demography

Summary

Summary: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.

Top Publications

  1. pmc Analyses of pig genomes provide insight into porcine demography and evolution
    Martien A M Groenen
    Animal Breeding and Genomics Centre, Wageningen University, De Elst 1, 6708 WD, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Nature 491:393-8. 2012
  2. pmc High functional diversity in Mycobacterium tuberculosis driven by genetic drift and human demography
    Ruth Hershberg
    Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    PLoS Biol 6:e311. 2008
  3. ncbi Joint analysis of demography and selection in population genetics: where do we stand and where could we go?
    Junrui Li
    Laboratory of Evolutionary Genomics, CAS Key Laboratory of Computational Biology, CAS MPG Partner Institute for Computational Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China
    Mol Ecol 21:28-44. 2012
  4. pmc A flexible forward simulator for populations subject to selection and demography
    Ryan D Hernandez
    Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
    Bioinformatics 24:2786-7. 2008
  5. ncbi Who is sensitive to extremes of temperature?: A case-only analysis
    Joel Schwartz
    Exposure, Epidemiology, and Risk Program Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Epidemiology 16:67-72. 2005
  6. ncbi Health and demographic surveillance in rural western Kenya: a platform for evaluating interventions to reduce morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases
    Kubaje Adazu
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya Program, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:1151-8. 2005
  7. pmc Joint inference of the distribution of fitness effects of deleterious mutations and population demography based on nucleotide polymorphism frequencies
    Peter D Keightley
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Genetics 177:2251-61. 2007
  8. ncbi Comparison of demography, diet, lifestyle, and serum lipid levels between the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao and Han populations
    Yin Ruixing
    Department of Cardiology, Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530021, Guangxi, People s Republic of China
    J Lipid Res 48:2673-81. 2007
  9. ncbi Approximate Bayesian Computation (ABC) in practice
    Katalin Csilléry
    Laboratoire Techniques de l Ingénierie Médicale et de la Complexité, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR5525, Universite Joseph Fourier, 38706 La Tronche, France
    Trends Ecol Evol 25:410-8. 2010
  10. pmc Bayesian analysis of an admixture model with mutations and arbitrarily linked markers
    Laurent Excoffier
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Centre de Biologie et de Gestion des Populations CBGP, Campus International de Baillarguet, Montferrier sur Lez, France
    Genetics 169:1727-38. 2005

Research Grants

  1. Novel TIRF microscopy analyzing trafficking & signaling at the cell cortex
    Derek Toomre; Fiscal Year: 2009
  2. Vitamin D3, Interference with Androgen Signal and Inhibition of Prostate Cancer
    Bandana Chatterjee; Fiscal Year: 2013
  3. Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase as a Target for Ischemic Cardioprotection
    Donna M Van Winkle; Fiscal Year: 2012
  4. Comparative Resistance Exercise Effects on Knee Osteoarthritis Pain, Functional I
    KEVIN ROBERT VINCENT; Fiscal Year: 2013
  5. Community Participation Research of Breastfeeding Disparities in African American
    Tamar Ringel Kulka; Fiscal Year: 2009
  6. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
  7. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
  8. Yale Drug Abuse, Addiction, and HIV Research Scholars (Yale-DAHRS)
    PATRICK O'CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2013
  9. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    ASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
  10. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    Asoka Srinivasan; Fiscal Year: 2010

Detail Information

Publications323 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Analyses of pig genomes provide insight into porcine demography and evolution
    Martien A M Groenen
    Animal Breeding and Genomics Centre, Wageningen University, De Elst 1, 6708 WD, Wageningen, The Netherlands
    Nature 491:393-8. 2012
    ..The pig genome sequence provides an important resource for further improvements of this important livestock species, and our identification of many putative disease-causing variants extends the potential of the pig as a biomedical model...
  2. pmc High functional diversity in Mycobacterium tuberculosis driven by genetic drift and human demography
    Ruth Hershberg
    Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    PLoS Biol 6:e311. 2008
    ..tuberculosis described here, could contribute to the emergence and spread of drug-resistant tuberculosis...
  3. ncbi Joint analysis of demography and selection in population genetics: where do we stand and where could we go?
    Junrui Li
    Laboratory of Evolutionary Genomics, CAS Key Laboratory of Computational Biology, CAS MPG Partner Institute for Computational Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China
    Mol Ecol 21:28-44. 2012
    Teasing apart the effects of selection and demography on genetic polymorphism remains one of the major challenges in the analysis of population genomic data...
  4. pmc A flexible forward simulator for populations subject to selection and demography
    Ryan D Hernandez
    Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
    Bioinformatics 24:2786-7. 2008
    ..Each locus can be annotated as either coding or non-coding, sex-linked or autosomal, selected or neutral, and have an arbitrary linkage structure (from completely linked to independent)...
  5. ncbi Who is sensitive to extremes of temperature?: A case-only analysis
    Joel Schwartz
    Exposure, Epidemiology, and Risk Program Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Epidemiology 16:67-72. 2005
    ..Extremes of temperature are well known to be associated with excess mortality. Less is known about the characteristics of persons that put them at higher risk, particularly the role of medical conditions...
  6. ncbi Health and demographic surveillance in rural western Kenya: a platform for evaluating interventions to reduce morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases
    Kubaje Adazu
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Kenya Program, Nairobi, Kenya
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:1151-8. 2005
    ..9%) and anemia (19.8%) as the most common causes of death in children. These data will provide a basis for generating further research questions, developing targeted interventions, and evaluating their impact...
  7. pmc Joint inference of the distribution of fitness effects of deleterious mutations and population demography based on nucleotide polymorphism frequencies
    Peter D Keightley
    Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom
    Genetics 177:2251-61. 2007
    ..method using simulations and found that it accurately recovers simulated parameter values, even if the simulated demography differs substantially from that assumed in our analysis...
  8. ncbi Comparison of demography, diet, lifestyle, and serum lipid levels between the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao and Han populations
    Yin Ruixing
    Department of Cardiology, Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530021, Guangxi, People s Republic of China
    J Lipid Res 48:2673-81. 2007
    ..Little is known about dyslipidemia in this population. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of demography, diet, and lifestyle on serum lipid levels between the Bai Ku Yao and Han populations...
  9. ncbi Approximate Bayesian Computation (ABC) in practice
    Katalin Csilléry
    Laboratoire Techniques de l Ingénierie Médicale et de la Complexité, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR5525, Universite Joseph Fourier, 38706 La Tronche, France
    Trends Ecol Evol 25:410-8. 2010
    ..ABC can be a powerful tool to make inferences with complex models if these principles are carefully applied...
  10. pmc Bayesian analysis of an admixture model with mutations and arbitrarily linked markers
    Laurent Excoffier
    Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Centre de Biologie et de Gestion des Populations CBGP, Campus International de Baillarguet, Montferrier sur Lez, France
    Genetics 169:1727-38. 2005
    ..ligustica populations were completely separated since the last glacial maximum...
  11. pmc Geography predicts neutral genetic diversity of human populations
    Franck Prugnolle
    Theoretical and Molecular Population Genetics Group, Department of Genetics, University of Cambridge, Downing St, Cambridge CB2 3EH, UK
    Curr Biol 15:R159-60. 2005
  12. ncbi Evidence of climatic niche shift during biological invasion
    O Broennimann
    Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, The Biophore, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Ecol Lett 10:701-9. 2007
    ..Climate matching is thus a useful approach to identify areas at risk of introduction and establishment of newly or not-yet-introduced neophytes, but may not predict the full extent of invasions...
  13. ncbi A new test for detecting recent positive selection that is free from the confounding impacts of demography
    Haipeng Li
    Laboratory of Evolutionary Genomics, Department of Computational Genomics, CAS MPG Partner Institute for Computational Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China
    Mol Biol Evol 28:365-75. 2011
    ..However, such efforts have been severely hindered by the confounding signatures of demography. As a consequence, neutrality tests often lead to false inference of positive selection because they detect the ..
  14. pmc The aging baboon: comparative demography in a non-human primate
    Anne M Bronikowski
    Department of Zoology and Genetics, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:9591-5. 2002
    ..In contrast, primate taxa are differentiated by rates of demographic aging, even if they cannot be characterized by species-specific lifespan...
  15. ncbi Demography in an increasingly variable world
    Mark S Boyce
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada, T6G 2E9
    Trends Ecol Evol 21:141-8. 2006
    Recent advances in stochastic demography provide unique insights into the probable effects of increasing environmental variability on population dynamics, and these insights can be substantially different compared with those from ..
  16. pmc Use of modern contraception by the poor is falling behind
    Emmanuela Gakidou
    Harvard Initiative for Global Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Med 4:e31. 2007
    ..This study explores whether the global progress in the use of modern contraceptives has also benefited the poorest...
  17. ncbi Integrating phylogenetics and environmental niche models to explore speciation mechanisms in dendrobatid frogs
    Catherine H Graham
    Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Evolution 58:1781-93. 2004
    ..Further, the method outlined in this paper will be increasingly useful as knowledge of distribution and phylogeny of tropical species increases...
  18. pmc The impact of sampling schemes on the site frequency spectrum in nonequilibrium subdivided populations
    Thomas Stadler
    Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Freiburg, D 79104 Freiburg, Germany
    Genetics 182:205-16. 2009
    ..However, future studies should consider adopting a framework that explicitly accounts for the genealogical effects of population subdivision and empirical sampling schemes...
  19. pmc Young and vulnerable: spatial-temporal trends and risk factors for infant mortality in rural South Africa (Agincourt), 1992-2007
    Benn K D Sartorius
    MRC Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit, Agincourt, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    BMC Public Health 10:645. 2010
    ..It is associated with several health determinants, such as maternal health, access to high-quality health care, socioeconomic conditions, and public health policy and practices...
  20. pmc Measuring under-five mortality: validation of new low-cost methods
    JULIE KNOLL RAJARATNAM
    Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
    PLoS Med 7:e1000253. 2010
    ..As a result, there is a demand for improvement of the methods employing summary birth history data to produce more accurate as well as subnational estimates of child mortality...
  21. ncbi Prevalence and demography of transsexualism in Belgium
    G De Cuypere
    Department of Sexology and Gender Problems, University Hospital Gent, De Pintelaan 185, B 9000 Gent, Belgium
    Eur Psychiatry 22:137-41. 2007
    ..This prevalence and demographic study analyses data on all Belgian individuals who have undergone SRS since that year...
  22. pmc Rapid intrahost evolution of human cytomegalovirus is shaped by demography and positive selection
    Nicholas Renzette
    Department of Microbiology and Physiological Systems, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 9:e1003735. 2013
    ..Models of demography (i.e...
  23. pmc Response to emotional expressions in generalized social phobia and generalized anxiety disorder: evidence for separate disorders
    Karina Blair
    Mood and Anxiety Program, NIMH, NIH, 15K North Dr, MSC 2670, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 165:1193-202. 2008
    ..Functional magnetic resonance imaging assessed the neural response to facial expressions in generalized social phobia and generalized anxiety disorder...
  24. ncbi On the distribution and genetic differentiation of Anopheles gambiae s.s. molecular forms
    Alessandra della Torre
    Sezione di Parassitologia, Dipartimento di Scienze di Sanità Pubblica, Universita di Roma La Sapienza, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Roma, Italy
    Insect Biochem Mol Biol 35:755-69. 2005
    ..differentiation of M and S to improve the knowledge of the real composition of the vector system, of its demography, population genetics and dynamics, also in view of the possible consequences on the transmission of human ..
  25. ncbi Pterygium: prevalence, demography and risk factors
    S M Saw
    National University of Singapore Department of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine Singapore
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 6:219-28. 1999
    ..Meanwhile, preventive measures such as protection of the eyes by the wearing of sunglasses with UV B protective lenses and brimmed hats outdoors are recommended...
  26. pmc Demography and weak selection drive patterns of transposable element diversity in natural populations of Arabidopsis lyrata
    Steven Lockton
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:13965-70. 2008
    ..To study the roles of selection, transposition, and demography in shaping TE population diversity, we generated a polymorphism dataset for six TE families in four populations ..
  27. ncbi Historical colonization and demography of the Mediterranean damselfish, Chromis chromis
    Vera S Domingues
    Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada, Unidade de Investigação em Eco etologia, R Jardim do Tabaco 34, 1149 041 Lisboa, Portugal
    Mol Ecol 14:4051-63. 2005
    ..chromis (18-19 days) have probably played an important role in C. chromis historical colonization...
  28. pmc An olfactory demography of a diverse metropolitan population
    Andreas Keller
    Laboratory of Neurogenetics and Behaviour, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, Box 63, New York, NY 10065, USA
    BMC Neurosci 13:122. 2012
    ..Here we investigate the influence of these factors on both general olfactory acuity and on the perception of 66 structurally and perceptually different odours in a diverse subject population...
  29. ncbi Social and environmental risk factors in the emergence of infectious diseases
    Robin A Weiss
    Wohl Virion Centre, Division of Infection and Immunity, University College London, W1T 4JF, UK
    Nat Med 10:S70-6. 2004
    ..A better understanding of the evolving social dynamics of emerging infectious diseases ought to help us to anticipate and hopefully ameliorate current and future risks...
  30. pmc On the meaning and existence of an effective population size
    P Sjödin
    Department of Conservation Biology and Genetics, Evolutionary Biology Center, Uppsala University, S 752 36, Uppsala, Sweden
    Genetics 169:1061-70. 2005
    We investigate conditions under which a model with stochastic demography or population structure converges to the coalescent with a linear change in timescale...
  31. pmc The attractions of medicine: the generic motivations of medical school applicants in relation to demography, personality and achievement
    I C McManus
    Department of Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
    BMC Med Educ 6:11. 2006
    ....
  32. ncbi Enhanced motor cortex facilitation in patients with vascular cognitive impairment-no dementia
    Rita Bella
    Department GF Ingrassia, Section of Neurosciences, University of Catania, Via Santa Sofia, 78, 95123 Catania, Italy
    Neurosci Lett 503:171-5. 2011
    ..Further studies are required to evaluate whether the observed change of ICF might predict cognitive and/or motor impairment in a population at risk for subcortical vascular dementia...
  33. pmc Mapping hypoendemic, seasonal malaria in rural Bandarban, Bangladesh: a prospective surveillance
    Wasif A Khan
    ICDDR, B International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Clinical Sciences Division
    Malar J 10:124. 2011
    ....
  34. pmc Correspondence between objective and perceived walking times to urban destinations: Influence of physical activity, neighbourhood walkability, and socio-demographics
    Bart Dewulf
    Department of Geography, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281, S8, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium
    Int J Health Geogr 11:43. 2012
    ....
  35. ncbi The demography of disability and the effects of immigrant history: older Asians in the United States
    Jan E Mutchler
    Gerontology Institute, University of Massachusetts Boston, 100 Morrissey Boulevard, Boston, MA 02125, USA
    Demography 44:251-63. 2007
    ..We conclude that in later life, immigrant status confers few disability advantages among the Asian population in the United States...
  36. pmc Demographically corrected norms for African Americans and Caucasians on the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised, Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised, Stroop Color and Word Test, and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test 64-Card Version
    Marc A Norman
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 33:793-804. 2011
    ..Findings support the need to consider extended demographic contributions to neuropsychological test performance in clinical and research settings...
  37. pmc Ancestral components of admixed genomes in a Mexican cohort
    Nicholas A Johnson
    Department of Statistics, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 7:e1002410. 2011
    ..The ability to infer precise ancestral components of admixed genomes will facilitate studies of disease-related phenotypes and will allow new insight into the adaptive and demographic history of indigenous people...
  38. ncbi Service use for mental health reasons: cross-provincial differences in rates, determinants, and equity of access
    Helen Maria Vasiliadis
    Department of Psychiatry, Universite de Montreal, Quebec
    Can J Psychiatry 50:614-9. 2005
    ..This study aimed to provide prevalence rates of health care service use for MH reasons by province and according to service type and to examine determinants of MH service use in Canada and across provinces...
  39. pmc Risk factors for hospitalized seasonal influenza in rural western Kenya
    Maurice O Ope
    Department of Disease Surveillance and Response, Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi, Kenya
    PLoS ONE 6:e20111. 2011
    ..Risk factors for influenza hospitalization in Africa are unknown, including the role of HIV...
  40. pmc A general population genetic framework for antagonistic selection that accounts for demography and recurrent mutation
    Tim Connallon
    Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Genetics 190:1477-89. 2012
    ..The effects of mutation and demography may generate population differences in overall levels of antagonistic fitness variation, as well as molecular ..
  41. pmc Spatially explicit burden estimates of malaria in Tanzania: bayesian geostatistical modeling of the malaria indicator survey data
    Laura Gosoniu
    Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, University of Basel, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 7:e23966. 2012
    ..The predicted maps could be used by decision-makers to allocate resources and target interventions in the regions with highest burden of malaria in order to reduce the disease transmission in the country...
  42. pmc Characterisation and carriage ratio of Clostridium difficile strains isolated from a community-dwelling elderly population in the United Kingdom
    Fabio Miyajima
    National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospitals National Health Service Trust, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    PLoS ONE 6:e22804. 2011
    ..We have determined the presence of C. difficile in the faeces of a healthy elderly cohort living outside of long-term care facilities (LCFs) in the United Kingdom...
  43. ncbi Distinct cytokine profiles define clinical immune response to falciparum malaria in regions of high or low disease transmission
    Swapnil Sinha
    Division of Molecular and Structural Biology, Central Drug Research Institute, Chattar Manzil, Mahatma Gandhi Marg, Lucknow, India
    Eur Cytokine Netw 21:232-40. 2010
    ..falciparum-induced immune challenge...
  44. ncbi Japanese lung cancer registry study of 11,663 surgical cases in 2004: demographic and prognosis changes over decade
    Noriyoshi Sawabata
    Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
    J Thorac Oncol 6:1229-35. 2011
    ..We analyzed data obtained in these registries to reveal the most recent surgical outcomes and trends related to lung cancer surgery in Japan...
  45. ncbi It's about time: divergence, demography, and the evolution of developmental modes in marine invertebrates
    Michael W Hart
    Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada
    Integr Comp Biol 50:643-61. 2010
    ....
  46. pmc Can a sex-biased human demography account for the reduced effective population size of chromosome X in non-Africans?
    Alon Keinan
    Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
    Mol Biol Evol 27:2312-21. 2010
    ....
  47. pmc MTML-msBayes: approximate Bayesian comparative phylogeographic inference from multiple taxa and multiple loci with rate heterogeneity
    Wen Huang
    Biology Department, City University of New York, Queens College, 65 30 Kissena Blvd, Flushing, NY 11367 1597, USA
    BMC Bioinformatics 12:1. 2011
    ..The method also allows a flexible sampling scheme: different numbers of loci of varying length can be sampled from different taxon-pairs...
  48. ncbi The enforcement of cooperation by policing
    Claire El Mouden
    Department of Zoology, Oxford University, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, United Kingdom
    Evolution 64:2139-52. 2010
    ..Finally, we consider the impact of demography on the coevolution of policing and cooperation, in particular the role for kin competition to disfavor the ..
  49. ncbi Psychosocial and behavioral predictors of inflammation in middle-aged and older adults: the Chicago health, aging, and social relations study
    Thomas W McDade
    Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, 1810 Hinman Avenue, Evanston, Illinois 60208 1310, USA
    Psychosom Med 68:376-81. 2006
    ..We investigated the contribution of behavioral and psychosocial factors to variation in CRP concentrations in a population-based sample of middle-aged and older adults...
  50. ncbi Pakistan--country profile of cancer and cancer control 1995-2004
    Yasmin Bhurgri
    Karachi Cancer Registry
    J Pak Med Assoc 56:124-30. 2006
  51. ncbi Monitoring trends in under-5 mortality rates through national birth history surveys
    E L Korenromp
    World Health Organization, Roll Back Malaria Dept, Avenue Appia 20, CH 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
    Int J Epidemiol 33:1293-301. 2004
    ....
  52. ncbi Program participation and physical activity maintenance after cardiac rehabilitation
    Beth C Bock
    Miriam Hospital, Center for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, Brown University School of Medicine, USA
    Behav Modif 27:37-53. 2003
    ..05). Results suggest that Phase III maintenance programs and longer Phase II participation improved exercise maintenance following rehabilitation...
  53. ncbi Demography of the endangered North Atlantic right whale
    M Fujiwara
    Biology Department, MS34, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, USA
    Nature 414:537-41. 2001
    ..An analysis of extinction time shows that demographic stochasticity has only a small effect, but preventing the deaths of only two female right whales per year would increase the population growth rate to replacement level...
  54. ncbi Health information seeking, diet and physical activity: an empirical assessment by medium and critical demographics
    Christopher E Beaudoin
    Texas A and M University, Department of Communication, College Station, TX 77843 4234, United States
    Int J Med Inform 80:586-95. 2011
    ..In building upon this research, the current study is innovative in considering predictors of health information seeking by medium, as well as outcomes of health information seeking by medium and by critical demographics...
  55. ncbi The role of demographic surveillance systems (DSS) in assessing the health of communities: an example from rural Ethiopia
    P Byass
    Epidemiology, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umea University, Sweden
    Public Health 116:145-50. 2002
    ..Methodological issues underlying this approach need further exploration and development...
  56. ncbi Age-related comparisons of people with multiple sclerosis: demographic, disease, and treatment characteristics
    Robert J Buchanan
    Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Mississippi State University, MS 39762, USA
    NeuroRehabilitation 25:271-8. 2009
    ..To determine if the demographic characteristics and health care needs of younger people with MS differ from older people with MS...
  57. pmc Dementia revealed: novel chromosome 6 locus for late-onset Alzheimer disease provides genetic evidence for folate-pathway abnormalities
    Adam C Naj
    Dr John T Macdonald Foundation Department of Human Genetics, John P Hussman Institute for Human Genomics, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, United States of America
    PLoS Genet 6:e1001130. 2010
    ..This finding is noteworthy, as MTHFD1L may play a role in the generation of methionine from homocysteine and influence homocysteine-related pathways and as levels of homocysteine are a significant risk factor for LOAD development...
  58. ncbi Comparison of the EQ-5D and SF-12 in an adult US sample
    J A Johnson
    Institute of Pharmaco Economics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Qual Life Res 7:155-66. 1998
    ..The SF-12 appeared to be more sensitive to differences associated with less severe morbidity...
  59. ncbi Assessing the impact of climate variation on survival in vertebrate populations
    V Grosbois
    Centre d Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, UMR 5175, 1919 Route de Mende, F 34293 Montpellier cedex 5, France
    Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 83:357-99. 2008
    ..of increasing this ratio and therefore of producing more robust analyses of the links between climate and demography, we suggest leads to improve the procedures for designing field protocols and selecting a set of candidate ..
  60. ncbi Barriers to and enablers of older adults' use of dental services
    H Asuman Kiyak
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Box 357134, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 7134, USA
    J Dent Educ 69:975-86. 2005
    ..Each of these factors plays a role in older adults' use of dental services. Under different situations some serve as both barriers and enablers...
  61. ncbi Spread of North American wind-dispersed trees in future environments
    Ran Nathan
    Movement Ecology Laboratory, Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, The Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Edmond J Safra Campus, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
    Ecol Lett 14:211-9. 2011
    ..Because such conditions are unlikely, North American wind-dispersed trees are expected to lag behind the projected climate range shift...
  62. ncbi Incidence and demography of non-accidental head injury in southeast Scotland from a national database
    Robert A Minns
    Department of Child Life and Health, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Am J Prev Med 34:S126-33. 2008
    ..non-accidental head injury (NAHI; also called inflicted traumatic brain injury [inflicted TBI] and shaken baby syndrome [SBS]) in Scotland to report the incidence, confidence intervals, and demography of such cases in Southeast Scotland.
  63. ncbi The epidemiology of infertility in the North East of Scotland
    S Bhattacharya
    Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen Maternity Hospital, Foresterhill, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK
    Hum Reprod 24:3096-107. 2009
    ..This study aimed to determine the current prevalence of infertility in a defined geographical population, ascertain changes in self-reported infertility over time and identify risk factors associated with infertility...
  64. pmc mtDNA analysis reveals a major late Paleolithic population expansion from southwestern to northeastern Europe
    A Torroni
    Dipartimento di Genetica e Biologia Molecolare, Universita di Roma La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
    Am J Hum Genet 62:1137-52. 1998
    ....
  65. ncbi Species delimitation: a case study in a problematic ant taxon
    Kenneth G Ross
    Department of Entomology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Syst Biol 59:162-84. 2010
    ..g., mtDNA sequence variation) when drawing inferences...
  66. pmc The role of population heterogeneity and human mobility in the spread of pandemic influenza
    Stefano Merler
    Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Trento, Italy
    Proc Biol Sci 277:557-65. 2010
    ..R(0), cumulative attack rate and peak daily attack rate depend heavily on sociodemographic parameters, such as the size of household groups and the fraction of workers and students in the population...
  67. ncbi Determinants of quality of life among people with asthma: findings from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
    Earl S Ford
    Division of Adult Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    J Asthma 41:327-36. 2004
    ..Furthermore, among people with asthma, the elderly, women, poorly educated, and low-income participants are especially likely to experience impaired quality of life...
  68. ncbi Prevalence of common mental disorders in Italy: results from the European Study of the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders (ESEMeD)
    Giovanni de Girolamo
    Department of Mental Health, Azienda USL di Bologna, Viale Pepoli, 5, 40123, Bologna, Italy
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 41:853-61. 2006
    ..To present 1-month, 12-month and lifetime prevalence estimates of mood, anxiety and alcohol disorders in Italy; and the socio-demographic correlates and comorbidity patterns of these estimated disorders...
  69. ncbi Comparative demography of isogenic populations of Caenorhabditis elegans
    J Chen
    Department of Nematology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Exp Gerontol 36:431-40. 2001
    ..elegans, and (ii) the relationship between reproduction and longevity differs among isogenic populations with specific longevity genes...
  70. ncbi Measles metapopulation dynamics: a gravity model for epidemiological coupling and dynamics
    Yingcun Xia
    Department of Statistics and Applied Probability, National University of Singapore, Singapore
    Am Nat 164:267-81. 2004
    ..all of these properties and how they are affected by spatiotemporal variations in population structure and demography. On the basis of a gravity coupling model and a time series susceptible-infected-recovered (TSIR) model for ..
  71. ncbi Quality-quantity trade-off of human offspring under adverse environmental conditions
    J J Meij
    Department of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Evol Biol 22:1014-23. 2009
    ..Here, offspring survival decreased 2.8% (95% CI 2.3-4.0%, P < 0.001) for each increase in offspring number. We interpret these data as an apparent quality-quantity trade-off in human offspring...
  72. ncbi As the raven flies: using genetic data to infer the history of invasive common raven (Corvus corax) populations in the Mojave Desert
    Robert C Fleischer
    Center for Conservation and Evolutionary Genetics, National Zoological Park and National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20008, USA
    Mol Ecol 17:464-74. 2008
    ..If this interpretation of high gene flow into the Mojave Desert is correct, then efforts to manage raven numbers by local control may not be optimally effective...
  73. pmc Spatio-temporal cluster analysis of county-based human West Nile virus incidence in the continental United States
    Ramanathan Sugumaran
    GeoInformatics Training, Research, Education, and Extension Center, Geography Department, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, IA, USA
    Int J Health Geogr 8:43. 2009
    ..These two methods were applied with varying analysis thresholds in order to evaluate sensitivity of clusters identified...
  74. ncbi Nutrition transition in India
    Prakash S Shetty
    Nutrition Planning, Assessment and Evaluation, Food and Nutrition Division, Food and Agriculture Organization FAO of the United Nations, Rome, Italy
    Public Health Nutr 5:175-82. 2002
    ..The primary objective of this review is to examine the demographic and nutrition transition in India in relation to its contribution to the emerging epidemic of chronic non-communicable diseases in this country...
  75. ncbi Genetic analysis of complex demographic scenarios: spatially expanding populations of the cane toad, Bufo marinus
    Arnaud Estoup
    Centre de Biologie et de Gestion des Populations, Institut National de Recherche Agronomique, Campus International de Baillarguet CS 30 016 34988, Montferrier sur Lez, France
    Evolution 58:2021-36. 2004
    ..It also provides the basis for investigating the interplay between population dynamics, drift, and selection in invasive species...
  76. ncbi Demographic and childhood environmental predictors of resilience in a community sample
    Laura Campbell-Sills
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, 8939 Villa La Jolla Drive, Suite 200, La Jolla, CA 92093 0603, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 43:1007-12. 2009
    ..Relationships of the present results to other research on resilient and pathological stress responses are discussed, as well as implications of these findings for future investigations of resilience...
  77. ncbi Ecology of mosquitoes of Midwestern Nigeria
    Godwin R A Okogun
    Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria
    J Vector Borne Dis 42:1-8. 2005
    ....
  78. ncbi The MPS I registry: design, methodology, and early findings of a global disease registry for monitoring patients with Mucopolysaccharidosis Type I
    Gregory M Pastores
    NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Mol Genet Metab 91:37-47. 2007
    ....
  79. ncbi Spatial patterns of and risk factors for seropositivity for dengue infection
    Birgit H B Van Benthem
    Koninklijk Insituut voor de Tropen Royal Tropical Institute, Biomedical Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 72:201-8. 2005
    ..In both rural sites, older persons had a higher risk of seropositivity and persons living in houses surrounded by natural and agricultural land covers had a lower risk of seropositivity...
  80. pmc Socio-demographic factors associated with smoking and smoking cessation among 426,344 pregnant women in New South Wales, Australia
    Mohammed Mohsin
    Centre for Research, Evidence Management and Surveillance, Division of Population Health, Sydney South West Area Health Service, Liverpool BC, NSW 1871, Australia
    BMC Public Health 5:138. 2005
    ..This study explores the socio-demographic characteristics of pregnant women who continue to smoke during the pregnancy, and identifies the characteristics of the smokers who were likely to quit smoking during the pregnancy period...
  81. ncbi Molecular phylogeny of New World Myotis (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA genes
    B Stadelmann
    Department of Mammalogy and Ornithology, Natural History Museum, P O Box 6434, 1211 Geneva 6, Switzerland
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 43:32-48. 2007
    ..The relative paucity of species currently found in South America might result from a combination of factors including the early presence of competitors better adapted to tropical habitats...
  82. ncbi Effects of sociodemographic and health variables on Mini-Mental State Exam scores in older Australians
    Tracy M Anderson
    School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, the Clinical Research Unit for Anxiety and Depression, Darlinghurst, New South Wales, Australia
    Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 15:467-76. 2007
    ....
  83. ncbi Selective impairment of attentional networks of orienting and executive control in schizophrenia
    Kai Wang
    Department of Neurology, The First Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui Province, PR China
    Schizophr Res 78:235-41. 2005
    ..Difficulty attending is a common deficit of schizophrenic patients. However, it is not known whether this is a global attentional deficit or relates to a specific attentional network...
  84. ncbi Adult mortality in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys
    Ian M Timaeus
    Centre for Population Studies, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine LSHTM, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
    Demography 41:757-72. 2004
    ..It is time for a systematic attempt to reconcile the demographic and epidemiological evidence concerning AIDS in Africa...
  85. ncbi Prevalence and heritability of the metabolic syndrome and its individual components in a Dutch isolate: the Erasmus Rucphen Family study
    P Henneman
    Department of Human Genetics, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands
    J Med Genet 45:572-7. 2008
    ..The aetiology of MetS includes both an environmental and genetic component. We studied the prevalence and heritability of MetS and its individual components Dutch genetic isolate...
  86. ncbi Aspects of bioecology of two Rift Valley Fever Virus vectors in Senegal (West Africa): Aedes vexans and Culex poicilipes (Diptera: Culicidae)
    B A Yamar
    Laboratoire d entomologie médicale, Institut Pasteur de Dakar, BP 220, Dakar, Senegal
    J Med Entomol 42:739-50. 2005
    ..In contrast, rainfall had no discernible effect on the fluctuation of Cx. poicilipes numbers. The involvement of these two species in the transmission of RVFV is discussed with respect to their longevity and daily survival rate...
  87. ncbi Long-distance seed dispersal in a metapopulation of Banksia hookeriana inferred from a population allocation analysis of amplified fragment length polymorphism data
    Tianhua He
    Department of Environmental Biology, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia
    Mol Ecol 13:1099-109. 2004
    ..hookeriana in a landscape experiencing frequent fire, where local extinctions and recolonizations may be a regular occurrence...
  88. ncbi PopABC: a program to infer historical demographic parameters
    Joao S Lopes
    School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, PO Box 228, Reading RG66AJ, UK
    Bioinformatics 25:2747-9. 2009
    ..PopABC can also be used to perform Bayesian model choice to discriminate between different demographic scenarios. The program can be used either for research or for education and teaching purposes...
  89. ncbi Lack of belowground mutualisms hinders Pinaceae invasions
    Martin A Nuñez
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA
    Ecology 90:2352-9. 2009
    ..Low inoculum levels far from the plantations are retarding the invasion. Our experiments indicate that positive interactions belowground can play a key but underappreciated role in invasion dynamics...
  90. pmc Subregional neuroanatomical change as a biomarker for Alzheimer's disease
    Dominic Holland
    Department of Neurosciences, University of California at San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:20954-9. 2009
    ..The findings indicate that regional temporal lobe cortical changes would have great utility as outcome measures in clinical trials and may also have utility in clinical practice for aiding early diagnosis of neurodegenerative disease...
  91. ncbi Tuberculosis transmission patterns in a high-incidence area: a spatial analysis
    Z Munch
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Stellenbosch, Tygerberg, Western Cape, South Africa
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 7:271-7. 2003
    ..Anthropological studies in some suburbs of Cape Town, in which a very high number of local drinking places (shebeens) were identified (17 per km2), have suggested that social drinking is part of such a lifestyle...
  92. pmc Frequency and correlates of intimate partner violence by type: physical, sexual, and psychological battering
    A L Coker
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:553-9. 2000
    ..This study estimated the frequency and correlates of intimate partner violence by type (physical, sexual, battering, or emotional abuse) among women seeking primary health care...
  93. ncbi Patient demographics and lifestyle factors influencing long-term survival of oesophageal cancer and gastric cardia cancer in a nationwide study in Sweden
    Martin Sundelöf
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Danderyd Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
    Eur J Cancer 44:1566-71. 2008
    ..Little is known about the possible influence of demographic and aetiologic risk factors on the survival amongst patients with oesophageal and cardia cancer...
  94. pmc A spatial statistical model for landscape genetics
    Gilles Guillot
    Unité de Mathématiques et Informatique Appliquées, INRA INAPG ENGREF, Paris, France 75231
    Genetics 170:1261-80. 2005
    ..g., FST<0.05). The method is then applied to a set of 88 individuals of wolverines (Gulo gulo) sampled in the northwestern United States and genotyped at 10 microsatellites...
  95. ncbi The Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB): normative values in an Italian population sample
    I Appollonio
    Neurology Section, Department of Neurosciences, University of Milano Bicocca, S Gerardo Hospital, Via Donizetti 106, I 20052 Monza MI, Italy
    Neurol Sci 26:108-16. 2005
    ..Interestingly, MMSE was significantly correlated with FAB raw scores, whereas adjusted scores were not. The present data may improve the accuracy in the use of the FAB both for clinical and research purposes...
  96. ncbi The evolutionary consequences of biological invasions
    Andrew V Suarez
    Department of Animal Biology, University of Illinois, 320 Morrill Hall, 505 South Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
    Mol Ecol 17:351-60. 2008
    ..Moreover, the growing availability of genomic tools will permit the identification of underlying genetic causes of invasive success...
  97. ncbi Predictive validity of global deficit scores in detecting neuropsychological impairment in HIV infection
    Catherine L Carey
    Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University and University of California, San Diego, CA 92103, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 26:307-19. 2004
    ..71 to 1.00. These findings support the validity of the GDS as a clinically useful way of summarizing results on NP testing...
  98. pmc mbs: modifying Hudson's ms software to generate samples of DNA sequences with a biallelic site under selection
    Kosuke M Teshima
    Hayama Center for Advanced Studies, Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Hayama, Kanagawa 240 0193, Japan
    BMC Bioinformatics 10:166. 2009
    ..However, it has been difficult to incorporate natural selection into the coalescent framework...
  99. ncbi Spatial segregation of specialists and generalists in bird communities
    Romain Julliard
    Ecol Lett 9:1237-44. 2006
    ..We believe this pattern becomes more apparent with habitat degradation. The consequences on both ecological services and community resilience may well be considerable...
  100. ncbi Multilocus phylogenetics of a rapid radiation in the genus Thomomys (Rodentia: Geomyidae)
    Natalia M Belfiore
    13101 VLSB 3160, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA
    Syst Biol 57:294-310. 2008
    ..This comparison underscores the risks of overreliance on results from concatenation, and ignoring the properties of coalescence, especially in cases of recent, rapid radiations...
  101. pmc Factors associated with trends in infant and child mortality in developing countries during the 1990s
    S O Rutstein
    ORC Macro International, Inc, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 78:1256-70. 2000
    ..Other factors that were not measured, such as the increasing resistance of malaria to drug treatment and the increased prevalence of parental HIV/AIDS, may be contributing to the increase noted...

Research Grants71

  1. Novel TIRF microscopy analyzing trafficking & signaling at the cell cortex
    Derek Toomre; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Consistent with the recovery act's goal, this funding will provide full-time summer employment for 4 undergraduate students and accelerate scientific achievement of the parent DP2 award...
  2. Vitamin D3, Interference with Androgen Signal and Inhibition of Prostate Cancer
    Bandana Chatterjee; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Risk for the disease rises from the 5th decade of life. The VA demography is steadily shifting to a late-life population, with a projection that by the year 2020 about 46% of the veteran ..
  3. Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase as a Target for Ischemic Cardioprotection
    Donna M Van Winkle; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..Thus the currently proposed studies are significant in terms of clinical implications for limiting cardiac damage in the vulnerable veteran population and for fiscal health of the Department of Veterans Affairs. ..
  4. Comparative Resistance Exercise Effects on Knee Osteoarthritis Pain, Functional I
    KEVIN ROBERT VINCENT; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  5. Community Participation Research of Breastfeeding Disparities in African American
    Tamar Ringel Kulka; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..E.S.T (Breastfeeding, Education &Support Team) Alliance for Babies} and propose to conduct community participation research of breastfeeding disparities in African American women in Durham County, North Carolina. ..
  6. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    HERMAN ALFRED TAYLOR; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Yale Drug Abuse, Addiction, and HIV Research Scholars (Yale-DAHRS)
    PATRICK O'CONNOR; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..integration of such diverse fields as public health, informatics, clinical epidemiology, systems engineering and demography with the traditional clinical sciences of internal medicine, emergency medicine, HIV medicine, pediatrics, ..
  9. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    ASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    Asoka Srinivasan; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  11. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    Herman Taylor; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..
  12. JACKSON HEART STUDY
    ASOKA S SRINIVASAN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  13. Improved Adventitial Sirolimus Therapy for Peripheral Artery Restenosis
    KIRK SEWARD; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  14. Comparative Effectiveness Research in Pediatric Rheumatic Diseases: Leveraging CA
    CAROL A contact WALLACE; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..With 95% of members working at academic centers, knowledge gained from research investigations will be rapidly disseminated and translated into practice. ..
  15. Predictors of Dietary Quality in Low-Income Pregnant Women
    Eileen R Fowles; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..More effective targeted strategies initiated within this narrow window of time may reduce the number of low birth weight infants and improve obstetrical outcomes. ..
  16. Optimizing Chronic Disease Prevention and Management in Advanced Dementia
    Jennifer Tjia; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  17. Arm Exercise versus Other Stress Test Modalities for Clinical Outcome Prediction
    WADE HAMPTON MARTIN; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  18. Geriatric Conditions and Disablement in the Older Adult Population
    Christine T Cigolle; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Understanding the early development of geriatric conditions can lead to interventions to prevent or delay them. ..
  19. Daily Experience in Adolescence and Biomarkers of Early Risk for Adult Health
    Andrew J Fuligni; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..An understanding of these processes is necessary for the development of ethnically and culturally relevant prevention efforts. ..
  20. Age-Related Decrease in A-Beta Peptide Clearance Pathways: CSF and BBB
    Conrad Earl Johanson; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Translation: Ap is an expedient marker to analyze aging effects on ISF-CSF relationships, and the compromised solute clearance by malfunctioning barrier systems. This sheds light on neurodegeneration. ..
  21. Endothelial Progenitor Cells in Brain Arteriovenous Malformations
    Yongmei Chen; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Identification of EPCs as an operant process in brain AVMs can suggest lines of investigation to develop new treatment modalities. ..
  22. Alcohol &Antiretrovirals in HIV Infection, Oxidative Stress and Liver Disease
    Marianna K Baum; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  23. Molecular Analysis of Pericentric Sister Chromatid Cohesion
    PAUL CONNOR MEGEE; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  24. Core Center for BioBehavioral Sciences of Communication Disorders
    Mabel L Rice; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..PARC also assists Center investigators'recruitment efforts by providing demography services to target specific geographical areas that would result in more efficient recruiting...
  25. Food Environment, Diet Quality and Disparities in Obesity
    Adam Drewnowski; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This interdisciplinary project on the built environment, behavior and health brings together experts from nutrition, geography, epidemiology, medicine, statistics and urban design. ..
  26. PROJECTED HEAT WAVE MAGNITUDES AND PUBLIC HEALTH IMPACTS
    Helene G Margolis; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..s. ..
  27. Sleep Disordered Breathing and Growth in Children: A Longitudinal Cohort Study
    Karen Bonuck; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..If SDB has a significant temporal association with GF in our longitudinal, multivariable analysis, there are strong clinical practice implications for the screening, referral, and treatment of children with GF. ..
  28. Saliva and Serum Inflammatory Biomarkers in Periodontitis: A Study in Older Women
    Jean Wactawski Wende; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Ultimately, this information can be used to inform our understanding of the role of inflammation as one mechanism by which periodontal and other chronic diseases occur and progress. ..
  29. Measuring Tobacco Mortality within the Million Death Study in India
    Prabhat Jha; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The blood-based pilot studies should enable large, representative and reliable genetic and biological epidemiological studies of premature mortality in the near future. ..
  30. NICHD INTERNATIONAL & DOMESTIC PEDIATRIC &MATERNAL HIV STUDIES COORDINATING CTR
    CAROL NESEL; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This repository serves as a resource for Network and external investigators who are interested in answering specific questions related to HIV/AIDS. ..
  31. VOLUME REGULATION IN NORMAL AND CATARACTOUS LENSES
    Richard T Mathias; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..If so, there are pharmacological interventions that can up regulate gap junction coupling, such as inhibitors of PKC3, and these could potentially prevent development of the cataract. ..
  32. Hepatitis C: Studies of Immunity and Pathogenesis
    Charles Rice; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Tools and reagents developed in the course of these studies will be made available to other HCV CRCs and the broader HCV research community in an effort to speed progress on combating this important public health problem. ..
  33. Diet and pathophysiology of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
    Scott L Hummel; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..The proposed studies should provide novel information about the importance of dietary factors in hypertensive HFpEF, and could eventually lead to new strategies for the treatment and prevention of this major public health threat. ..
  34. DETERMINANTS OF H. INFLUENZAE VIRULENCE IN OTITIS MEDIA
    Lauren O Bakaletz; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  35. ESTABLISHMENT/MAINTENANCE OF BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH COLONY
    Thomas J Rowell; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  36. Molecular Analysis of NeoAdjuvant Platinum in Triple Negative Breast Cancer
    MARK DANIEL contact PEGRAM; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..copy number variation associated with pathologic (pCR) and clinical complete response (cCR), in patients with TNBC treated with neoadjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy, in order to identify robust biomarkers for response prediction ..
  37. Chimpanzee Biomedical Research Program Limited Competition (U42)
    M Babette Fontenot; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  38. Flow-induced coronary vasospasm in diabetic patients
    Zsolt Bagi; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..Data obtained in this project will also help to develop novel avenues for effective therapeutic strategies, such as the use of prostanoid inhibitors at the time of PCI, to prevent no reflow in patients with T2-DM. ..
  39. Individualized Treatment Strategies and Optimal Hematocrit Target for Complex Dia
    DENNIS JOSEPH COTTER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..2 MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG, IMPROVEMENT, AND MODERNIZATION ACT OF 2003 Public Law 108-173 108th Congress, SEC. 1013. RESEARCH ON OUTCOMES OF HEALTH CARE ITEMS AND SERVICES ..
  40. Calcium Signaling, Metabolism, and EC Coupling in Heart
    Joshua I Goldhaber; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This will lead to new therapeutic strategies for preserving heart muscle function, thereby reducing the incidence of heart failure. ..
  41. Lung Cancer Chemoradiation: Predictors of Survival
    Xifeng Wu; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This multivariate prognostic study could have long-term prognostic potential by allowing greater individualization of therapy, based on the genetic makeup of the patient, thereby both increasing efficacy and reducing morbidity. ..
  42. High Specificity HIV-1 Markers Predictive of Neuro-AIDS
    Brian Wigdahl; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  43. Astrocyte Function and Temporal Lobe Epilepsy
    JAY ROBERT VARGAS; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It is anticipated that this work will reveal new potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of epilepsy. ..
  44. The Ecology, Emergence and Pandemic Potential of Nipah virus in Bangladesh
    Peter Daszak; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..We will conduct 5 years of fieldwork in Bangladesh, collecting data on bat ecology, virology, demography and social behavior...
  45. The Biodemographic Determinants of Life Span
    James R Carey; Fiscal Year: 2010
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The broad aim of this proposal is to develop an evolutionary demography of lifespan in the wild...
  46. Exploring Sociodemographic and Behavioral Factors Underlying Racial/Ethnic Dispar
    STEPHANIE ANNE NAVARRO SILVERA; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..This project will also serve to develop preliminary data to support an R01 application proposing to conduct a larger scale study, and possibly, an intervention to address these issues in this community. ..
  47. OEF/OIF Veterans with PTSD in Mental Health Residential Treatment Programs
    Eric Slade; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  48. Plant-based diets and risk of cancer
    Gary E Fraser; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  49. Understanding the malaria-poverty vicious circle
    MARCIA CALDAS DE CASTRO; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The research will also prepare the way to assess the economic impact of malaria control efforts in different countries, a research priority toward current malaria elimination goals. ..
  50. Health and Retirement Survey for India
    David Bloom; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..This research has the potential to inform policy in India and other Asian countries, including China, Japan, and South Korea. ..
  51. Ecology of Infectious Diseases (EID)-Immune Landscapes of Human Influenza in Hous
    Derek Cummings; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ..Key stakeholders such as the Center for Disease Control in Guangzhou and the Center for Health Protection in Hong Kong will be made aware of these results during meetings held specifically for them. ..
  52. Resilience and Adjustment after VA Inpatient Rehabilitation for Traumatic Injury
    Scott McDonald; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ..The intervention program will be informed by the first 24-36 months of data collection and an updated literature review. ..
  53. Sensorimotor Control of the Human Orofacial System
    Steven M Barlow; Fiscal Year: 2012
    ....
  54. Cancer prevention, mental health and social capital of segregated Black Americans
    LORRAINE TIERA DEAN; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Ichiro Kawachi), mental health disparities (David Williams), cancer epidemiology (Katrina Armstrong), and demography (Dolores Acevedo-Garcia)...
  55. Climate Variability / Change and the Risks for a Spectrum of Diseases
    Shao Lin; Fiscal Year: 2011
    ....
  56. Quality of Life in Children with Cleft
    Hillary L Broder; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ....
  57. Psychosocial Factors and the Risk of Incident Asthma in African American Women
    Patricia F Coogan; Fiscal Year: 2013
    ..abstract_text> ..
  58. Combining Imaging and Modeling in Osteoporosis Fracture Risk Assessment
    GARY BEAUPRE; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Based on all of the above, we believe that the VA can and should play a central role in osteoporosis research, especially given the potential for a large number of aging male veterans to experience an osteoporosis-related fracture. ..
  59. Gender-Differences in Cardiac Repolarization/Arrhythmias
    Guy Salama; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  60. Ubiquitous Mobile Multimedia for Environmental Public Health Outreach and Social
    CESAR BANDERA; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  61. SURGICAL TREATMENTS OUTCOMES PROJECT FOR DUB (STOP-DUB)
    Kay Dickersin; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..Evaluation of costs for all patients may or may not be evaluable or within budget for this project, according to the research plan. ..
  62. INFECTION, IMMUNIZATION AND HOST POPULATION DYNAMICS
    A John; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..differ in susceptibility to disease, how immunization programs might be designed to take advantage of the demography of the host population, and what both the direct and indirect economic implications of immunization programs or ..
  63. Relationship of Morbidity and Mortality Between Spouses
    Nicholas Christakis; Fiscal Year: 2006
    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Employing the perspective and methods of the demography of aging, we propose to examine the relationship between the morbidity and mortality of spouses...
  64. GIS Training Program for Population Scientists
    Stephen Matthews; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..To achieve the primary goals we propose to provide standardized, intensive training in a demography-tailored GIS course for 80-100 young demographers via four 2-week workshops (20-25 participants per workshop) ..
  65. The Causes and Behavioral Foundations of Mortality Decline in Developing Countrie
    NORMAN G MILLER; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..to conduct this research, I lack formal training in the quantitative tools and interdisciplinary traditions of demography and population studies...
  66. CAREER AWARD PROGRAM IN DEMOGRAPHY OF AGING
    Kenneth Wachter; Fiscal Year: 2003
    The Principal Investigator and three co-investigators are all members of the Department of Demography at the University of California at Berkeley...