Summary: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby men and women are joined together for the purpose of founding a family unit.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Marriage and health: his and hers
    J K Kiecolt-Glaser
    Department of Psychiatry, Ohio State University College of Medicine, 1670 Upham Drive, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
    Psychol Bull 127:472-503. 2001
  2. pmc The effect of maternal child marriage on morbidity and mortality of children under 5 in India: cross sectional study of a nationally representative sample
    Anita Raj
    Boston University of Public Health, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    BMJ 340:b4258. 2010
  3. ncbi Norms and practices within marriage which shape gender roles, HIV/AIDS risk and risk reduction strategies in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique
    S Bandali
    Department of Population Studies, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    AIDS Care 23:1171-6. 2011
  4. pmc Influence of marriage and parenthood on physical activity: a 2-year prospective analysis
    Ethan Edward Hull
    Dept of Physical Education, Slippery Rock University, Slippery Rock, PA, USA
    J Phys Act Health 7:577-83. 2010
  5. pmc Polygyny and the spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: a case of benign concurrency
    Georges Reniers
    Office of Population Research, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, USA
    AIDS 24:299-307. 2010
  6. ncbi Life projects and therapeutic itineraries: marriage, fertility, and antiretroviral therapy in Nigeria
    Daniel Jordan Smith
    Department of Anthropology, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
    AIDS 21:S37-41. 2007
  7. ncbi The social consequences of psychiatric disorders, III: probability of marital stability
    R C Kessler
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115 5899, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 155:1092-6. 1998
  8. ncbi MHC-correlated mate choice in humans: a review
    Jan Havlicek
    Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Humanities, Charles University, Husnikova 2075, 155 00 Prague, Czech Republic
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 34:497-512. 2009
  9. ncbi HIV risk in relation to marriage in areas with high prevalence of HIV infection
    Judith R Glynn
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 33:526-35. 2003
  10. ncbi Sexual cleansing (Kusalazya) and levirate marriage (Kunjilila mung'anda) in the era of AIDS: changes in perceptions and practices in Zambia
    J R Malungo
    Demography Program, Australian National University, ACT 0200, Canberra, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 53:371-82. 2001

Detail Information

Publications375 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Marriage and health: his and hers
    J K Kiecolt-Glaser
    Department of Psychiatry, Ohio State University College of Medicine, 1670 Upham Drive, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
    Psychol Bull 127:472-503. 2001
    ..Contemporary models of gender that emphasize self-processes, traits, and roles furnish alternative perspectives on the differential costs and benefits of marriage for men's and women's health.
  2. pmc The effect of maternal child marriage on morbidity and mortality of children under 5 in India: cross sectional study of a nationally representative sample
    Anita Raj
    Boston University of Public Health, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    BMJ 340:b4258. 2010
    To assess associations between maternal child marriage (marriage before age 18) and morbidity and mortality of infants and children under 5 in India. Design Cross-sectional analyses of nationally representative household sample...
  3. ncbi Norms and practices within marriage which shape gender roles, HIV/AIDS risk and risk reduction strategies in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique
    S Bandali
    Department of Population Studies, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    AIDS Care 23:1171-6. 2011
    ..rates among married individuals, minimal research has been conducted on how men and women respond to risk in a marriage. This paper examines strategies used by married individuals to combat HIV/AIDS risk against prevailing gender ..
  4. pmc Influence of marriage and parenthood on physical activity: a 2-year prospective analysis
    Ethan Edward Hull
    Dept of Physical Education, Slippery Rock University, Slippery Rock, PA, USA
    J Phys Act Health 7:577-83. 2010
    ..The focus of this study is to examine life transitions, such as marriage and parenthood, and the impact they may have on the physical activity levels of young adults.
  5. pmc Polygyny and the spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: a case of benign concurrency
    Georges Reniers
    Office of Population Research, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, USA
    AIDS 24:299-307. 2010
    ..In this contribution, we focus on polygyny, a common and institutionalized form of concurrency for which data are available, and study its relationship with HIV prevalence at the ecological level...
  6. ncbi Life projects and therapeutic itineraries: marriage, fertility, and antiretroviral therapy in Nigeria
    Daniel Jordan Smith
    Department of Anthropology, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA
    AIDS 21:S37-41. 2007
    ..To examine and understand the marital and fertility aspirations and behaviours of individuals receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Nigeria and evaluate the effects on sexual behaviour, disclosure, and adherence...
  7. ncbi The social consequences of psychiatric disorders, III: probability of marital stability
    R C Kessler
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115 5899, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 155:1092-6. 1998
    ..The associations of prior DSM-III-R disorders with probability and timing of subsequent divorce were examined...
  8. ncbi MHC-correlated mate choice in humans: a review
    Jan Havlicek
    Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Humanities, Charles University, Husnikova 2075, 155 00 Prague, Czech Republic
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 34:497-512. 2009
    ..e. odor preference for MHC-dissimilarity and visual preference for MHC-similarity) to achieve an optimal level of genetic variability, methodological issues and interesting avenues for further research...
  9. ncbi HIV risk in relation to marriage in areas with high prevalence of HIV infection
    Judith R Glynn
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 33:526-35. 2003
    ..Many women enter marriage HIV-infected, suggesting that men may be predominantly infected by their wives...
  10. ncbi Sexual cleansing (Kusalazya) and levirate marriage (Kunjilila mung'anda) in the era of AIDS: changes in perceptions and practices in Zambia
    J R Malungo
    Demography Program, Australian National University, ACT 0200, Canberra, Australia
    Soc Sci Med 53:371-82. 2001
    Since sexual cleansing (kusalazya) and the intertwined ritual of levirate marriage or widow and widower inheritance (kunjilila mung'anda) have come to be implicated in the transmission of HIV/AIDS, alternative rituals to sexual cleansing ..
  11. pmc A multinational study of mental disorders, marriage, and divorce
    J Breslau
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of California, USA
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 124:474-86. 2011
    Estimate predictive associations of mental disorders with marriage and divorce in a cross-national sample.
  12. pmc Separate lives, different interests: male and female reproduction in the Gambia
    A A Ratcliffe
    Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02138, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 78:570-9. 2000
    ..3 for each wife. In this polygynous population the means available for attaining reproductive goals were different for the two sexes, depending on the separate lives and different interests of men and women...
  13. pmc Trends in marriage and time spent single in sub-Saharan Africa: a comparative analysis of six population-based cohort studies and nine Demographic and Health Surveys
    M Marston
    Centre for Population Studies, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 85:i64-71. 2009
    To describe trends in age at first sex (AFS), age at first marriage (AFM) and time spent single between events and to compare age-specific trends in marital status in six cohort studies.
  14. ncbi Extramarital sex among Nigerian men: polygyny and other risk factors
    Tisha M Mitsunaga
    AIDS Prevention Initiative Nigeria, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 39:478-88. 2005
    ..Given the heterogeneity within Nigeria, further in-depth studies should be undertaken to explore the relation between number of wives, peri- and postpartum abstinence, and extramarital sex within specific communities...
  15. ncbi Do humans prefer altruistic mates? Testing a link between sexual selection and altruism towards non-relatives
    Tim Phillips
    School of Biology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
    Br J Psychol 99:555-72. 2008
    ..Both sets of results are consistent with the hypothesized link between human altruism towards non-relatives and sexual selection...
  16. ncbi Marriage still protects pregnancy
    Kaisa Raatikainen
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kuopio University Hospital, Finland
    BJOG 112:1411-6. 2005
    To assess the risk factors and outcome of pregnancy outside marriage in the 1990s, in conditions of a high percentage of extramarital pregnancies and high standard maternity care, used by the entire pregnant population.
  17. ncbi Marital status integration, suicide disapproval, and societal integration as explanations of marital status differences in female age-specific suicide rates
    Phillips Cutright
    Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA
    Suicide Life Threat Behav 37:715-24. 2007
    ..The results provide the strongest support for the marital status integration theory and consistent support for the social integration perspective. There is also mixed support for the cultural disapproval of suicide hypothesis...
  18. ncbi Associations between early marriage and young women's marital and reproductive health outcomes: evidence from India
    K G Santhya
    Population Council, New Delhi, India
    Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health 36:132-9. 2010
    Little evidence from India is available regarding the ways in which early marriage may compromise young women's lives and their reproductive health and choices.
  19. ncbi Assessing the utilization of maternal and child health care among married adolescent women: evidence from India
    Lucky Singh
    International Institute for Population Sciences IIPS, Deonar, Mumbai, India
    J Biosoc Sci 44:1-26. 2012
    ..Moreover, there should be substantial financial assistance for the provision of delivery and child care for married women below the age of 19 years...
  20. ncbi God should give daughters to rich families only: attitudes towards childbearing among low-income women in Punjab, Pakistan
    A Winkvist
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 51:73-81. 2000
    ..The results should be of importance in the public health planning in Pakistan as well as for those engaged in women's health issues internationally...
  21. pmc Modern marriage, men's extramarital sex, and HIV risk in southeastern Nigeria
    Daniel Jordan Smith
    Department of Anthropology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:997-1005. 2007
    ..I studied men's extramarital sexual behavior in the context of modern marriage in southeastern Nigeria...
  22. ncbi Sexual behaviour in context: a global perspective
    Kaye Wellings
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Lancet 368:1706-28. 2006
    ..No universal trend towards earlier sexual intercourse has occurred, but the shift towards later marriage in most countries has led to an increase in premarital sex, the prevalence of which is generally higher in ..
  23. ncbi Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between body mass index and marriage-related factors
    Robert W Jeffery
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454 1015, USA
    Obes Res 10:809-15. 2002
    To assess the relationship between marriage and obesity.
  24. pmc Prevalence of child marriage and its effect on fertility and fertility-control outcomes of young women in India: a cross-sectional, observational study
    Anita Raj
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Lancet 373:1883-9. 2009
    Child marriage is a substantial barrier to social and economic development in India, and a primary concern for women's health...
  25. pmc The political economy of marriage and HIV: the ABC approach, "safe" infidelity, and managing moral risk in Uganda
    Shanti A Parikh
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63139, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:1198-208. 2007
    ..I examined how the social and economic contexts surrounding men's extramarital sexuality and the dynamics of marriage put men and women at risk for HIV infection...
  26. pmc Condom use within marriage: a neglected HIV intervention
    Mohamed M Ali
    Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 82:180-6. 2004
    ..To assess the contraceptive effectiveness of condoms versus oral contraceptive pills and estimate the reproductive consequences of a major shift from pill to condom use...
  27. pmc Sex disparities in attitudes towards intimate partner violence against women in sub-Saharan Africa: a socio-ecological analysis
    Olalekan A Uthman
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Epidemiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    BMC Public Health 10:223. 2010
    ..In this study, we take a step back from individual-level variables and examine relationship between societal-level measures and sex differences in attitudes towards IPVAW...
  28. pmc Sexual coercion of married women in Nepal
    Ramesh Adhikari
    Geography and Population Department, Mahendra Ratna Campus Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
    BMC Womens Health 10:31. 2010
    ..The paper aims to examine the prevalence of sexual coercion perpetrated by husbands on their wives in Nepal and to identify the characteristics associated with this phenomenon...
  29. pmc Effect of marriage on duration of chest pain associated with acute myocardial infarction before seeking care
    Clare L Atzema
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    CMAJ 183:1482-91. 2011
    ..We aimed to determine whether marital status was a predictor of the duration of chest pain endured by patients with acute myocardial infarction before they sought care and whether the patient's sex modified the effect...
  30. ncbi Heightened mortality after the death of a spouse: marriage protection or marriage selection?
    Javier Espinosa
    Department of Economics, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY 14623, USA
    J Health Econ 27:1326-42. 2008
    ..Results indicate that the observed effect for women is subject to an omitted variables bias but the estimates for men indicate a causal relationship...
  31. ncbi Early marriage and sexual and reproductive health vulnerabilities of young women: a synthesis of recent evidence from developing countries
    K G Santhya
    Population Council, New Delhi, India
    Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 23:334-9. 2011
    To review current evidence on the links between early marriage and health-related outcomes for young women and their children.
  32. ncbi Condom use within marriage: an assessment of changes in South Africa and Uganda
    Pranitha Maharaj
    School of Development Studies, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa
    AIDS Care 24:444-50. 2012
    ..Condoms play a role in preventing HIV infection but the challenge is for prevention programs to broaden their focus toward meeting the needs of married and cohabiting couples...
  33. ncbi Effects of early and later marriage on women's alcohol use in young adulthood: a prospective analysis
    Laura M Bogart
    RAND Corporation, 1776 Main Street, P O Box 2138, Santa Monica, California 90407 2138, USA
    J Stud Alcohol 66:729-37. 2005
    Previous research shows that marriage leads to reductions in alcohol use, especially for women...
  34. pmc In the absence of marriage: long-term concurrent partnerships, pregnancy, and HIV risk dynamics among South African young adults
    Abigail Harrison
    Population Studies and Training Center, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:991-1000. 2010
    ..Love and marriage aspirations were not viewed as incompatible with secondary partners...
  35. pmc Association between early marriage and intimate partner violence in India: a focus on youth from Bihar and Rajasthan
    Ilene S Speizer
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Gillings School of Global Public Health
    J Interpers Violence 26:1963-81. 2011
    The relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and early marriage is explored using the 2005-2006 India National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3)...
  36. pmc Same-sex legal marriage and psychological well-being: findings from the California Health Interview Survey
    Richard G Wight
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1772, USA
    Am J Public Health 103:339-46. 2013
    We examined whether same-sex marriage was associated with nonspecific psychological distress among self-identified lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults, and whether it had the potential to offset mental health disparities between lesbian, ..
  37. ncbi Evolution of monogamous marriage by maximization of inclusive fitness
    L Fortunato
    Department of Anthropology, University College London, London, UK
    J Evol Biol 23:149-56. 2010
    The majority of human societies allow polygynous marriage, and the prevalence of this practice is readily understood in evolutionary terms...
  38. pmc Getting married in China: pass the medical first
    Therese Hesketh
    Centre for International Child Health, Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH
    BMJ 326:277-9. 2003
  39. ncbi Protecting young women from HIV/AIDS: the case against child and adolescent marriage
    Shelley Clark
    Harris Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Chicago, IL, USA
    Int Fam Plan Perspect 32:79-88. 2006
    ..Although married adolescents are often assumed to be at low risk for HIV infection, little is known about the actual HIV risks these adolescents face or about ways to minimize these risks...
  40. ncbi Early marriage, marital relations and intimate partner violence in Ethiopia
    Population Council, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health 39:6-13. 2013
    ..Although many studies have examined early marriage (before age 18), few have compared outcomes or correlates among girls married during different stages of ..
  41. pmc Has the future of marriage arrived? A contemporary examination of gender, marriage, and psychological well-being
    Kristi Williams
    Department of Sociology, 300 Bricker Hall, 190 N Oval Mall, Ohio State University, Columbus OH 43210, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 44:470-87. 2003
    A long tradition of research and theory on gender, marriage, and mental health suggests that marital status is more important to men's psychological well-being than women's while marital quality is more important to women's well-being ..
  42. ncbi Marriage, parenting, and testosterone variation among Kenyan Swahili men
    Peter B Gray
    Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 122:279-86. 2003
    ..Polygynously married men, all of whom had two wives, had higher T levels than all other Swahili men. Possible explanations of higher T levels among polygynously married men are explored...
  43. ncbi Changing family formation in Nepal: marriage, cohabitation and first sexual intercourse
    Marcantonio Caltabiano
    Department of Statistical Sciences, University of Padova, Italy
    Int Fam Plan Perspect 34:30-9. 2008
    In Nepal, marriage occurs at a relatively young age and arranged weddings are widespread. However, recent changes in the family formation process and the timing of first sexual intercourse suggest that a transformation may be under way.
  44. ncbi The effects of marriage, civil union, and domestic partnership laws on the health and well-being of children
    James G Pawelski
    Division of State Government Affairs, American Academy of Pediatrics, Elk Grove Village, Illinois, USA
    Pediatrics 118:349-64. 2006
  45. ncbi Assortative mating and marital quality in newlyweds: a couple-centered approach
    Shanhong Luo
    Department of Psychology, E11 Seashore Hall, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 1407, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 88:304-26. 2005
  46. pmc Personality and reproductive success in a high-fertility human population
    Alexandra Alvergne
    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:11745-50. 2010
    ..These results have implications for the consideration of alternative adaptive hypotheses in the current debate on the maintenance of personality differences and the role of individual factors in fertility patterns in contemporary humans...
  47. ncbi 'You are a man because you have children': experiences, reproductive health knowledge and treatment-seeking behaviour among men suffering from couple infertility in South Africa
    S J Dyer
    Reproductive Medicine Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Groote Schuur Hospital and Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Observatory 7925, South Africa
    Hum Reprod 19:960-7. 2004
    ..This study explores reproductive health knowledge, health-seeking behaviour and experiences related to involuntary childlessness in men suffering from couple infertility...
  48. pmc Female choice and extra-pair paternity in a traditional human population
    Brooke A Scelza
    Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1553, USA
    Biol Lett 7:889-91. 2011
    ..These results illustrate the importance of seeking EPP as a mechanism of female choice in humans, while simultaneously showing it to be highly variable and context-dependent...
  49. ncbi On the association of interparental conflict with developing behavioral inhibition and behavior problems in early childhood
    Ursula Pauli-Pott
    Institute of Medical Psychology, University of Giessen, Germany
    J Fam Psychol 21:529-32. 2007
    ..Infants high in negative emotionality developed more serious behavior problems when exposed to high interparental conflict, whereas the association was not significant in infants low in negative emotionality...
  50. pmc Land inheritance establishes sibling competition for marriage and reproduction in rural Ethiopia
    Mhairi A Gibson
    Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1UU, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:2200-4. 2011
    ..In this article we explore effects of sibling competition and cooperation for agricultural resources, marriage, and reproduction in one contemporary Ethiopian agropastoralist society...
  51. ncbi Pre-marital HIV testing in couples from faith-based organisations: experience in Port Harcourt, Nigeria
    C I Akani
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
    Niger J Med 14:39-44. 2005
    ..The study sought to establish the sero-prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in this peculiar study group...
  52. ncbi Does cancer affect marriage rates?
    Astri Syse
    Cancer Registry of Norway, Oslo, Norway
    J Cancer Surviv 2:205-14. 2008
    Finding a life partner is of great importance for persons' life satisfaction, but cancer's potential impact on family life is not well described. Cancer's impact on marriage formation rates was therefore explored.
  53. ncbi The physiology of marriage: pathways to health
    Theodore F Robles
    Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, 245 Townshend Hall, 1885 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Physiol Behav 79:409-16. 2003
    b>Marriage is the central relationship for most adults and has beneficial effects for health. At the same time, troubled marriages have negative health consequences...
  54. ncbi Nutritional status of Vietnamese female marriage immigrants to Korea in relation to length of residence in Korea
    Ji Eun Lyu
    Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Women s University, 11 1 Daehyun Dong, Seoul, South Korea
    Ann Nutr Metab 55:317-24. 2009
    It was the aim of this study to assess the nutritional status of Vietnamese immigrants to Korea through marriage and to examine the association between their nutritional status and their length of residence in Korea.
  55. ncbi Trends in educational assortative marriage from 1940 to 2003
    Christine R Schwartz
    Department of Sociology, University of California Los Angeles, CA 90095 1551, USA
    Demography 42:621-46. 2005
    This paper reports trends in educational assortative marriage from 1940 to 2003 in the United States...
  56. ncbi Determinants of transitions to first sexual intercourse, marriage and pregnancy among female adolescents: evidence from South Nyanza, Kenya
    Monica A Magadi
    Department of Sociology, City University, London, UK
    J Biosoc Sci 41:409-27. 2009
    The timing of transitions to sexual activity, marriage and childbearing in sub-Saharan Africa is undergoing profound changes...
  57. pmc Experiences of intimate partner violence and related injuries among women in Yokohama, Japan
    Mieko Yoshihama
    School of Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1106, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:232-4. 2007
    ..In addition to the need for increased prevention efforts, our findings indicate the need for an expanded legal definition of intimate partner violence in Japan given that the current definition excludes premarital violence...
  58. ncbi Evaluation of Berhane Hewan: a program to delay child marriage in rural Ethiopia
    Annabel S Erulkar
    Population Council, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health 35:6-14. 2009
    Early marriage limits girls' opportunities and compromises their health, yet in Sub-Saharan Africa many girls are married before the age of 18, and few programs have sought to increase the age at marriage on the continent.
  59. pmc Measuring trends in age at first sex and age at marriage in Manicaland, Zimbabwe
    I Cremin
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, UK
    Sex Transm Infect 85:i34-40. 2009
    To identify reporting biases and to determine the influence of inconsistent reporting on observed trends in the timing of age at first sex and age at marriage.
  60. pmc Marital strategies for regulating exposure to HIV
    Georges Reniers
    Institute of Behavioral Science, Population Program, University of Colorado Boulder, 484 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
    Demography 45:417-38. 2008
    ..In contrast, this article treats marriage as a resource for HIV risk management via mechanisms of positive selection (partner choice) and negative ..
  61. ncbi The proximate determinants of the decline to below-replacement fertility in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Amson Sibanda
    Department of Sociology and Population Studies and Training Center, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 34:1-7. 2003
    ..Poor employment prospects and relatively high housing costs are likely factors that encourage couples to delay marriage and reduce marital fertility.
  62. ncbi Candies in hell: women's experiences of violence in Nicaragua
    M Ellsberg
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, Sweden
    Soc Sci Med 51:1595-610. 2000
    ..The latency period between the initiation of marriage or cohabitation and violence was short, with over 50% of the battered women reporting that the first act of ..
  63. ncbi Is there something unique about marriage? The relative impact of marital status, relationship quality, and network social support on ambulatory blood pressure and mental health
    Julianne Holt-Lunstad
    Department of Psychology, Brigham Young University, 1024 Spencer W Kimball Tower, Provo, UT 84602 5543, USA
    Ann Behav Med 35:239-44. 2008
    ..Having close social relationships and being married specifically have been reliably associated with health benefits including lower morbidity and mortality...
  64. ncbi Are female orphans at risk for early marriage, early sexual debut, and teen pregnancy? Evidence from sub-Saharan Africa
    Tia Palermo
    Ipas, 300 Market Street, Suite 200, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA
    Stud Fam Plann 40:101-12. 2009
    Female orphans are widely cited as being at risk for early marriage, early childbearing, and risky sexual behavior; however, to date no studies have examined these linkages using population-level data across multiple countries...
  65. pmc Cognitive processes underlying human mate choice: The relationship between self-perception and mate preference in Western society
    Peter M Buston
    Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:8805-10. 2003
  66. pmc Marriage, sex, and hydrocele: an ethnographic study on the effect of filarial hydrocele on conjugal life and marriageability from Orissa, India
    Bontha V Babu
    Regional Medical Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, Bhubaneswar, India
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 3:e414. 2009
    ..The present study explores and describes the impact of hydrocele on sexual and marital life as well as on marriageability of hydrocele patients from rural areas of Orissa, an eastern state of India...
  67. pmc Influence of timing of sexual debut and first marriage on sexual behaviour in later life: findings from four survey rounds in the Kisesa cohort in northern Tanzania
    B Zaba
    TAZAMA Project, National Institute for Medical Research, Mwanza, Tanzania
    Sex Transm Infect 85:i20-6. 2009
    To evaluate quality of sexual debut and first marriage data, measure trends and study the association of risky sexual behaviour in youth with adult risk behaviour.
  68. ncbi Women with onset of epilepsy prior to marriage: disclose or conceal?
    Deetha Santosh
    R Madhavan Nayar Center for Comprehensive Epilepsy Care, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
    Epilepsia 48:1007-10. 2007
    We inquired reasons for concealment/disclosure of the history of epilepsy during marriage negotiations and marriage outcomes of 82 consecutive women attending a tertiary referral center based epilepsy clinic in Kerala, southern India...
  69. pmc The mental health of married, cohabiting, and non-coresident parents with infants
    Michelle DeKlyen
    Center for Research on Child Wellbeing, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1836-41. 2006
    ..We compared recent parents (married, cohabiting, not cohabiting but romantically involved, and not romantically involved) to examine the association between mental health problems and relationship status...
  70. ncbi Consanguineous marriage in Iran
    M Saadat
    Department of Biology, College of Sciences, Shiraz University, Iran
    Ann Hum Biol 31:263-9. 2004
    Consanguineous marriage is a major feature of family systems in south-west Asia...
  71. ncbi Marriage and cancer prevention: does marital status and inviting both spouses together influence colorectal cancer screening participation?
    Cornelia H M van Jaarsveld
    Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    J Med Screen 13:172-6. 2006
    ..This study examined the influence of marital status and inviting both partners together on participation in colorectal cancer screening...
  72. ncbi Science and society: genetic counselling and customary consanguineous marriage
    Bernadette Modell
    Royal Free and University College Medical School, Highgate Hill, London N19 5LW, UK
    Nat Rev Genet 3:225-9. 2002
    Consanguineous marriage is customary in many societies, but leads to an increased birth prevalence of infants with severe recessive disorders...
  73. ncbi Impact of marriage on HIV/AIDS risk behaviors among impoverished, at-risk couples: a multilevel latent variable approach
    Judith A Stein
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
    AIDS Behav 11:87-98. 2007
    Studies among normative samples generally demonstrate a positive impact of marriage on health behaviors and other related attitudes...
  74. ncbi Reconstructing the history of marriage strategies in Indo-European-speaking societies: monogamy and polygyny
    Laura Fortunato
    Department of Anthropology, University College London, 14 Taviton Street, London WC1H OBW, UK
    Hum Biol 83:87-105. 2011
    Explanations for the emergence of monogamous marriage have focused on the cross-cultural distribution of marriage strategies, thus failing to account for their history...
  75. pmc A facial attractiveness account of gender asymmetries in interracial marriage
    Michael B Lewis
    School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e31703. 2012
    ..Models of interracial marriage, based on the exchange of racial status for other capital, cannot explain these asymmetries...
  76. ncbi Polygyny and reproductive behavior in sub-Saharan Africa: a contextual analysis
    A C Ezeh
    Macro International, Inc, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Demography 34:355-68. 1997
    ..This maximization occurs through early initiation of sexual/reproductive activity, universal marriage and minimal interruption of marriage, nonuse of contraception within a union, and a positive attitude toward high ..
  77. ncbi Marriage as a risk factor for HIV: learning from the experiences of HIV-infected women in Malawi
    Lucy Mkandawire-Valhmu
    College of Nursing, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI, USA
    Glob Public Health 8:187-201. 2013
    ..relationships in Malawi, a country with one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in the world, arguably place marriage as an important risk factor for HIV infection among women, yet few studies detail the complex interactions of ..
  78. ncbi Social networks, structural interdependence, and marital quality over the transition to marriage: a prospective analysis
    Jill N Kearns
    Research Institute on Addictions, State University of New York at Buffalo, 14203, USA
    J Fam Psychol 18:383-95. 2004
    ..interdependence and marital quality in a sample of 347 couples that were recruited at the time of their first marriage. Husbands and wives completed separate, self-administered questionnaires at home...
  79. ncbi Lower marriage and divorce rates among twins than among singletons in Danish birth cohorts 1940-1964
    Inge Petersen
    The Danish Twin Registry, Epidemiology, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
    Twin Res Hum Genet 14:150-7. 2011
    ..5% sample of the total Danish population, and administrative register databases, the authors compare rates of marriage and divorce in a sample of 35,975 twins and 81,803 singletons born 1940-1964...
  80. ncbi Social consequences of personality disorders: probability and timing of marriage and probability of marital disruption
    Mark A Whisman
    Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 0345, USA
    J Pers Disord 21:690-5. 2007
    The associations between DSM-IV personality disorders and probability of marriage, early marriage, and marital disruption were evaluated among people that participated in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions,..
  81. ncbi It takes two: marriage and smoking cessation in the middle years
    Melissa M Franks
    Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA
    J Aging Health 14:336-54. 2002
  82. ncbi Marriage in eating disorders comparisons between patients and spouses and changes over the course of treatment
    D B Woodside
    8EN 219, Eating Disorders Program, The Toronto General Hospital, 200 Elizabeth Street, M5G 2C4, Toronto, ON, Canada
    J Psychosom Res 49:165-8. 2000
    ..This study examines one aspect of the marital satisfaction, intimacy, of couples where one member has an eating disorder (ED), before and after intensive day hospital treatment for ED...
  83. ncbi Match makers and deal breakers: analyses of assortative mating in newlywed couples
    David Watson
    Department of Psychology, E11 Seashore Hall, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, 52242 1407, USA
    J Pers 72:1029-68. 2004
    ..e., similarity at the time of marriage) rather than convergence (i.e., increasing similarity with time)...
  84. pmc Social support and weight maintenance in marriage: the interactive effects of support seeking, support provision, and gender
    Andrea L Meltzer
    Department of Psychology, Southern Methodist University, PO Box 750442, Dallas, TX 75275, USA
    J Fam Psychol 26:678-87. 2012
    Spouses tend to gain weight over the early years of marriage. Given that maintaining a healthy weight is a common goal among newlyweds, and given the importance of partner support to goal achievement, the current study examined whether ..
  85. pmc Absence of evidence for MHC-dependent mate selection within HapMap populations
    Adnan Derti
    Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 6:e1000925. 2010
    ..In summary, fine-scale molecular-genetic data do not conclusively support the hypothesis that mate selection in humans is influenced by the MHC locus...
  86. ncbi Alcohol involvement and marital quality in the early years of marriage: a longitudinal growth curve analysis
    Jill N Kearns-Bodkin
    Research Institute on Addictions, The State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14203 1016, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 29:2123-34. 2005
    ..The current study examines two potential influences on newly married husbands' and wives' drinking trajectories, the impact of the partner's drinking and the quality of the marriage.
  87. pmc Association between adolescent marriage and marital violence among young adult women in India
    Anita Raj
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Boston University of Public Health, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 110:35-9. 2010
    To assess whether a history of adolescent marriage (<18 years) places women in young adulthood in India at increased risk of physical or sexual marital violence.
  88. ncbi Contraceptive use before and after marriage in Shanghai
    Yan Che
    Shanghai Institute of Planned Parenthood Research, 2140 Xie Tu Road, Shanghai 200032, China
    Stud Fam Plann 34:44-52. 2003
    ..Twelve percent of couples reported that they had had sexual intercourse before marriage. Only one-third of those exposed to premarital risk of conception were protected by some form of contraception, ..
  89. ncbi Spurious? Name similarity effects (implicit egotism) in marriage, job, and moving decisions
    Uri Simonsohn
    The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 101:1-24. 2011
    ..The current article successfully replicates the original findings but shows that they are most likely caused by a combination of cohort, geographic, and ethnic confounds as well as reverse causality...
  90. ncbi Investigating the effects of marriage and relationship education on couples' communication skills: a meta-analytic study
    Victoria L Blanchard
    Department of Sociology, State University of New York at Albany, Albany, NY 12222, USA
    J Fam Psychol 23:203-14. 2009
    This meta-analysis probes into previous research substantiating the positive effects of marriage and relationship education (MRE) on couples' communication skills...
  91. ncbi Kinship, marriage, and the genetics of past human dispersals
    R Alexander Bentley
    Department of Anthropology, Durham University, 43 Old Elvet, Durham DH1 3HN, United Kingdom
    Hum Biol 81:159-79. 2009
    ..We provide an example of a model simulation for the spread of agriculture in which this individual-scale evidence is used to refine the parameters...
  92. pmc Alcoholic marriage: later start, sooner end
    Mary Waldron
    Department of Counseling and Educational Psychology, School of Education, Indiana University, 201 N Rose Avenue, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 35:632-42. 2011
    ..Although associations between drinking behavior and marital status are well documented, timing of marital transitions as a function of alcohol use or disorder has received limited empirical attention...
  93. ncbi Fertility and its relationship with sociocultural factors in Kuwaiti society
    Y Y Al-Kandari
    College of Social Science, Kuwait University, Kuwait
    East Mediterr Health J 13:1364-71. 2007
    ..Fertility was higher among Sunni Muslim women, those of Bedouin ethnicity, and those in a consanguineous marriage (P < 0.001)...
  94. pmc Public health implications of same-sex marriage
    William C Buffie
    St Francis Hospital, Indianapolis, IN, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:986-90. 2011
    ..Reports in the medical and social science literature suggest that legal and social recognition of same-sex marriage has had positive effects on the health status of this at-risk community...
  95. ncbi Early marriage, poor reproductive health status of mother and child well-being in India
    Ravi Prakash
    Department of Monitoring and Evaluation, Karnataka Health Promotion Trust, Bangalore 560044, India
    J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care 37:136-45. 2011
    Early marriage, women's poor reproductive health and child well-being are important areas of concern, especially in developing countries like India...
  96. pmc Marriage and motherhood are associated with lower testosterone concentrations in women
    Emily S Barrett
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, USA
    Horm Behav 63:72-9. 2013
    ..This is the first study to look at testosterone concentrations in relation to marriage and motherhood in Western women, and it suggests that testosterone may differ with marital and maternal status in ..
  97. ncbi Consanguineous marriage in a newly developed country: the Qatari population
    Abdulbari Bener
    Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Hamad General Hospital and Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, State of Qatar
    J Biosoc Sci 38:239-46. 2006
    This study examines the frequency of consanguineous marriage and coefficient of inbreeding in the State of Qatar. The study was conducted in semi-urban areas of Doha between January and May 2004...
  98. ncbi Marriage and the parenting alliance: longitudinal prediction of change in parenting perceptions and behaviors
    F J Floyd
    Psychology Department, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 27599 3270, USA
    Child Dev 69:1461-79. 1998
    The study evaluates how marriage and the parenting alliance affect parenting experiences over time...
  99. ncbi Male sexual dysfunction in unconsummated marriage: long-term outcome in 417 patients
    Javaad Zargooshi
    Department of Urology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
    J Sex Med 5:2895-903. 2008
    Little research has been conducted about unconsummated marriage (UCM).
  100. ncbi Mothers' and fathers' depressive symptoms and conflict-resolution strategies in the marriage and children's externalizing and internalizing behaviors
    Jennifer F Marchand
    Department of Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, Mont Alto 17237, USA
    J Genet Psychol 164:227-39. 2003
    The authors examined mothers' and fathers' avoidance and attacking conflict-resolution strategies in the marriage and their depressive symptoms as they related to children's externalizing and internalizing behaviors...
  101. pmc The influence of social niche on cultural niche construction: modelling changes in belief about marriage form in Taiwan
    Mikhail Lipatov
    Department of Anthropology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:901-17. 2011
    ..Demographic data from colonial-period household registers in Taiwan document a shift in marriage form within 40 years, from a mixture of uxorilocal marriages and virilocal marriages to the latter's dominance...

Research Grants81

  1. Sources of Change and Stability in Low-Income Black Marriages
    BENJAMIN REUVEN KARNEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Among families with an annual household income greater than $50,000, the risk that a marriage will end in the first 10 years is actually the same for black and white couples (23%;Bramlett &Mosher, 2002)...
  2. Multivariate Analysis of the Total Fertility Rate and Its Components
    Robert D Retherford; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Predictor variables must include woman's age at starting parity (except for the birth-to-first-marriage transition, where everyone starts at the same age) and may include additional socioeconomic variables (broadly ..
  3. Outcomes of Infertility Treatments in Clinic and Population-Based Cohorts
    Joseph B Stanford; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..To establish a parallel population- based cohort, we will use marriage certificates, birth certificates, and fetal death certificates from the UPDB to identify potential participants...
  4. Diet, Insulin, Dopamine, and Reward.
    Margaret E Rice; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The marriage of mechanistic in vitro studies and in vivo behavioral assays in this multi-PI, multi-disciplinary project has ..
  5. Obesity and Metabolic Risk Disparities: Underlying Food Environment Factors
    Penny Gordon-Larsen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..persistence, and reversal on the above metabolic risk factors (controlling for residential choice, pregnancy and marriage status, physical activity and smoking)...
    Diane J Mathis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..To accomplish these goals efficaciously, the program has been devised around a unique marriage of skills: groups of imaging scientists based at the Center for Molecular Imaging Research at the MGH and groups ..
  7. Gamete membrane adhesion and fusion during fertilization
    William J Snell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..We will identify proteins that interact with HAP2, we will study the functional domains of HAP2, and we will identify new proteins that function during membrane fusion. ..
  8. Chronic Conditions and Mutuality of Care in Late Life Marriage
    JOAN E MONIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Understanding how support dynamics in marriage influence each partner's health will provide great insight into helping couples stay healthier and ..
  9. The Complexity of Immigrant Generations
    STEPHEN J TREJO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Immigrants arriving as children rather than as adults, interethnic marriage, and marriage between co-ethnics of different generations create a wide variety of marital unions, and the ..
  10. Smokeless Tobacco Use and Reproductive Health Among Married Women in a Low-income
    Jean J Schensul; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..and practices associated with smokeless tobacco during three stages in reproductive history, immediately post marriage, during first (or second) pregnancy, and between 2nd and 4th pregnancy...
  11. Intimate partner violence in newly married couples: The role of illicit drug use.
    Philip H Smith; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Couples were recruited for the ADS as they applied for their marriage license, and subsequently followed-up at their first, second, fourth, seventh and ninth wedding anniversaries...
  12. Selective Migration and the Macro Demographic Consequences of Armed Conflict
    ..short and long-term changes in macro-level population composition and dynamics, including rates of migration, marriage, fertility, urbanization, and population growth;(2) how does conflict-related migration affect household ..
  13. Selective Migration and the Macro Demographic Consequences of Armed Conflict
    ..short and long-term changes in macro-level population composition and dynamics, including rates of migration, marriage, fertility, urbanization, and population growth;(2) how does conflict-related migration affect household ..
  14. Marital Discord, Fast Food, Obesity, and Inflammation
    Janice K Kiecolt-Glaser; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Depression and psychosocial stress can also directly promote proinflammatory cytokine production, and a turbulent marriage is a rich source for both;marital discord greatly enhances risk for depression, and marital discord also has ..
  15. Family and Health Consequences of Imbalanced Sex Ratios in India
    Scott J South; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g., age at marriage, fertility, likelihood of divorce, social and geographic exogamy, the values of dowries);on sexual behaviors and ..
  16. The Role of Genetic Variation in Alzheimer's Disease
    Robyn A Honea; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Honea's independent research on gene by environment interactions relevant for brain health. The marriage of molecular genetics with environmental factors will provide a fertile direction for translational aging ..
  17. AMP-activated protein kinase management will improve oocyte cryopreservation
    Daniel Allen Rappolee; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..fertility in later reproductive age in women is an increasing trend due to career-building, as ages of first marriage and first birth increase...
  18. Longitudinal study of legal status, stigma, and well-being among diverse couples
    KIMBERLY FERN BALSAM; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Given that same-sex marriage is now available in 5 U.S...
  19. Human Epilepsy Genetics - Neuronal Migration Disorders
    Christopher A Walsh; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of families is focused in the Middle East and surrounding regions where the prevalence of intra-familial marriage and large family size enriches this population for rare Mendelian disorders, thereby offering significant power ..
  20. Prevention of marital distress in low-income couples transitioning to parenthood
    KATHERINE JANE WILLIAMS; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The impacts of marital distress do not end with the spouses in the marriage;children of distressed couples who are exposed to characteristically high levels of conflict suffer negative ..
  21. Biopsychosocial Factors in Depression and Marriage: Implications for Cancer
    Paula R Pietromonaco; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This research investigates physiological and behavioral processes through which insecure attachment in marriage may serve as a risk factor for depression and anxiety disorders...
  22. Biodemography of Exceptional Longevity in the United States
    Leonid A Gavrilov; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..therefore proposes to explore the effects of early-life living conditions, adult physical characteristics, marriage, and reproductive history on exceptional longevity, and will test a number of related biomedical and social ..
  23. Television and International Family Change: A Randomized Experiment
    Rukmalie Jayakody; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..are: (1) Examine the causal impacts of television on family formation attitudes and behaviors, including age at marriage, parent's role in the mate selection process, desired family size, age at first birth, and contraceptive use;..
  24. Genetic Moderators of Divorce Adjustment: A Pilot Investigation
    David A Sbarra; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..of divorce adjustment, this work can provide new insights into who fares well or poorly following the end of marriage. There is consensus in the fields of genetic epidemiology and molecular psychiatry that the study of genotypic ..
  25. Trajectories of Drugs Abuse in High Risk Youth
    Linda A Teplin; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..g., residential independence [including avoiding incarceration], employment, marriage, parenting, desistance from crime and violence)...
  26. Macroeconomic Conditions and Marital Dissolution
    MELINDA SANDLER MORRILL; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..we will estimate individual-level discrete time hazard models (with unobserved heterogeneity) of exit from first marriage into divorce (or, alternatively, into separation)...
  27. Preventing HIV Infection Among MSM in Southern India
    David D Celentano; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Yet Indian MSM remain hidden from public view as marriage is expected and anal intercourse has historically been a crime punishable by the Indian Penal Code (Section 377), ..
  28. Archiving Three Waves of the National Survey of Families and Households
    James R Walker; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..NSFH is a rich data source for researchers studying family living arrangements, marriage, cohabitation, fertility, parenting relations, kin contact, health and economic and psychological well- being...
  29. Genetic Analysis of Nematode Egg Laying and Co-regulated Behavioral Systems
    H Robert Horvitz; Fiscal Year: 2013
  30. Biology of the Apicomplexan Plastid
    Boris Striepen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The structure and biology of the apicoplast is remarkably complex as it is derived from the endosymbiotic marriage of two eukaryotes: a red alga and an auxotrophic protist...
  31. Measuring and Explaining Unintended Pregnancy in the United States, 1987-2009
    Lawrence B Finer; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..pregnancy (the first since 2001) for the United States and key sociodemographic subgroups, including age, marriage and union status, poverty status race/ethnicity, education, parity, religious affiliation, and (for the most ..
  32. Stress and Moral Judgment Variation Across Contexts Among Immigrant Asian Youth
    Yuichi Shoda; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..e., marriage and career), is a promising line of inquiry which has not been previously conducted among immigrant youth...
    Michael F McNitt-Gray; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This marriage of physical sciences, biology, mathematics and medicine has produced successful biomedical research and aims to ..
  34. Impact of Life Events on Patterns of Drug Us in an Urban African American Cohort
    Elaine E Doherty; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Few life events beyond marriage, work, and military service have been studied in this regard...
  35. Modeling Spatial and Family Factors in the Transmission of Wealth
    ALICE BEE KASAKOFF; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..provide the names of women's husbands, allowing us to located women in censuses both before and after marriage, and, thus, to examine how gender affected social mobility...
  36. VCT with Primary and Concurrent Partners to Prevent HIV Transmission
    Susan A Allen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The potential impact of joint testing with concurrent partners (CPT) on HIV infections acquired outside marriage in both discordant and concordant negative couples has not been explored...
  37. Trajectories and Consequences of Nonmarital Fathering
    MARCIA JEANNE CARLSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This is an important topic, given the large and growing number of men who will have at least one child outside of marriage[unreadable]and the large fraction of children and mothers who will be exposed to their fathering behavior...
  38. Sexual Behavior Trajectories from Adolescence to Adulthood
    Carolyn T Halpern; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Sexual transition occurs earlier and outside of marriage, lifetime numbers of sexual partners have increased, and entry into marriage occurs later or not all...
  39. Baseline Microdata for Analysis of U.S. Demographic Change
    EVAN W ROBERTS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This basic infrastructure will stimulate health-related research on population growth and movement, fertility, mortality, and nuptiality, as well as the economic and social correlates of demographic behavior. 1 ..
  40. Substance Use in Early Adolescence: Risks From Parental SUDS, Parental Separatio
    MARY C WALDRON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..pilot data from families with young adolescent offspring (ages 11-13), already ascertained on the basis of birth, marriage, and divorce records, where the biological parents are confirmed at screening interview to be (i) continuously ..
  41. Dissecting the neural control of social attachment
    NIRAO MAHESH SHAH; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Even in healthy individuals, breakdown of a social relationship such as marriage leads to a dramatic increase in stress and anxiety...
  42. Detection strategies:Aptamer-based target recognition to turn-on GOx signaling
    MEHNAAZ FATIMA ALI; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The marriage between these two existing strategies will produce an adaptable detection system that is easily amenable to ..
  43. Dissecting the neural control of social attachment
    NIRAO MAHESH SHAH; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Even in healthy individuals, breakdown of a social relationship such as marriage leads to a dramatic increase in stress and anxiety...
  44. Alcohol and Substance Use Disorders from Adolescence through Age 30
    Christopher S Martin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and young adult substance use and problems affect and are affected by educational and occupational achievement, marriage, cohabitation and parenting...
  45. Long-term Effects of Health and Development Interventions in Rural Bangladesh
    JANE A MENKEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..MHSS2 will provide detailed information on health, human capital, labor and marriage outcomes, old-age support, and socioeconomic status 30 years after the initiation of the MCH/FP intervention...
  46. Marriage, Physiology, and Health during the Retirement Transition
    THEODORE ROBLES; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Unfortunately, little is known about marriage and health, and the psychobiological mechanisms that explain the relationship between marital functioning and ..
  47. Community Context and Violence: African American Youth Transitioning to Adulthood
    Ronald L Simons; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Further, the transition to adulthood entails a number of role transitions (e.g., marriage, employment, joining the military)...
  48. TrpM5 characterizes a main olfactory projection to the medial amygdala
    Shane H Rolen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The proposed project will elucidate how the main olfactory system processes socially-related odor signals important for mate selection and identification of individuals. ..
    JAMES DOUGLAS JAMIESON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The future of medicine depends on the marriage of basic and clinical disciplines: MSTP nhvsician-scienti.sts will lead these endeavors.
  50. Alcohol Use and Relationship Distress in Married Couples
    Lindsey Rodriguez; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Finally, the award will aid in the ethical, methodological, and substantive training of a promising new researcher to address the need for important, innovative research in the domain of drinking and marriage.
  51. Family Based Treatment for Young Adults with Anorexia Nervosa
    Eunice Yu Chen; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..e., adult family members who have an emotional investment in the patient, which may include emotional (e.g. marriage) and/or financial leverage (e.g., paying college tuition, rent, etc., for the patient)...
  52. Physical Health in Midlife:Influences of adversities and relationships
    Judith A Crowell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..with economic hardship, racism, and exposure to violence, 2) perturbations of relationships in families-marriage and romantic relationships--as they influence midlife health outcomes, and 3) how variations in midlife adults&..
  53. Relationships and Health: Comparing Union Types
    DEBRA J UMBERSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    Abstract Married heterosexuals enjoy greater health and longevity than the unmarried, and the importance of marriage for health increases as people age...
  54. Diffusion Tensor Imaging to Define CNS Injury in Children with Brain Tumors
    MARY BARON NELSON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..and low IQs, leading to lower educational attainment, higher likelihood of unemployment, lower rates of marriage and parenthood and higher rates of divorce and interpersonal relationship problems...
  55. Obesity, Marital Transitions, and Economic Outcomes
    AUDREY L LIGHT; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Existing evidence that obesity lowers the wages of women (especially whites) but not men could simply reflect a marriage effect, given that men and women tend to gain weight upon marrying, while men's (women's) wages tend to ..
  56. Effects of affectionate touch between spouses on cardiovascular stress responses
    MARY BURLESON; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..For most individuals, marriage is a powerful social bond, in which many aspects of connection are found within a single relationship, the ..
  57. Marital Trajectories and Cardiovascular Disease in the United States
    MATTHEW DUPRE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..of risks and acceleration of cardiovascular aging will be greatest among persons with the least exposure to marriage and most marital instability...
  58. Timing of Marriage and Women's Economic Empowerment in Egypt
    Kathryn M Yount; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Young women may enter the labor force as a means to secure the resources needed for a "good marriage" but drop out of the labor force upon marriage...
  59. Marriage, Families and Retirement
    Maximiliane E Szinovacz; Fiscal Year: 2010
  60. Clinical and genetic studies of hereditary neurological disorders in Mali
    Guida Landoure; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..African populations, Malians in particular, have a high rate o intra-ethnic and consanguineous marriage, resulting in increased prevalence of autosomal recessive diseases...
  61. Ideational Influences on Marriage and Childbearing
    ARLAND D THORNTON; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..In recent years scholars have identified many beliefs and values to be important influences on marriage and reproductive behavior, and these ideational factors have become important elements in theories of family and ..
  62. Rapid Material Perception
    Ruth Rosenholtz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Little is known about these capabilities, and the proposed research will establish some of the foundations needed for a theoretical and practical understanding of material perception. ..
  63. Psychosocial Impact of Genetics in Epilepsy
    Ruth Ottman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..psychosocial dimensions of living with epilepsy, which include stigma, discrimination, reduced rates of marriage and reproduction, and reduced health-related quality of life...
  64. The Role of Social Relationships and Self-Efficacy in Diabetes Management
    LINDA WRAY; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This application's goal is to examine how social relationships (and particularly marriage) and self-efficacy influence adherence to diabetes-related lifestyle behaviors and health outcomes in order to ..
  65. Economic Restructuring and Social Mobility in Japan
    Wei hsin Yu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Because individuals'long-term job prospects affect their rates of marriage, divorce, and childbearing, as well as their health, results of this study will have important implications for ..
    Larry Bumpass; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..the Principal Investigator's prior work in examining these processes to better understand the changing meaning of marriage. The significance of trends in family transitions, for both social policy and our scientific understanding of ..
  67. Reaction and Adaptation to Major Life Events
    Richard Lucas; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..For instance, analyses of panel data show that although people adapt to marriage and widowhood, they seem to be permanently affected by divorce, unemployment, and the onset of disability...
    MYRON GUTMANN; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..The third hypothesis is "Demographic Modernization," and it is based on relationships between education, technology and urbanization and fertility. We propose to treat and reformulate these...
  69. Stability and Change of Amish Populations in the 21st Century
    Elizabeth Cooksey; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..kinds of social and economic changes within Amish society have the potential to impact patterns of childrearing, marriage, fertility, migration and health...
  70. Components of nuptiality and fertility change
    Robert Retherford; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..the effects of predictor variables on both period and cohort life table measures of progression to first marriage; (2) development of a multivariate method for analyzing the effects of predictor variables on both period and ..
    Barbara Mensch; Fiscal Year: 2001
    DESCRIPTION: As in many other parts of the world, the rate of teenage childbearing outside of marriage is high in Kenya and on the rise...
  72. Marriage, Birth and Divorce After Terrorist Attack
    CATHERINE COHAN; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The first aim is to examine whether the terrorist disaster led to changes in marriage, birth, and divorce rates in New York City, Washington D.C...
    TERRI ORBUCH; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..It is estimated that 175 married couples will be interviewed in the sixteenth year of marriage and at least 192 individuals whoa re presently divorced rom their original EYM spouse (both members of 789 ..
    Ronald Gray; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..women relative to the population of reproductive age, and assess how such bias varies by age, parity, duration of marriage, and over time...
  75. Developmental Epidemiology of Alcohol Involvement and Marital Transitions
    JAMES CRANFORD; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This phenomenon is known as the marriage effect (Bachman et al., 1997;Leonard &Rothbard, 1999)...
    John Boone; Fiscal Year: 1993
    This proposal addresses the marriage of two novel technologies, with the overall objective to develop a practical single- and dual-energy digital radiography system, dedicated and optimized for chest imaging...
  77. Ethnicity, Marriage, and Fertility in Kazakhstan
    Victor Agadjanian; Fiscal Year: 2005 known about how these challenges may have affected Kazakhstan's residents' preferences and choices regarding marriage and childbearing...
    Robert Willis; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..The current empirical project builds on a theoretical model of marriage and divorce which served as the conceptual basis for the design of a questionnaire module for the 5th Follow-Up ..
  79. Determinants of Women and Men Initating Divorce
    Paula England; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..One goal of our study is to assess whether having better alternatives outside the marriage makes a partner more likely to initiate divorce, particularly if s/he is somewhat unhappy in the marriage...
    JACOB KLERMAN; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..For about 1,500 women married after 1983 (87,000 months), IFLS-1 collected life-time contraceptive histories from marriage to the survey date...
  81. Differentiating between global and specific expectancies for a marriage
    JAMES KEVIN MCNULTY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Should positive expectancies benefit or harm marriage and mental health? Empirical research suggests that the answer to this question depends on whether such expectancies get confirmed through ..