family characteristics

Summary

Summary: Size and composition of the family.

Top Publications

  1. ncbi Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data--or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of India
    D Filmer
    Development Research Group, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Demography 38:115-32. 2001
  2. ncbi Strategies for mitigating an influenza pandemic
    Neil M Ferguson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 442:448-52. 2006
  3. pmc Antenatal couple counseling increases uptake of interventions to prevent HIV-1 transmission
    Carey Farquhar
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104 249, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:1620-6. 2004
  4. pmc Malaria indicator survey 2007, Ethiopia: coverage and use of major malaria prevention and control interventions
    Daddi Jima
    Diseases Prevention and Control Department, Federal Ministry of Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Malar J 9:58. 2010
  5. ncbi Facemasks and hand hygiene to prevent influenza transmission in households: a cluster randomized trial
    Benjamin J Cowling
    School of Public Health and University of Hong Kong, Cyberport 3, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR
    Ann Intern Med 151:437-46. 2009
  6. pmc Household transmission of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1): a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Lincoln L H Lau
    School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    Epidemiology 23:531-42. 2012
  7. pmc High adherence is necessary to realize health gains from water quality interventions
    Joe Brown
    Department of Disease Control, Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e36735. 2012
  8. ncbi The economic consequences of health shocks: evidence from Vietnam
    Adam Wagstaff
    Development Research Group and East Asia and Pacific Region, The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    J Health Econ 26:82-100. 2007
  9. pmc Reduction of catastrophic health care expenditures by a community-based health insurance scheme in Gujarat, India: current experiences and challenges
    Michael Kent Ranson
    Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 80:613-21. 2002
  10. pmc Long-term field performance of a polyester-based long-lasting insecticidal mosquito net in rural Uganda
    Albert Kilian
    Malaria Consortium, Development House, 56 64 Leonard Street EC2A 4JX, London, UK
    Malar J 7:49. 2008

Detail Information

Publications337 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data--or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of India
    D Filmer
    Development Research Group, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    Demography 38:115-32. 2001
    ..On average a "rich" child is 31 percentage points more likely to be enrolled than a "poor" child, but this gap varies from only 4.6 percentage points in Kerala to 38.2 in Uttar Pradesh and 42.6 in Bihar...
  2. ncbi Strategies for mitigating an influenza pandemic
    Neil M Ferguson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 442:448-52. 2006
    ..Estimates of policy effectiveness will change if the characteristics of a future pandemic strain differ substantially from those seen in past pandemics...
  3. pmc Antenatal couple counseling increases uptake of interventions to prevent HIV-1 transmission
    Carey Farquhar
    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104 249, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:1620-6. 2004
    ..004). Partner participation in VCT and couple counseling increased uptake of nevirapine and formula feeding. Antenatal couple counseling may be a useful strategy to promote HIV-1 prevention interventions...
  4. pmc Malaria indicator survey 2007, Ethiopia: coverage and use of major malaria prevention and control interventions
    Daddi Jima
    Diseases Prevention and Control Department, Federal Ministry of Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Malar J 9:58. 2010
    ....
  5. ncbi Facemasks and hand hygiene to prevent influenza transmission in households: a cluster randomized trial
    Benjamin J Cowling
    School of Public Health and University of Hong Kong, Cyberport 3, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR
    Ann Intern Med 151:437-46. 2009
    ..Few data are available about the effectiveness of nonpharmaceutical interventions for preventing influenza virus transmission...
  6. pmc Household transmission of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1): a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Lincoln L H Lau
    School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    Epidemiology 23:531-42. 2012
    ..During the 2009 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic, household transmission studies were implemented to better understand the characteristics of the transmission of the novel virus in a confined setting...
  7. pmc High adherence is necessary to realize health gains from water quality interventions
    Joe Brown
    Department of Disease Control, Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 7:e36735. 2012
    ..Household water treatment (HWT) has been recommended for improving access to potable water where existing sources are unsafe. Reports of low adherence to HWT may limit the usefulness of this approach, however...
  8. ncbi The economic consequences of health shocks: evidence from Vietnam
    Adam Wagstaff
    Development Research Group and East Asia and Pacific Region, The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA
    J Health Econ 26:82-100. 2007
    ..Measures of household health shocks used include a recent death of a working-age household member, a long inpatient spell, and a recent sizeable drop in the body mass index of the household head...
  9. pmc Reduction of catastrophic health care expenditures by a community-based health insurance scheme in Gujarat, India: current experiences and challenges
    Michael Kent Ranson
    Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England
    Bull World Health Organ 80:613-21. 2002
    ....
  10. pmc Long-term field performance of a polyester-based long-lasting insecticidal mosquito net in rural Uganda
    Albert Kilian
    Malaria Consortium, Development House, 56 64 Leonard Street EC2A 4JX, London, UK
    Malar J 7:49. 2008
    ....
  11. ncbi Large-scale spatial-transmission models of infectious disease
    Steven Riley
    Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, People s Republic of China
    Science 316:1298-301. 2007
    ..It also demonstrates the need to develop a simple model of household demographics, so that these large-scale models can be extended to the investigation of long-time scale human pathogens, such as tuberculosis and HIV...
  12. doi Household transmission of the 2009 pandemic A/H1N1 influenza virus: elevated laboratory‐confirmed secondary attack rates and evidence of asymptomatic infections
    Jesse Papenburg
    Infectious Disease Research Center of the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec CHUL and Laval University, Quebec City, Canada
    Clin Infect Dis 51:1033-41. 2010
    ....
  13. ncbi Catastrophic payments for health care in Asia
    Eddy van Doorslaer
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Health Econ 16:1159-84. 2007
    ..But in China, Kyrgyz and Vietnam, where there are no exemptions of the poor from charges, they are as, or even more, likely to incur catastrophic payments...
  14. ncbi The economic burden of illness for households in developing countries: a review of studies focusing on malaria, tuberculosis, and human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
    Steven Russell
    School of Development Studies, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:147-55. 2004
    ..Government and non-governmental interventions should also be broadened to encompass measures that reduce the substantial indirect costs associated with diseases such as malaria, TB, and HIV/AIDS...
  15. ncbi Assessment of insecticide-treated bednet use among children and pregnant women across 15 countries using standardized national surveys
    Thomas P Eisele
    Department of International Health and Development, Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:209-14. 2009
    ..The gaps in ITN use and possession will likely persist in the absence of achieving a ratio of no more than two people per ITN...
  16. pmc Household catastrophic health expenditure: evidence from Georgia and its policy implications
    George Gotsadze
    Curatio International Foundation, 37d, I Chavchavadze ave, Tbilisi, 0179, Georgia
    BMC Health Serv Res 9:69. 2009
    ....
  17. doi The relationship of family size and composition to fertility desires, contraceptive adoption and method choice in South Asia
    Anuja Jayaraman
    Macro International, Inc, Calverton, MD, USA
    Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health 35:29-38. 2009
    ..Many countries in South Asia, including Nepal, India and Bangladesh, demonstrate a strong cultural preference for sons, which may influence fertility desires and contraceptive use...
  18. doi The economic burden of tuberculosis care for patients and households in Africa: a systematic review
    K N Ukwaja
    Department of Internal Medicine, Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 16:733-9. 2012
    ..To summarise the state of knowledge on the economic impact and consequences of tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and treatment for patients/households in Africa, and to highlight any weaknesses in the work conducted to date...
  19. pmc Health insurance coverage and impact: a survey in three cities in China
    Kuangnan Fang
    Department of Statistics, School of Economics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e39157. 2012
    ..The goal was to provide an updated description of the effect of health insurance on the population covered. Of special interest were insurance coverage, gross and out-of-pocket medical cost and coping strategies...
  20. pmc Assessing bed net use and non-use after long-lasting insecticidal net distribution: a simple framework to guide programmatic strategies
    Jodi L Vanden Eng
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Center for Global Health, Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, 4770 Buford Hwy MS F 22, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Malar J 9:133. 2010
    ..In order to increase ITN use, it is necessary to devise strategies that accurately identify, differentiate, and target the reasons and types of non-use...
  21. doi Individual, household and environmental risk factors for malaria infection in Amhara, Oromia and SNNP regions of Ethiopia
    Patricia M Graves
    The Carter Center, 1 Copenhill, Atlanta, GA 30307, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 103:1211-20. 2009
    ..10; 95% CI 1.03-1.18). People living above 2000 m and people of all ages are still at significant risk of malaria infection...
  22. doi Comparing couples' and individual voluntary counseling and testing for HIV at antenatal clinics in Tanzania: a randomized trial
    Stan Becker
    Population, Family, and Reproductive Health Department, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, E4148, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:558-66. 2010
    ..24%) and their infants (55 vs. 22%) as compared to women randomized to IVCT. Uptake of CVCT is low in the antenatal clinic setting. Community mobilization and couple-friendly clinics are needed to promote CVCT...
  23. ncbi Household water treatment in poor populations: is there enough evidence for scaling up now?
    Wolf Peter Schmidt
    Environmental Health Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
    Environ Sci Technol 43:986-92. 2009
    ..Further acceptability studies and large blinded trials or trials with an objective health outcome are needed before HWT can be recommended to policy makers and implementers...
  24. ncbi Using data on social contacts to estimate age-specific transmission parameters for respiratory-spread infectious agents
    Jacco Wallinga
    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    Am J Epidemiol 164:936-44. 2006
    ..These findings have important implications for controlling future outbreaks of novel respiratory-spread infectious agents...
  25. pmc Factors associated with use and non-use of mosquito nets owned in Oromia and Amhara regional states, Ethiopia
    Carol A Baume
    AED, 1825 Connecticut Ave NW Washington, DC 20009, USA
    Malar J 8:264. 2009
    ..Many countries across sub-Saharan Africa are rapidly increasing insecticide-treated net (ITN) coverage to combat malaria, but systematic data on the use of those ITNs and the factors affecting this use are scarce...
  26. ncbi Willingness-to-pay for community-based insurance in Burkina Faso
    Hengjin Dong
    Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Germany
    Health Econ 12:849-62. 2003
    ..In addition, factors that influence WTP were to be identified...
  27. pmc Catastrophic household expenditure for health care in a low-income society: a study from Nouna District, Burkina Faso
    Tin Tin Su
    Department of Tropical Hygiene and Public Health, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
    Bull World Health Organ 84:21-7. 2006
    ..To quantify the extent of catastrophic household health care expenditure and determine the factors responsible for it in Nouna District, Burkina Faso...
  28. pmc Coping with out-of-pocket health payments: empirical evidence from 15 African countries
    Adam Leive
    International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC 20431, United States of America
    Bull World Health Organ 86:849-856. 2008
    ..To explore factors associated with household coping behaviours in the face of health expenditures in 15 African countries and provide evidence for policy-makers in designing financial health protection mechanisms...
  29. pmc Which family members use the best nets? An analysis of the condition of mosquito nets and their distribution within households in Tanzania
    Angela Tsuang
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Malar J 9:211. 2010
    ....
  30. pmc Nontuberculous mycobacteria from household plumbing of patients with nontuberculous mycobacteria disease
    Joseph O Falkinham
    Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061 0406, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:419-24. 2011
    ..1532)...
  31. pmc Household transmission of pandemic (H1N1) 2009, San Antonio, Texas, USA, April-May 2009
    Oliver W Morgan
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop C12, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:631-7. 2010
    ..Early in the outbreak, household transmission primarily occurred from children to other household members and was lower than the transmission rate for seasonal influenza...
  32. ncbi Utilization of maternal health care services in Southern India
    K Navaneetham
    Asian MetaCentre for Population and Sustainable Development Analysis, Institute for Asian Research, National University of Singapore, AS7 Shaw Foundation Building, 117570, Singapore
    Soc Sci Med 55:1849-69. 2002
    ..The findings of this study provide insights for planning and implementing appropriate maternal health service delivery programs in order to improve the health and well-being of both mother and child...
  33. ncbi HIV-1-discordant couples in sub-Saharan Africa: explanations and implications for high rates of discordancy
    Brandon L Guthrie
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    Curr HIV Res 5:416-29. 2007
    ....
  34. pmc Impact of mutual health organizations: evidence from West Africa
    Slavea Chankova
    International Health Division, Abt Associates, Inc, 4800 Montgomery Lane, Suite 600, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    Health Policy Plan 23:264-76. 2008
    ..However, MHO membership does not appear to have a significant effect on out-of-pocket expenditures for curative outpatient care...
  35. pmc Bed net ownership in Kenya: the impact of 3.4 million free bed nets
    Allen Hightower
    Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Centers for Disease Control, Center for Global Health, Mailstop F22, 4770 Buford Highway, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Malar J 9:183. 2010
    ..The feasibility of a distribution strategy aimed at a high-risk target group to meet bed net ownership and usage targets is evaluated...
  36. ncbi Women's use of contraception in rural India: a village-level study
    E Chacko
    Department of Geography, The George Washington University, Quigley s Room 202, 619 21st Street, N W, Washington, DC 20052, USA
    Health Place 7:197-208. 2001
    ..The study also shows that the availability and quality of permanent village-based government health care affects the use of modern contraception. The use of temporary family planning methods is negligible in the area...
  37. ncbi Proportion of tuberculosis transmission that takes place in households in a high-incidence area
    Suzanne Verver
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa
    Lancet 363:212-4. 2004
    ..The proportion of transmission in the community that took place in the household was 19%, and therefore, in this high-incidence area, tuberculosis transmission occurs mainly outside the household...
  38. ncbi Protecting households from catastrophic health spending
    Ke Xu
    Department of Health Systems Financing, Health Systems and Services, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Health Aff (Millwood) 26:972-83. 2007
    ..Prepayment mechanisms protect people from financial catastrophe, but there is no strong evidence that social health insurance systems offer better or worse protection than tax-based systems do...
  39. pmc Male perspectives on incorporating men into antenatal HIV counseling and testing
    David A Katz
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e7602. 2009
    ..We aimed to identify methods for increasing male involvement in antenatal VCT and determine male correlates of accepting couple counseling in these settings...
  40. pmc System effectiveness of a targeted free mass distribution of long lasting insecticidal nets in Zanzibar, Tanzania
    Netta Beer
    Division of Global Health IHCAR, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
    Malar J 9:173. 2010
    ..The outcomes of this distribution among children under five were evaluated, four to nine months after implementation...
  41. pmc Local topographic wetness indices predict household malaria risk better than land-use and land-cover in the western Kenya highlands
    Justin M Cohen
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Malar J 9:328. 2010
    ..This study examined whether environmental factors like land-cover, land-use, and urban density improved malaria risk prediction based solely on the topographically-determined context, as measured by the topographic wetness index...
  42. pmc Which nets are being used: factors associated with mosquito net use in Amhara, Oromia and Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Regions of Ethiopia
    Jeremiah M Ngondi
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Malar J 10:92. 2011
    ..This study aimed to investigate factors associated with net use at two time points, before and after mass distribution of nets...
  43. ncbi Effects of household dynamics on resource consumption and biodiversity
    Jianguo Liu
    Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University, E Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
    Nature 421:530-3. 2003
    ..Rapid increase in household numbers, often manifested as urban sprawl, and resultant higher per capita resource consumption in smaller households pose serious challenges to biodiversity conservation...
  44. ncbi Child food insecurity increases risks posed by household food insecurity to young children's health
    John T Cook
    Department of Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA
    J Nutr 136:1073-6. 2006
    ..With H&CFI, odds of fair/poor health and hospitalizations are even greater. Participation in FSP reduces, but does not eliminate, effects of FI on fair/poor health...
  45. pmc The impact of household transmission on duration of outpatient colonization with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
    E Lautenbach
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 138:683-5. 2010
    ..There was a borderline significant association between having a concurrent colonized household member and a longer duration of colonization (mean 44 days vs. 26 days, P=0.08)...
  46. pmc The use of complementary and alternative fertility treatment in couples seeking fertility care: data from a prospective cohort in the United States
    James F Smith
    Department of Urology, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143 1695, USA
    Fertil Steril 93:2169-74. 2010
    ..To determine the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among couples seeking fertility care and to identify the predictors of CAM use in this population...
  47. pmc A Swiss neighbourhood index of socioeconomic position: development and association with mortality
    Radoslaw Panczak
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:1129-36. 2012
    ..Area-based measures of socioeconomic position (SEP) suitable for epidemiological research are lacking in Switzerland. The authors developed the Swiss neighbourhood index of SEP (Swiss-SEP)...
  48. ncbi Socioeconomic inequalities in physical and mental functioning of Japanese civil servants: explanations from work and family characteristics
    Michikazu Sekine
    Department of Welfare Promotion and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toyama, Japan
    Soc Sci Med 63:430-45. 2006
    ..is more common among people of low socioeconomic status (SES) and those with disadvantaged work and family characteristics. This study aims to clarify whether the SES inequalities in functioning can be explained by the SES ..
  49. pmc Barriers to insecticide-treated mosquito net possession 2 years after a mass free distribution campaign in Luangwa District, Zambia
    David A Larsen
    Department of International Health and Development, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e13129. 2010
    ..Zambia has used mass free distribution campaigns and distribution through antenatal care (ANC) clinics to achieve high coverage...
  50. pmc Findings from a household randomized controlled trial of hand washing and face masks to reduce influenza transmission in Bangkok, Thailand
    James M Simmerman
    International Emerging Infections Program, Thailand MOPH US CDC Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand
    Influenza Other Respir Viruses 5:256-67. 2011
    ..Evidence is needed on the effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) to reduce influenza transmission...
  51. doi Paying for hospital-based care of Kala-azar in Nepal: assessing catastrophic, impoverishment and economic consequences
    Shiva R Adhikari
    Nepal Health Economics Association, Kathmandu, Nepal
    Health Policy Plan 24:129-39. 2009
    ..In other words, the method of financing health care payments is an important ingredient in understanding the economic burden of disease...
  52. doi Catastrophic health expenditure and impoverishment in Turkey
    Mahmut Saadi Yardim
    Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Sihhiye, Ankara, Turkey
    Health Policy 94:26-33. 2010
    ..This study aims to identify the level of catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) in Turkey and, to reveal household factors predicting this outcome...
  53. pmc Family structure and childhood obesity, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study - Kindergarten Cohort
    Alex Y Chen
    Children s Hospital Los Angeles, Division of Research on Children, Youth, and Families, 4650 Sunset Blvd, MS 30, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 7:A50. 2010
    ..Little is known about the effect of family structure on childhood obesity among US children. This study examines the effect of number of parents and number of siblings on children's body mass index and risk of obesity...
  54. pmc Viral genetic sequence variations in pandemic H1N1/2009 and seasonal H3N2 influenza viruses within an individual, a household and a community
    Leo L M Poon
    State Key Laboratory for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Microbiology and the Research Centre of Infection and Immunology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
    J Clin Virol 52:146-50. 2011
    ..There are few data in the literature on viral sequence variation between host generations/successive transmission events. Relatively little is known about the sequence heterogeneity of the influenza viruses transmitted within families...
  55. pmc Ownership and usage of insecticide-treated bed nets after free distribution via a voucher system in two provinces of Mozambique
    Alexandre Macedo de Oliveira
    Malaria Branch, Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA
    Malar J 9:222. 2010
    ..A survey to evaluate ITN ownership and usage post-campaign was conducted...
  56. pmc Self-treatment of malaria in rural communities, Butajira, southern Ethiopia
    Wakgari Deressa
    Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
    Bull World Health Organ 81:261-8. 2003
    ..To quantify the use of self-treatment and to determine the actions taken to manage malaria illness...
  57. pmc Face mask use and control of respiratory virus transmission in households
    C Raina MacIntyre
    niversity of New South Wales School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:233-41. 2009
    ..However, during a severe pandemic when use of face masks might be greater, pandemic transmission in households could be reduced...
  58. ncbi Horizontal equity in utilisation of care and fairness of health financing: a comparison of micro-health insurance and user fees in Rwanda
    Pia Schneider
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Health Econ 15:19-31. 2006
    ....
  59. doi Catastrophic medical payment and financial protection in rural China: evidence from the New Cooperative Medical Scheme in Shandong Province
    Xiaoyun Sun
    Health Department of Shandong Province, Jinan, China
    Health Econ 18:103-19. 2009
    ..To measure the impact of China's New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) on catastrophic medical payments of rural households in Linyi County, Shandong Province...
  60. ncbi Individual and household level factors associated with malaria incidence in a highland region of Ethiopia: a multilevel analysis
    Ingrid Peterson
    Medical Research Council Laboratories, Fajara, The Gambia
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 80:103-11. 2009
    ..Aside from distance to the vector-breeding site, few other malaria risk factors were identified in children. Malaria interventions in highland African communities should address household level factors associated with malaria clustering...
  61. pmc Clinical outcomes in household contacts of patients with cholera in Bangladesh
    Ana A Weil
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Dhaka, Bangladesh
    Clin Infect Dis 49:1473-9. 2009
    ..cholerae infection and associated clinical symptoms in household contacts of patients with cholera and to identify risk factors for development of severe dehydration in this cohort...
  62. doi Household water treatment in developing countries: comparing different intervention types using meta-regression
    Paul R Hunter
    School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich, U K
    Environ Sci Technol 43:8991-7. 2009
    ....
  63. doi Number and ownership profiles of cats and dogs in the UK
    J K Murray
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford House, Langford, Bristol BS40 5DU
    Vet Rec 166:163-8. 2010
    ..The estimated size (and 95 per cent confidence intervals) of the owned cat and dog populations in the UK in 2006 was 10,332,955 (9,395,642 to 11,270,269) cats and 10,522,186 (9,623,618 to 11,420,755) dogs...
  64. pmc Couples' voluntary counselling and testing and nevirapine use in antenatal clinics in two African capitals: a prospective cohort study
    Martha Conkling
    Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Int AIDS Soc 13:10. 2010
    ..This study was conducted to assess the feasibility of couples' voluntary counseling and testing (CVCT) in antenatal care and to measure compliance with PMTCT...
  65. doi Insured yet vulnerable: out-of-pocket payments and India's poor
    Renu Shahrawat
    National Institute of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi, India
    Health Policy Plan 27:213-21. 2012
    ..A broader coverage of benefits, to include medicines and outpatient care for the poor and near poor (i.e. those just above the poverty line), is necessary to achieve significant protection from impoverishment...
  66. ncbi Influenza burden of illness: estimates from a national prospective survey of household contacts in France
    Fabrice Carrat
    INSERM U444, Faculte de Medecine Saint Antoine, 27 rue Chaligny, 75571 Paris Cedex 12, France
    Arch Intern Med 162:1842-8. 2002
    ..We estimated the impact of influenza in terms of uncomplicated morbidity and its consequences on health care utilization and lost workdays...
  67. ncbi Ill health and its potential influence on household consumptions in rural China
    Hong Wang
    Yale University School of Public Health, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Health Policy 78:167-77. 2006
    ..In addition, the decline of the percentages of other consumptions is much larger for households with hospitalization than for households with chronic diseases...
  68. pmc Factors associated with dog ownership and contact with dogs in a UK community
    Carri Westgarth
    Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, University of Liverpool, Leahurst, Neston, Cheshire, UK
    BMC Vet Res 3:5. 2007
    ..This census-based, epidemiological study aimed to investigate factors associated with dog ownership and contact with dogs, in a semi-rural community of 1278 households in Cheshire, UK...
  69. pmc Evaluation of Interceptor long-lasting insecticidal nets in eight communities in Liberia
    Kristin Banek
    Uganda Malaria Surveillance Project, PO Box 7475, Kampala, Uganda
    Malar J 9:84. 2010
    ..Field information is available for both Olyset(R) and PermaNet((R)), with limited data on the newer LLINs. To address this gap, a field evaluation was carried out to determine the acceptability and durability of Interceptor((R)) LLINs...
  70. doi Household transmission of 2009 influenza A (H1N1) virus after a school-based outbreak in New York City, April-May 2009
    Anne Marie France
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Infect Dis 201:984-92. 2010
    ..Fifty percent of cases occurred within 3 days of onset of illness in the student. These factors have implications for mitigating the impact of pH1N1 transmission...
  71. ncbi A systematic review of the health outcomes related to household water quality in developing countries
    Stephen Gundry
    Water and Environmental Management Research Centre, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1US, UK
    J Water Health 2:1-13. 2004
    ..Reasons for these apparently contradictory results concerning general diarrhoea are discussed and suggestions for further research offered. The policy implications of the findings are also discussed...
  72. pmc Family size, fertility preferences, and sex ratio in China in the era of the one child family policy: results from national family planning and reproductive health survey
    Qu Jian Ding
    Institute of Population Studies, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310012, PR China
    BMJ 333:371-3. 2006
    ..To examine the impact of the one child family policy in China on fertility, preferred family size, and sex ratio...
  73. doi Plasmodium falciparum parasite infection prevalence from a household survey in Zambia using microscopy and a rapid diagnostic test: implications for monitoring and evaluation
    Joseph Keating
    Department of International Health and Development, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA, 70112, United States of America
    Acta Trop 112:277-82. 2009
    ..These data suggest microscopy should remain the gold standard for estimating malaria parasite point prevalence from household surveys for monitoring and evaluation purposes...
  74. doi Socioeconomic indicators and frequency of traditional food, junk food, and fruit and vegetable consumption amongst Inuit adults in the Canadian Arctic
    B N Hopping
    Nutrition Research Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Kannapolis, NC, USA
    J Hum Nutr Diet 23:51-8. 2010
    ..The present study aimed to assess the daily frequency and socioeconomic and demographic factors influencing consumption of TF, FV and NNDF amongst Inuit adults in Nunavut, Canada...
  75. doi Children are aware of food insecurity and take responsibility for managing food resources
    Maryah Stella Fram
    College of Social Work, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    J Nutr 141:1114-9. 2011
    ..The new, child-derived understanding of what children experience that results from this study provides a critical basis from which to build effective approaches to identify, assess, and respond to children suffering from food insecurity...
  76. pmc Impact of illness and medical expenditure on household consumptions: a survey in western China
    Kuangnan Fang
    Department of Statistics, School of Economics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China
    PLoS ONE 7:e52928. 2012
    ..In November and December of 2011, a survey was conducted in three cities in western China, namely Lan Zhou, Gui Lin and Xi An, and their surrounding rural areas...
  77. ncbi Household food insecurity is associated with adult health status
    Janice E Stuff
    U S Department of Agriculture ARS Children s Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    J Nutr 134:2330-5. 2004
    ..Household food insecurity is associated with poorer self-reported health status of adults in this rural, high-risk sample in the Lower Mississippi Delta...
  78. pmc Parental investment and the optimization of human family size
    David W Lawson
    Centre for Population Studies, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 49 Bedford Square, London WC1B 3DP, UK
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366:333-43. 2011
    ..The adaptive significance of modern reproductive behaviour remains difficult to evaluate, but may be best understood in response to rising investment costs of rearing socially and economically competitive offspring...
  79. pmc The effect of household heads training about the use of treated bed nets on the burden of malaria and anaemia in under-five children: a cluster randomized trial in Ethiopia
    Amare Deribew
    Department of Epidemiology, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
    Malar J 11:8. 2012
    ..However, barriers on the utilization of LLITN have hampered the desired outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of community empowerment on the burden of malaria and anaemia in under-five children in Ethiopia...
  80. ncbi Personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school
    Anna Timperio
    Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, and The Children s Hospital at Westmead, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
    Am J Prev Med 30:45-51. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine personal, family, social, and environmental correlates of active commuting to school among children...
  81. pmc High rate of intestinal colonization with extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing organisms in household contacts of infected community patients
    Aranzazu Valverde
    Servicio de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitario Ramon y Cajal, 28034 Madrid, Spain
    J Clin Microbiol 46:2796-9. 2008
    ..Patients with community infections and members of their households represent a reservoir for ESBL producers, increasing dispersal of resistance in healthy people...
  82. doi Does child gender determine household decision for health care in rural Thatta, Pakistan?
    R Nuruddin
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
    J Public Health (Oxf) 31:389-97. 2009
    ..In South Asia, gender disparity in child mortality is highest in Pakistan. We examined the influence of child gender on household decision regarding health care...
  83. doi Minding the immunization gap: family characteristics associated with completion rates in rural Ethiopia
    Mary Christine Sullivan
    Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    J Community Health 35:53-9. 2010
    ....
  84. pmc Household transmission of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus in the United States
    Simon Cauchemez
    Medical Research Council Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London
    N Engl J Med 361:2619-27. 2009
    ..Risk factors for transmission remain largely uncharacterized. We characterize the risk factors and describe the transmission of the virus within households...
  85. pmc Estimating the scope of household water treatment in low- and medium-income countries
    Ghislaine Rosa
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 82:289-300. 2010
    ..Validation of the household surveys and further analysis of these data could help optimize HWT practices...
  86. pmc Staphylococcus aureus colonization among household contacts of patients with skin infections: risk factors, strain discordance, and complex ecology
    Loren G Miller
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Harbor UCLA Medical Center, and Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California 90509, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 54:1523-35. 2012
    ..aureus infections in the U.S. However, epidemiologic characteristics of S. aureus household transmission are poorly understood...
  87. ncbi Care seeking in Sri Lanka: one possible explanation for low childhood mortality
    M W Amarasiri de Silva
    Department of Sociology, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
    Soc Sci Med 53:1363-72. 2001
    ....
  88. pmc Surgical mask to prevent influenza transmission in households: a cluster randomized trial
    Laetitia Canini
    UMR S 707, UPMC Paris 6, Paris, France
    PLoS ONE 5:e13998. 2010
    ..However, data on their effectiveness for limiting transmission are scarce. We evaluated the effectiveness of facemask use by index cases for limiting influenza transmission by large droplets produced during coughing in households...
  89. pmc Survived infancy but still vulnerable: spatial-temporal trends and risk factors for child mortality in the Agincourt rural sub-district, South Africa, 1992-2007
    Benn Sartorius
    MRC Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit Agincourt, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    Geospat Health 5:285-95. 2011
    ..Targeted efforts to prevent vertical transmission of HIV in specific settings need to be undertaken as well as ensuring the survival of the mother and father in childhood...
  90. pmc Effect of health expenses on household capabilities and resource allocation in a rural commune in Vietnam
    Kim Thuy Nguyen
    Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e47423. 2012
    ..We aim to re-conceptualize the impact of health expenses on household "flourishing" in terms of "basic capabilities."..
  91. ncbi Child morbidity and healthcare utilization in the slums of Nairobi, Kenya
    N Taffa
    African Population and Health Research Center APHRC, Shelter Afrique Center, Nairobi, Kenya
    J Trop Pediatr 51:279-84. 2005
    ..2; 95 per cent CI=0.05, 0.83). We conclude that maternal engagement in non-formal low-paying jobs might in the long-run have a questionable gain in child survival among slum residents...
  92. ncbi Management of influenza in households: a prospective, randomized comparison of oseltamivir treatment with or without postexposure prophylaxis
    Frederick G Hayden
    University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
    J Infect Dis 189:440-9. 2004
    ..No oseltamivir-resistant variants were detected in treated index cases or contacts. PEP of household contacts of those with influenza reduces the secondary spread of influenza in families when the initial household case is treated...
  93. pmc Explaining recent declines in adolescent pregnancy in the United States: the contribution of abstinence and improved contraceptive use
    John S Santelli
    Guttmacher Institute, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:150-6. 2007
    ..We explored the relative contributions of declining sexual activity and improved contraceptive use to the recent decline in adolescent pregnancy rates in the United States...
  94. doi Analysis of a stochastic SIR epidemic on a random network incorporating household structure
    Frank Ball
    School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
    Math Biosci 224:53-73. 2010
    ..The effects of the amount of clustering present in the overall population structure and the infectious period distribution on the outcomes of the model are also explored...
  95. ncbi The measurement of SES in health research: current practice and steps toward a new approach
    J Michael Oakes
    Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454 1015, USA
    Soc Sci Med 56:769-84. 2003
    ..Our pilot study suggests a great deal of uniformity between existing SES measures and that a new approach may be worthy of pursuit...
  96. pmc Utilization, retention and bio-efficacy studies of PermaNet in selected villages in Buie and Fentalie districts of Ethiopia
    Messay Fettene
    Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, PO Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Malar J 8:114. 2009
    ..Pyrethroid-treated mosquito nets are one of the major tools available for the prevention and control of malaria transmission. PermaNet is a long-lasting insecticide-treated net (LLIN) recommended by WHO for malaria control...
  97. pmc Impact of mass distribution of free long-lasting insecticidal nets on childhood malaria morbidity: the Togo National Integrated Child Health Campaign
    Dianne J Terlouw
    Child and Reproductive Health, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, UK
    Malar J 9:199. 2010
    ....
  98. ncbi Diverging destinies: how children are faring under the second demographic transition
    Sara McLanahan
    Department of Sociology, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, 265 Wallace Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Demography 41:607-27. 2004
    ..I contend that Americans should be concerned about the growing disparity in parental resources and that the government can do more to close the gap between rich and poor children...
  99. pmc Multiple-host sharing, long-term persistence, and virulence of Escherichia coli clones from human and animal household members
    James R Johnson
    Departments of Medicine and Psychiatry, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55417, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 46:4078-82. 2008
    ..Virulence genes, group B2, and having caused cystitis (in the mother or dog) corresponded to colonization endpoints (number of samples, colonies, hosts, and dates). The dog's cystitis clone was the most extensively recovered clone...
  100. pmc High retention and appropriate use of insecticide-treated nets distributed to HIV-affected households in Rakai, Uganda: results from interviews and home visits
    Lauren Cohee
    Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Malar J 8:76. 2009
    ..Knowledge about and appropriate use of ITNs among HIV-positive ITN recipients and their household members has not been well characterized...
  101. ncbi Household food insecurity with hunger is associated with women's food intakes, health and household circumstances
    V S Tarasuk
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E2 Canada
    J Nutr 131:2670-6. 2001
    ..These findings suggest that expenditures on other goods and services were sometimes foregone to free up money for food, but the reverse was also true. Household food insecurity appears inextricably linked to financial insecurity...

Research Grants87

  1. UCAN: Uniting Couples (in the treatment of) Anorexia Nervosa
    Cynthia Bulik; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We will create an effective, acceptable, developmentally tailored intervention that leverages the support of partners to improve both core anorexia nervosa pathology as well as couple functioning. ..
  2. PGD: Couples Decision Making at the Genetic and Reproductive Interface
    Patricia Hershberger; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  3. Importance of antigen specific immunoglobulin responses in controlling SIV/SHIV i
    Bapi Pahar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Using this approach, we predict that we will be able to correlate SIV specific mucosal immune responses with reduction of viremia and protection from disease progression in macaques infected with pathogenic viruses. ..
  4. Clinical , Mechanical and Chemical Evaluation of Amalgam and ART Restorations
    Lilliam Marie Pinzon; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  5. David P Gavin; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..Ultimately, these studies will identify novel molecular targets in the actions of ethanol and ethanol drinking behavior, and promote the development of pharmacotherapy for alcoholism. ..
  6. Remote-control mouse-implantable micropumps for establishment of regenerative cap
    JUAN GABRIEL contact SANTIAGO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Our mouse- implantable remote-control micropump technology overcomes this limitation;enabling more rapid, efficient, and economical discovery and delivery of regenerative therapies. ..
  7. Rebecca A Simmons; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..The proof of the principle of prenatal programming by environmental contaminants may change our awareness of critical assessment of the risk of such compounds. ..
  8. Effects of In Utero and Transgenerational Exposure of Avy Mice to Bisphenol A
    CHERYL SUSAN ROSENFELD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Maternal nutrient restriction and nonhuman primate fetal skeletal muscle developm
    Min Du; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  10. Effectivenss of a New Non-Invasive Erectile Support System in Aging Populations
    S ALEXANDER WEINSTOCK; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  11. Analysis of epigenetic regulation in early mammalian embryos via RNA interference
    Charles R Long; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  12. Jean F Regal; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ....
  13. Outcomes of Infertility Treatments in Clinic and Population-Based Cohorts
    Joseph B Stanford; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results of this study will describe clinically relevant outcomes for couples seeking to have healthy children and will also inform the development of future targeted randomized trials. ..
  14. Tracie R Baker; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..The University of Wisconsin has numerous NIH-sponsored training programs, core facilities and funded researchers making it an ideal training environment for me to develop as an independent scientist. ..
  15. Leena A Hilakivi-Clarke; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ....
  16. TSAD AS AN EPOR/JAK2 ADAPTOR AND ERYTHROPOIETIC REGULATOR
    DONALD JOSEPH MCCRANN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  17. Genome-wide DNA Methylation Profiles Associated with Abnormal Intrauterine Growth
    Cristina Montagna; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  18. Monica Bessler; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..These experiments will hopefully identify new treatments for patients with DC and possibly also for patients with other types of BMF. ..
  19. High Throughput Methods to Measure Disparities in Childhood Exposure to Tobacco
    Sharon E Murphy; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  20. Validation of Novel Infertility Biomarker
    PETER SUTOVSKY SUTOVSKY; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Annually, more than 135,000 infertile couples are treated for infertility in US clinics, where the treatment-decision making still relies on outdated, highly subjective light microscopic method of semen evaluation. ..
  21. Laurie J Ozelius; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..Identification of a final common pathway in different forms of EOTD will aid in directing discovery of therapeutic targets for this currently incurable disorder. ..
  22. Maternal-fetal vitamin D status and child adiposity, insulin resistance and BP
    Susanna Y Huh; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In turn, such initiatives could substantially reduce the rates of obesity and related metabolic conditions in future generations. ..
  23. Clinton C MacDonald; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..Using a variety of techniques, we want to learn the molecular causes of why sperm production fails in males missing the CSTF2T gene, to better understand how to assist these infertile couples. ..
  24. Underserved Men's Understanding of Androgen Deprivation Therapy Related Risks
    Sally L Maliski; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We will use this to develop an interview guide to do in-depth interviews focused on ADT understanding and risks. We will use the analysis of this data to help develop interventions to minimize ADT-related risks. ..
  25. Zhenfeng Duan; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..and cytotoxic drugs for maximum cell-kill effect. ..
  26. Molecular Analysis of GnRH Action
    Mark S Roberson; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Moreover, these studies will define the in vivo impact of genetic loss of key GnRH-regulated signaling molecules on fertility. ..
  27. Estrogen receptor, p38 MAPKs and topo IIa in breast cancer
    Guan Chen; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Since breast cancer is a major malignant disease for female veterans, this study will contribute significantly to veteran's health care. ..
  28. Mabel L Rice; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..PARC works collaboratively with the DEEC and ATT cores in developing the data management systems for integrative science. ..
  29. Arthur L Reingold; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..abstract_text> ..
  30. Maternal Hyperinsulinemia and Fetal Programming
    Mulchand S Patel; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Intervention measures proposed for the prevention of the malprogramming effects may lead to development of effective treatment options for curbing the human obesity epidemic. ..
  31. Translational Immunology Research and Accelerated [vaccine] Development (TRIAD)
    ANNE SEARLS DEGROOT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Development and licensure of effective and safe vaccines for these biowarfare threats remains a valid but unmet NIAID and DoD objective. ..
  32. Russ B Hauser; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..In addition, when the boys reach adulthood, environmental risk factors for altered semen quality will also be explored. ..
  33. For Hearing Component in the Hispanic Community Health Study (HCHS)
    Lisa Lavange; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Jeffrey K Griffiths; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..We wish to see if it can be spread from, or to, the lungs, like influenza or tuberculosis. If it can spread in this way, then we can prevent people from getting infected by actions such as wearing masks and washing hands after coughing. ..
  35. Elizabeth E Hatch; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..Identifying modifiable risk factors for infertility and miscarriage is an important public health goal, especially because the effectiveness of treatments for these conditions is relatively poor. ..
  36. Wenzheng Zhang; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ....
  37. Cookstove Replacement for Prevention of ARI and Low Birthweight in Nepal
    JAMES MACK TIELSCH; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..If the replacement of these stoves works to reduce respiratory infections and low birthweight, significant number of children's lives can be saved at very low cost. ..
  38. Host Genetic Epidemiology in HIV-1-Discordant African Couples and Other Cohorts
    Jianming Tang; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  39. Measuring Tobacco Mortality within the Million Death Study in India
    Prabhat Jha; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The blood-based pilot studies should enable large, representative and reliable genetic and biological epidemiological studies of premature mortality in the near future. ..
  40. A+ Head Start Intervention for Smoke Free Homes
    Cynthia S Rand; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  41. Paternal Environmental Exposures and Reproductive Outcomes: A Comparison of in Vi
    DEBORAH ANN HANSEN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..In vivo and in vitro parameters include: a) 14.5 dpc placental and fetal weights, and crown to rump lengths;b) full term litter size, birth weights, and 5 week growth rates;and c) gross and microscopic structure. ..
  42. SRINIVAS TIPPARAJU; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..These findings could provide insights into the development of new therapeutic interventions for the treatment and management of myocardial ischemic injury. ..
  43. Craig Montell; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ..Given that the molecular mechanisms underlying the activation of these human TRPs are poorly understood, Drosophila TRP provides an in vivo model for defining the mechanisms regulating TRP channels. ..
  44. Environmental Endocrine Disruptors and Human Sperm Chromosomal Abnormalities
    Melissa Perry; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..This study investigates whether chemicals common in our daily environment can affect male fertility and potential risks for birth defects. ..
  45. Andrew B Muir; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ..A nonhuman primate model of gestational overnutrition is a vital resource to explore the effects of weight on the health of mothers, children, and perhaps even subsequent generations. ..
  46. Risk for Dysfunctional Romantic Relationships for Adults
    Deborah M Capaldi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  47. Kaumudi J Joshipura; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ....
  48. Pilar Blancafort; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..Thus, this work will be of vital importance to develop stable, inherited, oncogenic silencing methods, to suppress oncogenic expression in tumor cells. ..
  49. QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF AGING RETINA
    Christine A Curcio; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  50. Regulation of Neuronal Survival by the Rit GTPase
    DOUGLAS ALLEN ANDRES; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Thus, the goal of this research is to speed progress toward therapeutic exploitation of this protein in neurodegenerative disease. ..
  51. Heidi S Fisher; Fiscal Year: 2014
    ....
  52. Role of maternal exercise environment on transgenerational offspring health
    Stephen M Roth; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In the present application, we propose to test whether "physical activity ancestry" results in changes in body composition, gene expression, metabolism, and DNA methylation in multiple generations of mouse offspring. ..
  53. Yasmin L Hurd; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ....
  54. Orian S Shirihai; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..Results from this study will generate new targets for the treatment of obesity and diabetes and may identify components and dietary aspect that lead to fat accumulation rather than utilization. ..
  55. Structure/Function of Steroid Transforming AKR's
    Trevor M Penning; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..This application will establish whether these genetic changes result in abnormal bile-acid production and are causal in these deficiencies. ..
  56. Improving Outcomes for Women with GDM and Their Infants
    Alison M Stuebe; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  57. Phillip A Newmark; Fiscal Year: 2016
    ....
  58. P53 and KRAS Targeted Pigs: A Platform for Models of Human Cancer
    Christopher Rogers; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..These models will provide academic and industry researchers with an opportunity to better understand cancer and its pathogenesis and to develop and test new diagnostic, therapeutic, and preventative strategies. ..
  59. Stress and PTSD Among OEF/OIF Soldiers &Their Spouses
    Catherine M Caska; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Such improvements may more broadly reduce the health care utilization and national costs of treating service members with PTSD and will increase our ability to thoroughly care for spouses of our nation's veterans. ..
  60. Dionne Smith Coker-Appiah; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ....
  61. OLIVIA RUTH BUONARATI; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..2-associated disorders in the central nervous system, including stroke, depression, anxiety, senility and Alzheimer's disease. ..
  62. Dietary patterns and root caries risk
    ELIZABETH A KAYE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The findings may help to define healthy eating patterns that reduce the risk of root decay. ..
  63. System for Decontaminating Well Water for Drinking
    GIRISH SRINIVAS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..TDA proposes to develop a cost effective, easy to use technology that will be incorporated into a point-of- use water purifier for removing problematic toxic ionic contaminants from well water. ..
  64. Michael F Romero; Fiscal Year: 2015
    ..abstract_text> ..
  65. Race, Ethnicity, Nativity and Housing Outcomes in Los Angeles
    EILEEN DIAZ MCCONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  66. Childhood Leukemia and Home Environmental Exposures
    Patricia A Buffler; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will identify time trends in exposure levels that might have a significant impact on exposure levels during gestation and early childhood. ..
  67. A Dual Resolution Cone Beam CT System for 3-D Breast Imaging
    Chris C Shaw; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  68. A Dual Resolution Cone Beam CT System for 3-D Breast Imaging
    Chris Shaw; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  69. Sources of Change and Stability in Low-Income Black Marriages
    BENJAMIN REUVEN KARNEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These data will be combined with data from an ongoing study of low-income Hispanic newlyweds in order to identify the sources of differences in marital outcomes for these two similarly underprivileged groups ..
  70. The Complexity of Immigrant Generations
    STEPHEN J TREJO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The project will also evaluate the scientific payoff from adopting a more nuanced conception of immigrant generations. ..
  71. CONVENTIONAL INFERTILITY THERAPY VS FAST TRACK TO IVF
    Richard Reindollar; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..2) Because insurance coverage for infertility is required by Massachusetts law for all participants, the choice of therapeutic alternatives is not affected by the patients' ability to pay for treatment. ..
  72. The Daily Interactions of Couples Coping With Breast Cancer: With Whom, About Wha
    Matthias R Mehl; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  73. DETERMINANTS OF MALE AND FEMALE FECUNDITY AND FERTILITY-DATA COORDINATING CENTER
    Edward Clark; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..It is responsive to several of NICHDs goals (viz., sequelae of reproductive health, increasing the probability of good birth outcomes, and helping to delineate the developmental origins of health disparities). ..
  74. Childhood Illness and Risk Perception: Opportunity to Improve Handwashing
    Pavani Kalluri Ram; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Results from this study will be useful for international and civil society organizations worldwide that are trying to reduce the two million deaths from diarrhea occurring each year. ..
  75. Vaginal Gel to Enhance Lubrication & Sperm Function
    JOANNA ELLINGTON; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  76. Family Planning Promotion in HIV Infected Zambians
    Susan Allen; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Cost- effectiveness will be determined with methods developed jointly by experts in the fields of HIV therapy in Africa and contraception. ..
  77. Stability of Mexican-Origin Extended Family Households
    Jennifer Van Hook; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  78. Relationship Experiences among Puerto Rican Heterosexual HIV Serodiscordant Coupl
    SHEILLA LEE RODRIGUEZ; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This can better the lives of PLWHA, help avoid new infections within the serodiscordant couple dyad, and therefore have a positive impact on public health. ..
  79. HIV PREVENTION AMONG CULTURALLY DIVERSE AT-RISK COUPLES
    Dianne Harrison; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Results from this study will contribute to the existing. but limited data base. regarding effective strategies targeted at couples for preventing the spread of HIV infection among culturally diverse coupled a- risk for HIV/AIDS. ..
  80. Optimal Infertility Therapy RCT: Women 40 and Older
    Richard Reindollar; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The choice of therapeutic alternatives is unaffected by the patient's ability to pay for treatment. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  81. HETEROSEXUAL TRANSMISSION AND THE NATURAL HISTORY OF HIV
    Susan Allen; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..A nested case-control design will be used to compare HIV shedding over time in women who transmit to their partners and women who don't. ..