age distribution

Summary

Summary: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Global data on visual impairment in the year 2002
    Serge Resnikoff
    Programme for the Prevention of Blindness and Deafness, World Health Organization, Geneva 1211, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 82:844-51. 2004
  2. ncbi Mortality associated with influenza and respiratory syncytial virus in the United States
    William W Thompson
    Influenza Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 289:179-86. 2003
  3. ncbi Pneumonia and respiratory failure from swine-origin influenza A (H1N1) in Mexico
    Rogelio Perez-Padilla
    National Institute of Respiratory Diseases, Mexico City, Mexico
    N Engl J Med 361:680-9. 2009
  4. ncbi Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among US adults: findings from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Earl S Ford
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop E 17, Atlanta, GA 30333
    JAMA 287:356-9. 2002
  5. ncbi Global and regional burden of disease and risk factors, 2001: systematic analysis of population health data
    Alan D Lopez
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4006, Australia
    Lancet 367:1747-57. 2006
  6. ncbi Incidence trends for childhood type 1 diabetes in Europe during 1989-2003 and predicted new cases 2005-20: a multicentre prospective registration study
    Christopher C Patterson
    Epidemiology Research Group, Centre for Public Health, Queen s University Belfast, Belfast, UK
    Lancet 373:2027-33. 2009
  7. ncbi The global burden of headache: a documentation of headache prevalence and disability worldwide
    Lj Stovner
    Norwegian National Headache Centre, Department of Neuroscience, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Cephalalgia 27:193-210. 2007
  8. ncbi Global prevalence of diabetes: estimates for the year 2000 and projections for 2030
    Sarah Wild
    Public Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland
    Diabetes Care 27:1047-53. 2004
  9. ncbi Strategies for containing an emerging influenza pandemic in Southeast Asia
    Neil M Ferguson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 437:209-14. 2005
  10. ncbi Cancer survival in five continents: a worldwide population-based study (CONCORD)
    Michel P Coleman
    Cancer Research UK Cancer Survival Group, Non communicable Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet Oncol 9:730-56. 2008

Detail Information

Publications343 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Global data on visual impairment in the year 2002
    Serge Resnikoff
    Programme for the Prevention of Blindness and Deafness, World Health Organization, Geneva 1211, Switzerland
    Bull World Health Organ 82:844-51. 2004
    ..Other major causes of visual impairment are, in order of importance, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and trachoma...
  2. ncbi Mortality associated with influenza and respiratory syncytial virus in the United States
    William W Thompson
    Influenza Branch, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 289:179-86. 2003
    ..Influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) cause substantial morbidity and mortality. Statistical methods used to estimate deaths in the United States attributable to influenza have not accounted for RSV circulation...
  3. ncbi Pneumonia and respiratory failure from swine-origin influenza A (H1N1) in Mexico
    Rogelio Perez-Padilla
    National Institute of Respiratory Diseases, Mexico City, Mexico
    N Engl J Med 361:680-9. 2009
    ....
  4. ncbi Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among US adults: findings from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Earl S Ford
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop E 17, Atlanta, GA 30333
    JAMA 287:356-9. 2002
    ..Limited information is available about the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in the United States, however...
  5. ncbi Global and regional burden of disease and risk factors, 2001: systematic analysis of population health data
    Alan D Lopez
    School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4006, Australia
    Lancet 367:1747-57. 2006
    ..Our aim was to calculate the global burden of disease and risk factors for 2001, to examine regional trends from 1990 to 2001, and to provide a starting point for the analysis of the Disease Control Priorities Project (DCPP)...
  6. ncbi Incidence trends for childhood type 1 diabetes in Europe during 1989-2003 and predicted new cases 2005-20: a multicentre prospective registration study
    Christopher C Patterson
    Epidemiology Research Group, Centre for Public Health, Queen s University Belfast, Belfast, UK
    Lancet 373:2027-33. 2009
    ..We aimed to establish 15-year incidence trends for childhood type 1 diabetes in European centres, and thereby predict the future burden of childhood diabetes in Europe...
  7. ncbi The global burden of headache: a documentation of headache prevalence and disability worldwide
    Lj Stovner
    Norwegian National Headache Centre, Department of Neuroscience, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
    Cephalalgia 27:193-210. 2007
    ..On the World Health Organization's ranking of causes of disability, this would bring headache disorders into the 10 most disabling conditions for the two genders, and into the five most disabling for women...
  8. ncbi Global prevalence of diabetes: estimates for the year 2000 and projections for 2030
    Sarah Wild
    Public Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland
    Diabetes Care 27:1047-53. 2004
    ..The goal of this study was to estimate the prevalence of diabetes and the number of people of all ages with diabetes for years 2000 and 2030...
  9. ncbi Strategies for containing an emerging influenza pandemic in Southeast Asia
    Neil M Ferguson
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, St Mary s Campus, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK
    Nature 437:209-14. 2005
    ..Policy effectiveness depends critically on how quickly clinical cases are diagnosed and the speed with which antiviral drugs can be distributed...
  10. ncbi Cancer survival in five continents: a worldwide population-based study (CONCORD)
    Michel P Coleman
    Cancer Research UK Cancer Survival Group, Non communicable Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet Oncol 9:730-56. 2008
    ..This is, to our knowledge, the first worldwide analysis of cancer survival, with standard quality-control procedures and identical analytic methods for all datasets...
  11. pmc Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1975-2005, featuring trends in lung cancer, tobacco use, and tobacco control
    Ahmedin Jemal
    Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA 30303 1002, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 100:1672-94. 2008
    ..This year's report includes trends in lung cancer incidence and death rates, tobacco use, and tobacco control by state of residence...
  12. ncbi Epidemiology of nasopharyngeal carcinoma
    Mimi C Yu
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Semin Cancer Biol 12:421-9. 2002
    ..Other recognized risk factors for NPC are cigarette smoking, and occupational exposure to formaldehyde and wood dust...
  13. ncbi Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome defined by the International Diabetes Federation among adults in the U.S
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:2745-9. 2005
    ..S. adults and to compare it with the prevalence estimated using the definition of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP)...
  14. pmc Epidemiology of Plasmodium knowlesi malaria in north-east Sabah, Malaysia: family clusters and wide age distribution
    Bridget E Barber
    Global Health Division, Menzies School of Health Research, PO Box 41096, Casuarina 0810, Northern Territory, Australia
    Malar J 11:401. 2012
    ..The simian parasite Plasmodium knowlesi is a common cause of human malaria in Malaysian Borneo, with a particularly high incidence in Kudat, Sabah. Little is known however about the epidemiology in this substantially deforested region...
  15. pmc The global burden of injuries
    E G Krug
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Am J Public Health 90:523-6. 2000
    ....
  16. ncbi Influenza-associated hospitalizations in the United States
    William W Thompson
    Epidemiology and Surveillance Division, National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 292:1333-40. 2004
    ..Respiratory viral infections are responsible for a large number of hospitalizations in the United States each year...
  17. ncbi Trends in diabetes prevalence, incidence, and mortality in Ontario, Canada 1995-2005: a population-based study
    Lorraine L Lipscombe
    Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Lancet 369:750-6. 2007
    ..The prevalence of diabetes has been increasing greatly, but WHO's predicted 39% rise in the global rate of diabetes from 2000 to 2030 might be an underestimate. We aimed to assess diabetes trends in Ontario, Canada...
  18. ncbi Cross-reactive antibody responses to the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus
    Kathy Hancock
    Influenza Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    N Engl J Med 361:1945-52. 2009
    ....
  19. ncbi Causes of blindness and visual impairment in Nigeria: the Nigeria national blindness and visual impairment survey
    Mohammed M Abdull
    Specialist Hospital, Bauchi, Nigeria
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:4114-20. 2009
    ..Determine causes of blindness and visual impairment among adults aged >or=40 years...
  20. ncbi Impact of influenza vaccination on seasonal mortality in the US elderly population
    Lone Simonsen
    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 6613, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:265-72. 2005
    ..We tried to reconcile these conflicting findings by adjusting excess mortality estimates for aging and increased circulation of influenza A(H3N2) viruses...
  21. pmc Population-level effect of HIV on adult mortality and early evidence of reversal after introduction of antiretroviral therapy in Malawi
    Andreas Jahn
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 371:1603-11. 2008
    ..We aimed to investigate mortality in a population before and after the introduction of free antiretroviral therapy, and therefore to assess the effects of such programmes on survival at the population level...
  22. ncbi Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in an urban population: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study
    Fereidoun Azizi
    Endocrine Research Center, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, P O Box 4763, Tehran 19395, Iran
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 61:29-37. 2003
    ..This report on the metabolic syndrome from Iran shows a high prevalence of this disorder. Efforts on promoting healthy diets, physical activity, and blood pressure control must be undertaken...
  23. pmc Estimated epidemiologic parameters and morbidity associated with pandemic H1N1 influenza
    Ashleigh R Tuite
    Research Institute of the Hospital for Sick Children, and the Dalla Lana School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
    CMAJ 182:131-6. 2010
    ..We sought to estimate epidemiologic parameters for pandemic H1N1 influenza using data from initial reports of laboratory-confirmed cases...
  24. ncbi Estimating the burden of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) in the United States (April 2009-April 2010)
    Sundar S Shrestha
    Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 52:S75-82. 2011
    ..These results confirm the necessity of a concerted public health response to pH1N1...
  25. ncbi The Danish National Diabetes Register: trends in incidence, prevalence and mortality
    B Carstensen
    Steno Diabetes Center, Niels Steensens Vej 2, DK 2820, Gentofte, Denmark
    Diabetologia 51:2187-96. 2008
    ..The aim of the study was to describe trends in the incidence rate, prevalence and mortality rate for diabetes in Denmark...
  26. pmc Incidence of hospital admissions and severe outcomes during the first and second waves of pandemic (H1N1) 2009
    Melissa Helferty
    Centre for Immunization and Respiratory Infectious Diseases, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ont, Canada
    CMAJ 182:1981-7. 2010
    ..We compared the incidence of hospital admissions and severe outcomes (admission to intensive care unit [ICU] and death) during the two waves...
  27. ncbi Lifetime risk for developing congestive heart failure: the Framingham Heart Study
    Donald M Lloyd-Jones
    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute s Framingham Heart Study, National Institutes of Health, Framingham, MA 01702, USA
    Circulation 106:3068-72. 2002
    ..Congestive heart failure (CHF) is an increasing public health problem...
  28. ncbi Prevalence of diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in the Chinese adult population: International Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease in Asia (InterASIA)
    D Gu
    Cardiovascular Institute and Fuwai Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China
    Diabetologia 46:1190-8. 2003
    ..To estimate the prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in the general adult population of China...
  29. ncbi Hypertension prevalence and blood pressure levels in 6 European countries, Canada, and the United States
    Katharina Wolf-Maier
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Ill 60153, USA
    JAMA 289:2363-9. 2003
    ..Geographic variations in cardiovascular disease (CVD) and associated risk factors have been recognized worldwide. However, little attention has been directed to potential differences in hypertension between Europe and North America...
  30. ncbi Demographic risk factors for severe and fatal vivax and falciparum malaria among hospital admissions in northeastern Indonesian Papua
    Mazie J Barcus
    US Naval Medical Research Unit 2, Jakarta, Indonesia
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 77:984-91. 2007
    ..748). This study compares admissions per population (based on census data), parasitemia, morbidity, and mortality among children versus adults, pregnant versus non-pregnant women, and urban/suburban versus rural residents...
  31. ncbi Liver cirrhosis mortality rates in Britain from 1950 to 2002: an analysis of routine data
    David A Leon
    Non communicable Disease Epidemiology Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Lancet 367:52-6. 2006
    ..Total recorded alcohol consumption in Britain doubled between 1960 and 2002, giving rise to a need to examine and assess cirrhosis mortality trends...
  32. pmc Risk factors and outcomes among children admitted to hospital with pandemic H1N1 influenza
    Sean O'Riordan
    Division of Infectious Diseases, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont
    CMAJ 182:39-44. 2010
    ..Limited data are available on disease characteristics and outcomes of children with 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1) virus infection (pandemic H1N1 influenza) who have required hospital admission...
  33. pmc Epidemiological evidence of an early wave of the 1918 influenza pandemic in New York City
    Donald R Olson
    Department of Epidemiology and Center for Public Health Preparedness, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:11059-63. 2005
    ..Using routinely collected monthly age-stratified mortality data, we show that an unmistakable shift in the age distribution of epidemic deaths occurred during the 1917/1918 influenza season in New York City...
  34. pmc Monitoring the impact of influenza by age: emergency department fever and respiratory complaint surveillance in New York City
    Donald R Olson
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e247. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of emergency department (ED) chief complaint data for measuring influenza-attributable morbidity by age and by predominant circulating virus...
  35. ncbi Prevalence of HPV infection among females in the United States
    Eileen F Dunne
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    JAMA 297:813-9. 2007
    ..Baseline population prevalence data for HPV infection in the United States before widespread availability of a prophylactic HPV vaccine would be useful...
  36. ncbi Paediatric mortality related to pandemic influenza A H1N1 infection in England: an observational population-based study
    Nabihah Sachedina
    Department of Health, London, UK
    Lancet 376:1846-52. 2010
    ..Young people (aged 0-18 years) have been disproportionately affected by pandemic influenza A H1N1 infection. We aimed to analyse paediatric mortality to inform clinical and public health policies for future influenza seasons and pandemics...
  37. ncbi Requirements for DXA for the management of osteoporosis in Europe
    J A Kanis
    WHO Collaborating Centre for Metabolic Bone Diseases, University of Sheffield Medical School, Beech Hill Road, Sheffield, S10 2RX, UK
    Osteoporos Int 16:229-38. 2005
    ..The total direct costs were estimated at 31.7 billion Euros (21.165 billion UK pounds), which were expected to increase to 76.7 billion Euros (51.1 billion UK pounds) in 2050 based on the expected changes in the demography of Europe...
  38. pmc Epidemiology of varicella zoster virus infection in Canada and the United Kingdom
    M Brisson
    PHLS CDSC, and City University, London
    Epidemiol Infect 127:305-14. 2001
    ..Finally, our results provide baseline estimates of varicella and zoster incidence and morbidity for VZV vaccine effectiveness and cost-effectiveness studies...
  39. ncbi Diet and health trends in Taiwan: comparison of two nutrition and health surveys from 1993-1996 and 2005-2008
    Wen Harn Pan
    Nutrition Medicine Research Program, Division of Health Sciences Research and Preventive Medicine, Institute of Population Health Sciences, National Health Research Institute, 35 Keyan Road, Zhunan, Miaoli County 350, Taiwan
    Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 20:238-50. 2011
    ..Intake of dairy products remains low, and continues to be an important dietary issue in Taiwan...
  40. pmc Steep declines in population-level AIDS mortality following the introduction of antiretroviral therapy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Georges Reniers
    Population Program, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA
    AIDS 23:511-8. 2009
    ..We use data from burial sites to estimate trends in adult AIDS mortality and the mitigating effects of ART in Addis Ababa. ART has been available since 2003, and for free since 2005...
  41. pmc Alcohol and cause-specific mortality in Russia: a retrospective case-control study of 48,557 adult deaths
    David Zaridze
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, N N Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Centre, Moscow, Russia
    Lancet 373:2201-14. 2009
    ..Our case-control study investigated the effects of alcohol consumption on male and female cause-specific mortality...
  42. ncbi The advantage of women in cancer survival: an analysis of EUROCARE-4 data
    A Micheli
    Descriptive Epidemiology and Health Planning Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy
    Eur J Cancer 45:1017-27. 2009
    ....
  43. ncbi Survival from malignant digestive endocrine tumors in England and Wales: a population-based study
    Come Lepage
    Registre Bourguignon des Cancers Digestifs INSERM UMR 866 CHU Dijon, Faculte de Medecine, Dijon, France
    Gastroenterology 132:899-904. 2007
    ..Little is known about the prognosis of patients with malignant digestive endocrine tumors (MDETs), primarily because of their rarity...
  44. ncbi Smoking and its association with cataract: results of the Andhra Pradesh eye disease study from India
    Sannapaneni Krishnaiah
    L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:58-65. 2005
    ..To investigate the associations between tobacco smoking and various forms of cataracts among the people of a state in India...
  45. ncbi Estimation of ten-year risk of fatal cardiovascular disease in Europe: the SCORE project
    R M Conroy
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health Medicine, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland
    Eur Heart J 24:987-1003. 2003
    ..The SCORE project was initiated to develop a risk scoring system for use in the clinical management of cardiovascular risk in European clinical practice...
  46. pmc Prevalence factors associated with hypertension in Rukungiri district, Uganda--a community-based study
    J F Wamala
    Epidemiology and Surveillance Division, Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda
    Afr Health Sci 9:153-60. 2009
    ..Hypertension is a growing public health problem in Uganda and Africa as a whole. We conducted a study to determine the prevalence and identify factors associated withy hypertension among residents of the rural district of Rukungiri, Uganda...
  47. ncbi Update on the incidence and prevalence of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis in Olmsted County, Minnesota, 1940-2000
    Conor G Loftus
    Inflammatory Bowel Disease Clinic, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA
    Inflamm Bowel Dis 13:254-61. 2007
    ..We sought to update the incidence and prevalence of these conditions in our region through 2000...
  48. pmc Does Glycosylation as a modifier of Original Antigenic Sin explain the case age distribution and unusual toxicity in pandemic novel H1N1 influenza?
    Tom Reichert
    Entropy Research Institute, 345 S, Great Road, Lincoln, Massachusetts 01773, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 10:5. 2010
    ..One possible explanation for this case age distribution is the doctrine of Original Antigenic Sin, i.e...
  49. pmc Declining death rates reflect progress against cancer
    Ahmedin Jemal
    Surveillance and Health Policy Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e9584. 2010
    ..We examined temporal trends in death rates from all-cancer and the 19 most common cancers in the United States from 1970-2006...
  50. ncbi Causes and prevalence of visual impairment among adults in the United States
    Nathan Congdon
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Wilmer 120, 600 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 122:477-85. 2004
    ..To estimate the cause-specific prevalence and distribution of blindness and low vision in the United States by age, race/ethnicity, and gender, and to estimate the change in these prevalence figures over the next 20 years...
  51. ncbi Time trends in cancer mortality in China: 1987-1999
    Ling Yang
    International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
    Int J Cancer 106:771-83. 2003
    ....
  52. ncbi Estimates of the infectious reservoir of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in The Gambia and in Tanzania
    C J Drakeley
    MRC Laboratories, PO Box 273 Fajara, The Gambia
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 94:472-6. 2000
    ..Control measures aimed at reduction of transmission may have only a limited effect in areas of moderate seasonal transmission if directed only at children...
  53. ncbi A Swiss neighbourhood index of socioeconomic position: development and association with mortality
    Radoslaw Panczak
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:1129-36. 2012
    ..Area-based measures of socioeconomic position (SEP) suitable for epidemiological research are lacking in Switzerland. The authors developed the Swiss neighbourhood index of SEP (Swiss-SEP)...
  54. ncbi Long-term trends in cancer mortality in the United States, 1930-1998
    Phyllis A Wingo
    Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, National Home Office, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Cancer 97:3133-275. 2003
    ..S. Department of Health and Human Services to adopt the 2000 U.S. standard population for the age adjustment of death rates prompted the American Cancer Society to update historical cancer mortality statistics using the new standard...
  55. ncbi Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety among adolescents following the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China
    Fang Fan
    Center for Studies of Psychological Application, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, 510631, China
    J Trauma Stress 24:44-53. 2011
    ..Implications of findings on intervention and prevention of mental health problems among adolescents after experiencing earthquake disasters are discussed...
  56. pmc Global and regional estimates of cancer mortality and incidence by site: II. Results for the global burden of disease 2000
    Kenji Shibuya
    Global Program on Evidence for Health Policy, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    BMC Cancer 2:37. 2002
    ..We present the detailed estimates of mortality and incidence by site as the basis for the future estimation of cancer burden for the Global Burden of Disease 2000 study...
  57. ncbi At what age does low back pain become a common problem? A study of 29,424 individuals aged 12-41 years
    C Leboeuf-Yde
    Nordic Institute for Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics, Odense University, Denmark
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 23:228-34. 1998
    ..A cross-sectional study was performed in a Danish population of individuals 12-41 years of age...
  58. ncbi Levels and causes of adult mortality in rural South Africa: the impact of AIDS
    Victoria Hosegood
    Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, Mtubatuba, South Africa
    AIDS 18:663-71. 2004
    ..To quantify the contribution that AIDS makes to adult mortality in rural South Africa...
  59. ncbi The rising prevalence and changing age distribution of multiple sclerosis in Manitoba
    R A Marrie
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
    Neurology 74:465-71. 2010
    ..We aimed to validate a case definition for MS using administrative health insurance data, and to describe the incidence and prevalence of MS in Manitoba, Canada...
  60. ncbi The Nakuru posterior segment eye disease study: methods and prevalence of blindness and visual impairment in Nakuru, Kenya
    Wanjiku Mathenge
    International Centre for Eye Health, Department of Clinical Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Ophthalmology 119:2033-9. 2012
    ..We also sought to validate the Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness (RAAB) methodology...
  61. ncbi Worldwide childhood type 1 diabetes incidence--what can we learn from epidemiology?
    G Soltesz
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Pecs, Hungary
    Pediatr Diabetes 8:6-14. 2007
    ..Some of these environmental risk factors such as viruses may initiate autoimmunity toward the beta cell, other exposures may put on overload on the already affected beta cell and thus accelerate the disease process...
  62. ncbi Increasing prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among u.s. Adults
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Diabetes Care 27:2444-9. 2004
    ..The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome is high among U.S. adults. Our purpose was to determine whether the prevalence of this syndrome has changed since 1988-1994...
  63. pmc Using age-specific mortality of HIV infected persons to predict anti-retroviral treatment need: a comparative analysis of data from five African population-based cohort studies
    Basia Zaba
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 17:e3-14. 2012
    ..To present a simple method for estimating population-level anti-retroviral therapy (ART) need that does not rely on knowledge of past HIV incidence...
  64. ncbi Health and demographic surveillance in rural western Kenya: a platform for evaluating interventions to reduce morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases
    Kubaje Adazu
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya Program, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:1151-8. 2005
    ..9%) and anemia (19.8%) as the most common causes of death in children. These data will provide a basis for generating further research questions, developing targeted interventions, and evaluating their impact...
  65. pmc Comparative age distribution of influenza morbidity and mortality during seasonal influenza epidemics and the 2009 H1N1 pandemic
    Magali Lemaitre
    UPMC Univ Paris 6, UMR S 707, Paris F 75012, France
    BMC Infect Dis 10:162. 2010
    ..Here we compared the age distributions of morbidity and mortality during two seasonal influenza epidemics (H1N1 and H3N2) in France and the United States with those of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic waves in the same countries...
  66. ncbi Glaucoma in Zulus: a population-based cross-sectional survey in a rural district in South Africa
    Alan P Rotchford
    International Centre for Eye Health, Institute of Ophthalmology, 11 43 Bath St, London EC1V 9EL, England
    Arch Ophthalmol 120:471-8. 2002
    ..To determine the prevalence and the main types of glaucoma in a representative adult population in rural Zululand, and to describe the distribution of glaucoma-related variables in healthy subjects and those with glaucoma...
  67. ncbi Epidemiologic study of age-related cataracts among an elderly Chinese population in Shih-Pai, Taiwan
    Su Ying Tsai
    Community Medicine Research Center and Institute of Public Health, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
    Ophthalmology 110:1089-95. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors for age-related cataracts in a metropolitan elderly Chinese population in Shihpai, Taipei, Taiwan...
  68. ncbi Fall-induced injuries and deaths among older adults
    P Kannus
    Accident and Trauma Research Center and the Tampere Research Center of Sports Medicine, President Urho Kaleva Kekkonen Institute for Health Promotion Research, Finland
    JAMA 281:1895-9. 1999
    ..Although various fall-induced injuries and deaths among older adults are increasing, little is known about the epidemiology of these events...
  69. ncbi Prevalence and description of chronic daily headache in the general population in France
    Michel Lanteri-Minet
    Départment d Evaluation et Traitement de la Douleur, Hopital Pasteur, 30, avenue de la Voie Romaine, 06002, Nice Cedex, France
    Pain 102:143-9. 2003
    ..Management of this condition is generally inappropriate...
  70. ncbi High prevalence of diabetes in Adana, a southern province of Turkey
    Adnan Gokcel
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey
    Diabetes Care 26:3031-4. 2003
    ..To determine the prevalence of diabetes and glucose intolerance and their relationship with risk factors in Adana, a southern province of Turkey, where risk factors are more prominent, probably because of social and economic reasons...
  71. ncbi Clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of children hospitalized with 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza A infection
    Swati Kumar
    Medical College of Wisconsin, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Children s Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53201 1997, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 29:591-4. 2010
    ..We describe the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of children and adolescents hospitalized for 2009 H1N1 infections in Milwaukee, Wisconsin from April 2009 to August 2009...
  72. ncbi Pediatric hospitalizations associated with 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) in Argentina
    Romina Libster
    Fundacion INFANT, Buenos Aires
    N Engl J Med 362:45-55. 2010
    ..While the Northern Hemisphere experiences the effects of the 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus, data from the recent influenza season in the Southern Hemisphere can provide important information on the burden of disease in children...
  73. ncbi Trends in eye injury in the United States, 1992-2001
    Gerald McGwin
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294 0009, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:521-7. 2006
    ..To report the trends of eye injury in the United States from 1992 through 2001...
  74. ncbi Prevalence of cataract and pseudophakia/aphakia among adults in the United States
    Nathan Congdon
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Wilmer 120, 600 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 122:487-94. 2004
    ..To determine the prevalence of cataract and pseudophakia/aphakia in the United States and to project the expected change in these prevalence figures by 2020...
  75. pmc Comparing pandemic to seasonal influenza mortality: moderate impact overall but high mortality in young children
    Cees C van den Wijngaard
    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Center for Infectious Disease Control, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
    PLoS ONE 7:e31197. 2012
    ..For a valid comparison, our study used the same statistical methodology and data types to estimate pandemic and seasonal influenza mortality...
  76. ncbi Hospitalized patients with 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus infection in the United States--September-October 2009
    Jacek Skarbinski
    Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 52:S50-9. 2011
    ....
  77. ncbi Epidemiology and outcomes of osteoporotic fractures
    Steven R Cummings
    Coordinating Center, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
    Lancet 359:1761-7. 2002
    ..Therefore, epidemiological research should be done and used to identify individuals at high-risk of disabling fractures, thereby allowing careful allocation of expensive treatments to individuals most in need...
  78. ncbi A 4-year study of the epidemiology of Vibrio cholerae in four rural areas of Bangladesh
    R Bradley Sack
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    J Infect Dis 187:96-101. 2003
    ..These data will be correlated with environmental factors, to develop a model for prediction of cholera outbreaks...
  79. ncbi Refractive errors in a rural Chinese adult population the Handan eye study
    Yuan bo Liang
    Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Science Key Laboratory, Dongcheng District, Beijing, China
    Ophthalmology 116:2119-27. 2009
    ..To describe the prevalence of and risk factors for myopia and other refractive errors in a rural, adult, Chinese population...
  80. ncbi Cancer incidence and incidence rates in Japan in 2005: based on data from 12 population-based cancer registries in the Monitoring of Cancer Incidence in Japan (MCIJ) project
    Tomohiro Matsuda
    Cancer Information Services and Surveillance Division, Center for Cancer Control and Information Services, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan
    Jpn J Clin Oncol 41:139-47. 2011
    ..The leading cancer site was the stomach for men and the breast for women. Age-standardized incidence rates remained almost the same level as the previous 2 years...
  81. pmc Age distribution of cases of 2009 (H1N1) pandemic influenza in comparison with seasonal influenza
    Drosos E Karageorgopoulos
    Alfa Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Athens, Greece
    PLoS ONE 6:e21690. 2011
    Several aspects of the epidemiology of 2009 (H1N1) pandemic influenza have not been accurately determined. We sought to study whether the age distribution of cases differs in comparison with seasonal influenza.
  82. ncbi The validity of the Finnish Hospital Discharge Register and Causes of Death Register data on coronary heart disease
    Pia Pajunen
    National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 12:132-7. 2005
    ....
  83. ncbi Cardiovascular diseases in the developing countries: dimensions, determinants, dynamics and directions for public health action
    K Srinath Reddy
    All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi
    Public Health Nutr 5:231-7. 2002
    ..An empowered community, an enlightened policy and an energetic coalition of health professionals must ensure that development is not accompanied by distorted nutrition and disordered health...
  84. ncbi Trends in hip fracture rates in Canada
    William D Leslie
    Department of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    JAMA 302:883-9. 2009
    ..Hip fractures are a public health concern because they are associated with significant morbidity, excess mortality, and the majority of the costs directly attributable to osteoporosis...
  85. ncbi Pandemic versus epidemic influenza mortality: a pattern of changing age distribution
    L Simonsen
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 178:53-60. 1998
    ..However, mortality was greatest among the young during the 1918-1919 pandemic. This study compared the age distribution of influenza-related deaths in the United States during this century's three influenza A pandemics with that ..
  86. pmc Effect of screening on incidence of and mortality from cancer of cervix in England: evaluation based on routinely collected statistics
    M Quinn
    National Cancer Registration Bureau, Office for National Statistics, Demography and Health Division, London SW1V 2QQ
    BMJ 318:904-8. 1999
    ..To assess the impact of screening on the incidence of and mortality from cervical cancer...
  87. ncbi Severe malaria in children in areas with low, moderate and high transmission intensity in Uganda
    R Idro
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Mulago Hospital Makerere University Medical School, Kampala, Uganda
    Trop Med Int Health 11:115-24. 2006
    ....
  88. ncbi Age distribution of paediatric rotavirus gastroenteritis cases in Europe: the REVEAL study
    Carlo Giaquinto
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Padua, Via Giustiniani 3, Padua, Italy
    Scand J Infect Dis 42:142-7. 2010
    ..A post-hoc analysis was done to further describe the age distribution of children with RVGE. The study included 2846 children with AGE...
  89. ncbi Gender and age distribution of occupational fatalities in Taiwan
    Yen Hui Lin
    Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Chung Shan Medical University, No 110 Section 1 Jianguo North Road, Taichung City 402, Taiwan, ROC
    Accid Anal Prev 40:1604-10. 2008
    ..The finding that gender and age are major factors in occupational injuries is a significant finding in the field of occupational safety and may be helpful for developing accident prevention programs...
  90. ncbi The prevalence of primary open-angle glaucoma in Japanese: the Tajimi Study
    Aiko Iwase
    Department of Ophthalmology, Tajimi Municipal Hospital, Tajimi, Japan
    Ophthalmology 111:1641-8. 2004
    ..To assess the prevalence of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and its association with intraocular pressure (IOP) in Tajimi City in central Japan...
  91. ncbi Differences in dengue severity in infants, children, and adults in a 3-year hospital-based study in Nicaragua
    Samantha Nadia Hammond
    Division of Infectious Diseases, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 7360, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:1063-70. 2005
    ..The age distribution of dengue cases and the circulating serotype (predominantly DEN2) were representative of national data...
  92. ncbi Oral cancer in India continues in epidemic proportions: evidence base and policy initiatives
    Bhawna Gupta
    Global Disease Detection Centre India, National Centre for Disease Control, New Delhi, India
    Int Dent J 63:12-25. 2013
    ..Because the aetiology of oral cancer is predominantly tobacco-related, the immense public health challenge can be ameliorated through habit intervention...
  93. ncbi Trends in esophageal cancer mortality in China during 1987-2009: age, period and birth cohort analyzes
    Pi Guo
    Department of Public Health, Shantou University Medical College, Guangdong, People s Republic of China
    Cancer Epidemiol 36:99-105. 2012
    ....
  94. ncbi Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness and cataract surgical services in kilimanjaro region, Tanzania
    Celestin Habiyakire
    Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College, Tumaini University, Tanzania
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 17:90-4. 2010
    ..To estimate the prevalence and causes of avoidable blindness and visual impairment in persons 50 years of age and older, and to assess the impact of cataract surgical services...
  95. pmc The 1918-19 influenza pandemic in Boyacá, Colombia
    Gerardo Chowell
    Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85282, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 18:48-56. 2012
    ..In agreement with reports from Mexico, our study found no death-sparing effect for elderly persons in Colombia. We found regional disparities in prior immunity and timing of introduction of the 1918 pandemic virus across populations...
  96. ncbi Short form 36 (SF-36) health survey: normative data from the general Norwegian population
    J H Loge
    Department of Behavioural Sciences in Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway
    Scand J Soc Med 26:250-8. 1998
    ..Differences in social status should be given special attention. Caution should be exercised when assessing subjective health or employing the norms among subjects aged 70 years or over...
  97. ncbi The epidemiology of cataract in Australia
    C A McCarty
    Centre for Eye Research Australia, East Melbourne, Victoria
    Am J Ophthalmol 128:446-65. 1999
    ..To describe the prevalence and risk factors for cataract in an Australian population aged 40 years and older...
  98. pmc The impact of antiretroviral treatment on mortality trends of HIV-positive adults in rural Uganda: a longitudinal population-based study, 1999-2009
    Ivan Kasamba
    MRC UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda
    Trop Med Int Health 17:e66-73. 2012
    ..To investigate trends in all-cause adult mortality after the roll-out of an antiretroviral therapy (ART) programme in rural Uganda...
  99. pmc Hip resurfacing arthroplasty: short-term survivorship of 4,401 hips from the Finnish Arthroplasty Register
    Matti Seppänen
    Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
    Acta Orthop 83:207-13. 2012
    ..We analyzed the short-term survival of 4,401 HRAs in the Finnish Arthroplasty Register...
  100. ncbi Trends of cervical cancer mortality in the member states of the European Union
    Marc Arbyn
    Belgian Cancer Centre, Scientific Institute of Public Health, Brussels, Belgium
    Eur J Cancer 45:2640-8. 2009
    ..In the current paper, we analyse cervical cancer mortality trends in the 27 member states since 1970 and, subsequently, try to explain how screening and other factors have driven changes...
  101. pmc One-year prevalence and the impact of migraine and tension-type headache in Turkey: a nationwide home-based study in adults
    Mustafa Ertas
    Department of Neurology, Anadolu Health Center Hospital, Kocaeli, Turkey
    J Headache Pain 13:147-57. 2012
    ....

Research Grants62

  1. Redefining Human Myocardial Biology
    Annarosa Leri; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..age of myocytes and non-myocytes;b) A mathematical model of age- structured cell populations to define the age distribution of myocytes and non-myocytes;c) A mathematical model of hierarchically organized cells to assess the rate of ..
  2. Integrative Pathways to Health and Illness: Testing Older Cohort Hypotheses
    Carol D Ryff; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The expanded Refresher sample will parallel the size and age distribution of the MIDUS I sample, thus affording two rich datasets for investigating pathways to health, with baselines ..
  3. Determining the Genetic Basis of Rotator Cuff Disease
    Robert Z Tashjian; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..g. sex distribution, age distribution, injury severity, clinical outcomes) between familial and non-familial groups will be compared...
  4. Aging among the homeless;geriatric conditions, health and healthcare outcomes
    Margot B Kushel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Policies and programs directed at preventing and ameliorating homelessness were designed before the age distribution changed and do not address aging issues...
  5. Growth Factors in Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis
    Lorena Baccaglini; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In two separate published population studies we have found a striking overlap in the age distribution of RAS prevalence and circulating levels of these growth factors...
  6. Sleep and cardio-metabolic risk factors: a prospective study of adolescents
    Duanping Liao; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Finally, in our child data the age distribution of SDB suggested a possible age-dependent relationship within adolescence.
  7. The effect of cost-sharing on health care utilization and health outcomes
    Fabian Duarte; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..FONASA assigns individuals from all across the adult age distribution into health insurance plans with varying levels of cost- sharing (0%, 10% and 20%) based on individual wage ..
  8. Intervenable Host Leishmania (Viannia) Interactions
    DIANE MCMAHON PRATT; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This phenomenon has contributed to both a large increase, and a shift in the age distribution of reported cases. Children now constitute a large proportion of cases...
  9. Genital Mucosal Immunity in Adolescent Women
    Rebecca Pellett Madan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..a cohort of HIV infected young women ages 13-21 years and a cohort of healthy, uninfected women of similar age distribution by comparing endogenous antimicrobial activity in genital secretions and correlating this activity with ..
  10. IRON, ZINC AND FOLATE AND PRETERM DELIVERY
    David Savitz; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..be identified in the hospital and controls will selected from prenatal clinics, with the same gestational age distribution as preterm PROM cases...
  11. DETECTION OF EARLY DEMENTIA IN ADULTS WITH DOWN SYNDROME
    KAREN BRUGGE; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The rate of early dementia in these DS adults appeared to correspond with the age distribution of the AD neuropathology in this population...
  12. The Epidemiology of Hospitalized Postpartum Depression
    David Savitz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..appears to disproportionately afflict socioeconomically disadvantaged women at the extremes of the maternal age distribution. However, a current and reliable estimate of the frequency of severe postpartum depression and its pattern of ..
  13. ETHNIC DIFFERENTIALS IN MORTALITY IN KYRGYZSTAN
    Michel Guillot; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These methods include intercensal comparison of cohort size; a procedure based on the reported age distribution of deaths and age-specific growth rates; and a procedure for producing life tables directly from the age ..
  14. Anti-melanoma Immune responses in Melanoma development
    Celine Vachon; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..patients with a benign nevus removed at the Mayo Clinic during this same time period and who have a similar age distribution as the cases...
  15. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF INFLUENZA IN CAMBODIA
    Sirenda Vong; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..2) Describe the epidemiology of influenza in tropical, developing countries, including the seasonally, age distribution and transmission patterns; (3) Describe the burden of disease and health impact of influenza in tropical ..
  16. BIODEMOGRAPHY OF GENETIC DISEASE
    BRUCE CARNES; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..genetic and non-genetic causes of death and has generated predictions and testable hypotheses about the age distribution of deaths with a genetic etiology...
  17. Fourth NEI Symposium on the Epidemiology of Eye Diseases and Vision Disorders
    Barbara Hawkins; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Furthermore, the composition of the U.S. population had undergone dramatic changes, including changes in the age distribution of the population and changes caused by immigration and other factors...
  18. PSYCHOPATHOLOGY OF THE AGING: CELL MEMBRANE CORRELATES
    GEORGE ZUBENKO; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  19. Epidemiology of Carotid Intima-Medial Thickness (IMT) in Atherosclerosis
    Joseph Polak; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..to previous published works on the topic, this application offers the opportunity of measuring atherosclerosis across a broad age distribution and in a multi-ethnic cohort using state-of-the-art technologies. [unreadable] [unreadable]
  20. METHODS FOR FUNCTIONAL/COMPARATIVE GENOMICS
    Xun Gu; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  21. Ethnicity, Alcohol, and Spousal Violence
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..collecting data from both couple members. ..
  22. Brief Intervention to Reduce Injury in Minorities
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  23. Alcohol Epidemiology In Hispanic National Groups
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Results from this study will fill a major gap in epidemiology among U.S. Hispanics, and will have implications for the development of prevention interventions. ..
  24. Cross Ethnic Trends In Drinking, Alcohol Use Disorders And Service Utilization
    Raul Caetano; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed aims will cover important gaps in significant areas of alcohol epidemiology. Trends analyses covering the period under focus and contrasting Whites, Blacks and Hispanics have not been reported yet in the alcohol literature. ..
  25. The Lee-Carter Method for Forecasting Mortality
    Ronald Lee; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Software will be produced to implement these procedures and made publicly available on a web site. Work will be closely coordinated with the Population Division of the United Nations to ensure that it meets its needs. ..
  26. Comparison of Aerobic and Resistance Exercise in Older Breast Cancer Survivors
    Kerri Winters Stone; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..S. "baby boom"population ages. Even so, studies of older women comprise only a small proportion of research, especially exercise research, on improving the lives of cancer survivors. ..
  27. Analyzing Vaccine Programs/Policies in Western Europe
    Gary Freed; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  28. HOST FACTORS MEDIATE INVASION BY CAMPYLOBACTER JEJUNI
    LINDA MANSFIELD; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..jejuni invasion is facilitated due to a direct effect of some secreted/excreted product of the worms, and 4) Determine what host cell genes are differentially expressed during C. jejuni invasion. ..
  29. Adapting CHAMP+ for South Africa: Supporting HIV-Infected Youth and Families
    Claude Mellins; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..The findings can be used to inform larger-scale effectiveness studies in similar settings. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  30. Maternal depression and child weight: Early pathways
    Cristiane Duarte; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Given the limited effectiveness of treatment for weight problems, elucidating this significant pathways will provide important information for developing new preventive interventions. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  31. Incidence, risk factors, and consequences of neonatal hypothermia in Nepal
    LUKE MULLANY; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..Examination of alternate cutoffs for defining hypothermia severity may improve design of low-cost technologies for identification and subsequent management of hypothermic infants in the community. [unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  32. DCIS--MAMMOGRAPHIC FEATURES AND PROGNOSIS
    Laurel Habel; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  33. INHALED TOBRAMYCIN IN YOUNG CYSTIC FIBROSIS PATIENTS
    Bonnie Ramsey; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  34. Colorectal Cancer Screening in Primary Care Practice
    Steven Ornstein; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..A mixed-method process evaluation will also be conducted to assess the adoption of PPRNet-TRIP within participating practices. ..
  35. Time-Factors in Exposure Effects Among Uranium Workers
    David Richardson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  36. Ecological validity in patient-reported chronic disease outcomes(RMI)
    Arthur Stone; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ....
  37. PREVENTING SUICIDE--A SCIENTIFIC CONSENSUS PROCESS
    Eric Caine; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  38. ALCOHOL & CRASH FATALITIES: ETHNIC GROUPS AT RISK
    Eduardo Romano; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results from the project will be useful to policymakers and program managers and will inform the design and delivery of traffic safety interventions tailored to minority populations. ..
  39. CHEMOKINE BIOMARKERS OF DIISOCYANATE OCCUPATIONAL ASTHMA
    David Bernstein; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  40. Impact of Pancreas-Kidney Transplants on Renal Allograft
    Ajay Israni; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Renal allograft survival in SPK and KA will be compared using Cox proportional hazards models, adjusting for patient and transplant center characteristics. ..
  41. Model-Based Clustering Methods of Medical Image
    ADRIAN RAFTERY; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  42. Selenium genetic variation in selenoenzymes and prostate cancer
    Ulrike Peters; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  43. MEASURING & DOCUMENTING DISPARITIES IN ORAL HEALTH: A PRACTICAL APPROACH
    Luisa Borrell; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..unreadable] [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  44. Risk and Resilience in Youth with HIV+ Mothers
    Claude Mellins; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..At the end of Phase 2, we aim to have a feasible, culturally sensitive, effective prevention intervention that can be tested in a larger clinical trial with early adolescents affected by maternal HIV disease. ..
  45. Impact of Poverty, LBW, and Obesity Across the Lifespan
    Patricia Reagan; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  46. VULNERABILITY, INTERVENING EVENTS & DISABILITY IN AGING
    Thomas Gill; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  47. COLLABORATIVE INITIAL GLAUCOMA TREATMENT STUDY
    Rohit Varma; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  48. STUDIES ON ACCEPTABILITY OF VAGINAL MICROBICIDES
    Gita Ramjee; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Identification of facilitators and barriers to the introduction and use of microbicides among health care providers and potential users in South Africa. ..
  49. Analysis of CIGTS Visual Field Data
    David Musch; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..3. Determine the relative impact of factors other than IOP control and race on progressive VF loss. Address age, sex, family history, comorbidities, smoking, alcohol ingestion, refractive error, and baseline VF damage. ..
  50. Gene Environment Interaction in Head and Neck Cancer
    Andrew Olshan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The proposed study should contribute knowledge on gene-environment interactions for cancer of the head and neck, but also for other tobacco- and alcohol-related cancers and possibly cancers of unknown etiology. ..
  51. Mammographic Density in a Multi-Ethnic Cohort
    Laurel Habel; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  52. Genetic Determinants of Ankylosing Spondylitis Severity
    Michael Weisman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  53. Alcohol Intake on Insulin Sensitivity and Heart Disease
    Sun Kim; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Given the morbidity and mortality of insulin resistance and CVD, it becomes important to clarify the role of moderate alcohol consumption to both. ..
  54. OBSERVATIONAL COHORT STUDY OF SODIUM, WEIGHT AND CVD
    Nancy Cook; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..This cohort provides a unique resource to address the impact in a normotensive population of salt restriction and weight change on subsequent cardiovascular events. ..
  55. Urodynamic and Multiethnic Variability of Men Treated b*
    Steven Kaplan; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Baseline urodynamic parameters which may predict improved outcome after MIST 3. The success of various types of MIST in treating BPH in African - American, Hispanic and Caucasian men. ..
  56. Epidemiology of Bathing Disability in Elderly Persons
    Thomas Gill; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..unreadable] [unreadable]..
  57. Suicide Research and Prevention MHREG
    Eric Caine; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The SPR/MHREG provides a mechanism for efficient sharing and broader dissemination of the mentoring and research expertise that we have developed. ..
  58. Mitochondrial Function and HIV Lipoatrophy
    Cecilia Shikuma; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Obtained ATP levels will be correlated with level of adipocyte apoptosis as well as with adipocyte mtDNA copies/cell by real-time PCR and SC adipose tissue expression of select oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) genes. ..
  59. SOUTH AFRICA MRC HIV PREVENTION TRIALS UNIT
    Gita Ramjee; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  60. Randomized Trial of Tinnitus Retraining Therapy
    Richard Tyler; Fiscal Year: 2008
    ..If TRT is shown to be no more effective than masking or counseling, professionals should focus on more efficient therapeutic techniques. This experiment will test the neurophysiological model of tinnitus. [unreadable] [unreadable]..
  61. UTILITY OF MOMENTARY VERSUS RECALLED SELF REPORTS
    Arthur Stone; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, the study will provide practical information for researchers using momentary assessment methods. ..