censuses

Summary

Summary: Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)

Top Publications

  1. ncbi A deprivation index for health planning in Canada
    R Pampalon
    Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Quebec, QC
    Chronic Dis Can 29:178-91. 2009
  2. ncbi Neighbourhood effects on health: does it matter where you draw the boundaries?
    Robin Flowerdew
    University of St Andrews, School of Geography and Geosciences, Irvine Building, North Street, St Andrews, Fife, Scotland KY169AL, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 66:1241-55. 2008
  3. pmc Neighborhood context and ethnicity differences in body mass index: a multilevel analysis using the NHANES III survey (1988-1994)
    D Phuong Do
    University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research, 611 Church St, Room 219, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, United States
    Econ Hum Biol 5:179-203. 2007
  4. pmc On the wrong side of the tracts? Evaluating the accuracy of geocoding in public health research
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:1114-6. 2001
  5. ncbi Food store availability and neighborhood characteristics in the United States
    Lisa M Powell
    Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
    Prev Med 44:189-95. 2007
  6. ncbi Income inequality, residential poverty clustering and infant mortality: a study in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Celia Landmann Szwarcwald
    Departamento de Informações Em Saúde, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Biblioteca de Manguinhos 205, Av Brasil 4365, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 21045 900, Brazil
    Soc Sci Med 55:2083-92. 2002
  7. pmc Population mixing, socioeconomic status and incidence of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in England and Wales: analysis by census ward
    C A Stiller
    Childhood Cancer Research Group, Department of Paediatrics, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HJUK, UK
    Br J Cancer 98:1006-11. 2008
  8. pmc Racial disparities in context: a multilevel analysis of neighborhood variations in poverty and excess mortality among black populations in Massachusetts
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, KRESGE 7th Floor, Boston MA 02115 6096, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:260-5. 2005
  9. ncbi Anonymous linkage of New Zealand mortality and Census data
    T Blakely
    Department of Public Health, Wellington School of Medicine, University of Otago, New Zealand
    Aust N Z J Public Health 24:92-5. 2000
  10. ncbi Evidence of systematic duplication by new percutaneous coronary intervention programs
    Thomas W Concannon
    THE RAND CORPORATION, Boston, MA 02116, USA
    Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 6:400-8. 2013

Detail Information

Publications247 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi A deprivation index for health planning in Canada
    R Pampalon
    Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec, Quebec, QC
    Chronic Dis Can 29:178-91. 2009
    ..Material and social deprivation and their links to mortality vary considerably by geographic area. We comment on the results as well as the limitations of the index and its advantages for health planning...
  2. ncbi Neighbourhood effects on health: does it matter where you draw the boundaries?
    Robin Flowerdew
    University of St Andrews, School of Geography and Geosciences, Irvine Building, North Street, St Andrews, Fife, Scotland KY169AL, United Kingdom
    Soc Sci Med 66:1241-55. 2008
    ....
  3. pmc Neighborhood context and ethnicity differences in body mass index: a multilevel analysis using the NHANES III survey (1988-1994)
    D Phuong Do
    University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research, 611 Church St, Room 219, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, United States
    Econ Hum Biol 5:179-203. 2007
    ..These data also reveal evidence that ethnic enclaves are not in fact advantageous for the body mass index of Hispanics-a relationship counter to what has been documented for other health outcomes...
  4. pmc On the wrong side of the tracts? Evaluating the accuracy of geocoding in public health research
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:1114-6. 2001
    ..This study sought to determine the accuracy of geocoding for public health databases...
  5. ncbi Food store availability and neighborhood characteristics in the United States
    Lisa M Powell
    Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
    Prev Med 44:189-95. 2007
    ..This study provides a multivariate analysis of the availability of food store outlets in the US and associations with neighborhood characteristics on race, ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES)...
  6. ncbi Income inequality, residential poverty clustering and infant mortality: a study in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Celia Landmann Szwarcwald
    Departamento de Informações Em Saúde, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Biblioteca de Manguinhos 205, Av Brasil 4365, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 21045 900, Brazil
    Soc Sci Med 55:2083-92. 2002
    ....
  7. pmc Population mixing, socioeconomic status and incidence of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in England and Wales: analysis by census ward
    C A Stiller
    Childhood Cancer Research Group, Department of Paediatrics, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6HJUK, UK
    Br J Cancer 98:1006-11. 2008
    ..The association with diversity of incomers, especially in rural areas, is also consistent with the higher incidence of leukaemia predicted by Kinlen, where population mixing results in below average herd immunity to an infectious agent...
  8. pmc Racial disparities in context: a multilevel analysis of neighborhood variations in poverty and excess mortality among black populations in Massachusetts
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, KRESGE 7th Floor, Boston MA 02115 6096, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:260-5. 2005
    ..We analyzed neighborhood heterogeneity in associations among mortality, race/ethnicity, and area poverty...
  9. ncbi Anonymous linkage of New Zealand mortality and Census data
    T Blakely
    Department of Public Health, Wellington School of Medicine, University of Otago, New Zealand
    Aust N Z J Public Health 24:92-5. 2000
    ..The New Zealand Census-Mortality Study (NZCMS) aims to investigate socio-economic mortality gradients in New Zealand, by anonymously linking Census and mortality records...
  10. ncbi Evidence of systematic duplication by new percutaneous coronary intervention programs
    Thomas W Concannon
    THE RAND CORPORATION, Boston, MA 02116, USA
    Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 6:400-8. 2013
    ..Evidence suggests that recent and projected future investments in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) programs at US hospitals fail to increase access to timely reperfusion for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction...
  11. pmc Zip code caveat: bias due to spatiotemporal mismatches between zip codes and US census-defined geographic areas--the Public Health Disparities Geocoding Project
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1100-2. 2002
  12. ncbi Estimating denominators: satellite-based population estimates at a fine spatial resolution in a European urban area
    Jean François Viel
    CNRS n degrees 6249 Chrono Environment, University of Franche Comte, Besanon, France
    Epidemiology 20:214-22. 2009
    ..The aim of this study is to develop an exportable population model, based on a single satellite-derived indicator, for estimating fine-scale population data and characterizing high-incidence areas in an urbanized area...
  13. ncbi Unsafe to play? Neighborhood disorder and lack of safety predict reduced physical activity among urban children and adolescents
    Beth E Molnar
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Health Promot 18:378-86. 2004
    ..Associations between activity levels of urban youth and limited access to safe recreation areas in their neighborhoods of residence were investigated...
  14. pmc Relation between income inequality and mortality in Canada and in the United States: cross sectional assessment using census data and vital statistics
    N A Ross
    Statistics Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0T6
    BMJ 320:898-902. 2000
    ..To compare the relation between mortality and income inequality in Canada with that in the United States...
  15. ncbi Advanced statistics: developing a formal model of emergency department census and defining operational efficiency
    Thomas J Flottemesch
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 14:799-809. 2007
    ..This has limited the scope of research and progress toward the development of consistent and meaningful operational responses...
  16. ncbi Unlinked vital events in census-based longitudinal studies can bias subsequent analysis
    Dermot O'Reilly
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Queen s University, Mulhouse Building, Royal Victoria Hospital, Grosvenor Road, Belfast BT12 6BJ, Northern Ireland, UK
    J Clin Epidemiol 61:380-5. 2008
    ..To examine the potential biases arising from the nonlinkage of census records and vital events in longitudinal studies...
  17. pmc Spatial analysis in support of community health intervention strategies
    Eric S Hall
    Perinatal Institute, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    AMIA Annu Symp Proc 2012:311-20. 2012
    ....
  18. pmc The relationship between general practice characteristics and quality of care: a national survey of quality indicators used in the UK Quality and Outcomes Framework, 2004-5
    Mark Ashworth
    Department of General Practice and Primary Care, King s College London School of Medicine at Guy s, King s College and St Thomas Hospitals, London, UK
    BMC Fam Pract 7:68. 2006
    ..We aimed to determine the relationship between the quality of primary care, as judged by the total QOF score, social deprivation and practice characteristics...
  19. pmc The effect of widowhood on mortality by the causes of death of both spouses
    Felix Elwert
    Department of Sociology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:2092-8. 2008
    ..We investigated the effect of spousal bereavement on mortality to document cause-specific bereavement effects by the causes of death of both the predecedent spouse and the bereaved partner...
  20. pmc Relationship between premature mortality and socioeconomic factors in black and white populations of US metropolitan areas
    R S Cooper
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Loyola University Medical School, Maywood, IL 60153, USA
    Public Health Rep 116:464-73. 2001
    ..The primary aim of the analysis was to operationalize the concept of institutional racism in public health...
  21. ncbi Contributions of social context to inequalities in years of life lost to heart disease in Texas, USA
    Luisa Franzini
    School of Public Health, University of Texas, 1200 Herman Pressler Drive, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Soc Sci Med 57:1847-61. 2003
    ..Social context at the block-group, tract, and county level played an important role, though a smaller role than individual factors, in explaining years of life lost to heart disease...
  22. ncbi Individual-level and neighborhood-level income measures: agreement and association with outcomes in a cardiac disease cohort
    Danielle A Southern
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Alberta, Canada
    Med Care 43:1116-22. 2005
    ..Census-based measures of income often are used as proxies for individual-level income. Yet, the validity of such area-based measures relative to 'true' individual-level income has not been fully characterized...
  23. pmc History counts: a comparative analysis of racial/color categorization in US and Brazilian censuses
    M Nobles
    Department of Political Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:1738-45. 2000
    Categories of race (ethnicity, color, or both) have appeared and continue to appear in the demographic censuses of numerous countries, including the United States and Brazil...
  24. pmc On the validity of area-based income measures to proxy household income
    Gillian E Hanley
    Centre for Health Services and Policy Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC Canada
    BMC Health Serv Res 8:79. 2008
    ....
  25. pmc Associations between residential segregation and smoking during pregnancy among urban African-American women
    Janice F Bell
    Child Health Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Urban Health 84:372-88. 2007
    ..A better understanding of both deleterious and protective contextual influences on smoking during pregnancy could help to inform interventions designed to meet Healthy People 2010 target goals...
  26. ncbi Neighbourhood inequality, neighbourhood affluence and population health
    Feng Hou
    Socio economic and Business Analysis Branch, Statistics Canada, 24H, RH Coats Building, 120 Parkdale Avenue, Ottawa, Ont, Canada K1A 0T6
    Soc Sci Med 60:1557-69. 2005
    ....
  27. pmc Is there a north-south divide in social class inequalities in health in Great Britain? Cross sectional study using data from the 2001 census
    Tim Doran
    Department of Public Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3GB
    BMJ 328:1043-5. 2004
    ..To examine individual social class inequalities in self rated general health within and between the constituent countries of Great Britain and the regions of England...
  28. pmc Longitudinal study of urban malaria in a cohort of Ugandan children: description of study site, census and recruitment
    Jennifer C Davis
    Department of Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
    Malar J 5:18. 2006
    ..To generate a sampling frame for a longitudinal study of malaria incidence and treatment in Kampala, Uganda, a census, mapping and survey project was conducted...
  29. pmc Defining urban and rural areas in U.S. epidemiologic studies
    Susan A Hall
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27709 3398, USA
    J Urban Health 83:162-75. 2006
    ..Further study of the utility of these measures in health studies is warranted...
  30. pmc Associations between income inequality and mortality among US states: the importance of time period and source of income data
    John Lynch
    Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, 1214 South University, Ann Arbor, MI 48104 2548, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1424-30. 2005
    ..We used census data to examine associations between income inequality and mortality among US states for each decade from 1949 to 1999 and tax return income data to estimate associations for 1989...
  31. ncbi Selective migration from deprived areas in Northern Ireland and the spatial distribution of inequalities: implications for monitoring health and inequalities in health
    Dermot O'Reilly
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, The Queen s University of Belfast, Belfast, BT12 6BJ Northern Ireland, UK
    Soc Sci Med 57:1455-62. 2003
    ..These processes suggest potential significant problems with the area-based approaches to monitoring health and inequalities in health...
  32. pmc Shrinking areas and mortality: an artefact of deprivation effects?
    Daniel J Exeter
    School of Geography and Geosciences, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9AL, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:924-6. 2005
    ..However, this relation disappears when the area deprivation is accounted for. It is suggested that it is more important to account for deprivation than population change in health resource allocation...
  33. pmc The contextual effect of the local food environment on residents' diets: the atherosclerosis risk in communities study
    Kimberly Morland
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1761-7. 2002
    ..We studied the association between the local food environment and residents' report of recommended dietary intake...
  34. ncbi Metropolitan area income inequality and self-rated health--a multi-level study
    Tony A Blakely
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, USA
    Soc Sci Med 54:65-77. 2002
    ..Regarding the association of state-level income inequality with fair/poor health, we found the association to be considerably stronger among non-metropolitan (i.e. rural) compared to metropolitan residents...
  35. pmc The geographic scale of metropolitan racial segregation
    Sean F Reardon
    School of Education, Stanford University, 520 Galvez Mall, 526, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    Demography 45:489-514. 2008
    ..We conclude with a brief discussion of the implications of our findings for investigating the patterns, causes, and consequences of residential segregation at different geographic scales...
  36. ncbi Do area-based markers of poverty accurately measure personal poverty?
    D D Sin
    Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB
    Can J Public Health 92:184-7. 2001
    ..26 to 1.27) and 2.01 (99% CI, 2.01 to 2.02), respectively. The use of postal codes as the only marker to identify people with low SES may result in substantial misclassification of personal poverty, particularly in non-metropolitan areas...
  37. pmc Painting a truer picture of US socioeconomic and racial/ethnic health inequalities: the Public Health Disparities Geocoding Project
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:312-23. 2005
    ..We describe a method to facilitate routine monitoring of socioeconomic health disparities in the United States...
  38. ncbi A socially neutral disease? Individual social class, household wealth and mortality from Spanish influenza in two socially contrasting parishes in Kristiania 1918-19
    Svenn Erik Mamelund
    Department of Economics, University of Oslo, P O Box 1095 Blindern, 0317 Oslo, Norway
    Soc Sci Med 62:923-40. 2006
    ....
  39. ncbi Modifiable neighbourhood units, zone design and residents' perceptions
    Robin Haynes
    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK
    Health Place 13:812-25. 2007
    ..The neighbourhoods with meaning for residents therefore appeared to be much smaller areas than those typically investigated in geographical studies of health...
  40. ncbi Misclassification of income quintiles derived from area-based measures. A comparison of enumeration area and forward sortation area
    Danielle A Southern
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Centre for Health and Policy Studies, University of Calgary, AB
    Can J Public Health 93:465-9. 2002
    ..We assessed the agreement between Forward Sortation Area (FSA) and Enumeration Area (EA) derived income levels for all patients undergoing cardiac catheterization in Alberta, Canada, from 1995-1998...
  41. ncbi The accuracy of address coding and the effects of coding errors
    Nataliya Kravets
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
    Health Place 13:293-8. 2007
    ..Blockgroups with missing codes are more rural and somewhat poorer than blockgroups with correct codes. The effect of incorrect codes on statistical analyses depends on the proportion rural in a study population...
  42. pmc Weight status and restaurant availability a multilevel analysis
    Neil K Mehta
    Graduate Group in Demography, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
    Am J Prev Med 34:127-33. 2008
    ..An important change to this environment is the increasing availability of away-from-home eating establishments such as restaurants...
  43. pmc Race/ethnicity and the 2000 census: recommendations for African American and other black populations in the United States
    D R Williams
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:1728-30. 2000
    ....
  44. ncbi Does migration exaggerate the relationship between deprivation and limiting long-term illness? A Scottish analysis
    Paul Boyle
    School of Geography and Geosciences, University of St Andrews, Fife, UK
    Soc Sci Med 55:21-31. 2002
    ..We then examine the issue controlling for individual-level characteristics expected to influence limiting long-term illness and pay special attention to the role of public housing in these relationships...
  45. pmc Focusing on fast food restaurants alone underestimates the relationship between neighborhood deprivation and exposure to fast food in a large rural area
    Joseph R Sharkey
    Program for Research in Nutrition and Health Disparities, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A and M Health Science Center, College Station, TX, USA
    Nutr J 10:10. 2011
    ..Restricting the estimation of fast-food access to fast-food restaurants alone may underestimate potential spatial access to fast food...
  46. ncbi Mapping residents' perceptions of neighborhood boundaries: a methodological note
    C J Coulton
    Center for Urban Poverty and Social Change, Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-7164, USA
    Am J Community Psychol 29:371-83. 2001
    ..This pilot study suggests that discrepancies between researcher and resident-defined neighborhoods are a possible source of bias in studies of neighborhood effects...
  47. ncbi Positional accuracy of two methods of geocoding
    Mary H Ward
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20892 7240, USA
    Epidemiology 16:542-7. 2005
    ..Geocoding is often used in epidemiologic studies to map residences with geographic information systems (GIS). The accuracy of the method is usually not determined...
  48. pmc Area deprivation and widening inequalities in US mortality, 1969-1998
    Gopal K Singh
    National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 8316, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1137-43. 2003
    ..This study examined age-, sex-, and race-specific gradients in US mortality by area deprivation between 1969 and 1998...
  49. ncbi Racially mixed neighborhoods, perceived neighborhood social cohesion, and adolescent health in Canada
    Teresa Abada
    University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada N6A5C2
    Soc Sci Med 65:2004-17. 2007
    ..Perceived neighborhood cohesion is beneficial for the general health status (but not depression) of adolescents residing in neighborhoods with a high concentration of racial minorities...
  50. pmc Self reported health and mortality: ecological analysis based on electoral wards across the United Kingdom
    Dermot O'Reilly
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Queen s University Belfast, Belfast BT12 6BJ
    BMJ 331:938-9. 2005
  51. pmc Exploring the relation between class, gender, and self rated general health using the new socioeconomic classification. A study using data from the 2001 census
    Frances Drever
    Department of Public Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:590-6. 2004
    ..To examine the relation between class, gender, and self rated health in adults in Great Britain...
  52. pmc Changes in socioeconomic inequalities in census measures of health in England and Wales, 1991-2001
    Jean Adams
    Public Health Research Group, School of Population and Health Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:218-20. 2006
    ..To investigate changes in socioeconomic inequalities in census measures of health in England and Wales between 1991 and 2001...
  53. ncbi A decomposition of trends in poverty among children of immigrants
    Jennifer Van Hook
    Center for Family and Demographic Research, Department of Sociology, Bowling Green State University, OH 43403, USA
    Demography 41:649-70. 2004
    ..The relative increase in poverty for immigrant versus native children owes largely to the divergence between immigrant and native families in racial/ethnic composition, parental education, and employment...
  54. ncbi Neighborhood context and racial differences in early adolescent sexual activity
    Christopher R Browning
    Department of Sociology, The Ohio State University, 300 Bricker Hall, 190 North Oval Mall, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Demography 41:697-720. 2004
    ..Collective efficacy also independently contributed to the delay of sexual onset. No significant baseline difference in age of sexual initiation was found between Latino and European American youths...
  55. pmc Effect of cross-level interaction between individual and neighborhood socioeconomic status on adult mortality rates
    Marilyn Winkleby
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif 94305 5705, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:2145-53. 2006
    ..We examined whether the influence of neighborhood-level socioeconomic status (SES) on mortality differed by individual-level SES...
  56. pmc Mortality and socioeconomic deprivation in census tracts of an urban setting in southern Europe
    M Felicitas Domínguez-Berjón
    Servicio de Salud Pública del Area 2, Comunidad de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
    J Urban Health 82:225-36. 2005
    ..Studies of this nature may help to orient more specific studies in which CTs are grouped together as a function of particular population and/or health characteristics...
  57. pmc Residential segregation and injection drug use prevalence among Black adults in US metropolitan areas
    Hannah L F Cooper
    Medical and Health Research Association of New York City, Inc, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:344-52. 2007
    ..We analyzed the relations of two 1990 dimensions of racial residential segregation (isolation and concentration) with 1998 injection drug use prevalence among Black adult residents of 93 large US metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs)...
  58. ncbi How accurate are Townsend Deprivation Scores as predictors of self-reported health? A comparison with individual level data
    J Adams
    School of Population and Health Sciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
    J Public Health (Oxf) 27:101-6. 2005
    ..To determine the accuracy of area based Townsend Deprivation Scores (TDSs) as proxies for individual level deprivation and to compare the ability of TDSs and individual level measures of deprivation to predict selfreported health...
  59. ncbi Socioeconomic risk factors for breast cancer: distinguishing individual- and community-level effects
    Stephanie A Robert
    School of Social Work, Center for Demography of Health and Aging, Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin Madison, 53706, USA
    Epidemiology 15:442-50. 2004
    ..We examined whether women living in such communities remained at greater risk of breast cancer after controlling for individual education and other known individual-level risk factors...
  60. ncbi [Socioeconomic context and perceived oral health in an adult population in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: A multilevel analysis]
    Wagner de Souza Tassinari
    Instituto de Medicina Social, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
    Cad Saude Publica 23:127-36. 2007
    ..were based on a mixed design that included data from civil servants participating in the "Pró-Saúde" censuses I and II and residing in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1999 (n = 2,426); contextual data were obtained ..
  61. ncbi Individual, neighborhood, and state-level predictors of smoking among US Black women: a multilevel analysis
    Geetanjali Dabral Datta
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 63:1034-44. 2006
    ..These results suggest that contextual factors (at both the neighborhood and state level) play a role in Black women's smoking behaviors over and above individual characteristics...
  62. ncbi Social capital, geography and health: a small-area analysis for England
    John Mohan
    Institute for the Geography of Health, University of Portsmouth, Buckingham Building, Lion Terrace, Portsmouth PO1 3HE, UK
    Soc Sci Med 60:1267-83. 2005
    ..Our overall conclusion is that we find little support, at this spatial scale, for the proposition that area measures of social capital exert a beneficial effect on health outcomes...
  63. pmc Social anatomy of racial and ethnic disparities in violence
    Robert J Sampson
    Department of Sociology, Harvard University, William James Hall, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:224-32. 2005
    ..The results imply that generic interventions to improve neighborhood conditions and support families may reduce racial gaps in violence...
  64. ncbi Prognostic relevance of census-derived individual respondent incomes versus household incomes
    Danielle A Southern
    University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Department of Community Health Sciences
    Can J Public Health 97:114-7. 2006
    ..We compared the extent to which individual respondent income and household income (both obtained from census data) are associated with outcomes in a cohort of patients with cardiac disease...
  65. ncbi Defining needs-based urban health planning areas is feasible and desirable: a population-based approach in Toronto, Ontario
    Richard H Glazier
    Inner City Health Research Unit, St Michael s Hospital, Toronto, ON
    Can J Public Health 96:380-4. 2005
    ..These areas can be used for planning and evaluating health service delivery, comparison with other Canadian urban areas and ongoing monitoring of and advocacy for equity in health...
  66. pmc Disparities between white and African-American children in immunization coverage
    Lawrence E Barker
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30033, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 98:130-5. 2006
    ..We examined how this widening gap differs with geography and income...
  67. ncbi ZIP-code-based versus tract-based income measures as long-term risk-adjusted mortality predictors
    Avis J Thomas
    Coordinating Centers for Biometric Research, Division of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55414, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 164:586-90. 2006
    ..These patterns held across various causes of death, for both Blacks and non-Blacks, and with or without adjustment for ZIP-code-based income diversity or tract-based proportion below poverty...
  68. ncbi Are manual workers at higher risk of death than non-manual employees when living in Swedish municipalities with higher income inequality?
    Göran Henriksson
    Department of Social Medicine, Göteborg University SE 405 30 Göteborg, Sweden
    Eur J Public Health 17:139-44. 2007
    ..To test the hypothesis that manual workers are at higher risk of death than are non-manual employees when living in municipalities with higher income inequality...
  69. ncbi Income inequality and health in Ontario: a multilevel analysis
    Guoliang Xi
    Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON
    Can J Public Health 96:206-11. 2005
    ..To examine the association of income inequality at the public health unit level with individual health status in Ontario...
  70. ncbi Racial differences in the relationship between infant mortality and socioeconomic status
    Franklin W Goza
    Department of Sociology, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio, USA
    J Biosoc Sci 39:517-29. 2007
    ..updates previous studies as white-non-white comparisons for total infant mortality are examined for the US censuses of 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990 and 2000; and more detailed period- and broad cause-specific rates are presented for ..
  71. pmc Mapping and measuring social disparities in premature mortality: the impact of census tract poverty within and across Boston neighborhoods, 1999-2001
    Jarvis T Chen
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Urban Health 83:1063-84. 2006
    ..We recommend that these methods be incorporated into routine analyses of public health surveillance data to highlight continuing social disparities in premature mortality...
  72. pmc Metropolitan income inequality and working-age mortality: a cross-sectional analysis using comparable data from five countries
    Nancy A Ross
    Department of Geography, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
    J Urban Health 82:101-10. 2005
    ....
  73. pmc The development of a standardized neighborhood deprivation index
    Lynne C Messer
    Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Urban Health 83:1041-62. 2006
    ....
  74. ncbi US-based indices of area-level deprivation: results from HealthCare for Communities
    Christine Eibner
    RAND Corporation, Arlington, VA 22202, USA
    Soc Sci Med 62:348-59. 2006
    ..These findings suggest that grouping all variables into a single index may mask important heterogeneity in the ways in which area characteristics affect health outcomes...
  75. ncbi Exploring obesogenic food environments in Edmonton, Canada: the association between socioeconomic factors and fast-food outlet access
    Eric Hemphill
    Centre for Health Promotion Studies, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
    Am J Health Promot 22:426-32. 2008
    ..To explore the relationship between the placement of fast-food outlets and neighborhood-level socioeconomic variables by determining if indicators of lower socioeconomic status were predictive of exposure to fast food...
  76. ncbi Mortality, inequality and race in American cities and states
    Angus Deaton
    Center for Health and Wellbeing, 347 Wallace Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
    Soc Sci Med 56:1139-53. 2003
    ....
  77. ncbi Mortality differences according to living arrangements
    Seppo Koskinen
    National Public Health Institute, Department of Health and Functional Capacity, Helsinki, Finland
    Int J Epidemiol 36:1255-64. 2007
    ....
  78. ncbi Higher income and uninsured: common or rare?
    Hanns Kuttner
    Economic Research Initiative on the Uninsured, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, in Ann Arbor, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 26:1745-52. 2007
    ..A majority have lower incomes but live with others; only together are they higher income. For others, higher income or lack of insurance is transient...
  79. ncbi Does choice of spatial unit matter for estimating small-area disparities in health and place effects in the Vancouver Census Metropolitan Area?
    Lisa N Oliver
    Department of Geography, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada
    Can J Public Health 98:S27-34. 2007
    ....
  80. pmc Access to and use of health services among undocumented Mexican immigrants in a US urban area
    Arijit Nandi
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:2011-20. 2008
    ..We assessed access to and use of health services among Mexican-born undocumented immigrants living in New York City in 2004...
  81. ncbi Neighbourhood low income, income inequality and health in Toronto
    Feng Hou
    Business and Labour Market Analysis Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0T6
    Health Rep 14:21-34. 2003
    ..This study examines the association of neighbourhood low income and income inequality with individual health outcomes in Toronto, Canada's largest census metropolitan area...
  82. pmc Neighborhood physical conditions and health
    Deborah A Cohen
    RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA 90405, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:467-71. 2003
    ..We explored the relationship between boarded-up housing and rates of gonorrhea and premature mortality...
  83. ncbi An overview of the 72.3 million children reported in the 2000 census
    H Barry Waldman
    Department of General Dentistry, State University of New York, Stony Brook, NY, USA
    ASDC J Dent Child 69:216-9, 126. 2002
    ..A review of the 2000 census provides a general appreciation of the evolving demographic characteristics of the greatest number of youngsters in our nation's history...
  84. ncbi Why is mortality higher in Scotland than in England and Wales? Decreasing influence of socioeconomic deprivation between 1981 and 2001 supports the existence of a 'Scottish Effect'
    P Hanlon
    Division of Community Based Sciences, University of Glasgow, Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow, G12 8RZ
    J Public Health (Oxf) 27:199-204. 2005
    ..To determine the degree to which changing patterns of deprivation in Scotland and the rest of Great Britain between 1981 and 2001 explain Scotland's higher mortality rates over that period...
  85. pmc The reversal of fortunes: trends in county mortality and cross-county mortality disparities in the United States
    Majid Ezzati
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 5:e66. 2008
    ....
  86. ncbi Subjective and objective neighborhood characteristics and adult health
    Margaret M Weden
    RAND Corporation, Labor and Population, 1776 Main Street, P O Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407 2138, USA
    Soc Sci Med 66:1256-70. 2008
    ..Our results demonstrate the independent associations between both objective and perceived neighborhood quality and health, and highlight the particularly strong association between perceived neighborhood quality and health...
  87. pmc Death rate variation in US subpopulations
    David A Kindig
    Department of Population Health Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53705 2397, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 80:9-15. 2002
    ..To account for variations in death rates in population subgroups of the USA...
  88. ncbi Why is poverty unhealthy? Social and physical mediators
    Deborah A Cohen
    RAND Corporation, 1700 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA 2138, USA
    Soc Sci Med 57:1631-41. 2003
    ..Non-income characteristics associated with poverty should be further investigated. Interventions to determine whether these factors are causally related to health are needed...
  89. pmc Income inequality, household income, and health status in Canada: a prospective cohort study
    Christopher B McLeod
    Institute for Work and Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Public Health 93:1287-93. 2003
    ..This study sought to determine whether income inequality, household income, and their interaction are associated with health status...
  90. pmc Geographic location of commercial plasma donation clinics in the United States, 1980-1995
    Robert C James
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba Faculty of Medicine, Winnipeg, Canada
    Am J Public Health 94:1224-9. 2004
    ..We examined the location of commercial plasma donation centers in the United States over the period 1980 to 1995 relative to the geographic distribution of risk behaviors associated with transfusion-transmissible infections...
  91. ncbi Hypersegregation in the twenty-first century
    Rima Wilkes
    Department of Anthropology and Sociology, University of British Columbia, 6303 N W Marine Drive, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z1
    Demography 41:23-36. 2004
    ....
  92. pmc Urban and rural variations in morbidity and mortality in Northern Ireland
    Gareth O'Reilly
    The Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, The Queen s University of Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland
    BMC Public Health 7:123. 2007
    ..This paper examines the variations in morbidity and mortality between urban and rural areas...
  93. ncbi Life-course experiences and mortality by adult social class among young men
    Tiina Pensola
    Department of Sociology, Population Research Unit, University of Helsinki, P O Box 18, FIN 00014, Finland
    Soc Sci Med 58:2149-70. 2004
    ..cause of death for 1991-98, and with information on life-course circumstances from the 1970, 1975, 1980, and 1985 censuses. Controlling for living conditions in the parental home-social class, family type, number of siblings, language ..
  94. pmc Census-based and personally reported income measures as long-term risk-adjusted mortality predictors
    A J Thomas
    Coordinating Centers for Biometric Research, Division of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 2221 University Ave SE, Suite 200, Minneapolis, MN 55414, USA
    Public Health 121:898-901. 2007
  95. ncbi Geographic patterns of deprivation in South Africa: informing health equity analyses and public resource allocation strategies
    D McIntyre
    Health Economics Unit, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Health Policy Plan 17:30-9. 2002
    ..In addition, they highlight the importance of considering deprivation in resource allocation mechanisms if vertical equity goals are to be promoted through resource allocation, particularly within decentralized health systems...
  96. ncbi Generalizing the alcohol outlet-assaultive violence link: evidence from a U.S. midwestern city
    Robert J Reid
    School of Social Work, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901 1167, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 38:1971-82. 2003
    ..Alcohol-outlet density contributed significantly to the explained variance of the regression model and was associated with higher rates of assaultive violence in this midwestern city...
  97. ncbi [An index of socioeconomic position based on 2001 Census, Rome]
    Giulia Cesaroni
    Dipartimento di Epidemiologia, ASL RME, Roma
    Epidemiol Prev 30:352-7. 2006
    ..to develop an index of socioeconomic position based on the 2001 Census to characterise the census blocks in Rome...
  98. ncbi Explaining variation in health status across space and time: implications for racial and ethnic disparities in self-rated health
    Christopher R Browning
    Department of Sociology, The Ohio State University, 300 Bricker Hall, 190 N Oval Mall, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    Soc Sci Med 57:1221-35. 2003
    ....
  99. ncbi [Report on health status of residents in areas with industrial, mining or military sites in Sardinia, Italy]
    Annibale Biggeri
    Dipartimento di statistica G Parenti, Universita di Firenze
    Epidemiol Prev 30:5-95. 2006
    ..The areas have been named after the most important town, as listed below (in brackets rounded 2001 population), major activities in industrial areas are briefly described...
  100. ncbi Socioeconomic factors associated with suicide in elderly populations in British Columbia: an 11-year review
    M O Agbayewa
    Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver
    Can J Psychiatry 43:829-36. 1998
    ..We report the findings of an ecological study of old-age suicide in British Columbia over an 11-year period...
  101. ncbi [Current epidemiological situation of tuberculosis in the workplace: considering the risk of tuberculosis among nurses]
    Masako Ohmori
    Research Institute of Tuberculosis, JATA, 3 1 24, Matsuyama, Kiyose shi, Tokyo 204 8533, Japan
    Kekkaku 82:85-93. 2007
    ....

Research Grants76

  1. Hypothalamic Orexin Role in Menopause-Associated Hot Flashes and Mood/Sleep Disru
    PHILIP LEE JOHNSON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This will allow me to make significant contributions to our knowledge of the neural and neurochemical mechanisms that lead to hot flashes and to identify potential novel nonhormonal targets for treatment. ..
  2. Latin American Center for Malaria Research and Control
    SOCRATES HERRERA VALENCIA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..RELEVANCE: Identify the relationship between environmental factors, parasite characteristics, household conditions and the malaria prevalence related to the epidemiology and clinical findings. ..
  3. Early Life Conditions, Survival, and Health: A Pedigree-Based Population Study
    Ken R Smith; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These improvements specifically include: (A) Individual data for all Utahns in the 1900-1930 U.S. Censuses, World War I Draft Registration &Registry Data, and 1921-1936 Birth Certificates;and (B) Diagnosis data from ..
  4. Air Toxics, Neighborhood Environment and Risk of Oral Clefts
    Philip J Lupo; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Ultimately, the identification of CL[unreadable]P risk factors will open the door to new strategies for lowering the prevalence of these significant conditions. ..
  5. Epigenetic regulation of stem cell senescence in aging
    DAVID TOCHUKWU ASUZU; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..The results of this study may uncover new tools to restore gastrointestinal function in aged individuals and may lead to new therapies to slow or manage general effects of aging. ..
  6. A geostatistical framework for the multi-scale boundary analysis of space-time tr
    PIERRE E GOOVAERTS; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It will also facilitate the long-term quantification of the benefits of current strategies and policies for reducing the observed geographic and racial disparities in cancer stage at diagnosis and incidence of infant mortality ..
  7. Measuring Tobacco Mortality within the Million Death Study in India
    Prabhat Jha; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The blood-based pilot studies should enable large, representative and reliable genetic and biological epidemiological studies of premature mortality in the near future. ..
  8. QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF AGING RETINA
    Christine A Curcio; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  9. Chinese American Eye Study
    Rohit Varma; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..These findings are also likely to be of increasing public health importance, as the societal burden of age-related eye disease will likely increase with the aging of this rapidly growing segment of the US population. ..
  10. Hampton University Skin of Color Research Institute Skin of Color Symposium 2011:
    Meena Katdare; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  11. Prognosis and Effectiveness of Advanced Lung Cancer Treatment in the Elderly
    Juan P Wisnivesky; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This study will provide information regarding the efficacy of several therapies and may help resolve several controversies regarding the staging and treatment of elderly patients with advanced stage lung cancer. ..
  12. Comparative effectiveness of Brain Imaging and Blood Biomarkers in Alzheimer??s d
    Orly Lazarov; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  13. Cancer prevention, mental health and social capital of segregated Black Americans
    LORRAINE TIERA DEAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Data will be aggregated and geocoded to segregated areas of Philadelphia County using a novel measure of segregation based on 2000 US Census Data. ..
  14. Psychosocial Factors and the Risk of Incident Asthma in African American Women
    Patricia F Coogan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  15. Health Systems, Quality of Care, and Outcomes in SLE
    Edward H Yelin; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The project could help persons with SLE from low socioeconomic backgrounds by showing that referral to physicians providing high quality care will reduce disparities in outcomes. ..
  16. Neighborhood Characteristics &Diabetes Incidence in Multiethnic Cohort Study
    KA apos IMI A SINCLAIR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..While the research activities of the faculty are varied, they are thematically related to the focus on ethnic diversity. ..
  17. Strengthening Supports for Healthy Relationships: A Gender-Sensitive, Mixed Metho
    Poco Kernsmith; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  18. Rapid Response Surveillance Study #09-5 - Constructing Geographic Areas in GIS fo
    Sally L Glaser; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The study will combine adjacent similar small areas to mask identity while keeping areas with a sufficient number (e.g., ≥15) of cancer incidences and population (≥50,000) intact. ..
  19. Genetic by Context Influence on Trajectories of Adolescent Health Risk Behaviors
    Vangie A Foshee; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  20. Immunological Factors and Risk of Vulvodynia
    Bernard L Harlow; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..It will also help determine what factors contribute toward successful recruitment of subjects for important studies of stigmatizing conditions which can be extremely prevalent among women. ..
  21. The Complexity of Immigrant Generations
    STEPHEN J TREJO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The project will also evaluate the scientific payoff from adopting a more nuanced conception of immigrant generations. ..
  22. Social, Genetic Determinants of Blood Pressure in Underserved African Americans
    SANDRA MARIE COULON; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  23. BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE RESEARCH IN CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
    Neil Schneiderman; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..All trainees receive individual mentoring and participate in relevant program project and other research meetings. ..
  24. Construction of a Dual Function Primate Facility: ABSL3 and Transplant Medicine
    Stuart M Zola; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  25. Geography of opportunity: Neighborhood dynamics and child cognitive development
    MICHAEL ROOT KRAMER; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Overall this proposal will allow me to become a uniquely skilled, independent researcher bridging spatial demography and social epidemiology. ..
  26. The Demography of Prisoner Reentry: Residential Moves & Changing Social Contexts
    JEFFREY D contact MORENOFF; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The data we would assemble would also allow us to develop a future proposal analyzing the health outcomes and mortality of returning parolees. ..
  27. Assessing the Cumulative Climate-Related Health Risks in the Eastern U.S.
    Yang Liu; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Dose-response relationships derived with epidemiological evidence considering stressor interactions will be used to calculate spatially resolved health burdens associated with all the stressors in the eastern U.S. ..
  28. Neighborhood Characteristics and Body Mass Index: Selection or Causation?
    Ken Smith; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Achieving this objective will help us to better understand the ways in which policy-makers can alter neighborhood environments in order to reduce overweight or obesity risks among Americans. ..
  29. National Estimates for Inpatient Care, Outcomes &Hospital Effect among Hispanics
    Amresh D Hanchate; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  30. Research on the Scope and Causes of Stillbirth in the US
    Carol Hogue; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The investigators are committed to working collaboratively with other clinical centers and scientific groups to achieve the goals of the NICHD Stillbirth Network. ..
  31. Race, Ethnicity, Nativity and Housing Outcomes in Los Angeles
    EILEEN DIAZ MCCONNELL; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  32. (PQA4) GPS exposure to environments &relations with biomarkers of cancer risk
    Jacqueline Kerr; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. CRP, IL-6, HOMA-IR) than Static GIS measures of access to neighborhood resources. ..
  33. Family and Health Consequences of Imbalanced Sex Ratios in India
    Scott J South; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), the 2004-05 India Human Development Survey (IHDS), and the 1981, 1991, and 2001 Censuses of India-to examine the impact of India's imbalanced population sex ratio on key family formation behaviors (..
  34. Development of Novel Agents for CNS-related Diseases
    Seth Y Ablordeppey; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Achieving the specific aims will also provide preliminary data and improve our research environment such that we would become more competitive to apply for non-SCORE R-series grants from the NIH NIMH by the end of the grant period. ..
  35. Feasibility of Pharmacy-Based HIV Interventions among IDUs: Ha Giang, Vietnam
    NANCY PIELEMEIER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The interventions to be developed through project will utilize pharmacies, which are the most widespread settings for health services in the world. ..
  36. Age-specific and age-standardized breast cancer subtype incidence and disparities
    Joan E Cunningham; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  37. Multi-level modeling of social disparities in sleep and health
    Andre B Araujo; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Given the emerging relevance of sleep as a critical factor in human health, the potential scientific impact of the proposed study is substantial. ..
  38. Development of the Pain Self-Management Program
    Linda Ruehlman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The PSMP has the potential to provide scientifically sound information to large numbers of individuals with chronic pain at low cost. ..
  39. Age Specific Net Migration Estimates for US Counties, 2000-2010
    RICHELLE L WINKLER; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  40. Early Life Exposures to Air Toxics and the Risk of Early Childhood Leukemia
    Elaine Symanski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  41. Health Literacy and Cancer Screening Disparities in Asian American Populations
    Tetine Sentell; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This study also provides key background for our future research to reduce cancer incidence, mortality, and health disparities among AA. 1 ..
  42. Who Cares For Older Breast Cancer Surivors And How Does It Affect Quality?
    Jeanne Mandelblatt; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Patterns of care that maximize quality of life and functioning are particularly salient in older women, where declines may exacerbate frailty and ability to live independently. ..
  43. Racial & Ethnic Disparities in Incidence and Inpatient Outcomes of Acute Stroke
    Amresh D Hanchate; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..For effective targeting of interventions and public policy, our study aims to use evidence to identify and prioritize modifiable factors appropriate for each minority cohort. ..
  44. Social Ecology of Maternal Substance Use
    Elizabeth A Mumford; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  45. Informal Social Control of Partner Violence in Drug Users
    Victoria Frye; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  46. Exercise, Age-Related Memory Decline, and Hippocampal Function.
    Scott A Small; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  47. Skin Cancer and Arsenic Exposure
    Leslie K Dennis; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  48. Economic Contraction and Alcohol-Related Suicides: A Multilevel Analysis
    Mark S Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  49. County Trauma Systems and Outcomes Disparities
    David E Clark; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  50. Sources of Change and Stability in Low-Income Black Marriages
    BENJAMIN REUVEN KARNEY; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These data will be combined with data from an ongoing study of low-income Hispanic newlyweds in order to identify the sources of differences in marital outcomes for these two similarly underprivileged groups ..
  51. Biodemography of Exceptional Longevity in the United States
    Leonid A Gavrilov; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. Real-time monitoring of knee forces and kinematics in vivo
    DARRYL DAVID D apos LIMA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  53. Integrated Samples of Eurasian Censuses
    ROBERT EDWARD MCCAA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..to adding new partner countries, the expansion of the database will add new samples from the 2010 round of censuses for countries already incorporated into the integrated data series, and increase the size of several existing ..
  54. A Follow-up Study for Causes of Cancer in Black Women
    Lynn Rosenberg; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The assessment of serious nonmalignant illnesses in the BWHS enhances the value of this resource at no cost to the study of cancer. ..
  55. Cancer screening among Latinas
    Ana F Abraido Lanza; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  56. A Study of Cancer Diagnosis as a Risk Factor for Personal Bankruptcy
    Scott D Ramsey; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  57. Effects of the Built Environment, Crime &Food Prices on BMI, Activity &Eating
    Natalie Colabianchi; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  58. Posterior Cingulate Perfusion and Alzheimer Disease Risk
    Sterling C Johnson; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Early identification of AD and other dementias will serve to reduce this discrepancy and to relieve the overall economic burden of this disease to the U.S. and the VA health care system. ..
  59. Associations between Ambient Air Pollution and Adverse Birth Outcomes in Florida
    Xiaohui Xu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Therefore, this work is of critical public health importance because of the increasing rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes, their long-term health consequences and the omnipresent nature of air pollution. ..
  60. Mothers, Places, and Preterm Birth
    JAN O SUNDQUIST; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Findings will be integrated with previous knowledge and results will be disseminated via scientific publications, student learning laboratories, and long-term partnerships with public health practitioners and the lay community. ..
  61. Dynamic Models of Racial Residential Segregation
    LINCOLN G QUILLIAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..the data on residential mobility from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics matched with data from the Decennial Censuses. Our basic model of residential mobility incorporates race and neighborhood racial composition, income and ..
  62. Racial disparities in access to high quality hospitals for coronary heart disease
    Ioana Popescu; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed projects will bring an important contribution to elucidating the geographic and social context factors contributing to these persistent disparities. ..
  63. ZeroG: Dynamic Over-Ground Body-Weight Support System
    Joseph Hidler; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..2005). ..
  64. Multivariate Analysis of the Total Fertility Rate and Its Components
    Robert D Retherford; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The new methodology involves major extensions of methodology developed during an earlier R03 grant ("Components of Nuptiality and Fertility Change," 5R03HD45508-2, PI: Retherford) that expired November 30, 2007. ..
  65. Intra-Urban Health Assessed by Remote-Sensing and GIS
    John Weeks; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  66. An analysis of environmental risk factors for obesity
    Walker Poston; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..It is critical to note that such basic data are lacking in the literature. ..
  67. PRESCRIPTION PATTERNS & PRACT FOR POSTMEMOPAUSAL THERAPY
    JENNIFER MIGLIONICO; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..abstract_text> ..
  68. Fundamental Study of Welding Fume Inhalation
    Serap Erdal; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  69. Measuring the Cost of Environmental Health Risks: Evidence from Neighborhoods Nea
    LUCAS W DAVIS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The study is relevant for evaluating a wide range of environmental and health policies that affect when, where, and how power plants are sited as well as what steps should be taken to mitigate the associated health impacts. ..
  70. Neighborhood Food Availability, Consumer Economics, and Sentinel Food Consumption
    Donald Rose; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This information will help guide community efforts to create neighborhoods that promote health. ..
  71. THE IMPACT OF THE MEDICARE HOSPICE BENEFIT ON HOSPICES
    Vivian Ho; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Estimation requires the use of generalized least squares for the cost function, and maximum likelihood techniques for the equation modelling time until certification...
  72. DEATH RATES AND DEATH DATA FOR ASIAN AMERICAN ELDERLY
    Diane Lauderdale; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  73. Economic Liberalization and Social Inequality in Mexico
    ANDRES VILLARREAL; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The study will use micro-data samples of the 1990 and 2000 Mexican population censuses to estimate the changes in the income distribution that occurred at the metropolitan level...
  74. OCCUPATIONAL MORTALITY--CALIFORNIA HISPANIC POPULATION
    James Beaumont; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..It may provide direction for future cohort and registry-based case-control studies where it is possible to focus on specific illnesses and injuries, exposures, and confounding factors...
  75. Cambodia: Between the Khmers Rouges and the Red Plague?
    Patrick Heuveline; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The existence of this long-term observatory will complement and enhance future substantive research in this population. ..
  76. Neighborhood SES and Emotional Distress in Old Age
    CAROL ANESHENSEL; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..We hypothesize that the most negative health effects of living in areas of socioeconomic disadvantage will be among those who consistently live in such areas over time, and those who live in areas that deteriorate over time. ..