
- Does early bereavement counseling prevent ill health and untimely death?Agneta Grimby
Department of Geriatric Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden
Am J Hosp Palliat Care 24:475-8. 2007..10 years in regard to morbidity and mortality, as some earlier studies have indicated increased risk during widowhood. Days of hospital care and mortality rates during 5 and 8 years, respectively, were the primary outcome ..
- Bereavement among African American and White older adultsBeverly Rosa Williams
Birmingham Atlanta VA Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Birmingham VA Medical Center, 700 South 19th Street, Birmingham, AL 35233, and University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
J Aging Health 19:313-33. 2007....
- Walking habits in elderly widowsAgneta Grimby
Department of Geriatrics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden
Am J Hosp Palliat Care 25:81-7. 2008..Our results indicate that newly bereaved women may reduce their physical activity, and that the change in exercise habits may be associated with reduced perception of being healthy and a decreased social network...
- Recovering from spousal bereavement in later life: does volunteer participation play a role?Yunqing Li
Center for Health Statistics, New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, 3635 Quakerbridge Road, P O Box 360, Trenton, NJ 08625, USA
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 62:S257-66. 2007..This research investigated how widowhood influences subsequent volunteer participation as well as the potential moderating effect volunteer participation ..
- Assessing grief and bereavement: observations from the fieldMarion J Michalski
Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Omega (Westport) 54:91-106. 2006..Also, developed here is the implication for potential application of a modified version of the YBS which could be used in both research and clinical practice...
- The effects of widowhood and vascular risk factors on late-life depressionCaitlin K Holley
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 15:690-8. 2007....
- Toward the development of an inventory of daily widowed life (IDWL): guided by the dual process model of coping with bereavementMichael S Caserta
Gerontology Interdisciplinary Program and Center on Aging, University of Utah, 10 S 2000 E, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
Death Stud 31:505-35. 2007..We identify six dimensions of oscillation that warrant further consideration and encourage others to help develop and refine all features of the IDWL and make it adaptable to other loss relationships...
- The impact of children on a parent's risk of suicide following death of a spouse, Belgium 1991-96Patrick Lusyne
Ghent University, Belgium
Popul Stud (Camb) 62:55-67. 2008....
- A dual process model of grief counseling: findings from the Changing Lives of Older Couples (CLOC) studyVirginia E Richardson
J Gerontol Soc Work 48:311-29. 2007..The multiple regression analyses revealed that loss- and restoration-oriented activities were important throughout bereavement. Implications for bereavement counseling are discussed...
- Does marriage protect older people from distress? The role of equity and recency of bereavementMariet Hagedoorn
Department of Public Health and Health Psychology, Northern Centre for Healthcare Research, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
Psychol Aging 21:611-20. 2006..Increased distress between the 2 waves occurred in recently widowed persons, and there was a decrease in distress in persons who were widowed shortly before the 1st wave. No gender effects were found...
- Institutionalization of older adults after the death of a spouseElina Nihtilä
Research Unit, Department of Sociology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Am J Public Health 98:1228-34. 2008..the risk of entering long-term institutional care after the death of a spouse in relation to the duration of widowhood among older Finnish men and women...
- Qualitative study of Chinese widows in Hong Kong: insights for psycho-social care in hospice settingsAmy Y M Chow
Department of Social Work and Social Administration, Centre on Behavioral Health, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
Palliat Med 20:513-20. 2006..It is hoped that the experiences of these bereaved widows will stimulate new research to elucidate and verify the findings reported in this paper...
- The effect of widowhood on intergenerational ambivalenceJung Hwa Ha
Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin Madison, 1500 Highland Avenue, Room 529A, Madison, WI 53705, USA
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 63:S49-58. 2008The purpose of this study was to examine (a) the extent to which widowhood affects older adults' ambivalence about their adult children, (b) the role of intergenerational dependence in explaining the effect of widowhood on parent-child ..
- Predictors of psychological adjustment after bereavementSimone Onrust
Department of Prevention and Early Intervention, Trimbos Institute Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Int Psychogeriatr 19:921-34. 2007..The impact of spousal bereavement on mental health varies among the widowed. More information is needed on factors influencing bereavement outcome...
- The feminization of bereavement among community-dwelling older adultsBeverly Rosa Williams
Birmingham Atlanta VA Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center GRECC, Birmingham VA Medical Center, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
J Women Aging 18:3-18. 2006..This study revealed the extent to which older women disproportionately bear the burden of loss and points to the need for greater attention to bereavement as a women's issue...
- Adaptive change in self-concept and well-being during conjugal loss in later lifeMignon A Montpetit
Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA
Int J Aging Hum Dev 63:217-39. 2006..Analyses revealed that trajectories of depression and grief resolution were more highly related than health to changes in self-concept...
- Relationships between bereavement and cognitive functioning in older adultsL Ward
School of Psychology, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
Gerontology 53:362-72. 2007....
- Substitution and compensation in the social networks of older widowed womenLaura A Zettel
Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
Psychol Aging 19:433-43. 2004..new social ties, rekindling of dormant ties, and intensification of existing ties) varied with the duration of widowhood. Regardless of the duration of widowhood, however, greater substitution was related to worse psychological ..
- What helps middle-aged widows with their psychological and social adaptation several years after their loss?Lea Ungar
Technion Institute of Technology, 37 Golda Meier Street, Haifa, 34982 Israel
Death Stud 28:621-41. 2004..Social support contributed significantly to the 2 social adaptation subscales. The discussion emphasizes the importance of Sense of Coherence to adaptation..
- Listen to my words, give meaning to my sorrow: a study in cognitive constructs in middle-age bereaved widowsM M Danforth
North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA
Death Stud 25:513-48. 2001..Implications are presented for the bereaved, practitioners who assist the bereaved, adult educators, and researchers...
- Living with loss: middle-aged men face spousal bereavementLuann M Daggett
University of Southern Mississipi, College of Nursing, USA
Qual Health Res 12:625-39. 2002....
- Patterns of change in mental health status during the first two years of spousal bereavementCarol H Ott
University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Death Stud 26:387-411. 2002..These findings help establish an empirical model of grief that has use for clinical interventions...
- Meaning of bereavement among older African American widowsLaura S Rodgers
Nursing Department of College of Saint Benedict Saint John s University at Saint Joseph, Minnesota, USA
Geriatr Nurs 25:10-6. 2004....
- The unrecognised cost of cancer patients' unrelieved symptoms:a nationwide follow-up of their surviving partnersU Valdimarsdottir
Department of Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Inst Oncology Pathology, Karolinska Institute, Box 4402, 10268 Stockholm, Sweden
Br J Cancer 86:1540-5. 2002..When comparing reports of the patient's pain (much vs no), the relative risks were 0.8 (0.5-1.2) for widowhood depression, and 0.8 (0.4-1.7) for widowhood anxiety...
- [The link between positive-negative appraisals of prebereavement and mental health after spousal loss]Yukihiro Sakaguchi
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Graduate School of Human Sciences, Osaka University, Yamada oka, Suita 565 0871
Shinrigaku Kenkyu 73:425-30. 2002..quot; The implications of these findings for family care and bereavement care were discussed...
- Women's adjustment to widowhood. Theory, research, and interventionsElizabeth Scannell-Desch
Rutgers University, College of Nursing, Newark, New Jersey, USA
J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 41:28-36. 2003..4. Widowhood often causes financial stress because a major income source is lost with the death of a husband.
- The health impact of health care on families: a matched cohort study of hospice use by decedents and mortality outcomes in surviving, widowed spousesNicholas A Christakis
Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, 180 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Soc Sci Med 57:465-75. 2003..Health care may have positive, group-level health "externalities": it may affect the health not only of patients but also of patients' family members...
- Spousal bereavement--implications for healthR Charlton
Centre for Primary Health Care Studies, University of Warwick, Warwick, UK
Fam Pract 18:614-8. 2001..76 to 1.34 (P = 0.09) for psychological illness. CONCLUSION: Bereavement can be viewed as a medical problem, but this is not borne out in prescribing and so care should be taken not to over-medicalize grief...
- Introduction: widows and divorcees in later lifeCarol L Jenkins
Center on Aging, East Carolina University, USA
J Women Aging 15:1-6. 2003
- Continuing bonds in coping with the death of a husbandNigel P Field
Pacific Graduate School of Psychology, 935 East Meadow Drive, Palo Alto, California 94303, USA
Death Stud 28:597-620. 2004..The results were discussed in the context of previous literature on the function of CB in adaptation to bereavement...
- Complicated Grief in Older Adults: Physiological Substrates of Emotion RegulationMARY FRANCES O'CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2011..Mary-Frances O'Connor, into an independent investigator and allow her to develop an R01 proposal to evaluate treatment for complicated grief, based on both physiological and psychological mechanisms. ..
- LIFESTYLES AND GENERATIVITY OF CHILDLESS OLDER WOMENRobert L Rubinstein; Fiscal Year: 2012..The relevance is found in making the lives of elderly childless women more accessible and their issues, problems and strengths more visible including their preferences and need for health care and caregiving services. ..
- Twin Studies of the Marriage Benefit: Parsing Selection from CausationRobert E Emery; Fiscal Year: 2013..Sweden (each sample offers special benefits) to test whether marriage (and single life, cohabitation, divorce, widowhood, and remarriage) really are likely to cause of the outcomes with which they are correlated...
- Princeton Center for Research on Expierence and WellbeingArthur A Stone; Fiscal Year: 2013..g., chronic disease, widowhood) and situations (e.g...
- Relationship of Morbidity and Mortality Between SpousesNicholas Christakis; Fiscal Year: 2006..e. the increased tendency of the bereaved to die), but we will; adjust for the health of both spouses prior to widowhood; examine it's temporal shape in detail; and assess its dependence on socioeconomic factors...
- FACILITATING OLDER SPOUSES' ADJUSTMENT TO SPOUSAL DEATHVICTORIA RAVEIS; Fiscal Year: 1999..the efficacy of a replicable short-term preventive intervention for facilitating older spouse's adjustment to widowhood and reducing morbid bereavement outcomes and their associated health care costs in a sample at high risk for ..
- Reaction and Adaptation to Major Life EventsRichard Lucas; Fiscal Year: 2009..For instance, analyses of panel data show that although people adapt to marriage and widowhood, they seem to be permanently affected by divorce, unemployment, and the onset of disability...
- THE DETERMINANTS OF RETIREMENT AMONG OLDER WOMENANGELA O RAND; Fiscal Year: 1980..The second year of the study will extend the analysis to older married woman and compare all marital status groups using structural equation models and logistic estimation techniques. ..
- EXPENDITURE FLOWS NEAR WIDOWHOODJessie Fan; Fiscal Year: 2001..expenditure dynamics near the time of the death and how they may exacerbate or minimize the economic impact of widowhood. The purpose of the current investigation is to further our understanding of how the typical widow comes to have ..
- COMPREHENSIVE CANCER SCREENINGS AMONG UNMARRIED WOMENMelissa Clark; Fiscal Year: 2005..In Phase III, women will be randomly assigned to one of three survey protocols, and data will be collected at a baseline and a 4-week reliability assessment. ..
- MARITAL STATUS, MARITAL SATISFACTION AND OBESITYJeffery Sobal; Fiscal Year: 1993..This will be the first study of marital status and obesity on national samples of the United States population. Results will assist in understanding obesity, its prevention, and its management...
- WIDOWHOOD, BEREAVEMENT AND COPINGCamille Wortman; Fiscal Year: 1993..By including a component on widowhood, we have developed the first nationally representative study (n = 804 at Wave 1 and 616 at Wave 2) of conjugal ..
- LONGEVITY AND ELDERLY HEALTH CARE EXPENDITURESEDWARD NORTON; Fiscal Year: 2001..The MCBS panel data will enable them to use their own estimates of the increase in managed care coverage and the decrease in disability rates, as well as other sources. ..
- National Social Life, Health and Aging ProjectLINDA WAITE; Fiscal Year: 2007..Evaluate the relationship of older adult sexuality to important life stages (retirement, divorce, widowhood, and formation of new partnerships including remarriage). B...
- VIOLENT DEATH--LIFE COURSE ADJUSTMENT FOR WIDOWSGAY KITSON; Fiscal Year: 1990..Because blacks' adjustment to widowhood has been little studied, and homicides are overrepresented among them, a supplemental sample of 80 black widows ..
- TRAUMATIC GRIEF IN LATER-LIFE: CRITERIA, RISKS, OUTCOMESHolly Prigerson; Fiscal Year: 2001..g., treatment of attachment disturbances) intervention will be identified, as will the mental and physical health impairments associated with meeting diagnostic criteria for TG. ..
- What Triggers Loss of Health Insurance Among the Near-Elderly?Helen Levy; Fiscal Year: 2009..most insurance coverage is obtained through a job or a spouse's job, retirement, job loss, divorce and widowhood are all potential triggers for losing insurance...
- LIFESTYLES AND GENERATIVITY OF CHILDLESS OLDER MENRobert Rubinstein; Fiscal Year: 1993..Information on self-conception and generativity should add a new dimension to gerontological perception of these elderly...
- CONJUGAL LOSS IN LATER LIFE--A DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS APPROACCINDY BERGEMAN; Fiscal Year: 2000..examining the process by which an individual reorganizes his/her emotions after the death of a spouse, we can pave the way to understanding the underlying mechanisms by which individuals successfully adapt to widowhood.
- CAREGIVING AND MENTAL HEALTH--A MULTIFACETED APPROACHM Lawton; Fiscal Year: 1992....
- On-Line Courses for Physicians: HIV & the ElderlyCATHIE KING; Fiscal Year: 2004..As our population ages, families are changing through divorce and widowhood, creating a greater chance that more people infected with HIV will go undiagnosed, placing support systems at ..
- MORTALITY OF OLDER MALES IN INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVEHARVEY BRENNER; Fiscal Year: 1980..status - especially retirement and unemployment, occupation, educational attainment, marital status, including widowhood and family composition, parity of women, ethnic heterogeneity, institutionalization and other isolation of the ..
- MARITAL STATUS AND HEALTH IN MIDDLE AND LATE LIFEMegan Beckett; Fiscal Year: 1999..Finally, little work has examined the prospective impact of both types of marital disruption, widowhood and divorce, on health, social, social, and economic outcomes in midlife and old age...
- INTERGENERATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS IN MEXICAN AMERICANSKyriakos Markides; Fiscal Year: 1993..We also plan to examine key life-course transitions, including widowhood, declining health, the empty-nest, divorce-separation, retirement and employment...
- Understanding Widow PovertySteven Haider; Fiscal Year: 2002..Second, we propose to examine consumption and changes in consumption around the time of widowhood to better understand the direct impact of widowhood...
- OLDER WIDOWS EXPERIENCE OF HOME CAREEILEEN PORTER; Fiscal Year: 2001..be conducted in the home of each of 24 widows over the age of 80, who meet inclusion criteria for duration of widowhood, continuing residence in their own homes since the husband~s death, number of adult children, mental competence, ..
- PARENTS MARITAL HISTORY AND SUPPORT FROM ADULT CHILDRENSteven McLaughlin; Fiscal Year: 1992..The effect of parental separation, widowhood or remarriage during ones' childhood on the subsequent support provided to parents (custodial, noncustodial and ..
- PRODUCTIVITY STRESS AND HEALTH IN MIDDLE AND LATE LIFEJames House; Fiscal Year: 1992..and (4) to continue identifying, and interviewing widows and associated controls in our prospective study of widowhood in a representative sample of 1,532 members of married couples in the Detroit area...
- Lifespan Stressors and Alzheimer's Disease: The Cache County StudyMaria C Norton; Fiscal Year: 2010..Knowledge to be gained may help clinicians more selectively target AD prevention strategies to vulnerable individuals, decades before clinically identifiable symptoms might arise. ..
- Dual Process Intervention for Recently Bereaved SpousesMichael Caserta; Fiscal Year: 2008..the loss itself, and restoration (R), which focuses on coping with secondary stressors related to one's new widowhood status...
- Emotional Factors that Promote Successful AgingRichard Lucas; Fiscal Year: 2006..Ultimately, this research should be able to identify psychological risk factors and mechanisms that may be amenable to intervention, thereby increasing physical health and longevity. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Longitudinal Analysis of Health-Related Quality of Life in an Aging PopulationMark Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable]..
- A Partnership to Promote Physical Activity and Healthy Eating in AME ChurchesSara Wilcox; Fiscal Year: 2010..The inclusion of PA, use of a CBPR approach, engagement of church decision makers, and focus on the church's ..
- Archiving the Retirement History Longitudinal SurveyJames McNally; Fiscal Year: 2006..Additionally we will attempt to identify and add additional technical material on the use, potential applications, and history of the RHLS to the database. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- TESTING ALCOHOL BEHAVIORAL COUPLES THERAPY FOR WOMENElizabeth Epstein; Fiscal Year: 2007..Subjects will be assessed in multiple areas of functioning: alcohol and drug use, individual psychological functioning of each partner, marital functioning, and the extent and quality of the woman's social network. ..
- Stress, Resilience, and Working Memory in Later LifeAnthony Ong; Fiscal Year: 2008..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- JUSTA: Justice and Health for Poultry WorkersSARA QUANDT; Fiscal Year: 2008..abstract_text> ..
- Archiving the Americans' Changing Lives Study: Enhancing Research OpportunitiesJames McNally; Fiscal Year: 2008..These enhancements will allow researchers to examine the relationships of social and economic behaviors on health outcomes among adults aged 25 and older in the United States. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Marriage and Cohabitation among Single Mothers: Consequences for Two GenerationsKristi Williams; Fiscal Year: 2009..The aging of the NLSY79 cohort provides an unprecedented opportunity to investigate the intergenerational consequences of union transitions for the health and well-being of single mothers and their offspring. ..
- SES, Social Support, Age, and HealthToni Antonucci; Fiscal Year: 2002..In sum, incorporating advances in several areas including SES, Social Relations and Self-Efficacy, the proposed study hopes to further our understanding of the processes and mechanisms through which social inequality influences health. ..
- SWAN Sleep Study II-UC Davis/Kaiser siteEllen Gold; Fiscal Year: 2008..The results can inform primary prevention of adverse health outcomes due to the menopause-related sleep disturbances. ..
- PSYCHOSTIMULANTS FOR FATIGUE IN AMBULATORY MEN WITH PCAndrew Roth; Fiscal Year: 2003..Outcomes will be assessed with validated measures of fatigue, side-effects, psychological distress, depression and overall quality of life. ..
- IMPROVING HEALTH OUTCOMES IN UNPARTNERED CARDIAC ELDERSSally Rankin; Fiscal Year: 2003..Social support and self-efficacy are mediating variable sand will be measured by the MOS Social Support Scale and the Jenkins Self-Efficacy Expectation scales for Walking and General Activity. ..
- Neuropeptide Y for Cancer-Associated AnorexiaAminah Jatoi; Fiscal Year: 2003..These two pilot studies will allow us to lay the groundwork for such larger trials. Our ultimate goal is to help cancer patients who suffer from anorexia. ..
- Influences of "self" on priming effectsLAURIE SLONE; Fiscal Year: 2003..Self-awareness is hypothesized to moderate the effects of implicit and subliminal primes as a consequence of the self-relevant processing of information. ..
- Creatine: Is It a Body Builder for Cancer Patients?Aminah Jatoi; Fiscal Year: 2004..obtain longitudinal toxicity and quality of life data on this same cohort of 50 patients and will make direct comparisons between treatment arms on toxicity incidence and severity and on maximal quality of life scores ..
- Mechanisms and Therapeutics in Cancer Anorexia/CachexiaAminah Jatoi; Fiscal Year: 2004..This K23 grant application will serve as a springboard to allow her to delve into the pathophysiology of this syndrome and to develop into an independent clinical investigator. ..
- CAM Use in Midlife Women in Five Ethnic GroupsEllen Gold; Fiscal Year: 2005..abstract_text> ..
- Epilepsy-associated stigma in ZambiaGretchen Birbeck; Fiscal Year: 2005..This contextual framework will facilitate the development of effective, community-based interventions aimed at improving the lives of people with epilepsy in the region. ..
- END OF LIFE PREFERENCES & OUTCOMES: PATIENTS & SPOUSESRachel Pruchno; Fiscal Year: 2004..Analyses would focus on both cross-sectional and prospective longitudinal relationships using a combination of a regression, structural equation modeling, and categorical data analysis techniques. ..
- DEPRESSION AND DISABILITY IN PATIENTS WITH HEART FAILURECarolyn Turvey; Fiscal Year: 2004..Her long-term career goal is to develop interventions that promote healthy aging amongst elders faced with functional decline. ..
- Gambling and Substance Use Among Youth in the U.S.John Welte; Fiscal Year: 2006..abstract_text> ..
- Social Relations and Mental HealthToni Antonucci; Fiscal Year: 2007..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Archiving the National Long Term Care Survey 1982-2004James McNally; Fiscal Year: 2008..The study looks at health, economic and family impacts on aging and the transitions into nursing homes and other institutional settings [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
- Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Depression in Heart FailureCarolyn Turvey; Fiscal Year: 2008..Although the focus of the treatment study is patients with heart failure, the long-term goal is to develop a treatment that reduces depression in elders suffering from irreversible loss in function. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..